[Videolib] AMIA and Video digitizing 101

Dennis Doros (milefilms@gmail.com)
Tue, 18 Nov 2008 16:29:24 -0500

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Dear Videolib,
For several years, I've been suggesting that the listserv members would be
interested in joining the Association of Moving Image Archivists (AMIA).
It's a group from around the world composed of film and video archivists,
some distributors, regional and major archives, corporations, restoration
labs, professors, individuals and yes, AV librarians -- some of whom are on
this listserv as well. The annual conference was held just last week in
Savannah and it's always an incredible resource for information, discussion
and questions. Preservation, copyright, storage, disaster planning, access
and many other topics Videolib discusses are always a main part of the
program. As a newly-elected board member (I know, who'd a thunk?), I found
the future of the organization to be progressive and socially aware. As a
small, first move towards community service, AMIA screened the brand-new
restored version of Sleeping Beauty at the local movie palace and invited
students at a school of disadvantaged children (abused, troubled, etc.) to
join us. It was an amazing experience for everybody involved.

Anyway, I'm copying at the bottom of this email, by permission of the
author, from AMIA's listserv today, a sample of one panel at the conference
(there's also a white paper you can download) that would be of particular
interest to media librarians -- the digitization of AV materials. (This is,
of course, about your own productions -- not feature films, docs, etc. -- s=
o
please, send no verbal abuse!) I'm not sure I would agree about the small
hard drives being the answer -- I know even high schools have server farms
now that would be perfect -- but the imperative need for digital migration
is justified.

AMIA's website is www.amianet.org and if you have any questions, you can
always email me or give me a call.

--=20
Best,
Dennis Doros
Milestone Film & Video
Phone: 201-767-3117
email: milefilms@gmail.com

At last week's conference, I received several favorable comments about my
presentation on the Digitizing 101 Session. It is in two parts because I
covered two topics. They are both short..

Jim Wheeler

Part 1--YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO FIND USABLE MACHINES TO PLAY YOUR VIDEOTAPES

The main problem with videotape is that analog videotape recorders are no
longer being made. With the exception of VHS, finding a videotape playback
machine that is in useable condition is extremely difficult or impossible.

This is a Katrina-level disaster and most video archvists are not aware of
the consequences of such a catastrophe.

You MUST convert your videotapes to digital ASAP.

This is not an easy task but the alternative is to lose your video
collection FOREVER.

The archivist's first step is to hire a person or a company that specialize=
s
in advising how to convert analog videotapes to digital. Discuss with them
what you need to do and what they can do for you.
After this, advise your funders about possible alternatives and the impact
of doing nothing. Make it clear that digitizing is a NOW OR NEVER situatio=
n
for this collection!

Part 2--YOUR VIDEO ARCHIVE IN YOUR OFFICE=97NOT IN A VAULT

In recent years, there have been several major breakthroughs in the storage
of video. We can now store 13 hours of uncompressed standard definition
video, on a single 1 TB HDD, which costs only about $110. Hard Disk Drives
are reasonably reliable, low cost and small. This is what I have been
searching for for 30 years.

To illustrate the s mall size of HDDs as well as their capacity, one of my
clients has 2,000 hours of video stored on a single 4 foot wide table in th=
e
office with four shelves bolted near the rear of the table. The small unit
for playing the HDDs is located on an adjacent table. This is an entire
archive located in a corner of an office!

Now that I have told you that you can store thousands of hours of
uncompressed video in a small part of a room, I will give you a few tips
about how this should be done.

HDDs can be left turned on all the time, or, they can be turned off except
when they are being used. I advocate keeping the power off for those HDDs
that are seldom or never used. Leaving them on would be a waste of money
and increase the chance of failure of the HDDs.

As for the storage environment, HDDs are very forgiving, so, I suggest
keeping the archival HDDs in your office or a nearby room. A special
air-conditioned vault is no longer needed.

Plan for a disaster by making two or three copies of each videotape and
storing the second and third copies at remote locations.

Also, I recommend having two identical computers dedicated to the
archive. Never
upgrade the hardware or software on your Main computer unless you have
verified on your Secondary computer that every type of media in your
collection will run on the upgrade. This verification is critical!

You will probably have to migrate your collection about every five years
because of software and hardware changes . Verification before an upgrade
is a MUST!

For more detailed information, go to my website (DigitalForward.net) and
read the White Paper.

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Dear Videolib,<div><br></div><div>For several years, I&#39;ve been suggesti=
ng that the listserv members would be interested in joining the Association=
of Moving Image Archivists (AMIA). It&#39;s a group from around the world =
composed of film and video archivists, some distributors, regional and majo=
r archives, corporations, restoration labs, professors, individuals and yes=
, AV librarians -- some of whom are on this listserv as well. The annual co=
nference was held just last week in Savannah and it&#39;s always an incredi=
ble resource for information, discussion and questions. Preservation, copyr=
ight, storage, disaster planning, access and many other topics Videolib dis=
cusses are always a main part of the program. As a newly-elected board memb=
er (I know, who&#39;d a thunk?), I found the future of the organization to =
be progressive and socially aware. As a small, first move towards community=
service, AMIA screened the brand-new restored version of Sleeping Beauty a=
t the local movie palace and invited students at a school of disadvantaged =
children (abused, troubled, etc.) to join us. It was an amazing experience =
for everybody involved.</div>
<div><br></div><div>Anyway, I&#39;m copying at the bottom of this email, by=
permission of the author, from AMIA&#39;s listserv today, a sample of one =
panel at the conference (there&#39;s also a white paper you can download) t=
hat would be of particular interest to media librarians -- the digitization=
of AV materials. (This is, of course, about your own productions -- not fe=
ature films, docs, etc. -- so please, send no verbal abuse!) I&#39;m not su=
re I would agree about the small hard drives being the answer -- I know eve=
n high schools have server farms now that would be perfect -- but the imper=
ative need for digital migration is justified.</div>
<div><br></div><div>AMIA&#39;s website is <a href=3D"http://www.amianet.org=
">www.amianet.org</a> and if you have any questions, you can always email m=
e or give me a call.<br clear=3D"all"><br>-- <br>Best,<br>Dennis Doros<br>M=
ilestone Film &amp; Video<br>
Phone: 201-767-3117<br>email: <a href=3D"mailto:milefilms@gmail.com">milefi=
lms@gmail.com</a><br>
</div><div><br></div><div><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"border-=
collapse: collapse; "><div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; mar=
gin-bottom: 0pt; margin-left: 0in; "><font size=3D"3"><font face=3D"Calibri=
">A</font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39=
;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"fo=
nt-size: small;">t last week's conference, I received several favorable com=
ments about my presentation on the Digitizing 101 Session.</span></span><sp=
an><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new ro=
man&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: smal=
l;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-st=
yle-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">It is in two parts because I covered =
two topics.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"fo=
nt-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-sp=
an" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span clas=
s=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, ser=
if;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">They are =
both short..</span></span></font></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">Jim Wheeler</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">Part 1--YOU MAY NOT BE ABLE TO FIND USABLE MACHINES =
TO&nbsp;</span></span></font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-st=
yle-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">PLAY YOUR VIDEOTAPES</span></span></f=
ont></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-f=
amily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-size: small;">The main problem with videotape is that analog =
videotape recorders are no longer being made. With the exception of VHS, fi=
nding a videotape playback machine that is in useable condition is extremel=
y difficult or impossible.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-sp=
an" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D=
"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></span><=
/font></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">This is a Katrina-level disaster and most video arch=
vists are not aware of the consequences of such a catastrophe.</span></span=
></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-f=
amily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-size: small;">You MUST convert your videotapes to digital ASA=
P.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family=
: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></font></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">This is not an easy task but the alternative is to l=
ose your video collection FOREVER.</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">The archivist's first step is to hire a person or a =
company that specializes in advising how to convert analog videotapes to di=
gital.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-fa=
mily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" s=
tyle=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"=
Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;">=
<span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">Discuss with t=
hem what you need to do and what they can do for you.</span></span></font><=
/div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">After this, advise your funders about possible alter=
natives and the impact of doing nothing.</span></span><span><span class=3D"=
Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;">=
<span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</=
span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &=
#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D=
"font-size: small;">Make it clear that digitizing is a NOW OR NEVER situati=
on for this collection!</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">Part 2--YOUR VIDEO ARCHIVE IN YOUR OFFICE=97NOT IN A=
VAULT</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">In recent years, there have been several major break=
throughs in the storage of video.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-s=
tyle-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span c=
lass=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></=
span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;tim=
es new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-s=
ize: small;">We can now store 13 hours of uncompressed standard definition =
video, on a single 1 TB HDD, which costs only about $110.</span></span><spa=
n><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new rom=
an&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small=
;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-st=
yle-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">Hard Disk Drives are reasonably relia=
ble, low cost and small.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span=
" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"A=
pple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></sp=
an><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new ro=
man&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: smal=
l;">This is what I have been searching for for 30 years.</span></span></fon=
t></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">To illustrate the s mall size of HDDs as well as the=
ir capacity, one of my clients has 2,000 hours of video stored on a single =
4 foot wide table in the office with four shelves bolted near the rear of t=
he table.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font=
-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span=
" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=
=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, seri=
f;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">The small =
unit for playing the HDDs is located on an adjacent table.</span></span><sp=
an><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new ro=
man&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: smal=
l;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-st=
yle-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">This is an entire archive located in =
a corner of an office!</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">Now that I have told you that you can store thousand=
s of hours of uncompressed video in a small part of a room, I will give you=
a few tips about how this should be done.</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-f=
amily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-size: small;">HDDs can be left turned on all the time, or, th=
ey can be turned off except when they are being used.</span></span><span><s=
pan class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#=
39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&=
nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"f=
ont-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-s=
pan" style=3D"font-size: small;">I advocate keeping the power off for those=
HDDs that are seldom or never used.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Appl=
e-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><spa=
n class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span=
></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;=
times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"fon=
t-size: small;">Leaving them on would be a waste of money and increase the =
chance of failure of the HDDs.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-styl=
e-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span clas=
s=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></sp=
an></font></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">As for the storage environment, HDDs are very forgiv=
ing, so, I suggest keeping the archival HDDs in your office or a nearby roo=
m.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family=
: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Appl=
e-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><spa=
n class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">A special air-cond=
itioned vault is no longer needed.</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-f=
amily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-size: small;">Plan for a disaster by making two or three copi=
es of each videotape and storing the second and third copies at remote loca=
tions.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-fa=
mily: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" s=
tyle=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></font></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">Also, I recommend having two identical computers ded=
icated to the archive.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"App=
le-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span=
><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roma=
n&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;=
">Never upgrade the hardware or software on your Main computer unless you h=
ave verified on your Secondary computer that every type of media in your co=
llection will run on the upgrade.</span></span><span><span class=3D"Apple-s=
tyle-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span c=
lass=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></=
span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;tim=
es new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-s=
ize: small;">This verification is critical!</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">You will probably have to migrate your collection ab=
out every five years because of software and hardware changes .</span></spa=
n><span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family: &#39;times n=
ew roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-size:=
small;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></span><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" =
style=3D"font-family: &#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"App=
le-style-span" style=3D"font-size: small;">Verification before an upgrade i=
s a MUST!</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">&nbsp;</span></span></font></div>
<div style=3D"margin-top: 0in; margin-right: 0in; margin-bottom: 0pt; margi=
n-left: 0in; "><font><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=3D"font-family:=
&#39;times new roman&#39;, serif;"><span class=3D"Apple-style-span" style=
=3D"font-size: small;">For more detailed information, go to my website (Dig=
italForward.net) and read the White Paper.</span></span></font></div>
</span></div>

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VIDEOLIB is intended to encourage the broad and lively discussion of issues relating to the selection, evaluation, acquisition,bibliographic control, preservation, and use of current and evolving video formats in libraries and related institutions. It is hoped that the list will serve as an effective working tool for video librarians, as well as a channel of communication between libraries,educational institutions, and video producers and distributors.

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