William Wyler:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

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Journal Articles

Articles and Books on Individual films


Anderegg, Michael A.
William Wyler / Michael A. Anderegg Boston : Twayne Publishers, 1979 (Series: Twayne's theatrical arts series)
Moffitt PN1998.A3.W913
Main Stack PN1998.A3.W92 A6

Bazin, Andre
"William Wyler, or the Jansenist of Directing." In: Bazin at work : major essays & reviews from the forties & fifties / Andre Bazin ; translated from the French by Alain Piette and Bert Cardullo ; edited by Bert Cardullo. New York : Routledge, 1997.
Main Stack PN1995.B324 1997

Bowman, Barbara.
Master space : film images of Capra, Lubitsch, Sternberg, and Wyler / Barbara Bowman. New York : Greenwood Press, 1992. Contributions to the study of popular culture ; no. 31
Main Stack PN1995.9.P7.B64 1992
Moffitt PN1995.9.P7.B64 1992

Herman, Jan
A talent for trouble : the life of Hollywood's most acclaimed director, William Wyler / Jan Herman. New York : G.P. Putnam's Sons, c1995.
Main Stack PN1998.3.W95.H47 1995
Moffitt PN1998.3.W95.H47 1995

Kern, Sharon.
William Wyler, a guide to references and resources / Sharon Kern. Boston, Mass. : G.K. Hall, c1984. Reference publication in film.
Main Stack PN1998.A3.W916 1984
Moffitt PN1998.A3.W916 1984

Madsen, Axel.
William Wyler: the authorized biography New York, Crowell [1973]
Main Stack PN1998.A3.W92
Moffitt PN1998.A3.W92

Phillips, Gene D.
"William Wyler." In: Exiles in Hollywood : major European film directors in America / Gene D. Phillips. Bethlehem : Lehigh University Press ; London : Associated University Presses, c1998.
Main Stack PN1998.2.P54 1998
Moffitt PN1998.2.P54 1998

Sarris, Andrew.
"William Wyler." In: "You ain't heard nothin' yet" : the American talking film, history & memory, 1927-1949 / Andrew Sarris. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Main Stack PN1995.7.S27 1998
Moffitt PN1995.7.S27 1998

"William Wyler." In: Conversations with the great moviemakers of Hollywood's golden age at the American Film Institute / edited and with an introduction by George Stevens, Jr. Edition 1st ed. New York : A. A. Knopf, 2006.
Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main Stack PN1998.2.A45 2006
PFA PN1998.2.A45 2006

Journal Articles

Bazin, Andre.
"William Wyler, or the Jansenist of Directing." New Orleans Review. 12 (4): 47-59. 1985 Winter

"Director." Time v. 39 (June 29 1942) p. 72-3

Herman, J.
"William Wyler. Early days at Universal." Griffithiana nr 51-52 (Oct 1994); p 212-249
Profiles the work of director William Wyler at Universal Studio, in particular his westerns such as the early sound period "Hell's heroes". (With Italian translation.)

Isaacs, H.R.
"William Wyler, director with a passion and a craft." Theatre Arts v. 31 (February 1947) p. 20-4

Orr, Christopher
"Authorship in the Hawks/Wyler film Come and get it." Wide Angle Vol VI nr 1 (1984); p 20-26
Using an analysis of "Come and get it", a film co-directed by Howard Hawks and William Wyler, two 'auteurs', discusses the contradictions of the auteur theory.

Scott, A.O.
"A director whose class is his burden." (William Wyler) The New York Times Sept 29, 2002 pAR15(N) pAR15(L) col 4 (15 col in)

"Talk with the director." Newsweek v. 59 (March 12 1962) p. 101-2


Maslin, Janet
"Wyler is dead at 79; director had won 3 Academy Awards." (William Wyler) (obituary) The New York Times July 29, 1981 v130 p1(N) pA1(LC) col 1 (29 col in)

"William Wyler is dead at 79." (obituary) Variety July 29, 1981 v303 p4(2)

Books & Articles on Individual Films

Ben Hur

Apostolos-Cappadona, Diane.
"The Art of 'Seeing': Classical Painting and Ben-Hur." In: Image & likeness : religious visions in American film classics / edited by John R. May. New York : Paulist Press, c1992. Isaac Hecker studies in religion and American culture.
Main Stack PN1995.5.I46 1992

Devore, Gary.
"'I'M QUEER!' 'No! I'M QUEER!': Hollywood Homosexuality and Roman Epic Films." Popular Culture Review. 10 (1): 127-38. 1999 Feb.

Kozloff, Sarah
"Wyler’s Wars." Film History: An International Journal Volume 20, Number 4, 2008
UC users only

Pentz-Harris, Marcia L.; Seger, Linda ; Palmer, R. Barton.
"Screening male sentimental power in Ben-Hur." In: Nineteenth-century American fiction on screen / edited by R. Barton Palmer. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .N54 2007

Richards, Peter
"Whose Hur?" Film Comment Vol XXXV nr 2 (Mar-Apr 1999); p 38-42
Analysis of Wyler's "Ben Hur" which describes the themes, the actors and the screenplay.
"In its day, Ben Hur, like Titanic, was the most expensive movie ever made. It won 11 Oscars and made a fortune, but also like Titanic, it failed to win any writing awards. Both tell across-class-barriers love stories, and both frame the romance against the background of an awful, real-life event. Ben Hur was adapted from General Lew Wallace's 1880 novel, a heavy-going 19th-century religious melodrama. The adaptation of the story to the screenplay by five writers, including Gore Vidal, is examined." [Art Index]

Tuszynski, Susan
"A Cold War Cautionary Tale: Heterosexuality and Ideology in William Wyler's Ben-Hur." Journal of Popular Film & Television. Fall 2006. Vol. 34, Iss. 3; p. 116 (7 pages)
UC users only

Winchell, Mark Royden
"Racing for glory : Fred Niblo's Ben-Hur (1926) and William Wyler's Ben-Hur (1959)." In: God, man, and Hollywood : politically incorrect cinema from "The birth of a nation" to "The Passion of the Christ" / Mark Royden Winchell. Wilmington, Del. : ISI Books, c2008.
Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.W53 2008
PFA PN1995.9.S6.W53 2008

The Best Years of Our Lives

Armstrong, Richard.
"The Best Years of Our Lives: Planes of innocence and experience." By: Film International 2007, Vol. 5 Issue 6, p83-91, 9p
UC users only

Beidler, Philip D.
"Remembering The Best Years of Our Lives." Virginia Quarterly Review: A National Journal of Literature and Discussion. 72 (4): 589-604. 1996 Autumn.
UC users only

"The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) and Reintegrating Post-War Vets." (Cinema Studies). (Brief Article) Michigan Academician Spring 2002 v34 i1 p24(1)

Bohn, Anna
"Die besten Jahre unseres Lebens : German Reviews (1948)." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 26, Number 2, June 2006, pp. 241-246(6)
UC users only

Chell, Samuel L.
"Music and Emotion in the Classic Hollywood Film: The Case of The Best Years of Our Lives." Film Criticism. 8 (2): 27-38. 1984 Winter.
UC users only

Chopra-Gant, Mike.
"The Myth of Classlessness." In: Hollywood genres and postwar America : masculinity, family and nation in popular movies and film noir London ; New York : I.B. Tauris Pub. ; New York : Distributed in the U.S. by Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. pp: 33-37.
Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M46 C43 2006

Clooney, Nick.
"Best Years of Our Lives." In: The movies that changed us : reflections on the screen. New York : Atria Books, c2002.
Moffitt PN1993.5.U6.C57 2002

Culbert, David
"The Best Years of Our Lives: Social Engineering and Friedhofer's 'Populist' Film Score." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Volume 26, Number 2 / June 2006, Pages: 227 - 233
UC users only

Davis, Francis
"Storming the Home Front." Atlantic Monthly ; Mar2003, Vol. 291 Issue 2, p125-133, 8p
UC users only
The author offers an analysis of the 1946 film "The Best Years of Our Lives," directed by William Wyler, which depicted soldiers returning home after World War II. The author discusses the emotional and relationship problems faced by the men in the film and also discusses the subversive elements in "The Best Years of Our Lives." The author also mentions the critical reception of the film, and compares the film to modern war films.

Deutsch, James I.
"The Best Years of Our Lives and the Cincinnati Story." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 26, Number 2, June 2006, pp. 215-225(11)
UC users only

Early, Emmett
"Best Years of Our Lives." In: The war veteran in film / Emmett Early. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2003.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.V44 E27 2003

Eberwein, Robert T.
"Wounds" In: Armed forces: masculinity and sexuality in the American war film / Robert Ebe New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007.
Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only)

Garton, Joseph.
"Looking Back at the Best Years of Our Lives. Film & History Dec1975, Vol. 5 Issue 4,
UC users only

Gerber, David A.
"Anger and Affability: The Rise and Representation of a Repertory of Self-Presentation Skills in a World War II Disabled Veteran." Journal of Social History, Vol. 27, 1993
UC users only

Gerber, David A.
"Heroes And Misfits: The Troubled Social Reintegration Of Disabled Veterans In the Best Years of Our Lives." American Quarterly 1994 46(4): 545-574

Hoppenstand, Gary; Barrows, Floyd; Lunde, Erik
"Bringing the war home: William Wyler and World War II."Film & History Vol XXVII nr 1-4 (1997); p 108-118
UC users only
Discusses four films made by William Wyler which addressed the Second World War: "Mrs. Miniver", "Memphis Belle", "Thunderbolt" and "The best years of our lives".

Kozloff, Sarah
"Wyler’s Wars." Film History: An International Journal Volume 20, Number 4, 2008
UC users only

Michel, Sonya.
"Danger On The Home Front: Motherhood, Sexuality, and Disabled Veterans in American Postwar Films." Journal of the History of Sexuality 1992 3(1): 109-128 20p.
UC users only

Quart, Leonard; Auster, Albert
"The Wounded Vet in Postwar Film." Social Policy; Dec1982, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p24-31, 8p

Safran, Stephen P.
"Movie Images of Disability and War." (Critical Essay) Remedial and Special Education July 2001 v22 i4 p223
[part I] UC users only
"In this article, six Academy Award-winning movies about warfare and disability are analyzed by synthesizing historical information, characteristics of specific disability conditions, and disability-related social issues. Each film's content is examined, with emphasis on how each may potentially influence viewer understanding of disability. Implications for special education practices are discussed." [ERIC]

Shewring, Anne L.
"We didn't do that did we? Representation of the veteran experience." Journal of American & Comparative Cultures. Winter 2000. Vol. 23, Iss. 4; pg. 51, 16 pgs
UC users only
"Four films that address the issue of the returning war veteran are cited, including: (1) William Wyler's "The Best Years of Our Lives" (1946), (2) Fred Zinnemann's "The Men" (1950), (3) Hal Ashby's "Coming Home" (1978), and (4) Oliver Stone's "Born on the Fourth of July" (1989). Each deals with the experience of returning veterans from one of two conflicts, World War II or the Vietnam War. Popular culture leaves one with a sense that the experience for the Vietnam veteran was somehow different. Veteran experiences from a number of other conflicts are compared, and evidence from literature and history is examined." [IIPA]

Smith, Imogen Sara
"Dana Andrews: The Forties Hero and His Shadow." Bright Lights Film Journal, November 2008 | Issue 62

Tegel, Susan
"The Best Years of Our Lives: British Reviews (1947)." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Volume 26, Number 2 / June 2006 Pages: 235 - 239
UC Berkeley users only

Toles, George E.
"This may hurt a little: the art of humiliation in film." Film Quarterly v. 48 (Summer 1995) p. 2-14
UCB users only
"Narrative films abound in humiliation scenes. Their structure commonly traces a movement from a scalding exposure to a partial replenishment of dignity. The hole that has burned open in a character's self-image is usually closed up by a surge of spectator sympathy/identification that has been orchestrated by the director. The camera takes the audience to the edge of what it can bear to witness of another's writhing in shame, then answers its need for a reprieve, providing some sort of image protection or veiling which the audience is tempted to regard as its own doing. The writer offers detailed examples of the mechanism of humiliation in the following films: The Best Years of Our Lives (William Wyler, 1946); The Tenant (Roman Polanski, 1976); Humoresque (Jean Negulesco, 1946); and The Blue Angel (Josef von Sternberg, 1930)." [Art Index]

The Big Country

Coyne, Michael.
"Dysfunctional Family Structures in Classical Westerns, 1956-1961: The Gunfighter, Shane, The Searchers, and The Last Sunset." In: The crowded prairie : American national identity in the Hollywood western / Michael Coyne. London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; [New York : distributed by St. Martin's Press], 1997.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.W4 C69 1997

Heston, Charlton
"And the West is history." (tribute to motion picture director William Wyler and his film 'The Big Country') . National Review Dec 28, 1992 v44 n25 p38(3) (2860 words)
"Wyler's classic film epitomized an 'indigenous' American art form: the big-budget, western motion picture extravaganza. He applied his script editing talents, however, to maintain simplicity and boldness in his direction which proved that less is more." [Expanded Academic Index]

The Children's Hour

Cavanagha, Sheila L.
"Sex in the lesbian teacher's closet: the hybrid proliferation of queers in school." Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education Volume 29, Issue 3, 2008
UC users only

Erhart, Julia.
"'She Could Hardly Invent Them!' From Epistemological Uncertainty to Discursive Production: Lesbianism in The Children's Hour." Camera Obscura, vol. 35. 1995 May. pp: 87-105.
UC users only

Fleche, Anne.
"The Lesbian Rule: Lillian Hellman and the Measures of Realism." Modern Drama v39, n1 (Spring, 1996):16 (15 pages).

Hayes, Richard.
""These Three": The Influence of William Wyler and Gregg Toland on Lillian Hellman." Literature Film Quarterly, 2009, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p176-183, 8p
UC users only
This article discusses the influence of film writers William Wyler and Gregg Toland on plays written by writer Lillian Hellman. Hellman is a writer from eastern U.S. who had been professionally involved with the Hollywood film industry for a long time. Hollywood was dubbed by writer George Jean Nathan as "Hollywood-as-destroyer," for attracting talented playwrights from the eastern U.S. to large money in the film industry. Hellman has adopted the democratic and visual style of Wyler and Toland in her plays, such as "The Children's Hour."

Rapf, J.E.
"'A Larger Thing': John Michael Hayes and The Children's Hour." Post Script IX/1-2, Fall-Winter 89-90; p.38-52.
Compares the treatment of alleged lesbianism in Lillian Hellman's 1934 play 'The Children's Hour' with that in William Wyler's 1961 film version.

Rich, Jennifer A..
"'(W)Right in the Faultlines': The Problematic of Identity in William Wyler's The Children's Hour." In: The queer sixties / edited by Patricia Juliana Smith. pp: 187-200 New York: Routledge, 1999.
Main Stack PS153.G38.Q44 1999

Titus, Mary.
"Murdering the Lesbian: Lillian Hellman's The Children's Hour." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 10 no. 2. 1991 Fall. pp: 215-32.

Tuhkanen, Mikko.
"Breeding (and) Reading: Lesbian Knowledge, Eugenic Discipline, and The Children's Hour." MFS: Modern Fiction Studies. 48 (4): 1001-40. 2002 Winter.

Westbrook, Brett Elizabeth.
"The Lesbian Vanishes." Bright Lights Issue 28

Westbrook, Brett Elizabeth.
"The Children's Hour." Bright Lights Issue 28

Dead End

Filipcevic, Vojislava.
"Urban Planning and the Spaces of Democracy: New York of the Great Depression in 42nd Street, Dead End, and The City." Culture, Theory & Critique, Apr2010, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p65-91, 27p
UC users only

Muzzio, Douglas; Halper, Thomas
"Dead Ends: Urban Poverty and Underclass Narratives in American Movies Through the Great Depression." The Journal of Popular Culture 23 Mar 2011
UC users only

Shannon, Christopher
"Public Enemies, Local Heroes: The Irish-American Gangster Film in Classic Hollywood Cinema." New Hibernia Review Volume 9, Number 4, Geimhreadh/Winter 2005
UC users only

Springhall, John.
"Censoring Hollywood: Youth, Moral Panic and Crime/Gangster Movies of the 1930s." The Journal of Popular Culture Volume 32 Issue 3 Page 135-154, Winter 1998
UC users only

Friendly Persuasion

Cull, Nicholas J.
"Richard Nixon and the political appropriation of 'Friendly Persuasion' (1956)." (ex-president; motion picture by director William Wyler) Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television June 1999 v19 i2 p239(8)
UC users only
"Former president Richard M. Nixon was not averse to alluding to his humble origins in California but found it difficult to promote his family and heritage in the manner that the public expected. However, he enjoyed an advantage denied to other US presidents, and this was the 1956 major motion picture 'Friendly Persuasion' by director William Wyler that was based on a novel written by Nixon's cousin, Jessamyn West. Nixon was to use this film toward his political ends in 1970." [Expanded Academic Index]

Dmohowski, Joseph
"The Friendly persuasion (1956) screenplay controversy: Michael Wilson, Jessamyn West, and the Hollywood blacklist." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Vol XXII nr 4 (Oct 2002); p 491-514
"Friendly persuasion" was released without a screenwriting credit. This article looks at the controversy which led to the screenwriting team being deprived of the recognition they deserved due to the Hollywood blacklisting.

Funny Girl

The Heiress

Carlson, Jerry W.
"Washington Square and The Heiress: Comparing Artistic Forms." In: The Classic American Novel and the Movies. / edited by Gerald Peary and Robert Shatzkin. pp: 95-104. New York: F. Ungar Pub. Co., c1977. (Series: Ungar film library)
Main Stack PN1997.85.C55

Kanfer, Stefan.
"Past perfect and imperfect." The New Leader. Mar 13, 1995. Vol. 78, Iss. 3; p. 22 (2 pages)
UC users only

Lyons, Donald.
"Theaters of cruelty." ('The Age of Innocence' and 'The Heiress') (Cover Story) Film Comment Nov-Dec 1993 v29 n6 p20(2)
UC users only
Martin Scorsese admits that William Wyler's 'The Heiress' influenced the making of 'The Age of Innocence.' Both films feature ladies who are cruelly dropped by a suitor. Scorsese also borrowed techniques used by Wyler.

Raw, Laurence.
"Reconstructing Henry James: The Heiress."
UC users only Literature/Film Quarterly. 30 (4): 243-48. 2002.
" The author analyzes "The Heiress," the film adaptation of Henry James' "Washington Square." The film, made in 1949 by director William Wyler, starred actress Olivia de Havilland. Production details and critical response to the film are presented, along with comparisons to the original book and a theatrical adaptation." [Expanded Academic Index]

Shargel, Raphael
"The Heiress. (movie reviews) The New Leader, Dec 29, 1997 v80 n19 p32(2)

Swaab, Peter.
"The End of Embroidery: From Washington Square to The Heiress." In: Henry James on stage and screen / edited by John R. Bradley. pp: 56-71 Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000.
Main Stack PS2127.F55.H46 2000

Toles, George.
"Eloquent objects, mesmerizing commodities in William Wyler's The Heiress." Film International , 2006, Vol. 4 Issue 22, p48-67, 20p
UC users only


Bibler, Michael P.
"Always the Tragic Jezebel: New Orleans, Katrina, and the Layered Discourse of a Doomed Southern City." Southern Cultures, Summer2008, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p6-27, 22p
UC users only

Dyer, Richard
"White."Screen Vol XXIX nr 4 (Autumn 1988); p 44-64
Discussion of the representation of 'whiteness' in mainstream film, illustrated by "Simba", "Jezebel" and "Night of the living dead".

Gaines, Janet Howe
Music in the old bones : Jezebel through the ages / Janet Howe Gaines. Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, c1999.
Main (Gardner) Stacks BS580.J45 G35 1999

Girgus, Sam B.
"Historical Melodramas and Conservative Social Maintenance." In: American cinema of the 1930s : themes and variations / edited by Ina Rae Hark. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85735 2007

Jeter, Ida.
"Jezebel and the Emergence of the Hollywood Tradition of a Decadent South." The Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South. 19 (3-4): 31-46. 1981 Spring-Summer.

Kemp, Peter H.
"The Lady in Red: Jezebel." Senses of Cinema,
UC users only

Schatz, Thomas.
"'A Triumph of Bitchery': Warner Bros., Bette Davis and Jezebel." Wide Angle: A Film Quarterly of Theory, Criticism, and Practice. 10 (1): 16-29. 1988.,
On Bette Davis's trajectory from contract player to Warner Brothers' studio star during the 1930's with special reference to "Jezebel".

Schatz, Thomas.
"'A Triumph of Bitchery': Warner Bros., Bette Davis and Jezebel." In: The studio system / edited, and with an introduction by Janet Staiger. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1995.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U65 S77 1995
Bancroft PN1993.5.U65 S77 1995

Van Doren, Mark.
"Films: Jezebel." Nation; 3/26/1938, Vol. 146 Issue 13, p365-366, 2p
UC users only

The Letter

Heil, Douglas.
"The Construction of Racism through Narrative and Cinematography in The Letter." Literature/Film Quarterly. 24 (1): 17-25. 1996.,
UC users only
"Considers Hollywood's dismissive treatment of racial minorities through the years; focuses on the example of Orientals in "The letter", comparing this with their depiction in Somerset Maugham's original short story." [FIAF]

McGuire, John Thomas.
"Rending the Veils of Illusion: W. Somerset Maugham's The Letter and Its Two Definitive Film Interpretations." Framework: The Journal of Cinema and Media Volume 53, Number 1, Spring 2012
UC users only

Salzberg, Ana.
"William Wyler's Uncanny Creation: The Fantôme Fatale in The Letter." Philament 13 (2008 Dec): 80-99.

Mrs. Miniver

Christensen, Jerome.
"Studio Identity and Studio Art: MGM, Mrs. Miniver, and Planning the Postwar Era." ELH. 67 (1): 257-92. 2000 Spring.,
UC users only

Hoppenstand, Gary; Barrows, Floyd; Lunde, Erik
"Bringing the war home: William Wyler and World War II."Film & History Vol XXVII nr 1-4 (1997); p 108-118
Discusses four films made by William Wyler which addressed the Second World War: "Mrs. Miniver", "Memphis Belle", "Thunderbolt" and "The best years of our lives".

Jurca, Catherine.
"What the Public Wanted: Hollywood, 1937-1942." Cinema Journal; Winter2008, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p3-25, 23p
UC users only

Kozloff, Sarah
"Wyler’s Wars." Film History: An International Journal Volume 20, Number 4, 2008
UC users only

"Mrs. Miniver."
In: Twenty best film plays, edited by John Gassner and Dudley Nichols. New York, Crown Publishers [1943]
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1887.A1 G32

Roman Holiday

Murphy, Amy
"Traces of the Flâneuse." Journal of Architectural Education; Sep2006, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p33-42, 10p, 13 bw
UC users only

Wuthering Heights

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