AFR AM 139: Teaching Freedom: The History of African American Education

Using Boolean Operators & Truncation


  • AND, OR, NOT, W/# (for within or nearby a certain number or words in the full-text)
  • Example: African Americans AND gender
  • Ex: Rhodesia OR Zimbabwe
  • Ex: African American NOT African
  • Ex: Nelson Mandela W/10 ANC


  • Most catalogs & databases use *, ?, # symbols to truncate (shorten) words
  • Be careful not to truncate a word too short, some entries will be unrelated to your search
  • Can be used at the end of a word and internally too
  • Example: Educat* = education, educator, educators
  • Ex: Wom?n = woman, women
  • Ex: S*nk = sink, sank, sunk


Ask a Librarian 24/7 Chat

Javascript required to chat

You do allow embedded content.

You can type your question directly into this chat window to chat with a librarian. Your question may be answered by a reference librarian from Berkeley, from another UC campus, or another academic library elsewhere in the US.  We share information about our libraries to make sure you get good answers.

If the librarian can't answer you well enough, your question will be referred to a Berkeley librarian for follow-up.

Have fun chatting!

Library Workshop: Research 101

Unsure how to start a paper or research project? Think maybe you could stand to brush up ostudent with laptopn search strategies?

If this sounds familiar, Library Workshop: Research 101 has you covered. This interactive tutorial explores six stages of the research process. You can view it from start to finish, or focus on specific sections as needed:

1: Begin Your Research

Starting strategies, from choosing a topic to finding the right keywords.


Read more
Last Update: May 28, 2014 15:29 | Tagged with: African American Studies education history