Marlon Riggs:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

General Articles

Articles and Books on Individual Riggs Films

Standards (e-journal)issue dedicated to Marlon Riggs
Curent (public broadcasting e-journal)pages dedicated to Marlon Riggs
Hot Button Topic: Gay and Lesbian Programming on Public Television(part of Current: Public Broadcasting Newsletter web site)

General Articles

Avena, Thomas
"Interview with Marlon Riggs." In: Life sentences : writers, artists, and AIDS / edited and with an introduction by Thomas Avena. San Francisco : Mercury House, c1994.
Main Stack NX180.A36.L54 1994
Bancroft NX180.A36.L54 1994

Cagle, Chris.
"Imaging the Queer South: Southern Lesbian and Gay Documentary." In: Between the Sheets, in the Streets: Queer, Lesbian, Gay Documentary / Chris Holmlund and Cynthia Fuchs, editors. pp: 30-45. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, c1997. Visible evidence; v. 1
Main Stack P96.D622.U63 1997

Cutler, J.K.; Klotman, Phyllis R.
"Marlon Riggs: identity and ideology / Conversation with Marlon Riggs in Oakland, California, August 1990."Persistence of Vision nr 11 (1995); p 65-85.
Overview and assessment of Marlon Riggs' work as an activist videomaker, tv journalist, scholar and teacher; considers the autobiographical, racial, sexual and political issues raised in particular by "Tongues untied"; plus M.R.'s comments on racism and homophobia.

Gerstner, David A.
"Marlon Riggs, 1957-1994." In: Queer pollen : white seduction, black male homosexuality, and the cinematic / David A. Gerstner. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2011.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PS153.G38 G47 2011

Golden, Thelma.
Black male : representations of masculinity in contemporary American art / Thelma Golden ; with contributions by Elizabe... [New York] : Whitney Museum of American Art, [1994]
Bancroft pNX652.A37.G65 1994
Main Stack NX652.A37.G65 1994
"A collection that includes essays on the visual representation of black masculinity in relation to questions such as feminism, family, television and film, rap music, labor practices, and homosexuality. Essays relevant to queer black studies include: Thelma Golden, "My Brother," 19-43; Valerie Smith, "Black Masculinity, Labor, and Social Change," 119-26; bell hooks, "Feminism Inside: Toward a Black Body Politic," 127-40; Phillip Brian Harper, "Walk-On Parts and Speaking Subjects: Screen Representations of Black Gay Men," 141-48; Andrew Ross, "The Gangsta and the Diva," 159-66; Herman Gray, "Black Masculinity and Visual Culture," 175-80; Ed Guerrero, "The Black Man On Our Screens and the Empty Space in Representation," 181-90; Kobena Mercer and Isaac Julien, "True Confessions," 191-200; a bibliography, 201-10; and plates of art and film stills, including work by Glenn Ligon, Jennie Livingston, Marlon Riggs, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Adrian Piper, Robert Mapplethorpe, and Lyle Ashton Harris, 44-84." (cited in Queer Black Studies: An Annotated Bibliography, 1994-1999. Compiled by Nicholas Boggs (UCB users only))

Grundmann, R; Riggs, M.
"New Agendas in Black Filmmaking: An Interview with Marlon Riggs." Cineaste, 1992, V19 N2-3:52-54.

Grundmann, R; Riggs, M.
"New Agendas in Black Filmmaking: An Interview with Marlon Riggs." In: New challenges for documentary. 2nd ed. / edited by Alan Rosenthal and John Corner. Manchester, UK ; New York : Manchester University Press ; New York : Distributed in the USA by Palgrave, 2005.
PFA PN1995.9.D6.N48 2005
Main Stack PN1995.9.D6.N377 2005

Harper, Phillip Brian.
"Marlon Riggs: the Subjective Position of Documentary Video."
UC users only
"Documentarist Marlon Riggs subverts the concept of the documentation by featuring subjects that have typically been excluded or misrepresented in that genre. One work, 'Ethnic Notions,' presents the racist portrayal of African Americans in popular culture through caricatures. Another work, 'Tongues Untied' presents a realistic portrayal of the lives of African American homosexuals, while 'Color Adjustment' questions the influence of Blacks in the media on young blacks." [Expanded Academic Index]

Harper, Phillip Brian.
"Walk-on parts and speaking subjects: screen representations of black gay men. Callaloo Spring 1995 v18 n2 p390(5) (2474 words)
UC users only
" The cultural-political events between 1990 and 1995 render it possible to forge a link between the so-called arts crisis and the emerging representations of black gay male identity. The controversies surrounding Marlon Riggs' video 'Tongues Untied' and Robert Mapplethorpe's 'Them Perfect Moment' exhibition reveal a lack of gay subjectivity which makes such representations necessary to objectify the African-American male experience in an environment where they are the minority." [Expanded Academic Index]

Hartman, Saidiya, ed.
"Black Women in the Academy 1894-1994." Callaloo 17.2 (Spring 1994): 408-31.
"A special section featuring selected papers from a conference at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on January 13 to 15, 1994. Elizabeth Alexander's "Memory, Community, Voice," 408-21, is an autobiographical consideration of black poetry in the age of AIDS, especially the work of black gay male artists Melvin Dixon, Marlon Riggs, and Essex Hemphill. In "Black Women and the Academy," 422-31, Angela Davis argues that the academy is an important site for political contestations of racism, sexism, and homophobia." (cited in Queer Black Studies: An Annotated Bibliography, 1994-1999. Compiled by Nicholas Boggs (UCB users only))

Hemphill, Essex; Lane, Alycee; Smith, Michael S.; Wilson, Phill; and others.
"Gay Voices, Black America." (essays from 12 black gay and lesbian writers). Advocate, n570 (Feb 12, 1991):32-43

Holden, Stephen.
"Boy's Shorts; The New Queer Cinema." (movie reviews). New York Times v142 (Wed, July 21, 1993):C17(L), col 1

Kleinhans, Chuck and Julia Lesage.
"Listening to the Heartbeat:Interview with Marlon Riggs." Jump Cut: A Review Of Contemporary Media No. 36 (1991).

Mercer, Kobina.
"Dark and Lovely Too: Black Gay Men in Independent Film." In Queer Looks: Perspectives on Lesbian and Gay Film and Video. Edited by Martha Gerver, et al. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Mills, David.
"The Director with Tongue Untied; Marlon Riggs, A Filmmaker Who Lives Controversy." Washington Post v115 (Mon, June 15, 1992):C1, col 5, 62 col in.

Out in Culture: Gay, Lesbian, and Queer Essays on Popular Culture
Edited by Corey K. Creekmur and Alexander Doty. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Price-Spratlen, Townsand
"Negotiating Legacies: Audre Lorde, W.E.B. DuBois, Marlon Riggs, and Me."(Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education)Harvard Educational Review v66 n2 p216-30 Sum 1996
"A professor discusses the impact of the writings of Audre Lorde, W.E.B. DuBois, and Marlon Riggs on his personal and professional development. He reveals the way to negotiate one's individual legacies. Lorde's 'The Cancer Journals,' DuBois's 'The Souls of Black Folk,' and Riggs's 'Tongues United,' largely helped him to understand the responsibilities of an educator. These writings also helped him to excel in both work and non-work related settings. Despite some differences in their approach, all three acknowledged the different aspects of personal identity." [Expanded Academic Index]

Reid-Pharr, Robert.
"Dinge." Women and Performance: A Journal of Feminist Theory. Special Issue: Queer Acts. 8.2, 6 (1996): 75-85.
"Reid-Pharr examines same-sex interracial sexual acts and practices as part of the ideological process through which racial and gender identities are constructed and maintained. Discussing the work of James Baldwin, Marlon Riggs, and Essex Hemphill, Reid-Pharr asks, "why is it that we often find such sustained discussions of cross-racial desire among people of color while whites remain largely silent?" Reid-Pharr suggests that this may be because "admitting to the reality of beauty that is other than white throws into disarray the idea of the white as the center of the universe." (cited in Queer Black Studies: An Annotated Bibliography, 1994-1999. Compiled by Nicholas Boggs (UCB users only))

Riggs, Marlon T.
"Black Macho Revisited: Reflections of a Snap! Queen." (Black Film Issue). Black American Literature Forum v25, n2 (Summer, 1991):389-395

UCB users only

Riggs, Marlon T.
"Black Macho Revisited." In: Traps : African American men on gender and sexuality / edited by Rudolph P. Byrd and Beverly Guy-Sheftall. Bloomington, IN : Indiana University Press, c2001.
-Main Stack E185.86.T72 2001

Riggs, Marlon T.
"From the Desk of Marlon Riggs." Standards v5, n1

Riggs, Marlon T.
"Notes of a Signifying Snap! Queen." (Censorship I) Art Journal v50, n3 (Fall, 1991):60-65
UC users only

Riggs, Marlon.
"Tongues Re-Tied." In: Resolutions: Contemporary Video Practices. Michael Renov & Erika Suderburg, editors. pp: 185-88. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press, c1996.
UCB Main PN1992.935 .R47 1996

Riggs, Marlon
"Unleash the queen." In: Black popular culture / a project by Michele Wallace ; edited by Gina Dent. Seattle : Bay Press, 1992. Discussions in contemporary culture ; v. 8
Main Stack N72.S6.D57 v.8

Riggs, Marlon and Simmons, Ron
"Sexuality, television, and death: a black gay dialogue on Malcolm X." In: Malcolm X : in our own image / Joe Wood, editor. 1st ed. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1992.
Main Stack BP223.Z8.L5763 1992
Moffitt BP223.Z8.L5763 1992
Bancroft BP223.Z8.L5763 1992

Scott, Darieck.
"Jungle Fever? Black Gay Identity Politics, White Dick, and the Utopian Bedroom." GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, vol. 1 no. 3, 1994; 299-321

Struggles for representation : African American documentary film and video
Edited by Phyllis R. Klotman and Janet K. Cutler. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1999.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.S77 1999
Contents: Pioneers of Black documentary film / Pearl Bowser -- Military rites and wrongs: African Americans in the U.S. Armed Forces / Phyllis R. Klotman -- Documenting social issues: Black journal, 1968-1970 / Tomy Lee Lott -- Eyes on the prize: reclaiming Black images, culture, and history / Elizabeth Amelia Hadley -- Paths of enlightenment: heroes, rebels and thinkers / Clyde Taylor -- Rewritten on film: documenting the artist / Janet K. Cutler -- Uptown where we belong: space, captivity, and the documentary of Black community / Mark Frederick Baker and Houston A. Baker, Jr. -- Discourses of family in Black documentary film / Valerie Smith -- Springing tired chains: experimental film and video / Paul Arthur -- Black high-tech documents / Erika Muhammad -- The "I" narrator in Black diaspora documentary / Manthia Diawara.

Van Leer, David
"Visible Silence: Spectatorship in Black Gay and Lesbian Film." In: Representing Blackness: Issues in Film and Video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1997.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997


Reid-Pharr, Robert
"In Memoriam: Marlon Riggs, 1957-1994." Callaloo, Vol. 17, No. 2. (Spring, 1994)
UC users only

Robinson, W.
Riggs, Marlon -- Obituary Art in America, 1994 May, V82 N5:134-134.

Variety Vol CCCLIV nr 10 (Apr 11 1994); p 165.

Articles/Reviews of Individual Riggs Films

Black Is Black Ain't

Independent Television Service's "Black Is...Black Ain't web page

"Black is ... Black Ain't." (Marlon Riggs's films on gay blacks)
Sight and Sound v4, n8 (August, 1994):22 (2 pages).
"Marlon Riggs, a black gay film-maker who died of AIDS on April 5, 1994, made films portraying the diverse nature of black identities and the right to representation, although criticized by the gay community and the rigid conservatives. His 'Tongues Untied,' depicting black gay men and their troubles of self-representation, started a debate on inter-racial relationships." [Expanded Academic Index]

Favor, J. Martin.
Authentic Blackness : the folk in the new negro renaissance Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 1999.
MAIN: PS153.N5 F38 1999
Contents via Google Books

Freydberg, Elizabeth Hadley.
"Black is ... Black Ain't." (movie reviews) American Historical Review v100, n4 (Oct, 1995):1210 (3 pages).

Johnson, E. Patrick
"The pot is brewing : Marlon Riggs' Black is ... Black ain't." In: Appropriating Blackness : performance and the politics of authenticity Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 2003.
MAIN: E185.625 J64 2003; View current status of this item
Table of contents

Klawans, Stuart.
"Back Is ... Black Ain't" (movie reviews) Nation v261, n15 (Nov 6, 1995):551 (3 pages)
UC users only

Levy, Emanuel.
"Black is ... Black Ain't." (movie reviews) Variety v358, n2 (Feb 13, 1995):51.

Mercer, Kobena
"Black Is ... Black Ain't" Sight and Sound.V 4, N 8 (August 1994)

Thompson, Cliff
"Black Is ... Black Ain't." Cineaste v22, n4 (Fall, 1996):55 (2 pages).

Young, Harvey.
"Memoralizing Memory: Marlon Riggs and Life Writing in Tongues Untied and Black Is Black Ain't." A/B: Auto/Biography Studies. 15(2):248-60. 2000 Winter

Color Adjustment

Bloom, Jack.
"Color Adjustment." (movie reviews) Journal of American History v80, n3 (Dec, 1993):1193 (2 pages).

Bunce, Alan.
"P.O.V.: Color Adjustment." (television program reviews) Christian Science Monitor v84, n138 (Thu, June 11, 1992):12, col 1, 3 col in.

Hellinger, Dan.
"Color Adjustment." (movie reviews) St. Louis Journalism Review v22, n145 (April, 1992):9.

Bloom, Jack.
"Color Adjustment." Journal of American History v80, n3 (Dec, 1993):1193 (2 pages).

Bunce, Alan. "P.O.V.: Color Adjustment."
Christian Science Monitor v84, n138 (Thu, June 11, 1992):12, col 1

Hiltbrand, David
"Color Adjustment." (television program reviews) People Weekly June 15, 1992 v37 n23 p10(2)
UC users only

Keeler, Teresa F.
"Color Adjustment." (movie reviews) Western Folklore Jan 1996 v55 n1 p31(4)
UC users only

Leonard, John.
"Color Adjustment." (television program reviews) New York v25, n24 (June 15, 1992):94.

Limbacher J.
'Color Adjustment'. Journal Of Popular Film And Television, 1994 Fall, V22 N3:142-142.

Maslin, Janet.
"Color Adjustment." New York Times v141 (Sat, Feb 1, 1992):13(N), col 1, 18 col in.

Maslin, Janet.
"Under scrutiny: TV images of blacks." (analysis of new show "Color Adjustment") The New York Times Jan 29, 1992 v141 pC15(L) col 1 (16 col in)

Maslin, Janet.
"Under Scrutiny: TV Images of Blacks." (analysis of new show "Color Adjustment") New York Times v141 (Wed, Jan 29, 1992):C15(L), col 1

Meeske, Milan D.
"Color Adjustment." Journalism Educator v47, n2 (Summer, 1992):90 (2 pages).

Royal, Shawn C.
"P.O.V.: Color Adjustment." Humanity & Society. Volume 17, Number 1: 111-114

Sauter, Van Gordon.
"P.O.V.: Color Adjustment."(television program reviews) Variety v347, n9 (June 15, 1992):60.

Sonnenberg, Ben.
"Color Adjustment." (video recording reviews) Nation v254, n19 (May 18, 1992):676.

UC users only

Sterritt, David.
"Color Adjustments." Christian Science Monitor v84, n46 (Fri, Jan 31, 1992):12, col 1

Zoglin, Richard.
"Color Adjustment." Time v139, n24 (June 15, 1992):70 (2 pages).
UC users only

Ethnic Notions

Cripps, Thomas
"Ethnic Notions." (review)Cineaste Vol XVII nr 1 (1989); p 21-22.

Freydberg, Elizabeth Hadley.
"Ethnic Notions." (review) American Historical Review 1995 100(4): 1210-1212.

Grant, Nancy .
"The Constitution and American Life A Special Issue" The Journal of American History, Vol. 74, No. 3, (Dec 1987), pp. 1107-1109
UC users only

Lewis, Earl
"Ethnic Notions." The Oral History Review Vol. 16, No. 2 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 128-130
UC users only

Trojan, Judith.
"Ethnic Notions." Wilson Library Bulletin v62, n9 (May, 1988):82 (2 pages).

Turk, James F.
"Ethnic Notions." (review) Film & History 19 (May 89) 44-45.

No Regrets

Slaven, Scott.
"No Regrets." Advocate, n640 (Oct 19, 1993):74.

Tongues Untied

Information about censorship of "Tongues Untied:

Interview with Marlon Riggs from JumpCut Magazine

Anwar, Farrah.
"Tongues Untied." (movie reviews) Sight and Sound v1, n3 (July, 1991):56.

Becquer, M..
"Snap!thology and other discursive practices in Tongues untied." Wide Angle Vol XIII nr 2 (Apr 1991); p 6-17.
Examines the presentation of a black gay identity in the documentary "Tongues untied".

Berger M.
"Too Shocking To Show" (Marlon Riggs Documentary Film Of Black Gay Life 'Tongues Untied') Art In America, 1992 Jul, V80 N7:37+.
"Marlon T. Riggs feels that his 1989 film, 'Tongues Untied,' portrays the feelings of identity in being both gay and black. His message implies that repressed people may resort to violence or self-destruction. Conservatives want to deny funding for the film." [Expanded Academic Index]

Bullert, B. J.
"Tongues Untied." In: Public television : politics and the battle over documentary film New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University press, c1997.
MAIN: HE8700.79.U6 B85 1997

Castro, Alex
"Tongues Untied." Senses of Cinema

Goodeve, T..
"Tongues untied." Cineaste Vol XVIII nr 1 (1990); p 26-27.

Goodman, Walter.
"P.O.V.: Tongues Untied." (Living Arts Pages) New York Times v140 (Mon, July 15, 1991):B4(N), C11(L), col 1,

Gregg, Ronald
"PBS and AIDS." Jump Cut nr 37 (July 1992); p 64-71.
On political control of public broadcasting in the USA and its effect on AIDS programming such as the films "Aids: chapter one", "Tongues untied" and "Absolutely positive".

Harding, Rick
"FCC says it received 13 formal complaints about 'Tongues Untied.'" (gay documentary on public television) The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine) Sept 10, 1991 n85 p23(1)
The Federal Communications Commission received 13 indecency complaints about the public television documentary 'Tongues Untied.' Right wing groups objected to the depictions of brief nudity, homosexual sex and profanity.

Harper, Phillip Brian
"Walk-On Parts and Speaking Subjects: Screen Representations of Black Gay Men." Callaloo 18.2 (1995) 390-394
UCB users only

Howell, Debi.
"Tongues Untied." (television program reviews) Mother Jones v16, n4 (July-August, 1991):62.

Milloy, Courtland.
"Tongues Untied." Washington Post v114 (Thu, July 18, 1991):C3, col 3

Mills, David.
"The Director with Tongue Untied; Marlon Riggs, A Filmmaker Who Lives Controversy." Washington Post v115 (Mon, June 15, 1992):C1, col 5

Petty, Sheila.
"Silence and Its Opposite: Expressions of Race in Tongues Untied." In: Documenting the Documentary: Close Readings of Documentary Film and Video / edited by Barry Keith Grant and Jeannette Sloniowski. 416-28. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, c1998. Contemporary film and television series
Main PN1995.9.D6.D58 1998
Moffitt PN1995.9.D6.D58 1998

Prial, Frank J.
"TV Film About Gay Blacks is Under Attack." ('Tongues Untied') New York Times v140 (Tue, June 25, 1991):B1(N), C13(L), col 3 Harvard Educational Review v66, n2 (Summer, 1996):216 (15 pages).

Price-Spratlen, Townsand
"Negotiating Legacies: Audre Lorde, W.E.B. DuBois, Marlon, and Me."(Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People and Education)

Rabinowitz, Dorothy.
"Tongues Untied." Wall Street Journal (Mon, July 15, 1991):A9(W), A9(E), col 1

Sonnenberg, Ben.
"Tongues Untied." (video recording reviews) Nation v254, n19 (May 18, 1992):676.

Young, Harvey.
"Memoralizing Memory: Marlon Riggs and Life Writing in Tongues Untied and Black Is Black Ain't." A/B: Auto/Biography Studies. 15(2):248-60. 2000 Winter

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