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Nguyen Trai's Life and Works: A Selected Bibliography

By Virginia Jing-yi Shih

May 2004

I. Nguyen Trai's Life

A.	Primary Sources in Sino-Vietnamese

Ngo Si Lien. Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu [The Complete Work of the Historical Records of 
	Great Viet]. 4 v. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1993. Reprint. Originally published
	in 1479.  

Phan Huy Chu, To Nguyen Nguyen Tho Duc, trans. Lich Trieu Hien Chuong Loai Chi 
	[Annals of Authoritative Orders through Successive Dynasties]. v. 2:1, 
	Nhan Vat Chi[Biographical Annals]. Saigon: Phu Quoc Vu Khanh Dac Trach 
	Van Hoa, 1972.

_____, Vien Su Hoc Viet Nam, trans. Lich Trieu Hien Chuong Loai Chi [Annals  
	of Authoritative Orders through Successive Dynasties]. v. 1, Nhan Vat Chi 
	[Biographical Annals]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1992.

* Tran Nghia, Francois Gros, eds. Di San Han Nom Viet Nam: Thu Muc De Yeu = 
	Catalogue des Livres en Han Nom. 3 v. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 2002.

* Tran Van Giap. Tim Hieu Kho Sach Han Nom: Nguon Tu Lieu Van Hoc, Su Hoc Viet 
	Nam [The Han Nom Books Treasury: An Annotated Bibliography of Books on 
	Vietnamese Literature and History]. 2 v. Reprint. Ha Noi: Van Hoa ; Khoa Hoc 
	Xa Hoi, 1984-1990.

* Please note: These are the two essential bibliographic reference sources that list 
citations to primary sources of Nguyen Trai and his works in the Sino-Nom collections 
available in the library of the Institute of Sino-Nom Studies, Hanoi, Vietnam.

B. 	Secondary Sources in Vietnamese

Bui Van Nguyen. "Ban them ve tu tuong nhan nghia cua Nguyen Trai" [Further 
	Discussions about Thoughts of Humanity and Justice of Nguyen Trai]. Tap Chi 
	Van Hoc 3 (51) 1964: 53-59.

_____. Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Van Hoa, 1980. 

_____. Nguyen Trai va Ban Hung Ca Dai Cao [Nguyen Trai and the Proclamation 
	of Heroic Song]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1999.

_____. "Than phu Nguyen Trai: Nha tho Nguyen Phi Khanh, con nguoi va tho van"	
	[Nguyen Trai's Father: Poet Nguyen Phi Khanh, Humankind, Poetry and Prose]. 
	Reprinted in Hoang Xuan,	comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va Doi [Nguyen Trai: Poetry 
	and Life]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997: 121-147. 

_____, trans. "Tran Nguyen Dan (1325-1390), nguoi ong ngoai thi hao Nguyen Trai" 
	[Tran Nguyen Dan (1325-1390), Poet and Maternal Grandfather of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Reprinted in Hoang Xuan, comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va Doi [Nguyen Trai: 
	Poetry and Life]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997: 103-115. Originally published: Based 
	on the translated version of Hoang Viet Thi Van Tuyen [Poetry Selections 
	of Hoang Viet]. Ha Noi: Van Hoa, 1957. 

_____. "Vai tro Nguyen Trai trong su nghiep phuc hung nen van hoa Dai Viet" [The 
	Role of Nguyen Trai in Reviving the Undertakings of Cultural Foundation of 
	Great Viet].  In Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen 
	Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc 
	Xa Hoi, 1982: [189]-203.

"Da su ve Nguyen Thi Lo, nguoi dan ba tai sac ma oan nghiet trong cuoc doi Nguyen 
	Trai" [Fictitious Historical Romances about Nguyen Thi Lo, a Lady of Talent 
	and Beauty with Retribution for Evil Deeds in Nguyen Trai's Life]. Reprinted 
	in Hoang Xuan, comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va Doi [Nguyen Trai: Poetry 
	and Life]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997: 178-195.  Originally published: "Tieu thuyet -
	 bien khao Nguyen Trai" [Novels - Compilations of Nguyen Trai] in Tho Van 
	 Truc Khe Ngo Van Trien [Poetry and Prose of Truc Khe Ngo Van Trien]. 
	 Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997.

Dedue, Tondori, Truong Dang Dung, trans. "Nguyen Trai, nha tho xa trong thoi gian 
	ma khong ngan cach trong khong gian" [Nguyen Trai, a Distant Poet in Time But 
	Not Set Apart by Time]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, 
	ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: 
	Giao Duc, 2000: 1019-1022. 

Dinh Khac Thuan. "Chuc quan cua Nguyen Trai va vi the cua ong trong trieu dinh nha 
	Le" [Official Duties of Nguyen Trai and His Position in the Imperial Court of 
	the Le Dynasty]. Tap Chi Han Nom 4 (53) 2002: 19-23.

Duong Ba Cung, Le Thuoc, trans. "Bai tua ve ban the pha ho Nguyen Nhi Khe bien 
	soan lai" [Preface of  the Family Genealogy of Nguyen Nhi Khe Was Re-edited]. 
	Reprinted in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky 
	Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, 
	Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai:  On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th 
	Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai].  Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy 
	Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 246-248. Originally published: 
	Ban The Pha cua Ho Nguyen Nhi Khe   [Text of the Family Genealogy of 
	Nguyen Nhi Khe].  

_____. "Ban chep the pha ho Nguyen Nhi Khe" [Handwritten Text of the Family 
	Genealogy of Nguyen Nhi Khe]. Reprinted in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va 
	Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat 
	[Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: 
	On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away 
	of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: 
	Khoa Hoc, 1963: 249-260. Originally published: Ban The Pha cua Ho Nguyen
	Nhi Khe [Text of the Family Genealogy of Nguyen Nhi Khe].  

_____  et al., Nguyen Van Huyen, trans. "Khao ve su trang cua tien sinh" [Conduct 
	a Study of the Teacher's Historical Pages]. Reprinted in May Van De ve 
	Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen 
	Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose of 
	Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the 
	Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha 
	Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 272-301. Originally published: Uc Trai Di 
	Tap: Tien Sinh Su Trang Khao [Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology: A Study of 
	the Teacher's Historical Pages], v. 5: 1-24.

_____, Nguyen Van Huyen, trans. "Nhung bai binh luan" [Commentaries]. Reprinted 
	in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen 
	Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 54-69. Originally 
	published: May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky 
	Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, 
	Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th 
	Anniversaryof the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy 
	Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 302-325.

Feray, Louise-Yveline, Nguyen Khac Duong, trans. Van Xuan [Ten Thousand 
	Springs]. Rev. and expanded ed. Ha Noi: Van Hoc & Sudestasies, 2002. 
	Translated from the French version: Dix Mille Printemps: Roman 
	by Louise-Yveline Feray. Originally published: Paris: Julliard, 1989.

Ha Nhu Chi. "Luan ve Nguyen Trai" [Discussions about Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in 
	Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works].  Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 353-356. Originally published: 
	Viet Nam Thi Van Giang Luan [Lectures and Discussions of Vietnamese 
	Poetry and Prose]. Saigon: Song Moi, 1974. 

Hoai Viet. Nguyen Trai: Truyen Danh Nhan [Nguyen Trai: Stories about 
	Celebrities]. Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: Van Hoc, 1998.

Hoang Phu Ngoc Tuong. "Tinh cam vu tru voi tam hon Nguyen Trai" [Universal 
	Feelings with the Soul of Nguyen Trai]. In Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky 
	Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen 
	Trai].  Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [241]-248.

_____. "Muon da de ngoi" [Borrow a Rock to Seat]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 
	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works].  Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 507-516. Originally published: "Ky niem 
	550 nam ngay Nguyen Trai ra phap truong (1442-1992)" [Commemorating the 550th 
	Anniversary of Nguyen Trai Who Went to the Execution Site, 1442-1992] in 
	Tap Chi Cua Viet 12, 1992: 86-91.

Hoang Xuan, comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va Doi [Nguyen Trai: Poetry and Life]. 
	Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997.

Ky Niem Lan Thu 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai (1380-1980): Dien Van Doc tai Cuoc Mit 
	Tinh Trong The tai Ha Noi: Ngay 6-10-1980 [Commemorating the 600th Birthday 
	of Nguyen Trai, 1380-1980: Speech Delivered at the Grand Meeting in Ha Noi: 
	October 6, 1980]. Ha Noi: Ban To Chuc Le Ky Niem, 1980.

Le Minh Quoc. Danh Nhan Van Hoa Viet Nam [Vietnamese Celebrities of Culture]. 
	Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: Tre, 1999.

Le Quang Truong, comp. "Nien Bieu Nguyen Trai" [Chronology of Nguyen Trai]. In 
	Nguyen Trai, Mai Quoc Lien et al., eds. Nguyen Trai Toan Tap: Tan Bien 
	[The Complete Work of Nguyen Trai: New Edition]. 2nd rev. ed. 3 v. Ha Noi: 
	Trung Tam Nghien Cuu Quoc Hoc & Van Hoc, 2001: 1235-1257.

Le Quy Don, Nguyen Van Huyen, trans. "Nguyen Trai" [Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in 
	May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 
	Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry 
	and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th 
	Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy 
	Ban Khoa Hoc NhaNuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 239-240. Originally published:
	Toan Viet Thi Luc[Poetry Selections of Toan Viet], v. 3 (7): 1-2.

Le Thuoc. "Giua hai quyen pha ky khac nhau cua ho Nguyen Trai o Nhi Khe, chung ta 
	nen theo quyen nao?" [Between the Two Different Versions of Nguyen Trai's Family 
	Genealogy at Nhi Khe, Which Version Should We Follow?]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 
	6 (54) 1964: 79-83.

_____, trans. "Truyen ba Tran Thi Thai, me Nguyen Trai" [Story of Madame Tran Thi 
	Thai, Nguyen Trai's Mother]. Reprinted in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho 
	Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some 
	Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the 
	Occasion of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen 
	Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 
	1963: 230-231.  Originally published: Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu [The 
	Complete Work of the Historical Records of Great Viet], v. 8: 87.

Le Tri Vien. "Nguyen Trai, nhin tu phia Ly - Tran" [Nguyen Trai, Examine from the 
	Perspectives of Ly - Tran Dynasties]. In Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky Niem 
	600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai].
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [215]-226.

Le Van Ky. "Tu tuong 'dan' cua Nguyen Trai voi chung ta" [Nguyen Trai's Thoughts of 
	'People' with Us]. Nghien Cuu Lich Su 81, Dec. 1965: 19-30.

Le Van Lan. "Nguyen Trai tren tien trinh lich su van hoa nuoc nha" [Nguyen Trai in 
	the Process of National Cultural History]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. 
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and 
	Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 1007-1012. Originally published: Ky Niem 
	600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [310]-318.

Mai Hanh et al. Nguyen Trai Nha Van Hoc va Chinh Tri Thien Tai [Nguyen 
	Trai, a Man of Literature and Genius of Politics]. Ha Noi: Van Su Dia, 1957.

M'Bow, Amadou Mahtar, Nguyen Trong Dinh, trans. "Su thuc hien tron ven cua Nguyen 
	Trai" [The Complete Achievement of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 
	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 1023-1026. 

Mien Trai. "Hai canh ngo, mot tam tinh cua nha tho Nguyen Trai" [Two Circumstances, 
	One Feeling of the Poet Nguyen Trai]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 9 (93) 
	1967: 81-89, 101.

Ngo The Long. "Nhung chuc tuoc cua Nguyen Trai trong cuoc doi tan tuy vi nuoc 
	vi dan cua ong" [Official Titles of Nguyen Trai in His Utmost Life for His
	Nation and People]. Nghien Cuu Lich Su 3 (192), May/June 1980: 33-42.

Ngo Van Trien. Nguyen Trai: Anh Hung Dan Toc [Nguyen Trai: A National Hero]. 
	Paris: Institut de l'Asie du Sud-Est, 1987. 

_____. Nguyen Trai Danh Nhan Truyen Ky [Nguyen Trai: A Legendary Celebrity]. 
	Ha Noi: Tao Dan, 1941. 

Ngo Vinh, Le Thuoc, trans. "Mot doan su nha Minh co lien quan den su Viet Nam" 
	[A Passage of History of the Ming Dynasty Connected to Vietnamese History]. 
	Reprinted in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip
	Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the 
	Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of 
	Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 
	1963: 359-370. Originally published: Minh Su Ky Su Ban Mat 
	[Historical Records of the Ming Dynasty, Final Edition], v. 22: 6-8. 

Nguyen Dang Thuc. Lich Su Tu Tuong Viet Nam [Historical Thoughts 
	of Vietnam], v. 6: Nguyen Trai voi Khung Hoang Y Thuc He Le-Nguyen, 
	1380-1442 [Nguyen Trai with Panic Consciousness of Le -Nguyen System, 
	1380-1442]. Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: s.n., 1992.

Nguyen Hong Phong. "Phong trao dan toc thoi Nguyen Trai" [National Movement 
	of Nguyen Trai's Time]. In Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky Niem 600 
	Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen 
	Trai]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [88]-94.

Nguyen Hue Chi, comp. "So sanh nhung su lieu ve Nguyen Trai giua Dai 
	Viet Su Ky Toan Thu va Viet Su Thong Giam Cuong Muc" [Compare the 
	Historical Data about Nguyen Trai between the Complete Work of the 
	Historical Records of Great Viet and the Synopsis of Vietnamese Historical 
	Outline]. In May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip 
	Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the 
	Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of 
	Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 
	1963: 330-358.

Nguyen Huu Oanh. "Sao Khue toa sang" [The Morning Star Radiates]. 
	Tap Chi Han Nom 4 (53) 2002: 5-7.

Nguyen Huu Son. "Nguyen Trai - anh hung dan toc va danh nhan van hoa the gioi" 
	[Nguyen Trai - A National Hero and Cultural Celebrity in the World]. In 
	Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen 
	Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 11-28.
 
_____, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000.

_____. "Ve con nguoi ca nhan trong tho Nguyen Trai" [About the Individual 
	Humankind in Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 9 (285) 
	Sept. 1995: 44-47.

Nguyen Khanh Toan et al. Nguyen Trai (1380-1442). Ha Noi: 
	Committee for Social Sciences of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 1980.

Nguyen Thien Thu. Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. Saigon: Lua Thieng, 
	1973.

_____. "Thai do cua Nguyen Trai trong cuoc song" [Nguyen Trai's Attitude in
	Life]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia 
	va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 
	2000: 485-499.  Originally published: Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. 
	By Nguyen Thien Thu. Saigon: Lua Thieng, 1973.

_____. "Tu tuong cua Nguyen Trai" [Nguyen Trai's Thoughts]. Reprinted in 
	Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham 
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 70-83. 
	Originally published:Nguyen Trai[Nguyen Trai]. By Nguyen Thien 
	Thu. Saigon: Lua Thieng, 1973.

Nguyen Tien Doan. Nguyen Trai, Nha Giao Duc Viet Nam [Nguyen Trai, 
	a Vietnamese Educator]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 1996.

Nguyen Trai, Than The va Su Nghiep [Nguyen Trai, Life and Achievement].
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1980.

Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi]. 
	Ha Noi: Hoi Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 1980.

Nguyen Tuan Thinh et al. Nguyen Trai o Con Son [Nguyen Trai in 
	Mount Con]. Hai Hung: Hoi Van Hoa Nghe Thuat - Ty Van Hoa va Thong Tin 
	Hai Hung, 1980.

Nguyen Van Hoan. "Dia vi cua Nguyen Trai trong qua trinh phat trien cua 
	lich su van hoc Viet Nam" [Status of Nguyen Trai in the Developmental 
	Process of Vietnamese LiteraryHistory]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 
	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about 
	Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 947-955. 

Nguyen Van Nguyen. "Cuoc dau tranh ngoai giao voi trieu dinh nha Minh 
	dau the ky XV va nhung chung tich con lai" [Diplomatic Struggle with 
	the Imperial Court of the Ming Dynasty at the Beginning of the 15th 
	Century and Its Remaining Evidence]. Tap Chi Han Nom 4 (53)
	2002: 31-39.

"Nien bieu ve mot so su viec dang ghi nho trong doi song va thoi 
	dai Nguyen Trai" [Chronology about a Few Memorable Events in Life and 
	Time of Nguyen Trai]. In May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen 
	Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues 
	Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the 
	Occasion of Commemorating the 520thAnniversary of the Passing Away of 
	Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: 
	Khoa Hoc, 1963: 371-381.

Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai 
	[Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Khoa 
	Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982.

Pham Van Dong. Nguyen Trai: Nguoi Anh Hung Dan Toc Vi Dai, Nha 
	Van Hoa Kiet Xuat [Nguyen Trai: A Great National Hero and 
	Prominent Man of Culture]. Ha Noi: Su That, 1982.

Phan Chu. "Tuoi tre Nguyen Trai" [Nguyen Trai's Childhood]. In 
	Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi]. 
	Ha Noi: Hoi Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 1980: 134-140.

Phan Huy Le. "Nguyen Trai, thoi dai va su nghiep" [Nguyen Trai, Time and 
	Achieve-ment]. In Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh 
	Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [68]-82.

_____, Nguyen Phan Quang. "May van de ve dong ho, gia dinh va cuoc doi 
	Nguyen Trai" [A Few Issues about Ancestry, Family and Life of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Nghien Cuu Lich Su 3 (192), May/June 1980: 12-26.

Phan Ngoc. "Nguyen Trai, nguoi dat nen mong cho mot nen van hoa dan toc" 
	[Nguyen Trai, Founder of the National Culture]. In Phan Ngoc, 
	Mot Cach Tiep Can Van Hoa [A Way of Getting to Know Culture]. 
	Ha Noi: Thanh Nien, 1999: 171-186.

Tam Vu. "Nguyen Trai: Nguoi dung dau mot van phai yeu nuoc, than dan, co 
	ly tuong xa hoi cao ca" [Nguyen Trai: Head of Literary School of 
	Patriotism, Close to People, and with a Lofty Social Ideal]. 
	Tap Chi Van Hoc 9 (93) 1967: 57-71.

"Tra loi cua ong Dao Duy Anh" [Response of Mr. Dao Duy Anh]. 
	Tap Chi Van Hoc 4 (124) 1970: 108-110.

Tran Dinh Huou. "Nguyen Trai va nho giao" [Nguyen Trai and Confucianism]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac 
	Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 
	2000: 84-125. Originally published: Nho Giao va Van Hoc Viet 
	Nam Trung Can Dai [Confucianism and Vietnamese Literature of 
	Middle and Modern Ages]. Ha Noi: Van Hoa Thong Tin, 1995.

Tran Huy Lieu. "Dien van cua dong chi Tran Huy Lieu doc trong buoi le ky 
	niem 520 ngay mat cua Nguyen Trai" [Speech of Comrade Tran Huy Lieu 
	Delivered on the Ceremony of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of 
	the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. In May Van De ve Su Nghiep va 
	Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai 
	Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose 
	of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary 
	of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban 
	Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 20-55.

_____. Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. 2nd ed. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc 
	Xa Hoi, 1969.

_____. Nguyen Trai: Cuoc Doi va Su Nghiep [Nguyen Trai: Life 
	and Achievement]. Ha Noi: Van Hoa Thong Tin, 2000.

_____. Nguyen Trai: Mot Nhan Vat Vi Dai trong Lich Su Dan Toc Viet 
	Nam [Nguyen Trai: A Great Figure in Vietnamese National History]. 
	Ha Noi: Su Hoc, 1962.

Tran Le Van. "May net Nhi Khe" [A Few Points about Nhi Khe]. In Hoang 
	Xuan, comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va Doi [Nguyen Trai: Poetry and 
	Life]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997: 170-177.

_____. "Ve tham Nhi Khe lang que Nguyen Trai" [Return to Visit Nhi Khe, 
	Nguyen Trai's Home Village]. In Phuong Vu et al., eds., Ha Tay, 
	Lang Nghe Lang Van [Ha Tay, Village of Trade and Writers], v. 2: 
	Lang Van [Writers]. Ha Noi: So Van Hoa Thong Tin The Thao, 1994: 
	184-207.

Tran Nghia. "Thu tim hieu tu tuong nhan nghia cua Nguyen Trai" [Try 
	to Explore Nguyen Trai's Thoughts of Humanity and Justice]. Reprinted 
	in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky 
	Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the 
	Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of 
	Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen 
	Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: 
	Khoa Hoc, 1963: 163-187. 

Tran Quoc Vuong. "Nguyen Trai o Dong Do, Dong Kinh 15 nam cuoi doi lap 
	lanh sao khue" [Nguyen Trai in Dong Do, Dong Kinh, Fifteen Years of 
	the End of Life Sparkling Like a Morning Star]. In Nguyen Trai, 
	Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi]. Ha Noi: 
	Hoi Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 1980: 47-66.

_____. "Nguyen Trai trong boi canh van hoa Viet Nam" [Nguyen Trai 
	in Vietnamese Cultural Background]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 
	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 996-1006. 
	Originally published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai 
	[Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Pham 
	Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [95]-110.

Tran Thanh Mai. "Vai net ve tu tuong cua Nguyen Trai qua tho van ong" 
	[A Few Points about Nguyen Trai's Thoughts through His Poetry and 
	Prose]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve 
	Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. 
	Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 765-785. 

Tran Van Giau. "Nguyen Trai" [Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in May Van 
	De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam 
	Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, 
	Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating
	the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited 
	by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 
	56-61. Originally published: Bao Thong Nhat 277, 
	Sept. 21, 1962.

Trinh Khac Manh."Nguyen Trai voi cac the he nguoi Viet Nam" [Nguyen 
	Trai and Other Generations of Vietnamese People]. Tap Chi 
	Han Nom 4 (53) 2002: 8-14.

Truong Chinh. "Tim hieu Nguyen Phi Khanh" [Conduct a Study of Nguyen 
	Phi Khanh]. Reprinted in Hoang Xuan, comp. Nguyen Trai: Tho va 
	Doi [Nguyen Trai: Poetry and Life]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1997: 
	148-169. Originally published: Huong Hoa Dat Nuoc [Fragrance 
	of the Nation]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1979: 105-121.

Tu Duc, Hoang Tam Dong, trans. "Nguyen Trai" [Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted 
	in May Van De ve Su Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky 
	Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the 
	Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion 
	of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of 
	Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 326-329. Originally published: 
	Viet Su Tong Vinh Tap (1873), v. 1 (4): 10-13.

Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi Viet Nam. Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen 
	Trai. [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982.

Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi Viet Nam. Vien Van Hoc. Nguyen Trai, 
	Khi Phach va Tinh Hoa cua Dan Toc [Nguyen Trai, Breadth of 
	Spirit, and Quintessence of the Nation]. Ha Noi: Khoa 
	Hoc Xa Hoi, 1980.

Van Tan. "Nguyen Trai co sang Trung Quoc hay khong?" [Did 
	Nguyen Trai go to China or not?]. Nghien Cuu Lich Su 
	53, Aug. 1963:11-15.

_____. "Tu tuong nhan van cua Nguyen Trai" [Humanistic Thoughts 
	of Nguyen Trai]. Nghien Cuu Lich Su 54, Sept. 1963: 
	2-9.

Van Tao. "Thoi dai Nguyen Trai tren binh dien quoc te" [Nguyen 
	Trai's Time in International Aspect]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu 
	Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 1013-1015. 
	Originally published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai 
	[Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by 
	Pham Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [83]-87.

Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Nha Nuoc. May Van De ve Su 
	Nghiep va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay 
	Nguyen Trai Mat [Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, 
	Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating 
	the 520th Anniversary of the Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963.

Vo Nguyen Giap. "Nguyen Trai va nen van hien Dai Viet" [Nguyen 
	Trai and the Foundation of Civilization of Great Viet]. Reprinted 
	in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 
	2000: 894-914. Originally published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh 
	Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 
	1982: 21-49.

Vo Van Ai. Nguyen Trai Sinh Thuc va Hanh Dong [Nguyen 
	Trai 's Biotypology and Action]. Paris: Que Me, 1985.

Vo Xuan Dan. "Tim hieu tu tuong my hoc cua Nguyen Trai" [Conduct 
	a Study of Aesthetic Thoughts of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in 
	Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 
	2000: 500-506. Originally published: Ky Yeu Khoa Hoc Hai 
	Muoi Nam - Mot Chang Duong Nghien Cuu [Scientific 
	Proceedings of Twenty Years - A Research Path]. Thanh pho Ho Chi
	Minh: Khoa Ngu Van, Truong Dai Hoc Su Pham Thuoc Dai Hoc Quoc 
	Gia, 1996. 

_____. Tu Tuong Nguyen Trai trong Tien Trinh Lich Su Viet Nam 
	[Thoughts of Nguyen Trai in the Process of Vietnamese History]. 
	Ha Noi: Van Hoa Thong Tin, 1996.

Vu Khieu. "Nguoi tri thuc tu tinh hoa cua dan toc" [An Intellectual 
	from the National Quintessence]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, 
	comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 975-995. Originally 
	published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating 
	the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [331]-359.

Vu Ngoc Khanh. Ky Niem va Di Tich Nguyen Trai o Thanh Hoa 
	[Commemoration and Old Relics of Nguyen Trai in Thanh Hoa]. Thanh Hoa: 
	Ty Van Hoa va Thong Tin Thanh Hoa, 1980.

Vu Tien Quynh, ed. Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. Thanh pho Ho 
	Chi Minh: Van Nghe, 1995. 

Xuan Dieu. "Nguyen Trai, nha tho mo dau nen van hoc co dien Viet Nam" 
	[Nguyen Trai, a Founding Poet of Classical Vietnamese Literature].  
	In Tren Duong Tim Hieu Su Nghiep Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Tieu Luan
	[On the Way to Conduct a Study of Nguyen Trai's Achievement
	in Poetry and Prose: Essays]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1980: 210-243.

C.	Secondary Sources in Chinese, English, and French

Chuong Thau, Phan Dai Doan. "Two Typical Figures: Nguyen Trai and 
	Nguyen Binh Khiem." Vietnamese Studies (Ha Noi) 56, 
	1979: 57-81.

Do Van. "Con Son and Nguyen Trai: a Perfect Partnership." 
	Vietnamese Trade Unions  (Ha Noi) 1, 1999: 29-30.

Le Huu Muc. "Les Conceptions Vietnamiennes de l'intellectuel, 
	de Phap-Thuan a Nguyen Trai." Vietnamologica (Montreal) 
	1, 1995: 1-33.

Nguyen Trai, One of the Greatest Figures of Vietnamese History 
	and Literature. Ha Noi: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 
	1980.

Tran Van Dinh. "A Lotus of Everlasting Fragrance, Nguyen Trai, 1380-
	1442." War, Literature & the Arts 10 (2), Fall/Winter 
	1998: 203-223.

Ungar, Esta Serne. Vietnamese Leadership and Order Dai Viet under 
	the Le Dynasty (1428-1459). Ph.D. diss., Cornell University, 
	1983. 

Whitmore, John Kremers. The Development of Le Government in 15th 
	Century Vietnam.  Ph.D. diss., Cornell University, 1968. 

_____. Vietnam, Ho Quy Ly, and the Ming (1371-1421). New 
	Haven: Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1985.  
 
Woodside, Alexander Barton. Vietnam and the Chinese Model: A 
	Comparative Study ofVietnamese and Chinese Government in the First 
	Half of the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University 
	Press, 1971.

Xuan Phuc. "Nguyen Trai, Homme Vietnamien." Approches Asie 
	(Nice, France) 6, Jan./Mar. 1981: 1-4.

Zheng, Yongchang. "Kaiguo wenxuejia Yuan Zhi" [A National Founder 
	of a Man of Literature, Yuan Zhi]. In Hanwen wenxue zai Annan 
	di xingti  [The Rise and Fall of Chinese Literature in Annam]. 
	Taipei: Taiwan shang wu yin shu guan, 1987: 133-136.

II. Nguyen Trai's Works and Literary Perspectives

A.	Primary Sources in Sino-Vietnamese 

Uc Trai Di Tap [Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology] = Uc Trai 
	Thi Tap [Anthology of Uc Trai]. Composed by Uc Trai (courtesy 
	name of Nguyen Trai). Prefaced by Nguyen Nang Tinh (1833) and Ngo 
	The Vinh (1837). Compiled and prefaced by Duong Ba Cung (1868). The 
	Phuc Khe edition was published in 1868. Three printed versions and 
	nine handwritten versions of Uc Trai Di Tap in a seven-volume 
	set are available at the library of the Institute of Sino-Nom Studies, 
	Ha Noi,Vietnam. Source: Tran Nghia, Francois Gros, eds., Di San 
	Catalogue des Livres en Han Nom, v. 2, (Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 
	2002), 519. 

B.	Secondary Sources in Vietnamese

Bang Viet. "Chat tru tinh mang tinh cach nguoi Thang Long trong tho Nguyen 
	Trai" [Lyric Quality with Characteristics of a Thang Long Man in Nguyen 
	Trai's Poetry]. In Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, 
	Thang Long Ha Noi]. Ha Noi: Hoi Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 
	1980: 126-133.

Bui Duy Tan. "Anh hung va cam quan anh hung qua tho van Nguyen Trai" [A Hero 
	and Heroic Perception through Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen 
	Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 441-445. Originally 
	published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 
	600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: 
	Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982:[227]-233.

_____. "Ho Quy Ly qua tho van cua Nguyen Trai" [Ho Quy Ly through Nguyen 
	Trai's Poetry and Prose]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen 
	Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. 
	Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 342-352. 

Bui Hanh Can."Doc lai may bai tho chu Han cua Nguyen Trai" [Re-read Several 
	Chinese Poems of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. 
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 406-408. Originally published: Sau 
	Tram Nam Nguyen Trai: Tho, Van [Six Hundred Years of Nguyen Trai: 
	Poetry and Prose]. Ha Noi: Tac Pham Moi, 1980: 52-54.

Bui Van Nguyen. "May van de can duoc xac minh them trong van tho Nguyen Trai" 
	[Some Issues Need Further Certification in Nguyen Trai's Prose and 
	Poetry]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 6 (138) Nov./Dec. 1972: 35-51.

_____. Van Chuong Nguyen Trai: Ruc Anh Sao Khue [Essays of Nguyen 
	Trai: Sparkling Like a Morning Star]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 2000.

Dang Thai Mai. "Su nghiep van chuong Nguyen Trai" [Literary Achievements 
	of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, 
	ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. 
	Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 915-930. Originally published: Tap Chi Van Hoc 
	6, 1976: [123]-144.

Dang Thanh Le. "Nguyen Trai va de tai thien nhien trong dong van hoc 
	yeu nuoc Viet Nam" [Nguyen Trai and the Theme of Nature in Vietnamese 
	Patriotic Literature]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, 
	ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: 
	Giao Duc, 2000: 686-696. 

Dinh Gia Khanh. "Quan diem van nghe cua Nguyen Trai" [Perspectives of 
	Literature and Art of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. 
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 126-133. Originally published: 
	Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th 
	Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. Ha Noi: Khoa 
	Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [204]-214. 

Do Van Hy. "Mot vai y kien ve viec dich nghia, phien am va chu thich 
	trong hai tap tho chu Han Nguyen Trai va Quoc Am Thi Tap" 
	[A Few Opinions about Paraphrase, Transliteration, and Annotation 
	in the Two Chinese Anthologies of Nguyen Trai and the Anthology of 
	Verse in the National Language]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 2 (128) 
	Mar./Apr. 1971: 49-68.

_____. "Tinh ham suc trong tho Uc Trai" [Implicit Characteristics in 
	Uc Trai's Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen 
	Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and 
	Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 435-440. 

Doan Thi Thu Van, ed. Tiep Can Tho Van Nguyen Trai [Getting 
	to Know the Poetry and Prose of Nguyen Trai]. Thanh pho Ho Chi 
	Minh: Tre: Hoi Nghien Cuu & Giang Day Van Hoc Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh, 
	2001. 

Duc Mau. "Hon tho Nguyen Trai" [Poetic Inspiration of Nguyen Trai's 
	Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac 
	Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: 
	Giao Duc, 2000: 469-484. Originally published: Guong Mat Van Hoc 
	Thang Long [Visage of Thang Long Literature]. Ha Noi: So Van 
	Hoa Thong Tin - Trung Tam Hoat Dong Van Hoa Khoa Hoc Quoc Tu Giam, 
	1994.

Duong Ba Cung, Tran Van Giap and Pham Trong Diem, trans. "Tua Uc 
	Trai Di Tap"  [Preface of Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va 
	Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: 
	Giao Duc, 2000: 52-53. Originally published: Uc Trai Di Tap 
	[Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology], v. 1, preface no. 3, the
	translated version published in Quoc Am Thi Tap 
	[Anthology of the National Language]. Ha Noi: Van Su Dia, 1956.

Duy Phi. "Doi net trao doi ve dich tho chu Han - Nguyen Trai" 
	[Several Exchange Points of Translating the Chinese Anthology of 
	Nguyen Trai]. Tap Chi Han Nom 4 (53) 2002: 47-50.

Hoa Bang. "Mot bai tho, mot nhan cach, mot tam su cua 'Nguoi lich su'" 
	[A Poem, a Personality, and Intimate Feelings of a Historical Figure]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp.  Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va 
	Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works). Ha Noi: Giao 
	Duc, 2000: 337-341. 

Hoang Trung Thong, Nguyen Hue Chi. "Vi tri Nguyen Trai trong lich su 
	van hoc" [Position of Nguyen Trai in Literary History]. In Hoang Trung 
	Thong et al. Nguyen Trai, Khi Phach va Tinh Hoa cua Dan Toc 
	[Nguyen Trai, Breadth of Spirit, and Quintessence of the Nation]. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1980: 300-309. 

Hoang Tue. "Cong hien cua Nguyen Trai doi voi tieng Viet" [Contributions 
	of Nguyen Trai in the Vietnamese Language]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu 
	Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, 
	about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 816-826. Originally 
	published: Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating 
	the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Pham Ngoc Hy et al. 
	Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1982: [162]-176.

La Kim Lien. "'Trang' trong tho Nguyen Trai" [Moon in Nguyen Trai's 
	Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac 
	Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: 
	Giao Duc, 2000: 544-547. 

Le Tri Vien. "Chat Dai Viet trong Uc Trai Thi Tap" 
	[Characteristics of Great Viet in Anthology of Uc Trai]. Reprinted in 
	Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac 
	Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 
	2000: 409-424. Originally published: Sau Tram Nam Nguyen Trai: Tho, 
	Van [Six Hundred Years of Nguyen Trai: Poetry and Prose]. Ha Noi: 
	Tac Pham Moi, 1980: [15]-30.

_____. Dac Trung Van Hoc Trung Dai Viet Nam [Special Characteristics 
	of Medieval Vietnamese Literature]. Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: Van Nghe, 
	2001.

_____. Quy Luat Phat Trien Lich Su Van Hoc Viet Nam [Developmental 
	Principles of Vietnamese Literary History]. Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: 
	Giao Duc, 1998.

_____, Doan Thu Van. Hoc Tap Tho Van Nguyen Trai [A Study of 
	Nguyen Trai's Poetry and Prose]. Thanh pho Ho Chi Minh: Giao Duc, 
	1994.

Mai Ha. "Nguyen Trai Toan Tap" [The Complete Work of Nguyen 
	Trai]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 2 (122) 1970: 137-140.

Mai Tran. "Tinh yeu thien nhien trong tho Nguyen Trai" [Love of Nature 
	in Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp.
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about 
	Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000:  648-667. 

Mien Trai. "Tim hieu thoi diem trong tho chu Han cua Nguyen Trai" 
	[In Search of Point of Time in Chinese Poetry of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Tap Chi Van Hoc 9 (117) 1969: 52-63.

_____. "Vai suy nghi them ve tho van Nguyen Trai" [A Few Additional 
	Thoughts about Nguyen Trai's Poetry and Prose]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 
	2 (110) 1969: 52-62.

Ngo Duc Tho. "Vai net ve lai lich van ban Uc Trai Thi Tap" 
	[Several Points about the Textual Origin of Anthology of Uc Trai]. 
	In Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi]. 
	Ha Noi: Hoi Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 1980: 188-195.

Ngo Linh Ngoc. "Cai 'than' va cai 'nha' trong van de dich tho chu Han" 
	['Miraculousness' versus 'Elegance' on the Issue of Translating Chinese 
	Poetry]. Tap Chi Han Nom (1) 1988: 66-70. 

Ngo The Vinh, Nguyen Van Huyen, Tran Thanh Mai, trans. "Bai tua tap tho 
	van cua Te Van hau ho Nguyen, hieu Uc Trai" [The Preface of Anthology 
	of Elegiac Address Honoring the Nguyen Family, Courtesy Name Uc Trai]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac 
	Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao 
	Duc, 2000: 48-51. Originally published: Uc Trai Di Tap [Uc Trai's 
	Bequeathed Anthology], v. 1, preface no. 2.

Ngo Van Trien, trans. Uc Trai Thi Van Tap: Tap Van, Tho [Uc 
	Trai's Anthology: Selections of Prose and Poetry]. Ha Noi: Le Cuong, 1944.

Nguyen Anh Vu, ed. Nguyen Trai Tac Pham va Du Luan [Nguyen Trai's 
	Work and Public Opinions]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 2000.

Nguyen Hue Chi. "Niem thao thuc lon trong tho Nguyen Trai" [Strong, Restless 
	Feelings in Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. 
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 446-468. Originally published: "Con 
	nguoi Nguyen Trai qua tho van cua ong" [Nguyen Trai's Humankind through 
	His Poetry and Prose] in Tap Chi Van Nghe, Sept. 1962. The reprint is 
	based on the revised edition in May Ve Mat Thi Ca Viet Nam Thoi Ky Co 
	- Can Dai [Several Visage of Vietnamese Poetry from Ancient to Modern 
	Times]. Ha Noi: Tac Pham Moi, 1983.

Nguyen Nam. "Nguyen Trai o nuoc ngoai: Mot so cong trinh va dich thuat" 
	[Nguyen Trai Abroad: A Few Projects and Translations]. Tap Chi Han 
	Nom 4 (53) 2002: 15-18.

Nguyen Nang Tinh et al., trans. "Tua Uc Trai Di Tap" [Preface of Uc Trai's 
	Bequeathed Anthology]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, 
	ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 45-47. Originally published: 
	Uc Trai Di Tap [Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology], v. 1, preface no. 
	1, the translated version in Quoc Am Thi Tap [Anthology of the 
	National Language]. Ha Noi: Van Su Dia, 1956.

Nguyen Nhu Luan. "Ba bai van - ba dong van hoa trong mot thien tai Nguyen 
	Trai." [Three Essays - Three Currents of Culture in Nguyen Trai's Talent]. 
	Tap Chi Han Nom 1 (12) 1992: 37-41. 

Nguyen Quang Tuan. "Mot vai dong gop de chinh ly ban phien dich Uc Trai 
	Thi Tap."  [A Few Contributions in Revising the Translation of 
	Anthology of Uc Trai]. Tap Chi Han Nom 7 (2) 1989: 15-23.

Nguyen Tai Can, Vu Duc Nghieu. "Mot vai nhan xet buoc dau ve ngon ngu 
	trong tho Nguyen Trai (qua so lieu thong ke)" [A Few Preliminary Evaluations 
	about the Language in Nguyen Trai's Poetry (through Statistical Data)]. In 
	Pham Ngoc Hyet al., eds. Ky Niem 600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai 
	[Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 
	1982: [177]-188.

Nguyen Thien Thu. "Anh huong va dia vi cua Nguyen Trai trong van hoc Viet Nam" 
	[Influence and Status of Nguyen Trai in Vietnamese Literature]. Reprinted 
	in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham 
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 956-974. 
	Originally published: Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. By Nguyen Thien 
	Thu. Saigon: Lua Thieng, 1973.

_____. "Thien nhien trong tho Nguyen Trai" [Nature in Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. 
	Reprinted in and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 668-679. Originally 
	published: Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai]. By Nguyen Thien Thu. 
	Saigon: Lua Thieng, 1973.

Nguyen Trai, Bui Huu Nguyen, trans. Uc Trai Thi Tap [Anthology of 
	Uc Trai]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1994. 

Nguyen Trai, Bui Van Nguyen, ed. and trans. Uc Trai Di Tap Bo Sung: 
	Phan Van Chuong [Supplement to Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology: 
	Literary Section]. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1994.

Nguyen Trai, Dao Duy Anh, trans. Nguyen Trai Toan Tap [The 
	Complete Work of Nguyen Trai]. 2nd ed. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1976. 
	Originally published in 1969.

Nguyen Trai, Duy Phi, ed. and trans. Tho Chu Han Nguyen Trai 
	[Chinese Anthology of Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Hoi Nha Van, 2001.

Nguyen Trai, Hoang Khoi, translated and transliterated based on the 
	Phuc Khe original ed. Nguyen Trai Toan Tap: Uc Trai Thi Tap 
	[The Complete Work of Nguyen Trai: Anthology of Uc Trai]. Ha Noi: 
	Van Hoa Thong Tin, 2001. Originally published in 1970 in 
	Saigon.

Nguyen Trai, Hoang Khoi, translated and transliterated based on the 
	Phuc Khe original ed. Uc 	Trai Tap [Uc Trai's Anthology]. 
	Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1994. Originally published in 1972 in Saigon. 

Nguyen Trai, Le Cao Phan trans. Uc Trai Thi Tap: Tap Tho Uc Trai 
	= Series of Poems by Uc Trai = Recueil de Poemes de Uc Trai. Ha Noi: 
	Van Hoc, 2000.     

Nguyen Trai, Mai Quoc Lien et al., eds. and trans. Nguyen Trai Toan 
	Tap: Tan Bien [The Complete Work of Nguyen Trai: New Edition]. 
	2nd rev. ed. 3 v. Ha Noi: Trung Tam Nghien Cuu Quoc Hoc & Van Hoc, 
	2001.

Nguyen Trai, Nguyen Gia Tuan, trans. Uc Trai Thi Tap [Anthology 
	of Uc Trai]. Saigon: s.n., 1973.

Nguyen Trai, Phan Vo et al., eds. and trans. Tho Chu Han Nguyen Trai
	[Chinese Poetry of Nguyen Trai]. Ha Noi: Van Hoa, 1962.

Nguyen Trai: Thu Muc Chon Loc, Co Chu Giai [Nguyen Trai: Selected, 
	Annotated Bibliography]. Ha Noi: Uy Ban Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi Viet Nam, 
	Vien Thong Tin Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1980. 

Nguyen Trai: Thu Muc Chuyen De Bien Soan Nhan Dip Ky Niem 600 Nam 
	Sinh cua Nguyen Trai [Nguyen Trai: Specifically Edited Bibliography 
	on the Occasion of Commemorating the 600th Birthday of Nguyen Trai]. 
	Ha Noi: Bo Van Hoa va Thong Tin, Thu Vien Quoc Gia, 1980.

Nguyen Tuan Phong. Tho Van Ca Ngoi Con Son va Nguyen Trai 
	[Poetry and Prose in Praise of Mount Con and Nguyen Trai]. Hai Hung: 
	Thu Vien Khoa Hoc Tong Hop Hai Hung, 1975. 

Nguyen Van Nguyen. "Khao sat them ve Uc Trai Thi Tap" [Further 
	Explorations about Anthology of Uc Trai]. Tap Chi Han Nom (1) 1988: 
	48-56.

Nguyen Xuan Sanh. "Tho van Nguyen Trai va manh dat Dong Do" [Nguyen 
	Trai's Poetry and Prose and the Land of Dong Do]. In Nguyen Trai, 
	Thang Long Ha Noi [Nguyen Trai, Thang Long Ha Noi]. Ha Noi: Hoi 
	Van Nghe, So Van Hoa va Thong Tin Ha Noi, 1980: 109-125.

Niculin, N. I., Pham Phuong Lien, trans. "Dat nuoc va thien nhien trong 
	tho van Nguyen Trai" [Nation and Nature in Nguyen Trai's Poetry]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va 
	Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao 
	Duc, 2000: 680-685. 

Sau Tram Nam Nguyen Trai: Tho, Van [Six Hundred Years of Nguyen 
	Trai: Poetry and Prose]. Ha Noi: Tac Pham Moi, 1980.

Te Hanh. "Hon tho da dang cua Nguyen Trai" [Diverse Poetical Inspiration 
	of Nguyen Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, 
	ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. 
	Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 718-722. Originally published: Ky Niem 
	600 Nam Sinh Nguyen Trai [Commemorating the 600th Birthday of 
	Nguyen Trai]. By Pham Ngoc Hy et al., eds. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 
	1982: [234]-240.

Ton Quang Phiet. "Tho chu Han cua Nguyen Trai" [Chinese Poetry of Nguyen 
	Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia 
	va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao 
	Duc, 2000: 357-365. Originally published: May Van De ve Su Nghiep 
	va Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Nhan Dip Ky Niem 520 Nam Ngay Nguyen Trai Mat 
	[Some Issues Regarding the Achievement, Poetry and Prose of Nguyen 
	Trai: On the Occasion of Commemorating the 520th Anniversary of the 
	Passing Away of Nguyen Trai]. Edited by Vien Van Hoc, Uy Ban Khoa Hoc 
	Nhau Nuoc. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc, 1963: 126-138.

Tran Dac Tho. "Tho Le Loi hay tho Nguyen Trai?" [Le Loi's Poem or Nguyen 
	Trai's Poem?]. Tap Chi Han Nom 1 (38) 1999: 42-44.

Tran Khac Kiem, Nguyen Van Huyen, trans. "Bai tua Uc Trai Thi Tap"
	[Preface of Anthology of Uc Trai]. Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. 
	Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham [Nguyen Trai, about Authors 
	and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 43-44. Originally published: 
	Uc Trai Di Tap [Uc Trai's Bequeathed Anthology], v. 5: 1-2. 

Tran Thi Bang Thanh. "Uc Trai Thi Tap va tho chu Han doi Tran" 
	[Anthology of Uc Trai and Chinese Poetry of the Tran Dynasty]. 
	Reprinted in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham 
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao 
	Duc, 2000: 425-434. 

Tren Duong Tim Hieu Su Nghiep Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Tieu Luan 
	[On the Way to Conduct a Study of Nguyen 	Trai's Achievement in Poetry 
	and Prose: Essays].  Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1980.

Truong Chinh. "Nhung bai tho ton nghi trong tho chu Han Nguyen Trai" 
	[Poems Attributed to Chinese Poetry of Nguyen Trai]. Tap Chi 
	Van Hoc 9 (105) 1968: 65-74. 

_____. "Uc Trai Thi Tap: Nhung van tho chat nang suy tu" 
	[Anthology of Uc Trai: Prose and Poetry Laden with Reflection]. Reprinted 
	in Nguyen Huu Son, comp. Nguyen Trai, ve Tac Gia va Tac Pham 
	[Nguyen Trai, about Authors and Works]. Ha Noi: Giao Duc, 2000: 378-405. 
	Originally published: Nguyen Trai, Khi Phach va Tinh Hoa cua Dan Toc
	[Nguyen Trai, Breadth of Spirit, and Quintessence of the Nation]. By 
	Hoang Trung Thong et al. Ha Noi: Khoa Hoc Xa Hoi, 1980: 292-299.
 
_____. "Van chung quanh nhung bai ton nghi trong tap tho chu Han cua 
	Nguyen Trai"  [Still around the Questionable Poems in Chinese Anthology 
	of Nguyen Trai]. Tap Chi Van Hoc 4 (124) 1970: 95-107.

Vu Khieu et al. Tho Van Nguyen Trai: Tuyen [Poetry and Prose of 
	Nguyen Trai: Selections]. Ha Noi: Van Hoc, 1980.

Vu Tien Quynh. Nguyen Trai: Tuyen Chon va Trich Dan Nhung Bai Phe 
	Binh, Binh Luan Van Hoc cua Cac Nha Van, Nghien Cuu Viet Nam va The 
	Gioi [Nguyen Trai: Selections and Quotations of Criticisms and 
	Literary Commentaries of Writers Conducting Research on Vietnam 
	and the World]. Khanh Hoa: Khanh Hoa, 1992. 

C. 	Secondary Sources in English and French

Durand, Maurice M., Nguyen Tran Huan. "Vietnamese Poetry before 
	Nguyen Trai."  In An Introduction to Vietnamese Literature. 
	Translated from the French by D. M. Hawke. New York: Columbia 
	University Press, 1985: 51-57.

Gaspardone, Emile. La Vie et les Oeuvres de Nguyen Trai. 
	Lectures delivered at the College de France, 1952-54.

Huynh Sanh Thong, ed. and trans. An Anthology of Vietnamese 
	Poems: From the Eleventh through the Twentieth Centuries. 
	New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

_____. The Heritage of Vietnamese Poetry. New Haven: Yale 
	University Press, 1979.

Nguyen Khac Vien et al., eds. and trans. Anthologie de la Litterature 
	Vietnamienne. Ha Noi: Editions en Langues Etrangeres, 1972 (v. 1), 
	1973 (v. 2). 

Nguyen Ngoc Bich, ed. and trans., Burton Raffel, W. S. Merwin, trans. 
	A Thousand Years of Vietnamese Poetry. New York: A. A. Knopf, 
	1975.

Nguyen Trai: Classique Vietnamien du XVe Siecle. Paris: Europe, 
revue mensuelle, 1980.

O'Harrow, Stephen. "Nguyen Trai's Binh Ngo Dai Cao of 1428: The Development 
	of aVietnamese National Identity." Journal of Southeast Asian 
	Studies 10: 1 (Mar.  1979): 159-174.

Pastreich, Emanuel. "The Reception of Chinese Literature in Vietnam." In 
	Victor H. Mair, ed., The Columbia History of Chinese Literature.
	New York: Columbia University Press, 2001: [1096]-1104. 

Wolters, O.W.  "A Stranger in His Own Land: Nguyen Trai's Sino-Vietnamese 
	Poems, Written during the Ming Occupation." Vietnam Forum 8 
	Summer-Fall 1986: 60-90.

III.	Relevant Secondary Sources for Reference

Benjamin, Walter, Harry Zohn, trans. "The Task of the Translator." In 
	Rainer Schulte, John Biguenet, eds., Theories of Translation: 
	An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida. Chicago: University 
	of Chicago Press, 1992: 71-82.
 
Biguenet, John, Rainer Schulte, eds. The Craft of Translation. 
	Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.     
                    
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, Sharon Sloan, trans. "Translations." In 
	Rainer Schulte, John Biguenet, eds., Theories of Translation: 
	An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida. Chicago: University 
	of Chicago Press, 1992: 60-63. 
                
Lin, Shuen-fu, Stephen Owen. The Vitality of the Lyric Voice: Shih 
	Poetry from the Late Han to the T'ang. Princeton: Princeton 
	University Press, 1986.   

Liu, Lydia H. "Introduction: The Problem of Language in Cross-Cultural 
	Studies." In Lydia H Liu, Translingual Practice: Literature, National 
	Culture, and Translated Modernity-China, 1900-1937. Stanford: Stanford 
	University Press, 1995: 1-42, 381-393.

Nietzsche, Friedrich, Peter Mollenhauer, trans. "On the Problem of Translation." 
	In Rainer Schulte, John Biguenet, eds., Theories of Translation: An 
	Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida. Chicago: University of 
	Chicago Press, 1992: 68-70.

Owen, Stephen. The Great Age of Chinese Poetry: the High T'ang. 
	New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.
                                                            
_____. The Poetry of the Early T'ang. New Haven: Yale University 
	Press, 1977.     

_____, ed. Readings in Chinese Literary Thought. Cambridge: Council 
	on East Asian Studies, Harvard University; Distributed by Harvard 
	University Press, 1992.   

______. Traditional Chinese Poetry and Poetics: Omen of the World. 
	Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.  

Weinberger, Eliot, Octavio Paz, eds. Nineteen Ways of Looking at 
	Wang Wei: How a Chinese Poem Is Translated. Mount Kisco: Moyer 
	Bell, 1987.   

Wolters, O.W.  "Celebrating the Educated Official: A Reading of Some of 
	Nguyen Phi Khanh's Poems." Vietnam Forum 2 (Summer-Fall 1983): 
	79-101.
 
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