Akira Kurosawa:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

This is a static page that is no longer maintained

Journal Articles

Articles and Books on Individual films
Movies by Director videography for works of Kurosawa in MRC
Asian cinema videography (includes citations to articles/reviews about individual Kurosawa films


Bazin, Andre.
"Akira Kurosawa." In: The cinema of cruelty : from Bunuel to Hitchcock / by Andre Bazin ; edited and with an introduction by Francois Truffaut ; translated by Sabine d' Estree with the assistance of Tiffany Fliss. 1st ed. New York : Seaver Books, 1982.
Main Stack PN1995.9.C7.B313 1982

Desser, David.
The Samurai Films of Akira Kurosawa / by David Desser. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press, c1983. Series title: Studies in cinema ; no. 23.
UCB Main PN1995.9.S24 D47 1983

Dissanayake, Wimal.
"Self, Agency, and Cultural Knowledge: Reflections on Three Japanese Films." In: Narratives of Agency: Self-Making in China, India, and Japan / Wimal Dissanayake, editor. pp: 178-201. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, c1996.
Main Stack DS721.N37 1996

Erens, Patricia
Akira Kurosawa: A Guide to References and Resources / Patricia Erens. Boston: G. K. Hall, c1979. Series title: A Reference publication in film.
UCB Main PN1998.A3K78 A12 .E7
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3K78 A12 .E7

Galbraith, Stuart
The Emperor and the wolf : the lives and films of Akira Kurosawa and Toshiro Mifune / Stuart Galbraith IV. 1st ed. New York : Faber and Faber, 2002, c2001.
Main Stack PN1998.3.K87.G35 2002

Goodwin, James
Akira Kurosawa and Intertextual Cinema / James Goodwin. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, c1994.
UCB Main PN1998.3.K87 G66 1994
UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.K87 G66 1994

Johnston, Robert K.
"The existentialist alternative : Akira Kurosawa and Woody Allen." In: Useless beauty : Ecclesiastes through the lens of contemporary film / Robert K. Johnston. Grand Rapids, Mich. : Baker Academic, c2004.
Main Stack BS1475.52.J64 2004

Kurosawa, Akira
Something Like an Autobiography / Akira Kurosawa ; translated by Audie E. Bock. 1st ed. New York: Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1982.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 K7894131 1982

Kurosawa, Kazuko
Papa, Kurosawa Akira Tokyo : Bungei Shunju, 2004.
EAST: PN1998.3.K87 K89 2004

Mellen, Joan.
"Akira Kurosawa." In: Voices from the Japanese cinema / Joan Mellen. 1st ed. New York : Liveright, [1975]
Main Stack PN1998.A2.M37 1975
Moffitt PN1998.A2.M37

Nogami, Teruyo
Waiting on the weather : making movies with Akira Kurosawa Published: Berkeley, Calif. : Stone Bridge Press, c2006.
MAIN: PN1998.3.N64 A3 2006;
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip072/2006032033.html

Perspectives on Akira Kurosawa
Edited by James Goodwin. New York : G.K. Hall; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, c1994. Series title: Perspectives on film.
UCB Main PN1998.3.K87 P47 1994

Prince, Stephen
"Genre and violence in the work of Kurosawa and Peckinpah." In: Action and adventure cinema / edited by Yvonne Tasker. London ; New York : Routledge, 2004.
Grad Svcs PN1995.9.A3.A28 2004 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services
Main Stack PN1995.9.A3.A28 2004

Prince, Stephen
The Warrior's Camera: The Cinema of Akira Kurosawa / Stephen Prince. Rev. and expanded ed. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1999.
UCB Main PN1998.3.K87 P75 1999
UCB Main PN1998.3.K87 P75 1991 (earlier ed.)
UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.K87 P75 1991 (earlier ed.)
Table of contents via Google books

Richie, Donald
The Films of Akira Kurosawa / by Donald Richie 3rd ed., expanded and updated. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1996.
UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.K87 R5 1996 (also earlier editions in Main and Moffitt)
Table of contents via Google books

Russell, Catherine.
"Men with swords and men with suits : the cinema of Akira Kurosawa." In: Classical Japanese cinema revisited / by Catherine Russell. New York : Continuum, c2011.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.J3 R87 2011

Varley, H. Paul
"Culture in the Present Age." In: Japanese Aesthetics and Culture: A Reader. / edited by Nancy G. Hume. p. 295-340. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, c1995. SUNY series in Asian studies development
Main Stack BH221.J3.J37 1995
Moffitt BH221.J3.J37 1995

Yoshimoto, Mitsuhiro
Kurosawa : film studies and Japanese cinema / Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto. Durham: Duke University Press, 2000.
Main Stack PN1998.3.K87 Y67 2000

Journal Articles

Banerjee, Utpal K.
"A Mirror to Ray and Kurosawa." Cinemaya: The Asian Film Quarterly, vol. 59, pp. 64-65, Summer 2003.

Bernstein, Matthew
"Kurosawa's Narration and the Noh Theater." Post Script - Essays in Film and the Humanities 20:1 (Fall 2000) p. 34-45 p. 34-45
UC users only

Carr, Barbara.
"Goethe and Kurosawa: Faust and the Totality of Human Experience-West and East." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 24 no. 3. 1996. pp: 274-80. dd>UC users only

Cohn, J.
"Warriors and Women in Sanjuro and Nichinichi heian." Literature-Film Quarterly v26, n2 (April, 1998):148 (5 pages).
UC users only

Casebier, Allan.
"The Phenomenology of Japanese Cinema: A Husserlian Intervention in the Theory of Cinematic Representation." (Phenomenology in Film and Television) Quarterly Review of Film and Video v12, n3 (Oct, 1990):9 (11 pages). UC users only

Crogan, Patrick "Translating Kurosawa." Senses of Cinema

Dan, Jeff
"Akira Kurosawa."Senses of Cinema (Great Directors: A Critical Database)

Dibble, Terry.
"Noise and Music, Doctor and Police: Kurosawa and Interpretation." Cinefocus, vol. 1 no. 2. 1990 Fall. pp: 19-26.

"Emperor Of The Cinema."
The Japan Economic Journal (Nihon Keizai Shimbun), Volume 31, Number 1571, May 31, 1993

Higham, Charles
"Kurosawa's Humanism." The Kenyon Review, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Autumn, 1965), pp. 737-742
UC users only

Hirano, Kyoko.
"Making Films for All the People: An Interview with Akira Kurosawa." Cineaste, vol. 14 no. 4. 1986. PAGES: 23-25.

Hogue, Peter.
"The Kurosawa Story." Film Comment v35, n1 (Jan, 1999):21. Pub Type: Biography.

Keene, Donald.
"Kurosawa." Grand Street, vol. 1 no. 4. 1982 Summer. pp: 140-145.

Iwasaki, Akira
"Kurosawa And His Work." Japan Quarterly 12:1 (1965:Jan./Mar.) 59

Kazuko, Kurosawa.
"Kurosawa Akira's script of the heart ."Japan Echo 30.3 (June 2003): 58(5).
The personal and professional life of Kurosawa Akira as a movie director is discussed.

Kehr, Dave
"A master recalled." (costume designer Emi Wada discusses her collaboration with the late director, Akira Kurosawa) The New York Times August 25, 2000 pB23(N) pE25(L) col 2 (12 col in)

Kempley, Rita.
"Akira Kurosawa, Straight Shooter." (appreciation of the late film director) Washington Post (Mon, Sep 7, 1998):B1, col 1, 24 col in.

"Kurosawa, Akira." Current Biography v52, n7 (July, 1991):38 (5 pages).

Kurosawa, Kazuko
"Kurosawa Akira's script of the heart." Japan Echo June 2003 v30 i3 p58(5)
The personal and professional life of Kurosawa Akira as a movie director is discussed.

Levy, Shawn.
"Moments with Kurosawa: A Visit with the Sensei of the Cinema." American Film v. 17 (Jan./Feb. '92) p. 44-7.

Manheim, Michael.
"The Function of Battle Imagery in Kurosawa's Histories and the Henry V Films." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 22 no. 2. 1994. pp: 129-35. UC users only

Marshall, Fred
"Interview with Akira Kurosawa." Kinema, Spring 1993 UC users only

Maxfield, James.
"The Earth is Burning": Kurosawa's Record of a Living Being." Literature-Film Quarterly v26, n2 (April, 1998):130 (6 pages).

Maxfield, James.
"The Moral Ambiguity of Kurosawa's Early Thrillers."Film Criticism v. 18 (Fall '93) p. 20-35. UC users only

McCormick, Ruth
"Kurosawa's Warriors." Parabola 7:4 (1982:Oct.) 80

Nobuhiko, Obayashi
"Kurosawa and Cinematic Traditions." Post Script - Essays in Film and the Humanities 20:1 (Fall 2000) Issue p. 79-81
UC users only

Nordin, Kenneth D.
"Images of Uma (Horses) in the Samurai Films of Akira Kurosawa." Asian Cinema, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 155-69, Fall 2003.

Peary, Gerald.
"Akira Kurosawa."American Film v14, n6 (April, 1989):80 (3 pages).

Pletsch, Carl
"Akira Kurosawa's Reflection on Becoming a Genius." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 192-99, Winter 2005.
UC users only

Obayashi Nobuhiko; Mills, David (translator)
"Kurosawa and Cinematic Traditions." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1,

Peary, Gerald.
"Japan's Existential Cowboy Looks West and Thinks East." American Film v. 14 (Apr. '89) p. 80-2.

Schilling, Mark.
"Akira Kurosawa: reflections on a movie legend."Japan Quarterly v46, n1 (Jan-March, 1999):42 (8 pages).
Japanese film director Kurosawa Akira is considered a legend in the country's movie industry. Akira, who died in Sep 1998, was well-known for the movie 'Shichinin no Samurai' (Seven Samurai), a 1954 film about medieval samurai warriors considered a classic worldwide. The director's first film was 'Sugata Sanshiro' (Sanshiro Sugata) in 1943, while his last film, 'Madadayo,' was made in 1993. Former director Yamamoto Kajiro, whom Akira worked for as an assistant in 1936, recognized and encouraged him to development his talent in film directing.

Tadao, Sato.
"Kurosawa Akira: A Teacher of Courage." (Special Features)(world-renowned, deceased Japanese filmmaker Akira Kurosawa) Japan Echo v25, n6 (Dec, 1998):51 (5 pages).

Thomas, Kevin.
"Kurosawa Brought Japan - and Inspiration - to West." Los Angeles Times v117, n281 (Mon, Sept 7, 1998):A1, col 3, 32 col in.

Weisman, Steven R.
"Kurosawa is Sailing Unfamiliar Seas." (Japanese director Akira Kurosawa) (Living Arts Pages) New York Times v140 (Mon, Oct 1, 1990):B1(N), C13(L), col 3, 42 col in.

Wilmington, Michael.
"Akira Kurosawa 1910-1998." (biography) Film Comment v35, n1 (Jan, 1999):18.

Wolf, Barbara
"On Akira Kurosawa." Yale Review 64:2 (1974:Dec.) 218

Yi, H.S.
"Kurosawa and Gogol: Looking through the lens of metonymy."Literature/Film Quarterly 27: (3) 210-217 1999

Yimou, Zhang
"Akira Kurosawa: Bigger in the West than in his own Japan, he was the quintessential Asian filmmaker." (TIME 100) Time International August 23, 1999 v154 i7/8 p112+

Young-Mason, Jeanine.
"Understanding Suffering and Compassion."Cross Currents. 51(3):347-58. 2001 Fall


"Died, Akira Kurosawa."
Time v152, n11 (Sep 14, 1998):25.

"Akira Kurosawa."
Economist v348, n8085 (Sep 12, 1998):100.

"Akira Kurosawa."
U.S. News & World Report v125, n11 (Sep 21, 1998):12.

Corliss, Richard.
"Long Live the Emperor! AKIRA KUROSAWA, 1910-1998."(Brief Article)(Obituary) Time International v150, n3 (Sept 21, 1998):58.

"Deaths."(the award-winning Japanese film director Akira Kurosawa died at the age of 88)
People Weekly v49, n21 (Sep 21, 1998):131.

"DIED: Akira Kurosawa."
Maclean's v111, n38 (Sept 21, 1998):15.

Kauffmann, Stanley.
"On Films Afterlives." New Republic (Oct 26, 1998):24.

Lyman, Rick.
"Akira Kurosawa, Director of Epics, Dies at 88." (Japanese film director; includes chronology of films)(Obituary) New York Times v147 (Mon, Sep 7, 1998):A1(N), A1(L), col 3, 65 col in.

Natale, Richard; Herskovitz, Jon.
"Akira Kurosawa."Variety v372, n5 (Sept 14, 1998):92.

"OBITUARY Akira Kurosawa"
Sight and Sound. Volume 8, Number 10, 1998 pp. 3

Oliver, Myrna.
"Film Director Akira Kurosawa, 88, Dies in Tokyo," (Obituary) Los Angeles Times v117, n280 (Sun, Sep 6, 1998):A1, col 1, 48 col in.

Pearson, Richard.
"Filmmaker Akira Kurosawa Dies at 88"; Japanese director acclaimed worldwide.(Obituary) Washington Post (Mon, Sep 7, 1998):D6, col 1, 19 col in.

Prince, Stephen.
"In Memory of Kurosawa Akira." Post Script: Essays in Film & the Humanities. 20(1):92-95. 2000 Fall.

Rayns, Tony.
"Kurosawa Akira: 1910-98." (Obituary) Sight and Sound v8, n10 (Oct, 1998):3.

Scorsese, Martin.
"Eulogy." (Akira Kurosawa)(Brief Article)Time (Sept 21, 1998):29.

Wilmington, Michael.
"Akira Kurosawa 1910-1998." (biography) Film Comment v35, n1 (Jan, 1999):18.
The giant Japanese filmmaker Kurosawa was an expert and mentor for many film writers. The most notable characters in Kurosawa's films are not the emperors or business titans, but those of lesser occupations such as bodyguards, hunters, teachers and grandmothers. Though he was himself referred to as emperor, he was prouder of being sensei, which means master, warrior, mentor and teacher.

Books, Reviews and Articles About Individual Films

Dersu Uzala

Schneider, John A.
"Signs and Symbols in Dersu Uzala." Psychoanalytic Review, Feb2009, Vol. 96 Issue 1, p173-180, 8p
UC users only

Solovieva, Olga V.
"The erased grave of Dersu Uzala: Kurosawa's cinema of memory and mourning." Journal of Japanese & Korean Cinema; 2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p63-79, 17p
UC users only


Desser, David
"The Place of Dodeskaden." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1, 68-78.
UC users only


Alleva, Richard.
"Dreams." (movie reviews) Commonweal v117, n18 (Oct 26, 1990):612 (3 pages).

Bowman, James.
"Dreams." (movie reviews) American Spectator v24, n1 (Jan, 1991):35 (2 pages).

Canby, Vincent.
"Akira Kurosawa's Dreams." (movie reviews) (Living Arts Pages) New York Times v139 (Fri, August 24, 1990):B1(N), C1(L), col 1, 30 col in.

Involuntary vision : after Akira Kurosawa's Dreams
Edited by Michael Cross. Bolinas, Calif. : Avenue B, c2003.
Main PS595.M68 I58 2003
BANC: \p\ PS595.M68 I58 2003

Kauffmann, Stanley
"Dreams." (movie reviews) The New Republic Oct 8, 1990 v203 n15 p30(1)

Le Fanu, Mark.
"Dreams." (movie reviews) Sight and Sound v59, n3 (Summer, 1990):204.

Maslin, Janet.
"Dreams." (movie reviews) New York Times v139, sec2 (Sun, May 20, 1990):H17(N), H17(L), col 1, 28 col in.

Moore, Suzanne.
"Dreams." (movie reviews) New Statesman & Society v3, n102 (May 25, 1990):43 (2 pages).

Rafferty, Terrence.
"Akira Kurosawa's Dreams." (movie reviews) New Yorker v66, n30 (Sept 10, 1990):101 (3 pages).

Pletsch, C.
"Akira Kurosawa's reflection on becoming a genius." Journal of Popular Film & Television, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 192-200, 2005
"Akira Kurosawa's Yume, or Dreams (1990), is one of Kurosawa's last films, made when the filmmaker was nearly 80. It is a retrospective look at his life, conveyed in representations of eight purported dreams. The eight episodes are quite distinct and, taken together, constitute no obvious narrative, although Zvika Serper makes an interesting case for their unity. Unlike Kurosawa's delightfully chatty memoir, Something Like an Autobiography, Yume is often lyrical and reflective. It is quite distinct from the action films for which the director is famous. Thus, many of Kurosawa's fans have expressed disappointment in the film-even some of the most avid Kurosawa watchers have found it self-indulgent and unimpressive. Yet several of the episodes are beautiful. The slender thread of autobiography that connects the episodes of Yume also ties it to many self-portraits made by modern artists in various media, most of which presume liberally on their audiences as their makers stake their claims to genius." [Communication Abstracts]

Rainer, Peter.
"Akira Kurosawa's Dreams." (video recording reviews) American Film v16, n4 (April, 1991):52.

Reider, Noriko T.
"Akira Kurosawa's Dreams, as Seen through the Principles of Classical Japanese Literature and Performing Art."Japan Forum, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 257-72, Summer 2005.
UC users only

Schickel, Richard.
"Akira Kurosawa's Dreams." (movie reviews) Time v136, n11 (Sept 10, 1990):82.

Serper, Zvika
"Kurosawa's "Dreams": A Cinematic Reflection of a Traditional Japanese Context." Cinema Journal Vol. 40, No. 4 (Summer, 2001), pp. 81-103
UC users only
The structure, content, means of expression, philosophical thought, and images in Kurosawa's "Yume" ("Dreams" 1990), it is argued, offer an unconscious reflection of the traditional aristocratic no theater in particular, as well as of other Japanese folkloristic and aesthetic sources. [FIAF]

Stratton, M.
"Akira Kurosawa's dreams: Creating an unconscious autobiography."The Arts in Psychotherapy 28.2 (May 2001): 103(6).
UC users only

Walters, Margaret.
"Kurosawa's "Dreams", Oshima's "Max Mon Amour" Listener 123:3166 (1990:May 24) 41

Drunken Angel

McDonald, Keiko
"Dream, Song and Symbol: More About "Drunken Angel"." Post Script - Essays in Film and the Humanities 20:1 (Fall 2000) p. 23-33
UC users only

High and Low

Bernstein, Matthew
"High and Low: art cinema and pulp fiction in Yokohama." In: Film adaptation. Film adaptation / edited and with an introduction by James Naremore. p. 172-189. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c2000.
UCB Main PN1997.85 .F55 2000

Maxfield, J.
"The Moral Ambiguity Of Kurosawa Early Thrillers."Film Criticism 18: (1) 20-35 Fall 1993

The Idiot

De Lannoy, Yuna. "Revisiting Kurosawa Akira's The Idiot: A comparison with Sergei Eisenstein." Journal of Japanese & Korean Cinema, 2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p3-20, 18p
UC users only

Solovieva, Olga V.
"Kurosawa Akira's The Idiot: Where the East meets the West." Journal of Japanese & Korean Cinema, 2009, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p129-142, 14p
UC users only


Bernhardt, William
"Ikiru by Akira Kurosawa." Film Quarterly, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Summer, 1960), pp. 39-41
UC users only

Bovkis, Elen A.
"Ikiru : The Role of Women in a Male Narrative." Cineaction, 1996, Issue 40, p13-20, 8p
UC users only

Desser, David.
"Ikiru: Narration as a Moral Act." In: Reframing Japanese Cinema: Authorship, Genre, History / edited by Arthur Nolletti, Jr. and David Desser. pp: 56-68. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c1992.
Main Stack PN1993.5.J3.R44 1992
Moffitt PN1993.5.J3.R44 1992

Gordon J
"Kurosawa's Existential Masterpiece: A Meditation on the Meaning of Life." Humanities Studies 20: (2) 137-151 APR 1997

"Ikiru" In: Contemporary Japanese literature : an anthology of fiction, film, and other writing since 1945 / edited by Howard Hibbett. New York : Knopf ; distributed by Random House, 1982, c1977.
PFA PL782.E1.C6 1982
EAST: PL782.E1 C6 (1977 edition)
MAIN: PL782.E1 C6 (1977 edition)
MOFF: PL782.E1 C6; AASL: PL782.E1 C6 (1977 edition)

Jayaweera, Shan.
"Ikiru."Senses of Cinema: an Online Film Journal Devoted to the Serious & Eclectic Discussion of Cinema. 13:(no pagination). 2001 Apr-May.

Mackinnon, Gillies.
"Haunting Visions: Kurosawa's Ikiru." Sight & Sound ns4 (Nov. '94) p. 61.

Simone, R. Thomas
"The Mythos of "The Sickness Unto Death": Kurosawa's "Ikiru"." Journal Section(s): Literature/Film Quarterly 3:1 (1975:Winter) 2 UC users only

Yi, Hyangsoon.
"Kurosawa and Gogol: looking through the lens of metonymy." Literature-Film Quarterly v27, n3 (July, 1999):210 (8 pages).
A comparison of filmmaker Akira Kurosawa's 'Ikiru' and author Nikolai Gogol's 'The Overcoat' is discussed. Issues concerning the definition of cinematic metaphor, and the use of the grotesque and metonymy are addressed.


Chang, Joseph S.
"Kagemusha and the Chushingura Motif." East-West Film Journal, vol. 3 no. 2. 1989 June. pp: 14-38.

Crowdus, Gary
"Akira Kurosawa's "Kagemusha: The Shadow Warrior" Cinéaste 10:4 (1980:Fall) 9

Geist, Kathe.
"Late Kurosawa: Kagemusha and Ran." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, vol. 12 no. 1. 1992 Fall. pp: 26-36.

Gourlie, John.
"War and Pastoral: The Treatment of Landscape and Value in Kurosawa's Kagemusha." In: Apocalyptic Visions Past and Present : selected papers from the eighth and ninth annual Florida State University Conferences on Literature and Film. / Edited by JoAnn James and William J. Cloonan. pp: 48-53. Tallahassee: Florida State University Press, c1988.
UCB Main PN1995.3 .F551 1983

Kinder, Marsha
"Kagemusha (The Shadow Warrior) by Akira Kurosawa." Film Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 2 (Winter, 1980-1981), pp. 44-48
UC users only

Malpezzi, Frances M.
"The Double and the Theme of Selflessness in Kagemusha." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 17 no. 3. 1989. pp: 202-206. UC users only

Lower Depths

Rimer, J Thomas
"A Note on "The Lower Depths" ("Donzoko") of Kurosawa Akira." Post Script - Essays in Film and the Humanities 20:1 (Fall 2000) Issue p. 46-52
UC users only

The Men Who Tread on the Tiger's Tail (They WhoThe Step on the Tiger's Tail)

Richie, Donald
"The Men Who Tread on the Tiger's Tail: Kurosawa and the Theater." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1, 7-9.
UC users only

Trbic, Boris.
"They Who Step on the Tiger's Tail."Senses of Cinema: an Online Film Journal Devoted to the Serious & Eclectic Discussion of Cinema. 13:(no pagination). 2001 Apr-May. Victoria

No Regrets for My Youth

Chow, Rey.
"A Filmic Staging of Postwar Geotemporal Politics: On Akira Kurosawa's "No Regrets for Our Youth," Sixty Years Later." boundary 2, Spring2007, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p67-77, 11p
UC users only

Prindle, Tamae
"Kurosawa Akira's "No Regrets for Our Youth" (1946)." Post Script - Essays in Film and the Humanities 20:1 (Fall 2000) p. 10-22 p. 10-22
UC users only


Arai, Yoshio.
""Ran and King Lear."" Shakespeare Worldwide 12 (1989): 1-13.
Provides background for Akira Kurosawa's planning of Ran, analyzes the film (comparing it with other film versions--by Peter Brook , G. M. Kozintsev, and Jonathan Miller-- and concludes with commentary on Ran and Shakespeare's King Lear.

Bannon, Christopher J.
"Man and Nature in Ran and King Lear." New Orleans Review, vol. 18 no. 4. 1991 Winter. pp: 5-11.

Conrad, Peter
"Expatriating Lear." In: To Be Continued: Four Stories and Their Survival / Peter Conrad. p. 95-152 Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Main Stack PR21.C65 1995

Catania, Saviour.
"Wailing woodwind wild: the Noh transcription of Shakespeare's silent sounds in Kurosawa's Ran.(Akira Kurosawa, Noh Lear)." Literature-Film Quarterly 34.2 (April 2006): 85(8).
UC users only

Collick, John.
"Dreams of a Ghost." Shakespeare Worldwide 12 (1989): 14-25.
Compares Akira Kurosawa's use of noh in his two Shakespeare films, Ran (q.v.) and Kumonosu jo (based on Macbeth), and offers a critical methodology for studying film versions of Shakespeare's plays.

Crowl, Samuel.
"The Bow Is Bent and Drawn: Kurosawa's Ran and the Shakespearean Arrow of Desire." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 22 no. 2. 1994. pp: 109-16. UC users only
Akira Kurosawa's movie 'Ran' makes use of gender reversals to emphasize the Shakespearian tragedy of the story while introducing the topic of women's power in society. The movie is a samurai version of 'King Lear', with a revenge plot motivated by a woman's desire to avenge her family and bring down Japanese rulers. Lear's daughters are instead male samurais, and the male characters Cornwall, Albany, Edmund and Edgar are incorporated into the women Lady Sue and Kaede.

Davies, Anthony
Filming Shakespeare's Plays: The Adaptations of Laurence Olivier, Orson Welles, Peter Brook, and Akira Kurosawa / Anthony Davies. Cambridge [Cambridgshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
UCB Main PR3093 .D381 1988
UCB Moffitt PR3093 D38 1988

Dawson, Anthony
"Cross-cultural interpretation : reading Kurosawa reading Shakespeare." In: A concise companion to Shakespeare on screen / edited by Diana E. Henderson. Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Main Stack PR3093.C65 2006
Moffitt PR3093.C65 2006

Geist, Kathe.
"Late Kurosawa: Kagemusha and Ran." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, vol. 12 no. 1. 1992 Fall. pp: 26-36.

Grilli, Peter.
"The Old Man and the Scene: Note on the Making of Ran." Film Comment v. 21 (Sept./Oct. '85) p. 48+.

Hapgood, Robert.
"Ran from Screenplay to Film." Shakespeare Bulletin: A Journal of Performance Criticism and Scholarship, vol. 10 no. 3. 1992 Summer. pp: 37-38.

Hoile, Christopher
""King Lear" and Kurosawa's "Ran": Splitting, Doubling, Distancing." Pacific Coast Philology Vol. 22, No. 1/2 (Nov., 1987), pp. 29-34
UC users only

Howlett, Kathy.
"Are You Trying to Make Me Commit Suicide? Gender, Identity, and Spatial Arrangement In Kurosawa's Ran."Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 24 no. 4. 1996. pp: 360-66. UC users only

Howlett, Kathy.
"Breaking the frame: Akira Kurosawa's Ran." In: Framing Shakespeare on film. p. 115-27. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000.
MAIN: PR3093 .H69 2000

Jorgens, Jack.
" Kurosawa's Ran: A Samurai Lear." Shakespeare on Film Newsletter, vol. 10 no. 2. 1986 Apr. pp: 1, 4.

Jortner, David
"The Stability of the Heart amidst Fields of Green: An Ecocritical Reading of Kurosawa Akira"s Ran." Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1, 82-91.
UC users only

Kane, Julie.
"From the Baroque to Wabi: Translating Animal Imagery From Shakespeare's 'King Lear' to Kurosawa's 'Ran.'" Literature-Film Quarterly v25, n2 (April, 1997):146 (6 pages). UC users only
Akira Kurosawa's film 'Ran,' an adaptation of William Shakespeare's 'King Lear,' preserves much of the play's animal imagery while tranforming it for a Japanese audience. Kurosawa uses the Japanese aesthetic of wabi, which values the practice of restraint in expression, to make the animal images resonate with his audience. Both Shakespeare and Kurosawa frequently employ animal imagery in their works. Both favor positive horse images and negative ones pertaining to dogs. They are often more sympathetic to the quarry than to the hunter. They also compare women to animals more often than they do men.

Kauffmann, Stanley
"Ran." (movie reviews) The New Republic Jan 6, 1986 v194 p26(3)

Kehr, Dave.
"Samurai Lear." American Film v. 10 (Sept. '85) p. 20-6.

Linton, Joan Pong
"Kurosawa's "Ran" (1985) and "King Lear": Towards a Conversation on Historical Responsibility." Quarterly Review of Film and Video v. 23 no. 4 (2006) p. 341-51
UC users only
"The writer examines the issue of historical responsibility in the relationship between Akira Kurosawa's 1985 film Ran and Shakespeare's King Lear. In Ran, the personal as addressed in King Lear is not replaced but located within the family as the institution that mediates societal violence; this mediation ensures that the personal is inevitably political and historical. At the core of this exploration of personal response and responsibility is an understanding that the sense of sight is a socializing medium and, as such, provides a basis for human disposition in a violent and possessive world; moreover, in the blind character Tsurumaru, Ran also addresses the human agency that escapes social definition and raises the possibility of thinking a different response and historical destiny. Ran thus not only radically revises the theme of eyesight and blindness in King Lear but also defines a means to responsibility (both a style and an ethic of responding) in its engagement with history." [Art Index]

Manheim, Michael.
"The Function of Battle Imagery in Kurosawa's Histories and the 'Henry V' Films." Literature-Film Quarterly v22, n2 (April, 1994):129 (7 pages).

Mason, Pamela
"Orson Welles and Filmed Shakespeare." In: The Cambridge companion to Shakespeare on film / edited by Russell Jackson. Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Main Stack PR3093.C36 2000
PFA PR3093.C36 2000

Nardo, Anna K.
"Dialogue in Shakespearean Offshoots." Literature Film Quarterly; 2006, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p104-112, 9p UC users only

Nogueira Diniz, Thais Flores.
"King Lear's Filmic Adaptation: A Chaos?" Canadian Review of Comparative Literature/Revue Canadienne de Litterature Comparee, vol. 23 no. 3. 1996 Sept. pp: 775-80.
"Uses the theory of André Lefevere dealing with the effects of cultural poetics and ideology upon translation to explain how Akira Kurosawa modifies King Lear in Ran (q.v.). Kurosawa makes a contemporary political statement by combining the stylized qualities of the noh play with the figures of Hidetora and his three sons drawn from Japanese history." [WSB Online]

Parker, Brian.
"Ran and the Tragedy of History." University of Toronto Quarterly, vol. 55 no. 4. 1986 Summer. pp: 412-423. UC users only

Nordin, Kenneth D.
"Buddhist Symbolism in Akira Kurosawa's Ran: A Counterpoint to Human Chaos." Asian Cinema, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 242-54, Fall 2005.

Parker, R. B.
"The Use of mise-en-scene in Three Films of King Lear." Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 42 no. 1. 1991
UC users only

Phillips, Stephen J.
"Akira Kurosawa's Ran." In: Lear From Study to Stage: Essays in Criticism / edited by James Ogden and Arthur H. Scouten. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press ; London ; Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, c1997.
Main Stack PR2819.L36 1997 p. 267-77.

Schickel, Richard
"Ran." (movie reviews)Time Dec 30, 1985 v126 p83(1)

Schlueter, June.
"Ran." Shakespeare Bulletin, vol. 4 no. 2. 1986 Mar.-Apr. pp: 12.

Serper, Zvika.
"Blood visibility/invisibility in Kurosawa's 'Ran'." (Shakespeare on Film 2000)(William Shakespeare)(Akira Kurosawa)(Critical Essay)Literature-Film Quarterly v28, n2 (April, 2000):149 (7 pages).
An analysis is presented on the role of blood and lineage in Akira Kurosawa's film 'Ran', an adaptation of William Shakespeare's 'King Lear'. Topics include the significance in which each character's death is depicted, whether onscreen, off-screen or fadeout, and whether spilled blood, representing honor and family, is shown.

Serper, Zvika.
"The bloodied sacred pine tree: a dialectical depiction of death in Kurosawa's 'Throne of Blood' and 'Ran'." (Akiro Kurosawa)(Critical Essay.Journal of Film and Video v52, n2 (Summer, 2000):13 (15 pages).
UC users only
'Throne of Blood' and 'Ran' are Akira Kurosawa's adaptations of William Shakespeare's 'Macbeth' and 'King Lear,' respectively. Both films are influenced by conventions from Japan's no theater, especially in their depictions of death.

Serper, Zvika.
"Lady Kaede in Kurosawa's Ran: Verbal and Visual Characterization through Animal Traditions." Japan Forum. 13(2):145-58. 2001
UC users only
An analysis is presented on the role of blood and lineage in Akira Kurosawa's film 'Ran', an adaptation of William Shakespeare's 'King Lear'. Topics include the significance in which each character's death is depicted, whether onscreen, off-screen or fadeout, and whether spilled blood, representing honor and family, is shown.

Stein, Elliott.
"Ran." (motion picture review) Film Comment v. 21 (Nov./Dec. '85) p. 60+.

Takakuwa, Yoko.
"(En)Gendering Desire in Performance: King Lear, Akira Kurosawa's Ran, Tadashi Suzuki's The Tale of Lear." In:Shakespeare and his contemporaries in performance / edited by Edward J. Esche. Aldershot, England ; Burlington, Vt. : Ashgate, c2000.
Main Stack PR3091.S535 2000

Thompson, Ann.
"Kurosawa's Ran: Reception and Interpretation." East-West Film Journal, vol. 3 no. 2. 1989 June. pp: 1-13.

Yamamoto, Hiroshi.
"On Kurosawa's King Lear." The Renaissance Bulletin, vol. 12. 1985. pp: 41-45.


Barbarow, George.
"Rashomon" and the Fifth Witness." Hudson Review 5:3 (1952:Autumn) 420

Boyd, David.
"Rashomon: From Akutagawa to Kurosawa." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 15 no. 3. 1987. pp: 155-158. UC users only

Davidson, James.
"Memory of Defeat in Japan: a Reappraisal of "Rashomon."" Antioch Review 14:4 (1954:Dec.) 492

Goldstein, Sanford.
"Rashomon, Co-causality, and Me." Western Humanities Review 31:2 (1977:Spring) 157

Kamir, Orit
"Judgment by Film: Socio-Legal Functions of Rashomon." Yale Journal of-Law and the Humanities, 2000 Winter, 12:1, 39-88.

Kurosawa, Akira
Rashomon; a film by Akira Kurosawa from the filmscript by Akira Kurosawa and Shinobu Hashimoto. Consulting editor: Donald Richie. New York, Grove Press [1969] (Series: An Evergreen black cat book, B-210) (Series: Film book series.)
Moffitt PN1997.K8313
Main Stack PN1997.R28.K8313 1969a

Kusa, Zuzana
"Rashomon in Case Study Research." Sociologia, 2003, 35, 1, 37-60
"The Rashomon problem/effect is characterized as the existence of contradictory evidence or testimony or mutually exclusive data interpretation in scientific research. The history of the term is sketched, identifying the title of Akiro Kurosawa's film as a source. The methodological implications of Rashomon phenomena are considered from an interdisciplinary perspective. It is shown how various disciplines & researchers dealt with the Rashomon paradox, concluding that some of the approaches are methodologically inspiring & transferable across disciplines. Three forms of the Rashomon effect are studied in particular: (1) the (mis)representation of the actual state of affairs; eg, ethnographic case studies presenting contradictory, yet trustworthy, accounts of a particular event (divergent reconstructions of social memory); (2) conflicting & contradictory interpretations of data, each coherent & empirically well-grounded in empirical evidence; & (3) a deliberate presentation of findings suggesting the possibility of multiple realities (stylistic Rashomon). Attention is devoted to the Rashomon phenomenon in the various disciplines of sociological research, showing how the paradox is a product of a "narrative rearrangement of reality" on the part of the study subjects or the researcher." [Sociological Abstracts]

Martinez, Dolores.
"Where the human heart goes astray: Rashomon, Boomtown and subjective experience." Film Studies, Winter2007, Vol. 11 Issue 0, p27-62, 36p
UC users only

McDonald, Keiko I.
"Light and Darkness in Roshomon." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 10 no. 2. 1982. pp: 120-129. UC users only

Medine, David.
"Law and Kurosawa's Rashomon." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 20 no. 1. 1992. pp: 55-60.

Rashomon / Akira Kurosawa, director
Donald Richie, editor. New Brunswick [N.J.] : Rutgers University Press, c1987. Rutgers films in print ; v. 6
Main Stack PN1997.R244.R37 1987
Moffitt PN1997.R244.R37 1987

Smith, Greg M.
"Critical Reception of Rashomon in the West." Asc, 13 (2): 115-28 2002 Fall-Winter.

Yamada, Marc
"Adapting Akutagawa: Kurosawa's Rashômon and the Problem of Narration." Film Journal, vol. 1, no. 9, pp. [no pagination], Summer 2004

Rhapsody in August

Annan, Gabriele
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) TLS. Times Literary Supplement Oct 4, 1991 n4618 p22(1)

Bernstein, Matthew and Mark Ravina.
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) American Historical Review Oct 1993 v98 n4 p1161(3)
UC users only

Bowman, James
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) The American Spectator April 1992 v25 n4 p63(1)

Brown, Georgia.
"Rhapsody in August directed and written by Akira Kurosawa." (movie reviews) The Village Voice. New York: Dec 24, 1991. Vol. 36, Iss. 52; p. 72 (1 page
UC users only

Canby Vincent
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) The New York Times The New York Times May 19, 1991 v140 s2 pH13(N) pH13(L) col 1 (31 col in) ; Dec 20, 1991 v141 pB8(N) pC22(L) col 1 (25 col in)

Grant, Edmond
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) Films in Review March-April 1992 v43 n3-4 p117(1)

Romeny, Jonathan
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews) Sight and Sound Jan 1992 v1 n9 p43(1)

Sato, Tadao
"Kurosawa's 'Rhapsody in August': The Spirit of Compassion." Cineaste Wntr 1992 v19 n1 p48(2)

Seltzer, Alex.
"Akira Kurosawa: Seeing Through the Eyes of the Audience." Film Comment v29, n3 (May-June, 1993):72 (6 pages).
UC users only

Stengel, Richard.
"Rhapsody in August." (movie reviews)Time Jan 27, 1992 v139 n4 p67(1) (171 words)

Weisman, Steven R.
"Kurosawa is sailing unfamiliar seas." The New York Times Oct 1, 1990 v140 pB1(N) pC13(L) col 3 (42 col in)


Cohn, J.
"Warriors and women in Sanjuro and Nichinichi Heian." Literature Film Quarterly, 1998, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p148, 5p,
UC users only

Desser, David.
"Kurosawa's Eastern 'Western': Sanjuro and the Influence of Shane." Film Criticism, vol. 8 no. 1. 1983 Fall. pp: 54-65.
UC users only

Seven Samurai

Anderson, Joseph.
"When the Twain Meet - "Seven Samurai" vs. "The Magnificent Seven." Film Quarterly 15:3 (1962:Spring) 55

Cardullo, Bert.
"The Circumstance of the East, the Fate of the West: Notes Mostly on The Seven Samurai." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 13 no. 2. 1985. pp: 112-117. UC users only
Uses Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai and Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet to illustrate Eastern and Western visions of fate and circumstance.

Crogan, Patrick
"Seven Samurai."Senses of Cinema.

Crowdus, Gary.
"A Second Look: Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai." (video recording reviews) Cineaste v19, n4 (Fall, 1992):99 (2 pages).

Mellen, Joan.
Seven samurai London: BFI Pub., 2002.
MAIN: PN1997.S4726 M44 2002

Morris, Gary.
"Seven Samuri."Bright Lights issue 17

Parshall, Peter F.
"East Meets West: Casablanca vs. The Seven Samurai." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 17 no. 4. 1989. pp: 274-280.

Peary, Gerald.
"Seven Samurai." (video recording reviews) American Film v14, n6 (April, 1989):81 (2 pages).

Stafford, Roy.
Seven samurai = Shichinin no samurai : director, Akira Kurosawa Harlow : Longman ; London : York Press, 2001.
MAIN: PN1997.S4726 S83 2001;

Von Mueller, Eddy
"Naked Swords: The Zen Warrior Tradition and the Intertextual Odyssey of the Nameless Ronin in Seven Samurai, Yojimbo, and Sanjuro."Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1, 53-67.
UC users only

Stray Dogs

Morris, Gary.
"Three of Kurosawa's scathing critiques of Japanese society past and present — in beautiful new video transfers."

Throne of Blood

Bazerman, Charles.
"Time in Play and Film: Macbeth and Throne of Blood." Literature/Film Quarterly, vol. 5. 1977. pp: 333-37.

Brill, Lesley.
"The deceitful dead and the triumph of nothing : Kurosawa's Throne of blood." In: Crowds, power, and transformation in cinema / Lesley Brill. Detroit : Wayne State University Press, c2006.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C67 B75 2006

Clifton, Charles H.
"Making an Old Thing New: Kurosawa's Film Adaptation of Shakespeare's Macbeth." In: Ideas of order in literature and film : selected papers from the 4th Annual Florida State University Conference on Literature and Film Tallahassee : University Presses of Florida, 1980, c1981
MAIN: PN1995.3 .F55 1979;

Diamond, Catherine.
"Kingdom of Desire: The Three Faces of Macbeth." Asian Theatre Journal 11 (1994): 114-33.
Places Wu Hsing-kuo's Kingdom of Desire (an adaptation of Macbeth for Beijing opera) into the context of his attempt to revitalize the form in Taiwan; examines the indebtedness of his adaptation to Akira Kurosawa's Throne of Blood; and considers its reception by English critics.

Gall, John
"Throne of Blood: Kurosawa's Cinema of Allusion." Asian Cinema, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 234-42, Spring 2004.

Gerlach, John
"Shakespeare, Kurosawa, and "Macbeth": A Response to J. Blumenthal" Literature/Film Quarterly 1:4 (1973:Fall) 352 UC users only

Hodgdon, Barbara.
"Of Time and the Arrow: A Reading of Kurosawa's Throne of Blood." University of Dayton Review, vol. 14 no. 1. 1979-80. pp: 63-70.

Hsiung, Yuwen.
"Kurosawa's Throne of Blood and East Asia's Macbeth."CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture: A WWWeb Journal. 6 (1): 14 paragraphs. 2004 Mar.

Huss, Roy
"Images of the Mind in Theater and Film: Tennessee William's Kirche, Kutchen, und Kinder and Kurosawa's Throne of Blood." In: The Mindscapes of Art: Dimensions of the Psyche in Fiction, Drama, and Film / Roy Huss. p. 174-185. Rutherford [N.J.]: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, c1986.
Main Stack PN56.P93.H871 1986

Jin, Lei.
"Silence and Sound in Kurosawa's Throne of Blood."CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture: A WWWeb Journal. 6 (1): 16 paragraphs. 2004 Mar.

Jorgens, Jack J.
"Kurosawa's Throne of Blood: Washizu and Miki Meet the Forest Spirit." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 11 no. 3. 1983. pp: 167-173.
UC users only

"Making an Old Thing New: Kurosawa's Film Adaptation of Shakespeare's Macbeth."
In: Ideas of order in literature and film: selected papers from the Fourth Annual Florida State University Conference on Literature and Film / edited by Peter Ruppert; associate editors, Eugene Crook, Walter Forehand. pp: 52-58. Tallahassee: University Presses of Florida, 1980, c1981.
UCB Moffitt PN1995.3 .F55.1979

McLean, Andrew M.
"Kurosawa and the Shakespearean Moral Vision." University of Dayton Review, vol. 14 no. 1. 1979-80. pp: 71-77.

Kinder, Marsha.
"Throne of Blood: A Morality Dance." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 5. 1977. pp: 339-45.

Mellen, Joan.
"On Kurosawa's Throne of Blood." Literary Review: An International Journal of Contemporary Writing, vol. 22. 1979. pp: 460-89.

"On Kurosawa's "Throne of Blood" (Shakespeare Among the Nations: The Tragedies in the International Cinema) Literary Review 22:4 (1979:Summer) 460

Parker, B.
"Nature and society in Akira Kurosawa's 'Throne of Blood'." University of Toronto Quarterly 66: (3) 508-525 Summer 1997 UC users only

Pearlman, E.
"Macbeth on Film: Politics." In: Shakespeare and the Moving Image: the plays on film and television / edited by Anthony Davies and Stanley Wells. pp: 250-60. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Compares Akira Kurosawa`s Throne of Blood to Welles´s and Roman Polanski`s Macbeth. Of the three films, finds that Throne of Blood "is the most akin to Shakespeare in the grandeur and spaciousness of its vision." Revision of "Macbeth on Film: Politics,"Shakespeare Survey 39 (1987): 67-74.]

Serper, Zvika.
"The bloodied sacred pine tree: a dialectical depiction of death in Kurosawa's 'Throne of Blood' and 'Ran'." (Akiro Kurosawa)(Critical Essay.Journal of Film and Video v52, n2 (Summer, 2000):13 (15 pages).
'Throne of Blood' and 'Ran' are Akira Kurosawa's adaptations of William Shakespeare's 'Macbeth' and 'King Lear,' respectively. Both films are influenced by conventions from Japan's no theater, especially in their depictions of death.

Suzuki, Erin.
"Lost in translation: reconsidering Shakespeare's Macbeth and Kurosawa's Throne of Blood.(Akira Kurosawa)." Literature-Film Quarterly 34.2 (April 2006): 93(11).
UC users only

Tribble, Evelyn.
""When Every Noise Appalls Me": Sound and Fear in Macbeth and Akira Kurosawa's Throne of Blood." Shakespeare Jan2005, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p75-90, 16p
UC users only

Willson, Robert F., Jr.
"Fated Macbeths: The Film Director as God." Shakespeare-Jahrbuch 1984, pp. 164-67.
Discusses Wells`s, Roman Polanski´s, and Akira Kurosawa`s films of Macbeth to demonstrate problems of adaptations in regard to the borderline between interpreting Shakespeare and creating a new work.

Zambrano, Ana Laura
"Throne of Blood": Kurosawa's "Macbeth"." Literature/Film Quarterly 2:3 (1974:Summer) 262 UC users only


Dale, Matt
"Paths Present and Future: Yojimbo and the Trail of the Zen Detective." Japan Studies Review, vol. 9, pp. 95-100, 2005.

McDonald, Keiko I. (University of Pittsburgh)
"Swordsmanship and Gamesmanship: Kurosawa's Historical Milieu in "Yojimbo"."Literature/Film Quarterly 8:3 (1980) 188 UC users only

Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey; Sullivan, Joseph
"Variations on a Theme: Yojimbo, a Fistful of Dollars and the 'Servant of Two Masters'." Journal of Romance Studies, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 79-90, Spring 2004.

Von Mueller, Eddy
"Naked Swords: The Zen Warrior Tradition and the Intertextual Odyssey of the Nameless Ronin in Seven Samurai, Yojimbo, and Sanjuro."Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanities, 2000 Fall, 20:1, 53-67.
UC users only

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