Re: Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia (was: Re:

Gary Handman (ghandman@library.berkeley.edu)
Mon, 18 Nov 2002 16:49:02 -0800 (PST)

thanks, Deg, for an explanation considerably more lucid than my earlier
attempt.

gary

At 04:37 PM 11/18/2002 -0800, you wrote:
>One of the advantages of getting Videolib in digest is that most of the
>salient points have been raised in response before you even see the
>question. No, wait... that is one of the DISadvantages.
>
>Thank you Gary for mentioning the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational
>Multimedia.
>
>Despite some contention over the guidelines, they were the only guidelines
>to come out of the CONFU dialogues successfully. There is some common
>misunderstanding about the guidelines, however.
>
>The "Portion Limitations" provisions of the guidelines are NOT absolutes!
>What the limitations represent is a "safe harbor". IF you keep your portion
>use within the guidelines then you can be reasonably certain that your use
>meets the "amount used" condition of the fair use provisions in US Copyright
>law.
>
>But the Guidelines themselves point out that you may use more IF you can
>build a case for fair use. Only the courts can determine if any *specific*
>use constitutes a fair use.
>
>There are other points to consider in these Guidelines... they apply only to
>a specific set of criteria. Specifically, the development of a new product
>using pieces of other copyrighted works. That means that there must be
>value added to the new product - the guidelines cannot be used to justify
>development of an anthology.
>
>Not wishing to contradict Gary... but the Guidelines do allow for *students*
>to retain copies of their work in perpetuity - in portfolios, as
>demonstration of skills developed, etc.
>
>More information on the Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia is
>available on the CCUMC (Consortium of College and University Media Centers)
>website. The site includes full text of the document, letters of support
>from the US Copyright office, indication of the media companies,
>organizations, and schools that endorsed the guidelines, and a PowerPoint
>presentation that highlights hey points of the Guidelines:
>
>http://www.ccumc.org (follow links to "C @ Intellectual Property Issues /
>Professional Guidelines and Policies)
>http://www.indiana.edu/~ccumc/copyright/ccguides.html
>
>Disclaimers: CCUMC sponsored development of the Guidelines, and I was a
>board member of CCUMC during the time the Guidelines were endorsed. Also, I
>am co-author of the PowerPoint presentation.
>
>
>
>deg farrelly, Associate Librarian
>Media/Communications Studies/Women's Studies
>Arizona State University West
>P.O. Box 37100
>Phoenix, Arizona 85069-7100
>Phone: 602.543.8522
>Email: deg@asu.edu
>
>
>
> > ------------------------------
> >
> >
> > Date: Mon, 18 Nov 2002 09:20:17 -0800
> > From: Gary Handman <ghandman@library.berkeley.edu>
> > To: videolib@library.berkeley.edu
> > Subject: Re: another copyright question
> >
> >
> > Sorry, Mark...I think you're dead wrong here.
> >
> > Fair use allows use of copyrighted works (or portions thereof) for certain
> >
> > purposed (generally scholarly or educational) without the permission of
> > the
> > rights holder. Altho we certainly don't have much that's granted to us
> > in
> > the way of fair use latitude for media use, we DO have some rights, and we
> >
> > should hang onto and go to bat for these rights for dear life...
> >
> > The Fair Use Guidelines for Multimedia, while not beloved or approved by
> > everyone, do at least provide some
> > consensual notion (the consensus being between the educators and industry
> > folk who ushered the guidelines thru adoption) of what constitutes fair
> > use
> > of copyrighted media works in a digital environment.
> >
> > I think the point to be made is that: a) the use must be educational in
> > nature, rather than commercial b) the extent and duration of materials
> > used
> > must be limited (the quantification provided by the Guidelines are a point
> >
> > of contention for some--including ALA--but at least provide a rough
> > yardstick) c) the derivative work (the work that includes the clips) can't
> >
> > be retained forever
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >
> > At 09:04 AM 11/18/2002 -0800, you wrote:
> > >--=====================_14395908==.ALT
> > >Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"; format=flowed
> > >
> > >It is illegal because they are going to copy it and put their names on it
> > >at the end. They may refer to it in text, but the actual copy requires
> > >permission, as in "Used by Permission", etc. Each and every clip must
> > have
> > >separate permissions from each copyright owner, and the source you used
> > to
> > >purchase the title may not even have the permission to give you
> > permission.
> > >Each student would need the permissions for his or her project, unless a
> > >blanket permission is negotiated. Remember, they are not just referring
> > to
> > >a title or content, they are actually copying portions of a copyrighted
> > work.
> > >
> > >Since that material is no longer being used in a mediated face-to-face
> > >classroom setting, it also is no longer covered by "Fair Usage", either.
> > >
> > >The "profs" will, most likely, balk at that. Your response to them is
> > that
> > >if they order a student to make an illegal copy of a title, they are
> > >complicit in that crime as if they had made the copy themselves.
> > >
> > >**********************************************
> > >At 08:17 AM 11/18/02 -0800, you wrote:
> > > >--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8
> > > >Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII
> > > >Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
> > > >
> > > >I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films
> > and
> > > >copy bits of them for media arts projects.
> > > >
> > > >Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I suspect.
> > > >LeeAnne
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >LeeAnne L. Krause
> > > >Manager, Educational Films
> > > >USC Film Library
> > > >803-777-0322
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8
> > > >Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1
> > > >Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit
> > > >
> > > ><!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
> > > >I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films
> > and
> > > >copy bits of them for media arts projects.
> > > >
> > > >Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I suspect.
> > > >LeeAnne
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >LeeAnne L. Krause
> > > >Manager, Educational Films
> > > >USC Film Library
> > > >803-777-0322
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8--
> > >
> > >*************************************************************************
> > ***
> > >Mark W. Kopp
> > >Circulation Coordinator
> > >Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8
> > >Instructional Materials Services Department
> > >580 Foot of Ten Road
> > >Duncansville, Pa 16635
> > >(814) 695-1972 Phone
> > >(814) 695-3018 Fax
> > >E-Address:
> > >mail to:iu8film@iu08.org
> > >See us on the Web at:
> > ><http://www.iu08.org>http://www.iu08.org
> > >Click on; "Instructional Materials Services"
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >--=====================_14395908==.ALT
> > >Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii"
> > >
> > >It is illegal because they are going to copy it and put their names on it
> >
> > >at the end. They may refer to it in text, but the actual copy requires
> > >permission, as in "Used by Permission", etc. Each and every clip must
> > have
> > >separate permissions from each copyright owner, and the source you used
> > to
> > >purchase the title may not even have the permission to give you
> > >permission. Each student would need the permissions for his or her
> > >project, unless a blanket permission is negotiated. Remember, they are
> > not
> > >just referring to a title or content, they are actually copying portions
> > >of a copyrighted work.
> > >
> > >Since that material is no longer being used in a mediated face-to-face
> > >classroom setting, it also is no longer covered by "Fair Usage", either.
> > >
> > >The "profs" will, most likely, balk at that. Your response to them is
> > that
> > >if they order a student to make an illegal copy of a title, they are
> > >complicit in that crime as if they had made the copy themselves.
> > >
> > >**********************************************
> > >At 08:17 AM 11/18/02 -0800, you wrote:
> > >>--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8
> > >>Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII
> > >>Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit
> > >>
> > >>I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films and
> > >>copy bits of them for media arts projects.
> > >>
> > >>Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I suspect.
> > >>LeeAnne
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>LeeAnne L. Krause
> > >>Manager, Educational Films
> > >>USC Film Library
> > >>803-777-0322
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8
> > >>Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1
> > >>Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit
> > >>
> > >><!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
> > >>I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films and
> >
> > >>copy bits of them for media arts projects.
> > >>
> > >>Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I suspect.
> > >>LeeAnne
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>LeeAnne L. Krause
> > >>Manager, Educational Films
> > >>USC Film Library
> > >>803-777-0322
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8--
> > >
> > >*************************************************************************
> > ***
> > >Mark W. Kopp
> > >Circulation Coordinator
> > >Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8
> > >Instructional Materials Services Department
> > >580 Foot of Ten Road
> > >Duncansville, Pa 16635
> > >(814) 695-1972 Phone
> > >(814) 695-3018 Fax
> > >E-Address:
> > >mail to:iu8film@iu08.org
> > >See us on the Web at:
> > ><http://www.iu08.org>http://www.iu08.org
> > >Click on; "Instructional Materials Services"
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > >--=====================_14395908==.ALT--
> >
> > Gary Handman
> > Director
> > Media Resources Center
> > Moffitt Library
> > UC Berkeley
> > ghandman@library.berkeley.edu
> > http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC
> > --=====================_4479203==_.ALT
> > Content-Type: text/html; charset="us-ascii"
> >
> > <html>
> > Sorry, Mark...I think you're dead wrong here.<br>
> > <br>
> > Fair use allows use of copyrighted works (or portions thereof) for
> > certain purposed (generally scholarly or educational) without the
> > permission of the rights holder.&nbsp;&nbsp; Altho we certainly don't
> > have much that's granted to us in the way of fair use latitude for media
> > use, we DO have some rights, and we should hang onto and go to bat for
> > these rights for dear life...<br>
> > <br>
> > The Fair Use Guidelines for Multimedia, while not beloved or approved by
> > everyone, do at least provide some <br>
> > consensual notion (the consensus being between the educators and industry
> > folk who ushered the guidelines thru adoption) of what constitutes fair
> > use of copyrighted media works in a digital environment.&nbsp; <br>
> > <br>
> > I think the point to be made is that:&nbsp; a) the use must be
> > educational in nature, rather than commercial b) the extent and duration
> > of materials used must be limited (the quantification provided by the
> > Guidelines are a point of contention for some--including ALA--but at
> > least provide a rough yardstick) c) the derivative work (the work that
> > includes the clips) can't be retained forever<br>
> > <br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > At 09:04 AM 11/18/2002 -0800, you wrote:<br>
> > <blockquote type=cite cite>--=====================_14395908==.ALT<br>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=&quot;us-ascii&quot;;
> > format=flowed<br>
> > <br>
> > It is illegal because they are going to copy it and put their names on it
> > <br>
> > at the end. They may refer to it in text, but the actual copy requires
> > <br>
> > permission, as in &quot;Used by Permission&quot;, etc. Each and every
> > clip must have <br>
> > separate permissions from each copyright owner, and the source you used
> > to <br>
> > purchase the title may not even have the permission to give you
> > permission. <br>
> > Each student would need the permissions for his or her project, unless a
> > <br>
> > blanket permission is negotiated. Remember, they are not just referring
> > to <br>
> > a title or content, they are actually copying portions of a copyrighted
> > work.<br>
> > <br>
> > Since that material is no longer being used in a mediated face-to-face
> > <br>
> > classroom setting, it also is no longer covered by &quot;Fair
> > Usage&quot;, either.<br>
> > <br>
> > The &quot;profs&quot; will, most likely, balk at that. Your response to
> > them is that <br>
> > if they order a student to make an illegal copy of a title, they are
> > <br>
> > complicit in that crime as if they had made the copy themselves.<br>
> > <br>
> > **********************************************<br>
> > At 08:17 AM 11/18/02 -0800, you wrote:<br>
> > &gt;--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8<br>
> > &gt;Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII<br>
> > &gt;Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films
> > and<br>
> > &gt;copy bits of them for media arts projects.<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I
> > suspect.<br>
> > &gt;LeeAnne<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;LeeAnne L. Krause<br>
> > &gt;Manager, Educational Films<br>
> > &gt;USC Film Library<br>
> > &gt;803-777-0322<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8<br>
> > &gt;Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1<br>
> > &gt;Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;&lt;!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC &quot;-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0
> > Transitional//EN&quot;&gt;<br>
> > &gt;I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films
> > and <br>
> > &gt;copy bits of them for media arts projects.<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I
> > suspect.<br>
> > &gt;LeeAnne<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;LeeAnne L. Krause<br>
> > &gt;Manager, Educational Films<br>
> > &gt;USC Film Library<br>
> > &gt;803-777-0322<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;<br>
> > &gt;--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8--<br>
> > <br>
> > **************************************************************************
> > **<br>
> > Mark W. Kopp<br>
> > Circulation Coordinator<br>
> > Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8<br>
> > Instructional Materials Services Department<br>
> > 580 Foot of Ten Road<br>
> > Duncansville, Pa&nbsp; 16635<br>
> > (814) 695-1972 Phone<br>
> > (814) 695-3018 Fax<br>
> > E-Address:<br>
> > mail to:iu8film@iu08.org<br>
> > See us on the Web at:<br>
> > &lt;<a href="http://www.iu08.org/"
> > eudora="autourl">http://www.iu08.org</a>&gt;<a href="http://www.iu08.org/"
> > eudora="autourl">http://www.iu08.org</a><br>
> > Click on;&nbsp;&nbsp; &quot;Instructional Materials Services&quot;<br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > --=====================_14395908==.ALT<br>
> > Content-Type: text/html; charset=&quot;us-ascii&quot;<br>
> > <br>
> > It is illegal because they are going to copy it and put their names on it
> > at the end. They may refer to it in text, but the actual copy requires
> > permission, as in &quot;Used by Permission&quot;, etc. Each and every
> > clip must have separate permissions from each copyright owner, and the
> > source you used to purchase the title may not even have the permission to
> > give you permission. Each student would need the permissions for his or
> > her project, unless a blanket permission is negotiated. Remember, they
> > are not just referring to a title or content, they are actually copying
> > portions of a copyrighted work.<br>
> > <br>
> > Since that material is no longer being used in a mediated face-to-face
> > classroom setting, it also is no longer covered by &quot;Fair
> > Usage&quot;, either. <br>
> > <br>
> > The &quot;profs&quot; will, most likely, balk at that. Your response to
> > them is that if they order a student to make an illegal copy of a title,
> > they are complicit in that crime as if they had made the copy themselves.
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > **********************************************<br>
> > At 08:17 AM 11/18/02 -0800, you wrote:<br>
> > <blockquote type=cite cite>--=_D08C394E.F495FEE8<br>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII<br>
> > Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit<br>
> > <br>
> > I got some profs here who want their students to check out our films
> > and<br>
> > copy bits of them for media arts projects.&nbsp; <br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as I
> > suspect.<br>
> > LeeAnne<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > LeeAnne L. Krause<br>
> > Manager, Educational Films<br>
> > USC Film Library<br>
> > 803-777-0322<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <br>
> > --=_D08C394E.F495FEE8<br>
> > Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1<br>
> > Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit<br>
> > <br>
> > &lt;!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC &quot;-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0
> > Transitional//EN&quot;&gt;<br>
> > <font size=2>I got some profs here who want their students to check out
> > our films and copy bits of them for media arts projects.&nbsp;
> > </font><br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <font size=2>Oh, wise copyright gurus, tell me why this is as illegal as
> > I suspect.</font><br>
> > <font size=2>LeeAnne</font><br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <font size=2>LeeAnne L. Krause<br>
> > Manager, Educational Films<br>
> > USC Film Library<br>
> > 803-777-0322</font><br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > &nbsp;<br>
> > <font size=2><br>
> > </font>&nbsp;<br>
> > <br>
> > --=_D08C394E.F495FEE8-- </blockquote><br>
> > <b>***********************************************************************
> > *****
> > <br>
> > Mark W. Kopp <br>
> > Circulation Coordinator <br>
> > Appalachia Intermediate Unit 8 <br>
> > Instructional Materials Services Department <br>
> > 580 Foot of Ten Road <br>
> > Duncansville, Pa&nbsp; 16635 <br>
> > (814) 695-1972 Phone <br>
> > (814) 695-3018 Fax <br>
> > E-Address: <br>
> > </b><font size=4 color="#0000FF"><u>mail to:iu8film@iu08.org <br>
> > </u></font><b>See us on the Web at: <br>
> > </b><font size=4 color="#0000FF"><u><a
> > href="http://www.iu08.org">http://www.iu08.org</a>
> > <br>
> > </u></font><b>Click on;&nbsp;&nbsp; &quot;Instructional Materials
> > Services&quot;</b> <br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > <br>
> > --=====================_14395908==.ALT--</blockquote><br>
> > <div>Gary Handman</div>
> > <div>Director</div>
> > <div>Media Resources Center</div>
> > <div>Moffitt Library</div>
> > <div>UC Berkeley</div>
> > <div>ghandman@library.berkeley.edu</div>
> > <a href="http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC"
> > EUDORA=AUTOURL>http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC</a>
> > </html>
> >
> > --=====================_4479203==_.ALT--
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > End of VIDEOLIB Digest 2384
> > ***************************
> >
> >

Gary Handman
Director
Media Resources Center
Moffitt Library
UC Berkeley
ghandman@library.berkeley.edu
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC