HIST 7B: Mark Twain Papers - McIntosh

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About this Guide

Research Guide for History 7B, GSI: Jess McIntosh

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This guide has been archived

Please note: this course guide was created during a previous semester, and is no longer being actively maintained. For a list of current course guides, please see http://lib.berkeley.edu/alacarte/course-guides.

Background Sources

These are just a few examples of reference sources available in the UCB Libraries.  Click on the title to see the OskiCat record for each title and note the library location and call number of the item.  Many reference sources must be used in the library.

*The Oxford companion to Mark Twain

*The Mark Twain encyclopedia

*Critical Companion to Mark Twain

*Mark Twain's Letters (Paine) (selections only but try the index)

Dictionary of American history

Encyclopedia of American social history

* = on reserve at Moffitt; bring the call number and ask for it at the Moffitt Circulation desk

Items listed as being in the "Doe Reference Hall" are on the 2nd floor of Doe Library, in the same hall as the reference desk.

Items listed as being in "Doe Reference" are on the 2nd floor of Doe Library, in the North Reading Room.

The Mark Twain Project is of course a good source of basic information, and the Mark Twain Project Online site has more information including brief biographies of many of the people whose names appear in Twain's letters and writings.

How to get to and register to use the Mark Twain Papers

The Mark Twain Museum provides a chronology of Twain's life that may be useful.

Background Sources - Library databases

These are just a few examples of Library databases that can provide useful background information for your topic.  To see a more complete list, start with the Library home page > Electronic Resources > Electronic Resources, Types A-Z

Primary Sources

Primary sources can be found in a variety of library tools:

For specific search strategies, see the Library's Guide to Finding Historical Primary Sources

Learn more about your topic in advance:

Use the bibliographies of secondary sources and reference sources to find citations to specific primary sources; search OskiCat to locate them on campus, or ask for assistance at the Library.

Primary Sources - Mark Twain

There are MANY ways to find primary source material by or directly relating to Mark Twain.

Mark Twain Project Online allows searchable online access to Letters written to and from Mark Twain from 1853-1880.

Also online:  annotated texts of the Autobiography (volume 1), Adventures of Huckleberry Fin, and Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer Among the Indians

with a handy User's Guide!

Search OskiCat for author:  twain, mark   for published writings, published correspondence, etc.

To find published selections of his correspondence, search:

mark twain correspondence selections

or, mark twain letters and pull down the "Entire Collection" menu to "Main (Gardner) Stacks"

The list includes published selections:  Love Letters, Letters in the Muscatine Journal, Letters to his publishers, etc.

For all those miscellaneous little pieces, try The Complete Essays of Mark Twain (though sometimes you can find them by searching Oskicat too)

Search online.  Many of Mark Twain's works are freely available online:

Internet Archive (advanced search:  search by creator)

Project Gutenberg (go to the Online Catalog)

Google Books

To find Twain's writings in the newspapers/journals in which they were originally published, search OskiCat for the title of the journal/newspaper (NOT the essay), for example:

title: north american review  (and pull down the "Entire Collection" menu to "journals/magazines/newspapers")

Don't feel shy about asking for help!

Primary Source Databases

These are just a sampling of the Library databases available for primary sources.  For a more extensive list of American primary source databases go here

Citing Your Sources

The UCB Library Guide to Citing Your Sources discusses why you should cite your sources and links to campus resources about plagiarism.  It also includes links to guides for frequently used citation styles.  Also:

Citation Management Tools

Citation management tools help you manage your research, collect and cite sources, organize and store your PDFs, and create bibliographies in a variety of citation styles.  Each one has its strengths and weaknesses, but all are easier than doing it by hand!

  1. Zotero: A free plug-in for the Firefox browser: keeps copies of what you find on the web, permits tagging, notation, full text searching of your library of resources, works with Word, and has a free web backup service. Zotero is also available as a stand-alone application that syncs with Chrome and Safari, or as a bookmarklet for mobile browsers.
  2. RefWorks - web-based and free for UC Berkeley users. It allows you to create your own database by importing references and using them for footnotes and bibliographies, then works with Word to help you format references and a bibliography for your paper. Use the RefWorks New User Form to sign up.
  3. EndNote: Desktop software for managing your references and formatting bibliographies. You can purchase EndNote from the Cal Student Store

Tip: After creating a bibliography with a citation management tool, it's always good to double check the formatting; sometimes the software doesn't get it quite right.

Citing from the Mark Twain Project

The Mark Twain Project Online generates citations for you!

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Getting Help

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And of course:  e-mail Corliss or email Theresa (Bancroft Library)

Research Advisory Service

Research Advisory Service for Cal Undergraduates

Book a 30-minute appointment with a librarian who will help refine and focus research inquiries, identify useful online and print sources, and develop search strategies for humanities and social sciences topics (examples of research topics).

Schedule, view, edit or cancel your appointment online (CalNetID required)

This service is for Cal undergraduates only. Graduate students and faculty should contact the library liaison to their department or program for specialized reference consultations.

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