Propaganda and Disinformation












Documentaries About Propaganda

Early Anti-Communism, Jingoism, and Miscellaneous Political Propaganda

War Propaganda

World War I

Spanish Civil War

World War II

Allied Propaganda: Newsreels, and Related Films

Allied Propaganda: Animated Shorts(separate page)

Nazi Propaganda, Newsreels, and Related Films

Cold War Propaganda and Atomic Hysteria

Vietnam

Social & Religious Propaganda

Miscellaneous Propaganda

Political Propaganda SEE US Politics and Government - Political Ads

War Movies
US Politics and Government (political ads and campaigns)
Journalism and Mass Communications (for videos about propaganda)
Propaganda films

Documentaries About Propaganda

Are We Winning, Mommy?
An examination of the historical roots of the Cold War and its effects on American life. The film features a wealth of images and historical footage from both European and American archives as well as revealing interviews with some of the key players on both sides. A primary focus is on the role of the mass media in shaping attitudes and controlling American anti-communist feeling about the Cold War, with illustrations, simultaneously comic and chilling, from Hollywood features, TV programs, and animated cartoons. Directed by Barbara Margolis. 87 min. Video/C MM1001

The Eye of the Dictator.
Examines the use of film and particularly the weekly newsreel to inform, disinform, and persuade Germany during years of the Nazi regime. The program takes an in-depth look at the way Joseph Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda, controlled the work of German film cameramen and how he manipulated their work to great effect both as propaganda and as art. c1995. 55 min. Video/C 6903

Faces of the Enemy
A film by Bill Jersey and Jeffrey Friedman. Examines the way in which nations create images of their enemies by dehumanizing them in propaganda, political cartoons, posters and slanted news reports. Examples include how Japan, America and Russia create and disseminate images of their enemies. 58 min. DVD 4338; also VHS Video/C 1023

The Military in the Movies
A discussion of the role of the military in the media age. Hollywood and the military have cooperated in the movie-making business for over 90 years. The Pentagon uses the movies as part of a larger public relations effort aimed at selling the armed forces to the American public. Is it appropriate for the military to rewrite film scripts in exchange for its cooperation? What does it cost the taxpayer? And should the military be involved in the entertainment business at all? Includes illustrative film clips. Washington, D.C.: Center for Defense Information, c1997. 29 min. Video/C 7534

Description from Media Education Foundation Catalog

Propaganda
This program focuses on dictators and spin doctors who shaped the perceptions of the masses in 20th century Europe. Archival news film and footage and historical photos spotlight the propaganda of the Russian Revolution, Nazi propaganda in World War II, the Gulf War, as well as the PR blitzes of Britain's political scene. Clips from propaganda classics Battleship Potemkin, The Triumph of the Will, and the Eternal Jew are also included. Dist.: Films Media Group.c2000. 29 min. DVD 9766; Video/C 8397

Propaganda Wars: Japan and U.S. -- The Battle for Hearts and Minds
Documentary on the way the warring nations of Japan and the United States used the media to influence public opinion on the home front during World War II through films, newsreels, and postures that used hyperbole, overstatement, and exaggeration to keep the hate alive and support each country's war effort. Jointly produced by American and Japanese filmmakers, this program incorporates archival footage, and interviews with several historians. Frank Capra talks about his war-time films. Dist. Films Media Group. 1994. 50 min. DVD X6617

Right in Der Führer's Face
Sixth segment in a 10 part series depicting the major movements in the lives of Americans in the 1940s as the country endures WWII, including changes in ideals, life styles, morals and ethics. Part 6 looks at how the American government enlisted the skills of Hollywood, Tin Pan Alley and Madison Avenue to grind out propaganda for domestic consumption. Hitler and his cohorts are depicted as diabolical villains, while racial attacks by the media against Japanese-Americans leads to the internment of hundreds of American civilians. Directed by Anthony Ross Potter, Frank J. DeMeo 1995. 29 min. Video/C 9068

Strangelove Revisited: How We Were Taught to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb
Clips from recently declassified motion pictures originally produced by the U.S. government in the early 1950s for the benefit of U.S. military personnel and politicians intended to set people's minds at ease about the production and testing of nuclear weapons. Originally broadcast on the television program Nightline, on January 15, 1997. 23 min. Video/C 5954

Toxic Sludge is Good For You: The Public Relations Industry Unspun.
Tracks the development of the public relations industry from early efforts to win popular American support for World War I to the role of crisis management in controlling the damage to corporate image. With commentary by PR critics the film analyzes the tools public relations professionals use to shift public perceptions including a look at the coordinated PR campaign to slip genetically engineered food past public scrutiny. c2002. 45 min. Video/C 9174

Media Education Foundation catalog description

World War II: The Propaganda Battle (A Walk Through the 20th Century with Bill Moyers) (1984)
Bill Moyers interviews two filmmakers in the first large-scale propaganda battle in history--German filmmaker Fritz Hippler and his American counterpart, Frank Capra. Video/C 872

Early Anti-Communism, Jingoism, and Miscellaneous Political Propaganda

Bolshevism on Trial (Shattered Dreams) (silent, 1919)
One of the "red scare" films that immediately followed the Russian Revolution which truthfully depicts the American public's attitude towards Communism. In this film the heroine is menaced by a lascivious brut of a villian threatening marriage and the final rescue is by a band of white-uniformed all-Americans from the U.S. Navy. Director, Harley Knoles. Based on the novel, Comrades, by Thomas Dixon. 79 min. DVD X4761; vhs 999:2235

My Four Years in Germany (silent, 1917)
A dramatization of the American ambassador to Germany James Gerard's book of World War I German intrigue and cruelties. Directed by William Nigh. 123 min. Video 999:2236

Words of War
Explains the specialized oratory leaders have used to convince Americans to go into battle. Presenting historic and contemporary examples of American presidential wartime speeches this documentary examines four basic themes used to convince the nation of the need for war. Includes actual wartime addresses from Franklin Roosevelt, George Bush, Lyndon Johnson, Bill Clinton, Richard Nixon and George W. Bush plus addresses by Woodrow Wilson and Harry Truman. 35 min. DVD 1930

War Propaganda Films

World War I Propaganda Films

Film and propaganda in America: a documentary history. v. 1. World War I / editor-in-chief, David Culbert. New York : Greenwood Press, 1990. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 F47 1990)

America Goes Over: WWI Propaganda Film
Edited from films shot by the Signal Corps, this film covers the entire scope of U.S. operations in World War I. Includes scenes of President Woodrow Wilson, General Jack Pershing, recruitment and training of soldiers, major land battles, naval and aerial operations, everyday life of the soldier, and the liberation of Paris. Originally produced in 1918 by the U.S. Signal Corps. 64 min. DVD 3726

World War I Films of the Silent Era
These four silent films explain essential news and propaganda functions of the movies during the Great War of 1914-1918. In those days before television and radio, fiction films in movie theaters were the most widely shared public experience while news films presented the most detailed and potent images of military life and front line action. Some news films were faked but some was authentic, obtained at great risk by daredevil combat cameramen.

Fighting the war / photographer, Donald C. Thompson (1916) -- The log of the U-35 / Lothar von Arnauld de la Periere (combined 1919 British version and 1920 American versions of original 1917 German film titled: Der Magische Gurtel (The Enchanted circle) -- The secret game / William C. de Mille (Paramount) with Sessue Hayakawa, Florence Vidor, Jack Holt, Charles Ogle (1917) -- The moving picture boys in the Great War / narrator, Lowell Thomas (1975). 167 min. DVD 1016

Vintage WWI Propaganda Films
America goes over (aka. America goes over : World War I as seen by the Signal Corps / U.S. Signal Corps (1918, 64 min.) -- So they tell me (1919, 5 min.) -- NY 1915 celebration (disc title: Cornwall NY 1915 celebration) (13 min.) America goes over: Edited from films shot by the Signal Corps, this film covers the entire scope of U.S. operations in World War I. Includes scenes of President Woodrow Wilson, General Jack Pershing, recruitment and training of soldiers, major land battles, naval and aerial operations, everyday life of the soldier, and the liberation of Paris. So they tell me: Cartoon produced immediately after WWI which takes stabs at the likes of Eugene Debs, the renaming of popular foods with ethnic combatant nomenclature, arms shipments, Prohibition, Irish republicanism, the Kaiser, the Bolsheviks, Blue Laws, bathing suit taxes and more. NY 1915 celebration: A silent film with scenes of Americans in Cornwall NY celebrating the end of the war. Features patriotically decorated cars, a parade of troups and concludes with the presentation of a captured German gun on behalf of the Republic of France to the citizens of Cornwall. DVD 9755

Spanish Civil War

Fury Over Spain
Chronicles 1936, the first bloody year of the Spanish civil war. Location filming by omnipresent government cameramen helps lend a raw, earthy feel to the desperate, life-and-death struggle against General Francisco Franco's Nationalist insurgents. Distributed as a propaganda film in the United States and England to help garner public and international support for the Republican-coalition forces. Originally produced in 1937. 55 min. DVD 8819

Heart of Spain
A documentary account of the front line medicine practiced under Dr. Norman Bethune and volunteer medical personnel during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939.) Their work with 'blood banks,' transfusion and field surgery laid the groundwork for further medical advances in later years. 1933. Material scenarized and edited by Paul Strand, Leo Hurwitz. 33 min. DVD X336; vhs Video/C MM1225

Im Kampf den Weltfeind (1939)
Directed by Karl Ritter. Documentary presenting the Spanish Civil War from the Nationalist (Nazi) perspective. The entire war is covered, from the initial German commitment in 1936 to the fall of Madrid in March 1939. The Legion's triumphant return to Germany is also shown including excerpts of speeches by Goring and Hitler. In German without English subtitles. 45 min. DVD 3853

The Spanish Earth (1937)
Credits: Screenplay, Lillian Hellman, John Dos Passos, and Archibald MacLeish; photography, John Ferno; film editor, Helen van Dongen; music, Marc Blitzstein, Virgil Thomson; narrator, Ernest Hemingway (alternative track on DVD 717 version: Orson Welles). Docudrama on the Civil War in Spain. Dramatizes the effects of the fascist uprising and invasion on the ordinary citizen, using actual scenes of the fighting. 60 min. DVD 717; also on DVD X1698; VHS 999:1131
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

World War II Propaganda Films

Animated Propaganda and Advertising

Allied Propaganda, Newsreels, and Related Films

Documentary Classics (for British WWII homefront documentaries)

After Mein Kampf?: The Story of Adolph Hitler
Film biography of Adolph Hitler produced as a propaganda film in England during World War II, using recreations and English-language. Presents actual scenes and reconstruction of events culminating in the invasion of Poland, the collapse of France and the attack on Great Britain. Reissue of a motion picture originally produced in 1940. 45 min. Video/C 9881

African American Soldiers & Japanese Internment During WWII
Contents: Challenge to democracy / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1944, 17 min.) -- Close harmony / sponsored by General Motors (1942, 11 min.) -- Farmer Henry Browne / U.S. Dept of Agriculture (1942, 11 min.) -- Japanese relocation / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1943, 9 min.) -- Negro colleges in wartime / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1943, 9 min.).

Challenge to democracy: The Internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II is here explained according to the Government's point of view. Close harmony: Attempts to show the need for good labor/management relations in the U.S. arms industry, resorting to the "step 'n fetch it" stereotype of Black Americans. Farmer Henry Browne: Shows how a black Georgian farmer does his part for the war, with his farm, his family and the service of his Tuskegee fighter pilot eldest son. Japanese relocation: A propaganda film designed to show the co-operation and satisfaction of the Japanese American internees in terms of being relocated, re-employed, re-educated and interned. Negro colleges in wartime: An exposition of the teaching and training of Black Americans for war, science, industry, agriculture, husbandry, meteorology, medicine, engineering and technical trades at black colleges. 57 min. DVD 2253

View Challenge to Democracy online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

View Japanese Relocation online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

An Airman's Letter to His Mother
Directed by Michael Powell. Acclaimed short film by Michael Powell based on a letter in The Times of London from a pilot who had since been killed in action. Narrated by John Gielgud, the letter in question had touched a nation's heart and made a popular film subject. 1941. Included on Video/C 999:2958

America at War. 1995. 45 min. each installment.

Our Troops Train for War Two training films used to prepare the American soldier for the perils and dangers he faced when encountering the enemy. Baptism of fire: A drama designed to teach soldiers how to deal with their fears of going into battle for the first time. Jap Zero: An interesting film starring Ronald Reagan as a novice pilot trying to distinguish the Japanese Zero fighter plane from one of our own--with nearly disastrous results. Video/C 5701

Our Troops Under Fire Four films containing graphic historical footage of land, air, and amphibious assaults on enemy strongholds. Cameramen at war: Documentary on the cameramen of the British military film units and the newsreel companies that documented battles of both World Wars. 957th day: Shows the Pacific Fifth Fleet engaged in combat action on the 957th day of WWII. Mission completed: A film about American bombers returning to the ship after a bombing run. Battle for the beaches: Documentary footage examining Allied machinery and methods used to attack the Axis powers on the beach fronts. Includes the Battle of Dunkirk and amphibious assaults on Sicily, Salerno, and Dieppe, France. Video/C 5702

Preparing for War Contains an interesting, powerful look at various films produced to alert the American public about the looming threat of world war and to muster sentiment and support towards the effort. Hitler's ascent to power: Documents Hitler's chilling rise to power. Britain on guard: Shows how the British coped with German aerial attacks and the devastating VI rocket. All Hands: A British officer talks too much in a pub run by spies with disastrous results. Story of Corporal Jolley: A true first person account by an American soldier who survived a Japanese prison camp and the Bataan Death March. Video/C 5700

Show Business in WarThree films showing how Hollywood and the business community were involved in the war effort. War Bonds: Features Bette Davis selling war bonds. Hollywood Canteen: Dinah Shore takes the viewer on a tour of a typical war canteen where Hollywood stars mingled with the troops and special performances helpted lift morale. Strictly GI: Highlights the special radio show broadcast weekly for the enjoyment of troops worldwide. Video/C 5703

Victory Victory focuses on the reaction of America to the end of the war. D-Day minus one: Presents the saga of the paratroopers who dropped into Europe behind enemy lines five hours before the D-Day invasion. Focus on 1945: Features the victory of Allied troops as they reclaim Europe, the liberation of POW camps, the trial of General Yamashita of Japan for high war crimes, and footage of a top ranking Nazi leader on trial at Nuremberg. Japan surrenders: Looks at the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and Japan's unconditional surrender to General MacArthur. Video/C 5704

Archives de guerre (1940-1945: ce que les Francais on vu dans les salles de cinema
Five hours of French newsreels and propaganda films drawn from the archives of the Institut national de l'audiovisuel trace the history of World War II month-by-month and document life in France during the German occupation. 402 min. DVD 9247

Autobiography of a Jeep(1943)
Directed by Irving Lerner for the U.S. Army Signal Corps. "This is a charmingly lighthearted look at that most "all-American" of vehicles-the jeep. The film is actually a celebration of our national love affair with the automobile, transferred here to a remarkable little machine that would become a symbol of America's presence around the world - with lots of plugs for Detroit. When The Autobiography of a Jeep was shown to newly-liberated French audiences, they were said to have shouted; "Vive le Jip! Vive le Jip!" [from Uncle Sam Movie Collection] DVD 363; vhs Video/C 7627

Watch this film online (via Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Battle of Midway(1945)
Directed by John Ford. SEE Peace and Conflict Studies.

The Battle of San Pietro(1945)
Directed by John Huston. SEE Peace and Conflict Studies.

Behind Nazi Guns
Presented by United States Navy, Industrial Incentive Division. A documentary film created by the U.S. government to show the American war workers a behind-the-scenes report on their enemy, the German war worker. Videocassette release of a motion picture originally produced in the early 1940's. 21 min. Video/C 5088

Britain at War: The First Days
The first days / producer: Alberto Cavalcanti ; directors: Humphrey Jennings, Harry Watt, Pat Jackson (1939, 23 min.) --The front line / director: Harry Watt (1940, 6 min.) -- Squadron 992 / producer: Alberto Cavalcanti ; director: Harry Watt (1940, 26 min.) First days: Shows many actual and some reconstructed scenes of air raid precautions, military training and evacuations during the first days of the war. Front line: For three months the town of Dover had been the frontier target for the Reich. There was only one hotel where the American correspondents stayed to record the fall of Britain. Squadron 992: A compelling drama-documentary about the training of a balloon squadron and its first assignment to the Forth Bridge, which had just been unsuccessfully raided. DVD 6218

Britain at War: Under Fire
The story of an air communique / Ministry of Information (1940, 7 mins.) -- Britain can take it / directors: Harry Watt, Humphrey Jennings (1940, 9 min.) -- Britain at bay / commentary written and spoken by J.B. Priestley (1940, 8 min.) -- Men of the lightship / producer: Alberto Cavalcanti ; director: David MacDonald (1940, 25 min.) -- Christmas under fire / director: Harry Watt (1941, 10 min.) Story of an air communique: Made for the Ministry of Information to show how accurately the figures for destroyed enemy aircraft were compiled and checked. DVD 6219

Street, Sarah. "Christmas Under Fire: The Wartime Christmas in Britain." In: Christmas at the movies : images of Christmas in American, British and European cinema / edited by M London ; New York : I.B. Tauris Publishers ; New York, NY : Distributed in the United States and Canada by St. Martin's Press, 2000. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.C5113 C66 2000)
Chapman, James. The British at war: cinema, state, and propaganda, 1939-1945 N.Y.: I.B. Tauris Publishers; New York, N.Y.: Distributed by St. Martin's Press, 1998. Cinema and society. (Main Stack D743.23.C45 1998)

Britain Can Take It (aka London Can Take It)(1940)
Directors: Harry Watt, Humphrey Jennings. American journalist Quentin Reynolds presented this despatch from London that gave Roosevelt the kind of material he needed to swing U.S. popular opinion behind Britain in the war. Britain at bay: Nazi Germany has swallowed Czechoslovakia, invaded Poland and Norway, overrun Holland and Belgium. The French government had given in. Britain was alone, at bay... Men of the lightship: Reconstruction of events surrounding the Nazi bombing of the East Dudgeon lightship and the fate of those who manned it. Christmas under fire: Quentin Reynolds second film despatch from London to America shows Christmas 1940, the year of the blitz. 9 min. DVD 6219; also on DVD 1279; vhs Video/C 5025

Aldgate, Anthony. Britain can take it : the British cinema in the Second World War 2nd ed. Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, 1994. (Main Stack D743.23.A43 1994; Moffitt D743.23.A43 1994; PFA PN1995.9.W3.A42 1994)
Chapman, James. The British at war: cinema, state, and propaganda, 1939-1945 N.Y.: I.B. Tauris Publishers; New York, N.Y.: Distributed by St. Martin's Press, 1998. Cinema and society. (Main Stack D743.23.C45 1998)
Cull, Nicholas John. "London Can Take It": British Propaganda and the Blitz, September to December 1940." In: Selling war : the British propaganda campaign against American "neutrality" in World War II / Nicholas John Cull. New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1995. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Moffitt D810.P7 G7248 1995)
Reynolds, Quentin James. Britain can take it; based on the film. New York, E.P. Dutton and company, inc., c1941. (MAIN: D760.8.L7 R48)

Humphrey Jennings bibliography

Calling Tokyo: Japanese American Radio Broadcasters During World War II
Documentary about a group of Japanese Americans who were recruited by the British Political Warfare Mission and the U.S. Office of War Information to serve as hosts of Japanese-language radio propaganda broadcasts from Denver during WWII. c2002. 48 min. Video/C MM622

Challenge to Democracy(ca. 1944)
Producer: U.S. War Relocation Authority Sponsor: U.S. War Relocation Authority with the cooperation of the Office of War Information and the Office of Strategic Services Government-produced film attempting to defend the massive internment of Japanese Americans in concentration camps during World War II.(1990) DVD 2253 and DVD 3724

View this video online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

December 7th: the Pearl Harbor Story
SEE Peace and Conflict Studies

Desert Victory.(1943)
Directed by Captain Roy Boulting. Documents the British Eighth Army's smashing victory at El Alamein in Nov. 1942, and its triumphant advance across the desert to Tripoli. Academy Award for best feature-length documentary, 1943. 62 min. DVD 5802; vhs Video/C 5027

Watch this film online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Awards
Academy Award - Best Documentary, Features

Agee, James. "Films" Nation; 3/25/1944, Vol. 158 Issue 13, p373-374, 2p UC users only
Kuhn, Annette. "'Desert Victory' and the People's War." Screen 1981 22: 45-68 UC users only
McDonald, Neil. "Authenticity and Re-enactment." Quadrant Magazine; Oct2005, Vol. 49 Issue 10, p74-77, 4p UC users only
Rollins, Peter. "Document and Drama in Desert Victory." Film & History, May1974, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p11-13, 3p UC users only

Eternal Beauty: Vision and Death Wish in the Third Reich
No other totalitarian regime is as closely associated with an artistic movement as Nazi Germany. From the towering architecture of Albert Speer to the grandiose films of Leni Riefenstahl, art fed into and shaped Nazi ideals, reflecting back a world where Aryan strength triumphs over all enemies. Through art on a monumental scale, Hitler created a world--and a worldview--as enticing as it was illusory...a world of eternal beauty. This program definitively examines the history of the Third Reich through the lens of its own artistic iconography--films that promoted German superiority, demonized Jews, encouraged love of the fatherland, and hid the fact that the nation, after reverses on every front, was steadily losing the war. Written, directed, and produced by Marcel Schwierin. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2003. 92 min. DVD 8892

The Eye of the Dictator.
Examines the use of film and particularly the weekly newsreel to inform, disinform, and persuade Germany during years of the Nazi regime. The program takes an in-depth look at the way Joseph Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda, controlled the work of German film cameramen and how he manipulated their work to great effect both as propaganda and as art. c1995. 55 min. Video/C 6903

The Fifth-column Mouse (1942)
Directed by Friz Freleng. Animated short. "In this parable for the failure of appeasement before World War II, house mice are targeted by a hungry cat, who intrudes upon their idyllic life. When all but one of the mice successfully take refuge in a wall hole, the cat promises to the one mouse who didn't manage to escape, that he won't hurt anyone, provided he's placated with pampering by every mouse in the pack. Acting as the cat's quisling, the mouse speaks to his rodent brothers, telling them to appease the cat, to give the cat all the comforts he wants, and in turn the cat will live in peace with them. The mice are wary of the cat but agree to his terms. Not surprisingly, the cat's appetite isn't assuaged, and he soon craves a mouse dinner. He chases the mice back into their hole, and the mice reject appeasement and decide to fight against the cat. They go through military prep and manufacture an ultimate weapon, a wooden dog with mechanical gears and biting teeth, to combat the cat." [Internet Movie Database] Included on DVD X540

Here is Germany
Presented Army Pictorial Service Signal Corps. Producer: Frank Capra; Story preparation and writer William L. Shirer; Story preparation and writer George Ziomer; Story preparation, Ernst Lubitsch. A propaganda film created by the U.S. government during World War II traces Germany's development as a military power from the time of Frederick the Great to the end of the Third Reich. Dramatically presents the threat of German militarism through scenes of goose-stepping soldiers, armies in combat, and victorious parades under the leadership of Bismark, the Kaiser, and Hitler. Originally produced in 1945 by the Frank Capra unit. War Department orientation film, official G.F.-11. 52 min. DVD X6584; vhs Video/C 5089
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Hidden Army
Produced by the U.S. Army Signal Corps as an official war film in 1944. Using a mixture of dramatized events and newsreels, this film extols the work of women in industry during World War II. It was primarily made to get more women involved in the industrial sector of war work, since the number of women factory workers had actually declined in 1943. 17 min. DVD 8797; vhs Video/C MM494

History of World War II: The American Propaganda Machine
Propaganda films made by the United States government to encourage personal and financial support for the U.S. entry into World War II. Disc 1. Campus on the march / Disc 2. Gracias Amigos / U.S. Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (1944, 16 min.) -- Mr. and Mrs. America / U.S. Treasury, War Finance Division (1945, 14 min.) -- Remember these faces / U.S. Treasury, War Finance Division (1945, 17 min.) -- My Japan / U.S. Treasury Department (1945, 16 min.). 137 min. DVD 4519

Industry & Labor Back the Attack! American World War II Production Propaganda Films.
Presents twenty films on America's private sector during World War II encouraging industrial war production created to enable and inspire workers for greater ouput and better production in the war effort. Contents: All our for victory (1943, 20 min.) -- Close harmony / General Motors (1942, 11 min.) -- Conquer by the clock (1943, 11 min.) -- Deadline for action (1946, 37 min.) -- Manpower (1943, 9 min.) -- Men and jobs (1944, 9 min. ) -- Oldsmobile "Playlets" / six short films by General Motors (1942, 5 min.) -- Suggestion box (1945, 9 min.) -- Supervising women workers (1944, 10 min.) -- Test tube tale (1941, 10 min.) -- Great swindle (1948, 32 min.) -- These people (1944, 15 min.) -- Three cities / U.S. Office of War Information (1943, 10 min.) -- All out for victory (1943, 10 min.) -- Victory is our business / General Motors (1942, 10 min.) -- When work is done (1943, 9 min.) DVD 3725

It Can't Last
Pulitzer Prize winner Archibald MacLeish wrote this propaganda piece exhorting the American public to hang in there the best they could while our boys fought their way to victory. 1944. 18 min. DVD 8716

Japanese Relocation and Tale of Two Cities
Japanese Relocation (1943, 11 min.) is the official government whitewash documentary about the removal of 110,000 Japanese (two thirds of them U.S. citizens) from the potential "combat zone" of the West coast to "relocation camps" in the American interior. Tale of Two Cities (1949, 12 min.) shows the destructive results of atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, with close-ups of effects on buildings and materials. 23 min. Japanese Relocation: DVD 8711; DVD 2253 Video/C 5118 Tale of Two Cities: DVD 8713; Video/C 5118

View Japanese Relocation online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

Watch A Tale of Two Cities online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

John Ford WWII Documentaries
SEE Peace and Conflict Studies

John Ford's WWII Documentary Collection.
See Peace and Conflict Studies videography

John Huston's WWII Documentary Collection.
See Peace and Conflict Studies videography

Know Your Enemy - Japan
Producer/director, Frank Capra ; co-director, Joris Ivens. Performers: Walter Huston, Dana Andrews. Produced in 1945 as a motion picture by the U.S. Army Pictorial Service, Signal Corps. Propaganda film made during World War II which was intended to acquaint the American with his Japanene counterpart. 63 min. DVD 5802; also DVD 613; DVD 1090; vhs Video/C 2906
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

The Lion Has Wings(1939)
Directed by Alexander Korda. Cast: Merle Oberon, Ralph Richardson, June Duprez, Flora Robson. "Alexander Korda's bit for the British war effort shows the world both at peace and on the verge of Nazi domination. Spliced together to form a documentary style film of both newsreel and acting. This first of its kind in propaganda films of World War II, shows the might of the English Empire and its eagerness to stand up to the oppressors of morality and free will. Crude but effective propaganda cinema that sets the tone for things to come. With its stiff upper lip attitude that pays tribute to the nations prides and shows the black plague of Nationalism spreading across Europe that England shall be motivated, ready and willing to retaliate." [IMDB] 76 min. DVD X1606

Kassel, Elena Von. "An Image of Britain during the Second World War: The films of Humphrey Jennings (1939-1945)." LISA e-Journal Vol. IV - n3, 2006

Listen to Britain and Other Films
Contents: London can take it (1940, 9 mins.) -- Words for battle (1941, 8 mins.) [also on DVD X1229] -- Listen to Britain (1942, 18 mins.) (also on DVD X1229; vhs Video/C 5026) -- Fires were started (1943, 70 mins.) [also on VHS Video/C 5025]-- A diary for Timothy (1943, 39 mins.) [also on DVD X1229; vhs Video/C 5026]-- Family portrait (1951, 26 mins.)[also on DVD X1229; vhs Video/C 5028] -- Myra Hess, playing the first movement of Beethoven's Sonata in F Minor No. 57 (Apassionata) (1945, 9 mins.)

A collection of six films (and one bonus film) by one of the greatest figures in the celebrated British Documentary Film Movement. Humphrey Jennings is most remembered for the way his work reflects the concerns and conditions of the World War II era in the United Kingdom. These pictures document how Jennings's impressive aesthetic arsenal helped to expand the scope and vocabulary of documentary films. Listen to Britain: Written, edited, and directed by Humphrey Jennings and Stewart McAllister. A poetic treatment, using no narration, of the British people during World War II. A vivid tapestry of sound and image intersperses scenes of British preparedness and tranquility. Perhaps Jennings' most outstanding film, Listen to Britain celebrates the perservance of everyday behavior in the face of total war. DVD 1279

Humphrey Jennings bibliography

Colls, R. "Representing the Nation: British Documentary Film, 1930-45." Screen XXVI/1, Jan-Feb 85; p.21-33. illus.
Richards, Jeffrey. "'Fires Were Started.' (portrayal of World War II by film director Humphrey Jennings)." History Today 45.n4 (April 1995): 29(6). UC users only
Sansom, William. "The Making of Fires Were Started." Film Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2, Special Humphrey Jennings Issue. (Winter, 1961-1962), pp. 27-29. UC users only
Stansky, Peter. London's burning : life, death and art in the Second World War / Peter Stansky and William Abrahams. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1994. (Main Stack NX650.W3.S73 1994)
Vaughan, Dai. Portrait of an invisible man : the working life of Stewart McAllister, film editor London : BFI, 1983 (MAIN: TR849.M39 V38 1983)

The Nazi Plan
Producer, Ben Schulberg. Documentary assembled from captured German newsreel and propaganda films produced to be presented as evidence at the Nuremberg war crimes trial of Hermann Goring and twenty other Nazi leaders. Originally produced in 1944. 180 min. DVD 3852

The Negro Soldier (1943)
Supervisor, Frank Capra; director, Capt. Stuart Heisler. Traces the role of the Negro soldier in American history from 1776 to 1944, and shows the accomplishments of Negro troops. Written by Carlton Moss. 49 min. DVD 8798; also DVD 8711; vhs Video/C 2176
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

The New Lot (UK, 1942)
Director: Carol Reed; script, Peter Ustinov, Eric Ambler for the Army Kinematograph Service. Cast: Eric Ambler, Ivor Barnard, Robert Donat, Ian Fleming, Philip Godfrey, Art Wallace, Kathleen Harrison, Bryan Herbert, Raymond Huntley, Mike Johnson. During World War II, five civilians from different backgrounds become reluctant conscripts in the British Army. 43 min. DVD X4489
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Our Job in Japan
An orientation film intended for the American occupation troops in Japan after the end of World War II. This American propaganda film stresses that the Japanese must be persuaded to adopt democratic attitudes and policies before they can expect to rejoin the community of peaceful nations. Directed by Theodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss). Produced by Army Pictorial Service, Signal Corps, 1945. "Unlike its counterpart, Your Job in Germany, Our Job in Japan was probably never seen by either military or civilian audiences. By the time it was readied for release in March 1946, "peace" with Japan was a reality. Thus the approach to the Japanese is more magnanimous: they are portrayed as victims of cynical leaders who filled their minds with thoughts of world conquest. According to the film's director, Theodore Geisel, Our Job in Japan displeased General MacArthur and all prints of the film quickly disappeared." (International Historic Films catalog) (U.S.A., 1945) 18 min. DVD 1631; also included on DVDs 2064 and DVD 5051

Watch this film online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Pickup.
An army training film warning soldiers about venereal diseases. Corporal Green meets a girl at the railroad station, they go for a few drinks and nature takes it's course. Green's furlough is spent in the hospital when he discovers he's got a "dose." "Gonorrhea is nothing to laugh at, but syphilis is worse. This soldier gets off easy, you may not be so lucky. You've been warned!" 1944. 35 min. Video/C 6418

The Political Dr. Seuss.
This documentary on Theodor Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, traces the development of his art and political philosophy. Seuss's early work as a political cartoonist for PM newspaper and as a film propagandist with Frank Capra ultimately evolved into a career as a children's writer concerned with nurturing both literacy and social awareness. Producer-writer-director-editor, Ron Lamothe. 2004. 84 min. DVD 3707

Public Information Films of the British Home Front 1939-1945
The definitive compilation of Second World War Public Information trailers made for the Ministry Of Information and encouraging greater effort from those fighting on the Home Front. Disc 1. An overview ; Careless talk costs lives! ; You can't be too careful! ; Fireguards ; What to do in an Air Raid ; The Blackout ; Danger UXB ; Salvage ; Splinters 1943 ; Is your journey really necessary? ; At home on the home front ; Communication ; Books and letters ; Recruitment ; Save fuel ; Women's land army ; Dig for victory ; Food flashes -- Disc 2. Coughs and sneezes spread diseases ; Public health ; Make-do and mend ; National savings ; Bonus feature: Best of post-war British public information films 1946-1952 ; You have been warned ; Be an "Angel" ; Recruitment ; The mail ; Help output ; Lend a hand on the land ; Food flashes ; Keep death off the roads. 281 min. DVD X6255

Race Films at War in World War II
Contents: Challenge to democracy / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1944, 17 min.) -- Children of Japan (1941, 10 min.) -- Close harmony / sponsored by General Motors (1942, 11 min.) -- Farmer Henry Browne / U.S. Dept of Agriculture (1942, 11 min.) -- Japanese relocation / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1943, 9 min.) -- My Japan (1945, 16 min.) -- Negro colleges in wartime / U.S. Office of War Information, Domestic Branch, Bureau of Motion Pictures (1943, 9 min.) -- Our enemy: the Japanese (1943, 20 min.).

Challenge to Democracy: The Internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II is here explained according to the Government's point of view. Children of Japan: A documentary of the life of a typical Japanese middleclass family, filmed earlier the same year as the attack on Pearl Harbor. Close Harmony: Attempts to show the need for good labor/management relations in the U.S. arms industry, resorting to the "step 'n fetch it" stereotype of Black Americans. Farmer Henry Browne: Shows how a black Georgian farmer does his part for the war, with his farm, his family and the service of his Tuskegee fighter pilot eldest son. Japanese Relocation: A propaganda film designed to show the co-operation and satisfaction of the Japanese American internees in terms of being relocated, re-employed, re-educated and interned. My Japan: One of the most flagrant American anti-Japanese propaganda films utilizing the racial stereotypes common for the period, presented here with special intensity, and put to the purpose of selling war bonds. Negro Colleges in Wartime: An exposition of the teaching and training of Black Americans for war, science, industry, agriculture, husbandry, meteorology, medicine, engineering and technical trades at black colleges. Our Enemy: the Japanese: Purports to educate its audience about the Japanese culture but instead is a recitation of a wide range of racial stereotypes, ethnic misrepresentations and hatred. DVD 3724

View Challenge to Democracy online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

View Japanese Relocation online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

The Ramparts We Watch
A propaganda piece designed to explain why the U.S. went to war in 1917 and to encourage U.S. involvement in World War II. Includes actual newsreel footage, and clips from the Nazi film Feuertafe, an account of the German invasion of Poland. 1940. 100 min. Video/C 4821

Read All About It(UK, 1945)
An account of the technique of reading the tabloid press in an intelligent manner via differing editorial techniques that leads to three styles of newspapers giving varying accounts of a strip-tease act. Director, Roy [Ward] Baker; Army Bureau of Current affairs. DVD X4489

A Report on German Morale
Presented by the War Department in collaboration with the Office of Strategic Services. Examine methods used by the Nazis to manipulate and enforce morale among German citizens during World War II. Includes historical footage of war damage in Germany during the war years. Videocassette release of a motion picture originally produced in 1942. 21 min. Video/C 5087

Restricted U.S. and British Training Films: World War II (1940-44)
Contents: 1. Parachute training in the German Army.; 2. Captured Japanese weapons.; 3. U-boat identification.; Crack that tank.; 5. Time out Hollywood.; 6. Secret weapon.

The First training film is a detailed view of paratroop training techniques in the German Army which was dubbed into English by the U.S. Army and shown to its Intelligence Dept. The Second film is a U.S. Army film demonstrating the assembly and operation of light Japanese guns. The Third film was produced by the British Navy to illustrate through actual footage and animated diagrams the effective ways surface ships and aircraft could destroy enemy submarines. The Fourth film by the U.S. Army Signal Corps recreates situations an infantryman might face during an enemy tank attack. Various anti-tank weapons and improvisational techniques are demonstrated. The fifth film focuses on the importance of paying attention during combat-training sessions. Violent simulated scenes of GIs killing enemy soldiers are graphically depicted. The Sixth film demonstrates the importance of the individual soldier's initiative and perseverance in winning a battle. 110 min.Video/C 5117

Sex Hygiene.
Produced by U.S. Army Air Forces. Directors, Otto Brower, John Ford. In "Sex hygiene" several servicemen relax by playing pool, but one of them goes off to spend time with a prostitute. Later, he discovers he has contracted a venereal disease. A graphic and frank presentation of the types and treatment of venereal disease follows. 1942. 22 min. Video/C 6076; Video/C MM333

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Gallagher, Tag. "War, 1941-1945." In: John Ford: The Man and His Films / Tag Gallagher. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1986. (UCB Main PN1998.A3 F5698 1986)
Murphy, William T. John Ford and the Wartime Documentary. Film & History 1976 6(1) UC users only

A Tale of Two Cities
Tale of Two Cities (1949, 12 min.) shows the destructive results of atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, with close-ups of effects on buildings and materials. 23 min. Tale of Two Cities: DVD 8713; Video/C 5118

Watch A Tale of Two Cities online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Target for Tonight. (1945)
Released by the British Ministry of Information. Written and directed by Harry Watt. This exceptional British film was given special recognition by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 1941 Academy Awards presentations. In documentary realism, it shows aBritish bomber attack deep into Germany and reflects the concerns and support for that attack. This film is the true story of themen and women who planned and executed the nightly bombing raids on Germany during World War II. 39 min. DVD 5802; Video/C 5026

Paris, Michae. "The RAF on screen 1940-42." History Today, Aug90, Vol. 40, Issue 8 UC users only

Three Cadets.
Produced by U.S. Army Air Forces. In "Three cadets" three young men go to the Air Cadet Training Center together. One of them contracts VD, is hospitalized and misses graduation. 1943. 20 min. Video/C MM333

'Toons at War!
Contents: Bugs Bunny; Rookie Revue; You're a sap, Mr. Jap; Seein' red, white 'n blue; Bugs Bunny nips the nips; Life of Sad Sack; Victory thru Air Power (advertisement); Thrifty Pig; A Golden Opportunity (advertisement); Five for Four (advertisement); Wise Dwarfs; All Together; Spirit of '43; Scrap Happy Daffy; Ductators; Blitz Wolf; Tokio Jokio; Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs. Videocassette release of three advertisements and fifteen cartoon shows produced mainly by Warner Bros. between 1941 and 1943 to promote support for the war effort. 90 min. vhs 999:840

Ducktators
Cartoons Go to War

True Glory
Official War Department film documentary covering the World War II campaign in Europe from D-day to V-E Day, shot by combat cameramen of many nations and featuring personal stories told by civilians and soldiers about the war effort. Includes an introduction by Dwight D. Eisenhower. Originally released as motion picture in 1945 by U.S. Office of War Information and the British Ministry of Information. Directors, Garson Kanin, Carol Reed. Commentary: Carol Reed, Garson Kanin, Richard Attenborough, Arthur MacRae, Francoise Rosay, Jimmy Hanley, Frank Harvey, Peter Ustinov, John Laurie. 271 min. DVD 3009; also on DVD 5802
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Chapman, James. "'The Yanks Are Shown to Such Advantage': Anglo-American rivalry in the production of ' The True Glory' (1945)." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 16, Issue 4 October 1996 , pages 533 - 554 UC users only
Krome, Frederic. "The True Glory and the Failure of Anglo-American Film Propaganda in the Second World War." Journal of Contemporary History 1998 33(1): 21-34.

Tunisian Victory(1944)
British Film Unit, U.S. Army Signal Corps; director, Frank Capra; with Burgess Meredith and Bernard Miles. 76 min. DVD 5802
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Agee, James. "Films" Nation; 3/25/1944, Vol. 158 Issue 13, p373-374, 2p UC users only
Aldgate, Tony. "Mr Capra Goes to War: Frank Capra, the British Army Film Unit, and Anglo-American travails in the production of 'Tunisian Victory'." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 11, Issue 1 1991 , pages 21 - 39 UC users only
Krome, Frederic. "Tunisian Victory and Anglo-American film propaganda in World War II." Historian, Spring96, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p517, 13p UC users only

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume I)
Contents: To the shores of Iwo Jima / USA Information Service (1945, col., 19 min.) -- Divide and conquer / U.S. War Dept (1943, b&w, 14 min.) -- Private Snafu: The home front / Warner Bros. Cartoons (1943, b&w, 5 min.) -- You, John Jones! / starring James Cagney, Ann Sothern, Margaret O'Brien (10 min ; b&w, 1944) -- The house I live in / Frank Sinatra (1945, b&w, 10 min.) -- Rookie revue (1945, col., 8 min.) -- Thunderbolt / U.S. War Dept ; directed by William Wyler, John Sturges, narrated by Lloyd Bridges, Eugene Kern (1945, col., 40 min.).

To the shores of Iwo Jima: A documentary on the invasion of Iwo Jima. Divide and conquer: Examines Hitler's propaganda techniques. Excellent example of wartime propaganda films produced by major studios. Private Snafu: The home front: This WWII cartoon series has Pvt. Snafu homesick and imagining what might be happening on the home front. You, John Jones!: A starkly dramatic short portraying patriotism and duty on the American home front. The House I live in: Frank Sinatra's famous Academy Award winning short dealing with post-war racism and antisemitism. A young Sinatra gives street kids a pep talk and sings the title song. Rookie revue: A zany WWII cartoon spoofs basic training techniques as new recruits go through the drill. Thunderbolt: Gritty documentary chronicles the 57th Fightergroup and the air war over Italy showing P-47's destroying vital supply routes behind German lines. Video/C 7091

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume II)
Contents: Battle of Midway / director, John Ford ; narrator, Henry Fonda (1942, col., 18 min.) -- Women in defense / written by Eleanor Roosevelt, narrator, Katharine Hepburn (1941, 13 min.) -- Private Snafu: fighting tools / Warner Bros. Cartoons (1943, 5 min.) -- White cliffs of Dover / sung by Sugar Kane (1942, 3 min.) -- Diary of a sergeant / starring Harold Russell (1945, 26 min.) -- Autobiography of a jeep (1943, 9 min.) -- This is Korea / directed by John Ford (1951, col., 49 min.).

Battle of Midway: Documentary on the Battle of Midway including footage of naval and aerial operations. Women in defense: A newsreel produced to promote the contributions of women in the U.S. war effort. Contains footage of women performing jobs traditionally reserved for men. Private Snafu: fighting tools: The World War II cartoon character gets a lesson on the importance of keeping his equipment in tip-top shape. White cliffs of Dover: Singer Sugar Kane delivers a patriotic performance concerning war sentiment abroad. Diary of a sergeant: An inspirational documentary about the treatment of an amputee in an Army hospital and his rehabilitation including his manipulation of artificial arms and hands. Autobiography of a jeep: Narrated by the jeep itself this is a lighthearted look at its design to meet military needs for maneuverability, light weight and compactness. This is Korea: A documentary made during the Korean War containing footage of rare aircraft and Marine Corps ground action. Video/C 7627

Watch Battle of Midway online (via Internet Moving Image Archive)

Watch Autobiography of a Jeep online (via Internet Moving Image Archive)

Watch Your Women in Defense online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume III)
Contents: With the marines at Tarawa / combat photographers, 2nd Marine Division (1943, col., 20 min.) -- Hollywood canteen / Dinah Shore (1944, 5 min.) -- Jap zero / Ronald Reagan (1942, 17 min.) -- Japanese relocation / U.S. Office of War Information (1942, 9 min.) -- Private Snafu in the Aleutians / Warner Bros. Cartoons (1945, 4 min.) -- Report from the Aleutians / U.S. War Dept., producer, John Huston (1943, col, 47 min.)-- Newsparade of 1945 (1945, 9 min.).

With the Marines at Tarawa: Filmed by 15 combat Marines documents this bloody battle from original planning to final execution. Hollywood canteen: Dinah Shore parodies a popular song and rubs elbows at a Hollywood bash attended by prominent stars. Jap zero: A youthful pilot played by Ronald Reagan almost shoots down one of our own planes in a case of mistaken identity. Japanese relocation: An official government film that attempts to put a respectful spin on the removal of 110,000 persons of Japanese descent from the Pacific Coast to American concentration camps. Private Snafu in the Aleutians: Cartoon character Private Snafu endures the hardships of a hostile environment. Report from the Aleutians: Documents the daily lives of soldiers in the remote Aleutians during WWII, showing the weather, boredom, and loneliness endured by the men, as well as a bombing raid on Japanese held Kiska Island. Newsparade of 1945: Newsreel compilation of the decisive events leading to victory over the German and Japanese forces. Video/C 7628

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume IV)
Contents: United News of 1944 (1945, 8 min.) -- Private Snafu: Spies (1944, 4 min.) -- Japanese Americans (1945, 7 min.) -- Wings for this man (1945, 10 min.) -- Who died? (1945, 5 min.) -- V-1 (1945, 8 min.) -- Combat America (1945, 62 min.)

Private Snafu--spies: In this animated feature Private Snafu learns that "a slip of the lip" can indeed sink a ship, as he drunkenly tells all to the wrong person. Japanese Americans: Chronicles the role of the nisei soldiers of the 442nd Infantry Regiment in the Italian campaign. Wings for this man: Tells the story of the black Tuskegee Airmen and follows their training. Narrated by Ronald Reagan. Who died? Typical of the emotional short subjects produced to tug heartstrings, stir consciences and prompt contributions to the war effort. V-1: Depicts German use of V-1 rockets, devastating cities and raining death and destruction in a final effort to bring the British to their knees. Combat America: Clark Gable narrates and appears in this hour length documentary which chronicles activities of the 351st Bombardment Group, stationed in England. Video/C MM177

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume V)
Contents: Freedom comes high (1943, 13 min.) -- So's your old man (1943, 6 min.) -- Ring of steel (1942, 9 min.) -- Wings up (1943, 21 min.) -- Army/Navy screen magazine (1943/44, 13 min.) -- Infantry blues (1943, 4 min.) -- Baptism of fire (1943, 36 min.).

Freedom comes high: Inspired story of a husband fighting in the Pacific while his wife works in a defense plant at home. So's your old man: Dramatization shows how age didn't matter on the home front, that the old man could still volunteer for homeland duty. Ring of steel: Directed by Garson Kanin and narrated by Spencer Tracy, presents a salute to the American soldier with a portrayal of soldiers down through history. Wings up: Narrated by Captain Clark Gable and featuring Robert Preston and Gilbert Roland, this documentary depicts the rigors of training at the Officer's Candidate School. Army/Navy screen magazine: G.I. Journal segment featuring Kay Kaiser, Lucille Ball, Jerry Colonna and Linda Darnell. Follow-the-bouncing ball in a Showtime segment starring Joy Hodges. Infantry blues: In this animated short Private Snafu contemplates what life might be like in the other branches of the military. Baptism of fire: Created specifically for war industry workers, portrays the brutal realities of blitzkrieg warfare. 1944 Oscar nominee for "best documentary.". Video/C MM178

Uncle Sam: The Movie Collection (Volume VI)
Contents: It's everybody's war (1945, 15 min.) -- Last will and testament of Tom Smith (1943, 11 min.) -- Truth about taxes (1939, 11 min.) -- Hell-bent for election (1944,13 min.) -- Tomorrow television (1945, 12 min.) --Olympics of 1936 (1936, 7 min.) -- Hollywood victory caravan (1945, 20 min.).

It's everybody's war: Henry Fonda narrates this reminder to the Americans to stay focused on the war raging in the Pacific. Last will and testament of Tom Smith: While awaiting execution, a captured American pilot recalls his life at home. Stars George Reeves, Lionel Barrymore and Walter Brennan. Truth about taxes: Made before the war, this Republican National Committee-produced short is an indictment of Roosevelt's "New Deal.". Hell-bent for election: Directed by Chuck Jones, this animated political cartoon is a Democratic party appeal to "get behind the president and stay the course to victory." Presents Franklin D. Roosevelt as a sleek express train and his rival Thomas Dewey as a worn-out old steam train. Tomorrow television: This postwar career opportunity film is a fascinating short providing a glimpse of the early days of television. Olympics of 1936: Presents newsreel highlights of the 1936 games, aka "The Hitler games," featuring American track star Jesse Owens. Hollywood victory caravan: A splashy star-studded musical fundraiser featuring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, Betty Hutton, Alan Ladd, Barbara Stanwyck and Humphrey Bogart. Video/C MM179

Watch "It's Everybody's War" online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

U.S. Battle & American Morale WWII Films
Presents fifteen classic American battlefield newsreel and propaganda films to keep the home fires burning, sell War bonds and encourage Americans to keep their morale up. Letter from Bataan / starring Susan Hayward (1944, 14 min.) -- Avenge December 7 (1942, 2 min.) -- D-Day minus one (1945, 17 min.) -- It can't last / written by Archibald MacLeish (1944, 19 min.) -- News Parade: Bombing of Pearl Harbor / The S.S. Normandie fire (1942, 10 min.) -- Oldsmobile "Playletes" / six short films by General Motors (1942, 5 min.) -- Pearl Harbor (1942, 4 min.) -- Remember these faces / produced by the U.S. Treasury, War Finance Division (1945, 17 min.) -- Tuesday in November / directed by John Houseman (1945, 17 min) -- What makes a battle? (1944, 16 min.) DVD 4459

Victory Through Air Power
Directed by Perce Pearce, et al. Walt Disney Pictures. "The popular film maker Walt Disney read the book [by Alexander de Seversky] and felt that its message was so important that he personally financed the animated production of "Victory Through Air Power." The film was primarily created to express Seversky?s theories to government officials and the public. Movie critic Richard Schickel says that Disney "pushed the film out in a hurry, even setting aside his distrust of limited animation under the impulses of urgency." (The only obvious use of limited animation, however, is in diagrammatic illustrations of Seversky's talking points. These illustrations often feature continuous flowing streams of iconic aircraft, forming bridges or shields, or war material moving continuously along assembly lines.) It was not until 1945 Disney was able to pay off his 1.2 million dollar war film deficit." [Wikipedia] DVD 2735; vhs 999:840
Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

The Volunteer(UK, 1943)
Directed by Michael Powell and Emric Pressburger. Cast: Ralph Richardson. After a masterful performance as Othello in a London theater 'Ralph Richardson' is asked for an autograph by Fred, his dresser. A short while later, Fred has joined the Fleet Air Arm (Fly Navy) and has become a hero, rescuing a pilot from his burning plane. When Fred goes to Buckingham Palace it's Ralph's turn to ask for an autograph. 45 min. Included on DVD 7438
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Walt Disney on the Front Lines: the War Years
Between 1941 and 1945, The Disney Studio was taken over by the military as part of the war effort. This compilation includes never-before-seen Disney war effort productions, including exclusive declassified material, training, propaganda and educational films. Includes "Victory Through Air Power, "Disney's full length feature animated classic. Also includes first hand accounts of the work at Disney. Contents: [Disc 1] Donald gets drafted -- Army mascot -- Private Pluto -- Fall out, fall in -- Old Army game -- Home defense -- How to be a sailor -- Commando duck -- Vanishing private -- Sky trooper -- Victory vehicles -- Fuehrer's face -- Education for death -- Reason and emotion -- Thrifty pig -- Seven wise dwarfs -- Donald's decision -- All together -- New spirit -- Spirit of '43 -- Food will win the war -- Out of the frying pan and into the firing line -- Grain that built a hemisphere -- Defense against invasion -- Cleanliness brings health -- What is disease? -- Planning for good eating -- Chicken Little -- Winged scourge. [Disc 2] Four methods of flush riveting -- Stop that tank -- Training film montage -- Victory through air power -- Bonus features. 210 min. DVD 2734

A War Films Anthology
The world-renowned poet Dylan Thomas made a little-known but valuable contribution to Britain's war effort scripting powerful propaganda films for the Ministry of Information. This unique anthology collects together eight of his finest wartime works. Contents: These are the men (1943) -- Balloon site (1942) -- Wales - Green Mountain, Black Mountain (1942) -- New towns for old (1942) -- The battle for freedom (1942) -- CEMA (1942) -- A city reborn (1945) -- A soldier comes home (1945). 102 min. DVD X1230

What's the Next Job?(UK, 1945)
Through the stories of three British soldiers about to be "demobbed", provides a general introduction to the job-finding services and training schemes of the British government provided for servicemen and women after WWII. Director, Roy [Ward] Baker; Army Bureau of Current affairs. DVD X4489

Why We Fight
Note: all DVD versions contain special features: Challenging triva questions and answers, biographies, chapter search, 2 war postures (including background on the poster itself, and the artist who created it), film reel: Inside the Nazi concentration camps.

Prelude to War (1942) Producer and director, Frank Capra. Photography, Robert Flaherty. Reviews events from 1933 to 1939, including the Japanese conquest of Manchuria, the Italian conquest of Ethiopia, and the rise of Hitler. Also discusses the Axis plan of World conquest. 54 min. DVD 37; Video/C 5434
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Nazis Strike (1943) Producer, Frank Capra; directors, Frank Capra, Anatole Litvak. A documentary film record of Germany's preparation for war, the conquest of Austria and Czechoslovakia, and the attack upon Poland. 41 min. DVD 37; Video/C 5435
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Divide and Conquer (1943) Producer, Frank Capra; directors, Frank Capra, Anatole Litvak. A documentary film record of the German attack upon and conquest of Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Holland, and France in 1940. 58 min. DVD 38; Video/C 5436
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Battle of Britain (1943) Producer, Frank Capra; director, Anthony Veiler. Presents a documentary film record of the bombing of England by the German Luftwaffe in 1940 and the defense offered by the Royal Air Force. 55 min. DVD 38; Video/C 5437
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Battle of Russia (1944) Producer, Frank Capra; directors, Frank Capra, Anatole Litvak. Shows the Russian defense against the Nazi invasion during World War II, focusing on the Battle of Stalingrad. 83 min. DVD 39; Video/C 5438
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

The Battle of China (1944) Producer, Frank Capra; directors, Frank Capra, Anatole Litvak. Depicts Japanese aggression against China during World War II and describes Japan's plan for world conquest. Recalls Chinese development of the compass, printing, astronomy, gunpowder, and porcelain. 65 min. DVD 39; Video/C 5439
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

War comes to America (1945) Producer, Frank Capra; director, Anatole Litvak. Briefly reviews the history of the United States and describes the characteristics, habits, and beliefs of the American people. Explains the events from 1931 to 1941 that caused the United States to enter World War II. 65 min. DVD 40; Video/C 5440
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the American Film Institute Catalog (UCB users only)

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

D-Day and the Normandy Invasion (1945). Producer, Frank Capra; directors, Frank Capra, Anatole Litvak. Reviews the events of D-Day on the night and day of June 5-6, 1944 when the invasion of France occured by the Allies against the Axis powers. 51 min. DVD 40
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

William Wyler's WWII Documentaries
See Peace and Conflict Studies videography

World War II: Hometown U.S.A. Propaganda films
Contents: As the twig is bent (1943, 11 min.) -- Every minute counts (1944, 10 min.) -- Freedom comes high (1944, 13 min.) -- It's everbody's war (1943, 15 min.) -- Mr. and Mrs. America (1945, 13 min.) -- That boy Joe (1944, 18 min.) -- The town / directed by Josef Von Sternberg (1945, 11 min.) -- These are the people (1944, 15 min.) -- Wartime nutrition (1943, 10 min.)

As the Twig is Bent: Anti-delinqency film made during the height of the national controversy over unsupervised juveniles during wartime.Every Minute Counts: The wartime crush of time between work and family is explored with an eye to aiding the viewer in maximizing their time. Freedom Comes High: A young women finds that her husband has died in battle and finds the strength to understand the meaning of his sacrifice as well as the courage to carry on. It's Everbody's War: An exhortation to all Americans to recognize their common interests and mutual commitment to waging world war. Mr. and Mrs. America: A propaganda piece to rouse the public to do their part in supporting the war effort, employing the services of veteran Eddie Albert and including one of the last filmed appearances of President Roosevelt. That Boy Joe: It's the demon rum at it again, messing with the youth of World War II America. The Town: Directed by Josef von Sternberg, presents a panorama of life during wartime in "Anytown, America." These Are the People: Kimberly-Clark shows off the efforts of its workers in Neenah, Wisconsin to meet the demands of wartime paper production. Wartime nutrition: A production on the activities and responsibilities of pubic welfare agencies towards securing the nutritional needs of Americans. 116 min. DVD 3727

World War II: Radio at War
Presents three films demonstrating how radio helped America to win World War II. Radio at war: Unique film illustrating how radio and its associated communications were critical to the conduct and winning of WWII. Target invisible: The U.S. Army Air Forces proudly demonstrates how radar was employed during their bombing missions over Japan. Voice of victory: Shows how radio in general, and propaganda broadcasting in particular, played their part to win the victory in WWII. DVD 4461

World War II Films: Vol. 7.
Contents: A letter from Bataan (1944, 14 min.) -- Avenge December 7 (1942, 2 min.) -- D-Day minus one (1945, 17 min.) -- It can't last (1944, 18 min.) -- News Parade: Bombing of Pearl Harbor / the U.S. Normandie fire (1942, 10 min.) -- Oldsmobile 'Playlets' (1942, 5 min.) -- Pearl Harbor (1942, 3 min.) -- Remember these faces (1945, 17 min.) -- Tuesday in November (1945, 17 min.) -- What makes a battle? (1944, 16 min.) Letter from Bataan: Pete and Johnny die in the jungles of Bataan because of night blindness caused by malnutrition. Pete's ghost makes sure to bring the news back to his family that what they do and the sacrifices they make to help them will save their lives and help win the war. Co-stars Susan Hayward. Avenge December: A war bond trailer encapsulating all the angst and bitterness of an American public still smarting from the humiliation of the Pearl Harbor sneak attack. D-Day minus one: An excellent chronicle of the famed exploits of the U.S. 82nd & 101st Airborne Divisions that parachuted into France to engage in special operations in preparation for and congress with the 1944 invasion of France. It can't last: Pulitzer Prize winner Archibald MacLeish wrote this propaganda piece exhorting the American public to hang in there the best they could while our boys fought their way to victory. News Parade: Bombing of Pearl Harbor / the S.S. Normandie fire: The power of and need for good hard labor from good hard laborers is explained and celebrated. Oldsmobile 'Playlets': Six film shorts, five selling the last cars General Motor's Oldsmobile had available for sale "for the duration", and one proclaiming the company and worker's commitment to defense. Pearl Harbor: Classic propaganda film inciting agression towards both Japan and Germany immediately following entering into a state of war with those two nations. Remember these faces: Very intense, graphic, one-of-a-kind color film, created for the Seventh War Loan, of G.I.s in actual combat, intended to help sell war bonds. A classic production of the U. S. Treasury, War Finance Division. Tuesday in November: The continuation of democratic processes while the republic is at war is touted in this John Houseman directed skillful propaganda piece on the 1944 presidential election. What makes a battle? An excellent exposition of the Battle of the Marshall Islands, extensively supplementing strategic analysis with plentiful use animations and battle footage. DVD 8716

World War II Video Library, #3 / U.S. War Department, a Signal Corps Production (1944)
Contents: Film communique #3. Hitting the beach. Dog fight. Sunday morning. Casey Jones goes G.I. Hitting the silk. -- Film communique #4. Aerial techniques. Roll of honor. Fifth army. -- U.S. Coast Guard report #5. Jackson Beck. Examples of films produced by the Office of War Information and the Signal Corps designed to influence the attitudes of Americans positively towards the war effort. 61 min. Video/C 2963

WWII Short Films. Vol 1
Movies at war: Entertaining the troops around the world. Autobiography of a jeep: Lighthearted look at America's four-wheeled wartime hero. In the wake of the armies: Dramatic propaganda film with confidential added footage. Conquer by the clock: One slip up on the home front assembly line can mean disaster on the battlefield. Gracias Amigos: Contributions to the war effort by Latin American neighbors. Air raid warning: Helmeted heroes of the home front "turn out that light." Our job in Japan: Orientation film written and directed by Dr. Seuss. intended for the American occupation troops in Japan after the war. : The Japanese are portrayed as victims of cynical leaders in this post-war GI indoctrination short. DVD 2064

Minear, Richard H. Dr. Seuss Goes to War: the World War II Editorial Cartoons of Theodor Seuss Geisel / Richard H. Minear. New York : New Press, c1999. (UCB Main D745.2 .M56 1999)

WWII Short Films. Vol 2
Soldiers in greasepaint: Stars of stage, screen and radio entertain the troops during WWII. The Fighting First: The 1st Infantry Division in eight campaigns and three invasions. Women in defense: Narrated by Katharine Hepburn and written by Eleanor Roosevelt, presents women worker's contributions to the war effort. Seeds of destiny: Hitler's grisly plan to starve his European neighbors. Your job in Germany: Written by Dr. Seuss and Directed by Frank Capra. Bitter, angry view of the Germans designed to halt fraternization between U.S. troops and German civilians. Paris 1945: Postwar newsreel presenting resistance efforts by Parisians. DVD 2065

Your Job in Germany
Directed by Frank Capra; written by Thodor Geisel (Dr. Seuss) "This film produced for American occupation troops to discourage fraternization with their former enemies placed the blame for World War II mostly on the inherent belligerism of the German people. Made shortly before Germany's surrender, Your Job in Germany is one of the most bitter and angry anti-German films of the War. This film was also distributed by Warner Brothers (under the title Hitler Lives?) to large civilian audiences, winning an Academy Award as the best documentary short subject of 1945." (International Historic Films catalog) 15 min. DVD 2065

Watch Your Job in Germany online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

You're a Sap, Mr. Jap (1942)
Animated short. Directed by Dan Gordon. Popeye's sailing out in the Pacific, spoiling for a fight with the Japanese. He comes across what looks a Japanese fishing boat, but, just before Popeye lets loose with the old fists, the Japs offer him a peace treaty. Popeye's all for peace, but are the Japanese men of their word? DVD 2440; also DVD X2482; vhs 999:840
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Nazi Propaganda, Newsreels, and Related Films

Hoffmann, Kay. "Propagandistic problems of German newsreels in World War II." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Mar2004, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p133-142, 10p UC users only
Tegel, S. "Third Reich newsreels: an effective tool of propaganda?" Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 143-154, March 2004 UC users only

Assorted Nazi Political Films, 1932-1943
Contents: 1. One of Hitler's first public addresses shows him appealing for German unity at an election rally in 1932 (14 min.); 2. Hitler, Goering and Streicher lead a march honoring those who died in the party's unsuccessful attempt to seize power in 1923 (7 min.); 3. Newsreel of Hitler's public address after take-over of Austria in March, 1938 (4 min.); 4. Goebbels speaks to a frenzied crowd in Berlin on February 18, 1943 asking "Do you want a total war?" The oratory of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels is presented in four featurettes originally produced during the Nazi era. 31 min. Video/C 2908

The Broadcasts of Lord Haw Haw[Sound recording]
Radio broadcasts of William Joyce (Lord Haw Haw), a natural born American citizen who went to Nazi Germany to broadcast back to England, the U.S. and ultimately to the Allies in general insulting "talks" about the progress of World War II in the fictitious person of "Lord Haw Haw." He found himself at war's end hanged for the crime of treason by the British, who took him at his word that he was in fact a British citizen. Volume one (50 min.): December 1939: Remarks on damage to HMS Exeter -- April 1940: Denmark & Norway invaded -- April 1940: Denmark & Norway, "Schmidt & Smith" -- April 1940: Russo-Finnish War concludes, The Altmark, Churchill, war review -- May 1940: Holland & Belgium invaded. -- Volume two (50 min.): June 1940: Fall of France -- July 1940: Invasion of Britain looms, Oran, captured French archives -- Early 1941: Balkan intentions denied -- December 1941: Pearl Harbor, Japanese Pacific victories -- April 1945: Last broadcast, immediately before British soldiers raided studio. 100 min. Sound/D 205

Calling America: Axis WWII Radio Propaganda [Sound recording]
Contains German and Italian World War II propaganda radio broadcasts. Contents: Station D.E.B.U.N.K. (1:17) -- Robert H. Best 420909 (4:10) -- Butchers / Ezra Pound (0:27) -- Paul Revere (Douglas Chandler) 410909 (15:16) -- Midge at the mike (Mildred Gillars AKA Axis Sally) 430518 (11:19) -- Power / Ezra Pound (12:50) -- Vision of invasion (infamous D-Day fantasy) 440511 / Axis Sally (22:17) -- Ezra Pound speakin' (0:02). 67 min. Sound/D 210

Die Deutsche Wochenschau
SEE separate listing

Erbkrank / das Haffenpolitifches Amt der 175 DAP.
A silent film showing scenes of handicapped children and young adults in a detention facility in Germany in the 1940s. Silent film with German intertitles. 198-?. 25 min. DVD X6773; Video/C 6929

Der Ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew) (1940)
Directed by Fritz Hippler. Period An anti-Semitic propaganda film produced in 1940's Nazi Germany which explores Jewish practices as viewed through the eyes of wartime Germany, presenting them as evil, corrupt and intent on world domination. The climax and resolution of the film is Hitler's 1939 announcement that the Jewish race will meet its "annihilation." DVD 3854 (without English subtitles); also on DVD 8419; vhs Video/C 1351 (partially subtitled in English); vhs 999:295 (without English subtitles)
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

View it online (via Internet Moving Images Archive www.archive.org)

Still Images from Der ewige Jude (via The Holocaust History Project)

The Eye of Vichy (Oeil de Vichy)
A compilation of long forgotten film footage and newsreels, produced by the Nazis and French collaborators during World War II. From the small town of Vichy in Central France, Field Marshall Petain's puppet government worked with their Nazi overlords in creating pro-Nazi propaganda. They skillfully produced a strange alternative history of the war years in order to turn public emotion against the Allies and the Jews. A film by Claude Chabrol. 1993. 110 min. DVD 9916; vhs Video/C 6983

Quart, Leonard. "The Eye of Vichy." Cineaste, Sep96, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p47 UC users only
Roth, Michael S. "L'oeil de Vichy." The American Historical Review. Oct 1994. Vol. 99, Iss. 4; p. 1242 (3 pages)

Feldzug in Polen
An English language version presenting the German account of the Polish campaign of 1939, from the fierce fighting in Danzig, to the struggles along the Visula, to the Siege of Warsaw. Director, Fritz Hippler 34 min. DVD 5802; vhs 3084 The Nazis attempted to prove they were totally justified in their invasion of Poland, to free an oppressed people. Nazi newsreels (German with English subtitles; 17 min.): Excerpts from German weekly newsreels from the 1940s expounding the Nazi view of the war. DVD 8419 [preservation copy]; also on DVD 6:8; vhs Video/C 1351; Video/C 3084

A Film Unfinished
At the end of WWII, 60 minutes of raw film in an East German archive was discovered. Shot by the Nazis in Warsaw in May of 1942, the film became a resource for historians seeking an authentic record of the Warsaw Ghetto. The later discovery of a long-missing reel, including multiple takes and cameramen staging scenes, complicated earlier readings of the footage. Presented here is the raw footage in its entirety, falsely showing the 'good life' of Jewish urbanites. Contents: Lost history -- Jewish Council -- "I might see my mother" -- Flowers, furniture, teapot -- Auerswald's reports -- Willy Wist, cameraman -- Garbage and lipstick -- Waiting to die -- Smuggling -- Underground Jewish archive -- Surprising discovery -- Dinner and theater -- "A Jew film" -- Death -- Ghetto in color -- "Today I can cry" -- Faces. Written and directed by Yael Hersonski. Special features: Death Mills (1945, 22 min.; directed by Billy Wilder; new telecine made from archival 16mm elements) ; Interview with author and film researcher Adrian Wood (ca. 15 min.) ; scholar Michael Berenbaum on A Film Unfinished (ca. 4 min.) 2010. 90 min. DVD X5412

The Fuehrer Gives a City to the Jews (Fuehrer schenkt den Juden eine Stadt)
This is the only film known to be made by the Nazis inside an operating concentration camp. This insidious propaganda film was produced in 1944 in Theresienstadt, the ?model? ghetto established by the Nazis in 1941 in Terezin, a town in the former Czechoslovakia. Goebbels intended to use the film to prove to the International Red Cross and the world that Jews were being well-treated in the camps. The film is an elaborately staged hoax presenting a completely false picture of camp life. Upon completion, the director and most of the cast of prisoners were shipped to Auschwitz. Only a few survived to attest to the falsity of the film. Includes a filmed segment from a performance by prisoners of Terezin of Hans Krasa's children's opera Brundibar. Dist.: National Center for Jewish Film. 1944. 26 min. DVD 5896; vhs Video/C 6682

Germany, Awake! (Deutschland, erwache!)(1968)
Documentary filmmaker Erwin Leiser, a refugee from the Nazi regime, has specialized in examining the rise of Hitler and the period of the Third Reich. In Germany Awake (the ironic title was a popular Nazi rallying cry) his subject is the cinema of the Third Reich, and specifically the dissemination of Nazi propaganda in the feature fiction films of that period. Excerpts include: Dawn, Hans Westmar, Hitler Youth Quex, Bismarck, For Merit, Venus on Trial, Refuges, Homecoming, Victory in the West, Stukas, Crew of the Dora, Request Concert, Jud Suess, I Accuse, U-Boat--Course West, The Higher Order, The Rothschilds, Ohm Kruger, Carl Peters, The Great King, Kolberg, The Great Love. DVD 7176; DVD X6471; Video/C 1350

Harlan: In the Shadow of Jew Sü
A documentary film about Harlan Veit, maker of the Nazi propaganda film Jud Süss, and the attitudes of his family members to their father's and grandfather's legacy. Directed by Felix Moeller. 2008. 99 min. DVD X3713

Jones, Kent. "Truth or Consequences." Film Comment, May/Jun2010, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p48-53, 6p UC users only

Harvest Festival, Bucheberg 1938
Film exalting Hitler. Shows scores of Nazis marching, with a Wagnerian sound track. 50 min. DVD 8419 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1351

Hitlerjunge Quex: Ein Film vom Opfergeist der deutschen Jugend (Our Flags Lead Us Forward)(1933)
Directed by Hans Steinhoff. Cast: Heinrich George, Berta Drews, Claus Clausen. In this classic propaganda film, Quex, a German youth, faces a conflict of ideals between his Communist father and his growing allegience to the Hitler youth movement which eventually leads to his own death. In addition plot paraphrases, commentary and analysis of propaganda techniques are interspersed throughout original film. Based on the novel by K.A. Schenzinger. 110 min. DVD X4201; vhs Video/C 3794
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Baird, Jay W. "From Berlin to Neubabelsberg; Nazi film propaganda and "Hitler Youth Quex"." Journal of Contemporary History. London18,3 (1983) 495-515. UCB users only
Bateson, Gregory. "An Analysis of the Nazi Film Hitlerjunge Quex." In: The Study of Culture at a Distance / edited by Margaret Mead and Rhoda Metraux. pp 302-14 [Chicago] University of Chicago Press [1953] (Anthropology GN33.M35; Moffitt GN33.M35)
Faletti, Heidi. "Reflections of Weimar Cinema in the Nazi Propaganda Films SA-Mann Brand, Hitlerjunge Quex and Hans Westmar." In: Cultural history through a Nazi lens: essays on the cinema of the Third Reich. pp: 11-36.Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2000. (Main PN1995.9.N36 C85 2000)
Giesen, Rolf. Hitlerjunge Quex, Jud Suss und Kolberg : die Propagandafilme des Dritten Reiches : Dokumente und Materialien zum NS-Film Berlin : Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, 2005. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N36 G53 2005)
Rentschler, Eric. "Emotional Engineering: Hitler Youth Quex." Modernism/Modernity 2.3 (1995) 23-44 UCB users only
Schulte-Sasse, Linda. "Foreign Contamination: Hitler Youth Quex, Hans Westmar, S.A. Man Brand, For Human Rights, and Pour la Mérite." In: Entertaining the Third Reich : illusions of wholeness in Nazi cinema / Linda Schulte-Sasse. Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 1996. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N36 S38 1996)

Ich Klage An (1941)
Directed by Wolfgang Liebeneiner. In this feature film, a doctor whose wife suffers from multiple sclerosis kills her with her consent. The Nazis used this film to justify killing the mentally ill and retarded. Adapted from the novel "Sendung und Gewissen" by Hellmuth Unger and Jdee von Harald Bratt. 119 min. German without subtitles DVD 3862; also vhs 999:316

Im Kampf den Weltfeind (1939)
Directed by Karl Ritter. Documentary presenting the Spanish Civil War from the Nationalist perspective. The entire war is covered, from the initial German commitment in 1936 to the fall of Madrid in March 1939. The Legion's triumphant return to Germany is also shown including excerpts of speeches by Goring and Hitler. 45 min. DVD 3853

Jud Süß (1940)
Directed by Veit Harlan. Produced in 1938, but not released until 1940, this was the film that made the wearing of the Jewish Star of David in Europe mandatory. This is the Nazi version of the novel of the same title by Lion Feuchtwanger. It is based on the real historical character of Josef Suss Oppenheimer who was tax advisor to Karl Alexander during the early 1700's and was publicly executed in Stuttgart for manipulation of state funds. In 1926 Feuchtwanger (also Jewish) wrote the novel "Jud Suss" which contained no anti-Semitic content whatsoever. In 1934 British Gaumat Studios produced the film under the title "Power". Minister of Nazi Propaganda Joseph Goebbels saw the film and felt that the film could be produced in a Nazi version to benefit National Socialism. Based on the novel by Lion Feuchtwanger and J.R. George. DVD X1808; also DVD 3856; vhs 999:338
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Harlan: In the Shadow of Jew Süß DVD X3713
Thomas Harlan --Wandersplitter DVD X780

March with the Führer (Ewig ist der Totenruh)
Film also released under the titles: March to the Fuhrer, March with the Fuhrer, Marsch zum Fuhrer. German propaganda film produced just prior to WWII as a means of building mass hysteria. Documents the Hitler Youth at a rallying party in 1938. 45 min. DVD 1612; Video/C 3792

Munich 1938 Arts Festival
Shows Hitler dedicating a building to Nazi art. 50 min. DVD 8419 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1351

A Newsreel History of the Third Reich.
The preponderance of this newsreel footage was seized from the S.S. by the Russians and provides a window into how WWII-era Germans perceived the events of the war, and how Hitler's government (Goebbels' ministry of propaganda), "spun" those events to them. 21 volumes. SEE separate listing of individual installments

Ohm Krüger(Germany, 1941)
Director: Hans Steinhoff. Cast: Emil Jannings, Ferdinand Marian, Hedwig Wangel. The great Boer hero, Ohm Krüger ("Oom Paul"), tells his life story in flashbacks as he lies dying in a Swiss hospital. A good example of a German anti-British propaganda film, the film is historically not entirely correct and was mainly meant to have the audience sympathize with the South African "boers" representing the German people fighting against the English. Based on themes found in the novel: Mann ohne Volk, by Arnold Krieger. 124 min. DVD X1909; vhs 999:2727
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Hallstein, Christian W. "Ohm Kruger': the genesis of a Nazi propaganda film." (Critical Essay) Literature-Film Quarterly April 2002 v30 i2 p133(7) UCB users only
Klotz, Marcia. "Epistemological Ambiguity and the Fascist Text: Jew S?ss, Carl Peters, and Ohm Kr?ger." New German Critique, No. 74, Special Issue on Nazi Cinema. (Spring - Summer, 1998), pp. 91-124. UCB users only
Lutz, Reinhart C. "False history, fake Africa, and the transcription of Nazi reality in Hans Steinhoff's 'Ohm Krüger'." Literature-Film Quarterly 25.n3 (July 1997): 188(5)UCB users only
Winkel, Roel Vande. "Ohm Krüger's Travels: A Case Study in the Export of Third-Reich Film Propaganda." Historical Reflections, Summer2009, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p108-124, 17p UCB users only

Olympia I: The Festival of the People (1936-1938)
Videocassette release of the 1936-1938 documentary by Leni Riefenstahl. After being commissioned by the 1936 Olympic committee to create a feature film of the Berlin Olympics, Riefenstahl made a film that celebrates the human body by combining the poetry of bodies in motion with close-ups of athletes in the heat of competition. Part I, "The Festival of the People," includes the carrying of the flame from Greece, the lighting of the torch and the track-and-field events where American runner Jessie Owens won an unprecedented four gold medals. 119 min. DVD 3681; Video/C 5432
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

Olympia II: The Festival of Beauty(1936-1938)
Documentary by Leni Riefenstahl. Includes field hockey, polo, soccer, aquatic, bicycling, sailing and rowing events as well as the marathon race and the thrilling decathlon where American Glen Morris won the title of the greatest all-around athlete in the world. Includes coverage of field hockey, polo, soccer, aquatic, bicycling, sailing and rowing events where American Glenn Morris won the title of the greatest all-around athlete in the world. 96 min. DVD 3681; Video/C 5433
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

Der Sieg des Glaubens
Originally produced and distributed by the NSDAP in 1933. Editor, Leni Riefenstahl; musical score, Herbert Windt. A film commissioned by Adolf Hitler as the official record of the Nuremberg Party Rally of 1933. 60 min. DVD 3855

Loiperdinger, Martin and Culbert, David. "Leni Riefenstahl, the SA, and the Nazi Party Rally Films, Nuremberg 1933-1934: 'Sieg des Glaubens' and 'Triumph des Willens'". Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 8:1, 3 - 38 UC users only

Sieg im Westen (Victory in the West)
A propaganda film of the German High Command of the Armed Forces. Contains footage filmed by camera crews on the front line, maps, and captured Allied footage. 120 min. Video/C 5429

Graham, Cooper C."'Sieg im Westen' (1941): interservice and bureaucratic propaganda rivalries in Nazi Germany'." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 9:1, 19 - 45, 1989 UC users only
Sakmyster, Thomas. "Nazi documentaries of intimidation: "Feldzug in Polen" (1940), "Feuertaufe" (1940) and "Sieg im Westen" (1941)." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, 1996, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p485-514, 30p UC users only

Stukas (Stuky; Dive Bombers) (1941)
During the German aerial attack on France in 1940, a young dive-bomber pilot loses the will to fight, but is inspired to rejoin the battle when he hears Wagner at Bayreuth. 92 min. Video/C 4107
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Tag der Freiheit: unsere Wehrmacht, Nürnberg 1935
Combines staged footage of war games with outtakes from Triumph of the Will. DVD version contains alternate track of Robert von Dassanowksy reading a comprehensive essay on Riefenstahl's career, critiquing both her own writing and that of her critics over the past half-century. A film by Leni Riefenstahl. 193? DVD 6:8; also on DVD 8419; vhs Video/C 3084 and Video/C 1351

Thomas Harlan --Wandersplitter (Thomas Harlan: Moving Schrapnel)
Thomas Harlan, author and filmmaker, was born in 1929 as the only son of the infamous German propaganda filmmaker Veit Harlan. During his childhood, as a result of his father's closeness to the Nazi Party, little Thomas came face to face with Hitler and Goebbels. Now he lives in a respiratory clinic in Berchtesgaden, and it is from this clinic in southern Germany that he examines fragments of his past. Special features: Contents: Disc 1: Über Wandersplitter = About Moving shrapnel (6 min.) -- Der Film Souvenance = The film Souvenance (24 min.) -- Disc 2. Thomas Harlan--Extrasplitter = Additional fragments: Der Film Torre Bela = The film Torre Bela (37 min.) -- Reise nach Kilmhof/Rosa = Trip to Chelmo/Rosa (27 min.) -- Der Film Wundkanal = The film Wundkanal (33 min.) -- Anmerkungen zum Roman Heldenfriedhof = Commentary on the novel Heroes' cemetery (19 min.) -- Die Organigramme = The organigrams (4 min.) -- Am Ararat = On Mount Ararat (16 min.) 2007. 96 min. DVD X780

Triumph of the Will (Triumph des Willens: Das Dokument vom Reichsparteitag 1934)
A film commissioned by Adolph Hitler as the official record of the Nuremberg Party Rally of 1934. Produced as an important piece of political propaganda to introduce the new German leaders to the nation and to impress foreign audiences. 110 min. (German, no subtitles) Video/C 5429; 122 min. (English subtitles) DVD 711; Video/C 5428
See also: The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl.

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

U-boote Westwarts!.
A German propaganda war film in which a German U-boat captain and is crew battle British ships in the Atlantic in 1940. 50 min. Video/C 4106

Tag der Freiheit

WWII, An Audio History[Sound recording]
Spans the globe to document the audio records of the United States, Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the Third Reich, Imperial Japan and more... to present the key moments of World War II. Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Josef Stalin, Harry S. Truman, Mildred "Axis Sally" Gillars, Neville Chamberlain, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Eleanor Roosevelt, Ezra Pound, William "Lord Haw Haw" Joyce, Hermann Goering, Joseph Goebbels, Hideki Tojo, King George VI, Charles Lindbergh. 78 hours. Sound/D 206

To the top

Post-War Propaganda

Wie werde ich Demokrat?
After World War II Allied powers in Germany decided to lead back the "Outlaw nation" into the community of the civilized nations. From 1945 to 1952 the British/American "Welt im Film" series produced propaganda and documentary films for the purpose of re-education of the German population. This 3 disc set features twelve of these re-education films addressing the psychology, politics, culture and everyday life of post-War Germans from an Allied viewpoint.

Contents: Disc 1. Wie werde ich demokrat = Comment devenir democrate? = How do I become a democrat? / writer and director, Dieter Reifarth [Film chapters]: Der Wahltag in Berlin = Election day in Berlin ; Die Schlange: Portrait eines Zeitgenossen = Portrait of a contemporary serpent ; Wahrungs-Reform = Currency reform ; In Bonn und Auf Dem Petersberg: Regierungsbildung Vollzogen Bestazungsstatut Statt Militarregierung = In Bonn and at Petersberg: the government has been formed -- Outtakes [from Wie Werde ich Demokrat?] (121 min.) -- Disc 2. Die Todesmühlen = The death mills (aka, Mills of death, Di Tit Milen) / director, Hanus Burger (3 versions in English, German and Yiddish) -- The Town / director, Josef von Sternberg -- Deutschland erwache = Germany awakes (aka Germany awake) / producer, U.S. Signal Corps (100 min.) -- Disc 3. Das Gerücht = The rumor / director, Ernst Niederreither -- Marschieren, marschieren = Marching, marching / director, Gehard Born -- Werftarbeiter = Throwing worker / director, Wolf Hart -- Weiss-Gelb-Schwarz = White-yellow-black / director, Hans Curlis -- Es liegt an Dir = It is because of you / director, Wolfgang Kiepenheuer -- Eine Kleinstadt hilft sich selbst = A town helps itself / director, Wolfgang Becker (73 min.). Films originally produced between 1945-1952. DVD 7176; Deutschland erwache also on DVD X6471

To the top

Cold War Propaganda and Atomic Hysteria

Abbott, Tristan. "Bomb Media, 1953-1964." Postmodern Culture; May2008, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p1-1, 1p UC users only
Haynes, John Earl. "A Bibliography of Communism, Film, Radio and Television." Film History 16:4 (2004) p. 396-423UC users only
Henriksen, Margot A. "Duck and Cover: Civil Defense and Existential Anxiety in America." In: Dr. Strangelove's America: society and culture in the atomic age Berkeley : University of California Press, c1997. (Text available online [UCB users only]; also print MOFF: E169.12 .H49 1997; ETHN: E169.12 .H49 1997; PFA : E169.12 .H49 1997)
Jacobs, Bo. "Atomic Kids: Duck and Cover and Atomic Alert Teach American Children How to Survive Atomic Attack ." Film & History Volume 40.1 (Spring 2010) UC users only
Mielke, Bo. "Rhetoric and Ideology in the Nuclear Test Documentary." Film Quarterly, Spring2005, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p28-37, 10p UC users only
Thomas Doherty Hollywood Agit-prop: The Anit-Communist Cycle, 1948-1954." Journal of Film and Video 40:4 (Fall 1988) Issue p. 15-27UC users only

Anarchy U.S.A. (1966)
This radical anti-negro, anti-communist, anti-civil rights propaganda documentary was made shortly after the Watts riots. Employing newsreel footage this film traces the methods used by communists to take over China, Cuba and Algeria, and then attempts to demonstrate that the same tactics have been used by the U.S. civil rights movement. 78 min. Video/C 2962

Animated Soviet Propaganda.

American Imperialists. Racism, unemployment, aggression, excess -- the USSR's animation studios frequently took aim at these aspects of American culture. Representing five decades of animated Soviet propaganda, this program features short films that blast the U.S. and its perceived evils. Black and White and Mister Twister extol the absence of bigotry in Soviet society while Someone Else's Voice portrays jazz as "an enemy of the people." Ave Maria condemns America's presence in Vietnam and the influence of the Catholic Church, and The Shooting Gallery underscores the violence behind economic and class divisions. 81 min. DVD 5702

Fascist Barbarians. Hitler's invasion of Russia and Germany's post-WWII partition inspired a great deal of animated Soviet Propaganda. This program presents short films that disparage fascist aggression and America's supposed continuation of it. Fascist Boots on our Homeland and Cinema Circus vilify Hitler and the Nazi invaders; A Lesson Not Learned plays on Russian fears of a reunited, vengeful, and American-supported Germany; and Vasilyok, The Adventures of the Red Ties and The Violin of the Pioneer Pen are stories about brave and loyal Soviet children encountering and standing up to fascism. 116 min. DVD 5703

Capitalist Sharks. Just as America envisioned Communist threats during much of the 20th century, the specter of capitalism loomed large in the Soviet Cold War psyche. This program surveys Soviet animated propaganda, embodying that fiercely anti-capitalist spirit. Foreshadowing the space race, Interplanetary Revolution depicts a Communist triumph over free-market forces on Mars; China in Flames warns against capitalist interference in the Chinese Revolution; Shareholder proclaims the superiority of the Soviet economic system; and Proud Little Ship takes on capitalist aggression. 98 min. DVD 5704

Onward to the Shining Future. Soviet film studios worked hard to portray their government's system as idyllic and forward-looking. This program showcases animated films designed to promote that utopian vision. Soviet Toys, the earliest known example of Soviet animation, condemns Lenin's New Economic Policy; The Victorious Destination celebrates the achievements of Stalin's first five-year plan; Samoyed Boy praises the Soviet educational system and the casting-off of antiquated traditions; and Hot Stone, Little Organ, and Songs of the Fire Years rejoice over the passing of Czarist imperialism and the establishment of a new, benevolent society. Forward march, time! -- Soviet toys -- Samoyed boy -- The music box (Little organ) -- Lenin's Kino Pravda -- Join the collective -- Victorious destination -- War chronicle -- A hot stone -- Songs of the years of fire (Songs of the fire years) -- Plus electrification. 135 min. DVD 5705

Are We Winning, Mommy?
An examination of the historical roots of the Cold War and its effects on American life. The film features a wealth of images and historical footage from both European and American archives as well as revealing interviews with some of the key players on both sides. A primary focus is on the role of the mass media in shaping attitudes and controlling American anti-communist feeling about the Cold War, with illustrations, simultaneously comic and chilling, from Hollywood features, TV programs, and animated cartoons. Directed by Barbara Margolis. 87 min. Video/C MM1001

The Atom and Eve
This vintage piece of pro-nuclear propaganda was designed as a marketing tool to sell nuclear energy to the American public. The viewer is introduced to Eve as a baby and a growing girl and finally as a woman (who dances through the film) in parallel to growing needs of millions of eves for more and more electricity. Also makes a case for building an investor-owned nuclear power plant in Connecticut to meet the region's power needs. The Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company presents; Bay State Film Production, Inc. ; written and directed by Gene Starbecker. 1966. 15 min. Included on DVD 2212; vhs Video/C 8024

Atomic Attack (196-?)
Shows a typical American family coping with the crisis that occurs when an atomic bomb is dropped on a nearby city. Shown on the television program Motorola TV Playhouse (CBS). Video/C 2292; Video/C 4868; Video/C 4803

The Atomic Café
A documentary exploration of the United States government's propaganda promoting the atomic bomb. Relies on film clips of the 1940's and 1950's, including bits and pieces of propoganda films, newsreels, popular songs, and defense training films. Includes such issues as bomb shelters, atomic fallout and teaching children to "duck and cover." 1982. 92 min. DVD 1133; Video/C 1025
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Mielke, Bob. "Rhetoric and Ideology in the Nuclear Test Documentary." Film Quarterly, Vol. 58, No. 3 (Spring, 2005), pp. 28-37 UC users only
Wiener, Jon. "The Omniscient Narrator and the Unreliable Narrator: The Case of Atomic Café." Film & History: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Film and Television Studies Volume 37.1 (2007) UC users only

Atomic Newsreels, or Pathetic Atomic Tests
Contents: News magazine of the screen: Atomic energy / Warner-Pathe News (1950s, 22 min.) -- News magazine of the screen, Vol. 2, issue 6 / Warner-Pathe News (1952, 23 min.) -- News magazine of the screen, Vol. 5, issue 10 / Warner-Pathe News (1955, 22 min.).

News magazine of the screen: Atomic energy: Excellent compilation of 1950s newsreel stories on atomic weapons testing, civil defense and nuclear energy. News magazine of the screen, Vol. 2, issue 6: Edited for use in schools this collection of newsreels includes the Frenchman's Flat, Nevada nuclear test. Also includes other events of the time. News magazine of the screen, Vol. 5, issue 10: Edited for use in schools, a collection of newsreels which includes civil defense drills for a nuclear attack. Also includes other events of the time. DVD 2660

Atomic Propaganda Films
Contents: About fallout / U.S. Office of Civil Defense (1955, 9 min.) -- About fallout / U.S. Office of Civil Defense (1963, 23 min.) -- Hanford Science Forum / sponsored by General Electric (1957, 10 min.) -- Stay safe, stay strong: the facts about nuclear weapons / produced for the U.S. Air Force (1960, 23 min.).

About fallout (1955): The U.S. Office of Civil Defense produced this film to "debunk" popular beliefs about nuclear fallout. Features a segment on how to simply "wash and wipe" contaminated foods to make them safe for eating after a nuclear attack. About fallout (1963): The U.S. Office of Civil Defense found its earlier film by the same name so good, and that so much more needed to be told, that they took the film and expanded it by nearly twice its original length to dispel many of the "common myths and fallacies" about radioactive fallout. Hanford Science Forum: General Electric sponsored this television piece of residential propaganda to assure the residents of Richland, Washington that the Hanford Plutonium Plant was not poisoning the Columbia River with radioactive agents. Stay safe, stay strong: the facts about nuclear weapons: In animated format, a splendid piece of interdepartmental propaganda, produced for the U.S. Air Force, seeking to instruct their personnel about the power, physics, testing, delivery and handling of nuclear weapons. DVD 2659

Atomic Scare Films. Volume 1
Contents: Survival under atomic attack / U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration (b&w, 1951, 9 min.); Duck and cover (b&w, 195-?, 10 min.); American cities atomic fallout strategy / U.S. Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization (color, 195-?, 27 min.); The Atom strikes / U.S. Army Pictorial Service (b&w, 195-?, 30 min.); You can beat the A-Bomb (b&w, 1950, 20 min.); Two Civil defense commercials / U.S. National Guard (b&w, 3 min.); Radioactive fallout and shelter (color, 20 min.).

Motion pictures produced by various agencies of the U.S. government that explain the perils of atom bomb attack and precautions to be taken during a raid. They show where to go and what to do when a bomb explodes, what protective measures to employ against radiation, the building and use of fallout shelters, the use of geiger counters, and how to provide emergency medical treatment when no assistance is available. Duck and cover uses animation to teach elementary school children how to protect themselves. The Atom strikes gives views of the Hiroshima bombing and closeup shots of devastated areas. Also includes two TV commercials concerning the readiness of the National Guard in time of attack. 120 min. Video/C 4868

Atomic T.V.
Contents: Duck and cover (10 min, 1950); Survival under atomic attack (9 min., 1952); The Future is now (14 min., 195-?); Five promotions for science fiction films which involve nuclear energy (11 min., 195-?); A Captain Midnight promotion featuring the ballplayer, Duke Snider (2 min., 195-?); Captain Midnight: Atomic proving grounds (14 min., 195-?).

Two documentary films produced by the U.S. government focus on how to survive an atomic attack. Duck and Cover teaches elementary school children how to protect themselves during an atomic attack while Survival under Atomic Attack explains the dangers of the atom bomb and survival skills to adults. The Future is Now focuses on technological advances in the early '50's predicting the invention of new electronic household devices, computers and demonstrates future uses of nuclear power and solar energy. The Captain Midnight episode demonstrates how this superhero survives an atom bomb explosion by hiding in an air raid shelter. 60 min. Video/C 4803

Capitalism(1948)
A group of teenagers on a high-school radio program discuss just what capitalism is, seizing onto the example of the butcher who supplies the weenies for their picnic. With Mickey Hugh (Ray Bennett); Franklyn Ferguson (John Howell). Educational Collaborator: James Harvey Dodd, Ph.D., Head, Department of Economics and Business Administration, Mary Washington College, University of Virginia.

View it online

Archival footage supplied by the Internet Moving Images Archive (at www.archive.org)

Cold War Era
Presents six Cold War propaganda films about the global struggle between capitalism and communism.

Don't be a sucker / U.S. War Dept. (1947, 18 min.) -- Communism / Coronet Instructional Films (1952, 11 min.) -- News Magazine of the screen (Vol.4, Issue 9) / Warner Pathe News (1954, 23 min.) -- On guard! the story of SAGE / IBM Corp., Military Products Division (1956, 12 min.) -- Welcome guest in the house / Westinghouse Broadcasting (1957, 24 min.) -- War we are in, Pt. 2: Communism vs. Capitalism / National Education Program (1962, 24 min.)

Don't be a sucker "Financed and produced by the United States War Department, and shot at the Warners studio, although it was distributed through all of the major studios' film exchanges and also by National Screen Services free to the theatre exhibitors: A young, healthy American Free Mason is taken in by the message of a soap-box orator who asserts that all good jobs in the United States are being taken by the so-called minorities, domestic and foreign. He falls into a conversation with a refugee professor who tells him of the pattern of events that brought Hitler to power in Germany and how Germany's anti-democratic groups split the country into helpless minorities, each hating the other. The professor concludes by pointing out that America is composed of many minorities, but all are united as Americans." (Reissued in 1946 following the end of World War II." [IMDB] 17 min. DVD 4295

Watch "Don't Be a Sucker" online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Communism: A propaganda piece crystalizing in time the emotions and attitudes of cold-warring America at its coldest moments. News Magazine of the Screen (Vol. 4., Issue 9): A newsreel reformatted for classroom use. It shows the completion of the first train journey from Russia to China, an exodus of East Germans to West Germany and a mother welcoming her sons home after being held captive for seven years in Hungary. On guard, the story of "Sage": Presents an early version of the distant early warning system utilizing primitive computers. Welcome guest in the house: A salute to the power of television and its service to the people in waging and reporting the cold war. War we are in, Part 2: Communism vs. capitalism: The president of Harding College, Dr. George Benson, attempts to "educate" TV viewers about the international communist menace. DVD 4295

The Cold War. Volume II, Foreign Threats
Contents: Brink of disaster / Jerry Fairbanks Productions (1972, 22 min.) -- Dew line story (1950s, 27 min.) -- On guard / IBM (1956, 12 min.) -- Secure the blessings / Affiliated Film Producers (1951, 19 min.) -- Subversion and espionage directed against the military (1950s, 10 min.). Brink of disaster: This film aims to put a stop to activism in America because it threatens the American way of life. Promotes the idea that every American should embrace capitalism and democracy and join the fight against the real enemy....Communists. [also contained on DVD 4460; also available for online viewing] Dew Line story: Classic Communist paranoia film that follows the development of the Distant Early Warning Line in The Antarctic for protection against the Communists. On guard: IBM made film in conjunction with the US Military that explains how computer technology is a vital tool in winning The Cold War. Secure the blessings: Explains how educating the youth is the best way to prevent Communism from spreading to the U.S. Schoolchildren are taught why democracy is essential to American Freedom and way of life. Subversion and espionage directed against the military: Cold war paranoia film about how to be careful with information and documents to prevent Communists from getting useful information. DVD X450

Cold War Era: Cartoon Chronicles
Presents a compilation of various cartoons that use humor to tout the dangers of Communism and the benefits of capitalism. It contains Cold War era cartoons defending the profit motive against anti-capitalist critics and telling American workers that they are [the] luckiest people in the world. The main message of all the films is how you should be proud to be an American. Shot in the 1940's, workers are told that increased productivity would bring about greater purchasing power during inflationary times. In the final clip, there is an interesting corporate Cold War-era cartoon linking [the] Bill of Rights to free-enterprise ideology. Contents: Going places -- Make mine freedom -- Meet King Joe -- Why play leap frog? -- It's everybody's business. DVD X4677

Cold War Era: Dangers on the Home Front
Secure the Blessings: Gives an insight into how American schoolchildren were taught the value of democracy, freedom and good citizenship through government sponsored films during the Cold War. In the 50's and 60's, Americans were facing the threat of unconventional weapons and the growing Communist threat. Presents films explaining how 1960's activism threatened American moral, religious and ethical principles. In "Challenge of ideas," John Wayne, Edward R. Murrow and others discuss the ideological battle between the U.S. and Soviet Union. 117 min. DVD 4824

Cold War Free Enterprise: In Our Hands
Contents: How we got what we have (1950, 21 min.) -- What we have (1950, 14 min.) -- How to lose what we have (1950, 14 min.) -- How to keep what we have (1950, 11 min.).

How we got what we have: Looks at the role of tools, manpower and natural resources in the development of America's industries through the adventures of a young married couple who travel back in time to the stone age and discover just how tough life can be without machine tools. What we have: Looks at the free enterprise system by showing in detail all the profit-generating steps involved in the production of the common housewife's frying pan, taking the audience thereby through nearly the entire run of the American marketing process. How to lose what we have: The Communists inevitably rear their menacing heads to thwart all the prosperity free enterprise brings about by means of the excessive federal controls they institute after staging a successful coup. How to keep what we have: A clear statement that laissez faire government and private sector control of labor and resources is the only sure formula for successful immunization against the virus of communism. Four films originally released by Wilding Picture Productions in 1950. DVD 2652

Cold War Propaganda Films
Welcome guest in the house (1957, 24 min.) -- Cold war: the challenge of ideas (Pt. 1-2, 1961, 30 min.) -- Communism (1952, 11 min.) -- Don't be a sucker (1947, 18 min.) -- On guard! the story of "Sage" (1956, 12 min.) -- Psychological operations in support of international defense and development assistance programs (Pt. 1-2, 1968, 26 min.) -- Secure the blessings (1951, 24 min.) -- Responsibilities of citizenship (1955, 11 min.) -- War we are in: Communism vs. capitalism (Pt. 2, 1962, 24 min.) -- What you should know about biological warfare (1952, 8 min.)

Welcome Guest in the House: A salute to the power of television and its service to the people in waging and reporting the cold war. Cold war, the challenge of ideas: American celebrites including John Wayne, Edward R. Murrow, Lowell Thomas, Frank McGee and Helen Hayes explain the battle of ideas between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. Communism: A propaganda piece crystalizing in time the emotions and attitudes of cold-warring America at its coldest moments. Don't Be a Sucker:"Financed and produced by the United States War Department, and shot at the Warners studio, although it was distributed through all of the major studios' film exchanges and also by National Screen Services free to the theatre exhibitors: A young, healthy American Free Mason is taken in by the message of a soap-box orator who asserts that all good jobs in the United States are being taken by the so-called minorities, domestic and foreign. He falls into a conversation with a refugee professor who tells him of the pattern of events that brought Hitler to power in Germany and how Germany's anti-democratic groups split the country into helpless minorities, each hating the other. The professor concludes by pointing out that America is composed of many minorities, but all are united as Americans." (Reissued in 1946 following the end of World War II." [IMDB] 17 min. DVD 8289 (also on DVD 4454, DVD 4295, DVD 3728)

Watch "Don't Be a Sucker" online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

On Guard, the Story of "Sage": Presents an early version of the distant early warning system utilizing primitive computers. Psychological Operations in Support of International Defense and Development Assistance Programs: U.S. Army film showing how psychological operations can be used to help a government win the hearts and minds of people. Secure the Blessings: Designed to teach children of America about their responsibilities as good and free citizens of a democratic republic. War We Are In: Communism vs. capitalism: The president of Harding College, Dr. George Benson, attempts to "educate" TV viewers about the international communist menace. What You Should Know About Biological Warfare: a U.S. Civil Defense film covering how biological and toxilogical attacks could occur, how they might be delivered and what individuals should do in case of such attacks. DVD 3728

Cold War Propaganda Films
Five documentary propaganda films produced during the Cold War by Russia, Cuba and Vietnam. Push back the nuclear threat / Moscow Documentary Film Studios ; commissioned by the Soviet Peace Committee and the Soviet Peace Fund ; (In Russian with English voiceovers, col., 10 min.) -- Peace to you our planet: the World Congress of Peace Forces (in Russian with English voiceovers, col., 32 min.) -- Fuera las manos de Cuba (In Spanish, b&w, 4 min.) -- M?at tran dan toc gi?ai phong mi`en nam Viet Nam (In Vietnamese with English voiceovers, b&w, 9 min.) -- Cerro Pelado / Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematografica (Primarily silent with music, b&w, 7 min.)Leonid I. Brezhnev (2nd film) DVD 6945

Communists on Campus
An American propaganda documentary created "to inform and impress on American citizens the true nature and the true magnitude of those forces that are working within our nation for its overthrow...and the destruction of our educational system." Film covers the July 1969 California Revolutionary Conference and other demonstrations, warning against the activities of Students for a Democratic Society, the Black Panthers, student protestors and Vietnam War demonstrators as they promote a "socialist/communist overthrow of the U.S. government," taking as their mentor Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. Featuring Mike Klonsky, Bernadine Dohrn, Mark Rudd, Rap Brown, Bobby Seale, David Hilliard, Herbert Aptheker, Tom Hayden, Mario Savio, Gus Hall, Bettina Aptheker, Eldridge Cleaver, Archie Brown, Jeff Jones, Marie W. Johnson, Roberta Alexander, Carol Henry, Ora Williams, Marlene Dixon, Ray "Masai" Hewitt, Don Cox, Huey P. Newton, William Kunstler, Charles Garry, Noel Ignatin, Roscoe Proctor, Kenny Horsten, Bob Avakian, Andy Stapp, Angela Davis, Donald Kalish, Sergei Pavlov. (1970s) 55 min. DVD 9650 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 6927

View this video online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

Don't be a Sucker.
"Financed and produced by the United States War Department, and shot at the Warners studio, although it was distributed through all of the major studios' film exchanges and also by National Screen Services free to the theatre exhibitors: A young, healthy American Free Mason is taken in by the message of a soap-box orator who asserts that all good jobs in the United States are being taken by the so-called minorities, domestic and foreign. He falls into a conversation with a refugee professor who tells him of the pattern of events that brought Hitler to power in Germany and how Germany's anti-democratic groups split the country into helpless minorities, each hating the other. The professor concludes by pointing out that America is composed of many minorities, but all are united as Americans." (Reissued in 1946 following the end of World War II." [IMDB] 17 min. DVD 8289 (also on DVD 4454, DVD 4295, DVD 3728)

Watch "Don't Be a Sucker" online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Eastern & Central European Newsreels & American Cold War Propaganda, 1939-1955, Selection II
A variety of newsreels showing footage of the 1939 Hungarian occupation of Vienna with dignitaries and local citizens welcoming occupation officials, Czech signs and Hungarian gendarmes assuming police duties. Also includes the American Army in occupied Vienna, floods in Austria in the 1950s, the story of the American propaganda radio station Radio Free Europe and the short American propaganda film "Let us live!" Contents: Hungarian occupation of Czech Territory, (1939, 10 min.) -- Vienna: Four-power occupation after World War II (unedited footage, 3 min.) -- Floods in Austria (unedited footage, 1950, 3 min.) -- Lifeline to freedom: the story of Radio Free Europe (12 min.) -- Let us live! (6 min.) vhs Video/C 9337

Face to Face with Communism.
Portrays a fictionalized account of a seizure of a United States town by Communists, showing the tactics of Communists in arresting and sentencing citizens and the actions of an Air Force sergeant in resisting the Communists. 26 min. Video/C 2966

In Case of Nuclear War
A compilation of short films on the atom bomb and hydrogen bomb, originally produced primarily in the 1950s. Contents: Fallout : when and how to protect yourself against it / presented by Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization ; produced by Creative Arts Studio Inc. (14:10) -- Warning red / Norwood Studios presents ; director, Nicholas Webster ; producer, Philip Martin ; script, Kirby Hawkes (1956, 13:42) -- Atom bomb newsreel (20:23) -- Town of the times / a Wilding production presented by the Department of Defense Office of Civil Defense (25:01) -- Rural civil defense t.v. spots (2:00) -- A New look at the H-bomb / a Federal Civil Defense Administration presentation (10:09) -- The Atom strikes! / produced by Army Pictorial Service Signal Corps (30:41) -- Self-preservation in an atomic bomb attack / the Armed Forces Special Weapons Project presents ; produced by Cascade Pictures of California Inc. (1950, 17:39) -- Let's face it / Federal Civil Defense Administration presents ; produced by United States Air Force Lookout Mountain Laboratory ; Air Photographic & Charting Service (1954, 13:27) -- The House in the middle / produced by the National Clean Up Paint Up Fix Up Bureau with the cooperation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration (1954, 12:09) -- Bomb experiment, poetic vision (7:44). DVD X5432

Insidious Neighbors: The Soviet Threat
Reveals the ideology and crimes of the Soviet Communists, who, for example, in one year (1932-33) exterminated through hunger over seven million Ukrainians. It compares the ideologies of the two movements, Nazism and Communism, and shows how very similar they both were and how, at times, they actually worked together against common enemies. Shows the handiwork of the NKVD thugs in the eastern Poland, the Baltic States, the Ukraine and everywhere. Written and directed by Edvins Snore. English with Latvian subtitles; sometimes in Russian or Latvian without subtitles. 90 min. DVD X6470

Kennedy's Cold War: Keeping the Commies Covered
This film is a 1963 Pentagon Report, recently declassified, detailing the efforts of the United States to combat communism worldwide, both covertly and militarily. The film is unusually frank about geo-political situations in Vietnam, Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, Cuba, and around the globe. Each global situation is discussed, states the U.S. goal, and the proposed solutions from an American point of view. Twenty-five years later, hindsight reveals that the facts were incorrect or distorted, and the policies flawed accordingly. The 1963 Pentagon Report is an object lesson in the facts being arranged to fit the conclusion. Produced by Army Pictorial Service. 39 min. Video/C 5750

Longine-Wittnauer Television Interviews: Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and Dr. Ralph E. Lapp
Two separate interviews with Senator Joseph R. McCarthy and nuclear physicist Dr. Ralph E. Lapp which dwell respectively on the term "McCarthyism" and the U.S. anti-communist movement and Lapp's view of the rationale behind the development of the hydrogen bomb. 26 min. Video/C 5120

Mao's Little Red Video
This film, a product of Red China's Cultural Revolutionary era when radical thinking strove to turn China's immense population into martyrs for Chairman Mao's ideals, depicts atomic and nuclear bomb testing in the 1960's. The film shows Chinese soldiers engaged in strenuous training for post-nuclear attack, while wearing gas-masks. The great lie of the film is that the radioactive fallout from a nuclear blast will not kill them. 52 min. Video/C 5754

The Menance of Communism
Three films originally produced by the Dept. of Defense and the Armed Forces Information Agency in 1955 and 1956. In Communist Blueprint for Conquest, the methods and techniques used by the Communists to seize power in a country are explained. Shows how the party gains control of local and central governments, how it moves against other political parties, landowners, big business, the middle class, professional groups, workers, and churches and describes the party attitude towards the individual in relation to the state. In The Communist Weapon of Allure, Dr. Warren B. Walsh, professor of Russian history at Syracuse University, explains the methods used by the Communists to gain converts. In Communist Target Youth, techniques and methods used by communists to attract, educate and dominate youth the world over are illustrated and explained. 103 min. Video/C 2967

A New Look at the H-bomb (H-bomb and Other Smash Hits)
Part 1: A New look at the H-bomb; Part 2: Operation cue; Part 3: United States Civil Defense in action; Part 4: Let's face it, produced by United States Air Force Lookout Mountain Laboratory Air Photographic and Charting Service; Part 5: What you should know about biological warfare, produced in cooperation with the Federal Civil Defense Administration; produced by Reid H. Ray Film Industries, Inc.

The Federal Civil Defense Administration presents five films about the hydrogen and atomic bombs, the effects of radioactive fallout, surviving a nuclear blast, and combating biological warfare. 58 min. Video/C 4806

Operation Abolition
This infamous red scare film was put together from television newsreel footage of the May 1960 House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) hearings in San Francisco, its attendant student protests, and the riotous police action (fire hoses used on City Hall protesters) that followed. Operation Abolition was widely screened (one source put the total viewership at 8 million) and helped put Berkeley and its activist culture on the map, eventually becoming a cult movie. Scenes include footage of Harry Bridges, Archie Brown, Douglas Wachter, William Mandell, University of California, Berkeley students and excepts from the Daily Californian. A film using the same footage, but a different narration called Operation Correction was made by the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California to counter Operation Abolition. DVD 8657

View this video online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

Operation Correction
A film by the American Civil Liberties Union produced as a rebuttal to the House Un-American Activities Committee's film "Operation abolition," that was an attempt to characterize as communist inspired, the May, 1960 student and activist demonstrations against the activities of the Committee. 1961. 44 min. DVD 4454

View this video online
Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

Our Friend the Atom.(1958)
Directed by Hamilton Luske; Walt Disney Studios. "Our Friend The Atom...was produced by Disney in cooperation with the U.S. Navy and General Dynamics, builders of the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus. As a "Tomorrowland" segment of the Disneyland television show, Our Friend The Atom relates the history of atomic energy, beginning with a clip from the earlier film 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea, which erroneously maintains that author Jules Verne predicted the use of atomic energy. The film then progresses to an animated fairy tale of a fisherman who finds a bronze bottle in his net. Opening the flask, the fisherman is confronted by a genie, who explains that after centuries of confinement, he has resolved to kill whomever opens the bottle. The fisherman feigns surprise that so large a being could fit into the bottle. The genie returns to the vessel to prove that it can be done, and the wily fisherman corks the bottle up. Finally, the genie relents and promises to grant the fisherman his wishes if the bottle is uncorked. Says the narrator, "The story of the atom is like this fable, come true through science. For centuries we have been casting our nets into the sea of the great unknown in search of knowledge. Finally, we found a vessel and, like the one in the fable, it contains the genie." In a combination of live-action and animation, Our Friend The Atom moves from this fairy tale premise to an international history of atomic energy that culminates in American control of the technology. To soothe public apprehension, atomic energy is explained in terms of common household items. An atomic reactor, the viewer is told, is just like a big furnace. An atomic chain reaction is likened to what happens when a stray ping-pong ball is thrown at a mass of mousetraps with ping-pong balls set on each one. The narrator relates that an atomic explosion might be like the angry genie, but with the nuclear reactor and the magic power to transmute ordinary materials into radioactive tools in science and medicine, "Here lies our chance to make the atomic genie our friend." The film ends with the prediction that "clean" nuclear reactors will replace grimy coal and oil power plants. Radiation will be used to produce better crops and livestock. People will zoom from place to place in atomic cars, trains, boats and planes. "Then, the atom will become truly our friend."" [From: Langer, Mark. "Disney's Atomic Fleet." Animation World Magazine, Issue 3.1, April 1998]

Included in the compilation Tomorrowland: Disney in space and beyond.DVD 3605

DelGaudio, Sybil. "If Truth Be Told, Can 'Toons Tell It? Documentary and Animation." Film History, Vol. 9, No. 2, Non-Fiction Film (1997), pp. 189-199 UC users only
Langer, Mark. "Why the atom is our friend: Disney, general dynamics and the USS 'Nautilus.'" Art History March 1995 v18 n1 p63(34)
Mechling, Elizabeth Walker; Jay Mechling. "The atom according to Disney." The Quarterly Journal of Speech, Nov 1995 v81 n4 p436(18)

Public Shelter. (CD-ROM/Windows)
This CD-ROM inspired by Jayne Loader's The Atomic Cafe, contains 30 min. of video, 400 photographs, 18 original songs, 12 hours of audio and 1500 text files all pertaining to atomic weapons and energy, from the Trinity test to the present. Most of the documents have been recently declassified by the U.S. government and deal with nuclear accidents, nuclear waste, atomic testing and government-sponsored radiation experiments on humans. Also includes apocalyptic science fiction by Vonda McIntyre, Mary Rosenblum, John Stith, Joe Haldeman, David Brin and scenes from J. Loader's The Atomic Cafe. COMPU/D 304

Jayne Loader's Public Shelter web site

Red Chinese Battle Plan
This 1964 American propaganda film shows the rise of the communist party in China starting around 1920 and has a lot of footage and information about Mao Tse-Tsung. Despite the negative light it casts on the Chinese communist powers, this film has valuable documentary footage of China and its citizens in the early 20th century. 26 min. DVD X54

Red Menace. (1949)
Directed by R. G. Springsteen. Cast: Narrator: Lloyd G. Davies ; cast: Robert Rockwell, Hanne Axman. Anti-Communist propaganda in the form of a story about a disgruntled ex-soldier. When he gets no help from the Veterans Bureau, he is ripe for the influences of Communists who lead him down the party line. But he soon meets up with disillusioned party members who attempt to break out. When released this film caused a sensation with its anti-Communist theme. It was a clear sign of the times--McCarthyism in America.

"Restored by the UCLA Film and Television Archive, The Red Menace was produced by Herbert J. Yates, founder and president of Republic Pictures. Like other Hollywood producers in 1949, he was eager to prove his loyalty to the government. The Senate Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities rewarded him with a commendation for his work on this film." [from video container] 87 min. DVD X5614; vhs 999:2002

Hoberman, J. "Hollywood Alert: From Red Menace to Storm Warning." In: An army of phantoms : American movies and the making of the Cold War / J. Hoberman. New York : The New Press : Distributed by Perseus Distribution, 2011. (Moffitt; PFA PN1995.9.P6 H62 2011)

Red Nightmare (The Commies are Coming, the Commies are Coming)
What would happen if the Communists infiltrated a typically small town in the U.S.? An average American finds out when his wife, children, and friends reject him for the Soviet system. An example of McCarthy era atmosphere and ideas. Starring Jack Webb. 30 min. Video/C 2255
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Truth About Communism
Ronald Reagan hosts and narrates this early 1960's documentary about the Communist threat to the free world. Alexander Kerensky, the first premier of the provisional Russian Government in 1917, formally introduces the film, which attempts to trace the development of the Communist movement from birth, to the Lenin years, through the Stalin years (featuring a response by Leon Trotsky attacking the Stalin purges), and to the ascendancy of Nikita Krushchev. 30 min. Video/C 5119

Vintage Communism Films: Communism vs. Capitalism.
A look at capitalism: Explains how and why capitalism works, mainly focusing on personal ownership issues. Responsibility of American citizenship: Explains how communist propaganda could spread and lead to the fall of American free society. It is an American citizen's duty to understand why capitalism works. Contents: In our hands (1950, 59 min.) -- Communism vs. capitalism (1962, 23 min.) -- A look at capitalism (1955, 13 min.) -- Responsibility of American citizenship (1955, 11 min.) In our hands: Anti communism, pro capitalism, communism vs. capitalism classic. Explains how private ownership rather than public ownership leads to greater productivity, economic development/growth, and a free society. Communism vs. capitalism: Dr. George S. Benson gives a lecture on Communism. Benson spent time in China during the rise of Communism so he had a unique perspective on the subject. 106 min. DVD X49

Wie werde ich Demokrat?
After World War II Allied powers in Germany decided to lead back the "Outlaw nation" into the community of the civilized nations. From 1945 to 1952 the British/American "Welt im Film" series produced propaganda and documentary films for the purpose of re-education of the German population. This 3 disc set features twelve of these re-education films addressing the psychology, politics, culture and everyday life of post-War Germans from an Allied viewpoint.

Contents: Disc 1. Wie werde ich demokrat = Comment devenir democrate? = How do I become a democrat? / writer and director, Dieter Reifarth [Film chapters]: Der Wahltag in Berlin = Election day in Berlin ; Die Schlange: Portrait eines Zeitgenossen = Portrait of a contemporary serpent ; Wahrungs-Reform = Currency reform ; In Bonn und Auf Dem Petersberg: Regierungsbildung Vollzogen Bestazungsstatut Statt Militarregierung = In Bonn and at Petersberg: the government has been formed -- Outtakes [from Wie Werde ich Demokrat?] (121 min.) -- Disc 2. Die Todesmühlen = The death mills (aka, Mills of death, Di Tit Milen) / director, Hanus Burger (3 versions in English, German and Yiddish) -- The Town / director, Josef von Sternberg -- Deutschland erwache = Germany awakes (aka Germany awake) / producer, U.S. Signal Corps (100 min.) -- Disc 3. Das Gerücht = The rumor / director, Ernst Niederreither -- Marschieren, marschieren = Marching, marching / director, Gehard Born -- Werftarbeiter = Throwing worker / director, Wolf Hart -- Weiss-Gelb-Schwarz = White-yellow-black / director, Hans Curlis -- Es liegt an Dir = It is because of you / director, Wolfgang Kiepenheuer -- Eine Kleinstadt hilft sich selbst = A town helps itself / director, Wolfgang Becker (73 min.). Films originally produced between 1945-1952. DVD 7176

Yankee Go Home: Communist Propaganda
George V. Allen, director of the U. S. Information Agency and Ernest K. Lindley of Newsweek discuss with members of the Armed Forces Information and Education Department the main themes of Soviet propaganda and ways that Americans resist it. Allen explains that he hopes to counter anti-American propaganda in the popular media, particularly motion pictures. Segments from various Soviet documentary and feature films are examined. Film segments: International youth festival in Moscow Stadium. -- Meeting on the Elbe / Grigori Alexandrov (1949) -- The Partisan -- The Forty First. 1985. 44 min. Video/C 6995

You Can Beat the A-bomb
Contents: You can beat the A-bomb (1950); One plane, one bomb (1954); Warning red (1956); The house in the middle (1954).

Four cold-war propaganda short films made to calm fears of the public at the beginning of the Atomic Age. You can beat the A-bomb sets out to reassure the American public that atomic power and radioactivity will only be an aid to mankind's physical well-being. One Plane, One Bomb with Edward R. Murrow and Howard K. Smith is a more realistic approach to the reality of atomic war presented through a simulated attack on New York City. Warning Red is a mini-drama about some unsuspecting Americans who are almost caught without their fall-out shelters. The House in the Middle attempts to examine the effects of atomic heat on American homes. 60 min. Video/C 4802

To the top

War Propaganda: The War in Vietnam

Communists on Campus
An American propaganda documentary created "to inform and impress on American citizens the true nature and the true magnitude of those forces that are working within our nation for its overthrow...and the destruction of our educational system." Film covers the July 1969 California Revolutionary Conference and other demonstrations, warning against the activities of Students for a Democratic Society, the Black Panthers, student protestors and Vietnam War demonstrators as they promote a "socialist/communist overthrow of the U.S. government," taking as their mentor Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. Featuring Mike Klonsky, Bernadine Dohrn, Mark Rudd, Rap Brown, Bobby Seale, David Hilliard, Herbert Aptheker, Tom Hayden, Mario Savio, Gus Hall, Bettina Aptheker, Eldridge Cleaver, Archie Brown, Jeff Jones, Marie W. Johnson, Roberta Alexander, Carol Henry, Ora Williams, Marlene Dixon, Ray "Masai" Hewitt, Don Cox, Huey P. Newton, William Kunstler, Charles Garry, Noel Ignatin, Roscoe Proctor, Kenny Horsten, Bob Avakian, Andy Stapp, Angela Davis, Donald Kalish, Sergei Pavlov. (1970s) 55 min. Video/C 6927

Know Your Enemy: The Viet Cong
An Army information film which uses captured newsreel footage produced by the Central Office of North Vietnam, the communist organization and command headquarters directing the war effort against the Republic of Vietnam. These rare films provide a comprehensive report on Viet Cong activity in South Vietnam. 20 min. DVD 8543; also on vhs Video/C 5115;

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Springer, Claudia. "Military propaganda: Defense Department films from World War II and Vietnam." Cultural Critique; Spring 1986, Issue 3, p151-167, 17p UC users only

Vietnam War Films

Volume 1 Universal Newsreel, 1/16/47, Indo-China Rebellion (1 min.) -- A day in America (1968, 29 min.) -- Brink of disaster / presented by the National Education Program ; a Jerry Fairbanks production (1972, 29 min.) -- Columbia Revolt (1969, 49 min.) -- The News Magazine of the Screen vol.2 issue 9 (Excerpt) (1952, 1 min.) -- The News Magazine of the Screen vol.5 issue 10 (Excerpt) (1955, 3 min.) -- Red chinese battle plan (1964, 25 min.) -- Universal Newsreel, 6/6/67, Vietnam (1 min.) -- Tragedy or hope / presented by the National Education Program ; a Jerry Fairbanks production (1972, 24 min.) Day in America: Consists of what amounts to a Pledge of Allegiance to the Department of Defense (you actually do see students Pledging Allegiance while the Defense Department Seal flashes on-screen). What you're pledged to defend is essentially everything that can be claimed American, multicultural style. Sprinkled liberally throughout are unique glimpses of just about every aspect of life in the U.S. as it existed at the time of filming (1968) with carefully spaced glimpses of men in arms. Tragedy or hope?: Revised version of the film "Brink of disaster" reissued in the same year and included on this DVD. Brink of disaster: A fantasy story about a student and Vietnam veteran who defends a university library against a night attack by radicals bent on destroying its collections. Initially in league with the "radicals" he decides to reject their cause after his patriotic ancestors return to haunt him and a history professor explains he has become an unwitting dupe of a communist conspiracy to undermine American society. Columbia revolt: This documentary of the student protests and riots at Columbia University in 1968, presents the events as they happened from the perspective of the students, from the early stages of what began as a demonstration but quickly became an occupation by students of campus facilites, setting off a chain of events ultimately resulted in a two month long, violent siege. Red Chinese battle plan: Newsreel report on French military operations against Vietnamese guerillas. DVD 4460

Volume 2 Universal Newsreel March 3rd, 1967, Airbase shield: Soviet rockets used in attack (1 min.) -- Universal Newsreel October 24th, 1967, Anti-war demonstrators storm Pentagon (2 min.) -- Universal Newsreel June 6th, 1967, Vietnam (1 min.) -- Universal Newsreel, May 13th 1965: Johnson on Vietnam (3 min.) -- Know your enemy, the Vietcong (18 min.) -- Universal Newsreel April 26th, 1965, McNamara on Vietnam (2 min.) -- Universal Newsreel April 18th, 1967, Peace march (3 min.) -- Progress to peace (28 min.) -- Universal Newsreel May 5th, 1967, Protests galore! (3 min.) -- The battle of Khe Sanh (29 min.) Know your enemy: The Vietcong: Invaluable insight into the propagandization of the soldiers of both sides of the Vietnamese conflict is provided by this U.S. Army film which was shown to American soldiers to expose them to the tactical methods of South Vietnamese insurgent forces, which relys heavily upon captured VC propaganda films intended to be shown to their own forces. Progress to peace: Actor Raymond Burr narrates this revealing U.S. Army propaganda piece detailing the much vaunted "hearts and minds" offensive of winning the support of the Vietnamese people for America's goals and objectives in-country. Battle of Khe Sanh: This Department of Defense film analyzes the varied aspects of this pivotal battle in the history of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam war, wherein American forces placed atop the mountain fortress of Khe Sanh in a position to intercept North Vietnamese infiltrations route were beseiged by NVA forces as a ruse to divert attention and resources from a simultaneous general uprising in cities throughout South Vietnam during the Tet New Year's holiday. DVD 8543

Volume 3 Universal Newsreel February 8th, 1965, Showdown in Vietnam (6 min.) -- Universal Newsreel May 25th, 1967, New Vietnam weapon: cutters to patrol lonely coast (1 min.) -- The Airmobile Division (28 min.) -- Twenty-five hour day (27 min.) -- Universal Newsreel February 28th, 1967, Viet sweep: troops take Cong stronghold (1 min.) -- Universal Newsreel December 9th, 1965, Vietnam action: Enterprise planes support troops (2 min.) -- Universal Newsreel April 29th, 1965, Marines in action: Dominican rescue Vietnam offensive (2 min.) -- Universal Newsreel April 4th, 1967, Vietnam: Big enemy force repulsed by GIs (2 min.) Airmobile Division: A U.S. Army film documenting the history, activities and doctrine of the First Cavalry Division, which unit occupies a special place in military history for its development of the tactical employment of the helicopter on the battlefield. Twenty-five hour day: Fairchild Aviation's opportunity to tout it's F-105 Thunderchief fighter-bomber, which was an essential component of U.S. Air Force air to ground operations throughout the Vietnam Conflict, as well as to acknowledge the contributions made by ground crews and rescue operations. DVD 8544

Why Vietnam?
United States Department of Defense film. Explains United States policy on South Vietnam as stated in an address given in 1965 by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Also includes commentary by the Secretary of State, Dean Rusk and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara. 31 min. DVD 9490; vhs Video/C 5113

Springer, Claudia. "Military propaganda: Defense Department films from World War II and Vietnam." Cultural Critique; Spring 1986, Issue 3, p151-167, 17p UC users only

To the top

Social, Educational, and Religious Propaganda

Smith, Ken. Mental Hygiene: Classroom Films 1945-1970 1st ed. New York: Blast Books, 1999. UCB Main PN1995.9.S6 S65 1999

American Cultural History: Family Values.
The family remains America's definitive building block. Every generation sees its own peculiar upheavals in family values. The post-war '40s and '50s period was an epoch of serious questions about what constituted valid family values. These six vintage films examine the vacillations that were taking place in the American family in the early and late '50s and depicts the resultant lines of reasoning that evolved. Mother's Day (1934, 1 min.) -- Your family / produced by Coronet Instructional Films (1948, 11 min.) -- A date with your family / produced by Edward C. Simmel (1950, 10 min.) [also available for viewing online]-- You and your parents / produced by Coronet Instructional Films (1950, 13 min.) -- A day of Thanksgiving / produced by Centon Corporation (1951, 12 min.) -- Our changing family life / produced by Knickerbocker Productions (1957, 20 min.) DVD 4837

American Drug Films

Vol I: Contents: Distant drummer: flower of despair / narrator, Paul Newman (1972, 22 min.) -- Drug abuse: the chemical tomb / producer, Film Distributors International ; writer, director, Alan Kishbaugh (1969, 19 min.) -- Drug addiction / Juvenile Protective Association of Chicago, Wieboldt Foundation ; producer, Hal Kopel (1951, 21 min.) -- Narcotics: pit of despair / producer, Film Distributors International (1967, 27 min.) -- Subject: Narcotics / Anti-Narcotic League of America ; directors, Denis and Terry Sanders (1951, 21 min.) -- The terrible truth (1951, 10 min.). Distant drummer: flower of despair: Paul Newman narrates this history of the poppy plant from its harvesting for opium to its processing into heroin. Analyzes the ways and means of organized crime in importing and distributing the drug in the United States. Drug abuse: the chemical tomb: The dangers of drug use by teenagers are illustrated by showing how well-dressed, happy teens are turned into slovenly, long-haired, drug-addled potheads who don't know that, according to the film's drug expert, "in high dosages, it [marijuana] parallels LSD." Drug addiction: Uses animated drawings to explain the derivation of various drugs and the harmful reactions of marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. Relates the story of a high school boy who tries heroin as an "experiment," steals in order to purchase more, and becomes a grave liability to society. Narcotics: pit of despair: Considered by many to be the greatest of all anti-drug films, tells the story of a good boy gone bad. John, a clean-cut high school senior, is targeted by Pete, a low-life drug dealer, as his next victim. Inviting John to a party, Pete tells him to "blast off for Kicksville" by smoking a joint. John proceeds to do just that and is immediately turned into a marijuana addict, who shortly starts shooting up heroin. Subject: Narcotics: Not intended for viewing by the general public, this film was produced for the use of police departments for orienting and training their officers on the issues of narcotic addiction and the social problems they present. Poignant and stark images throughout make it compelling viewing. The Terrible truth: Communicates the message that marijuana usage ultimately results in heroin addiction. The story gets told through the person of an innocent young girl who falls for the wrong kind of debonaire guy. DVD 8611

Vol II: Contents: Assassin of youth / director, Elmer Clifton ; cast, Luana Walters, Arthur Gardner (1937, 73 min.) -- A day in the death of Donny B. (1969, 14 min.) -- Ecstacy: Don't not let the name fool you (2004, 4 min.) -- Keep off the grass / Sid Davis Productions ; director, Ib Melchior (1969, 21 min.) -- Kinograms newsreel: Raiders confiscate a fortune of opium (1925, si., 1 min.) -- Marihuana / director, Dwain Esper ; cast: Harley Wood, Paul Ellis, Juanita Fletcher (1936, 57 min.) -- Opium destruction, San Francisco (1914, si., 2 min.) Assassin of youth: Puff--Party--Tragedy! A reporter exposes more than a drug ring when he poses as a soda jerk to ferret out a story - he snatches from them a good wholesome kid set up to become a pothead by her inheritance-hungry relatives in order to swindle her out of her grandmother's dough. Day in the death of Donny B: A classic period piece chronicling in cinema verite format a young black junkie living a life of crime on the streets of New York City in his never-ending quest for the next heroin fix. Ecstacy: Don't not let the name fool you: An unconventional U.S. Navy production intending to instruct recruits in the zero tolerance policy of the Navy towards drug abuse in general and the drug ecstacy in particular. Keep off the grass: Tom's mother discovers a marijuana joint in his room. When his parents confront him, Tom denies being a "dope fiend." He goes down to where the local "weedheads" hang out, is mugged by a desperate band of marijuana addicts, and finally realizes how right his parents were to try to get him to "keep off the grass!" Kinograms newsreel: "Raiders confiscate a fortune of opium: Shanghai - Native police under foreign control set out on raids to break up illicit drug traffic". What they also got was a huge contact high as Japanese troops & western officials set fire to the stash. Marihuana: This film is in many ways the great encapsulator of the bulk of mid-1930s drug madness. In this film, a young girl with great prospects smokes marijuana when she goes to a beach party with her boyfriend and ultimately ends up pregnant, abandoned and pushing narcotics as a result! Opium destruction, San Francisco: Another mass contact high induced by government agents who burn stash & hookah paraphernalia alike before an unfinished City Hall. DVD 8612

Vol III: Contents: Dragnet (Episode #18): The big seventeen (1952, 31 min.) cast: Jack Webb -- Drugs are like that / narrator, Anita Bryant (1979, 16 min.) -- Reefer madness / producer, George A. Hirliman ; director, Louis Gasnier ; cast, Dorothy Short, Kenneth Craig, Lillian Miles, Dave O'Brien, Carleton Young, Thelma White (1938, 68 min.) -- Social seminar: Changing / National institute of Mental Health (1971, 28 min.) Dragnet: the big seventeen: Sgt. Joe Friday ferrets out the sordid details of what made a bunch of nice suburban kids go crazy and destroy a movie theater - you guessed it, it was reefer, of course! Drugs are like that: Florida orange juice spokeswoman and anti-gay activist Anita Bryant narrates this surrealistic film which in the process of presenting what is supposed to be anti-drug message by way of comparisons between drugs and other things in life unintentionally also produced a conciousness-bending drug culture camp favorite as well! Reefer madness: This infamous anti-drug film sensationalizing & demonizing the use of marijuana. Often referred to as a propaganda film, this spectacle is actually an attempt to cash in on a controversial topic of the day in the tradition of the exploitation film genre. Over time, it has become classic camp. In the film high school kids get hooked on marijuana, which leads to wild behavior, accidents and ultimately death and murder. Social seminar: Changing: A documentary investigating how the 60s youth struggled to find an identity in a world of contradictory roles, morals and values with special attention placed on deconstructing stereotypes such as hippie, hardhat, square, etc. Puts the drug question in perspective as it relates to adults and the total society. DVD 8613

Vol IV: Contents: Sinister menace [aka. Sinister harvest] / director, Dwain Esper (sd., 1932, 10 min.) -- Mystery of the leaping fish / director, John Emerson ; writer, Tod Browning ; with Douglas Fairbanks (si. with intertitles, 1916, 18 min.) -- The Narcotics story (aka. The dreaded persuasion) / Police Science Productions (1957, 75 min.) -- The Pusher / Social Service Pictures (sd., 1955, 16 min.) -- Untitled Western Movie serial, Chapter One: Weed of death [aka. Death weed] / with Yakima Canutt, Arthur Mackley (si. with intertitles, [193-?], 16 min.) Sinister menace: Extraordinary Dwain Esper production incorporating Egyptian newsreel footage documenting the smuggling, sale and use of narcotics in Egypt and that nation's distribution of these drugs to the world at large. Mystery of the leaping fish: The great Douglas Fairbanks appears in this improbable drug-induced fantasy about Detective Coke Ennyday and his delightfully confusing attempts to break up a smuggling ring and a loveless marriage while "hopped"-up, literally, on a variety of drugs. Narcotics story: That damnable corrupting establishment, the malt shop, is the venue through which the crumbling of the morals of America's youth occurs, no matter how nice the kids, no matter if the drug proferred is marijuana or any other, this film tells the whole story ... from the first "connection" to the "hooked" adult. A semi-documentary with classic period footage of police drug searches and surveillance/detective methods. The pusher: A wonderfully trashy slap-dash omnibus of excerpts from a variety of bogus anti-drug films, most notably from the film "Marihuana," presented as factual case histories, and strung together with a "moderator" whose over-the-top emoting throughout the film is the critical ingredient. Weed of death: An otherwise inexplicable feature which tells the incredible story of silent-era cowboys killing each other while stoned on reefers. Any other explanations can hardly do justice to just how weird this film is. DVD 8614

Animation Propaganda Education: 4 Stories to Live Life By and Learn.
Contents: Easy does it / Hugh Harman (1946) (25 min.) -- Winky the watchman / Hugh Harman (1946) (10 min.) -- Cleanliness brings health / U.S. Office of Inter-American Affairs ; Walt Disney Productions (1946) (16 min.) -- The Winged scourge / U.S. Office of Inter-American Affairs ; Walt Disney Productions (1944) (9 min.).

Four examples of animation propaganda from the '40's. Easy does it: A story about a beautiful daughter who sacrifices herself to the greedy banker to save her father's grocery store from bankruptcy. Intercut with promotional scenes to sell Stokely canned goods to grocery stores. Winky the Watchman: An animated cartoon dealing with the care of teeth. When Winky, a sleepy little watchman, fails to guard the wall--a set of teeth--much trouble ensues from the "Bad-uns" until the dentists come to the rescue. Cleanliness brings health: Using animation, shows how personal cleanliness, clean food, and safe disposal of excreta are first steps in protection against disease in the home. Compares the habits of a clean family with those of a careless family. Winged scourge: Shows the development of the Anopheles mosquito, carrier of the malaria germ. The Seven Dwarfs demonstrate the various methods from mosquito control. Video/C 999:2213

Beatnik Addicts
Contents: Drug addiction / Juvenile Protective Association of Chicago, Wieboldt Foundation ; producer, Hal Kopel (1951, 21 min.) -- Subject: Narcotics / Anti-Narcotic League of America ; directors, Denis and Terry Sanders (1951, 21 min.) -- The terrible truth (1951, 10 min.).

Drug addiction: Uses animated drawings to explain the derivation of various drugs and the harmful reactions of marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. Relates the story of a high school boy who tries heroin as an "experiment," steals in order to purchase more, and becomes a grave liability to society. Subject: Narcotics: Not intended for viewing by the general public, this film was produced for the use of police departments for orienting and training their officers on the issues of narcotic addiction and the social problems they present. Poignant and stark images throughout make it compelling viewing. The Terrible truth: Communicates the message that marijuana usage ultimately results in heroin addiction. The story gets told through the person of an innocent young girl who falls for the wrong kind of debonaire guy. DVD 2657

Bigot Songs [Sound recording]
Songs of bigotry and racial prejudice recorded in the United States between 1896 and 1919. Contents: 1896: All Coons look alike to me -- Darkies temptation -- 1898: Chin Chin Chinaman -- 1900: Coon band contest -- 1901: Every darky had a raglan on -- My little zulu -- The phrenologist coon -- Coon, coon, coon --Medley of plantation songs -- Minstrels, Pt. 1 -- Hu-la hu-la cake walk -- 1902: It was the Dutch -- Mick that sent the pick -- Loo Loo-oo, my dusky loo -- 1903: It takes the Irish to beat the Dutch -- Hiawatha -- Coon wedding in So. Ga. -- I'm getting quite American, Don't you know -- Parody on 'Hiawatha' -- 1904: Navajo -- Old Black Joe -- Hebrew vaudeville -- Georgia minstrels -- California minstrels -- Darkies' awakening -- 1905: Me an' de minstrel band -- My Irish maid -- There's a dark man coming with a bundle -- New parsons at the Darktown Church -- It's allus de same in Dixie -- Coon band contest -- Heinie. 1906: Cheyenne (Shy Ann) -- Original Cohens -- Happy German twins -- 1907: If the man in the moon were a coon -- Bullfrog and the coon -- 1908: Down in the jungle -- Old Black Joe -- Over on the Jersey side -- Heinie waltzed round on his hickory limb -- 1909: An Irish-Dutch argument -- Flanagan at the vocal teacher's -- 1910: Oh, how that German could love! -- 1915: Old Black Joe -- 1916: My dreamy China lady -- 1917: Mammy's little coal black Rose -- 1918: Dark town strutter's ball -- Oriental 112 -- Colored recruits -- 1919: O death, where is thy sting? -- [No date]: Ghost of the banjo coon -- Preacher and the bear -- Eve cost Adam just one bone -- Turkey in de straw -- Here's my friend -- Bake dat chicken pie -- When that little yellow fellow plays piano -- Little Alabama coon -- Positively Mr. Gallagher, absolutley Mr. Sheehan -- Having the liar's contest -- High tone mama -- Two black crows -- Short stories by Frank Bush (Ethnic jokes) -- Pickaninny's paradise -- Argentines, the portuguese and the Greeks -- I got mine -- Run nigger run. Performers: Len Spencer, S. H. Dudley, James T. Powers, Arthur Collins, Byron G. Harlan, Bert Williams, Edward Favor, Billy Murray, Harry Macdonough, Ada Jones, Steve Porter, Ed Gallagher, Frank Bush, the Sousa Band, Duncan Sisters, Skillet Lickers. Sound/D 248

The Birds and the Bees: 60 years of British Sex Education Films
From the earliest-known example, "Whatsoever a man soweth" (1917) to the comical, but ultimately serious, "'Ave you got a male assistant, please miss?" (1973), this unique anthology of 16 key titles takes in almost 60 years of British sex education film. Includes WWI warnings to soldiers of the potential dangers of cavorting with loose women in London's West End, puberty pep-talks for girls and scare stories to deter unwanted teenage pregnancies. Contents: Disc 1: 1917-1938. Whatsoever a man soweth (1917, 38 min.) -- Any evening after work (1930, 27 min.) -- How to tell (1931, 21 min.) -- Mystery of marriage (1932, 32 min.)-- Trial for marriage (1936, 28 min.) -- A Test for love (1937, 28 min.) -- The Road of health (1938, 11 min.) -- Disc 2: 1940-1973. Love on leave (1940, 33 min.) -- Six little jungle boys (1945, 9 min.) -- The People at Number 19 (1949, 17 min.) -- Growing girls (1949, 12 min.) -- Learning to live (1964, 19 min.) -- Her name was Ellie, His name was Lyle (1967, 28 min.) -- Growing up (1971, 23 min.) -- Don't be like Brenda (1973, 18 min.) -- 'Ave you got a male assistant please? (1973, 4 min.) DVD X6260

Boys Beware!
A film produced in the 1960's warning children against homosexuals, claiming that they are pedophiles preying on young school children. A police officer explains the many techniques homosexuals (sexual predators) may use on children such as praise, companionship, money, presents and becoming over personal to win over a child's trust. 1961. 10 min. DVD 8290

Brink of Disaster
A fantasy story about a student and Vietnam veteran who defends a university library against a night attack by radicals bent on destroying its collections. Initially in league with the "radicals" he decides to reject their cause after his patriotic ancestors return to haunt him and a history professor explains he's become an unwitting dupe of a communist conspiracy to undermine American society. [Earlier version known as "Tragedy or Hope."] From: Internet Moving Image Archive. DVD X450; DVD 4460; DVD 8567; DVD 2655

Part I
Part II

Cartoon$ Make a Mint
Five of John Sutherland's classic economic/industrial information films. Contents: Meet King Joe (1949, 10 min.) -- It's everybody's business (1954, 20 min.) -- Going places (1948, 9 min.) -- Make mine freedom (1948, 10 min.) -- Leap frog (aka. Why play leap frog?) (1949, 9 min.).

Meet King Joe: This animated feature presents "King Joe, " as the average American working man who, by virtue of his high wages and short hours, is king of the world's workers. It's everybody's business: Animated film depicting employees and employee rights and the spirit of free enterprise in America. Consumerism, advertising and taxation are covered. Going places: This animated film depicts the growth of business and industry and its effects on the community. Supply and demand, profits and employee working conditions are explored. Make mine freedom: A salesman tries to sell the snake oil of "Ism" to characters emblematic of the four commercial interests of this country: management, labor, politicians and farmers. John Q. Public objects when this "Ism" is taken at face value, and illustrates what would happen to America if we signed over our freedom for all the good things [totalitarian]"Ism" offers. Leap frog: King Joe gets an education on how much material costs really are: not simply the raw material costs, but the cost of labor. The solution to the rising cost of labor is productivity improvement, which gives Joe a brainstorm, his boss a proposal, investors an opportunity and lower prices with higher wages for all!. 58 min. DVD 2650

Christian Youth Scare Films.
Protestant films produced in the 1950's to educate American youth about commitment to their faith.

Volume 1: Teenage Conflict: Two youths become so taken with scientific theories that they begin to question their faith. Their parents and their church youth group are very concerned. Teenage witness: Terry, a die-hard Christian, is teased for his beliefs. But when a boy asks Terry to teach him about door locks for a questionable motive, Terry presents him with a key to an entirely new way of life. Teenage code: Should Bill listen to Joe and cheat on the history exam, or realize that no good Christian should let down his school work, expecting God to come to the rescue? 101 min. Video/C 6003

Volume 2: Teenager's Choice: A young teenage couple decides to postpone their marriage after listening to advice from their parents and church. Teenage Christmas: Teenagers are busy putting together an outdoor nativity scene when they rudely brush aside two kids who pester them. The children return to wreck the display, but the true meaning of Christmas mends the rift. Teenage loyalty: Jean, an active, outgoing church youth takes on too many new interests that shift her attention from the church. Because of her neglect, a youth meeting goes awry and she realizes that her first loyalty has to be to the Lord. The Right start: a young boy steals a clock from a store but reforms after becoming involved in a police baseball league. 114 min. Video/C 6004

Volume 3: Teenage Testament: Roy, who works in a small restaurant which is the local teen hang-out, takes a lot of ribbing for his beliefs and is forced to stand up for his convictions. Teenage challenge: Dave writes an essay for the school contest about the importance of finding God's will for his own life which causes quite a controversy. Teenage crusade: Church youths plan a "get acquainted" jalopy raid but when some "bad eggs" attempt to bust up the party, the Christian crusaders meet the problem with sincerity and friendliness. The Red trap: A film designed to expose the subtle methods which Communist agents use to capture the minds and hearts of young people. 114 min. Video/C 6005

Classic Sex Education Films. Disc 1.
As boys grow (1957, 16 min.) -- Human reproduction (1947, 21 min.) -- Social sex attitudes in adolescence (1953, 23 min.) -- Physical aspects of puberty (1953, 18 min.) -- In the beginning (1937, 16 min.) -- Your body during adolescence (1955, 11 min.). As boys grow: A track and field coach takes time after practice to explain to the team all about the birds & the bees. Discussed are the various types and speeds of male development, noctural emissions, masturbation and sex. Human reproduction: Released in 1947, this grandaddy of all American sex education films launched a major controversy throughout America upon its release over the legitimacy of sex education in schools. The film concentrates on presenting detailed information and illustrations of human sexual reproductive physiology. Social sex attitudes in adolescence: Discusses the development of the teenager's understanding of the meaning of sex. Depicts the case of a boy and a girl during their adolescent experience which culminates in their marriage. Shows how, as children, they were given sex education in the home; how they became increasingly aware of the opposite sex; their dating of boys and girls to form an idea of the kind of person they wanted to marry; how they handled such problems as petting; and how they finally met, discovered and shared their common interests, fell in love, and married. Physical aspects of puberty: Depicts Johnny and Janey during "the in-between period of adolescence." Using animated diagrams, the development of the primary (reproductive) and secondary (body hair and physical development) sex characteristics in males and females is analyzed. In the beginning: Takes on the subject of evolution with a sensible exposition of the commonalities of mammalian reproduction. Your body during adolescence: Outlines what changes boys and girls will go through due to the activities of the seven glands that govern the growth of maturing adolescents. DVD 9733

Classic Sex Education Films. Disc 2.
Girls beware (1961, 10 min.) -- Boys beware (1961, 10 min.) -- Sex madness / produced and directed by Dwain Esper (1938, 52 min.) -- To the people of the United States / produced by Walter Wanger ; directed by Arthur Lubin ; cast, Jean Hersholt, Robert Mitchum, Noah Berry, Jr. (1944, 21 min.) -- Molly grows up (1953, 14 min.) Girls beware: Classic women are victims film. It teaches young girl how to avoid getting picked up by men. In four case histories, the dangers of girls' falling prey to molesters is shown. Describes baby-sitting do's and don'ts and girl pick-up situations. Boys beware: A film warning children against homosexuals, claiming that they are pedophiles preying on young school children. A police officer explains the many techniques homosexuals (sexual predators) may use on children such as praise, companionship, money, presents and becoming over personal to win over a child's trust. Sex madness: The evils of loose living and "unbridled lust" in promoting syphilis are detailed in campy, overacted vignettes. The danger of consulting quacks for quick cures and the importance of getting competent medical help are melodramatically underscored. One of the first films from the 1930s that pushed the norms by discussing lesbians and STD's. To the people of the United States: This film stresses the intensity of the problem of syphilis by numbers of cases and cost in dollars and heartaches. Shown are the importance and relative ease of detection and cure, and a comparison to Denmark's syphilis program. Features a young Robert Mitchum in a dramatized sequence in the role of a soldier. Molly grows up: When Molly has her first period Mom's there to explain everything. Even still, the school nurse explains the details to Molly and the rest of her female classmates on such issues as the menstrual cycle and other physical manifestations of puberty. DVD 9733

Classroom Scare Films
Videocassette release of motion pictures originally produced in the 1960's.

Volume 1: Drug Horrors: Six film classics which detail the horrors of drug use and drug addiction by focusing on the physiological, psychological and social effects of drug abuse. Produced during the drug scare of the late 1960s and early 1970s, these films -- designed by parents, educators, and corporate sponsors -- were intended to scare American teenagers away from "getting high". Contents: Weed (25 min.); Ups/downs (21 min.); 4 untitled films concerning the dangers of prescription drugs, alcohol, marihuana and heroin (78 min.) 124 min. Video/C 6006

Volume 2: Health Horrors: "If it could kill, cripple, disfigure, or just plain embarrass you, you'll probably find it in at least one of these classic hygiene scare films!" Created to educate children and high school youth these films cover such issues as venereal diseases, the diagnosis of scoliosis in school children, the health effects of cigarette smoke, the use and abuse of alcohol and drugs, and dental care. Contents: VD: truths and consequences (28 min.); [Syphilis] (12 min.); Scoliosis (15 min.); Smoking: its your choice (15 min.); Alcohol: how much is too much? (10 min.); Flossing and brushing (7 min.); Your mouth (15 min.); Drugs: use or abuse? (9 min.) 112 min. Video/C 6007

Colonial Africa: Films from British Central Africa, 1940s-1960s.
Short feature films, comedies and documentary films produced in British Central Africa from the 1940s to 1960. Contents: l. Lux toilet soap commercial (Container title: Mary's lucky day) (b&w, si. with music, 11 min) -- 2. The box / Central African Film Unit (1948, col., si., 22 min.) -- 3. New acres / Central African Film Unit ; director, Henry Berriff ; producer, Dick Rayner (b&w, sd., 14 min.) -- 4. We were primitive / Southern Rhodesia Information Service (1947, b&w, sd, 19 min.) -- 5. Five messengers / Central African Film Unit (1948, col., si., 31 min.) -- 6. Freedom from fear / Central African Film Unit (1960, b&w, sd., 15 min.) -- 7. Rhodesia and Nyasaland news / Central African Film Unit (b&w, sd., 10 min.). 122 min. Video/C 8162

Corporation with a Movie Camera
A compilation of old U.S. corporate promotional and advertising films dating from the 1920s designed to illustrate how perceptions of Third World Countries are shaped by the modern media. It interweaves excerpts from corporate sponsored films such as "Sumatra, Island of yesterday" (Goodyear Tire and and "Assignment Venezuela" (Creole Petroleum Corp.) with literary texts, poetry and dramatic segments to show how public relations media functions in the creation of culture mythology. 1992. 34 min. Video/C 6921

Counter Culture Films.

Vol 1. Brink of disaster ( 1972, 29 min.) -- Chiefs (1968, 20 min.) -- Coffee house rendezvous / The Coffee Institute (1969, 26 min.) -- Greenwich Village Sunday (aka. Village Sunday) / Stewart Wilensky ; narrator, Jean Shepherd (1960, 13 min.) -- Social seminar: changing (1971, 28 min.) -- Tragedy or hope? / presented by the National Education Program ; a Jerry Fairbanks production (1972, 24 min). Cast (Tragedy or hope?): Ed Nelson, Gary Crabbe. (Greenwich Village Sunday): Larry Jaffe, Ted Joans. Brink of disaster: Brink of disaster: A fantasy story about a student and Vietnam veteran who defends a university library against a night attack by radicals bent on destroying its collections. Initially in league with the "radicals" he decides to reject their cause after his patriotic ancestors return to haunt him and a history professor explains he's become an unwitting dupe of a communist conspiracy to undermine American society. Reissued in the same year in a revised version under the title: Tragedy or hope? Chiefs: Director Richard Leacock's documentation of the 1968 Police Chiefs Convention held in Hawaii where attention was focused on the means and weapons of crowd control in reaction to the youth, anti-war and other political movements whose protests were sweeping the country at that time, fortified with speeches denouncing these movements and shoring up morale in support of their own actions against them. Coffee house rendezvous: The Coffee Institute gives its self-interested take on how coffee houses served as engines of social revolution -- sort of -- during the 1960s. Greenwich Village Sunday: An entertaining film filled with sound effects, music and colorful sights of Greenwich Village on a Sunday in 1960. The circle is filled with people and there are dozens of places where one can hear good jazz, listen to poetry, have a cup of espresso or browse book stalls. Social seminar: Changing: A documentary film produced by the National Institute of Mental Health, investigating how the 60s youth struggled to find an identity in a world of contradictory roles, morals and values with special attention placed on deconstructing stereotypes such as hippie, hardhat, square, etc. Puts the drug question in perspective as it relates to adults and the total society. Tragedy or hope? Revised version of the film "Brink of disaster" reissued in the same year and included on this DVD. DVD 8567

Vol 2. San Francisco Good Times ( 1977, 58 min.) -- The seasons change (1968, 45 min.) San Francisco Good Times: As the Vietnam war dragged on and Richard Nixon was elected to his first term as President, a group of people in San Francisco began publishing an "underground" newspaper called the San Francisco Good Times in the belief that out of the ferment of dissent a new community based on new ways of living and cooperation was taking shape. The paper was to be the voice of this community and a motive force in its creation. This film is a chronicle of people who worked on the paper and events they lived through and covered. The people who worked together to produce the paper went on to form a commune. In November 1972 the Good Times commune stopped publishing the newspaper. Highlights include a Black Panther demonstration in support of Huey Newton; stills of public nudity and marijuana smoking; an interview with Bill Graham; outtake from the song "Sweet Marijuana"; Pete Townsend of "The Who" interview; the "People's Park" land squatting experiment that ended in armed confrontation; herbiculture; astrological column written by The Berkeley Astrology Guild; performance outtakes from The Floating Lotus Opera Company; interview with Timothy Leary; the formation of the Good Times commune ; San Francisco street life & happenings; members of Good Times arrested and put in prison; and more. Seasons change: A film detailing the truth about what a federal court judge ruled was "a police riot" in the city of Chicago during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Includes accounts of perjured testimony of policeman regarding innocent arrested citizens; harrassment of delegates by policeman; racially motivated police brutality; accounts by Rennie Davis, leader of the National Mobilization Committee; an account by poet Allen Ginsberg; an account by Tom Hayden, leader of the Students For A Democratic Society; acts of random and unprovoked violence by the police in bars, hotels and upon cripples; accounts by a speechwriter and aide to Senator McCarthy; CBS news coverage outtakes including convention footage, the roughing-up of Dan Rather on the convention floor during a broadcast, anchoring and interviews by Walter Cronkite and more; an account by comedian and political activist Dick Gregory; police beating of newsmen covering the convention; an account by British Parliament member Anna Kerr who was an innocent bystander who was brutalized, arrested and maced before TV cameras; various accounts by Mayor Daley; the violent assaults upon demonstrators in Lincoln Park and in front of the convention center; and more. DVD 8568

Vol 3. The Hippie temptation ( 1967, col., 50 min.) / CBS News-- The homosexuals (1966, b&w, 44 min.) / CBS Reports -- Boys beware (ca. 1961, b&w, 10 min.) / Sid Davis Productions [in conjunction with] The Inglewood Police Department. Hippie temptation: A CBS News presentation that manages a balancing act between a sober critical analysis of the idealistic and sometime naive youth revolution centered in Haight-Asbury and a cynical and culturally bigoted dismissal of the values of this subculture that challenged this very same cynicism and bigotry. Contains period film footage of life in the "Haight," the geographic location most credited with the genesis of the psychedelic movement, some dualistically troubling footage of drug abuse and psychiatric treatment, and a special focus on the band whose home was considered to be the "city hall" of the subculture, The Grateful Dead, who not only give eloquent voice to the values of this new society but who also evince their principles with a free performance at Golden Gate Park. The homosexuals: A CBS Reports program that underscores the difference between modern (1966) sexual morals and those of the dominant culture. Mike Wallace attempts to give even-handed treatment to a subject very much taboo at the time by concluding that homosexuality is most probably a disease, mainly a male phenomenon, involving those incapable of maintaining deep and long lasting relationships. Gore Vidal makes an appearance and sounds a modern tone in the depths of this 40-year old stopped time piece, but his insights and observations are cut into pieces amidst much broader coverage of insistent anti-homosexual psychologists on the one hand and shadowy interviews with male homosexuals. A media history landmark produced in the same New York City that three years later saw the Stonewall riots that began the modern era of gay power activism. Boys beware: A film produced in the 1960's warning children against homosexuals, claiming that they are pedophiles preying on young school children. A police officer explains the many techniques homosexuals (sexual predators) may use on children such as praise, companionship, money, presents and becoming over personal to win over a child's trust. DVD 8569

Culture Counter Culture
Contents: Coffee house rendezvous / The Coffee Institute (1969, 26 min.) -- Greenwich Village Sunday (aka. Village Sunday) / Stewart Wilensky ; narrator, Jean Shepherd (1960, 13 min.) -- Tragedy or hope? / presented by the National Education Program ; a Jerry Fairbanks production (1972, 24 min).

Coffee house rendezvous: The Coffee Institute gives its self-interested take on how coffee houses served as engines of social revolution -- sort of -- during the 1960s. Greenwich Village Sunday: An entertaining film filled with sound effects, music and colorful sights of Greenwich Village on a Sunday in 1960. The circle is filled with people and there are dozens of places where one can hear good jazz, listen to poetry, have a cup of espresso or browse book stalls. Tragedy or hope? A fantasy story about a student and Vietnam veteran who defends a university library against a night attack by radicals bent on destroying its collections. Initially in league with the "radicals" he decides to reject their cause after his patriotic ancestors return to haunt him and a history professor explains he's become an unwitting dupe of a communist conspiracy to undermine American society. Reissued in the same year in a revised version under the title: Brink of disaster [also available online] DVD 2658

A Date with Your Family
Advises children to do whatever is necessary -- even lie -- to achieve harmonious family relations. This portrait of manners among the affluent places a premium on pleasant, unemotional behavior, and contains some interesting do's and don'ts sequences. Key line: "These boys treat their dad as though they were genuinely glad to see him, as though they really missed him..." Director: Edward C. Simmel. Cinematography: Harry F. Burrell. Script: Arthur V. Jones. Editor: Miriam Bucher. With Ralph Hodges ("Son"). 1950. DVD 4837; DVD 4452

View it online

Archival footage supplied by the Internet Moving Images Archive (at www.archive.org)

Drug Abuse: The Chemical Tomb
The dangers of drug use by teenagers are illustrated by showing how well-dressed, happy teens are turned into slovenly, long-haired, drug-addled potheads who don't know that, according to the film's drug expert, "in high dosages, it [marijuana] parallels LSD." 1968. DVD X5232; also included on DVD 8611

Drug Propaganda and Satire Compilation.
Four early films warning of the evils of drug abuse. Mystery of the Leaping Fish (Director, John Emerson; writer, Tod Browning; with Douglas Fairbanks; silent with intertitles, 1916, 18 min.): A silent drama in which a cocaine-using "scientific detective," catches a gang of opium smugglers. Sinister Menace [aka. Sinister harvest] Director, Dwain Esper; sd., 1930, 10 min.): An early "shockumentary," shot in Egypt, which shows the interiors of drug dens and documents the habits of opium addicts. Weed of Death [aka. Death weed] (With Yakima Canutt, Arthur Mackley; silent with intertitles, [193-?], 16 min.): An early silent film in which a marihuana addicted cowboy causes death and disaster on a cattle ranch. The Pusher (Social Service Pictures; sd., 1955, 16 min.): A documentary showing re-enacted case histories of victims of drug addiction taken from the files of narcotic enforcement agencies. [2000?] 60 min. Video/C 7818

Eclipse of Reason.
Introduced by Charlton Heston. Documents the intra-uterine life of a male fetus at 5 months of age. Images of a late abortion are then shown. Takes a pro-life position. 27 min. Video/C 3095

The Educational Archives, 1: Sex & Drugs
Contents: LSD: Insight or insanity? -- It's wonderful being a girl -- Narcotics: Pit of despair -- LSD: Case study -- Marijuana (with Sonny Bono). A collection of sex education and drug prevention films shown in public schools, ranging in date from the late 1940s to the early 1970s. Learn all about the dangers of marijuana, the perils of heavy petting, the difference between boys and girls and the joys of menstruation. 120 min. DVD 1002

The Educational Archives. More Sex & Drugs
Contents: Drugs are like that -- The innocent party -- Keep off the grass -- Red light, green light -- Alcohol is dynamite -- Parent to child about sex -- Drug effects -- Sally -- Focus on LSD -- Girls beware -- Sudden birth. Collection of films shown in public schools from 1945-1970, concerning sex education and drug use prevention. 180 min. DVD 2747

The Educational Archives: Patriotism
Collection of films concerning patriotism originally produced between 1945-1976 to be shown in public schools. Despotism (1945, 10 min.) -- The great rights (1963, 13 min.) -- A day of thanksgiving (1951, 12 min.) -- Patriotism / with Bob Crane (1972, 9 min.) -- Duck and cover (1951, 9 min.) -- You can change the world / with Jack Benny, Bob Hope (1952, 28 min.) -- 200 (1976, 3 min.) -- Getting ready emotionally (1951, 11 min.) -- How we got what we have (1950, 22 min.) -- Freedom comes high (1944, 13 min.) -- Mission, sonic boom (1959, 10 min.) -- Red nightmare (1962, 29 min.) -- The pledge of allegiance (1972, 8 min.). DVD 6985

The Educational Archives: Religion
Collection of films concerning religion originally produced between the 1940s and 1970s to be shown in public schools. The door to Heaven -- Carnivorous plants -- Atomic energy can be a blessing -- Stalked -- Turn the other cheek -- Of Heaven and home -- Getting ready morally -- New doorways to learning -- Teenage challenge -- Youth suicide fantasy. 480 min. DVD 6986

The Educational Archives, 2: Social Engineering 101
Contents: Lunchroom manners -- Soapy the germ fighter -- The outsider -- Why doesn't Cathy eat breakfast? -- Shy guy. A collection of social guidance and etiquette films shown in public schools, ranging in date from the late 1940s to the early 1970s. Discover how to fit in, keep clean, choose between right and wrong, and behave yourself in the cafeteria. 120 min. DVD 1003

The Educational Archives. Social Engineering 201
Skipper learns a lesson -- What to do on a date -- The self-image film -- Social acceptability -- Good health practices -- Understanding others -- Kitty cleans up -- The cautious twins -- Your junior high days -- Buying food -- Each child is different -- It must be the neighbors. Collection of social guidance and etiquette do's and don'ts films, ranging from the late 1940's to the early 1970's, shown in American public schools. 180 min. DVD 2748

The Educational Archives, 3: Drivers Ed.
A collection of driver's safety films, ranging in date from the late 1940s to the early 1980s. As state governments required drivers be licensed and educational programs provided to students, films were used to teach the basics and laws of driving. This is a presentation of films shown in driver's education classes all over the United States. Contents: Tomorrow's drivers / Jimmy Stewart, narrator -- Joy ride -- Alco beat -- The bottle & the throttle -- The talking car -- The last prom -- Safety belt for Susie -- I like bikes, but ... -- Highball highway -- The crossroads crash. 120 min. DVD 1740

Smith, Jillian "Tolerating the Intolerable, Enduring the Unendurable: Representing the Accident in Driver's Education Films." Postmodern Culture, Volume 19, Number 1, September 2008 UC users only

The Educational Archives, 4: On the Job
A collection of job training and safety films ranging in date from the late 1940s to the early 1980's. One of the expected duties of our public education system is to crank out model citizens ready and willing to take their place in the great society of work. These industrial and educational films have been used to graphically illustrate the hazards of the workplace and needed management skills to hundreds of people in schools and businesses. 120 min. DVD 1741

Ephemeral Films.

Internet Moving Images Archive (Prelinger Archive)

To New Horizons: Ephemeral Films, 1931-1945. Clips from 19 rarely-seen motion pictures, leftovers from the golden age of American industry. Video/D 20

Contents: In my merry Oldsmobile (1931) -- Master hands (1936) -- We drivers (1936) -- Chevrolet leader news (1936) -- Relax (1937) -- Precisely so (1937) -- Extra (1938) -- Breakfast pals (1938) -- Three smart daughters (1938) -- Oxydol goes into high (1938) -- 'Round and 'round (1939) -- Back of the mike (1939) -- Leave it to Roll-oh (1940) -- Home movies (1940) -- To new horizons (1940) -- Let yourself go (1940) -- Magic in the air (1941) -- To market, to market (1942) -- News sketches by Max Fleischer (1944/45). DVD 7462 [preservation copy]

You Can't Get There From Here: Ephemeral Films, 1946-1960. Clips from 19 rarely-seen motion pictures, leftovers from the golden age of American consumerism. Video/D 21

Contents: A report to home builders (1946) -- Shy guy (1947) -- Are you popular? (1947) -- Technicolor for industrial films (1949) -- Meet King Joe (1949) -- Dating: do's and dont's (1949) -- The last date (1950) -- A date with your family (1950) -- Treasures for the making (1951) -- What to do on a date (1951) -- A young man's fancy (1952) -- Ike for president (1952) -- Mother takes a holiday (1952)-- Sniffles and sneezes (1955) -- Two-Ford freedom (1956) -- Design for dreaming (1956) -- The relaxed wife (1957) -- American look (1958) -- A wonderful new world of Fords (1960). DVD 7125 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 9299[preservation copy]; Videodisc Video/D 21

View Design for Dreaming Online Video

View Two-Ford Freedom online

View a clip from The Relaxed Wife online

The Gay Agenda
Documentary film presenting opinions of doctors, scholars and recovered gay men on the gay liberation movement and the damaging effects of the homosexual agenda on American culture. 20 min. Video/C 3281

Gay Rights, Special Rights: Inside the Homosexual Agenda
Expose by the Southern Baptist Convention concerning the perceived threat of the Gay Rights Movement to moral values and civil liberties of American citizens. Includes testimonies by recovered gay men and lesbians who have repudiated the gay lifestyle to become Christians.
Citizens United for the Preservation of Civil Rights. Hemet, CA: Jeremiah Films, Inc. ; Nashville, Tenn.: The Christian Life Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention [distributor], c1993. 50 min. Video/C 2729

The Generation Gap
Contents: Brink of disaster / presented by the National Education Program ; a Jerry Fairbanks production (1972, 29 min) -- Changing / National Institute of Mental Health (1971, 28 min.).

Brink of disaster: A fantasy story about a student and Vietnam veteran who defends a university library against a night attack by radicals bent on destroying its collections. Initially in league with the "radicals" he decides to reject their cause after his patriotic ancestors return to haunt him and a history professor explains he's become an unwitting dupe of a communist conspiracy to undermine American society. Reissued in the same year in a revised version under the title: Tragedy or hope? Changing: A documentary film produced by the National Institute of Mental Health, investigating how the 60s youth struggled to find an identity in a world of contradictory roles, morals and values with special attention placed on deconstructing stereotypes such as hippie, hardhat, square, etc. Puts the drug question in perspective as it relates to adults and the total society. DVD 2655

Grass
Utilizing hilarious footage from U.S. Government propaganda films produced between the 1930's to 1960's and animation from underground artist Paul Mavrides, "Grass" blows the lid off the war on marijuana. With warnings of users becoming sex-crazed, these pressed official reports have molded government policy (and a multimillion dollar war) against this "assassin of youth." Produced and directed by Ron Mann 2002. 80 min. DVD 1278

Hard Truth.
A Christian pro-life group's take on the abortion issue. Text accompanies. 9 min. Video/C 3096

Hell House
Just outside of Dallas, Texas a violent haunted house is serving as the pulpit for a modern-day fire and brimstone sermon. Taking the viewer behind the scenes, this documentary examines why this small town church has resorted to such graphic means of saving souls. These houses don't rely on goblins, but instead they recreate scenes that graphically depict such modern-day evils as botched abortions, AIDS-related deaths, fatal drunk driving crashes, date rapes and drug-induced suicides. Special features: The Devil made me do it, George Ratliff's 1999 documentary short, the basis for Hell House ; This American life public radio broadcast about Hell House, hosted by Ira Glass ; Trinity Church's "Academy Awards" ceremony. Directed by George Ratliff. c2003. 86 min. DVD 1774

Stuart, Jan. "Bigotry and brimstone: a new documentary takes us inside Hell House, a Halloween creep show designed to scare kids away from "sins" like homosexuality." The Advocate July 23, 2002 p61(1) (580 words) UC Berkeley users only

Hell's Highway: The True Story of Highway Safety Films
A look at the graphic, sometimes violent and gruesome driver's education films that were produced between 1959 and 1979 by a small group in Mansfield, Ohio. The films promoted safety by showing color footage of the consequences of reckless driving. Special features: Three complete driver's ed shorts, excerpts from fifteen shocking classroom films, deleted scenes (14 min.), two theatrical trainers, picture gallery. 91 min. DVD 2210
Smith, Jillian "Tolerating the Intolerable, Enduring the Unendurable: Representing the Accident in Driver's Education Films." Postmodern Culture, Volume 19, Number 1, September 2008 UC users only

The Hippie Temptation
Hippie Temptation is a study of the lifestyle of hippies in San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district (narrated by Harry Reasoner looking like he's about to explode!). Explores the reasons why young people become hippies and the great dependence of the hippie culture on drugs, especially their experimentation with LSD. Includes an interview and performance with a young, obscur erock group, The Grateful Dead. Dream Flower is an educational film which examines the cultivation of opium poppys and how the sap is made into drugs. A funk classics! 60 min. Video/C 3564

Hippie Addicts
Contents: Drug abuse: the chemical tomb / producer, Film Distributors International ; writer, director, Alan Kishbaugh (1969, 19 min.) -- Narcotics: pit of despair / producer, Film Distributors International (1967, 27 min.).

Drug abuse: the chemical tomb: The dangers of drug use by teenagers are illustrated by showing how well-dressed, happy teens are turned into slovenly, long-haired, drug-addled potheads who don't know that, according to the film's drug expert, "in high dosages, it [marijuana] parallels LSD.". Narcotics: pit of despair: Considered by many to be the greatest of all anti-drug films, tells the story of a good boy gone bad. John, a clean-cut high school senior, is targeted by Pete, a low-life drug dealer, as his next victim. Inviting John to a party, Pete tells him to "blast off for Kicksville" by smoking a joint. John proceeds to do just that and is immediately turned into a marijuana addict, who shortly starts shooting up heroin. DVD 2656

Historic Travel U.S.: Learning to Live in California.
With a focus on life in post-WWII California, provides a rare opportunity to examine some of the films that were produced in an effort to guide, motivate and educate people on a wide range of subjects from road safety to social issues. Includes a 1931 tour of Oakland, a look at the local transit Key System, the conditions of African Americans in Los Angeles in 1971, films on the Bracero farm labor program, an educational film against exposure of young boys to homosexuals and more. See America first [Oakland] / host, Kay Gordon (1931, 16 min.) -- March of progress [Key System] / Key System Transit Company (1945, 21 min.) -- When you are a pedestrian [Oakland] / produced by Progressive Pictures (1948, 10 min.) -- Teddy / National Institute of Mental Health (1971, 16 min.) -- Freedom of the American road / with Henry Ford II ; sponsored by Ford Motor Company (1955, 16 min.) -- Why Braceros? / Council of California Growers (1959, 19 min.) -- Boys beware / produced by Sid Davis (1961, 10 min.) DVD 4845

How to Be a Man: Instructions for Proper Male Behavior from Classroom Films of the 1940s-'70s
For centuries, parents have struggled to usher their children through the often treacherous journey to adulthood. In America, a new form of tutelage was engineered: the classroom film. Suddenly, the prickly issues of sexual development and juvenile delinquency could by addressed. These films helped to deal with the subtleties of behavior and the importance of fitting in. Topics covered include coping with failure and teasing. Contents: Fears of children / International Film Foundation (1951 ; b&w ; 27 min.) -- Am I trustworthy? / Coronet (1950 ; b&w ; 10 min.) -- Act your age / Coronet (1949 ; b&w ; 12 min.) -- The Other fellow's feelings / Centron (1951 ; b&w ; 8 min.) -- Your body during adolescence / McGraw-Hill (1954 ; b&w ; 11 min.) -- The Show-off / Centron (1954 ; b&w ; 11 min.) -- Planning for success / Coronet (1950 ; b&w ; 10 min.) -- Moment of decision / Sid Davis Prods. (1961 ; col. ; 10 min.) -- Car theft / Bray-Mar (1956 ; b&w ; 14 min.) -- Dance, little children / Centron (1961 ; col. 25 min.) -- The Decision is yours / Calvin Productions (1970 ; col. ; 30 min.). 183 min. DVD X2291

How to Be a Woman: Instructions for Proper Female Behavior from Classroom Films of the 1940s-'70s
As the daughters of the baby boom reached adolescence, the American school system struggled to educate them on matters of sexual and social development. For teachers, classroom films about such topics were considered a godsend. They depicted the reproductive system in anatomical detail or through puzzling symbolism. Beyond sex education, classroom films addressed a wide array of social issues, from the importance of cooking skills to self-defense and how to appear more pleasing to others. You're growing up / Bailey Films (1955 ; col. ; 10 min.) -- The Wonders of reproduction / Moody Institute (1958 ; col. ; 11 min.) -- Let's make a sandwich / American Gas Assoc. (1950 ; col. ; 4 min.) -- Why study home economics? / Centron (1955 ; b&w ; 10 min.) -- As others see us / Social Science Films (1953 ; col. ; 10 min.) -- Growing girls / Film Producers Guild (1949 ; b&w ; 12 min.) -- Improve your personality / Coronet (1951 ; b&w ; 10 min.) -- Pattern for smartness / Hartley Productions (1948 ; col. ; 18 min.) -- Girls are better than ever / Douglas Film Ind. (1967 ; col. ; 13 min.) -- You're the judge / Crisco (1960s ; col. ; 18 min.) -- Worth waiting for / Brigham Young University (1962 ; col. ; 27 min.) -- Saying no: a few words to young women about sex / Crommie & Crommie (1982 ; col. ; 16 min.) -- Attack / Taft Broadcasting (1966 ; b&w ; 14 min.). 195 min. DVD X2292

The Joy of Sex Education
Anthology of sixteen sex education films made in Great Britain taking in almost 60 years of British sex education. All matters, unmentionable or otherwise, are dealt with here, from WW1 warnings to soldiers of the potential dangers of cavorting with loose women in London’s West End, to puberty pep-talks for girls and scare stories to deter unwanted teenage pregnancies. Contents: Disc 1. The joy of sex, 1917-1938 -- Whatsoever a man soweth (1917, 38 min.) -- Any evening after work (1930, 27 min.) -- How to tell (1931, 21 min.) -- The Mystery of marriage (1932, 32 min.) -- Trial for marriage (1936, 28 min.) -- A Test for love (1937, 28 min.) -- The Road of health (1938, 11 min.) Disc 2. The joy of sex, 1940-1973 -- Love on leave (1940, 33 min.) -- Six little jungle boys (1945, 9 min.) -- The People at no 19 (1949, 17 min.) -- Growing girls (1949, 12 min.) -- Learning to live (1964, 19 min.) -- Her name was Ellie, his name was Lyle (1967, 28 min.) -- Growing up (1971, 23 min.) -- Don't be like Brenda (1973, 8 min.) -- 'Ave you got a male assistant please miss? (1973, 4 min.). DVD X1682

Juvenile Delinquency Films
Contents: Ask me, don't tell me / American Friends Service Committee (1961, 21 min.) -- Boy in court / National Probation and Parole Association (1940, 10 min.) -- Boy with a knife / Los Angeles Community Chest (1956, 19 min.) -- Why vandalism? / producer, Hal Kopel (1955, 16 min.).

Ask me, don't tell me: San Francisco gangland is the subject here. Includes a survey of the sad, violent and hopeless world these youngsters live in, the turf fights they inevitably engage in and the punishments the law ultimately metes to them. Also shows several work projects for unemployed teenagers as a preventative measure to juvenile delinquency. Boy in court: Details the operations of the juvenile court when a 15-year old boy is brought before it for stealing a car. Follows him through his sentencing and his one year probation and concludes with his release. Boy with a knife: Richard Widmark narrates this re-enactment of a case history from the files of a Los Angeles youth service agency. Tells the story of Jerry, a young man wielding a knife in answer to the troubles brought on him by his wicked stepmother and it takes an actor (Chuck Connors) to play the social worker who makes all work out right in the end. Why vandalism? Probes the underlying causes that lead three boys to destroy a classroom. Finds the origins of vandalism in the personal traits and environmental factors that create antisocial personalities. Suggets ways in which vandalism may be curbed. DVD 2654

Lethal Medicine.
"For the last fifty years, an unprecedented effort has been made to convince millions of people that animal research saves human lives. The objective of this documentary is to debunk this most destructive myth."--Opening frame. 57 min. Video/C 5733

Lifestyles U.S.A.
"The world's greatest collection of American post-modern, nuclear family nostalgia and rampant gleeful post-war consumerism ever compiled onto DVD! Transferred from the original films, The series features an array of squeeky-clean, optimistic, historically-relevant 16mm films from the 1950's and 1960's on subjects like: railroads, Investment bankers, office manners, correct public speaking, Thanksgiving, and Formica...just to name a few! Each 2 hour DVD comes individually packaged with full synopsis, segment titles and commentary in the text. It's American society as seen through the smoked-acrylic eyes of giant corporations and --captured like a new-fangled Polaroid snapshot on 29 digitally mastered DVD's from the ORIGINAL films and negatives. ONLY from Something Weird Video. Hurray, America! Gosh, we were cool back then." [Distributor's description].

SEE Separate Contents Listing

The Marihuana Story.
"This Latin import [from Argentina] is a serious, carefully made examination of one man's attempt to penetrate the drug-drenched shadow-world that claimed his wife as a victim--only to fall victim himself." Videocassette release of a motion picture originally produced in 1951. In Spanish with English subtitles. 84 min. Video/C 6078

Massacre of Innocence.
This tape is produced and distributed by Eric Holmberg of Reel to Real Ministries, and takes an extreme pro-life stance. Very graphic images are used. (running time not listed) Video/C 3094

Mind Your Manners!: Classic Etiquette Films
Educational films produced primarily in the late 1940s and 1950s presenting the do's and dont's for pre-teens and teenages and teaching "appropriate" social skills and etiquette. Disc 1. Date with your family (1950, 10 min.) [also available for viewing online]-- Cindy goes to a party (1955, 10 min.) -- Dining together (1951, 10 min.) -- Dinner party (1945, 15 min.) -- Everday courtesy (1948, 9 min.) -- Good eating habits (1951, 10 min.) -- Good sportsmanship (1950, 10 min.) -- Good table manners (1951, 10 min.) -- Gossip (1953, 10 min.) -- How do you do? (1946, 14 min.) -- Johnny learns his manners (1946, 17 min.) Disc 2. Let's play fair (1949, 9 min.) -- Mind your manners (1953, 11 min.) -- Obligations (1950, 16 min.) -- Playing together (1950, 10 min ) -- Social courtesy (1951, 10 min.) -- Table manners (1947, 10 min.) -- Fun of being thoughtful (1950, 10 min.) -- Good loser (1953, 13 min.) -- Gossip (1955, 13 min.) -- The prom: how to behave (1961, 17 min.) -- Writing better social letters (1948, 11 min.) DVD 4452

The Mind-benders: Scary Drug Education Films From the 60's. Volume One.
Four films from the 1960's warning of the dangers of LSD. In Mind-benders, a harmless sitar party turns to tragedy. LSD: trip or trap? Chuck becomes a tragic victim of LSD despite his friend's attempts to save him. LSD: trip to where? A Timothy Leary interview highlights this hard-hitting expose of the physiological effects of LSD. LSD: a no-nonsense military training film about LSD. All the facts are here. What you do with them is your decision. Contents: Mind-benders: LSD and the hallucinogens / written and directed by Lee R. Bobker (1967, 25 min.) -- LSD : trip or trap? / produced in cooperation with the Inglewood Police Dept. (1968, 19 min.) -- LSD : trip to where? / produced by Tim Knight (1968, 23 min.) -- LSD / produced by the U.S. Navy (1967, 30 min.). Video/C 6452

Mondo Mod and Something's Happening: The Hippie Revolt.
A double-feature teen time capsule from the Sixties. Mondo Mod: From discotheques to political protests to pot parties, this film presents "the Neon Neverland of the Sunset Strip, peers into an underground drug den and even rides with an outlaw motorcycle gang." Something's happening: the Hippie revolt: Captures the day-to-day, "nitty-gritty" reality of the so-called "hippie" experience in the Haight-Ashbury, full of free love, be-ins, love-ins, happenings, body painting, communes and LSD freakouts. 147 min. DVD 1520

Our Secret Century: Archival Films From the Darker Side of the American Dream. Vol. 1-2
1. The rainbow is yours -- 2. Capitalist realism. Media archaeologist Richard Prelinger presents ten hilarious, disturbing, and revealing archival films. In vol. 1, seven color films explore how 1950s glitz 'n' glamour seduced Americans into an obsession with the look of designed objects; includes "American Look," the definitive Populuxe film, and General Motors' 1956 motorama musical, "Design for dreaming." In vol. 2, two black-and-white 1930s industrial films attempt to humanize the face of mass production, very much like Soviet propaganda, and "Valley Town" tells the story of a depressed steel town. Compu/D 345

Our Secret Century: Archival Films From the Darker Side of the American Dream. Vol. 3-4
The behavior offensive -- 2. Menace and jeopardy. Media archaeologist Richard Prelinger presents sixteen hilarious, disturbing, and revealing archival films. In vol. 3, nine comic and creepy social-guidance classics document the postwar social crusade to instill family values, 1950s style. Highlights: Are you popular?, Shy guy, and Habit patterns. In vol. 4, seven safety films shot between 1936 and 1962, lecture about the perils of haste and carelessness. Classics of this genre include Time out for trouble, More dangerous than dynamite, and Safety belt for Susie. Compu/D 346

Our Secret Century: Archival Films From the Darker Side of the American Dream. Vol. 5-6
1. Teenage transgression -- 2. The Uncharted landscape. Media archaeologist Richard Prelinger presents hilarious, disturbing, and revealing archival films. In vol. 5, six movies explore the not-so-golden years of the late fifties and early sixties. White and Chicano gangs in working class L.A. call a truce in Gang Boy. Robert's downward spiral in The Dropout includes a stint in the malt shop waiting on his one-time peers and The Terrible truth is that nice girls get hooked on "horse". Vol. 6 is a rare visual record of the changing face of urban and rural America, the blank slate upon which fantasies of growth and prosperity were enacted. In the Suburbs celebrates the swingin' white suburban dream (a paradise for advertisers), and in American Harvest the exploitation of our bountiful natural resources culminates in...a Chevrolet. Compu/D 347

Our Secret Century: Archival Films From the Darker Side of the American Dream. Vol. 7-8
1. Gender roll call -- 2. Tireless marketers. Media archaeologist Richard Prelinger presents hilarious, disturbing, and revealing archival films. Vol. 7 considers how and when girls and boys learn to be true to their sex in the inflexible fifties. The Home Economics story points out that "cooking is practically applied chemistry," and dinette doubles as darkroom when Mike's photographer wife solves those pesky two-career problems by quitting her job. Vol. 8 documents the growth of mass advertising and its migration from movie theaters to television. These sweet and subtle precursors to the infomercial include the journey of an animated drop of gasoline through the fuel-efficient 1935 Chevrolet and "RFD Greenwich Village," a suburban oasis where the modern villager relaxes in mod duds of all-cotton corduroy. Compu/D 348

Perversion for Profit
This propaganda film is a full-blown attack on the pornography industry. Its main thesis is, pornography corrupts and perverts the mind. The film makes outrageous and ridiculous claims (i.e. "75-90% of all pornography bought ends up in the hands of children"). Using fear tactics to make its case against pornography the investigation varies from rape, to homosexuality, to sexual transmitted diseases, to illegitimate births. As a secondary persuasion method the film uses religion quoting the Bible several times. At the time the film was made in the 1965, pornography was a 2 billion a year industry and growing quite rapidly. Produced by Citizens for Decent Literature, Inc. DVD 9757

Priest of the Airwaves: Father Coughlin & His Radio Broadcasts[Sound recording]
The excerpted broadcasts of Father Coughlin's regular Sunday program include his promotion of U.S. neutrality in the developing war situation in Europe, his stances against communism and Nazi-ism, and his response to charges against him of anti-Semitism. 22 hrs., 35 min. Sound/D 212

Reefer Madness (Formerly titled: "Tell your Children" and "The Burning Question")
Cast: Dorothy Short, Kenneth Craig, Lillian Miles, Dave O'Brien, Thelma White, Carleton Young, Warren McCollum, Pat Royale, Josef Forte. When originally produced, this was a sincere exploration of the evils of marijuana. Over time, it has become classic camp. High school kids get hooked on marijuana, which leads to wild behavior, accidents and ultimately death and murder. DVD bonus features: Audio commentary by Mike Nelson of TV's "Mystery Science Theater 3000"; color design commentary by Legend Films; short film: "Grandpa's marijuana handbook" by Evan Keliher; Reefer Madness trailer. 67 min. DVD 7378; also on DVD 8613; vhs Video/C 4805
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Annas, George J. "Reefer Madness ? The Federal Response to California's Medical-Marijuana Law." Legal Issues in Medicine, Volume 337:435-439 August 7, 1997, Number 6
Johnson, Gary. "The Golden Age of Exploitation." Images
Klein, Philippa. "The Bad Influence Representation of Marijuana in Hollywood Films."
Peary, Danny. Cult movies : the classics, the sleepers, the weird, and the wonderful New York : Delacorte Press, 1981 (MAIN: PN1997.8 .P37)

Safe-- Not Sorry
Though the era of the 16mm educational cinema has come to a close, these cautionary tales from the American classroom shown in mid-century continue to fascinate viewers today. No group of titles is more popular than the safety films which capitalized on the drama and spectacle of death, lurking around every corner, every pair of scissors, every overloaded electrical cord, and every park bench where a stranger pets a puppy. Featured are fourteen safety shorts, plus an introduction, and commentary. Contents: Dangerous stranger -- Don't touch -- Say no to strangers! -- Ten long minutes -- Live and learn -- Ghost rider -- Lucky you -- One got fat -- Safety with animals -- An Outbreak of salmonella infection -- Safety: harm hides at home -- Step right up -- Trigger happy Harry -- Our obligation. 202 min. DVD X5542

Sex Education Films, 1947-1957
Contents: As boys grow (1957, 16 min.) -- Molly grows up (1953, 14 min.) -- Physical aspects of puberty (1953, 18 min.) -- Human reproduction (1947, 21 min.). As boys grow: A track and field coach takes time after practice to explain to the team all about the birds & the bees. Discussed are the various types and speeds of male development, noctural emissions, masturbation and sex. Molly grows up: When Molly has her first period Mom's there to explain everything. Even still, the school nurse explains the details to Molly and the rest of her female classmates on such issues as the menstrual cycle and other physical manifestations of puberty. Physical aspects of puberty: Depicts Johnny and Janey during "the in-between period of adolescence." Using animated diagrams, the development of the primary (reproductive) and secondary (body hair and physical development) sex characteristics in males and females is analyzed. Human reproduction: Released in 1947, this grandaddy of all American sex education films launched a major controversy throughout America upon its release over the legitamacy of sex education in schools. The film concentrates on presenting detailed information and illustrations of human sexual reproductive physiology. DVD 2635

Sex Hygiene Scare Films
Presents short films on sexual hygiene that were shown to high school teenagers from the 1930s to the 1960s. Includes informational films on the human reproductive system, the values of chastity and the venereal diseases, gonorrhea and syphilis.

Volume 1: Forbidden desire (1936) -- Know for sure (1939) -- Human reproduction (1947) -- Sex hygeine [i.e. hygiene] (1942) -- A Quarter million teenagers (1965) and VD- damaged goods (1962). 105 min. Video/C 6073
Volume 2: VD: name your contacts (1968, 21 min.) -- Sex in today's world (1968, 28 min.) -- The Pick-up / U.S. Army Signal Corps (1944, 37 min.) -- Boy to man (1962, 16 min.) -- Girl to woman (1965, 18 min.) Video/C 6074
Volume 3: VD: every 30 seconds (1970?, 12 min.) -- This monster VD -- Going steady (1951, 11 min.) -- VD questions, VD answers (1972, 15 min.) -- Personal health for girls (1952, 10 min.) -- Family living and sex education -- The strange ones (10 min.) Video/C 6075

Sex Madness
Director, Dwain Esper. Cast: Vivian McGill, Rose Tapley, Al Rigali. The evils of loose living and "unbridled lust" in promoting syphilis are detailed in campy, overacted vignettes. The danger of consulting quacks for quick cures and the importance of getting competent medical help are melodramatically underscored. Originally released as a motion picture in 1938. 52 min. DVD X531; DVD X971

Social Class in America
Are social classes pre-determined? This vintage film aims to examine this question during an era when many citizens of various races and social classes were still not extended complete civil rights. This 1957 documentary follows three boys from three different social classes in the United States. It is a fascinating look at the history of socioeconomic determinism in the U.S. that tries to push the idea that social classes in America are determined before people are born, despite what we like to believe. 1957. 15 min. DVD 9243

South African Propaganda Films of the Apartheid Era
African powerhouse (Films of Africa Production, col., 14 min.): Presents South Africa as the major industrial power of Africa, a bulwark against communism. Images of South Africa (Raymond Hancock Film, col., 17 min.): Seductive pictures of a beautiful and peaceful country. Story of South Africa (Raymond Hancock Film, col., 22 min.): South Africa's history seen from the viewpont of its Afrikaner rulers. South Africa (col., 26 min.): a message for the world: A skillful appeal to the emotions presenting South Africa as a country struggling to solve its racial problems. Children: The PR Pawns of Terrorism (writer, Rick Schmidt, col, 10 min.): Presents the African National Congress as a communist-inspired corrupter of black youth in South Africa. ANC: a time for candour (writer, Rick Schmidt, col., 30 min.).: A savage and distorted attack on the ANC that includes appeals from religious figures and denunciations of the ANC by President Ronald Reagan. [200-?] 119 min. Video/C 8160

Teen Age Dating Films, 1946-1958. Volume One.
Contents: Beginning to date (1953, 11 min.) -- Dating: Do's and don'ts (1949, 12 min.) -- Going steady? (1951, 11 min.) -- How do you know it's love? (1950, 13 min.) -- What to do on a date (1950, 11 min.).

Beginning to date: Studs Terkel plays a swimming coach who teaches a young student how to "take the plunge" into the world of dating. Dating: Do's and don'ts: Aimed at high school students, shows the progress of a young couple's date from the original idea to the final goodnight. Raises questions regarding dating, such as whom to ask, how to ask, and how to say goodnight. Going steady: Marie and Jeff, a teenage couple, discuss the challenges and benefits of going steady with their parents and friends. The film insinuates that the practice limits teen freedom and encourages promiscuity. How do you know it's love? Attempts to give young people a basis for thinking clearly about "being in love." The film explains that there are factors that can help one judge whether or not love is mature, and shows that love grows through typical stages. What to do on a date: Takes us from weenie roasts to bicycle rides examining the practical aspects of developing a dating relationship. DVD 2636

Dating Do's and Don'ts
Prelinger Archives

Teen Age Dating Films, 1946-1958. Volume Two.
Contents: How much affection? (1958, 20 min.) -- How to say no: Moral maturity (1951, 11 min.) -- Junior prom (1946, 20 min.).

How much affection? A discussion on how much affection should be expressed between young peoople who are going steady, how far they can go petting and still stay within the bounds of social mores and personal standards. How to say no: Moral maturity: High school students suggest ways of saying "no" without antagonizing friends. On saying "no" to drinking, smoking and petting ... and still keeping face in front of friends at the same time. Junior prom: Through the experiences of two high school couples who have a date for the junior prom, gives pointers on the selection of proper dress, carrying on a conversation, making introductions, and general date conduct. DVD 2637

Teenage Years: Act Your Age!
Ten educational films, produced in the 1940s and 1950s, designed to help teenagers ease into peacetime prosperity after enduring the social disruptions of World War II. With changing times came increased new social problems and teens no longer knew their place in the world! Contents: How do you do? / Young America Films (1946, 14 min.) -- Law and social controls / Coronet Instructional Films (1949, 10 min.) -- Friendship begins at home / Coronet Instructional Films (1949, 16 min.) -- How to keep a job / Coronet Instructional Films (1949, 12 min.) -- Social courtesy / Coronet Instructional Films (1951, 11 min.) -- The procrastinator / Centron Productions (1952, 12 min.) -- Gossip / Sid Davis Productions (1953, 10 min.) -- Mind your manners / Coronet Instructional Films (1953, 11 min.) -- Understanding others / Centron Corporation (1953, 12 min.) -- Coffee house rendezvous / Ted Steeg Productions; Coffee Institute (1969, 27 min.) DVD 4544

Teenage Years: Drawing the Line.
Five films depicting the complex lives of teenagers living in the 1950s, as American parents were trying to come to terms with their teenaged children's defiant attitudes. See one of the earliest teenage educational films ever made "You and your family" (1946) about the problems faced by American families. Contents: You and your family / Cowles Magazines (1946, 8 min.) -- Attitudes and health / Coronet Instructional Films (1949, 10 min.) -- You and your parents / Coronet Instructional Films (1950, 13 min.) -- Girls beware / Sid Davis Productions (1961, 10 min.) -- Age 13 / Sid Davis Productions (28 min.) DVD 4543

Teenage Years: Growing Pains.
Seven films from the 1940s through the early 1960s, created by educators and parents to help their youth prepare for the big bad world. Each provides a unique perspective on problems as old as time, and how people dealt with them more than 50 years ago. Contents: Act your age / Coronet Instructional Films (1949, 13 min.) -- Last date / Wilding Picture Productions (1949, 18 min.) -- Benefits of looking ahead / Coronet Instructional Films (1950, 11 min.) -- Age of turmoil / Crawley Films, Ltd. (1953, 19 min.) -- Are you popular? / Coronet Instructional Films (1947, 10 min.) -- An American girl: problems of prejudice / Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (1958, 30 min.) -- The dropout / Affiliated Film Producers ; National Education Association and Mental Health Film Board (1962, 28 min.) DVD 4549

Watch this movie online (via the Internet Moving Image Archive)

Teenage Years: Love Connections.
To pet or not to pet? That is the question! Presents five health class films on dating from the 1940s and 50s designed to help teens cope with raging hormones and dating temptations, attempting to convice them not to "go too far." Contents: Shy guy / Coronet Instructional Films (1947, 14 min.) -- What to do on a date / Coronet Instructional Films (1950, 11 min.) -- Going steady? / Coronet Instructional Films (1951, 11 min.) -- Beginning to date / Encyclopedia Britannica Films, Inc. (1953, 11 min.) -- How much affection? / Crawley Films (1958, 20 min.) DVD 5150

Teenage Years: Teenage Wasteland.
Drugs and alcohol are not just the dangers of today's youth. So parents of the 1950s and educators came together to make a series of educational films urging teenagers to stay away from demon rum and wacky weed! Contents: The terrible truth / Sid Davis Productions (1951, 10 min.) -- What about drinking? / Centron Productions (1954, 12 min.) -- Social seminar: Bunny / National Institute of Mental Health (1971, 16 min) -- Social seminar: Tom / National Institute of Mental Health (1972, 19 min.) -- [3] Alcohol trigger films for Junior High: The Party, The Mother and The Bride / AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety ; Amram Nowak Associates (1979, 9 min.) DVD 4548

Teenage Years: The Wild Ones.
In the 1950s, government and school systems were beginning to understand the educational power of film. Alarmed by the growing problem of juvenile delinquency, they assembled a series of films designed to keep America's youth on the straight and narrow. Presented here are 4 films showing the kinds of behavior that worried parents in the 1950s. Contents: Show-off / Centron Productions (1954, 12 min.) -- Boy with a knife / Los Angeles Community Chest ; Dudley Pictures Corp.; narrator, Richard Widmark ; actor, Chuck Connors (1956, 20 min.) -- Big man on campus / Sid Davis Productions (1958, 10 min.) -- Ask me, don't tell me / American Friends Service Committee (1961, 22 min.) DVD 4542

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part One.
Contents: Act your age (1949, 13 min.) -- Age of turmoil (1953, 19 min.) -- Are you popular? (1947, 10 min.) -- As others see us (1953, 10 min.) -- Benefits of looking ahead (1950, 10 min.).

Act your age: Jim is an emotionally immature teen who discovers how to quantify, qualify, evaluate and control his juvenile responses from the lectures of both his school's principal and janitor. Age of turmoil: Intended for the parents of teenagers, the film illustrates behavior that reflects the emotional turmoil of an early teenager -- giggling, destructive criticism of school, unrealistic ideas of their future, hours spent in seemingly useless activity, etc. Narrated by Lorne Greene. Are you popular? Classic "good girl/bad girl" film of the post-World War II era covering dating etiquette, parental courtesy and the American teen's obsession with "popularity.". As others see us: Teenagers demonstrate rules of teen etiquette in formal and informal gatherings, including table manners, introductions and more. Benefits of looking ahead: Nick's having problems planning for his future, but after scaring himself with visions of drifting around as a bum, he makes amends by planning constructive future objectives. DVD 2638

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Two.
Contents: Cheating (1952, 11 min.) -- Control your emotions (1950, 13 min.) -- Developing self-reliance (1946, 20 min.) -- Emotional maturity (1957, 20 min.) -- Habit patterns (1954, 14 min.)

Cheating: John gets Mary into trouble when he bamboozles her into giving him the answers to an Algebra test. Control your emotions: Indicates some of the dangers of uncontroled emotions and how emotional self control brings about self-mastery, most especially for teens. Developing self-reliance: Presents an education in bringing about the traits of self-reliance that secure success and happiness in one's endeavors. Emotional maturity: Dramatized incidents are used to explain a high school boy's immature behavior and what can go wrong without emotional self-control. Also illustrates the importance for adults to understand the increasing emotional tempo of adolescence in order to help young people mature. Habit patterns: Barbara wants in with the "in crowd," but her slovenly ways nixes her. Illustrates the advantages of the formation of orderly and systematic daily habits, by contrasting the life of a girl who has formed these habits with the unhappy existence of one who has not. DVD 2639

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Three.
Contents: How honest are you? (1950, 13 min.) -- How to be well groomed (1949, 10 min.) -- How to keep a job (1949, 10 min.) -- How to say no: Moral maturity (1951, 11 min.) -- Junior prom (1946, 20 min.) -- Law and social controls (1949, 10 min.).

How honest are you? Explains what honesty is, and shows the importance of the practice of honesty through a dramatization where teens are placed in a situation in which all involved have to come up with the "right thing to do.". How to be well groomed: Brother and sister team Don and Sue show the importance of good grooming and give detailed examples of choosing correct clothing and habits of personal cleanliness. How to keep a job: Teenage identical twins Bob and Walter take on "do" and don't" roles respectively to illustrate what one should, and should not, do in the workplace. How to say no: Moral maturity: High school students suggest ways of saying "no," without antagonizing friends. On saying "no" to drinking, smoking and petting ... and still keeping face in front of friends at the same time. Junior prom: Through the experiences of two high school couples who have a date for the junior prom, gives pointers on the selection of proper dress, carrying on a conversation, making introductions, and general date conduct. Law and social controls: Illustrates, through the conflicts of teenagers with authority figures, various types of social control: customs, moral codes and laws, and stresses the need for a responsible attitude towards the law. DVD 2640

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Four.
Contents: Measure of a man (1962, 22 min.) -- Mental health: keeping mentally fit (1952, 12 min.) -- Overcoming fear (1950, 12 min.) -- Responsibility (1953, 14 min.) -- Self-conscious guy (1951, 11 min.).

Measure of a man: This film measures maturity by one teenager's will to resist peer pressure by "just saying no" to demon beer. Mental health: keeping metally fit: Describes the attributes of good mental health and the "four freedoms" of the psyche: the natural expression of emotions, self respect, respect for others and the solving of problems. Overcoming fear: How Bill overcomes his fear of water becomes an example for all teens on how to conquer their fears. Defines courage as an attitude which can be developed and cowardice as a response to only one specific type of situation. Responsibility: Presents a lesson on instilling a sense of personal responsibility into the behaviour of individual students. Self-conscious guy: Marty tries to find ways to overcome his feelings of self-consciousness. Shows how self-conscious behavior can keep a high school student from doing well in class or making friends easily. DVD 2641

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Five.
Contents: Shy guy (1947, 13 min.) -- Snap out of it: Emotional balance (1951, 12 min.) -- The dropout (1962, Pt. 1-2, 28 min) -- The procrastinator (1952, 12 min.) -- The show-off (1954, 11 min.).

Shy guy: Actor Dick York demonstrates how to make and enjoy real friendships. Presents the story of a shy high school boy, who eventually makes friends by following the guidance of his father and classmates. Snap out of it: Emotional balance: A straight-A student gets more than a little unhinged when he fails to get an A in History class, and the principal helps to get him emotionally straightned out again. Dropout: Presents several case studies in what causes a high school student to drop out, analyzing such causes as academic failure, finances, misanthropy, etc. Procrastinator: Jean lets her fellow students down when as chair of the social committee her failure to use time management results in disaster at the school dance. Show-off: The antics of more than one class clown make for hijinks throughout the high school, and the principal has to intervene to help their fellow students and solve the problem. DVD 2642

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Six.
Contents: The snob (1958, 13 min.) -- The trouble maker (aka: The troublemaker) (1959, 12 min.) -- Toward emotional maturity (1954, 10 min.) -- Understand your emotions (aka: Understanding your emotions) (1950, 13 min.) -- Understanding others (1959, 12 min.) -- Understanding your ideals (1950, 14 min.).

Snob: Why are some girls snobs? This film seeks to answer the question and to illustrate the effects such snobbery has on the perpetrator and those around them. Trouble maker: A boy goes sour on life and seizes on the device of informing about others in order to gain attention. Shows the interaction between the troublemaker and his peer group. Toward emotional maturity: A teenage girl takes stock of her emotional life as she deals with love, anger, fear and sex all at once when a conflict arises involving herself, her parents and her boyfriend. Understand your emotions: Mr. Brent the Biology teacher teaches how emotions effect voluntary and involuntary behavior and how these emotions can be controlled through an understanding of what they are. Understanding others: Presents a typical incident in a high school from three points of view in order to illustrate the importance of judging another person for his true value, ability and net worth, rather than by his economic background, social skills, and ability to be one of the group. Understand your ideals: Dad's example demonstrates to his teenage son that true idealism consists of virtue and not cars, girls and good times. DVD 2643

Teenagers! Classic Social Guidance Films. Part Seven.
Contents: What about juvenile delinquency? (1955, 11 min.) -- What about school spirit? (1958, 14 min.) -- You and your family (1946, 7 min.) -- You and your parents (1950, 13 min.) -- Your family (1948, 10 min.) -- Your thrift habits (1948, 11 min.).

What about juvenile delinquency? After Jimmy's gang attacks Dad, he goes to City Hall to help fight for the institution of a curfew to contain the hoodlums. What about school spirit? What school spirit is and does, and isn't and doesn't, for school kids. You and your family: A training film for youngsters to learn how to negotiate rather than fight with their parents. You and your parents: When Dick gets fed up with his parents, he goes home with Mr. Martin, who counsels him to accept his parents guidance and control along with acknowledgment of his growing maturity. Your family: One of the original "family values" pictures which illustrates social engagement in a family, group involvement in household chores, dinner table prayer and familial accord. Your thrift habits: Jack's interested in photography, but how is he to invest in this interest with his limited funds? This film shows how he sets himself a budget and practices self sacrifice in order to obtain the object of his highest priority. DVD 2644

To New Horizons: Ephemeral Films, 1931-1945.
Contains clips from 19 rarely-seen animated and live-action motion pictures from the 1930's and 1940's. Most were created for large American corporations to advertise their products and promote their view of the world. In my merry Oldsmobile (1931) -- Master hands (1936) -- We drivers (1936) -- Chevrolet leader news (1936) -- Relax (1937) -- Precisely so (1937) -- Extra (1938) -- Breakfast pals (1938) -- Three smart daughters (1938) -- Oxydol goes into high (1938) -- 'Round and 'round (1939) -- Back of the mike (1939) -- Leave it to Roll-oh (1940) -- Home movies (1940) -- To new horizons (1940) -- Let yourself go (1940) -- Magic in the air (1941) -- To market, to market (1942) -- News sketches by Max Fleischer (1944/45). Video/D 20 (laserdisc)

Vintage Adolescent Psychology Films.
DVD 9734

Disc 1: Age 13 (1955, 27 min.) -- Age of tumoil (1953, 19 min.) -- Discipline during adolescence (1958, 17 min.) -- Boy with a knife (1956, 20 min.) -- Cheating (1952, 12 min.) Age 13: This is a beautiful, dark film by Sid Davis that shows the downward spiral of a young 13 year old boy after the death of his mother. Age of turmoil: Aimed perhaps more at parents than teenagers, this films shows what six different teens do during their day while explaining the how and why of their actions in regards to their changing adolescent world. Discipline during adolescence: Showing multiple ways to parent, this film follows a father's choice of punishment for a rebellious son and also a mother's choice. In the end, neither options seem to work very well. Which way would you choose? Boy with a knife: A young boy with a troubled home life uses a knife to gain control over his environment and the people around him. Chuck Connors, as a social worker, helps him find and understand the better path. Narrated by Richard Widmark. Cheating: John Taylor is caught cheating when he struggle with his math studies and gets "extra" help from his friend Mary. His classmates verbally abuse him as he learns the consequences of cheating are harsh in this classic film.

Disc 2: Am I trustworthy (1950, 11 min.) -- Understanding your ideals (1950, 14 min.) -- Are you popular (1947, 10 min.) -- What about prejudice (1950, 12 min.) -- A chance to play (1950, 19 min.) Am I trustworthy: Young Johnny, who feels left out because he wasn't elected treasurer, learns an important lesson about being trustworthy. Understanding your ideals: In this film a young man learns that to be healthy one must understand the difference between the important things in life, like family, love and kindness and the unimportant things, like cars, popularity and superficiality. Are you popular: One of the most well known of all of the social guidance films, Are You Popular, covers everything a young adult needs to know to be a good friend, or more importantly to be popular. Full of stereotypes while trying to explain why conformity is great. What about prejudice?: A positive film looking toward the social benefits of keeping an open mind and embracing all cultures, regardless of color, religion or creed. This film encourages teens to look within themselves, as opposed to listening to the racist teachings of society, to find the sources and reasons behind prejudice. A chance to play: Recreation opportunities, especially in the form of good public recreational facilities, are a vital part of maintaining a healthy society, according to this 1950 film. Giving juvenile delinquents a place to spend their time safely and constructively is a big part of that.

Disc 3: Measure of a man (1962, 22 min.) -- Where does it get you (1946, 16 min.) -- How to say no: Moral maturity (1951, 11 min.) -- Social acceptability (1957, 19 min.) Measure of a man: Three boys face peer pressure to drink while cruising the town trying to pick up girls. One of the young men stands up for what he believes in and leaves his friends, along with their drinking and driving ways. Measure of a Man shows that alcohol abuse and addiction require the ability to make some extremely hard decisions in order to get better. Where does it get you? Shows the effects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism on the human body with great descriptions of how the drug alters judgment, perception, and reaction times. How to say no: Moral maturity: High school students suggest ways of saying "no" without antagonizing friends. On saying "no" to drinking, smoking and petting ... and still keeping face in front of friends at the same time. Social acceptability: This is a heart wrenching film about fitting in socially, how painful social experiences can be as an adolescent, and all the different false stereotypes that are given to teens by their peer group.

Vintage Troubled Youth Psychology Films.
DVD 9714

Part I: The bully / produced by Young America Films (1952, 11 min.) -- The dropout / Mental Health Film Board ; made by Affiliated Film Producers (1962, 28 min.) -- The good loser / Young America Films (1953, 11 min.) The bully: A young and confused adolescent thinks that taking things by force and extortion is the right way to get what he wants. His peers find a way to foil his bully ways and the aggressive young man learns a little something about life and how to treat people. The dropout: A dramatization about a youngster who leaves high school without graduating is used to show how a community, through remedial reading programs, work-experience programs, and other educational activities may tackle the problem of underachievement. Most of the situations still seem realistic, even 40 years later. This film was shot in Los Angeles. The good loser: When you're used to winning everything, it comes as a shock to the system when someone else beats you! Young Ray learns this lesson when he is defeated by a girl, after he helped her prepare for the competition.

Part II: The gossip / Sid Davis Productions (1953, 11 min.) -- The outsider / Young America Films (1951, 12 min.) -- The procrastinator / Centron Productions (1952, 12 min.) The gossip: A young woman rejects the advances of a male classmate on a weekend date. The next day at school, the young man spreads false rumors about "what happened" on the date, and the young woman is victimized and terrorized by fellow classmates until she has to drop out of school. The outsider: Sometimes we only feel like an outsider when we aren't. Sometimes we are an outsider but could change our social behaviors to become less of an outsider and gain more acceptance by our peers. Follow the journey of one young woman as she discovers these truths of painful adolescent emotional reality. The procrastinator: Jean is handed a lot of responsibility in her extra-curricular activities at school, but when she fails to plan ahead and manage her time wisely, she can't pull off what she was supposed to and her friends get mighty upset with her. She learns a valuable lesson in time management and procrastination in this film.

Part III: The show off / Centron Productions (1954, 11 min.) -- The snob / (1958, 14 min.) -- The Troublemakers (1959, 12 min.) The show off: The pranksters and show-offs in this classroom have taken over, and no one is stopping them. Poor behavior like this reflects on the entire class, and the class clown is silenced with the right methods of social guidance. The snob: One of the girls at this high school is branded by practically everyone (even her parents?) as a "snob" who thinks she is too good for everybody. This film shows that she wasn't being snobbish, but rather, the social interactions between her and others are just a little off-kilter. The troublemakers: Some people just feel the need to start trouble, make up rumors and talk smack about others in order to get ahead or make themselves look or feel better. This film examines just why and how the process takes place in the mind of a troubled teen.

Women in the Workforce & Gender Films
This compilation features films about women in the workforce during the 1940s and 1950s. Gender roles have evolved substantially since these films were made, but the old gender biases run rampant through this collection. In many of the films, women are portrayed as emotional, troublesome workers, who should be relegated to secretarial and clerical work. Disc 1. Supervising women workers (1944) (11 min.) -- The bright young newcomer (1958) (6 min.) -- Office etiquette (1950) (13 min.) -- Office courtesy: meeting the public (1952) (11 min.) -- The front line (1965) (15 min.). Disc 2. You can tell by the teller (1945) (18 min.) -- I want to be a secretary (1941) (16 min.) -- The secretary's day (1947) (11 min.) -- Women working in a factory [Undated, silent] (5 min.). DVD 8281

The Weird World of LSD.
A sensationalistic dramatization designed to dissuade young adults from using the drug LSD by detailing the horrors of the drug and the inevitable tragic consequences. Videocassette release of a motion picture originally produced in 1967. 78 min. Video/C 6077

Miscellaneous Propaganda

Building a Nation
A presentation of the history of Afrikanerdom according to Afrikaner Nationalists. It traces the arrival of the Dutch in southern Africa, through the Great Trek and the defeat of the Zulu nation at the Battle of Blood River, the founding of the independent republics, the Anglo-Boer War, to the establishment of the Union of South Africa. As an expression of Afrikaner chauvinism, this epic was for several decades used as a propaganda tool by the architects of apartheid to support their racist ideology. Originally produced in 1938. 120 min. Video/C 9464

Cartoon$ Make a Mint
Five of John Sutherland's classic economic/industrial information films. Contents: Meet King Joe (1949, 10 min.) -- It's everybody's business (1954, 20 min.) -- Going places (1948, 9 min.) -- Make mine freedom (1948, 10 min.) -- Leap frog (aka. Why play leap frog?) (1949, 9 min.).

Meet King Joe: This animated feature presents "King Joe, " as the average American working man who, by virtue of his high wages and short hours, is king of the world's workers. It's everybody's business: Animated film depicting employees and employee rights and the spirit of free enterprise in America. Consumerism, advertising and taxation are covered. Going places: This animated film depicts the growth of business and industry and its effects on the community. Supply and demand, profits and employee working conditions are explored. Make mine freedom: A salesman tries to sell the snake oil of "Ism" to characters emblematic of the four commercial interests of this country: management, labor, politicians and farmers. John Q. Public objects when this "Ism" is taken at face value, and illustrates what would happen to America if we signed over our freedom for all the good things [totalitarian]"Ism" offers. Leap frog: King Joe gets an education on how much material costs really are: not simply the raw material costs, but the cost of labor. The solution to the rising cost of labor is productivity improvement, which gives Joe a brainstorm, his boss a proposal, investors an opportunity and lower prices with higher wages for all!. 58 min. DVD 2650

Comrade Abram
Originally released in 1919. A film by I. Ermolyev. One of thirteen single-reel agitki made to be shown on the agit-trains that carried propaganda across post-revolutionary Russia. It focuses on Abram Hersh, a young Jewish pogrom survivor, factory worker and organizer in Moscow who rises to leadership in the Red Army. This short emphasizes Hersh's suffering and heroism as both worker and Jew, and promotes solidarity over antisemitism. 19 min. Video/C MM1048

Desert Venture
This oil propaganda film explains why venture capital in Saudi Arabia is crucial to fueling America's "nation on wheels." Standard Oil Company of California presents; writers, Philip C. Humphrey and Gordon M. Sessions ; producer, Robert Yarnall Richie ; narrator, Dan Donaldson. 1948. 28 min. DVD X55

Historic Information Age Films
Contents: Information machine / produced by International Business Machines ; written and directed by Charles and Ray Eames ; music, Elmer Bernstein (1958, 10 min.) -- Logic by machine / National Educational Television ; produced, written and directed by Richard Moore ; music, Morton Subotnick (1960's, 29 min.)

Presents two vintage information age technology and science films from the early days of computers examining computer technology of the day, thick with propaganda about how computers make everything easier. Information machine: An animated film that places the computer in historical perspective. Shows how creative people use the computers to help define and solve problems. Produced for the IBM exhibit at the Brussels World Fair. Logic by machine: Traces man's use of machines and the logic involved in programming computers. Speculates on the use of computers for the future. DVD X50

Master Hands
A propaganda piece for General Motors in their Flint, Michigan plant to dramatize the reasons workers there ought to appreciate their jobs. 1936. 27 min. DVD 2651

Ohm Krüger
Directed by Hans Steinhoff. A good example of a German anti-British propaganda film produced during World War II. Involving the Boer War, the film is historically not entirely correct and was mainly meant to have the audience sympathize with the South African "boers" representing the German people fighting against the English. Based on themes found in the novel: Mann ohne Volk, by Arnold Krieger. 1941. vhs 999:2727

Sowjetische Filmpropaganda zur Westexpansion der UdSSR 1939-1940 : ausgewählte Berichte der Staatswochenschau "Sojuzkinoschurnal"
Presents Soviet documentary propaganda films produced to justify Soviet incorporation of East Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania during the early years of World War II. Contents: Tiel I. Zur Eingliederung Ost-polens (28 min.) -- Teil II. Zum sowjetisch-finnischen Winterkrieg und der Eingliederung Kareliens (11 min.) -- Teil III. Zur Eingliederung Estlands, Lettlands und Litauens (32 min.) In German and Russian with German voiceovers. 71 min. Video/C 7849

Die Voortrekkers
Told from the Afrikaner point of view, this film is a re-creation of the historical events surrounding the emigration of the Dutch settlers into Zululand and their victory over Africans at the infamous battle of Blood River in 1838. This silent film is a classic study in propaganda. 58 min. Video/C 4007

Yang Ban Xi: The 8 Modelworks
Yang Ban Xi was the name given to the group of performers that would put on extravagant propaganda productions during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. Takes a look at this art form and its unique performers who presented colorful, amusing musicals that were the only government approved entertainment during the Cultural Revolution. Directed by Yan Ting Yuen. 2005. 85 min. DVD X444
To the top



Copyright (C) 1996 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.
Document maintained on server: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/ by
Gary Handman, Head, Media Resources Center.
Last update 12/08/11 [gh]

MRC web graphics by Mary Scott, Graphics Office, The Teaching Library