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Bioterrorism Resources

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Organizations and Agencies

Bioterrorism Preparedness (California Department of Public Health)
CDPH has links here to hospital practice guidelines and factsheets for bioterrorism events. You'll find bioterrorism rapid response information, a radiation emergency medical management kit (REMM), a bioterrorism readiness plan for healthcare facilities, a primer for clinicians on explosions and blast injuries, and much more.

Cal PREPARE
Cal PREPARE is a CDC Preparedness & Emergency Response Research Center based at the Center for Infectious Diseases & Emergency Readiness, UC Berkeley School of Public Health.
Other academic and specialty centers include:

Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (University of Minnesota)
CIDRAP focuses on food safety, biosecurity, and bioterrorism, emphasizing public health preparedness. They do this by "mining and rapidly disseminating comprehensive, accurate, and up-to-the-minute biomedical knowledge with emphasis on practical Internet-based information designed for immediate use in applied settings," as well as by conducting research, and by providing consultation and educational services.

Federation of American Scientists
"The Federation of American Scientists has created an internet resource for biosecurity policy, bioterrorism information, and biodefense research. The organizations listed here represent various perspectives on what actions individual scientists, research institutions, science journals, the public, and government can do to minimize the threat of bioterrorism while maximizing the benefits of life science research."

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases (National Institutes of Health)
NIAID conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. Their site includes summaries of NIAID research, including vaccine research, as well as information on the Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers (PERLC) (CDC)
"The Preparedness and Emergency Response Learning Centers (PERLC) serve in a national capacity to meet preparedness and response training and education needs of the U.S. public health workforce. The PERLC provide core competency-based training to state, local, and tribal public health authorities..."

Radiation Emergency Medical Management (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)
Provides guidance for health care providers, primarily physicians, about clinical diagnosis and treatment during mass casualty radiological/nuclear events. The just-in-time, evidence-based information is written with background information and is in context, to make these issues understandable to those without formal radiation expertise. It is downloadable in advance, so that it can be available during an event if the Internet is not accessible. It features timelines of what activities should go on and when, as well as clinical tools and guidelines and references.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Emergency Preparedness and Response
Find information here on anthrax, smallpox, radiological emergencies, and other biological and chemical agents, including agents, laboratory analysis, response and cleanup, and treatment. Includes information on preparation and response to natural disasters and severe weather as well.

Emerging Infectious Diseases journal
Includes many articles and issues on anthrax and other bioterrorism-related topics.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats
Includes information on public health initiatives and preparedness, anthrax vaccine, food supply safety, and more.
» The Bioterrorism Act of 2002: complete text of the Act, plus information on FDA's responsibilities.

World Health Organization. Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response. Preparedness for Deliberate Epidemics
Contains information and documents on national and international preparedness, and global alert and response.

Global Outbreak Alert & Response Network "provides an operational framework to link the expertise and skills needed to keep the international community constantly alert to the threat of outbreaks and ready to respond."

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Publications and Databases

Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response (MMWR, April 21, 2000)
Consists of the recommendations of the CDC Strategic Planning Workgroup "to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism: preparedness planning, detection and surveillance, laboratory analysis, emergency response, and communication systems. Success of the plan hinges on strengthening the relationships between medical and public health professionals and on building new partnerships with emergency management, the military, and law enforcement professionals." Also available in PDF format, which includes a CME examination.

Chemical Hazards Emergency Medical Management (CHEMM)
"CHEMM is an online resource that is a comprehensive, user-friendly, web-based tool which can be downloaded in advance, in case of internet unavailability. The tool enables first responders, first receivers, other healthcare providers, and planners to plan for, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of mass-casualty incidents involving chemicals. CHEMM was produced by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Office of Planning and Emergency Operations, in cooperation with the National Library of Medicine, Division of Specialized Information Services, and many medical, emergency response, toxicology, and other types of experts."

The NLM also created a short video for users, Welcome to CHEMM, giving an overview of how to use CHEMM and highlighting some of its most important features.

Disaster Lit: the Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health
A database of links to disaster medicine and public health documents available on the Internet at no cost. Documents include expert guidelines, research reports, conference proceedings, training classes, fact sheets, websites, databases, and similar materials selected from over 700 organizations for a professional audience.

National Academy Press publications
Several recent relevant publications have been produced, including:

National Criminal Justice Reference Service (U.S. Department of Justice)
Many guides can be found here for emergency responders. Documents include An Introduction to Biological Agent Detection Equipment for Emergency First Responders, Guide for the Selection of Chemical and Biological Decontamination Equipment for Emergency First Responders, and more.

Training Technology against Terror: Using Advanced Technology to Prepare America’s Emergency Medical Personnel and First Responders for a Weapon of Mass Destruction Attack (September 2002)
"U.S. emergency response personnel still lack training to deal with a weapons of mass destruction attack and only a coordinated interagency approach making skillful use of new information technology can ensure that effective, up-to-date training is available to the millions of personnel who need it in a timely way." From the Federation of American Scientists.

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Guides

Biological Weapons and Warfare
A guide to government, NGO, and other biological weapons-related sites. From All the Virology on the WWW (Tulane University).

Bioterrorism (Infectious Diseases Society of America)
Includes resources by agent (medical summary and clinical pathways), as well as emergency notification procedures, laboratory protocols, and numerous web resources.

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