Primary Sources for Poverty Interventions
Primary sources are either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied. They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period.
The following sources may be used to locate poverty interventions from International, Foreign National, and U.S State & Local Governments, as well as Nongovernmental Organizations. Some of the sources may be limited to information and analysis about poverty iniatives, goals and strategies, rather than complete reports of specific interventions.
Many microcredit and development institutions (e.g. BRAC, Grameen, and ASA) are described in depth in Poverty Capital. To find additional institutions you may also search on directory sites such as the Microfinance Gateway or the Grameen Trust Replication Program.
Globalization & Development aid
The following is a select bibliography of books that address international financial institutions (IFIs) and development aid. The UC Berkeley libraries have many similar titles. Use the Oskicat or Melvyl catalogs to do subject searches on topics like "globalization economic aspects," or by the name of the institution.
Adams, Patricia. Odious Debts: Loose Lending, Corruption and the Third World's Environmental Legacy. London, Earthscan, 1991.
Cavanagh, John, and Mander, Jerry (eds.). Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is Possible. San Francisco, CA : Berrett-Koehler, 2004.
Ariel Buira (ed.). Challenges to the World Bank and IMF: Developing Country Perspectives. London: Anthem Press, 2003.
Carroll, Toby. Delusions of development: the World Bank and the post-Washington consensus in Southeast Asia. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Cavanaugh, John, Daphne Wysham and Marcos Arruda (eds). Beyond Bretton Woods: Alternatives to the Global Economic Order. London: Pluto Press, 1994.
Danaher, Kevin (ed.). Fifty Years Is Enough: The Case Against the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Boston: South End Press, 1994.
Danaher, Kevin. 10 reasons to abolish the IMF & World Bank, foreword by Anuradha Mittal. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2004.
Darrow, Mac. Between Light and Shadow: The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and International Human Rights Law. Portland, Ore., Hart Publishing, 2003.
Gould, Erica R. Money talks: the International Monetary Fund, conditionality, and supplementary financiers. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 2006.
Hancock, Graham. Lords of poverty: the free-wheeling lifestyles, power, prestige and corruption of the multi-billion dollar aid business. London : Macmillan London, 1989.
Karunaratne, Garvin. How the IMF ruined Sri Lanka & alternative programmes of success. Colombo : Godage International Publishers, 2006.
Peet, Richard. Unholy trinity: the IMF, World Bank and WTO. 2nd ed. London. New York : Zed Books , 2009.
Pincus, Jonathon and Winters, Jeffrey A. Reinventing the World Bank. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002.
Rowden, Rick. The deadly ideas of neoliberalism: how the IMF has undermined public health and the fight against AIDS. London ; New York : Zed Books, 2009.
Stiglitz, Joseph. Globalization and its Discontents. New York: W.W. Norton, 2002.
Toussaint, Eric. Bank of the south: an alternate to IMF-World Bank. Mumbai : Vikas Adhyayan Kendra, 2007.
Vines, David and Christopher Gilbert. The IMF and its Critics: Reform of the Global Financial Architecture. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Weaver, Catherine. Hypocrisy trap: the World Bank and the poverty of reform. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Aid and development organizations
The following selection of activist groups seek to reform and/or critique international financial and development institutions. While such groups provide an interesting and passionate viewpoint not all are not strictly academic so please check with your GSI before using web sites your research. Please also see also the select bibliography of books on international institutions and development aid.
ActionAid USA. Advocates reforms in the areas of poverty reduction, trade, education, agriculture, and expenditure of IMF and World Bank funds.
Afrodad. Civil society organisation working to secure solutions to Africa's debt problems and development processes.
AfricaAction. Oldest organization in the U.S. working on African affairs. Includes position papers on the World Bank & IMF as well as the UN involvement in Darfur.
Alliance for a Corporate Free UN. International coalition exposing the human rights and environmental records of companies partnering with the UN. Part of Corpwatch, which opposes the UN Global Compact in which the UN has partnered with businesses to support environmental and social principles.
Alliance for Responsible Trade. Network of labor, family-farm, women's, environmental, development and research organizations promoting equitable and sustainable trade and development.
Bank Information Center. Partners with civil society to influence the World Bank and other international financial institutions (IFIs) to promote social and economic justice and ecological sustainability.
Bretton Woods Project. Works to scrutinise and influence the World Bank and IMF. Through briefings, reports and a bimonthly digest it monitors the projects, policy reforms and the overall management of the Bretton Woods institutions, with special emphasis on environmental and social concerns.
Centers of Concern. Faith-based Organization dedicated to "exploring global issues from an ethical perspective based on Catholic Social Teaching."
Development Today. Independent journal on aid, specialising on political, business and environmental issues related to Nordic and multilateral development assistance.
Friends of the Earth International. World's largest grassroots environmental network, with 5,000 activist groups on every continent. Includes the publication bank notes which focuses on international banks and export credit agencies.
Focus on the Global South. Combines policy research, advocacy, and grassroots capacity building to generate critical analysis and encourage debates on national and international policies and to "dismantle oppressive economic and political structures and institutions."
GenderAction. Organization dedicated to promoting gender equality and women’s rights in International Financial Institution (IFIs), e.g. the World Bank.
Halifax Iniative. Goal to fundamentally transform the international financial system and its institutions, namely the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and export credit agencies.
International Accountability Project. Public interest organization offering legal support to people seeking to hold international financial institutions (IFIs) accountable for violations of environmental and human rights law.
International Forum on Globalization. Alliance of activists, scholars, economists, researchers and writers formed to stimulate new thinking, activity, and public education in response to economic globalization.
New Rules for Global Finance. Coalition of development, human rights, labor, environmental, and religious organizations and scholars dedicated to the reform of the global financial architecture.
Odious Debts. Site dedicated to challenging the legitimacy of third world debt. Very rich site; browseable by country. Dated but still has good links.
One Campaign. International non-profit organization which aims to increase government funding for and effectiveness of international aid programs
Probe International. Canadian based group exposes the environmental, social, and economic effects of Canada's aid and trade abroad.
South Asian Network on Dams, Rivers and People. Civil-society network designed to bring together organizations of civil society, governments, and the World Bank in a review of structural adjustment programs (SAPs).
Structural Adjustment Participatory Review Information Networ (SAPRIN). Civil society group working with the World Bank to review structural adjustment programs.
Third World Network. Non-profit international network of organizations involved in issues relating to development, the Third World and North-South issues.
World Development Movement. UK based NGO focusing on world poverty and a wide range of development topics - climate change, debt relief, World Bank & IMF reform, etc.
World Social Forum. "Open meeting place" created to discuss strategies of resistance to the model for globalisation formulated by large multinational corporations, national governments, IMF, the World Bank and the WTO