The CDCynergy Health Communication/Health Education Planning Model:
Overview: Evidence-Informed Decision Making in Public Health (from National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools, Canada)
This is part of an online learning module, and includes:
Another online learning module from NCCMT of interest is Critical Appraisal of Intervention Studies:
It demonstrates how to assess the quality of an intervention study,
and how to determine whether that intervention can be applied to your situation.
» Here is a summary table of basic considerations for critical appraisal of intervention studies
Back to Top of Page
Adopted from information on the UCSF Family Health Outcomes Project web site
Reliability and validity
(Adopted from Chapter 3, Conducting research literature reviews : from the Internet to paper, by Arlene Fink; Sage, 2010.)
Reliable data collection: relatively free from "measurement error."
» Is the survey written at a reading level too high for the people completing it?
» If I measure something today, then measure it again tomorrow using the same scale, will it vary? Why?
Validity refers to how well a measure assesses what it claims to measure
» If the survey is supposed to measure "quality of life," how is that concept defined? Is it measurable?
Extensive discussions of reliability and validity are available in several texts, such as Textbook in Psychiatric Epidemiology (3rd Ed.; M. Tsuang et al. Wiley. 2011; See chapters 5 and 7).
State and County QuickFacts
Quickly get recent state, county, and city demographics (including age, race/ethnicity, income residence) and business information.
» Use American Factfinder to locate detailed Census tables.
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: BRFSS
State- and metro area-specific prevalence and trends information about issues such as asthma, diabetes, health care access, alcohol use, hypertension, obesity, cancer screening, nutrition and physical activity, tobacco use, and more.
» BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data: Information on about 20 topics/categories.
» BRFSS SMART (Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends): Analyzed BRFSS data of selected areas with over 500 respondents.
» BRFSS Maps: Maps of BRFSS questionnaire responses. GIS data downloads also available.
YRBSS: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
Information on youth risk behaviors in these categories:
Note: There is no California statewide data, but there is data for some large CA cities.
Health Data Interactive (CDC National Center for Health Statistics)
Create tables with national health statistics for infants, children, adolescents, adults, and older adults.
Tables can be customized by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and geographic location to explore different trends and patterns.
You can download your tables in Excel or CSV format.
» HDI: Getting Started guide
» HDI data sources
There are 7 categories of information:
Provides a single point of access to a wide variety of public health reports and data systems, both local and external, categorized by topic, alphabetically, or by utilizing online query systems:
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Data and Statistics
Injury, illness, exposure, and other occupational surveillance statistics.
Includes a link to the Work-Related Injury Statistics Query System, an interactive system for obtaining national estimates and rates for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments.
Health Data and Statistics
CDC's portal for surveillance and other statistics and data on a great variety of topics.
Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
Statistics and data on illnesses and injuries on the job and data on worker fatalities.
Child Trends DataBank
"Latest national trends and research on over 100 key indicators of child and youth well-being."
Indicators available by:
» life stage (pregnancy, birth, adolescent, etc.)
» topics (health, child care, behaviors)
» context (demographics, family issues, economic security, etc.)
California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)
Quick access to state and local data on hundreds of health topics. Run your own customized search using AskCHIS, review publications and data summaries, and more.
» Many other states also have health surveys.
California Department of Public Health:
Statistics: Links to several statistical resources from the California Department of Public Health, including communicable disease data, HIV/AIDS statistics, birth and death data, and more.
Publications and Reports: Reports and statistics on numerous diseases and conditions in California, many at county level. Includes County Health Status Profiles, selected health status indicators for monitoring state and local progress toward achieving Healthy People goals.
Alaska Department of Health and Social Services:
Center for Health Data and Statistics (Division of Public Health): Information on vital statistics, cancer diagnoses, injuries, occupational conditions and illnesses, and health behaviors.
» Other state public health departments provide statistics online.
Kids Count Data Center
Includes data by state, across states, and some county and city level data.
Data can be mapped or graphed.
Includes hundreds of measures of child well-being.
2007 California County Data Book (Children Now)
Comprehensive county-level data on children's health, education and economic well-being in an easy to read format. Also includes County Rankings and County Data by Race/Ethnicity.
» Some of the information has been updated for the 2010 California County Scorecard.
USA Counties (US Census)
Tables and reports on every US county:
Health, Business, Crime, Race data, Sex data, Education, and many other topics.
County Health Rankings
Health outcomes and factors for every county in the United States.
Get brief snapshots of morbidity, mortality, health behaviors, social and economic factors, physical environment, demographics, and more; with links to detailed statistics.
Easily compare counties to each other.
Complete reports available as PDF; data downloadable as XLS.
Search Your Environment by Zip Code (US EPA)
Information on hazardous waste sites, toxic releases, facility enforcement/compliance history, air pollution, and cleanup activities.
US HUD Local Level Data
Home foreclosures by county, place, and census tract. Requires unzipping a folder and downloading an excel spreadsheet. Can use Ctrl F to find desired geography.
Data and Statistics, California Department of Education
Data on school enrollment, non-English language learners, free lunch numbers, teacher data, class size, and much more.
Statistics & Reports, Alaska Department of Education and Early Development
Dropout rates, school finances, enrollment by ethnicity, teacher data, etc.
Calif. Dept of Alcoholic Beverage Control: License query system.
Find liquor stores, bars, etc. by zip code. Can also search by census tract.
Calif. Office of Statewide Planning and Development: Data Products
Hospital discharge data, quality data, facility data, emergency room encounters, etc.
» Data also available for other states, or the US.
Traffic Data Branch (Calif. Dept. of Transportation)
Traffic volumes, truck traffic, and ramp volume for California state highways.
View tables, or download data as Excel files.
Average Daily Traffic Count Maps (Alaska Dept. of Transportation & Public Facilities)
Average daily traffic volume on selected State roads, and Annual Traffic Volume Reports.
Global Health Observatory (World Health Organization)
WHO's portal providing access to data and analyses for monitoring the global health situation.
Provides critical data and analyses for key health themes, as well as direct access to the full database.
Regional Core Health Data Initiative (Pan-American Health Organization)
Health Indicators for Western Hemisphere countries in an interactive table format, as well as Country Health Profiles and a GIS query and display.
Demographic and Health Surveys information in interactive table format. Data on MCH issues, HIV/AIDS, nutrition, youth, etc. GIS mapper and data also available.
World dataBank (World Bank)
Access to a very large number of indicators with time series for 209 countries and 18 country groups from 1960 to present.
Data includes vital statistics, demographics, labor force, education, health expenditures, malnutrition, pollution, gender issues, trade, consumption, GDP, GNP, investment activity, debt, and much more.
ProQuest Statistical DataSets
Access to billions of data points from licensed and public domain datasets.
Sources of data include local, state and international governments and organizations.
Datasets are customizable, allowing you to select variables of interest such as age, gender, and race.
Click "Citations" for the data source.
See also the Public Health Library's Statistical/Data Resources web page
Back to Top of Page
Grants and Research Information
The Public Health Library's guide to organizations providing grants and research support.
Includes tips and tools, such as the Proposal Writing Short Course (from the Foundation Center): a guide to the process of gathering background information and creating the various components of the proposal (statement of need, budget, etc.)
» Keeping Up-to-Date on Public Health Grants
Community Toolbox (Univ. of Kansas)
Provides over 7,000 pages of practical skill-building information on over 250 different topics.
Topic sections include step-by-step instruction, examples, check-lists, and related resources.
It has sections on leadership, strategic planning, community assessment, advocacy, grant writing, and evaluation, as well as Best Practices examples and evidence.
Tool Box will help with skill building, work planning, and troubleshooting.
The Registry of Methods and Tools (National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools)
A searchable, online collection of methods (processes) and tools (instruments) for knowledge translation in public health.
Includes such resources as A partnership guide, which provides practical tips, checklists, stories and strategies to help develop, sustain and evaluate a partnership.
Prevention Institute: Tools
Support the crafting, implementation, and evaluation of comprehensive prevention initiatives and effective coalitions. The tools include information on developing effective coalitions, developing prevention plans, and more.
Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (NCI, CDC, etc.)
Step-by-steps for developing programs; also has information by cancer control topic.
Health Manager's Toolkit
An electronic compendium of tools designed to assist health professionals at all levels of an organization in their efforts to provide accessible high-quality and sustainable health services.
Includes spreadsheet templates, forms for gathering and analyzing data, checklists, guidelines for improving organizational performance, and self-assessment tools that allow managers to evaluate the systems underlying their entire organization.
Evaluation Resources (Health Communications Unit, Centre for Health Promotion, University of Toronto)
Numerous publications, manuals, tip sheets, web sites, and more.
The Program Manager's Guide to Evaluation (US DHHS)
Explains program evaluation - what it is, how to understand it, and how to do it. It answers your questions about evaluation and explains how to use evaluation to improve programs.
Back to Top of Page
Canadian Best Practices Portal
CBBP is a compendium of community interventions related to chronic disease prevention and health promotion that have been evaluated, shown to be successful, and have the potential to be adapted and replicated by other health practitioners working in similar fields.
Search for either interventions or resources.
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (UCSF)
Information of programs, collaboration, researchers, and more.
» CAPS Model Prevention Programs
Effective Interventions: HIV Prevention that Works
Resources for HIV prevention providers such as health departments and community-based organizations so as to provide the best evidence-based HIV prevention services.
This site provides summaries of the best types of practices for HIV prevention from the Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions project (DEBI) project.
Examples of Policies and Programs that Work
From the County Health Rankings website, here you can find examples of programs and policies that have been shown to be effective in addressing specific health factors and focus areas.
Focus areas include health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic factors, and physical environment.
Intervention Resources (Center of Excellence for Training and Research Translation)
Search for interventions or intervention strategies by setting (school, worksite, etc.), with additional resources on obesity prevention and WISEWOMAN.
Each entry provides targeted outcomes, an evidence summary, and examples. The examples include core elements, resources required, potential public health impact, evaluation, technical assistance, and more.
Links to Databases of Best Practices (Community Tool Box)
A list of comprehensive web-based resources for exploring promising approaches to promote community health and development. Includes general resources, and topic-specific (chronic disease, violence, cancer, etc.) resources.
Model Practices Database (NACCHO)
Search by state or categories. Each record includes an overview of the program, contact information, web site, and an evaluation.
Programs that Work (Promising Practices Network)
Summaries of programs and practices that are proven to improve outcomes for children.
View programs by outcome area, indicator, topic, or evidence level.
» The Research in Brief section includes research summaries, reviewed and selected to provide objective, high-quality evidence.
See the Public Health Library's Health Care Planning, Organization, and Evaluation Resources web page
Back to Top of Page
Back to Top of Page