The Movies and Social Class












U.S. films
Foreign Films

Labor Themes in the Movies
The Homeless, Hobos, Tramps, and Bums in the Movies
The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity

Beach, Christopher. Class, language and American film comedy Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2002. [full-text available online (UCB users only); print version: MAIN: PN1995.9.C55 B43 2002
Benshoff, Harry M. America on film : representing race, class, gender, and sexuality at the movies Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub., 2004. (MOFF: PN1995.9.M56 B46 2004; ETHN: PN1995.9.M56 B46 2004)
Foster, Gwendolyn Audrey. Class-passing : social mobility in film and popular culture Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, c2005. (MAIN: P94.65.U6 F67 2005; MOFF: P94.65.U6 F67 2005)
Gandal, Keith. Class representation in modern literature and film New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. (MAIN: PS228.S63 G36 2007)
The Hidden foundation: cinema and the question of class / David E. James and Rick Berg, editors. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c1996. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.P6 H5 1996)
Sharot, Stephen. "Class Rise as a Reward for Disinterested Love: Cross-Class Romance Films, 1915-28." Journal of Popular Culture; Jun2010, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p583-599, 17p UC users only

U.S. Films

Alice Adams (1935)
Directed by George Stevens. Cast: Katharine Hepburn, Fred MacMurray, Fred Stone, Evelyn Venable, Hattie McDaniel. Social climber Alice tries to push her clodhopper family to the background and assumes airs to win the love of an amiable, wealthy young man. In this tender comedy of Americana and manners each must overcome the obstacles of their backgrounds for their love to flourish.

"The highlight of the film is the classic, tragically funny, disastrous dinner-party scene. The aspiring, pretentious Alice hopelessly wishes to rise up above the low-social prominence of her vulgar, poor family. To impress Arthur, her rich new suitor, she has planned a "stylish" dinner party at her own home - in the wilting humidity and heat - she fiercely wishes to make a good impression by having conned Arthur into believing that her folks are well-to-do. She has fictionalized her life to him and forced everyone in her family to pretend that they are something other than themselves." [from Tim Dirks' FilmSite] Based on the novel by Booth Tarkingston. 99 min. DVD 1562

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Schwartz, Nancy L. "From American Tragedy to Small-Town Dream-Come-True" In:

In: The Classic American novel and the movies / edited by Gerald Peary and Robert Shatzkin ; with halfto New York : F. Ungar Pub. Co., c1977. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .C55)

All That Heaven Allows (1961)
Directed by Douglas Sirk. Cast: Jane Wyman, Rock Hudson, Agnes Moorhead, Conrad Nagel. Cary Scott, an attractive and wealthy New England widow, creates a social outcry in her community and within her family when she becomes romantically involved with Ron Kirby, her much younger gardener. 89 min. DVD 1344
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ball of Fire (1941)
Directed by Howard Hawks. Cast: Gary Cooper, Barbara Stanwyck, Oscar Homolka, Dana Andrews, Dan Duryea, Henry Travers. When a serious-minded professor and his high brow colleagues begin work on a new encyclopedia, the professor enlists the aid of a beautiful but shady night club queen to explain slang, unaware that she is on the run from the mob. 22 min. 999:3279
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Howard Hawks bibliography

The Blot (1921)
Directed by Lois Weber. Cast: Philip Hubbard, Margaret McWade, Claire Windsor, Louis Calhern, Marie Walcamp. A downtrodden teacher's daughter is admired by a wealthy student. When the daughter becomes ill, the family's financial predicament causes the teacher's wife to be accused of stealing a chicken. 91 min. DVD 2473; vhs 999:3417
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Lois Weber bibliography

Born Yesterday (1950)
Directed by George Cukor. Cast: Judy Holliday, William Holden, Broderick Crawford. Billie, the ignorant chorus-girl mistress of Brock, a corrupt millionaire junk dealer, rebels against her role as a pawn in his business deals after she falls in love with the man whom Brock has hired to teach her "culture." 103 min. DVD 419; vhs 999:741
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Academy Award - Best Actress (Judy Holliday)
Golden Globes, USA - Best Actress (Judy Holliday)

George Cukor bibliography
Stoddart, Scott F. "George Cukor's "take" on the literacy narrative: Hollywood style." Cineaction; 1999, Issue 50, p24-31, 8p UC users only

The Breakfast Club (1985)
Directed by John Hughes. Cast: Emilio Estevez, Paul Gleason, Anthony Michael Hall, John Kapelos, Judd Nelson, Molly Ringwald, Ally Sheedy. Five teenage students with nothing in common, spend a Saturday detention together in their high school library. At 7:00 a.m. they had nothing to say, but by 4:00 p.m., they had bared their souls to each other and become friends. 98 min. DVD 3376
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Bleach, Anthony. "Postfeminist Cliques? Class, Postfeminism, and the Molly Ringwald-John Hughes Films." Cinema Journal, Spring2010, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p24-44, 21p UC users only
Lee, Christina . "Going nowhere?: the Politics of Remembering (and Forgetting) Molly Ringwald." Cultural Studies Review. Mar 2007. Vol. 13, Iss. 1; pg. 89, 16 pgs

The Bride Wore Red (1937)
Directed by Dorothy Arzner. Cast: Joan Crawford, Franchot Tone, Robert Young, Billie Burke, Reginald Owen. An Italian count, seeking to prove that social position is a matter of luck, sends a struggling down-and-out nightclub singer to a luxury resort to masquerade as a wealthy lady. From a play by Ferenc Molnar. 103 min. vhs 999:3453
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City Lights (1931)
Directed by Charles Chaplin. Cast: Charles Chaplin, Virginia Cherrill, Florence Lee, Harry Myers, Allan Garcia, Hank Mann. A tramp wins the love of a blind flower girl and attempts to obtain money from a millionaire to help her regain her sight. He eventually succeeds, even though his efforts land him in jail. While he is there, the girl has the operation and afterwards yearns to meet him. Special features: Chaplin's own score digitally recorded and married to film. Includes new digital recording of the original score conducted by Carl Davis and Chaplin's original 1931 recording, interview with musical director Carl Davis, original story notes, production data and publicity items. 87 min. DVD 217
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Clueless (1995)
Directed by Amy Heckerling. Featuring Alicia Silverstone, Paul Rudd, Brittany Murphy, Justin Walker, Wallace Shawn. It's not easy being the most popular and glamorous girl at Beverly Hills High, yet somehow 15-year-old Cher manages, even finding time for extracurricular projects like finding a love match for her debate teacher and giving a dowdy friend a fashion makeover. But Cher's tidy world starts to unravel with the sudden appearance of a sexy, stylish new classmate and Cher's square but cute "ex-stepbrother" 97 min. DVD 979; VHS 999:1403
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Cluny Brown (1946)
Directed by Ernst Lubitsch. Cast: Charles Boyer, Jennifer Jones, Peter Lawford, Helen Walker, Reginald Gardiner, Reginald Owen. Cluny Brown, an amateur plumber, is sent by her uncle to work as a servant at an English country estate. While there, she becomes friendly with Adam Belinski, an author and Czech refugee. Based on the novel by Margery Sharp. 100 min. DVD X6241
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Coming to America (1988)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall, James Earl Jones, John Amos, Madge Sinclair, Shari Headley. Murphy plays a very wealthy and pampered African prince who comes to America in search of a bride. Accompanied by his closest companion, Murphy quickly finds a job, new friends, new digs, new enemies--and lots of trouble. 116 min. DVD 7106; vhs 999:2123
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dugga, Victor S. "Africa from the American Lens: A Comparative View of the Films Sheena and Coming to America." SORAC Journal of African Studies: Society of Research on African Cultures, vol. 1, pp. 107-15, Apr 2000
Olaniyan, Tejumola. "'Uplift the Race!' Coming to America, Do the Right Thing, and the Poetics of 'Othering'." Cultural-Critique, 1996 Fall, 34, 91-113.

The Crash (1932)
Directed by William Dieterle. Cast: Ruth Chatterton, George Brent. Drama about a self- centered, materialistic woman whose stockbroker husband (Brent) loses his fortune. "Pre-Hays Code films continue to surprise and delight with their mature and downright honest depiction of relationships. The treatment of the frailty and shortcomings of married partners (admittedly the stinking rich where infidelity can be explored at one remove and is par for the course) and their romantic entanglements is refreshingly frank. Affairs are tolerated and freely admitted to and the erring partners are not unduly punished but do go through a redemption nevertheless." [TCM website] Based on the novel Children of Pleasure by Larry Barretto 62 min DVD X7307
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The Damned Don't Cry! (1950)
Directed by Vincent Sherman. Cast: Joan Crawford, David Brian, Steve Cochran, Kent Smith, Selena Royle. Ethel Whitehead moves from the wrong side of the tracks to a mobster's mansion in high society one man at a time. Some of those men love her. Some use her. And one, a high-rolling racketeer, abuses her. When the racketeer murders his rival in Ethel's swanky living room, she flees a sure murder rap, right back to the poverty she thought she had escaped. And this time there may not be a man to pick up the pieces of her shattered life. 103 min. DVD 4048
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Delicious Little Devil (1919)
Directed by Robert Z. Leonard. Cast: Mae Murray, Richard Cummings, Harry L. Rattenberry, Edward Jobson, Rudolph Valentino. A poor hat-check girl loses her job and is forced to get a job as a dancer at a roadhouse. There she falls in love with the son of a rich businessman. The boys father believing her to be after the family's money, determines to embarrass her and show his son what she really is. Bonus features: Introduction by Martin Scorcese; "The delicious little devil" (short film with Rudolph Valentino and Mae Murray, 1919, si., 54 min.); stills gallery from Gloria Swanson's collection; 85 minute wire recording of Gloria Swanson from 1955; interviews, articles and videos detailing the restoration process; alternative audio track with more sound effects. 54 min. DVD 6750
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Down and Out in Beverly Hills (1986)
Directed by Paul Mazursky. Cast: Nick Nolte, Bette Midler, Richard Dreyfuss, Evan Richards, Elizabeth Pena. Rescued from drowning in the swimming pool of a Beverly Hills couple, a disconsolate bum brings startling and hilarious changes to the entire household, including the family dog, Matisse. 103 min. DVD 6065
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Easy Living (1943)
Directed by Mitchell Leisen; screenplay, Preston Sturges. Cast: Jean Arthur, Edward Arnold, Ray Milland, Luis Alberni, Mary Nash. A rich financier, fed up with his free-spending family, takes an expensive sable coat which he has just bought for his wife, and throws it out the window. The coat lands on poor hard-working girl Mary Smith and a maelstrom of mistaken assumptions are soon set in motion. 84 min. DVD X7254; DVD X7199
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Adair, Gilbert. "Magic mountain: the cinema of Mitchell Leisen." Sight & Sound; Summer 1980, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p182-185, 4p UC users only
Beach, Christopher. "Working Ladies and Forgotten Men: Class Divisions in Romantic Comedies, 1934-1937." In: Class, language and American film comedy Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2002. [full-text available online (UCB users only); print version: MAIN: PN1995.9.C55 B43 2002
Chierichetti, David. Mitchell Leisen, Hollywood director / David Chierichetti. Los Angeles, CA : Photoventures Press, c1995. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1998.3.L45 C47 1995)
Drabelle, Dennis. "Swing high, swing low: Mitchell Leisen in perspective." Film Comment, September/October 1994, Vol. 30, p8 UC users only
Shadoian, Jack. "Exacting standards." Film Comment, Sep/Oct98, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p40, 9p UC users only

Fate's Turning (1911)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Dorothy Bernard, Charles West, Stephanie Longfellow, Donald Crisp A young girl working as a waitress at a resort for the wealthy is swept off her feet by a rich young gentleman, and before she knows it, she's pregnant. 17 min. DVD X2824; vhs 999:1890
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Five Easy Pieces (1970)
Directed by Bob Rafelson. Cast: Jack Nicholson, Karen Black, Susan Anspach, Lois Smith, Billy Green Bush, William Challee. "Bobby Eroica Dupea (Jack Nicholson) comes from a well-bred family of musicians, and once showed great promise as a concert pianist. By nature a restless, angry individual, Bobby left his family and his music when he could no longer endure the dull, cloistered routine of daily practice. He took to the road, wanting to "see the world," and hopefully find something or someone to quell his inner turmoil. He has settled in a small town as an oil rigger, where his life consists of going to work, arguing with his dimwitted but loving girlfriend Rayette (Karen Black), and bowling every night with his friend Elton (Billy "Green" Bush). Not surprisingly, this routine begins to disgust Bobby and, fed up, he decides to travel to Puget Sound, Washington to pay his family a visit. Leaving Rayette at a nearby motel, Bobby goes home and is reunited with his family." [IMDB] Special features on DVD X5297: New, restored high-definition digital transfer, supervised by director of photography László Kovács; audio commentary featuring director Bob Rafelson and interior designer Toby Rafelson; "Soul searching in "Five easy pieces", a 2009 video piece with Bob Rafelson; "BBStory" a 2009 documentary about the BBS era, with Rafelson, actors Jack Nicholson, Karen Black and Ellen Burstyn and directors Peter Bogdanovich and Henry Jaglom, among others; audio excerpts from a 1976 AFI interview with Refalson. 91 min. DVD X5297; DVD 913; vhs 999:997
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection
Golden Globes, USA - Best Supporting Actress (Karen Black)
National Board of Review, USA - Best Supporting Actress (Karen Black)
National Society of Film Critics Awards, USA - Best Supporting Actress (Lois Smith)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Director; Best Supporting Actress (Karen Black)

Conolly, Jez. "Genre function." Big Picture Magazine; Aug2010, p6-13, 8p UC users only
Greenfield, Concetta. "Five Easy Pieces and The Greening of America." The Journal of Popular Culture Volume VI, Issue 2, pages 279–291, Fall 1972 UC users only
Lev, Peter "Five Easy Pieces." In: American films of the 70s : conflicting visions Austin, TX : University of Texas Press, 2000. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Main (Gardner) Stacks; Moffitt PN1993.5.U6 L44 2000)
Nystrom, Derek. "Hard Hats and Movie Brats: Auteurism and the Class Politics of the New Hollywood." Cinema Journal, 43, Number 3, Spring 2004, pp. 18-41 (Article) UC users only
Thomson, David "One for the Road." Sight & Sound; Sep2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p32-34, 3p UC users only
White, Mimi. "Movies and the Movement." In: American cinema of the 1970s : themes and variations / edited by Lester D. Friedman. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007. (Full-text available online (UC Berkeley users only): Print Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A8577 2007)

From Prada to Nada (2010)
Directed by Angel Gracia. Cast: Camilla Belle, Alexa Vega, Wilmer Valderrama, Nicholas D'Agosto, April Bowlby, Kuno Becker, Adriana Barraza. A Latina spin on Jane Austen's "Sense and Sensibility," where two spoiled sisters who have been left penniless after their father's sudden death are forced to move in with their estranged aunt in East Los Angeles. Inspired by Jane Austen's Sense and sensibility. 106 min. DVD X6069
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From Soup to Nuts (1928)
Director, Edgar Kennedy. Cast: Stan Laurel, Oliver Hardy. The newly rich Mrs. Culpepper, eager to make an impression in high society, has planned a big dinner party. Her husband is less than enthusiastic, but her worst problem is that the two waiters whom she has hired turn out to be clumsy and inexperienced bumblers. 137 min. DVD 369; DVD X306
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The Girl From 10th Avenue (1935)
Directed by Alfred E. Green. Cast: Bette Davis, Ian Hunter, Colin Clive, Alison Skipworth, John Eldredge. When his fiancée Valentine dumps him, prominent lawyer Geoffrey Sherwood goes on a bender and winds up married to a stranger, Miriam Brady. They decide to give their marriage a chance. Their landlady, a one-time Floradora girl, offers to help Miriam become refined. Successful again, Geoffrey is approached ("if only we were free") by Valentine. Miriam tells Valentine off in no uncertain terms. Geoffrey moves into his club where Valentine's husband tells him he is a fool to leave Miriam. Based on the play: Outcast / by Hubert Henry Davies. 69 min. DVD X6166
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Good Will Hunting (1997)
Directed by Gus van Sant. Cast: Robin Williams, Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, Stellan Skarsgård, Minnie Driver. Will Hunting is a headstrong, working-class genius who's failing the lessons of life. After one too many run-ins with the law, Will's last chance is a psychology professor, who might be the only man who can reach him. 126 min. DVD X5345
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Gosford Park (2001)
Directed by Robert Altman. Cast: Cast: Eileen Atkins, Bob Balaban, Alan Bates, Charles Dance, Stephen Fry, Michael Gambon, Richard E. Grant, Tom Hollander, Derek Jacobi, Kelly Macdonald, Helen Mirren, Jeremy Northam, Clive Owen, Ryan Phillippe, Maggie Smith, Geraldine Somerville, Kristin Scott Thomas, Sophie Thompson, Emily Watson, James Wilby. Drama set at the estate in the English countryside of Sir William McCordle in 1932, showing the lives of upstairs guests and downstairs servants at a hunting party weekend when one of the group is murdered. Special features (ca. 6 hrs): Feature commentary with director Robert Altman; screenwriter commentary with Oscar winner Julian Fellowes; deleted scenes with optional commentary; the making of "Gosford Park"; keeping "Gosford Park" authentic; Q&A session with cast and filmmakers. 138 min. DVD 1219
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The Great Gatsby.(1974)
Director Jack Clayton. Cast: Robert Redford, Mia Farrow, Karen Black, Bruce Dern. 146 min. An dramatization of F. Scott Fitzgerald's masterpiece of Jazz Age decadence, ambition and tragic passion. Returning from World War I, a young soldier learns the love of his life has married into a wealthy family and moved to Long Island. Obsessed with rekindling their romance, he reinvents himself as the mysteriously prosperous Jay Gatsby, throws lavish parties at his glittering mansion and waits for his chance, but when it comes a terrible price is inevitable. Based on the novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. DVD 4499
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Great Gatsby.(2000)
Directed by Robert Markowitz. An dramatization of F. Scott Fitzgerald's masterpiece of Jazz Age decadence, ambition and tragic passion. Returning from World War I, a young soldier learns the love of his life has married into a wealthy family and moved to Long Island. Obsessed with rekindling their romance, he reinvents himself as the mysteriously prosperous Jay Gatsby, throws lavish parties at his glittering mansion and waits for his chance, but when it comes a terrible price is inevitable. Cast: Mira Sorvino, Toby Stephens, Paul Rudd, Martin Donovan. Based on the novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. 100 min. DVD X3086; vhs Video/C 7678

A Helpful Sisterhood(1914)
Director: Van Dyke Brooke. Cast: Norma Talmadge, Van Dyke Brooke, Marie Weirman, Mary Maurice, Marie Tener, Ernest Cozzens, Mary Anderson, Cortland Van Deusen. Talmadge is at first a carefree and silly girl who joins a fashionable sorority, then grows increasingly despondent and desperate as the financial demands of keeping up with her friends becomes too much for her. There is a lovely atmospheric conclusion. 19 min. DVD X4477
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High Society (1956)
Directed by Charles Walters. Cast: Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Celeste Holm, John Lund, Louis Calhern, Sidney Blackmer, Louis Armstrong and his Band. Music & lyrics by Cole Porter. Tracy Lord is trying to be remarried quietly but she is persuaded to allow two reporters to cover the nuptials. By the time the wedding march begins, she has accumulated several potential grooms. Based on the play, The Philadelphia story by Philip Barry. 107 min. DVD 5716; vhs 999:846
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Hindle Wakes (UK, 1927)
Directed by Maurice Elvey. Cast: Estelle Brody, Norman McKinnel, Humberstone Wright, Marie Ault, John Stuart, Irene Rooke, Peggy Carlisle, B. Graham Soutten, Arthur Chesney, Gladys Jennings. Two factory workers decide to spend their holiday at Blackpool, where Fanny Hawthorne meets the son of a local factory owner. After they have an affair his family decides he must do the honorable thing and propose marriage to Fanny. A controversial ground-breaking film with scenes shot in the 1927 streets of Lancashire and Blackpool that have an astonishing documentary realism. 117 min. DVD X838

Holiday (1938)
Directed by George Cukor. Cast: Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Doris Nolan, Edward Everett Horton, Henry Kolker, Binnie Barnes, Jean Dixon, Henry Daniell. "Free-thinking Johnny Case finds himself betrothed to a millionaire's daughter. When her family, with the exception of black-sheep Linda and drunken Ned, want Johnny to settle down to big business, he rebels, wishing instead to spend the early years of his life on "holiday." With the help of his friends Nick and Susan Potter, he makes up his mind as to which is the better course, and the better mate." [IMDB] Based on the play by Philip Barry. 96 min. DVD 6635; vhs 999:653
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The House of Mirth (2000)
Directed by Terence Davies. Cast: Cast: Gillian Anderson, Dan Aykroyd, Eric Stoltz, Anthony LaPaglia, Eleanor Bron, Terry Kinney, Laura Linney. The glittering yet treacherous world of New York High Society comes to life in the heartbreaking story of Lily Bart, a renowned beauty of exquisite charm who seeks a wealthy husband but winds up disgraced and discarded. Based on the novel by Edith Wharton. 140 min. DVD 738
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Imitation of Life (1934)
Directed by John M. Stahl. Cast: Claudette Colbert (Beatrice "Bea" Pullman), Warren William (Stephen Archer), Ned Sparks (Elmer Smith, Louise Beavers (Aunt Delilah). The story of two widows and their troubled daughters. In the search for success as an actress, Lora neglects her daughter. Lora's black housekeeper's daughter repudiates her mother by trying to pass for white. As the years pass, each of the four women realizes that she has been living out an emotionally fruitless existence. 106 min. DVD 5246
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Imitation of Life (1959). Directed by Douglas Sirk.

Imitation of Life (1959)
Directed by Douglas Sirk. Cast: Lana Turner (Lora Meredith), John Gavin (Steve Archer). Draws the audience into an underworld of backstairs and neon gutters with the story of an exploited black maid (played by a white actress) and her daughter trying to pass for white. Based on Fannie Hurst's novel. 124 min. DVD 5246; DVD 1737
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Imitation of Life (1934). Directed by John M. Stahl.

It Happened One Night (1934)
Directed by Frank Capra. Cast: Clark Gable, Claudette Colbert. Colbert plays a runaway heiress and Gable is an unemployed journalist who helps her in the cross country flight via bus and by hitchhiking. 105 min. DVD 175; VHS 999:11
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Joe (1970)
Directed by John G. Avildsen. Cast: Peter Boyle, Dennis Patrick, Audrey Caire, Susan Sarandon. An account of how an average "Joe" becomes a murderer. A friendship grows between a wealthy executive and a blue-collar welder due to their common fear and frustration with the "liberals" and "hippies" who are ruining the country. 107 min. DVD X266
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Nystrom, Derek. "Hard Hats and Movie Brats: Auteurism and the Class Politics of the New Hollywood." Cinema Journal, 43, Number 3, Spring 2004, pp. 18-41 (Article) UC users only

Jungle Fever (1991)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Wesley Snipes, Annabella Sciorra, Spike Lee, Ossie Davis, Anthony Quinn. An Afro-American architect begins an affair with his working class Italian secretary. Their relationship causes them to be scrutinized by their friends, cast out from their families and shunned by their neighbors in this moving view of inner-city life. 131 min. DVD 580; Video 999:763

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Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman (1940)
Directed by Sam Wood. Cast: Ginger Rogers, Dennis Morgan, James Craig. "Kitty Foyle works as secretary to Philadelphia socialite Wynnewood Statfford VI, in his attempt to succeed in establishing a magazine during the depression. They fall in love, and she always thinks he will ask her to marry him. The magazine fails, and she leaves for New York and another job in a department store. There she meets Dr. Mark Eisen who loves her, but Wyn Stafford shows up and asks Kitty to marry him. She initially refuses citing the differences in their social backgrounds. She feels that Philadelphia socialites would never accept her. Wyn agrees to leave behind Philadelphia and move to New York. They are married in New York. Weeks later they go to Philadelphia to let family know about the marriage. The family is overbearing and obnoxious to Kitty. She leaves, and eventually divorces Wyn. Kitty finds she is pregnant, and eventually delivers a still-born. Wyn marries a rich socialite, and by chance, Kitty meets his wife and son. This is difficult because she still loves Wyn. Eventually Mark Eisen proposes and Kitty agrees and finally reevaluates her life and decisions, and is able to let Wyn go and be happy" [IMDB] 107 min. DVD 9735; vhs 999:197
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Basinger, Jeanine. "Proof: Kitty and Angie and Janet." In: A woman's view : how Hollywood spoke to women, 1930-1960 / Jeanine Basinger. Imprint New York : Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1993. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Moffitt PN1995.9.W6 B36 1993)
Rogers-Carpenter, Katherine. "Re-Envisioning 1930s Working Women: The Case of Kitty Foyle." By: Women's Studies, Sep2008, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p707-730, 24p UC users only

Lady for a Day (1933)
Directed by Frank Capra. Cast: Cast: Warren William, May Robson, Guy Kibbee, Glenda Farrell, Ned Sparks, Walter Connolly, Jean Parker. Society matron, Mrs. E. Worthington Manville throws a party for Count Romero whose son is engaged to her daughter, Louise. The Count does not know that Mrs. Manville is really Apple Annie, a penniless fruit peddlar. Annie's best friend, a big shot gambler, helps her continue the charade. Based on the short story "Madame La Gimp" by Damon Runyon. 96 min. DVD X5663; vhs 999:763

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Lady of the Night (1925)
Directed by Monta Bell. Cast: Norma Shearer, Malcolm McGregor, George K. Arthur, Dale Fuller. Handsome David Page is loved by two very different women: Molly, an overpainted and undereducated floozy, and Florence, a refined graduate of a finishing school. Since both lovelorn ladies are played by Norma Shearer, melodrama fans know they're in for double the romantic heartache. Shearer was on the cusp of stardom when she took these showy dual roles. She makes both women strong characters, but it's her Molly who stands out: blowzy, crude, aching with love and longing for class. 64 min. DVD X5548
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Maid in Manhattan (2002)
Directed by Wayne Wang. Cast: Jennifer Lopez, Ralph Fiennes, Natasha Richardson, Stanley Tucci, Tyler Garcia Posey, Frances Conroy, Chris Eigeman, Amy Sedaris, Bob Hoskins. A struggling single mom takes a job as a chambermaid at a luxury hotel in New York. She meets and falls in love with a sauve and sophisticated heir to an American political dynasty, who mistakes her for a society woman. When her real identity is revealed, the reality about their seperate lives sets in. 105 min. DVD 2885
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Negra, Diane. "Structural Integrity, Historical Reversion, And The Post-9/11 Chick Flick." Feminist Media Studies; Mar2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p51-68, 18p
Leyland, Matthew. "Maid hitin Manhattan." Sight and Sound 13:3 (March 2003) p. 52-53UC users only
Wade, Kevin. "Maid in Manhattan." Human Events; 12/16/2002, Vol. 58 Issue 46, p22UC users only

Male and Female (1919)
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Cast: Gloria Swanson, Thomas Meighan, Lila Lee, Theodore Roberts, Raymond Hatton, Mildred Rearden, Robert Cain. A spoiled woman always gets her way until shipwrecked with her butler. She then learns which qualities are really admirable in a person. Based on "The admirable Crichton" by J.M. Barrie. 170 min. DVD X353
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Merrily We Live(1938)
Directed by Norman Z. McLeod. Cast: Constance Bennett, Brian Aherne, Alan Mowbray, Billie Burke, Patsy Kelly. Dizzy society matron Emily Kilbourne has a habit of hiring ex-cons and hobos as servants. Her latest find is a handsome "tramp" who shows up at her doorstep and soon ends up in a chauffeur's uniform. Based on the novel "The Dark Chapter; a Comedy of Class Distinctions" by E.J. Rath and the play"They All Want Something" by Courtenay Savage. 90 min. DVD X6636
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Mildred Pierce (1945)
Directed by Michael Curtiz. Featuring Joan Crawford, Jack Carson, Zachary Scott, Eve Arden, Ann Blyth. The story of a self-made woman's attempt to provide her daughter with luxuries and social status only to see the daughter become spoiled and unscrupulous and eventually murder her own stepfather. DVD 1689; vhs 999:215
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Miss Lulu Bett (1921)
Directed by William C. de Mille. Cast Lois Wilson, Theodore Roberts, Helen Ferguson, Mabel Van Buren. "Lulu Bett and her mother live with her sister, Ina, and brother-in-law, Dwight, and their two daughters - Diana, an older teenager, and a younger daughter, Monona, the typical pesky adolescent. Lulu is the housekeeper, cook and all-around "drudge" for the household and, although a relative, is treated with no more compassion than hired help and possibly with more disdain. Her domineering brother-in-law apparently takes great pleasure in cruel teasing, even his own children. His teasing toward Lulu is a constant reminder that she is not attractive and has no suitors. One day Dwight's world-traveling brother, Ninian, comes along after 20 years absence and falls for Lulu. Basically as an "I'll show you" reaction to her brother-in-law's teasing, she agrees to Ninian's marriage proposal. Later, however, he reveals that his wife left him 15 years ago, and he is not sure if she is alive or not. Lulu decides to go back home rather than risk living with a bigamist. This only intensifies the difficult situation at home as she has now embarrassed the family, a fact Dwight wants to keep quiet. The handsome schoolteacher, Neil Cornish, begins to show an interest in her, but Dwight does not approve - after all, Lulu may still be married. Lulu tells Neil about her marriage and the dilemma of not knowing if she's legally married or not. This does not dissuade him, and he continues to see Lulu. Diana is just as dissatisfied with the home as Lulu and decides to elope with Bobby Larkin. When Lulu learns of this, she goes to the train station and convinces Diana to come home. She promises not to tell Diwght and Ina. At home Diana has gone to her room, when Dwight and Ina come in and see Lulu wearing her hat and holding Diana's suitcase. They immediately assume she is running away with Neil and begin to berate her for trying to further disgrace the family. Dwight orders her to leave. Lulu's life seems to be crashing down all around her - she doesn't know if she's legally married or not, she can't return Neil's love for her, and she has no home or means of income." [Silents Are Golden] DVD 1689; vhs 999:215
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Mrs. Miniver (1942)
Directed by William Wyler. Cast: Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright, Dame May Whitty, Reginald Owen, Henry Travers, Richard Ney, Henry Wilcoxon. "Although not as 'socially privileged' as in the book, the Mrs. Kay Miniver (Greer Garson) of the film version is still presented as living a comfortable life at a house called 'Starlings' in a village outside London. The house has a large garden, with a private landing stage on the river Thames, and a motorboat. Her husband Clem (Canadian born actor Walter Pidgeon) (despite his North American accent) is a successful English architect. They have three children: the youngsters Toby and Judy (Christopher Severn and Clare Sandars), and an older son Vin (Richard Ney) who is at university. They have live-in staff: Gladys the housemaid (Brenda Forbes) and Ada the cook (Marie De Becker). As World War II looms, Vin comes down from university and meets Carol Beldon (Teresa Wright), granddaughter of aristocratic Lady Beldon (Dame May Whitty) from nearby Beldon Hall. Despite initial disagreements, for example the contrast of Vin's idealistic attitude to class differences and Carol's practical altruism, they fall in love: Vin proposes to Carol at dinner time after young brother Toby has embarrassingly blurted out that he should do so if they are in love. They eventually marry. As the war comes closer to home, Vin feels he must do his bit, joins the Royal Air Force as a pilot, and when qualified is posted to a base near to his parents' home. Clem takes his motorboat to assist in the Dunkirk evacuation.[2] There are scenes of the family during an air-raid, when Mr. Foley (Reginald Owen), the storekeeper and air-raid warden, advises them to close their curtains; and they are shown in their shelter in the garden. Left alone at home, Kay finds a wounded German pilot (Helmut Dantine) in her garden. She feeds him, then calmly disarms him and calls the police. After the flower show's competition, in which the entry of the stationmaster (Henry Travers) named the 'Mrs. Miniver' rose is judged the winner over Lady Beldon's rose, Kay, with Carol, drives Vin to join his squadron just as an air attack begins. On their return home Kay stops the car: Carol is wounded in an attack from a German plane, but she dies a few minutes after they reach home. The local inhabitants assemble at the badly damaged church and, with their vicar (Henry Wilcoxon), affirm their determination to fight on and defend their way of life." [Wikipedia] 124 min. DVD X896
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Christensen, Jerome. "Studio identity and studio art: MGM, Mrs. Miniver, and planning the postwar era." ELH, Spring2000, Vol. 67 Issue 1, p257, 36p UC users only
"Mrs. Miniver." In: Twenty best film plays, edited by John Gassner and Dudley Nichols. New York, Crown Publishers [1943] (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1887.A1 G32)

My Best Girl (1927)
Directed by Sam Taylor. Cast: Mary Pickford, Charles Rogers, Sunshine Hart, Lucien Littlefield. Maggie, a shopgirl in a five-and-ten-cent store, falls in love with the owner's son, who gives up his society sweetheart for her. Learning of their relationship, the boy's father unsuccessfully tries to buy Maggie off, but is ultimately convinced of her worth and agrees to their marriage. Based on the book of the same name by Kathleen Norris. 83 min. DVD X2015; vhs 999:2093
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My Fair Lady (1964)
Directed by George Cukor. Cast: Audrey Hepburn, Rex Harrison, Stanley Holloway, Wilfrid Hyde- White, Gladys Cooper, Jeremy Brett, Theodore Bikel. Audrey Hepburn stars as the flowergirl turned Cinderella. Rex Harrison is the irascible professor of phonetics who bets he can teach her to speak like a duchess. Special DVD features: Feature-length audio commentary that includes art director Gene Allen, singer Marni Nixon and restorers Robert A. Harris and James C. Katz; behind-the-scenes documentary 'The fairest fair lady'; alternate Audrey Hepburn vocal versions of 'Show me' and 'Wouldn't it be loverly'; interactive menus; production notes; 4 theatrical trailers; scene access. 170 min. DVD 464; VHS 999:872:1&2
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Pygmalion

My Man Godfrey (1936)
Directed by Gregory La Cava. Cast: William Powell, Carole Lombard, Alice Brady, Gail Patrick, Jean Dixon, Eugene Pallette, Alan Mowbray. A zany millionaire family invite a tramp to be their butler and find that he is richer than they are. Based on the novel by Eric Hatch. 95 min. DVD 260; vhs 999:162
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Beach, Christopher. "Working Ladies and Forgotten Men: Class Divisions in Romantic Comedies, 1934-1937." In: Class, language and American film comedy Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2002. [full-text available online (UCB users only); print version: MAIN: PN1995.9.C55 B43 2002
Brigham, William. "Down and Out in Tinseltown: Hollywood Presents the Disposessed." In: Beyond the stars Vol 5. Bowling Green, Ohio : Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1990. (Main Stack PN1995.9.C36.B49 1990; Moffitt PN1995.9.C36.B49 1990)
Morris, Gary. "Forgotten Master: Gregory La Cava." Bright Lights Film Journal, vol. 44, pp. (no pagination), May 2004
"My Man Godfrey." Monthly Film Bulletin 3:25/36 (1936) p.152UC users only
Ryan, Michael. "Debating the New Deal: Gold Diggers of 1933 and My Man Godfrey." In: American visual cultures / edited by David Holloway and John Beck. London ; New York : Continuum Logo, c2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks)
Winokur, Mark. "Improbable Ethnic Hero: William Powell and the Transformation of Ethnic Hollywood." Cinema Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Autumn, 1987), pp. 5-22 UC users only

Night After Night (1934)
Directed by Archie Mayo. Cast: Mae West, George Raft, Constance Cummings, Wynne Gibson, Alison Skipworth. A successful ex-boxer buys a high-class speakeasy and falls for a rich society girl, who doesn't know about his past. Complications ensue when some ex-girlfriends from his boxing days show up. 88 min. DVD 9686
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No Man of Her Own (1950)
Directed by Mitchell Leisen. Cast: Barbara Stanwyck, John Lund, Jane Cowl, Phyllis Thaxter, Lyle Bettger, Henry O'Neill, Richard Denning, Carole Mathews, Harry Antrim, Catherine Craig, Esther Dale, Milburn Stone, Griff Barnett, Gaylord Pendleton, Stan Johnson. Helen Ferguson, pregnant, penniless and dumped by her boyfriend Steve Morley, takes the identity of the pregnant Patrice Harkness, when she and her husband are killed in a train crash. The rich Harkness in-laws, and their other son Bill, had never seen Patrice, so they accept her and her newborn son into their family. However, Steve eventually finds her and starts to blackmail her. Based on the novel "I Married a Dead Man" by Cornell Woolrich (as William Irish). 108 min. DVD X7297
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Adair, Gilbert. "Magic mountain: the cinema of Mitchell Leisen." Sight & Sound; Summer 1980, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p182-185, 4p UC users only
Chierichetti, David. Mitchell Leisen, Hollywood director / David Chierichetti. Los Angeles, CA : Photoventures Press, c1995. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1998.3.L45 C47 1995)
Drabelle, Dennis. "Swing high, swing low: Mitchell Leisen in perspective." Film Comment, September/October 1994, Vol. 30, p8 UC users only
Shadoian, Jack. "Exacting standards." Film Comment, Sep/Oct98, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p40, 9p UC users only

Of Human Bondage (1934)
Directed by John Cromwell. Cast:Leslie Howard, Betty Davis. A young medical student's infatuation with a Cockney waitress in Edwardian London only brings him sorrow and despair. Based on the novel by W. Somerset Maugham. 83 min. DVD 1294; vhs 999:1299
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An Officer and a Gentleman (1982)
Directed by Taylor Hackford. Cast: Richard Gere, Debra Winger, David Keith, Robert Loggia, Lisa Blount, Lisa Eilbacher, Louis Gossett, Jr. "Zack Mayo is a loner who has never had to rely on anyone but himself. As a child, he was sent to live with his father, a career Navy man based in the Philippines, after his mother commits suicide. There he soon realized that he had to be tough and rely on no one. After graduating from college, he shocks his father by telling that he has enlisted in the Navy and will enter training as a naval aviator. There he brings the same loner attitude he has had all of his life. He does however meet Paula, an attractive young woman who often attends base functions in the hope of nabbing a young officer and Sid Worley, a classmate with whom he forms a close bond. The training is difficult but not as tough as having to deal with their training officer, Gunnery Sergeant Emil Foley who teaches Zack a lesson in the importance of relying on your friends and colleagues." [IMDB] 91 min. DVD 4901
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An Old Man's Love Story(1913)
Director: Van Dyke Brooke. Cast: Norma Talmadge, Van Dyke Brooke, James Lackaye, Florence Radinoff, Frank O'Neil. Norma's parents want her to marry a rich man and forbid her to see the young man whom she loves. A wealthy older friend of her parents arrives and proposes to Norma. Her distress is evident though she accepts the proposal, and, being a kindly man, he sizes up the situation and arranges an ending to satisfy all concerned. 13 min. DVD X4477
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The Outsiders (1983)
Directed by Francis Coppola. Cast: C. Thomas Howell, Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio, Patrick Swayze, Rob Lowe, Diane Lane, Emilio Estevez, Tom Cruise, Leif Garrett, Glenn Withrow. Coming of age movie set in Tulsa Oklahoma in the mid sixties. When two poor greasers, Johnny, and Ponyboy are assaulted by a vicious gang, the socs, and Johnny kills one of the attackers, tension begins to mount between the two rival gangs, setting off a turbulent chain of events. Based on the novel by S.E. Hinton. 91 min. DVD 7500
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The Patsy (1928)
Directed by King Vidor. Cast: Marie Dressler, Lawrence Gray, Marion Davies, Orville Caldwell, Dell Henderson, Jane Winton. Patsy Harrington is the drudge of her social-climbing family. Secretly in love with Tony Anderson, the boyfriend of her irresponsible but irresistible sister Grace, Patsy yearns to be a 'personality girl.' Rather than cultivate her looks, she decides to become the 'intellectual' of her family, which outrages her mother who believes that beauty and brains don't mix. Meanwhile, the fickle Grace begins cheating on Tony with a millionaire named Bill. For Tony's sake, the 'new' Patsy throws herself at Grace's new beau, hoping to break up the romance. Based on the play by Barry Conners. 78 min. DVD X6460
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Peyton Place (1957)
Directed by Mark Robson. Cast: Lana Turner, Lee Philips, Lloyd Nolan, Arthur Kennedy, Russ Tamblyn. "The film is an exposé of the lives and loves of the residents of a small New England mill town, where scandal, homicide, suicide, incest, and moral hypocrisy hide behind a tranquil facade in the years immediately preceding and following World War II. At the core of its plot are three women. Constance MacKenzie is a prim and proper sexually repressed woman who had an affair with a married New York City businessman and bore him a child out of wedlock. She has struggled to shield her daughter Allison, a high school senior and aspiring author, from her tarnished past, leading her to believe she returned to Peyton Place with her newborn baby after her husband died. Selena Cross, Allison's best friend, is a good girl living on the wrong side of the tracks. She murders her stepfather Lucas after repeated sexual abuse, and her trial is the focus of the latter part of the film. Other characters include Allison's classmate and confidant Norman Page, a mama's boy anxious to gain his independence; bad girl Betty Anderson, who longs to have a relationship with wealthy Rodney Harrington; and new school principal Michael Rossi, who attempts to crack Constance's icy veneer." [Wikipedia] Special DVD features: Commentary by Terry Moore and Russ Tamblyn; AMC backstory; movietone news premiere and photoplay magazine awards. 157 min. DVD 7538; vhs 999:971
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Brier, Evan. "The accidental blockbuster: Peyton Place in literary and institutional context." Women's Studies Quarterly 33.3-4 (Fall-Winter 2005): p48-65.
Hendler, Jane. Best-sellers and their film adaptations in postwar America : From here to eternity, Sayonara, Giant, Auntie Mame, Peyton Place New York : Peter Lang, c2001. (MAIN: PN1997.85 .H46 2001)

The Philadelphia Story (1940)
Directed by George Cukor. Cast: Cast: Cary Grant, Katharine Hepburn, James Stewart, Ruth Hussey, John Howard, Roland Young, John Halliday, Mary Nash, Virginia Weidler. A sophisticated romantic comedy about a rich, spoiled socialite who learns some things about who she is and what she really wants on the eve of her second marriage. Based on the play by Philip Barry. Special features: (Disc 1) Commentary by film historian Jeannine Basinger ; George Cukor movie trailer gallery. (Disc 2) Two documentaries "Katharine Hepburn: all about me, a self-portrait," and "The men who made the movies: George Cukor," Robert Benchley short "That inferior feeling," cartoon "The homeless flea," audio-only bonus: 2 radio-adaptations featuring the movies' 3 feature stars. 112 min. DVD 3635; vhs 999:32
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

A Place in the Sun (1951)
Directed by George Stevens. Cast: Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor, Shelly Winters, Keefe Brasselle. The story of Clift, a poor young man determined to win a place in respectable society and the heart of beautiful socialite Elizabeth Taylor. Shelley Winters plays the factory girl whose dark secret threatens Clift's professional and romantic prospects. Consumed with fear and desire, Clift is ultimately driven to a desperate act of passion that unravels his world forever. Based on the novel An American tragedy by Theodore Dreiser and the Patrick Kearney play adapted from the novel. 113 min. DVD X1491; vhs 999:2121
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Platinum Blonde (1931)
Directed by Frank Capra. Cast: Jean Harlow, Loretta Young, Robert Williams. "Reporter 'Stew' Smith meets beautiful Ann Schuyler, a rich socialite, while covering the story of a scandal involving Ann's family. Ann takes a liking to the wisecracking Smith and the couple eventually elope. Stew's roots as a street smart reporter don't prepare him well for mixing with Ann's high society friends and he starts spending more time with his 'pal', female reporter Gallagher. Everything comes to a head when Ann and her family return home to their mansion one evening and find that Stew has invited all his 'pals' over for an impromptu drinking party." [IMDB] 90 min. DVD X4177; vhs 999:2703
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Pocket Full of Miracles (1961)
Directed by Frank Capra. Cast: Glenn Ford, Bette Davis, Hope Lange, Arthur O'Connell, Peter Falk, Thomas Mitchell, Edward Everett Horton, Mickey Shaughnessy, David Brian, Sheldon Leonard ; introducing Ann-Margret. An aging apple seller poses as a wealthy grande dame to help her daughter marry into a legitimately wealthy family. A comic collection of gangsters help her in her charade. Based on a screenplay by Robert Riskin and a story by Damon Runyon. 137 min. DVD X5322
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Poppy (1936)
Directed by A. Edward Sutherland. Cast: W.C. Fields, Rochelle Hudson, Richard Cromwell, Granville Bates, Catharine Doucet, Lynne Overman. Poppy, daughter of carnival medicine salesman Professor McGargle, falls in love with the Mayor's son. Countess Maggie Tubbs DePuizzi is claimant to the Putnam estates, but McGargle and lawyer Wiffen plot to make Poppy claim the fortune. Wiffen and the Countess double-cross the Professor, but kindly Sarah Tucker notices a resemble between Poppy and the deceased Mrs. Putnam. It turns out that McGargle adopted the girl, she is the rightful heir, the purported Countess is only a showgirl, and every one has a happy ending. Based upon a play written by Dorothy Donnelly. 74 min. DVD 7430
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Pretty in Pink (1986)
Directed by John Hughes. Cast: Molly Ringwald, Harry Dean Stanton, Jon Cryer, Annie Potts, James Spader, Andrew McCarthy. She's a high school girl from the wrong side of town. He's the wealthy heart-throb who asks her to the prom. But as fast as their romance builds, it's threatened by the painful reality of peer pressure. Special DVD features: The first time: "The making of 'Pretty in pink'" featurette; "Zoids and Richies" featurette; "Prom queen: All about Molly" featurette; "Volcanic ensembles" featurette; "Prom stories" featurette; Favorite scenes; Commentary by director Howard Deutch; Wrap up: The epilogue; Photo gallery; The original ending: The lost dance. 96 min. DVD 9186
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Bernstein, Jonathan.< Pretty in pink: the golden age of teenage movies / Jonathan Bernstein. 1st St. Martin's Griffin ed. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1997. (UCB Main PN1995.9.Y6 B45 1997)
Bleach, Anthony. "Postfeminist Cliques? Class, Postfeminism, and the Molly Ringwald-John Hughes Films." Cinema Journal, Spring2010, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p24-44, 21p UC users only
Lee, Christina . "Going nowhere?: the Politics of Remembering (and Forgetting) Molly Ringwald." Cultural Studies Review. Mar 2007. Vol. 13, Iss. 1; pg. 89, 16 pgs

Pretty Woman(1999)
Director, Garry Marshall. Cast: Richard Gere, Julia Roberts, Ralph Bellamy. When successful corporate mogul Edward Lewis meets independent and carefree Vivian Ward, their two lives are worlds apart. But Vivien's energetic spirit challenges Edward's no-nonsense, business-minded approach to life, sparking an immediate attraction. He teaches her the finer things of life -- she teaches him that love could be the best investment he ever made. 119 min. DVD X2532; vhs 999:2320
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Cooks, Leda M.; Orbe, Mark P.; Bruess, Carol S. "The Fairy Tale Theme in Popular Culture: A Semiotic Analysis of Pretty Woman." Women's Studies in Communication, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 86-104, Fall 1993
Greenberg, Harvey Roy. "Rescrewed: Pretty Woman's Co-opted Feminism." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9-13, Spring 1991
Hirschman, Elizabeth C.; Stern, Barbara B. "Women As Commodities: Prostitution as Depicted in The Blue Angel, Pretty Baby, and Pretty Woman." Advances in Consumer Research, 1994, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p576-581, 6p; UC users only
Kelley, Karol. "A Modern Cinderella." Journal of American Culture, Volume 17, Issue 1 (p 87-92) UC users only
Knight, Deborah; McKnight, George. "Whose Genre Is It, Anyway? Thomas Wartenberg on the Unlikely Couple Film." Journal of Social Philosophy, Summer2002, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p330-338, 9p UC users only
Miner, Madonne. "No matter what they say, it's all about money." Journal of Popular Film & Television; Spring92, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p8, 7p UC users only
O'Sullivan, Jane. "Virtual Metamorphoses: Cosmetic and Cybernetic Revisions of Pygmalion's 'Living Doll'." Arethusa, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 133-156, Winter 2008 UC users only
Radner, Hillary. "Pretty is as Pretty Does: Free Enterprise and the Marriage Plot." In: Film theory goes to the movies / edited by Jim Collins, Hilary Radner, and Ava Preacher Collins. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1994.F43915 1993; Moffitt PN1994.F43915 1993)
Scala, Elizabeth. "Pretty Women: The Romance of the Fair Unknown, Feminism, and Contemporary Romantic Comedy." Film & History, Feb-May1999, Vol. 29 Issue 1/2, p34-45, 12p UC users only
Smith, Claude J., Jr. "Bodies and Minds for Sale: Prostitution in Pretty Woman and Indecent Proposal." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 91-99, Apr 1997
Soyini, Madison, D. "Pretty Woman through the Triple Lens of Black Feminist Spectatorship." In: From mouse to mermaid : the politics of film, gender, and culture / Elizabeth Bell, Lynda Haas, Laura Sells, editors. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1995. (available online [UCB users only]; print: ANTH: PN1999.W27 F76 1995; MAIN: PN1999.W27 F76 1995)
Wartenberg, Thomas E. "Pretty Woman: A Fairy Tale of Oedipalized Capitalism." In: Unlikely couples : movie romance as social criticism / Thomas E. Wartenberg. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1999. (Main Stack PN1995.9.L6.W37 1999)

The Reckless Hour (1931)
Directed by John Francis Dillon. Cast: Dorothy Mackaill, H.B. Warner, Conrad Nagel, Joan Blondell, Walter Byron, Joe Donahue, Dorothy Peterson, Helen Ware, William House, Claude King. Mackaill plays a shop model whose actions dim her hopes for a future with a wealthy young man. Based on the play Ambush by Arthur Richman. 71 min. DVD X7308
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Ruby Gentry (1952)
Directed by King Vidor. Cast: Jennifer Jones, Charlton Heston, Karl Malden, Tom Tully. Ruby is a tempestuous girl who lives with her family in the southern swampland who intends to improve her lot by marrying into wealth. When her heart is broken by a local 'refined' man, she is picked up on the rebound by a local businessman. Now she is using his money to ruin the whole town. 82 min.DVD 7623
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King Vidor bibliography

Ruggles of Red Gap (1935)
Directed by Leo McCarey. Cast: Charles Laughton, Mary Boland, Charlie Ruggles, Zasu Pitts, Leila Hyams. A comedy classic concerning a stuffy British butler who finds himself in the Wild West when his master loses him in a card game to a wealthy, rowdy American. 90 min.DVD X4206; vhs 999:765
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Bogdanovich, Peter. "Leo McCarey." In: Who the devil made it New York : Alfred A. Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1997. (MAIN: PN1995.9.P7 B58 1997; MOFF: PN1995.9.P7 B58 1997)
O'Reilly, Jean. "A Case Study: Ruggles of Red Gap, Leo McCarey and Charles Laughton." Quarterly Review of Film and Video. 2006. Vol. 23, Iss. 5; p. 407 UC users only
Gehring, Wes D. Leo McCarey from Marx to McCarthy. Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2005. (MAIN: PN1995.9.P7 B58 1997; MOFF: PN1995.9.P7 B58 1997)
Charles Silver. "Leo McCarey from Marx to McCarthy." Film Comment. Sep/Oct 1973. Vol. 9, Iss. 5; pg. 8, 4 pgs
Wood, R. "From Ruggles to Rally; or, America, America! The strange career of Leo McCarey." Film International v. 5 no. 3 (2007) p. 30-4UC users only

The River (1929)
Directed by Frank Borzage. Cast: Charles Farrell, Mary Duncan, Ivan Linow, Margaret Mann, Alfredo Sabato, Bert Woodruff. A new reconstruction of Frank Borzage's masterpiece "The river" from the last year of American silent cinema. Charles Farrell is cast as virile outdoorsman Allen John Pender, while Mary Duncan co-stars as Pender's haughty society sweetheart Rosalee. At first, Rosalee is resistant to Pender's Spartan lifestyle, but he wins her over by singing a thrilling romantic ballad. For the first time Cinémathèque Suisse was able to include a recently discovered erotic sequence which was cut by the censors. 55 min. DVD X782
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Sabrina (1954)
Directed by Billy Wilder. Cast: Humphrey Bogart, Audrey Hepburn, William Holden, Walter Hampden, John Williams, Martha Hyer, Joan Vohs. "Sabrina is the young daughter of the Larrabee family's chauffeur who has been in love with David Larrabee for all her life. David is very spoiled and crazy for women, and has been totally ignoring Sabrina for years. When Sabrina goes to Paris for a few years, she returns a very attractive and sophisticated woman, and David is quickly drawn to her. David's brother Linus sees this and fears that David's imminent wedding with a very rich woman may be endangered. If the wedding is canceled, so will a great corporate deal with the bride's family. So, Linus tries to keep Sabrina off his brother, and the best way to do so is by charming her himself." [IMDB] 113 min. DVD 7599; vhs 999:642
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Sadie McKee (1934)
Directed by Clarence Brown. Cast: Joan Crawford, Gene Raymond, Franchot Tone, Edward Arnold; Esther Ralston. In this rags-to-riches story, Sadie wins the affections of the singer she loves, the tycoon she marries and the lawyer she grew up with. As a bonus, this is the film that introduced the peppy ditty "All I Do Is Dream of You". Originally produced as a motion picture in 1934. Special features: vintage comedy short, "Goofy Movies #4; classic cartoon, "Toyland Broadcast; theatrical trailers. 93 min. DVD X1006
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Saturday Night Fever (1977)
Directed by John Badham; starring John Travolta, Karen Lynn Gorney, Barry Miller, Joseph Cali, Paul Pape, Bruce Ornstein, Donna Pescow. The story of an Brooklyn store clerk who is an Italian American Saturday night disco king; he begins to question the narrowness of his perspective when he meets a girl who is shedding her origins for a more sophisticated lifestyle. 112 min. DVD 6222
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Bradford, K. "Grease Cowboy Fever; or, the Making of Johnny T." Journal of Homosexuality, Volume 43, Issue 3 & 4 April 2003 , pages 15 - 30 UC users only
Echols, Alice. "Saturday night fever : the little disco movie" In: Hot stuff : disco and the remaking of American culture / Alice Echols. New York : W. W. Norton, c2010. (Moffitt; Music ML3526 .E34 2010)
Hasbany, Richard. "'Saturday Night Fever' and 'Nashville:' Exploring the Comic Mythos." Journal of Popular Culture, Dec1978, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p557-571, 15p UC users only
Jordan, Chris. "Gender and class mobility in Saturday Night Fever and Flashdance." Journal of Popular Film and Television (24:3) 1996, 116-22.
Kinder, Marsha "Saturday Night Fever." Film Quarterly Vol. 31, No. 3 (Spring, 1978), pp. 40-42 UC users only
Kupfer, Joseph. "Moral Growth and Personal Narrative in Saturday Night Fever: 'Stayin' Alive'." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 170-78, 2007 Winter UC users only
Nystrom, Derek. "Saturday night fever and the queering of the white working-class male body." In: Hard hats, rednecks, and macho men : class in 1970s American cinema / Derek Nystrom. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.L28 N97 2009)
Quart, Leonard. "The Seventies" In: American film and society since 1945 / Leonard Quart and Albert Auster. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002. pp: 115-117 (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.S6 Q37 2002)
Steven, Peter. "Saturday Night Fever: Just Dancing." Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media, vol. 23, pp. 13-16, 1980 Oct UC users only
Yanc, Jeff. "More Than a Woman": Music, Masculinity and Male Spectacle in Saturday Night Fever and Staying Alive." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television, Fall96, Issue 38, p39-50, 12p

Scar of Shame (1927)
Directed by Frank Peregini. The Colored Players Film Co. produced films during the 1920's, the golden years of silent films. "The prime achievement of the Colored Players was this film, shot with a sure feeling for editing and composition the film compares with the best Hollywood product of its time. The film's story examines caste and class within the black community telling of a love affair between a music student of good social standing and the daughter of a working-class drunkard. "Made by Hollywood technicians, The Scar of Shame is nevertheless the product of black consciousness, examining as it does caste and class within the black community. The 'hero' is a light-skinned, refined music student of good social standing who, very much against his better judment, falls in love and marries the dark sensual daughter of a working-class drunkard. Expressing profound and probably unconscious reservations about the possibility of black success while limiting that success to that black who is like the white in values and appearance..." -- excerpt from AFI program notes by Stephen Zito. Approx. 90 min. DVD 643; Video/C 591; VHS 999:1023
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Butters, Gerald R. Black manhood on the silent screen Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2002. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 B88 2002)
Cripps, Thomas. "Race Movies as Voices of the Black Bourgeoisie: The Scar of Shame." In: Representing Blackness: Issues in Film and Video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1997. Rutgers depth of field series (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997)
Cripps, Thomas. "Thomas Cripps Responds to Jane Gaines." Cinema Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2. (Winter, 1988), pp. 56-59. UC users only
Gaines, Jane. "The Scar of Shame": Skin Color and Caste in Black Silent Melodrama." Cinema Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4. (Summer, 1987), pp. 3-21. UC users only
Kalinak, Kathryn. "Kathryn Kalinak Responds to Jane Gaines's "Scar of Shame": Skin Color and Caste in Black Silent Melodrama" ("Cinema Journal," Summer 1987) Cinema Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2. (Winter, 1988), pp. 54-56. UC users only

Six Degrees of Separation(1993)
Director Fred Schepisi. Cast: Stockard Channing, Will Smith, Donald Sutherland, Flan Kittredge, Ian McKellen. When Manhattan art dealers take a smooth talking young man into their home believing him to be a friend of their children and Sidney Poitier's son, they awake the next morning to find him in bed with a male friend whom he had invited in for the night. 101 min. DVD X4370; vhs 999:1485
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Gillan, Jennifer. "'No One Knows You're Black!': Six Degrees of Separation and the Buddy Formula." Cinema Journal. 40 Spring (3): 47-68. 2001.

Social Class in America(Documentary)
Are social classes pre-determined? This vintage film aims to examine this question during an era when many citizens of various races and social classes were still not extended complete civil rights. This 1957 documentary follows three boys from three different social classes in the United States. It is a fascinating look at the history of socioeconomic determinism in the U.S. that tries to push the idea that social classes in America are determined before people are born, despite what we like to believe. 1957. 15 min. DVD 9243

Some Came Running (1958)
Directed by Vincente Minnelli. Cast: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Shirley MacLaine, Martha Hyer, Arthur Kennedy, Nancy Gates, Leora Dana. Dave Hirsch, a writer and army veteran, returns to 1948 Parkman, Indiana, his hometown. His prosperous brother introduces him to Gwen French, a local teacher. But the more flamboyant Ginny has followed him to Parkton, where he also meets gambler Bama Dillert. Eventually Dave must come to terms with his roots and with his future. Based on a novel by James Jones. 136 min. DVD X1494
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Stella Dallas (1937)
Directed by King Vidor. Cast: Barbara Stanwyck, John Boles, Anne Shirley. "Working-class Stella Martin marries high-end Stephen Dallas and soon they have a daughter named Laurel. But Stephen's incessant demands of Stella to become what she isn't leads to their eventual separation. Stephen later marries Helen Morrison (his prior fiancée), and Laurel becomes the focus of Stella's life and love. Nothing is too good for Laurel as far as Stella is concerned. Determined to give her all the advantages, she takes Laurel on a trip to an expensive resort where Laurel makes friends with rich kids. After an embarrassing incident, Stella realizes that her daughter would go farther in life without Stella as her mother. Her subsequent sacrifice is shattering." [IMDB] 106 min.DVD 3626; vhs 999:202
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Stella Maris (1918)
Directed by Frances Marion. Cast: Mary Pickford, Conway Tearle, Marcia Manon, Ida Waterman, Herbert Standing. Stella Maris is a beautiful, crippled girl, who is cared for by a rich family. They shield her from the harsh realities of the world, so that she has no idea of the cruel things that some people do. Unity Blake is a poor orphan all too familiar with the harsh realities of the real world. These two young women both fall in love with John, love which is complicated by the fact that he is still married to (though separated from) a bad wife. Based on a novel by William J. Locke. 94 min. DVD X4831; vhs 999:2092
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Suds (1920)
Directed by John Francis Dillon. Cast: Mary Pickford, Albert Austin, Harold Goodwin, Rosa Dione, Darwin Karr. A young Cockney laundress tells her friends that she is the daughter of an archduke, who has turned her out of their mansion so that she will be loved for herself, not her money. She is so desperate for love that she tells her troubles to the laundry's delivery horse. Mary rescues the nag from the glue factory and brings him home with her, with hilarious results. Special features: Original foreign release of Suds (67 min.) ; alternate happy ending ; short side-by-side comparison of the foreign and American versions ; Suds stills gallery; "The birth of a legend" (26 min., 1966), a documentary on Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks. 64 min.DVD X2011
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A Summer Place (1959)
Directed by Delmer Daves. Cast: Richard Egan, Dorothy McGuire, Sandra Dee, Arthur Kennedy, Troy Donahue. "The story examines the adult lives of two onetime teen lovers, Ken (Egan) and Sylvia (McGuire), who were from different social strata. Ken was self-supporting, working as a lifeguard at Pine Island, an exclusive Maine resort, while Sylvia's nouveau riche family stayed as guests of the owners, one summer between years at college. They went on to marry different people - entirely the wrong people, it turned out. Ken's wife Helen (Ford) turns out to be frigid and shuts him out romantically, while Sylvia's husband Bart (Kennedy) becomes an alcoholic, gradually costing him the family fortune. Ken buries himself in the research chemist's job he finds after college, while Sylvia devotes herself first to charity work, then motherhood. The saving grace of each marriage is their children, Sylvia's son Johnny (Donahue) and Ken's daughter Molly (Dee). Ken and Sylvia meet again on Pine Island after twenty years, with Ken now wealthy through his chemistry work, while Bart has turned his family's mansion (their sole remaining asset) into an inn, which is failing. Johnny and Molly meet and fall in love, while Ken and Sylvia begin to cheat with each other on their spouses." 130 min. DVD 7552; vhs 999:1482
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Tess of the Storm Country (1922)
Directed by John Robertson. Cast: Mary Pickford, Lloyd Hughes, David Torrence, Forrest Robinson, Gloria Hope, Jean Hersholt. When a rich man, Elias Graves, buys a waterfront stretch of land, the squatters who have always fished there fight back. Tess persuades the rich man's son, Frederick, that his father is wrong to evict the poor folk. After much conflict and comedy, they wind up engaged. Based on the novel by Grace Miller White. 118 min. DVD 6403; vhs 999:2095
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

That Touch of Mink(1962)
Directed by Delbert Mann. Cast: Cary Grant, Doris Day, Gig Young, Audrey Meadows, Alan Hewitt, John Astin, Richard Sargent, Joey Faye, Laurie Mitchell, John Fiedler, Willard Sage, Jack Livesey, Mickey Mantle, Roger Maris, Yogi Berra. America's most eligible and richest bachelor makes the acquaintance of a naive country girl transplant to New York City by splashing mud all over the young lady. He sends his brilliant young financial advisor over to the automat, where her roommate is employed, to apologize unsuccessfully until the tycoon appears in person and charms the unemployed young lady into a date. Later, while on a trip in Bermuda she gets looped and breaks out in a rash. After a madcap romance they get married and when they return to Bermuda for their honeymoon, the groom has an attack of nerves and comes down with the blotches. 99 min. DVD X4456
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They Had to See Paris (1929)
Directed by Frank Borzage. Cast: Will Rogers, Irene Rich, Marguerite Churchill, Ivan Lebedeff, Owen Davis, Jr., Rex Bell, Fifi Dorsay. Oklahoma mechanic Pike Peters (Will Rogers) finds himself part owner of an oil field. His wife, Idy, hitherto content, decides the family must go to Paris to get 'culture' and meet 'the right kind of people.' Pike and his grown son and daughter soon have flirtatious French admirers; Idy rents a chateau from an impoverished aristocrat; while Pike responds to each new development with homespun wit. In the inevitable clash, will pretentiousness and sophistication or common sense triumph? 83 min. DVD X721
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Titanic (1974)
Directed by James Cameron. Cast: Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Winslet, Billy Zane, Kathy Bates, Frances Fisher, Gloria Stuart, Bernard Hill, Jonathan Hyde, Victor Garber, David Warner, Danny Nucci, Suzy Amis, Bernard Fox, Bill Paxton. Two young lovers separated by social class are destined to find each other on the maiden voyage of the "unsinkable" R.M.S. Titanic. But when the doomed luxury liner collides with an iceberg in the frigid North Atlantic, their passionate love affair becomes a thrilling race for survival! 195 min. DVD 2172
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Anshen, David. "Out of the depths and through the postmodern surface." Cineaction n51 (2000): 23-29.
Arroyo, Jose. "Massive Attack." In: Action/spectacle cinema : a Sight and sound reader / edited by Jose Arroyo. London : British Film Institute, 2000. (Main Stack PN1995.A259 2000)
Chumo, P. N. "Learning to make each day count: time in James Cameron's Titanic." Journal of Popular Film and Television v. 26 no. 4 (Winter 1999) p. 158-64UC users only
Cull, Nicholas J. "Titanic." American Historical Review 103.n2 (April 1998): 634(2).
Dassanowsky, Robert von. "A Mountain of a Ship: Locating the Bergfilm in James Cameron's Titanic." Cinema Journal, vol. 40 , no. 4, pp. 18-35, 2001. UC users only
Davis, Todd F.; Womack, Kenneth. "Narrating the Ship of Dreams: The Ethics of Sentimentality in James Cameron's Titanic." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 42-48, Spring 2001. UC users only
Hart, Jeffrey. "Paying for Beauty: motion picture 'Titanic' misrepresents the social codes of the wealthy." National Review; 4/19/1999, Vol. 51 Issue 7, p70-73, 3p UC users only
Hurley, James S. "Titanic Allegories: The Blockbuster as Art Film." Strategies: A Journal of Theory, Culture, and Politics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 91-120, May 2001.
Kendrick, James. "Marxist overtones in Three Films by James Cameron." Journal of Popular Film and Television 27.3 (Fall 1999): 37. UC users only
Kramer, Peter. "Women first: 'Titanic' (1997), action-adventure films and Hollywood's female audience." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 18.4 (Oct 1998): 599(2). UC users only
Putterman, T. L."Titanic Lovers, or How a Good Girl Pleased Her Man." Bright Lights Film Journal, vol. 37, pp. (no pagination), August 2002
Rushing, Janice Hocker; Frentz, Thomas S."Singing over the Bones: James Cameron's Titanic." Critical Studies in Media Communication, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1-27, March 2000.
Simpson, David. "Tourism and Titanomania." Critical Inquiry 25.4 (Summer 1999): 680. UC users only
Womack, Kenneth (ed. and introd.). "Titanica." [Issue devoted to James Cameron's Titanic] Interdisciplinary Literary Studies: A Journal of Criticism and Theory, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-106, Fall 2003.
Zani, Steven J. "Traumatic Disaster and Titanic Recuperation: Popular/Historical Representations of the Titanic." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 125-31, Fall 2003. UC users only

Trading Places (1983)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Dan Aykroyd, Eddie Murphy, Ralph Bellamy, Don Ameche, Denholm Elliott, Jamie Lee Curtis. The rich Duke Brothers wager on whether a born loser like Billy Ray Valentine, a hustler from the ghetto, can become as successful as Winthorpe, a wealthy investment executive, if put in the proper environment--and would a prig like Winthorpe turn to a life of crime if he were to lose it all. 116 min. DVD 3779
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A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945)
Directed by Elia Kazan. Cast: Dorothy McGuire, Joan Blondell, James Dunn, Peggy Ann Garner, Lloyd Nolan, James Gleason, Ted Donaldson. Based on Betty Smith's novel, the film tells the story of a bright and imaginative young woman living in a Brooklyn tenement during the early 1900s who strives for a better life despite her family's poverty, which is caused in part by her father's alcoholism. 128 min. DVD X5362
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Smith, Judith E. "Hollywood Revises A Tree Grows in Brooklyn." In: Visions of belonging : family stories, popular culture, and postwar democracy, 1940-1960 / Judith E. Smith New York : Columbia University Press, c2004. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E169 .S655 2004)
Elia Kazan bibliography

Under 18 (1932)
Directed by Archie Mayo. Cast: Marian Marsh, Anita Page, Regis Toomey, Warren William, Norman Foster, Joyce Compton, J. Farrell MacDonald, Claire Dodd, Paul Porcasi, Maude Eburne, Murray Kinnell, Dorothy Appleby, Judith Vosselli, Mary Doran, Walter McGrail, Emma Dunn. An 18-year-old girl who works as a seamstress in a dress shop toys with the idea of letting a wealthy playboy seduce her in order to raise herself out of poverty. Based on the short story Sky life by Frank Dazey and Agnes Christine Johnston, first published in Everybody's Magazine, October, 1929. 80 min. DVD 6674
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Vanity Fair
Based on the novel by William Makepeace Thackeray. Becky is determined to make something of herself so she accepts a job as a nanny for the children of Sir Pitt Crawley where she catches the eye of Crawley's son Rawdon. Becky is introduced to London's most exclusive social circle, where she becomes re-acquainted with Amelia. Becky weds Rawdon, but the social and economic stability she dreamed of begins to collapse when he begins drowning his troubles, and soon she turns to the powerful Marquess of Steyne for support. Meanwhile, Amelia's fortunes fall even harder following the death of her husband.

For various versions of Vanity Fair on film see: Literary Adaptation videography

Working Girl (1988)
Directed by Mike Nichols. Cast: Harrison Ford, Sigourney Weaver, Melanie Griffith, Joan Cusack, Alec Baldwin. A young secretary in New York named Tess McGill has the brains, looks and charm to make it big. All she needs is the right haircut, clothes and job. The opportunity arises when her classy, seductive and treacherous boss breaks a leg skiing. Tess steps into her job, her apartment and her clothes, and all sorts of witty and romantic things follow! 116 min. DVD 718
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You Can't Take it With You (1938)
Directed by Frank Capra. Cast: Jean Arthur, Lionel Barrymore, James Stewart, Edward Arnold, Mischa Auer, Ann Miller. The antics of an eccentric family and the evils of big business come to the fore in this comedy. The hilarity hits fever pitch when the daughter in this wacky family falls for a rich young man and brings him home. An Oscar winner for best picture and best director. 126 min. DVD 7188; vhs 999:650
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Foreign Films

1900 (Novecento) (France / Italy, 1976)
Directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. Cast: Robert De Niro, Gerard Depardieu, Dominique Sanda, Donald Sutherland, Burt Lancaster. An epic film that is both a history of 20th century Italy and a portrait of two families. It is also the story of the conflicts between two boys, one a peasant and the other a landowner, as they pass through the upheavals of the modern world. 255 min. DVD 6809; vhs 999:510
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El Ángel Exterminador (The Exterminating Angel) (Mexico, 1962).
Directed by Luis Buñuel. "After a lavish dinner party, the guests find themselves mysteriously unable to leave the room... and over the next few days all the elaborate pretenses and facades that they've built up by virtue of their position in society collapse completely as they become reduced to living like animals." [IMDB] 92 min. Video 999:242
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Billy Elliot(UK / France, 2000)
Director, Stephen Daldry Cast: Julie Walters, Gary Lewis, Jamie Draven, Jamie Bell, Adam Cooper. Eleven-year-old miner's son Billy Elliot is on his way to boxing lessons when he stumbles upon a ballet class. Billy secretly joins the class, knowing that his blue-collar family would never understand. 111 min. DVD X6181
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Alderson, David "Making Electricity: Narrating Gender, Sexuality, and the Neoliberal Transition in Billy Elliot." Camera Obscura (2011) 25(3 75): 1-27 UC users only
Archard, Nicole. "'Always Be Yourself': Identity and Acceptance in Billy Elliot." Screen Education, Autumn2008, Issue 49, p137-140, 4p UC users only
Camino, Mercedes. "'Good Luck with the Strike'. Mining, Dancing and Stephen Daldry's Billy Elliot." Film International , 2010, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p29-39, 11p UC users only
Hill, John. "A Working-Class Hero Is Something to Be? Changing Representations of Class and Masculinity in British Cinema." In: The trouble with men : masculinities in European and Hollywood cinema / edited by Phil Powrie, Ann Davies and Bruce Babington. London ; New York : Wallflower Press, 2004. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M46 T76 2004)
Judy, Jon. "Better to be a Dancer than a Miner: Commonalities in Billy Elliot." Screen Education, Spring2010, Issue 59, p117-123, 7p UC users only
Kidd, Kerry. "The Child in the Cinema: Representations of a Rural Dystopia in Billy Elliot and The Color of Paradise." In: Representing the rural : space, place, and identity in films about the land / edited by Catherine Fowler and Gillian Helfield. Detroit : Wayne State University Press, c2006. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C58 R47 2006)
Lancioni, Judith. "Cinderella Dances Swan Lake: Reading Billy Elliot as Fairytale." Journal of Popular Culture, Oct2006, Vol. 39 Issue 5, p709-728, 20p UC users only
Marris, Paul. "Northern Realism: An Exhausted Tradition? Cineaste, Fall2001, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p47, 4p UC users only
Simmons, Gary. "The gloves are off, Billy's pumped: Gender & class politics in 'Billy Elliot'." Screen Education, 2006, Issue 44, p119-123, 5p UC users only
Sinfield, Alan. "Boys, Class and Gender: from Billy Casper to Billy Elliot." History Workshop Journal, Oct2006, Vol. 62 Issue 1, p166-171, 6p UC users only
Wayne, Mike. "The Performing Northern Working Class in British Cinema: Cultural Representation and its Political Economy." Quarterly Review of Film and Video, 2006, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p287-297, 11p UC users only
Weber, Cynthia. "Oi, Dancing Boy!': Masculinity, Sexuality, and Youth in Billy Elliot." Genders, vol. 37, pp. 49 paragraphs, 2003

Boudu sauvé des eaux (Boudu Saved From Drowning) (France, 1932)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Cast: Michel Simon, Marcelle Hainia, Severine Lerczynsha, Jean Gehret, Max Dalban, Jean Baste, Charles Granval. A well-off bookseller rescues a tramp from a suicidal plunge into the Seine and his family dedicates itself to reforming him. He shows his gratitude by shaking the household to its foundations, challenging the hidebound principles of his hosts. Special DVD features: Archival introduction by Jean Renoir; excerpt from a "Cineastes de notre temps" program, featuring Renoir and Michel Simon; new video interview with filmmaker Jean-Pierre Gorin; archival interview with Eric Rohmer; interactive map of 1930s Paris, featuring locations for the film; a new essay by Renoir scholar Christopher Faulkner. 87 min. DVD 4359; vhs 999:118
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Cama Adentro (Live-In Maid) (Argentina, 2004)
Directed by Jorge Gaggero. Cast: Norma Aleandro, Norma Argentina, Susana Lanteri, Cláudia Lapaco, Marcos Mundstock. A wealthy woman and her live-in housekeeper must adjust their entrenched routines and relationship when Buenos Aires is plunged into an economic crisis. 83 min. DVD 6877
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Cecilia (Cuba, 1982)
Directed by Humberto Solás. This classic film, based on the novel by Cirilio Villaverde, is set in nineteenth-century Cuba. The story of Cecilia, a mulatta, and her relationship with a white man provides an intimate and stark portrayal of colonial Cuba. Based on the novel 'Cecilia Valdes' by Cirilo Villaverde. 147 min. vhs 999:2155
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Martin, Michael T.; Paddington, Bruce. " Restoration or Innovation?: An Interview with Humberto Sol?s: Post-Revolutionary Cuban Cinema ." Film Quarterly. Vol. 54, No. 3, Spring, 2001, pp. 2-12UC users only

Coronación (Coronation) (Chile, 2000)
Directed by Silvio Caiozzi. Cast: Julio Jung, Maria Canepa, Adela Secall, Luis Dubo, Paulo Meza. A glum, middle-aged bachelor, Don Andres, is the heir of a formerly wealthy and respected Chilean family. Andres suffers from decadence and solitude. He hires young Estela in order to look after his abusive and almost crazy grandmother. The differences in class and age don't stop Andres from courting Estela, whose fiance Mario tries to make some money off of his well-to-do rival. The suffocating atmosphere of the run-down mansion mimics the deterioration of the Bourgeoisie, and threatens Andres own mental state. 140 min. DVD 4188
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Désiré (France, 1937)
Directed by Sacha Guitry. Cast: Sacha Guitry, Jacqueline Delubac, Jacques Baumer, Saturnin Fabre, Alys Delonde, Arletty, Pauline Carton. A valet begins a flirtation with his employer, who is in turn involved with a class-obsessed politician. 97 min. DVD X4410
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Diary of a Chambermaid (Le Journal d'une femme de chambre) (France, 1964)
Directed by Luis Buñuel. Cast: Jeanne Moreau, Georges Geret, Daniel Ivernel, Françoise Lugagne, Muni, Jean Ozenne, Michel Piccoli. A chambermaid with Paris flair gets a job at a country estate and discovers the family she works for and the other staff members are a strange sort. She entrenches herself in sexual hypocracy and scandal with her philandering employer and when a child is murdered near the estate, she begins to have her suspicions as to whom may be responsible. Based on the novel "Le journal d'une femme de chambre" by Octave Mirbeau. 97 min. DVD 892; VHS 999:1060
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Educating Rita(UK, 1983)
Director, Lewis Gilbert. Cast: Michael Caine, Julie Walters, Michael Williams, Maureen Lipman. Rita, a young working-class woman in Liverpool, desperately wants an education. She enrolls in literature tutorials at a British university to escape from her dreary life as a hairdresser, as well as a confining existence at home with a husband who wants her to choose motherhood over education. Her professor is Frank Bryant, a disillusioned, alcoholic English professor who encourages his students to forsake dead poetry and enjoy life. As Rita is transformed into a free spirit, Frank is forced to confront his own life. Based on the stage play by Willy Russell. 111 min. DVD X1977
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La Grande Illusion (The Grand Illusion) (France, 1937)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Based on a true story from World War I, this powerful film tells of an attempted escape from a German prison of three French soldiers. Working-class Marechal, middle class Rosenthal and aristocratic Boieldieu are held in a fortress by German Commandant, von Rauffenstein. Through the relationships between the characters, Renoir shows how class is reaffirmed and transcends the social chaos of war. 111 min.DVD 141; DVD 3494; VHS 999:82
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Heavens Above! (UK, 1963)
Directed by John and Roy Boulting. Cast: Peter Sellers, Cecil Parker, Isabel Jeans, Ian Carmichael, Bernard Miles, Brock Peters, Eric Sykes, Irene Handl, Miriam Karlin, William Hartnell, Joan Hickson. An idealistic clergyman is accidentally assigned to a snobbish wealthy parish where he insists on ministering to the rich and poor alike, infuriating the town, the religious hierarchy, and the government. 118 min. DVD X4609
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I'm All Right, Jack (UK, 1959)
Directed by John Boulting. Cast: Peter Sellers, Ian Carmichael, Terry-Thomas, Richard Attenborough, Margaret Rutherford, Dennis Price. Peter Sellers stars as tragic-comic socialist shop steward Fred Kite in this class struggle comedy; Ian Carmichael is the upperclass twit hired as a common worker at his wealthy uncle's missile factory, who becomes the unwitting pawn of both the corrupt management and the union, provoking a national strike. From the novel of the same name by Alan Hackney. 105 min. DVD X4609
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Stead, Peter. "I'm All Right, Jack." History Today, Jan96, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p49, 6p UC users only

Lady Chatterly.(TV, UK, 1993)
Director, Ken Russell, 1992. Cast: Joely Richardson, Sean Bean, James Wilby, Shirley Anne Field. Lady Constance Chatterley is married to the handicapped Sir Clifford Chatterley, who was wounded in the First World War. When they move to his family's estate, Constance (Connie) meets their tough-yet-quiet groundskeeper, Oliver Mellors. Soon, she discovers that the source of her unhappiness is from not being fulfilled in love, and in turning to the arms of Mellors, she has a sexual awakening that will change her thoughts forever. 205 min. DVD 1771
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Last Holiday(UK, 1950)
Directed by Henry Cass. Cast: Alec Guinness, Beatrice Campbell, Kay Walsh, Bernard Lee. Told by his doctor he has no more than a few months to live, drab British workingman George Bird decides to spend his savings on lodging at a seaside resort. Once there, however, he finds his identity caught between upstairs and downstairs, the guest and the "help." 89 min. DVD X1668
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Love Hurts (Amar te duele) (Mexico, 2002)
Director, Fernando Sariñana. Cast: Luis Fernando Pena, Martha Higareda, Ximena Sariñana. In a story of social class differences, a rich teenage girl falls in love with a poor teenage boy in Mexico City. They must fight against peer pressure, prejudice, and her parents that want to send her to Canada, to try to save their love. 104 min. DVD 7508
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The Lower Depths (Les Bas-Fonds) (France, 1936)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Cast: Jean Gabin, Louis Jouvet, Jany Holt, Junie Astor, Vladimir Sokoloff. A Baron, forced by circumstances, gives up his life of luxury and takes up residence in the slums of Paris. The Baron observes the frustrated romance between Wasska Pepel and Natacha, the thwarted dreams of an actor, and the oppressive cruelties of landlord Kostileff. 93 min. DVD 2769
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Jean Renoir bibliography

Machuca (Chile | Spain | UK | France, 2004)
Directed by Andrés Wood. Cast: Matías Quer, Ariel Mateluna, Manuela Martelli, Aline Kuppenheim, Ernesto Malbrán, Tamara Acosta, Francisco Reyes, Alejandro Trejo, Maria Olga Matte, Gabriela Media, Luis Dubó, Andrea García Huidabro, Tiago Correa, Pablo Krögh, Federico Luppi. Explores Chile's bloody 1973 coup through the coming-of-age story of a pair of 12-year-old boys. From opposite extremes of society, Gonzalo and Pedro form an unlikely friendship as politics rips their world apart. 115 min. DVD X5075
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Metropolis (1926)
Directed by Fritz Lang. Screenplay, Thea von Harbou; Special effects, Eugen Schufftan; hotography, Karl Freund, Gunther Rittau . Cast: Brigitte Helm, Alfred Abel, Gustave Frolhich, Rudolph Klein-Rogge, Heinrich Georg. The story of a 21st century city run by a "super trustee" and his collaborators who live in a paradise-like garden. Workers are totally enslaved by machines and condemned to live underground. In the midst of this misery, a young woman, Maria, arises and attempts to inspire the workers to throw off their oppressors.
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DVD X4953 The Complete Metropolis Special features: original 1927 score by Gottfried Huppertz, performed by the Rundfunk Symphony Orchestra, Berlin conducted by Frank Strobel, and presented in 5.1 stereo surround ; "Voyage to Metropolis," a 50-minute documentary on the making and restoration of the film ; interview with Paula Felix-Didier, curator of the Museo del Cine, Buenos Aires, where the missing footage was discovered ; 2010 re-release trailer. 2 videodiscs (148 min.)

DVD 1574 Restored authorized ed., digitally remastered by Kino. Restored under the supervision of the Murnau Foundation and with the original 1927 orchestral score by Gottfried Huppertz. Plus special features, 43 min. documentary, audio commentary. Special features: 43 min. documentary: The making of Metropolis by Enno Patalas; featurette of the digital restoration; photo galleries featuring production stills, missing scenes, architectural sketches, poster artwork ; cast and crew biographies; Audio commentary in English. 124 min.

vhs 999:512 (Kino - restored version) 90 min.

vhs 999:513 Reconstructed and adapted" videocassette release, re-edited with color and music by Giorgio Moroder. 107 min.

Metropolis: Study Edition (1926)
Directed by Fritz Lang. Screenplay, Thea von Harbou; Special effects, Eugen Schufftan; hotography, Karl Freund, Gunther Rittau . Cast: Brigitte Helm, Alfred Abel, Gustave Frolhich, Rudolph Klein-Rogge, Heinrich Georg. The story of a 21st century city run by a "super trustee" and his collaborators who live in a paradise-like garden. Workers are totally enslaved by machines and condemned to live underground. In the midst of this misery, a young woman, Maria, arises and attempts to inspire the workers to throw off their oppressors.

Restored under the supervision of the Murnau Foundation. Original 1927 orchestral score by Gottfried Huppertz. Piano duet adapted by Mark Pogolski and Aljoscha Zimmermann. A study edition of the motion picture, originally released in 1927, with additional information and archival materials. 244 min. PAL format. DVD X530

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Pride & Prejudice
Based on the novel by Jane Austen. Mr. Bennet is an English gentleman living in Hartfordshire with his overbearing wife and 5 daughters. There is the beautiful Jane, the clever Elizabeth, the bookish Mary, the immature Kitty and the wild Lydia. Unfortunately, if Mr. Bennet dies their house will be inherited by a distant cousin whom they have never met. The family's future happiness and security is dependent on the daughters making good marriages. Life is uneventful until the arrival in the neighbourhood of the rich gentleman Mr. Bingley, who rents a large house so he can spend the summer in the country. Mr Bingley brings with him his sister and the dashing, rich, but proud Mr. Darcy. Love soon buds for one of the Bennet sisters, while another sister may have jumped to a hasty prejudgment.

For the Bennet sisters many trials and tribulations stand between them and their happiness.

For various versions of Pride & Prejudice on film see: Literary Adaptation videography

Pygmalion(UK, 1938)
Directed by Anthony Asquith and Leslie Howard. Cast: Wendy Hiller, Leslie Howard, Wifrid Lawson, Marie Lohr, Scott Sunderland. Follows the transformation of a Cockney flower girl's speech, dress, and manners as the result of a wager between Professor Henry Higgins and Colonel Pickering until she successfully passes as a duchess at an ambassador's reception. Based on the play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw. 120 min. DVD 313; vhs 999:367
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Pygmalion(TV, UK, 1973)
Directed by Cedric Messina. Cast: Lynn Redgrave, James Villiers, Ronald Frazer, Emrys James, Lally Bowers, Nicholas Jones, Angela Baddeley, Joyce Grant, Joanna McCallum. A stuffy professor of phonetics takes a bet that in six months time he can turn a poor Cockney flower seller into a lady he could pass off as a duchess. Originally produced for BBC television Play of the month program in 1973. Based on the play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw. 120 min. DVD 5738
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

La Règle du jeu (Rules of the Game) (France, 1939)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Cast: Marcel Dalio, Nora Gregor, Mila Parely, Jean Renoir, Roland Toutain, Julien Carette, Gaston Modot. A comedy drama set on the eve of World War II. It contrasts the affairs of the French aristocracy and the working class at a weekend house party. Masters and their servants are involved in an immoral erotic charade that builds to a shattering climax. Restored and re-released in 1959. 110 min. DVD 2230; vhs 999:51
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Los Sobrevivientes (Cuba, 1979)
Director, Tomás Gutiérrez Alea. A bourgeois Cuban family, of aristocratic origin, locks itself into its mansion when the Cuban Revolution comes to power to sit out the bad times and preserve its class values. As time passes, the family and its servants regress through the different social systems of humanity, ending in their total destruction. In Spanish without English subtitles. 130 min. vhs 999:3260
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Schroeder, Paul A. Tomas Gutierrez Alea : the dialectics of a filmmakerNew York : Routledge, 2002. (MAIN: PN1998.3.G874 S37 2002)

Swept Away (Travolti da un insolito destino nell'azzurro mare d'Agosto) (Italy, 1975)
Directed by Lina Wertmuller. Cast: Giancarlo Giannini, Mariangela Melato, Riccardo Salvino, Isa Danieli, Aldo Puglisi, Eros Pagni. A wealthy upperclass capitalist and a proletariat deckhand on her yacht are marooned together on an uninhabitated island for several weeks. The woman becomes totally dependent on the man for survival, falls in love with him, and the two temporarily reverse their roles. 116 min. DVD 356; VHS 999:183 (vhs is dubbed into English)
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Lina Wertmüller bibliography

Tess(1979)
Director, Roman Polanski. Cast: Nastassia Kinski, Peter Firth, Leigh Lawson. In this adaptation of Thomas Hardy's classic romance, Tess Darbeyville, a beautiful young peasant in late 19th century England, seeks her fortune with the wealthy D'Urbervilles, whom her family believes to be distant relatives. Although Tess rejects the advances of the D'Urberville's son Alex, he forcibly seduces her, leaving her pregnant and alone. After her sickly baby dies, Tess falls in love with Angel, a parson's son, who abandons her on their wedding night after she confesses her past "sin." This forces Tess to return to Alex, a fateful decision with tragic consequences. 172 min. DVD 9148; vhs 999:207
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Wedding March (1928)
Directed by Erich Von Stroheim and Harry Carr. Cast: Erich Von Stroheim, Fay Wray, Matthew Betz, Zasu Pitts, George Fawcett, Maude George, George Nichols. This romantic tale is set against the unrest of pre-World War I Vienna. Von Stroheim vows to marry any woman of wealth his royal parents choose for him, but falls in love with a poor girl and realizes that the greatest wealth of a marriage is love. 113 min. vhs 999:3883
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database


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