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The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow

A 4-part series offering the first comprehensive look at race relations in America between the Civil War and the Civil Rights Movement presenting the context in which the laws of segregation known as the "Jim Crow" system originated and developed. A film by Bill Jersey, c2002. 56 min. each installment
Awards International Documentary Association - Limited Series Award Peabody Awardsweb web sites: Description from California Newsreel catalog Program one, Promises betrayed (1865-1896). As reconstruction ended African Americans' efforts to assert their rights began to be repressed. Whites succeeded in passing laws that segregated and disfranchised African Americans which they enforced with violence. This first episode recounts the black response by documenting the work of early African American civil rights leaders including Booker T. Washington, anti-lynching crusader Ida B. Wells and others. Fighting Back (1896-1917). Illustrates the early rise of a successful black middle class in the late 19th century and the determination of white supremacists to destroy fledgling black political power. Growing oppression had a profound effect on a professor at Atlanta University, W.E.B. Du Bois and a teenage Walter White, both of whom would become leaders in the newly founded National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Don't Shout Too Soon (1917-1940). Chronicles the years between the wars as a time of massive black migration from the South and continuing conflict within it. A new round of race riots and lynching broke out in the aftermath of World War I and by the 1930's many African-Americans found their sole support from Socialists and Communists, who helped organize tenant farmers and sharecroppers and defended the falsely accused "Scottsboro Boys." While NAACP counsel Charles Houston began a lengthy legal campaign to chip away at Jim Crow, Walter White waged war in the court of public opinion.