Physics-Astronomy Library, University of California, Berkeley
       Astronomy: Library Resources for papers, poster presentations, research
  This guide will lead you to selected astronomy resources in the University of California, Berkeley libraries and on the internet.
For additional assistance, please consult the Physics-Astronomy Librarian, 351 Le Conte Hall.
UC Berkeley faculty, registered students and staff should use Off-Campus Access Services
  Susan Koskinen
Physics-Astronomy Library
  Get Started Do Research
  1. Get Organized / Gather your notes 6. Use Basic Sources: dictionaries, encyclopedias & atlases...
  2. Choose a topic 7. Refine Your Topic: focus...
  3. Define and Deconstruct: ask questions, look for keywords... 8. Find Books & eBooks - use keywords in library catalogs
  4. Poster Presentation - how to..... 9. Find Articles - use keywords in the best indexes
  5. Images - find, use, add copyright. 10. Scholarly Journals & eJournals - best for solid information
1. GET ORGANIZED: keep thorough notes, keep your lab notebooks (electronic or not) up to date, evaluate & organize your research.
  Writing science: how to write papers that get cited and proposals that get funded by Schimel. T11 .S35 2012 PHYS Am I making myself clear?: a scientist's guide to talking to the public/ Cornelia Dean Scientific writing and communication: papers, proposals, and presentations by Hoffman. Q223 H63 2010 A Field Guide for Science Writers by Blum et al. T11 F52 2006 PHYS Listen, write, present:the elements for communicating science and technology by Barnard & St James. T10.5 .B36 2012 PHYS The manual of scientific style: a guide for authors, editors, & researchers by Rabinowitz & Vogel. T11 .M3385 2009 PHYS
  A Field Guide for Science Writers /Deborah Blum and Mary Henig Robin Marantz Knudson. New York, 2006.
     T11 F52 2006 PHYS
  A Scientific Approach to Scientific Writing / Blackwell & Martin, 2011.
     T11 B53 2011 PHYS
  Am I making myself clear?: a scientist's guide to talking to the public/ Cornelia Dean.ebook.  
     Q223 .D43 2009  
  Scientific Writing = Thinking in Words / Lindsay, 2011.
     T11 L52864 2011 PHYS
  The craft of research / Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c2008.
     Q180.55 M4 B66 2008 PHYS Reference
  The Manual of Scientific Style: A Guide for Authors, Editors, and Researchers / Harold Rabinowitz and Suzanne Vogel, 2009.
     T11. M3385 2009 PHYS
  The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing / Richard Dawkins. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
     Q171.O87 2008  PHYS / Bios / Moffitt.
  Who Owns This Text?: Plagiarism, Authorship, and Disciplinary Cultures / Haviland, C., Joan A. Mullin. Utah: Utah State University Press, 2009.
     PN167 .W46 2009 MAIN
  Writing Scientific Research Articles: Strategy and Steps /Margaret Cargill & Patrick O'Connor. Hoboken, NJ:Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
     T11.C327 2009 PHYS
  Critical evaluation of resources – a guide to assessing resources for academic suitability.
FORMATTING Citations: into footnotes, endnotes & bibliographies.
  Citing Your Sources - guide to the main citation styles and what constitutes plagiarism.
  Columbia guide to online style / Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor. 2nd ed. NY: Columbia Univ. Press. 2006.
     PN171 F56 W35 2006 ENGI Reference
CITATION MANAGEMENT: Use bibliographic programs to download, manage citations, format papers, & create bibliographies.
  recommended BibTeX: a citations management program. This Wikipedia article, defines, illustrates and includes links to BibTeX and LaTex.
  recommended EndNote: A bibliographic management program, may be purchased from UC Berkeley's Software Central.
Citations may be saved in RefWorks and exported to EndNote.
  recommended laTeX: is designed for the production of technical and scientific documentation
  recommended RefWorks - UCB Only. A FREE web-based bibliographic management service, licensed by The Library, for UC Berkeley users.
It allows you to create your own database by importing references for footnotes and bibliographies. Use RefWorks New User Form.
  recommendedSoftware for Science Reference Management. (very good list)
This web site lists many free programs for the MAC & PC: BibDesk, Papers, Refworks, EndNote, CiteULink, Mendeley & more.
  recommended Zotero: A Firefox extension that works exclusively with the Firefox browser. Citations may be exported to EndNote.
Tutorials: -- Managing Citations & Documents. web guide for astronomy & physics.
UC Berkeley Library Online tutorials. A directory on the Public Health Library’s web site.
2. CHOOSE A TOPIC:  review the literature, BROWSE popular journals, your textbook, reference materials & library shelves to find a topic that appeals to you.
3. DEFINE & DECONSTRUCT: breakdown your topic or idea as a question, develop a keyword vocabulary
  Write your research topic as a question, subject idea or thesis statement.
            Example: Is Pluto a planet?
  List the main concepts, CREATE your own vocabulary of keyword, authors, publications...specific to your topic.
Planets, history of  - astronomy, controversial?
Solar system.
Pluto (Dwarf planet)

Search keywords, phrases and synonyms; include people, discoveries, materials. Using similar keywords will create a pattern to your research, allowing you to narrow your results.
planet type =
history = time period discovered
unique details =
astronomer = Clyde William Tombaugh
Tombaugh, Clyde William, 1906-1997.
Astronomers -- United States -- Biography.
Pluto (Dwarf

Remember to include alternate spellings  Use truncation or wildcards (* or ?) for variations of words (e.g. vatican*)
4. POSTER PRESENTATIONS - use this guide to put your poster together and present it.
5. IMAGES, PHOTOS, DATA, ILLUSTRATIONS - add to your paper & poster; use histories and journal articles.
  Internet search engines, click on images. Reminder that web image searches only find a small fraction of imagery available online.
  • Google Image Search
  • Yahoo image search
  • Bing Image Search
  • Tineye is a reverse image search, finding similar images to one you provide.

    Photography Agencies and Stock Photography Houses that sell images for publication. They frequently own large collections of historic photographs.
  • Arcaid
  • Associated Press/Accunet
  • Magnum Photos (historical photos from Magnumsearch able in ARTstor)
  • Getty Images
  • Corbis, including the Bettmann Photo archive
  • Esto Photographic

    Image sharing websites are websites where users upload photographs and can search for images other users have added. Many users upload quantities of scanned material and submit their photographs to groupings of similar images. Some are more reliable than others but be careful about accuracy and proper copyright when using them

  • 6. BASIC RESOURCES for a topic overview. Note keywords, terms, authors, bibliographies. Browse planets, scientists, discoveries, developments.
    recommended Bibliographies | Dictionaries | Encyclopedias & Atlases | History
    BIBLIOGRAPHIES: are lists of references. These are great tools, Look in the back of books, the end of chapters, use YOUR textbook, follow footnotes in articles.
    ASTRONOMY DICTIONARIES: concepts, terminology, definitions, & spelling (in all languages), history & illustrations of discoveries, elements, features.
    1. Cambridge Illustrated Dictionary of Astronomy / Jacqueline Mitton. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
    2. QB14 .M553 2007 PHYS Reference
    3. A Dictionary of Astronomy / Ian Ridpath. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
      QB14 .D52 2007 PHYS Reference
    4. The Facts on File Dictionary of Astronomy / ed. by John Daintith, William Gould. 5th ed. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2006.
      QB14 .F3 2006 PHYS Reference
    5. Mcgraw-Hill Dictionary of Astronomy. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003.
      QB14 .M36 2003 PHYS Reference
    ASTRONOMY ENCYCLOPEDIAS & ATLASES: historical overview, and often include bibliographies on your topic.
    1. Atlas of the Messier Objects: Highlights of the Deep Sky / Ronald Stoyan. English ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
    2. QB65 .A8513 2008 PHYS
    3. The Canopus Encyclopedia of Astronomy / Paul Murdin & Margaret Penston. Bristol: Canopus, 2004.
      QB14.C36 2004 PHYS Reference.
    4. Digital Universe Atlas. Hayden Planetarium and NASA, joint project.
    5. Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics - covers field of astronomy and astrophysics, updated frequently.
    7. Encyclopedia of Physical Science & Technology
    8. Updated daily.
    9. Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy / Joseph A. Angelo. New York, NY: Facts On File, 2006.
    10. QB136 .A55 2006 PHYS Reference
    11. Norton's Star Atlas and Reference Handbook, Epoch 2000.0 / Ridpath, Ian, Arthur P. Norton. 20th ed. New York: Pi Press, 2004.
      QB64 .R43 2004 Reference
    12. The Observer's Sky Atlas: With 50 Star Charts Covering the Entire Sky / Erich Karkoschka. 3rd enl. ed, New York: Springer, 2007.
      QB65 .K3713 2007 PHYS
    13. Oxford Reference Online: links to 9 astronomy dictionaries and encyclopedias.
    HISTORY: overview & context, with dates, locations, special sites, names of astronomers & scientists; often include bibliographies.
    1. Astronomy and culture / Edith Hetherington and Norriss S. Hetherington. Greenwood Press, 2009.
    2. GN476.3 H48 2009 PHYS
    3. The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy / Michael A. Hoskin. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
      QB15 .C35 1999 PHYS
    4. Cosmic Discoveries: The Wonders of Astronomy / David H. Levy & Wendee Wallach-Levy. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2001.
      QB35. L48 2001 PHYS
    5. Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology / John David North. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
      QB15 .N67 2008 PHYS
    6. The Day We Found the Universe / Marci Bartusiak.  New York: Pantheon Books, 2009.
    7. QB15 .B37 2009 PHYS
    8. Episodes from the Early History of Astronomy / Asger Aaboe.  New York: Springer, 2001.
      QB15 .A15 2001 PHYS
    9. Eyes on the Skies: 400 Years of Telescopic Discovery / Govert Schilling & Lars Lindberg Christensen. Chichester: Wiley-VCH, 2009.
    10. QB88 .S356 2009 PHYS
    11. The History of Astronomy / Heather Couper, Nigel Henbest, and Arthur C. Clarke,. Richmond Hill, Ont.: Firefly Books, 2007.
      QB15 .C647 2007 PHYS
    12. Journal for the History of Astronomy. Chalfont St. Guiles, Buckinghamshire etc.: Science History Publications etc.
      QB15 .J68 PHYS
    13. People and the Sky: Our Ancestors and the Cosmos / Anthony F. Aveni. London: Thames & Hudson, 2008.
      QB44.3 .A94 2008
    14. Planetary Motions: A Historical Perspective / Norriss S. Hetheringtoin. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2006.
      QB15 .H59 2006 PHYS
    15. Setting Sail for the Universe: Astronomers and Their Discoveries / Donald Fernie. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2002.
      QB15 .F39 2002 PHYS
    7. REFINE YOUR TOPIC: determine if your research should be narrower or broader.
    8. FIND E-BOOKS & BOOKS: for in-depth coverage + often include bibliographies.
    Use Library catalogs: OskiCat (UC Bekeley) & Melvyl (UC System) - search using keywords or subject headings for title, subject, author.
      ~ time period: when did your person, place or event happen?
    ~ discoveries, sites or events: is this place more well known than the event?
    ~ location: city, state, or country: where, what was the state of affairs?
    ~ series or a named set of books: Albert Einsteins papers.
    ~ an astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist: current or historical?
    ~ corporate authors are: observatories, laboratories, space labs, NASA and others.
    9. FIND ARTICLES: for new discoveries, more data & primary (original) resources. Use INDEXES to identify articles within periodical and newspaper titles.
    This is a citation for AN ARTICLE:  example from a search in the Web of Science index.
    Article TITLE:
    Discovery of Sn 2009nz Associated with Grb 091127
    Cobb, B. E., J. S. Bloom, D. A. Perley, A. N. Morgan, S. B. Cenko, and A. V. Filippenko
    Astrophysical Journal Letters 718, no. 2 (2010): L150-L55.
    "We report SMARTS, Gemini, and Swift -UVOT observations of the optical transient (OT) associated with gamma-ray burst (GRB) 091127, at redshift 0.49, taken between 0.9 hr and 102 days following the Swift trigger. In our early-time observations, the OT fades in a manner consistent with previously observed GRB afterglows. However, after nine days post-burst, the OT is observed to brighten for a period of ~ two weeks, after which the source resumes fading."
     |  Summary »  |  Full Text »  |  PDF »
    Hot Tips--
    Journals, Periodicals, Magazines, and Serials: all refer to the same thing. Many Journal articles are NOT included in Library Catalogs.
      Learn the differences between Scholarly, Trade & Popular Journals.
      REMEMBER: Not all articles are available electronically or full text; use   for call numbers & locations for print journals.
    SEARCH the BEST INDEXES for articles.Use: Physics-Astronomy Library indexes & abstracts list for more indexes on your topic.
    1. Academic search complete - Coverage:1865--present
    2. ADS - The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System Abstract Service.
    3. arXiv - Open access e-prints.
    4. Compendex - Engineering research. Coverage: 1884--present.
    5. INSPEC - best for astronomy and physics. Coverage: 1898--present.
    6. JSTOR - Full text archive of scholarly literature, includes the 'Journal for the History of Astronomy'. Coverage varies.
    7. ProQuest Research library - some full text. Coverage: 1971—present
    8. Web of Science
    10. SCHOLARLY JOURNALS: are peer-reviewed, have editorial boards. See - Scholarly, Trade & Popular Journals
    Selected list of English language scholarly astronomy journals, most of these are electronic journals.
    1. adAstra: National Space Society
    2. Advances in Space Research
    3. Archaeoastronomy. Chalfont St. Giles, Eng.: Science History Publications, 1979. 1979-2002.
    4. Astronomical Journal
    5. Astronomical Society of the Pacific
    6. Astronomy. Milwaukee, Wis.: AstroMedia Corp., Articles listed in academic search complete.
    7. Astronomy & Astrophysics. EDP Publishing.
    8. Journal for the History of Astronomy. Chalfont St. Guiles, Buckinghamshire: Science History Publications etc. QB15 .J68. PHYS
    9. Nature, the international weekly journal of science.
    10. New Astronomy Reviews. was Vistas in Astronomy. via Elsevier, ScienceDirect.
    11. New Scientist. Q1 N45
    12. Physics Today
    13. Planetary Report.  Pasadena, CA: The Planetary Society. QB600. P54 PHYS
    14. Sky & Telescope. Cambridge, MA: Sky & Telescope Media. PHYS QB1 S492. PHYS
    15. Solar System Research. SpringerLink. 12 month delay.
    16. Star Date. Austin, TX: The University of Texas at Austin, McDonald Observatory. QB82 U62 PHYS
    17. Science. 1880-2003 via JSTOR. Current issues: 2004-- American Association for the Advancement of Science. Q1 S33
    18. Scientific American Check the catalogs for more links to this journal.
    19. The Sky. New York: Sky Pub. Corp. etc. QB1 .S535.

    20. Links to useful UC Berkeley sites: Office for the hIstory of Science and Technology.
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