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Native American Resources


Tips for Searching | Bibliographies /Directories | Guides and Handbooks | Law / Civil Rights / Treaties / Federal programs | Congressional Publications |Statistical indexes, guides, etc. | Basic Statistics | Census Data | Declassified Federal Documents / Federal surveillance files | Special Collections | California Documents | Internet Resources | Databases

The following describes certain basic resources for finding source materials on Native Americans in the UC Berkeley Libraries.

Tips for Searching

The online catalogs (MELVYL and OskiCat) list more than 3,300 subtopics under the Library of Congress Subject Heading, "Indians of North America" at UCB. Subtopics include:

Government documents can be searched in the Author field by the name of the government organ overseeing or studying Indian affairs. Government organs include Congress; Congressional committees and subcommittees (Congress. House. Committee on Public Lands. Subcommittee on Indian Affairs, e.g.); administrative agencies (Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior, e.g.); or specific topics (Freedom of religion, gambling, legal status, laws, etc., e.g.).

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1. U. S. National Archives and Records Service. Washington, D.C. : National Archives Trust Fund Board, General Services Administration, 1989.
E77 .U52 1998 GREF
Contents are divided between civilian and military; entries are annotated.

2. Hill, Edward E. Guide to records in the National Archives of the U. S. relating to American Indians. Washington, D.C. : National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981
E93.A12 .H5 GREF and Z1209.2.U5 .H54 1982 Bancroft
Predominantly, the records described concern Indians in tribes with whom the U. S. has had a relationship through the Bureau of Indian Affairs or military operations. Records are collected and grouped by governmental agency; record groups are subdivided into series.

3. U. S. National Archives and Records Service. Preliminary inventory of the records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record group 75). Compiled by Edward E. Hill. Washington, 1965.
E173.A163 no. 163 Main; Z1223.I48 U5 v.1-2 Bancroft; and Z1209.2 .U5 N9 1965 REF v.1 Ethnic Studies Library

4.  U. S. National Archives. Preliminary inventory of the records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs : Northern California and Nevada Agencies: (Record group 75) San Francisco : Regional Archives Branch, San Francisco, Federal Records Center, 1966.
CD3035 .A3 1966 Main and CD3041.I5 W3 1969 Bancroft
Inventories the records of the northern California and Nevada jurisdictions of the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1864 to approximately 1920.  Chronological arrangements are rough due to poor record-keeping.  The records described are housed in the Leo J. Ryan Memorial Federal Archives and Records Center, San Bruno, CA.

5. U. S. National Archives. Military Archives Division. Guide to records in the Military Archives Division pertaining to Indian-White relations. [Washington, D.C. ; 1972]
pf E93.U7365 Bancroft

6. Haas, Marilyn L. Indians of North America : methods and sources for library research. Hamden, CT : Library Professional Publications, 1983.
E77 .H2 1983 Main, Doe Reference, Moffitt Reference, Anthropology Library Reference and Z1209 .H22 1983 Ref Ethnic Studies Library

7. Buchanan, Jim. A bibliography of current American Indian policy. Monticello, Ill. : Vance Bibliographies, 1979.
pf Z1209.2 .U5 B82 Bancroft

8. Buchanan, Jim. A bibliography of current American Indian policy. Supplement, 1979-1986. Monticello, Ill., USA : Vance Bibliographies, [1986]
A4438 P-2053 Institute of Government Studies Library

9. Watts, Tim J. American Indian treaty rights : a bibliography. Monticello, Ill., USA : Vance Bibliographies, [1991]
HT166.A12 P8 no.3104 Environmental Design Library

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Guides and Handbooks

10. Handbook of North American Indians. Washington : Smithsonian Institution : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978-
E77 .H25 v.4- Doe Reference, Moffitt Reference, Bancroft, Anthropology, KF8205 .H35 Law Library, and E76.2 .H36 Ethnic Studies Library.
Twenty volumes are planned in this comprehensive study of the Indians of North America. Organized by region and includes bibliographies and indexes.

11. Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, D.C. : Government Printing Office, 1912, 1959. (U. S.. Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin ; 30) [various reprint editions]
E77 .H692 Doe Reference; E77 .H6 Main v. 1-2; E51 .U6 no. 30 Bancroft v. 1-2 and E51 .U58 no.30 Ref. Ethnic Studies Library
"... [A] descriptive list of the stocks, confederacies, tribes, tribal divisions, and settlements north of Mexico, accompanied with the various names by which these have been known, together with biographies of Indians of note, sketches of their history, archeology, manners, arts, customs, and institutions, and the aboriginal words incorporated into the English language." ("Letter of transmittal", W. H. Holmes, Chief.)

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Law / Civil Rights / Treaties / Federal Programs

12. Carter, Nancy Carol. "American Indian Law: Research and Sources", Legal Reference Service Quarterly, vol. 4(4), Winter 1984/1985 (New York: The Hawthorne Press, Inc., c1985), pp. 5-71.
KF240.A15 L4 Main and NAS SERIALS v.4:4 (winter 1984/85) Ethnic Studies Library
Though published over fifteen years ago, Carter remains the thorough, informative, and practical entry to sources of Native American law, indispensable to anyone attempting to traverse any parcel of this field. Sources of treaties, constitutional and legislative enactments, case law, Indian claims, executive orders, administrative law are listed as well as treatises, books, periodicals, practice materials, and other bibliographies.

13. Cohen, Felix S., 1907-1953. Handbook of Federal Indian law : with reference tables and index. Washington : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1942.
KF8205 .C61 1972 GREF; E93 .U86 1942 Main; E93.U74 Bancroft Library and KF8205 .C64 1971 Ethnic Studies Library

14(a). Kappler, Charles J. Indian affairs. Laws and treaties. [2d. ed.] Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1904.  Vols. 1-5 reprinted in 1975; Commonly known as the Kappler report.

14(b). Supplement to Kappler's Indian affairs, laws and treaties : compiled federal regulations relating to Indians. [Washington D.C. : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975]  Vols. 6-7 published by U. S. Department of the Interior under title: Kappler's Indian affairs.
E93.U6995 1904 GREF, E94.S9 Main, KF8202 1904 Law Library, and KF8203 1977 Ethnic Studies Library
"An accurate compilation of the treaties, laws, Executive orders, and other matters relating to Indian affairs, from the organization of the Government" to the date of publication, "undertaken by the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. (Preface, 1st ed.) Each volume has its own extensive index, tables of contents, by Congress and by statute, and useful appendices.

14(c). Bernholz, Charles D., Kappler revisited : an index and bibliographic guide to American Indian treaties Kenmore, NY : Epoch Books, Inc., c2003.
GREF and KF8202 1904a Law Library

15. A compilation of all the treaties between the U. S. and the Indian tribes, now in force as laws. Prepared under the provisions of the act of Congress, approved March 3, 1873. Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1873
E95 .U47.1873 Main
Treaties are arranged alphabetically by tribes; indexed. Every line of every treaty is numbered consecutively, (1 through 46,946).

16. Schmeckebier, Laurence Frederick, 1877-1959. The Office of Indian Affairs; its history, activities, and organization. Baltimore, Md., The Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. (Institute for Government Research [of the Brookings Institution] Service monographs of the United States government, no. 48)
E93.S4 GREF, Main; E93.S34 Bancroft; JK3.I75 no.48 Main and JK400:S no.48 Institute of Government Studies Library

17. U. S.. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Governing bodies of federally recognized Indian groups (excluding Alaska). [Washington : U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs?, 1973]
E98.T77 U51 1973 Main; 77 03231 Institute of Government Studies Library and KF8220 .A82 Law Library

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Congressional Publications

18. Lexis/Nexis Congressional. UC Access Only
Congressional records document the social, economic, and political history of Native Americans. These would range from treaties, military expeditions, civil rights and federal assistance. The Historical Indexes 1789-1969 & Unpublished Hearings search form provides access to documents by subject, witness name, and organization, from 1789 to 1969.

19(a). Readex U.S. Congressional Serial Set Digital Edition. UC Access Only
Full-text index and reproduction of the United States Congressional Serial Set, which consists of the full text and full image Reports, Documents, and Journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. As of August 2004: 15th Congress - 27th Congress, 1817-1841. The entire project is scheduled for completion in 2008. For the most current information on the Congresses and periods covered, check the help after you have entered the database.

19(b). Johnson, Steven L., Guide to American Indian documents in the Congressional Serial Set, 1817-1899 : a project of the Institute for the Development of Indian Law. New York : Clearwater Pub. Co., c1977. (The Library of American Indian affairs).
KF8201.A1 J631 1977 GREF; KF8201.A1 J64 Law, Z1209.J6 Bancroft and Ethnic Studies Library Reference

20. Major Studies and Issue Briefs of the Congressional Research Service. Bethesda, MD.: UPA 1991.
Microfiche 19151 News/Micro (Periodical Room)
Guide: JK1108 M353 GREF Indexes

Policy analyses and research produced by the Congressional Research Service including background analyses, pro and con arguments, scientific, economic, and legislative analyses, legal research, and legislative histories.

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Statistical Indexes, Guides, etc.

21. Lexis/Nexis Statistical. UC Access Only
Provides access to indexing and statistical tables from three key sources: American Statistics Index (ASI; 1973-present), Statistics Reference Index (SRI; 1980-present), and Index to International Statistics (IIS; 1983-present). The American Statistics Index links to many full text documents published 1994-present. ASI/IIS microfiche shelved in GREF as Microfiche 1251 and most of the materials abstracted in SRI are available on microfiche in the Business Library.

22. Dubester, Henry J., Catalog of United States census publications, 1790-1945.. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1950
HA29.A12 U6 1950 GREF

23. Schmeckebier, Laurence Frederick. The statistical work of the national government. Baltimore, Md., The Johns Hopkins Press, 1925. (The Institute for Government Research [of the Brookings Institution] Studies in Administration. [no. 11])
HA37.U5.S4 GREF and JK400:S I75.S2 Institute of Government Studies Library
Useful for historical work; indicates what statistics are available and where they may be found.

24. Schulze, Suzanne. Population Information in Nineteenth Century Census Volumes. Phoenix: Oryx, 1983.
HA214 S44 1983 GREF

25. ----------. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1900-1940. Phoenix: Oryx, 1985.
HA214 S381 1985 GREF

26. ----------. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1950-1980.  Phoenix: Oryx, 1988.
HA214 S38 1988 GREF

27. U.S. Bureau of the Census. Catalog of U. S. Census Publications, 1790-1972. Washington, D.C.: 1974.
HA195.A12 A256 GREF, Envirnomental Design, Public Health, Main and KF485.A1 U55 Law Library

28. U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Geographic areas reference manual. Washington, D.C. : November 1994.
HA201 1990 .G4 GREF
Descriptions of the several geographic entities that cover areas of American Indian and Alaska Native settlement (AIANAs). Chapter 5 is especially helpful.

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Basic Statistics

29. Historical Statistics of the U. S.: Colonial times to 1970. Washington D.C.: Bureau of the Census, 1975.
HA202 B871 1975 v.1-2 Doe Reference Govt/Stat., Moffitt, GREF, Public Health, Anthropology, Environmental Design, Business, Education/Psychology
Of limited value. Contains few statistics on Indian lands and brief colonial census statistics.

30. Thornton, Russell, American Indian holocaust and survival: a population history since 1492.1st ed. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, c1987. (The Civilization of the American Indian series ; v.186.)
E59.P75 T481 1987 Main, Anthropology, Bancroft, Moffitt and E98.P7 T54 Ethnic Studies Library

31. Statistical record of Native North Americans. Detroit, MI : Gale Research, c1995
E98.P76 S73 1995 Moffitt Reference and HA217 .S73 1995 Ethnic Studies Library

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Census Data

The Census Bureau's American Indian and Alaska Native Populations provides links to current and historical population data on Native Americans. 2000 and 1990 Census figures by race appear both online at the Census Bureau's AmericanFactfinder and on CD-ROM indexed by state, county, city, place, and census tract. California counties and cities also appear in print in GREF. Check at the Doe Reference Desk for assistance.

32. Characteristics of American Indians and Alaska Natives by Tribe and Language: 2000 (PHC-5). Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census, 2003
Part 1 [PDF] Part 2 [PDF]
HA201.122 .C468 2003 GREF

33. Migration by Nativity for the Population 5 Years and Over for the United States and States: 2000 (PHC-T-24).

34. Facts on the American Indian and Alaskan Native Population

35. 1990 census of population. General population characteristics. American Indian and Alaska Native areas. (1990 CP-1-1A) Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census [1992]
HA201 1990 .P542 GREF

36. 1990 Census of housing. General housing characteristics. American Indian and Alaska native areas (1990 CH-1-1A) Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census, [1992]
HA201 1990.H53 GREF

37. 1990 census, population and housing characteristics of the Navajo Nation.  Window Rock, AZ : Division of Community Development, The Navajo Nation, [1993]. 
HA201 1990 C84 GREF

38. Characteristics of American Indians by Tribe and Language. (1990 CP-3-7) Washington, DC : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census, 1994
Section 1 [PDF] Section 2 [PDF]
HA201 1990 .P4 GREF

39. Paisano, Edna L. We the ... first Americans. [Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce; Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census], 1993.
E98.C3 P35 1993 Main
A descriptive profile of American Indian and Native Alaskan populations. 3 sections present population size, family composition, education, labor force statistics, income and poverty status; with graphs.

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Declassified Federal Documents / Federal Surveillance Files

40.  FBI file on the Osage Indian murders (microform). Wilmington, Del. : Scholarly Resources, (1986).
MICROFILM. 54001 News/Micro reel 1-3 (sect. 1-21)
For guide see: Guide to the microfilm edition of the FBI file on the Osage Indian murders. E99 .O8 F37 1986 GREF

40. The FBI files on the American Indian Movement and Wounded Knee. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, c1986.
MICROFILM. 77641 News/Micro
For guide see: Guide to the microfilm edition of the FBI files on the American Indian Movement and Wounded Knee. E93 .S331 1986 GREF

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Special Collections

41. Royce, Charles C., 1845-1923. "Indian land cessions in the United States", Annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1899. vol. 18 (1896-97); p. 521-997. : 67 maps.
E51 U55 18th, Bancroft and E51 .U5 v.18 Anthropology, Main

42. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. ...Illustration of the method of recording Indian languages. From the manuscripts of Messrs. J.O. Dorsey, A.S. Gatschet, and S.R. Riggs. Washington, 1881.(U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology. First annual report 1879-80 [pt. 10]).
E51 .U55 1st Bancroft and E51 .U5 v.1 Main; Anthropology

43. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. List of publications of the Bureau of American Ethnology, with index to authors and titles. Washington : Smithsonian Institution Press, 1971
E58.A12 .S5 GREF and E51 .U6 no.200 Bancroft and Anthropology

45. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Annual report.  Washington, D.C.: Government printing office, 1881-1964.

E51 .U5 Main, Anthropology and E51 .U55 Bancroft

46. Smithsonian Institution. Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology : to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution: 1881-1933 via UPenn

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California Documents

47. Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960. Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1925.(Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin, 78).
E78.C15 K695 Main; E78.C15 K781 1972 Anthropology; E58 .K7.1953 Bancroft and Ethnic Studies Library and E78.C15 K78 1976 Moffitt
An attempt to reconstruct a history of the Indians of California, the bulk of the book is a series of tribal descriptions -- attempting to show as accurately as possible "the customs of each of some 50 little nations". With maps, illustrations, reproductions of museum exhibits.

48. Five Views: A History of American Indians in California. Sacramento, CA : State of California, Dept. of Parks and Recreation, Office of Historic Preservation, 1988.
F870.A1 F541 1988 Main, Bancroft and Environmental Design

Find other materials via Library of Congress Subject Headings:

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Internet Resources

Bureau of Indian Affairs

California Native Americans via California Native American Heritage Commission

Indians/Native Americans and Native American Records via National Archives and Records Administration

Images of Native Americans via The Bancroft Library

Edward S. Curtis: the North American Indian Photographic Images via Northwestern University

National Congress of American Indians

Native American Documents Project via Calfornia State University, San Marcos

Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project via University of Oklahoma Law Center and the National Indian Law Library

Native American Treaties and Agreements and Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans via Avalon Project at Yale Law School

Guide to Law Online: US Native American Peoples via Law Library of Congress

Native Americans and the Environment via National Library for the Environment

Native American Sites on the WWW via American Indian Library Association

Web Resource Links via National Museum of the American Indian

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America History & Life (1964 - present) UC Access Only

Indexes over 2,000 journals published worldwide on the history of the US and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes all key English-language historical journals; selected historical journals from major countries, state, and local history journals; and a targeted selection of hundreds of journals in the social sciences and humanities.

Bibliography of Native North Americans on Disc (1500 - 1992)
In-library Access Only
Indexes books, journal articles, essays, conference papers, and US government documents covering 17 broad regions comprising 290 ethnic groupsof native North America. Contains and updates citations from the print counterpart, Ethnographic Bibliography of North America, 1941-1990. This CD-ROM is available from the Berkeley Library Information Network.

eHRAF Collection of Ethnography
(1949 - present) UC Access Only
Full text cross-cultural database that contains over 350,000 pages of information on all aspects of cultural and social life.

See also: Abstracts & Indexes via Anthropology Library

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