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University of California: Universitywide and Affiliated Institutions

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Education Abroad Program (EAP)
Energy Institute, University of California (UCEI)

Education Abroad Program (EAP)
The Education Abroad Program was inaugurated with studies commencing in the fall of 1961. Samuel B. Gould, then chancellor at Santa Barbara, who had initiated nationally known study abroad programs while president of Antioch College, played a leading role in the creation of the program and it was based at the Santa Barbara campus. The first study center was established at the University of Bordeaux, France, for the academic year 1962-1963, and its pronounced success led to the expansion of the program.

During the 1960s, William H. Allaway administered the program under the direction of the chancellor at Santa Barbara and a University-wide faculty committee appointed by the President. Each study center was administered by a director, and in larger centers an associate director, drawn from the university-wide faculties.

The staffs of these centers would advise the students on academic matters, assist with housing and other problems, plan field trips and provide information on cultural opportunities. The program emphasized full integration of students into the life of the cooperating university.

Most University of California credit courses were created by supplementing regular lectures and seminars of the host university with special weekly or semi-weekly tutorial sessions that were designed to give breadth and unity to the specialized lectures characteristic of universities in many countries. Generally, students could expect to make normal or nearly normal progress toward their degree.

During the 1960s, the participants spent their academic year abroad taking the regular classes of the host university in a variety of fields. As a result, they could succeed only if they had a workable command of the language. Students going to study centers where the language of instruction was not English had to complete at least two years in the language before admission to the program. In addition, a six-week course of intensive language instruction was given at the host university before the regular academic year begins.

In the 1960s, the Asian programs were the only options for students to study in bilingual universities in which instruction was given in both English and the local language. Most enrolled in classes given in English, although some enrolled in or audited courses given in Chinese or Japanese. All participants were required to spend part of their time studying the principal language of the host university.

By the year 2000, however, the program had expanded such that students could study in a number of countries without speaking a second language. Some of the countries with no language requirements were Australia, Barbados, Egypt, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, and Turkey. Several EAP programs also began offering short-term as well as summer programs.

In 2004, around 4500 students enrolled. By then, a total of 40,000 UC students had participated in over 150 universities in almost 50 countries.

Education Abroad Centers as of 1967:
The Chinese University of Hong Kong center was established in 1965-66 at Chung Chi College, one of the three "foundation colleges" of the University. From the start, the college had broad course offerings both in Chinese and in English, even though the study center program there was limited to a relatively small number of participants, both graduate and undergraduate. Participants who did not know Chinese enrolled in an intensive language program before the beginning of the academic year.

Delphi, Greece: A study center for classical drama was established along highly specialized lines for advanced students of classical theater, dramatic literature, classical literature, and archaeology. The program at Delphi extended over spring and summer quarters. Unfortunately, the program did not extend past the 20th century.

King George II of England founded George August University in Goettingen in 1737. The study center was founded there in 1963-64. The particular strength of the science faculties at this university attracted a large number of science majors. In Goettingen the large number of tutorials broadened the range of courses open to university students.

International Christian University near Tokyo was the collaborator in the University's first study center in Asia. It was established in the fall of 1964. The International Christian University was a bilingual institution, and was unique in Japan for the quality of its language training in both Japanese and English. In addition to the study of the Japanese language, students could choose among more than three score upper division courses offered in English in 19 fields.

The University of the Andes: Founded in 1948, the University of the Andes was a relatively small but thriving private independent institution. In the short period between 1948 and 1967, the university won wide recognition for the quality of its faculty and for the vigor with which it has developed academic programs new to Latin America. The then newly constructed campus lay on the slope of the beautiful Andean chain that encircled Bogotá and the environing plains. As of 2004, EAP no longer had a program in Colombia.

The University of Birmingham: This large and important municipal university evolved out of one of the science colleges established in the expanding industrial cities in the mid-nineteenth century. The founding of the university by royal charter in 1900 made Birmingham the prototype of the English civic universities. By the mid-1960s, there were more than 5,000 students enrolled in the faculties of arts, commerce and social science, law, medicine, science, and the institute of education.

The University of Bordeaux, founded in 1441, is one of the oldest and most distinguished French universities. The study center, established in 1962, as of 1967, was the largest of the centers with an annual enrollment of 100. In addition to courses in French language and literature, there were numerous courses in the various social science fields, as well as more limited offerings in such fields as art, mathematics, and chemistry.

The University of Edinburgh: The "College of Edinburgh" was founded in 1583 by the town council of the city of Edinburgh. In the 1960s, this university, one of the world's most distinguished, contained eight eminent faculties, each of which has its own special traditions: divinity, law, medicine, arts, sciences, music, social science, and veterinary medicine.

The University of Lund was chartered in 1666 and opened its halls to students in 1668. It was a university of world renown and next to Uppsala the oldest university in Sweden. During the mid-1960s, the University of Lund had faculties of theology, law, medicine, the humanities, social science, mathematics, and the natural sciences. University of California students will be primarily enrolled in the latter four faculties.

The University of Madrid study center was opened for the academic year 1964-65. During the 1960s, it was one of the largest of the programs abroad. The University of Madrid was founded in the 16th century and had grown into a large, cosmopolitan institution of some 30,000 students. The then new University City, with its modern classroom buildings, laboratories, and residences was considered one of the finest in Europe.

The University of Padua study center was established in 1963-64. The University of Padua is one of the oldest European universities and is noted for its distinguished students--among them Copernicus--and its distinguished teachers--among them Galileo. Participants at Padua enroll largely in courses in Italian language and literature, art history, European history, political science and anthropology.

The University of Sussex: The first of seven English universities developed in the 1960s, the University of Sussex in Brighton received its royal charter in 1961. This vital institution expected to build a community of some 3,000 students by 1967. Sussex sought to follow Oxford's tradition of the individual tutorial.

The University of St. Andrews was founded in 1411. The University's two colleges at St. Andrews emphasized the arts, humanities, pure science, divinity, and pre-clinical medicine. Queen's College, laying across the Tay in Dundee, had been a part of St. Andrews University since 1953 and emphasizes social sciences, engineering, law, clinical medicine, and dentistry. source

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Energy Institute, University of California (UCEI)
The UCEI, originally the Universitywide Energy Research Group (UERG), was established at Berkeley in December 1980 after more than a year of careful review and planning in response to UC President David Saxon's initiative on the subject. It united energy research across the nine campuses and three UC-managed national laboratories.

In April 1981, 32 proposals won $220,000 in grants, spearheading the first research projects of the institute. They ranged from a social/behavioral study in conservation at UC Santa Cruz to research in marine radioisotopes at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography at UC San Diego. The next year, the Energy Science and Technology Program and California Energy Studies, the Institute's main grant organizations were launched. EST provides seed-grants to new projects within the University of California, and CES funds studies that pertain specifically to the problems of California itself, with a special attention to policy. Since then, the Institute has funded many prominent research programs, including the Program on Workable Energy Regulation (POWER), which applies academic research to California energy problems, the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE), a research organization for such issues as air quality impacts of energy efficiency, and the Center for the Built Environment (CBE), who apply cutting-edge energy research to civil engineering. source

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