HIST 7B: Underground Newspapers - Martin

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About this Guide

Research Guide for History 7B, GSI: Rachel Martin

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This guide has been archived

Please note: this course guide was created during a previous semester, and is no longer being actively maintained. For a list of current course guides, please see http://lib.berkeley.edu/alacarte/course-guides.

Background Sources

These are just a few examples of reference sources available in the UCB Libraries.  Click on the title to see the OskiCat record for each title and note the library location and call number of the item. 

The Sixties: 1960-1969

The Sixties in America 

Day by day, the Sixties 

ABC-Clio Companion to the 1960s Counterculture in America

The Columbia Guide to America in the 1960s

The 1960s Cultural Revolution

Underground Press Collection - guide

Items listed as being in the "Doe Reference Hall" are on the 2nd floor of Doe Library, in the same hall as the reference desk.

Items listed as being in "Doe Reference" are on the 2nd floor of Doe Library, in the North Reading Room.

Microfilm & Microfiche

Before digital storage became easy and cheap, microfilm was a way for libraries to maintain large collections of newspapers, government documents, and historical documents while saving physical storage space. The UC Berkeley Libraries still have extensive microform (microfilm and microfiche) collections, containing valuable information for researchers.

Since each roll of microfilm contains thousands of tiny images of the original pages of a document, you'll need a microfilm reader to magnify the images enough to read them. The UC Berkeley Newspapers and Microforms Department (40 Doe Library) has machines that read, print, and scan images from microfilm and microfiche.

Microfilm and microfiche owned by the UC Berkeley Libraries can be found through OskiCat; use Advanced Keyword Search to limit your search to "All Microforms." In the News/Micro collection, microfilm rolls and microfiche cards are shelved with their own numbering system; click here for a PDF of the collection's floorplan.

Underground Newspapers

Follow these links to the OskiCat records for collections of Underground Newspapers relevant to your research. 

Underground newspaper collection

Guide is shelved with the "Microfilm Guides" in the Newspaper Room as MICROFILM 77553 guide

another copy of the Guide is in the Doe Reference Room, call number AP1.26 .U5

Hoover Institution supplement to the Underground newspaper collection

Guide is shelved with the "Microfilm Guides" in the Newspaper Room as MICROFILM 53043 guide

UMC Library underground newspapers collection

Guide is shelved with the "Microfilm Guides" in the Newspaper Room as MICROFILM 53044 guide

Individual titles may also be searched by title in OskiCat.  Searching newspaper titles in OskiCat:  The Movie!  (40 seconds)

San Francisco Oracle (the original)

San Francisco Oracle (the facsimile)

San Francisco Oracle (the CD-Rom)

Black Panther (microfilm in the Newspaper Room, The Real Thing at the Bancroft)

Sixties: Primary Documents and Personal Narratives (library database)

Browse the list of underground newspapers available


Loading Microfilm: The Movie!

Play View Larger

This short video from the University of Kansas Libraries shows a very similar microfilm reader to the ones owned by UC Berkeley -- but it is not exactly the same. If you have any questions, please ask the staff of the Newspapers and Microforms collection!

Scanning from Microfilm

You can save images from microfilm or microfiche to your flashdrive, in pdf or tiff format.  You can use the scanning process to improve, crop or otherwise adjust the image-- very useful for old, scratched microfilm.

How to scan microfilm to a flash drive  (note:  updated instructions coming soon)

Other Primary Sources for the Sixties

You do NOT need to use any of these, but just for your information, there are lots of other primary sources on this topic at the UC Berkeley Libraries.  These are just a few examples

Social Protest Collection - The Bancroft Library

(this is the finding aid, or guide to the collection; you have to use the collection at the library)

Eldridge Cleaver Papers - The Bancroft Library

(this is the finding aid, or guide to the collection; you have to use the collection at the library)

Haight Ashbury in the Sixties - CD-Rom

Primary Source databases

These are just a few of the databases that lead you to primary sources.  For a more complete list of primary source databases in American History, go here.

Free Speech Movement

For fun - just one aspect of UC Berkeley's involvement in the political activity of the Sixties

Free Speech Movement Digital Archive (Bancroft Library)

Free Speech Movement Archives

Free Speech Movement - Media at the Media Resources Center

Free Speech Movement - -photos online

Citing Your Sources

The UCB Library Guide to Citing Your Sources discusses why you should cite your sources and links to campus resources about plagiarism.  It also includes links to guides for frequently used citation styles.  Also:

Citation Management Tools

Citation management tools help you manage your research, collect and cite sources, organize and store your PDFs, and create bibliographies in a variety of citation styles.  Each one has its strengths and weaknesses, but all are easier than doing it by hand!

  1. Zotero: A free plug-in for the Firefox browser: keeps copies of what you find on the web, permits tagging, notation, full text searching of your library of resources, works with Word, and has a free web backup service. Zotero is also available as a stand-alone application that syncs with Chrome and Safari, or as a bookmarklet for mobile browsers.
  2. RefWorks - web-based and free for UC Berkeley users. It allows you to create your own database by importing references and using them for footnotes and bibliographies, then works with Word to help you format references and a bibliography for your paper. Use the RefWorks New User Form to sign up.
  3. EndNote: Desktop software for managing your references and formatting bibliographies. You can purchase EndNote from the Cal Student Store

Tip: After creating a bibliography with a citation management tool, it's always good to double check the formatting; sometimes the software doesn't get it quite right.

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Research Advisory Service

Research Advisory Service for Cal Undergraduates

Book a 30-minute appointment with a librarian who will help refine and focus research inquiries, identify useful online and print sources, and develop search strategies for humanities and social sciences topics (examples of research topics).

Schedule, view, edit or cancel your appointment online (CalNetID required)

This service is for Cal undergraduates only. Graduate students and faculty should contact the library liaison to their department or program for specialized reference consultations.

Getting Help

Other ways to get help:  in person, by e-mail, using specialized chat services

And of course:  e-mail Corliss or email Theresa (Bancroft Library)

Corliss Wants Your Feedback!

Please take a few minutes to give me some feedback about the library workshop and this course page!  Anonymously, of course.


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