Annotated Bibliography of Online Resources
All web resources listed below were discovered, selected, and annotated by students enrolled in the French 142AC course in summer 2010:
- “Avalon Project - Franco-American Diplomacy 1778-1843.” http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/frtreaty.asp.
This website offers documents concerning the diplomatic relations between France and the United States between 1778 and 1843. Among all the texts, the treaties, the alliances, the contracts, and conventions, there are important documents about the Louisiana Purchase.
- “Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.”
This site sells antique maps, sea charts, and atlases. Images can be viewed free of charge.
- “David Rumsey Historical Map Collection | The Collection.”
Online database of over 22,000 maps focusing on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century North America and South America.
- “L'Encyclopédie du patrimoine culturel de l'Amérique française.” http://www.ameriquefrancaise.org/fr/.
A Quebec-based multimedia encyclopedia project with contributions from specialists in Canada and beyond. English translations available of some articles. Articles enhanced by bibliographies of important references and useful images or maps. For example, the article on Chateaubriand traces his documented travels in North America. Entries on literary works also include links to full text when available.
- “France in America: General Introduction / La France en Amérique: Introduction générale.” http://memory.loc.gov/intldl/fiahtml/fiatheme.html#track1.
A Library of Congress website and important resource. It includes sections on French colonies in America and also a chronology of France in America. Maps are also included on this site.
- “Francophonies d’Amérique”
French-language website of a scholarly journal. Includes information about the journal’s content (full text available through Project Muse or other databases) as well as links and articles relative to French in North America, especially Canada. Also includes links to online exhibits sponsored by the University of Ottawa such as “400 ans de présence française au Canada, 1604-2004.”
- “La Louisiane française 1682-1803.”
A very useful website created by the French Ministère de la culture et de la communication in honor of the two-hundredth anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase. Traces the history of French in America from early exploration to the present day. English version available at http://www.louisiana.culture.fr/en/som.html.
- “Les martyrs de la Nouvelle-France.”
This website offers gives biographies of Jesuits martyrs whose stories once fascinated the French reading public. Of particular interest is an image of scenes of martyrdom. This image is included in a maps presumed to be drawn by a Jesuits. In most reproductions of the map, the image is, however, barely visible.
- “Louisiana Purchase: Historical Perspectives, 1682-1815.” http://www.lib.lsu.edu/special/purchase/history.html.
An Online Educational Resource from LSU Libraries Special Collections. The particular topics covered in here are: Louisiana as a French Colony, Louisiana as a Spanish Colony, The Louisiana Purchase, and The State of Louisiana. Other topics are Native Americans in Louisiana and, finally, slave revolts and insurrections.
- “Mapping the French Empire in North America: A Virtual Exhibit Based on the exhibit catalog of the same name.”
A virtual map site of the French Empire in North American. These selections are from David Buisseret’s Mapping the French Empire in North American: An Interpretive Guide to the Exhibition Mounted at the Newberry Library on the Occasion of the 17th Annual Conference of the French Colonial Historical Society.
- “New France - The Canadian Encyclopedia.”
This website contains useful information about France’s evolution as an imperial power. It also describes us the first explorations made by the French in the American continent and it narrates the first adventures of Jesuits. We can also read about the economic relations between Jesuits and Natives.
- “Selections from the d’Anville Collection (BnF) - Index.” http://memory.loc.gov/intldl/fiahtml/fia_collections/fia_lists/frbnfamTitles1.html.
Part of the Library of Congress’ site “France in America.” Maps collected by royal geographer, Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697-1782). Links to Gallica, the online collections of Bibliothèque Nationale de France, open images of each map. Includes 330 digitized documents relating to North America (excluding the Antilles), of which more than 50 are manuscripts. This selection reflects the geographic knowledge of North America in France during the second half of the eighteenth century. Nearly 180 maps concern regions controlled, explored or coveted by France, such as Hudson’s Bay, Newfoundland, Acadia, the St. Lawrence Valley, the Great Lakes region, Louisiana and the American West. This online collection shows the evolution of the cartographic image of New France.
- “The Jesuit Relations.”
This website name is The Jesuits Relations and Allied Documents 1610 to 1791 and it contains the entire English translation of The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. Each downloadable file contains the English translation of one published volume.
- “Arnb.Org Cajun, Zydeco, and Creole Music and Dance: Home Page.”
This site automatically scans the web for Cajun and Zydeco content. That includes festivals, dance, music, etc. You can even make your own custom schedule to follow in your area.
- “Cajun French Music Association.”
Website dedicated to the promotion and preservation of Cajun music. Includes a page of links to websites of various Cajun musicians and bands (http://www.cajunfrenchmusic.org/lnks.html).
Official website of the Council for the Development of French Louisiana. In French, English, and Louisiana Creole. Includes invaluable information about history of Louisiana French as well as current efforts to promote Louisiana’s French language and culture.
- “Creole Echoes Home.”
A key resource for French history and culture in Louisiana from LSU Special Collections. Includes documents, images, and many useful biographies.
- “Creoles - Who we are.”
Creole paintings, pictures, Louisiana heritage, ancestry, colonial beginning, Creole heroes. It contains the video, Too White to Be Black…Too Black to be White.
- “Department of French Studies: Cajun French Glossary.”
Cajun French dictionary from the Louisiana State University’s Department of French studies..
- “France-Louisiane / Franco-Americanie.”
A French perspective on French in North America. Information about Louisiana as well as Franco-Americans of New England.
- “La Bibliothèque Tintamarre.”
Online library of Louisiana literature in French, including a substantial collection of important works from nineteenth-century New Orleans. Some texts in French Creole. Selected English translations. Printed editions of some texts available from http://www.centenary.edu/editions/index.html. For links related to Louisiana culture, language, and music, see http://www.centenary.edu/french/louisiane.html.
- “Les Gens de Couleur Libre.”
History of free people of color in nineteenth-century New Orleans. Contains an annotated list of genealogy resources, history collections, and translated records.
- “Louisiana Life magazine.”
Full text with images of Louisiana Life. Articles are written for a general audience, but often provide useful information images.
- “LOUISiana Digital Library.”
An online library of Louisiana institutions with over 144,000 digital materials.
- Nicholas R. Spitzer. “The Creole State: An Introduction to Louisiana Traditional Culture.” http://www.louisianafolklife.org/LT/Articles_Essays/creole_art_creole_state.html.
Louisiana traditional culture. Cajuns and Creoles in Louisiana. Cultural subgroups in Louisiana.
- “The Saint Louis Cathedral: New Orleans Louisiana.”
St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans and is the oldest cathedral in use in the United States. It was established in 1720 and the website contains the history of the cathedral, mass times, news and events and other church related information.
- “The Historic New Orleans Collection.”
Online Resources include videos (http://www.hnoc.org/espace/vid_docs.html), newsletters, and a youtube channel. Of particular interest are high quality pdfs of past exhibits, including “Four Hundred Years of French Presence in Louisiana: Treasures from the Bibliothèque nationale de France” (http://www.hnoc.org/exhibitions/pdf/400_years_cata.pdf).
- “Welcome to Frenchcreoles.com.”
A contemporary view on the long-standing debate over the meaning “Creole.” This website talks about how Creoles are not a race and rather a culture.
- “Zachary Richard - français | english.”
A bilingual website of a leading Cajun musician. Includes biographical information, sample music and video downloads, and lyrics with English translations. The French site also has links to Richard’s poetry.
- “African American Writers in Paris - SoulOfAmerica.”
This website is actually on Black Culture Travel in France, but it has a section that is dedicated to African American writers in Paris.
- “Chester Himes’ biography.”
This page includes a short biography of Chester Bonar Himes, an African American expatriate in Paris. He is known for his series of black detective novels which he wrote while he was abroad. Some of his works are listed on here and notes are included with them.
- “Harlem in Montmartre: Historian Tyler Stovall on Montmartre | Great Performances | PBS.” http://www.pbs.org/wnet/gperf/episodes/harlem-in-montmartre/historian-tyler-stovall-on-montmartre/829/.
A two minute and thirty-eight second clip of historian Tyler Stovall talking about the African American community in Montmartre during the 1920s. He mentions writers like Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and Claude McKay and also performers like Josephine Baker. A full-text transcription of the clip is also available here.
- “Harlem in Montmartre: The Story of Louis Mitchell | Great Performances | PBS.” http://www.pbs.org/wnet/gperf/episodes/harlem-in-montmartre/the-story-of-louis-mitchell/917/.
A three minute and thirty-four second clip of the story of Louis Mitchell, the first African American to record a jazz record in Paris in 1922. This is selected from a special broadcast that was aired in the United States on February 7th, 2010 to celebrate Black History Month.
- “James Baldwin.”
An entire webpage dedicated to James Baldwin, the African American writer in France. It includes several online literary critiques, videos and teaching resources that are related to James Baldwin.
- “The Jazz Age in Paris.”
This web page gives a brief introduction to the Jazz Age in Paris when many African Americans migrated to Paris to become musicians. It points out at that Montmartre is where most of these musicians resided and worked. Montmartre became famous for its entertainment venues and artistic culture during that time.
- “The Official Josephine Baker Website.”
Site about Josephine Baker, an African American entertainer who took Paris by storm in the 1920s.
- “‘Dans la brume électrique’ : un conflit, deux films de Tavernier - LeMonde.fr.” http://www.lemonde.fr/culture/article/2009/04/11/dans-la-brume-electrique-un-conflit-deux-films-de-tavernier_1179644_3246.html.
Le Monde is a French newspaper which can be considered as a well respected source of information. Several articles talk about French-American movies. One interesting example is the controversial movie "In the Electric Mist" by B. Tavernier. Le Monde offer not only offers the point of view of the French audiences but also provides several interviews with the American producer, Michael Fitzgerald.
- “Cinema on the Bayou Film Festival January 26-30, 2011 Lafayette, LA.” http://www.cinemaonthebayou.com/onevenue.cfm?venue_id=17.
This website is a good index where all the French-Americans venues are listed. One can also learn a lot about cinematographic events in Louisiana like the Bayou Film festival.
- “Côte Blanche Productions.”
This website promotes Creole and Cajun Cinema in Louisiana. Several movies excepts can be viewed like for instance "Belizaire the Cajun"; a movie from Glenn Lepitre. Many documentaries are also presented. Most of them are related to the historic past of the Creole community or notorious events that marked New Orleans during the last decade.
- “Louisiana Film & Television.”
A very large amount of resources can be found on this website. One can look at the listings of all the Louisiana productions, directors, film specialists or even festivals.
- “Pat Mire Films.”
The website gathers comments and articles about documentaires by Pat Mire, including Mon Cher Camarade about Cajuns in France during World War II. One can also find a series of interviews with Cajuns and French directors.
- “The Board of Directors.”
This is the website of the Louisiana Film Museum. One can find a very exhaustive filmography where movies from the nineteenth to the twentifirst century are displayed on a timeline. Interestingly, several Cajuns movies are present, mainly during the 1990s. The category “The Board of directors" provides a list of several directors with for each of them, a detailed profile.
- “Le cinema français.”
Looking for a French movie? This is the right place. With more than 2000 French directors, 9000 actors and over 10000 movies titles, this website offers a really exhaustive list of resources. The filmography is not only detailed but also contains numerous illustrations from the 20th century. Cinematographic events like the Festival de Cannes are ordered by years inside a very simple interface. The timeline goes from 1946 to 2010 and is updated frequently.
- Child, Julia. “The French Chef (1964): Elegance with Eggs.” The French Chef.
Julia Child goes over how to make omelettes. She shows various different types of omelettes to make. Her didactic personality shows in her TV show, and at the end of each cooking segment she displays the final product.
- Hellmich, Nanci. “The French Diet Connection.” USA Today, January 3, 2005.
Highlights the story of a French woman who gained weight in the US. She notices how the Americans don’t appreciate their food and she found that Americans found eating as more of a chore than an enjoyment to life..
- Pollan, Michael. “Out of the Kitchen, Onto the Couch.” New York Times, July 29, 2009.
Pollan talks about how when he was a child, Julia Child inspired his mother to cook exquisite cuisine. Child upgraded the culture of food in America according to Pollan because Child took the fear out of cooking. However, Pollan mentions about how in contemporary America people are not cooking as much, and Julia Child’s approach to cooking is not heavily used anymore.
- “Remembering Julia Child.” WGBH.
An hour long segment where Judith Jones reminisces about Julia Child. She talks about her legacy that she had, her impact in America, and how she changed the perception of French cuisine in the mid-20th century.
- Rogers, Thomas. “Death to the French Food Snob.” Salon Mobile.
Talks about a revolutionist movement called Le Fooding. Le Fooding set out to eliminate the pretentious connotations associated with French cuisine. Le Fooding wants to break down the slowness and the snobbery with French cuisine. However, Le Fooding recognizes that food plays a central role in the French way of life, and they want to portray French food to Americans while removing the bad connotations associated with French cuisine.
- Singer, Barnett. “American views of the French,” 2002.
Talks mostly about contemporary reflections of how the French view the US today and vice versa. Polls show that Americans view France mostly in a positive spotlight. The French also had sympathy for the Americans after the 9/11 attacks, even though France did not agree on the US foreign policy to invade Iraq. This article gives an extensive overview of the different types of perceptions present in different categories in France and in America regarding one another. He concludes by saying that the French regard US favorably but the American side seems overtly anti-French now.
- “The USA as seen by the French.”
The website goes over how the perception of America in France has changed over the past few centuries. In the eighteenth century, France viewed America as the cold continent whereas in the 20th century, France feared America as a superpower. Generally, contrary to popular belief, the French respect America with a 62% favorable rating.
- Willcox, Kathleen. “How America Killed French Cuisine.” The Daily Beast, July 7, 2009.
Willcox’s article mentions how American restaurants have crept into France. These American restaurants have affected the local businesses. Willcox in particular does not appreciate the American culture creeping into France as well. The food is not up to par with French cuisine, and Willcox hopes that fast food restaurants do not dominate over the French culture.