Propaganda Film:
A Selected Bibliography/Videography of Materials in the UC Berkeley












Documentary film bibliography (for articles and books on individual filmmakers such as Frank Capra and Leni Rienfenstahl)
War film bibliography
Leni Riefenstahl bibliography
Film and the Third Reich bibliography

Alt, Dirk.
"'Front in Farbe': Color Cinematography for the Nazi Newsreel, 1941-1945." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Mar2011, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p43-60, 18p
UC users only

Barkhausen, Hans.
Filmpropaganda fur Deutschland im Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg Hildesheim ; New York : Olms Presse, 1982.
MAIN: D639.P7 G3171 1982

Bennett, Todd.
"The celluloid war: state and studio in Anglo-American propaganda film-making, 1939-1941." The International History Review 24.1 (March 2002): 64(34).
This article examines the use of mass culture by political elites to influence the political ethics of Americans in during World War II towards an internationalist and pro-British stance. Topics addressed include international cultural relations between Britain and the US, and the relationship between filmmakers, the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association, and the US and British governments.

Besetzte Bilder : Film, Kultur und Propaganda in Osterreich, 1945-1955
Karin Moser (Hg.). Wien : Filmarchiv Austria, c2005.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A9.B47 2005

Bowles, B.
"German newsreel propaganda in France, 1940-1944." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 45-67, March 2004
UC users only
"Excerpts from newsreels released in France during the Second World War are generally familiar to scholars, thanks to their widespread use in retrospective documentaries such as Marcel Ophuls's The Sorrow and the Pity (1969) and Claude Chabrol's The Eye of Vichy (1993). Although historians have often used newsreels to illustrate key aspects of German policy and French collaboration, until recently these films have not received widespread attention as an object of study in their own right. Following the trail blazed by Marc Ferro and Jean-Pierre Bertin-Maghit, a new generation of scholars is now rediscovering newsreels and documentaries as long-standing archival restrictions are lifted and fragile nitrate films are catalogued and preserved. Wartime newsreels are complex cultural products encompassing political, social, and economic dimensions. As such, they provide a unique perspective on these branches of history and constitute a valuable source for reassessing and refining existing scholarship. In the case of France, newsreels are particularly relevant for understanding the link between propaganda and public opinion since relatively few of the fiction films distributed there during the war served as vehicles of German or Vichy French ideology. Unlike feature films, which typically played for only four weeks or less in any given location, newsreels were a mandatory part of all cinema programs throughout the war. As for the handful of ideologically loaded fiction films designed specifically to influence spectators, newsreels offer a useful basis for evaluating comparatively the impact of film propaganda on collective mentalities." [Communication Abstracts]

Britain and the cinema during the Second World War
Edited by Philip M. Taylor. Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1988.
MAIN: D810.P7 G7 B741, 1988

Caprotti, F.
"Information management and fascist identity: Newsreels in fascist Italy." Media History, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 177-191, 2005
"Cinema has been one of the fields examined through the cultural lens. The moving image and its associated discourses have been fragmented and subject to analysis of view of their historical, political, and cultural contexts. Within studies of fascism there exists a broad field of cultural-political research on the propagandistic aspects of the fascist regime. There has been constant interest in film propaganda with a focus on Italy and on newsreels. Propaganda newsreels, produced under fascism by the LUCE institute, have also aroused recent scholarly interest. This paper's analysis of the distribution and propagation side of the newsreels, defined as a weekly series of edited and collated news items, were propagated to project an image of fascism. Archival material from the Central State Archive in Rome is used to support the arguments presented in this paper. The documents come from the public collection, or Carteggio Ordinario, of documents from Mussolini's government office, the Segreteria Particolare del Duce." [Communication Abstracts]

Chapman, James.
The British at war: cinema, state, and propaganda, 1939-1945 James Chapman. London; New York, N.Y.: I.B. Tauris Publishers; New York, N.Y.: Distributed by St. Martin's Press, 1998. Cinema and society.
Main Stack D743.23.C45 1998

Chapman, James.
"Cinema, Propaganda and National Identity: British Film and the Second World War." In: British cinema, past and present / edited by Justine Ashby and Andrew Higson. pp: 193-206. London; New York, NY: Routledge, 2000.
Main Stack PN1993.5.G7.B695 2000

Clayton R. Koppes; Gregory D. Black
"Blacks, Loyalty, and Motion-Picture Propaganda in World War II." The Journal of American History, Vol. 73, No. 2. (Sep., 1986), pp. 383-406.
UC users only

Clayton R. Koppes; Gregory D. Black
"What to Show the World: The Office of War Information and Hollywood, 1942-1945." The Journal of American History, Vol. 64, No. 1. (Jun., 1977), pp. 87-105.
UC users only

Cole, Robert.
"Anglo-American Anti-fascist Film Propaganda in a Time of Neutrality: The Great Dictator, 1940." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 21.2 (June 2001): 137.
UC users only

Combs, James E.
Film propaganda and American politics : an analysis and filmography New York : Garland Pub., 1994.
MAIN: PN1995.9.P6 C664 1994
MOFF: PN1995.9.P6 C664 1994;

Crusells, Magi.
La Guerra Civil española : cine y propaganda Barcelona : Ariel, 2000.
MAIN: DP269.8.M6 C78 2000

Donald, Ralph R.
"Savages, Swine, and Buffoons" Images Journal Issue 8
Savages, Swine, and Buffoons: Hollywood's Selected Stereotypical Characterizations of the Japanese, Germans, and Italians in Films Produced During WWII.

Donner, Wolf.
Propaganda und Film im "Dritten Reich" Berlin : TIP Verlag, 1995.
MAIN: PN1995.9.N36 D66 1995

Evans, Gary
John Grierson and the National Film Board: The Politics of Wartime Propaganda / Gary Evans. Toronto; Buffalo: University of Toronto Press,c1984.
Main D810.P7 C24 1984

Fell, John.
"Film and radio propaganda in World War II." Film Quarterly 38 (Spring 1985): 63(2).

Film and propaganda in America : a documentary history
Editor-in-chief, David Culbert.New York : Greenwood Press, 1990 Documentary reference collections.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.F47 1990 Library has: v.1-4 (1990-1991)

Film & radio propaganda in World War II
Edited by K.R.M. Short. Knoxville : University of Tennessee Press, 1983.
MAIN: D810.P6 F5 1983; MOFF: D810.P6 F5 1983

Fox, Jo.
Film propaganda in Britain and Nazi Germany : World War II cinema. Oxford ; New York : Berg, 2007.
MAIN: PN1993.5.G7 F68 2007
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0701/2006031633-t.html)

Furhammar, Leif
Politics and film New York, Praeger Publishers [1971]
MOFF: PN1995.9.P6 F813
MAIN: PN1995.9.P6 F812

Fyne, Robert
The Hollywood Propaganda of World War II / by Robert Fyne. Metuchen,N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1994.
Main D810.P7 U368 1994
Moffitt D810.P7 U368 1994

Garrett, Greg.
"It's everybody's war: racism and the World War Two documentary." Journal of Popular Film and Television 22.n2 (Summer 1994): 70(9).
UC users only

Gili, Jean A.
L'Italie de Mussolini et son cinema Paris : H. Veyrier, c1985.
MAIN: PN1993.5.I88 G551 1985

Hallstein, Christian W.
"Creating the enemy: anti-British Nazi film propaganda.(The Evolution of War and Its Representation in Literature and Film)(Critical essay)." West Virginia University Philological Papers 51 (Fall 2004): 85(6).

Hoffmann, Hilmar.
The triumph of propaganda : film and national socialism, 1933-1945 Providence : Berghahn Books, 1996
MAIN: PN1995.9.N36 H6413 1996

Hoffmann, Kay.
"Propagandistic problems of German newsreels in World War II." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 24.1 (March 2004): 133(142).
UC users only
"Propaganda is a central issue for non-fiction film in the Third Reich. Along with a few well-known and often discussed propaganda films, the newsreels have generally been viewed as the perfect propaganda instrument for the National Socialists. They have to be discussed as a part of the Nazi media system, which includes newspapers, magazines, radio, and the beginnings of television as well as photography or paintings and which developed a special aesthetics and Nazi symbolism. The newsreels determine the image of the Third Reich that we have in our minds today, since they form the basis for nearly all the popular historical programs on television. Surprisingly, however, there is not much research in Germany about this area of film production. Some highly detailed analyses were down at the IWF in Göttingen, the German center for scientific film. From the 1970s on, there have been some books published by former cameramen and a few books on newsreels, but a detailed overview is lacking. Just recently, in June 2003, the first 100 hours of German newsreels were put on the Internet for research purposes, which was made possible through the cooperation of selected archives, copyright owners, and the DEFA foundation; a fourth of these newsreels are before 1945. In recent years, in various countries like Belgium, Norway, France, and Luxembourg, an intense study of the German newsreels for the occupied countries has been done. In this article, the author gives a short overview of the German newsreel production in World War II, noting some aspects of the newsreels that tend to put the idea of them as perfect propaganda into question." [Communication Abstracts]

Hulbert, Jeff.
"Right-wing propaganda or reporting history?--The newsreels and the Suez crisis of 1956." Film History 14.3-4 (July 2002): 261.
UC users only

"Huns" vs. "Corned beef" : representations of the other in American and German literature and film on World War I
Edited by Thomas F. Schneider and Hans Wagener. Gottingen : V&R Unipress ; Osnabruck : Universitatsverlag, c2007.
MAIN: D522.23 .H86 2007

The Japan/America film wars : World War II propaganda and its cultural contexts
Edited by Abe Mark Nornes and Fukushima Yukio. Chur, Switzerland ; Langhorne, Pa., USA : Harwood Academic Publishers, c1994.
MAIN: D743.23 .J36 1994

Koppes, Clayton R.
Hollywood Goes to War: How Politics, Profits, and Propaganda Shaped World War II Movies / Clayton R. Koppes, Gregory D. Black. New York: Free Press; London: Collier Macmillan, c1987.
Main D743.23 .K661 1987
Moffitt D743.23 .K66 1987

Latham, James
"1918: Movies, Propaganda, and Entertainment." In: American cinema of the 1910s : themes and variations / edited by Charlie Keil and Ben Singer. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2009.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85733 2009

Leiser, Erwin
Nazi cinema London : Secker and Warburg, 1974.
MAIN: PN1993.5.G3 L38131 1974
MOFF: PN1993.5.G3 L3813
PFA : PN1993.5.G3 L3813 1975

MacCann, Richard Dyer.
The people's films; a political history of U.S. Government motion pictures. New York, Hastings House [1973](Series: Studies in public communication) (Series: Communication arts books)
Moffitt PN1995.9.D6.M3
Main Stack PN1995.9.D6.M31

McKernan, Luke.
"Propaganda, patriotism and profit: Charles Urban and British official war films in America during the First World War." Film History 14.3-4 (July 2002): 369.
UC users only

Michalczyk, John J.
Andre Malraux's Espoir: The Propaganda/Art Film and the Spanish CivilWar / by John J. Michalczyk. University, Miss.: Romance Monographs, inc.,1977. Series title: Romance monographs; no. 27.
Main PQ2625.Ma716 .E786

Novikoff, Melvin.
The film as propaganda : Soviet Russia (1924-1930) and Nazi Germany (1933-1940) [Thesis (M.A. in Political Science)--University of California, Berkeley, June 1960] 1960.
MAIN: 308t 1960 417; Storage Info: C 2 945 822

Polan, Dana
"Stylistic Regularities (and Peculiarities) of the Hollywood World War II Propaganda Film." University of Southern California. Annenberg Center/Norman Lear Center web site

Propaganda, Politics, and Film, 1918-45
Edited by Nicholas Pronay and D.W. Spring. London: Macmillan Press, 1982.
Main PN1995.9.P6 P77 1982
Moffitt PN1995.9.P6 .P965 1982

Rabenalt, Arthur Maria.
Joseph Goebbels und der "Grossdeutsche" Film Munchen : Herbig, c1985.
MAIN: PN1993.5.G3 R321 1985

Reeves, Nicholas
Film Propaganda and Its Audience: The Example of Britain's Official Films during the First World War Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 18, No. 3, Historians and Movies: The State of the Art: Part 1. (Jul., 1983), pp. 463-494.
UC users only

Reeves, Nicholas
Official British Film Propaganda During the First World War / Nicholas Reeves. London; Wolfeboro, N.H.: C. Helm, c1986.
Main D639.P7 G781 1986

Reeves, Nicholas.
The power of film propaganda : myth or reality? New York : Contunuum, 2003, 1999.
MAIN: PN1993.5.E8 R43 2003

Reeves, Nicholas.
"The power of film propaganda : myth or reality?" Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 13.n2 (June 1993): 181(21).
UC users only
Film propaganda in World War I was effective as long as public opinion was behind the war effort. In 1916 and early-1917, such films had a favourable audience, and helped to link those who had been to the war with those at home. Such films as 'The Battle of the Ancre' and 'The Battle of the Somme' helped to support the moral behind Britain's cause. Later, by early-summer in 1917, public mood had swung away from the war effort, and film propaganda had lost its audience for good.

Rentschler, Eric.
The ministry of illusion : Nazi cinema and its afterlife Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1996.
MAIN: PN1995.9.N36 R46 1996

Resina, Joan Ramon.
"Historical discourse and the propaganda film: reporting the revolution in Barcelona." New Literary History v29, n1 (Wntr, 1998):67 (18 pages).
"Reporting the 1936 revolution in Barcelona involved historical discourse and the propaganda film. The Nazis used the Spanish war to test military innovations for World War II, but they did not really experiment with propaganda techniques, given their unofficial participation. They offered their propaganda machinery to the insurgents in Spain, offering documents they got indirectly more than they did those visual ones from the field. Nazi film makes the medium a weapon and conceives of form itself as an event. Documentaries on Spain tried to stir up anxiety and to insinuate, dealing with stereotypical emotional responses." [Expanded Academic Index]

Rosten, Leo C.
Movies and Propaganda Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 254, The Motion Picture Industry. (Nov., 1947), pp. 116-124.
UC users only

Rother, Rainer.
"What is a National Socialist Film?" Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Oct2007, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p455-469, 15p

Shaw, Tony.
British cinema and the Cold War: the state, propaganda and consensus London; New York: I.B. Tauris; distributed in U.S. by St. Martin's Press, 2001.
MAIN: PN1995.9.P6 S52 2001

Shaw, Tony.
"Martyrs, Miracles, and Martians: Religion and Cold War Cinematic Propaganda in the 1950s." Journal of Cold War Studies, Spring 2002, Vol. 4, No. 2, Pages 3-22
UC users only
"This article examines Cold War film propaganda in the 1950s, when the cin-ema was enjoying its last period as the dominant visual mass entertainment form in both the West and the East. I concentrates on the role that religion played as a theme of propaganda primarily in British and American movies, as well as some of the Soviet films released during the decade. The article ex-plores the relationship between film output and state propagandists to show how religious themes were incorporated into films dealing with Cold War is-sues, and considers how audiences received the messages contained within these films. The article therefore builds on recent scholarship that highlights the importance of ideas and culture during the Cold War by looking at the adoption and adaptation of religion as a tool of propaganda." [MIT Press]

Sheppard, W. Anthony.
"An exotic enemy: Anti-Japanese musical propaganda in World War II Hollywood." Journal of the American Musicological Society 54.2 (Summer 2001): 303(56).

Simpson, Kevin E.
"Classic and Modern Propaganda in Documentary Film: Teaching the Psychology of Persuasion." Teaching of Psychology, May2008, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p103-108, 6p
UC users only

Smoodin, Eric.
"The Disappearance of Dissent: Government Propaganda and the Military Film Bill." In: Animating culture : Hollywood cartoons from the sound era New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1993.
Grad Svcs NC1766.U5 S66 1993
Main Stack NC1766.U5 S66 1993
Moffitt NC1766.U5 S66 1993

Stamm, K.
"German wartime newsreels (deutsche wochenschau): the problem of 'authenticity'." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 7:3, 239 - 245, 1987
UC users only

State of deception : the power of Nazi propaganda. Washington, D.C. : United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ; New York : Distributed by W.W. Norton, [2009]
Main (Gardner) Stacks

Taylor, Richard.
Film propaganda : Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany London ; New York : I.B.Tauris, 1998.
MAIN: PN1995.9.P6 T39 1998

Taylor, Richard
The politics of the Soviet cinema, 1917-1929 Cambridge [Eng.] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1979.
MAIN: PN1993.5 .R9T3 1979

Tegel, S.
"Third Reich newsreels: an effective tool of propaganda?" Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 143-154, March 2004
UC users only
"With a few important exceptions, Third Reich newsreels have attracted little scholarly attention. That feature film and documentary have attracted more is understandable, especially as many non-historians have been drawn to the subject. Most historians involved with Third Reich film have concerned themselves with propaganda, which is not unexpected, in view of their interest in the state and the fact that Third Reich film (of all varieties)-either overtly or covertly in numerous ways-promoted the interests of the state. But given this interest in propaganda, the neglect of newsreels, which formed part of the Third Reich cinema program, is all the more surprising. If the message was not overt in feature film, it was in newsreels, which from late 1938 formed a compulsory part of the cinema program, as was also later the case in occupied Europe. During the war, it reached large numbers as cinema attendance was very high. These contributors add considerably to the knowledge about the structure and organizations of the Third Reich newsreel empire, newsreel production history, and, most important, a consideration of newsreel reception. Newsreels also of themselves provide a valuable historical source for understanding the period in which they were produced and shown, in this case the war, and in particular the relationship between propaganda and public opinion. The picture that emerges is a complex one, and the variations from context to context are significant." [Communication Abstracts]

Thaisy, Laurence
La politique cinématographique de la France en Allemagne occupée, 1945-1949 / Laurence Thaisy. Villeneuve-d'Ascq : Presses universitaires du Septentrion, c2006.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.P6 T483 2006

Tsimerman, Mosheh
Wie sieht ein "Nazi" aus? : Hollywoods "Drittes Reich" im Film : Festvortrag Bochum : Stiftung Bibliothek des Ruhrgebiets, 2004.
MAIN: PN1995.9.N36 T75 2004

Valantin, Jean-Michel.
Hollywood, the Pentagon and Washington : [the movies and national security from World War II to the present day] London : Anthem, 2005.
MAIN: PN1993.5.U65 V35 2005
PFA : PN1995.9.P6 V35 2005

Véray, Laurent.
"1914-1918, the first media war of the twentieth century: The example of French newsreels." Film History, Dec2010, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p408-425, 18p
UC users only

Welch, David.
"Hitler's history films: David Welch looks at the dramatisation of Fuhrerprinzip in the Nazi cinema, and how history films were used to propagate themes of anti-parliamentarianism and the concept of an individual leader of genius." History Today 52.12 (Dec 2002): 20(6).
UC users only

Welch, David
Propaganda and the German cinema, 1933-1945 London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; New York : Distributed by St. Martin's Press, 2001.
Full-text of online [UC Berkeley users only]
PFA : PN1995.9.N36 W45 2001
MAIN: DD256.5 .W432 1983 (another edition)

Welch, David.
Propaganda and the German Cinema, 1933-1945 / David Welch. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Main PN1993.5.G3 W4 1983
Moffitt PN1993.5.G3 W4 1983

Winkel, Roel Vande
"Nazi newsreels in Europe, 1939-1945: the many faces of Ufa's foreign weekly newsreel ( Auslandstonwoche ) versus German's weekly newsreel ( Deutsche Wochenschau)." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Mar2004, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p5-34, 30p UC users only
UC users only

Worland, Rick
"OWI Meets the Monsters: Hollywood Horror Films and War Propaganda, 1942 to 1945. Cinema Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1. (Autumn, 1997), pp. 47-65.
UC users only



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