Representations of African Americans in Mainstream and Independent Hollywood

African Immigrants in America

Blackface in the Movies

Representations of African Americans in Animated Cartoons

Race Movies/Black Cast Films (independently-produced African American films 1930-1950)

Blaxploitation Films

Notable Early African American Actors

Recent Films by African American Filmmakers

Documentaries about the Movies and Racial Representation
Television programs
Interracial buddy movies
Blacks in British Film

African Americans in Film and Television

Representations of African Americans in Mainstream and Independent Hollywood (by date)

1890 - 1919 | 1920 - 1929 | 1930 - 1939 | 1940 - 1949 | 1950 - 1959 | 1960 - 1969 | 1970 - 1979 | 1980 - 1989 | 1990 - present | Notable Early African American Actors

1890 - 1919

Bert Williams Films
Contents: Introduction (2 min.) -- A Natural born gambler (1916, si. with English intertitles, 18 min.) -- Fish (si.,1916, 9 min.) -- Nobody (audio recording, 1906, 3 min.) Egbert Austin "Bert" Williams was one of the preeminent entertainers of the Vaudeville era and one of the most popular comedians for all audiences of his time. A key figure in the development of African-American entertainment, he was by far the best-selling black recording artist before 1920. He became the first black American to take a lead role on the Broadway stage, and did much to push back racial barriers during his career. DVD X5041
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Watermelon Eating Contest (Edison, 1903)
DVD 3552

What Happened in the Tunnel (1903)
Directed by Edwin S. Porter. "Scene, interior of railroad coach. Pretty young lady and negress maid occupy seat. Young man in rear seat tries to attract young lady's attention. She drops her handkerchief. Young man picks it up and hands it to her, and then begins to make love to her. As the train enters a tunnel he is last seen trying to put his arms around her. Upon emerging he is hugging and kissing the colored maid, the young lady having changed seats with her while in the tunnel, much to the young man's disgust." [AFI Catalog] DVD 3552
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Courtney, Susan. Hollywood fantasies of miscegenation : spectacular narratives of gender and race, 1903-1967 Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 2005. (Main Stack PN1995.9.M57.C38 2005; Moffitt PN1995.9.M57.C38 2005)
Gaines, Jane. Fire and desire : mixed-race movies in the silent era Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2001. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.G35 2001; PFA PN1995.9.N4.G35 2001)
Stewart, Jacqueline Najuma. Migrating to the movies : cinema and Black urban modernity. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2005. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005; MOFF: PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005; PFA : PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005)
Williams, Linda. "Of Kisses and Ellipses: The Long Adolescence of American Movies." Critical Inquiry, volume 32 (2006), pages 288?340 UC users only

Birth of a Nation (1915)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, Henry Walthall, Miriam Cooper, Mary Alden, Ralph Lewis, George Seigmann, Walter Long. Adapted from Thomas Dixon's novel, The Clansman. A Civil War spectacular, Portraying "life in the South" during and after the Civil War as revealed in a story depicting the war itself, the conflict between the defeated Southerners and emancipated renegade Negroes, the despoiling of the South during the carpetbagger period, and the revival of the Southern white man's honor through the efforts of the Ku Klux Klan. 124 min. DVD 3012; DVD 29
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Birth of a Race (Excerpt) (1915)
Directed by John W. Noble. Cast: Louis Dean, Harry Dumont, Carter B. Harkness, Doris Doscher, Charles Graham, Ben Hendricks, Alice Gale, John Reinhardt, Gertrude Braun. After a biblical and historical prologue detailing the evolution of the idea of democracy through the creation, flood, the crucifixion of Christ, the discovery of America, the signing of the Declaration of Independenc and the Civil War, the present-day threat to this idea by autocratic powers is dramatized. 10 min. DVD 3012; DVD 2912

Cripps, Thomas. "The Making of Birth of a Race: The Emerging Politics of Identity in Silent Film." In: The birth of whiteness : race and the emergence of U.S. cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1996. ( Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.M56 B57 1996)
Miller, James A. "The Case of Early Black Cinema." Critical Studies in Mass Communication; Jun93, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p181, 4p

A Natural Born Gambler (1916)
Director: Bert Williams. "Our story centers upon the activities of a Negro fraternal organization, the Independent Order of Calcimine Artists of America. [Inside joke: "calcimine" is whitewash, and yet most of these black actors appear to have darkened their complexions with blackface makeup.] The group meets in the back of a saloon. Their leader, Brother Scott, is a lawyer who disapproves of gambling-- although, after breaking up a poker game, he doesn't object to appropriating others' winnings. Our protagonist is lodge member Bert Williams, described as a "walking delegate," who is clearly in arrears with both the saloon's barkeep, Hostetter Johnson, and with the lodge itself. Early on, he is compelled to remit the dues he owes (three dollars), which he does reluctantly. [Some prints of the film omit the next sequence: After leaving a meeting with his friend Limpy Jones, who is handicapped with gout and must ride on Bert's shoulders..." [IMDB] 22 min DVD 1312

Uncle Tom's Cabin
Two silent versions: Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Slavery Days, directed by Edwin S. Porter (1903, 17 min.); and Uncle Tom's Cabin, Minot Films Release, Inc., directed by Irwing Cummings (1914; 42 min.). Video 999:1172

1927 version
1965 version

1920 - 1929

La revue des revues (France, 1927)
Directed by Joe Francys. Cast: Josephine Baker, Helene Hallier, Andre Luguet, Pepa Bonafe, Gretchikine, Madame Komakova, Ludovic, Lila Nikolska, Skibinne, Tiller's Follies Girls, Ruth Zackey and the Hoffmann Girls. Helene Hallier, an ambitious by innocent would-be young chorine, trumps a music hall publicity stunt to become the new Parisian nightclub sensation. The light story is only a pretext for La Revue des Revues' white-hot, non-stop procession of outrageously and scantily attired exotic dancers, showgirls, and acrobats including the Tiller's Follies Girls, Ruth Zackey and the Hoffman Girls, and danseuse russe Lila Nikolska. But it's Josephine Baker, "the high priestess of primitivism" who triumphs in two show stopping numbers. 103 min. DVD 9107
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Uncle Tom's Cabin (Silent 1927)
Directed by Harry A. Pollard. Harriet Beecher Stowe's influential 19th century story of the pre-Civil war South. Peace-loving slave Tom is forced to submit to his sadistic master, the evil Simon Legree. Helpless slaves -- raped, tortured and humiliated -- are eventually driven to rebel against their wicked oppressors. 112 min. DVD 237; also vhs 999:2334
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1914 version; 1965 version

Fireman of the Follies-Bergère (Le pompier des Folies-Bergère)(France, 1928)
With Josephine Baker; music, Eric le Guen. 7:38 min. DVD 9633 (Disc 1)

Hallelujah (1929)
Directed by King. Vidor. Cast: Daniels L. Haynes, Nina Mae McKinney, William Fountaine, Harry Gray, Fanny Belle DeKnight, Everett McGarrity, Victoria Spivey, Dixie Jubilee Singers. An all-Black cast film which depicts the life of a rural southern Black family written according to racist stereotypes prevalent in 1929. Themes show illiterate Black plantation life, singing, dancing and gambling, religious beliefs and practices, including a special baptism sequence, and the relationships between men and women in a "sinful environment". "Made when screen musicals were mainly backstage stories or all-star revues, "Hallelujah!" broke the mold. Director King Vidor, given the go-ahead only after pledging his salary to offset production costs, combines melodrama with work songs and spirituals...a sincere and sympathetic treatment of rural black life." 90 min. DVD 4965; vhs 999:1432
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

St. Louis Blues(1929)
Directed by Dudley Murphy. Cast: Bessie Smith. In this all-black cast short, legendary blues singer Bessie Smith finds her gambler lover Jimmy messin' with a pretty, younger woman; he leaves and she sings the blues, with chorus and dancers. DVD 543; vhs 999:1692

Stanfield, Peter. "An Excursion into the Lower Depths: Hollywood, Urban Primitivism, and St. Louis Blues, 1929-1937." Cinema Journal - 41, Number 2, Winter 2002, pp. 84-108 UC users only

1930 - 1939

Racist Little Rascals
Contents: Big ears / director, Robert McGowan (21 min.) -- Lad and a lamp / director, Robert McGowan (17 min.) -- Anniversary trouble / director, Gus Meins (18 min.) -- Little sinner / director, Gus Meins (18 min.) -- Three smart boys / director, Gordon Douglas (10 min.) -- Mush and milk / director, Robert McGowan (18 min.) -- Spooky hooky / director, Gordon Douglas (11 min.) -- Kid from Borneo / director, Robert McGowan (18 min.). Starring the Our Gang characters, including Spanky, Alfalfa, Stymie, Darla, Porky, Buckwheat, Butch, Wheezer, Chubby, Waldo, and Hattie McDaniel.

A rare collection of early Our Gang and Little Rascals television episodes poking fun at colored folks. Videodisc release of eight episodes of the Our Gang comedies, originally produced between 1938 and 1944, and shown on television as the Little Rascals. 131 min. DVD 2442

Borderline (UK, 1930)
Directed by Kenneth MacPherson. Cast: Paul Robeson, Eslanda Robeson, Helga Doorn, Gavin Arthur, Charlotte Arthur, Blanche Lewin. This experimental silent film, made in Switzerland by an independent British film company, is chiefly remembered as Paul Robeson's first film. Boldly blending Eisensteinian montage and domestic melodrama, the film features Robeson and his wife, Eslanda, as lovers caught up in a tangled web of interracial affairs. 63 min. DVD 7281
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Check and Double Check (1930)
Directed by Melville W. Brown. Cast: Freeman Gosden, Charles J. Correll, Sue Carol, Irene Rich. Cab drivers Amos 'n' Andy (characters from the radio show Amos 'n' Andy) contract to transport Duke Ellington and his band out to Blair estate, where they meet Richard Williams who is in love with Jean Blair. Richard must find the deed to his family property before he can marry Jean. Meanwhile, Amos 'n' Andy, after spending the night in a haunted house, find the deed. Notable as the only motion picture produced staring the radio comedy team, Amos n' Andy. 85 min. DVD X4918; vhs 999:793
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The African Dodger (1931)
Directed by Mort Blumenstock. Cast: Tom Howard, Joe Lyons, Edward Gargan. "In the early twentieth century, many American carnivals and fun fairs featured an "African Dodger". This was a Negro (usually genuine, sometimes a white man in blackface) who would stick his head through a hole and taunt the suckers, who paid a nickel for the privilege of throwing baseballs at the African Dodger. The dodger would (usually) pull his head out of the hole in time to avoid getting hit, but sometimes he wasn't fast enough. African Dodgers were so commonplace that some sadistic people would bring a hard (wooden or iron) ball into any carnival that came to town, knowing they'd have a chance to throw it at a black man's head and cause him serious injury." In this film comedian Tom Howard plays a man on a carnival midway who gets suckered into substituting for the African Dodger. 91 min. DVD X2036; vhs 999:2637
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Emperor Jones (1933)
Directed by Dudley Murphy, with screenplay adapted by DuBose Heyward from the drama by Eugene O'Neill. Cast: Paul Robeson, Dudley Digges, Frank Wilson, Fredi Washington, Ruby Elzy. 101 min. DVD 7280; DVD DVD 3917
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Alsen, Eberhard. "Racism and the Film Version Of Eugene O'neill's The Emperor Jones." CLA Journal, Jun2006, Vol. 49 Issue 4, p406-422, 17p
Paul Robeson : essays on his life and legacy Edited by Joseph Dorinson and William Pencak. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 2002. (Main Stack E185.97.R63.P375 2002; PFA PN2287.R59.P38 2002)
Siomopoulos, Anna. "'The 'Eighth O' Style': Black Nationalism, The New Deal, And 'The Emperor Jones'." Arizona Quarterly 2002 58(3): 57-81 25p

She Done Him Wrong (1933)
Director, Lowell Sherman. Cast: Mae West, Cary Grant, Owen Moore, Noah Beery, Gilbert Roland, Louise Beavers. Mae West as Lady Lou, a toughlady with a heart of gold, who dallys with assorted beaus, becomes entangled in murder, saves a Bowery mission and still has enough energy left to belt out a tune or two! Louise Beavers is featured as Mae West's stereotypically dithery maid and straight woman. DVD 9581; vhs 999:1691
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Beavers, Karen. "Everybody Has a Mammy: The Productive Discomfort of Louise Beavers' Movie Maids." Genders; 2010, Issue 52, p1-1, 1p
Rubin, Martin. "She Done Him Wrong and the Risen Woman." In: American cinema of the 1930s : themes and variations / edited by Ina Rae Hark. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85735 2007)
Wojcik, Pamela Robertson. "Mae West's Maids: Race, 'Authenticity,' and the Discourse of Camp." In: Hop on pop : the politics and pleasures of popular culture / edited by Henry Jenkins, Tara McPherson & Jane Shattuc. Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 2002. (MAIN: E169.1 .H77 2002; MOFF: E169.1 .H77 2002)

Imitation of Life (1934)
Directed by John M. Stahl. Cast: Claudette Colbert (Beatrice "Bea" Pullman), Warren William (Stephen Archer), Ned Sparks (Elmer Smith, Louise Beavers (Aunt Delilah). The story of two widows and their troubled daughters. In the search for success as an actress, Lora neglects her daughter. Lora's black housekeeper's daughter repudiates her mother by trying to pass for white. As the years pass, each of the four women realizes that she has been living out an emotionally fruitless existence. 106 min. DVD 5246
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

1959 version of Imitation of Life

The Little Colonel (1935)
Directed by David Butler. Cast: Shirley Temple, Lionel Barrymore, Bill Robinson, John Lodge, Evelyn Venable, Hattie McDaniel. An old-fashioned Southern colonel has disowned his daughter for marrying a Yankee and resists all entreaties for a reconciliation until he succumbs to the charms of his little granddaughter. Includes the famous "stairs" dance by Temple and "Bojangles" Robinson. 75 min. DVD 6039
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DuCille, Ann. "The Shirley Temple of my familiar." Transition. Spring 1997. , Iss. 73; pg. 10, 23 pgsUC users only
Osterweil, Ara "Reconstructing Shirley: Pedophilia and Interracial Romance in Hollywood's Age of Innocence." Camera Obscura; Sep2009, Vol. 24 Issue 72, preceding p1-39, 41p UC users only
Orr Vered, Karen. "White and Black in Black and White: Management of Race and Sexuality in the Coupling of Child-Star Shirley Temple and Bill Robinson." Velvet Light Trap Spring97 Issue 39, p52-65, 14p, UC users only

Black Legion (1936)
Directed by Archie L. Mayo. Cast: Humphrey Bogart, Dick Foran, Erin O'Brien-Moore, Ann Sheridan. In this first leading role in a major movie for Humphrey Bogart, he plays a factory worker, disappointed at not being promoted, who joins a Ku Klux Klan-like group. Threats surrounded the making of the movie, but the studio persisted, creating a bold, torn-from-the-headlines expose of the organization fueled by fear, ignorance and hate -- a nation of "free, white, 100% Americans." 83 min. DVD X127
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Birdwell, Michael E. "Black Legion." In: Celluloid soldiers : the Warner Bros. campaign against Nazism / Michael E. Birdwell. New York : New York University Press, c1999. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1999.W3 B57 1999)
"Black legion."Commonweal v. 25 (January 22 1937) p. 360
"Black legion."Literary Digest v. 123 (January 16 1937) p. 23
"Black legion." The Nation v. 144 (January 30 1937) p. 137
"Black legion." The New Republic v. 90 (February 17 1937) p. 47-8
"Black legion." Time v. 29 (January 25 1937) p. 46

The Green Pastures (1936)
Directed by Marc Connelly and William Keighley. Cast: Rex Ingram, Eddie Anderson, Oscar Polk, Frank Wilson, Hall Johnson Choir. All-back cast in Marc Connelly fable portrays the story of God in His heaven and his people on earth as told to a group of Sunday school children. Special DVD features: Commentary by actor LeVar Burton and Black Cultural scholars Herb Boyd and Ed Guerrera; 2 vingage musical shorts: "Rufus Jones for president", featuring Ethel Waters and 7-year-old Sammy Davis Jr.; "An all-colored vaudeville show", featuring Adelaide Hall and the Nicholas Brothers; theatrical trailer. 90 min. DVD 5066
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Cripps, Thomas. "Black Music, White Movies." In: Slow fade to black : the Negro in American film, 1900-1942 / Thomas Cripps. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c1993. (Morris, G. "Thank God for Uncle Tom: Race and Religion Collide in The Green Pastures." Bright Lights Films Journal, February 2008 | Issue 59
Weisenfeld, Judith. "'De Lawd' a Natchel Man": The Green Pastures in the American Cultural Imagination." In: Hollywood be thy name : African American religion in American film, 1929-1949 Berkeley : University of California Press, c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 W45 2007)
Winokur, Mark. "The Green Pastures as an allegory of Accommodation: Christ, Race, and the All-Black Musical." Film & History 1995 25(1-2): 6-16. UC users only

Show Boat (1936)
Directed by James Whale. Cast: Irene Dunne, Allan Jones, Charles Winninger, Paul Robeson, Helen Morgan, Helen Westley. A musical which celebrates the loves and heartbreaks of a Mississippi riverboat troupe, starting with a young girl whose heart is stolen by a dashing gambler. Presents timeless songs and an equally timeless outcry against racial bigotry. Includes the memorable performance of Paul Robeson singing "Ol' man river." 110 min. vhs 999:3206
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

1951 version of Show Boat

Ohmer, Susan. "Only Make Believe." In: American cinema of the 1930s : themes and variations / edited by Ina Rae Hark. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85735 2007)
Smyth, J. E. "Making Believe: Show Boat, Race, and Romance, 1925-1957." In: Edna Ferber's Hollywood : American fictions of gender, race, and history / J.E. Smyth ; foreword by Austin : University of Texas Press, 2010. (Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3511.E46 Z895 2010)

Big Fella (1937)
Directed by J. Elder Wills. Featuring Paul Robeson, Elisabeth Welch, Eldon Grant, Roy Emerton, Marcelle Rogez. A classic musical celebrating the legendary actor, singer and activist Paul Robeson. Joe, a dockworker in Marseilles, finds a missing boy and takes him to stay with a local cafe singer, Miranda where they both become surrogate parents to the child. 73 min. DVD 167
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Paul Robeson : essays on his life and legacy Edited by Joseph Dorinson and William Pencak. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 2002. (Main Stack E185.97.R63.P375 2002; PFA PN2287.R59.P38 2002)
Thompson, Clifford. Cineaste "Race in contemporary American cinema: Part 9--We hardly knew ye: Four early films of Paul Robeson." 1998. Vol. 23, Iss. 4; pg. 24, 2 pgs UC users only

Jerico (UK, 1937)
Directed by Thornton Freeland. Cast: Paul Robeson, Henry Wilcoxon, Wallace Ford. Paul Robeson is in fine voice in this musical drama about a GI who, after he accidentally kills a man, escapes into the desert where he joins an African tribe to avoid punishment. 75 min. DVD 7282; also supplement on DVD X6585
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Paul Robeson : essays on his life and legacy Edited by Joseph Dorinson and William Pencak. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 2002. (Main Stack E185.97.R63.P375 2002; PFA PN2287.R59.P38 2002)
Thompson, Clifford. "Race in contemporary American cinema: Part 9--We hardly knew ye: Four early films of Paul Robeson." Cineaste 1998. Vol. 23, Iss. 4; pg. 24, 2 pgs UC users only

Littlest Rebel (1937)
Directed by David Butler. Cast: Shirley Temple, John Boles, Bill Robinson, Steppin Fetchit. Civil War saga set in the Old South. A case study in 30's and 40's Hollywoods fondness for mammies, Toms, and happy, childlike colored folk. Features an astonishing sequence in which Shirley dons blackface to escape from Union soldiers. DVD 6038
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DuCille, Ann. "The Shirley Temple of my familiar." Transition. Spring 1997. , Iss. 73; pg. 10, 23 pgsUC users only
Hark, Ina Rae. "Movies and the Resistance to Tyranny." In: American cinema of the 1930s : themes and variations / edited by Ina Rae Hark. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2007. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85735 2007)
Orr Vered, Karen. "White and Black in Black and White: Management of Race and Sexuality in the Coupling of Child-Star Shirley Temple and Bill Robinson." Velvet Light Trap Spring97 Issue 39, p52-65, 14p, UC users only

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1939)
Performers: Mickey Rooney, Walter Connolly, William Frawley. Clarence Muse plays Jim" as what Donald Bogel has characterized as the "archtypical tom." (Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films / Donald Bogle. New expanded ed. New York: Continuum, 1989) 89 min. DVD X1794; vhs 999:90

Born to Trouble: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Video/C 6910

Gone With the Wind (1939)
Directed by Victor Fleming, et al. Cast: Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Leslie Howard, Olivia de Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Barbara O'Neill, Evelyn Keyes, Ann Rutherford, Hattie McDaniel, Butterfly McQueen, Carroll Nye, Laura Hope Crews, Ona Munson. As the South finally crumbles down around her, Scarlett devises a way to overcome starvation in order save herself and her family during the war and the following years of reconstruction. Cast: Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Leslie Howard, Olivia de Havilland, Thomas Mitchell, Barbara O'Neill, Evelyn Keyes, Ann Rutherford, Hattie McDaniel, Butterfly McQueen, Carroll Nye, Laura Hope Crews, Ona Munson. DVD 3133 special features: (Disc 4: about the cast) "Melanie remembers: reflections by Olivia de Havilland" exclusive 2004 documentary ; two insightful profiles "Gable: the king remembered" and "Vivien Leigh: Scarlett and beyond" ; the supporting players: cameo portraits of an unforgettable ensemble.Discs 1-2: Feature film -- Disc 3: About the movie -- Disc 4: About the cast. Based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell.DVD 3133; DVD 100; vhs 999:142
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Awards & Honors

Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Director; Best Actress (Vivien Leigh); Best Supporting Actress (Hattie McDaniel)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actress
National Film Registry Selection

1940 - 1949

The French Way (Fausse Alerte) (1940)
Director, Jacques de Baroncelli. Cast: Josephine Baker, Micheline Presle, George Marchal, Raymond Aimos, Jean Tissier, Gabrielle Dorziat, Saturnin Fabre, Marguerite Perry, Lucien Baroux. A rare wartime musical comedy featuring Josephine Baker as a Parisian cabaret singer who assists two lovers in the face of their parents' disapproval while trying to re-open her nightclub. Includes Baker and chorus girls in cabaret rehearsals and performances. 74 min. 999:3496
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Son of Ingagi (1940)
Directed by Richard C. Kahn; written by Spencer Williams. Cast: Zack Williams, Laura Bowman, Alfred Grant, Spencer Williams, Daisy Buford. A huge, horrifying ape creature is hidden in the laboratory of a sinster old house. The monster is the creation of Dr. Helen Jackson, a scientist who dabbles in the world of black magic and mysticism. Jackson experiments with a strange potion that transforms the beast-man into a maniacal, uncontrolled killer. Two newlyweds, who are guests in the doctor's home, are soon trapped by the hideous creature. An independently produced horror film featuring an all-black cast. 61 min. DVD X787; also DVD X1639
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Cripps, Thomas. "The Films of Spencer Williams." Black American Literature Forum, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Winter, 1978), pp. 128-134 UC users only

Bataan (1943)
Directed by Directed by Tay Garnett. Cast: Robert Taylor, George Murphy, Thomas Mitchell, Lloyd Nolan. WWII movie featuring what Donald Bogle has called the movies' representation of "New Negro" in the military (an increasingly sympathetic image in the war and post-war years). Bataan features Kenneth Spencer as a black demolitions expert who figures prominantly and heroically in the action of the movie. 115 min. DVD 3498; vhs 999:1258
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Cabin in the Sky (1943)
Directed by Vincente Minnelli. Cast: Ethel Waters, Eddie Anderson, Lena Horne. Petunia Jackson, a poor but devout woman, is burdened with a shiftless husband called Little Joe. When Little Joe is seriously wounded in a fight and seems about to die, the forces of heaven and hell begin a battle for his soul. 99 min. DVD 5684; vhs 999:357
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The Negro Soldier (1943)
See Documentary Classics

Stormy Weather (1943)
Directed by Andrew L. Stone. Cast: Lena Horne, Bill Robinson, Cab Calloway and his band, Katherine Dunham and her troupe, Fats Waller, Nicholas Brothers. A delightful musical strung together with a silly romantic show biz script. Horne sings the title song, Waller does a rendition of "Ain't misbehavin". A thinly veild dramatization of the life of dancer Bill Robinson. 78 min. DVD 4795; vhs 999:355
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Dyer, Richard. "Singing prettily : Lena Horne in Hollywood." In: In the space of a song : the uses of song in film / Richard Dyer. Abingdon, Oxon ; New York : Routledge, 2012. (Main (Gardner) Stacks New books PN1995.9.M86 D94 2012)
Vogel, Shane. "Performing 'Stormy Weather': Ethel Waters, Lena Horne, and Katherine Dunham." South Central Review: The Journal of the South Central Modern Language Association, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 93-113, 2008 Spring UC users only

Song of the South (1946)
Directed by Harve Foster and Wilfred Jackson. Walt Disney Productions. On a long-ago Southern plantation, small children listen to the Brer Rabbit stories told by an elderly servant named Uncle Remus. Based on Tales of Uncle Remus by Joe Chandler Harris. 91 min. DVD 2767; vhs 999:2084
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New Orleans (1947)
Directed by Arthur Lubin. Cast: Arturo de Cordova, Dorothy Patrick, Louis Armstrong and his band, Billie Holiday, Woody Herman and his orchestra, Original New Orleans Ragtime Band (Louis Armstrong, Zutty Singleton, Barney Bigard, Kid Ory, Bud Scott, Red Callendar, Charlie Beal and Meade Lux Lewis). Nick, the proprietor of a Bourbon Street gambling joint, an artistic haven for African-American musicans who gather and jam from dusk til dawn, falls in love with an opera-singing socialite. After losing his nightclub Nick tries over the course of many years to get jazz the respect and audience it deserves. 110 min. DVD 1094
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Home of the Brave (1949)
Directed by Mark Robson. Cast: Lloyd Bridges, James Edwards, Frank Lovejoy, Douglas Dick, Steve Brodie, Jeff Corey. "A paralyzed African-American war veteran Private Peter Moss (Edwards) begins to walk again only when he confronts his fear of forever being an "outsider." The film utilizes the recurrent theme of a diverse group of men being subjected to the horror of war and their individual reactions, in this case, the hell of jungle combat against the Japanese in WW II. The soldier's comrades include his lifelong white friend Finch (Bridges), whose death leaves him racked with guilt; redneck-bigot corporal (Brodie); and troubled Sergeant Mingo (Lovejoy). In the film's crucial scene, the doctor (Corey) forces Moss to overcome his paralysis by yelling a racial slur; from this point on, Moss will never again kowtow to prejudice." [Wikipedia] Based upon an original play by Arthur Laurents. 86 min. DVD X5695; vhs 999:3670
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Garcia, Jay. "Home of the Brave, Frantz Fanon and cultural pluralism." Comparative American Studies, Volume 4, Number 1, March 2006 , pp. 49-65(17) UC users only
Kaplan, E. Ann. "The couch affair: gender and race in Hollywood transference." American Imago 50.n4 (Winter 1993): 481(34). UC users only
Kinney, Katherine. "Cold wars: black soldiers in liberal Hollywood." War, Literature & the Arts: An International Journal of the Humanities; 2000, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p101-121, 21p UC users only
Norden, Martin F. "The Racism-Ableism Link in Home of The Brave and Bright Victory" Film & History May1990, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p26-36, 11p UC users only
Rogin, Michael. "Home of the brave." In: The war film / edited and with an introduction by Robert Eberwein. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2005. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W3.W36 2005; PFA PN1995.9.W3.W36 2005)
Rosenbaum, Julia B. "'A Great Step Forward!: The Film Home of the Brave." In: Visions of belonging : New England art and the making of American identity / Julia B. Rosenbaum. Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2006. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA E169 .S655 2004)
Smith, Judith E. "'A Giant Step Forward': The Film Home of the Brave." In: Visions of belonging : family stories, popular culture, and postwar democracy, 1940-1960 / Judith E. Smith New York : Columbia University Press, c2004. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E169 .S655 2004)
Wallace, Michele. "Race, Gender and Psychoanalysis in Forties Film: Lost Boundaries, Home of the Brave and The Quiet One." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; PFA PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)

In This Our Life (1942)
Directed by John Huston. Cast: Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland, George Brent, Dennis Morgan, Charles Coburn, Frank Craven, Billie Burke, Hattie McDaniel, Lee Patrick. Stanley Timberlake is a young woman who decides to dump her fiancé and runs off with her sister Roy's husband. They marry, settle in Baltimore, and Stanley ultimately drives Peter to drink and suicide. Stanley returns home to Richmond only to learn that her sister Roy and old flame Craig have fallen in love and plan to marry. The jealous and selfish Stanley attempts to win back Craig's affections, but her true character is revealed when, rather than take the rap herself, she attempts to pin a hit and run accident on a young black clerk who works in Craig's law office. Based upon the novel by Ellen Glasgow. Special features: Commentary by film historian Jeanine Basinger; "Warner night at the movies 1942" short subjects gallery; vintage newsreel; "March on, America!" patriotic short; "Spanish fiests" musical short; "Who's who in the zoo" classic cartoon; trailers. 97 min. DVD X345
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Intruder in the Dust (1949)
Directed by Clarence Brown. Cast: David Brian, Claude Jarman, Jr., Juano Hernandez, Porter Hall, Elizabeth Patterson, Charles Kemper, Will Geer. This film is considered one of the most outstanding films about racial tension. It tells the story of a black man in a small Mississippi town who is accused of murdering a white man known to be his adversary. He makes no attempt to defend himself to avoid being lyunched, until a young white boy persuades his lawyer uncle to help find the real killer. Based on the novel by William Faulkner. 87 min. DVD X6439; vhs 999:2278
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Lost Boundaries (1949)
Director, Alfred L. Werker. Cast: Beatrice Pearson, Mel Ferrer, Susan Douglas, Canada Lee, Richard Hylton. Based on true events surrounding a light-skinned black family who pass for white in a New Hampshire town. Dr. Scott Carter is unable to secure a job as a physician because of his race so he decides "For one year of his life" to pass as a white man, but the one year becomes twenty. Eventually he and his family must confront the racism of the idyllic New Hampshire town he's served for decades. Based on the book by William Lindsay White. 99 min. DVD X1843; vhs 999:1769
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

McGehee, Margaret T. "Disturbing the Peace: Lost Boundaries, Pinky, and Censorship in Atlanta, Georgia, 1949-1952." Cinema Journal. Fall 2006. Vol. 46, Iss. 1; p. 23 (29 pages) UC users only
Rosenbaum, Julia B. "Lost Boundaries: Racial Indeterminacy as Whiteness." In: Visions of belonging : New England art and the making of American identity / Julia B. Rosenbaum. Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2006. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA E169 .S655 2004)
Smith, Judith E. "Lost Boundaries: Racial Interterminacy as Whiteness." In: Visions of belonging : family stories, popular culture, and postwar democracy, 1940-1960 / Judith E. Smith New York : Columbia University Press, c2004. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks E169 .S655 2004)
Wallace, Michele. "Race, Gender and Psychoanalysis in Forties Film: Lost Boundaries, Home of the Brave and The Quiet One." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; PFA PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Weales, Gerald. "Pro-Negro Films in Atlanta." Phylon (1940-1956), Vol. 13, No. 4 (4th Qtr., 1952), pp. 298-304 UC users only
Weisenfeld, Judith. ""Why Didn't They Tell Me I'm a Negro?": Lost Boundaries and the Moral Landscape of Race." In: Hollywood be thy name : African American religion in American film, 1929-1949 Berkeley : University of California Press, c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 W45 2007)

Pinky (1949)
Directed by Elia Kazan. Cast: Jeanne Crain, Ethel Barrymore, Ethel Waters, William Lundigan. Pinky, a black woman who works as a nurse in Boston, finds that she is able to pass for white. Afraid her true heritage will be discovered, she leaves her white fiancee and returns home to Mississippi where she helps her grandmother care for her employer, an imperious plantation owner. When she names Pinky heiress to her estate, the community rises in resentment triggering a-sensational court trial. Subject of a landmark Supreme Court case in film censorship, this moving story became itself a battle for human rights. Originally produced as a motion picture in 1949. Based on the novel 'Quality' by Cid Ricketts Sumner. 102 min. DVD 5064
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1950 - 1959

Amos n' Andy

Amos n' Andy on radio
Check and Double Check (feature film)

Description of series from the Encyclopedia of Television
Ely, Melvin Patrick. The Adventures of Amos 'n' Andy: A Social History of an American Phenomenon / Melvin Patrick Ely. New York: Free Press; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c1991. (UCB Main PN1991.77.A6 E49 1991; UCB Moffitt PN1991.77.A6 E49 1991)
Cripps, Thomas. "The Films of Spencer Williams." Black American Literature Forum, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Winter, 1978), pp. 128-134.UCB users only

The Amos 'n' Andy Show: Discs 1-2 (TV, 1950's)
Selected episodes from the 1950's television sit com which relates the comic adventures of Amos Jones and Andrew H. Brown (Amos n' Andy), two black men trying to make it in Harlem whose lives are complicated by the schemes of the Kingfish. Written variously by Bob Ross, Dave Schwartz, Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher, Paul West, and Jay Sommers. Alvin Childress (Amos) ; Spencer Williams, Jr. (Andy) ; Tim Moore (Kingfish) ; Ernestine Wade (Sapphire) ; Amanda Randolph (Mama) ; Johnny Lee (Calhoun). Contents: Disc 1: Getting momma married, Parts 1 & 2 -- Andy buys a house -- The happy Stevens -- Arabia -- Disc 2. Andy plays Santa Claus -- The broken clock -- The Winslow woman -- Call Lehigh 4-9000 -- Leroy lends a hand. DVD 7387

The Amos 'n' Andy Show: Discs 3-4 (TV, 1950's)
Selected episodes from the 1950's television sit com which relates the comic adventures of Amos Jones and Andrew H. Brown (Amos n' Andy), two black men trying to make it in Harlem whose lives are complicated by the schemes of the Kingfish. Written variously by Bob Ross, Dave Schwartz, Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher, Paul West, and Jay Sommers. Alvin Childress (Amos) ; Spencer Williams, Jr. (Andy) ; Tim Moore (Kingfish) ; Ernestine Wade (Sapphire) ; Amanda Randolph (Mama) ; Johnny Lee (Calhoun). Contents: Disc 3: Birthday card -- Relatives -- Kingfish's last friend-- Quo vadis -- Andy falls in love with an actress -- Disc 4. Sapphire disappears -- The gun-- The turkey dinner -- Superfine brush-- Cousin Effie's will. DVD 7388

The Amos 'n' Andy Show: Discs 5-6 (TV, 1950's)
Selected episodes from the 1950's television sit com which relates the comic adventures of Amos Jones and Andrew H. Brown (Amos n' Andy), two black men trying to make it in Harlem whose lives are complicated by the schemes of the Kingfish. Written variously by Bob Ross, Dave Schwartz, Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher, Paul West, and Jay Sommers. Alvin Childress (Amos) ; Spencer Williams, Jr. (Andy) ; Tim Moore (Kingfish) ; Ernestine Wade (Sapphire) ; Amanda Randolph (Mama) ; Johnny Lee (Calhoun). Contents: Disc 5: Hospitalization -- The antique shop -- Rare coin (also on vhs Video/C 9639) -- Young girl's mother -- The girl upstairs -- Disc 6. Amos helps out -- The ballet tickets -- The diner -- The engagement ring -- Andy gets a telegram. DVD 7389

The Amos 'n' Andy Show: Discs 7-8 (TV, 1950's)
Selected episodes from the 1950's television sit com which relates the comic adventures of Amos Jones and Andrew H. Brown (Amos n' Andy), two black men trying to make it in Harlem whose lives are complicated by the schemes of the Kingfish. Written variously by Bob Ross, Dave Schwartz, Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher, Paul West, and Jay Sommers. Alvin Childress (Amos) ; Spencer Williams, Jr. (Andy) ; Tim Moore (Kingfish) ; Ernestine Wade (Sapphire) ; Amanda Randolph (Mama) ; Johnny Lee (Calhoun). Contents: Disc 7: The adoption -- Leroy's suits-- The convention -- Ready made family -- Kingfish gets drafted -- Disc 8. Traffic violations -- The society party -- Kingfish's secretary-- The new neighbors -- Vacation. DVD 7390

The Amos 'n' Andy Show: Discs 9 (TV, 1950's)
Selected episodes from the 1950's television sit com which relates the comic adventures of Amos Jones and Andrew H. Brown (Amos n' Andy), two black men trying to make it in Harlem whose lives are complicated by the schemes of the Kingfish. Written variously by Bob Ross, Dave Schwartz, Joe Connelly, Bob Mosher, Paul West, and Jay Sommers. Alvin Childress (Amos) ; Spencer Williams, Jr. (Andy) ; Tim Moore (Kingfish) ; Ernestine Wade (Sapphire) ; Amanda Randolph (Mama) ; Johnny Lee (Calhoun). Contents: Eyeglasses -- Seeing is believing -- Viva la France -- The boarder . DVD 7391

Amos'n Andy.(TV, 1951)
Cast: Alvin Childress, Spencer Williams, Jr., Tim Moore, Ernestine Wade, Amanda Randolph, Johnny Lee, and Horace Stewart.
Amos n' Andy: Introduction of actors to studio audience by producers (6 min.) -- Amos n' Andy: The rare coin (27 min.) -- Amos n' Andy: Kingfish enlists (25 min.) Video/C 4761
Vol. 4: Antique shop: Kingfish becomes an agent to get the commission from the sale of an antique shop. Kingfish teaches Andy to fly: Kingfish talks Andy into flying lessons so he can impress the ladies. 999:729:4
Vol. 6: The rare coin (27 min.) -- The Christmas story (27 min.) Video/C 9639
Vol. 7: Second honeymoon (27 min.) -- Andy buys a house (27 min.) Video/C 9640
Vol. 8: Andy's vacation; Happy Stevenses 999:728
Vol. Vol. 8a: Kingfish's secretary; The Society 999:728
Vol. Vol. 10: Cousin Effie's will; The adoption 999:729:10
Vol. 11: Eye glasses (27 min.) -- Superfine Brush Company (aka Superfine brushes) (27 min.) Video/C 9641
Vol. 11a: The Kingfish gets drafted; Kingfish's secretary 999:729:11
Vol. 13: Getting momma married 999:729:13
Vol. 14: Young girls mom ; Broken clock 999:729:14
Vol. 15: The Kingfish's last friend ; The society party 999:729:15
Vol. 16: Christmas show ; Relatives 999:729:16
Vol. 18: Amos helps out ; Sapphire disappears 999:729:18
Vol. 19: Counterfeiters in the basement ; Turkey dinner 999:729:19
Vol. 20: Superfine brushes; Traffic violations 999:729:20

Amos 'n Andy. The Trouble with Father. Jack Benny Program.(TV)
Contents: Amos n' Andy: Introduction of actors to studio audience by producers (6 min.) -- Amos n' Andy: The Rare Coin (27 min.) -- Amos n' Andy: Kingfish Enlists (25 min.) -- Trouble with Father: A Skeleton at the Party (27 min.) -- Jack Benny Program: Benny in the Lineup (25 min.). 199?. 110 min. Video/C 4761

The Jackie Robinson Story(1950)
Directed by Alfred E. Green. Cast: Jackie Robinson, Ruby Dee, Minor Watson, Louise Beavers, Richard Lane, Harry Shannon, Ben Lessy, Bill Spaulding, Billy Wayne, Joel Fleullen. Dramatizes the story of Jackie Robinson (playing himself) as the first African-American to play major league baseball, including his days at UCLA on a sports scholarship and his career in the Negro League. 76 min. DVD X6179
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

No Way Out (1950)
Directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz. Cast: Richard Widmark, Linda Darnell, Stephen McNally, Sidney Poitier. When a young African-American doctor operates on two white brothers brought in for gunshot wounds, it sets off a chain of violent confrontations between a vicious psychopath, his gang and the black community. 106 min. DVD 7667; vhs 999:2450
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Clark, Ginger. "Beyond the great divide: Hollywood and race relations in the 1950s." Howard Journal of Communications; 1996, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p373-382, 10p UC users only
Dick, Bernard F. Joseph L. Mankiewicz Boston : Twayne Publishers, 1983. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.A3 M31975 1983)
Lower, Cheryl Bray. Joseph L. Mankiewicz : critical essays with an annotated bibliography and a filmography Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 2001. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.M35 B73 2001)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

Storm Warning (1950)
Director, Stuart Heisler. Cast: Ginger Rogers, Ronald Reagan, Doris Day, Steve Cochran. A school teacher visiting relatives in an unnamed small town happens to witness the beating death of a man at the hands of the KKK. She soon discovers that the whole town is controlled by this vigilante group, and that her loutish brother-in-law is one of the group's members. The D.A. (Ronald Reagan) is the man who breaks the stranglehold of the hooded terrorists--through the simple expedient of walking into one of their meetings and calmly identifying each of them by name. 93 min. DVD X201
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Native Son (USA / Argentina, 1951)
Director, Pierre Chenal. Cast: Richard Wright, Jean Wallace, Gloria Madison, Nicholas Joy, Willa Pearl Curtiss, Charles Cane. Adaptation of the classic novel by Richard Wright. Set in Chicago, Native son tells the story of Bigger Thomas, a young black man who accidentally murders his employer's daughter while performing his duties as chauffeur. The combined forces of institutional racism and condescending white liberalism pursue Thomas to an unhappy end. The author plays the leading role in this film version. 90 min. vhs 999:3808
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Laws, Page. "Not Everybody's Protest Film, Either: Native Son among Controversial Film Adaptations." Black Scholar, Spring/Summer2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1/2, p27-33, 7p UC users only

Show Boat (1951)
Directed by George Sidney. Cast: Kathryn Grayson, Ava Gardner, Howard Keel. A romantic musical of Magnolia Hawks who grew up on the riverboat, Cotton Blossom. When a snitch on board calls the police the leading lady, Julie (who's half African-American) and her white husband are forced to leave the show. Magnolia becomes the leading show boat attraction and a gambler, Gaylor Ravenal, the leading man. They fall in love and marry but soon Magnolia must face reality as she is left alone penniless and pregnant. Based on the Jerome Kern-Oscar Hammerstein II musical play from Edna Ferber's novel. 115 min. DVD 472
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1936 version of Show Boat

Smyth, J. E. "Making Believe: Show Boat, Race, and Romance, 1925-1957." In: Edna Ferber's Hollywood : American fictions of gender, race, and history / J.E. Smyth ; foreword by Austin : University of Texas Press, 2010. (Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3511.E46 Z895 2010)

Member of the Wedding (1953)
Directed by Fred Zinnemann. Cast: Ethel Waters, Julie Harris, Brandon De Wilde, Arthur Franz, Nancy Gates. A 12-year-old girl learns something about life when her sister gets married a Based on a story by Carson McCullers. Ethel Waters plays a kind of "nouveau mammy" to Julie Harris' anguished white girl on the verge of adulthood. The first instance of a black actress being used to carry a major-studio production. 91 min. DVD X6438; vhs 999:380
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The films of Fred Zinnemann : critical perspectives / edited by Arthur Nolletti, Jr. Albany : State University of New York Press, c1999. (MAIN: PN1998.3.Z56 F56 1999)
Marcus, Alan. "Uncovering an Auteur: Fred Zinnemann." Film History 2000 12(1): 49-56 8p. UC users only
Rapf, Joanna E. "Mythic Figures: Women and Co-Being in Three Films by Fred Zinnemann." Film Criticism, Spring-Fall94, Vol. 18/19 Issue 3/1, p140-154, 15p; (AN 31374653) UC users only
Sinyard, Neil. Fred Zinnemann : films of character and conscience Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Company, c2003. (MAIN: PN1998.3.Z56 S56 2003)

Carmen Jones (1954)
Directed by Otto Preminger. Cast: Harry Belafonte, Dorthy Dandridge, Pearl Bailey, Olga James, Joe Adams, Diahann Carroll. Bizet's opera Carmen staged with an all black cast. DVD 3429; vhs 999:1169
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Bibliography on Dorothy Dandridge

Carmen : from silent film to MTV / edited by Chris Perriam and Ann Davies. Amsterdam ; New York : Rodopi, 2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN57.C33 C37 2005)
Furman, Nelly. "Screen Politics: Otto Preminger's Carmen Jones." In: Carmen : from silent film to MTV / edited by Chris Perriam and Ann Davies. Amsterdam ; New York : Rodopi, 2005. (Main Stack PN57.C33.C37 2005)
Gilbert, Tiffany. "American iconoclast: Carmen Jones and the revolutionary divadom of Dorothy Dandridge." Women's Studies Quarterly, 33, no. 3/4 (Fall, 2005): 234-49, UC users only
Herzog, Amy. "Dissonant Refrains: Carmen on Film." In: Dreams of difference, songs of the same : the musical moment in film / Amy Herzog. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2010. (Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only); Print: Music ML2075 .H478 2010)
Leicester, H. Marshall, Jr. "Discourse and the film text: Four readings of Carmen." Cambridge opera journal, 6(3) p245 Nov, 1994 UC users only
Smith, Jeff. "Black faces, white voices: the politics of dubbing in Carmen Jones." Velvet Light Trap (Spring 2003): p29(14). (9214 words) UC users only

Band of Angels (1957)
Directed by Raoul Walsh. Cast: Clark Gable, Yvonne DeCarlo, Sidney Poitier, Efram Zimbalist, Jr., Rex Reason, Carolle Drake, Juanita Moore. The story of privileged society of the Old South centering around Amish Bond, a plantation owner with a secret past of slave trading, a freedom-yearning slave Bond has raised as a son, and the fiery belle, well educated and born into a good family who goes on the auction block when her part-African heritage is revealed. Based on the novel by Robert Penn Warren. 128 min. DVD X1615; vhs 999:2231
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Defiant Ones (1958)
Directed by Stanley Kramer. Cast: Tony Curtis and Sidney Poitier star in Stanley Kramer's groundbreaking film that tears into the problem of racial hatred. The plot centers on these two convicts fleeing a chain gang in the deep South. 1 hour 37 min. DVD 4533; vhs 999:972
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Foreign Actor (Sidney Poitier)
Golden Globe Awards - Best Motion Picture, Drama
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Director

"Defiant Ones" In: Film scripts. Edited by George P. Garrett, O. B. Hardison, Jr. [and] Jane R. Gelfman. New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1971. (Main Stack PN1997.A1.G18)

Frank, Micheline Klagsbrun. "Unchained: Perspectives on Change." Journal of Popular Film & Television. Fall 1990. Vol. 18, Iss. 3; p. 122 (8 pages)UC users only
Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Lambert, Gavin "The Defiant Ones" Film Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Autumn, 1958), pp. 40-42 UC users only
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)
Spoto, Donald. Stanley Kramer, film maker / Donald Spoto New York : Putnam, c1978 (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.A3 .K725 1978)

Imitation of Life (1959)
Directed by Douglas Sirk. Cast: Lana Turner (Lora Meredith), John Gavin (Steve Archer). Draws the audience into an underworld of backstairs and neon gutters with the story of an exploited black maid (played by a white actress) and her daughter trying to pass for white. Based on the novel by Fannie Hurst. 124 min. DVD 5246; DVD 1737
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1934 version of Imitation of Life

Odds Against Tomorrow (1959)
Directed by Robert Wise. Cast: Harry Belafonte, Robert Ryan, Shelley Winters, Ed Begley, Gloria Grahame. One hundred and fifty thousand dollars, ready for the taking. It's too much to resist for Earl Slater, a bigoted ex-con slumming through life with a patronizing girlfriend and zero expectations. He agrees to be part of a bank job planned by former cop Burke. Until, that is, he finds out one of his partners will be a black man. Earl's desperate need for cash, however, leads him to reconsider. For this job only, he'll put his racism aside ... until moments away from the score, hatred erupts. In this film to obtain the edgy look desired by the director a rare filming technique was used: infrared photography. DVD 2229
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Shadows (1959)
Directed by John Cassavetes. John Cassavetes' first film, tells a gripping story of racism set against a New York background in the 1950's. Lelia, a light-skinned black woman living in New York with her two brothers, has an affair with a white man. The relationship soon sours when he meets one of her brothers and discovers she is really black. 87 min. DVD 421
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Carney, Raymond. American Dreaming: The Films of John Cassavetes and the American Experience / Raymond Carney. Berkeley : University of California Press, c1985. (UCB Main PN1998.A3 C3333 1985; UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 C3333 1985)
Carney, Raymond. The Films of John Cassavetes: Pragmatism, Modernism, and the Movies / Ray Carney. Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Series title: Cambridge film classics. (UCB Main PN1998.3.C384 C37 1994; UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.C384 C37 1994)
Selected Program Notes for the Beat Screening List (Excerpts) by Ray Carney.

1960 - 1969

I Passed for White (1960)
Directed by Fred M. Wilcox. Cast: Sonya Wilde, James Franciscus, Pat Michon, Isabel Cooley. A beautiful young woman meets and marries the man of her dreams--only she has not told him that she is half-black, and he and his rich family and friends are white. She soon discovers that happiness cannot be founded on a lie. Based on the novel by Mary Hastings Bradley. 92 min. DVD X2456
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Sergeant Rutledge (1960)
Directed by John Ford. Cast: Jeffrey Hunter, Woody Strode, Billie Burke, Constance Towers, Juano Hernandez, Willis Bouchey. An African-American "buffalo soldier" is accused of rape and murder, but is successfully defended by a white officer during his trial in 1881. Lt. Cantrell defends him as witnesses give testimony relived in flashbacks, revealing the sergeant's gallantry and eventually the shocking truth behind the alleged crimes. 112 min. DVD 5659; vhs 999:2700
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Young One (aka White Trash) (Mexico, 1960)
Directed by Luis Bunuel. Set in the American South on a remote coastal island, a black man fleeing a lynch mob meets a racist sheriff and a recently orphaned 13 year old white girl. Upon release in 1960, this film shocked American audiences with its depiction of a strong, sarchastic black man, capable of holding his own against racism. Inspired by Peter Matthiessen's story "Travelin' Man." Performers: Zachary Scott, Bernie Hamilton, Kay Meersman, Graham Denton, Claudio Brook. 95 min. 999:1369
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Conrad, Randall. "No Blacks or Whites: The Making of Luis Bunuel's 'The Young One'." Cineaste v20, n3 (Summer, 1993):28 (7 pages).

This Rebel Breed (1960)
Directed by Richard L. Bare. Cast: Rita Moreno, Mark Damon, Gerald Mohr, Jay Novello, Eugenio Martin. Black, Anglo and Hispanic high-school gangs duke it out in this story about two undercover cops who infiltrate the gangs to stop narcotics trafficking. The undercover cop Frank is of mixed black American and Mexican parentage, which means no gang is going to easily accept him while his partner Don is an Anglo cop. When Lola's boyfriend is killed in a gang fight she starts to fall for Frank. DVD includs Black rebels: Five years after "This Rebel Breed" was released, producer William Rowland added some incongruous inserts filled with nudity and re-released the film under the titles Black Rebels, Lola's Mistake, and Three Shades of Love. 90 min. (This Rebel Breed); 94 min. (Black Rebels) DVD X3088; vhs 999:3051
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

A Raisin in the Sun (1961)
Directed by Daniel Petrie. Performers: Sidney Poitier, Claudia McNeil, Ruby Dee. 1961 film based on the award-winning play about a struggling black family living on Chicago's South Side and the impact of an unexpected insurance bequest. Each family member sees the bequest as the means of realizing dreams and of escape from grinding frustrations. Based on the play: A raisin in the sun by Lorraine Hansberry. 128 min. DVD 9203; vhs Video 999:955
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Ingle, Zachary. "White Fear" and the Studio System: A Re-evaluation of Hansberry's Original Screenplay of "A Raisin in the Sun." Literature Film Quarterly, 2009, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p184-193, 10p UC users only
Rosenbaum, Julia B. "Reracializing the Ordinary American Family: Raisin in the Sun." In: Visions of belonging : New England art and the making of American identity / Julia B. Rosenbaum. Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2006. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA E169 .S655 2004)

1989 version of Raisin in the Sun

To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)
Directed by Robert Mulligan. Cast: Gregory Peck, Brock Peters, Mary Badham. A small-town Southern lawyer loses friends and social position when he defends a black man unjustly accused of rape, but gains the esteem of his motherless children. 116 min. DVD 2934; vhs 999:89
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Foote, Horton. The screenplay of To kill a mockingbird. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World [1964] (Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3511.O344 T6 1964)

Pressure Point (1962)
Directed by Hubert Cornfield. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Bobby Darin, Peter Falk, Carl Benton Reid. An African American psychiatrist is charged with treating a hate filled young man who's been jailed for sedition. As he probes the patient's nightmares, the psychiatrist realizes his twisted vision masks a lust for violence. But the inmate has become a model prisoner, and unless the doctor can convince officials that he's daugerous, he'll soon be back on the street. 89 min. DVD 4827
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

David Marriott. "The Love of Neither-Either: Racial Integration in Pressure Point." Qui Parle, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 2003), pp. 63-90 UC users only
Slane, Andrea. "Pressure points: political psychology, screen adaptation, and the management of racism in the case-history genre." Camera Obscura; no. 45 (2001): 71-113, 43 p UC users only

Lilies of the Field (1963)
Directed by Ralph Nelson. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Lilia Skala, Stanley Adams. A free-spirited ex-G.I. stumbles upon five German refugee nuns in Arizona and stops to fix their farmhouse roof. Homer discovers that not only will the Mother Superior not pay him for the job, but she also expects him to build their chapel -- for free! Sidney Poitier won the Academy Award for Best Actor for this film, the first such award given to an African American actor. 95 min. DVD 4564
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Academy Award - Best Actor (Sidney Poitier)
Golden Globes, USA - Best Motion Picture Actor - Drama Sidney Poitier; Best Film Promoting International Understanding

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

Purlie Victorious (1963)
Directed by Nicholas Webster. Cast: Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Sorrell Booke, Godfrey Cambridge, Alan Alda, Hilda Haynes. In this film version of a successful stage play, a black preacher returns home to rural Georgia to claim an inheritance and bring down the ruthless plantation owner that he once served. He finds a surprise ally in the plantation owner's son. Religious hypocrisy, racial bigotry, civil rights issues and the changing Southern society backed by forced integraton are subjects in this film (1963) that coincided with the turbulent social issues of the time. 99 min. DVD 5095
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Black Like Me (1964)
Directed by Carl Lerner. Cast: James Whitmore, Will Geer, Roscoe Lee Browne. A dramatization of the true story of a white writer in the early 1960's who chemically changed the color of his skin in order to experience life as a black man in the South. Based on the book by John Howard Griffin (Moffitt E185.61.G8; Main Stack E185.61.G75). 107 min. vhs 999:2729
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dreisinger, Baz "Dy(e)ing to be black: "Mars Jeems's nightmare," Black like me, and Watermelon man." In: Near Black : White-to-Black passing in American culture / Baz Dreisinger. Amherst : University of Massachusetts Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks E184.A1 D73 2008)

Nothin' But a Man (1964)
Directed by Michael Roemer. Cast: Ivan Dixon, Abbey Lincoln, Julius Harris, Gloria Foster. Set against the stirrings of the civil rights movement and a rising wave of burgeoning Black pride. This tells the story of Duff, a railroad section hand who is forced to confront racial prejudice and self-denial when he falls in love with Josie, an educated preacher's daughter. An uplifting story about a man and a woman whose love overcomes racial and class barriers. Special DVD features: Cast and crew 40 years later; short film: "Portrait of Abbey"; extensive liner notes with original stills from the film; cast and crew biographies. 92 min. DVD X1484; vhs 999:1080
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

I Spy (1965-1968)
The first television series to feature a white and a black protagonist working as colleagues and equals. Starring Robert Culp and Bill Cosby. For holdings SEE TV videography

A Patch of Blue (1965)
Directed by Guy Green. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Shelley Winters, Elizabeth Hartman, Wallace Ford. Accidentally blinded as a child, 18-year-old Selina D'Arcey falls in love with a gentle and charming man, Gordon Ralfe, whom she meets in a rare visit to a park. Her racist mother declares that because Gordon is black, their relationship cannot continue, forcing Selina to choose between her family and her heart. Based on "Be ready with bells and drums" by Elizabeth Kata. 105 min. DVD 4535
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Academy Award - Best Supporting Actress (Shelley Winters)
Golden Globes - Most Promising Newcomer - Female (Elizabeth Hartman)

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney PoitierSecaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

The Pawnbroker (1965)
Directed by Sidney Lumet. Cast: Rod Steiger, Brock Peters, Jaime Sanchez, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Raymond St. Jacques. Sol Nazerman is a WWII Nazi deathcamp survivor. Now, he runs a pawnshop in Harlem and takes refuge in misery and a bitter condemnation of humanity. When his assistant sacrifices his own life for the pawnbroker during a robbery, Sol is finally confronted with the inherent goodness of the human spirit. 120 min. DVD X4304
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actor (Rod Steiger)
National Film Registry Selection

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1965)
Directed by Geza von Radmanyi. Cast: Herbert Lom (Simon Legree), John Kitzmiller (Uncle Tom), Olive Moorefield (Cassy), O. W. Fischer, Catana Cayetano, Michaela May, Mylene Demongeto. Harriet Beecher Stowe's nineteenth-century classic story of the pre-Civil war South. Peace-loving Tom is forced to submit to his sadistic master, the evil Simon Legree. Helpless slaves-raped, tortured, and humiliated-are eventually driven to rebel against their wicked oppressors. This drama, directed in Yugoslavia by Hungarian Geza Radvanyi, tends to stray from the original story and contains some contradictions to historical fact. 116 min. 999:2425
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1927 version; 1914 version

Hurry Sundown (1966)
Directed by Otto Preminger. Cast: John Phillip Law, Michael Caine, Jane Fonda, Robert Hooks, Burgess Meredith, Faye Dunaway, Diahann Carroll, George Kennedy. About racial prejudice and emotional unrest in 1940s Georgia. Henry Warren is an unscrupulous and racist landowner obsessed with buying up all available land in a Georgia farming town. Blocking his path are sharecroppers Rod McDowell and Reeve Scott, one white and one black. Based on a novel by K.B. Gilden. 142 min. DVD X6301
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

To Sir, With Love (1966)
Directed by James Clavell. Cast: Sidney Poitier. A novice teacher faces a class of rowdy, undisciplined working-class punks in this classic film that reflected some of the problems and fears of teens in the 60's. 105 min. DVD 4534
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967)
Directed by Stanley Kramer. Cast: Spencer Tracy, Sidney Poitier, Katharine Hepburn, Katharine Houghton. Joanna, the caucasian daughter of a publisher, Matthew Drayton, and his patrician wife, Christina, returns home with her new fiance, John, a distinguished black doctor. Christina's mother accepts her daughter's decision to marry John, but Matthew is shocked by this interracial union, and the doctor's parents are equally dismayed. In this film both families are forced to examine their respective levels of racial intolerance. 108 min. DVD 2318; vhs 999:718
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Academy Award - Best Actress (Katharine Hepburn)

In the Heat of the Night (1967)
Directed by Norman Jewison. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Rod Steiger, Warren Oates, Lee Grant. A small town Southern sheriff finds himself in an uneasy alliance with a big-city black homicide detective (Virgil Tibbs) as they investigate a murder. Starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger. Music by Quincy Jones, title song sung by Ray Charles. 110 min. DVD 4561
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors

Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Actor (Rod Steiger)
Golden Globes, USA - Best Best Picture - Drama; Best Actor - Drama (Rod Steiger)
National Society of Film Critics Awards, USA - Best Actor (Rod Steiger)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Film; Best Actor (Rod Steiger)
National Film Registry Selection

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

For Love of Ivy (1968)
Directed by Daniel Mann. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Abbey Lincoln, Beau Bridges, Nan Martin, Lauri Peters, Carroll O'Connor, Leon Bibb. A wealthy family, afraid of losing their housekeeper to a secretarial career, fix her up with a man-about-town, who is secretly involved in illegal gambling. 101 min. DVD 4565
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

The Liberation of L.B. Jones: A Story of Southern Hospitality (1969)
Directed by Arthur Penn. Cast: Lee J. Cobb, Anthony Zerbe, Roscoe Lee Browne, Lee Majors, Barbara Hershey, Yaphet Kotto, Arch Johnson, Chill Wills, Lola Falana, Fayard Nicholas, Dub Taylor. Lord Byron Jones is a black businessman who owns a successful undertaking business, and is married to the very young and desirable Emma. His ability to cooperate with the white community is clearly an asset in the genteel town of Somerset, Tennessee. When Emma has an affair with a white policeman, divorce ensues and the stage is set for high drama. Based on the novel The liberation of Lord Byron Jones by Jesse Hill Ford. 103 min. DVD X6101
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Putney Swope (1969)
Directed by Robert Downey. Cast: Arnold Johnson, Laura Greene, Buddy Butler, Anthony Fargas, Vincent Hamill, Lawrence Wolfe. A comical satire which charts the rise and fall of a Madison Avenue advertising agency previously controlled by Whites which is taken over by Blacks who are dedicated to the downfall of the White Establishment. The picture is mostly a parade of vignettes, dealing with people and campaigns of the advertising world. 85 min. DVD 8923
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1970 - 1979

They Call Me Mr. Tibbs (1970)
Director, Gordon Douglas. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Martin Landau, Barbara McNair, Anthony Zerbe. Detective Virgil Tibbs has been assigned to solve the murder of a prostitute. His pal, a political-minded minister who is spearheading a referendum on community control, is suspected of the homicide and Tibbs is faced with the decision of whether or not to invesigate. 108 min. DVD 4562
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Kelley, Samuel L. The evolution of character portrayals in the films of Sidney Poitier, 1950-1978 (NEWS: MICROFICHE.6030.Unit 98)
Keyser, Lester J. The cinema of Sidney Poitier : the black man's changing role on the American screen. San Diego, [Calif. : A. S. Barnes, c1980 (MAIN: PN2287.P57 .K4)
Marill, Alvin H. The films of Sidney Poitier Secaucus, N.J. : Citadel Press, c1978. (MAIN: PN2287 .P57M3)

The Great White Hope (1970)
Directed by Martin Ritt. Cast: James Earl Jones, Jane Alexander, Lou Gilbert, Joel Fluellen, Chester Morris. Based on the life of African American boxer Jack Johnson, this fictional account of his rise to fame chronicles the battles that the flamboyant champion fought in and out of the ring. Refusing to live within the boundaries deemed acceptable by society, this renowned hero and the woman he loved chose to live their lives the way they wanted-- something which evoked great fury from a narrow-minded world. 102 min. DVD 8059
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Burns, James; Bartley, Abel "The Great White Hope: A Forgotten Biopic?" a/b: Auto/Biography Studies, Volume 26, Number 1, Summer 2011, pp. 53-67 UC users only
Goldfarb, Lyn; Ilyashov, Anatoli. "Working Class Hero: An Interview with Martin Ritt." Cineaste, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 20-23, 1991
Miller, Gabriel. The films of Martin Ritt : fanfare for the common man Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2000. (MAIN: PN1998.3.R578 M55 2000)
Naylor, Nicholas. "Muhammad Ali, Jack Johnson, and the 'Problem' of Interracial Relationships: A Re-View of Martin Ritt's The Great White Hope (1970)." Scope: An Online Journal of Film Studies, pp. (no pagination), Nov 2003 UC users only
Ritt, Martin. Martin Ritt : interviews Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2002. [MAIN: PN1998.3.R578 A5 2002]
Whitaker, Sheila. The films of Martin Ritt. [London], British Film Institute, 1972. (NRLF (UCB) PN1998.A3 R5371)

Neighbors (TV, 1971)
Director, Fiedler Cook. Cast: Andrew Duggan, Raymond St. Jacques, Cicely Tyson, Jane Wyatt. Drama about race relations in an all-white suburban community that depicts the confrontation between an upper-class white couple and a black couple from Harlem who plan to buy their expensive suburban home. In negotiating the sale, all four learn a little more about each other-- and a lot about their own latent prejudices. 60 min. DVD X4466
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Lady Sings the Blues (1972)
Director, Sidney J. Furie. Cast: Diana Ross, Billy Dee Williams, Richard Pryor, Paul Hampton. Presents a film biography of the life of Billie Holliday, the performer known as "Lady Day", one of America's most loved and memorable blues singers. 144 min. DVD 4819
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Barrett, Lindon. "'In the Dark': Billie Holiday and Some Sights and Sounds of American Value." Callaloo 13 (4): 872-85. 1990 Fall.
Holbrook, Morris B. "When bad things happen to great musicians: The role of ambi-diegetic jazz in three tragedepictions of artistic genius on the silver screen ('Lady Sings the Blues'; 'Sweet Love, Bitter'; ''Round Midnight'; 'Bird')." Jazz Research Journal, May 2007, Vol. 1 Issue n1, p99-128, 30p UC users only
Kael, Pauline. "Lady Sings the Blues." In: Reeling / Pauline Kael. Boston : Little, Brown, c1976. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Moffitt PN1995 .K2521)
Storhoff, Gary. "Strange Fruit" : Lady Sings the Blues as a Crossover Film." Journal of Popular Film & Television, Summer2002, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p105, 9p UC users only
Turim, Maureen. "Lady Sings the Blues." Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film & Television, Spring73, Issue 8, p34-38, 5p

Sounder (1972)
Directed by Martin Ritt. Cast: Cicely Tyson, Paul Winfield. Sounder is the heartwarming story of a black sharecropper family in Louisiana during the Depression. A father steals food for his family, his wife provides love, security and strength while he is in prison, and their oldest son bravely becomes the man of the house until his father returns. Together they love and laugh, struggle and survive, and dream and hope of a more promising future. 105 min. DVD X4836; vhs 999:449
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Adams, Michael. "How Come Everybody Down Here Has Three Names?": Martin Ritt's Southern Films." Southern Quarterly; Apr1981, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p143-155, 13p
Goldfarb, Lyn; Ilyashov, Anatoli. "Working Class Hero: An Interview with Martin Ritt." Cineaste, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 20-23, 1991
Miller, Gabriel. The films of Martin Ritt : fanfare for the common man Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2000. (MAIN: PN1998.3.R578 M55 2000)
Ritt, Martin. Martin Ritt : interviews Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2002. [MAIN: PN1998.3.R578 A5 2002]
Whitaker, Sheila. The films of Martin Ritt. [London], British Film Institute, 1972. (NRLF (UCB) PN1998.A3 R5371)

The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman (TV, 1973)
Directed by John Korty. Cast: Cicely Tyson, Richard A. Dysart. Presents the story of the long life of Miss Jane Pittman, who began her life as a slave in the South and who marched for her civil rights in the 20th century at the age of 110. Based on the novel of the same title by Ernest J. Gaines. Special DVD features: "The Making of the Autobiography of Ms. Jane Pittman" documentary - behind the scenes footage; new interviews with Ernest J. Gaines, Odetta, director John Korty, producers Rick Rosenberg and Bob Christiansen and more; "The Writing of the Autobiography of Ms. Jane Pittman" documentary - Ernest J. Gaines gives an in-depth look at the people and places that inspired his award-winning novel; "Oral Story Telling Tradition" documentary - scholars explain the important of oral story-telling; Best Picture and Best Actress Emmy clips; Digitally remastered. 106 min. DVD X4447; Video/C 144
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Directors Guild of America - Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Movies for Television
Emmy Awards - Actress of the Year - Special (Cicely Tyson); Best Directing in Drama - A Single Program - Comedy or Drama; Best Lead Actress in a Drama; Outstanding Special - Comedy or Drama

Walking Tall (1973)
Directed by Phil Karlson. Cast: Joe Don Baker, Noah Beery, Jr., Elizabeth Hartman, Felton Perry, Pepper Martin. Based on the true story of the legendary Tennessee sheriff, Buford Pusser, who with the help of his wife and his right hand man, the first black deputy sheriff in Tennessee, refused to compromise his fight against corruption in his county. DVD. 126 min. DVD 610
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Amazing Grace (1974)
Directed by Stan Lathan. Cast: Moms Mabley, Slappy White, Moses Gunn, James Karen, George Lee Miles, Gary Bolling, Dolph Sweet, Jon Richards, Stepin Fetchit, Butterfly McQueen. A black pious church-going widow and grandmother takes over the political campaign of a neighbor running for mayor of Baltimore, transforming him from a white man's pawn into a serious challenger of Baltimore's blue-blood establishment. 97 min. DVD 3499
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Mandingo (1975)
Directed by Richard Fleischer. Cast: James Mason, Susan George, Perry King, Richard Ward, Brenda Sykes, Ken Norton. Based on a best-selling novel, this film moves beyond the sentimentalized South of other films with uncompromising honesty and realism to show the brutalizing nature of slavery, which made victims of both owner and slave. The story centers on a slave owner who buys a new slave at auction hoping to bring in money by training him to fight his other slaves. His wife, jealous over her husband's affair with the slave Helen, seduces the new man to get revenge on her husband and eventually gives birth to a black baby. 121 min. DVD X4286
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Campbell, Edward D. C., Jr. "'Burn, Mandingo, Burn': The Plantation South in Film, 1958-1978" The Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South, vol. 19, no. 3-4, pp. 107-116, 1981 Spring-Summer
Keser, Robert. "The Eye We Cannot Shut: Richard Fleischer's Mandingo." The Film Journal, Issue 13 January 2006
Shimizu, Celine Parrenas. "Master-slave sex acts: Mandingo and the race/sex paradox." Wide Angle: A Film Quarterly of Theory, Criticism, and Practice, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 42-61, 1999 Oct
UC users only

Almos' a Man (TV, 1976)
Directed by Stan Lathan. Cast: LeVar Burton, Madge Sinclair, Robert Doqui. Although Dave and his family are poor sharecroppers in the Deep South in the 1930's, this 15 year-old's problem is shared by teenagers today : he stands with one foot in adulthood and the other in childhood. "Almos' a Man," yet still treated like a child, he struggles for an identity. There's one symbol of manhood, Dave thinks, that could guarantee him instant respect : a gun. Based on the story by Richard Wright. 36 min.min. DVD X3405; vhs Video/C 790 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars & Motor Kings (1976)
Directed by John Badham. Cast: Billy Dee Williams, James Earl Jones, Richard Pryor, Rico Dawson. African-American baseball pitcher Bingo Long, tired of being jerked around by the less-than-ethical managers of the Negro League teams, forms his own barnstorming ball club. Though boycotted by powerful Negro League manager Sallison Porter, the Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars and Motor Kings flourish, gaining a loyal fandom with every new game and cutting into the League's profits. Finally, Porter offers Long a deal: if the Motor Kings can win one big game with the Negro All-Stars, Long's team will be allowed to join the League. Based on the novel by William Brashler. 111 min. DVD X3172
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Car Wash(1976)
Director Michael Schultz. Cast: George Carlin, Richard Pryor, Franklyn Ajaye, Professor Irwin Corey, Ivan Dixon, Antonio Fargas, Jack Kehoe, Clarence Muse, Lorraine Gary, the Pointer Sisters. An irreverent but affectionate look at a typical day in a Los Angeles car wash. But what a day! There's a would-be robbery and an assembly line of the weirdest, baddest characters you've ever met and lots of booty-bumping music to pass the hours. 97 min. DVD 2573
Credits and information from the Internet Movie Database

1980 - 1989

Ragtime (1981)
Directed by Milos Forman. Cast: James Cagney, Brad Dourif, Moses Gunn, Elizabeth McGovern, Kenneth McMillan, James Olson, Mandy Patinkin, Howard E. Rollins, Mary Steenburgen. This vivid, high-energy human tableau interweaves the lives and passions of a middle class, small town family against the scandals and events of a transitional America in 1906. Based on the novel by E. L. Doctorow. 156 min. DVD X1106
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/forman.html

Wild Style (1982)
Directed by Charlie Ahearn. Cast: Lee George Quinones, Patti Astor, Andrew (Zephyr) Witten; Grandmaster Flash, Chief Rocker Busy Bee, Fab 5 Freddy, Cold Crush Four, Double Trouble, Rock Steady Crew. Tells the story of street artists in the South Bronx who put on a big outdoor performance to showcase their unique talents, graffiti, rap, and break dancing. The story centers on Zoro, who spends his time spray-painting subway cars who gets his break when he is hired to decorate the platform for the upcoming rap concert. 90 min. DVD 8176; vhs 999:3172
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Monteyne, Kimberley Bercov. "The Sound of the South Bronx: Youth Culture, Genre, and Performance in Charlie Ahearn's Wild Style." In: Youth culture in global cinema / edited by Timothy Shary and Alexandra Seibel. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2007 (Main Stack PN1995.9.Y6.Y68 2007)
Stewart, Jesse. " Real to Reel: Filmic Constructions of Hip Hop Cultures and Hip Hop Identities." Interdisciplinary Humanities; Fall2009, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p49-67, 19p UC users only

Trading Places (1983)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Dan Aykroyd, Eddie Murphy, Ralph Bellamy, Don Ameche, Denholm Elliott, Jamie Lee Curtis. The rich Duke Brothers wager on whether a born loser like Billy Ray Valentine, a hustler from the ghetto, can become as successful as Winthorpe, a wealthy investment executive, if put in the proper environment--and would a prig like Winthorpe turn to a life of crime if he were to lose it all. 116 min. DVD 3779
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Beverly Hills Cop (1984)
Directed by Martin Brest. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Lisa Eilbacher, Steven Berkoff, Judge Reinhold, Ronny Cox. Axel Foley is a brash, street smart Detroit detective who follows the trail of a friend's murderer to the posh surroundings of Beverly Hills. And before Axel gets his man, he gets up to his neck in an international network of smugglers and drug peddlers. 105 min. DVD X1034
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Artz, B. Lee. "Hegemony in Black and White: Interracial Buddy Films and the New Racism." In: Cultural diversity and the U.S. media / edited by Yahya R. Kamalipour, Theresa Carilli ; foreword by George Gerbner. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1998. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Ethnic Studies Lib. P94.5.M552 U628 1998)
Donalson, Melvin Burke. Masculinity in the interracial buddy film Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2006.(MAIN: PN1995.9.M46 D66 2006; Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip062/2005031068.html)
Fuchs, Cynthia J. "The Buddy Politic." In: Screening the male : exploring masculinities in Hollywood cinema / edited by Steven Cohan and Ina Rae Hark. London ; New York : Routledge, c1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge,1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Jordan, Chris. "Race and the Biracial Buddy Movie." In: Movies and the Reagan presidency: success and ethics Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2003. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.S6 J67 2003)
Tasker, Yvonne. "Buddies, Bonding, and Racial Difference." In: Working girls: gender and sexuality in popular cinema London ; New York : Routledge, 1998. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.W6 T36 1998)
Vera, Hernan; Gordon, Andrew. "Black and White Buddies." In: Screen saviors : Hollywood fictions of whiteness Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, c2003. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W45 V47 2003)

Beverly Hills Cop II; Beverly Hills Cop III

The Cotton Club (1984)
Directed by Francis Ford Coppola. Cast: Richard Gere, Gregory Hines, Diane Lane, Lonette McKee, Bob Hoskins, Nicolas Cage, Fred Gwynne. In 1928 New York, spirits are high and jazz, dancing and gangsters rule supreme. Harlem's Cotton Club is in the center of it all, where rich upper-eastsiders mix with dressed-up mobsters. On stage is gifted coronet player Dixie Dwyer, who dreams of the big time, and tap sensation Sandman Williams who can't touch his girl, the lovely singer Lila Rose Oliver, because of strict club rules. As tension rises, so do tempers, and the nightclub becomes a pressure-cooker of jilted loves and mob jobs. 129 min. DVD 788; VHS 999:2852
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Soldier's Story (1984)
Directed by Norman Jewison. Cast: Howard E. Rollins, Jr., Adolph Caesar. A race relations drama about a military murder at a black army base near the end of World War II, and the subsequent investigation of the murder. Based on: A soldier's play / Charles Fuller. Special features: Production notes, March to freedom documentary narrated by Paul Winfield, director Norman Jewison's commentary, original theatrical trailer, bonus theatrical trailer. 102 min. DVD X4279; vhs 999:375
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1985)
Performers: Patrick Day, Sada Thompson, Samm-Art Williams, Frederick Forrest, Lillian Gish, Bernard Hughes. 121 min. Video/C 1069

Born to Trouble: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Video/C 6910

Claudine (1985)
Directed by John Berry. Cast: James Earl Jones, Diahann Carroll, David Kruger. While struggling to support herself and her six children in Harlem by working as a maid for a wealthy family, Claudine meets a charming garbage man, Roop. But although Roop is smitten with the lovely single mother, his own life trials make him slow to respond to her invitation to a lifetime of love. 92 min. DVD 3709
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Palmer, William J. "From Blaxploitation to African American Film." In: The films of the seventies : a social history / by William J. Palmer. Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press, 1987. (Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.P341 1987; Moffitt PN1995.9.S6.P34 1987)

The Color Purple (1985)
Steven Spielberg's movie adaptation of Alice Walker's novel. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Danny Glover, Adolph Caesar, Margaret Avery, Rae Dawn Chong, Oprah Winfrey. A young uneducated woman living in the rural South is raped by her father who then forces her to marry a man who beats her. Her life is transformed by the friendship of two women who help her find self-respect and the courage to change her life. Based on the novel by Alice Walker: (Bancroft BANC MSS 92/109 z (typescript) Non-circulating; may be used only in The Bancroft Library; Circulating copies: Moffitt PS3573.A425.C6 1985; Main Stack PS3573.A425.C6 1992) 154 min. DVD 28; vhs 999:228
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Directors Guild of America - Outstanding Directorial Achievement
Golden Globes - Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama (Whoopi Goldberg)
National Board of Review, USA - Best Actress (Whoopi Goldberg)

Round Midnight (1986)
Directed by Bertrand Tavernier. Cast: Dexter Gordon, François Cluzet, Gabrielle Haker, Herbie Hancock, Bobby Hutcherson, Sandra Reaves-Phillips, Lonette McKee, Martin Scorsese. Inside the Blue Note nightclub one night in 1959 Paris,an aged ailing jazzman coaxes an eloquent wail from his tenor sax. Outside, a young Parisian too broke to buy a glass of wine strains to hear those notes. Soon they form a friendship that sparks a final burst of genius in the fading musician. Special features: Interactive menus, cast/director film highlights, theatrical trailer, scene access. Inspired by the real-life friendship between jazz pianist Bud Powell and Francis Paudras. 132 min. DVD 605
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Coursodon, Jean-Pierre. "Round Midnight: An Interview with Bertrand Tavernier." Cineaste: America's Leading Magazine on the Art and Politics of the Cinema, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 18-23, 1986.
Dempsey, Michael. "All the colors: Bertrand Tavernier talks about Round Midnight. (interview)." Film Quarterly 40 (Spring 1987): 2(10).
UC users only
Holbrook, Morris B. "When bad things happen to great musicians: The role of ambi-diegetic jazz in three tragedepictions of artistic genius on the silver screen ('Lady Sings the Blues'; 'Sweet Love, Bitter'; ''Round Midnight'; 'Bird')." Jazz Research Journal, May 2007, Vol. 1 Issue n1, p99-128, 30p
Mandel, Howard. "Round midnight." Down Beat 54 (Jan 1987): 23(2).
Nettelbeck, Colin W. "Okra and Quenelles: Jazz and Film-Making (as Nourishment) in Tavernier's Round Midnight (1986)." Australian Journal of French Studies, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 250-70, May 2002.

Brother From Another Planet (1987)
Directed by John Sayles. A sci-fantasy adventure about a black visitor from outer space. Fleeing earth to escape slavery on a distant world, he spashes down in New York harbor and makes his way to Harlem, where he's accepted by the regulars at a local bar, and persued by two alien bounty hunters. 109 min. DVD 1820
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Beverly Hills Cop II (1987)
Directed by Tony Scott. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Judge Reinhold, Jürgen Prochnow, Ronny Cox, John Ashton, Brigitte Nielsen, Allen Garfield, Paul Reiser. mean-spirited chief of police Lutz (Allen Garfield) will brook no interference from outsiders-especially the profanely insouciant Mr. Foley. This sequel presents further adventures of Axel Foley, a brash, street smart Detroit detective, as he comes up against a gang of munitions smugglers in California and a mean-spirited chief of police who will brook no interference from outsiders-especially the profanely insouciant Mr. Foley. 102 min. DVD X1034
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Artz, B. Lee. "Hegemony in Black and White: Interracial Buddy Films and the New Racism." In: Cultural diversity and the U.S. media / edited by Yahya R. Kamalipour, Theresa Carilli ; foreword by George Gerbner. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1998. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Ethnic Studies Lib. P94.5.M552 U628 1998)
Donalson, Melvin Burke. Masculinity in the interracial buddy film Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2006.(MAIN: PN1995.9.M46 D66 2006; Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip062/2005031068.html)
Fuchs, Cynthia J. "The Buddy Politic." In: Screening the male : exploring masculinities in Hollywood cinema / edited by Steven Cohan and Ina Rae Hark. London ; New York : Routledge, c1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge,1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Jordan, Chris. "Race and the Biracial Buddy Movie." In: Movies and the Reagan presidency: success and ethics Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2003. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.S6 J67 2003)
Tasker, Yvonne. "Buddies, Bonding, and Racial Difference." In: Working girls: gender and sexuality in popular cinema London ; New York : Routledge, 1998. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.W6 T36 1998)
Vera, Hernan; Gordon, Andrew. "Black and White Buddies." In: Screen saviors : Hollywood fictions of whiteness Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, c2003. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W45 V47 2003)

Beverly Hills Cop; Beverly Hills Cop III

A Gathering of Old Men (Murder on the Bayou_ (TV, 1987)
Directed by Volker Schlöndorff. Cast: Louis Gossett Jr., Holly Hunter, Richard Widmark. A regular day in a Louisiana sugarcane plantation changes course when a local white farmer, a racist, is shot. A group of old, black men takes a courageous step by coming forward en masse to take responsibility for the killing. As the sheriff confronts the suspects, the young plantation owner stands alone in her defense of this group of men who stand resolute against decades of injustice. Based on the novel, A gathering of old men, by Ernest J. Gaines. 94 min. DVD X3779; vhs 999:3603
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Bird (1988)
Directed by Clint Eastwood. Cast: Forest Whitaker, Diane Venora, Michael Zelniker, Sam Wright, Keith David. A gripping drama of the life of legendary jazz saxophonist Charlie "Yardbird" Parker. Past and future overlap as the movie explores Bird's relationship with his steadfast wife Chan Parker, his soaring skill and destructive excesses with alcohol and drugs. Film uses actual recordings by Parker skillfully blending his solo recordings with modern musicians attuned to the Yardbird's improvisations. 160 min. DVD 625
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Cannes Film Festival - Best Actor (Forest Whitaker)
Golden Globes - Best Director
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Supporting Actress (Diane Venora)

Clara's Heart (1988)
Directed by Robert Mulligan. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Michael Ontkean, Kathleen Quinlan, Spalding Gray, Beverly Todd, Neil Patrick Harris. Clara Mayfield, a Jamaican housekeeper, enters the Harts' luxurious suburban Baltimore home as an interloper, but her unshakable dignity and bounteous humor act like sunshine on the tight bud of David's soul. He flowers under her care and even fashions his speech after hers. 108 min. DVD X6569; vhs 999:3710
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Campbell, Zach "Consciousness and Racial Consience in the Work of Robert Mulligan." The Film Journal, Issue 11 January 2005 UC users only
Keser, Robert "Clara's Heart, Robert Mulligan's Voice." The Film Journal, Issue 11 January 2005 UC users only

Coming to America (1988)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall, James Earl Jones, John Amos, Madge Sinclair, Shari Headley. Murphy plays a very wealthy and pampered African prince who comes to America in search of a bride. Accompanied by his closest companion, Murphy quickly finds a job, new friends, new digs, new enemies--and lots of trouble. 116 min. DVD 7106
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dugga, Victor S. "Africa from the American Lens: A Comparative View of the Films Sheena and Coming to America." SORAC Journal of African Studies: Society of Research on African Cultures, vol. 1, pp. 107-15, Apr 2000
Olaniyan, Tejumola. "'Uplift the Race!' Coming to America, Do the Right Thing, and the Poetics of 'Othering'." Cultural-Critique, 1996 Fall, 34, 91-113.

Mississippi Burning (1988)
Directed by Alan Parker. Cast: Gene Hackman and Willem Defoe. Set in Mississippi in 1964, this is a fictionalized version of the case of the murder of three young civil rights workers, the FBI's attempts to find the missing boys and the clash between the authorities and the locals in a Klan-dominated town. 127 min. DVD 4902; vhs 999:374
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actor (Gene Hackman)
National Board of Review, USA - Best Film; Best Director; Best Actor (Gene Hackman); Best Supporting Actress (rances McDormand)

The Road to Mississippi: Reclaiming Our History.
Video/C 2580

Tougher than Leather (1988)
Directed by Rick Rubin. Cast: Run-DMC, Richard Edson, Jenny Lumet, Raymond White, Lois Ayers ; special appearances by the Beastie Boys, Slick Rick, Junkyard Band. After a friend discovers a money-laundering scheme and is murdered, the band members take the law into their own hands and avenge their friend's death. 89 min. 999:3175
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

White Dog (1988)
Directed by Samuel Fuller. Cast: Kristy McNichol, Paul Winfield, Burl Ives, Jameson Parker, Christa Fuller, Sam Fuller, Lynne Moody, Marshall Thompson. A German shepherd is adopted by an actress who learns that the dog has been trained to attack only African Americans. Now it's up to an animal trainer to try to change the vicious dog.

""This is a thriller, and it's also a complete metaphor," said Sam Fuller of his controversial feature which went unreleased theatrically for ten years. Loosely based on a story by Romain Gary, White Dog concerns a dog trained to attack blacks. Paul Winfield portrays a trainer who takes on the task of deprogramming the animal on behalf of its new owner (Kristy McNichol). With frequent point-of-view shots from the dog's perspective, Fuller makes a case for his thesis, which is that racism is "a disease created by man" and that infecting the animal is itself a form of violence. The idea of a "white dog" is dehumanizing, but accusations of racism toward Fuller were perhaps derived from a misunderstanding of the film's content, as well as intent. In Gary's story, the dog is retrained to attack whites, perpetuating the cycle of racism; Fuller's version has Winfield (in a fine performance) attempting to cure the dog. Overlooking Fuller's history of anti-racist films, the NAACP urged a boycott, inspiring the studio to shelve the finished film." [Pacific Film Archives - Banned in the USA] Based on the story by Romain Gary. Special features: Interviews with Jon Davison, Curtis Hanson and Sam Fuller's widow, Christa Lang-Fuller; interview with dog trainers Karl Lewis-Miller; rare photos from the films production; booklet featuring essays by critics J. Hoberman and Armond White. 90 min. DVD X3145

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Women of Brewster Place (1988)
Directed by Donna Deitch. Cast: Oprah Winfrey, Robin Givens, Cicely Tyson, Jackee, Larenz Tate, Lynn Whitfield, Mary Alice, Olivia Cole, Moses Gunn, Paula Kelly, Leon Lonette McKee, Barbara Montgomery, Phyllis Yonne Stickney, Paul Winfield, William Allen Young. The story of Mattie Michael, a proud, big-hearted woman whose life has been plagued by misfortunes, landing her alone and penniless in a crumbling ghetto tenement on Brewster Place. She gradually unites the other tenement women to help them struggle for a new life. 180 min. DVD 610
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Bobo, Jacqueline. Seiter, Ellen. "Black Feminism and Media Criticism: The Women of Brewster Place." Screen 1991 32: 286-302 UC users only Also in: Vision/re-vision: adapting contemporary American fiction by women to film / edited by Barbara Tepa Lupack. pp: 145-57. Bowling Green, OH : Bowling Green State University Popular Press, c1996. (Main Stack PN1997.85.V57 1996)

Driving Miss Daisy (1989)
Directed by Bruce Beresford. Cast: Morgan Freeman, Jessica Tandy, Dan Aykroyd, Patti Lupone, Esther Rolle. Set in Atlanta in the 1950's, a textile factory owner insists on hiring an ever-patient chauffeur for his aging head-strong mother. The Jewish woman and her African American driver eventually build a relationship over many years. 99 min. DVD 5147
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Academy Awards - Best Picture; Best Actress (Jessica Tandy)
British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards - Best Actress (Jessica Tandy)
Golden Globe Awards - Best Motion Picture, Comedy/Musical; Best Actress, Comedy/Musical (Jessica Tandy); Best Actor, Comedy/Musical (Morgan Freeman)
National Board of Review, USA - Best Film; Best Actor (Morgan Freeman)

Fischer, Roger A. "Hollywood and the Mythic Land Apart, 1988– 1991." In: A mythic land apart : reassessing Southerners and their history / edited by John David Smith and Tho Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1997. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks F209.5 .H64 1997)
McGraw, Eliza Russi Lowen. "'Driving Miss Daisy:' Southern Jewishness On The Big Screen." Southern Cultures; 2001 7(2): 41-59, 19p UC users only
Vann, Helene; Caputi, Jane. "Driving Miss Daisy": A New "Song of the South" Journal of Popular Film and Television Issue: 18:2 (1990:Summer) p.80 UC users only
Winchell, Mark Royden. "That's what friends are for : Bruce Beresford's Driving Miss Daisy (1989)." In: God, man, and Hollywood : politically incorrect cinema from "The birth of a nation" to "The Passion of the Christ" / Mark Royden Winchell. Wilmington, Del. : ISI Books, c2008. (Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.W53 2008; PFA PN1995.9.S6.W53 2008)

Glory (1989)
Directed by Edward Zwick. Cast: Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, Cary Elwes, and Morgan Freeman. Two idealistic young Bostonians lead the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, America's first Black regiment in the Civil War. Based on the letters by Robert Gould Shaw ; based on the book "Lay this laurel" by Lincoln Kirstein ; based on the book "One gallant rush" by Peter Burchard. Special features: Disc 1: Director's audio commentary; picture-in-picture video commentary featuring Ed Zwick, Morgan Freeman & Matthew Broderick ; Disc 2: Documentary "The true story of 'Glory' continues" narrated by Morgan Freeman; "Voices of 'Glory'" featurette; original featurette; deleted scenes; bonus previews; talent files. 122 min. DVD 6920; vhs 999:403
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A Raisin in the Sun (1988)
Directed by Bill Duke. Performers: Scarletta DuPois, Danny Glover, Kimble Joyner, Kim Yancey, Esther Rolle, Lou Ferguson, Joseph C. Phillips, Helen Martin, John Fiedler, Stephen Henderson. A $10,000 insurance benefit creates conflicting dreams within a Chicago ghetto family. Son, Walter Lee wants to start his own business while his mom wishes to spend her days in a little house of her own. Their love a bond, their warmhearted humor a breath of fresh air, their tenative hold on dignity - their lifeline. A family caught between the reality of their surroundings and a chance at a piece of the American dream. 171 min. DVD X7261; Video 999:670 Pt. 1-2
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

1962 version of Raisin in the Sun

1990 - present

Black & White (1991)
Written and directed by Boris Frumin. Cast: Elena Shevchenko, Gilbert Giles, Patrick Godfrey, Gina Delio, Hayward Boling, Debra Jo Jackson, Stephen Parris. The story of Lisa, a young Soviet emigre studying medicine in Manhattan and Roy, an African American building superintendent on New York's Lower East Side. Edgy and emotionally complex, this nocturnal love story is suffused with the melancholy and anxiety of not belonging, and full of the sad understanding of what it means to be a stranger. 96 min. 999:2253
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Livin' Large (1991)
Directed by Michael Schultz. Cast: Terence "T.C." Carson, Lisa Arrindell, Blanche Baker, Nathaniel "Afrika" Hall, Julia Campbell. Dexter Jackson will let nothing stop him from getting rich as a TV news anchor, until he realizes he's losing touch with his roots. A high-spirited comic fable about going from downtown to uptown, from hip-hop to straight to the top! 95 min. DVD 9611
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Long Walk Home (1991)
Directed by Richard Pearce. Cast: Sissy Spacek, Whoopi Goldberg, Dwight Schultz. When Odessa Cotter, a quietly dignified woman, honors the 1955 Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott by walking an exhausting nine miles to and from work, Miriam, her employer, offers her a ride. Defying both Miriam's racist husband and the powerful White Citizen's Council, Miriam and Odessa put their lives in danger for civil rights. Their shared experiences draw them closer as a deep respect and lasting friendship forms. Together, in a difficult world of black versus white, they manage to discover a common ground. 98 min. DVD 8667; vhs 999:940
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards

Academy Award - Foreign Language Film
César Awards, France - Best First Work; Best Supporting Actress (Elsa Zylberstein)

Mississippi Masala. (1991)
Directed by Mira Nair. Cast: Denzel Washington, Sarita Choudhury, Roshan Seth, Sharmila Tagore, Charles S. Dutton, Joe Seneca, Ranjit Chowdhry. In this interracial love story, an African American businessman falls for a beautiful Indian immigrant who's family was expelled from Uganda under the reign of dictator, Idi Amin. As their love grows they must deal with shock and outrage from both families. 118 min. DVD 2107; vhs 999:1201
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Separate But Equal (1991)
Directed by George Stevens Jr. Cast: Sidney Poitier, Burt Lancaster and Richard Kiley. This film depicts a small town in South Carolina in the year 1950 as the issue of segregation between blacks and whites comes to a bitter, violent and courageous battle. 193 min. 999:418
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards
Emmy Awards - Outstanding Drama/Comedy Special and Miniseries

Just Another Girl on the I.R.T (1992)
Directed by Leslie Harris. Cast: Ariyan A. Johnson, Kevin Thigpen, Ebony Jerido, Jerard Washington, Chiquita Jackson, Kisha Richardson. A black teenage girl living in Brooklyn dreams of medical school, a family, and an escape from the generational poverty of the inner city. Her dreams are put on hold when she becomes pregnant by her boyfriend. 97 min. DVD X439
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Sister Act (1992)
Directed by Emile Ardolino. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Maggie Smith, Kathy Najimy, Wendy Makkena, Mary Wickes, Harvey Keitel, Bill Nunn. In this comedy a sassy, low-rent lounge singer is forced to hide out from the mob in the last place on earth anyone would look for her -- in a convent. While there she turns the convent choir into a "soulful chorus of swingin' sisters" complete with a Motown repertoire. The sudden celebrity of the choir however jeopardizes her hidden identity. 100 min. DVD X7148; vhs 999:3219
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

South Central (1992)
Directed by Steve Anderson; produced by Oliver Stone. Cast: Glenn Plummer, Carl Lumbly, Christian Coleman, Byron Minns, Lexie Bigham, Vincent Craig Dupree, LaRita Shelby. Bobby Johnson knows firsthand the ways of an L.A. street gang--and has been jailed for it. But now he has won his freedom and faces a new urgency: reclaiming his 10-year old son from the mean streets' cycle of hate and death. Based on Donald Bakeer's best seller about gang life, "Crips". 99 min. DVD X4835; vhs 999:2232
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Zebrahead (1992)
Writer/director, Anthony Drazan. Cast: Michael Rapaport, N'Bushe Wright, Paul Butler, DeShonn Castle, Candy Ann Brown, Luke Reilly, Dan Ziskie, Kevin Corrigan, Martin Priest, Ron Johnson, Ray Sharkey. A young Jewish white man begins dating the cousin of his best friend, both of whom are black, igniting long simmering racial tensions at their high school. 102 min. DVD X4879

Ansen, David. "Zebrahead." Newsweek v120, n17 (Oct 26, 1992):66 (2 pages).
Sragow, Michael. "Zebrahead." New Yorker v68, n37 (Nov 2, 1992):101 (2 pages).

Simple Justice(TV, 1993)
Director, Helaine Head. Cast: Peter Francis James, James Avery, Andre Braugher, Scott Wentworth, Scott Whitehurst, William Allen Young, Sam Gray, Terry Alexander, Matthiew Arkin, Thomas Brimm, Denise Burse-Mickelburg, Tom Ligon, Sam Jackson, Diana Scarwid, Giancarlo Esposito. A docudrama recounting the remarkable legal strategy and social struggle that resulted in the U.S. Supreme Court's landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.Based on "Simple justice" by Richard Kluger. Originally broacast as a segment of the television program: American Experience on January 18, 1993. 105 min. DVD X3626
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Sister 2: Back in the Habit (1993)
Directed by Bill Duke. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Kathy Najimy, James Coburn, Maggie Smith. Whoopi Goldberg returns as the lounge singer who goes undercover as a nun to help an ailing inner-city school. 107 min. DVD X7148
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Six Degrees of Separation(1993)
Director Fred Schepisi. Cast: Stockard Channing, Will Smith, Donald Sutherland, Flan Kittredge, Ian McKellen. When Manhattan art dealers take a smooth talking young man into their home believing him to be a friend of their children and Sidney Poitier's son, they awake the next morning to find him in bed with a male friend whom he had invited in for the night. 101 min. DVD X4370
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Gillan, Jennifer. "'No One Knows You're Black!': Six Degrees of Separation and the Buddy Formula." Cinema Journal. 40 Spring (3): 47-68. 2001.

Sugar Hill (1993)
Directed by Leon Ichaso. Cast: Wesley Snipes, Michael Wright, Theresa Randle, Leslie Uggams, Abe Vigoda. Roemello Skuggs and his older brother Raynathan grew up in Harlem with junkies for a mother and father. At an early age, the boys began working for one of the local bosses, Gus. As the years go by, their influence and power expands, until they have become the premier drug dealers in the neighborhood, wielding power to be reckoned with. But Roemello is becoming disillusioned with his life of crime, and is desperately seeking a way out, even as Raynathan tries to keep the "team" together. 123 min. DVD X2644
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Beverly Hills Cop III (1994)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Judge Reinhold, Hector Elizondo, Theresa Randle. Axle Foley, while investigating a car theft ring, comes across something much bigger than that: the same men who shot his boss are running a counterfeit money ring out of LA's popular theme park, WonderWorld. 104 min. DVD X1034
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Artz, B. Lee. "Hegemony in Black and White: Interracial Buddy Films and the New Racism." In: Cultural diversity and the U.S. media / edited by Yahya R. Kamalipour, Theresa Carilli ; foreword by George Gerbner. Albany : State University of New York Press, 1998. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Ethnic Studies Lib. P94.5.M552 U628 1998)
Donalson, Melvin Burke. Masculinity in the interracial buddy film Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2006.(MAIN: PN1995.9.M46 D66 2006; Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip062/2005031068.html)
Fuchs, Cynthia J. "The Buddy Politic." In: Screening the male : exploring masculinities in Hollywood cinema / edited by Steven Cohan and Ina Rae Hark. London ; New York : Routledge, c1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.M46.S36 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge,1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Guerrero, Ed. "The Black Image in Protective Custody: Hollywood's Biracial Buddy Films of the Eighties." In: Black American cinema / edited by Manthia Diawara. New York : Routledge, 1993. (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993)
Jordan, Chris. "Race and the Biracial Buddy Movie." In: Movies and the Reagan presidency: success and ethics Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2003. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.S6 J67 2003)
Tasker, Yvonne. "Buddies, Bonding, and Racial Difference." In: Working girls: gender and sexuality in popular cinema London ; New York : Routledge, 1998. (Full text available online [UCB users only]; Print Main (Gardner) Stacks; PFA PN1995.9.W6 T36 1998)
Vera, Hernan; Gordon, Andrew. "Black and White Buddies." In: Screen saviors : Hollywood fictions of whiteness Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, c2003. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W45 V47 2003)

Beverly Hills Cop; Beverly Hills Cop II

Corina Corina (1994)
Directed by Jessie Nelson. Cast: Whoopi Goldberg, Ray Liotta, Tina Majorino, Wendy Crewson, Larry Miller, Joan Cusack, Don Ameche. A funny, heart-warming story of a newly widowed man struggling to raise his little girl, and the woman who brings magic and laughter back into their lives when she comes to be their housekeeper. 115 min. DVD X6569
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Kansas City (1995)
Directed by Robert Altman. Cast: Jennifer Jason Leigh, Miranda Richardson, Harry Belafonte, Michael Murphy, Dermot Mulroney, Steve Buscemi, Brooke Smith. Set in 1934 Kansas City, a telegraph operator named Blondie kidnaps Carolyn Stilton, wife of a powerful businessman who commutes to Washington to advise President Roosevelt. Blondie figures she can use Carolyn to gain safe passage for her husband Johnny who is in the grip of the city's top gangster, a club owner named Seldom Seen. The movie unfolds in the dark streets of the downtown Kansas City night. 116 min. DVD X2140; vhs 999:2090
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Vampire in Brooklyn (1995)
Directed by Wes Craven. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Angela Bassett, Allen Payne, Kadeem Hardison, John Witherspoon. Maximillian is the only survivor from a race of vampires on a Caribbean Island, and as a vampire, he must find a mate to keep the line from ending. He knows that a child had been born to a woman who had a vampire father, and he searches for her in Brooklyn. Rita's mother, who has died in an asylum, was that woman and Rita has nightmares that she does not understand. Not knowing that she is part vampire, Max woos her but only Rita can decide her destiny as she is pursued by Maximillian, the most diabolical, dashing and definitely undead dude in the 'hood. 102 min. DVD X2279
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Gateward, Frances. "Daywalkin' Night Stalkin' Bloodsuckas Black Vampires in Contemporary Film." Genders, Issue 40 2004 UC users only
Tannenbaum, Leslie. "Policing Eddie Murphy : the unstable black body in Vampire in Brooklyn." In: The fantastic vampire : studies in the children of the night : selected essays from the Eighteenth International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts / edited by James Craig Holte. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PR830.V3 I58 1997)

Ghosts of Mississippi (1996)
Directed by Rob Reiner. Cast: Alec Baldwin, Whoopi Goldberg, James Woods, Craig T. Nelson. For three decades Myrlie Evers waited and worked for the conviction of the white supremacist who murdered her husband, civil rights leader Medgar Evers. Yet after two hung juries justice had not come. This film follows the final trial, carefully recreating the details of a relentless quest for justice. Film features special appearances by three children of Medgar Evers, plus Yoland King, the daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. 131 min. DVD 8979
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A Time to Kill (1996)
Directed by Joel Schumacher. Cast: Sandra Bullock, Samuel L. Jackson, Matthew McConaughey, Kevin Spacey, Brenda Fricker, Oliver Platt, Charles S. Dutton, Ashley Judd, Patrick McGoohan, Donald Sutherland. A murder trial brings a small Mississippi town's racial tension to the flashpoint. Amid a frenzy of activist marches, Klan terror, media clamor and brutal riots, an unseasoned but idealistic young attorney mounts a stirring courtroom battle for justice. Based on the novel by John Grisham. 150 min. DVD X119
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Booty Call (1997)
Directed by Jeff Pollack. Cast: Jamie Foxx, Tommy Davidson, Vivica A. Fox, Tamala Jones. After weeks of dating, Rushon and Nikki think they might be in love. And they know they're in lust. There's just one little problem--Nikki insists on double-dating with her best friend Lysterine on the night Rushon has reserved for romance. 79 min. DVD 2936
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Miss Evers' Boys (TV, 1997)
Directed by Joseph Sargent. Cast; Alfre Woodard, Laurence Fishburne, Craig Sheffer, Joe Morton, Obba Babatundé, Thom Gossom Jr., Von Coulter, E.G. Marshall, Ossie Davis. Based on the shocking true story, this film exposes a government backed medical research effort on humans which led to tragic consequences. In 1932, Nurse Eunice Evers was invited to work with doctors on the "Tuskegee Experiment" to study the effects of syphilis. She is faced with a terrible dilemma when she learns the patients are denied treatment that could cure them. Based on the play: Miss Evers' boys / by David Feldshuh. 118 min. DVD X5597
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Documentaries on this subject
The Deadly Deception DVD X524
Susceptible to Kindness: Miss Evers' Boys and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Video/C MM1008
Critical Thinking in Nursing: Lessons from Tuskegee DVD 5711

Amistad (1998)
Directed by Steven Spielberg. Chronicles the 1839 revolt on board a slave ship bound for America. Much of the story involves the court-room drama about the slave who led the revolt. 155 min. DVD 956; vhs 999:1997 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Barriers (1998)
Directed by Alan Baxter. Cast: Jamaul Roots, Geoffrey Garcy, Sedley Bloomfield, Derrick Robberts, Quentin Crisp, Annie Golden. A drama about an unlikely friendship between two black youths in New York City, one rich and one poor, and the barriers of race and class that threaten to drive them apart. Tori, a lonely affluent teen befriends a streetwise, tough named Snake from Harlem, but when Tori's father's credit card turns up missing, Snake is blamed. Upset, Tori's pursuit of Snake leads the pair into a deadly showdown that not only tests the limits of their friendship, but forces those around them to reevaluate their own notions of race, class and loyalty. 90 min. 999:3051

Beloved (1998)
Directed by Jonathan Demme. Cast: Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, Thandie Newton, Kimberly Elise, Beah Richards, Lisa Gay Hamilton, Albert Hall. After Paul D. finds his old slave friend Sethe in Ohio and moves in with her and her daughter Denver, a strange girl comes along by the name of "Beloved." Sethe and Denver take her in and help her to finally rediscover who she is and regain her lost sense of hope. 1998. 172 min. DVD 8328
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Bulworth (1998)
Directed by Warren Beatty. Cast: Warren Beatty, Halle Berry, Oliver Platt, Paul Sorvino, Jack Warden, Isaiah Washington. A suicidally disillusioned liberal politician puts a contract out on himself and takes the opportunity to be bluntly honest with his voters by affecting the rhythms and speech of hip-hop music and culture. 108 min. DVD X1037
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Rush Hour (1998)
Directed by Brett Ratner. Cast: Jackie Chan, Chris Tucker, Tom Wilkinson, Chris Penn, Elizabeth Pena. Jackie Chan is Inspector Lee, a Hong Kong Detective who helps confiscate millions of dollars worth of stolen Chinese artifacts from crime Lord Juntao. Seeking revenge, Juntao kidnaps the eleven-year-old daughter of the Chinese consul when he moves to America. Chan is sent as a diplomatic advisor and finds himself paired up with a New York cop -- a man who works alone, and wants to stay that way. Special features: An exclusive sneak peek at "Rush hour 3" (Part I) "Rush hour:1, 2, 3!" includes behind-the-scenes footage and interviews with the cast; deleted scenes; music video "How deep is your love;" original featurette "A piece of the action" behind-the-scenes of Rush hour; short film "Whatever happened to Mason Reese?" audio commentary by director Brett Ratner. 97 min. DVD X2704; vhs 999:3043

Kwai-Cheung Lo. "Double negations: Hong Kong cultural identity in Hollywood's transnational representations." (Becoming (Postcolonial) Hong Kong)(Critical Essay) Cultural Studies July-Oct 2001 v15 i3-4 p464(22) UC users only
Minh-Ha T. Pham. "The Asian invasion (of multiculturalism) in Hollywood." Journal of Popular Film and Television Fall 2004 v32 i3 p121(11) (8328 words) UC users only
LeiLani Nishime. ""I'm blackanese" : buddy-cop films, rush hour, and Asian American anrican American cross-racial identification." In: Asian North American identities : beyond the hyphen / edited by Eleanor Ty and Donald C. Goellnicht. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2004. (Main Stack PS153.A84.A86 2004; Asian Amer PS153.A84.A86 2004)

Slam (1998)
Directed by Marc Levin. Cast: Saul Williams, Sonja Sohn, Bonz Malone, Beau Sia, Lawrence Wilson. Trapped in Dodge City, a drug-infested war zone in southeast Washington D.C., Ray Joshua gets caught up in a drug deal gone bad and is sucked into the criminal justice system. In jail he finds truth in himself and his craft through Lauren Bell, a beautiful and charismatic writing teacher who leads him to the path of salvation. Using his talent for poetic rap, Ray learns to survive and rise above the pain of his lost generation. Special features: Interactive menus ; scene access ; trailer ; production commentary with Marc Levine & Bonz Malone ; music video, The world I know by Goodie Mob & Esthero. 103 min. DVD 5486
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The Green Mile (1999)
Directed by Frank Darabont. Cast: Tom Hanks, David Morse, Bonnie Hunt, Michael Clarke Duncan, James Cromwell, Michael Jeter, Graham Greene, Doug Hutchison, Sam Rockwell, Barry Pepper, Jeffrey DeMunn, Patricia Clarkson, Harry Dean Stanton. Death Row guards at a penitentiary, in the 1930's, have a moral dilemma with their job when they discover one of their prisoners, a convicted murderer, has the power of faith healing and is able to perform what seem to be miracles of healing among his fellow inmates. 188 min. DVD 1342
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Dow, David R. "Fictional documentaries and truthful fictions: the death penalty in recent American film." Constitutional Commentary Winter 2000 v17 i3 p511 UCB users only
Glenn, Cerise L. "The Power of Black Magic." Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 40, No. 2, 135-152 (2009) UC users only
Hughey, Matthew W. "Cinethetic Racism: White Redemption and Black Stereotypes in "Magical Negro" Films." Social Problems August 2009, Vol. 56, No. 3, Pages 543–577 UC users only
Kehr, Dave "The Green Mile" (movie review) Film Comment Jan 2000 v36 i1 p77
Maslin, Janet
"The walk on death row can seem very long." (movie review) The New York Times Dec 10, 1999 pB25(N) pE17(L) col 3 (18 col in)
Williams, Linda. "Melodrama in Black and White: Uncle Tom and The Green Mile." Film Quarterly. 55(2):14-21. 2001-2002 Winter
UC users only

The Hurricane(1999)
Directed by Norman Jewison. Cast: Denzel Washington, John Hannah, Deborah Kara Unger, Liev Schreiber, Vicellous Reon Shannon, David Paymer, Dan Hedaya, Harris Yulin, Rod Seiger. Based upon true events, this is the story of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, an African American boxer who was wrongfully convicted of murder. Sentenced to life in prison, Carter's published memoir, The sixteenth round, inspired a teenager from Brooklyn and three Canadian activists who believed in the truth, to join forces with Carter to prove his innocence. 166 min. DVD X2247
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Awards
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actor (Denzel Washington); Prize of the Guild of German Art House Cinemas
Golden Globes - Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture - Drama (Denzel Washington)

Beck, Bernard. "The Valley of the Shadow: The Hurricane, the Law, and Friends in Need." Multicultural Perspectives, 2000, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p22-24, 3p UC users only
Caster, Peter. ""Based upon a true story": the hurricane and the problem of prison redemption." In: Prisons, race, and masculinity in twentieth-century U.S. literature and film / Peter Caster. (Main Stack PS228.I66.C37 2008)
Kelly, Richard. "The Hurricane." Sight and Sound 10:4 (April 2000) p. 49-50 UC users only
Roberts, Randy. "The Hurricane." Journal of American History; Dec2000, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p1167-1168 UC users only

Big Momma's House (2000)
Directed by Raja Gosnell. Cast: Martin Lawrence, Nia Long, Paul Giamatti, Jascha Washington, Terrence Dashon Howard, Anthony Anderson, Ella Mitchell, Carl Wright, Phyllis Applegate. A tough-talking FBI agent is sent to Georgia to protect a single mom and her son from an escaped convict. He goes incognito by disguising himself as the woman's grandma. 98 min. DVD 5550
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Hollings, K. "Big Momma's house." Sight & Sound v. ns10 no. 8 (August 2000) p. 39-40UC users only

Bring It On (2000)
Directed by Peyton Reed. Cast: Kirsten Dunst, Eliza Dushku, Jesse Bradford, Gabrielle Union. The Toro cheerleading squad has spirit, spunk, sass and a killer routine that's sure to land them the national championship torphy for the sixth year in a row. But for newly-elected team captain, Torrance, the Toros' road to cheer glory stumbles when she discovers their perfectly choreographed routines were stolen from a hot hip-hop squad across town. Now the squad must scramble to find a new routine to compete in this year's competition. 99 min. DVD 1359
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Catfish in Black Bean Sauce (2000)
Directed by Chi Muoi Lo. Cast: Paul Winfield, Mary Alice, Chi Muoi Lo, Kieu Chinh, Lauren Tom, Sanaa Lathan, Tyler Christopher, George Wallace. Mai and her brother Dwayne were Vietnamese orphans in a refugee camp when an African-American couple adopted them 22 years ago. As an adult, Mai tracks down her mother and brings her to America for the first time. Now, after an emotional reunion, Dwayne and Mai face conflicting feelings over their identities and loyalites in this touching and funny look at what it means to be family. 119 min. DVD 1799
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Tha Eastsidaz (2000)
Director, Michael Martin. Cast: Snoop Dogg, Tray Deee, Goldie Loc, Darryl Brunson, Xzibit, Warren G., RBS, Jayo Felony, Tash. A gang kingpin is looking to get out of the game after one final deal, only to have his trusted lieutenant betray him. Aided by friends outside prison, Killa Pop plans an ingenious escape and a brutal payback. Features a who's who of the West Coasts's top rap artists. 90 min. DVD X4876
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Freedom Song (2000)
Directed by Phil Alden Robinson. Cast: Danny Glover, Vondie Curtis Hall, Vicellous Reon Shannon, Loretta Devine, Glynn Turman. A stirring dramatization of unsung small-town citizens during the civil rights struggle in the early 1960s who risked their lives to bring change to the grassroots level. Based on first-hand recollections of veteran activists, burning with realism, commitment, and the urgency of lives in crisis. 117 min. DVD 5126
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Ali (2001)
Directed by Michael Mann. Cast: Will Smith, Jamie Foxx, Jon Voight, Mario Van Peebles, Ron Silver, Jeffrey Wright, Mykelti Williamson, Jada Pinkett Smith, Nona M. Gaye, Michael Michele, Joe Morton. Dramatic biography of boxing great Muhammad Ali, which focuses on the ten-year period of 1964-1974. In that time, the brash, motor-mouthed athlete quickly dominates his sport, meets and marries his first wife, converts to Islam (changing his name from Cassius Clay), and defies the United States government by refusing to submit to military conscription for duty in Vietnam. His world heavyweight championship title thus stripped from him entirely for political reasons, the champ sets about to win back his crown, culminating in a legendary unification bout against George Foreman in Zaire, dubbed the "Rumble in the Jungle." 157 min. DVD 1231
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The Feast of All Saints(TV, 2001)
Directed by Peter Medak. Cast: Robert Ri'chard, Ben Vereen, Ossie Davis, Jennifer Beals, Ruby Dee, James Earl Jones, Eartha Kitt, Forest Whitaker. Set in nineteenth-century New Orleans, this television mini-series depicts the gens de couleur libre, or the Free People of Colour, a dazzling yet damned class caught between the world of white privilege and black oppression. Based on the novel by Anne Rice. 212 min. DVD X1896
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Little Senegal (Algeria / France / Germany, 2001)
Directed by Rachid Bouchareb. Cast: Sotigui Kouyaté, Sharon Hope, Roschdy Zem, Adetoro Makinde, Karim Koussein Traoré, Adja Diarra, Malaaika Lacario. An elderly man from Senegal travels to New York City, in hopes of locating African Americans related to his ancestors (many of whom were kidnapped and sold as slaves). 93 min. DVD X2056
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MacArthur Park (2001)
Directed by Billy Wirth. Cast: Thomas Jefferson Byrd, Brandon Adams, Tami Anderson, B-Real, Bad Azz, Elenn Cleghorne, Julie Delpy, David Faustino, Balthazar Getty, Rachel Hunter. Life in the park is daily warfare with rival gangs, police raids, the wealthy decadents who come for drugs and the ongoing demons of addiction, and the harder Cody tries to escape the park, the more it seems to close in on him. Special features: Commentary with director Billy Wirth, writer Tyrone Atkins and actor Thomas Jefferson Byrd, the making of MacArthur Park, U.S. trailer. 88 min. DVD X3778
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Monster's Ball (2001)
Directed by Marc Forster. Cast: Billy Bob Thornton, Heath Ledger, Halle Berry, Sean Combs, Mos Def, Will Rokos, Milo Addica, Coronji Calhoun, Peter Boyle. Hank and Leticia inhabit stark, queasy realities of the contemporary South, he as a death row corrections officer and she as the soon-to-be widow of an inmate whose execution Hank helps conduct. In the aftermath of the execution, both lose their children to tragic deaths and they form an unlikely bond. 112 min. DVD 1218
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Awards
Academy Award - Best Actress (Halle Berry) (1st Best Actress Award for an African American actress)
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actress
National Board of Review, USA - Best Actress (Halle Berry); Best Actor (Billy Bob Thornton)
Academy Award - Best Actress (Halle Berry) (1st Best Actress Award for an African American actress)

Cryptz (2002)
Directed by Danny Draven. Cast: Choice Skinner, Rick Irvin, Dennis Waller, Jr, Lunden DeLeon, Ty Badger, Olympia Fernandez. Tymez, Fuzzy Down, and Likrish aren't what you'd call big names in the rap world. After meeting Stesha, though, their hopes and dreams suddenly seem a little closer to reality -- if only they can convince her to pair up with them. Stesha eventually leads them to Cryptz, a strip club where not everything is as it seems. When the dancers start turning to blood-suckers, the rapping trio find out they got more than they bargained for -- especially after the strippers' leader, Kulada, discovers that Tymez might be the missing link in the vampire apocalypse. 80 min. DVD X2265
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Far From Heaven (2002)
Directed by Todd Haynes. Cast: Julianne Moore, Dennis Quaid, Dennis Haysbert, Patricia Clarkson, Viola Davis, James Rebhorn. Cathy is the perfect 50s housewife, living the perfect 50s life: healthy kids, successful husband, social prominence. Then one night she surprises her husband Frank having sex with another man, and her tidy world starts spinning out of control. In her confusion and grief, she finds consolation in the friendship of their African-American gardener, Raymond--a socially taboo relationship that leads to the further disintegration of life as she knew it. 107 min. DVD 1713
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Sins of the Father (TV, 2002 )
Directed by Robert Dornhelm. Cast: Tom Sizemore, Richard Jenkins, Ving Rhames, Colm Feore. Based on a true story, this television production looks at events surrounding the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. in 1963 which killed four young African America girls. Now, in 1998, the FBI has reopened the case, and Tom Cherry's memories are recalled about the turbulent years of his childhood. He is forced to come to terms with his past, facing his father's possible involvement with the KKK, and his part in the crime. With the help of his friend, Tom finds the strength to testify against his father. 93 min. DVD 2392
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The Human Stain (2003)
Directed by Robert Benton. Cast: Anthony Hopkins, Nicole Kidman, Ed Harris, Gary Sinise, Wentworth Miller, Jacinda Barrett, Harry Lennix, Clark Gregg. Coleman Silk is a respected professor at a New England college who suddenly finds his life unraveling after a comment he makes about some African-American students is misinterpreted as a racial slur. As the scandal heats up, Nathan Zuckerman, a writer researching a biography of Silk, begins to dig deeply into Silk's life. Eventually, matters are made worse when Coleman's affair with a young married janitor named Faunia Farley is exposed. But amid the controversy, Silk must struggle to keep his greatest secret, a secret he's held for the majority of his life, from becoming made public. Based on the novel: The human stain by Philip Roth. 105 min. DVD X1748
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Beck, Bernard. "Rumpelstiltskin: The Pains of Early Retirement in The Human Stain, The Station Agent, and Bad Santa" Multicultural Perspectives, 2004, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p24-26, 3p UC users only
Castle, Robert. "Unadaptable: A Fatal Problem with The Human Stain." Bright Lights Film Journal, Feb2006, Issue 51, p27-27, 1p
Gelder, Rachel "Passing and Failing: Reflections on the Limitations of Showing the Passer in the Human Stain." Women & Performance; 2005, Vol. 15 Issue 29, p293-312, 20p UC users only

Brother to Brother (2004)
Directed by Rodney Evans. Cast: Anthony Mackie, Larry Gilliard Jr., Duane Boutte, Daniel Sunjata, Alex Burns. Critically acclaimed drama that invokes the glory days of the Harlem Renaissance. As an elderly man, poet Bruce Nugent meets a young, black, gay artist struggling to find his voice, and together they embark on a journey through his inspiring past. 90 min. DVD 3997
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Collateral (2004)
Directed by Michael Mann. Cast: Tom Cruise, Jamie Foxx, Jada Pinkett Smith, Mark Ruffalo, Peter Berg, Bruce McGill, Irma P. Hall, Barry Shabaka Henley. Vincent is a cool, calculating contract killer at the top of his game. Max is a cabbie with big dreams looking for his next fare. This fateful night, Max becomes Vincent's collateral, and will transport him on his next mission - one night, five stops, five hits and then a perfect getaway. Together, Vincent and Max find themselves in a non-stop race against time. With the LAPD and the FBI after them, they each become dependent on the other to survive. 119 min. DVD 3780
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Arnett, Robert. "The American City as Non-Place: Architecture and Narrative in the Crime Films of Michael Mann" Quarterly Review of Film & Video, Jan2010, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p44-53, 10p UC users only
Chambers, Samuel A. "Collateral." Film & History (03603695), May2005, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p69-70, 2pUC users only
Feeney, F. X. "Michael Mann." Köln ; London : Taschen, 2006. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.M3645 F43 2006)
Olsen, Mike. "It Happened One Night." Sight and Sound, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 14-15, Oct 2004UC users only
Rybin, Steven. The cinema of Michael Mann / Steven Rybin. Lanham : Lexington Books, c2007. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.M3645 R93 2007)
Schwartz, Ronald. "Collateral." In: Neo-noir : the new film noir style from Psycho to Collateral / Ronald Schwartz. Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.F54 S387 2005)
Scott, Ian. "Filming Los Angeles: History, Hollywood, and the City's Disastrous Imagination." Literature Film Quarterly; 2009, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p201-211, 11p UC users only

Crash (2004)
Directed by Paul Haggis. Cast: Sandra Bullock, Don Cheadle, Matt Dillon, Jennifer Esposito, William Fichtner, Brendan Fraser, Terrence Howard, Chris "Ludacris" Bridges, Thandie Newton, Ryan Phillippe, Larenz Tate. A car accident brings together a group of strangers in Los Angeles in this provocative, unflinching look at the complexities of racial tolerance in contemporary America. 113 min. DVD 4298
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Awards
Academy Award - Best Picture
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards - Best Acting Ensemble

Crown Heights (TV, 2004)
Directed by Jeremy Kagan. Cast: Mario Van Peebles, Howie Mandel, Jeremy Blackman, Dequan Henderson, Jason Blicker. In August of 1991, an African American boy (Gavin Cato) was accidentally killed by a car driven by a Hasidic Jewish man in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn. Four hours later Yankel Rosenbaum was murdered in retaliation. For the following three days, the Heights experienced riots and racial tensions. The efforts of an African American youth leader and a Hasidic rabbi bring the polarized communities together. During this time, two teens, Yudi Simon and T.J. Moses forge a friendship based on a mutual love of rap music and dance. Two groups that have suffered persecution throughout the centuries embrace tolerance and discover that progress is possible. 88 min. DVD 8284
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Strange Fruit (2004)
Director, Kyle Schickner. Cast: Kent Faulcon, Berlinda Tolbert, David Raibon, Ron Bottitta, Christopher May, Leon Morenzie, Sam Jones. A successful New York lawer and gay African American man comes home to rural Louisiana to investigate the lynching death of the also gay childhood friend. 88 min. DVD X6114
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Guess Who (2005)
Directed by Kevin Rodney Sullivan. Cast: Bernie Mac, Ashton Kutcher, Zoe Saldana, Judith Scott, Hal Williams, Kellee Stewart, Robert Curtis Brown. Percy Jones is the understandably proud father of Theresa. She is a beautiful and intelligent young woman living in New York City. When Percy learns that his daughter is seriously dating a young man, he decides to do some research, and learns that her beau is a solid businessman. Percy arranges to meet Theresa's boyfriend and is a bit taken aback when he meets Simon. Percy never guessed that his daughter was involved in an interracial relationship. When it becomes clear that Simon and Theresa's relationship is likely to be altar-bound, Percy finds himself suddenly full of misgivings about the young man. 105 min. DVD 4177
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Alter, Ethan. "Guess Who" Film Journal International, May2005, Vol. 108 Issue 5, p38-39, 2p UC users only
Davies, Sam. "Guess Who" Sight & Sound, Jun2005, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p54-56, 2p UC users only
Hernán, Vera; Andrew, Gordon "On how to dissolve racial taboos." Contexts Fall 2005, Vol. 4, No. 4, Pages 68–69 UC users only

Hustle & Flow (2005)
Directed by Craig Brewer. Cast: Terrence Howard, Anthony Anderson, Taryn Manning, Taraji P. Henson, Paula Jai Parker, Isaac Hayes, D.J. Qualls, Ludacris. Rapper DJay, who dreams of becoming the next big rap superstar, works all the angles to get his first record made. He even has help from assorted people in his Memphis 'hood. When he hears that rap superstar Skinny Black is heading to his area, DJay decides to throw together a supreme hustle to grab Skinny's attention. 116 min. DVD 4985
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Manderlay (Denmark / Sweden / Netherlands / France / Germany / UK, 2005)
Directed by Lars Von Trier. Cast: JBryce Dallas Howard, Isaach De Bankhole, Danny Glover, Willem Dafoe, Lauren Bacall, Chloe Sevigny. A young girl traveling across 1930's America with her father, discovers a plantation that doesn't know that slavery has been abolished. Can this well-meaning girl and her lawyer father change the minds and hearts of the plantation owners? 139 min. DVD 7479
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Doughty, Ruth. "Manderlay (2005): Lars von Trier's narrative of passing." New Cinemas: Journal of Contemporary Film, 2007, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p153-161, 9p UC users only
Pyper, Hugh S. "Rough Justice: Lars Von Trier's Dogville and Manderlay and The Book of Amos." Political Theology, Jul2010, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p321-334, 14p UC users only

Amazing Grace (UK / USA, 2006)
Directed by Michael Apted. Cast: Ioan Gruffudd, Rufus Sewell, Michael Gambon, Albert Finney, Youssou N'Dour, Ciaran Hinds. A dramatization of the life of the human rights activist, cultural reformer and member of Parliament, William Wilberforce who sustained a twenty-year fight in 19th century England, endeavoring to end the British transatlantic slave trade. Wilberforce encountered intense opposition from members of Parliament but his minister John Newton, a reformed slave ship captain who penned the hymn "Amazing Grace" urged him to see the cause through. 118 min. DVD 8799 Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dreamgirls (2006)
Directed by Bill Condon. Cast: Jamie Foxx, Beyonce Knowles, Eddie Murphy, Danny Glover, Anika Noni Rose, Keith Robinson, Sharon Leal, Hinton Battle, Jennifer Hudson. Deena Jones, Effie White, and Lorrell Robinson, three young African-American women in 1960s Detroit, dream of becoming pop stars. They get their wish after a local talent show when they are picked to be backup singers for the legendary James "Thunder" Early. As they become more successful over time, each of the girls discovers the costs and compromises exacted by their desire to be in the music business. Special features (Disc 1): 12 never-before-seen extended musical numbers; Listen (Beyonce music video). (Disc 2). Building the dream (behind-the-scenes full-length documentary); original auditions and screen tests; previsualization sequences; image gallery; additional featurettes. 130 min. DVD 7816
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Awards

Golden Globes, USA - Best Motion Picture - Muscials/Comedy
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Film; Best Director
National Society of Film Critics Awards, USA - Best Director

Pursuit of Happyness (2006)
Directed by Gabriele Muccino. Cast: Will Smith, Jaden Christopher Syre Smith, Thandie Newton, Brian Howe, James Karen, Dan Castellaneta, Kurt Fuller, Takayo Fischer. In 1981, Chris Gardner was a struggling salesman. His wife worked double shifts to support the family including their young son, Christopher. In the face of this difficult life, Chris has the desperate inspiration to try for a stockbroker internship where one in twenty has a chance of a lucrative full time career. Even when his wife leaves him because of this choice, Chris clings to this dream. The odds become more daunting by the day. Together, father and son struggle through homelessness, jail time, tax seizure and the overall punishing despair in a quest that would make Gardner a respected millionaire. Based on a true story, the special features include an interview with the real Chris Gardner. Based on the autiobiography by Chris Gardner. Special features: Making pursuit: an Italian take on the American dream; Father and son: on screen and off; The man behind the movie: a conversation with Chris Gardner; Inside the Rubik's Cube; "I can" song; director's commentary. 149 min. DVD 7355
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Something New (2006)
Director Sanaa Hamri. Cast: Sanaa Lathan, Simon Baker, Mike Epps, Donald Faison, Blair Underwood, Wendy Rachel Robinson, Golden Brooks, Taraji P. Henson, Alfre Woodard. A beautiful L.A. career woman, Kenya works as a senior manager at a prestigious accounting firm, and is on the verge of making partner. But she has yet to find her own partner and a fulfilling personal life. After another Valentine's Day spent working late, Kenya agrees to a blind date with Brian, a free-spirited landscape architect who is not exactly what she'd pictured for herself. But it's when her perfect match, Mark, enters the picture that Kenya is truly thrown into confusion and ultimately, must decide what she truly wants. Special features: An introduction to the film by Blair Underwood; "The do's and dont's of dating": from lust to love, the cast of 'Something New' gives everyone something to laugh about with their hilarious insights on the dating scene; the making-of 'Something New': go behind the scenes with the cast and crew and see exclusive never-before-seen footage from the set. 100 min. 9568
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American Gangster (2007)
Directed by Ridley Scott. Cast: Denzel Washington, Russell Crowe, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Cuba Gooding, Jr., Josh Brolin, Ted Levine, Armand Assante, John Ortiz, John Hawkes, RZA, Lymari Nadal, Roger Guenveur Smith. Disc one: Unrated extended version (177 min.) ; Original theatrical version (158 min.) -- Disc two: Special features (ca. 113 min.) -- Disc three: Special features (ca. 53 min.). Following the death of his employer and mentor, Bumpy Johnson, Frank Lucas establishes himself as the number one importer of heroin in Harlem. He does so by buying heroin directly from a source in South East Asia. Lucas comes up with a unique way of importing the drugs into the United States and as a result, his product is superior to what is currently available on the street and his prices are lower. His alliance with the New York Mafia ensures his position. It is also the story of Richie Roberts, a dedicated and honest policeman who heads up a joint narcotics task force with the Federal government. Inspired by a true story. Special features: Disc one: Feature commentary with director Ridley Scott and writer Steven Zailian (Theatrical version only) ; Disc two: Deleted scenes including an alternate opening; "Fallen empire: making 'American gangster'"; Case files ; Disc three: Music videos: "Do you feel me (Remix)" performed by Anthony Hamilton featuring Ghostface Killah, "Blue magic" from Jay-Z's album "American gangster"; Hip-hop infusion featuring Common and T.I.; "The BET special: the making of 'American gangster'"; "Dateline NBC: 'American gangster' first look"; Theatrical trailer. 335 min. DVD 9554
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DJ Spooky's Rebirth of a Nation(2007)
First released in 1915, D.W. Griffith's Birth of a nation ignited worldwide controversy with its graphic depictions of racism and white supremacy in the post-Civil War South. Nearly 100 years later, Paul D. Miller also known as conceptual artist/musician/writer DJ Spooky That Subliminal Kid, creates a daring 'remix' of Griffith's epic to expose the film's true meaning and relate it to the socio-political conflicts of America today. 100 min. DVD X4700
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Freedom Writers (2007)
Director, Richard LaGravenese. Cast: Hilary Swank, Patrick Dempsey, Scott Glenn, Imelda Staunton, April Lee Hernandez, Mario, Kristin Herrera, Jacklyn Ngan, Sergio Montalvo, Jason Finn, Deance Wyatt, Vanetta Smith, Gabriel Chavarria, Hunter Parrish. Dramatization of a true story about a teacher in a racially divided school who gives her students what they've always needed, a voice. Erin Gruwell comes to a southern California high school bubbling over with naive optimism. She quickly discovers that her unruly classroom is not easily won over by her good intentions. After a few floundering attempts to connect with her students, Gruwell gives them the assignment of keeping journals about their own lives. This assignment is something that the class can bite into with relish. This eventually bonds them together and pushes racial rivalries aside. Draws heavily from the published journals of the real students themselves. Special features: Feature-length commentary by director Richard LaGravenese and actor Hilary Swank; deleted scenes; featurettes; theatrical trailer; photo gallery. Based on the book "The Freedom Writers diary: how a teacher and 150 teens used writing to change themselves and the world around them" by the Freedom Writers and Erin Gruwell (MOFF: HQ796 .F76355 1999). 122 min. DVD 7635
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Giroux, Henry A. "Hollywood Film as Public Pedagogy: Education in the Crossfire." Afterimage, Mar/Apr2008, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p7-13, 7p UC users only
Hughey, Matthew W. "The White Savior Film and Reviewers' Reception." Symbolic Interaction Vol. 33, No. 3 (Summer 2010), pp. 475-496 UC users only
Petersen, Anne Helen. "Their Words, Our Story: Freedom Writers as Scenario of Pedagogical Reform." Film & History, Spring2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p31-43, 13p UC users only
Smith, Anna. "Freedom Writers." Sight & Sound, Apr2007, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p59-60, 2p UC users only
Yosso, Tara J.; García, David G. ""'Cause It's Not Just Me": Walkout's History Lessons Challenge Hollywood's Urban School Formula." Radical History Review; Fall2008 Issue 102, p171-184, 14p

Ballast (2008)
Director: Lance Hammer. Cast: Micheal J. Smith, Sr., Jimmyron Ross, Tarra Riggs, Johnny McPhail. In the cold winter light of the Mississippi Delta, three lonely people stumble under the weight of a shared tragedy. Lawrence is paralyzed with grief after the suicide of his twin brother. Twelve-year-old James drifts into the perilous orbit of local teenagers while his single mother, Marlee, is too exhausted from her menial job to interpret the clues. Sudden violence forces mother and son to flee their home and they alight on Lawrence's property. This safe harbor rekindles the fury of a bitter, longstanding conflict. Special features: "Ballast Scene Development," a 37-minute making-of feature charting the evolution of several scenes through the improvisational conflict sessions and two-month rehearsal process that gave form to the final film; original theatrical trailer; a new essay by film critic Amy Taubin. 96 min. DVD X7311
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Hancock(2008)
Directed by Peter Berg. Cast: Will Smith, Charlize Theron, Jason Bateman, Jae Head, Eddie Marsan. "The powerful superhero John Hancock has become a joke because of his alcoholism and clumsiness. He has also become the most hated man in Los Angeles. Though he has saved many lives, he also destroyed a lot of property, costing the city millions every time he goes into action. When he saves the life of PR expert Ray Embrey from an oncoming train, the executive is thankful and believes he can restore Hancock's image as a true superhero. He brings the anti-hero home for dinner and introduces him to his son Aaron, a big fan, and to his wife, Mary. But for some mysterious reason Mary doesn't want Hancock anywhere near her or her family." Special features: Superhumans : the making of Hancock; Seeing the future : an in-depth look at the scenes of Hancock using pre-visualization, film and behind-the-scenes footage; Building a better hero : special effects featurette; Bumps and bruises : stunts featurette; Mere mortals : behind the scenes with "Dirty Pete," the directing style of Peter Berg. 102 min. DVD X5324
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Prince of Broadway (2008)
Directed by Sean Baker. Cast: Prince Adu, Karren Karagulian, Aiden Noesi, Keyali Mayaga. Lucky, an illegal immigrant from Ghana, makes ends meet by soliciting shoppers on the street with knock-off brand merchandise. Levon, an Armenian-Lebanese immigrant, operates an illegal storefront for counterfeit goods. Lucky's world is suddenly turned upside down when a woman appears, insisting her toddler is his son. While Lucky copes with his new domestic dilemma, Levon struggles to save a marriage that is falling apart. 100 min. DVD X6851
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Blind Side (2009)
Directed by John Lee Hancock. Cast: Sandra Bullock, Tim McGraw, Quinton Aaron, Jae Head, Lily Collins, Ray McKinnon, Kim Dickens, Adriane Lenox, Kathy Bates. Based on the true life story of Michael Oher. Mike, a homeless African-American teenager from a broken home is taken in by the Touhys, a well-to-do white family who help him fulfill his potential. Living in his new environment, Mike faces a completely different set of challenges to overcome-- as both a football player and student. Mike works hard and, with the help of his coaches and adopted family, becomes an All-American offensive left tackle. Based on the book "The blind side: evolution of a game" by Michael Lewis. 128 min. DVD X2851
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Cammarota, Julio. "Blindsided by the Avatar: White Saviors and Allies Out of Hollywood and in Education." Review of Education, Pedagogy & Cultural Studies, Jul/Aug2011, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p242-259, 18p UC users only
Pimpare, Stephen. "The welfare queen and the great white hope." New Political Science, Sep 01, 2010, Vol. 32 Issue 3 p453-57 UC users only
Roddick, Nick. "Sandy the saviour." Sight & Sound; May2010, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p15-15 UC users only

The Soloist (2009)
Directed by Joe Wright. Cast: Jamie Foxx, Robert Downey, Jr., Catherine Keener, Tom Hollander, Lisagay Hamilton. Tells the true story of journalist Steve Lopez who discovers Nathaniel Anthony Ayers, a former classical music prodigy, playing his violin on the streets of L.A. As Lopez endeavors to help the homeless man find his way back, a unique friendship is formed, one that transforms both their lives. 116 min.DVD X1902
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Atkinson, Michael. "The Soloist." Sight & Sound, Oct2009, Vol. 19 Issue 10, p76-76, 1p; UC users only
Denby, David. "The Soloist." New Yorker, 6/1/2009, Vol. 85 Issue 16, p19-19
Gournay, Sam; Gournay, Kevin. "Uncomfortable truths." Mental Health Practice, Dec2009, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p15-15, 1p UC users only

The Help (2011)
Directed by Tate Taylor. Cast: Emma Stone, Viola Davis, Bryce Dallas Howard, Octavia Spencer, Jessica Chastain, Cicely Tyson, Mike Vogel, Sissy Spacek, Allison Janney, Chris Lowell, Ahna O'Reilly, Mary Steenburgen. In 1960s Mississippi, Skeeter, a southern society girl, returns from college determined to become a writer, but turns her friends' lives, and a small Mississippi town, upside down when she decides to interview the black women who have spent their lives taking care of prominent southern families. Aibileen, Skeeter's best friend's housekeeper, is the first to open up, to the dismay of her friends in the tight-knit black community. Based on the novel by Kathryn Stockett. 146 min.DVD X6800
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Wereth Eleven (2011)
Directed by Robert Child. Cast: Ken Arnold, Chris Cudzilo, Thomas McArdle. Narrator, Corey Reynolds During World War II, 1.2 million African-Americans served in America's Armed Forces. Fully 125,000 served overseas, and 708 were killed. Among these were the Wereth Eleven. Based on true events, this docudrama tells the story of these eleven men who were ruthlessly murdered by the Nazi SS during the Battle of the Bulge. Weaved together are exciting visual effects, never-before-seen archival footage, and compelling interviews to detail one of the least-known atrocities committed during World War II. Extra features: panel discussion held at the film's premiere at the National World War II Museum with the producers ; an extended interview with the Joseph Springer ; trailer ; The Wereth 11 exposed, a short film displaying the specia effects used in making the movie. 60 min.DVD X6737
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Notable Early African American Actors

Eddie "Rochester" Anderson (May 30, 1902 – November 19, 1985) Often known as Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, was an American comic actor who became famous playing "Rochester van Jones" (usually known simply as "Rochester"), the valet to Jack Benny's eponymous title character on the long-running radio and television series The Jack Benny Program.

Gold Diggers in Paris (1938) DVD X177
Jezebel (1938) DVD 1468
You Can't Take It with You (1938) DVD 7188
Gone with the Wind (1939) DVD 3133; DVD 100
You Can't Cheat an Honest Man (1939) DVD 4556
Topper Returns (1941) DVD X3642
Star Spangled Rhythm (1942) DVD X3453
Tales of Manhattan (1942) Video/C 999:3732
Cabin in the Sky (1943) DVD 5684
Brewster's Millions (1945) Video/C 999:3840
Jack Benny Show (TV) SEE TV videography for listing of these shows

Louise Beavers (March 8, 1902 – October 26, 1962)

Beavers, Karen. "Everybody Has a Mammy: The Productive Discomfort of Louise Beavers' Movie Maids." Genders; 2010, Issue 52, p1-1, 1p
Regester, Charlene "Louise Beavers: Negotiating Racial Difference." In: African American actresses : the struggle for visibility, 1900-1960 / Charlene Regester. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2010. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 R42 2010)
Wojcik, Pamela Robertson. "Mae West's Maids: Race, 'Authenticity,' and the Discourse of Camp." In: Hop on pop : the politics and pleasures of popular culture / edited by Henry Jenkins, Tara McPherson & Jane Shattuc. Durham, N.C. : Duke University Press, 2002. (MAIN: E169.1 .H77 2002; MOFF: E169.1 .H77 2002)

Movies in MRC featuring Louise Beavers

Uncle Tom's Cabin (1927) DVD 237

Millie (1931) DVD 1294

Young America (1932) DVD X715

42nd Street (1933) DVD 321

Bombshell (1933) Video/C 999:3816

Midnight Mary (1933) DVD X1427

She Done Him Wrong (1934) DVD 9581

Imitation of Life (1934) DVD 5246

Bullet or Ballets (1936) DVD 5830

Make Way for Tomorrow (1937) DVD X3291

Shadow of the Thin Man (1941) DVD 4157

Holiday Inn (1942) DVD 679

Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948) DVD 8219
Tammy and the Bachelor (1957) DVD X4017

The Beulah Show (TV, 1950s) Video/C 7008; Video/C MM495

Dorothy Dandridge (November 9, 1922 – September 8, 1965)

"Dorothy Jean Dandridge was an American actress and popular singer, and was the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress.[1] She performed as a vocalist in venues such as the Cotton Club and the Apollo Theater. In 1954, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Carmen Jones, and, in 1959, was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for Porgy and Bess. In 1999, she was the subject of the HBO biopic Introducing Dorothy Dandridge. She has been recognized on the Hollywood Walk of Fame." [Wikipedia]

Dorothy Dandridge bibliography

Movies in MRC featuring Dorothy Dandridge

Carmen Jones (1954) DVD 3429; vhs 999:1169

Dandridge is also featured in the following compilations of musical shorts:

Music and comedy masters. Volume 5 Video/C 7617
Harlem Roots: Rhythm in Harmony Video/C 999:3389
Nat "King" Cole, 1942-1949 Video/C 1988
Fats Waller and Friends Video/C 1985
Harlem Harmonies: 1940-1945 Video/C 1991

Hattie McDaniel (June 10, 1895 – October 25, 1952)

"After working as early as the 1910s as a band vocalist, Hattie McDaniel debuted as a maid in The Golden West (1932). Her maid-mammy characters became steadily more assertive, showing up first in Judge Priest (1934) and becoming pronounced in Alice Adams (1935). In this one, directed by George Stevens and aided and abetted by star Katharine Hepburn, she makes it clear she has little use for her employers' pretentious status seeking. By The Mad Miss Manton (1938) she actually tells off her socialite employer Barbara Stanwyck and her snooty friends. This path extends into the greatest role of her career, Mammy in Gone with the Wind (1939). Here she is, in a number of ways, superior to most of the white folk surrounding her. From that point here roles unfortunately descended, with her characters becoming more and more menial. She played on the "Amos and Andy" and Eddie Cantor radio shows in the 1930s and 1940s; the title in her own radio show "Beulah" (1947-51), and the same part on TV ("Beulah" (1950)). Her part in Gone with the Wind (1939) won her the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, the first black to win an Academy Award." [IMDB]

Regester, Charlene "Louise Beavers: Negotiating Racial Difference." In: African American actresses : the struggle for visibility, 1900-1960 / Charlene Regester. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2010. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 R42 2010)
Sturtevant, Victoria. ""But things is changin' nowadays an' Mammy's gettin' bored": Hattie McDaniel and the Culture of Dissemblance." Velvet Light Trap. (Fall 1999) p68. UC users only

Movies in MRC featuring Hattie McDaniel

Blonde Venus (1932) DVD X2066; DVD 6912
Judge Priest (1934) DVD 9377
Alice Adams (1935) DVD 562
The Little Colonel (1935) DVD 6039
Nothing Sacred (1937) DVD 324
Gone with the Wind (1939) DVD 3133; DVD 100; vhs 999:142
The Great Lie (1941) DVD X337; vhs 999:3458
In This Our Life (1942) DVD X345
They Died with Their Boots On (1942) DVD 4019
Thank Your Lucky Stars (1942) DVD X817
Since You Went Away (1944) DVD 4599
Song of the South (1946) DVD 2767; vhs 999:2084
Beulah (TV, 1950–1953) Video/C 7008; Video/C MM495

Stepin Fetchit (Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry) (September 18, 1905 – February 28, 1977)

Stepin Fetchit was the stage name of American comedian and film actor Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry (May 30, 1902–November 19, 1985). His typical film persona and stage name have long been synonymous with the stereotype of the servile, shiftless, simple-minded black man in early 20th Century American film. There has been a more recent revisionist view that sees his film persona as ultimately subversive of the status quo. Perry parlayed the Fetchit persona into a successful film career, eventually becoming a millionaire, the first black actor in history to do so. [Wikipedia]

McBride, Joseph. "Stepin Fetchit Talks Back." Film Quarterly Vol. 24, No. 4 (Summer, 1971), pp. 20-26 UC users only
Regester, Charlene. "Stepin Fetchit: The man, the image, and the African American press." Film History, Winter94, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p502-521, 20p UC users only
Watkins, Mel. Stepin Fetchit : the life and times of Lincoln Perry New York : Pantheon Books, c2005. (Full text available online (UCB users only); Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks; Moffitt PN2287.F425 W38 2005)

Movies in MRC featuring Stepin Fetchit

Judge Priest (1934) DVD 9377
The World Moves On (1934) DVD 9368
Stand Up and Cheer (1934)
The World Moves On (1934) DVD 9391
Steamboat Round the Bend (1935)DVD 9390
Charlie Chan in Egypt(1935) DVD 5744
Dimples (1936)DVD 6037
Littlest Rebel (1937) DVD 6038
Harlem Swings (1940s-1950s) Video 999:423-424
The Big Timers (1945) DVD X4192
Miracle in Harlem (1948)DVD X4916; vhs 999:2630
Amazing Grace (1974) DVD 3499

Paul Robeson (April 9, 1898 - January 23, 1976)

was an American bass-baritone concert singer, recording artist, athlete and actor who became noted for his political radicalism and pioneering activism in the civil rights movement.[2] The son of an escaped slave, Robeson was the first major concert star to popularize the performance of Negro spirituals and was the first black actor of the 20th century to portray Shakespeare's Othello on Broadway.[3]

Paul Robeson: Scandalize My Name DVD X235; vhs Video/C 7895
Paul Robeson: Tribute to an Artist DVD 7280; vhs Video/C 992
Paul Robeson: Here I Stand DVD 454; vhs Video/C 6429
Paul Robeson vhs Video/C 5417
Paul Robeson vhs Video/C 9569

Movies in MRC featuring Paul Robeson

Body and Soul (1925) DVD 7281; vhs 999:534
Borderline (1930) DVD 7281
The Emperor Jones (1933) DVD 7280; DVD 3917
Sanders of the River (1935) DVD 7282
Show Boat (1936) vhs 999:3206
Song of Freedom (1936) DVD 167; vhs 999:1226
Big Fella DVD 167
Jerico (1937) DVD 7282
King Solomon's Mines DVD 9661; vhs 999:3868
The Proud Valley (1940) DVD 7283
Native Land (narration) (1942) DVD 7283; vhs Video/C 7026
Tales of Manhattan (1942) vhs 999:3732

Bill "Bojangles" Robinson(May 25, 1878 - November 25, 1949)

Bill "Bojangles" Robinson was an American tap dancer and actor of stage and film. Audiences enjoyed his understated style, which eschewed the frenetic manner of the jitterbug in favor of cool and reserve; rarely did he use his upper body, relying instead on busy, inventive feet and an expressive face. A figure in both the Black and White entertainment worlds of his era he is best known today for his dancing with Shirley Temple in a series of films during the 1930s.

Movies in MRC featuring Bill Robinson

The Little Colonel (1935) DVD 6039
Littlest Rebel (1937) DVD 6038; vhs 999:1359
Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1937) DVD X3085
Just Around the Corner (1938) DVD 6029
Stormy Weather (1943) DVD 4795

Robinson is also featured in the following compilations of musical shorts:

Music and comedy masters. Volume 5 Video/C 7617
Café Metropole (deleted dance sequences) DVD 6852

Ethel Waters (October 31, 1896 - September 1, 1977)

Ethel Waters was an American blues, jazz and gospel vocalist and actress. She frequently performed jazz, big band, and pop music, on the Broadway stage and in concerts, although she began her career in the 1920s singing blues.

Regester, Charlene "Ethel Waters: Personification of Otherness." In: African American actresses : the struggle for visibility, 1900-1960 / Charlene Regester. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2010. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 R42 2010)

Movies in MRC featuring Ethel Waters

Rufus Jones for President (musical short) (1933) DVD 5066
The Green Pastures (1936) DVD 5066
Tales of Manhattan (1942) Video/C 999:3732
Cabin in the Sky (1943) DVD 5684
Pinky (1949) DVD 5064
The Member of the Wedding (1953) Video/C 999:380
The Beulah Show. Volume One (TV, 1950s) Video/C 7008

Spencer Williams July 14, 1893 – December 13, 1969

Williams was an African American actor and filmmaker. He was best known for playing Andy in the Amos 'n Andy television show and for the directing the 1941 race film The Blood of Jesus. Williams was a pioneer African-American film producer and director.

Music Hath Charms (short) (1929) vhs 999:1770
Oft in the Night (short) (1929) vhs 999:1770
Dirty Gertie from Harlem U.S.A. (1936)(Director; Actor) DVD X4950
Harlem Rides the Range (1939)DVD X4192; DVD X4870
Bronze Buckaroo (1939) DVD X1638; also DVD 4995
Son of Ingagi (1940)(Director; Actor) DVD X787; also DVD X1639
The Blood of Jesus (1941)(Director; Actor) DVD X1638
Where Is My Man Tonight? (aka. Marching On!) (1943) (Director) DVD X4392; vhs 999:2591
Go Down Death (1944) (Director; Actor) DVD X4312; also DVD X1638; DVD 1589
Girl in Room 20 (1946) (Director; Actor) DVD 7457; also DVD X1639;
Juke Joint (1947)(Director; Actor) DVD X1638
Amos n' Andy (1950s)

African Immigrants in America

Coming to America (1988)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Arsenio Hall, James Earl Jones, John Amos, Madge Sinclair, Shari Headley. Murphy plays a very wealthy and pampered African prince who comes to America in search of a bride. Accompanied by his closest companion, Murphy quickly finds a job, new friends, new digs, new enemies--and lots of trouble. 116 min. DVD 7106
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dugga, Victor S. "Africa from the American Lens: A Comparative View of the Films Sheena and Coming to America." SORAC Journal of African Studies: Society of Research on African Cultures, vol. 1, pp. 107-15, Apr 2000
Olaniyan, Tejumola. "'Uplift the Race!' Coming to America, Do the Right Thing, and the Poetics of 'Othering'." Cultural-Critique, 1996 Fall, 34, 91-113.

Goodbye Solo (2008)
Directed by Ramin Bahrani. Cast: Souléymane Sy Savané, Red West, Diana Franco Galindo, Lane 'Roc' Williams, Mamadou Lam, Carmen Leyva. On the lonely roads of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, two men forge an improbable friendship that will change both of their lives forever. Solo is a Senegalese cab driver working to provide a better life for his young family. William is a tough Southern good ol' boy with a lifetime of regrets. Solo's American dream is just beginning, while William's is quickly winding down. Despite their differences, both men soon realize they need each other more than either is willing to admit. 91 min. DVD X7226
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Beale, Lewis. "Goodbye Solo." Film Journal International, April 2009, Vol. 112 Issue 4, p134-135, 2p UC users only
Denby, David. "Friends." New Yorker, April 13 2009, Vol. 85 Issue 9, p84-85, 2p UC users only
James, Nick. "One-way trip to Blowing Rock." Sight & Sound; November 2009, Vol. 19 Issue 11, p13-13, 1p UC users only
Rapold, Nicolas. "Goodbye Solo." Sight & Sound, October 2009, Vol. 19 Issue 10, p62-62, 1p UC users only
Rowin, Michael Joshua. "Goodbye Solo." Cineaste, Summer2009, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p47-49, 3p UC users only

Little Senegal (Algeria / France / Germany, 2001)
Directed by Rachid Bouchareb. Cast: Sotigui Kouyaté, Sharon Hope, Roschdy Zem, Adetoro Makinde, Karim Koussein Traoré, Adja Diarra, Malaaika Lacario. An elderly man from Senegal travels to New York City, in hopes of locating African Americans related to his ancestors (many of whom were kidnapped and sold as slaves). 93 min. DVD X2056
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Prince of Broadway (2008)
Directed by Sean Baker. Cast: Prince Adu, Karren Karagulian, Aiden Noesi, Keyali Mayaga. Lucky, an illegal immigrant from Ghana, makes ends meet by soliciting shoppers on the street with knock-off brand merchandise. Levon, an Armenian-Lebanese immigrant, operates an illegal storefront for counterfeit goods. Lucky's world is suddenly turned upside down when a woman appears, insisting her toddler is his son. While Lucky copes with his new domestic dilemma, Levon struggles to save a marriage that is falling apart. 100 min. DVD X6851
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Blackface in the Movies

The African Dodger (1931)
Directed by Mort Blumenstock. Cast: Tom Howard, Joe Lyons, Edward Gargan. "In the early twentieth century, many American carnivals and fun fairs featured an "African Dodger". This was a Negro (usually genuine, sometimes a white man in blackface) who would stick his head through a hole and taunt the suckers, who paid a nickel for the privilege of throwing baseballs at the African Dodger. The dodger would (usually) pull his head out of the hole in time to avoid getting hit, but sometimes he wasn't fast enough. African Dodgers were so commonplace that some sadistic people would bring a hard (wooden or iron) ball into any carnival that came to town, knowing they'd have a chance to throw it at a black man's head and cause him serious injury." In this film comedian Tom Howard plays a man on a carnival midway who gets suckered into substituting for the African Dodger. 91 min. DVD X2036; vhs 999:2637
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Babes in Arms (1939)
Directed by Busby Berkeley. Cast: Mickey Rooney, Judy Garland, Charles Winninger, Guy Kibbee, June Preisser, Grace Hayes, Betty Jaynes, Douglas McPhail. Based on the play "Babes In Arms" by Rodgers and Hart. Learning that his parents are in financial straits, the son of a famous vaudeville team rounds up all the stage kids and puts on a lavish show to raise money. Features the music number "Daddy Was A Minstrel Man." 91 min. DVD 8479; vhs 999:1848
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dunne, Michael. "Blackface Minstrelsy in Musicals." In: American film musical themes and forms Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2004. (MAIN: PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004; PFA : PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004)

Babes on Broadway (1941)
Directed by Busby Berkeley. Cast: Mickey Rooney, Judy Garland, Fay Bainter, Virginia Weidler, Ray McDonald, Richard Quine, Donald Meek, Alexander Woollcott. One of the famous old musicals that combines captivating music and lavish production numbers by the master, Busby Berkeley. The story is the standard tale of two struggling Broadway hopefuls, and is filled with 16 song and dance numbers. Features a blackface number with Rooney and Garland, "Waiting for the Robert E. Lee". 118 min. DVD 8479
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dunne, Michael. "Blackface Minstrelsy in Musicals." In: American film musical themes and forms Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2004. (MAIN: PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004; PFA : PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004)

Bamboozled (2000)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Damon Wayans, Savion Glover, Jada Pinkett-Smith, Tommy Davidson, Michael Rapaport. In a searing parody of American television, this film presents a humorous look at how race, ratings and the pursuit of power lead to a network executive's stunning rise and tragic downfall. 136 min. DVD 739; vhs 999:3211
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Birth of a Nation (1915)
Directed by D.W. Griffith. Cast: Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, Henry Walthall, Miriam Cooper, Mary Alden, Ralph Lewis, George Seigmann, Walter Long. Adapted from Thomas Dixon's novel, The Clansman. A Civil War spectacular, Portraying "life in the South" during and after the Civil War as revealed in a story depicting the war itself, the conflict between the defeated Southerners and emancipated renegade Negroes, the despoiling of the South during the carpetbagger period, and the revival of the Southern white man's honor through the efforts of the Ku Klux Klan. 124 min. DVD 3012; DVD 29;
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

View this video online
UC Berkeley users only - Requires Windows Media Player or Flip4Mac

© notice

Blonde Venus (1932)
Directed by Josef von Sternberg. Cast: Marlene Dietrich, Herbert Marshall, Cary Grant, Hattie McDaniel. Features a musical number, "Hot Voodoo", in which Dietrich appears onstage as a cabaret singer, wearing a gorilla suit to the sound of drums, attended by a chorus of women in blackface decked out as "natives." In the number, Dietrich removes the gorilla suit to reveal herself as a blonde Venus, white sexualized femininity itself... 94 min. DVD 6912; vhs 999:349
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Jacobs, Lea. "The Censorship of Blonde Venus: Textual Analysis and Historical Method." Cinema Journal, 27; 3, Spring 1988

Check and Double Check (1930)
Directed by Melville W. Brown. Cast: Freeman Gosden, Charles J. Correll, Sue Carol, Irene Rich. Cab drivers Amos 'n' Andy (characters from the radio show Amos 'n' Andy) contract to transport Duke Ellington and his band out to Blair estate, where they meet Richard Williams who is in love with Jean Blair. Richard must find the deed to his family property before he can marry Jean. Meanwhile, Amos 'n' Andy, after spending the night in a haunted house, find the deed. Notable as the only motion picture produced staring the radio comedy team, Amos n' Andy. 85 min. DVD X4918; vhs 999:793
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Holiday Inn (1944)
Directed by Mark Sandrich. Cast: Bing Crosby, Fred Astaire, Marjorie Reynolds, Virginia Dale, Walter Abel. A song-and-dance man leaves show business and opens up a Connecticut inn with his former partner and is saved from financial disaster by the showmanship of old friends. For entertainment at the Inn, Bing proposes a Lincoln's Birthday tribute in blackface (featuring Bing Crosby and Marjorie Reynolds). 100 min. DVD 679
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dunne, Michael. "Blackface Minstrelsy in Musicals." In: American film musical themes and forms Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2004. (MAIN: PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004; PFA : PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004)

The Jazz Singer (1927)
Directed by Alan Crosland. Cast: Al Jolson, May McAvoy, Warner Oland, William Demarest, Eugenie Besserer, Otto Lederer, Josef Rosenblatt. A melodramatic story of a Jewish cantor's son (Al Jolson) who aspires to be a jazz singer despite his father's objection and religious tradition. In motion picture history, this marks the first feature film to utilize synchronous sound. Jolson's songs include "Toot, toot, tootsie", "Blue skies", and "Mammy". 89 min. DVD 8594; vhs 999:790

"Since its premiere in 1927, many jazz critcs have overlooked The Jazz Singer, America's pioneer talking picture, in the history of American jazz film. Despite its title, the talkie's account of Old World vs. New World tension and Jewish assimilation has little to do with the jazz sound made famous by such artists as Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton. Yet as crtic Krin Gabbard argues, the film's appropriation of the title jazz reflects the cultural understanding of "jazz" during the American Jazz Age. In the 1920s, jazz, referring in general to up-tempo music, represented the emotional release and freedom of a generation striving to break established social conventions. While African American contributions to jazz were largely overlooked in the rise of Paul Whiteman and Al jolson's fame, blackface minstrelsy of the age represented white Americans attempt to ventriloquize blacks associated with supposed freedom of Negro primitivisim. Using jazz to represent Raboniwitz's break from Old World tradition and featuring a finale in blackface minstrelsy, The Jazz Singer (as Gabbard argues) lays the foundation for cultural representations of jazz in American cinema." [http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ASI/musi212/brandi/jazz.html]

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

The Jolson Story (1946)
Directed by Alfred E. Green. Cast: Larry Parks, Evelyn Keyes, William Demarest, Bill Goodwin. A musical extravaganza biopic telling the story of the meteoric singing/performing career of Asa Yoelson, a talented cantor's son determined to make it big in the "biz". After changing his name to Al Jolson, he captivated audiences everywhere with his minstrel and jazz performances. 130 min. DVD 9907
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Littlest Rebel (1937)
Directed by David Butler. Cast: Shirley Temple, John Boles, Bill Robinson, Steppin Fetchit. Civil War saga set in the Old South. A case study in 30's and 40's Hollywoods fondness for mammies, Toms, and happy, childlike colored folk. Features an astonishing sequence in which Shirley dons blackface to escape from Union soldiers. DVD 6038; vhs 999:1359
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

DuCille, Ann. "The Shirley Temple of my familiar." Transition. Spring 1997. , Iss. 73; pg. 10, 23 pgsUC users only
Orrvered, Karen. "White and Black in Black and White: Management of Race and Sexuality in the Coupling of Child-Star Shirleylemple and Bill Robinson." Velvet Light Trap Spring97 Issue 39, p52-65, 14p
Orr Vered, Karen. "White and Black in Black and White: Management of Race and Sexuality in the Coupling of Child-Star Shirley Temple and Bill Robinson." Velvet Light Trap Spring97 Issue 39, p52-65, 14p, UC users only

Mad Men. Season 3, Episode 3(TV)
Advertising executive Roger Sterling serenades his new wife in blackface their first gathering as a newly-wedded couple. DVD X2852

Mammy (1930)
Directed by Michael Curtiz. Cast: Al Jolson, Lois Moran, Lowell Sherman, Louise Dresser. As the star of Meadow's Merry Minstrels, Al Fuller (Jolson) lands a backer for the show, springboarding the troupe to success, but when a jealous co-star puts real bullets in Fuller's stage gun, Al finds himself charged with attempted murder. Based on the play and music Mr. Bones by Irving Berlin. 88 min. DVD X3050
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Manderlay (Denmark / Sweden / Netherlands / France / Germany / UK, 2005)
Directed by Lars Von Trier. Cast: JBryce Dallas Howard, Isaach De Bankhole, Danny Glover, Willem Dafoe, Lauren Bacall, Chloe Sevigny. A young girl traveling across 1930's America with her father, discovers a plantation that doesn't know that slavery has been abolished. Can this well-meaning girl and her lawyer father change the minds and hearts of the plantation owners? In one scene Grace (Bryce Dallas Howard) makes the former plantation owners serve the former slaves while wearing black face." 139 min. DVD 7479
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Doughty, Ruth. "Manderlay (2005): Lars von Trier's narrative of passing." New Cinemas: Journal of Contemporary Film, 2007, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p153-161, 9p UC users only

Neighbors(1920)
Directed by Buster Keaton and Eddie Cline. Keaton and his attractive neighbor pass love notes through holes in a fence because of their disapproving families. But even once the couple gets together, their union and upcoming marriage cause even more problems. Keaton swings from clotheslines by his toes, wiggles with his head in the ground like a human carrot, and has a hilarious inability to keep his pants up. The Neighbors also features racial attitudes that are beyond troubling. Like a number of Keaton productions, the hero ends up in black face, only this time he escapes in time to wash his face, leading to the arrest of an innocent African-American passing by. When Keaton is caught again and again ends up in black-face, he somehow manages to clean half his face and enters into a routine of being half-white (dignified and controlled) and half-black (he dances a jig). 18 min. DVD 293
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Ocean's Eleven (1960)
Directed by Lewis Milestone. Cast: Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford, Angie Dickinson. Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin don blackface disguises, to the "amusement" of partner Sammy Davis, Jr. 127 min. DVD 7899
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Othello
For various film versions of Othello featuring white actors in blackface, see Shakespeare videography

Roman Scandals (1933)
Directed by Frank Tuttle; featuring Eddie Cantor, Ruth Etting, Gloria Stuart, Edward Arnold, David Manners. In this musical comedy a wistful young man from Oklahoma daydreams his way back to ancient Rome in its hey-day where he finds himself a spokesperson for the downtrodden Roman people, suffering under the tyrannical rule of the cruel and sneering Emperor Valerius. Features the character actor Billy Barty (a little person) in blackface as a "shrunken" Eddie Cantor. 92 min. vhs 999:2237
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The Sarah Silverman Program. Season Two. "Face Wars"(TV)
Sarah wagers that it's easier to be a black person in America than a Jewish person, and attempts to prove it by becoming "black" for a day with the help of a makeup artist. She embarks on an odyssey in which she becomes the beloved and persecuted leader of a unique racial justice movement. Brian and Steve grievously miscalculate the potency of medical marijuana. DVD X3162

Show Boat (1936)
Directed by James Whale. Cast: Irene Dunne, Allan Jones, Charles Winninger, Paul Robeson, Helen Morgan, Helen Westley. A musical which celebrates the loves and heartbreaks of a Mississippi riverboat troupe, starting with a young girl whose heart is stolen by a dashing gambler. When Julie LaVerne (Helen Morgan) is forced to leave the show boat, Magnolia Hawks (Irenne Dunne) replaces Julie as the show boat's female star. Magnolia sings one of her numbers in blackface and is briefly seen applying the burnt-cork. 110 min. vhs 999:3206
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Southern Fried Rabbit(1943)
Animated short. Directed by Friz Freleng. Featuring Bugs Bunny in blackface. DVD 7359

Swing Time (1936)
Directed by George Stevens. Cast: Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Victor Moore, Helen Broderick, Eric Blore, Betty Furness, Georges Metaxa. Music, Jerome Kern: lyrics, Dorothy Fields. Fred Astaire plays a gambler intent on raising $25,000 in New York in order to marry his fiance back home. Includes a Astaire in blackface in a musical tribute to Bill Robinson ("Bojangles of Harlem"). 103 min. DVD 4254; vhs 999:801
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Dunne, Michael. "Blackface Minstrelsy in Musicals." In: American film musical themes and forms Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c2004. (MAIN: PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004; PFA : PN1995.9.M86 D86 2004)
Gubar, Susan. Racechanges: white skin, black face in American culture New York : Oxford University Press, 1997 (Main Stack NX652.A37.G83 1997; Moffitt NX652.A37.G83 1997)

Torch Song (1953)
Directed by Charles Walters. Cast: Joan Crawford, Michael Wilding, Gig Young, Marjorie Rambeau. Feaures a musical number with Joan Crawford in blackface! 89 min. DVD X1006
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Trading Places (1983)
Directed by John Landis. Cast: Dan Aykroyd, Eddie Murphy, Ralph Bellamy, Don Ameche, Denholm Elliott, Jamie Lee Curtis. Features a segment on a train in which Dan Aykroyd appears in blackface disguise ("...Lionel Joseph from the African Education Conference!"). 116 min. DVD 3779
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Tropic Thunder (2008)
Directed by Ben Stiller. Cast: Ben Stiller, Robert Downey, Jr., Jack Black, Steve Coogan, Nick Nolte, Danny McBride, Brandon T. Jackson, Jay Baruchel. While filming an action movie in the jungle, death and hilarity ensue as the lead actors believe the murderous heroin-producing gang they encounter is a part of the script. A spoof on action/adventure films. In the movie, Robert Downey, Jr. plays an Oscar-winning actor named Kirk Lazarus whose character in the war movie being made was written as black. So Lazarus decides to play the character as written. 107 min. DVD X840

Uncle Tom's Cabin
Two silent versions: Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Slavery Days, directed by Edwin S. Porter (1903, 17 min.); and Uncle Tom's Cabin, Minot Films Release, Inc., directed by Irwing Cummings (1914; 42 min.). DVD 3552; (Porter); Video 999:1172

Uncle Tom's Cabin (Silent 1927)
Directed by Harry A. Pollard. Harriet Beecher Stowe's influential 19th century story of the pre-Civil war South. Peace-loving slave Tom is forced to submit to his sadistic master, the evil Simon Legree. Helpless slaves -- raped, tortured and humiliated -- are eventually driven to rebel against their wicked oppressors. 112 min. DVD 237; vhs 999:2334
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White Christmas (1954)
Directed by Michael Curtiz. Cast: Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye, Rosemary Clooney, Vera Ellen, Dean Jagger. Lyrics and music by Irving Berlin. Two song-and-dance men team up in show business after the war. Joining forces with a sister act, they trek to Vermont for a white Christmas. The real adventure starts when Crosby and Kaye discover that the inn is run by their old army general who's now in financial trouble. Includes a minstrel Number (without blackface, but with all the other trappings): "I'd Rather See a Minstrel Show"/"Mister Bones"/"Mandy" (Crosby, Kaye, Clooney,& Chorus)120 min. DVD 6757
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Mizejewski, Linda "Minstrelsy and Wartime Buddies: Racial and Sexual Histories in White Christmas." Journal of Popular Film and Television Volume 36, Number 1 / Spring 2008 UC users only
Rhodes, John David. "White Christmas, or Modernism." Modernism - Modernity v. 13 no. 2 (April 2006) p. 291-308 UC users only

Whoopee!(1930)
Directed by Thornton Freeland. Cast: Eddie Cantor, Ethel Shutta, Paul Gregory, Eleanor Hunt, John Rutherford, Spencer Charters. A musical sparked by Cantor's performance as a hyper-hypochondriac. Out West, Henry Williams (Cantor) helps Sally flee her wedding, unaware that she has left a note behind saying they've eloped. Features some of Busby Berkeley's most fanciful choreography. "As it facilitates intermarriage in The Jazz Singer, so blackface brings Whoopee!'s Indian and white lovers together. Henry, helping Sally escape her wedding to Sheriff Bob, hides in an oven. When the stove is lit, he explodes out in blackface. Like Whiteman's lion, Jolson's mammy, and the prototypical, exaggerated blackface mouth, the oven associates blackface with primitive orality. The disguise fools Sheriff Bob and encourages Sally to confess her love for Wanenis. Promoting anarchic violence against the forces of law and order, blackface also facilitates intermarriage in the low plot. Cantor sings "My Baby Just Cares for Me" in blackface and sings it again sans cork to Nurse Custer to end the film. Transforming Jew from frightened melancholic into trickster, blackface shifts the meaning of "cares for" from nursing to sex. When Sheriff Bob tries to wipe Henry clean, he leaves him with what look like Orthodox Jewish earlocks and beard." [Rogin, Michael. "Making America Home: Racial Masquerade and Ethnic Assimilation in the Transition to Talking Pictures." The Journal of American History. Dec 1992. Vol. 79, Iss. 3;93 min. 999:3734
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Rogin, Michael. "Making America home: Racial masquerade and ethnic assimilation in the transition to talking Pictures." Journal of American History; Dec92, Vol. 79 Issue 3, p1050-1077, 28p UC users only

The World, the Flesh and the Devil (1959)
Directed by Ranald MacDougall. Cast: Harry Belafonte, Inger Stevens, Mel Ferrer. A coal miner is trapped by a cave in. When he finally finds his way back to the surface, he discovers most of the human race has been killed off by nuclear poison. He and the few remaining remnants of humanity must choose to either learn from the mistakes of the past or resort to the old failed methods and divisive issues. 95 min. DVD X6062
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Hatch, Robert. "The World, the Flesh and the Devil" Nation, 6/13/1959, Vol. 188 Issue 24, p542-543, 2p UC users only
Larrieux, Stephanie. "The World, the Flesh, and the Devil: The Politics of Race, Gender, and Power in Post-Apocalyptic Hollywood Cinema." Quarterly Review of Film & Video, Mar2010, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p133-143, 11p UC users only
Nama, Adilifu
"Black Sex in the City." In: Black space : imagining race in science fiction film / Adilifu Nama. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2008. Location Call No. Status (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.S26 N36 2008)

Yankee Doodle Dandy (1943)
Directed by Michael Curtiz. Cast: James Cagney, Joan Leslie, Walter Huston, Richard Whorf, Jeanne Cagney, Frances Langford, George Tobias, Irene Manning. Lyrics and music, George M. Cohan. A rousing musical depicting the life of George M. Cohan, famed playwright, entertainer and composer of patriotic songs. Features a musical number "At a Georgia Camp Meeting", danced in blackface by Henry Blair, Walter Huston, Rosemary DeCamp and Jo Ann Marlowe. 127 min. DVD 2038; vhs 999:899
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Awards & Honors

Academy Award - Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actor
National Film Registry Selection

Ziegfeld Follies (1946)
Directed by Vincente Minnelli. Performer: Fred Astaire, Lucille Ball, Lucille Bremer, Fanny Brice, Judy Garland, Kathryn Grayson, Lena Horne, Gene Kelly, James Melton, Victor Moore, Red Skelton, Esther Williams, William Powell, Edward Arnold, Marion Bell, Bunin's Puppets, Cyd Charisse, Hume Cronyn, William Frawley, Robert Lewis, Virginia O'Brien, Keenan Wynn. A musical salute to Broadway's most opulent producer of stage reviews, "The Great Ziegfeld". Features a sketch with Judy Garland and Fred Astaire in black-face. 118 min. DVD 5681; vhs 999:3421
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Representations of African Americans in Animated Cartoons

Included in the collections below are the Warner Brothers "Censored 11"-- a group of Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons that were withheld from syndication by United Artists in 1968. United Artists owned the distribution rights to the Associated Artists Productions library at that time, and decided to pull these eleven cartoons from broadcast because they are based on racist depictions of African Americans and are deemed too offensive for contemporary audiences. The cartoons are: Hittin' the Trail for Hallelujah Land (DVD 2440); Sunday Go to Meetin' Time (DVD 2443); Clean Pastures (DVD 9356); Uncle Tom's Bungalow (DVD 9357); Jungle Jitters (DVD 2444); The Isle of Pingo Pongo (DVD 9356); All This and Rabbit Stew (DVD 2444); Coal Black and de Sebben Dwarfs (DVD 2441); Tin Pan Alley Cats (DVD 2443); Angel Puss (DVD 9357); and Goldilocks and the Jivin' Bears (DVD 2441) [Wikipedia]

Bibliography of books and articles about racist cartoons

Black Anthology Cartoons. Vol. 1 (1937-1947)
Contents: Uncle Tom's cabana (1947, 9 min.) -- Uncle Tom's bungalow (1937, 8 min.) -- Eliza on ice (1944, 6 min.) -- It happened to Caruso (1938, 7 min.) -- Vodoo in Harlem (1938, 7 min.) -- Popeye ala mode (1945, 7 min.) -- Swing wedding (1937, 8 min.) A collection of seven stereotypical cartoons of Afro-Americans produced in the '30's and '40's. Includes parodies of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin and of Jack Benny with appearances by cartoon characters Mighty Mouse, Popeye and Bosko.

Uncle Tom's Cabana: Uncle Tom went from cabin to cabana to ward off the mortage. Little Eva (now grown up) saves Tom's cabin with her singing and seductive sexiness. Uncle Tom's bungalow: Topsy and Little Eva buy Uncle Tom from Simon Legree's Used Slave Co., but can't keep up the payments. Topsy and Eva do a color switch under Legree's whip as Eliza saves the day. Eliza on ice: Uncle Tom starts the race with Simon Legree chasing Eliza. Mighty Mouse rescues Eliza. It happened to Caruso: Weschester, the vegitarian cannibal, becomes Robinson Caruso's Man Friday (Jack Benny's cloned voice). Caruso kills a tiger with his violining. Vodoo in Harlem: Cannibals singing after hours in Walter Lantz's animation studio. Popeye ala mode: Popeye checks into a cannibal hotel, but has trouble checking out as the cannibals have Popeye over for dinner..err..as dinner. Swing wedding: Lots of jazz and Cab Calloway music done by Frogs right out of MGM's Bosko cartoons. 60 min. 999:2140

Black Anthology Cartoons. Vol. 2 (1930's)
Contents: The old house (1936, 10 min.) -- Bosko's Easter eggs (1937, 8 min.) -- Bosko and the pirates (1937, 8 min.) -- Bosko and the cannibals (1937, 10 min.) -- Bosko in Bagdad (1938, 10 min.) -- Bosko the doughboy (1931, 7 min.) -- Old anything (1931, 6 min.). A collection of seven stereotypical cartoons of Afro-Americans produced in the 1930s starring Warner Bros.' first cartoon star, Bosko. Created by Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising he was featured from 1929-1933.

The Old house: Classic haunted house adventure with Bosko, Bruno (dog) and his honey, Honey. Bosko's Easter eggs: Bruno breaks the eggs Bosko wuz deliverin ta Honey. Bosko and the pirates: Boskos' imagination ends him up on a frog pirate ship where the pirate frogs try ta git Boskos' cookies. Captain Frog makes Bosko walk the plank...or...that is rather...tap dance the plank. Bosko and the cannibals: Boskos' imagination puts him in a jungle full of cannibal cookie eating frogs that try to get his cookies. Bosko in Bagdad: "Who dat" sequence gets Bosko a flying carpet that whisks him and the genie Frog to Bagdad. The Bagdad frogs tempt Bosko with tap dancing, watermellons and castor oil to get his cookies. Bosko the Doughboy: Pre-MGM Bosko. Bosko is bored with the war until the enemy shoots Boskos' photo of Honey. Then he goes into action with violent results. Old anything: Bosko builds a building with the help of some Mickey Mouse clones. During the construction there are detached heads, ears, stomachs, etc. 60 min. 999:2141

Black Anthology Cartoons. Vol. 3 (1934-1946)
Contents: Scrub me Mama with a boogie beat (1941, 7 min.) -- John Henry and the Inky Poo (1945, 8 min.) -- Jasper in a jam (1946, 7 min.) -- Rasslin' match (1934, 11 min.) -- The lion tamer (1934, 9 min.) -- The early worm gets the bird (1940, 8 min.) -- The little broadcast (1943, 8 min.). Includes puppetoons by George Pal, two features staring Amos n' Andy, Charlie Barnet and his orchestra and vocals by Peggy Lee. Scrub me Mama with a boogie beat: Lazy Town is the sexiest, most racist and foot-stompinist laundry mat in the country. John Henry and the Inky Poo: Puppetoon by George Pal. The steel drivin man John Henry shows...if you have a mind, you can do anything. Jasper in a Jam: Great jazz music video with Little Jasper caught in a pawnshop at midnight. Features Charlie Barnet and Orchestra with vocals by Peggy Lee. Rasslin' match: The 1st of only two Amos 'n' Andy cartoons. Since Taxi servicing is slow King-Pin gets Andy into a rasslin match. Amos seems to be in more pain than Andy watching Andy get hurt. Lion tamer: The 2nd of only two Amos 'n' Andy cartoons. Kingpin gets Andy a job as a lion tamer for a local circus. The deal wuz the lion wuz supposed to be two guys in a lion suit... Early worm gets the bird: Three little "Black Birds" are sent to bed by "Mammy Black Bird," but one wants to get the worm early and gets more than he expected. Little broadcast: A George Pal puppetoon where the Great Maestro gets to conduct more than he can compose himself to. 60 min. 999:2142

Black Toons

Vol. 1: A warning to vandals and hoodlums [theater announcement] -- Trailers for Blackboard jungle, Go, Johnny, go, Rock, rock rock -- Uncle Tom's caba?na (1947) -- Uncle Tom's bungalow (1937) -- Mighty Mouse in Eliza on the Ice (1944) -- Coal Black and de sebben dwarfs (1943) -- It happened to Crusoe (1941) -- Pop-Pie ala mode (1945) -- Swing wedding (1937). Bonus selections: Weird cartoons: Bambi meets Godzilla, Betty Boop in Crazy town; You auto lay an egg ; [excerpt from It's a bird with Charles Bowers] ; Small fry ; Frogland ; Cobweb hotel) ; Munster's TV episode Mar. 18, 1965: Far out, Munsters. A collection of animated films from the 1930s and 1940s which feature caricatures and stereotypes of blacks. Most are very racist with nasty stereotypes. Some wild rhythm & blues, jazz groups and music parodies. In "Swing Wedding" a wild eye'd hipster "shoots-up" with his trumpet valve as a hypo while Fats Waller, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, Ethel Waters and the Mills Brothers are impersonated! DVD 9355

Vol. 2: The early worm gets the bird (1940) -- September in the rain (1937) -- Jungle Jitters (1938) -- The Isle of Pingo Pongo (1938) -- Life begins for Andy Panda (1939) -- Africa squeaks (1940) -- All this and rabbit stew (1941) -- Have you got any castles (1938) -- Goofy groceries (1941) -- Scrub me Mama with a boogie beat (1941) -- Clean pastures (1937) -- Goldilocks and the jivin' bears (1944) A collection of animated films from the 1930s and 1940s which feature caricatures and stereotypes of blacks. In September in the rain much of the cartoon features characters in blackface in a satire of then-contemporary culture including Al Jolson, Fats Waller and Louis Armstrong. The Isle of Pingo Pongo is a parody of 1930s travelogues full of black stereotypes and swinging "jungle music." In Africa squeaks Porky Pig, Spencer Tracy, Kay Kaiser and Jerry Colonna are swinging with the natives in "Darkest Africa." In Clean pastures Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington, Fats Waller, Louis Armstrong, The Mills Brothers and others are caricatured doing their part to take swing music out of the hands of the devil and use it to save souls with the magic of jazz and boogie-woogie. DVD 9356

Vol. 3: Little black Sambo (1935) -- Uncle Tom and Little Eva (1932) -- Fresh hare (1942) -- Sunday go to meetin' time (1936) -- Uncle Tom's bungalow (1937) -- Angel puss (944) -- Confederate honey (1940) -- Little ol' Bosko and the cannibals (1937) -- Pop-pie a la mode (1945) -- Voodoo in Harlem (1938) -- Tin Pan Alley cats (1943). A collection of animated films from the 1930s and 1940s which feature caricatures and stereotypes of blacks. In Fresh hare Elmer Fudd and Bugs Bunny do a minstrel show, complete with black-face. Sunday go to meetin' time features excellent gospel and jazz music mixed with black stereotypes. Uncle Tom's bunglow is a spoof of the book Uncle Tom's Cabin. Confederate honey is a parody of "Gone with the Wind," with Elmer Fudd playing Ned Cutler (Rhett Butler in the real movie). Little ol' Bosko and the cannibals features a frog that sounds like Louis Armstrong, plus other frog caricatures of famous black musicians like Fats Waller, Cab Calloway, and Bill "Bojangles" Robinson portrayed as cannibals! In Pop-Pie al la mode, Popeye is shipwrecked on an island inhabited by cannibals who view him as their next meal! DVD 9357

Vol. 4: Jasper and the haunted house (1942) -- Bosko shipwrecked (1931) -- The stupidstitious cat (1947) -- Suddenly it's Spring (1944) -- Porky's ant (1941) -- The lost dream (1949) -- Outdoor indore (1928) -- Flop goes the weasel (1934) -- Robinson Crusoe Jr. (1941) -- Talking magpies (1946) -- Swiss cheese family Robinson (1947) -- Ali-Baba bound (1940) A collection of animated films from the 1930s and 1940s which feature caricatures and stereotypes of blacks. The stupidstitious cat is a parody of the famous "Jack Benny Program" with a black crow playing the part of "Rochester" (who was black and played a stereotypical black role on the Jack Benny Program.) In Outdoor indore Felix joins the circus and travels to India. Flop goes the weasel features a very black stereotype of "Mammy" portrayed by a large hen giving birth to a baby chick. Robinson Crusoe Jr. stars Porky Pig against African natives. The talking magpies is the first screen appearance of cartoon characters Heckle and Jeckle. Swiss Cheese family Robinson features Mighty Mouse who saves a mouse family from jungle cannibals. In Ali-Baba bound Porky Pig battles extremist Muslims; one has a bomb on his head in place of a turban.

Blaxploitation Cartoon Festival.
A series of 8 short animated "racist" cartoons featuring blackfaced caricatures. Includes Amos n' Andy, Jungle Jitters, Scrub me Mama, Little black Sambo. 50 min. Video 999:425

Cartoon Collection, V
Cartoons from the 1930s and 1940s showing the pervasiveness of racial and ethnic stereotypes. In addition to cartoons, the video includes sing-alongs, intermission trailers and an animated preview of Snow White. Contents: "Any Bonds Today?" (sung by Bugs Bunny)--"Let's Sing with Popeye": Excerpts from the first Popeye cartoon and Popeye sings 'I'm Popeye the sailor man.' -- "Plane Dumb" (Tom and Jerry)-- "Porky's Hare Hunt" -- Trailer for "Snow White" --"Minnie's Yoo Hoo" (sung by Mickey Mouse): Sing-a-long to the lyrics on the screen as Mickey Mouse directs the Mickey Mouse Club theme song. --"Little Black Sambo": Little Sambo plays pranks with a dog striped like a tiger. -- "Porky's pooch": A hungry mutt barges into Porky Pig's suite. His wit and charm fail to move Porky so he threatens to jump off the ledge, tricking Porky into taking him in. -- "Joe Glow the firefly": A firefly with a miner's lighted helmet explores a camper's tent and the various people-sized items that, from his perspective, are gigantic. -- "Porky's movie mystery": In this parody of the "Mr. Moto" series, a mysterious phantom is causing trouble at the Warner Bros Studios. The police call in Mr. Motto (Porky Pig) to investigate. -- "The Lone Stranger and Porky": When Porky is held up by a villain the Lone Stranger comes to his rescue and in the middle of the fight, the Stranger's horse Silver falls in love with the villains' horse. -- Intermission public service announcement against pay and cable TV plus six ads for popcorn and candy in the lobby -- "Japoteurs": Early animated Superman episode involving the hijacking of a giant American bomber by Japanese saboteurs. -- "John Henry": A cartoon version of the tale of John Henry, the great steel-driving worker who competes with a steam drill. -- "Congo jazz" --"I'll be glad when you're dead you rascal you" (Betty Boop with Louis Armstrong and his orchestra) -- "Snap Happy" (Little Lulu)-- "Jungle jive" (pianist, Bob Zurke). 999:2143

Cartoon Scandals: A Study of Violence, Racism and Sex in Cartoons
By today's standards, many of these 1930s-1940s cartoons are now considered too risque or offensive by TV censors and have been edited or banned from TV. This collection features some of these rare classic cartoons in their original, uncut, uncensored versions. Concludes with the animated short by Lenny Bruce, "Thank you, mask man," a gay parody on the Lone Ranger saga. Contents: [Bugs Bunny in war bond public announcement] -- Daffy: the commando -- Scrub me, mama, with a boggie beat -- Tokio jokio -- Sheep shape -- All this and rabbit stew -- Three little kittens (a Jungle Jinks cartoon) -- Eleventh hour (Superman) -- Be human (Betty Boop) -- Little Black Sambo -- The mad doctor (Mickey Mouse) -- Jungle jitters -- Uncle Tom and Little Eva (Jungle Jinks cartoon) -- Thank you, mask man / by Lenny Bruce. 93 min. DVD 2444

Coonskin (1975)
Written and directed by Ralph Bakshi. This outrageous, original film about the status of blacks in America is told with live-action and animation vignettes, the best of which are sly parodies of the stories from Disney and Uncle Remus' Song of the South and Kim Basinger's Cool World. This allegorical tale follows the exploits of a black rabbit who comes from the rural South to New York and ends up dealing drugs in Harlem. Released in 1974, it was accused of being racist and withdrawn by its distributor within a week of its release. 90 min. 999:2144
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

A History of Racist Animation
Contents: Film excerpts: Chinese laundry blues -- Rasslin' match (Amos n' Andy) -- Hittin' the trail to Hallelujah Land -- Pickaninny blues -- Scrub me, mama, with a boggie beat -- All this and rabbit stew -- Little Black Sambo -- John Henry -- Jasper in the haunted house -- Bosko shipwrecked -- Jungle jazz-- Robinson Crusoe, Jr. -- Jungle jitters -- Shanty where Santy Claus lives -- Musical Lulu -- Have you got any castles? -- Ducktators -- Japoteurs (Superman) -- You're a sap, Mr. Jap (Popeye) -- Ali Baba bound -- Popeye meets Ali Baba -- Timid toreador -- Porky's garden -- Daffy duckaroo -- Molly Moo Cow and the Indians -- Hell bent for election (1944, F.D. Roosevelt political cartoon).

Presents historical commentary and excerpts from a cross section of cartoons, once seen as harmless, but now perceived as racist stereotypes. Rare footage includes "Chinese Laundry Blues" (poking fun at both Chinese and Jews), George Pal's "John Henry," the incredibly racist "Pickaninny Blues," complete with shuffling Negroes being sold on the auction block, as well as Walter Lantz's "Scrub me, mama, with a boogie beat," Bosco, Amos n' Andy, Little Black Sambo as well as American propaganda cartoons from World War II. Consists primarily of excerpts from films originally issued between 1930-1950. DVD 2440

John Henry and Inky Poo(1946)
In this George Pal Puppetoon (production number U5-6), John Henry (voice of Rex Ingram), legendary figure of American folklore, goes to work for the C.& O. Railroad, which, shortly thereafter, buys an automatic steel-driving engine, called the Inky-Poo. John Henry matches his strength against the Inky-Poo, saying that any man can beat a machine because a man has a mind. John Henry wins, but drops at the finish, never to rise again. The choral music background is by the Luvenia Nash Singers. DVD 2440; vhs 999:2142

Little Jasper

Neupert, Richard. " "Trouble in Watermelon Land: George Pal and the Little Jasper Cartoons." Film Quarterly Sep 2001, Vol. 55, No. 1: 14–26. UC users only

Hot Lips Jasper(1945)
Jasper recovers a valuable horn, blows a few licks of "Flight of the Bumble Bee" and becomes a star. DVD 2441

Jasper and the Beanstalk(1945)
The Scarecrow trades Jasper a handful of beans for his harmonica. Jasper plants the beans and climbs up the resulting beanstalk and, at the top, finds a beautiful girl in a golden cage playing a golden harp. Jasper rescues her from the Scarecrow, brings her down the beanstalk, and spends the rest of his days dancing to the music his girlfriend plays on the harp. DVD 2441

Jasper and the Haunted House(1942)
Jasper gets tricked by shady characters. He ends up in a nasty haunted house! Jasper gets scared out of a pie by Professor Scarecrow. DVD 2441; also on DVD 8769

Jasper in a Jam(1946)
Great jazz music video with Little Jasper caught in a pawnshop at midnight. Features Charlie Barnet and Orchestra with vocals by Peggy Lee. Video/C 999:2142

Politically Incorrect Cartoons
Contents: Swing wedding -- Old mill pond -- Tin Pan alley cats -- Scrub me, mama, with a boggie beat -- Boogie woogie man -- Jasper's in a jam -- Jasper and the beanstalk (Jack and the beanstalk tale) -- Jasper and the haunted house -- Hot lips Jasper -- Sliphorn King of Polaroo -- Ham's that couldn't be cured -- Saturday evening puss (Tom & Jerry) -- Goldilocks and the jivin' bears (Three bears tale) -- Clean pastures -- Three little bops (Three little pigs tale) -- Coal black and de sebben dwarfs (Sleeping beauty tale). Credits: Producers/directors, Walter Lantz, George Pal [et al].

Collection of rare and obscure cartoons with a jazz oriented theme (which means lots of characters with big lips and natural riddem). Includes several of George Pal's hard to find "Jasper" Puppetoons, "Tin Pan Alleycats" (a fave with its Salvador Dali style landscapes) and Tom & Jerry with that black maid you never see anymore. DVD 2441

The Princess and the Frog (Walt Disney Pictures, 2009)
Directors: Ron Clements, John Musker. AVoices: Anika Noni Rose, Bruno Campos, Keith David, Michael-Leon Wooley, Jennifer Cody, Jim Cummings, Peter Bartlett, Jenifer Lewis, Oprah Winfrey, Terrence Howard, John Goodman. A musical retelling of the fairy tale set in Jazz Age-era New Orleans. Arrogant, carefree Prince Naveen and hardworking waitress Tiana cross paths. Prince Naveen is transformed into a frog by a conniving voodoo magician. Tiana follows suit when she decides to kiss the amphibian royalty. With the help of a trumpet-playing alligator, a Cajun firefly, and an old blind lady who lives in a boat in a tree, Naveen and Tiana must race to break the spell and fulfill their dreams. 98 min. DVD X2885
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Racist Warner Bros. Cartoons
Sunday go to meetin' time -- Confederate honey -- All this and rabbit stew -- Bugs Bunny nips the nips -- Angel puss -- Goldilocks and the jivin' bears (Three bears tale) -- [Bugs Bunny in war bond public announcement] -- Coal black and de sebben dwarfs (Sleeping beauty tale) -- Clean pastures -- Tin Pan alley cats -- Scrap happy -- Ductators -- Tokio jokio.

Watch Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and other Warner Bros. cartoon characters poke fun at racial minorities in this ultra-rare collection of racist cartoons that will never be seen on TV. 91 min. DVD 2443

Romeo in Rhythm(1940)
Directed by Rudolf Ising. "...this is a subdued, one might even say sweet, tribute to black music and culture. A sort of animated CARMEN JONES, if you like. While the principal players being caricatured as crows might bring howls of "racism" now, one can easily forgive such a practice in this cartoon--indeed, it seems perfectly logical. One would expect crows, if they could talk, sing and dance, to put on a show such as this." [Home For Orphan Toons ] Included on DVD 8479

Uncle Tom's Bungalow [animated cartoon]
Directed by Tex Avery, 1937. Topsy and Little Eva buy Uncle Tom from Simon Legree's Used Slave Co., but can't keep up the payments. Topsy and Eva do a color switch under Legree's whip as Eliza saves the day. 999:2140

Wallace, Michelle. "The Celluloid Cabin: Satiricial Distortions of Uncle Tom in Animated Cartoon Short, 1932-1947." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1-10, 2001 Apr

Uncle Tom's Cabana [animated cartoon]
Directed by Tex Avery, 1947. Uncle Tom's Cabana: Uncle Tom went from cabin to cabana to ward off the mortage. Little Eva (now grown up) saves Tom's cabin with her singing and seductive sexiness. DVD 9355; VHS 999:2140

Wallace, Michelle. "The Celluloid Cabin: Satiricial Distortions of Uncle Tom in Animated Cartoon Short, 1932-1947." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1-10, 2001 Apr

[Uncle Tom's Cabin] Eliza on Ice (animated, 1944)
Uncle Tom starts the race with Simon Legree chasing Eliza. Mighty Mouse rescues Eliza. 6 min. DVD 9355; vhs 999:2140

Wallace, Michelle. "The Celluloid Cabin: Satiricial Distortions of Uncle Tom in Animated Cartoon Short, 1932-1947." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1-10, 2001 Apr

Weird Cartoons. Vol. 1
Includes such racists "gems" of the 1930's and 40's as Little Black Sambo / Castle Films presents ; produced by Celebrity Pictures ; animated by U.B. Iwerks (ca. 8 min.) -- Scrub me mama with a boogie beat / A Universal Picture ; a Walter Lantz production ; artists, Alex Covy, Frank Tipper ; story, Ben Hardaway ; words and music, Don Daye (ca. 6 min.) 999:2193

Race Movies/Black Cast Films

Bibliography of books, articles, and websites about Oscar Micheaux (includes listing of Micheaux web sites)

Beware (1946)
Directed by Bud Pollard. Cast: Louis Jordan, Frank Wilson, Emory Richardson, Valerie Black, Milton Woods, Joseph Hilliard, Tommy Hix, Charles Johnson, John Grant, Walter Earle, Ernest Calloway, Dimples Daniels, Aristo-Genes Girls Club, Tympnay Five. Ware College is about to close its doors forever because its endowment has run dry. A last minute appeal to famous alumni brings the college's plight to the attention of Louis Jordan. Jordan, known as King of the Jukebox, set things right by hounding the good-for-nothing grandson of Ware College's founder into spending his fortune on education rather than fast living. 54 min. DVD X4193

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Birmingham Black Bottom: The First Black Talkies.
Contents: Music hath harms / Cast: Spencer Williams, Roberta Hyson, Curtis Mosby's Dixieland Blue Blowers -- The melancholy dame / Cast: Evelyn Preer, Spencer Williams, Roberta Hyson -- Framing of the shrew / Cast: Evelyn Preer, Edward Thompson -- Oft in the silly night / Cast: Spencer Williams, Roberta Hyson. These groundbreaking comedies, the brainchild of pioneer director, Al Christie, are from the first series of talking pictures written and conceived for black performers, rare shorts from 1929. With the advent of sound, Christie decided to produce a series of all black cast comedy-musical shorts adapted from Octavus Roy Cohen's "Darktown Birmingham" stories. To cast his comedies, he chose from the talent of the famous Lafayette Players Stock Company of Harlem. 75 min. vhs 999:1770

The Black King (Harlem Hot Shot) (1932)
Directed by Bud Pollard. Cast: A.B. Comathiers, Vivianne Baker, Knolly Mitchell, Dan Michaels, Mary Jane Watkins, Harry Gray, Mike Jackson, Lorenzo Tucker, Trixie Smith. this film is one of the earliest films to focus on "The Back to Africa" movement. Made by an independent white-owned company, this film was billed as a satire on the life of Marcus Garvey. 70 min. DVD X29; vhs Video 999:929

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Larson, Charles R. "The Black King: Forgotten 'Black?' Classic." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 20 no. 2. 1992 Summer. pp: 17-25.

Black Shadows on a Silver Screen.
History of the motion picture made by Black film makers between 1900 and 1950, including scenes from these films. Emphasizes the attempt by Black film makers to provide alternatives to the lack of sensitivity and racism of Hollywood films by portraying Blacks realistically. 52 min. DVD X1409; vhs Video/C 1063

The Blood of Jesus (1941)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Spencer Williams, Cathryn Caviness, Heavenly Choir, Juanita Riley, James B. Jones, Frank H. McClennan, Eddue DeBuse, Rogenia Goldthwaite, Reather Hardeman, Alva Fuller. Concerns the accidental shooting of a woman and of the faith in Jesus that brings her back. As she lies dying, her soul goes on a symbolic journey in which it rejects Hell for Zion, Satan for God, at the foot of the cross. When she awakens recovered, the choir of sisters and brothers from the church come in to sing and celebrate the miracle. Offers a glimpse into Southern Baptist life from an African-American perspective. 68 min. DVD X1638; vhs 999:928

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Giles, Mark. "The Blood of Jesus: Timeless Black Values." Black Camera - A Micro Journal of Black Film Studies 15:1 [Spring-Summer 2000] p.6-7 UC users only
Strecker, Damien. "No Laughing Matter: Spencer Williams, Jr.'s Christian Moral Vision in "The Blood of Jesus". Black Camera - A Micro Journal of Black Film Studies 20:2 [Fall-Winter 2005] p.6-7 UC users only

Blue Melodies (Hollywood rhythm: Paramount Musical Shorts; 3)
Various, Paramount (1929-34). Eight mini musicals featuring landmark performances by the legends of jazz and blues from the early years of sound film production. Bessie Smith stars in her only film, the once-notorious musical St. Louis Blues. Teenaged Billie Holiday performs with Duke Ellington's orchestra while another piece, Bundle of Blues, spotlights Ellington's favorite band singer, Ivie Anderson. And, months before her Broadway debut, a girlish Ethel Merman defends her life before a judge in Her Future. Contents: Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life / Duke Ellington, Billie Holiday (1935) -- Those Blues / Vincent Lopez (1932) -- Ol' King Cotton / George Dewey Washington (1930) -- A Bundle of Blues / Duke Ellington, Ivie Anderson (1933) -- Jitterbug Party / Cab Calloway (1934) -- Her Future / Ethel Merman (1930) -- St. Louis Blues / Bessie Smith (1929) -- Blue of the Night / Bing Crosby (1933). vhs 999:1692

Boarding House Blues (1948)
Directed by Josh Binney. Cast: Dusty Fletcher, Lucky Millinder and Orchestra, Bull Moose Jackson, Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Una Mae Carlisle, Berry Bros., Marie Cooke. An "evil" landlord threatens to evict "Moms" and her tenants from their boardinghouse because she can't pay the rent. Since the tenants are mostly entertainers they decide to put on a show to raise the money. 90 min. DVD X4920; vhs 999:1221
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Body and Soul (1925)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Paul Robeson, Julie Theresa Russell, Marshall Rogers, Chester A. Alexander, Walter Comick, Mercedes Gilbert. Paul Robeson stars in this early silent film of a minister gone corrupt. He associates with the owner of a house of gambling, forces a girl to steal and later kills the girl's brother. But, when all is said and done it's only a dream. 80 min. DVD 7281; vhs 999:534

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Boy! What a Girl! (1947)
Director Arthur Leonard. Cast: Tim Moore, Betti Mays, Elmwood Smith, Warren Patterson, Al Jackson, Duke Williams, Sheila Guyse, Slam Stewart Trio, Sid Catlett and Band, Basil Spears, Ann Cornell, Harlemaniacs, Milton Wood, Gene Krupa, Deek Watson and The Brown Dots. Tim Moore in an Amos 'n Andy Kingfish impersonates a wealthy spinster from Paris. Includes a series of musical performances by black artists including Slam Stewart, Sid Catlett, Deek Watson and a guest appearance by Gene Krupa. 70 min. Video DVD X4919; vhs 999:1147
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Broken Strings (1940)
Directed by Bernard B. Ray. Cast: Clarence Muse, Sybil Lewis, William Washington, Tommiwitta Moore, Stymie Beard, Pete Webster, Edward Thompson, Buck Woods, Jess Lee Brooks, Earl Morris. An all-Black melodrama concerning a classical violinist who injures his fingers. His son tries to earn the needed cash to restore his father's paralyzed hand by following in his father's footsteps as a violinist but to his father's displeasure, he prefers swing to classical music. 70 min. DVD X5323; vhs 999:1223
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Broken Earth (1939)
Directed by Roman Freulich. Cast: Clarence Muse. A widowed farmer with a sick young son prays for his son's recovery. A ray of sunlight accompanied by spiritual music signifies that his pleas won't go unanswered. A film produced by blacks for a black audience. 17 min. vhs 999:2592
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Broken Strings (1940)
Directed by Bernard B. Ray. Cast: Clarence Muse, Sybil Lewis, William Washington, Tommiwitta Moore, Stymie Beard, Pete Webster, Edward Thompson, Buck Woods, Jess Lee Brooks, Earl Morris. An all African American melodrama concerning a classical violinist who injures his fingers. His son tries to earn the needed cash to restore his father's paralyzed hand by following in his father's footsteps as a violinist but to his father's displeasure, he prefers swing to classical music. 60 min. DVD X5323
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Bronze Buckeroo (1939)
Directed by Richard C. Kahn. Cast: Herbert Jeffrey, Lucius Brooks, Artie Young, F.E. Miller, Spencer Williams, Jr., Clarence Brooks. Bob Blake and his boys arrive at Joe Jackson's ranch to find him missing. While Slim cheats Dusty out of his money using ventriloquism and marked cards, Blake tries to find Jackson. Learning that Thorne and his gang are holding him prisoner, he and his men trail them. When Thorne's gang gets the drop on them, Slim puts his ventriloquism to work. Filmed with an all Black cast and crew. 56 min. DVD X1638; also DVD 4995; vhs 999:2211
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dempsey, Mary A. "The bronze buckaroo rides again." American Visions, Aug97, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p22, 4p UC users only
Johnson, Michael. "Cowboys, Cooks, and Comics: African American Characters in Westerns ofthe 1930s." Quarterly Review of Film & Video, Jul-Sep2005, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p225-235, 11p UC users only
Leyda, Julia. "Black-Audience Westerns and the Politics of Cultural Identification in the 1930s." Cinema Journal. 42(1):46-70. 2002 UC users only

Burlesque in Harlem (1949)
Directed by William Alexander . A typical 1950 Harlem burlesque show, complete with racy slapstick comedy, bawdy blues singers, showgirls, and slick tap dancers. Featuring Burlesque in Harlem: Dewey "Pigmeat" Markham, George Wilshire, Vivian Harris, Dick Barrow, Jo Jo Adams, Hucklebuck Jones, Tarza Young, Slip and Slide, Princess D'Orsey, Mabel Hunter, Gertrude Baby Banks, Gloria Howard. 49 min. DVD X4376; Video 999:1216

Cab Calloway: 'Hi-de-ho' and Other Movies
Showcasing the great jazz singer Cab Calloway in a variety of formats and environments, this splended compilation of "soundies" and clips from the 1947 feature film Hi-De-Ho is testament to the master showman's talent. Contents: Hi-de-ho -- Foo a little boogaloo -- I was here when you left me -- We the cats shall help ya -- Minnie the moocher -- One for my baby -- I can't give you anything but love -- St. James Infirmary -- Calloway boogie -- How to do the razz-ma-tazz -- Long about midnight -- Call of the jitterbug -- Blowtop blues -- Blues in the night -- Skunk song -- Virginia, Georgia and Caroline. 102 min. DVD X2455

Dark Manhattan (1937)
Directed by Harry Fraser. Cast: Ralph Cooper, Cleo Herndon, Clarence Brooks, Jess Lee Brooks, Sam McDaniels, Corny Anderson, Rubeline Glover, James Adamson. On the tough back streets of Harlem, thugs and crooks fight for control of the numbers racket. One small time hood, 'Curly' Thorpe, is enlisted by the biggest mob boss in town. Larry B. Lee, to be his protege. Curly takes over the operation, bringing a new level of brutality and greed to Lennox Avenue. Beautiful women, fast cars and hard cash are all that Curly cares about, but he steps on the wrong toes to get them. Tougher men than Curly now want him dead. 70 min. DVD X4393
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Devil's Daughter (1939)
Directed by Arthur Leonard. Cast: Nina Mae McKinney, Jack Carter, Ida James, Hamtree Harrington, Willa Mae Lane, Emmett Wallace. Leon Lee. Isabelle Walton (McKinney) returns to claim her late father's Jamaican plantation. She encounters voodoo and and a jealous half-sister in the process. Comic relief by Hamtree Harrington who thinks his soul has been put into the body of a pig. 60 min. DVD 4995; vhs 999:1225
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Dirty Gertie from Harlem U.S.A. (1936)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Francine Everette, Don Wilson, "Piano" Frank, Old Hager, Spencer Williams, John King, July Jones. In this all black cast feature, Gertie LaRue and her troupe of performers arrive direct from Harlem at the Paradise Hotel on the island of Trinidad. They are there to do a show at the Diamond Palace, a club owned by Diamond Joe, who falls for Gertie. Gertie has left Harlem in a hurry and cannot go back there because she has jilted her boyfriend, Al, who is now looking for revenge. 60 min. DVD X4950; vhs 999:1222
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Double Deal (1939)
Directed by Arthur Dreifuss. Cast: Monte Hawley, Jeni Le Gon, Edward Thompson, Florence O'Brien, Shelton Brooks, F.E. Miller. Rivals for a pretty singer get mixed up in gangster trouble. One of the beaus is a crook who robs a jewelry store and frames the other boyfriend. The girl sorts the truth out for herself. 60 min. DVD X4191; vhs 999:1224
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Duke is Tops (1938)
Directed by William L. Nolte. "Duke Davis (Ralph Cooper) has invested all his savings to back his sweetheart, Ethel (Lena Horne), in a road show over the old T.O.B.A. circuit, on which they have both been performers since childhood. Marshall (Monte Hawley), a New York talent scout, makes an offer to Ethel as a single and, to induce her to take it, Duke writes a fake check, made out to him, for $5000 pretending he has sold his contract with Ethel to Marshall. Resentful and heartbroken, she accepts and becomes a big hit in New York. Marshall then books her at the swanky Century Club, plans her show himself, and it flops miserably. Meanwhile, Duke has used his last resources to start a new show, but without Ethel it also fails. He joins the Doc Dorando (Lawrence Criner) medicine show, and with him as the speiler for the quack elixir sold by Dorando, it is successful. He becomes Doc's partner with an elaborate trailer and a company of entertainers, including Willie Covans, the Basin Street Boys, The Cats and the Fiddle, "Rubberneck" Holmes and Joe Stevenson. Money is rolling in but he drops everything to hurry to Ethel's side when he hears of her misfortune. Ella (Neva Peoples), Ethel's faithful companion and maid, has also told Ethel of Duke's sacrifice in order to give her a chance in New York. Duke talks the Century Club owner, Fenton (Edward Thompson),into allowing him to build an elaborate show based on a medicine show concept, and sends for Doc Dorando and the other entertainers." [Internet Movie Database] 80 min. DVD X29; vhs 999:1168
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Gang War (1940)
Directed by Leo C. Popkin. Host: Richard Roundtree. Cast: Ralph Cooper, Gladys Snyder, Reggie Fenderson, Lawrence Criner, Monte Hawley, Jesse Brooks, Johnny Thomas, Maceo Sheffield, Charles Hawkins, Robert Johnson, Henry Roberts, Harold Garrison. Classic battle between 2 gangs for control of the juke box machines in Harlem. 65 min. DVD X5323; DVD 4995
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Girl from Chicago (1932)
One of Oscar Micheaux's most famous films. Starring Carl Mahon as Alonzo Smith, a young secret service agent, who falls in love with a school teacher, Norma, in a small Mississippi town. Later in New York, Alonzo has to save Norma's friend Mary from the numbers racket and is accused of murder. 69 min. DVD X1639; vhs 999:927
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Girl in Room 20(1946)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Geraldine Brock, July Jones, Spencer Williams, Mamie Fisher, Celeste Allen, Buzz Ayecock. A Texas girl moves to New York to make it as a singer, but runs into trouble with a man who offers to be her agent. Meanwhile her boyfriend arrives from Texas to win her back. A film produced by blacks for black audiences. 63 min. DVD 7457; also DVD X1639; vhs 999:2595
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Go Down, Death! (1944)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Myra D. Hemmings, Samuel H. James, Eddye L. Houston, Spencer Williams, Ames Droughan, Walter McMillion. Based on a poem of the same title by James Weldon Johnson. Director, Spencer Williams. A minister's reputation is in question as he wavers between heaven and hell. 50 min. DVD X4312; also DVD X1638; DVD 1589; also on VHS Video 999:1166
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

God's Stepchildren (1938)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Alice B. Russell, Trixie Smith, Jacqueline Lewis, Charles Thompson, Ethel Moses, Carman Newsome, Gloria Press, Alec Lovejoy, Columbus Jackson, Laura Bowman. A light-skinned African-American orphan who refuses to acknowledge her race is sent by her foster mother to an all-black school. She resents this treatment and grows up to have a hard time fitting into black society. 65 min. DVD 7457
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Harlem Rides the Range (1939)
Director, Richard C. Kahn. Cast: Herbert Jeffrey, Lucius Brooks, Flournoy E. Miller, Artie Young, Spencer Williams, Clarence Brooks, Tom Southern. In this all-black cast western melodrama, a gun slinging cowboy saves the uranium mine of his girlfriend's father. DVD X4192; DVD X4870; vhs 999:1167

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Batiste, Stephanie Leigh ""Harlem rides the range" : expansion, modernity, and Negro success." In: Darkening mirrors : imperial representation in Depression-era African American performance / Stephanie Leigh Batiste. Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 2011. (Main (Gardner) Stacks New books E185.625 .B375 2011)
Dempsey, Mary A. "The bronze buckaroo rides again." American Visions, Aug97, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p22, 4p UC users only
Johnson, Michael. "Cowboys, Cooks, and Comics: African American Characters in Westerns ofthe 1930s." Quarterly Review of Film & Video, Jul-Sep2005, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p225-235, 11p UC users only
Leyda, Julia. "Black-Audience Westerns and the Politics of Cultural Identification in the 1930s." Cinema Journal. 42(1):46-70. 2002 UC users only

Harlem Swings
1940's-50's musical all-black comedy short subjects, starring Ethel Waters, Stepin Fetchit, Dusty Fletcher, Louis Jordan, and others. 70 min. Video 999:423-424

Hi-De-Ho (1947)
Motion picture starring big band sensation Cab Calloway (portraying himself). 63 min. DVD X2455; vhs Video 999:426

Jazz Cocktails Hollywood rhythm: Paramount Musical Shorts; 2.
In this collection of musical shorts some of the greatest names in jazz are presented in some of their earliest filmed performances. Featuring Duke Ellington, Artie Shaw, Fats Waller, Cab Calloway, and Bing Crosby who bends the definition of jazz to croon three ballads. Perhaps the gem of this film however is Office Blues in which a pre-stardom, pre-Astaire Ginger Rogers cavorts in an Art Deco extravaganza. Contents: Office blues (1930) / Ginger Rogers -- Cab Calloway's Hi-De-Ho (1934) / Cab Calloway -- Artie Shaw's Class in Swing (1939) / Artie Shaw -- Dream House (1932) / Bing Crosby ; directed by Mack Sennett -- Black and Tan Fantasy (1929) / Duke Ellington, Fredi Washington, Arthur Whetsol -- Makers of Melody (1929) / Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart -- Ain't Misbehavin' (1941) / Fats Waller. vhs 999:1695

Juke Joint (1947)
Director, Spencer Williams. Cast: Spencer Williams, July Jones, Inez Newell, Leonard Duncan, Dauphine Moore, Melody Duncan, Katherine Moore, Tilford Patterson, Albert Smith, Howard Galloway, Clifford Beamon, Frances McHugh, Don Gilbert, Mac and Ace, Kit and Kert, The Jitterbug Johnnies, Duncan's Beauty Show Girls. Two slick talking traveling "thespians" seek a room at the home of Mama Holiday and become embroiled in her family's affairs. Mama is at odds with her dreamer husband & glamour-seeking daughters, one of whom is propositioned by the owner of the local juke joint. To gain Mama's favor, the men use their persuasive skills to keep the daughter from leaving town with her suitor. 70 min. DVD X1638
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

View it online (Internet Moving Image Archive)

Killer Diller (1948)
Directed by Josh Binney. Cast: Dusty Fletcher, George Wiltshire, Butterfly McQueen, Nellie Hill, Freddie Robinson, William Campbell, Edgar Martin, Sid Easton, Gus Smith, Jackie Mabley, Ken Renard. The story of a magician who does disappearing acts between stage performances of a variety program. This musical includes performances by Dusty Fletcher, the King Cole Trio, Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Andy Kirk and his orchestra. Considered one of the best early comedies starring an all-black cast. 70 min. DVD X4917; vhs 999:1220
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Lying Lips (1939)
A classic melodrama from famed director Oscar Micheaux, stars Edna Mae Harris as a nightclub singer who is unjustly convicted and sent to prison for the murder of her aunt. Co-produced by the distinguished black aviator, Colonel Hubert Julian. 60 min.. DVD X1639; vhs 999:931
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

View it online (Internet Moving Image Archive)

Midnight Ramble: Oscar Micheaux and the Story of Race Movies.
Recounts the story of race movies produced for Afro-Americans from the 1920s through 1950 and the role played by Oscar Micheaux, the leading Afro-American producer and director. These movies were designed for Afro-Americans and were frequently shown at midnight. They presented Afro-Americans in a positive light. Featuring interviews with Afro-American actors and actresses, and historians. 58 min. Video/C 3614

See separate bibliography of books, articles, and websites about Oscar Micheaux

Midnight Shadow Tyler-Texas Black Film Collection: The Missing Link in Black Cinema (1939)
Directed by George Randol. Cast: Frances Redd, John Criner, Richard Bates, Ollie Ann Robinson, Clinton Rosemond, Buck Woods. Mr. Wilson who owns Texas land with oil on it is murdered and the deeds to the oil land stolen. Two "bumbling" detectives, Junior and Lightfoot, investigate the murder by the "Midnight Shadow," seeking to clear their friend of murder. A film produced by blacks for black audiences. 54 min. vhs 999:2594
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Miracle in Harlem (1948)
Directed by Jack Saindlin. Cast: Hilda Offay, Sheila Guyse, William Greaves, Kenneth Freeman, Stepin Fetchit, Savannah Churchill. A sweet old woman who runs a candy manufacturing business out of her home with the help of her niece and a young divinity student, is swindled out of her business by a big businessman and his son, who has connections with the underworld. Two murders follow in this suspenseful film that also has touches of humor. A film produced by blacks for black audiences. 80 min. DVD X4916; 999:2630
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Mistaken Identity (aka. Murder with Music) (1941)
Directed by George P. Quigley. Cast: Nelle Hill, George Oliver, Bill Dillard, Ken Renard, Noble Sissle, performances by Skippy Williams Band, Alston & Young. Louis the piano player is murdered by a knife-throwing killer in the middle of a show at Bill Smith's nightclub. Suspicion immediately falls on Mike, an excaped convict, mainly due to stories being phoned into the city desk by nosy reporter Hal Ford. Hal has more than news on his mind, though - he has his eye on the club's main attraction, Lola. The sexy singer is also Mike's girl when he's not in jail. When Mike and Lola are mistaken for club owner Bill Smith and his wife, Hal sees an oportunity to put his rival away for good. 59 min. DVD X4191
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Moon Over Harlem (1939)
Directed by Edgar G. Ulmer. Cast: Bud Harris, Cora Green, Izinetta Wilcox, Carl Gough, Slim Thompson. An unusual musical melodrama with an all-black cast about Harlem widow Minnie who marries "Dollar" Bill, a shady gambler who is after her money and her attractive daughter, Sue. Sue is in love with Bob, an idealist who decides to organize the community against local racketeers and does not realize that his would-be father-in-law Dollar Bill is one of them. Film features 20 chorus girls, a choir, a rare appearance by jazz legend Sidney Bechet and a 60-piece symphony orchestra under the direction of Donald Heywood. 67 min. DVD X4323; also DVD 4080; DVD X4192; vhs 999:930
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

View it online (Internet Moving Image Archive)

Belton, John. Howard Hawks, Frank Borzage, Edgar G. Ulmer London : Tantivy Press ; New York : A.S. Barnes, 1974. (MAIN: PN1998.A3 H337 1974)
Bogdanovich, Peter. "Edgar G. Ulmer." In: Who the Devil Made It. New York : Alfred A. Knopf : Distributed by Random House, 1997. (Main Stack PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997; Moffitt PN1995.9.P7.B58 1997)
Edgar G. Ulmer the man off-screen [Videorecording] Media Resources Center DVD 6455
Gallagher, Tag. "All lost in wonder: Edgar G.Ulmer." Screening the Past, 1 March 2001 UC users only

Movies of Color: Black Southern Cinema
A portrait of independent African-American filmmaking in the Southern region of the United States prior to World War II ... an incredible body of truly independent filmmaking made under the most hostile set of circumstances, including racial prejudice, unimaginably low budgets, and crude technical conditions. The film clips shown here, which are a mirror of the Black experience from the 1920s through mid-1950's, focus on the innovative works of film makers Spencer Williams, Oscar Micheaux, Eloyse Gist, and Clarence Muse. Special features: "Includes 2 bonus short films (an extra 107 min.): "The Blood of Jesus and "Go down, death" ; scene access. 55, 107 min. 2000. DVD 1589

Murder in Harlem (1935)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Clarence Brooks, Dorothy Van Engle, Laura Bowman, Andrew Bishop, Alec Lovejoy, Bee Freeman. A young woman is murdered at the National Chemical Labs and the nightwatchman is arrested. Then the scene shifts back three years to a man who fell in love with a woman but was unable to express his true feelings. Now he is a lawyer and the woman he loved is the sister of the nightwatchman who is on trial for murder. Together, they find the real murderer and fall in love again. 95 min. DVD X4870; vhs 999:2462
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View it online (Internet Moving Image Archive)

Bernstein, Matthew. "Oscar Micheaux and Leo Frank." Film Quarterly, Summer2004, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p8-21, 14p UC users only
Bronski, Michael. "The Return of the Repressed: Leo Frank Through the Eyes of Oscar Micheaux." Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, Summer2005, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p26-49, 24p UC users only

Murder on Lenox Avenue (1941)
Directed by Arthur Dreifuss. Cast: Mamie Smith, Edna Mae Harris, Augustus Smith, Norman Astwood. The crooked founder of the Harlem Better Business League attempts to murder his respected replacement. Intertwined in this melodrama are the romantic mismatches of the member's ward. 65 min. DVD X4390
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Mystery in Swing (1940)
Directed by Arthur Hoerl. Cast: Monte Hawley, Marguerite Whitten, Tommie Moore, The Four Toppers, Ceepee Johnson & his Orchestra. Debonair crooner Prince Ellis strides across the stage like royalty at his Harlem nightclub, where he's the focus of everyone's attention. Men envy him and women want to be with him, especially young Linda Carroll, who ignores repeated warnings to steer clear of the singer's seductive allure. Linda's father, John, strongly disapproves of Prince Ellis' unwholesome attention to his virginal daughter. When Ellis is gunned down, John is the obvious suspect, but it turns out many people wanted the star dead for their own reasons. 64 min. DVD X4392; vhs 999:2462
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Oscar Micheaux, Film Pioneer.
Oscar Micheaux is remembered for his work as a pioneer producer-director whose films offered a positive image and an alternative for African Americans in the 1920s and 1930s. The program is built around the on-camera reminiscences of two performers who appeared in Micheaux films: Bee Freeman, and Lorenzo Tucker. Also included are dramatic reenactments of Micheaux directing and touring the country to sell his films. Dramatic sequences: Danny Glover (as Micheaux). c1981. 28 min. Video/C 8264

Paradise in Harlem (1939)
Performer: Frank Wilson, Mamie Smith, Edna Mae Harris, Lucky Millinder and his orchestra, Juanita Hall Singers. Black comic Lem Anderson does minstrel comedy on the vaudeville circuit, but dreams of becoming a serious stage actor. When he witnesses a mob hit, he is forced to leave town. He heads down south to find work, but he is plagued by personal demons and a drinking habit. Just as all seems lost, he is called back to New York to star in Shakespeare's play Othello, but when the mobsters learn he has returned, they resolve to silence him for good. 82 min. DVD X4376; vhs 999:1216
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Princess Tam Tam (1935)
Directed by Edmond T. Gréville. Cast: Josephine Baker, Albert Prejean, Robert Arnoux, Germaine Aussy, Georges Peclet, Viviane Romance, Jean Gallard. An exotic Pygmalion-like musical comedy about a French author who goes to North Africa to write a novel but becomes distracted--then entranced--by a native girl whom he transforms into a "princess." 80 min. DVD 5569; vhs 999:3718
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Race Movies: The Popular Art of the Black Renaissance
Explores the involvement of black filmmakers in filmmaking, from its earliest days through the 1920s with particular emphasis on the work of James Weldon Johnson, Oscar Micheaux, and Richard D. Maurice. Focus is on the movies that were made and the production companies that produced them. 1985. 20 min. Video/C 8293

Rare Black Short Subjects: The Negro in Industry, Sports & Entertainment
Newsreels from All American News (9 min): Urban League delves into labor situation. Students make lowly mud a thing of beauty. Valet to F.D.R. tells of historic journeys. Meet a bear in Memphis zoo. Unloading supplies at Nettuno Beach, Italy. Tuskegee offers fine physical fitness course. Negro comedy act. -- Negro in industry (11 min.) -- Kilroy is here (9 min.) -- Negro in sports (10 min.) -- Negro in entertainment (11 min.). Programs and newsreel footage produced in the 1940's highlighting the accomplishments of African Americans, particularly in industry, sports and entertainment. Includes advertisements by Chesterfield cigarettes to promote Black pride. Video 999:1215

Rhapsodies in Black & Blue Hollywood rhythm: Paramount Musical Shorts; 4.
Eight odd-ball mini-musicals produced in the early years of sound film production. Cary Grant makes his film debut as a sailor cruising the Far East. Louis Armstrong dons outlandish leopard-skin attire to stand knee-deep in soap bubbles. A manic Eddie Cantor undergoes a balmy medical exam while in another film a medical check-up by Dr. Rudy Vallee and nurse Mae Questel finds musical deficiencies to be the root of all ills. Also on tap, Ethel Merman shows the sweeter and more vulnerable side of her brassy personality. Contents: A Rhapsody in Black and Blue (1932) / Louis Armstrong -- Singapore Sue (1931) / Anna Chang, Cary Grant -- Insurance (1930) / Eddie Cantor -- All for the Band (1930) / Eddie Younger and his Mountaineers -- Moonlight and Romance (1930) / Rosita Moreno and Nino Martini -- Be like me (1931) / Ethel Merman -- Old Man Blues (1931) / Ethel Merman -- Musical Doctor (1932) / Rudy Vallee, Mae Questel. 999:1693

Scar of Shame (1927)
Directed by Frank Peregini. The Colored Players Film Co. produced films during the 1920's, the golden years of silent films. "The prime achievement of the Colored Players was this film, shot with a sure feeling for editing and composition the film compares with the best Hollywood product of its time. The film's story examines caste and class within the black community telling of a love affair between a music student of good social standing and the daughter of a working-class drunkard. "Made by Hollywood technicians, The Scar of Shame is nevertheless the product of black consciousness, examining as it does caste and class within the black community. The 'hero' is a light-skinned, refined music student of good social standing who, very much against his better judment, falls in love and marries the dark sensual daughter of a working-class drunkard. Expressing profound and probably unconscious reservations about the possibility of black success while limiting that success to that black who is like the white in values and appearance..." -- excerpt from AFI program notes by Stephen Zito. Approx. 90 min. DVD 643; Video/C 591; VHS 999:1023
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Butters, Gerald R. Black manhood on the silent screen Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2002. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 B88 2002)
Cripps, Thomas. "Race Movies as Voices of the Black Bourgeoisie: The Scar of Shame." In: Representing Blackness: Issues in Film and Video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1997. Rutgers depth of field series (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997; Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997)
Cripps, Thomas. "Thomas Cripps Responds to Jane Gaines." Cinema Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2. (Winter, 1988), pp. 56-59. UC users only
Gaines, Jane. "The Scar of Shame": Skin Color and Caste in Black Silent Melodrama." Cinema Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4. (Summer, 1987), pp. 3-21. UC users only
Kalinak, Kathryn. "Kathryn Kalinak Responds to Jane Gaines's "Scar of Shame": Skin Color and Caste in Black Silent Melodrama" ("Cinema Journal," Summer 1987) Cinema Journal, Vol. 27, No. 2. (Winter, 1988), pp. 54-56. UC users only

Sepia Cinderella (1947)
Directed by Arthur H. Leonard Cast: Sheila Guyse, Billy Daniel, Tondaleyo, Freddie Bartholomew, Dick Watson and Brown Doc's, John Kirty's Band, Leonardo and Zola, Apocs & Estrellita, Welter Fuller's Orchestra. In this all black cast musical romance a poor dancer must compete with a rich lady for the man she loves. The man, a famous singer, leaves his beloved to pursue his career and the high life. Eventually he discovers there is more to life than a place in society and returns to his singer/girlfriend. 70 min. DVD X4950; 999:1218
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Siren of the Tropics (La Sirène des tropiques) (France, 1927)
Directed by Henri Etievant, Mario Nalpas. Cast: Josephine Baker, Pierre Batcheff, Georges Melchior, Regina Dalthy. Papitou is a free-spirited, animal-loving native girl who falls in love with Andre, a sophisticated young man who has been sent to the Parisian Antilles as a prospector. She is unaware that he is betrothed to another, or that his work assignment is actually a perilous ruse concocted by his scheming boss. As the truth becomes known, Papitou finds herself pursuing Andre back to Paris. 87 min. DVD 4050
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Small Steps, Big Strides
This tribute celebrates African American silver screen legends. Included are interviews and rare footage documenting the kinds of roles black actors were first given, the challenges these performers met, and the real behind-the-scenes story of their acceptance and triumphs in Hollywood. Includes special mention of Darryl Zanuck who was the first to open major roles to African American actors. Performers: Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, Nicholas Brothers, Dorothy Dandridge, Lena Horne, James Earl Jones, Gregory Hines, Hatti McDaniel, Duke Ellington, Ink Spots, Sidney Poitier, Stepin' Fetchit, Harry Belafonte, Ethel Waters, Darryl Zanuck. c1997. 60 min. DVD X2961; Video/C 8208

Song of Freedom (1936)
Directed by J. Elder Wills. Cast: Paul Robeson, Elizabeth Welch, Robert Adams, Orlando Martins, James Solomon, Toto Ware. Robeson portrays a successful concert singer in England who discovers he is the descendant of a West African queen whose tribe is now in need of a leader. He returns to the home of his ancestors; the island of Casanga off the coast of Africa. However, following his arrival conflict erupts over his claim to royalty. 80 min. DVD 176; vhs 999:1226
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Thompson, Clifford. Cineaste "Race in contemporary American cinema: Part 9--We hardly knew ye: Four early films of Paul Robeson." 1998. Vol. 23, Iss. 4; pg. 24, 2 pgs UC users only

Souls of Sin (1949)
Directed by Powell Lindsay. Cast: William Greaves, Jimmy Wright, Emory Richardson, Billie Allen, Savannah Churchill, Powell Lindsay. A musician from Alabama moves into a small Harlem flat with a gambler and an unemployed writer. The musician works his way into a successful job, but the gambler gets killed. The writer is then hired to write about the the gambler's life and life in Harlem. A film produced by blacks for a black audience. 65 min. DVD X4390; vhs 999:2593
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Spirit of Youth(1938)
Directed by Harry L. Fraser. Cast: Joe Louis, Edna Mae Harris, Mantan Moreland, Mae Turner, Clarence Muse, The Big Apple Dancers. World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis stars in Spirit of Youth. Often mistakenly referred to as a biography of Louis, the film is actually the fictional story of aspiring boxer Joe Thomas, who hopes to make millions in the ring. He does, but as a consequence falls into the hands of a predatory nightclub singer. Only after the femme fatale stomps on Joe's heart does he return to his virginal childhood sweetheart. Initially aimed at the "all-colored" theaters of the era, The Spirit of Youth proved popular enough to receive bookings in white movie houses. 66 min. DVD X29
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Step Children (1937)
Director Oscar Micheaux. Film deals with a light-skinned African-American orphan who refuses to acknowledge her race. 65 min. 65 min. 999:1148
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Sunday Sinners (1940)
Directed by Arthur Dreifuss. Cast: Mamie Smith, Edna Mae Harris, Alex Lovejoy, Christole Williams, Norman Astwood, Earl Sydnor, Thelma Norton. In this all black cast musical feature, gangsters frame a minister's son for robbery and murder but the congregation of his father's church help prove his innocence. 65 min. DVD X4312; vhs 999:1219
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Weisenfeld, Judith. "'Sunday Sinners and Sunday Saints: Urban Commercial Culture and the Reconstruction of Black Religious Leadership" In: Hollywood be thy name : African American religion in American film, 1929-1949 Berkeley : University of California Press, c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 W45 2007)

Swing! (1938)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Cora Green, Hazel Diaz, Carmen Newsome, Dorothy Van Engle, Alec Lovejoy, Larry Seymour, Mandy Randolph. A musical with plot built around the music which is performed from Alabama to New York (Harlem). Ted Gregory is trying to become the first black producer to mount a show on Broadway but his star singer is getting in the way. When the singer breaks her leg in an accident, a wardrobe girl for Gregory steps up to fill in for the injured star. 78 min. DVD X4323; vhs 999:369
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Tucker, Sherrie. "Beyond the Brass Ceiling: Dolly Jones Trumpets Modernity in Oscar Micheaux's Swing!" Jazz Perspectives, Apr2009, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p3-34, 32p UC users only

Ten Minutes to Live (1932)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Laurence Chenault, A.B. Comathiere, Laura Bowman, Willor Lee Guilford, Tressie Mitchell. A mystery-musical built around a threatening note which gives the heroine only "ten minutes to live." The heroine sings and dances in a Harlem nightclub. Much nightclub business as the mystery unravels with song and dance numbers and a stand up comedy routine. A fine example of the film-making efforts from the pioneer African-American directors and production companies of the 1930's, who made films that were typically excluded from mainstream movie houses due to the prevailing attitudes of the time. 65 min. DVD X47; DVD X4916; vhs 999:1217
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Munby, Jonathan. "Three: "Other" Gangsters" Race, Politics, and the Gangster Film: The Underworld Films of Oscar Micheaux and Ralph Cooper." In: Mob culture : hidden histories of the American gangster film / edited by Lee Grieveson, Esther Sonnet, and Peter Stanfield. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.G3 M63 2005)

That's Black Entertainment, Part I: Celebrating Legendary Black Actors.
Showcases the groundbreaking work of African American talent during the early years of Black cinema. Footage is from the 1920s through the 1950s. Dedicated to those performers whose talents have transcended the ages; Paul Robeson, one of the first stars of independent Black cinema; Oscar Micheaux, who made nearly 50 independent movies; Black film director Spencer Williams Jr. is also highlighted. 2002. 217 min. DVD X6585

That's Black Entertainment, Part II: Celebrating Legendary Black Westerns
Explores the Black underground film industry featuring footage from the 1920s through the 1950s. Features respected western actor Bill Pickett, who starred in the firest Black western, "The bull dogger" in 1921. Also represented is Herbert Jeffries, also know as The Bronze Buckaroo and the first cinematic Black cowboy star. 2002. 144 min. DVD X6585

That's Black Entertainment, Part III: Celebrating Legendary Black Comedians
Intriguing view of the underground Black film industry in the early 1900s. Featuring footage from the 1920s through the 1950s. Offers a priceless collection of unique performances by Black legends. 2002. 189 min. DVD X6585

That's Black Entertainment, Part I: Race Movies: The Early History of Black Cinema with Three Original Short Films
The first film, Race movies, explores the involvement of black filmmakers in filmmaking from its earliest days through the 1920s, with particular emphasis on the work of James Weldon Johnson, Oscar Micheaux, and Richard D. Maurice. Focus is on the movies that were made and production companies that produced them, including the Lincoln Motion Picture Company of Los Angeles, Micheaux Pictures Corporation and the Norman Film Manufacturing Company. Concludes with three shorts that were shown in movie houses prior to feature presentations. Contents: Race movies: the popular art of the Black Renaissance (1985, 20 min.) -- "St Louis blues" starring Bessie Smith (1929, ca. 15 min.) -- "Hi-de-ho" starring Cab Calloway (1935, ca. 10 min.) -- "Boogie-woogie Dream" starring Lena Horne (1941, ca. 13 min.). 59 min. Video/C 4837

That's Black Entertainment, Part II: The Soundies Era: Black music videos from the 1940's
A vintage collection of sixteen three-minute music videos called "Soundies" which were originally screened on a visual jukebox called Panorams during the 1940s. Includes many of the biggest names in Afro-American music and film. Contents: Hey Lawdy Mama / June Richmond, Roy Milton -- Take me back, baby / Count Basie -- Some of These Days / Maxine Sullivan -- Beat Me, Daddy / Maurice Rocco -- Is You Is, Or Is You Ain't My Baby? / King Cole Trio, Ida James -- Baby Won't You Please Come Home / Herb Jeffries -- Keep Waitin' / George Washington Brown, Deep River Boys -- Toot that trumpet / Deep River Boys -- Keep Smiling / The Four Ginger Snaps -- Babbling Bess / the Chanticleers -- Dispossessed Blues / Lynn Albritton, The Four Knobs -- Lovin' up a Solid breeze / Lynn Albritton, The Six Knobs, Harlem Cuties -- Block Party Revels / Harlem Cuties -- Minnie the Moocher / Cab Calloway -- I Call It Love / King Cole trio -- Lionel Hampton: King of the Vibes / L. Hampton. 47 min. Video/C 4838

Underworld (1937)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Bee Freeman, Sol Johnson, Ethel Moses, Oscar Polk, Lorenzo Tucker. Paul Bronson lusts after the decadent world of nightclubs and casinos. His strongest desires are reserved for the dangerously voluptuous Dinah Jackson, but this beautiful temptress is really the 'property' of mob boss LeRoy Giles. When jealous LeRoy gets wind of Dinah's cheating, he cuts off her money and kicks her out. An angry Dinah has LeRoy shot, and suspicion falls on Paul. Dinah is Paul's only alibi--and his only hope of avoiding a long walk down death row. Adapted from a story "Chicago after midnight," by Edna Mae Baker. 80 min. DVD X4393; vhs 999:2461
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Up In the Air (1940)
Directed by Howard Bretherton. Host: Richard Roundtree. Cast: Frankie Darro, Marjorie Reynolds, Mantan Moreland. A radio singer is murdered while singing on the air in a radio studio. Radio page boy, Frankie Ryan, and his janitor pal, Jeff, solve the mystery for the none-too-sharp police. 61 min. DVD 4995
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Veiled Aristocrats (1932)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Laura Bowman, Lorenzo Tucker, Barrington Guy, Lawrence Chenault, Walter Fleming, Lucile Lewis, Carl Mahon, Bernadine Mason. John Warwick, a light-skinned black who has passed for white and has become a lawyer, returns to his home town after a 20 year absence to be reunited with his mother Molly and sister Rena. Frank, a dark skinned man has proposed marriage to Rena, but Molly sends her daughter away with her son to also pass for white but Rena eventually renounces trying to pass for white and is reunited with Frank. While the film deals with the serious issue of class and color-awareness among African-Americans, it also includes some thoroughly smashing musical interludes and tap dancing routines. Based on the novel The house behind the cedars by Charles W. Chesnutt. Includes short subject: Mr. Adam's bomb (1949, 21 min.) starring Eddie Green. 45 min. DVD X5766; 999:2463

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Way Down South (1939)
Directed by Bernard Vorhaus. Original story and screenplay by Langston Hughes and Clarence Muse. Cast: Bobby Breen, Clarence Muse, Alan Mowbray, Ralph Morgan, Steffi Duna, Sally Blane, Matthew "Stymie" Beard, Edwin Maxwell, Charles Middleton, Robert Greig, Hall Johnson choir. Pre-Civil War Louisiana is the setting as young Tim Reid (Breen) tries to get his family's plantation back from a group of treacherous trustees. Breen teems up with a Cajun innkeeper to foil the villain and sing some songs. Co-written by Clarence Muse with African-American poet Langston Hughes, who were also responsible for writing the songs, this is one of the first films produced and written by African Americans. 61 min. DVD 5090
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Cripps, Thomas. "Langston Hughes and the Movies: The Case of Way Down South." In: Montage of a dream : the art and life of Langston Hughes / edited by John Edgar Tidwell and Cheryl R Columbia : University of Missouri Press, c2007. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3515.U274 Z6845 2007)
Regester, Charlene. "African-American writers and pre-1950 cinema." (Critical Essay) Literature-Film Quarterly July 2001 v29 i3 p210(26)
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Where Is My Man Tonight? (aka. Marching On!) (1943)
Directed by Spencer Williams. Cast: Hugh Martin, Georgia Kelly, Emmet Jackson. Variant title: A young man, Young Rodney Tucker Jr. is leading an aimless life. His out-spoken grandfather Samuel Tucker, a decorated army veteran, thinks the military would do the boy good, but Rodney wants nothing to do with wearing a uniform. Uncle Sam has his own ideas, and a surprising piece of mail arrives, 'inviting' Rodney to visit his local draft board. Boot camp rubs Rodney the wrong way and he soon goes AWOL. But if Grandpa Tucker has anything to say about it, Rodney will make something out of himself yet. 83 min. DVD X4392; vhs 999:2591
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Within our Gates (Library of Congress/Smithsonian Video Collection) (1919)
Directed by Oscar Micheaux. Cast: Evelyn Preer, Flo Clements, James D. Ruffin, Jack Chenault, William Smith, Charles D. Lucas. The earliest surviving feature directed by an African-American, Within our Gates tells the story of a young African-American woman who seeks a Northern white patron for a Southern school for Black children. The scenes of lynching and attempted white-on-Black rape may be a response to D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation". 79 min. DVD 643; VHS 999:1019
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Zou Zou (France, 1934)
Directed by Marc Allégret. Cast: Josephine Baker, Jean Gabin, Yvette Lebon. When the star of a musical plays walks out on her sugardaddy producer for true love, a talented Cinderella (Baker) takes her place, saves the show, and is hailed as a new sensation on opening night. Includes five big musical numbers. 92 min. DVD 4106; vhs 999:415
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Blaxploitation Films

Bibliography of articles and books about blaxploitation films

Abby (1974)
Directed by William Girdler. Cast: William Marshall, Terry Carter, Austin Stoker, Carol Speed. A possession film about a marriage counselor who becomes possessed by a demon of sexuality, when her father in law, an exorcist, freed it while in Africa. He returns home, along with his son and a policeman to perform an African exorcism on her. 92 min. DVD X2237
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Afros, Macks, 'n Zodiacs. Vol. 1: A Compilation of Some of the Best Black Action Films of the 1970's
Features clips and trailer attractions from black action motion pictures that were filmed and released in the 1970s. "You'll see Foxy Brown and Cleopatra Jones-- two chicks with guts. And what about that bad-ass Fred "The Hammer" Williams, shotful of lead and he still ain't dead! You'll visit The Mack Superfly and Blacula--these brothers have drive and don't take no jive! So turn on your black light, sit back and dig this compilation of Black action!" Films reviewed: Blacula, Monkey Hustle, The Mack, Dr. Black & Mr. Hyde, Dolemite, Cleopatra Jones, Foxy Brown, Ebony ivory and jade, Black belt Jones, Shaft, Super dude, Cotton comes to Harlem, Trouble man, Super fly, Lets do it again, Which way is up?, Black Caeser, Hell up in Harlem, Cool breeze, The human tornado, Disco godfather, Sheba Baby, Black mama white mama, Cleopatra Jones and the Casino of Gold, Scream Blacula scream, soul to soul, That man Bolt, The soul of Nigger Charlie, Across 110th street, The big bird cage, Book of numbers, Trick baby, Truck Turner and more. 91 min. Video/C 6028

Afro Promo: Black Cinema Trailers 1946-76
Alternately trashy and poignant and sometimes just plain hard to believe these days, here's an irresistible program of black cinema trailers that trace its evolution through its most crucial period, 1946-1976. Explores an extensive range of stylistic approaches -- blaxploitation, comedy, music bio, plantation drama, and more -- all smartly organized by genre, or viewable as one outrageous joyride through mid-century picture history. 91 min. DVD 5084

BaadAssss Cinema: A Bold Look at 70's Blaxploitation Films
In this groundbreaking documentary from the Independent Film channel, filmmaker Isaac Julien takes us back to the early 70s and the explosion of blaxploitation films, today one of American cinema's most beloved cult genres. Featuring a wealth of footage from classic films and interviews with key players the film thoroughly explores blaxploitation films from their breakout casting and unforgettable soundtracks to the outrageous fashions and over-the-top story lines. 2002. 56 min. DVD 1561

Badass Supermama
A playful, but questioning personal exploration of beauty as perceived by a black women, looking at race, gender, sexuality, body image and representation. These inter-connected issues are examined through 1970's "blaxploitation" movie goddess Pam Grier and her characters, with clips from her films Foxy Brown and Sheba, baby. A video by Etang Inyang. 1996. 16 min. Video/C 7266

Blackenstein (1973)
Directed by William A. Levey. Cast: John Hart, Ivory Stone, Andrea King, Liz Renay, Roosevelt Jackson. Eddie is a Vietnam veteran who loses his arms and legs when he steps on a land mine, but a brilliant surgeon is able to attach new limbs. Unfortunately an insanely jealous assistant (who has fallen in love with Eddie's fiance) switches Eddie's DNA injections, transforming him into a gigantic killer. 87 min. DVD X2286
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Blacula (1972)
Directed by William Crain. Cast: William Marshall, Denise Nicholas, Vonetta Mcgee, Gordon Pinsent, Thalmus Rasulala, Emily Yancy, Lance Taylor, Sr., Charles Macaulay. In 1815 the African prince Mamuwalde is cursed by Dracula and sealed in a coffin doomed to be tortured by an unquenchable lust for blood. Two decoratorspurchase Blacula's coffin and unwittingly release him and become his first victims. 93 min. DVD 2346
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Black Devil Doll (1963)
Directed by Jonathan Lewis. Cast: Heather Murphy, Natasha Talonz, Christine Svendsen, Precious Cox, Erika Branich, Martin Boone. During an innocent game on the Ouija board, Heather and her friends summon the soul of a recently executed serial killer whose spirit is trapped in a flesh-hungry African American ventriloquist puppet. "The meanest, nastiest, dirtiest, raunchiest, ass-kickin'est Afro-American ... controversial exploitation film of the century" -- Container. 72 min. DVD X2278
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Black Mama, White Mama(1973)
Directed by Eddie Romero. Cast: Pam Grier, Margaret Markov, Sid Haig, Lynn Borden, Zaldy Zschornack, Laurie Burton. Two extradited female prisoners in a Philippine jungle prison, prostitute Lee Daniels and guerrilla fighter Karen Brent, will do anything to escape. Their chance comes during a transport on which they are shackled together. After killing a guard they are on the run for their lives, igniting a bloody shoot out between gangsters and a group of revolutionaries. 86 min. DVD 486
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Ciasullo, Ann. "Containing "Deviant" Desire: Lesbianism, Heterosexuality, and the Women-in-Prison Narrative." The Journal of Popular Culture 41 (2) 2008,, 195-223 UC users only
Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Mayne, Judith.(2000) "Caged and Framed: The Women-in-Prison Film." In: Framed: Lesbians, Feminists, and Media Culture. pp. 115 - 145. Minneapolis & London : University of Minnesota Press.(Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.M359 2000)
Schubart, Rikke. "'Have I bruised your masculinity?' Pam Grier, Male Masochism and Female Pleasure." IQCD.org

Cleopatra Jones (1973)
Directed by Jack Starrett. Cast: Tamara Dobson, Bernie Casey, Shelley Winters. Classic blaxploitation potboilder. A beautiful, tough drug enforcement agent intercedes when a menacing drug ring attempts to stage a retaliatory raid on a Los Angeles drug rehabilitation center. 89 min. DVD 8336
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Brody, Jennifer DeVere. "The Return of Cleopatra Jones." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 1999 25(1): 91-121.UC users only
Dunn, Stephane. "Race, gender, and sexual power in Cleopatra Jones." In: "Baad bitches" and sassy supermamas : Black power action films / Stephane Dunn. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 D86 2008)

Coffy (1973)
Directed by Jack Hill. Cast: Pam Grier, Booker Bradshaw, Robert Doqui, William Elliott, Allan Arbus, Sid Haig. Coffy (Pam Grier) is a nurse turned avenger, becoming a one-woman, anti-drug vigilante who roots out the dealers who "turned on" her 11-year-old sister. This violent, sexy drama is a variation on urban vigilante flicks, where family members fight crime more effectively than the cops, and in much more provocative ways. 91 min. DVD 5429; vhs 999:1869
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Dunn, Stephane. "Sexing the supermama : racial and gender power in Coffy and Foxy Brown." In: "Baad bitches" and sassy supermamas : Black power action films / Stephane Dunn. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 D86 2008)
Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Reel knockouts : violent women in the movies / edited by Martha McCaughey and Neal King. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.R454 2001)
Schubart, Rikke. "Godmother" of Them All: The Rise and Fall of Pam Grier" In: Super bitches and action babes : the female hero in popular cinema, 1970-2006 Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W6 S363 2007)

Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970)
Directed by Ossie Davis. Cast: Godfrey Cambridge, Raymond St. Jacques, Calvin Lockhart, Judy Pace, Redd Foxx, John Anderson, Emily Yancy, Lou Jacobi, Eugene Roche, J.D. Cannon. Johnson and Grave Digger Jones are two Harlem plainsclothes cops investigating a "Back to Africa" campaign run by a shady preacher. 97 min. DVD 487; VHS 999:1819
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Disco Godfather (1979)
Directed by J. Robert Wagoner. Cast: Rudy Ray Moore, Carol Speed, Jimmy Lynch. Rudy Ray Moore is Tucker Williams, the rapping owner of the Blueberry Hill disco. An ex-cop with a penchant for head-whacking martial arts, Tucker is called into action when his nephew gets hooked on angel dust. With the help of his "Gal Friday" Noel, Tucker declares war on Stinger Ray, the nation's leading angel dust producer. But as the war progresses, Tucker learns that Stinger and his goons are as deadly as the drugs they push. 93 min. DVD 4589
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Munby, Jonathan. "Signifyin' Cinema: Rudy Ray Moore and the Quality of Badness." Journal for Cultural Research; Jul2007, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p203-219, 17p UC users only

Dr. Black, Mr. Hyde (1976)
Directed by William Crain. Cast: Bernie Casey, Rosalind Cash, Marie O'Henry, Ji-Tu Cumbuka, Milt Kogan, Stu Gillam. Dr. Henry Pride, a black man, is involved in research at a large hospital to find a cure for cirrhosis of the liver. In his lab alone at night Dr. Pride injects a brown rat with his latest serum and is astonished to see the color pigmentation drain and the rat turn white. Even its nature changes as it attacks and kills the other rats in the cage. Pride continues to perfect the serum and later, injects an old black woman near death from a liver ailment. She turns a ghastly white, her face becomes grotesque, and with superhuman strength, attacks a nurse then collapses and dies. Dr. Pride, certain he has now perfected the serum, injects it into himself. As he watches in the mirror, a hideous transformation takes place. 88 min. DVD X5459; vhs 999:1756

Benshoff, Harry M."Blaxploitation Horror Films: Generic Reappropriation or Reinscription?" Cinema Journal - 39, Number 2, Winter 2000UC users only

Five on the Black Hand Side (1973)
Directed by Oscar Williams. Cast: Clarice Taylor, Leonard Jackson, Virginia Capers.. In the Brooks family, Papa may rule with an iron fist ... but Mama's about to slap him down. Tired of being told what to do and when to do it, she goes to war! Swapping her old housedress for army-green duds and combing her tidily coiffed head into a ceiling-scraping 'fro, she takes to the roof on strike. 96 min. DVD 3710
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Fox in a Box Bonus Disc
Features documentaries and interviews in honor of Pam Grier and blaxploitation films, looking at her influence on mass culture and particularly at her films Coffy, Foxy Brown, and Sheba, baby. Pam Grier: super foxy -- Blaxploitation to hip-hop -- Original theatrical trailers. Coffy ; Foxy Brown ; Sheba, baby. DVD 5431

Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Reel knockouts : violent women in the movies / edited by Martha McCaughey and Neal King. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.R454 2001)
Schubart, Rikke. "Godmother" of Them All: The Rise and Fall of Pam Grier" In: Super bitches and action babes : the female hero in popular cinema, 1970-2006 Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W6 S363 2007)

Foxy Brown (1974)
Directed by Jack Hill. Cast: Pam Grier, Peter Brown, Terry Carter, Kathryn Loder, Harry Holcombe, Antonio Fargas. A sexy black woman, Foxy Brown, seeks revenge when her government agent boyfriend Michael is shot down by gangsters led by the kinky couple of Steve Elias and Miss Katherine [Internet Movie Database]. 94 min. DVD 485
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Dunn, Stephane. "Sexing the supermama : racial and gender power in Coffy and Foxy Brown." In: "Baad bitches" and sassy supermamas : Black power action films / Stephane Dunn. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 D86 2008)
Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Reel knockouts : violent women in the movies / edited by Martha McCaughey and Neal King. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.R454 2001)
Schubart, Rikke. "Godmother" of Them All: The Rise and Fall of Pam Grier" In: Super bitches and action babes : the female hero in popular cinema, 1970-2006 Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2007. (MAIN: PN1995.9.W6 S363 2007)

Ganja & Hess(1973)
Directed by Bill Gunn. Cast: Duane Jones, Marlene Clark, John Hoffmeister, Enrico Fales, Mabel King. A black anthropologist is studying the ancient culture of Myrthia which disappeared when it was destroyed by a transmittable amoebic parasite that was addicted to blood. In the course of his research, he is stabbed with a Myrthian dagger by his assistant, who then kills himself. When Hess wakes up, he finds that his wounds have healed, but he now has an insatiable thirst for blood. Special features: Audio commentary by the filmmakers; Restored footage; Featurette "The blood of the thing" on the history of the production; Featurette examining selected sequences in detail; Animated photo gallery. 113 min. DVD X2287
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Benshoff, Harry M. "Blaxploitation Horror Films: Generic Reappropriation or Reinscription?" Cinema Journal 39.2 (2000) 31-50
Diawara, Manthia; Klotman, Phyllis R. "Ganja and Hess: Vampires, Sex, and Addictions." Black American Literature Forum, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 299-314, Summer 1991Diawara, Manthia; Klotman, Phyllis R. UC users only
Gateward, Frances. "Daywalkin' Night Stalkin' Bloodsuckas Black Vampires in Contemporary Film." Genders, Issue 40 2004 UC users only
Hudson, Dale. "Vampires of color and the performance of multicultural whiteness." In: The persistence of whiteness : race and contemporary Hollywood cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. London : New York : Routledge, 2008. (Main Stack PN1995.9.M56.P47 2008)

Jackie Brown (1997)
Directed by Quentin Tarantino. Cast: Pam Grier, Samuel L. Jackson, Robert Forster, Bridget Fonda, Michael Keaton, Robert De Niro, Michael Bowen, Hattie Winston, Chris Tucker. A stewardess, a street-tough gun runner, a lonely bail bondsman, a shifty ex-con, a stoned-out beach bunny and an earnest federal agent converge in a quest for a missing half million dollars. Based on the book Rum punch by Elmore Leonard Special features: [Disc 1] Quentin Tarantino introduction; soundtrack chapters, enhanced trivia track. [Disc 2] "Jackie Brown: how it went down", documentary; "A look back at Jackie Brown", interview with Quentin Tarantino; Chicks with guns video; Deleted and alternate scenes; Siskel & Ebert reviewJackie Brown on MTV; theatrical trailers; TV spots; still galleries; reviews & articles; filmographies; Robert Forster movie trailers; Pam Grier movie trailers; Pam Grier radio spots. 154 min. DVD X3588
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Tarantino, Quentin. Jackie Brown : a screenplay / Quentin Tarantino. New York : Hyperion, 1997. (Moffitt; PFA PN1997.J25 T36 1997)

The Mack (1973)
Directed by Michael Campus. Cast: Max Julien, Don Gordon, Richard Pryor, Carol Speed, Roger E. Mosley, William C. Watson, George Murdock, Dick Williams, Juanita Moore, Paul Harris, Hernandez, Kai, Annazette Chase, Sandra Brown, Junero Jennings, Lee Duncan, Stu Gilliam, David Mauro, Christopher Brooks, John Vick, Norma McClure, Fritz Ford, Robert Munk, Frank Ward, Ted Ward, Willie Ward, Andrew Ward, Roosevelt Taylor, Jay Payton, the Sisters Love, the Ballads, the Uptights. It takes a street fighter to clean up the streets and Mack, a sharp, smooth talking hustler newly out of prison and his sidekick, Slim, have got the brains, the muscle and the cool to take on the takers and to push out the pushers. Packed with raw power, the film takes an uncompromising look at big city street life and survival. 110 min. DVD 6295
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Scream, Blacula, Scream (1973)
Directed by Bob Kelljan. Cast:Cast: William Marshall, Don Mitchell, Pam Grier, Michael Conrad, Bernie Hamilton, Richard Lawson. Mamuwalde, a distinguished African prince, was bitten--and renamed Blacula--by Count Dracula in the 18th century. His current incarnation among jive-talking West Coast dudes and their ladies is not greatly to his taste. Despite the many pleasures of modernity, his only real interest is to get himself back where and when he came from. To this end, he enlists the aid of Lisa, a voodoo priestess of high repute to liberate him from his curse. 96 min. DVD X2285
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Shaft (1971)
Director, Gordon Parks. Cast: Cast: Richard Roundtree, Moses Gunn, Gwenn Mitchell, Christopher St. John, Charles Cioffi. Richard Roundtree plays John Shaft, the steely private eye who takes on the mob. 98 min. DVD 681; VHS 999:947
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Shaft (2000)
Director, John Singleton. Cast: Samuel L. Jackson, Vanessa Williams, Richard Roundtree, Jeffrey Wright, Christian Bale, Busta Rhymes, Dan Hedaya. To stop a racist killer Shaft's got to track down the only eyewitness that can put him behind bars. As Shaft closes in, so does the danger. Armed with attitude and up against corrupt cops and venomous druglords he's out to make crime pay up. 99 min. DVD 428
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Shaft in Africa (1973)
Directed by John Guillermin. Cast: Richard Roundtree, Vonetta McGee, Frank Finlay, Neda Arneric, Debebe Eshetu. Detective John Shaft is persuaded by diplomats at the United Nations to track down a slave-trading operation. He travels undercover from Africa to France to catch a ring exploiting illegal immigrant labor. This is the third film in the Shaft series. 112 min. DVD 9664
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Sheba, Baby (1975)
Directed by William Girdler. Pam Grier, Austin Stoker, D'Urville Martin, Rudy Challenger, Dick Merrifield, Christopher Joy, Charles Kissinger, Charles Broaddus. Private eye, Sheba Shayne, is called on to help keep her father from losing his business to the mob. 91 min. DVD 5430
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Holmlund, Chris. "Wham! Bam! Pam! Pam Grier as Hot Action Babe and Cool Action Mama." Quarterly Review of Film and Video Volume 22, Number 2/April-June 2005UC users only
Reel knockouts : violent women in the movies / edited by Martha McCaughey and Neal King. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001. (Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.R454 2001)

Super Fly (1972)
Directed by Gordon Parks, Jr. Cast: Ron O'Neal, Carl Lee, Sheila Frazier, Julius Harris, Charles MacGregor, Nate Adams, Polly Niles. Tale of a Harlem drug dealer, Priest, who wants out of cocaine-dealing but a drug kingpin does not want Priest to stop. He sets up one last big drug deal before he retires, but is thwarted by double-crossers, murder and revenge. 93 min. DVD 4648
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Doherty, Thomas. "The Black Exploitation Picture: Superfly and Black Caesar." Ball State University Forum, vol. 24 no. 2. 1983. pp: 30-39.
Palmer, William J. "From Blaxploitation to African American Film." In: The films of the seventies : a social history / by William J. Palmer. Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press, 1987. (Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.P341 1987; Moffitt PN1995.9.S6.P34 1987)

Sweet Sweetback's Baad Asssss Song (1971)
Directed by Melvyn Van Peebles. Cast: Melvin van Peebles, Simon Chuckster, Hubert Scales, Niva Rochelle, Rhetta Hughes, Brer Soul, John Dullaghan. Presents the story of a professional sex-show stud who kills two white policeman who are beating up a black youth. Presents the story of a professional sex-show stud who kills two white policemen who are beating up a black youth. Directed by Melvin Van Peebles. 97 min. DVD 4081; vhs 999:523

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Tales from the Hood (1995)
Directed by Rusty Cundieff. Cast: Corbin Bernsen, Rosalind Cash, Rusty Cundieff, David Alan Grier, Anthony Griffith, Wings Hauser, Paula Jai Parker, Joe Torry, Clarence Williams III. Stack, Ball and Bulldog arrive at a local funeral parlor to retrieve a lost drug stash held by the mortician Mr. Simms. But Mr. Simms has other plans for the boys. He leads them on a tour of his establishment, introducing them to his corpses. Even the dead have tales to tell, and Mr. Simms is willing to tell them all. And you'd better listen--because when you're in his 'hood, even everyday life can lead to extraordinary terror. 98 min. DVD X7208
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Undercover Brother (2002)
Director, Malcolm D. Lee. Cast: Eddie Griffin, Chris Kattan, Denise Richards, Dave Chappelle, Aunjanue Ellis, Chi McBride, Neil Patrick Harris, Jack Noseworthy, Bille Dee Williams. Undercover Brother uses gadgets and disguises to steal from the rich and give to the poor. His activities are discovered by the B.R.O.T.H.E.R.H.O.O.D., a spy organization devoted to subverting The Man and his henchman, Mr. Feather, who use their power over the media to demean black people and destroy racial unity. The spy organization is run by The Chief. When a popular black political figure calls a press conference, presumably to announce his presidential candidacy, he instead announces that he's opening a chain of fried chicken restaurants. The agency rightly suspects foul play. 86 min. DVD 1804
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Leonard, David J.
"Undercover Brother." In: Screens fade to black : contemporary African American cinema Westport, Conn. : Praeger Publishers, 2006. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 L46 2006)

Recent Films by Black Film Makers

Above the Rim (1994)
Directed by Jeff Pollack. Cast: Duane Martin, Leon, Tupac Shakur, Marlon Wayans. Kyle Lee Watson is an inner-city high school basketball star torn between college and the lure of the streets. During an important championship play-off game, Kyle grandstands to catch the attention of a Georgetown college scout. Instead, he impresses Birdie, a powerful gang leader who is assembling a team to compete in the neighborhood Shoot-Out contest, a high-stakes street basketball tournament for the bragging rights of the city. 97 min. DVD 5715
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Afrocentricity (2000)
A compilation of seven short films, in-depth interviews and commentary by emerging African American film directors. "Meet here the next generation ... unadulterated by the Hollywood filmmaking process." Contents: True / filmmaker, Charles Stone III -- Breakdown / starring Vanessa Williams ; filmmaker, Jeff Byrd -- A gut feeling / ex. producer, Spike Lee ; filmmaker, Lee Davis -- Breakfast at Ben's / filmmaker, Chuck Wilson -- Kings / director, Niva Dorell -- Hip hop: the new world order / featuring Public Enemy ; filmmaker, Muhammida El Muhajir -- The Gift / filmmaker, Tanya Boyd. 160 min. DVD 267

All About the Benjamins (2002)
Directed by Kevin Bray. Cast: Ice Cube, Mike Epps, Eva Mendes, Tommy Flanagan. A bounty hunter chases a bail jumper to an abandoned warehouse that just happens to be the exchange place for a major diamond heist. Now the would-be adversaries need to cooperate to foil the diamond thieves. 98 min. DVD 5698
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Anne B. Real (1997)
Director, Lisa France. Cast: Carlos Leon, Eric Smith, Jackie Quinones, Sherri Saum, Geronimo Frias, Jr., Antonio Macia, Ja Nice Richardson, Ernie Hudson. When Cynthia's father hands her a copy of "The diary of Anne Frank" before dying, she never imagined how it would help to open her soul. Trapped within her own prison, in this coming of age story of a young female rapper, Cynthia finds the courage to stand up and fight for what is hers. 90 min. DVD 5627
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Antwone Fisher (2002)
Director, Denzel Washington. Cast: Derek Luke, Joy Bryant, Denzel Washington, Salli Richardson, Earl Billings, Kevin Connolly, Viola Davis, Rainoldo Gooding. Guided by a determined Navy psychiatrist, a troubled sailor embarks on a personal, emotionally inspiring journey to confront his past and connect with the family he never knew. Inspired by the true life experiences of Antwone Fisher. Special features: Commentary by director Denzel Washington and producer Todd Black; "Meeting Antwone Fisher" featurette; "The Making of Antwone Fisher" behind-the-scenes featurette; "Hollywood and the Navy" featurette. 120 min. DVD 5627
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Leonard, David J. "Antwone Fisher" In: Screens fade to black : contemporary African American cinema Westport, Conn. : Praeger Publishers, 2006. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 L46 2006)
Wilderson, Frank B. "Fishing for Antwone." In: Red, white & black : cinema and the structure of U.S. antagonisms / Frank B. Wilderson III. Durham [NC] : Duke University Press, 2010. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M56 W55 2010)

Ashes and Embers (1982)
Written, directed and produced by Haile Gerima. Cast: John Anderson, Evelyn A. Blackwell, Norman Blalock, Kathy Flewellen, Uwezo Flewellen, Barry Wiggins. The story of the pained psyche of a black Vietnam veteran, Ned Charles who returns to Los Angeles after his hitch is up. Anderson can't adjust to civilian life and soon becomes involved in minor crimes. The film explores his troubled relations with his grandmother who tries to help him come to terms with life and also with his activist girlfriend and her friends. 120 min. DVD X5700; vhs 999:2733
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The Attendant
Directed by Isaac Julien. Cast: Thomas Baptiste, Cleo Sylvestre, John Wilson. This film presents the inner fantasies of an older black married attendant at a museum, who is obsessed by images of his homosexual desires. In his fantasies, the paintings on the walls of his museums, including Francois Biard's Scene on the Coast of Africa, are transformed into very erotic images of men being bound and whipped. 8 min. c1993. DVD 9610
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Christian, Laura. "Fanon and the trauma of the cultural message." Textual Practice; September 2005, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p219-241, 23p UC users only
Corris, Michael. "Heavenly bodies in motion: Isaac Julien's queer trilogy" Art/Text, November 1998/January 1999, Issue 63, p54-59, 6p UC users only
Freeman, Elizabeth. "Turn the Beat Around: Sadomasochism, Temporality, History." Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, Spring2008, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p32-70, 39p UC users only
Julien, Isaac. "Confessions of a snow queen: Notes on the making of The Attendant." Critical Quarterly, Spring94, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p120, 7p UC users only
Kauffman, Linda S. "Impolitic bodies: race and desire." In: Bad girls and sick boys : fantasies in contemporary art and culture / Linda S. Kauffman. Berkeley, Calif. : University of California Press, c1998. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only])
Orgeron. Devin. "Re-Membering History in Isaac Julien's "The Attendant"." Film Quarterly Jul 2000, Vol. 53, No. 4: 32-40. UC users only

Baby Boy (2000)
Directed by John Singleton. Cast: Tyrese Gibson, Omar Gooding, A.J. Johnson, Taraji P. Henson, Snoop Dogg, Tamara LeSeon Bass, Ving Rhames, Candy Ann Brown, Angell Conwell. In South Central L.A., Jody has two babies by two different women and he still lives at home with his mom. He's trying to live large, but doesn't have or want a job. Growing up is tough on Jody, but a series of events involving his mom, her new boyfriend, his girlfriend, and her ex-con ex-boyfriend all force him to learn some hard lessons about living, loving and surviving. 130 min. DVD 911
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Bamboozled (2000)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Damon Wayans, Savion Glover, Jada Pinkett-Smith, Tommy Davidson, Michael Rapaport. In a searing parody of American television, this film presents a humorous look at how race, ratings and the pursuit of power lead to a network executive's stunning rise and tragic downfall. 136 min. DVD 739; vhs 999:3211
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B.A.P.S (Black American Princesses) (1997)
Director, Robert Townsend. Cast: Halle Berry, Martin Landau, Ian Richardson, Natalie Desselle. Nesi and Mickey are two waitresses at a crossroads. Underpaid and unappreciated, they dream of owning a combination restaurant/hair salon. There's a problem: they're broke. So when the chance to audition as dance girls for a music video pops up, the girls head to L.A. They fail to get the part, but Nesi lands in the most improbable role of all, impersonating the granddaughter of an ailing billionaires long-lost love for $10,000 and full use of his Beverly Hills estate. 90 min. DVD 4208
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Barbershop (2002)
Director, Tim Story. Cast: Ice Cube, Anthony Anderson, Sean Patrick Thomas, Eve, Troy Garity, Michael Ealy, Leonard Earl Howze, Keith David, Lahmard Tate, Cedric the Entertainer. Calvin never wanted to take over the family business, a barbershop on the south side of Chicago. One morning he decides to sell the shop to Lester. Calvin spends the day cutting heads at the shop, and starts to understand the importance of the legacy left to him. Calvin learns to appreciate his barber friends, and discovers that the place where they work is more than just a place to get a haircut. Calvin gradually changes his mind about selling the shop, but it may be too late. 102 min. DVD 1521
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Leonard, David J.
"Barbershop" In: Screens fade to black : contemporary African American cinema Westport, Conn. : Praeger Publishers, 2006. (MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 L46 2006)
Mukherjee, Roopali. "The Ghetto Fabulous Aesthetic in Contemporary Black Culture." Available By: Cultural Studies, Nov2006, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p599-629, 31p UC users only

Beat Street (1984)
Director, Stan Lathan. Cast: Rae Dawn Chong, Guy Davis, Robert Taylor, Jon Chardiet, Sandra Santiago ; cameo appearances by Us Girls, The Treacherous Three, The System, Rock Steady Crew, Soul Sonic Force & Shango, The Magnificent Force, New York City Breakers, Furious Five, Tina B., Afrika Bambaataa, Johnny B. Bad, and others. A ghetto-derived musical film which delves into the hip-hop culture of New York's streets to uncover the despairs, dreams, and triumphs of the emerging 80s generation. Before the backdrop of wild rhythms and whirling bodies lies a tableau of young aspiring artists, striving to turn their fever into fame through hip-hop, graffiti art and break dancing. The break battle scene is the highlight of the film when gangs fight eachother with dancing, not guns. 106 min. DVD X5590; vhs 999:3171
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Beauty Shop (2005)
Director, Bille Woodruff. Cast: Queen Latifah, Alicia Silverstone, Andie MacDowell, Alfre Woodard, Mena Suvari, Della Reese, Golden Brooks, Miss Laura Hayes, Paige Hurd, L'il JJ. Gina Norris is in Atlanta making a name for herself at a posh Southern salon with her cutting-edge hairstyles. But when her flamboyant, egotistical boss takes it one criticism too far, she leaves his salon to open a shop of her own. Special features: "Beauty shop : inside the style" featurette; gag reel; selected scenes audio commentary by director Bille Woodruff. 105 min. DVD X4449
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Belly (1998)
Directed by Hype Williams. Cast: Nasir "Nas" Jones, Earl "DMX" Simmons, Taral Hicks, Tionne "T- Boz" Watkins, Clifford "Method Man" Smith. Two friends begin robbing clubs to make some quick cash. For one of them, the payoffs are not big enough and he begins selling drugs. Soon, friendships and relationships are put to the test by jealousy, greed, paranoia and betrayal. A realistic urban drama highlighted by an all-star hip-hop cast and a pulsing rap soundtrack. 95 min. DVD X6390; vhs 999:2812
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The Best Man (1999)
Directed by Hype Williams. Cast: Taye Diggs, Nia Long, Morris Chestnut, Harold Perrineau, Terrence Howard, Sanaa Lathan, Monica Calhoun, Melissa De Sousa. Scandalous secrets from the past begin to reveal themselves when old college buddies reunite for a wedding. 121 min. DVD X6926
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Black Devil Doll (2007)
Directed by Jonathan Lewis. Cast: Heather Murphy, Natasha Talonz, Christine Svendsen, Precious Cox, Erika Branich, Martin Boone. During an innocent game on the Ouija board, Heather and her friends summon the soul of a recently executed serial killer whose spirit is trapped in a flesh-hungry African American ventriloquist puppet. "The meanest, nastiest, dirtiest, raunchiest, ass-kickin'est Afro-American ... controversial exploitation film of the century" -- Container. 72 min. DVD X2278
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Black and White (1999)
Directed by James Toback. Cast: Robert Downey, Jr., Brooke Shields, Mike Tyson. When Rich Bower decides to reinvent himself as a hip-hop impresario after a life of crime, he is confronted by the internecine dealings of the white world. Documentary filmmaker Sam Donager and her husband enter the scene as they follow a group of privileged uptown teenagers who are drawn to the hip-hop lifestyle. 99 min. DVD 5701
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Bones (1988)
Directed by Ernest Dickerson. Cast: Snoop Dogg, Pam Grier, Khalil Kain, Ricky Harris, Clifton Powell, Bianca Lawson, Michael T. Weiss. A notorious street hustler is mistakenly brought back from the dead after some kids buy the house he was killed in over 20 years before. Now he is seeking revenge on those who murdered him. With each new victim, the terror mounts, and Bones' vengeance spins out of control, threatening everyone in his path, including his former lover, Pearl. Special features: Filmmaker commentary - Snoop Dogg, director Ernest Dickerson and screenwriter Adam Simon; original documentaries: "Diggin up bones" and "Urban gothic: bones and its influences"; deleted scenes with optional director commentary; music video "Dog named Snoop"--Standard and live versions; theatrical trailer; theatrical press kit. 97 min. DVD X2280
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The Boondocks. The Complete First Season (TV series; 2005)
SEE TV listing

Boycott (TV, 2001)
Directed by Clark Johnson. Cast: Jeffrey Wright, Terrence Howard, C.C.H. Pounder, Carmen Ejogo, Reg E. Cathey, Brent Jennings, Shawn Michael Howard, Iris Little-Thomas, Erik Todd Dellums, Mike Hodge. In the winter of 1955 in the deep south, Rosa Parks (1913-2005), a single black woman on a public bus, is arrested when she chooses a "whites only" seat. Her action and the reaction of the authorities helps birth the modern civil rights movement in the United States, and makes her an inspiring icon and lodestone to all involved with the struggle for equality, including a young Martin Luther King. Based on the book : Daybreak of freedom by Stewart Burns. Special features: Director's commentary (Clark Johnson); Featurette; Cast & director bios (Wright, Howard, Ejogo, Johnson); Historical background notes : "Milestones in civil rights history" (timeline), Verbatim- "Spreading the word" (quotes from civil rights figures), "Boycott by the numbers" (comparison index), "Time capsule: back with humility" (Time magazine article, 1956), "Q & A with Stewart Burns and Henry Gates Jr.", "Who's who- the leaders" (Leaders of the Montgomery Bus Boycott); References : "Books" (suggested reading), "Video/Multimedia" (suggested viewing); web links. 112 min. DVD X5021
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Boyz 'n the Hood (1991)
Directed by John Singleton. For three young men growing up in South Central Los Angeles, the "hood" is a place of drive-by shootings, unemployment, drugs and pain. But their reactions to the world around them vary- one is an unambitious drug dealer, his brother is a college bound teenage father, and the brother's best friend is guided by a strong father who hopes for a better life for his son. 112 min. DVD 182
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Awards & Honors
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best New Director
National Film Registry Selection

Bush Mama (1976)
Directed by Haile Gerima. Cast: Barbara O., Johnny Weathers, Susan Williams. A powerful drama of a black woman living on welfare in the Los Angeles Watts ghetto, trying to care for her daughter after being stranded alone by her man's imprisonment for a crime he didn't commit. 98 min. DVD X4975
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Wilderson, Frank B. "Cinematic unrest : Bush Mama and the Black Liberation Army." In: Red, white & black : cinema and the structure of U.S. antagonisms / Frank B. Wilderson III. Durham [NC] : Duke University Press, 2010. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M56 W55 2010)
Clockers (1995)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Harvey Keitel, John Turturro, Mekhi Phifer, Isaiah Washington, Delroy Lindo, David Keith, Pee Wee Love, Regina Taylor. Two brothers grow up together in the same Brooklyn housing projects, but they are as opposite as good and evil. Victor Dunham has a family, works two jobs and leads a respectable life. His 19-year-old brother, Strike, hangs out with his friends on a bench and sells crack cocaine. Strike agrees to kill a rival dealer as a favor to Rodney, the neighborhood drug kingpin, but when the man is murdered, it is Victor who confesses. Detective Rocco Kleine won't buy Victor's confession, and begins to attempt to break down the stories of both brothers in order to save Victor. 129 min. DVD 562

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Cooley High (1975)
Directed by Michael Schultz. Cast: Glynn Turman, Lawrence-Hilton Jacobs, Garrett Morris, Cynthia Davis. Fun-loving and warm movie about high school life in the 1960's. Preach, a serious-minded writer and Cochise, a basketball hero headed for college, are best friends at Cooley High in Chicago. Together, they cut classes to go to the zoo, crash parties, put the hustle on some hustlers, and dream of getting out of their impoverished, rough neighborhood. 107 min. DVD 8955; vhs Video 999:1174
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Crooklyn (1994)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Alfre Woodard, Delroy Lindo, David Patrick Kelly, Jose Zuniga, Isaiah Washington, Ivelka Reyes, Spike Lee, N. Jeremi Duru, Frances Foster, Norman Matlock, Patriece Nelson, Joie Susannah Lee, Vondie Curtis-Hall, Tse-Mach Washington, Carlton Williams, Christopher Knowings, Sarif Rashed, Zelda Harris. Director Spike Lee fashions a bold, flavorful picture of family life in a crowded but cozy Brooklyn neighborhood nicknamed "Crooklyn" by the Carmichaels, who experience one very special summer in their hometown under difficult but often wonderful circumstances. 114 min. DVD 582; Video 999:1818
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Da Hip Hop Witch (2000)
Directed by Dale Resteghini. Cast: Stacii Jae Johnson, Dale Resteghini, Eminem, Pras, Killah Priest, Spliff Star, Mobb Deep, Rock, Vanilla Ice, La the Darkman. Focuses on a supposed witch that is terrorizing popular hip hop singers. An ambitious journalist tries to learn the story behind the witch. At the same time five white kids venture out of the suburbs and into the inner city to expose the witch as a publicity stunt created to sell records. 94 min. DVD X6440; vhs 999:2813
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Da Projects (1997)
Directed by Doris Wade. Cast: Stanley McKnight, Monea Shepard, CeCe Waterman, Flora Gillard, Elmeria Scales, Charles Harris, Debra Ann Byrd. A realistic film capturing typical everyday life situations that minorities have to deal with living in urban areas known as "the projects." Coco, a high school student sexually harassed by her step-father, leaves home in search of comfort from her brother, while her boyfriend is constantly made fun of in school and in the neighborhood. Debra and Flora are two nosy ladies from the projects of Harlem, who miss nothing and always know the latest gossip. 80 min. vhs 999:2264

Daughters of the Dust (1991)
Directed by Julie Dash. Tells the story of a large African-American family as they prepare to move North at the dawn of the 20th century. Explores the unique culture of the Gullah people. 113 min. DVD 168; Video 999:887
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Julie Dash filmography and essays concerning Dash's work

Dead Presidents (1995)
Directors, Allen & Albert Hughes. Cast: Larenz Tate, Keith David, Chris Tucker, N'Bushe Wright, Freddy Rodriguez, Bokeem Woodbine. On the streets, they call cash dead presidents. And that's just what a Vietnam veteran is after when he returns home from the war, only to find himself drawn into a life of crime. With the aid of his fellow vets he plans the ultimate heist - a daring robbery of an armored car filled with unmarked U.S. currency. 119 min. DVD 1069
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Def by Temptation
Directed by James Bond III. Cast: Kadeem Hardison, Melba Moore, Bill Nunn, Samuel L. Jackson. Joel, a divinity student, finds himself in conflict with his calling. Needing to get away from his overprotective grandmother and southern hometown, he heads for New York City to visit his childhood friend "K". Once in New York, he meets the "Temptress," a seductive succubus who lures men to bed and kills them. "K" and Dougy, an undercover cop who has been tracking the woman for months, try to destroy the Temptress. But they both eventually fall prey to her curse leaving Joel alone to face destiny. 100 min. DVD 1150
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Deliver Us From Eva (2003)
Directed by Gary Hardwick. Cast: LL Cool J, Gabrielle Union, Duane Martin, Essence Atkins, Robinne Lee, Meagan Good, Mel Jackson, Dartanyan Edmonds, Dorian Gregory. Eva is a very uptight young woman who constantly meddles in the affairs of her sisters and their husbands. Her in-laws, who are tired of Eva interfering in their lives, decide to set her up with someone so she can leave them alone. They end up paying Ray, the local "playboy," $5,000 to date her. The plan goes by smoothly, but troubles comes when Ray actually falls in love with Eva. Special features: Behind-the-scenes featurette; director's commentary; LL Cool J's "Paradise" music video; K-Ci and JoJo's "This very moment" music video. 105 min. DVD 8322
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Devil in a Blue Dress (1995)
Directed by Carl Franklin. Cast: Denzel Washington, Don Cheadle, Jennifer Beals, Tom Szemore, Mauri Chaykin. Leon Lee. Ezekiel "Easy" Rawlins is a decorated war hero who returns home to work as a private eye. His job of finding a missing socialite puts him between the white power elite and the vibrant black commumnity of Central Avenue. As soon as Easy and his trigger-happy friend Mouse find Daphne Monet, trouble follows. 101 min. DVD 3806; vhs 999:1811
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Diary of a Mad Black Woman (2005)
Directed by Darren Grant. Cast: Kimberly Elise, Steve Harris, Shemar Moore, Tamara Taylor, Lisa Marcos, Tiffany Evans, Cicely Tyson, Tyler Perry. Helen McCarter would seem to have it all. She's married to Charles who is one of Atlanta's most successful attorneys. But despite having wealth and prestige, things are not as they seem in the McCarter home. On the evening of their anniversary, Charles drops a bombshell on Helen - he's divorcing her for another woman. Thrown out of the house with nowhere to go, Helen moves in with her grandmother Madea, a sassy woman with no shortage of opinions and a gun that she's not afraid to use. As Madea helps Helen get back on her feet emotionally, she meets Orlando, a nice and handsome man who is obviously attracted to her. But after her experiences with Charles, Helen isn't sure if she's ready to trust a man again. 117 min. DVD 4084
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The Directors. The Films of Spike Lee.
Through in-depth interviews, behind the scenes footage and clips from his films, Spike Lee talks about the ideas, influences, motivations, struggles and successes behind his work. "I have been blessed with the opportunity to express the views of black people who otherwise don't have access to power and the media. I have to take advantage of that while I am still bankable." 1997. 60 min. Video/C 7090

Do the Right Thing (1989)
Director: Spike Lee. Cast: Danny Aiello (Sal), Ossie Davis (Da Mayor), Ruby Dee (Mother Sister), Richard Edson (Vito), Giancarlo Esposito (Buggin Out), Spike Lee (Mookie), Bull Nunn (Radio Raheem), John Turturro (Pino), Rosie Perez (Tina), Joie Lee (Jade), Sam Jackson (Mister Se~nor Love Daddy). This powerful visual feast combines humor and drama with memorable characters while tracing the course of a single day in the black ghetto of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. It's the hottest day of the year, a scorching 24-hour period that will change the lives of its residents forever. Special DVD features, disc 2 (supplement): New video introductions by Spike Lee ; St. Clair Bourne's 60-minute documentary "The Making of Do the Right Thing" ; Spike Lee and line producer Jon Kilik revisit the Bed-Stuy locations ; Public Enemy's video for "Fight the Power" directed by Spike Lee ; the 1989 Cannes Film Festival press conference with Spike Lee, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Richard Edson, and Joie Lee ; Spike Lee's behind-the-scenes footage, from rehersal to wrap ; original storyboards for the riot sequence ; new video interview with editor Barry Brown ; theatrical trailer and TV spots. Videodisc release of 1989 motion picture. 120 min. DVD 579 (Criterion); DVD 27; vhs 999:386
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Awards & Honors
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Picture; Best Director; Best Supporting Actor (Danny Aiello)
National Film Registry Selection

Don't be a Menace to South Central while Drinking your Juice in the Hood (1996)
Directed by Paris Barclay. Cast: Shawn Wayans, Marlon Wayans. From block parties and beepers to high tops and high-powered weapons, it's everything that's funny about growing up in the 'hood ... the Wayans Brothers' neighborhood, that is! 89 min. DVD 1058
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Dutchman (1967)
Director, Anthony Harvey. Cast: Al Freeman, Shirley Knight, Frank Lieberman, Robert Calvert, Howard Bennett. A film adaptation of the play of the same name by Le Roi Jones (Amiri Baraka). Deals with a white woman enticing, then humiliating and finally knifing a black man while they ride a subway train in New York City. 55 min. Video/C 2538

Drumline (2002)
Directed by Charles Stone III. Cast: Nick Cannon, Zoe Saldana, J. Anthony Brown, GQ, Leonard Roberts, Orlando Jones. Halftime is party time for the gifted street drummer who snares the top spot in his university's marching band. However, he initially flounders in his new world, before realizing that it takes more than talent to reach the top. 118 min. DVD 2572
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Drylongso (1998)
Directed by Cauleen Smith. Cast: Toby Smith, April Barnett, Will Power, Channel Schafer, Salim Akil. "Drylongso," an African-American expression meaning "getting by with very little," presents the story of a young woman in just that situation. Living in Oakland, California and frustrated with her own life Pica grabs a camera and decides to document the existence of young black men, whom she feels are a breed on the verge of becoming extinct. Through this project, she meets many colorful characters and also suffers the death of her boyfriend. Through it all, Pica learns the importance of her own existence and finds her own place in the world. Presents a powerful tribute to the strength of the African American culture. 81 min. vhs Video/C 999:3678
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Eve's Bayou (1997)
Directed by Kasi Lemmons. Cast: Samuel L. Jackson, Lynn Whitfield, Debbi Morgan, Vondie Curtis Hall, Branford Marsalis, Lisa Nicole Carson, Jurnee Smollett, Diahann Carroll. Roz Batiste is a beautiful and dedicated mother of three, who is forced to admit that her family is falling apart due to her philandering husband Louis. Her younger daughter, Eve, witnesses one of her father's infidelities. Struggling to make sense of what she has seen, Eve turns to her older sister Cisely, who dismisses her in fear of the truth, and then to her Aunt Mozelle, a known psychic and rumored black widow. Unable to find the understanding she is looking for Eve decides to take matters into her own hands. For the Batiste family, the ties that bind may not be strong enough to keep them together, and what they learn will change their lives forever. Special DVD features: "Dr. Hugo," a short film, an illumination of "Eve's Bayou", written and directed by Kasi Lemmons ; produced by Caldecott Chubb and Cevin Cathell ; filmographies of the director and principal cast ; theatrical trailer. 108 min. DVD X1041
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Awards
National Board of Review, USA - Outstanding Directorial Debut

Fear of a Black Hat (1992)
Directed by Rusty Cundieff. Cast: Rusty Cundieff, Larry B. Scott, Mark Christopher Lawrence, Kasi Lemmons. A filmmaker infiltrates rap band NWH in this satire of gangsta rappers, which focuses on the hip hop trio Tasty-Taste, Ice Cold, and Tone Def. The movie irreverently pokes fun at white rappers, the L.A. riots, as well as violence in rap. 95 min. DVD X3980
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Donalson, Melvin Burke. "Off the Hook: Comedy and Romance with a Hip-Hop Flavor." In: Black directors in Hollywood Austin : University of Texas Press, 2003. (Full-text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 D66 2003)
Fulmer, Jacqueline. "Cundieff's Revision of Masculinity in Film, or, a 'Hard' Man Is Not Necessarily Good to Find." In: Authorship and film / edited by David A. Gerstner and Janet Staiger. New York : Routledge, 2003. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1996 .A94 2003)
George, Edward. "Beneath the Hats." Sight and Sound, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 26-27, 1994 Nov UC users only

15 to Life (2002?)
Directed by Moon Jones. Cast: Moon Jones, Stefanie Tremblay, Daniel Zirilli, Jalene Mack, Alfred Holmes, Boyce Ellisl; special appearances by Black Menace, Big Slack, J Dogg. It's prison life at its grittiest in this urban tale of three teenage boys who follow in their father's footsteps through the violent system. When a young filmmaker begins a documentary on the boys, she discovers that a dirty cop is behind their wrongful incarceration. Now she must prove their innocence. 81 min. DVD 1390

For Colored Girls (2002?)
Directed by Tyler Perry. Cast: Janet Jackson, Loretta Devine, Michael Ealy, Kimberly Elise, Omari Hardwick, Hill Harper, Thandie Newton, Phylicia Rashad, Anka Noni Rose, Tessa Thompson, Kerry Washington, Whoopi Goldberg. Adapted by writer/director Tyler Perry from Ntozake Shange's acclaimed choreopoem, this gripping film paints an unforgettable portrait of what it means to be a woman of color in the modern world. Each of the women portray one of the characters represented in the collection of twenty poems, revealing different issues that impact women in general and women of color in particular. Based on the play "For colored girls who have considered suicide when the rainbow is enuf" by Ntozake Shange.134 min. DVD X5304

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Friday(1995)
Director, F. Gary Gray. Cast: Ice Cube, Chris Tucker, Nia Long, Tiny "Zeus" Lister, Jr., Regina King, Anna Maria Horsford, Bernie Mac, John Witherspoon. Rap's hottest star leads the nonstop laughs in this hip-hoppin' look at a day in the life of the 'hood. Craig is an alright guy with some crazy friends. Like Smokey who has 24 hours to pay back Deebo, South Central's nastiest thug, or else! Trouble is, neither Craig's mother nor his main squeeze has the bread. As time ticks away, the chance this pair will ever see Saturday is fading fast. DVD 8974
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G (2002)
Directed by Christopher Scott Cherot. Cast:Richard T. Jones, Blair Underwood, Andre Royo, Chenda Maxwell. Inspired by 'The Great Gatsby', this story follows rap mogul Summer G on a journey to regain what he desires most - the love of his life, who is married to someone else. Summer would give up his millions to rekindle a romance with his one true love. 96 min. DVD X3068
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Gang in Blue (TV, 1996)
Directed by Mario Van Peebles and Melvin Van Peebles. Cast: Josh Brolin, Melvin Van Peebles, Cynda Williams, Stephen Lang, J.T. Walsh. A black police officer discovers a cell of white supremacist vigilantes within his department. 97 min. DVD X6453
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Get On the Bus (1996)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Charles S. Dutton, Andre Braugher, Isaiah Washington, Ossie Davis, DeAundre Bonds, Thomas Jefferson Byrd, Richard Belzer, Albert Hall. Follows a group of different men traveling from Los Angeles to the Million Man March in Washington, D.C. They board the bus as strangers but emerge three days and thousands of miles later as brothers. 121 min. DVD 530

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Get Rich or Die Tryin' (2005)
Directed by Jim Sheridan. Cast: Curtis '50 Cent' Jackson, Terrence Howard, Joy Bryant, Bill Duke, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Omar Benson Miller, Viola Davis. A rap superhero is encased in muscular flesh like armor, his face is an impassive mask, he reaches out to destroy his enemies with his unique talent. Marcus is a gangster who breaks from his youthful life of crime to triumph as a rapper. Marcus's girlfriend helps him pull free the wires holding his jaw shut when he's recovered from being shot in the face. He even has a moment when a razor blade is thrown into his cell and is encouraged to kill himself. Instead, the self-reliant gangster uses it to carve his rhymes into the walls. 116 min. DVD 5676
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Girl 6
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Theresa Randle, Isaiah Washington, Spike Lee, Jenifer Lewis, Debi Mazar, John Turturro, Madonna, Quentin Tarantino. When an attractive, talented actress discovers that the only job she can get is working as a fantasy telephone operator, she decides to make the most of it. As Girl 6, she soon becomes the most popular girl in town. 108 min. DVD 5251; vhs 999:3013
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The Glass Shield
Written and directed by Charles Burnett. Cast: Richard Anderson, Michael Boatman, Bernie Casey, Elliott Gould, Don Harvey, Ice Cube, Michael Ironside, Natalija Nogulich, Lori Petty, M. Emmet Walsh, Gary Wood. In this action thriller, an ambitious rookie cop and his station's only female deputy uncover widespread corruption and conspiracy when they realize that an innocent man has been jailed for murder. Special DVD features: Feature commentary with writer/director Charles Burnett and composer Stephen James Taylor; a conversation with Charles Burnett; film scoring with Stephen James Taylor; theatrical trailer. 110 min. DVD X4335
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Hozic, Aida A. "The House I Live In: An Interview with Charles Burnett." Callaloo. 17(2):471-91. 1994 Summer
Thompson, Cliff. "The Devil Beats His Wife: Small Moments and Big Statements in the Films of Charles Burnett." Cineaste. 23(2):24-27. 1997 UC users only
Thompson, Clifford. "Good Moments in a Tough World: The Films of Charles Burnett." Cineaste. Spring 2008. Vol. 33, Iss. 2; p. 32 (4 pages) UC users only
White, Armond. "Sticking to the soul: Charles Burnett." Film Comment. Jan/Feb 1997. Vol. 33, Iss. 1; pg. 38, 4 pgsUC users only

The Great Debaters (2007)
Directed by Denzel Washington. Cast: Denzel Washington, Forest Whitaker, Nate Parker, Jurnee Smollett, Denzel Whitaker, John Heard, Kimberly Elise. Melvin B. Tolson is a professor at Wiley College in Texas. Wiley is a small African-American college. In 1935, Tolson inspired students to form the school's first debate team. Tolson turns a group of underdog students into a historically elite debate team which goes on to challenge Harvard in the national championship. Inspired by a true story. Special features: deleted scenes; "The great debaters : an historical perspective;" "That's what my baby likes," music video; "My soul is a witness," music video. 124 min. DVD X6464
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Greetings from Africa (1994)
Directed by Cheryl Dunye. In this short a lesbian, played by director Dunye, searches for someone to date. Then she meets L, a beautiful woman who leads her in and out of hot water. 8 min. vhs 999:3345
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Hangin' with the Homeboys (1991)
Directed by Joseph B. Vasquez. Cast: Doug E. Doug, Mario Joyner, John Leguizamo, Nestor Serrano. A streetwise account of a wild night on the town with four Bronx homies--two African Americans, a Puerto Rican, and an Italian. 90 min. Video/C 999:1317
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Harlem Nights (1989)
Directed by Eddie Murphy. Cast: Eddie Murphy, Richard Pryor, Redd Foxx, Danny Aiello, Michael Lerner, Della Reese, Stan Shaw, Jasmine Guy, and Arsenio Hall. Three generations of comedy legends star in this tale of nightclub owner Sugar Ray (Richard Pryor) and his son Quick (Eddie Murphy), who fight to keep a vicious mobster and a corrupt police force from putting them out of business. 115 min. DVD 1054
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He Got Game (1998)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Denzel Washington, Ray Allen, Milla Jovovich, Rosario Dawson. With promises of a reduced sentence, Jake Shuttlesworth (Washington) is granted temporary release from state prison in order to persuade the nation's top college basketball recruit, his estranged son Jesus, to play ball for the Governor's alma mater! But just as the son faces intense pressures and irresistible temptations contemplating his big decision, the father is also forced to consider not only what's best for himself but what's best for his son. 136 min. DVD 507
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Higher Learning (1995)
Directed by John Singleton. Cast: Jennifer Connelly, Ice Cube, Omar Epps, Regina King, Michael Rapaport, Kristy Swanson, Tyra Banks, Jason Wiles, Laurence Fishburne. First-term freshmen from different countries, races and social backgrounds are forced to integrate when they all enroll in Columbus University. They all have their own problems, which are strained to the breaking point by prejudice, inexperience and misunderstandings. 127 min. DVD 3678
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Hollywood Shuffle (1987)
Directed by Robert Townsend. Cast: Robert Townsend, Craigus R. Johnson, Helen Martin, Starletta DuPois. Bobby Taylor waits for his big break as an actor and dreams of leading roles, Academy Awards, stretch limos and adoring fans. 81 min. DVD 7353; vhs 999:422
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House Party (1990)
Directed by Reginald Hudlin. Cast: Christopher Reid, Robin Harris, Christopher Martin, Martin Lawrence, Tisha Campbell, A.J. Johnson, Paul Anthony, Kid 'N' Play, Full Force. One night in East St. Louis--the "Blackest city in America"--two teenagers decide to take advantage of vacationing parents by throwing a bash, a house party. A sort of black version of "Risky Business." Starring Kids 'N Play, Robin Harris, Full Force, and Tisha Campbell. 100 min. DVD 7352
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How to Be a Player (1997)
Directed by Reginald Hudlin. Cast: Bill Bellamy, Natalie Desselle, Bernie Mac. Dray is a young playboy whose only objective in life seems to be to have sex with as many girls as he can without getting caught by his girlfriend Lisa. Dray's sister Jenny and her friend Katrina plan to show him that the way he lives is wrong and organize a party in Malibu, inviting all of his girlfriends. 100 min. DVD X3348
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Illusions (1983)
Directed by Julie Dash. Cast: Lonette McKee, Rosanne Katon, Ned Bellamy, Jack Radar. Story takes place in 1942 and is about Mignon Dupree, a black woman studio executive who appears to be white, and Ester Jeeter, a black woman who is the singing voice for a white Hollywood star. The film follows the struggles of the women as well as the use of motion picture films in Hollywood during wartime. 34 min. DVD X2394; vhs Video/C 999:1365; also on Video/C 3181
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Julie Dash bibliography

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

I'm Gonna Git You Sucka (1988)
Directed by Keenen Ivory Wayans. Cast: Bernie Casey, Jim Brown, Isaac Hayes, Keenen Ivory Wayans, Janet Dubois, Antonio Fargas. In this ultra-slick, urban action comedy Mr. Slade comes out of retirement along with Jack Spade to try to clean up Mr. Big's neighborhood from crimes, drugs and the over use of gold chains as they take on the local gang boss in his hangout, the Big Brim Bar. 89 min. DVD 484
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Harris, Keith M. "Super bad: Jim Brown, blaxploitation, and the coming of boyz." In: Boys, boyz, bois : an ethics of Black masculinity in film and popular media New York : Routledge, 2006 (Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.H37 2006)
Margolis, Harriet. "Stereotypical Strategies: Black Film Aesthetics, Spectator Positioning, and Self-Directed Stereotypes in "Hollywood Shuffle" and "I'm Gonna Git You Sucka"." Cinema Journal, Vol. 38, No. 3 (Spring, 1999), pp. 50-66 UC users only

Juice (1992)
Directed by Ernest R. Dickerson. Cast: Omar Epps, Jermaine Hopkins, Khalil Kain, Tupac Shakur. Four Harlem friends spend their days hanging out and looking for a way to get the power and respect they call juice, when one of them plans to take it through an armed robbery, and wants the crew to be with him. Features cutting edge-rap and rock music. 95 min. vhs 999:2422
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King Midas (2003)
Directed by Brandon David. Cast: Justin Michael Morales, Louis Sapp III, Angelica Lawrence, Josh Mond. Get as close as you can to the real thing in this tale of Hip Hop gone bad. When producer Tommy Gold, trying to make it big in the rap industry, uses his illegal drug fortune to produce a record, he gets caught in the dangerous underground world of cocaine and music. 83 min. DVD 1739
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Jungle Fever (1991)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Wesley Snipes, Annabella Sciorra, Spike Lee, Ossie Davis, Anthony Quinn. An Afro-American architect begins an affair with his working class Italian secretary. Their relationship causes them to be scrutinized by their friends, cast out from their families and shunned by their neighbors in this moving view of inner-city life. 131 min. DVD 580
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Awards
Cannes Film Festiva - Best Supporting Actor (Samuel L. Jackson); Prize of the Ecumenical Jury - Special Mention
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Supporting Actor (Samuel L. Jackson)

Killer of Sheep (1977)
Directed, written, produced by Charles Burnett. Cast: Henry Gayle Sanders, Kaycee Moore, Charles Bracy, Angela Burnett, Eugene Cherry, Jack Drummond. This gripping portrait of Stan, a Black man employed in a Los Angeles slaughterhouse, is internationally regarded as a film classic. Stan's grueling work--gutting and cleaning the sheep carcasses--infects his entire life, including his relationships with his wife, children and friends. The film hauntingly evokes the physical detail and bittersweet emotions of working class life with compassion and honesty. Declared a National Treasure in 1990. Bonus features on DVD 8738: Charles Burnett's acclaimed short films, Several friends (1969), The horse (1973), and When it rains (1995) ; Killer of Sheep commentary track with Charles Burnett and Richard Pena, Program Director of the Film Society of Lincoln Center. 79 min. DVD 8738; also DVD 6940; vhs 999:1729
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Krush Groove (1985)
Directed by Michael Schultz. Cast: Sheila E., RUN-DMC, The Fat Boys, Kurtis Blow, Blair Underwood, The New Edition. A talented group of street-savvy urban kids hook up with Krush Groove, a hot new rocord label. But with their success come the ego trips and greed that threaten to destroy everything they've worked for. A fresh, 23-title soundtrack vibrantly pushes the rap-to-riches story along. 95 min. DVD 7349; vhs 999:1806
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Learning Tree (1969)
Based on the novel by Gordon Parks. Traces on year in the life of young Newt, in which he learns about love, fear, racial injustice, and his own capacity for honor. 107 min. vhs 999:387
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Awards & Honors
National Film Registry Selection

Livin' Tha Life (2003)
Directed by Joe Brown; story by Joe Brown, improvised by the cast. Cast: Jarell Jackson, Edward D. Smith, Rooney Perry, Shawn Harris, Archie Howard, Zai Wilburn. Just another day in the 'hood. Ride with two homies, Jamal and Peanut, as they cruise through the streets of Compton and come face-to-face with some of the stranges characters you'll ever meet. 84 min. DVD 1659
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Lost in the Game (2004)
Directed by MC Ren and Playboy T. Cast: MC Ren, Playboy T, Nitetrain. An electrifying hip-hop thriller featuring MC Ren of N.W.A. Enter into the dark world of the hip-hop music business as up-and-coming executive Playboy T struggles to secure a record deal for his prized artist. He must deal with all the trials and tribulations of shady record companies, unsuspecting executives and street hustlers. 60 min. DVD 3477

Love Jones (1997)
Director, Theodore Witcher. Cast: Larenz Tate, Nia Long, Isaiah Washington, Lisa Nicole Carson, Bill Bellamy, Khalil Kain. She's a beautiful photographer, he's a sweet-talking writer. When they get together in this modern day romance, these two confused love birds discover that you can never underestimate the power of love. 110 min. DVD 932
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Malcolm X (1992)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Denzel Washington, Angela Bassett, Albert Hall, Al Freeman. Screen version of the life of Malcolm X, who through his religious conversion to Islam, found the strength to rise up from a criminal past to become an influential civil rights leader. 201 min. DVD 148; VHS 999:769
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Awards & Honors
Berlin International Film Festival - Best Actor (Denzel Washington)
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actor (Denzel Washington)
National Film Registry Selection

Medicine for Melancholy (2008)
Director, Barry Jenkins. Cast: Wyatt Cenac, Tracey Heggins. Two African American twenty-somethings have a one-night stand. And a night they barely remember becomes a day they will never forget. A tale of sex, race, bicycles and modern urban life. Deals with the challenge of being a minority in a rapidly gentrifying San Francisco. Special features: Director's notes: an in-depth interview with Barry Jenkins at the London Film Festival; trailer. 88 min. DVD X3759
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Men of Respect (1991)
Directed by William Reilly. Cast: John Turturro, Katherine Borowitz, Dennis Farina, Rod Steiger, Peter Boyle. A fearless mobster wins the respect and admiration of a powerful godfather by assassinating the leaders of a rival family. But the prodding of his ambitious wife and the prophecy of a ghetto gypsy, convinces the mobster to murder the godfather and claim his crown. A brilliant study of the criminal mind inspired by Shakespeare's MacBeth. 107 min. vhs 999:1687
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Menace II Society (1993)
Directed by Allen and Albert Hughes. Cast: Tyrin Turner, Larenz Tate, Jada Pinkett, with supporting roles by Charles S. Dutton and Bill Duke. A young street hustler in Watts attempts to escape the rigors and temptations of the ghetto in a quest for a better life. Directed by twin brothers this critically acclaimed cinematic masterpiece brilliantly details real life in today's tough inner city. 104 min. DVD 1057; vhs 999:1139
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Mo' Better Blues (1990)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Denzel Washington (Bleek Gillian), Spike Lee (Giant), Wesley Snipes (Shadow Henderson), Giancarlo Esposito (Left Hand Lacey), Robin Harris (Butterbean Jones), Joie Lee (Indigo Jones), Bill Nunn (Bottom Hammer), Cynda Williams (Clarke Betancourt). Talented trumpeter Bleek Gilliam is obsessed by his music and indecisive about his girlfriends Indigo and Clarke. But when he is forced to come to the aid of his manager and childhood friend, Bleek finds his world more fragile than he ever imagined. 129 min. DVD 581; VHS 999:2089
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Mutiny (1999)
Directed by Kevin Hooks. Cast: Michael Jai White, Duane Martin, David Ramsey, Matthew Glave, David Barry Gray. In 1944, a Victory ship exploded at the Port Chicago navy base near San Francisco killing 320 and wounding hundreds more. The victims were mostly untrained African-American sailors, forced to do the dangerous (and segregated) job of loading live munitions. When 50 of the shaken survivors refused to continue the hazardous duty without proper training and equipment, the most explosive military trail in the nation's history began... 90 min. vhs 999:2861
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My Brother's Wedding (1999)
Directed by Charles Burnett. Cast: Everett Silas, Jessie Holmes, Gaye Shannon-Burnett, Ronald E. Bell, Dennis Kemper, Sally Easter. Pierce Mundy works at his parents' South Central dry cleaners with no prospects for the future and his childhood buddies in prison or dead. With his best friend just getting out of jail and his brother busy planning a wedding to a snooty upper-middle-class black woman, Pierce navigates his conflicting obligations while trying to figure out what he really wants in life. Bonus features: Both versions of My brother's wedding (118 min. director's cut and the 83 min. 1983 version) ; Killer of sheep cast reunion video ; Killer of sheep trailer ; Burnett's new short on Hurricane Katrina, Quiet as kept, 2007, 5 min. 83, 118 min. DVD 8738
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Hozic, Aida A. "The House I Live In: An Interview with Charles Burnett." Callaloo. 17(2):471-91. 1994 Summer
Thompson, Cliff. "The Devil Beats His Wife: Small Moments and Big Statements in the Films of Charles Burnett." Cineaste. 23(2):24-27. 1997 UC users only
Thompson, Clifford. "Good Moments in a Tough World: The Films of Charles Burnett." Cineaste. Spring 2008. Vol. 33, Iss. 2; p. 32 (4 pages) UC users only
White, Armond. "Sticking to the soul: Charles Burnett." Film Comment. Jan/Feb 1997. Vol. 33, Iss. 1; pg. 38, 4 pgsUC users only

Native Son (1986)
Directed by Jerrold Freedman Cast: Oprah Winfrey, Matt Dillon. Motion picture based on Richard Wright's novel. 112 min. vhs 999:388
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New Jack City (1991)
Directed by Mario Van Peebles. Cast: Wesley Snipes, Ice T, Mario van Peebles, Judd Nelson. Gangster film about a young, rich, smart drug baron who thinks he's untouchable, and the tough, street-smart cops determined to bring him down. 101 min. DVD X880
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Night Catches Us (2009)
Directed by Tanya Hamilton. Cast: Anthony Mackie, Kerry Washington, Jamie Hector, Wendell Pierce, Ron Simons, Tariq Trotter, Jamara Griffin, Amari Cheatom. In 1976, complex political and emotional forces are set in motion when a young man returns to the race-torn Philadelphia neighborhood where he came of age during the Black Power movement. 90 min. DVD X5216
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NightJohn (TV, 1996)
Directed by Charles Burnett. Cast: Beau Bridges, Carl Lumbly, Bill Cobbs, Lorraine Toussaint, Allison Jones. When a new slave named NightJohn is brought to the plantation, he opens a whole new world for Sarny because he has forbidden talents -- he can read and also he can teach. As she learns to read she learns the power of words and the unconquerable strength of the human spirit. Based on the book by Gary Paulsen. 96 min. DVD X4306
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Hozic, Aida A."The House I Live In: An Interview with Charles Burnett." Callaloo. 17(2):471-91. 1994 Summer
Kim, Sojin; Livengood, R. Mark. "Interview with Charles Burnett." Journal of American Folklore v111, n439 (Wntr, 1998):69 (5 pages).
Rosenbaum, J.
"Chains of Ignorance: Charles Burnett’s Nightjohn." In: Essential cinema : on the necessity of film canons / Jonathan Rosenbaum. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. (Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only); Print: Main Stack; Moffitt; PFA PN1994.R5684 2004)
Thompson, Cliff. "The Devil Beats His Wife: Small Moments and Big Statements in the Films of Charles Burnett."Cineaste. 23(2):24-27. 1997

Noah's Arc: The Complete First Season (TV, 2005-2006)
Cast: Darryl Stephens, Rodney Chester, Christian Vincent, Doug Spearman, Jensen Atwood. Noah, a young African American gay man, and his friends attempt to find love and happiness in Los Angeles. Contents Disc 1. My one temptation, pts. 1-2 -- Don't mess with my man -- Don't make me over -- Nothin' goin' on but the rent -- Disc 2. Writing to reach you -- Love is a battlefield -- I'm with stupid -- Got til it's gone -- Disc 3. Special features. Special features (Discs 1 & 2): optional audio commentaries for every episode (various participants); original & extended versions of every episode (the broadcast version of each episode supplemented by deleted scenes, also available separately on disc 3). Special features (Disc 3, 90 min.): pilot episode ("Temptation island"); deleted scenes (59 min.); auditions (26 min.); "NewNowNext" featurette (cast members discuss their favorite musical groups, 5 min.). 200 min. DVD X2169
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Noah's Arc: Jumping the Broom (2008)
Directed by Patrik-Ian Polk.. Cast: Darryl Stephens, Rodney Chester, Doug Spearman, Christian Vincent, Jensen Atwood. A theatrical release based on the television series Noah's arc. Noah gets ready to tie the knot, Ricky dates a young college student, Chance and Eddie see if the grass is truly greener, and Alex tries to plan the perfect wedding. 99 min. DVD X2170
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Once Upon a Time...When We Were Colored (1995)
Directed by Tim Reid. Cast: Al Freeman Jr., Phylicia Rashad, Leon. Re-creates the world of a black community in the rural South in the years from 1946 to 1962, as hardline segregation gradually fell to the assault of the civil rights movement. It is a memory of the close bonds of family, friends and church that grew up to sustain such communities, in a society where an American version of apartheid was the law. [from Roger Ebert review, Chicago Sun Times, 1/26/1996. Based on Clifton L. Taulbert's autobiography of the same name (Main Stack F349.G54.T38 1989) 99 min. vhs 999:1626
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Cripps, Thomas. "Once Upon a Time ... When We Were Colored." (movie reviews) American Historical Review v102, n1 (Feb, 1997):250 (2 pages).
Holden, Stephen. "Once Upon a Time ... When We Were Colored." (movie reviews) New York Times v145 (Fri, Jan 26, 1996):B13(N), C17(L), col 1, 13 col in.

One Eight Seven (187) (1997)
Directed by Kevin Reynolds. Cast: Samuel L. Jackson, John Heard, Kelly Rowan, Clifton Gonzalez Gonzalez. Dedicated high school science instructor Trevor Garfield is a man with a passion for learning. Garfield is skilled, smart, committed: the total package as a teacher. But he's also human. And what he confronts in a school turned increasingly into a battlefield may be more than he can bear. Maybe he'll quit teaching ... or caring ... or maybe he'll take justice into his own hands. 119 min. vhs 999:3067
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Panther (1995)
Directed by Mario Van Peebles; script by Melvin Van Peebles. Cast: Kadeem Hardison, Bokeem Woodbine, Joe Don Baker, Courtney B. Vance, Marcus Chong, Tyrin Turner, James Russo, Mefertiti, M. Emmet Walsh. The story of the rise and fall of a 1960s black radical movement that captured the imagination of its time. Memoirs by its founders and others have suggested that the Black Panthers never had the power or numbers they claimed, but they served a historic purpose, creating the image of an armed, militant "self-defense" group that was an alternative to the nonviolent philosophy of Martin Luther King [from Roger Ebert's review, Chicago Sun Times, 5/03/1995. vhs 999:1629
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Passing Strange (2009)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Stew, de'Adre Aziza, Eisa Davis, Colman Domingo, Chad Goodridge, Rebecca Naomi Jones, Daniel Breaker. A young man leaves behind his mother and life in a Los Angeles neighborhood and sets out on a journey of self-discovery in Europe during the 1970s in order to find his purpose in life through his music. A theatrical stage production of the Tony Award-winning Broadway musical. 135 min. DVD X2781
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Phat Girlz (2006)
Directed by Nnegest Likke. Cast: Mo'Nique, Jimmy Jean-Louis, Godfrey, Kendra C. Johnson, Joyful Drake, Jack Noseworthy, Eric Roberts. Jazmin is a sassy, tart, talented, and plus-size woman who lives in a world that insults and rejects her because she's fat - or is the emotional abuse she heaps on herself the real problem? She is a department store employee with fashion designer dreams who has created a designer line for full-figured ladies, but flounders until she wins a Palm Springs vacation. There she meets a handsome Nigerian doctor named Tunde. He cherishes Jazmin's full figure as a mark of beauty. But can Jazmin overcome her self-loathing and accept Tunde's love? 99 min. DVD 6124
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The Piano Lesson. (1995)
Director, Lloyd Richards. Cast: Charles S. Dutton, Alfre Woodard, Carl Gordon, Tommy Hollis, Lou Myers, Courtney B. Vance. In this story of an Afro-American family caught between their heritage and a dream for the future, the Charles family clashes over the fate of a magnificent, carved piano that carries their family's story from their days as slaves. Boy Willie wants to sell the piano to buy a farm--the same fields their family worked as slaves. But his sister, Berniece, refuses to part with it. For her, the piano is their very soul, a legacy of pride and struggle that symbolizes their survival as a family. To resolve the conflict they must first deal with the past. Based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning play by August Wilson. 104 min. DVD X6565; vhs 999:2051
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Play'd: A Hip Hop Story (2002)
Directed by Oz Scott. Cast: Rashaan Nall, Merlin Santana, Faizon Love, Clifton Powell, Sharissa, DeRay Davis, Dex Elliott Sanders, Toni Braxton. Jax is a rising hip hop phenomenon who has it all, but wants more. Leaving his New York life behind, he signs with an infamous L.A. gangsta producer - and ignites a violent bi-coastal turf war that explodes out of the studio and onto the streets. 87 min. DVD 1683
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

Player's Club (1998)
Directed by Ice Cube. Cast: Ice Cube, Bernie Mac, Monica Calhoun, A.J. Johnson, Alex Thomas, Lisaraye, Jamie Foxx, John Amos. For gorgeous and smart Diana there is no choice but to work her way through college. It is difficult to resist the money that the club owner of the Players Club offers her to strip. She avoids the pitfalls of dancing by trusting no one except the respectable and funny DJ. But her naive cousin joins the club and gets into all sorts of trouble. Diana has to figure a way out for both of them before they go down with the building. DVD special feature: 2 music videos from the platinum soundtrack (We be clubbin and My loved one)103 min. DVD 4469
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Poetic Justice (1993)
Director, John Singleton. Cast: Janet Jackson, Tupac Shakur, Regina King, Joe Torry. A mismatched pair pushed together on a road trip from South Central Los Angeles to Oakland find themselves reluctantly attracted to each other, when they are confronted once again by the shocking violence they thought they'd left behind. 109 min. DVD 7394
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Precious (2009)
Directed by Lee Daniels. Cast: Mo'nique, Paula Patton, Mariah Carey, Lenny Kravitz, Gabourey "Gabby" Sidibe, Sherri Shepherd. In 1987, obese, illiterate, black 16-year-old Claireece 'Precious' Jones lives in Harlem with her dysfunctional family. She has been raped and impregnated twice by her father, Carl. She suffers constant physical, mental and sexual abuse from her unemployed mother, Mary. After getting pregnant for the second time, Precious is suspended from her school. Her principal arranges to have her attend an alternative school where her new teacher, Ms. Rain, helps Precious learn to read and she responds to this glimmer of hope. Precious also meets Mrs. Weiss, a social worker, and discovers the abuse and incest that Precious has had to endure. Her father dies of AIDS and Precious learns that she is now HIV-positive. Based on the novel "Push" by Sapphire. Special features: Audio commentary with director Lee Daniels; "From Push to Precious" featurette; "A Precious ensemble" featurette; "Oprah and Tyler: a project of passion" featurette; a conversation with Author Sapphire and director Lee Daniels; deleted scene: the incest survivor meeting; audition: Gabourey Sidibe; "Reflections on Precious" featurette. 109 min. DVD X2729
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Awards
Academy Awards - Best Supporting Actress (Mo'nique)
Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards - Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globes, USA - Best Supporting Actress
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Supporting Actress
National Board of Review, USA - Best Breakthrough Performance - Female (Gabourey Sidibe)
National Society of Film Critics Awards, USA - Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Supporting Actress
San Francisco Film Critics Circle, USA - Best Supporting Actress
Sundance Film Festival - Grand Jury Prize; Audience Award; Special Jury Prize (Mo'nique)

A Raisin in the Sun(TV, 2008)
Directed by Kenny Leon. Cast: Sean Combs, Sanaa Lathan, Audra McDonald, Phylicia Rashad, Justin Martin, Bill Nunn, David Oyelowo, Ron Cephas Jones, Sean Patrick Thomas, John Stamos. An African-American family living on the South Side of Chicago comes into a sudden financial windfall, the potential uses of which divides them bitterly. Based on the play: A raisin in the sun by Lorraine Hansberry. Special features: optional audio commentary by Leon; "Dreams worthwhile : the journey of 'A raisin in the sun'" featurette (23 min.). 131 min. DVD X444
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Redemption (2003)
Directed by Vondie Curtis Hall. Cast: Jamie Foxx, Lynn Whitfield, Lee Thompson Young, Brenden Richard Jefferson, Brenda Bazinet, Wes "Maestro" Williams, Greg Ellwand, CCH Pounder. Tells the true life story of Stan 'Tookie' Williams, founder of the L.A. Crips street gang, who denounced the lifestyle that landed him behind bars. While awaiting execution in prison, he became determined to stop violence, and began writing anti-gang books for children, earning him critical acclaim - and four Nobel Peace Prize nominations. 93 min. DVD 4746

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Riot (TV, 1997)
Diretors: Richard Di Lello (segment "Empty"); David C. Johnson (segment "Homecoming Day"); Alex Munoz (segment "Caught in the Fever"); Galen Yuen (segment "Gold Mountain"). Cast: Dante Basco, Kieu Chinh, Mako, Alexis Cruz, Yelba Osorio, John Ortiz, Douglas Spain, Luke Perry, Peter Dobson, Mario Van Peebles, Melvin Van Peebles, Cicely Tyson. In April 1992, following the notorious Rodney King verdict, the streets of Los Angeles became a battlefield, the backdrop to four personal intertwined stories. 96 min. DVD X6453

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Rosewood (1997)
Directed by John Singleton. Cast: Jon Voight, Ving Rhames, Don Cheadle, Bruce McGill, Loren Dean, Esther Rolle, Elise Neal, Robert Patrick, Michael Rooker. In this powerful fact based drama, a black town in Florida is burned to the ground in 1923 by a white mob, its people murdered because of a lie. But some escape and survive because of the courage and compassion of two extraordinary people, a heroic World War I veteran and a shopkeeper. Based on true events from the book Like judgement day: the ruin and redemption of a town called Rosewood by Michael D'Orso. 142 min. DVD 7384
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Ruby Bridges (TV, 1998)
Directed by Euzhan Palcy. Cast: Penelope Ann Miller, Kevin Pollak, Michael Beach, Jean Louisa Kelly, Peter Francis James, Patrika Darbo, Chaz Monet, Diana Scarwid, Lela Rochon. When bright six year old Ruby is chosen to be the first African-American to integrate her local New Orleans elementary school, she is subjected to the true ugliness of racism for the very first time. 90 min. DVD X3462
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Sankofa. (1993)
Directed by Haile Gerima. Cast: Kofi Ghanaba, Oyafunmike Ogunlano, Alexandra Duah, Nick Medley, Mutabaruka, Afemo Omilami, Reginald Carter, Mzuri. Sankofa is an Akan word that means, "We must go back and reclaim our past so we can move forward; so we understand why and how we came to be who we are today." Written, directed and produced by Ethiopian-born filmmaker Haile Gerima, SANKOFA is a powerful film about Maafa-the African holocaust. Done from an African/African-American perspective, this story is a vastly different one from the generally distorted representations of African people that Hollywood gives us. This revolutionary feature film connects enslaved black people with their African past and culture. It empowers Black people on the screen by showing how African peoples' desire for freedom made them resist, fight back, and conspire against their enslavers, overseers and collective past through the vision on Mona, who visits her ancestral experience on a new world planation as Shola. We share the life she endures as a slave and experiences her growing consciousness and transformation [description from web site]. 1993. 125 min. DVD X4821; vhs 999:1596
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School Daze (1996)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Larry Fishburne, Giancarlo Esposito, Tisha Campbell, Kyme, Joe Seneca, Art Evans, Ellen Holly, Ossie Davis. This music-filled, off-beat contemporary comedy takes an unforgettable look at black college life. Dap and Big Brother Almighty conflict over the Greek frat system while the Wanna-be's and Jigaboo's conflict over self-identity and self-esteem. 114 min. DVD 529
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Set It Off (1996)
Directed by F. Gary Gray. Cast: Jada Pinkett, Queen Latifah, Vivica A. Fox, John C. McGinley, Kimberly Elise, Blair Underwood. Four poor black women try to get some payback from the social system which has abused them by staging a series of bank robberies. Special features: "Setting it straight: making Set it off" featurette; "Let it go" music video by Ray J; theatrical trailer. 124 min. DVD X2661
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She Hate Me (1991)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Anthony Mackie, Kerry Washington, Ellen Barkin, Monica Bellucci, Jim Brown, Brian Dennehy. Executive John Henry Jack Armstrong gets fired when he informs on his bosses' business dealings. Desperate to make a living, he accepts his lesbian ex-girlfriend's offer for cash to impregnate her and soon he has a line seeking his services. 138 min. DVD 3719

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She's Gotta Have It (1991)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Tracy Camila Johns, Redmon Hicks, John Canada Terrell, Raye Dowell, Joie Lee. Nola and her three boy friends try to cope with the fact that she doesn't want to give up any of them. Video Disc special features: includes material censored from the original theatrical release; audio commentary by director Spike Lee, cinematographer, Ernest Dickerson and sound designer, Barry Brown; outtales; original theatrical trailer; She's Gotta Have It music video; still photographs with audio commentary by Spike Lee's brother and photographer, David Lee; memorabilia; NIKE advertisements featuring Spike Lee and Michael Jordan. Film soundtrack on digital tracks and analog track 1. A running commentary by Spike Lee, Ernest Dickerson, Barry Brown and Monty Ross is on analog track 2 and can be listened to separately while watching the film. 88 min. DVD X4882; VHS 999:3218
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Soul Food (1997)
Directed by George Tillman, Jr. Cast: Vanessa L. Williams, Vivica A. Fox, Nia Long, Michael Beach, Mekhi Phifer, Jeffrey D. Sams, Irma P. Hall, Gina Ravera, Brandon Hammond. Sunday dinner at Mother Joe's is a mouth-watering, 40-year tradition. As seen through the eyes of her grandson Ahmad, love and laughs are always on the menu, despite the usual rivalries simmering between his mom Maxine and her sisters Teri and Bird. But when serious bickering starts to tear the family apart, the good times suddenly stop. Now it's up to Ahmad to get everyone back together and teach them the true meaning of soul food. 114 min. DVD 719
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The Spook Who Sat by the Door (1973)
Directed by Ivan Dixon. Cast: Lawrence Cook, Jack Aaron, Don Blakely, Paul Butler, Paula Kelly. Disgusted by tokenism in the C.I.A., the organization's first black officer uses his training in organizing an army made up of gang members to destroy the white power structure in America. Based on the novel by Sam Greenlee. 102 min. DVD 9210
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Stomp the Yard (2007)
Directed by Sylvain White. Choreographer, Dave Scott. Cast: Columbus Short, Meagan Good, Ne-Yo, Darrin Henson, Brian White, Laz Alonso, Valarie Pettiford, Harry Lennix. After the death of his younger brother D.J. a troubled 19-year-old street dancer from Los Angeles is able to bypass juvenile hall by enrolling in the historically black Truth University in Atlanta, Georgia. His efforts to get an education and woo the girl he likes are sidelined when he discovers 'stepping,' a traditional dance performed by African-American fraternities. He soon finds himself in the middle of a fierce rivalry between the top two campus fraternities. Both want and need D.J.'s fierce street-style dance moves to win the highly coveted national step show competition. Special features : Battles. rivals. brothers - the story of Stomp the yard; filmmaker commentary; extended dance sequences : Get Buck and Opening battle; deleted scene : The clean up; gag reel. 116 min. DVD 7633
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Straight Out of Brooklyn. (1991)
Noted as the directorial debut of Matty Rich (he was 19 when he made the film), this is the story of a young man desperate to get out of the Brooklyn projects where he, his family and his friends live. He feels trapped there, surrounded by drugs and danger, so he and his friends pull a robbery to obtain the funds to take them out of Brooklyn forever. 83 min. vhs 999:1443
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Strapped (1993)
Directed by Forest Whitaker. Cast: Bokeem Woodbine, Kia Joy Goodwin, Michael Biehn. An ex-con, attempting to go straight, runs across serious problems when his girlfriend is arrested for dealing crack to an undercover police officer. In a desperate attempt to get the charges dropped against her, he strikes a deal with a weapons cop to turn in local gun dealers. The D.A. however is not satisfied, resulting in some serious game playing and double crossing. 102 min. DVD X6693
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Streets is Watching: The Movie (1998)
Directed by Abdul Malik Abbott. Cast: Jay-Z, Damon Dash. A insightful dramatization of the life and times of hip-hop superstar Jay-Z. Tells a story about life in the streets, combining a narrative structure and musical numbers into an autobiographical tale of his life in Brooklyn, from hustler to performer. The title of the video comes from his album In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 and also includes numbers by M.O.P, Sauce Money, and Memphis Bleek. This is Jay-Z's first direct-to-video release; it's self-directed, and aims to give a realistic view of his neighborhood without the commercial flash of over-the-top rap displays. Realism pervades within the framework of this music video, or "videomentary," about street life. Songs: It's alright (Memphis Bleek & Jay-Z) -- Love for free (Rell featuring Jay-Z) -- Only a customer (Jay-Z) -- Pimp this love (Christion) -- Murdergram (Murder, Inc.) -- The doe (Diamonds in da rough) -- Crazy (Usual suspects) -- Im my lifetime (remix) (Jay-Z) -- Your love (Christion featuring Jay-Z) -- Thugs r us (DJ Clue featuring Noreaga) -- My nigga hill figga (M.O.P.) -- Celebration (Team Roc starring Jay-Z, Memphis Bleek, Sauce Money & Wais of the Ranjahz) 60 min. DVD 6934
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Sucker Free City (2004)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: Ben Crowley, Ken Lueng, Anthony Mackie, Darris Love, Laura Allen, John Savage, Kathy Baker. Racial tension erupts and emotions collide when three young men from different ethnic backgrounds perpetrate low-level crimes that eventually infringe upon each other's neighborhoods. A riveting look at the gang culture of San Francisco. 113 min. DVD 5119
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Summer of Sam (2000)
Directed by Spike Lee. Cast: John Leguizamo, Mira Sorvino, Adrien Brody, Jennifer Esposito, Anthony La Paglia, Ben Gazzara. In the summer of 1977 in New York City, a man called the Son of Sam commits numerous murders. As friends in a small Italian neighborhood become obsessed with the idea that the Son of Sam is someone nearby, the madman's plague of terror becomes the catalyst that prompts relationships to fall apart and trust to disintegrate into dread. 142 min. DVD 402
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Talk To Me (1983)
Directed by Kasi Lemmons. Cast: Taraji P. Henson, Cedric the Entertainer, Martin Sheen. Based on the true story of outspoken ex-convict and iconic radio personality Ralph Waldo "Petey" Greene. This powerful biopic details the life and career of the media figure whose voice instilled the black community with hope during the turbulent 1960s. After talking his way onto the Washington, D.C. airwaves in the era of free love Greene, emboldened by the inspirational soul music and rapidly-expanding social consciousness that defined the decade, openly courts controversy as his put-upon producer Dewey Hughes runs interference. Special features: Deleted scenes; "Who is Petey Greene?" featurette; recreating P-Town. 119 min. DVD 9600
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10,000 Black Men Named George (2002)
Director, Robert Townsend. Cast: Andre Braugher, Karen Eyo, Charles S. Dutton, Mario Van Peebles, Ardon Bess, Carla Brothers, Kedar Brown, Amanda Brugel, Joel Gordon. A dramatization of the true story of the formation of the first black-controlled union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Asa Philip Randolph, a black journalist establishes a voice for the forgotten workers of the Pullman Rail Company, where all black porters were simply named "George", after George Pullman, the first person to employ emancipated slaves. 95 in. DVD 1850
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Their Eyes Were Watching God (2005)
Directed by Darnell Martin. Cast: Halle Berry, Ruben Santiago-Hudson, Michael Ealy, Nicki Micheaux, Lorraine Toussaint, Ruby Dee, Terrence Dashon Howard, Gabriel Casseus, Artel Kay`aru, Kevin Daniels, Henry Brown. A drama set in the 1920s, where free-spirited Janie Crawford's search for happiness leads her through several different marriages, challenging the mores of her small town. Based on the novel by Zora Neale Hurston. 113 min. DVD 4785
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Bryan, Violet Harrington. "I'm Watching God": Modifications and Omissions in the Film Adaptation of Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." Xavier Review, Spring2008, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p26-39, 14p UC users only

3 Strikes (2000)
Directed by D. J. Pooh. Cast: Brian Hooks, David Alan Grier, Faizon Love, N'Bushe Wright. With two strikes against him, Rob Douglas has two choices; either clear his name or go back to jail to face a twenty five year sentence. 82 min. DVD 5700
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To Sleep with Anger (1990)
Directed by Charles Burnett. Cast: Danny Glover, Paul Butler, Mary Alice, Carl Lumbly, Vonetta McGee, Richard Brooks, Sheryl Lee Ralph. A visitor from the Deep South brings superstition into a divided black household in central Los Angeles. More than a domestic drama about the effect of storyteller/trickster Glover, its a story of cultural differences between parents and children, and how there should be no place for those who cause violence and strife. 102 min. DVD 3592; vhs 999:2020
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Waiting To Exhale (1995)
Directed by Forest Whitaker. The story of four African-American women who journey through a modern labyrinth of husbands and lovers, jobs and makeovers. Based on the novel by Terry McMillan (Main Stack PS3563.C3868.W35 1992) 124 min. DVD 7502
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The Walking Dead.(1995)
Directed by Preston A. Whitmore. Cast: Allen Payne, Eddie Griffin, Joe Morton. Five young marines leap out of a helicopter and into the unknown. They all joined the marines for different reason, but they find themselves in the same place-- bound together in a desperate struggle for survival-- lost in a jungle minefield on a suicide mission. 89 min. 999:1313

The Wash (2001)
Directed by DJ Pooh. Cast: Cast: Snoop Dogg, Dr. Dre, George Wallace, Angell Conwell, Bruce Bruce. Dee Loc and Sean are two roommates in desperate need of some cash. With their car repossessed and the rent due, they get jobs at a local car wash. It seems to be the perfect solution - getting paid, chasing the ladies and their "side deals" have never been so lucrative. The two are in enough trouble when their boss, with ties to the underworld, gets kidnapped. Now the roommates have to figure out how to get their boss back. Special features: Production commentary - D.J. Pooh, Dr. Dre & Snoop Dogg; bloopers; alternate main title sequence; music video - "Bad intentions" Dr. Dre featuring Knoc-Turn'al; cast & crew interviews; theatrical trailer; interactive menus; scene access. 97 min. DVD 2570
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Watermelon Man (1970)
Directed by Melvin Van Peebles. Cast: Godfrey Cambridge, Estelle Parsons, Howard Caine, Mantan Moreland. 1970 Comedy concerning a white suburban bigoted insurance man who wakes up one morning to find he has turned into a black man. Now he is a white bigot in black skin who has to contend with a shocked wife, his kids, angry neighbors, cold shoulders at the office and a back seat on the bus. 97 min. DVD X4013; vhs 999:1170
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Chaffin-Quiray, Garrett. "'You Bled My Mother, You Bled My Father, But You Won't Bleed Me': The Underground Trio of Melvin van Peebles." In: Underground U.S.A. : filmmaking beyond the Hollywood canon / edited by Xavier Mendik & Steven Jay Sc London ; New York : Wallflower Press, 2002. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.E96 U34 2002)
Dreisinger, Baz "Dy(e)ing to be black: "Mars Jeems's nightmare," Black like me, and Watermelon man." In: Near Black : White-to-Black passing in American culture / Baz Dreisinger. Amherst : University of Massachusetts Press, c2008. (Main (Gardner) Stacks E184.A1 D73 2008)
Donalson, Melvin Burke. "The Pathmakers: Gordon Parks, Melvin Van Peebles." In: Black directors in Hollywood / Melvin Donalson. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2003. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only])
Dreisinger, Baz. "Dying to Be Black: White-to-Black Racial Passing in Chesnutt's 'Mars Jeems's Nightmare,' Griffin's Black Like Me, and Van Peebles's Watermelon Man." Prospects (2004), 28: 519-542 UC users only
Lott, Eric. "White Like Me: Racial Cross-Dressing and the Construction of American Whiteness." In: Cultures of United States imperialism / Amy Kaplan and Donald E. Pease, editors. Durham : Duke University Press, 1993. (Main (Gardner) Stacks; Moffitt E179.5 .C96 1993)
"Melvin Van Peebles." In: Reflections on blaxploitation : actors and directors speak / [interviewers] David Walker, Andrew J. Rausch, Chris Watson. Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2009. (Full text available online [UC Berkeley users only]; Print: Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 R46 2009)

The Watermelon Woman. (1996)
Written and directed by Cheryl Dunye. Cheryl, a young black woman working in a video store, is making a documentary about an obscure black actress from the 1930's. When she discovers that the actress (known as "the Watermelon Woman") had a white lesbian lover, Cheryl finds a white women lover for herself. 79 min. DVD 3614; vhs 999:1830
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Interview with Cheryl Dunye in Lavender Limelight

White Chicks (2004)
Director Keenan Ivory Wayans. Cast: Shawn Wayans, Marlon Wayans, Jaime King, Frankie Faison, Lochlyn Munro, John Heard, Busy Philipps, Terry Crews, Brittany Daniel. Marcus and Kevin are brothers who work for the FBI and take on a case to escort socialite sisters Brittany and Tiffany Wilton from JFK Airport to their hotel in the Hamptons. Once there, two higher-ranking agents will take over the girls' protection. The extra security is needed because Brittany and Tiffany have been targeted by a serial kidnapper. With the help of an FBI lab scientist, the very much African-American Kevin and Marcus will be transformed to pass for Brittany and Tiffany. The agents must lure the kidnapper to take the fake girls so the socialites will stay safe. 115 min. DVD 3099
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Haggins, Bambi L. "Surviving In Living Color with Some White Chicks: Whiteness in the Wayans' (Black) Minds." In: The persistence of whiteness : race and contemporary Hollywood cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. London : New York : Routledge, 2008.(Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M56 P47 2008)
Jaafar, Ali. "White Chicks." Sight & Sound, Dec2004, Vol. 14 Issue 12, p70-71, 2p, UC users only
Yancy, George; Ryser, Tracey Ann. "Whiting Up and Blacking Out: White Privilege, Race, and White Chicks." African American Review, vol. 42, no. 3-4, pp. 731-746, Fall 2008 UC users only

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