Prison Films












Prisons in the US and UK
Prisons Abroad

Film Noir
Gangster, Detective, Crime, and Mystery Films
Lawyers and the Legal Process in the Movies
Bibliography of articles/books about prison films

Prisons in the US

Against the Wall (HBO, 1994)
Directed by John Frankenheimer. Cast: Kyle MacLachlan, Samuel L. Jackson, Clarence Williams III. Michael Smith follows in his father's and uncle's footsteps and takes a guard position at the "town factory" -- Attica Correctional Facility. It's 1971 and when complaints from the inmates about the prison's conditions are ignored, a violent bloodbath insues with the guards taken hostage. 111 min. vhs 999:3349
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Bars and Stripes Forever (1939)
Animated short. Directed by Cal Dalton and Ben Hardaway. "Shenanigans in (and out of!) prison. The prisoners are all dogs, and they resort to all means possible to attempt a prison breakout. When the dogs in prison make a break for it, the canine cops are on their heels. The prisoners are really in the doghouse with the warden when they attempt to escape from "Alcarazz," where "stone walls do not a prison make... but they sure help!" [Big Cartoon Database] DVD 8512; also Included on DVD X513

The Big House (1930)
Director, George Hill. Cast: Chester Morris, Lewis Stone, Leila Hyams, Wallace Beery, Robert Montgomery, George F. Marion, J.C. Nugent. A vicious killer and his cellmates plan to break out of prison in this action-packed, suspenseful film that depicts the rage, desperation and loyalty of 3,000 felons inhabiting an institution built to house only 1,800. 86 min. DVD X1795
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Big House Bunny (1930)
Director, Friz Freleng. Animated short. Bugs Bunny escapes hunters by leaping into his rabbit hole and tunneling to safety. Unhappily he tunnels into the Sing Song prison where a sadistic prison guard named Sam Schultz refuses to accept that he's anything but one of the prisoners. Soon Bugs is in stripes, but it's the guard who will find prison life to be hell when Bugs Bunny is around to trick him into a cell, the hangman's noose, an electric chair and even into the warden's office, where Bugs will put a severe strain on the relationship between boss and underling. Finally, Sam decides that enough is enough. 7 min DVD 2073
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Birdman of Alcatraz (1962)
Directed by John Frankenheimer. Cast: Burt Lancaster, Karl Malden, Thelma Ritter, Neville Brand, Edmond O'Brien, Betty Field, Telly Savalas. The true story of Robert Stroud, a convicted killer living in solitary confinement, who avoids the depths of despair by becoming a world-renowned authority on birds during his imprisonment on Alcatraz Island. 149 min. DVD 1306
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Foreign Actor (Burt Lancaster)
Venice Film Festival - Best Actor

Alber, Jan. "Cinematic Carcerality: Prison Metaphors in Film." Journal of Popular Culture, Apr2011, Vol. 44 Issue 2, p217-232, 16p UC users only
Armstrong, Stephen B. Pictures about extremes : the films of John Frankenheimer / Stephen B. Armstrong. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.F7327 A76 2008)
Pratley, Gerald. The films of John Frankenheimer : forty years in film / John Frankenheimer talks about his life in the cinema to Gerald Pratley. Bethlehem, Pa. : Lehigh University Press, 1998. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1998.3.F7327 P73 1998)

Black Mama, White Mama (1973)
Directed by Eddie Romero. Cast: Pam Grier, Margaret Markov, Sid Haig, Lynn Borden, Zaldy Zschornack, Laurie Burton. Two extradited female prisoners in a Philippine jungle prison, prostitute Lee Daniels and guerrilla fighter Karen Brent, will do anything to escape. Their chance comes during a transport on which they are shackled together. After killing a guard they are on the run for their lives, igniting a bloody shoot out between gangsters and a group of revolutionaries. 86 min. DVD 486
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ciasullo, Ann. "Containing "Deviant" Desire: Lesbianism, Heterosexuality, and the Women-in-Prison Narrative." The Journal of Popular Culture 41 (2) 2008,, 195-223 UC users only
Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Mayne, Judith.(2000) "Caged and Framed: The Women-in-Prison Film." In: Framed: Lesbians, Feminists, and Media Culture. pp. 115 - 145. Minneapolis & London : University of Minnesota Press.(Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.M359 2000)

Break of Dawn (1988)
Written and directed by Isaac Artenstein. Based on the life story of Pedro J. Gonzalez who championed the cause of Mexican-Americans in California during the Depression years and who worked for the reform of the California penal system. 100 min. vhs 999:1758

The Brig (1964)
Directed by Jonas Mekas and Adolfas Mekas. Cast: The Living Theater. Filmed performance of the play by Kenneth H. Brown. 65 min. Video/C 2987

Brute Force (1947)
Directed by Jules Dassin. Cast: Burt Lancaster, Hume Cronyn, Charles Bickford, Yvonne DeCarlo, Ann Blyth, Ella Raines, Anita Colby, Sam Levene, Howard Duff, Art Smith, Jeff Corey. Joe Collins of Cell R-17 in Westgate Penitentiary is planning a mass breakout. The warden, Capt. Munsey, gets wind of this plan and seeks to further his career by crushing it, meeting the break with machine guns as Collins and Munsey come face to face with each other. 102 min. DVD 404
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Horton, Andrew. "Jules Dassin: A Multi-National Filmmaker Considered." Film Criticism, Spring84, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p21-35, 15p; UC users only
McGilligan, Patrick. "I'll always be an American: Jules Dassin interviewed." Film Comment. Nov/Dec 1996. Vol. 32, Iss. 6; p. 34 (15 pages)UC users only
Neve, Brian. "Jules Dassin and Albert Maltz." In: Film and politics in America : a social tradition London ; New York : Routledge, 1992. pp. 115-118(MAIN: PN1995.9.S6 N46 1992 MOFF: PN1995.9.S6 N46 1992)

Caged Heat (1974)
Directed by Jonathan Demme. Cast: Juanita Brown, Roberta Collins, Erica Gavin, Ella Reid, Barbara Steele, Rainbeaux Smith, Warren Miller. Petty criminal Wilson is thrown into the penal hell of Connorville. Here she must fight against ruthless inmates and even more cruel, corrupt and depraved officials to survive. Eventually she forms an uneasy friendship with two hardened inmates who are seeking escape, money and revenge. 79 min. DVD 1326
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ciasullo, Ann. "Containing "Deviant" Desire: Lesbianism, Heterosexuality, and the Women-in-Prison Narrative." The Journal of Popular Culture 41 (2) 2008,, 195-223 UC users only
"Sexploitation: Caged Heat." In: At a theater or drive-in near you : the history, culture, and politics of the American exploitation film New York : Garland Pub., 1995. (MAIN: PN1995.9.S284 C63 1995; MOFF: PN1995.9.S284 C63 1995)
Mayne, Judith. "Caged and framed: the women-in-prison film." In: Framed: lesbians, feminists, and media culture / Judith Mayne. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2000. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.M359 2000)
Walters, Suzanna Danuta. "Caged heat: the (R)evolution of women-in-prison films." In: Reel knockouts : violent women in the movies / edited by Martha McCaughey and Neal King. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.R454 2001)

The Chain Gang (1930)
Directed by Burt Gillett. Walt Disney Studios. Animated short. Mickey and several other characters are on a prison chain gang, guarded by Pegleg Pete. They break rocks for a while, then Mickey breaks out a harmonica and everyone starts making music and/or dancing. Soon there's a jail-break, and Mickey's on the run, tracked by bloodhounds (including his future pet, Pluto, in his first appearance). He falls off a cliff and right into a jail cell. DVD 1523
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Un Chant d'Amour (1947)
Jean Genet's story of male prisoners and a prison guard expressing self love and love for each other. Male homosexual expression is shown together with masturbation, sadism, and fantasy. 28 min. DVD 5413

Adnum, Mark. "Un Chant d'amour." Senses of Cinema: An Online Film Journal Devoted to the Serious and Eclectic Discussion of Cinema. 27: (no pagination). 2003 July-Aug.
Barbaro, Fabrice. "Les idoles et la distance" (Un chant d'amour, Genet's only film) Cahiers du Cinema no435 Sept 1990. p. 74-5
Giles, Jane. "Un chant d'amour par Jean Genet" Artforum International v 26 Jan 1988. p. 102-6
Giles, Jane. The cinema of Jean Genet : Un chant d'amour / Jane Giles. London : BFI Publishing, 1991. (Main Stack PN1998.A3.G445 1991)
Oswald, Laura. "The Perversion of I/Eye in Un Chant d'amour." Enclitic, vol. 7 no. 2. 1983 Fall. pp: 106-115.

Chicago (2002)
Directed by Rob Marshall. Cast: Renee Zellweger, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Richard Gere, Queen Latifah, John C. Reily, Lucy Liu, Taye Diggs, Christine Baranski. In this dazzling musical set at a time when crimes of passion result in celebrity headlines, nightclub sensation Velma Kelly and spotlight-seeking Roxie Hart both find themselves on Chicago's famed Murderess Row. They also share Billy Flynn, the town's slickest lawyer with a talent for turning notorious defendants into local legends. Based on the musical play Chicago, directed and choreographed for the stage by Bob Fosse. 113 min. DVD 1850
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Academy Award - Best Picture
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards - Best Picture
Directors Guild of America, USA - Best Director
Golden Globe Awards, USA - Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy

Civil Brand (2002)
Directed by Neema Barnette. Cast: LisaRaye, N'Bushe Wright, Monica Calhoun, Clifton Powell, Mos Def, Tachina [i.e., Tichina] Arnold, Lark Voorhies, Reed McCants, MC Lyte, Da Brat. Frances Shepherd has been sent to the "pen" for killing her abusive husband. After being abused, violated and persecuted by the prison warden, the women from the cellblock rise up and revolt against the injustices of the penitentiary and the "new plantation" workplace that harvests human labor for big-time profit. 91 min. DVD X3358
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Convict 13 (1920)
Directed by Eddie F. Cline and Buster Keaton. Cast: Buster Keaton, Sybil Seely. A prisoner escapes from prison and steals and changes clothes of a golf player (Buster Keaton). The policemen wrongly arrest the player instead and once in prison, he realizes that he is going to be hanged in the afternoon. The player swaps clothes with a guard and fights against a rebellion in the prison. 20 min. DVD 113
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Cool Hand Luke (1967)
Directed by Stuart Rosenberg. Cast: Paul Newman, George Kennedy, J.D. Cannon, Robert Drivas, Lou Antonio, Strother Martin, Jo Van Fleet. Set in the Southern United States, this is a character study of Luke who is caught cutting off parking meters and is sentenced to the "chain gang." Luke's crime is increasingly revealed as nonconformity as he won't or can't conform to the arbitrary rules of his captivity. 127 min. DVD 7834
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
Academy Awards - Best Supporting Actor (George Kennedy)
National Film Registry Selection

Barron, Frank. "Film as Art and Psychology: Cool Hand Luke as Exemplar." Creativity Research Journal; 1997, Vol. 10 Issue 2/3, p99, 8p UC users only
Gutterman, Mel. "Abuse, Racism, Torture, Savagery: Hollywood Pictures the Dark Side of American Prisons." Humanist, Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 65 Issue 5, p24-30, 7p UC users only
Reed, John Shelton. "Hollywood Chain Gangs." In: Minding the South / John Shelton Reed. Columbia : University of Missouri Press, c2003. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks F216.2 .R419 2003)
Reynolds, Osborne M. Jr. "Review of Cool Hand Luke A Symposium on Film and the Law." Oklahoma City University Law Review 22: 97 (1997) UC users only

Dead Man Walking (1995)
Directed by Tim Robbins. Cast: Susan Sarandon, Sean Penn, Robert Prosky, Raymond J. Barry, R. Lee Ermey, Scott Wilson. Matthew Poncelet is the convicted killer of two teenage lovers, preparing to end his life on death row. In response to a letter, Sister Helen Prejean visits Matthew and finds herself face-to-face with a killer who still pleads his innocence. When the date is set for his execution death by lethal injection, Poncelet asks Sister Helen to be his spiritual advisor and she agrees, little knowing the outrage that will follow her decision. Based on the book "Dead man walking" by Sister Helen Prejean. 122 min. DVD X4364
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Academy Awards - Best Actress (Susan Sarandon)

The Defiant Ones (1958)
Directed by Stanley Kramer. Cast: Tony Curtis and Sidney Poitier star in Stanley Kramer's groundbreaking film that tears into the problem of racial hatred. The plot centers on these two convicts fleeing a chain gang in the deep South. 1 hour 37 min. DVD 4533
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Foreign Actor (Sidney Poitier)
Golden Globe Awards - Best Motion Picture, Drama
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Director

"Defiant Ones" In: Film scripts. Edited by George P. Garrett, O. B. Hardison, Jr. [and] Jane R. Gelfman. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971. (Main Stack PN1997.A1.G18)

Frank, Micheline Klagsbrun. "Unchained: Perspectives on Change." Journal of Popular Film & Television. Fall 1990. Vol. 18, Iss. 3; p. 122 (8 pages)UC users only
Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

Down By Law (1986)
Director, Jim Jarmusch. Cast: Tom Waits, John Lurie, Roberto Benigni, Ellen Barkin. A comedy feature about two lowlifes, a small time pimp and an unemployed disc jockey, framed for a crime they didn't commit, who escape from jail with an eccentric Italian tourist. Set in New Orleans and the swamps of Louisiana. 107 min. DVD 2760
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Each Dawn I Die (1939)
Director, William Keighley. Cast: James Cagney, George Raft, Jane Bryan, George Bancroft. A newspaper reporter, wrongly sentenced to prison, becomes friendly with an underworld big-shot convict. His increasing sense of hopelessness and the loyalty he feels towards his friend leads him to assist the hood in an attempted prison break. DVD special features: Special features: Warner night at the movies 1939 short subjects gallery, Stool pigeons and pine overcoats: the language of gangster films, commentary by Haden Guest, Breakdowns of 1939: studio blooper reel, Each dawn I crow, radio show with George Raft and Franchot Tone. 92 min. DVD 5831; vhs 999:3358
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Escape from Alcatraz (1979)
Directed by Don Siegel. Cast: Clint Eastwood, Patrick McGoohan, Jack Thibeau, Fred Ward. In 29 years, the seemingly impenetrable federal penitentiary on Alcatraz Island was only broken once - by three men never heard of again. This is the gritty and realistic enactment of the escape of these three men, in particular Frank Morris, the cunning bank robber who masterminded the elaborately detailed and, as far as anyone knows, ultimately successful escape. 111 min. DVD 1307
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Bogdanovich, Peter. "Don Siegel." In: Who the devil made it New York : Alfred A. Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1997 (Main Stack PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997; Moffitt PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997 )
Boulenger, Gilles. John Carpenter : the prince of darkness Los Angeles : Silman-James Press, 2003. (PFA PN1998.3.C375.B68 2003)
Lovell, Alan. Don Siegel : American cinema London : British Film Institute, 1975. (MAIN: PN1998.A3 S542 1975; PFA : PN1998.3.S54 L69 1975)
Sarris, Andrew. "Don Siegel: The Pro." Film Comment. New York: Sep 1991. Vol. 27, Iss. 5; p. 34 (4 pages) UC users only

Escape from L.A. (1996)
Directed by John Carpenter. Cast: Kurt Russell, Stacy Keach, Steve Buscemi, Peter Fonda. In this chilling vision of the future, the year is 2013 and an earthquake has separated Los Angeles from the mainland. In the New Moral America, all citizens not conforming to the new laws (no smoking, no red meat, no Muslims in South Dakota) are deported to L.A., now a penal colony. The President's daughter has stolen a doomsday device and has fled to L.A. Now It's up to Snake Plissken to find the President's daughter and retrieve the doomsday device before its too late. 101 min. DVD 7519
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Boulenger, Gilles. John Carpenter : the prince of darkness Los Angeles : Silman-James Press, 2003. (PFA PN1998.3.C375.B68 2003)
The Cinema of John Carpenter: the technique of terror Edited by Ian Conrich & David Woods. London : Wallflower, 2004 (Main Stack PN1998.3.C38.C56 2004)
Cumbow, Robert C. Order in the universe : the films of John Carpenter Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2000. (MAIN: PN1998.3.C38 C8 2000; MAIN: PN1998.3.C38 C8 1990 [earlier edition])

Escape from New York (1981)
Directed by John Carpenter. Cast: Kurt Russell, Lee Van Cleef, Ernest Borgnine, Donald Pleasence, Isaac Hayes, Season Hubley, Harry Dean Stanton, Adrienne Barbeau. In a world ravaged by crime, the entire island of Manhattan has been converted into a prison which houses the world's most brutal inmates. And when the President of the United States crash lands inside, only one man can bring him back: Snake Plissken, a notorious outlaw and former Special Forces war hero who, in exchange for a full pardon, descends into the decayed city and wages a blistering war against the captors. But time is short: in 24 hours, an explosive charge planted inside Snake's body will end the mission - and his life - unless he succeeds! 99 min. DVD 887
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Boulenger, Gilles. John Carpenter : the prince of darkness Los Angeles : Silman-James Press, 2003. (PFA PN1998.3.C375.B68 2003)
The Cinema of John Carpenter: the technique of terror Edited by Ian Conrich & David Woods. London : Wallflower, 2004 (Main Stack PN1998.3.C38.C56 2004)
Cumbow, Robert C. Order in the universe : the films of John Carpenter Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2000. (MAIN: PN1998.3.C38 C8 2000; MAIN: PN1998.3.C38 C8 1990 [earlier edition])

The Experiment (2010)
Director, Paul Scheuring. Cast: Adrien Brody, Forest Whitaker, Maggie Grace, David Banner, Fisher Stevens. Twenty-four men are chosen to participate in the roles of guards and prisoners in a scientific research project to test the psychological effects of prison life. However, something goes horribly wrong and the experiment ultimately spirals out of control. 96 min. DVD X4619
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Das Experiment (Germany 2001)
Director, Oliver Hirschbiegel. A dramatization of the infamous "Stanford Prison experiment," conducted in 1971 which studied the effects of prison life and the chronology of normal into abnormal behavior. A makeshift prison is set up in a research lab, complete with cells, bars and surveillance cameras. For two weeks 20 male participants are hired to play prisoners and guards. In the beginning the mood between both groups is insecure and soon quarrels arise as the wardens employ ever more drastic sanctions to confirm their authority. In German without English subtitles. 114 min. DVD 1372; vhs 999:3326
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

15 to Life (2002?)
Directed by Moon Jones. Cast: Moon Jones, Stefanie Tremblay, Daniel Zirilli, Jalene Mack, Alfred Holmes, Boyce Ellisl; special appearances by Black Menace, Big Slack, J Dogg. It's prison life at its grittiest in this urban tale of three teenage boys who follow in their father's footsteps through the violent system. When a young filmmaker begins a documentary on the boys, she discovers that a dirty cop is behind their wrongful incarceration. Now she must prove their innocence. 81 min. DVD 1390

Fortress (Australia / USA, 1992)
Directed by Stuart Gordon. Cast: Christopher Lambert, Kurtwood Smith, Loryn Locklin, Lincoln Kilpatrick. Set in the year 2017, elements of Orwellian science-fiction and old-fashioned prison dramas are combined in this futuristic action film, as an unjustly imprisoned couple attempts to escape from a high-tech jail known as The Fortress. 110 min. DVD 7603
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Fortune and Men's Eyes (1971)
Directed by Harvey Hart. Cast: Wendell Burton, Michael Greer, Zooey Hall, Danny Freedman, Larry Perkins, Jon Granik, Robert Goddier. Presents the story of a first-offender who shares a cell with three hardened criminals and is initiated into the harsh realities of the convicted man's rigid prison subculture. 102 min. vhs 999:1078

Girls in Chains (1943)
Directed by Edgar G. Ulmer. Cast: Arline Judge, Roger Clark, Robin Raymond, Barbara Pepper, Dorothy Burgess, Clancy Cooper. When Ruth Martin is discharged from her teaching position because her sister is married to a notorious criminal (who is basically running the city), she accepts a job at a girls correctional facility. Ruth runs up against the supervisor (who is controlled by her brother-in-law) who is only interested in skimming money off the budget and his gang of matrons who only want to keep the girls in line doing laundry. 72 min. DVD X676
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

The Green Mile (1999)
Directed by Frank Darabont. Cast: Tom Hanks, David Morse, Bonnie Hunt, Michael Clarke Duncan, James Cromwell, Michael Jeter, Graham Greene, Doug Hutchison, Sam Rockwell, Barry Pepper, Jeffrey DeMunn, Patricia Clarkson, Harry Dean Stanton. Death Row guards at a penitentiary, in the 1930's, have a moral dilemma with their job when they discover one of their prisoners, a convicted murderer, has the power of faith healing and is able to perform what seem to be miracles of healing among his fellow inmates. 188 min. DVD 1342
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

The Hoose-gow (1929)
Director, James Parrott. Cast: Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Tiny Sandford, James Finlayson, Dick Sutherland, Leo Willis, Ellinor Vanderveer. Stanley and Oliver protest that they were only bystanders to the raid, but are hauled off to a prison labor camp anyway. They procede with their usual mayhem, Stanley getting his pick stuck in Oliver's coat, Oliver chopping down a tree which just happens to contain the guard lookout post. When the Governor's party happens by, Oliver accidentally pokes a hole in his car's radiator, then attempts to stop the leak by filling the radiator with rice. 18 min. DVD X324
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang (1932)
Directed by Mervyn LeRoy. Cast: Paul Muni, Glenda Farrell, Helen Vinson, Noel Francis, Preston Foster, Allen Jenkins. An itinerant ex-soldier is sentenced to a chain gang after he is wrongly implicated in a hold-up. An early social protest film based on a true story, the film helped initiate reform of the prison system. Based on the novel by Robert E. Burns (Main (Gardner) Stacks HV6248.B8 A3) 92 min. DVD 3924
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors

National Board of Review, USA - Best Film
National Film Registry Selection

Davis, David A. "I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang! and the Materiality of Southern Depravity." Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures, vol. 63, no. 3-4, pp. 399-417, 2010 Summer-Fall
Duck, Leigh Anne. "Bodies and Expectations: Chain Gang Discipline." In: American cinema and the southern imaginary / edited by Deborah E. Barker and Kathryn McKee. Athens : University of Georgia Press, c2011. (Main (Gardner) Stacks New books PN1995.9.S66 A44 2011)
Green, Howard J. I am a fugitive from a chain gang / edited and with an introduction by John E. O'Connor Madison, Wis. : Published for Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research by University of Wisconsin Press, 1981 (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1997 .I13)
Lawrence, Jerome. Actor, the life and times of Paul Muni New York : Putnam, [1974] (MAIN: PN2287.M79 L31)
Perreault, Jeanne. "Chain Gang Narratives and the Politics of 'Speaking For'." Biography-An Interdisciplinary Quarterly. 24(1):152-71. 2001 Winter UC users only
Reed, John Shelton. "Hollywood Chain Gangs." In: Minding the South / John Shelton Reed. Columbia : University of Missouri Press, c2003. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks F216.2 .R419 2003)
Rodimtseva, Irina V. "On the Hollywood Chain Gang: The Screen Version of Robert E. Burns' I Am a Fugitive from a Georgia Chain Gang! and Penal Reform of the 1930s-1940s." Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 123-146, 2010 Autumn UC users only
Sorrento, Matthew "Pinned on Both Sides No Escape for Paul Muni's Fugitive." Bright Lights Film Journal, February 2010 | Issue 67 UC users only

Green, Howard J. I am a fugitive from a chain gang [screenplay] / edited and with an introduction by John E. O'Connor Madison, Wis. : Published for Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research by University of Wisconsin Press, 1981 (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1997 .I13)

I Want to Live! (1958)
Cast: Susan Hayward (Barbara Graham), Simon Oakland, Virginia Vincent, Theodore Bikel, Wesley Lau, Philip Coolidge. Based on true events tells the dramatic story of the life of a "B-Girl," Barbara Graham, a vagrant prostitute and fast-living party girl, which led to a sensational murder trial and afterwards, her execution in the gas chamber despite growing doubts about her guilt. The background music is made up in its entirety of progressive jazz. 121 min. DVD 1309
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Academy Awards - Best Actress (Susan Hayward)
Golden Globes - Best Motion Picture Actress - Drama (Susan Hayward)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actress (Susan Hayward)

Bingham, Dennis. "I want to Live!: Criminal Woman, Male Discourse." In: Whose Lives Are They Anyway?: The biopic as contemporary film genre / Dennis Bingham. New Brunswick, NJ : Rutgers University Press, 2010. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only])
Bingham, Dennis. ""I Do Want to Live!": Female Voices, Male Discourse, and Hollywood Biopics." Cinema Journal, Spring99, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p3-26, 24p UC users only
Macpherson, Heidi Slettedahl. "Spectacular Expectations: Women, Law and Film." Journal of American Studies; Dec2007, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p641-658, 18p UC users only

Inside (1996)
Directed by Arthur Penn. Cast: Nigel Hawthorne, Eric Stoltz, Louis Gossett, Jr., Ian Roberts, Janine Eser, Louis Van Niekerk. An idealistic university professor is arrested for conspiring to overthrow the racist government in South Africa and is ruthlessly interrogated by a police colonel during his imprisonment. Ten years later, another political prisoner who witnessed the event has become an investigator of crimes of physical and mental abuse by the previous regime. When he confronts the colonel will justice finally be done? 94 min. DVD 500
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Jacktown (1962)
Directed by William Martin. Cast: Patty McCormack, Richard Meade, George F. Taylor, Douglas Rutherford. Tough guy Frankie Stossel has his life of crime interrupted when he's caught making out with an underage car hop and sentenced to Jacktown, "the world's largest prison in Jackson, Michigan." But since "morals charges is against their religion," the cons make things rough for Frankie until he escapes and takes refuge with the warden's daughter, Miss Patty McCormack, the Bad Seed herself. 62 min. DVD 9382
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Jailhouse Rock (1957)
Directed by Richard Thorpe. Cast: Elvis Presley, Judy Tyler, Mickey Shaughnessy, Dean Jones, Jennifer Holden. Presley plays a young man who is sent to prison when he accidentally kills a man in a barroom brawl. While behind bars he takes up singing and after his release from prison is assisted in the record business by a beautiful young woman. 92 min. DVD 6224; vhs 999:764
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Last Dance (1996)
Directed by Bruce Beresford. Cast: Sharon Stone, Rob Morrow, Randy Quaid, Peter Gallagher, Jack Thompson. A story of a woman on Death Row and the one man fighting to save her. Cindy Liggett (Stone) is a convicted killer facing imminent execution until a young lawyer, Rick Hayes, becomes convinced her case doesn't warrant the death penalty. 103 min. DVD X3353
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Last Mile (1932)
Directed by Sam Bischoff. Cast: Howard Phillips, Preston S. Foster, George E. Stone, Noel Madison. Richard Walters is condemned to death for a murder he did not commit. He arrives on death row just before a brutal inmate leads the other convicts in a violent uprising. Walters gets caught up in the riot, while on the outside his friends are trying to find evidence of his innocence. This is a film version of the 1930 John Wexley play which previously brought stage fame to Spencer Tracy and Clark Gable. 70 min. DVD X4829
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Longest Yard(1974)
Directed by Robert Aldrich. Cast: Burt Reynolds, Eddie Albert, Ed Lauter, Michael Conrad, Jim Hampton, Harry Caesar, John Steadman, Charles Tyler, Mike Henry, Jim Nicholson, Bernadette Peters. In this rough-and-tumble yarn, actually filmed on location at the Georgia State Prison, semi-pro football is played with the cons as the heroes and the guards as the heavies. 121 min. DVD 2271
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Monster's Ball (2001)
Directed by Marc Forster. Cast: Billy Bob Thornton, Heath Ledger, Halle Berry, Sean Combs, Mos Def, Will Rokos, Milo Addica, Coronji Calhoun, Peter Boyle. Hank and Leticia inhabit stark, queasy realities of the contemporary South, he as a death row corrections officer and she as the soon-to-be widow of an inmate whose execution Hank helps conduct. In the aftermath of the execution, both lose their children to tragic deaths and they form an unlikely bond. 112 min. DVD 1218
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Academy Award - Best Actress (Halle Berry) (1st Best Actress Award for an African American actress)
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actress
National Board of Review, USA - Best Actress (Halle Berry); Best Actor (Billy Bob Thornton)
Academy Award - Best Actress (Halle Berry) (1st Best Actress Award for an African American actress)

Mrs. Soffel (1984 )
Directed by Gillian Armstrong. Cast: Diane Keaton, Mel Gibson, Matthew Modine, Edward Herrmann. A prison warden's wife, delivering Bibles to prisoners, falls in love with one of two prisoner brothers and helps them to escape. Based on true events occurring in 1901 Pittsburgh. 112 min. DVD 1218
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

O Brother, Where Art Thou? (2000)
Director, Joel Coen. Cast: George Clooney, John Turturro, Tim Blake Nelson, Charles Durning, John Goodman, Michael Badalucco, Holly Hunter. Disenchanted with the daily drudge of a Mississippi prison farm, the silver-tongued Ulysses Everett McGill busts loose, still shackled to his two chain-gang mates. Loosely based on Homer's "Odyssey", this is the story of the three convicts and their adventures as they travel home in hopes of recovering buried loot before it's lost forever in a flood. 103 min. DVD 778
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

OZ(TV)
See TV videography

Pardon Us! (1931)
Director, James Parrott. Cast: Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, June Marlowe, Wilfred Lucas, Walter Long, James Finlayson, Tiny Sandford, Charlie Hall. It's Prohibition, and the boys wind up behind bars after Stan sells some of their home-brew to a policeman. In prison, Stan earns the respect of The Tiger, a rough prisoner, and the boys manage to slip away during The Tiger's escape attempt. They disguise themselves in blackface and hide on a cotton plantation, but are recaptured when the warden happens by. Back in the big house, they find themselves in a hail of bullets, caught between the state militia and gun-toting prisoners, when The Tiger tries another escape. Their first full length talking picture. DVD includes Hinter Schloss und Riegel: German language theatrical trailer for Pardon us with Laurel & Hardy speaking German. 65 min. DVD X324
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Prison Break. Season 1(TV)
See TV videography

The Prisoner of Shark Island (1936)
Director, John Ford. Cast: Warner Baxter, Gloria Stuart, John Carradine, Claude Gillingwater, Arthur Byron, Harry Carey, Francis McDonald. The story of Dr. Samuel Mudd, the physician who was tried and convicted for treating the injured John Wilkes Booth following Abraham Lincoln's assassination. Mudd was imprisoned in Fort Jefferson on Dry Tortugas Island where he treated prisoners stricken with yellow fever until his eventual release. 96 min. DVD 9369
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Redemption. (2003)
Directed by Vondie Curtis Hall. Cast: Jamie Foxx, Lynn Whitfield, Lee Thompson Young, Brenden Richard Jefferson, Brenda Bazinet, Wes "Maestro" Williams, Greg Ellwand, CCH Pounder. Tells the true life story of Stan 'Tookie' Williams, founder of the L.A. Crips street gang, who denounced the lifestyle that landed him behind bars. While awaiting execution in prison, he became determined to stop violence, and began writing anti-gang books for children, earning him critical acclaim - and four Nobel Peace Prize nominations. 93 min. DVD 4746
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Reform School Girls (1986)
Directed by Tom DeSimone. Cast: Wendy O. Williams, Pat Ast, Linda Carol, Sybil Danning. Two innocent teenagers are thrown into a juvenile facility. Sadistic guards and violent in-mates create a world of degradation from which they must protect themselves. 94 min. DVD X1884
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Riot in Cell Block 11 (1954)
Directed by Don Siegel. Cast: Neville Brand, Frank Faylen, Emile Meyer, Leo Gordon, Robert Osterloh. Locked behind the walls of a maximum security penitentiary, a cut-throat collection of hardened criminals has awaited the right moment to stage a prison-wide breakout. And now they can wait no longer. Taking their guards hostage, a vengeful mob of prisioners rises up to seize control of their cage, unleashing their pent-up rage in an all-out frenzy of violence and bloodshed. 80 min. vhs 999:33553
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

Bernstein, Matthew. "Institutions and Individuals: Riot in Cell Block 11." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television 1991 (28): 3-31 29p UC users only
Bogdanovich, Peter. "Don Siegel." In: Who the devil made it New York : Alfred A. Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1997 (Main Stack PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997; PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997)
Lovell, Alan. Don Siegel : American cinema London : British Film Institute, 1975. (MAIN: PN1998.A3 S542 1975; PFA : PN1998.3.S54 L69 1975)
Sarris, Andrew. "Don Siegel: The Pro." Film Comment. New York: Sep 1991. Vol. 27, Iss. 5; p. 34 (4 pages) UC users only

The Rock (1996)
Directed by Michael Bay. Cast: Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage, Ed Harris, Michael Biehn, William Forsythe. A retired U.S. Marine general seizes a stockpile of chemical weapons and takes over Alcatraz with 81 tourists as hostages. His demand: restitution to families of soldiers who died in covert operations. A Navy SEAL team with support from an FBI chemical warfare expert and a former Alcatraz escapee team up to penetrate the terrorists' defenses on the island and neutralize the threat before time runs out. 136 min. DVD 2241
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San Quentin (1937)
Director, Lloyd Bacon. Cast: Pat O'Brien, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan, Barton MacLane. What happens during the long years spent behind the walls of San Quentin? The new yard captain wants to make those years a time of rehabilitation rather than punishment, but not everyone is buying it. Special features: Warner night at the movies 1937 short subjects gallery: Vintage newsreel ; film short "Man without a country;" ; classic cartoon "Porky's double trouble;" theatrical trailers ; featurette "Welcome to the big house;" commentary by Patricia King Hanson; "Breakdowns of 1937: Studio blooper reel." 70 min. DVD 5838
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Second Hundred Years (1927)
Featuring Laurel and Hardy. Two convicts (Laurel & Hardy), in an escape attempt, tunnel into the warden's office, instead. They then disguise themselves as painters and walk out the front gate. Needing new clothes, they steal suits from visiting dignitaries, take their places in a limousine, and are delivered back to the same prison for a tour. 23 min. DVD 369
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The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
Director, Frank Darabont. Cast: Tim Robbins, Morgan Freeman, Bob Gunton, William Sadler, Clancy Brown, Gil Bellows, James Whitmore. Two convicts, one white and one black, never give up the dream of freedom, and together they turn hope and friendship into an uplifting bond no prison can ever take away. 142 min. DVD 1301
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Short Eyes (1977)
Directed by Robert M. Young. Cast: Bruce Davison, Jose Perez, Nathan George, Don Blakely, Shawn Elliot, Miguel Pinero. An eloquent drama detailing the simmering hostilities and ethnic rivalries of prison life. When a convicted child molester enters the prison community his contemptible crime triggers the other inmates' barely repressed violence. They begin to act out their own perverted code of revenge while the prison guards look the other way. Filmed entirely in "The Tombs" (Manhattan's detention center) Based on the play by Miguel Piñero (PS3566.Pi5216 S5 1975 Main Stack; PS3566 I5216S5 1975 Moffitt). 100 min. DVD X4278; vhs 999:168

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Stir Crazy (1980)
Director, Sidney Poitier. Cast: Richard Pryor, Gene Wilder, George Stanford Brown, JoBeth Williams. Two zany drifters are mistakenly sent to prison for a robbery they didn't commit. In prison they find they must rely on their wits in order to survive a sadistic warden, a hulking mass-murderer and worst of all, the inter-prison rodeo. 107 min. DVD 1308
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Stranger Inside (HBO, 2001)
Director, Cheryl Dunye. Cast: Yolanda Ross, Davenia McFadden, Rain Phoenix, Ella Joyce, Conchata Ferrell, Lee Garlington, LaTonya T. Hagans, Medusa. Treasure Lee just moved out of "juvenile" into the State Pen. Now she needs to learn how the system works, search out where the power lies, and find herself a new lover. She soon meets Brownie, a jail-toughened lifer, who works through her extended family of loyal girls. The closer Treasure gets to Brownie, the more enemies she makes. 90 min. DVD 3368
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Sullivan's Travels (1941)
Directed by Preston Sturges. Cast: Joel McCrea, Veronica Lake, Robert Warwick, William Demarest, Margaret Hayes, Porter Hall, Franklin Pangborn, Eric Blore. A successful Hollywood director disguises himself as a bum and sets off to see America from the bottom up. In the midst of the brutality and despair, he makes a valuable discovery--that what the downtrodden need most is laughter. "Perhaps more than any other Sturges movie, Sullivan's Travels commits itself to extreme changes in mood and tone. The chase scene, and Lake's sped-up sprint through a backlot in hoop skirt and bloomers, are pure slapstick. At the other extreme is a chain-gang sequence of shocking realism for 1941 Hollywood." [Bright Lights] 91 min. DVD 790; vhs 999:358
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Take the Money and Run (1969)
Directed by Woody Allen. Cast: Allen, Janet Margolin. Woody Allen plays Virgil Starkwell, a compulsive thief who can't manage to pull off a caper without things going hilariously haywire. 86 min. DVD 106
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20,000 Cheers for the Chain Gang(1933)
Directed by Roy Mack. Four convicts escape from a chain gang. Shortly thereafter, changes are made at the prison, because a blue ribbon commission will be investigating conditions there. The changes include steak every day for dinner and stage shows for entertainment. After reading about this, the four escapees plead with the warden to take them back in. Or was this all a dream? [IMDB] 20 min. Included on DVD 3924

20,000 Years in Sing Sing(1932)
Directed by Michael Curtiz. Cast: Victoria Shaw, Glenn Corbett, James Shigeta, Anna Lee, Paul Dubov. Tom Connors is sentenced to Sing Sing believing his influential friends will soon have him out on parole. A trouble maker, he gets ninety days in solitary and no parole. His girlfriend Fay is injured and Warden Long lets Tom visit her on his honor to return. During a fight with mobster Joe Finn girlfriend Fay shoots Finn, but Tom is blamed for the death. He gives himself up but is sentenced to the electric chair. Based on the book Twenty thousand years in Sing Sing by prison warden Lewis E. Lawes. 81 min. DVD X2354
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Up the River (1930)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: Spencer Tracy, Claire Luce, Warren Hymer, Humphrey Bogart, William Collier, Joan Lawes. Two prisoners, Saint Louis and Dannemora Dan, escape during a theatrical production in order to go to the aid of Steve, a former prisoner whose past is about to be exposed by the man who framed his wife (a former prison inmate) unless Steve agrees to help him commit another crime. Features Spencer Tracy in his first film and Humphrey Bogart in his second. 85 min. DVD 9370
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John Ford bibliography
Baker, Aaron. "Criminal Talk." In: American cinema of the 1930s : themes and variations / edited by Ina Rae Hark. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85735 2007)

White Heat (1949)
Directed by Raoul Walsh. Cast: James Cagney, Virginia Mayo, Edmond O'Brien, Fred Clark. Cody Jarrett is a psychopathic gangster and a ruthless killer who is anything but rational with his fierce headaches and strong mother-fixation. 115 min. DVD 3512
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Douglass, Wayne J. "The Criminal Psychopath as Hollywood Hero." Journal of Popular Film & Television, Winter81, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p30-39, 10p UC users only
Fischer, Lucy. "Mama's Boy: Filial Hysteria in White Heat." In: Screening the Male: Exploring Masculinities in Hollywood Cinema. / edited by Steven Cohan and Ina Rae Hark. pp: 70-83. London; New York: Routledge, c1993. (UCB Main PN1995.9.M46 S36 1993)
McGilligan, Patrick. Cagney : the actor as auteur South Brunswick : A. S. Barnes, [1975] (MAIN: PN2287.C23 M31; Storage Info: B 3 571 198; PFA : PN2287.C23 M3 1980)
Hughes, Howard. "'Made it Ma! Top of the world!' - White Heat (1949)." In: Crime wave: the filmgoers' guide to the great crime movies / Howard Hughes. London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; New York : Distributed by Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. (Full text available online [UCB users only])

Women in Cell Block 7 (Diario segreto da un carcere femminile) (Italy / USA, 1973)
Directed by Rino Di Silvestro. Cast: Anita Strindberg, Eva Czemerys, Jenny Tamburi, Cristina Gaioni, Massimo Serato. The daughter of a kindapped Mafia boss goes undercover in a women's prison to obtain information from a prisoner whose dead boyfriend was transporting a missing load of heroin. The film is shot in an actual state-run women's penitentiary. 100 min. DVD X2486
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Women's Prison (1955)
Directed by Lewis Seiler. Cast: Ida Lupino, Jan Sterling, Cleo Moore, Audrey Totter, Phyllis Thaxter, Howard Duff. In an adjoining men's and women's big houses, a warden in the women's side of the prison goes overboard in her discipline policies, to the point that the prisoners try to take her hostage. 79 min. DVD X2721
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You Only Live Once(1937)
Directed by Fritz Lang. Cast: Sylvia Sidney, Henry Fonda, Barton MacLane, William Gargan, Jean Dixon, Jerome Cowan, Margaret Hamilton. "Joan Graham is the efficient secretary of a public defender Stephen Whitney and is in love of the smalltime criminal Eddie Taylor. Her boss and friend Stephen helps Eddie to leave the prison on probation, Eddie promises to have a straight life and immediately get married with Joan. He finds a job as truck driver, but is unfairly fired on his first day. While trying to find another job, there is a heist in a bank with six victims and Eddie is accused. Joan convinces him to go to the court and prove his innocence, but based on circumstantial evidence and prejudice of the jury, Eddie is sentenced to the electric chair. On the night of his execution, the FBI finds the real criminal and Eddie grants an indulgence. However, Eddie is trying to escape from prison in a hostage situation, and kills his friend Father Dolan, who was trying to help him. Eddie meets Joan and together they try to reach the border and escape from justice.: [IMDB] 86 min. DVD 1831
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Prisons Abroad

Movies, Race & Ethnicity: Jews (for films set in Nazi concentration camps)

72. Koğus, (Turkey, 1987)
Directed by Erdogan Tokatli. Cast: Kadir İnanır, Halil Ergün, Tülay Arda. A drama set in the 1940's in a Turkish prison about the relationship between prisoners, at a time when World War II had forced destitution on the country. Based on the novel by Orhan Kemal'in. 98 min. DVD X5917
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99 Women (Island of Despair)(Der heiße Tod) (Liechtenstein | Spain | Italy | West Germany | UK, 1969)
Directed by Jesus Franco. Cast: Maria Schell, Mercedes McCambridge, Luciana Paluzzi, Herbert Lom, Maria Rohn, Eliza Montes, Rosalba Neri, Valentina Godoy. The newest batch of detainees arrives at a remote women's prison. The fortress-like prison is ruled with an iron hand by Thelma Diaz, a woman who has no qualms against death or torture. But when a new state official takes notice of the body count coming out of the prison, Diaz must prove her ability and hide the truth. As the powers that be turn up the pressure it sets up a daring escape by several of the ladies. 90 min. DVD X4248
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Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)
Director: David Lean. Captured by the Japanese, British soldiers and their ranking officer, Colonel Nicholson are forced to construct a strategic railroad bridge. Despite cruel treatment by the brutal Colonel Saito, Nicholson displays unyielding courage and the bridge becomes a matter of obsessive British pride to him. Meanwhile, the British High Command has instructed a commando team to destroy the vital span. 161 min. DVD 547; vhs 999:400
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Awards & Honors

Academy Award - Best Picture; Best Director
Golden Globe Awards - Best Picture, Drama
National Board of Review, USA - Best Picture; Best Director
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Director
Directors Guild of America, USA - Outstanding Directorial Achievement
National Film Registry Selection

Brownlow, Kevin. "The making of David Lean's film of 'The Bridge on the River Kwai.'" Cineaste v22, n2 (Spring, 1996):10 (7 pages).
Joyaux, Georges. "The Bridge Over The River Kwai: From the Novel to the Movie." Literature/Film Quarterly. Spring 1974. Vol. 2, Iss. 2; p. 174 (9 pages)
UC users only
Scholz, Anne-Marie. "The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) Revisited: Combat Cinema, American Culture and the German Past." German History, Apr2008, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p219-250, 32p UC users only

David Lean bibliography

Bronson (UK, 2008)
Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn. Cast: Tom Hardy, Matt King, James Lance, Amanda Burton. Michael Peterson was 19 years old in 1974. Reckless, and hoping to make a name for himself, he picked up a homemade sawed-off shotgun and set off to rob a post office. Caught and arrested soon after, he was convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison. Ultimately, Peterson ended up behind bars for 34 years, 30 of which were spent in solitary confinement. While incarcerated, his alter ego, Charles Bronson, surfaced and eventually replaced his own personality. "Based on the true story of one of the world's most violent prisoners" -- Container. Special features: Charles Bronson monologues ; Making of Bronson ; training Tom Hardy ; interviews ; behind the scenes footage ; trailer. 92 min. DVD X3123
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Farber, Stephen. "Bronson." Film Journal International, November 2009, Vol. 112 Issue 11, p96-96, 1p UC users only
Pizzello, Stephen. "Hard Time." American Cinematographer, October 2009, Vol. 90 Issue 10, p44-57, 11p UC users only
Romney, Jonathan. "Hard Men." Film Comment, Jul/Aug2010, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p26-29, 4p UC users only
Wheatley, Catherine. "Bronson." Sight & Sound, Apr2009, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p51-51, 1p UC users only

Carandiru (2003)
Directed by Hector Babenco. Cast: Rodrigo Santoro, Milton Goncalves, Luiz Carlos Vasconcelos, Maria Luisa Mendonca, Caio Blat. Set in Sao Paulo's House of Detention. An oncologist arrives at the jail to test patients for HIV infection. Seeing the disease, overcrowding, and rampant circulation of drugs, the doctor comes to realize the internal power structure among the prisoners. Narratives develop, including the attempted murder of Dagger, the solitary confinement of Chico, and the romance between Lady Di and Too Bad. The doctor eventually sees the prisoners as survivors, leading up to the violent conclusion: a reconstruction of the October 2, 1992, prison riot known as the Carandiru Massacre. 145 min. DVD 4086
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Davis, Darien. "Carandiru." American Historical Review, Dec2003, Vol. 108 Issue 5, p1575-1576, 2p UC users only
Jaafar, Ali. "Interview with Hector Babenco." Sight & Sound; May2004, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p20-22, 3p UC users only
Jaafar, Ali. "Protect and survive." Sight & Sound; May2004, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p20-22, 3p UC users only
Wilcken, Patrick. "Carandiru." Index on Censorship, Jan2004, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p203-208, 6p

Cell 21 (Celda 21) (Spain | France, 2009)
Directed by Daniel Monzón. Cast: Alberto Ammann, Luis Tosar, Antonio Resines, Marta Etura, Manuel Morón, Carlos Bardem. On his first day on the job, prison officer Juan Olivier is knocked unconscious in a freak accident and his co-workers carry him to an empty cell. When he awakens, Juan discovers that he has been abandoned in the middle of a riot in a high-security cellblock, home to the prison's most dangerous criminals. If they discover he's a guard, he's dead meat. To survive, Juan must pose as a prisoner and conspire with the riot's vicious leader, Malamadre. 111 min. DVD X6728
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The Colditz Story (UK, 1954)
Directed by Guy Hamilton. Cast: John Mills, Eric Portman, Lionel Jeffries, Bryan Forbes, Ian Carmichael, Richard Wattis, Theodore Bikel. Deep inside the Reich, prisoners of every nationality make it a point of honor to attempt departure from the ultimate in escape-proof prisons. This is the true story of men who dared defy the might of Hitler's fortress, Colditz Castle. 98 min. DVD 3742
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Mackenzie, S. P. The Colditz myth: British and Commonwealth prisoners of war in Nazi Germany / S.P. MacKenzie. \Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2006. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks D805.5.S35 M33 2004)
Ramsden, John. "Refocusing 'The People's War': British War Films of the 1950s." Journal of Contemporary History Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan., 1998), pp. 35-63 UC users only
Rattigan, Neil. "The Last Gasp of the Middle Class: British War Films of the 1950s." In: Re-viewing British cinema, 1900-1992 : essays and interviews / edited by Wheeler Winston Dixon. Albany : State University of New York Press, c1994. (Main Stack PN1993.5.G7.R4 1994)
Reid, P. R. Colditz : the full story / P.R. Reid. London : Macmillan, 1984. (Main (Gardner) Stacks D805.G3 R441 1984)

Day Break (Dam e sobh) (Iran, 2006)
Directed by Hamid Rahmanian. Cast: Hossein Yari, Zabi Afshar, Hoda Nasseh, Atash Taghipour, Maryan Amirjallali. In Iran, capital punishment is carried out according to Islamic law, which gives the family of the victim ownership of the offender's life. Day Break, based on a compilation of true stories and shot inside Tehran's century-old prison, revolves around the imminent execution of Mansour, a man found guilty of murder. When the family of the victim repeatedly fails to show up on the appointed day, Mansour's execution is postponed again and again. Stuck inside the purgatory of his own mind, he waits as time passes on without him, caught between life and death, retribution and forgiveness. 85 min. DVD 6318
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The Deer Hunter (1978)
Director: Michael Cimino. Tracks a group of steelworker pals from a Pennsylvania blast furnace to the cool hunting grounds of the Alleghenies to the lethal cauldron of Vietnam. It is a drama of friendship and courage and of what happens to these qualities under stress. 183 min. (2 tapes) DVD 95; vhs 999:708
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Awards & Honors
Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Director
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film
Directors Guild of America, USA - Outstanding Directorial Achievement
Golden Globe Awards - Best Director
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Director
National Film Registry Selection

Le caporal épinglé (The Elusive Corporal (1962)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Cast: Jean-Pierre Cassel, Claude Brasseur, O.E. Hasse, Claude Rich, Jacques Jouanneau, Mario David, Jean Carmet, Guy Bedos, Sacha Briquet. Set in a German P.O.W. camp in 1940, this is the story of a French corporal who is determined to escape to return to Paris and fight once more. 96 min. DVD 7586
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Jean Renoir bibliography

The Criminal (aka Concrete Jungle) (UK, 1960)
Directed by Joseph Losey. Cast: Stanley Baker, Sam Wanamaker, Gregoire Aslan, Margit Saad, Jill Bennett, Rupert Davies, Laurence Naismith, Patrick Magee, Patrick Wymark. Johnny Bannion has spent the last three years in prison devising the biggest robbery of his career. Out of prison, he puts his plans into action. He buries the money in a field, but Bannion is arrested before he has a chance to reveal its whereabouts to his gang. While in jail, he must survive an ordeal of brutality and betrayal at the hands of his fellow convicts and former accomplices. 97 min. DVD X5822
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Joseph Losey bibliography

Empire of the Sun (1987)
Directed by Steven Spielberg. Cast: John Malkovich, Miranda Richardson, Nigel Havers, Christian Bale. Based on J.G. Ballard's autobiographical novel, tells the story of a boy, James Graham, whose privileged life is upturned by the Japanese invasion of Shanghai, December 8, 1941. Separated from his parents, he is eventually captured, and taken to Soo Chow confinement camp, next to a captured Chinese airfield. Amidst the sickness and food shortages in the camp, Jim attempts to reconstruct his former life, all the while bringing spirit and dignity to those around him. Special features: Behind-the-scenes documentary "A China odyssey : Empire of the sun, a film by Steven Spielberg" (English language soundtrack with optional subtitles in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, or Thai) ; cast and crew biographies ; theatrical trailer ; awards ; scene selections. 153 min.DVD 1056
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
National Board of Review, USA - Best Film; Best Director; Best Juvenile Performance (Christian Bale)

Steven Spielberg bibliography

Escape from Hell (Femmine infernali)(Spain / Italy; 1980)
Director, Edward G. Muller (Edoardo Mulargia). Cast: Anthony Steffen, Ajita Wilson, Cristina Lay, Cinta Lodetti. A women's prison camp is located deep in the Amazon rain forest. Violent guards and warden make life unbearable for the inmates, and any infraction of the rules is dealt with swiftly and savagely. The camp doctor is horrified at what he sees and drinks heavily to push the horror away. Finally the inmates have had had enough, and they enlist the help of the doctor to escape their male oppressors. Dubbed into English. 93 min. DVD X2486
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Female Prisoner Scorpion: Jailhouse 41 (Joshuu 701-gô: Sasori) (Japan, 1972)
Directed by Shunya Ito. Cast: Meiko Kaji, Fumio Watanabe, Kayoko Shiraishi. An innocent young woman in jail is systematically humiliated and tortured, and when she escapes, she goes on a violent rampage of revenge against the men who abused her. 90 min. DVD X2486
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Four Minutes (Vier Minuten) (Germany, 2006)
Directed by Chris Kraus. Cast: Monica Bleibtreu, Hannah Herzsprung, Sven Pippig, Richy Müller, Jasmin Tabatabai, Vadim Glowna, Stefan Kurt, Nadja Uhl. Jenny has been locked up in a women's prison for killing someone, and she would do it again. Buried beneath her impenetrable facade, however, Jenny has an invaluable musical talent. When 80 year-old piano teacher Traude Krueger discovers the girl's terrible secret, her raging brutality and her dreams, she makes it her mission to retransform Jenny into the musical wunderkind she once was. 112 min. DVD X3956
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Goodbye Bafana (Germany | France | Belgium | South Africa | Italy | UK | Luxembourg, 2007)
Directed by Bille August. Cast: Joseph Fiennes, Dennis Haysbert, Diane Kruger, Shiloh Henderson, Patrick Lyster, Faith Ndukwana. Based on a true story, tracks the unlikely but profound relationship between James Gregory, a racist South African jailer, and his prisoner, Nelson Mandela. Gregory is ordered to spy on Mandela because he understands Mandela's native language. No one expected a frienship would grow between these two very different men. Based on the memoirs of Nelson Mandela's prison guard written by Bob Graham and James Gregory. 118 min. DVD X4430
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The Grand Illusion (La Grande Illusion) (France, 1937)
Directed by Jean Renoir. Jean Renoir's classic anti-war film. A non-inflammatory World War I film set on the front in 1916, before American involvement. It is a study of a prisoner of war camp and the disillusionment of captors and prisoners alike. 111 min.DVD 141; DVD 3494; also vhs 999:82
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
National Board of Review, USA - Best Foreign Film
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Foreign Film
Venice Film Festival - Best Overall Artistic Contribution (Jean Renoir)

Great Escape (1963)
Director: John Sturges. Film based on the true story of Allied servicemen during World War II who tunneled their way out of a German prison camp to freedom with nothing but guts, perseverance and ingenuity. 173 min. (2 tapes) DVD 8383; vhs 999:833:1&2
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Lovell, Glenn. Escape artist : the life and films of John Sturges / Glenn Lovell. Madison, Wis. : University of Wisconsin Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.S779 L68 2008)

H3 (Ireland, 2001)
Directed by Les Blair. Cast: Brendan Mackey, Dean Lennox Kelly, Aidan Campbell, Tony Devlin, Kevin Elliot, Mark O'Halloran, Mark McCrory, Gerry Doherty, Dan Gordon. In Europe's most secure prison, 400 young men must make a choice between life or justice. Seamus Scullion is the man chosen to select the names of his fellow prisoners in the H3 prison block who are ultimately prepared to die for what they believe in. "Based on the true events of the 1981 Maze hunger strikes, H3 is set in the H-Blocks of the Maze Prison in the North of Ireland during the period, early January 1981 up to the death of Bobby Sands on May 1981." 87 min. DVD X6012
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The Hanoi Hilton (1987)
Directed by Lionel Chetwynd. Cast: Michael Moriarty, Jeffrey Jones, Paul Le Mat, Stephen Davies, Lawrence Pressman, Aki Aleong, Gloria Carlin, John Diehl, Rick Fitts, David Soul. Based on true events, this drama focuses on the sufferings, torture and brutal treatment American P.O.W.s had to deal with daily while in North Vietnam's Hoa Lo Prison, the most infamous prisoner of war camp in Hanoi. The film focuses on the resistance the prisoners gave to their captors and the strong bonds formed by the Americans during their captivity. Produced as a tribute to all Americans who served in the Vietnam War. Special DVD features: "Perseverance of strength: a conversation with John McCain" (20 min.) The Arizona Senator talks with writer/director Lionel Chetwynd about his POW experiences at the real-life Hanoi Hilton.126 min. DVD X2857; vhs 999:3217
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Edelman, Rob. "The Hanoi Hilton." Cineaste 15:4 (1987) p. 49

Hart's War (2002)
Directed by Gregory Hoblit. Cast: Bruce Willis, Colin Farrell, Terrence Howard, Cole Hauser, Marcel Iures, Linus Roache. Honor, courage, and sacrifice are revealed in unexpected ways as a ranking U.S. prisoner in a Nazi POW camp is joined in December 1944 by a law-student lieutenant who'd been captured despite his father's powerful military connections. When a black pilot from the famous Tuskegee airmen is falsely accused of murdering a fellow prisoner, Lt. Hart tries his case and discovers the real motivation behind the ranking officer's kangaroo court. 125 min. DVD 1209
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Hogan's Heroes. (TV)
Performers: Bob Crane, Werner Klemperer, John Banner, Robert Clary, Richard Dawson, Ivan Dixon, Larry Hovis. The Informer (the original pilot, airdate Sept. 17, 1965) -- Kommandant of the year (airdate Oct. 1, 1965). The informer: In this original pilot episode of the comic television series about American prisoners of war, a German spy witnesses Hogan's underground operation and can't believe his eyes. Not it's up to the heroes to make sure no one believes his story!. Kommandant of the year: The heroes must create a diversion before they can sabotage a German rocket-bomb stashed inside the camp. Thanks to the vanity of the camps Kommandant and a phony award ceremony -- the mission is a booming success! 50 min. Video/C 8765

The Hot Box (Philippines / USA, 1972)
Directed by Joe Viola. Cast: Carmen Argenziano, Andrea Cagan, Margaret Markov, Rickey Richardson, Laurie Rose. Four American nurses are kidnapped by bounty hunters who are working for a band of revolutionaries in the mythic Republic of San Rosario. The women are impressed into service helping the guerrillas organize an infirmary for wounded partistans. One of the women joins the revolutionaries. 85 min. DVD X2486
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Hunger (UK | Ireland , 2008)
Directed by Steve McQueen. Cast: Michael Fassbender, Liam Cunningham. Based on true events. In Northern Ireland's Maze prison in 1981, 27-year-old Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands went on a hunger strike to protest the British government's refusal to recognize him and his fellow IRA inmates as political prisoners. A transcedent depiction of what a human being is willing to endure in order to be heard. Special features: Video interviews with McQueen and actor Michael Fassbender; short documentary on the making of Hunger, including interviews with McQueen, Fassbender, actors Liam Cunningham, Stuart Graham and Brian Milligan, writer Enda Walsh, and producer Robin Gutch ; "The Provos' last card?:" a 1981 episodes of the BBC program Panorama, about the Maze prison hunger strikes and the political and civilian reactions across Northern Ireland; trailer. 96 min. DVD X2654
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Cannes Film Festival - Golden Camera
London Critics Circle Film Awards - Breakthrough British Filmmaker (Steve McQueen); British Actor of the Year (Michael Fassbender)
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - New Generation Award
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best First Film
Venice Film Festival - Gucci Prize

Brooks, Richard. "Inside the Maze." New Statesman, 6/2/2008, Vol. 137 Issue 4899, p42-43, 2p UC users only
Corless, Kieron. "The human factor." Sight & Sound, Nov2008, Vol. 18 Issue 11, p24-26, 3p UC users only
Crowdus, Gary. "The Human Body as Political Weapon: An Interview with Steve McQueen." Cineaste, Spring2009, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p22-25, 4p UC users only
El-Khairy, Omar Assem. "Snowflakes on a Scarred Knuckle: The Biopolitics of the 'War on Terror' through Steve McQueen's Hunger and Kathryn Bigelow's The Hurt Locker." Millennium , 2010, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p187-191, 5p; UC users only
Fuller, Graham. "By Any Means Necessary." Film Comment, Mar/Apr2009, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p34-39, 4p UC users only
McNamee, Eugene. "Eye witness - memorialising humanity in Steve McQueen's Hunger." International Journal of Law in Context, Sep2009, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p281-294, 14p UC users only
White, Mo. "The Maze Prison in Recent Filmic Representations: Steve McQueen's Hunger and Donovan Wylie's The Maze." Art Book, May2010, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p63-64, 2p UC users only

In the Jail Now (O şimdi mahkum)) (Turkey, 2005)
Directed by Abdullah Oguz. Cast: Yavuz Bingöl, Burhan Öçal, Gökhan Özo ğuz, Levent Kazak. Two years after finishing his military service, Levent is still struggling to make a career move. He has written a script for a sitcom "In the Jail Now", with the lead role going to Gokhan, the member of a musical band. Following a series of unfortunate events, however, they end up in prison, where they meet with Karlidag, an old pal from the military service. All three of them find themselves drawn into an underworld vendetta. 125 min. DVD X5908
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In the Name of the Father (Ireland / UK, 1993)
Directed by Jim Sheridan. Cast: Daniel Day-Lewis, Emma Thompson, Terry George and Jim Sheridan. The fact-based story of Gerry Conlon, a petty thief from Belfast. When he angers the IRA, his father sends him to England where, caught in the wrong place at the wrong time, he is accused of a terrorist bombing and forced to confess. He and his father, along with friends of Gerry, are found guilty and sentenced to life in prison as members of the "Guildford Four". Behind bars, Gerry works for 15 years with the help of a dedicated lawyer, to clear their names. Based on the autobiographical book Proved Innocent by Gerry Conlon. 185 min. DVD X1059
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Karma (India, 1965)
Directed by Subhash Ghai. Cast: Dilip Kumar, Nutan, Naseeruddin Shah, Jachie Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Sridevi, Poonam Dhillon, Dara Singh, Anupam Kher, Shakti Kapoor. Rana, a prison warden and a strong and honest jailer, believes in the philosophy of criminal rehabilitation. Following his own beliefs and methods he plans a secret mission employing three death row inmates to infiltrate a terrorist camp. In Hindi with English subtitles. 178 min. DVD 2516
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Kiss of the Spider Woman. (Brazil / USA, 1985)
Directed by Hector Babenco. Cast: William Hurt, Raul Julia, Sonia Braga. A homosexual and a politically active journalist share a prison cell somewhere in Latin America. Molina and Valentin have only one thing in common-- they are both victims of society. This is the complex story of the relationship that develops between two men with radically different perspectives on life. Based on the novel of the same title by Manuel Puig. 119 min. DVD X636; DVD copy 2: DVD X192 (PAL region 2); vhs 999:224
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Awards

Academy Award - Best Actor (William Hurt)
British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Actor
Cannes Film Festival - Best Actor
London Critics Circle Film Awards - Actor of the Year
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Actor
National Board of Review, USA - Best Actor

Little Dorrit (UK, 2008)
Director, Robert Bresson. Cast: Matthew Macfadyen, Claire Foy, Tom Courtenay, Alun Armstrong, Judy Parfitt, Emma Pierson, Ruth Jones, Sue Johnston, Bill Paterson, Andy Serkis, James Fleet, Freema Agyeman. When Arthur Clennam returns to London after several years abroad, he wants to learn more about his mother's new seamstress, young Amy Dorrit. His search brings him to the Marshalsea Debtors Prison, where he learns the truth about struggle and hardship in 1820s England. Adapted from the novel by Charles Dickens. Originally broadcast as a British television mini-series in 2008. 452 min. DVD X1674
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Man Escaped (Un condamné à mort s'est échappé ou Le vent souffle où; il veut) (France, 1956)
Director, Robert Bresson. Cast: Francois Leterrier, Charles Le Clainche, Maurice Beerblock. Based on a true story, tells of a French Resistance fighter who is sent to an infamous prison in 1943, where 7,000 of the 12,000 prisoners housed there died either by natural means or by execution. Lt. Fontaine is certain that execution awaits him, and begins planning his escape. For a period of time he goes it alone, but reluctantly takes on a partner. He gets some help from a couple of prisoners allowed to stroll in the exercise yard, but for the most part he is a figure of isolation. 100 min. DVD 2770
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Memories of Prison (Memórias do Cárcere) (Brazil, 1984)
Director, Nelson Pereira dos Santos. The Brazilian author, Graciliano Ramos, under suspicion of extreme left-wing views, was imprisoned on a penal isle near Rio de Janeiro from 1936-1937 during a period of political repression. Film is adapted from his vivid recollections of prison life, based on his posthumous memoirs. 121 min. vhs 999:3291 (In Portuguese with English subtitles; Another copy: 218 min. Portuguese without English subitles vhs 999:1672)
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Merry Christmas, Mister Lawrence (UK / Japan / New Zealand, 1982)
Directed by Nagisa Oshima. Cast: David Bowie, Tom Conti, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Takeshi, Jack Thompson. British army officer Jack Celliers is sentenced to a Japanese P.O.W. camp in Java where he engages in a private war of wills with the camp's commander and a belligerent sergeant. Despite the gruesome setting, Celliers and his fellow prisoner John Lawrence come to understand and respect the special Japanese code of honor. Based on the novel The seed and the sower by Sir Laurens Van der Post, which was based on the author's experiences as a WWII prisoner of war. Bonus DVD features (Disc 2): Original theatrical trailer; making-of featurette "The Oshima gang"; new video interviews; "Hasten slowly," a documentary on Laurens van der Post. 124 min. DVD X4796; vhs 999:3708
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Pelz, William A. "Joyeux Noel." Film & History, Spring2008, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p65-66, 2pUC users only
Toumarkine, Doris. "Joyeux Noel." Film Journal International, Apr2006, Vol. 109 Issue 4, p137-137, 2/3pUC users only

Midnight Express (UK / USA, 1978)
Directed by Alan Parker. Cast: Brad Davis, John Hurt, Randy Quaid, Irene Miracle. Based on the nonfiction book by William Hayes with William Hoffer. American citizen Billy Hayes is sentenced to four years in a brutal Turkish prison after being caught trying to smuggle hashish out of Istanbul. When his sentence is changed to life just days before his release, he has no choice but to try to escape. 121 min. DVD 1310
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Awards

British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Direction; Best Supporting Actor (John Hurt)
Golden Globes, USA - Best Motion Picture - Drama; Best Motion Picture Acting Debut - Female (Irene Miracle); Best Motion Picture Acting Debut - Male (Brad Davis)

Mutlu, Dilek Kaya. "The Midnight Express (1978) phenomenon and the image of Turkey." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Aug2005, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p475-496, 22p UC users only

Papillon (1973)
Directed by Franklin J. Schaffner. Cast: Steve McQueen, Dustin Hoffman, Victor Jory, Anthony Zerbe, Don Gordon. Based on the true story of Henri Charriere, also known as Papillon, a petty criminal who was wrongly convicted of murder and sentenced to life in a French penal colony on Devil's Island in French Guiana, South America. He is determined to escape but attempt after attempt meets with resulting recapture and incarcerations in solitary confinement. 150 min. DVD 5081
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Prison Train (1938)
Directed by Gordon Wiles. Cast: Fred Keating, Linda Winters. A train full of convicted felons is heading towards the notorious island prison of Alcatraz. A murderous gangster on board is planning his escape, but is threatened by the other prisoners. 64 min. DVD X6182
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Prisoner 13 (Mexico, 1933)
Directed by Fernando de Fuentes. Cast: Aldredo del Diestro, Adela Sequeyro, Luis G. Barriero, Arturo Campoamor. El Prisionero 13 (Prisoner 13) is part of the trilogy of films made by Fernando Fuentes concerning the Mexican Revolution. The film centers on the drunkard Colonel Carrasco, whose wife Marta leaves him taking his young son. The child, Juan, grows into an admirable and well-mannered young man. Having been promoted to a higher rank of power amidst the Mexican Revolution, the indulgent and corrupt Colonel accepts a bribe to free a revolutionary, Felipe Martinez, from his prison. Martinez has been sentenced to execution at the hands of a firing squad. Carrasco asks to have the revolutionary replaced by absolutely anyone. In a twist of fate, that anyone turns out to be his own long lost son Juan. Upon receiving this news, Marta races to the prison and explains the predicament to Carrasco. He subsequently desperately attempts to prevent the gunning down of his son by his very own government officials. 76 min. DVD 6530
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Proper Eyes (Por sus propios ojos)(Argentina | France, 2007)
Directed by Liliana Paolinelli. Cast: Ana Carabajal, Luisa Nuñez, Maximiliano Gallo, Mara Santucho. A film student writing her thesis on women prisoners meets a woman who, in return for an interview, wants to visit her son in prison. After arranging the meeting, they both enter the prison with unexpected consequences. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 78 min. DVD X7361
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A Prophet (Un prophète) (France | Italy, 2009)
Director, Jacques Audiard. Cast: Tahar Rahim, Niels Arestrup, Adel Bencherif, Hichem Yacoubi, Reda Kateb. Malik el Djebena, a young Arab who is condemned to six years in a French prison, cannot read or write, but soon figures out the politics of the prison. Though Malik is only 19-years-old, the leader of the Corsican gang who rules the prison corners him and gives him certain 'missions' to carry out. He quickly gains the confidence of the gang leader, as these assignments begin to toughen him up. But Malik soon develops some plans of his own. 155 min. DVD X4195
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Awards

British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Foreign-language Film
Cannes Film Festival, Grand Prize of the Jury
César, Best Director
National Board of Review USA, Best Foreign Language Film

Bisson, Julien. "Jacques audiard: A Prophet for French Film." France Today; Feb2010, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p36-37, 2p UC users only
Klawans, Stuart. "Vision or Blindness?" Nation, 3/22/2010, Vol. 290 Issue 11, p34-36, 3p UC users only
Radovic, Rajko. "A Bandit Apart." Film International, Jul2010, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p14-20, 7p UC users only
Rupp, Gabriel V.; Atkison, James "A prophet: A study in the dialogics of the social and the psychological." PsycCRITIQUES, Vol 55(33), 2010 UC users only
White, Rob. "Only Connect." Film Quarterly; Spring2010, Vol. 63 Issue 3, p4-5, 2p UC users only

The Quare Fellow (UK, 1962)
Directed by Arthur Dreifuss. Cast: Patrick McGoohan, Sylvia Syms, Walter Macken, Dermot Kelly, Jack Cunningham. A rookie prison guard, and advocate of capital punishment, has a change of heart after he begins an affair with a condemned man's wife and discovers that key evidence was withheld from his trial. Based on the play by Brendan Behan. 89 min. DVD X2032
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Rescue Dawn (US, 2006)
Directed by Werner Herzog. Cast: Christian Bale, Steve Zahn, Jeremy Davies. When U.S. fighter pilot Dieter Dengler escapes death after being shot down over one of the most intense front lines in the Vietnam War, his troubles were just beginning. He is taken captive by the Vietnamese Army and is forced to endure a harrowing stint in a Vietnamese prison camp. Dengler and a small band of his fellow captives stage a death-defying escape. Based on true events. Special features: Commentary by director Werner Herzog and interviewer Norman Hill; deleted scenes; the making of the true story; "Unfinished business: telling Dieter's story", "Strength of character", "War stories", "What would Dieter do?", deleted scenes. (See also: Little Dieter Knows How to Fly documentary on which this movie was based DVD 994) 125 min. DVD 9326
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Scenes of Convict Life (Au bagne) (France, 1905)
Director, Ferdinand Zecca. "At an island penal institution, new prisoners are brought in one-by-one, and introduced to the harsh realities of prison life. They are put in fetters, sent to perform hard physical labor, and treated brutally. One convict manages to cut through the bars on his cell window. He climbs out, steals a boat, and begins a desperate attempt to escape from the island." [Internet Movie Database] 8 min. Video/C 999:354

Scum (UK, 1979)
Director, Alan Clarke. Originally commissioned in 1977 for the BBC's Play for Today series, but banned by the BBC before transmission. Writer Roy Minton approached Alan Clarke to have his social commentary screenplay remade as a feature film consisting of a largely unknown cast. Young juvenile offender Carlin is sent to a remote prison for boys. Upon arrival he finds a brutal authoritarian system completely uninterested in reforming any of the young charges; equally treacherous is the inmate hierarchy which he must learn to navigate. Carlin quickly ascends to the role of 'Daddy' or top dog, but not at a small price. Unfortunately others are not so savvy and fall afoul of the social system, leading to beatings, a brutal rape, a bloody suicide, and a vicious climactic revolt. 98 min. DVD 5546
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Seven Beauties (Pasqualino Settebellezze) (Italy, 1976)
Directed by Lina Wertmüller. Cast: Giancarlo Giannini, Fernando Rey, Shirley Stoler. A small-time casanova with no political convictions and fewer brains shoots his sister's pimp to save the family honor. He is caught, tried, sent to an insane asylum, volunteers for the Italian army and ends up in a Nazi prison where he learns to survive at any cost. 115 min. DVD 352; vhs 999:2326
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Déléas, Josette. "The Grotesque in Seven Beauties." In: Women filmmakers : refocusing / edited by Jacqueline Levitin, Judith Plessis, and Valerie Raoul. Vancouver : UBC Press, 2002. Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.W6 W655 2003)

Lina Wertmüller bibliography

Sex in Chains (Geschlecht in Fesseln: die Sexualnot der Gefangenen) (Germany, 1928)
Directed by William Dieterle. Cast: William Dieterle, Gunnar Tolns, Mary Johnson, Paul Henckels, Hans Heinrich Von Twardowski, Hugo Werner-Kahle, Carl Goetz. When Sommer accidentally kills a nighclub patron harassing his wife Helene, he's sentenced to three years in prison. Denied the comforts promised in their marriage, the young newlyweds risk their future and find release where they can -- Sommer in the arms of a handsome fellow prisoner and Helene with the boss whose kindness becomes her only solace. 90 min. DVD 3309
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Ashkenazi, Ofer. "Prisoners' fantasies in Weimar film The longing for a rational and just legal system." Journal of European Studies; Sep2009, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p290-304, 15p UC users only
Grundmann, Roy. "Gay-Themed Films of the German Silent Era." Cineaste v. 31 no. 1 (Winter 2005) p. 63-6 UC users only

A Short Film About Killing (Krótki film o zabijaniu) (Poland, 1987)
Director, Krysztof Kieslowski. "A youth randomly, and brutally, murders a taxi-driver. Piotr has just passed his law exams and been admitted to the bar. He is to defend Jacek, the young murderer. There is no evidence for the defence and no apparent motive. Jacek is put on trial, found guilty and executed by hanging. Piotr, after his first case, is leftwith the bitter doubt - does the legal system, in the name of the people, have the right to kill with cold blood?" [IMDB] 81 min. DVD 4186
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Krysztof Kieslowski bibliography

The Snapper(UK | Ireland, TV, 1993)
Directed by Stephen Frears. Cast: Helen Mirren, Fionnula Flanaghan, Aidan Gillen. Based on the true story of the 1981 hunger strike in a Britain prison, in which IRA prisoner Bobby Sands led a protest against the treatment of IRA prisoners as criminals rather than as prisoners of the war. Based on the novel by Roddy Doyle. 95 min. DVD X1930
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Some Mother's Son (Ireland / USA, 1996)
Directed by Terry George. Cast: Helen Mirren, Fionnula Flanaghan, Aidan Gillen. Based on the true story of the 1981 hunger strike in a Britain prison, in which IRA prisoner Bobby Sands led a protest against the treatment of IRA prisoners as criminals rather than as prisoners of the war. 112 min. vhs 999:3118
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Alleva, Richard. "Character amid chaos" Commonweal, 02/14/97, Vol. 124 Issue 3, p16, 2p UC users only
Blake, Richard A. "Sons and Mothers.." America, 2/15/1997, Vol. 176 Issue 5, p26-28, 3p UC users only
Carlsten, Jennie. "Mourning and Solidarity: The Commemorative Models of Some Mother's Son and H3." In: Genre and cinema : Ireland and transnationalism / edited by Brian McIlroy. New York : Routledge, c2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.I85 G46 2007)
Crowdus, Gary; Leary, O'Mara. "The `troubles' he's seen in Northern Ireland: An interview." Cineaste, Jul97, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p24, 6p UC users only
Hill, John. "Some Mother's Son." (cover story) Cineaste, Jul97, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p44, 2p UC users only
Kauffmann, Stanley. "On films: the troubles." New Republic, Dec 30 1996, Vol. 215, p26-27, 2p UC users only
Kline, T. Jefferson. "Some Mother's Son." Psychoanalytic Review, 1997, Vol. 84 Issue 6, p952-955, 4p

Stalag 17 (1952)
Directed by Billy Wilder. Cast: William Holden, Don Taylor, Otto Preminger. During World War II, a group of G.I.s are thrown together in the notorious German prison camp, Stalag 17. For the most part, they spend their time scheming ways to help each other escape. But when two prisoners are killed in an escape attempt, it becomes obvious that there is a spy among them. Special DVD features: commentary by actors Richard Erdman and Gil Stratton and co-playwright Donald Bevan; "'Stalag 17': from reality to screen" featurette; "The real heroes of Stalag XVIIB" featurette; photo gallery. 120 min. DVD X1706; vhs 999:813
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Awards
Academy Award - Best Actor (William Holden)

Stalag Luft (UK, TV, 1994)
Director,Adrian Shergold. Cast: Stephen Fry, Nicholas Lyndhurst, Geoffrey Palmer, Sam Kelly, Hugh Bonneville. In a spoof of the great wartime escape movies, arrogant RAF Officer James Forrester, who has 23 escape attempts to his name and zero escapes, plans the Big One, the escape of all 327 prisoners from a POW camp in Germany. The only problem is he expects them to escape all at once. 102 min. DVD X848
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Strange Cargo (1940)
Directed by Frank Borzage. Cast: Joan Crawford, Clark Gable, Ian Hunter, Peter Lorre, Paul Lukas. When eight prisoners escape from a New Guinea penal colony, they are picked up by a sloop commandeered by another escapee named Verne and his trollop girl friend Julie. Among the fugitives is Cambreau, a soft-spoken, messianic character who has a profound effect on his comrades. One by one, the escapees abandon their evil purposes and find God --and a peaceful death --through the auspices of the Christlike Cambreau. Based on the book: "Not Too Narrow ... Not Too Deep" by Richard Sale. Special features: Gable & Crawford; vintage short "More About Nostradamus"; classic cartoon, "Lonesome Stranger"; theatrical trailer. 113 min. DVD X1006
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Take Aim at the Police Van (Sono gososha o nerae)(Japan, 1960)
Directed by Seijun Suzuki. Cast: Michitaro Mizushima, Mari Shiraki, Misako Watanabe, Shinsuke Ashida, Shoichi Ozawa, Ryohei Uchida, Toru Abe, Tatsuo Matsushita, Saburo Hiromatsu, Reiko Arai, Toyo Fukuda, Kotoe Hatsui, Hiroshi Osa, Akira Hisamatsu. A prison truck is attacked and a convict inside is murdered. Daijiro, the penitentiary guard on duty, is accused of negligence and suspended. Now, he will dole out his own brand of justice when he goes in search of the criminals who put his job, not to mention the lives of those he is guarding, on the line. 79 min. DVD X1952
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Three Came Home (1950)
Directed by Jean Negulesco. Cast: Claudette Colbert, Patric Knowles, Sessue Hayakawa, Florence Desmond. During World War II, the Far East island of Borneo is captured by the Japanese. Based on true events this is the story of American author Agnes Newton Keith who along with her husband, a British administrator, is arrested. Their family is separated and placed into different prison camps. The camp commander takes an avid interest in the authoress, but does not intervene when she is subject to torture, starvation and humiliation at the hands of the guards. Told in agonizing detail, this is the story of her confinement and attempt at escape. 106 min. DVD 1463
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Through a Different Eye(USA, 1997)
Directed by David Jahns. Cast: Randy Cohlmia, Omar Cabral, David Reynolds, Marcelo Gonzalez. In a Cuban prison in 1980, an American drug smuggler, Mark, is forced into a personal odyssey of discovery and friendship when his cell mate and best friend Benito, a Cuban political prisoner, goes on a hunger strike. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 27 min. vhs 999:3911

Todos a la Carcel (Spain, 1993)
Directed by Luis G. Berlanga. A celebration in honor of the "International Day of Awareness" brings together political prisoners in a model Valencia prison, politicians and entertainers in a comedy of errors. In Spanish without titles. PAL format. 105 min. vhs 999:1854
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The Twilight (Gagooman) (Iran, 2002)
Directed by Mohammad Rasoulof. Cast: Fatemeh Bijan, Zolikha Bijan, Ali-Reza Mahdaviyan, Ali-Reza Shalikaran. Based on a true story, Reza, who has spent half his life in prison is helped by the warden who arranges a marriage for him with Fatemeh, a female prisoner. The bride and groom, who can spend one night a week together, eventually have a child and are finally released. As Reza attempts to find work to support his family, he finds that his new obligations imprison him in another way. 83 min. DVD 4168
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Two-Way Stretch (UK, 1960)
Directed by Robert Day. Cast: Peter Sellers, Maurice Denham, Irene Handl, Liz Fraser, Wilfred Hyde-White, David Lodge, Bernard Cribbens, Lionel Jeffries, Beryl Reid. A hilarious spoof of prison life in which Peter Sellers and his cellmates escape from jail for just one night. Sellers intends to break out of prison, steal a fortune in diamonds, and break back into prison before anyone notices. With only a few days sentence left, and the perfect alibi - what could possibly go wrong ? 87 min. DVD X4609
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

The Wall (Le Mur) (Turkey / France, 1983)
Directed by Yilmaz Güney. Amid the brutality visited upon the boys held in the Ankara Prison, including beatings, rape and starvation, the filmmaker (a former political prisoner in Turkey), arrives at a political message of revolution as an act of hope in this allegory of Turkish life. In Turkish with English subtitles. 117 min. vhs 999:2309
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Women's Prison (Zendan-e zanan) (Iran, 2002)
Directed by Manijeh Hekmat. Cast: Roya Nonahali, Roya Taymourian, Pegah Ahangarani, Golab Adineh, Maryam Boobani. Famously 'banned' for more than a year by Iranian authorities, this taboo-breaking film is based on Manijeh Hekmat's long fieldwork, among women prisoners in Iran. She depicts the lives of Iran's lost generation in the two decades since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, using the claustrophobic life of women behind bars as a metaphor for the entire society. Her protagonist, Mitra, is in prison for killing her violent stepfather. On the eve of a prison riot she confronts Tahereh, the new warden, whose dogmatic views she challenges fearlessly. Over the course of the next 20 years, Tahereh's attitude toward her prisoners changes and oftens, which reflects the country's shifting political stance. Eventually Mitra, aged and exhausted, is finally released, but Tahereh left behind, is now more like a prisoner herself. 106 min. DVD 6866
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Goushegir, Ezzat. "Women's Prison." Journal of Middle East Women's Studies; Winter2006, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p138-140, 3p UC users only
Simon, Alissa. "Manijeh Hekmat and Women's Prison." Senses of Cinema, vol. 23, pp. (no pagination), November 2002
"Women's Prison." (review) Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 2.1 (2006) 138-140 UC users only

The Wooden Horse(UK, 1950)
Directed by Jack Lee. Cast: Leo Genn, David Tomlinson, Anthony Steel, David Greene, Peter Burton. Dramatization of the true story behind the escape of three British POWs from Nazi Germany during World War II. A British officer has the idea of starting a daily gynmastics routine using a vaulting horse: they can place it near the boundary and start a tunnel from under it. Produced only 5 years after the end of WWII, the film established a model for many similar films that followed. Based on the book by Eric Williams. 98 min. DVD X2047
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Yield to the Night (aka Blonde Sinner) (UK, 1956)
Directed by J. Lee Thompson. Cast: Diana Dors, Yvonne Mitchell, Michael Craig, Geoffrey Keen, Athene Seyler. A young woman who has been abused and taken advantage of by all the men in her life, finally finds a man she believes truly loves her, but she snaps when she finds out that he, too, is cheating on her, and she kills her boyfriend's mistress. Condemned to death for her crime, she awaits her fate at the hands of the legal system. Produced as an impassioned cry against the death penalty at a time when it was the subject of national debate in Britain. Based on the book by Joan Henry. 96 min. DVD X1840
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Williams, Melanie. "Yield to Night." In: British cinema of the 1950s : a celebration / edited by Ian MacKillop and Neil Sinyard. Manchester ; New York : Manchester University Press ; New York, NY, USA : Distributed exclusively in the USA by Palgrave, 2003. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.G7 M263 2003)
Williams, Melanie. "Women in Prison and Women in Dressing Gowns: rediscovering the 1950s films of J. Lee Thompson." Journal of Gender Studies; Mar2002, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p5, 11p UC users only

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