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Library Resources for Chicano Studies 176: Chicanos and Health Care, Spring 2013

Instructor: Bernard Griego

Presented by Michael Sholinbeck

URL for this web page: www.lib.berkeley.edu/PUBL/SPH/Chicano176_S13.html


The Public Health Library, Location, Reference, Off-Campus Access to Library Resources

Sheldon Margen Public Health Library home page
    Mon.-Thurs. 9-8
    Fri. 9-5
    Sat.-Sun. 1-5

Reference Services
  In-person: come to 1 University Hall (in the basement)
  Reference Desk hours: M-F 10-12, 2-4
  Other options include 24/7 chat and email reference.
You may also make a half-hour appointment with a librarian in Doe Library.

How to set up off-campus access to library resources (databases, online journals, etc.)

Starting the Library Research Process

What causes disease?
You might start by considering the interaction and interdependence of environmental factors (geography, pollution, outbreaks, etc.) and social factors (smoking, diet, drug use, etc.).
  » Exacerbation of asthma in West Oakland "caused" by air pollution and/or smoking
But consider:
  » Is it "caused" by inadequate regulation of transportation, energy production, and tobacco?
  » Or by historical racism in housing and neighborhood characteristics?
  » Are genetic factors relevant?
  » What about health insurance disparities which affect access to medical care and/or appropriate prescription drugs?
  » Is lack of appropriate child care services for working women a factor?

Is your topic researchable?
  » "The harmful effects of domestic beer consumption among students at Cal's Big Game"
  » "Binge drinking among college students in the United States"
  » "Alcohol consumption by young adults"

Let's talk about indexing!
  » Do you want articles on labor or articles on labor? Or is it labour?
  » Do you want articles on HIV (a virus) or articles on HIV diseases?
Index means a controlled vocabulary is used to assign subject terms to articles.
Subject terms may also be called thesaurus terms, descriptors, or (in PubMed) Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).

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PubMed Tips

PubMed: Citations to over 22 million journal articles and books, with links to full text via Getting Started with UC-eLinks

PubMed top tips for better searching:

  1. Combine terms with AND or OR
  2. Use Filters (eg, Ages, Language, etc.)
  3. Search for your term as a word in the title or title or abstract (using Filters)
  4. Use MeSH (Medical Subject Headings), with subheadings
  5. Use the Related Articles link, once you find a set of relevant citations
  6. Always keep in mind the question you are trying to answer when creating a search strategy and when reviewing the articles you find

» PubMed Quick Guide: Basic search help.

» PubMed exercise set (PDF; from the Public Health Library): Step-by-step instructions to get you proficient in PubMed.

» Combining search terms with Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT - remember Venn diagrams?)

» Filters: Limit your search by language, age group, publication type, publication date, and more.
   Also use Filters to restrict your search to words in the article title, abstract, or Medical Subject Heading (MeSH).
   Note that Filters stay in effect until you clear them.

» Use Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
» Saving citations temporarily using the Clipboard

» My NCBI: Saving search results, searches, and more: customize PubMed to meet your needs.

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Beyond PubMed: Other Resources for Finding Journal Articles   Getting Started with UC-eLinks     access paid by UCB

Remember those PubMed "Top Tips"?
Most are applicable to the databases below, as well as several other databases you may find yourself using.

Chicano Database
Citations on Mexican-American topics and on other Latino cultures (eg, Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants). Subject coverage includes art, language, sociology, public policy, economics, history, literature, politics, and law.
» Chicano Database does use a controlled vocabulary. Click Indexes near the top, and browse the Subject indexes for terms. (Not all terms in this Subject index are from the controlled vocabulary; a complete list is in this Word document.)
» What's not in PubMed?
    Broad scope of topic coverage on Hispanic Americans.

Ethnic NewsWatch
The Ethnic NewsWatch database contains news, culture and history from hundreds of publications of the ethnic, minority and native press. Ethnic NewsWatch is searchable by language and ethnic group. Ethnic NewsWatch includes books and journal articles, but is primarily a database of news media. Researching in news media is a good way to understand popular expressions/reactions to your topic.
» Ethnic NewsWatch does use a controlled vocabulary. Click Thesaurus above the search boxes to search or browse for terms.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Best coverage of ethnic and cultural press.

Global Health
Citations in environmental and occupational health, food safety and hygiene, infectious diseases, medical microbiology, nutrition, public health, toxicology, zoonoses, and more. Sources include journals, books, reports, conference proceedings, patents, theses, and electronic only publications. Significantly more international coverage than PubMed.
» Global Health does use a controlled vocabulary. Use the drop-down menu and select Descriptors then click to browse the thesaurus.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Search by (relatively narrow) geographic locations (ie, setting), or country in which work published.
» Global Health Database Exercise (PDF; from the Public Health Library)
» Global Health Help (PDF)

Citations in psychology, behavior, and related disciplines; includes citations of journal articles, conference proceedings, books and book chapters, reports and dissertations.
» PsycINFO does use a controlled vocabulary. Click Thesaurus to search or browse terms.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Economic security, community attitudes, socioeconomic class attitudes, labeling, test/measurement index ...
» PsycINFO Quick Guide (PDF)

Sociological Abstracts
Citations in demography, education, law, social psychology, and sociology. Sources include journals, books, conferences and meetings, and dissertations.
» Sociological Abstracts does use a controlled vocabulary. Click Thesaurus to search or browse terms.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Cultural capital, peer relations, victimization, family structure, strategies, neighborhoods, social constructionism, ...
» Sociological Abstracts Exercise (PDF; from the Public Health Library)
» Sociological Abstracts Guide

Web of Science
Large, multidisciplinary database; links to cited articles and times cited are provided for retrieved articles.
» Web of Science does not use a controlled vocabulary; it uses author keywords and keywords assigned algorithmically.
» What's not in PubMed?
    Scope of database is broad; best resources for cited reference searching.
» Cited Reference Searching exercise (PDF; from the Public Health Library)
» Cited Reference Searching

Use the library catalog to find books, reports, etc. on your topic.
Over 11 million volumes; maybe there's one on your topic:
» OskiCat: UCB library catalog  |  OskiCat Help

The above are but a sample of the many databases available to find article and other citations.
See the Public Health Library's Indexes and Databases web page for more.
Ask a librarian for help if you are having trouble with your topic.

You may also find the Public Health Library's Ethnic Groups Health Resources web page useful. Check it out!

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Learn About Your Community, aka Statistics

What to consider when looking at survey or estimated data:
Adopted from information on the UCSF Family Health Outcomes Project web site

US Census

State and County QuickFacts
Quickly get recent state, county, and city demographics (including age, race/ethnicity, income, residence) and business information. Use American Factfinder to locate detailed Census tables.


Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: BRFSS
BRFSS tracks health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States. BRFSS provides state- and metro area-specific prevalence and trends information about issues such as asthma, diabetes, health care access, alcohol use, hypertension, obesity, cancer screening, nutrition and physical activity, tobacco use, and more.
» BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data: Information on about 20 topics/categories.
» BRFSS SMART (Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends): Analyzed BRFSS data of selected areas with over 500 respondents.

Provides a single point of access to a wide variety of public health reports and data systems, both local and external, categorized by topic, alphabetically, or by utilizing online query systems.

Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
Statistics and data on illnesses and injuries on the job and data on worker fatalities.

California and Local Statistics

California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)
Quick access to state and local data on hundreds of health topics. Run your own customized search using AskCHIS, review publications and data summaries, and more. CHIS is the state's largest health survey.

California Department of Public Health: Statistics
Links to several statistical resources from the California Department of Public Health, including communicable disease data, HIV/AIDS statistics, birth and death data, and more.

Data and Statistics, California Department of Education
Data on school enrollment, non-English language learners, free lunch numbers, teacher data, class size, and much more.

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Critically Evaluating What You Find

What is evidence? Things to keep in mind:

Reliability and validity
Adopted from Chapter 3, Conducting research literature reviews : from the Internet to paper, by Arlene Fink; Sage, 2010.
Reliable data collection: relatively free from "measurement error."
  » Is the survey written at a reading level too high for the people completing it?
Validity refers to how well a measure assesses what it claims to measure
  » If the survey is supposed to measure "quality of life," how is that concept defined?

Critical Appraisal of Intervention Studies is a free online learning module from Canada's National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools.
It demonstrates how to assess the quality of an intervention study and how to develop skill in applying critical appraisal to enable you to determine whether that intervention can be applied to your own public health situation.
  » Here is a summary table of basic considerations for critical appraisal of intervention studies

The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (UK) has a nice set of brief PDF checklist documents on critically evaluating different types of studies (eg, cohort studies, case-control studies, qualitative studies, etc.).
  » This web page also includes a nice summary of "critical reading."

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Citing and Keeping Track of Citations

Citation Guides: A list of online resources to help you with consistent citing.

EndNote, RefWorks, Zotero, Mendeley, and other such tools can help you keep track of citations you find. In addition, these programs will let you link to or store PDF files in your personal database, as well as work with Word to correctly cite citations.
» The web page linked above has some exercise sets to help you learn how to use these tools.
Information on a substantial student discount for EndNote is available from the Cal Student Store. Call 642-9000 ext. 697. RefWorks is licensed by the UCB Library and is free to use while you are here. Zotero and Mendeley are free to anyone.

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