The Immigration Bureau was organized in 1891 as the Office of the Superintendent of Immigration. Prior to that date, immigration reports were collected and transmitted but the State Department until 1874, and thereafter through the Statistics Bureau of the Treasury Department.
Under the act of March 3, 1933, and an executive order effective
August 10, 1933, the Immigration and Naturalization Service was
formed through the consolidation of the former Bureaus of
Immigration and of Naturalization. Reorganization Plan V effective
June 14, 1940, transferred the Service from the Department of Labor
to the Department of Justice.
Additional description of the agencies and their publications
- Schmeckebier, Laurence Frederick. The statistical work of the national government. Baltimore, Md., The Johns Hopkins Press, 1925. [HA37.U5.S4 GREF, pgs.87-105].
- Boyd, Anne Morris. United States Government publications. 3d ed. revised by Rae Elizabeth Rips. New York, Wilson, 1949 [i.e. 1950] [J1.B6 1949 Doe Reference Govt/Stat, pgs.197-202].
- Smith, Marian L. "Overview of INS History," Originally published in: A Historical Guide to the U.S. Government, edited by George T. Kurian. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. [JK9.H57 1998 Doe Reference Govt/Stat]
The Annual Reports of the Commissioner General of Immigration afford the primary source of information regarding the number of persons arriving in or departing from the U.S. From 1820 to 1870 annual reports were made to Congress by the Secretary of State and printed as documents of Congress. These reports were entitled Passengers arriving in United States. For a list of report numbers and Serial Set volumes see http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/doemoff/gov_passarrv.html).
From 1869 to 1895 the annual report entitled "Foreign
Commerce and Navigation" issued by the Bureau of Statistics of
the Treasury Department, contained this information, although the
Superintendent of Immigration also issued reports from 1892 to
- Annual reports:
- The Foreign Commerce and Navigation of the United
- (Search in Congressional Indexes :
using the terms "foreign commerce AND navigation")
also available as HF105.A2 Main [1848/49-1950], however many volumes are in NRLF.
- (Search in Congressional Indexes : using the terms "foreign commerce AND navigation")
- United States. Bureau of Immigration. Annual Report
- JV6414.A3 Main [1892-1932]
- Annual Report of the Commissioner of Naturalization
- JK1800.A4 Main [1913/14-1931/32]
- Annual Report, Immigration and Naturalization Service
- JV6414.A36 Main [1941/42, 1944/45-1979/80, 1981/82,
- Triennial Comprehensive Reports on Immigration, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services [1999 to present]
- JV6414.A36 Main [1941/42, 1944/45-1979/80, 1981/82, 1985/86]
- Statistical yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service U.S. Department of Justice, INS. Washington,D.C. : The Service : U.S. G.P.O.
- JV6461.U53 S73 Doe Reference Gov/Stat (latest), earlier in Main. 1978-1984, 1986-1989-
- American Statistics Index, 6264-2 (Microfiche 1251 GREF); 1989, 1991- present.
As of 2002, new title:Yearbook of Immigration Statistics Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS), Office of Management, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (1996-current)
See also: William J. Bromwell. History of immigration to the United States, exhibiting the number, sex, age, occupation, and country of birth, of passengers arriving ... by sea from foreign countries, from September 30, 1819 to December 31, 1855; compiled entirely from official data: with an introductory review of the progress and extent of immigration to the United States prior to 1819, and an appendix, containing the naturalization and passenger laws of the United States. New York: Redfield, 1856.
- Reports of the Immigration Commission. U.S. Immigration Commission
- JV6417.CO7 GREF, v. 1-41 (1911) and Main
v.1-2 Abstracts of reports of the Immigration Commission.
v.3 Statistical review of immigration, 1820-1910.
v.4 Emigration conditions in Europe.
v.5 Dictionary of races of peoples.
v.6-25 Immigrants in industries.
v.26-27 Immigrants in cities.
v.28 Occupations of the first and second generation of immigrants in the US. Fecundity of immigrant women.
v.29-33 The children of immigrants in schools.
v.34-35 Immigrants as charity seekers.
v.36 Immigration and crime.
v.37 Steerage conditions. Importation and harboring of women for immoral purposes. Immigrant homes and aid societies. Immigrant banks.
v.38 Changes in bodily form of descendants of immigrants.
v.39 Federal immigration legislation. Digest of immigration decisions. Steerage legislation, 1819-1908. State immigration and alien law.
v.40 The immigration situation in other countries.
v.41 Statements and recommendations submitted by societies and organizations interested in the subject of immigration.
- Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Series A, Subject correspondence files.Bethesda, MD : University Publications of America, 1993-1996
- News/Micro Microfilm 71194 ser.A
- pt.1. Asian immigration and exclusion,
1906-1913, supplement, 1898-1941.
pt.2. Mexican immigration, 1906-1930
pt.3. Ellis Island, 1900-1933
pt.4. European investigation, 1893-1936
pt.5. Prostitution and "White Slavery", 1902-1933
- American Immigrant Autobiographies Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1989
- News/Micro Microfilm 71258
- Voices of Ellis Island: an oral history of American immigration Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1987
- News/Micro Microfilm 24312
- 1- congress number,
- 2- report number,
- 3- and serial set volume number (post 97th Congress this may not be listed), and
- 4- Pre-1970 Serial Set volumes are located in NRLF or available in GREF microfiche 3136
- 5- - ask at the Doe Reference Desk for the location if needed [Tip: Search OskiCat by Title: United States Congressional Serial Set to locate appropriate NRLF request number]
- HA12 A256 1972 GREF
- Schulze, Suzanne. Population Information in Nineteenth Century Census Volumes. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1983. HA214 S44 1983 GREF
- ------. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1900-1940. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1985. HA214 S381 1985 GREF
- ------. Population Information in Twentieth Century Census Volumes: 1950-1980. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1988. HA214 S38 1988 GREF
- Foreign-Born Population via the Bureau of the Census
- Historical Articles via U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
- Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-born Population of the United States: 1850-1990 via Bureau of the Census
- Immigration and Naturalization Legislation (1790-1996) via U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
- Immigrant Arrivals: A Guide To Published Sources via Library of Congress
- An Immigrant Nation: United States Regulation of Immigration, 1798-1991 via Immigration and Naturalization Service, Historical Reference Library.
- Immigration Records (Ship Passenger Arrival Records) via National Archives
- Index to Case Files for Early Immigrants to San Francisco and Hawaii via UCB Institute of Business and Economic Research
Reports to Congress/LegislationLexis/Nexis Congressional UC Access Only: indexes reports, hearings, prints, and documents issued from the United States Congress from 1789 to the present.
To locating the hearings and committee prints that are indexed in Lexis/Nexis Congressional, check the UCB card catalog by title for the call number. Congressional hearings are also available in microfiche [pre-1935] in GREF Fiche 1861.
For House and Senate reports and documents, note:
Asian Americans and Congress : a documentary history. Edited by Hyung-chan Kim ; foreword by Thomas E. Stuen. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1996. KF4848.A83.A96 1996 GREF
Immigration Law: an overview via Cornell University's Legal Information Institute
Selected Internet Resources