Religious Themes in the Movies & Television












Religion in the Movies

Jews in Film and TV

Absent Father (2008)
Director: Douglas Chang. Cast: Jessica Kadish, J.P. Quicquaro, Debbie Friedlander. Abigail is a typical teenager. When an angel tells her she's been chosen to have God's child, her first instinct is to look for a way out. Eventually she abandons her comfortable middle-class home for the streets of Boston, where she hooks up with a group of runaways led by the enigmatic Sultan. 85 min. DVD X6673
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

And God Spoke: The Making of -- a Documentary (1993)
Directed by Arthur Borman. Cast: Michael Riley, Stephen Rappaport, Soupy Sales, Lou Ferrigno, Eve Plumb, Michael Medved, Andy Dick. A "mockumentary" about the making of a big budget Bible picture. Producer Steve Rappaport and director Michael Riley have been given carte blanche to make a multimillion-dollar epic based on the Old Testament. One day into production, they blow their budget and are forced to cut corners with a scythe and to scout around for cheap locations in the L.A. area, making do with whatever stars they can afford. 82 min. DVD 3181
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Apostle (1997)
Directed by Robert Duvall. Cast: Robert Duvall, Farrah Fawcett, Todd Allen, John Beasley, June Carter Cash, Walton Goggins, Billy Joe Shaver, Billy Bob Thornton, Miranda Richardson. Sonny is a gifted Southern Pentecostal preacher loved by his community in Texas. When Sonny loses control and commits a crime of passion, he is forced to run from the law. Hiding out in the small Louisiana town of Bayou Boutte, Sonny adopts a new identity as the Apostle E.F. and sets out on a new mission--to find the road to redemption. Special features: Commentary with director Robert Duvall; The journey of the apostle (original featurette on the making of the film); theatrical trailer; production notes; cast and filmmakers' biographies. 134 min. DVD X2509
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

At Play in the Fields of the Lord (Brincando nos Campos do Senhor) (USA, 1991)
Directed by Hector Babenco. The tale of two men's experiences with a native Indian tribe in the Brazilian rain forest. One is an American mercenary hired to drive the Niaruna Indians off their land, who joins forces with them instead. The other is a missionary sent to convert the natives to Christianity. Based on the novel by Peter Matthiessen (Main Stack PS3563.A89 A79, and in Moffitt; XMAC.M443.A8 Grad Svcs) 186 min. DVD X6249; vhs 999:1367
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Caesar, Terry. "'So that's the flag': The representation of Brazil and the politics of nation in American Literature." Criticism, Summer99, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p365, 20p
Okrent, Neil. "At Play in the Fields of the Lord." Cineaste, 1992, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p44-47, 4p UC users only
Rendleman, Tood. "'Evil' Images in At Play in the Fields of the Lord: Evangelicals and Representations of Sexuality in Contemporary Film." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television, Fall2000, Issue 46, p26, 14p UC users only
Young, Theodore Robert. "Three Views of the Amazon in International Commercial Film." Luso-Brazilian Review, 1999, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p23, 10p UC users only

Ben-Hur (1959)
Director, William Wyler. Cast: Charlton Heston, Jack Hawkins, Haya Harareet, Stephen Boyd, Hugh Griffith, Martha Scott. The story of a Jewish nobleman, set in the time of the Roman Empire and the emergence of Christianity. 281 min. DVD 3370; also DVD X2000; vhs 999:233 pt. 1-2
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Director; Best Actor in a Leading Role (Charlton Heston);
British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Film from any Source
Directors Guild of America - Outstanding Directorial Achievement
Golden Globes - Best Motion Picture, Drama; Best Director
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film
National Film Registry Selection

Ben-Hur (1925)
Director, Fred Niblo. Cast: Ramon Novarro, Francis X. Bushman, May McAvoy, Betty Bronson, Claire McDowell, Kathleen Key, Carmel Myers, Nigel de Brulier, Mitchell Lewis, Leo White, Frank Currier, Charles Belcher, Dale Fuller, Winter Hall. Silent version of the sweeping saga that tells the story of a young Jewish nobleman who leads his nation against the wrath of the conquering Romans. His self-imposed destiny brings tragedy to himself and his people, as he learns to fight, love, hate and, finally, forgive. 148 min. DVD X2000
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Buchanan, Judith. "Gospel Narratives on Silent Film." In: The Cambridge companion to literature on screen / edited by Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .C36 2007; Media Resources Center PN1997.85 .C36 2007)
Pentz-Harris, Marcia L.; Seger, Linda ; Palmer, R. Barton. "Screening male sentimental power in Ben-Hur." In: Nineteenth-century American fiction on screen / edited by R. Barton Palmer. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .N54 2007)
Thomas, Gordon. "Getting It Right the Second Time: Adapting Ben-Hur for the Screen." Bright Lights Film Journal, vol. 52, 2006 May
Williams, Michael. "The Idol Body: Stars, Statuary and the Classical Epic." Film & History, Fall2009, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p39-48, 10p UC users only
Winchell, Mark Royden. "Racing for glory : Fred Niblo's Ben-Hur (1926) and William Wyler's Ben-Hur (1959)" In: God, man, and Hollywood : politically incorrect cinema from "The birth of a nation" to "The Passion of the Christ". Wilmington, Del. : ISI Books, 2008. (Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.W53 2008)

Ben-Hur (1907)
Directors, Frank Oakes Rose and Sidney Olcott. Cast: Herman Rottger, William S. Hart. Early silent short about a Jewish prince who is betrayed, sent into slavery by a Roman friend, and comes back for revenge. 13 min. DVD X6324

The Bible According to Hollywood
Film excerpts. Vol. 1. Intolerance -- The wanderer -- King of Kings (1927) -- Noah's ark -- Sign of the cross -- The crusades -- Susan and God -- Song of Bernadette -- Samson and Delilah -- Fabiola -- Quo Vadis -- David and Bathsheba -- Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima. -- Vol. 2. The robe -- The Egyptian -- The prodigal -- Ten Commandments -- Ben Hur -- Solomon and Sheba -- Story of Ruth -- Esther and the King -- Spartacus -- King of Kings (1961) -- Gospel according to St. Matthew -- The Bible.

In the beginning, there was Cecil B. DeMille -- the pioneer of epic film directors, and the man who started Hollywood's long history of Biblical-themed extravaganzas. This documentary presents a complete look at the history of this motion picture genre through the use of extensive film trailers and the words of directors, producers and stars who comment on how the films were made, why they were so popular, and how they launched the careers of some of Hollywood's biggest stars. c1994. 90 min. Video/C 9318

Big Love
Television series about a polygamist and independent businessman who lives in Salt Lake City with his three wives and seven children. Cast: Bill Paxton, Jeanne Tripplehorn, Chloë Sevigny, Ginnifer Goodwin, Amanda Seyfried, Douglas Smith, Shawn Doyle, Melora Walters, Joel McKinnon Miller, Daveigh Chase, Jolean Wejbe, Grace Zabriskie, Matt Ross, Harry Dean Stanton.

SEE TV videography

The Birth of Christ (Naissance, la vie et la mort du Christ)(Excerpt) (France, 1906)
Directed by Alice Guy. DVD X2028
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Black Narcissus (1947)
Director, Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. Cast: Deborah Kerr, Sabu, David Farrar, Flora Robson, Esmond Knight, Jean Simmons, Kathleen Byron. This film marks a harrowing descent into madness, when a young British nun is ordered to establish a convent in the remote Himalayan mountains. Sister Clodagh is a serious young novitiate assigned to lead a crucial mission, with the reluctant recommendation of her Mother Superior. Together with a disparate group of nuns, Sister Clodagh will face strange peoples and customs, a harsh and unforgiving climate and a wrenching struggle with her own past that will prove the ultimate test of her devotion and faith. Special features: Audio commentary by Michael Powell and documentary on Jack Cardiff and Black Narcissus, rare behind-the-scenes production stills, including shots not used in the final version of the film, original theatrical trailer. 101 min. DVD 510
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Blasphemy: the Movie (2001)
Directed by John Mendoza. Cast: Carlos Leon, Tony Perez, Irene Olga Lopez, Karmin Murcelo. Set during Christmas, Blasphemy tells the story of what happens when Martin Garcia reveals to his devoutly religious parents that he doesn't believe in God. A chorus of Gods and prophets add to the chaos by commenting as the film unfolds. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 81 min. vhs 999:3908
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Blood of Jesus (1941)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Spencer Williams, who later became Andy on the Amos'n'Andy Television series was the star, director, producer and writer of this film, an unusual piece that offers a glimpse into Southern Baptist life from an African American perspective. 68 min. DVD 1589; vhs 999:928
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Cripps, Thomas. Black American Literature Forum, v12 n4 p128-34 Win 1978. "The Films of Spencer Williams." UC users only
Giles, Mark. "The Blood of Jesus: Timeless Black Values." Black Camera - A Micro Journal of Black Film Studies 15:1 [Spring-Summer 2000] p.6-7 UC users only
Strecker, Damien. "No Laughing Matter: Spencer Williams, Jr.'s Christian Moral Vision in "The Blood of Jesus". Black Camera - A Micro Journal of Black Film Studies 20:2 [Fall-Winter 2005] p.6-7

The Book of Life (1998)
Directed by Hal Hartley. Cast: Martin Donovan, P.J. Harvey, Thomas Jay Ryan, Dave Simonds, Miho Nikaido, D.J. Mendel, James Urbaniak. In this dark comedy about the Apocalypse, Jesus arrives at JFK Airport with his assistant, Magdalena. He transfers the "Book of Life" to computer disk and battles the Devil for human souls, with second thoughts about whether these lives are worth saving. 63 min. DVD 3783
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Breaking the Waves (Denmark / Sweden / France / Netherlands / Norway / Iceland, 1996)
Directed by Lars von Trier. Cast: Emily Watson, Stellan Skarsgard, Katrin Cartlidge, Jean-Marc Barr, Udo Kier. Bess, a pious young Scottish woman, prays to God to send her husband, Jan, home from his job on an offshore oil rig. When an accident sends him home paralyzed, she's filled with guilt and submits to his wish that she take on other lovers, convinced that this will aid in his recovery. 152 min. DVD 785; also DVD X4096
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Brother Sun, Sister Moon (Fratello sole, sorella luna) (Italy / UK, 1973)
Directed by Franco Zeffirelli. Cast: Graham Faulkner, Judi Bowker, Alec Guinness, Leigh Lawson, Kenneth Cranham, Lee Montague, Valentina Cortese, Michael Feast, Nicholas Willatt. A compelling, insightful look at the early years of Saint Francis of Assisi, who abandoned a life of wealth and comfort to seek spiritual values, eventually founding the religious order of Franciscans. 121 min. DVD 2345
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Aste, Mario. "Zeffirelli's Personal Encounter with St. Francis: Brother Sun, Sister Moon." RLA: Romance Languages Annual, vol. 3, pp. 146-51, 1992
Kozlovic, Anton Karl. "Saint Cinema: The Construction of St. Francis of Assisi in Franco Zeffirelli's Brother Sun Sister Moon (1972)." Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, vol II, Fall 2002
William Johnson. "Brother Sun, Sister Moon." Film Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4. (Summer, 1973), p. 60.

A Buddha (Un Buda) (Argentina, 2005)
Directed by Diego Rafecas. Cast: Agustín Markert, Carolina Fal, Julieta Cardinali, Diego Rafecas, Tina Serrano. Affected by the disappearance of his father by the military during Argentina's Dirty War, a young man struggles to find himself spiritually in the immensity and violence of the big city. He journeys to a mountain Zen Buddhist retreat while his family and friends try to understand him. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 108 min. Video/C 999:3910
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Camila. (Argentina, 1984)
Directed by Maria-Luisa Bemberg. Recounts the true story of a young Catholic socialite from Buenos Aires, Camila O'Gorman, who falls in love and runs away with a young Jesuit priest, Ladislao Gutierrez, in 1847. Eventually they are found and executed by the repressive government. 105 min. DVD 1552; vhs 999:244
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Cardinal (1963)
Directed by Otto Preminger. Cast: Tom Tryon, John Huston, Romy Schneider, Carol Lynley, Jill Haworth, Raf Vallone, John Saxon, Josef Meinrad, Burgess Meredith, Ossie Davis, Dorothy Gish. Sweeping and powerful epic about a man torn between doubt and faith, between human and spiritual values. Follows an Irish American Catholic priest across two continents and through several turbulent decades. His rise to the upper echelons of the Church hierarchy parallels and is propelled by the social upheaval of the times. 175 min. DVD X833
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ceddo (Senegal, 1978)
Directed by Sembene Ousmane. A religious conflict characterizes this drama set in late 19th century Senegal when the local king becomes a Muslim and decides to break up the small Catholic congregation in the village of the Ceddo. The people revolt against the change and kidnap a princess. Eventually the kidnappers are killed and the princess is brought back to the village to confront the Imam, as all the villagers are being given Muslim names. This film was banned in Senegal because the government disagreed with the director's spelling of the word "Ceddo," which they insisted should be spelled with one "d." In Wolof and French with English subtitles. 112 min. vhs 999:3113
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Chac: The Rain God (Chac: Dios de la lluvia) (Mexico / Panama, 1974)
Directed by Rolando Klein. Based on ritual and legends from the Popul Vuh and Mayan stories, the film focuses on a small Tzeltal village during a terrible drought. Desperate for relief, thirteen men set out on a quest to save their people by seeking a solitary diviner who lives in the mountains and knows the ways of the ancients. Hoping that he can summon Chac, the Rain God the men follow the diviner who takes them on a strange journey that challenges their beliefs and even their sanity. 95 min. DVD X5019; vhs 999:2957
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Crime of Padre Amaro (El crimen del Padre Amaro) (Mexico / Spain / Argentina / France, 2002)
Directed by Carlos Carrera. Cast: Gael Garcia Bernal, Ana Claudia Talancon, Sancho Gracia, Angelica Aragon, Luisa Huertas, Pedro Armendariz, Ernesto Gomez Cruz, Gaston Melo, Damian Alcazar. A recently ordained priest is sent to a small parish church in rural Mexico to help an aging priest. Upon arriving at his new post, he meets a beautiful young woman with a religious passion that borders on obsession. Quickly her passion for her faith becomes entangled in a growing attraction to the new priest. When the priest crosses the line that seperates temptation from sin, he finds himself torn between the devine and the carnal, the righteous and the unjust. 119 min. DVD 2297
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Da Vinci Code (2006)
Directed by Ron Howard. Cast: Tom Hanks, Audrey Tautou, Ian McKellen, Alfred Molina, Jurgen Prochnow, Jean Reno, Paul Bettany, Jean-Yves Berteloot, Etienne Chicot, Jean-Pierre Marielle, Marie-Francoise Audollent. When respected American religious symbology expert Dr. Robert Langdon is summoned to the Louvre by French Captain Bezu Fache, he soon discovered that he is the number 1 suspect for the murder of a historian Langdon had been scheduled to meet with. Assisted by a French cryptographer and government agent named Sophie, Langdon is challenged to decipher a chain of cryptic codes and puzzles, all the while trying to stay ahead of Fache's lawmen in a chase through the Louvre, and out into the Parisian cityscape, and finally across the channel to England. Special features (Disc 2): "First day on the set with Ron Howard" featurette; "A discussion with Dan Brown" featurette; "A portrait of Langdon" featurette; "Who is Sophie Neveu?" featurette; "Unusual suspects" featurette; "Magical places" featurette; "Filmmaker's journey" a two-part featurette; "Close-up on the Mona Lisa" featurette; "The codes of 'The Da Vinci code'" featurette; "The music of 'The Da Vinci code' featurette. Based on the novel by Dan Brown. 149 min. DVD 6872
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Death of Christ (Pathe, France? 189?)
vhs 999:3530

Dekalog (directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski - based on the Ten Commandments) see Eastern European cinema videography

Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954)
Directed by Delmer Daves. Cast: Victor Mature, Susan Hayward, Michael Rennie, Debra Paget, Anne Bancroft, Jay Robinson. Set in Rome after the death of Christ. The mad emperor Caligula is obsessed with obtaining the robe of Christ which has been entrusted to Demetrius, a devout Christian who turns his back on God, enters the arena and becomes the most famous gladiator in Rome. Based on a character created in Lloyd C. Douglas in The robe. 98 min. DVD X4868
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Devils (UK, 1971)
Directed by Ken Russell. Cast: Vanessa Redgrave, Oliver Reed, Dudley Sutton, Max Adrian, Gemma Jones, Murray Melvin. This film centers on the staggering true-life dementia of events in France in 1643. Cardinal Richelieu and his power-hungry entourage seek to take control of seventeenth-century France, but need to destroy Father Grandier - the priest who runs the fortified town that prevents them from exerting total control. So they seek to destroy him by setting him up as a warlock in control of a devil-possessed nunnery, the mother superior of which is sexually obsessed by him. A mad witch-hunter is brought in to gather evidence against the priest, ready for the big trial. Based on the play: The devils by John Whiting, and the book: The devils of London by Aldous Huxley. Special features (70 min.): "Hell on earth" documentary, "Year of censorship", UK censors, James Ferman, trailers. 111 min. DVD 9759
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ken Russell bibliography

Diary of a Country Priest (Le Journal d'un curé de campagne) (France, 1950)
Directed by Robert Bresson. Cast: Claude Laydu, Antoine Balpêtré, Gaston Séverin, Léon Arvel, Jean Danet, André Guibert, Nicole Ladmiral, Jean Riveyre, Jeanne Étiévant, Bernard Hubrenne, Marie-Monique Arkell. A young country priest engenders hostility, indifference, and rejection among his parishioners. Stricken by cancer, he dies a lonely death. Based on the novel by Georges Bernanos. Special DVD features: Audio commentary by film historian Peter Cowie; original theatrical trailer; essay by film critic Frédéric Bonnaud. 120 min. DVD 2475
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dogma (1999)
Directed by Kevin Smith. Cast: Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, Linda Fiorentino, Salma Hayek, Jason Lee, Jason Mewes, Alan Rickman, Chris Rock, George Carlin. Two banished angels find a loophole that would get them back into heaven. The only snag? They'll be destroying existence in the process. In an effort to stop them, the overworked voice of God taps cynical mortal Bethany to save the world by preventing the angels from reaching their unholy destination. Along the way he meets two unlikely prophets named Jay and Silent Bob, and the quick-witted thirteenth apostle. 128 min. DVD 741
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Blake, Richard A. "Fallen Angels." America; 12/04/99, Vol. 181 Issue 18, p20, 3p UC users only
Horton, Robert. "Snoochie boochies: the gospel according to Kevin Smith." Film Comment, November/December 1999, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p60-65, 6p UC users only
Maher, Kevin. "Dogma." Sight & Sound, Jan2000, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p47-48, 2p
Romney, Jonathan. "Apocalypse then." New Statesman; 12/13/99, Vol. 128 Issue 4466, p47, 2p UC users only

Doubt (2008)
Directed by John Patrick Shanley. Cast: Meryl Streep, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams, Viola Davis, Alice Drummond, Audrie Neenan, Susan Blommaert, Carrie Preston, John Costelloe, Lloyd Clay Brown, Joseph Foster II. 1964, St. Nicholas in the Bronx. Father Flynn is a charismatic priest who is trying to upend the schools' strict customs, which have long been fiercely guarded by Sister Aloysius Beauvier. The Sister is the iron-gloved principal who believes in the power of fear and discipline. With the winds of political change, the school has just accepted its first black student, Donald Miller. But when Sister James shares with Sister Aloysius her suspicion that Father Flynn is paying too much personal attention to Donald, Sister Aloysius sets off on a personal crusade to unearth the truth and to expunge Flynn from the school. Now, without any proof, besides her moral certainty, Sister Aloysius locks into a battle of wills with Father Flynn which threatens to tear apart the community with its irrevocable consequence. 103 min. DVD X1870
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Alleva, Richard. "Trick, No Treat." Commonweal, 1/30/2009, Vol. 136 Issue 2, p20-21, 2p UC users only
Cohen, David S. "Script to Screen: Doubt" Script , Nov/Dec2008, Vol. 14 Issue 6, p40-45, 5p UC users only
Kroenert, Tim. "No cheap shots in clergy abuse drama." Eureka Street, 1/19/2009, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p27-28, 2p UC users only
Lane, Anthony. "Doubt." New Yorker, 12/22/2008, Vol. 84 Issue 42, p30-31, 2p
Tueth, Michael V. "Uncertain Sympathies." America, 1/19/2009, Vol. 200 Issue 2, p27-30, 4p UC users only
Wigley, Samuel. "Doubt." Sight & Sound; Feb2009, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p58-58, 3/4p UC users only

Elmer Gantry (1960)
Directed by Richard Brooks. Cast: Burt Lancaster, Jean Simmons, Dean Jagger, Arthur Kennedy, Shirley Jones, Patti Page. One man's fervent pursuit of wealth and power leads him to religion for profit in the evangelist tents of the 1920's Midwestern Corn Belt. Based on the novel by Sinclair Lewis; screenplay by Richard Brooks. 147 min. DVD 8941
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Enlightenment Guaranteed (Erleuchtung garantiert) (Germany, 1999)
Directed by Doris Dörrie. Cast: Uwe Ochsenknecht, Gustav-Peter W?ohler, Petra Zieser, Ulrike Kriener, Heiner Lauterbach, Anica Dobra, Pierre Sanoussi-Bliss. Uwe is a kitchen salesperson in Munich who likes his sleep and who loves his kids and has a very Western outlook on life. His brother Gustav is a Feng Shui consultant who structures his life around Zen meditation. When Uwe's wife leaves with the kids, Gustav takes him along on a trip to Japan, to the Monzen monastery near Tokyo. But not before getting separated and lost, and sleeping in a tent on a tennis court. Once at the monastery, they experience rising at 4:30 A.M., taking cold baths, cleaning the floor, and the elaborate unwrapping of eating utensils. Despite personal torment and sibling rivalry, the two brothers gradually give up "control" of their lives and learn to live in the present. 105 min. DVD X3647
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Esther (Austria | Israel | UK, 1986)
Directed by Amos Gitai. Cast: Simone Benyamini, Rim Bani, Zare Vartinyan, Juliano Mer, Mohammed Bakri. In this beautiful transposition of the biblical story, Amos Gitai updates the passionate tale about the ruler of a great and sprawling kingdom who chooses as his queen a beautiful peasant girl named Esther. But when Esther hides her Jewish identity from her husband, a vicious cycle of revenge begins. Special features: Cortometraggi: Black is white ; Shosh ; The sea ; Textures 1 ; Maim / Paper eats fire, fire eats paper 97 min. DVD X2100
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

El Evangelio segun San Marcos (Spain, TV, 2001)
A dramatization of the short story by Jorge Luis Borges. This story captures a man's journey to the mystical house of a father, son and daughter where strange events bring the traveler to a better understanding of the redemptive power of Christ's suffering and death. In Spanish without English subtitles. 54 min. Video/C 8124

The Exorcist (1973)
Directed by William Friedkin. Cast: Ellen Burstyn, Max von Sydow, Lee J. Cobb, Kitty Winn, Jack MacGowran, Jason Miller, Linda Blair. A young girl becomes possessed by the devil and causes several violent deaths before she can be cured. Based on the novel by William Peter Blatty. Special DVD features: Feature-length commentary by William Friedkin, 2 theatrical trailers, 4 television spots, 2 radio spots. 122 min. DVD 4024
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Flowers of St. Francis (Francesco, giullare di Dio) (Italy, 1950)
Directed by Roberto Rossellini. Told in a series of simple and joyous vignettes from the daily events and experiences of the Franciscans, conveys the universal teachings of humility, faith and sacrifice of the People's Saint and the order he founded. 87 min. DVD 4441
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Friendly Persuasion (1956)
Directed by William Wyler. Cast: Gary Cooper, Dorothy McGuire, Marjorie Main, Robert Middleton, Anthony Perkins, Richard Eyer, Phyllis Love. A heart-warming story about the day-to-day experiences of a Quaker family living in Indiana during the Civil War, showing their pacifist religious beliefs, their worldly temptations, their petty feuds, and their reactions in a time of crisis. 137 min. DVD 5562
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

From the Manger to the Cross (or, Jesus of Nazareth: a Review of the Savior's Life According to the Gospel Narrative) (1912)
Directed by Sidney Olcott. Cast: Gene Gauntier, Robert Henderson-Bland, Percy Dyer, Alice Hollister, Samuel Morgan, James D. Ainsley, Robert G. Vignola. Presents a passion play, filmed on location in Egypt and Palestine. DVD 2324
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Baugh, Lloyd. Imaging the divine : Jesus and Christ-figures in film / Lloyd Baugh. Kansas City, MO : Sheed & Ward, c1997. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.J4 B38 1997)
Buchanan, Judith. "Gospel Narratives on Silent Film." In: The Cambridge companion to literature on screen / edited by Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .C36 2007; Media Resources Center PN1997.85 .C36 2007)
Staley, Jeffrey Lloyd. "From the manger to the cross, 1912." In: Jesus, the Gospels, and cinematic imagination : a handbook to Jesus on DVD / Jeffrey L. Staley and Richard Walsh. Louisville, Ky. : Westminster John Knox Press, c2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.J4 S73 2007)

Genesis (La Genese) (Mali, 1999)
Directed by Cheick Oumar Sissoko. Genesis is given a new spin which recasts a famous story by relocating it in the nation of Mali and using a cast of African actors. Covering Chapters 23-37, it recounts the story of Esau whose birthright is stolen by his brother Jacob in exchange for a plate of beans. This allegorical tale combines an accurate interpretation of the Biblical story with relevant allusions to African history and culture. In Bambara with English subtitles. 102 min. vhs 999:2219

Description from California Newsreel catalog
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Diawara, Manthia. "New Perspectives in African Cinema: An Interview with Cheick Oumar Sissoko." Film Quarterly 41:2 (1987/1988:Winter) 43

Go Down, Death! (1944)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Myra D. Hemmings, Samuel H. James, Eddye L. Houston, Spencer Williams, Ames Droughan, Walter McMillion. Based on a poem of the same title by James Weldon Johnson. Director, Spencer Williams. A minister's reputation is in question as he wavers between heaven and hell. 50 min. DVD X4312; also DVD X1638; DVD 1589; also on VHS Video 999:1166
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Cripps, Thomas. Black American Literature Forum, v12 n4 p128-34 Win 1978. "The Films of Spencer Williams." UC users only

God Is Great and I'm Not (Dieu est grand, je suis toute petite) (France, 2001)
Directed by Pascale Bailly. Cast: Audrey Tautou, Edouard Baer, Julie Depardieu, Atman Kelif, Catherine Jacob, Philippe Laudenbach, Mathieu Demy. Twenty-year-old model Michele's search for happiness gives new meaning to religious fervor as she enthusiastically jumps from Catholicism, Buddhism and finally attempts to convert to Judaism after meeting a handsome Jewish veterinarian. 95 min. DVD X3074
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

God's Army (2000)
Directed by Richard Dutcher. Cast: Matthew Brown, Richard Dutcher, Jacque Gray, Michael Buster, DeSean Terry, Luis Robledo, Jeff Kelly, John Pentecost. Life as a Mormon missionary is not what 19-year-old Brandon Allen expected. But persevering in the harsh realities of missionary life in Los Angeles, Brandon soon realizes that his most important convert may be himself. 108 min. DVD 6975
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Going My Way (1944)
Directed by Leo McCarey. Cast: Bing Crosby, Barry Fitzgerald, Frank McHugh, James Brown, Jean Heather, Gene Lockhart, Porter Hall. When young Father O'Malley arrives to join the congregation at St. Dominic's crusty old Father Fitzgibbon doesn't think much of O'Malley or his ideas. But when O'Malley's fresh methods succeed in reaching the neighborthood's toughest kids the community starts to change. 130 min. DVD 679
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors

Academy Award - Best Picture; Best Director; Best Actor (Bing Crosby); Best Supporting Actor (Barry Fitzgerald)
Golden Globe Awards - Best Motion Picture; Musical; Best Director; Best Supporting Actor (Barry Fitzgerald)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Director; Best Actor (Barry Fitzgerald)
National Film Registry Selection

Mazer, Eric Michael. "Going My Way: Crosby and Catholicism on the Road to America." In: Going my way : Bing Crosby and American culture / edited by Ruth Prigozy and Walter Raubicheck. Rochester, NY : University of Rochester Press, 2007. (Music ML420.C93 G65 2007)
Gordon, Mary. "Father Chuck: a reading of "Going My Way" and "The Bells of St. Mary's," or why priests made us crazy." South Atlantic Quarterly, 1994, Vol. 93 Issue 3, p591-601, 11p UC users only
Smith, Margaret. "Laughter, redemption, subversion in eight films by Leo McCarey." Cineaction, Summer/Fall 1990, Issue 21/22, p84-90, 7p
White, David E. "Analogies of Ignorance in Going My Way." In: Going my way : Bing Crosby and American culture / edited by Ruth Prigozy and Walter Raubicheck. Rochester, NY : University of Rochester Press, 2007. (Music ML420.C93 G65 2007)

Gospel According to St, Matthew (Il Vangelo secondo Matteo) (Italy / France, 1964)
Directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini. Cast: Enrique Irazoqui, Margherita Caruso, Susanna Pasolini, Mario Socrate, Marcello Morante. The birth, life, teachings and death on the cross of Jesus Christ presented almost as a cinema-verite documentary. Pasolini limited himself to the account by Matthew: only words written by the Saint are employed; no additional dialogue was written and only scenes described by Matthew are shown. Pasoolini used no professional actors (his mother plays the older Mary). Special DVD feature: Documentary "Pier Paolo Pasolini." 1964. 142 min. DVD 1801; vhs 999:143
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The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965)
Directed by George Stevens. Cast: Max Von Sydow, Michael Anderson, Jr., Carroll Baker, Ina Balin, Pat Boone, Victor Buono, Richard Conte, Joanna Dunham, Jose Ferrer, Van Heflin, Charlton Heston, Martin Landau, Angela Lansbury, Janet Margolin, David McCallum, Roddy McDowell, Dorothy McGuire, Sal Mineo, Nehemiah Persoff, Donald Pleasence, Sidney Poitier, Claude Rains, Gary Raymond, Telly Savalas, Joseph Schildkraut, Paul Stewart, John Wayne, Shelley Winters, Ed Wynn, members of the Inbal Dance Theatre of Israel. A drama of the life of Christ, the teacher and saviour, healer of the hopeless and champion of the poor, from Galilee to Golgotha. 199 min. DVD 6151
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Green Pastures (1936)
Directed by Marc Connelly and William Keighley. Cast: Rex Ingram, Oscar Polk, Eddie Anderson, Frank Wilson, George Reed, Abraham Gleaves, Myrtle Anderson, Al Stokes, Edna M. Harris, James Fuller, George Randol, Ida Forsyne, Hall Johnson Choir. All-black cast in Marc Connelly fable portrays the story of God in His heaven and his people on earth as told to a group of Sunday school children. 90 min. DVD 5066; vhs 999:725
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Cripps, Thomas. "Black Music, White Movies." In: Slow fade to black : the Negro in American film, 1900-1942 / Thomas Cripps. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c1993. (Morris, G. "Thank God for Uncle Tom: Race and Religion Collide in The Green Pastures." Bright Lights Films Journal, February 2008 | Issue 59
Weisenfeld, Judith. "'De Lawd' a Natchel Man": The Green Pastures in the American Cultural Imagination." In: Hollywood be thy name : African American religion in American film, 1929-1949 Berkeley : University of California Press, c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 W45 2007)
Winokur, Mark. "The Green Pastures as an allegory of Accommodation: Christ, Race, and the All-Black Musical." Film & History 1995 25(1-2): 6-16. UC users only

Hail Mary ('Je vous salue, Marie) (France / Switzerland / UK, 1985)
Directed by Jean-Luc Godard. Cast: Myriem Roussel, Thierry Rode, Philippe Lacoste, Malachai Jara Kohan, Juliette Binoche. A film which presents the Virgin Birth in contemporary terms. When a teenage virgin innocent becomes pregnant the girl, her fiance, family, and friends struggle to cope. 107 min. Special feature: Le livre de Marie (The book of Mary), by Anne-Marie Mieville (1985, 28 min). DVD 6375
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Haxan: ett kulturhistorist foredrag i levande bilder i 7 avdelningar (Häxan, Witchcraft Through the Ages) (Denmark / Sweden, 1922)
Directed by Benjamin Christensen. A series of dramatic vignettes exploring the scientific hypothesis that witches of the middle ages and turn-of-the-century psychiatric patients suffer from the same type of hysteria... a witches brew of the scary, the gross and the darkly humorous. 179 min. DVD 2463
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Bachmann, Gideon. "Program notes by Gideon Bachmann for Benjamin Christensen's "Witchcraft Through the Ages," shown in February, 1958." Wide Angle, 1997, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p98-102, 5p
Kendrick, James. "A Witches' Brew of Fact, Fiction and Spectacle: Benjamin Christensen's Häxan(The Witch, 1922)." Kinoeye, vol. 3, no. 11, 2003 Oct 13
Monty, Ib. "Benjamin Christensen in Germany: The Critical Reception of His Films in the 1910s and 1920s." In: Nordic explorations : film before 1930 / edited by John Fullerton and Jan Olsson. London : J. Libbey, c1999. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.75 .N67 1999)
Walker, Alison Tara. "The Sound of Silents: Aurality and Medievalism in Benjamin Christensen's Häxan." In: Mass market medieval : essays on the Middle Ages in popular culture / edited by David W. Marshall. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks CB353 .M37 2007)

Heavens Above! (UK, 1963)
Directed by John and Roy Boulting. Cast: Peter Sellers, Cecil Parker, Isabel Jeans, Ian Carmichael, Bernard Miles, Brock Peters, Eric Sykes, Irene Handl, Miriam Karlin, William Hartnell, Joan Hickson. An idealistic clergyman is accidentally assigned to a snobbish wealthy parish where he insists on ministering to the rich and poor alike, infuriating the town, the religious hierarchy, and the government. 118 min. DVD X4609
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The Holy Mountain (Mexico, 1973)
Directed by Alexandro Jodorowsky. Cast: Alexandro Jodorowsky, Horacio Salinas, Ramona Saunders, Juan Ferrara, Adriana Page, Burt Kleiner, Valerie Jodorowsky. A mysterious, Christ-like figure and his seven followers attempt to ascend the Holy Mountain, in order to displace the gods who live there and become immortal. A "scandal" at the 1973 Cannes Film Festival, writer director Alejandro Jodorowsky's flood of sacrilegious imagery and existential symbolism presents a spiritual quest for enlightenment pitting illusion aganst truth. Special features (with optional subtitles in English, French, Brazilian Portuguese or Spanish): optional audio commentary by Jodorowsky (in Spanish); 8 deleted scenes, with optional audio commentary by Jodorowsky (in Spanish, 6 min. total); "The tarot", with optional audio commentary by Jodorowsky (in Spanish, 8 min.); "Restoring 'The holy mountain'" featurette (in English, 6 min.); original trailer (2 min.); photos & script (3 min.). 114 min. DVD X6086' DVD 2955 (Non-US format DVD)
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Holy Smoke (USA / Australia, 1999)
Directed by Jane Campion. Cast: Kate Winslet, Harvey Keitel, Pam Grier, Julie Hamilton, Tim Robertson, Sophie Lee. While on a journey of discovery in exotic India, young Ruth Barron falls under the influence of a charismatic religious guru. Her desperate parents then hire P.J. Waters, a macho cult deprogrammer, who confronts Ruth in a remote desert hideaway. However, P.J. quickly learns that he has quite possibly met his match in the intelligent and iron-willed Ruth. 114 min. DVD 4031
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Horsemen (2008)
Directed by Jonas Akerlund. Cast: Dennis Quaid, Ziyi Zhang, Lou Taylor Pucci, Peter Stormare, Eric Balfour, Patrick Fugit, Paul Dooley. After the death of his wife, a hardened police detective grows increasingly distant from his two young sons at home, while at work he is thrust into an investigation of perverse serial killings rooted in the Biblical prophecy of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. 90 min. DVD X2618
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Hypocrites (1915)
Written and produced by Lois Weber. Cast: Courteney Foote, Myrtle Stedman, Adele Farrington, Margaret Edwards Follows parallel stories of an early Christian ascetic and a modern minister. Gabriel is a medieval monk who devotes himself to completing a statue of "Truth," only to be murdered by a mob when his work turns out to be an image of a naked woman. The contemporary Gabriel is pastor of a large urban congregation for whom religion is a matter of appearances, not beliefs. The hypocrisy of the congregation is exposed by a series of vignettes in which the Naked Truth is portrayed by a naked woman, revealing their appetites for money, sex and power. 50 min. vhs 999:2659
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I Confess (1953)
Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Cast: Karl Malden, Anne Baxter, Montgomery Clift, Brian Aherne, O.E. Hasse. A priest hears a murderer's confession and is plunged into peril, for circumstantial evidence and eyewitness accounts point to a priest as the killer. The Sacrament of Penance forbids him to reveal what he knows. As calamity and coincidence conspire to paint him into a hopeless corner it becomes the priest who must confess his own human frailty. 95 min. DVD 2958
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Intolerance (1916)
Director, D.W. Griffith. Cast: Lillian Gish, Robert Harron, Mae Marsh, Constance Talmadge, Bessie Love, Seena Owen, Alfred Paget, Mirian Cooper, Erich Von Stroheim. Switches back and forth between four separate stories from Babylonian times to the twentieth century to show humanity's inhumanity and intolerance through the ages. The Babylonian story deals with the fall of Babylon in 538 B.C. The Judean story treats the life of Christ. The French story centers on the Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day in 1572. The modern story is set in an American mill town and the slum area of an American city. 197 min. DVD 1544; DVD 144; vhs 999:149
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Jesus Christ Superstar (1973)
Directed by Norman Jewison. Cast: Ted Neeley, Carl Anderson, Yvonne Elliman, Barry Dennen A rock opera depicting in song, dance, and music, the story of the last week of Christ's life, his betrayal and crucifixion as seen from the point of view of Judas. 108 min. DVD 570
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Jesus of Montreal (Jésus de Montréal) (Canada / France, 1989)
Directed by Denys Arcand. Cast: Lothaire Bluteau, Catherine Wilkening, Johanne-Marie Tremblay, Remy Girard, Robert Lepage, Gilles Pelletier, Yves Jacques. A Montreal shrine seeks to inspire its congregants by modernizing its staging of the Passion play. A promising cast of vibrant young actors are signed on - one fresh from perfume commercials, another from the pornographic film industry, and another who had an affair with the basilica's priest - quickly drive the production on to become a smash hit. But as the play enjoys success, the actors become more and more challenged to separate their real lives from their lives onstage. 119 min. DVD 3163
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Awards

Cannes Film Festival - Jury Prize; Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
Toronto International Film Festival - International Critics Award (FIPRESCI)

Jesus' Son (Canada / USA, 1999)
Directed by Alison Maclean. Cast: Billy Crudup, Samantha Morton, Denis Leary, Holly Hunter, Dennis Hopper, Jack Black. A rumpled, hapless young man in his twenties, FH bounces through his days with his dreams and hallucinations blurring and merging into reality. The shaky center of his universe is his beloved on-again, off-again, girlfriend Michelle. Based on the novel by Denis Johnson. 107 min. DVD 4977
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Leigh, Danny. "Jesus' Son." Sight & Sound, August 2000, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p50-51, 2p UC users only

Joan of Arc - For various films dealing with the life of Joan of Arc, see MRC biopic videography

Judith of Bethulia (1913)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Blanche Sweet, Henry Walthall, Mae Marsh, Robert Harron, Lillian Gish, Dorothy Gish, Kate Bruce Based on the narrative poem by Thomas Bailey Aldrich in which a wealthy and pious Jewish widow disguises herself as a courtesan, goes to the camp of the Assyrian general who is besieging her city, and cuts off his head. A film adaptation of the Old Testament story of Judith and "Captain Holofernes." 60 min.DVD X4798; vhs 999:1701
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D.W. Griffith bibliography

King of Kings (1927)
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Cast: H.B. Warner, Jacqueline Logan, Rudolph Schildkraut, Dorothy Cummings, Ernest Torrence, Montagu Love, Sam De Grasse. An ostentatious retelling of the life of Christ that sealed DeMille's reputation as a master of the biblical epic. The film recounts the teachings of the humble carpenter but also the blasphemies of the Roman Empire in all its sinful splendor. 115 min. DVD 4966, DVD 3628; vhs 999:1701
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Baugh, Lloyd. Imaging the divine : Jesus and Christ-figures in film / Lloyd Baugh. Kansas City, MO : Sheed & Ward, c1997. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.J4 B38 1997)
Buchanan, Judith. "Gospel Narratives on Silent Film." In: The Cambridge companion to literature on screen / edited by Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1997.85 .C36 2007; Media Resources Center PN1997.85 .C36 2007)
Humphries-Brooks, Stephenson. "I Was a Teenage Jesus in Cold War America: King of Kings, 1961." In: Cinematic savior : Hollywood's making of the American Christ / Stephenson Humphries-Brooks. Westport, Conn. : Praeger Publishers, 2006. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.J4 H86 2006)

King of Kings (1961)
Directed by Nicholas Ray. Cast: Jeffrey Hunter, Siobhan McKenna, Hurd Hatfield, Ron Randell, Viveca Lindfors, Rita Gam, Carmen Sevilla, Brigid Bazlen, Harry Guardino, Rip Torn, Frank Thring, Royal Dano, Maurice Marsac, Gregoire Aslan, Robert Ryan. A large scale biblical epic telling the story of the life of Christ, describing events that took place between Romans and Jews, setting the political background for the life of Christ, and the personalities and ideas of the New Testament. 171 min. DVD 3628
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Williams, Tony. "Nicholas Ray's King of Kings." CineAction - Spring 2009 i76 p42(8) UC users only

Nicholas Ray bibliography

Kundun (1997)
Directed by Martin Scorsese. A dramatization of the incredible true story of one of the world's most fascinating leaders -- Tibet's current (14th) Dalai Lama -- and his daring struggle to regain independence for Tibet. Powerfully told and set against a backdrop of world politics the film created an international uproar upon its release. 135 min. DVD 305
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Edwards, Emily D. "The Recycled Soul: What Movies and Television Tell Us About Reincarnation." In: Metaphysical media : the occult experience in popular culture / Emily D. Edwards. Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, c2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.O28 E38 2005)

The Last Supper (La Última Cena) (Cuba, 1976)
Directed by Tomás Guitiérrez Alea. Cast: Nelson Villagra, Silvano Rey, Luis Alberto Garcia, Jose Antonio Rodriguez, Samuel Claxton, Mario Balmaseda, Idelfonso Tamayo, Julio Hernandez, Tito Junco. A historical drama based on a true incident from Cuban history; a slaveholder in the late 18th century decides to improve his soul and instruct his slaves in the tenets of Christianity by inviting twelve of them to a reenactment of the Last Supper. 110 min. DVD X883; vhs 999:616
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The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)
Directed by Martin Scorsese. Cast: Willem Dafoe, Harvey Keitel, Barbara Hershey, Harry Dean Stanton, David Bowie. In this controversial movie, Jesus, as both fully human and fully divine, is viewed as free of sin but subject to all temptations, including sexual ones. Based on the novel by Nikos Kazantzakis. 163 min. DVD 375
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Left Behind: The Movie(2001)
Directed by Vic Sarin. Cast: Kirk Cameron, Brad Johnson, Chelsea Noble, Clarence Gilyard, Janaya Stephens, Colin Fox, Gordon Currie, Daniel Pilon, Tony DeSantis, Jack Langedijk. After millions of people around the world vanish in one moment, in what many claim to be the Rapture, two men begin separate searches for answers amidst the global chaos. Based on the novel Left behind by Tim F. LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. Supplmentary material: The original Left behind: a 60 min. documentary about the book "Left behind" upon which the movie is based. 95 min. DVD X5987
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Left Behind: Tribulation Force(2002)
Directed by Bill Corcoran. Cast: Kirk Cameron, Chelsea Noble, Brad Johnson, Clarence Gilyard, Gordon Currie. After the rapture, a desperate world turns to UN President Nicolae Carpathia for guidance and reassurance. But a small group of rebels know the truth, Nicolae Carpathia is the Antichrist! Based on the novel Tribulation force Tim F. LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. 94 min. DVD X5988
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Left Behind: World at War(2005)
Directed by Craig R. Baxley. Cast: Lou Gossett, Jr., Kirk Cameron, Jessica Steen, Gordon Currie, Janaya Stephens, Brad Johnson. It's been eighteen months since Nicolae Carpathia's rise to power, and he has been captivating the whole world, including President Fitzhugh. There are some far away, who suspect he's something more, the prophesied Antichrist. Based on the novel Tribulation force Tim F. LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. 95 min. DVD X5989
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Leaves Out of the Book of Satan (Blade af Satans bog)(Denmark, 1919)
Directed by Carl Th. Dryer. Cast: Helge Nissen, Halvard Hoff, Jacob Texiere. Four episodes showing the activities of Satan through the ages : as a Pharisee at the time of Christ, as a Spanish Grand Inquisitor, as a police officer at work during the French Revolution and as a revolutionary monk in the Russo-Finnish war of 1918. 133 min. DVD X764; vhs 999:1192
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Leon Morin, Priest(Léon Morin, prêtre) (France, 1961)
Director, Jean-Pierre Melville. Cast: Emanuelle Riva, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Irene Tunc, Nicole Mirel, Gisele Grimm, Marco Béhar, Gérard Buhr. Léon Morin is a devoted man of the cloth who is also the crush object of all the women of a small village in Nazi-occupied France. He finds himself most drawn to a sexually frustrated widow, a borderline heretic whose relationship with her confessor is a confrontation with both God and her own repressed desire. Based on the novel by Béatrix Beck. 117 min. DVD X6146
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Life and Passion of Christ (La Vie et la passion de Jésus Christ)(France, 1902-1905)
Director, Ferdinand Zecca and Lucien Nonguet; produced in France by Pathe Freres. 31 carefully costumed and staged tableaux which dramatize Christ's crucifixion, death, resurrection and ascension. 44 min. DVD 2324

Life of Brian SEE Monty Python's Life of Brian

Life of Christ (Pathe, 189?)
vhs 999:3530

Lilies of the Field (1963)
Directed by Ralph Nelson. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Lilia Skala, Stanley Adams. A free-spirited ex-G.I. stumbles upon five German refugee nuns in Arizona and stops to fix their farmhouse roof. Homer discovers that not only will the Mother Superior not pay him for the job, but she also expects him to build their chapel -- for free! Based on the novel by William E. Barrett. 95 min. DVD 4564
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Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier / by Alvin H. Marill ; introd. by Frederick O'Neal. Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN2287.P57 M3 1978)
Sullivan, Rebecca. "Celluloid sisters: femininity, religiosity, and the postwar American nun film." Velvet Light Trap nr 46 (Fall 2000); p 56-72 UC users only

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005)
Directed by Andrew Adamson. Cast: Georgie Henley, Skandar Keynes, William Moseley, Anna Popplewell, Tilda Swinton, James McAvoy, Jim Broadbent, Kiran Shah, James Cosmo, Judy McIntosh, Elizabeth Hawthorne, Patrick Kake. Four London children are sent to a professor's country home for protection during WWII. There they find a magic wardrobe which leads to a mystical land called Narnia, that has been locked in winter for over 100 years by someone known as "The White Witch." To defeat the Witch, they must join forces with Aslan, the lion God of Narnia, and fight the great battle between good and evil. Based on the book by C.S. Lewis. 135 min. DVD 5387
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Little Buddha (Italy | France | Liechtenstein | UK, 1993)
Director, Bernardo Bertolucci. Cast: Keanu Reeves, Ying Ruocheng, Chris Isaak, Alex Wiesendanger, Bridget Fonda. In a big American city, a boy and his family discover a story about a prince in a land of miracles. But the miracle becomes real when Tibetan monks appear, searching for their leader's reincarnation -- who they believe has been reborn in the boy. Suddenly, their worlds meet, leading the Americans on an extraordinary adventure. 123 min. DVD 2691
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Edwards, Emily D. "The Recycled Soul: What Movies and Television Tell Us About Reincarnation." In: Metaphysical media : the occult experience in popular culture / Emily D. Edwards. Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, c2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.O28 E38 2005)

Lot in Sodom (1933)
Directors, J.S. Watson Jr., Melville Webber. Cast: Frederick Haak, Hildegarde Watson, Dorothea House, Lewis Whitbeck. A lyrical interpretation of the Biblical Old Testament story based on rhythmical arrangements of symbols rather than on chronological development of action. 27 min. DVD 4955
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Luther (UK / Canada, 1974)
Directed by Guy Green. Cast: Stacy Keach, Alan Badel, Judi Dench, Hugh Griffith, Patrick Magee, Robert Stephens, Leonard Rossiter. Compressing nearly two decades, this is a provocative character study of Martin Luther, his deepening religious dilemmas and his eventual condemnation of the Catholic Church and incitement of the Protestant reformation. Based on the play by John Osborne. 111 min. DVD 1587
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Madeinusa (Peru / Spain, 2006)
Directed by Claudia Llosa. Cast: Magaly Solier, Carlos de la Torre, Yiliana Chong, Ubaldo Huaman. Madeinusa is a 14 year old girl with a sweet Indian face who lives in an isolated village in the Cordillera Blanca Mountain range of Peru. This strange place is characterized by its religious fervor. From Good Friday at three o'clock in the afternoon (the time of day when Christ died on the cross) to Easter Sunday, the whole village can do whatever it feels like. During the two holy days sin does not exist: God is dead and can't see what is happening. Everything is accepted and allowed, without remorse. Year after year, Madeinusa and her sister Chale, and her father Don Cayo, the Mayor and local big shot, maintain this tradition without questioning it. However, everything changes with the arrival in the village of Salvador, a young geologist from Lima, who will unknowingly change the destiny of the girl. 95 min. DVD 6974
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"Films by Claudia Llosa." Sight & Sound, Dec2010, Vol. 20 Issue 12, p86-87, 2p UC users only
Kroll, Juli A. "Between the "Sacred" and the "Profane": Cultural Fantasy in Madeinusa By Claudia Llosa." Chasqui ; nov2009, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p113-125, 13p UC users only

The Magdalene Sisters (UK | Ireland, 2002)
Directed by Peter Mullan. Cast: Geraldine McEwan, Anne-Marie Duff, Nora-Jane Noone, Dorothy Duffy, Eileen Walsh, Mary Murray, Britta Smith, Frances Healy, Eithne McGuinness, Phyllis McMahon, Rebecca Walsh, Eamonn Owens, Chris Simpson, Sean Colgan, Daniel Costello. The Magdalene Sisters: A drama based on true events. In Ireland in the 1960s, four women are sent to the Magdalene sisterhood asylum because of 'sinful' behavior. They all must work in the laundry, where the strict nuns break everyone's will through sadistic punishment. 119 min. DVD X4610
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Magic Mirror (Espelho mágico) (Portugal, 2005)
Directed by Manoel de Oliveira. Cast: Leonor Silveira, Ricardo Trêpa, Luís Miguel Cintra, Leonor Baldaque, Glória de Matos, Isabel Ruth, Marisa Paredes, Michel Piccoli, Lima Duarte. She has everything, but the wealthy Alfreda desires nothing more than to speak with the Virgin Mary. One of her servants enlists the help of a friend to make her wish come true by employing a village girl to portray Mary. Based on A alma dos ricos by Agustina Bessa-Luís. Special features: interviews with Manoel de Oliveira, Marisa Paredes, Leonor Silveira and Ricardo Trêpa; featurettes on the premieres in Lisbon and Porto; photo gallery; trailers. 137 min. DVD X2152
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Mary (Italy | France | USA, 2005)
Directed by Abel Ferrara. Cast: Juliette Binoche, Forest Whitaker, Matthew Modine, Heather Graham, Stefania Rocco. After a movie about the death of Christ is finished, the lead actress becomes obsessed with Mary Magdalene and embarks on a profound journey towards enlightenment. While a jounalist begins his own quest for spiritual truth, through his documentary about the life of Christ. The lives of the journalist and the lead actor and actress come dramatically together when there is a bomb threat at the premiere of the movie. 83 min. DVD X4941
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Milky Way (La Voie Lactée) (France / West Germany / Italy, 1969)
Directed by Luis Buñuel. Cast: Paul Frankeur, Laurent Terzieff, Edith Scob, Bernard Verley. A surreal comedy on the history of human folly. Two scraggly hippie pilgrims set out on a modern odyssey that sends them travelling through time to meet Jesus, the Virgin Mary, the Devil, the Marquis de Sade and a multitude of fools and knaves who wielded power in the name of holiness. 105 min. DVD 8288; vhs 999:1062
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Luis Bunuel bibliography

Mel Gibson's Passion: an Interview with Mel Gibson
"In this special edition of "Primetime", ABC News' Diane Sawyer interviews filmmaker Mel Gibson about his highly controversial movie, "The Passion of the Christ." Gibson discusses his own religious beliefs with Sawyer and explains how his faith helped him overcome struggles with addiction and other personal problems at a spiritual low point in his life. He responds to charges that the movie's portrayal of the Jewish role in the death of Christ will encourage anti-Semitism. In addition, he explains why he felt it necessary to exhibit such a graphic depiction of Christ's crucifixion on film and discusses his decision to tell the story in both Aramaic and Latin. Sawyer also interviews Abraham Foxman, the national director of the Anti-Defamation League. Religious scholars, members of the clergy and others assess the film's potential impact." 2004. 40 min. DVD 2679

The Message (Pakistan / Kuwait / Morocco / Libya / UK / Lebanon, 1976)
Directed by Richard Eyre. Cast: Anthony Quinn, Irene Papas, Michael Ansara, Johnny Sekka, Michael Forest. Tells the dramatic story of Mohammed, the prophet who founded Islam. The film starts with Muhammed receiving the Koran from the angel Gabriel and ends at his death. Disc 1. English language -- Disc 2. Arabic language. 91 min. DVD 9147
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Miracle in Rome (Milagro en Roma) (Colombia, 1988)
Directed by Lisandro Duque Naranjo. Cast: Frank Ramirez, Gerardo Arellano, Amalia Duque Garcia, Lisandro Duque, Daniel Priolett. The story of Margarito Duarte, whose 7 year-old daughter dies suddenly. Visiting her grave 12 years later, he finds his daughter's body just as he left it. After his townspeople call the event a miracle, he tries to have his daughter a saint, but it will take a miracle of a different order to get his wish. Original story by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. 76 min.vhs 999:491
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Miracle of Marcelino (Marcelino pan y vino) (Spain / Italy, 1955)
Directed by Ladislao Vajda. Cast: Pablito Calvo, Rafael Rivelles, Antonio Vico, Juan Calvo, Jose Marco Davo, Fernando Rey. Story of the miracle of a little boy, abandoned at a monastery, who is discovered to be talking with Jesus Christ. Based on the story by Jose Maria Sanchez-Silva. 89 min. DVD X1156; vhs 999:1196
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Monsieur Vincent (France, 1947)
Directed by Maurice Cloche. Cast: Pierre Fresnay, Aime Clariond, Jean Debucourt, Lise Delamare, Germaine Dermoz, Gabrielle Dorziat, Pierre Dux, Yvonne Gaudeau. Tells the remarkable journey of St. Vincent de Paul, who rose from slavery to become a trusted advisor to queens and princes. A dramatic biopic that reveals how St. Vincent de Paul's commitment to the poor made him a great humanitarian. 114 min. DVD 9901
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The Mission (UK, 1986)
Directed by Roland Joffe. Cast: Robert De Niro, Jeremy Irons. This film is a powerful epic about a man of the sword and a man of the cloth who unite to shield a South American Indian tribe from brutal subjegation by 18th century colonial empires. Special DVD features (Disc 1): Cast & crew, commentary, awards, theatrical trailer. (Disc 2) ; Bonus documentary, Omnibus, visits the Waunana Indians who portrayed the film's Guarani Indians. 125 min. DVD 9109; vhs Video 999:1128
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Vest, Jay Hansford C. "The Jesuit republic and brother care in The Mission: An allegory of the Conquest." American Indian Culture and Research Journal 29.3 (Summer 2005): 25-57.

Monty Python's Life of Brian (UK, 1979)
Directed by Terry Jones. Cast: Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin. The Pythons satirize religion, capital punishment, revolutionary politics, terrorism, graffiti, science fiction, and a host of other topics through the story of Brian, a first-century Judean. 93 min. DVD 2541
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Blanshard, Alastair. "Satirising cine-antiquity : Monty Python's life of Brian (1979) ." In: Classics on screen : ancient Greece and Rome on film / Alastair J. L. Blanshard, Kim Shahabudin. London : Bristol Classical Press, 2011. (Main (Gardner) Stacks New books PN1995.9.C515 B53 2011)
Staley, Jeffrey Lloyd. "Monty Python's Life of Brian, 1979." In: Jesus, the Gospels, and cinematic imagination : a handbook to Jesus on DVD / Jeffrey L. Staley and Richard Walsh. Louisville, Ky. : Westminster John Knox Press, c2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.J4 S73 2007)

Mother Joan of the Angels (Matka Joanna od Aniolow) (Poland, 1961)
Directed by Jerzy Kawalerowicz. Cast: Lucnya Winnicka, Mieczyslaw Voit, Anna Ciepielewska, Maria Chwalibog. This allegory of good vs. evil, chastity vs. passion, is based on actual events. The Mother Superior of a seventeenth century Polish convent comes to desire the priest investigating demonic possession among the nuns. 108 min. DVD 5536
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My Father My Lord (Hofshat Kaits) (Israel, 2007)
Directed by David Volach. A woman is caught in the middle of the struggle between her husband, a respected rabbi, and her son, who is questioning his religion. A holiday meant to help the family reconnect is brought to a dramatic and tragic climax. 72 min. DVD X659
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My Mother's Smile (La hora de la religión; Il sorriso di mia madre) (Italy, 2002)
Directed by Marco Bellocchio. Cast: Sergio Castellitto, Jacqueline Lustig, Chiara Conti, Gigio Alberti, Alberto Mondini, Gianfelice Imparato, Piera Degli Esposti, Toni Bertorelli, Gianni Schicchi Gabrieli, Maurizio Donadoni, Donato Placido, Renzo Rossi, Pietro Da Silva, Bruno Cariello. A celebrated painter receives a visit from a cardinal's assistant, who informs him that his mother could become a saint. 102 min. DVD X5829
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Nazarín (Mexico, 1958)
Directed by Luis Bunuel. A humble priest tries to live by Christian precepts and becomes an outcast and an outlaw. Using a variation of the Don Quixote theme applied to religion and hypocrisy, this candid comedy presents the impossibility of spiritual purity in a corrupt world. 92 min. 999:1370
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The Niklashausen Journey (Niklashauser Fahrt) (West Germany, TV, 1970)
Directed by Rainer Fassbinder. Cast: Michael Konig, Hanna Schygulla, Margit Carstensen, Michael Gordon, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Kurt Raab. Can a small group of people start a proletarian revolution, asks the "Black Monk" in a leather jacket. The medieval shepherd, Hans Boehm, claims to have been called by the Virgin Mary to create a revolt against the church and the landowners. The "Black Monk" suggests that he would have more success if he dressed up Johanna and had her appear as the Virgin Mary. 86 min. DVD 1671
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La Noche Oscura (The Dark Night) (Spain / France, 1989)
Directed by Carlos Saura. Cast: Juan Diego, Julie Delpy, Fernando Guillen, Manuel de Blas. In the year 1577 Father John of the cross, poet, church reformer and future saint has been taken prisoner at the Carmelite order in Toledo where he is sentenced to the penance of seclusion and stripped of freedom indefinitely. The guards systematically torture and starve him to break his resistance but the warden, impressed with his candor, gives him pen and paper to write his poems. The dark night explores the thoughts and feelings of Saint John of the cross, his dreams, his visions, and his mysterious spirituality. In Spanish without subtitles. 89 min. 999:3548
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Carlos Saura bibliography

The Nun's Story (1958)
Directed by Fred Zinnemann. Cast: Audrey Hepburn, Peter Finch, Dame Edith Evans, Dame Peggy Ashcroft, Dean Jagger, Mildred Dunnock, Beatrice Straight, Patricia Collinge, Rosalie Crutchley, Ruth White, Barbara O'Neil, Margaret Phillips, Patricia Bosworth, Colleen Dewhurst, Stephen Murray, Lionel Jeffries, Niall MacGinnis, Eva Kotthaus, Molly Urquhart, Dorothy Alison, Jeannette Sterke, Errol John, Diana Lambert, Orlando Martins. Audrey Hepburn portrays a nun whose life journey takes her from the staff of a mental asylum to a surgical nurse in the Belgian Congo. She returns to Belgium as WWII breaks out and is torn between the needs of the Resistance and the church's neutrality. Based on the book by Kathryn C. Hulme (Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3515.U374 N8) 152 min. DVD X2848
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Of Gods and Men (Des hommes et des dieux) (France, 2010)
Directed by Xavier Beauvois. Cast: Lambert Wilson, Michael Lonsdale, Olivier Rabourdin, Philippe Laudenbach, Jacques Herlin. Based on true events, tells the story of eight French Christian monks who live in harmony with their Muslim brothers in a monastery in the mountains of North Africa in the 1990s. When a crew of foreign workers are massacred by an Islamic fundamentalist group, fear sweeps though the region. The army offers them protection, but the monks refuse. Despite the growing menace in their midst, they slowly realize that they have no choice but to stay, come what may. 123 min. DVD X6139
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Awards
Cannes Film Festival - Grand Prize

Ordet (The Word) (Denmark, 1955)
Directed by Carl Dreyer. A study of spiritual faith and love; the film tells of the death of Inger in childbirth and her resurrection, a miracle that is seen as the result of human love. The film opens as a family of marshland farmers trail an idiot son (Johannes) who calls himself Christ. It closes as the demented theological student approaches the open coffin of his sister-in-law and, at the urgings of her child, brings her back to life. 126 min. DVD 828; vhs 999:2624, & also available as a less satisfactory print, 999:658
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The Omen
SEE Horror films

Ostrov (The Island) (Russia, 2006)
Director, Pavel Lungin. Cast: Piotr Mamonov, Viktor Sukhorukov, Dmitry Dyuzhev, Yuri Kuznetsov, Viktorya Isakova, Nina Usatova. Ostrov: Somewhere in Northern Russia in a small Russian Orthodox monastery lives an unusual man whose bizarre conduct confuses his fellow monks, while others who visit the island believe that the man has the power to heal, exorcise demons and foretell the future. Brother: The childhood memories and antics of a little boy afflicted with asthma. 112 min. DVD 7743
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The Passion of the Christ (2004)
Directed by Mel Gibson. Cast: Jim Caviezel, Monica Bellucci, Claudia Gerini, Maia Morgenstern, Sergio Rubini, Toni Bertorelli, Roberto Bestatazzoni, Francesco Cabras, Giovanni Capalbo. A visually stunning portrayal, including scenes of graphic violence, of the last twelve hours in the life of Jesus of Nazareth. In the Garden of Gethsemane near the Mount of Olives, Jesus is betrayed by Judas Iscariot, arrested and condemned to death for blasphemy and brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, for sentencing. The roaring crowd demands his death, so Pilate orders his crucifixion. Jesus is severely beaten and made to carry his cross up to Golgotha, the hill outside Jerusalem, where he is nailed to the cross. With his mother looking on, he dies. 127 min. DVD 2897
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Mel Gibson's Passion: an Interview with Mel Gibson
"In this special edition of "Primetime", ABC News' Diane Sawyer interviews filmmaker Mel Gibson about his highly controversial movie, "The Passion of the Christ." Gibson discusses his own religious beliefs with Sawyer and explains how his faith helped him overcome struggles with addiction and other personal problems at a spiritual low point in his life. He responds to charges that the movie's portrayal of the Jewish role in the death of Christ will encourage anti-Semitism. In addition, he explains why he felt it necessary to exhibit such a graphic depiction of Christ's crucifixion on film and discusses his decision to tell the story in both Aramaic and Latin. Sawyer also interviews Abraham Foxman, the national director of the Anti-Defamation League. Religious scholars, members of the clergy and others assess the film's potential impact." 2004. 40 min. DVD 2679

The Life and Passion of Christ (France, 1912)
Directed by Ferdinand Zecca and Lucien Nonguet. The Life and Passion of Jesus Christ (44 min.) is presented in 31 carefully costumed and staged tableaux which dramatize Christ's crucifixion, death, resurrection and ascension. 44 min. DVD 2324
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Palestine - Programme biblique (France, 1904)
Director: Mulsant. These short films were shown in lectures, salons, geographical societies, colleges, and convents. If they indeed have been shot in 1904, as suggested by Abbot Mulsant’s statements, they present one of the oldest Christian filmed observations of Muslim country.

Watch this film via the Europa Film Treasures

The Passion of the Jew (2004)
Voices: Trey Parker, Matt Stone, Isaac Hayes, Mona Marshall, Eliza Schnieder. Originally produced as episodes of the television program South Park in 2004. DVD 6351

Winokur, Mark. "Costume Jewry: South Park's holocaust of The Passion.('The Passion of the Jew' and 'The Passion of the Christ' are compared)(Critical essay)." English Language Notes 44.1 (Spring 2006): 253-257.

Pontius Pilate(TV, 1952)
Directed by Franklin Schaffner. Cast: Geraldine Fitzgerald, Cyril Ritchard, Francis L. Sullivan, Berry Kroeger. A dramatization of the trial and condemnation of Christ with focus on those who accussed him: Pontius Pilate, King Herod, and Caiaphas. Originally broadcast on the television series Studio One on April 7, 1952. 60 min. DVD X596
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Priest (UK, 1994)
Directed by Icíar Bollaín. Cast:Linus Roache, Tom Wilkinson, Robert Carlyle, Cathy Tyson. A young Roman Catholic priest in a Liverpool parish must learn to deal with the issues of homosexuality and incest, as well as conflicts between his vows and his conscience. 98 min. DVD X6545
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Prince of Egypt (1998)
Directed by Brenda Chapman, Steve Hickner, Simon Wells. Dreamworks. Voices: Val Kilmer, Ralph Fiennes, Michelle Pfeiffer, Sandra Bullock, Jeff Goldblum, Danny Glover, Patrick Stewart. A musical animated adaptation of the story of Moses. Two brothers, one born of royal blood, one an orphan with a secret past grow up the best of friends. But the truth will ultimately set them apart, as one becomes the ruler of a powerful empire, while the other is revealed as the chosen leader of the Jewish people, destined to free them from bondage. 99 min. DVD 1408
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Quo Vadis (1951)
Directed by Mervyn LeRoy. Cast: Robert Taylor, Deborah Kerr, Leo Genn, Peter Ustinov. Returning to Rome after 3 years in the field, General Marcus Vinicius meets and falls in love with the devout Christian, Lygia. She doesn't want to have anything to do with the warrior. Though Lygia grew up Roman, and as the adopted daughter of a retired general, Lygia is technically a hostage of Rome. Marcus gets Emperor Nero to give her to him for services rendered. Lygia is not happy about this situation, but she falls in love with Marcus anyway. Meanwhile, Nero's atrocities get more outrageous. When he burns Rome and blames the Christians, Marcus goes off to save Lygia and her family. Nero captures them and all other Christians. He decides to make a sport of it by throwing them to the lions. Special DVD features: Disc one: Movie, part one; theatrical trailers -- Disc two: Movie, part two; "In the beginning: Quo Vadis and the genesis of the Biblical epic" new featurette (43 min.); commentary by critic/film historian F.X. Feeney; original roadshow overture and exit music rejoined to the film. 169 min. DVD X3122
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Ancient Rome in the Movies bibliography
Blanshard, Alastair. "The Roman epics of classical Hollywood : Quo vadis (1951)." In: Classics on screen : ancient Greece and Rome on film / Alastair J. L. Blanshard, Kim Shahabudin. London : Bristol Classical Press, 2011. (Main (Gardner) Stacks New books PN1995.9.C515 B53 2011)
Hoberman, J. "After Quo Vadis: Onward Christian soldier, Watch out for the Wild One." In: An army of phantoms : American movies and the making of the Cold War / J. Hoberman. New York : The New Press : Distributed by Perseus Distribution, 2011. (Moffitt; PFA PN1995.9.P6 H62 2011
Kelly, Rachael. "Whither Quo Vadis? Sienkiewicz's novel in film and television." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Mar2011, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p81-83, 3p UC users only
Pauly, Thomas H. "The Way to Salvation: The Hollywood Blockbuster of the 1950s." Prospects: An Annual Journal of American Cultural Studies. 5: 467-487. 1980.

The Rapture (1991)
Directed by Michael Tolkin. Cast: Mimi Rogers, David Duchovny, Patrick Bauchau, Will Patton. A young woman, so unhappy with her life that she attempts suicide, undergoes a religious conversion when she is comforted by members of a cult. Her involvement with the cult leads to a frightening and ultimately tragic denouement. 100 min. DVD X5696; vhs 999:3601
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Miles, Margaret R. "Christian fundamentalism in popular film: The Rapture." In: Seeing and believing : religion and values in the movies / Margaret R. Miles. Boston : Beacon Press, 1996. (Main Stack PN1995.9.R4.M56 1996)
Walliss, John. "Celling the End Times: The Contours of Contemporary Rapture Films." Journal of Religion & Popular Culture Summer2008, Vol. 19 UC users only

Tolkin, Michael. The player ; The rapture ; The new age : three screenplays / by Michael Tolkin. New York : Grove Press, c1995. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3570.O4278 P56 1995)

Redeemer (Redentor) (Brazil, 2004)
Directed by Cláudio Torres. Cast: Pedro Cardoso, Miguel Falabella, Camila Pitanga, Fernando Torres, Stênio Garcia, Tony Tornado, Lúcia Andrey, Lucio Mauro, Fernandé Montenegro. Célio Rocha, a reporter for a nespaper in Rio de Janeiro, believes he was assigned by God himself a difficult mission: to persuade his childhood friend Otávio Sabóia, a corrupt entrepreneur in the construction business, to give away all his possessions to the poor. Otavio's father, who recently committed suicide, was a master con man and had tricked many middle class families, such as Célio's parents, into bad real estate deals. Now Célio wants to help Otavio redeem himself and his father. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 100 min. Video vhs 999:3924
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La Ricotta(Italy, 1963)
Director: Pier Paolo Pasolini. Cast: Orson Welles as a director who sets out to make a film about the passion of Jesus. 35 min. DVD 2768

The Robe (1953)
Directed by Henry Koster. Cast: Richard Burton, Jean Simmons, Victor Mature, Michael Rennie, Jay Robinson, Dean Jagger, Torin Thatcher, Richard Boone, Betta St. John, Jeff Morrow, Ernest Thesiger, Dawn Addams, Leon Askin. Marcellus is a Roman tribune in the time of Christ. He is in charge of the group of men that are assigned to crucify Jesus. After the crucifixion, he becomes drunk and wins Jesus' homespun robe. He becomes tormented by nightmares and delusions after the event. Hoping to find a way to live with what he has done, but still not believing in Jesus, he returns to Palestine to try and learn what he can of the man he killed. Based on the novel by Lloyd C. Douglas. Special features: Introduction by Martin Scorsese; "The making of The robe" featurette; commentary by film composer David Newman and film historians Jon Burlingame, Julie Kirgo and Nick Redman; isolated score: the music of The robe: Alfred Newman's score; "The Cinemascope story" featurette; still galleries; interactive pressbook. 133 min. DVD X2513
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Hark, Ina Rae. "Tortured masculinity: Gendering Jesus in the robe." Quarterly Review of Film and Video, Volume 18, Issue 2 April 2001 , pages 117 - 128 UC users only
Smith, Jeff. "Are You Now Or Have You Ever Been A Christian?: The Strange History Of The Robe As Political Allegory." Film Studies, Winter2005, Vol. 7 Issue 0, p1-15, 15p UC users only

Romero (USA, 1989)
Directed by John Duigan. Cast: Raul Julia, Richard Jordan, Ana Alicia, Eddie Velez, Alejandro Bracho, Tony Plana, Harold Gould. Romero is a compelling and deeply moving look at the life of Archbishop Oscar Romero of El Salvador, who made the ultimate sacrifice in a passionate stand against social injustice and the oppression in his country. This film chronicles the transformation of Romero from an apolitical, complacent priest to a comitted leader of the Salvadoran people. 105 min. DVD 4503; vhs 999:479

Salomé (1922)
Director, Charles Bryant. Cast: Alla Nazimova, Mitchell Lewis, Nigel De Brulier, Rose Dione, Earl Schenck. Salome dances for King Herod and demands that the head of John the Baptist be brought to her on a platter. This edition of Salome includes a choice of an orchestral score composed and conducted by Marc-Olivier Dupin and a score composed and performed by Silent Orchestra (Carlos Garza and Rick O'Meara). 74 min. DVD 4955; DVD 3326
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Bach, Alice. "Salomé gone Hollywood." In: Women, seduction, and betrayal in biblical narrative / Alice Bach. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1997. (Main (Gardner) Stacks BS575 .B24 1997)
Navarre, Joan. "Reconsidering Alla Nazimova's Film Adaptation of Oscar Wilde's Salome." In: Oscar Wilde : the man, his writings, and his world / edited by Robert N. Keane. New York : AMS Press, c2003. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PR5823 O68 2003)
White, Patricia. "Nazimova's Veils." In: A feminist reader in early cinema / edited by Jennifer M. Bean and Diane Negra. Durham : Duke University Press, 2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.W6 F467 2002)
Samson and Delilah (1949)
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Cast: Victor Mature, Hedy Lamarr, George Sanders, Angela Lansbury, Henry Wilcoxon, Olive Deering, Fay Holden, Julia Fay. DeMille's epic production of the Bible story of Samson. The Promised land suffers under the harsh reign of the Philistines, the ancient enemies of Israel. Only the mighty hero Samson dares to resist the oppressors of his people. Unable to subdue Samson with force, the Philistines try treachery and use Delilah, the woman Samson loves, with the promise of a fortune to betray him. 128 min. vhs 999:3394
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Saved! (2004)
Directed by Brian Dannelly. Cast: Jena Malone, Mandy Moore, Macaulay Culkin, Patrick Fugit, Heather Matarazzo, Eva Amurri, Chad Faust, Elizabeth Thai, Martin Donovan, Mary-Louise Parker. Good girl Mary and her best friend Hilary Faye are at the top of the high school food chain at American Eagle Christian. But after Mary becomes pregnant, Hilary Faye and her devoted "disciples" turn on Mary and label her an outcast. Now Mary's only hope for salvation and friendship is through a group of rebellious misfits. Together, can they navigate the treacherous halls of high school life and make it to graduation ... or will Hilary Faye make all their lives a living hell? Special features: Optional audio commentary by Dannelly, producer Sandy Stern & Urban; optional audio commentary by Malone & Moore; "Heaven help us" behind-the-scenes featurette (4 min.); 11 deleted/extended scenes; 4 bloopers; 6 "Saved!" revelations; theatrical trailer (2 min.). 92 min. DVD X3828
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Sebastiane (1976)
Directed by Derek Jarman. Cast: Leonardo Treviglio, Barney James, Richard Warwick, Ken Hicks, Janusz Romanov, Neil Kennedy. Describes the last few days of the life of the Catholic martyr St. Sebastian, in particular his relationship with the Emperor Diocletian in 303 A.D., his banishment to a remote outpost of the Roman Empire because of his Christian sympathies, the ambiguous relation with his commanding officer, Severus, and finally his execution by his fellow soldiers. 85 min. DVD 1621
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Derek Jarman bibliography

September Dawn (2006)
Directed by Christopher Cain. Cast: Jon Voight, Trent Ford, Tamara Hope, Jon Gries, Taylor Handley, Huntley Ritter, Krisinda Cain, Shaun Johnston, Lolita Davidovich, Dean Cain, Terence Stamp. Takes an up-close look at the devastation wrought by religious fanaticism and set against the backdrop of the 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre. As a wagon train of westward-bound settlers makes its way across southern Utah, a confrontation with a congregation of Mormons soon leads to deadly consequences for all involved. Centered on the massacre, which continues to stir controversy over a century and a half after the fact. 111 min. DVD 9324
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A Serious Man(2009)
Directed by Ethan Coen and Joel Coen. Cast: Michael Stuhlbarg, Richard Kind, Fred Melamed, Sari Lennick, Adam Arkin, Amy Landecker, Alan Mandell, Fyvush Finkel, Allen Lewis Rickman, Yelena Shmulenson, Simon Helberg, Katherine Borowitz, Stephen Park. One ordinary man's quest to become a serious man. Physics professor Larry Gopnik can't believe his life: His wife is leaving him for his best friend, his unemployed brother won't move off the couch, someone is threatening his career, his kids are a mystery and his neighbor is tormenting him by sunbathing nude. Struggling to make sense of it all, Larry consults three different rabbis and their answers lead him on a twisted journey of faith, family, delinquent behavior, and mortality. Special features: "Becoming serious": explore the creative vision behind the film; "Creating 1967": take a tour of the Minneapolis neighborhoods and set pieces used in the film; "Hebrew and Yiddish for goys": unravel the mysteries of the Hebrew and Yiddish languages. 106 min. DVD X2662
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The Shattered Cross (La Cruz Invertida ) (Argentina, 1985)
Directed by Mario David. Cast: Oscar Martinez, Ana Maria Picchio, Arturo Maly. Three young people in Latin America strive to better their lives and the lives of others. One man brings them together in their battle against injustice and despair: Carlos Samuel Torres, a young priest, who is determined to face Army and Church to defend his ideals. Based on: La Cruz Invertida / Marcos Aguinis ( PQ7798.1.G814 C71 1970 UCB Main Stack). 999:1413
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Sign of the Cross (1932)
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille. Cast: Fredric March, Elissa Landi, Claudette Colbert, Charles Laughton, Ian Keith, Vivian Tobin, Nat Pendleton, Arthur Hohl. Shows the struggle between Christians and pagans in ancient Rome. The half-mad Nero delights in burning the city and blaming the fire on the Christians so he can slaughter them. In the midst of this, Rome's prefect falls in love with a Christian maiden, while spurning the advances of Nero's powerful empress. 90 min. DVD 5666; vhs 999:2217
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DeMille bibliography

Simon of the Desert (Simón del Desierto) (Mexico, 1965)
Directed by Luis Buñuel. Buñuel's bizarre, very off-beat film based loosely on the life of the 5th century saint, Simeon Stylites. Simon has stood on top of a pillar in the desert for six years, six weeks and six days. His saintliness and denial prompts the Devil to try and tempt him in a variety of guises (all of them female). A bizarre conclusion, with a hint of nuclear catastrophe waiting in the wings, rounds things off quite nicely in this off-beat film. Special DVD features: A Mexican Buñuel (1997), a 50 min. documentary by Emilio Maillé ; new interview with actress Silvia Pinal ; new and improved subtitle translation; new essay by Michael Wood and a reprint interview with Buñuel. 45 min. DVD X1133; vhs 999:165
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Luis Buñuel bibliography

Sister Act (1992)
Directed by Emile Ardolino. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Maggie Smith, Kathy Najimy, Wendy Makkena, Mary Wickes, Harvey Keitel, Bill Nunn. In this comedy a sassy, low-rent lounge singer is forced to hide out from the mob in the last place on earth anyone would look for her -- in a convent. While there she turns the convent choir into a "soulful chorus of swingin' sisters" complete with a Motown repertoire. The sudden celebrity of the choir however jeopardizes her hidden identity. 100 min. DVD X7148; vhs 999:3219
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Sister 2: Back in the Habit (1993)
Directed by Bill Duke. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Kathy Najimy, James Coburn, Maggie Smith. Whoopi Goldberg returns as the lounge singer who goes undercover as a nun to help an ailing inner-city school. 107 min. DVD X7148
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Sita Sings the Blues(2008)
Directed by Nina Paley. Voices: Annette Hanshaw, Reena Shah, Sanjiv Jhaveri, Pooja Kumar, Debargo Sanyal, Aladdin Ullah, Nitya Vidyasagar. This animated reinterpretation of the Indian epic Ramayana blends the stories of Sita, a goddess separated from her husband Rama, and Nina, an animator whose husband moves to India, then dumps her by email. Animated characters done in the style of traditional Indian shadow puppets narrate the tragicomic storylines, with Sita's singing voice represented by 1920's-era recordings of jazz performer Annette Hanshaw. Based on: The Ramayana of Valmiki. 82 min. DVD X2881
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The Song of Bernadette(1943)
Directed by Henry King. Cast: Jennifer Jones, William Eythe, Charles Bickford, Vincent Price, Lee J. Cobb, Gladys Cooper. Based on a true events in mid-19th century France (July 1858). Until a miracle changes their minds, church and state officials in Lourdes, France, persecute a simple, ingenuous peasant girl who claims to have seen a vision of "a beautiful lady." Based on the novel by Franz Werfel. Added features: Optional audio commentary by Jon Burlingame, Edward Z. Epstein, and Donald Spoto ; "Jennifer Jones, portrait of a lady" / producer/director, Lawrence Williams ; writer, Carolyn Townsend (c2001; segment of Biography television program) (45 min.) ; Movietone newsreel ; restoration comparison ; theatrical trailer. 156 min. DVD X1469
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Awards
Golden Globes, USA - Best Motion Picture - Drama; Best Director

Grace, Pamela. "The Song of Bernadette (1943): the religious comfort film." In: The religious film : Christianity and the hagiopic / Pamela Grace. Chichester, U.K. ; Malden, Mass. : Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.R4 G73 2009)
Kane, Paula M. "Jews and Catholics Converge: The Song of Bernadette (1943)." In: Catholics in the movies / edited by Colleen McDannell. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C35 C38 2008)

Sous le Soleil de Satan (France, 1987)
Directed by Maurice Pialat. Cast: Gerard Depardieu, Sandrine Bonnaire, Maurice Pialat, Alain Artur, Yann Dedet, Brigitte Legendre, Jean-Claude Bourlat, Jean-Christophe Bouvet, Pierre d'Hoffelize, Corinne Bourdon. Dossignan is a very zealous rural priest. The dean Menou-Segrais tries to keep him reasonable but Dossignan will be tempted by Satan as he tries to save the soul of Mouchette, a young girl who killed one of her lovers. A film about God's grace and mysticism. Non-US format DVD. In French. 103 min. DVD 3410
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South Park. The Passion of the Jew (TV, 2004)
Based on the characters created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone. Passion of the Jew: After finally seeing "The Passion of the Christ", Kyle has to admit that Cartman has been right all along about the Jews' role in history. Inspired by Kyle's change of heart and a powerful love for Mel Gibson, Cartman incites many of the film's hardcore fans to band together and carry out its message. Meanwhile, Stan and Kenny also see the movie and embark upon a quest to find Mel Gibson and get their money back. Christian rock hard: When the other boys kick Cartman out of their band, he pulls his own group together to make music for Jesus. While Cartman's "Faith + 1" rockets to the top of the Christian charts, Stan, Kyle and Kenny are arrested for downloading music from the Internet. Red hot Catholic love: When the Catholic Church sex scandal negatively impacts church attendance in South Park, Priest Maxi travels to Rome to confront religious leaders about a solution. 66 min. DVD 2898

Star of Bethlehem (Thanhouser Studios, 1912)
Directed by Lawrence Marston This ambitious film of the birth of Christ was one of the first steps toward true feature-length films (more than 2 reels long). It features sumptuous costumes, crowds of actors and rich staging with a cast of 200 persons. 15 min. DVD 5863; vhs 999:2838

Stellet Licht (Silent Light) (Mexico / France / Netherlands / Germany, 2007)
Directed by Carlos Reygadas. Cast: Cornelio Wall, Miriam Toews, Maria Pankratz. Johan, the head of a Mennonite family in northern Mexico, disrupts his marriage and his faith by falling in love with another woman. 136 min. DVD X2533
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Sunday Sinners (1940)
Directed by Arthur Dreifuss. Cast: Mamie Smith, Edna Mae Harris, Alex Lovejoy, Christole Williams, Norman Astwood, Earl Sydnor, Thelma Norton. In this all black cast musical feature, gangsters frame a minister's son for robbery and murder but the congregation of his father's church help prove his innocence. 65 min. Video DVD X4312; vhs 999:1219
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Weisenfeld, Judith. "'Sunday Sinners and Sunday Saints: Urban Commercial Culture and the Reconstruction of Black Religious Leadership" In: Hollywood be thy name : African American religion in American film, 1929-1949 Berkeley : University of California Press, c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 W45 2007)

Susan and God (1940)
Directed by George Cukor. Screenplay by Anita Loos. Cast: Joan Crawford, Frederic March, John Carroll, Rita Hayworth, Ruth Hussey, Nigel Bruce. Wealthy, impulsive Susan Trexel undergoes a religious conversion, one undoubtedly destined to last as long as this season's hemline length. In the meantime, Susan insists everyone around her - including her neglected husband and child - alter their lives (and loves) to conform to her latest whim. 117 min. DVD X6462
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George Cukor bibliography

The Suspended Vocation (La vocation suspendue) (France, 1977)
Directed by Raul Ruiz. Cast: Didier Flamand, Gabriel Gascon, Pascal Bonitzer, Maurice Benichou, Francoise Vercruyssen, Frederique Meininger, Edith Scob, Sylvie Herbert. In this examination of the Jesuits and the partisans of the cult of the Virgin Mary, an abbot is suspected of being a double agent for different factions in a Catholic religious community. 96 min. DVD 6572
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Ten (2003)
Directed by Scott Smith. Follows the events of a man who haphazardly breaks the Ten Commandments -- and all before breakfast. A tongue in cheek interpretation of Biblical scripture in modern times. 3 min. DVD 6321
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The Ten Commandments (1923)
Directed by Cecil B. De Mille. Cast: Theodore Roberts, Charles De Roche, Estelle Taylor, Julia Faye, Terence Moore, James Neill, Edythe Chapman, Richard Dix, Rod La Rocque. This early silent Cecil B. Demille production tells the story of how the Israelites left Egypt and acquired the Ten Commandments, as told in the context of a mother trying to bring up her children to believe in God. 146 min. DVD 5328
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

The Ten Commandments (1956)
Directed by Cecil B. De Mille. Cast: Charlton Heston, Yul Brynner, Anne Baxter, Edward G. Robinson, Yvonne De Carlo, Debra Paget, John Derek, Sir Cedric Hardwicke, Nina Foch, Martha Scott, Judith Anderson, Vincent Price, John Carradine. The epic story of Moses, the prophet who led his people, the Israelites, out of bondage in the land of Egypt to the Promised Land. 219 min. DVD 5328; vhs 999:852
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Teresa, el cuerpo de Cristo (Theresa: The Body of Christ) (France / Spain / UK, 2007)
Directed by Ray Loriga. Cast: Paz Vega, Leonor Watling, Geraldine Chaplin, Jose Luis Gomez. In Castilla, the daughter of a nobleman Teresa de Ahumada joins a convent seeking a spiritual life. Teresa embarks on a crusade of prayer and sacrifice that initially finds her branded a lunatic by those in power but after a periods of prayer and sacrifice, her claims that she has visions of Jesus attract the attention of the church hierarchy. A drama based on the life of Spain's feminist mystic Saint Teresa of Avila. 121 min. DVD X1000
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Thérèse (France, 1986)
Directed by Alain Cavalier. Cast: Catherine Mouchet, Hel`ene Alexandridis, Aurore Prieto, Sylvie Habault, Clemence Massart, Ghislaine Mona Heftre. A dramatization of the real-life story of St. Therese de Lisieux, a young woman who found personal joy and spiritual liberation within the restrictive traditions of an austere religious order. 90 min. DVD 3428
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Three Godfathers (1948)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: John Wayne, Pedro Armendariz, Harry Carey Jr., Ward Bond, Mae Marsh, Jane Darwell, Ben Johnson. John Ford's Western retelling of the Biblical Three Wise Men tale remains a scenic and thematic masterpiece. Fugitive bank robbers Robert, William and Pedro stand at a desert grave. Caring for the newborn infant of the woman they just buried will ruin any chance of escape. But they won't go back on their promise to her; they won't abandon little Robert William Pedro. 106 min. DVD 5670
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Through a Glass Darkly (Såsom i en Spegel) (Sweden, 1961)
Directed by Ingmar Bergman. Cast: Cast: Harriet Andersson, Gunnar Bjornstrand, Max Von Sydow, Lars Passgard. A gloomy look at God and love through the eyes of a tormented family who search for God in a time of crisis. Plot centers around the mental illness suffered by the daughter, Karin. The first of a trilogy of films (Winter Light, The Silence) which explored man's relationship with a God as Ingmar Bergman saw it. 90 min. DVD 1855; vhs 999:1047
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Towards the Light (Mod Lyset)(Germany / Denmark, 1919)
Directed by Holger-Madsen. Cast: Asta Nielsen, Alf Blütecher, Carl Schenstrøm, Frederik Jacobsen, Augusta Blad, Anton de Verdier, Nicolai Neiiendam, Elith Pio, Astrid Holm. When a countess is attracted to a preacher, he refuses to have anything to do with her until she has a religious conversion. 55 min. DVD X770
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Under Satan's Sun (Sous le soleil de Satan) (France, 1987)
Directed by Maurice Pialat. Cast: Gérard Depardieu, Sandrine Bonnaire, Maurice Pialat, Alain Artur, Yann Dedet, Brigitte Legendre, Jean-Claude Bourlat, Jean-Christophe Bouvet, Pierre d'Hoffelize, Corinne Bourdon. Dossignan is a very zealous rural priest. The dean Menou-Segrais tries to keep him reasonable but Dossignan will be tempted by Satan as he tries to save the soul of Mouchette, a young girl who killed one of her lovers. A film about God's grace and mysticism. Non-US format DVD. In French. 103 min. DVD 3410
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Wagon Master (1950)
Director, John Ford. Cast: Ben Johnson, Joanne Dru, Harry Carey, Jr., Ward Bond, Charles Kemper, Alan Mowbray, Jane Darwell, Ruth Clifford, Russell Simpson, Kathleen O'Malley. A Mormon wagon train headed for Utah hooks up with two horse traders, the members of a traveling medicine show, and a tribe of Navajo Indians. The group is threatened by a gang of outlaws who use the wagon train as a hideout. 86 min. DVD X6022
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

John Ford bibliography

Why Has Bodhi-Dharma Left for the East? (Dharmaga tongjoguro kan kkadalgun) (1989)
Director, Young-kyun Bae. Cast: Sin Won Sop, Hwang Hae Jin, Lee Pan-Yong. In a remote mountain monastery above a bustling city lives Hyegok, an old Zen master, his conflicted young apprentice Kibong, and Haejin, an orphaned boy studying to be a monk. The old master, nearing his end, wishes to make the ceremony of his death his final lesson to his apprentice, who is struggling to come to terms with the worldly life he left behind. Meanwhile the young boy has his own awakening to mortality as he attempts to nurse a bird he thoughtlessly injured with a stone. 135 min. DVD X4951; vhs 999:1438
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Winstanley (UK, 1975)
Directed by Kevin Brownlow & Andrew Mollo. Cast: Miles Halliwell, Jerome Willis, Terry Higgins, Phil Oliver, David Bramley.Winstanley: A dramatized history of a Reformation-era religious sect called the Diggers, who set out to form a commune and till the soil on "common land," which by law permits grazing-- but not settlement and cultivation. Led by Gerard Winstanley (1609 - 1676), theirs is a nonviolent action to reclaim land for the poor who have been dispossessed by Oliver Cromwell's recent Civil War. But the local villagers saw the Diggers as a threat to their livelihood and, and led by the Presbyterian parson, John Platt, took violent action to harass and burn them out. Based on the novel: Comrade Jacob by David Caute. Special features: It happened here again: A look at the making of Kevin Brownlow and Andrew Mollo's Winstanley, the second of their films to be made on a low budget. Brownlow and Mollo talk of their beginnings in the film industry; their first commercial venture; how they came to make low-budget films and various aspects of the film Winstanley (49 min). 92min. DVD X796
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Winter Light (Nattvardsgästerna) (Sweden, 1963)
Directed by Ingmar Bergman & Max Von Sydow. Cast: Max Von Sydow, Gunnar Bjornstrand, Ingrid Thulin. A tormented, widowed pastor finds one winter day that he no longer has faith in God. The second of a trilogy of films (Through a glass darkly, The Silence) which explored man's relationship with God as Ingmar Bergman saw it. 80 min. DVD 1854; vhs 999:1058
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Wise Blood(1979)
Directed by John Huston. Cast: Brad Dourif, Ned Beatty, Harry Dean Stanton, Dan Shor, Amy Wright, Mary Nell Santacroce, William Hickey, John Huston. U.S. Army war veteran Hazel Motes may not be a believing Christian, but he somehow makes observations about the state of a run-down country church and understands that there are ridiculous frauds on the streets. When a cab driver insists he looks like a preacher in his new hat, Hazel takes on the part. He starts his own new Church of Truth, without the crucified Jesus. His first disciple is an 18-year old simpleton with a 'prophetic gift.' Based on the novel by Flannery O'Connor. Special features: New interviews with actor Brad Dourif, writer Benedict Fitzgerald, and writer-producer Michael Fitzgerald; rare archival audio recording of author Flannery O'Connor reading her short story "A good man is hard to find;" a 26-min. episode of the television program "Creativity with Bill Moyers" from 1982, featuring director John Huston discussing his life and work; theatrical trailer; a booklet featuring an essay by author Francine Prose. 106 min. DVD X1499
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Woza Albert!
Series of sketches organized around the ironic premise that Jesus Christ returns to the self-proclaimed Christian country of South Africa. The film shows the life experience of the writers/actors, as well as the resiliency of blacks in South Africa today. Percy Mtwa, Mbongeni Ngema [writers and performers]; BBC; directed by Barney Simon. 1981. 60 min. DVD 7657 [preservation copy]; vhs 942

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