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Library Resources for Public Health 205, Spring 2012

Instructor: Sonya Dublin

Presented by Michael Sholinbeck

URL for this web page:
    www.lib.berkeley.edu/PUBL/SPH/PH205_S12.html

Contents:


The Public Health Library, Location, Reference, Off-Campus Access to Library Resources

Sheldon Margen Public Health Library   Library hours: M-Th 9-8, F 9-5, Sa-Su 1-5

Reference Services
In-person come to 1 University Hall (in the basement): Reference Desk hours: M-F 10-12, 2-4
Other options include IM chat (24/7) and email reference.

Off-Campus Access to library resources (databases, online journals, etc.)

Starting the Process

Grants and Research Information
This is the Public Health Library's guide to organizations providing grants and research support, including tips and tools, such as the Proposal Writing Short Course (from the Foundation Center): a guide to the process of gathering background information and creating the various components of the proposal (statement of need, budget, etc.)
» Keeping Up-to-Date on Public Health Grants

The CDCynergy Health Communication/Health Education Planning Model:

  1. Defining and describing the problem(s)
  2. Analyzing the problem
  3. Plan the intervention, including audience segmentation
  4. Developing communication strategies and tactics
  5. Developing an evaluation plan
  6. Launching the plan and obtaining feedback

Overview: Evidence-Informed Decision Making in Public Health (from National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools, Canada)
This is part of an online learning module, and includes:

  1. What is evidence-informed public health?
  2. Define: Clearly define the question or problem
  3. Search: Efficiently search for research evidence
  4. Appraise: Critically and efficiently appraise the information sources
  5. Synthesize: Interpret information and form recommendations for practice
  6. Adapt: Adapt the information to the local context
  7. Implement: Decide whether (and plan how) to implement the evidence
  8. Evaluate: Assess the effectiveness of implementation efforts

Another online learning module from NCCMT of interest is Critical Appraisal of Intervention Studies. It demonstrates how to assess the quality of an intervention study, and how to determine whether that intervention can be applied to your own public health situation.
» Here is a summary table of basic considerations for critical appraisal of intervention studies

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Statistical Information

What to consider when looking at survey or estimated data:

Adopted from information on the UCSF Family Health Outcomes Project web site

US Census

State and County QuickFacts
Quickly get recent state, county, and city demographics (including age, race/ethnicity, income residence) and business information. Use American Factfinder to locate detailed Census tables.

US CDC

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: BRFSS
BRFSS tracks health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States. BRFSS provides state- and metro area-specific prevalence and trends information about issues such as asthma, diabetes, health care access, alcohol use, hypertension, obesity, cancer screening, nutrition and physical activity, tobacco use, and more.
» BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data: Information on about 20 topics/categories.
» BRFSS SMART (Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends): Analyzed BRFSS data of selected areas with over 500 respondents.
» BRFSS Maps: Maps of BRFSS questionairre responses. GIS data downloads also available.

YRBSS: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Information on youth risk behaviors. Note: There is no California statewide data, but there is data for some large CA cities.

Health Data Interactive
Create tables with national health statistics for infants, children, adolescents, adults, and older adults. Tables can be customized by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and geographic location to explore different trends and patterns. You can download your tables in Excel or CSV format.
» HDI: Getting Started guide
» HDI data sources
There are 7 categories of information:

CDC WONDER
Provides a single point of access to a wide variety of public health reports and data systems, both local and external, categorized by topic, alphabetically, or by utilizing online query systems.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Data and Statistics
Injury, illness, exposure, and other occupational surveillance statistics. Includes a link to the Work-Related Injury Statistics Query System, an interactive system for obtaining national estimates and rates for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments.

Health Data and Statistics
CDC's portal for surveillance and other statistics and data on a great variety of topics.

US Dept. of Labor

Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
Statistics and data on illnesses and injuries on the job and data on worker fatalities.

Other

Child Trends DataBank
"Latest national trends and research on over 100 key indicators of child and youth well-being."

California and Local Statistics

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)
Quick access to state and local data on hundreds of health topics. Run your own customized search using AskCHIS, review publications and data summaries, and more. CHIS is the state's largest health survey.

California Department of Public Health: Statistics
Links to several statistical resources from the California Department of Public Health, including communicable disease data, HIV/AIDS statistics, birth and death data, and more.

CDPH Publications and Reports
Reports and statistics on numerous diseases and conditions in California, many at county level. Includes County Health Status Profiles, selected health status indicators for monitoring state and local progress toward achieving Healthy People 2010 goals.

Kids Count Data Center
Includes data by state, across states, and some county and city level data. Data can be mapped or graphed. Includes hundres of measures of child well-being.

2007 California County Data Book (Children Now)
Comprehensive county-level data on children's health, education and economic well-being in an easy to read format. Also includes County Rankings and County Data by Race/Ethnicity.
» Some of the information has been updated for the 2010 California County Scorecard.

California State Association of Counties
Links to every individual California county web site. May be useful for finding county level information.
Local public health departments are often a good source of community statistics and other information. See, for example, reports and data offered by

Search Your Environment by Zip Code (US EPA)
Info on hazardous waste sites, toxic releases, facility enforcement/compliance history, air pollution, and cleanup activities.

US HUD Local Level Data
Home foreclosures by county, place, and census tract. Requires unzipping a folder and downloading an excel spreadsheet. Can use Ctrl F to find desired geography.

Data and Statistics, California Department of Education
Data on school enrollment, non-English language learners, free lunch numbers, teacher data, class size, and much more.

Calif. Dept of Alcoholic Beverage Control: License query system.
Find liquor stores, bars, etc. by zip code. Can also search by census tract.

Calif. Office of Statewide Planning and Development: Data Products
Hospital discharge data, quality data, facility data, emergency room encounters, etc. Data also available for other states, or the US.

Traffic Data Branch (CalTrans)
Traffic volumes, truck traffic, and ramp volume for california state highways. View tables, or download data as Excel files.

International

Global Health Observatory (World Health Organization)
WHO's portal providing access to data and analyses for monitoring the global health situation. It provides critical data and analyses for key health themes, as well as direct access to the full database.

Regional Core Health Data Initiative (Pan-American Health Organization)
Health Indicators for Western Hemisphere countries in an interactive table format, as well as Country Health Profiles and a GIS query and display.

Measure DHS
Demographic and Health Surveys information in interactive table format. Data on MCH issues, HIV/AIDS, nutrition, youth, etc. GIS mapper and data also available.

World dataBank (World Bank)
Access to over 800 indicators with time series for 209 countries and 18 country groups from 1960 to 2009. Data includes vital statistics, demographics, labor force, health expenditures, malnutrition, pollution, trade, consumption, GDP, GNP, investment activity, debt, and much more.

More Resources

ProQuest Statistical DataSets
Access to billions of data points from licensed and public domain datasets. Sources of data include local, state and international governments and organizations. Datasets are customizable, allowing you to select variables of interest such as age, gender, and race. Click "Citations" for the data source.

See also the Public Health Library's Statistical/Data Resources web page

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Health Promotion Planning and Evaluation Resources:

Community Toolbox (Univ. of Kansas)
Provides over 6,000 pages of practical skill-building information on over 250 different topics. Topic sections include step-by-step instruction, examples, check-lists, and related resources. It has sections on leadership, strategic planning, community assessment, advocacy, grant writing, and evaluation, as well as Best Practices examples and evidence. Tool Box will help with skill building, work planning, and troubleshooting.

The Registry of Methods and Tools (National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools)
A searchable, online collection of methods (processes) and tools (instruments) for knowledge translation in public health. Includes such resources as A partnership guide, which provides practical tips, checklists, stories and strategies to help develop, sustain and evaluate a partnership.

Prevention Institute: Tools
Support the crafting, implementation, and evaluation of comprehensive prevention initiatives and effective coalitions. The tools include information on developing effective coalitions, developing prevention plans, and more.

Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (NCI, CDC, etc.)
Step-by-steps for developing programs, also has information by cancer control topic.

Health Manager's Toolkit
An electronic compendium of tools designed to assist health professionals at all levels of an organization in their efforts to provide accessible high-quality and sustainable health services. It includes spreadsheet templates, forms for gathering and analyzing data, checklists, guidelines for improving organizational performance, and self-assessment tools that allow managers to evaluate the systems underlying their entire organization.

Evaluation Resources (Health Communications Unit, Centre for Health Promotion, University of Toronto)
Numerous publications, manuals, tip sheets, web sites, and more.

The Program Manager's Guide to Evaluation (US DHHS)
Explains program evaluation - what it is, how to understand it, and how to do it. It answers your questions about evaluation and explains how to use evaluation to improve programs.

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Model Programs and more

Programs that Work (Promising Practices Network)
Summaries of programs and practices that are proven to improve outcomes for children.
» The Research in Brief section includes research summaries, reviewed and selected to provide objective, high-quality evidence.

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (UCSF)
Information of programs, collaboration, researchers, and more.
» CAPS Model Prevention Programs

Model Practices Database (NACCHO)
Search by state or categories. Each record includes and overview of the program, contact information, web site, and an evaluation.

More Resources

See the Public Health Library's Health Care Planning, Organization, and Evaluation Resources web page

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PubMed Tips

PubMed: Citations to over 21 million journal articles, with links to full text via Getting Started with UC-eLinks

PubMed top tips for focusing your search:

  1. Combine terms with AND or OR
  2. Use Limits (Age group, Publication type, language, etc.)
  3. Search for your term as a word in the title or title or abstract (using Limits)
  4. Use MeSH, with subheadings
  5. Try PubMed's Clinical Queries or Topic-Specific Queries
  6. Use the Related Articles link, once you find a set of relevant citations
  » Information on these follows:

» PubMed Quick Guide: Basic search help.
» PubMed exercise set (PDF; Public Health Library): Use these to hone your PubMed skills.

» Combining search terms with Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT - remember Venn diagrams?)

» Limits: Limit your search by language, age group, publication type, publication date, and more. Also use Limits search for words in the article title, abstract, or Medical Subject Heading (MeSH). Note that Limits stay in effect until you clear them.

» Use Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):


» Clinical Queries: You may especially be interested in finding systematics reviews on your topic. Also consider that etiology may be used for a "cause of disease" search, and that therapy encompasses any type of intervention.
» Topic-Specific Queries use "canned" search strategies to fetch a citation subset of PubMed. Some examples of topic-specific queries include:
» Saving citations temporarily using the Clipboard
» My NCBI: Saving search results, searches, and more: customize PubMed to meet your needs.

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Other Resources for Finding Articles, Books, Evidence UC-eLinks gif     access paid by UCB

Excellent sources of systematic reviews and other evidence-based public health evaluations are:

OskiCat: UCB library catalog
Use the library catalogs to find books, reports, etc. on your topic.

Sociological Abstracts
Citations in demography, education, law, social psychology, and sociology. Sources include journals, books, conferences and meetings, and dissertations.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Cultural capital, peer relations, strategies, neighborhoods, social constructionism, ...
» Sociological Abstracts Fact Sheet

PsycINFO
Citations in psychology, behavior, and related disciplines; includes citations of journal articles, conference proceedings, books and book chapters, reports and dissertations.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Economic security, socioeconomic class attitudes, labeling, ...
» PsycINFO Search Guide (pdf file)
» PsycINFO - Factsheet

Global Health
Citations in environmental and occupational health, food safety and hygiene, infectious diseases, medical microbiology, nutrition, public health, toxicology, zoonoses, and more. Sources include journals, books, reports, conference proceedings, and more. Significantly more international coverage than PubMed.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Search by (relatively narrow) geographic locations (ie, setting), or country in which work published.
» Global Health Help (PDF)

Web of Science
Large, multidisciplinary database; links to cited articles and times cited are provided for retrieved articles.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Scope of database is broad; best resources for cited reference searching.
» Cited Reference Searching

See the Public Health Library's Online Indexes and Databases web page for dozens more databases useful for finding public health articles, books, book chapters, reports, and more.

Grey Literature
Grey Literature generally refers to publications not produced by commercial publishers, including reports (pre-prints, preliminary progress and advanced reports, technical reports, market research reports, etc.), theses, conference proceedings, and other documents. They are often produced by government entities, research institutions, or NGOs/IGOs.

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