some contain scholarly articles, some magazine articles, some news, etc.
often include more than articles (chapters in books, etc.)
a few more points...
results identify where articles were published (name of publication and associated volume/issue/date information)
results do notequal what UCB owns !
results sometimes link to article text
use UC-eLinks when article text is not available
Where is the article?
Many library databases incorporate the UC-eLinks feature. You use it when a result's text is not provided by the database searched. It checks the UC-wide collections to see if the source is available elsewhere...
This free encyclopedia is publicly editable and not a scholarly resource. Because anyone can write or add to an entry, the information may be innacurate or untrue. Through the very structure of its creation, it has dependability issues. Yet, it can still be a useful tool, if used wisely.
Like other encyclopedias, it can be helpful in obtaining topical background, and entries often list sources for further reading (which you can then see if UCB has). Use Wikipedia as a starting point for information you will verify in the course of your research via scholarlysources.
Research is as credible as the work that goes into it! It's important to analyze the information you find, including where it comes from.
Secondary & primary sources in the research process
Secondary sources: Generally the place to begin. They provide background on a topic and others analysis.
most scholarly books and articles fit this category
familiarize you with names of specific people or agencies involved, issues at stake, important dates, events, etc. Knowing this will help you search for primary sources, if that is your goal.
often have bibliographies that document materials consulted (which may identify materials you'd like to examine, and may note primary sources)
Primary sources: For those wanting to locate primary sources, they are often a second step in the search process, once you have learned the details from secondary sources (alerting you to the existence of, or help focus your search for, primary sources)
historically contemporaneous news coverage is one example of a primary source
see definition of primary sources below...
Historical primary sources were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied....They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period
Library guide (in depth examination of finding historical primary sources)
The notes in this tab contain suggestions about how to proceed with research based on your assignment. These suggestions build upon, and presume familiarity with, the concepts and processes addressed in the Choosing a resource tab of this guide.
Review tips for finding literary analysis orhistorical background, below
Review list of suggested resources, below. Select one whose content matches the kind of materials you are seeking to find and whose disciplinary focus maps to your topic (i.e. publications in that field are likely to be writing about your topic). Or... choose a General (interdisciplinary) database.
If you want to find historical primary sources, this reserach step typically builds upon a general understanding of the time period being researched (see primary resources tab)
Finding literary analysis
Very specific searches (specific focus about a specific character in a specific work) may not net the desired results. It's worth trying for a direct bullseye, but you may need to adjust your aim.
Search for analysis about the book, play, etc.,being written about. You'll see what others are focusing on. You may find they use other terms relevant to your topic that can be searched to increase your result pool.
Search for analysis about the author you are writting about. Your focus may be a thematic/technical element that shows up repeatedly in their work. Materials that focus on authorial concerns may include information about your work, or be relevant to your analysis of it.
If the overall goal is to find analysis of an author's ideas and influence, and he/she is a philosopher, theologian, psychologist, visual artist, etc. -- you may also wish to explore recommended databases in those associated subject areas (in addition to those for literature)
In addition to looking for articles, if books have been written about your author or work, examining their table of contents and indexes can help isolate chapters of relevance.
hint: when an author is well known and been written about for a long time, you may find that results in article databases focus upon their influence on later works of literature. If this is the case, and, if it is not what you want, books can provide another way to find literary analysis focused more directly on your author & their work.
When searching a library catalog, try adding the term criticism to your search for materials aboutan author, literary movement, or time period(see OskiCat search tips, in this tab, for examples).
Finding historical background
Not already knowldegeable about the time period, social or cultural background? Consider starting with an encyclopedia entry.
Journal articles tend to focus on specific aspects of a specific topic. If you are looking for a broad overview of a historical time or social situation, books might be the ticket:
their table of contents and indexes will help you isolate the parts of interest
OskiCat will help you locate books at UCB
some article databases also contain results for books/book chapters in addition to articles in their subject area
UCB catalog: OskiCat
see choosing a resource tab > library catalogs section
find books on your topic
find periodicals you've identified as having articles on your topic
see choosing a resource tab > article databases section
find articles and essays on a topic
find research focused on an aspect of a topic
find current research
For publications from a specific discipline, determine disciplines relevant to your topic and view databases by those subjects
example for literature... MLA is a recommended database
can limit by type of source
can limit by language
use UC-eLinks to locate result text
examples for history...
America History & Life (US & Canada) and Historical Abstracts (rest of the world) are two recommended databases for historical research
can limit to results that focus on a historical time period
can refine search to specific types of publications
can limit by language
use UC-eLinks to locate result text
For publications from many disciplines, use a General database
Academic Search Complete
popular and scholarly content (good for popular culture topics)
some results available online
strength is scholarly journal literature
use UC-eLinks to get full text, [ but you must first enable it - via Settings gear > Library links]
full text resource
use advanced search to set limits (or narrow to a discipline)