Eastern Europe: History and Politics












General
Armenia
Albania/Bosnia/Herzegovina/Croatia/Serbia/Yugoslavia
Czechoslovakia
SEE: Western Europe: Germany/East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Romania
Russia/Soviet Union

Gypsies (Romanies, et al.)

Western Europe
Human Rights & International Peacekeeping
Peace and Conflict in the 20th Century
Eastern European cinema in the Media Resources Center

General

Age of Hope, 1900 (People's Century).
The dawn of the twentieth century was forged in hope and optimism. Here interviewees from Europe, Asia and the United States (boasting an average age of 102), recount the part they played in the century's early history. Whether fighting on the barricades of the failed Russian Revolution of 1905 or campaigning for votes for women; recalling the Paris Exposition of 1900, or President McKinley's assassination or witnessing the sinking of the Titanic, all remember the changes they lived through and the clash of forces and ideas before World War I. 1998. 56 min. DVD X5249; vhs Video/C 5555

The Cold War. 1998. 47 min. each installment.

Comrades, 1917-1945. Though ideological enemies, the Soviet Union and the United States are allies against Hitler during WWII. At the end of the war, Europe is divided, and the one-time allies now confront each other knowing that the United States has the atomic bomb. Video/C 5735

Iron Curtain, 1945-1947. The Soviet Union dominates Eastern Europe. Churchill warns of the consequences. Stalin insists that the governments of the Soviet Union's client states be pro-communist. Impoverished after the war, Great Britain opts out as a world power. The United States assumes the mantle of world leadership. Video/C 5735

Marshall Plan, 1947-1952. The United States adopts the Truman doctrine, pledging to defend freedom worldwide. Secretary of State George Marshall plans to bolster economic recovery in Europe. Seeing this as a threat, Stalin forbids his satellites to participate. The world effectively divides. Video/C 5735

Berlin, 1948-1949 In Berlin, the American, British and French sectors form a Western enclave in the Soviet zone of divided Germany. In June 1948, the Soviets blockade the city, but the Western allies successfully airlift in supplies. In August 1949, Soviet scientists explode an atomic bomb, establishing nuclear parity between the two superpowers. Video/C 5736

Reds, 1947-1953. Following Stalin's domination of Eastern Europe and the loss of China, American democracy falls victim to anti-communist hysteria, but survives it. Eisenhower is elected President. In the Soviet Union, Stalin reinforces the climate of terror on which his rule is based. When he dies in 1953, the Soviet people mourn the end of an era. Video/C 5736

Korea, 1949-1953. In June 1950, North Korea invades the South, with Stalin's blessing. The United States, backed by the United Nations, defends South Korea, and then is confronted by communist China. In mid-1951, the war grinds to a bloody stalemate but eventually an armistice is signed. Aggression has been contained. Video/C 5736

After Stalin, 1953-1956. Thaw is conceivable with Stalin's death. Khrushchev outmaneuvers Malenkov for power and visits the West. Germans, Poles and Hungarians attempt to rise against Soviet rule. In 1956, an uprising in Hungary is ruthlessly crushed by Soviet tanks. The United States, pledged to contain rather than overthrow communism, does nothing. Video/C 5737

Sputnik, 1949-1961. In the mid-50s, the Soviet Union seems to be forging ahead. In October 1957, the first Soviet satellite Sputnik orbits the earth--to the dismay and fear of the United States, frustrated by its own ineffectual space program. In 1961, the Soviets launch Yuri Gargarin into space. America will have to meet the challenge. Video/C 5737

The Wall, 1958-1963. The fate of Germany remains unresolved. West Germany has been admitted to NATO. Within East Germany, Berlin is divided between East and West by an open border. Thousands seize the chance to flee the communist system. To keep their people in, the East Germans, with Soviet backing, build The Wall. Video/C 5737

Cuba, 1959-1962. Khruschev decides, with Castro's agreement, to install short-range and medium-range missiles in Cuba, only 90 miles from the U.S. The United States detects the missile sites and blockades the island. The superpowers confront each other; but rather than embark on nuclear war, they each step back. Video/C 5738

Vietnam, 1954-1968. Vietnam has been divided since the end of French colonial rule. The North is run by communists, the South by anti-communists. Ignoring warnings against involvement in a nationalist struggle, the United States commits its armed forces. American protests against the war mount as the U.S. begins to realize this is not a war it can win. Video/C 5738

MAD, 1960-1972. Throughout the 60s, the U.S. and the Soviet Union are locked in a nuclear stand-off; each realizes that bombing the enemy could provoke retaliation and self-destruction. Nuclear strategy evolves into Mutual Assured Destruction, or MAD, in which both sides are guaranteed certain annihilation in the event of nuclear war. Video/C 5738

Make Love Not War, The Sixties. Western economies grow and prosper, fueled partly by armaments production. Rejecting their parents' affluence and the Cold War, many of the young protest and rebel. There is racial violence in U.S. inner cities while rock music comes to express the mood of a disenchanted generation. Video/C 5739

Red Spring, The Sixties.In the Soviet bloc, communist rule stifles ambition and achievement. Soviet defense expenditure cripples economic growth. The young lust for totems of America's youth culture--blue jeans and rock-n-roll. In Czechoslovakia, Dubcek attempts limited reform, but in 1968, Soviet force crushes the Prague Spring. Video/C 5739

China, 1949-1972. Chinese communists win the longest civil war in 20th century history. Mao's land reforms are popular but in 1958, he embarks on a series of catastrophic changes. China maintains an increasingly uneasy relationship with the Soviet Union. In 1960 the Sino-Soviet split paves the way for President Nixon's historic visit to Beijing. Video/C 5739

Detente, 1969-1975. North Vietnam launches a new offensive against the South. The U.S. steps up its bombing campaign but seeks peace through diplomacy. Nixon and Brezhnev sign the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT). The U.S. finally withdraws from Vietnam. Detente culminates in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. Video/C 5740

Good Guys, Bad Guys, 1967-1978 The superpowers use surrogates to wage ideological and often physical conflict. In 1967 and 1973, American backed-Israel triumphs over Soviet-backed Egypt and Syria. In Africa, the Soviets exploit nationalist, anti-colonial struggles. The U.S. supports South Africa in its battle against communism. Video/C 5740

Backyard, 1954-1990. The U.S. has always regarded Latin America as its own backyard. Fearing the spread of communism, it seeks to destabilize leftist governments. In 1973, the CIA helps overthrow the Chilean President Salvador Allende; in the 1980s, it supports right-wing extremists in Nicaragua and El Salvador. Video/C 5740

Freeze, 1977-1981. Concern for human rights in the East grows; detente ebbs. The Soviets arm Eastern Europe. The U.S. threatens to site missiles in Western Europe. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan ends detente. Promising tougher measures against Moscow, Reagan defeats Carter for the presidency. In Poland, martial law is imposed. Video/C 5741

Soldiers of God, 1975-1988. Afghanistan is a war that costs the lives of almost 15,000 Soviet conscripts and an estimated one million Afghans. The U.S. supplies billions of dollars of weapons to unlikely allies--Islamic fundamentalists. The result is a Vietnam-style conflict which takes its toll on the Soviets and hastens the end of the Cold War. Video/C 5741

Spies, 1944-1994. Early CIA attempts to penetrate the Iron Curtain are thwarted. The U.S. reacts with increasingly sophisticated technological intelligence--the U-2 spy-plane, satellite reconnaissance and electronic eavesdropping. Yet human spies remain important. Sometimes betrayers, sometimes betrayed, many spies pay with their lives. Video/C 5741

Star Wars, 1980-1988. Reagan boosts U.S. defense spending and proposes the Strategic Defense Initiative, an anti-missile system in space. New premier Gorbachev knows the Soviets can't match the U.S., and wants to liberalize and reconstruct the Russian economy. After summits in Geneva, Reykjavik and Washington, the leaders agree to drastic arms cuts. Video/C 5742

The Wall Comes Down, 1989. Incredibly quickly, the Soviet bloc is breaking up, virtually without bloodshed. First Poland, then Hungary, then East Germany slip away from communist control. Gorbachev makes no effort to hold them back with force. Amid scenes of jubilation, the hated Berlin Wall comes down. Video/C 5742

Cold War. ConclusionsThe U.S. proves the stronger, the Soviet Union implodes. Germany is reunified. Shorn of its empire and communist domination, Russia faces its future with its economy in chaos. The balance of terror that has kept the peace for more than 40 years vanishes. The Cold War has ended without the use of nuclear weapons. Video/C 5742

The Dialogue on Europe: The Challenge of Institutional Reform, 2000.
A short history of the European Union with emphasis on the changes which must occur if a number of Eastern European countries which have applied for membership are accepted. PAL format. 2000. 11 min. Video/C 8298

Eastern Europe, Breaking with the Past.
Pt. 1. America's relations with Eastern Europe.--Pt 2. Vaclav Havel: leadership in Eastern Europe.--Pt. 3. Ceausescu: Eastern Europe's last dictator?--Pt. 4. Touched by the revolution.--Pt. 5. Tapestry of history.--Pt. 6. Memories of childhood and war.--Pt. 7. At the cross-roads: Eastern European Jewry.--Pt. 8. Theater and the revolution.--Pt. 9. Germany reunites.--Pt. 10. The Polish experience.--Pt. 11. A new world of television.--Pt. 12. An animated journey.--Pt.13. A generation of artists. Performers: Host, Robert Siegel. An examination of political and social events occurring in Eastern European nations from World War II to the present day which culminated in current political upheavals and restructuring of Eastern European governments and societies. 13 videocassettes, 650 min. Video/C 1955

Eastern & Central European Newsreels, 1926-1944, Selection I
Romanian oil fields (with gypsies) (1926, 12 min.) -- Ukraine in flames / Alexander Dovzhenko (1941-1943, 10 min.) -- Die Deutsche Wochenshau (German wartime newsreels) (1943, 16 min.) -- Tito's partisans, Yugoslavia (1944, 10 min.).

A variety of newsreels showing footage of 1926 oil fields in Romania, the WWII battle in the Ukraine that broke the Nazis' grip on Russia, Adolf Hitler meeting King Boris of Bulgaria, the funeral of King Boris, Hitler Youth training at a military camp, the German Navy visiting Japan, German forces on the Russian front, German women horse-soldiers, pro-German Slovakian cadets in World War II, German combat against Allied invaders in France, and footage of Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia. Video/C 9336

Eastern & Central European Newsreels & American Cold War Propaganda, 1939-1955, Selection II
Hungarian occupation of Czech Territory, (1939, 10 min.) -- Vienna: Four-power occupation after World War II (unedited footage, 3 min.) -- Floods in Austria (unedited footage, 1950, 3 min.) -- Lifeline to freedom: the story of Radio Free Europe (12 min.) -- Let us live! (6 min.).

A variety of newsreels showing footage of the 1939 Hungarian occupation of Vienna with dignitaries and local citizens welcoming occupation officials, Czech signs and Hungarian gendarmes assuming police duties. Also includes the American Army in occupied Vienna, floods in Austria in the 1950s, the story of the American propaganda radio station Radio Free Europe and the short American propaganda film "Let us live!" Video/C 9337

Europe: Confronting New Challenges, [Pt.1 & 2](Power of Place: World Regional Geography; 3-4, 5-6)
Prog. 3. Supranationalism and devolution: Strasbourg, Europe's new capital? Slovakia, new sovereignty--Prog. 4. East looks West: Berlin, united we stand. Poland, diffusion of democracy. Prog. 5. Transforming industrial coreland: Liverpool, a new dawn. Randstad, preserving the green heart.--Prog. 6. Challenges on the periphery: Iceland, edge of the habitable world. Andalusia, life on the periphery.

A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Supranationalism and Devolution examines the co-existence of French and German cultures in Strasbourg and economic and social adjustments in the recently created Slovakia and Czech Republics. East Looks West investigates Berlin's transition from a weakened and divided city to one of emerging importance and investigates the diffusion of democratic ideas throughout Poland. Transforming Industrial Coreland analyzes Liverpool's once-thriving industrial economy, now fallen to a marginal present-day role and examines Randstad-Holland as an integral part of the current European core. Challenges on the Periphery investigates Iceland which exists on the cultural and physical periphery of Europe and the gradual decline of the once-central but now peripheral Andalucia Region of Spain and its hopes for the future. 58 min. per tape. Video/C 4313 (pts 3-4); Video/C 4314 (pts 5-6)

Europe: Confronting New Challenges, [Pt.1 & 2](Power of Place: World Regional Geography; 3-4, 5-6)
Prog. 3. Supranationalism and devolution: Strasbourg, Europe's new capital? Slovakia, new sovereignty--Prog. 4. East looks West: Berlin, united we stand. Poland, diffusion of democracy. Prog. 5. Transforming industrial coreland: Liverpool, a new dawn. Randstad, preserving the green heart.--Prog. 6. Challenges on the periphery: Iceland, edge of the habitable world. Andalusia, life on the periphery.

A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Supranationalism and Devolution examines the co-existence of French and German cultures in Strasbourg and economic and social adjustments in the recently created Slovakia and Czech Republics. East Looks West investigates Berlin's transition from a weakened and divided city to one of emerging importance and investigates the diffusion of democratic ideas throughout Poland. Transforming Industrial Coreland analyzes Liverpool's once-thriving industrial economy, now fallen to a marginal present-day role and examines Randstad-Holland as an integral part of the current European core. Challenges on the Periphery investigates Iceland which exists on the cultural and physical periphery of Europe and the gradual decline of the once-central but now peripheral Andalucia Region of Spain and its hopes for the future. 58 min. per tape Video/C 4313 (pts 3-4); Video/C 4314 (pts 5-6)

Europe, The Mighty Continent. 52 min. each installment. 1988.

Hey-day Fever. Examines European state of affairs at the turn of the 20th century. Discusses Europe's worldwide economic leadership, its achievements in the arts, science and technology, and its skillful political leadership, all of which contributed to its international preeminence. 52 min. DVD X2798 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4883

The Day of Empires Has Arrived. Deals with the forces of unrest that threatened the empires in the early the theories of Marx and Engels in Europe, the oppression in the Colonies, and revolutionaries in Russia. Also shows the Fauvists of Paris and Berlin characterized through their art, the century's chaotic first decade. 52 min. DVD X2799 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4884

A World to Win. Examines the forces of unrest which disrupted European stability at the beginning of 20th century, including colonial nationalism, industrialization, socialism, trade unionism, and various reform movements. Analyzes the causes and effects of the 1905 revolution in Russia. Video/C 4885

The Drums Begin to Roll. Analyzes the European events and conditions that set the stage for the First World War. Discusses the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War which convinced Asians, Africans, and Indians that Europe was not invincible and inspired confidence in Germany which was already mobilizing its forces. DVD X2801 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4886

This Generation Has No Future. Examines the chronology of events of the First World Warn Europe, including the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's withdrawal from the war, America's entry into the war, and Germany's defeat. Discusses the devastating effects of modern warfare techniques. DVD X2802 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4887

Are We Making a Good Peace? Analyzes the considerations that affected the formulation of the Treaty of Versailles. Discusses the civil war and counterrevolution in Russia. DVD X2803 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4888

The Hope of Mankind. Discusses the aftermath of World War I, including the creation of the League of Nations, the problems of the Weimar Republic, the establishment of dictatorships in Poland, Yugoslavia, and Hungary, and Mussolini's rise to power in Italy. DVD X2804 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4889

Form! Riflemen, Form! Analyzes conditions in Europe that made Hitler's and Mussolini's rise to power possible. Discusses Stalin's five-year plans in the Soviet Union, the civil war in Spain, and the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939. DVD X2805 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4890

With Hardship Their Garment. Analyzes the events of World War II in Europe, focusing on the unprecedented destruction of civilian populations. Discusses the Nazi extermination camps and their brutality against Jewish and Slavic peoples. DVD X2806 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4891

Human Rights, Fundamental Freedom, Portrayal of postwar Europe. Poland was occupied by Russia. So fell Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, the rest of the Balkans, half of Germany and half of Vienna. East Europe exchanged the tyranny of Hitler for the tyranny of Stalin. Britain cast out the conservatives and rang in the Labour Party. Winston Churchill and de Gaulle were rejected. The great European empires crumbled. DVD 2807 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4892

How are the Mighty Fallen. Discusses the post-World War II establishment of the Iron Curtain and the beginning of Cold War tensions which reached a climax with the 1948-49 Russian blockade of West Berlin. DVD 2808 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4893

A Certain Amount of Violence. Analyzes major historical developments in Europe in the mid-1950's. Discusses the Soviet suppression of the Polish and Hungarian revolts, British and French involvement in the Suez, and the formation of the European Economic Community. DVD 2809 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4894

A European Idea. Analyzes recent developments in Europe such as the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the weakening of the European Economic Community by the Middle East War and subsequent oil crisis, and the evolution of détente in relations between East and West. Discusses prospects for Europe's future. DVD 2810 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4895

The Future of the European Union
In 1999 the fifteen EU member states made the decision to embark on enlargement of its membership to include a number of Central and Eastern European countries. At the 2001 Laeken Council, the EU member states decided on the formation of a Convention on the Future of Europe. Current policy area priorities and the new European identity are discussed. 2002. 12 min. PAL format. Video/C 9506

Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century58 min. each. 1996. [for listing of complete series holdings, see Western Europe videography]

Collapse. Episode six of the Great War examines the critical year of 1918. After the mutiny within the French Army and revolution in Russia, the Germans were still firmly entrenched on the Western Front. The arrival of the United States forces in Europe would determine the outcome of the war. This program probes the issue of American involvement as the deciding factor in Germany's defeat. Video/C 525

How Putin Came to Power .
In August 1999, Vladimir V. Putin, head of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), successor to the KGB, was appointed Prime Minister. On December 31st of that year, Boris Yeltsin announced that Putin would succeed him as President of the Russian Federation. How Putin came to power traces the stunningly rapid ascension of this political unknown to leadership of the Kremlin as the result of a power struggle between factions of the country's ruling oligarchs and a behind-the-scenes political deal. 2005. 52 min. DVD 6997

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Karl Marx and Marxism.
The impact of Marx on the 20th century has been all-pervasive and world-wide. This program looks at the man, at the roots of his philosophy, at the causes and explanations of his philosophical development, and at its most direct outcome: the failed Soviet Union. c1993. 52 min. Video/C 6169

No Man's Land: The Great War. (Century: Events that Shaped the World; 5.)
The optimism that fueled the early years of the 20th century vanished as America was drawn into "The war to end all wars." This program presents, through archival footage and first person accounts, the grim story of World War I--including the sinking of the Lusitania and the Bolshevik revolution, which led to Russia's withdrawal from the conflict--and the fruitless struggles of President Wilson, Who sought first to keep America out of the war and then, at its end, to forge a lasting and meaningful peace. 42 min. Video/C 6346

The Outsiders. Life, Part 28
This segment explores the social and economic upheavals in the Ukrainian society since the fall of Communism with particular emphasis on the moral and economic dilemmas that face adolescents in the Ukraine today. c2000. 24 min. Video/C 7788 (for other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events)

Description of series from Bullfrog Films Video catalog

Post-War Hopes, Cold War Fears (A Walk Through the 20th Century with Bill Moyers).
Describes life in America after World War II, a time of rash optimism and neuroses. While the dollar was strong and everyday life improved, the 1950's also saw the lowering of the Iron Curtain, the loss of China to Communism, the Korean War and the Red Scare. Video/C 806

War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
[Each segment is 60 min.] For a more detailed description of each segment check on the OskiCat online catalog
Dawn. Video/C 1281.
The Weapon of Choice. Video/C 1282
A Bigger Bang for the Buck. Video/C 1283
Europe Goes Nuclear. Video/C 1284
At the Brink. Video/C 1285
War and Peace in the Nuclear Age. Video/C 1286
One Step Forward. Video/C 1287
Have and Have-nots. Video/C 1288
Carter's New World. Video/C 1289
Europe in the 1970s and 1980s. Video/C 1290
Missile Experimental. Video/C 1291
Reagan's Shield. Video/C 1292
Visions of War and Peace. Video/C 1293

World at War.
52 min. each installment. [for listing of complete series holdings, see Peace and Conflict videography]

Stalingrad, June 1942-February 1943.
A documentary on the defeat of the German army at Stalingrad--the first German defeat in the field. Also shows other German defeats in Russia. DVD 2737; also VHS Video/C 1610

Wolf pack: U-boats in the Atlantic, 1939-1944. German submarines called U-boats nearly wiped out Allied shipping in the Atlantic bringing deadly havoc by attacking in groups. The Battle of the Atlantic ended with the virtual extermination of German submarines. Video/C 1611

Red Star: The Soviet Union, 1941-1943. Russia's spirit of fight was incredible to her adversaries. With twenty million military and civilian casualities, she stood firm. One German officer tells of repulsing a Soviet attack in 35-degree-below zero weather: "The Soviet soldiers remained motionless about two hours lying in the snow, and in the evening they again attacked with the same spirit." Incredibly the Russians not only survived but went on to rout the Germans. Video/C 1612

Reckoning: 1945--And After. This program looks at the occupation of Germany after World War II by the United States, Russia, Britain and France according to the arrangements made at Yalta. Also examines the beginnings and causes of the power struggle that ensues between the United States and Russia. Video/C 1626

Armenia

The Armenian Genocide
Originally aired as a television documentary on April 17th 2006. During World War I, over one million Armenians died at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. This documentary examines what happened and why, in what has been called one of the greatest untold stories of the twentieth century. 2006. 60 min. DVD 5640

Armenia: Genocide Denied.
In 1915, the Ottoman Empire tried to exterminate its Christian Armenian citizens, killing perhaps as many as 1.5 million people. Modern-day Turkey denies that it happened and for both moral and diplomatic reasons, Israel downplays the event. This program investigates evidence of an Armenian genocide by visiting sites of mass burials and presenting testimonials from survivors and their descendants. Leading figures on both sides of the debate are interviewed, including historian Hilal Berktay, wholeads the effort for recognition in Turkey; Dr. Yair Auron, the Israeli author of The Banality of Indifference; and Arslan Terzioglu, head of the Turkish government's Armenian Research Institute. c2002. 34 min. DVD 2296

The Armenian Genocide.
Explains historical events leading up to the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923, concluding with a discussion of how they relate to the present. Originally produced in 1991. 25 min. DVD 3865

Back to Ararat.
Discusses the massacre of the Armenian people in what is now Turkey, when one and a half million people were killed or driven from their homeland. Interviews a newgeneration of Armenians scattered throughbout the world, united in their dream of returning to the holy land of Mt. Ararat. 1988. 96 min. DVD X3857; Video/C 3578

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The Color of Pomegranates (Sayat Nova) (Nran guyne)
Stylized biographical drama of the life of noted eighteenth century Armenian poet and troubadour Sayat Nova. Based on his writings, the film which depicts the poet's life in eight sections from childhood to death, is rich with symbols of sacred and secular Armenian life. Directed by Sergei Parajanov. Special feature: Hagop hovnatanian (10 min.) an early short film directed by Paradjanov. 1968. DVD 6262
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Ethnic Fault Lines Revisited
The first segment examines the ethnic tensions in Nogorno-Karabakh, an Armenian Christian enclave surrounded by the largely Muslim former Republic of Azerbaijan. The second segment is a report from inside Serbia about a large Muslim enclave that was, until recently, free of the horrors of "ethnic cleansing." Includes interviews of these Serbian muslims about their hopes and fears for the future. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast September 22, 1993. 27 min. ea. Video/C 6699

The Forgotten Genocide
An account of the genocide of the Armenians by the Turks in 1915 through eyewitness accounts and archival film footage. Places the events in the context of Armenian history and culture. Written and directed by J. Michael Hagopian. 1976. 28 min. DVD 3864

Grandma's Tattoos
Reveals the fate of thousands of forgotten women, mostly teenagers and young girls, who survived the 1915 Armenian Genocide but were forced into prostitution by their captors. Many of these women were tattooed as a permanent mark of their status. Filmmaker Suzanne Khardalian begins the film by remembering her grandmother: "Grandma Khanoum was not like everyone else. She had blue tattoos on her face and hands. She despised physical contact. She never hugged anyone, never gave kisses. And she always wore gloves, which hid her hands and her tattoos, and her secret." Haunted by these memories, Khardalian embarks on a personal journey into her family history to investigate the truth behind her late grandmother. Eventually small truths are revealed and pieces of the puzzle begin to come together. In 1919, just at the end of WWI, the Allied forces rescued nearly 100,000 Armenian girls and children who, during the war years, were forced to become prostitutes to survive, or had given birth to children after forced or arranged marriages or rape. These women were forcibly marked, tattooed, as property, the same way you mark cattle. Following the war, many of these women were viewed as impure and tainted, and often shunned by society. A film by Suzanne Khardalian. Dist.: The Cinema Guild. DVD X7269

My Son Shall be Armenian
A group of six Armenian-Canadians travel to Armenia to interview survivors of the 1915 genocide and their descendants, exploring issues of ethnic identity, genocide, and reconciliation along the way. A film by Hagop Goudsouzian. 2004. 52 min. DVD 4573

Voices from the Lake: The Secret Genocide
A documentary film on the Armenian genocide focusing on the day-to-day tragedy unfolding in Kharpert-Mezreh, one among 4,000 towns and villages of the former Ottoman empire in 1915, where monumental forces were unleashed by a policy of annihilation. Written and directed by J. Michael Hagopian. 2000. 84 min. DVD 3863

Where Are My People?
Explores the history and cultural heritage of Armenia and discusses the attempted genocide of the Armenians during the World War I era. Producer/writer, J. Michael Hagopian. Originally produced in 1991. 25 min. DVD 3866

Albania, Bosnia/Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Yugoslavia

Bosna!
Examines the fighting in Sarajevo and the conflict between the Serbs and the Croatians. Includes interviews with Francois Mitterrand and 'Alija Izetbegovic. A film by Gilles Hertzog et Bernard-Henri Levy, 1994. 117 min. Video/C 4438

Bosnia: Peace Without Honor
Traces the roots of the Bosnian conflict through the 1992-1995 efforts of America's Cyrus Vance and British diplomat Lord David Owen to negotiate a lasting peace. Both diplomats expose the role of world powers in brokering, mediating, and at times exacerbating the regional conflict. Owen attributes failures to establish an equitable regional government to the election of Bill Clinton and the resulting American foreign policy shifts--particularly the placement of UN troops in strategic Serbian sites. Originally produced as a television program in the BBC series Panorama in 1995. 40 min. Video/C 6471

The Bosnia War Crimes Trial.
Atrocities that people thought had disappeared with World War II were suddenly front page news in the 1990's in the Balkan region of Bosnia with death camps, mass executions, deportations and the chilling term "ethnic cleansing." So once again, international law was invoked to bring the criminals to justice. Contains archival footage of the concentration camps, the war crimes trial and testimony by victims of torture and former prisoners of war at the trial. Originally produced as a segment on the television program Court TV in 1997. 48 min. Video/C 7951

Bringing Down a Dictator
In 2000, Slobodan Milosevic fought to hold power in Yugoslavia. His opponents were led by a student movement called Otpor! (Serbian for "resistance"), who attacked the regime with ridicule, rock music, and a willingness to be arrested. Their courage and audacity inspired others to overcome their fear and join the fight, leading to Milosevic's fall from power, arrest, and extradition to the Hague to stand trial for crimes against humanity. c2002. 56 min. Video/C 9705

Calling the Ghosts (Prozivanje duhova)
Women survivors of Omarska Detention Camp describe the camp and the situation in Bosnia and Herzagovnia. Their release and recovery process are also described. Written and directed by Mandy Jacobson and Karmen Jelinic 1996. 60 min. DVD X2393; vhs Video/C 4646

Women Make Movies catalog description

Goodman, Walter. " Calling the Ghosts: A Story About Rape, War and Women." New York Times v146 (Mon, March 3, 1997):B8(N), C16(L), col 4, 11 col in.
Leonard, John. "Calling the Ghosts." (television program reviews) New York v30, n8 (March 3, 1997):62.
Miller, Judith. "Taking Two Bosnian Women's Case to the World."(documentary film, 'Calling the Ghosts: A Story About Rape, War and Women,' recounts the experiences of Bosnian Muslim women who were repeatedly raped by Serbian officers... New York Times v146, sec2 (Sun, Feb 23, 1997):H36(N), H36(L), col 1, 32 col in.

Croatia
Presents views of the natural and cultural wonders of recently-independent Croatia. 1997. 45 min. Video/C 7002

Genocide: The Horror Continues
he late 20th century produced a sinister euphemism: 'ethnic cleansing.' This program presents a comprehensive survey of genocide by looking at the most recent examples in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey; Burundi and Rwanda; the former Yugoslavia; Indonesia and East Timor; and Chechnya. The role and efforts of the United Nations are discussed as well as what the future holds in trying to prevent genocide. 2002. 57 min. Video/C 8745

Ethnic Fault Lines Revisited
The first segment examines the ethnic tensions in Nogorno-Karabakh, an Armenian Christian enclave surrounded by the largely Muslim former Republic of Azerbaijan. The second segment is a report from inside Serbia about a large Muslim enclave that was, until recently, free of the horrors of "ethnic cleansing." Includes interviews of these Serbian muslims about their hopes and fears for the future. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast September 22, 1993. 27 min. ea. Video/C 6699

Interview with Svetlana Slapsak and Zoran Mutic
The second segment is an interview with two writers; Bosnian author, Zoran Mutic, and Serbian author Svetlana Slapsak, on their views of the ethnic turmoil in Sarajevo. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast August 25, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6701

Intervista: Finding the Words
An Albanian film student discovers a twenty-year-old newsreel among his belongings, showing his mother giving a speech before a congress of the Albanian Communist Party. She is later interviewed as leader of the Communist Youth Alliance, but throughout the entire film the sound has been lost. After several attempts at recovering the deteriorating filmstrip, he takes it to a school for the deaf, and with the help of lip readers, his mother's words are deciphered. When the film is shown to her, with her words restored and subtitled on the screen, she is able to confront her youthful ideals and disappointments. It gives her (and the viewer) a dramatic opportunity to reflect on Albania's history and current chaos. A film by by Anri Sala. 1998. 26 min. Video/C MM1159

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The Ethnic Cleansers and the Cleansed: The Unforgiving.
In Serb-held eastern Bosnia, a Serbian couple desperately try to learn how their 11 year-old son was murdered and where his remains might be. The only clues come from a Muslim prisoner, a family acquaintance before the time of ethnic cleansing. The film follows the family's harrowing search and shows how atrocities have become commonplace in the struggle for control of Bosnia. 78 min. Video/C 3621

Island to Island
Since 1993, the Global Children's Organization has provided summer camps to children who have suffered as innocent victims of regional violence. Our programs are planned and implemented in collaboration with members of the communities we serve. Staffed by volunteers from around the world, GCO programs for children in the Balkans, from Northern Ireland and from troubled, violence-ridden neighborhoods of Los Angeles have been inspired by the vision that peace is a possibility. This film visits children from Bosnia and Hercegovina who attended the "Island to Island" summer camp of 1994. 8 min. DVD 7326

Kosovo (Kosovo: The Next Bosnia?)
Contents: [Pt 1]. Kosovo: Balkan crisis -- [Pt. 2. Chinese illegal Segment one examines reistance by ethnic Albanians against Serbian occupation. The second segment is a discussion of U.S. immigration policy with Arthur Helton of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights concerning U.S. policy on Chinese illegal immigrants seeking asylum. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast June 16, 1993. Video/C 6696

Kosovo and Beyond
Demonstrates how future victims of human rights abuses similar to those perpetrated against ethnic Albanians in Kosovo could be served by the establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Depicts visual evidence of the atrocities committed in Kosovo in violation of international law. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. 2000. 7 min. DVD 3254

Witness web site

Kosovo, A House Still Divided?(Life; 5)
Examines the work of the United Nation's Housing Property Directorate in Kosovo (part of the Human Settlements Programme), an initiative to reintegrate the province's Serbs and Albanians by restoring properties to their rightful owners. Since it's inception the HPD has successfully dealt with 29,000 cases. It has made conditions for return easier and offered a cheap, impartial, and safe process where people can come and make their claims. But the HPD's authority has been limited, and its mandate in Serbia is soon at an end. Will HPD's withdrawal signal new anger over land and property rights? Produced & directed by Christopher Jeans. 2005. 24 min. DVD 8396

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Kosovo: Rebuilding the Dream.(Life; 34)
During the civil war in Kosovo, all records of Albanian property and land ownership were destroyed allowing Serb families to occupy homes owned by Albanians. In 1999, following the NATO bombing of Kosovo and the return of Albanian refugees, Albanians quickly appropriated Serb homes and property. This segment assesses the success of UN efforts to restore these properties to their rightful owners. 2002. 27 min. Video/C 9843 (for other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events)

Media
First segment: Reports on the lack of media independence in post-communist Hungary where broadcast media are under attack by the government for its "liberal bias." Second segment: A story on the growing number of journalists who are killed while on assignment throughout the world. Third segment: A profile of the world's most unusual radio station--Belgrade's B-92-- which mixes music with anti-war activism in Serbia's capital. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast May 28, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6711

Media by Milosevic
Describes the career of the brutal Yugoslavian dictator Slobodan Milosevic and his use of mass media to gather support for himself and extreme Serbian nationalist activities, through two wars and beyond. The program illustrates how, once in office, Milosevic performed an intricate balancing act, controlling information and the media to safeguard his reign and accomplish his ends--including concentration camps and ethnic cleansing. Featuring exclusive interviews with former Milosevic associates, loyalists, dissenters, his wife Mira and Ambassador Pierre-Richard Prosper, this is a startling portrayal of one of the darkest reigns of the past 50 years. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2006. 57 min. DVD 8696

Milosevic on Trial
An examinination of the Hague's criminal tribunal of Slobodon Milosevic for war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity, the longest and most extensive war-crimes trial since WWII. Spanning the entire case history from 2002-2006, the documentary features footage of the trial, back-room planning sessions, discussions of Milosevic's defense strategy. Interviews include Milosevic's wife Mira Markovic, his legal advisors, the lead prosecutors, and local investigators. The documentary also visits the sites of atrocities to provide additional background history for the viewer. Directed by Michael Christoffersen. Originally produced in 2007 as a television program for TV2/Danmark. 75 min. DVD X650

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Mirror to History: Confronting War Crimes in Bosnia
In this grassroots documentary, the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia and top political officials, as well as civilians and victims, help demystify the Bosnian conflict while exposing truths about the nature of prosecuting individuals for crimes against humanity. 2000. 52 min. Video/C 7442

Mythmaking: The Balkans:
A Look at the News Coverage of the War in the Former Yugoslavia. Various historians, media critics and activists critically examine the mainstream media and the misleading news coverage of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. They discuss the consequences of oversimplified and dramatic reporting of this complex issue. 29 min. Video/C 3641

Neither Here Nor There
The personal journey of the aftermath of the Bosnian War with interwoven stories of the Selimovic family from Srebrenica who resettled in Columbia, Missouri after the fall of the former UN "safe area" that resulted in genocide. Ten years later, the family re-visits the July 1995 massacre of more than 8,000 Bosnians, considered the worst single act of genocide in Europe since the end of the Second World War ... Traces the complexities of starting over in a new place when ties to the past remain unbreakable. Directed and edited by Kerry Yost, Beth Pike, Stephen Hudnell, Elizabeth Federici. Dist.: The Video Project. 2009. 58 min.DVD X7218

Picture Me an Enemy.
Told through the intimate stories of Natasa, a Serbo-Croat, and Tahija, a Bosnian Muslim, this documentary puts a human face on the wars in the former Yugoslavia. Though they are from opposite sides of the conflict, these young women speak a common truth about how those in power used religion, ethnicity and nationality to construct the "enemy." They reach beyond their national identities to address universal questions of conflict, peace and forgiveness. Combining interviews, archival footage and family photos, this compelling portrait adds valuable insight to our understanding of war, as well as to recent conflicts in the Balkans. 2003. 29 min. Video/C MM349

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Portraits of the Soul
In 1991, the photo-journalist Sandra Balsells arrived in Yugoslavia to report on the war. She was travelling with her partner, the photojournalist Paul Jenks. But in 1992, he was assassinated in Croatia. From that moment, Sandra's destiny became linked with that of Yugoslavia in the grief caused by a war of which she was no longer merely an observer. The results of her work were compiled in the book Balkan, in Memoriam. The process of searching for some of the people featured in the book's photographs forms the basis of this documentary, but as it progresses, it becomes a chronicle of the reality of life today in the former Yugoslav republics. Directed by Ángel Leiro. SF International Latino Film Festival Collection. c2005. 56 min. Video/C MM1252

Postcards from Peje (Kartoline nga Peja)
A video produced by a group of ethnic Albanian teenagers in the Kosovarian city of Peje during the summer of 2000. This is their own poignant story of what happened to them and their families during and after the war. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. 2001. 16 min. DVD 3243

Witness web site

Prime time in the Camps
A group of Bosnian refugee journalists in a refugee camp in Slovenia produce a TV program to report news of the war and conditions in Bosnia and the rest of the former Yugoslavia to other refugees from the former Yugoslavia. A film by Chris Marker ; with the video workshop of Camp Roska. Dist.: Electronic Arts Intermix. 1993. 28 min. Video/C MM1186

Return to Srebrenica.(Life; 4)
In July 1995 the Muslim town of Srebrenica, Bosnia became the site of the worst massacre in Europe since WWII. After a 3-year siege, Serb armed forces entered the town and massacred 8000 civilians while another 35,000 were driven into other parts of Bosnia. Now international aid is allowing the town to begin to build a new future. This story unfolds through interviews with returning refugees, those who cannot face going back, with the International Commission for Missing People, with EU Ambassador Michael Humphries, and with Lord Paddy Ashdown, internationally appointed administrator of Bosnia.Directed by Nick Davidson. 2005. 27 min. DVD 3974

The Road to Nowhere. (Blood and Belonging; 1).
They might be described as a throwback to the Middle Ages, but the warloards in the former Yugoslavia constitute big figures in the new world order. This program examines these people and the rhetoric of nationalism they use to justify themselves. The story of Yugoslavia is the story of its first highway, the Highway of Brotherhood and Unity; today it is a symbol of everything gone wrong in the country, a road impassable for both Serb and Croat: a road to nowhere. 50 min. Video/C 4639

Sarajevo Diaries
Segment one gives excerpts from videos by SAGA, a Sarajevo-based group of filmmakers, from inside the besieged Bosnian capital. The second segment examines ethnic hatred and extreme nationalism in the Czech Republic where neo-Nazi ideas are winning adherents among the young. The final segment reports on the Eyes of the Earth Project which distributes cameras to human rights activists for the documentation of human rights abuses. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs. broadcast September 8, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6694

Sarajevo: Ground Zero, Parts 1 & 2
Part one highlights films produced by SAGA (Sarajevo Group of Artists) which offer a chilling look at the everyday life of a city under siege. Includes interviews of the filmmakers, soldiers and civilians. Part two continues SAGA's films of daily life in Sarajevo and includes commentary by New York Times correspondent John Burns and American writer Susan Sontag who is staging Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot in Sarajevo. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast November 3 and November 10, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6702

Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege
Presents a video diary on how the seige in Sarajevo has affected the lives of ordinary people on one street, intercut by an interview with N.Y. Times reporter John Burns who spent 18 months in Sarajevo. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 9, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6704

Sarajevo: The Living and the Dead (Frontline).
Yugoslavian-born filmaker Radovan Tadic presents an intimate portrait of Sarajevans trying to live while deprived of almost everything. This chronicle, filmed over a period of six months, ultimatley becomes a meditation on the war, as well as a larger journey through the psychological and moral landscape of the besieged city. 57 min. Video/C 3890

See You in the Next War (vidimo se u sledecem ratu)
A shocking and at times absurd portrayal of life during the war in Yugoslavia from the perspective of the staff, friends and listeners of the rebel radio station, Belgrade Radio B92. Concludes with the popular up-rising against the Milosevic regime and the return of some of the staff from London to the original B92 station in Central Belgrade, for the first time since the NATO bombing and the station's take over. 2001. 104 min. DVD 5395

Srebrenica: Looking for Justice(Life; 5)
Examines the massacre at Srebrenica on its 10th anniversary and the attempts to bring those responsible to justice. Forensic scientists are still uncovering the truth about what really happened at Srebrenica. The perpetrators of the massacre went to enormous lengths to hide the evidence; former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military subordinate General Ratko Mladic - both indicted for war crimes - have evaded capture for ten years. But there is now a bigger political process at work as all sides try to move towards a better and more secure future for the Balkans. One reason for this new determination is the prospect of the Balkan States joining the EU. Narrator/director, Amanda Feldon. 2005. 23 min. DVD 8387

Bullfrog Films catalog description

The Truth About Croatia (Chicago: Consulate General of Yugoslavia).
Documentary describing the conflict between Croatians on the one hand and Serbians and elements of the Yugoslavian army on the other hand in the period following the disintegration of Yugoslavia as a federal republic. 14 min. Video/C 2778

Tudjman: His Life, His Quest, His Beloved Croatia
Modern Croatia's first president, Franjou Tudjman is the subject of this biography. In a poignant interview he discusses his notable achievements, like the Dayton Peace Accord, while also elucidating, with candor, some of the more personal challenges in his life in Croatia during a time filled with oppression, rebellion and genocide. In Serbo-Croatian with English subtitles. 1997. 45 min. Video/C 7001

Urbicide: A Sarajevo Diary.
In this film Bill Tribe, a Sarajevo refugee, returns to his embattled city in an attempt to rescue his wife and son-in-law from the carnage. A former translator to President Izetbegovic and an ex-patient of the psychiatrist turned "Butcher of Sarajevo", Dr. Radovan Karadzic, Tribe devoted 26 years to teaching at the University of Sarajevo. Now, after a 4 month respite in his native England, he has come back to the remains of a shell-shattered life. 50 min. Video/C 3700

Description from Icarus Films catalog

War Crimes
The first segment examines the establishment of the United Nations War Crimes Tribunal created to punish human rights abusers and how the Tribunal plans to deal with atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia. Includes interviews with members of Human Rights Watch, a human rights group, that supports rape victims in Bosnia. The second segment presents a musical piece by Croatian musician and human rights advocate, Nenad Bach. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 21, 1993. 27 min. Video/6688

War Crimes Tribunal
The UN voted to convene a war crimes tribunal to examine crimes against humanity in Bosnia/Herzegovina and other former Yugoslav republics. This segment investigates why a year later no investigations are underway. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 2, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6703

We Are All Neighbours: Bosnia
In a Muslim/Catholic village near Sarajevo, rumors fly and suspicions spread. When Catholic Croats assert control, Muslim businesses are attacked, villagers arrested and harassed, and homes threatened. Three weeks later, neighbors who had been close friends for 50 years no longer speak to each other, and the peaceful coexistence between Croats and Muslims disintegrates into mutual distrust and fear. 1993. 52 min. DVD 7818 [preservation copy]; vhs Video 3432

While America Watched: The Bosnia Tragedy.
Examines concentration camps in Bosnia. Describes why America, which emerged from the Gulf War and the collapse of the Soviet Union as the world's strongest military and political power, decided to do so little militarily to stop the fighting in Bosnia. ABC News with Peter Jennings. 47 min. Video/C 4573

Yellow Wasps: Roots of Ethnic Cleansing, Parts 1 & 2.
Part 1: Extended excerpts from the documentary "Yellow Wasps," directed by Ilan Ziv and produced by Jovan Dulovic and Rory O'Connor, examines ethnic cleansing in the former Yugoslavia through a war crimes trial of a Serbian para-military group called "Yellow Wasps." Journalists and survivors relate their personal experiences. Part II: Examines the discovery of concentration camps in the former Yugoslavia and the response of the international community. Former U.S. Secretary of State, Lawrence Eagleburger, is interviewed on the moral implications of non-intervention. Broadcast May 31 and June 7, 1995. Video/C 6734

Yugoslavia
Filmed in 1987, this documentary explores Yugoslavia, a nation formed by the union of several Slavic kingdoms. The nation continues to be culturally diverse, with many religious and ethnic groups, three major languages, and two official alphabets. Also examines the political and economic conditions of the country while visiting its cities, factories and farms. 27 min. Video/C 9921
Yugoslavia: The Avoidable War.
Documentary analysis of the war in Yugoslavia, investigating how serious errors and misjudgments made by Western powers, particularly Germany and the U.S., helped spark the violent breakup of the former Yugoslavia. Features interviews with Lord Peter Carrington, James Baker, Lawrence Eagleburger, Hans Dietrich Genscher and scholars. Questions the role the U.N. and NATO played in the events leading up to the conflict. Directed by George Bogdanich. 1999. 165 min. DVD 7374

Yugoslavia: Death of a Nation.
Using interviews with principal figures and archival footage, this six-part program studies how and why the once-unified country of Yugoslavia disintegrated into a combat zone of warring factions. Companion text to video series: Yugoslavia: Death of a Nation by Laura Sibler and Allan Little (Main Stack DR1313.S55 1996) 1996. 100 min. each tape

Part 1 and 2: Examines the country's initial breakup following the loss of communist control after Tito's death. In Part 2 Serb leaders, swept out of Croatia in 1990, tell how they launched their rebellion which began the wars that have engulfed Yugoslavia. Video/C 7401

Part 3 and 4: In Part 3 Dragoslav Bokan and Vojislav Seselj, two of Serbian's paramilitary leaders indicted as war criminals, describe the plan they used to stop the Croats from claiming their independence. Part 4 investigates new evidence that Serb President Slobodan Milosevic himself ordered the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia as soon as the war began in April 1992. Video/C 7402

Part 5 and 6: The fifth segment examines attempts to arrive at peace amidst continuing conflict commencing in December, 1992 with the U.N. and the Owen peace plan. In the sixth and final segment, despite continuing conflicts between Serbs and muslims, work for peace continued with the Dayton peace plan negotiated in November 1995. Video/C 7403

Yugoslavia: The Avoidable War
Extensive documentary analysis of the war in Yugoslavia, investigating how serious errors and misjudgments made by Western powers, particularly Germany and the United States, helped spark the violent breakup of the former Yugoslavia. Features interviews with Lord Peter Carrington, James Baker, Lawrence Eagleburger, Hans Dietrich Genscher -- as well as historians, academics, journalists, Balkans experts and senior military officers. It also questions the role the U.N. and NATO played in the events leading up to the conflict. c2001. 171 min. Video/C 8824

Yugoslavia: Origins of a War.
Using archival and unpublished materials, this film provides background to the ethnic conflicts raging in the former Yugoslavia as it examines the conflict's roots from the beginning of the twentieth century with the creation of Yugoslavia, the second World War, and the arrival of Tito. The program goes on to show how, from the early 1980's, stresses arose with the rise of nationalism and local extreminists in the republics, leading to "civil" war and the destruction of a state. A video by Christophe Talczewski. 200-? 58 min. DVD X3939; Video/C 4386

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Czechoslovakia

The Artists' Revolution: 10 Days in Prague.
In November, 1989 a group of artists in Prague successfully spearheaded the overthrow of the communist regime in Czechoslovakia in the nonviolent "velvet revolution"...a revolution fought through images, words and spirit. This film is the inside story of that rebellion as told through interviews with the activists and citizens of Prague. 30 min. Video/C 4571

Description from First Cinema Guild catalog

Citizen Vaclav Havel Goes on Vacation.
Before he became president of the Czech Republic after the Velvet Revolution, Vaclav Havel -- playwright, essayist, intellectual -- was a leading dissident, repeatedly jailed by the Communist government. This documentary recreates a little-known episode in the Czechoslovakian dissident's life when he decided to test the boundaries of his totalitarian state by taking an extended vacation, visiting friends all over the country. Written and directed by Jan Novak, Adam Novak. 2006. 77 min. DVD 7252

Czech Dream (Cesky sen)
Documents the largest consumer hoax the Czech Republic has ever seen. Filip Remunda and Vit Klusack, two of Eastern Europe's most promising young documentary filmmakers, set out to explore the psychological and manipulative powers of consumerism by creating an ad campaign for a super store that didn't exist. The advertising campaign includes radio and television ads, posters, flyers with photos of fake Czech Dream products, a promotional song, an internet site, and ads in newspapers and magazines. Will people believe in it and show up for the grand opening? Produced and written by Vit Klusak, Filip Remunda. 2007. 90 min. DVD 9652
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Old Believers (Staroverci)
Shot over a period of five years, documents the life of a strongly religious community living in the Danube Delta. Time seems to have stopped in this forsaken Romanian village where the Russian emigrants of a minority faith settled during the 17th century. Their descendants were able to preserve not only their original beliefs but also their language while remaining faithful to their ancient rites and customs. A specific, almost meditative rhythm in this place gives a transcendental significance to even the most ordinary everyday tasks. Written and directed by Jana Sevcikova. 2001. 46 min. DVD X152

Piemule
During the early 1980's, Czech filmmaker Jana Sevikova spent several years documenting the daily lives and customs of an ethnic group of Czechs living near Timisoara, Romania. The social and work customs of these individuals are much like those of their ancestors who settled in the Romanian highlands over 150 years ago. In returning to the village in 1992, the filmmaker found that little had changed despite the fall of communism. Written and directed by Jana Sevcikova. 1992. 43 min. DVD X152

Prague Spring
In 1968 Alexander Dubcek's attempt to liberalize Communist rule in Czechoslovakia and to create "socialism with a human face" resulted in Soviet tanks in the streets of Prague. This program presents both the political detente behind Brezhnev's position and the dissent that was silenced within the Warsaw Pact alliance. Extensive archival footage and contemporary interviews provide insights that reveal the dissent within the Eastern Bloc countries in the 1960's. 29 min. Video/C 6192

Prague Skinheads
Segment one gives excerpts from videos by SAGA, a Sarajevo-based group of filmmakers, from inside the besieged Bosnian capital. The second segment examines ethnic hatred and extreme nationalism in the Czech Republic where neo-Nazi ideas are winning adherents among the young. The final segment reports on the Eyes of the Earth Project which distributes cameras to human rights activists for the documentation of human rights abuses. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs. Broadcast September 8, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6694

Private Century
Composed entirely of home movies, still photographs, letters, and diaries dating from the 1920's to the 1960's, the series explores the impact of sweeping historical events: war, economic depression, and government interference, on the private lives of ordinary people. In the midst of political turbulence and social change, they grow up, fall in love, get married, go on vacation just like us. The events of Czechoslovakia during the 20th century provide the historical backdrop, but the problems, pleasures, and pain of the people in each episode are universal. Written and directed by Jan Sikl. 2006. 416 min. DVD X2273

Red Spring, The Sixties.(Cold War series)
In the Soviet bloc, communist rule stifles ambition and achievement. Soviet defense expenditure cripples economic growth. The young lust for totems of America's youth culture--blue jeans and rock-n-roll. In Czechoslovakia, Dubcek attempts limited reform, but in 1968, Soviet force crushes the Prague Spring. 47 min. Video/C 5739

A Trial in Prague.
Documentary profiles the 1952 trial of fourteen Czechoslovak communists, including Rudolf Slansky, former General Secretary of the Party, tried on charges of high treason and espionage. Eleven of the fourteen accused were Jews. Presents interviews with many who were caught up in the events. 1952. 83 min. Video/C MM249

Velvet Hangover: The End of the Czech Film Miracle
Various Czech producers, directors, film editors and writers discuss the struggles they faced as they tried to realize their artistic visions in a constantly shifting political landscape from the heady days of the mid-Sixties, through the repressive period of "Normalization," and up to the present-day, ten years after the Velvet Revolution. 2000. 144 min. Video/C 9799

Voices of Dissent: The Velvet Revolution. (CD-ROM/Mac).
Explores the Czechoslovak struggle for human rights during the eight day revolution of November 1989. Student demonstrators relate the emotion and energy of the mass demonstrations and describe how they avoided the censorship of the state and the wrath of the secret police as they campaigned for democracy. Compu/D 365

We Don't Want to Live on our Knees.
Presents a case study of Soviet imperialism focusing on the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. Using archival footage the program follows step by step as Alexander Dubcek relaxes control, reduces the power of the police and permits criticism of the government and the organization of alternative political parties; examines the extension of the Iron Curtain over Eastern European territory; shows the sudden about-face of the Russians and the invasion and subjugation of Czechoslovakia. 20 min. Video/C 3618

East Berlin

See: Western Europe: Germany/East Germany

Hungary

Bartos Family: The Father and Three Sons.
A film by Péter Forgács. Having carefully collected home movies, from the early 20th century through the thirties and forties, Forgacs renders a lyrical portrait of the Bartos family in Budapest, Hungary. The small rituals and events of this bourgeois family provide a view of the bridging of an age and culture, creating a mirror that reflects the face of private and official history. The Hungarian Quisling government looted the rich family and WWII and later Communism eventually completely destroyed their wealth. 1988. 60 min. DVD 3201

A Bibo Reader.
A film by Péter Forgács. Presents a found footage essay featuring home movies and photographs of the philosopher Istvan Bibo, who served time in prison for supplying Jews with fake documents during the Holocaust and was one of the leaders of the 1956 Hungarian revolution. The sensitive rendering of Bibo's social and historical analysis, the meditative texts and images pace the piece from one contemplative state to the next. 2001. 69 min. DVD 3210

The Bishop's Garden.
A film by Péter Forgács. Presents a found footage essay on the Calvinist church bishop Laszlo Ravasz. As the first Bishop of the Calvinist Church in Hungary he was a member of the Upper House of Parliament from 1927, and later of the Royal Gubernatorial Council, but the great orator has lived for many years in exile, since 1950 when Communist dictator Rakosi silenced him. Between 1921 and 1948 as one of Hungary's most influential clergymen, his archconservative personality and controversial ambivalence toward Jews left its mark on the history of the Hungarian Holocaust. Now he walks in his garden amongst the strands of his memories. 57 min. 2002. DVD 3211

Bourgeois Dctionary.
A film by Péter Forgács. Having carefully collected home movies filmed in Hungary, particularly from the thirties and forties, Forgacs explores the historical and the cultural via the private. In Bourgeois dictionary he examines the tragic fate of those who lie at the silent heart of books and films produced in the post-communist moment. "I wanted neither to be sentimental, nor to construct worlds only of those under repression and segregation. I don't know how I would behave in such circumstances .. the account is there, you have to face it ... I wanted the audience to be hurt, too." 1992. 49 min. DVD 3204

Class Lot
A film by Péter Forgács. Filmed from 1946-1971, continues the history of the Hungarian Jewish family of businessman and musician Gyorgy Peto introduced in the film "Free fall." After World War II Gyorgy returns from captivity in Russia and his daughter is born. He continues to manage the family bank until 1949, date of the first nationalizations, and then finds employment in a national orchestra. His daughter, now grown discovers the existence of a little brother who died in a concentration camp as the film progesses in its discovery of the secrecies of the family, and investigates issues of Jewish identity. Their personal history is interlaced with music including musical propaganda, featuring songs of Communist youths. 1997. 52 min. DVD 3208

Dusi and Jenot.
A film by Péter Forgács. Originally shot between 1936 and 1966 by Jeno, a banker living in Budapest, the film shootings are of he and his wife and dog but it also presents the City of Budapest itself, in snow, fog and rain, with photography of sensual accuracy. In the midst of this peaceful landscape, Nazi troops, bombardments, flechees Crosses, and Jewish work camps cross the images of Jeno. This film is a poem, which sets up a breathtaking memorial to the vanishing representatives of the Hungarian middle class. 1989. 45 min. DVD 3202

Either - Or
A film by Péter Forgács. Having carefully collected home movies, particularly from the thirties and forties, Forgacs renders lyrical portraits of bourgeois families, mostly from Budapest. The families find protection from the terrors of socialism in the private sphere and the ancient human dramas, while in civil life everything goes on even if they do not see what they look at. 1989. 43 min. DVD 3203

Ethnic Fault Lines
The first segment tracks the influence of old ethnic hatreds and fears through the rise of neo-Nazi groups targeting Jews and gypsies which threaten human rights in Hungary. The second segment previews film entries in the 1993 Human Rights Watch Film Festival. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast May 5, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6690

Free Fall
A film by Péter Forgács. Beginning in 1938 through home movies taken by musician and businessman Gyorgy Peto, shows how this Hungarian Jewish family from the city of Szeged, suppressed the fearful signs of threatening evidences of forthcoming massacre. As the illusions of this Jewish Hungarian family are eroded step-by-step, their happy, banal moments are framed against a recitation of anti-Jewish laws in Hungary during the Nazi era and descriptions of the deportation of Hungarian Jews. 1996. 75 min. DVD 3207

Hungary: Pushing the Limits.
Shows Los Angeles builder Dezso Biczo, who fought in the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, returning to his native Hungary in 1986 for the first time since the revolt. Through Biczo's eyes, the film examines the many changes which have occurred since he left and describes the economic reform which allows Hungary a better standard of living than other Eastern bloc nations. 1986. 60 min. Video/C 9951

The Hungarian Uprising, 1956. (Archive of the 20th Century).
Uses doumentary film clips to show what happened during the Hungarian uprising against Communist control in 1956, the violence that it entailed, and the consequences of the revolution: Hungary's resumption of its place in the Eastern Bloc, the exile of Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty, and the economic reforms that made Hungary the most Western part of the Eastern Bloc. 12 min. Video/C 3616

Kadar's Kiss.
A film by Péter Forgács. Gleaned from found footage and home movies and assembled by Péter Forgács, this film presents an exploration of the terrain of "everyday erotics" during the post-WWII Communist regime in Hungary. Intercut with radio addresses by First Secretary Janos Kadar, speaking against individualsm and preaching the birth of a New Man and the advent of the socialist egalitarian era, its double speak and shameless ideological political perversion contradicts the everyday life behind the doors of private homes as Forgacs ironically explores this chapter of official and private histories. 1998. DVD 3209

The Land of Nothing.
A film by Péter Forgács. An amateur film journal sometimes contradicts the "official," so called "public history" from a private history view. During WWII, Ensign Laszlo Ratz of the Second Hungarian Army infantry, shot family films from 1938. His war film story begins with entrainment in June 1942, and follows through the long Ukrainian march of the Second Hungarian Army. On the roadside Ukraine people stare into the camera. Later it covers the devastating final clash with the Soviets at the Bloody Voronhez front. Ratz filmed until the eve of the catastrophe of the Hungarian Army at the river Don. 1996. DVD 3206

Media
First segment: Reports on the lack of media independence in post-communist Hungary where broadcast media are under attack by the government for its "liberal bias." Second segment: A story on the growing number of journalists who are killed while on assignment throughout the world. Third segment: A profile of the world's most unusual radio station--Belgrade's B-92-- which mixes music with anti-war activism in Serbia's capital. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast May 28, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6711

The Notebook of a Lady.
A film by Péter Forgács. Having carefully collected found footage and home movies, particularly from the thirties and forties, Forgacs renders lyrical portraits of Hungarian families. Here the viewer travels with Baroness Jeszenszky, and her 8mm film diary from her Buda villa to the Castle in Tolna County. The reanimated images of a Hungarian aristocrat's past enchant and reveal a world of high society that sank when their lands were burned in World War II and later the Communists nationalized what was left. 1994. DVD 3205

Traditions for Sale.
Budapest has become a major shopping center, both for Hungarians and foreign visitors who are looking for examples of old Hungarian folk arts. Especially in demand are embroideries from Mezokovesd and two other villages. Elderly women in these villages, some in their eighties and nineties, are embroidering for the trade. The film also shows furniture and other decoratively painted wares and dolls being made for sale. While the traditions are being kept alive, the people are suffering from the pressures put upon them. A master embroiderer is visited, and a wedding is celebrated, complete with beautifully embroidered costumes, showing how these crafts fit in with local customs. 1999. 49 min. Video/C MM590

Lithuania

Destination--Lithuania.
Describes the history and culture of Lithuania and the economic and political changes that have occurred since Lithuania gained freedom from the Soviet Union. Lithuanian children and Peace Corps workers describe their lifestyles and experiences. 21 min. Video/C 4738

The Fall of Communism.
Surveys events that occurred in 1989 and 1990 in the nations of eastern Europe and within some republics of the Soviet Union using news stories broadcast by ABC. Describes each country's efforts to revitalize its economy and democratize its institutions and then examines the impact of these changes. Highlights include the tearing down of the Berlin Wall, independence movements in Poland, Lithuania and Russia. 80 min. Video/C 3220

Poland

Destination--Poland.
An overview of Poland and Peace Corps activities in that country with emphasis on how Poland's geography has effected its history and discussions with students on economic and political changes since the ending of communist rule there. 16 min. Video/C 4734

Far From Poland.
Combines documentary footage and dramatic reenactments to portray the Polish Solidarity Movement. Denied visas to shoot in Poland, the filmmaker constructs a film in New York over the barest bones of documentary footage and creates her personal definition of the Polish struggle. The result: a deft dismemberment of the myth of "documentary truth." A film by Jill Godmilow in collaboration with Susan Delson, Mark Magill and Andrzej Tomowski. 1984. 106 min. DVD 8901; vhs Video/C 4626

Gypsies.
A cinema-verite style documentary film directed by Wladyslaw Slesicki that follows a traveling gypsy caravan as they wander across rural Poland. Original synchronous sound with no Commentary. Direction and script by Wadyslaw Slesicki. 1961. 30 min. Video/C MM1104

Nothing to Lose.
Interview with Lech Walesa and discussion of the Polish Solidarity Movement. 58 min. Video/C 2567

People Power, 1989 (People's Century).
In 1991, the Communist Party lost control of the Soviet Union, the culmination of a process that started in 1980 in the Polish shipyards when millions joined Lech Walesa's Solidarity movement which signaled the beginning of the end for Soviet-style communism. Here eyewitnesses tell the story of how the Communist system collapsed as they remember the extraordinary weeks that preceded and followed the fall of the Berlin Wall; Poland's fight for solidarity; Czechoslovakia's "Velvet Revolution;" the struggle for power in the Soviet Union and more. 1998. 56 min. Video/C 5554

Poland: We've Caught God by the Arm. (Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict)
In August, 1980, workers at the Gdansk shipyard went on strike. Lech Walesa was the chief negotiator for the workers, who avoided the mistakes of earlier strikes by maintaining strict nonviolent discipline--and by occupying their shipyard, to deter a violent crackdown by authorities. The strike quickly spread throughout the country and a new union was born named "Solidarity." The government imposed martial law and banned the union which continued its work underground until 1989 when it re-emerged as a revitalized political force, and won decisively in Poland's first free elections in 60 years. 2000. 31 min. Video/C 7376

The Mystery of Poland (L' énigme polonaise)
A film by Georges Mink et Virginie Linhart. Nearly twenty years after the collapse of communism, Poland is still hesitating. It is torn between liberalism and communism, between offering amnesty or launching a witch hunt. To understand this indecision, we have to go back to 1989 and the round table talks between communists and opposition groups that enabled Poland to peacefully shake off communism. With personal accounts from Walesa, Geremek, Mazowiecki, Generals Jaruzelski and Kiszczak, and former Polish President Alexander Kwasniewski, including never-before-seen footage unearthed from Polish television archives, the film tells the secrets of Poland's past and throws light on its politics in the present. Dist.: Ciné-fête. 2007. 57 min. DVD X4945

Struggles for Poland.
Discusses the history and politics of Poland in the 20th Century. 9 parts. 60 min. each installment

Once Upon a Time, 1900-1923. Documents through archival films, interviews and stills, how the vision of two Polish leaders, Josef Pilsudski and Roman Dmowski, along with a series of major events, provided the necessary catalysts for Poland to regain its sovereign status after years of domination by foreign powers. DVD X1315 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:1

A False Dawn, 1921-1939. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings, Poland's struggles to establish a government following the ratification of the new Polish constitution in 1921, and shows how political infighting led to the establishment of a military regime based on right-wing totalitarianism and officially sanctioned anti-Semitism. While workers and peasants struggled against this regime from within, Poland faced even greater threats from its aggressive neighbors, Stalin's Soviet Russia and Hitler's Nazi Germany. DVD X1316 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:2

A Different World, Poland's Jews, 1919-1943. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings the once flourishing and dynamic community of Polish Jews, and the events leading up to the Holocaust. Focuses on ghetto leaders, the Treaty for Protection of Minority Rights and the rise of European facism. DVD X1317 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:3

Occupation, September 1939-January 1945. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings the atrocities perpetrated against the Polish people during WWII. Special segments of this episode also set in relief the role and activities of the Polish Underground; the creation of the Soviet-inspired Communist resistance; and the 280,000 members of the Home Army in Warsaw, which led to an ill-fated uprising against the Germans in 1944. DVD X1318 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:4

Friends and neighbors, September 1939-January 1945. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readingshow the Polish Home Army's valiant struggle during World War II. Shows how despite this courageous contribution to the war effort, Poland was betrayed by her supposed allies and neighbors. DVD X1319 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:5

Bright Days of Tomorrow, 1945-1956. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings, the tumultuous period from 1945-1956, when Polish Communists, led by Boleslaw Bierut and Wladyslaw Gomulka and the Soviet Army, under the banner of the Polish Workers Party, rose to power by deftly removing all opposition through electoral fraud and terror. Along with the onset of the Cold War, the influence of Stalinism gave rise to a Soviet-style Six Year Plan, party propaganda and repression in Poland. DVD X1320 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:6

The Sweepers of Squares, 1956-1970. Archival films, stills, interviews and readings document the strike in Poznan which led to the Soviet decision to support Wladyslaw Gomulka. Under Gomulka's leadership many state farms were abandoned, political prisoners released and much of the terror and ideological frenzy curbed, but structural reforms to the Party and the economy failed to take place. Subsequent unrest and protests in the later 1960s led to military action and a new wave of anti-Semitism. DVD X1321 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:7

In This Life, 1900-1979. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings the tremendous influence of the Catholic Church in Poland in this century. Shows how the Catholic Church, following WWI and the Russian Revolution, positioned itself on the political right as a reaction to secular Bolshevism and later scrambled to survive in post-WWII Communist Poland. DVD X1322 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:8

The Worker's State, 1970-1980. Documents through archival films, stills, interviews and readings, the creation of the Solidarity trade union and the Polish Government's unprecedented agreement to legalize independent trade unions. Chronicles the impact of Solidarity from 1970-1980. DVD X1323 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1247:9

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Romania

Children Underground
Documentary on a year in the lives of five homeless Romanian children who make their home in a subway station in Bucharest. Begging on the streets, drug addicted, and painfully unaware of the cruel horrors of their soul-crushing existence, the story unfolds to reveal their harrowing day-to-day struggle for survival. Bonus features: Filmmaker statement, "Where are they now" updates, filmmaker and additional crew biographies, resource links.Produced and directed by Edet Belzberg. 2001. 104 min. DVD X2640; vhs Video/C 9451

The Journey Home: A Romanian Adoption
This is the story of Alexandra, an eleven-year-old Romanian girl who was adopted by a Canadian family at the age of three. Sandi and Al, Alexandra's parents, feel it is time for their daughter to make the journey to meet her birthparents and discover her roots. The film follows Alexandra and her adoptive family as they travel from Bucharest across Romania to the village where Alexandra was born. Along the way they visit orphanages for infants and children to see how they are run today. 2000. 44 min. Video/C 8970

Suspino: A Cry for Roma
Examines the persecution and discrimination inflicted upon European Roma, or Gypsies as they are pejoratively called. Focuses on Romania, where Europe's largest concentration of Roma are considered "public enemies" -- and Italy, where the Roma are classified as nomads and forced to live in camps while being denied human rights available to refugees and foreign residents. 2003. 72 min. DVD 3224

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Videograms of a Revolution (Videograms einer Revolution)
An analysis of the revolution in Romania in 1989, covering events in the first five days, from December 21 when Ceausescu made his last speech to December 26, the day the dictator was executed. Material from Romanian television broadcasts and footage taken by amateur videographers provide multiple perspectives of events. A film by Haroun Farocki and Andrei Ujica. 1992. 107 min. DVD 6009; Video/C 6518

Haroun Farocki bibliography
White, Rob; Romagno, Andrada (translator). "Interview with Andrei Ujica." Film Quarterly, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 66-71, 2011 Spring UC users only

Russia/Soviet Union

Peace & Conflict Studies (WWII and Cold War)
Russian cinema videography

17 August
Focuses on documenting one day in the life of Boris Bezotechestvo, a murderer serving his entire sentence in solitary confinement in a prison situated on a small Island on Lake Novozero in central Russia. The filmmaker explores what happens when nothing happens. The theme of crime and punishment is present in every moment. When there is no death sentence, there is only time. Time can be spent conversing with God - or maybe with the Devil. Boris asks himself whether he should try to go insane. Written and directed by Alexander Gutman. Dist.: Cinema Guild. 2009. 63 min. DVD X3245

Animated Soviet Propaganda.

American Imperialists. Racism, unemployment, aggression, excess -- the USSR's animation studios frequently took aim at these aspects of American culture. Representing five decades of animated Soviet propaganda, this program features short films that blast the U.S. and its perceived evils. Black and White and Mister Twister extol the absence of bigotry in Soviet society while Someone Else's Voice portrays jazz as "an enemy of the people." Ave Maria condemns America's presence in Vietnam and the influence of the Catholic Church, and The Shooting Gallery underscores the violence behind economic and class divisions. 81 min. DVD 5702

Fascist Barbarians. Hitler's invasion of Russia and Germany's post-WWII partition inspired a great deal of animated Soviet Propaganda. This program presents short films that disparage fascist aggression and America's supposed continuation of it. Fascist Boots on our Homeland and Cinema Circus vilify Hitler and the Nazi invaders; A Lesson Not Learned plays on Russian fears of a reunited, vengeful, and American-supported Germany; and Vasilyok, The Adventures of the Red Ties and The Violin of the Pioneer Pen are stories about brave and loyal Soviet children encountering and standing up to fascism. 116 min. DVD 5703

Capitalist Sharks. Just as America envisioned Communist threats during much of the 20th century, the specter of capitalism loomed large in the Soviet Cold War psyche. This program surveys Soviet animated propaganda, embodying that fiercely anti-capitalist spirit. Foreshadowing the space race, Interplanetary Revolution depicts a Communist triumph over free-market forces on Mars; China in Flames warns against capitalist interference in the Chinese Revolution; Shareholder proclaims the superiority of the Soviet economic system; and Proud Little Ship takes on capitalist aggression. 98 min. DVD 5704

Onward to the Shining Future. Soviet film studios worked hard to portray their government's system as idyllic and forward-looking. This program showcases animated films designed to promote that utopian vision. Soviet Toys, the earliest known example of Soviet animation, condemns Lenin's New Economic Policy; The Victorious Destination celebrates the achievements of Stalin's first five-year plan; Samoyed Boy praises the Soviet educational system and the casting-off of antiquated traditions; and Hot Stone, Little Organ, and Songs of the Fire Years rejoice over the passing of Czarist imperialism and the establishment of a new, benevolent society. Forward march, time! -- Soviet toys -- Samoyed boy -- The music box (Little organ) -- Lenin's Kino Pravda -- Join the collective -- Victorious destination -- War chronicle -- A hot stone -- Songs of the years of fire (Songs of the fire years) -- Plus electrification. 135 min. DVD 5705

The Anna Akhmatova File (Lichnoe delo Anny Akhmatovoy)
Examines a contradictory age in which a sensitive, lyrical and much loved poet, Anna Akhmatova, stands up to the brutal repression of Josef Stalin. Although her works were banned and weren't published for 17 years, her poem 'Requiem' became the underground anthem for the millions who suffered under Stalin. Directed by Semyon Aranovich. 2007. 65 min. DVD 8914

Asaltar los cielos
Depicts one of the most controversial historical events of the 20th century: The assassination of Leon Trotsky, a communist who was instrumental in founding the Red Army and the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. His assassin, Ramon Mercader, one of Lenin's most loyal followers remained a mystery his entire life. Directed by Javier Rioyo, Jose-Luis Lopez Linares. 1996. 96 min. DVD X153

Bells From the Deep: Faith and Superstition in Russia (Glocken aus der Tiefe)
Examines the mysticism and asceticism of religious practices in a region of Siberia near the upper course of the Yenisei River: pilgrims crawling across a barely frozen lake, hoping for a view of the legendary Kitezh, a village believed sunken intact by God to save it from Mongol raiders, "transmission of cosmic energy" into bottled water hawked by faith healer Alan Chumack; women under the spell of "sorcerer/exorcist" Yuri Tarassov; and followers of a robed, Christ-like man. A film by Werner Herzog. 1993. 60 min. DVD 6506

Berlin 1945.
This film is about the final Russian conflict, the fight to take Berlin. From Russian archive material witness probably the bloodiest battle of World War II. Over 40 Belorussian and 1st Ukranian Army cameramen contributed footage to this remarkable documentary. 60 min. Video/C 1337

Beslan: Siege of School no. 1
This Wide Angle report investigates the terrorism at the Beslan school where Checknya insurgents took children, parents and teachers hostage in the bloodiest act of terrorism in Russia since Chechnya declared its independence. Based on firsthand testimony and rare footage from inside the school, Beslan explores the motivation of the hostage-takers, the Russian government?s failed effort to manage the crisis, and the calamity?s legacy for survivors, bereaved families, and Russia?s future stability. In addition, Bill Moyers speaks with The Washington Post?s Peter Baker and Susan Glasser, co-authors of Kremlin Rising, about their actions on that tragic day and their views on the broader context of the incident. Episode originally broadcast on the television program Wide angle on Tuesday, July 12, 2005. Dist: Films Media Group. 57 min. DVD 6721

The Betrayed.
Chronicles the struggles of a group of Russian mothers who are determined to find out the fate of their missing sons who were conscripted into the Russian Maikospki Brigade, which was sent to fight against the Chechens fighting for independence. Russian authorities, anxious to conceal the extend of their defeat in Chechnia, are avoiding the revelation of any information concerning the missing brigade. 78 min. Video/C 4201

Blockade (Blokada)
Created from archival footage of the siege of Leningrad found in Soviet film archives and meticulously reconstructed with a soundtrack added to the original silent footage. Hitler attempted to starve the Soviet city into submission resulting in the longest siege of World War II. The siege lasted for 900 days, with the blockade contributing to the largest-scale famine ever seen in the industrialized world. A Film by Sergei Loznitsa. 2005. 52 min. DVD 8922

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Bought and Sold.
Based on a two year undercover investigation conducted by the Global Survival Network into the illegal trafficking in women from the Former Soviet republics, this documentary features interviews with traffickers, Russian mafia, trafficked women, and groups working to provide services to these women. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. 1997. 42 min. DVD 3253

Witness web site

Brave New World, 1945. (The Peoples' Century )
Just over fifty years ago, Soviet and American troops met at the River Elbe and rejoiced at the defeat of Nazi Germany but their optimism was short lived. This film tracks the building tensions between these two superpowers, from the post-war world of the late 1940s through the early 1960s, as the hope for peace swiftly disintegrated into a "cold" war. Here eyewitnesses recall the meeting on the Elbe, the impact of Stalin, Churchill and Khrushchev, propaganda wars between the two nations, the Berlin blockade, the Hungarian uprising and the installation of the Berlin Wall. 1998. 56 min. Video/C 5552

Capital
When Kazakhstan moved its capital to Astana, a dusty village in the steppe was transformed into an ultra-modern city. As Astana celebrates its tenth anniversary, we see vignettes of life in a place that is growing at an astounding pace, a place that brings together human, cultural, and economic capital. Colorful and catty tour guides, a television news crew, and a pair of construction foremen are our companions as we traverse the city from the outskirts to the center, watching monuments rise and celebrations take place, all under the seemingly ever-present eye of president Nursultan Nazarbayev. A film by Maxim Pozdorovkin and Joe Bender; directed by Maxim Pozdorovkin. 2010. 72 min. DVD X5673

Cheated of Childhood. (Life; 38)
The city of St. Petersburg, Russia has become home to a generation of street children who survive by begging, informal child labor or prostitution. This segment looks at the work of the International Labor Organization, whose efforts to rescue and rehabilitate these street children is an wholly new phenomenon in Russia. c2002. 23 min. Video/C 9847 (for other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events)

Chechnya (Chechnya: Russia's Human Rights Nightmare.)
First segment: An update on the ongoing conflict in Russia's Chechnya with comments from Sergei Kovalev, Russia's former Commissioner of Human Rights, and Ludmilla Thorne, a human rights specialist at Freedom House. Second segment: Thomas Goltz's video diary about the village of Somashki in Chechnya and its efforts to defend itself from the Russian army's assault. Third segment: An exclusive interview with Fred Cuny, a disaster relief specialist and human rights activist who traveled to Chechnya in 1995 where he has been missing and is now presumed dead. Broadcast April 23, 1994. Broadcast May 1, 1996. Video/C 6730

Coming Apart (Inside Gorbachev's USSR; 4).
Reveals the growing unrest of ethnic groups in the Soviet republics, where central control is being challenged with resurgence of religious movements, ethnic rivalries and demands for independence. 58 min. Video/C 1923

Chernobyl: The Taste of Wormwood.
A Japanese documentary about the Chernobyl nuclear disaster which includes on-site photography of the blast site and of people and areas affected. Also included are interviews with victims, bystanders, medical personnel who treated burn victims, physicists, and politicians. 1987. 52 min. DVD X1232 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1048

Comrades (Tovarishchi).
Soviet life and culture are presented through explorations of the lives of particular people in widely differing economic, geographic, and social situations. 58 min each. 1986.

Comrades: The Education of Rita. This episode details the life and studies of Rita Tikhonova, a 21-year-old Moscovite finishing her studies at a prestigious Moscow University. The program follows Rita through her final days at the Institute to her oral exams and her first teaching job. DVD 7887 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1008:2

Comrades: Hunter and Son. This episode follows the life of Mikhail Kuzakov, a professional fur traper in the Siberian Taiga, who hunts from horseback with a pack of well-trained dogs. DVD 7888 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:2

Comrades: All that Jazz.This episode details the life of Sergei Kuryokhin, an "unofficial" jazz musician in the Soviet Union. Once a member of the Leningrad Conservatory and Institute of Culture, he was expelled for playing unpredictable and uncontrollable jazz. DVD 7889 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:3

Comrades: The Trial of Tamara Russo. This episode details the life and work of Lyubov Bubulich, a people's judge in Soviet Moldavia, and follows the trial of Tamaro Russo from opening arguements to conviction. DVD 7890 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:4

Comrades: The Master of Samarkand. This episode examines the life of Abdugaffar Khakkulov, a Muslim master craftsmen, who restores mosques, and who was accused of being a capitalist when he opened his own school in Samarkand. DVD 7891 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1008:5

Comrades: Pacific Outpost. This episode depicts the life of Tatyana Naumova, a loyal member of the Communist Party in Nakhodka. Her unquestioning support and energy place her in the vanguard in Soviet politics and keeps the Soviet machinery running. DVD 7892 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1008:6

Comrades: Steel Mill Soccer.This episode is a documentary about a soccer team from a steel factory in Sumgait, Azerbaijan, Soviet Union. DVD 7893 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:7

Comrades: Doctor in Moscow.This episode describes how Svyatoslav Nikolaevich Fyodorov, director of the Moscow Research Institute of Eye Microsurgery, developed artificial lense implants over twenty-five years ago. Explains how these artificial lenses are now used around the world. Also points out that Fyodorov is not afraid to voice his criticisms of Soviet society. DVD 7894 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:8

Comrades: Baltic Chic. This episode details the life of Krista Kajandu, chief designer of the Tallin Fashion House in the Baltic region of Estonia. We join her as she prepares for the Spring fashion show and worries whether adequate material will be available for her designs. DVD 7895 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:9

Comrades: Soldier Boy. This episode follows the last few days of freedom of Valera Krylov, an 18 year old Volgograd youth who must begin his two years of compulsory military service, and compares it to his first few months of basic training. DVD 7896 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:10

Comrades: October Harvest. This episode documents a collective farm in Southern Soviet Union and how the Revolution changed the life of a resident, Mariya Kulinich, now 78. DVD 7897 [preservation copy]; Video/C 1008:11

Comrades: Leningrad Movie. This episode depicts the Soviet state cinema, Goskino, which is an organization that supplies money for making films and exercises tight control over productions. It follows the making of a film by director Dinara Asanova, who deviates from the approved script, as she works tirelessly to produce films dealing with controversial issues such as delinquent adolescents, troubled children, drunkenness, and divorce. DVD 7898 [preservation copy];Video/C 1008:12

The Crisis in Russia, 10/3/93-10/4/93.
CNN live coverage of the assault on the Russian parliament building as troops loyal to Boris Yeltsin storm the building to force the surrender of the remaining hard line Communist Party members. 4 videocassettes, 19 hrs. Video/C 3270

The Curtain Rises.
Patrick Watson takes the viewers to the streets of Moscow, Warsaw and Bucharest. Talks to people and get their opinions about the fall of Communism and perestroika in the Soviet Union. 57 min. DVD X567 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1876

Destination--Kyrgyzstan.
Describes daily life in Kyrgyzstan as experienced by Peace Corps volunteers who live and work there. Areas visited include the southwestern city of Jalal-Abad in the Fergana Valley, the capital city of Sokuluk in the Tien Shan Mountains, and the town of Naryn in southeastern Kyrgyzstan. 22 min. Video/C 4732

Diamonds in the Dark.
From a traditional village bordering the Ukraine, to the city of Bucharest, this film tells the stories of ten Romanian women who relate their personal experiences and observations living under the Communist regime and the changes that came after the fall of Ceausescu. 1999. 60 min. Video/C 7201

Disgraced Monuments.
Discusses the destruction of monuments in Russia during the 20th century as each new regime takes control. Only recently have efforts been made to preserve these monuments as part of the Russian heritage. Features rare archival footage and interviews with sculptors, art historians and critics, gallery and museum directors. 1993. 49 min. Video/C MM62

Disco & Atomic War (Disko & tuumasöda)
A story about growing up in the Soviet Union; a film about our generation, who were unknowingly brought to the front line of the Cold War. Western popular culture had an incomparable role shaping Soviet children's world views in those days. Finnish television was a window to a world of dreams that the authorities could not block in any way. Though Finnish channels were banned, many households found some way to access the forbidden fruit. c2009. 80 min. DVD X5107

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Document Russia: The Rise of Vladimir Putin.
Dist.: Films Media Group. 2003. 49 min. each installment.

Putin: Stairway to Power.This program tracks the career of Vladimir Putin from KGB spymaster for the U.S.S.R. to president of the Russian Federation. Footage of landmark events-the fall of the Berlin Wall, the election and re-election of Boris Yeltsin, the war against Chechnya, terrorist attacks on Moscow are featured, as well as archival interviews with former Stasi official Horst Jemlich, former Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov, oligarchs Boris Berezovsky and Vladimir Gusinsky, al Qaeda-trained Chechen army commander Omar ibn al-Khattab, the IMF's Michel Camdessus, former Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott, and Putin himself. DVD 6279

Putin: A Bitter Decision.In the mind of Vladimir Putin, 9/11/01 marked the day that triggered a chain of events that ended with Russia's acceptance into the ranks of the West-but at a terrible cost to national pride and the balance of nuclear power. This program narrates the circumstances leading to President Putin's bitter decision to trade U.S. approval of the war in Chechnya for what has proved to be a diminished role in world politics. Footage of Putin, George W. Bush, Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov, Security Council Secretary Vladimir Rushailo, and Djuma Namangani, military commander of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, is featured, along with gripping images of New York's Ground Zero and Central Asian Islamist extremists in action. DVD 6280

East Side Story.
"That's Entertainment," Communist style. A documentary of Soviet and Eastern bloc communist musical films. Comrades drive tractors, sweep factory floors, feed farm animals, harvest crops, all the while singing their hearts out about the joys of socialism. Included are interviews with people involved in the making of some of these movies, as well as a film historian and moviegoers. Film excerpts: Antique coin (Bulgaria, 1965) -- Adventure in Marienstadt (Poland, 1954) -- Handful of notes (GDR, 1961) -- Vacation on the Black Sea (Romania, 1963) --My wife wants to sing (GDR, 1958) -- New Years punch (GDR, 1960) -- Wayward wife (Czech., 1965) -- I don't want to marry (Romania, 1961) -- Carnival night (USSR, 1957) -- Jolly Fellows (USSR, 1934) -- Volga, Volga (USSR, 1938) -- Swineherd and the shepherd (USSR, 1941) -- Tractor drivers (USSR, 1939) -- Bright path (USSR, 1940) -- Cossacks of the Kuban River (USSR, 1946) -- At 6PM at the end of the war (USSR, 1944) -- Ernst Thalman, class leader (GDR, 1955) -- Midnight revue (GDR, 1962) -- Lovable white mouse (GDR, 1964) -- Hot summer (GDR, 1968) -- No cheating darling (GDR, 1973) -- Woman on the rails (Czech., 1965). 1999. 79 min. Video/C 6396

Description from Kino catalog

The End of St. Petersburg.
Directed by Vsevolod Pudovkin. Shows changing conditions in Russia as seen by a young peasant who lived through the upheaval in St. Petersburg that culminated in the revolution of 1917. Made for the 10th anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Originally released as a motion picture in 1927. 89 min. Video/C 999:602

Exile in Buyukada
Based on the book by Isaac Deutscher, this fascinating docudrama presents a moving portrait of controversial figure Leon Trotsky, the revolutionary who advocated world revolution with socialism in the Soviet Union, and ultimately, the exiled opponent of Stalin after Lenin died. In his twilight exiled years, Leon Trotsky spent time in France, Norway, and Mexico but before these final years, Turkey granted asylum for the deported leader of the Soviet revolution. 2000. 72 min. DVD 1604

The Extraordinary Adventures of Mr. West in the Land of the Bolsheviks. (Neobychainiye priklucheniya Mistera Vesta v. stranye Bolshevikov)
In this 1924 Russian-made satiric film on America's slanted view of the Soviet Union, Mr. West is a bourgeois American who visits those "mad, savage Russians" on a dare. Once in Russia, he is faced with an onslaught of strange characters and events, thrusting him into a world of danger and intrigue. He soon concludes that only through his all-American ingenuity will he survive. 86 min. Video/C 999:1142

Fabrika
A stunning visually tour through the belly of an old Soviet industrial plant in the Urals filmed in 2004. While male workers toil over fiery blast furnaces, pour molten steel into giant casting ladles, and hammer metal spikes into colossal machines, their female counterparts operate the assembly lines, endlessly moving clay blocks from one conveyor belt to another. The film presents an unapologetic questioning of Russia's ability to emerge as a modern industrial nation in the 21st century. Produced, directed and edited by Sergei Loznitsa. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2004. 30 min. DVD 5798

Fading Traces: Postscripts from a Landscape of Memory
The western Ukraine was once home to the largest Jewish community that ever existed. Five million Jews living there had a rich culture, with extensive music and a thriving Yiddish theater. All this disappeared with the German invasion of Russia in 1941 and the tragic events of the Holocaust. This documentary artfully weaves the words of writers such as Rose Auslander, Isaak Babel, Martin Buber and David Kahane with the memories of those still living to recreate the culture of Ukrainian Jews. (1998?) 79 min. Video/C 7938

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Face to Face: Conversations on U.S./Soviet Summitry.
Unit 1. Sources of U.S.-Soviet summitry. (30 min.) -- Unit 2. World Wars to Cold War, 1917-1955 (30 min.) -- Unit 3. Adversarial summits, 1955-1987 (30 min.) -- Unit 4. Basic issues in U.S.- Soviet summitry. 30 min. Video/C 1435

The Fall of Communism.
Surveys events that occurred in 1989 and 1990 in the nations of eastern Europe and within some republics of the Soviet Union using news stories broadcast by ABC. Describes each country's efforts to revitalize its economy and democratize its institutions and then examines the impact of these changes. Highlights include the tearing down of the Berlin Wall, independence movements in Poland, Lithuania and Russia. 80 min. Video/C 3220

The Fall of the Romanov Dynasty.
A documentary portrait of the fall of the Russian Czarist regime and the rise of Communist rule using clips from many films, including personal footage by the Czar's own cameramen. A film by Esther Shub. 1927. 78 min. DVD X2814 [preservation copy]; Video/C 3769; Video/C MM479

Barsam, Richard Meran. "Esther Shub and the Compilation Film." In: Nonfiction film : a critical history / Richard M. Barsam. Rev. and expanded. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1992. (Main Stack PN1995.9.D6.B38 1992; Moffitt PN1995.9.D6.B38 1992)
Malitsky, Josh. "Esfir Shub and the Film Factory-Archive: Soviet documentary from 1925-1928." Screening the Past, Issue 17, December 2004
Petric, Vlada. "Esther Shub: Cinema is my life." Quarterly Review of Film and Video, Volume 3, Issue 4 Autumn 1978 , pages 429 - 448 UC users only
Roberts, Graham. "Esfir Shub: a suitable case for treatment." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Volume 11, Issue 2 1991 , pages 149 - 159 UC users only
Roberts, Graham. "The great way. (film propaganda in the early years of the Soviet Russia)." History Today 47.n11 (Nov 1997): 39(6).UC users only
Sharp, Ilana. "The fall of the romanov dynasty (1927): a constructivist paradigm for neigrovaia fil'ma." Historical Journal of Film, Radio & Television, Jun2008, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p195-217, 23p, 15 bw

Far From Moscow.
A 1961 photographic tour of the Soviet Union by Harvey and Alice Richards, focusing on the work, housing, education, childcare and medical facilities available to women in a socialist society. This film, the second of a 2 part presentation, covers the lives of women in areas outside of Moscow, in the towns of Sochi on the Black Sea, Tashkent, Uzbekistan and Irkutsk, Siberia. 1962. 33 min. DVD 4245

The First Fifty Years: Reflections on U.S. - Soviet Relations.
This is a documentary about Soviet-American affairs. High governmental officials and diplomats reflect on past conflicts between the United States and the Soviet Union and express hopes for the future. Video/C 717

For God, Tsar, and Fatherland (Why Democracry? Series)
Filmed in 2007 explores what drives the current strain of Russian patriotism, and why many of the country's citizens strongly oppose Western-style democracy. Mikhail Morozov is a Russian patriot, successful businessman and owner of Durakova, a unique community where all residents freely choose to blindly obey Mikhail's rules. Sergey Nikolayevich Baburin, is a Russian nationalist politician and Vice Speaker of the State Duma. Through these two connected strands, this film attempts to understand the new Russian culture and mindset. Directed by Nino Kirtadze. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2007. 53 min. DVD X395

Forward, Soviet!
Commissioned in 1926. by the Moscow Soviet as a documentary and information film for the citizens of Moscow prior to municipal elections, film is a tableau of Soviet life and achievements in the period of reconstruction following the Civil War of 1917-1921. 72 min. Video/C 3770

Glasnost and the Soviet Cinema.
Russian film historian Naum Kleiman talks with UC Berkeley Prof. Albert Johnson on the effects of Glasnost on current film production in Russia. Video/C 2217

Glasnost Film Festival.
The Glasnost Film Festival is 22 films in a 12 videotape collection representing the first Soviet documentaries released in the glasnost era. Soviet languages with English subtitles.

Against the Current: A film about ecological crime. Despite being labeled extremists, the residents of Kirishi protest a major synthetic protein plant. (27 min.) 1988.--Wood Goblin: For 15 years he has lived alone in the woods in a house he built himself. He commanded a tank company during World War II, and later was a local Communist Party chief. But he was fired from his position after a smear campaign. So he "joined the party of the green world," which he now defends against woodcutters. 19 min. 1987. Video/C 1590

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

The Temple: A film about the 1000th anniversary of Christianity in Russia. A holiday celebration at the Trinity-Sergius Monastery at Zagorsk. A burned house of worship is restored by the entire community. A talk with a young monk and an 80-year-old parish priest. 59 min. Video/C 1591

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

The Tailor: A sobering look at the spiritual void and disillusionment of the current generation of middle-aged adults. By the dawn of the Brezhnev years, they were aged before their time, having lost the opportunity for creative self-realization. 50 min. 1988. Early on Sunday: On a Sunday morning in winter several old village women go to the forest to gather wood. Their unpretentious observations evoke bursts of laughter, feelings of compassion, and an immense respect for the dignity and patience of these women. 16 min. 1988. Video/C 1592

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Chernobyl: This film crew was the first in the disaster zone following the meltdown of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. They shot continuously for more than three months. Portions of the film are exposed with white blotches--a radiation leakage. 53 min. 1986.--The BamZone: The Baikal-Amur Mainline Railroad in Siberia is called the longest monument to the stagnation of the Brezhnev years. Behind the marches and songs praising the project, equipment was breaking down, lives were broken and souls became calloused. 18 min. 1987. Video/C 1593

Scenes at a Fountain: A powerful, 600-foot-high column of fire--the world's largest natural gas fire--burned for over a year on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The film dramatically documents the courageous firemen who risked their lives to cap the howling blaze. 28 min. 1986.--Limit: The horrible effects of drinking on human beings. Families are divided, homes are neglected, children are hungry. 14 min. 1986. Video/C 1594

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

And the Past Seems But a Dream: In 1938 a group of children wrote an idealistic book called 'We are from Igarka.' The director planned to film their touching reunion 50 years later. But another childhood was revealed: "... a time that was much more painful than the worst nightmare." 67 min.--Theater Square: On June 1, 1988, a hunger strike was organized in Yerevan's historic Theater Square over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region, populated mainly by Armenians, but located in Azerbaijan. The film portrays this event without commentary or interviews. 26 min. 1988. Video/C 1595

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Black Square: The story of Russia's artistic avant-garde from the 1950s to the 1970s. A cinematic appreciation of works only recently allowed to be exhibited and of the artists that created them. 56 min. 1988.-- Dialogues: A bacchanal of rock-jazz music erupts in an dancing, and playing makes this group of people a community and an ensemble, not just a crowd. 29 min. 1987. Video/C 1596

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

This is How We Live: A Look at the Alienation of Many Soviet Young People. 30 min. 1987.--Homecoming: Veterans of the Soviet involvement in Afghanistan returned home with unresolved feelings about a demoralizing and unpopular war. The first film to document the human impact of the Afghan war. 17 min. Video/C 1597

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Marshal Blucher: A Portrait Against the Background of an Epoch. The film tries to unlock the riddle of the dramatic 1930s in the Soviet Union through the biography of one hero. Marshal Vasily Blucher was one of the best Red Army commanders. Yet, in 1938 he was declared an 'enemy of the people' and perished in Stalin's torture chambers. Rare archival footage illustrates the excesses of the Stalin era. Video/C 1598

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Trial: Portrays the awakening of contemporary civil identity. City squares, auditoriums, theater stages, and museums are the settings for this "court of conscience" on the past and future of the Soviet Union. (55 min.) 1988.--Adonis XIV: Its horn ornamented with little bells, a "Judas" goat serenely leads a herd of animals to the slaughterhouse. 9 min. 1986. Video/C 1599

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Final Verdict: A student shot a woman and her guest. The director and the killer try to understand the motivation behind the tragedy. During twenty painful months alone on death row, the killer discovers he is no longer the person he once was. 66 min. 1987.-- Evening Sacrifice: The director tried to capture the spirit of a crowd. 17 min. 1984-1987. Video/C 1600

Are You Going to the Ball?: An unprecedented look at the Soviet Union's women's gymnastic team. Olga Korbut is featured. 28 min. 1987.--Tomorrow is a Holiday: Women workers stuff live chickens into metal containers. There is not much difference between the executioners and the victims. 18 min. 1987. Video/C 1601

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Gorbachev Speech to the United Nations, 1988.
Video/C 2223

Gypsies.
The Russian government has passed a law requiring gypsies to have an address so they are no longer allowed to wander across Russia. This documentary deals with the changes that are taking place as the gypsies become homeowners and with the younger generations of gypsies who are starting to be absorbed into the Russian culture, much to the dismay of the older generation. c2000. 50 min. Video/C 7745

Highway.
Filmmaker Sergei Dvortsevoy accompanies a small family circus through the steppes of Kazakhstan and other Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union. The troupe presents their circus act to handfuls of villagers and other travelers, briefly transforming the barren landscape into an enchanted world. With the end of each performance, reality re-emerges as we follow the family through their everyday life. 1999. 52 min. Video/C 7736

Hitler and Stalin: Twin Tyrants
This psychological dual biography exposes the chilling parallel and the glaring differences of these two powerful and bloodthirsty dictators. Features exceptional footage from film archives in Russia, Germany, East Europe, Great Britain and the USA including rare footage of Stalin's mother and of his funeral. 1999. 59 min. DVD 5028

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

How I Worked Under Stalin, or, Songs of the Oligarch
Combines the testimony of eyewitnesses with rare archival photographs and film in an examination of the strong men who ran the Soviet state for Stalin. From Zhdanov, Andreyev, Krushchev, Malenkov and Suslov to Molotov, the documentary follows the bloody trail to Stalin's successor. Directed by Semen Aranovich. 1990. 67 min. DVD 8915

If the People Will Lead.
Reviews the events of the 3 days in 1991 leading up to the collapse of the Communist Party government in Russia and the role of the Russian people in securing their own freedom. 58 min. Video/C 2563

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

In the Name of Love: Modern Day Mail Order Brides
What's motivating the thousands of Russian women who sign up with agencies to meet and marry American men? From the gray skies of St. Petersburg to sunny California ranches, we see the financial and emotional pros and cons of exporting one's heart. The film grapples with the tremendous economic challenges and difficult decisions facing Russian women today. Director/producer, Shannon O'Rourke. 2002. 58 min. Video/C MM460

Insidious Neighbors: The Soviet Threat
Reveals the ideology and crimes of the Soviet Communists, who, for example, in one year (1932-33) exterminated through hunger over seven million Ukrainians. It compares the ideologies of the two movements, Nazism and Communism, and shows how very similar they both were and how, at times, they actually worked together against common enemies. Shows the handiwork of the NKVD thugs in the eastern Poland, the Baltic States, the Ukraine and everywhere. Written and directed by Edvins Snore. English with Latvian subtitles; sometimes in Russian or Latvian without subtitles. 90 min. DVD X6470

[Khaldei, Evgenii] Evgueni Khaldei: Photographer Under Stalin
From Red Square to the Budapest Ghetto, the fall of the Reichstag to Yalta and the Nuremberg trials, Evgueni Khaldei chronicled many of the world's most important events with an artist's eye and a journalist's timing. Even after being hand-picked by Stalin, Khaldei was continuously made a victim of state-approved anti-Semitism. For the first time ever, Khaldei, the greatest Soviet photographer, takes us into his home for a tour and opens up his entire library covering the 60 years he spent as a photographer for his people and the Soviet regime.. 2001. 60 min. Video/C 8760

I Served in Stalin's Guard, an Experiment in Documentary Mythology (aka I was Stalin's Bodyguard)
This controversial documentary created a storm in Russia by taking off the cloak from a violent, repressive era in Soviet history. The filmmaker found the last surviving personal bodyguard of Josef Stalin, who began working for him in the 1930s. Weaves together unprecendented, first-hand testimony with rare footage, including Stalin's home movies. Directed by Semyon Aranovich. 1989. 73 min. DVD 8916; vhs Video/C 3598

Kino Eye (Kinoglaz) (1924)
Directed by Dziga Vertov. A collection of short excerpts from newsreels and documentary films of Soviet life in the early 1920s made by Vertov and his "Kino-Eye" group. PFA print 999:1141 (segments also featured in What Do Those Old Films Mean, Video/C 1406:5)

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Vertov, Dziga. Kino-eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov / edited with an introduction by Annette Michelson; translated by Kevin O'Brien.Berkeley, Ca.: University of California Press, c1984. (Main Stack PN1995.9.D6.V44 1984)

Kino-Pravda (1922)
Directed by Dziga Vertov. Excerpts from the second of the newsreel journal series which originally consisted of 23 issues produced from 1922-1925. Consists of a record of Soviet life edited into a unique genre of mixed documentary, animation and reviews and provides a record of the Revolution's social achievements. Kino-Pravda footage includes: Work on the reconstruction of the Moscow trolley system, Line No. 13 -- Tanks on the labor front (Leveling the Khodinka Airport) -- At the trial of the Social-Revolutionaries -- Organizing the peasants to join the communes -- Town of Gelenzhik (Children's sanitarium ; Save the starving children!) -- For inquiries regarding traveling film-shows. 14 min. 999:2063

Kolyma.
In Communist Russia many Russians who were considered enemies of the Communist government, were sent to concentration camps in Siberia. Through starvation, disease, random executions, subfreezing temperatures, over two million Russian citizens lost their lives in Siberian concentration camps. "Kolyma," in existence for 40 years, was the worst of these camps. This award winning documentary is based on eye witness testimony including interviews with former prisoners who worked in the Kolyma River Region during the Stalinist era. Film includes archival records, surviving documentary footage and films of the remains of the "Kolyma" concentration camp. 45 min. Video/C 5005

Koryo Saram: The Unreliable People
Documentary on the Koryo Saram, Koreans living in the Soviet Union who were relocated to Kazakhstan by Stalin in 1937. Includes interviews with Koreans living in Kazakhstan about their current lives and their lives under the Soviet system, and shows the lives of the Koryo Saram living in Kazakhstan today. 2007. 60 min. DVD X1345

The Last Bolshevik (Le tombeau d'Alexandre)
Part 1. Kingdom of shadows -- Part 2. Shadows of a kingdom Examines the life and work of Russian film director, Alexander Medvedkin, while also giving a broad picture of life in the Soviet Union. Discusses the relation between art and politics in the Soviet Union. Special feature: Deleted scene: Medvedkin and Dziga Vertov, by Nikolai Izvolov. A film by Chris Marker. 1993. 120 mins. DVD 9426

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Hampton, Howard. "Remembrance of Revolutions Past." Film Comment. May-June 2003, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p33 UC users only
Marker, Chris. "The Last Bolshevik: Reminiscences of Alexander Ivanovich." Cineaste, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 12-13, Fall 2008 UC users only

L'chayim, Comrade Stalin!
In 1928, Stalin created the world's first Jewish state in Siberia called the Jewish Autonomus Region (J.A.R.)where young idealists from many nations built a homeland rich in Jewish culture. By 1948, the Jewish population had peaked at 45,000. With Birobidzhan as its capital, it was home to Yiddish schools, theaters, publications and synagogues. This documentary features interviews with pioneer settlers, current residents, footage from Russian archives and scenes from the Soviet propaganda film, Seekers of happiness. 2000. 90 min. Video/C MM300

Letters Not About Love.
A skillful and beautifully produced montage by filmmaker Jacki Ochs documenting the five-year letter correspondence between U.S. poet Lyn Hejinian and Ukranian writer Arkadii Dragomoshchenko. The two writers began a confessional relationship portrayed here by readings from their letters as visual images shot both in the United States and the former Soviet Union build upon one another to provide a cerebral and adept exploration of their personal histories and the language, culture and arts of both countries. 1998. 59 min. Video/C 4641

Lifting the Yoke. (Blood and Belonging; 4)
This program examines the emotional effects of the establishment or re-establishment of an independent Ukraine and the tension between Russian settlers and native Ukrainians after the break up of the Soviet Union. It also looks at the potential for clashes between the Church and independence-minded nationalists and opinions on both sides on the imposition of the Ukrainian langauge. 1994. 50 min. Video/C 4641

Living Under the Cloud: Chernobyl.
Dr. Vladimir Chernousenko, scientific directory of the cleanup of Chernobyl, discusses the devastating impact of the accident in terms of the environment and humanity. Eight years later the death toll is still rising and the land and its life forms are still suffering. 69 min. Video/C 3875

Living with Glasnost and Perestroika: Understanding the USSR Today.
Examines the historical development of glasnost and perestroika (openness and restructuring) and their effect on U.S.-Soviet relations. Interviews with émigrés and Russian exchange students provide glimpses into Soviet life before and after glasnost. 1989. 58 min. Video/C 1545

The Loss of an Enemy.
Produced by the Center for Defense Information. Examines the gains and costs of the cold war to Americans. 29 min. Video/C 2559

Messengers from Moscow.
In this four part history of the Cold War told from the Soviet point of view, Soviet political leaders, military personnel and spies who ran their country speak candidly about what the Soviet Union really wanted during the 40-year-long Cold War. c1995. 53-55 min. each installment.

Program 1, The Struggle for Europe. Recounts the story of Stalin's attempt to take control of Germany and Western Europe in the aftermath of World War II. Soviet agents and communist officials tell of their efforts to seize political power in the war-torn European states, a goal frustrated by Western resolve and Stalin's own ruthless methods. Video/C MM68

Program 2, The East is Red. Looks at how the dream of a growing communist power bloc uniting the Soviet Union and China turned into Moscow's biggest nightmare. This program offers new evidence that points to Stalin as the key to the outbreak of the Korean War -- part of his strategy to keep communist China in line. Video/C MM69

Program 3, Fires in the Third World. Features the testimony of top administrators of Soviet policy, as well as KGB agents and military leaders, who reveal the Kremlin's hand in Cuba and Vietnam -- the two most explosive crises of the Cold War. This episode includes rare home movies from the Khrushchev family personal archives, and new insights into controversial events like the Cuban Missile Crisis. Video/C MM70

Program 4, The Center Collapses. In this final segment pivotal figures from the last decade of Soviet power recount the startling collapse of the empire, even as it bristled with military might. Soviet political, military and KGB officials reveal how Lenin's idea of world revolution led to the growth of a military-industrial complex that ultimately, proved to be the revolution's undoing. Video/C MM71

Mother.
Directed by V.I. Pudovkin. A heroic young revolutionary gives his life fighting against the misery and poverty of Tsarist Russia in the futile prewar revolution of 1905, and in so doing, brings about the political awareness of his own mother. 88 min. Video/C 999:4

My Perestroika: A Nation's History is Personal
Follows five ordinary Russians living in extraordinary times, from their sheltered Soviet childhood, to the collapse of the Soviet Union during their teenage years, to the constantly shifting political landscape of post-Soviet Russia. Together, these childhood classmates paint a complex picture of the dreams and disillusionments of those raised behind the Iron Curtain. Directed and filmed by Robin Hessman. c2010. 87 min. DVD X5730

Menashe, Louis. "My Perestroika." Cineaste, Spring2011, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p80-80 UC users only
Rapold, Nicolas. "My Perestroika." Film Comment. March - April 2011, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p73 UC users only

My Russian Friends.
Steven Schecter returns to Russia and films his Russian friends as they comment on their lives in Russia. 58 min. Video/C 2560

The New Russian Revolution.
Describes the story of the failed coup and how it marked a new Russian revolution. Draws the viewer through the dramatic events as they unfold. From the hard-line coup that imprisoned Gorbachev, to the role of Yeltsin, to the return of Gorbachev and the collapse of the Communist rule. 47 min. Video/C 2317

The October 1917 Revolution and After. (Archive of the 20th Century).
A documentary synopsis of Soviet history from the 1917 revolution to Gorbachev. Presents events from the defeat of the Czarist armies and famine in Russia, to the overthrow of Nicholas and the assumption of power by the Communists. Drawn from Russian and Western newsreel footage and from Soviet propaganda films the program also shows the effects of the revolution on Western Europe. 25 min. Video/C 3617

Orange Revolution
The Orange Revolution was a series of protests and political events that took place in the Ukraine from late November 2004 to January 2005, in the immediate aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election which was compromised by massive corruption, voter intimidation and direct electoral fraud. Assembled from over 300 hours of original footage and archival material and featuring penetrating interviews with key players, including Victor Yushchenko, this documentary chronicles the events of the Orange Revolution, the most successful non-violent political protest of the decade. Directed by Steve York. Dist. Cinema Guild. 106 min. 2007. DVD 8831

Orange Winter
In November 2004 the people of Kiev, Ukraine, took to the streets in thousands, protesting the official results of the Election Committee, after a rigged presidential election. The traditionally silent country erupted: protesting against the corrupted regime of the current president, his appointed "heir" and pressure from neighboring Russia. That was the beginning of the Orange Revolution. This documentary chronicles these crucial days in the history of the country and reflects on the fate of the nation. Directed and edited by Andrei Zagdansky. 72 min. 2006. DVD X5022

People of Influence: Politics and the People. (The Russians Series).
Shows how the lives of working Russians are governed by the director, the trade union chairman, and the party secretary in any enterprise. Visits a coal mine in the Ukraine, a refrigerator factory in Minsk, and a washing enterprise in Siberia to point out the intertwining of work and private lives. 1979. 30 min. Video/C 900

People of the Cities: Urban Life. (The Russians Series).
Shows a trolley bus driver in Moscow, a brigadier of a gang of dock workers in Odessa, and a doctor and his family in the Black Sea resort of Sochi in their day-to-day lives in cities in the Soviet Union. Also examines more about the urban structure of Russian cities. 1979. 33 min. Video/C 901

People of the Country: Rural Collectivism. (The Russians Series).
Visits a collective farm in Kuban cossack country and Byelorussia in the Soviet Union, showing attempts to industrialize agriculture and to tame Siberia, the new frontier. Visits a collective farm in Kuban cossack country and Byelorussia in the Soviet Union, showing attempts to industrialize agriculture and to tame Siberia, the new frontier. 1979. 30 min. Video/C 902

Power in the Kremlin.
The United States and the western alliance. The problem of international debt (Conversations; 64-66). Video/C 1564

Power Trip.
Documentary on the clash of cultures when an American energy company, struggling against an environment of corruption, assassination, and street rioting in Tblisi, tries to turn the state owned electricity company into a private business where users will have to pay for electricity. Directed, edited, & produced by Paul Devlin. 2003. 85 min. DVD 3814

Prisoners of the Past(Red Empire; 7)
Sian Phillips narrates this look at modern Russian history. In the 1960s, Lenin's ideal of individual rights has still not materialized, the people are restless, and rebellion and dissidence is quickly crushed. Then the old guard fails when Brezhnev, Andropov and Chernenko all die within a three year period setting the stage for Mikhail Gorbachev. 1990. 54 min. Video/C MM437

The Problems of Succession in the Soviet Leadership.
With Zhores A. Medvedev (Conversations; 19) Video/C 637

Reckoning: 1945--and After (World at War; 25).
This program looks at the occupation of Germany after World War II by the United States, Russia, Britain and France according to the arrangements made at Yalta. Also examines the beginnings and causes of the power struggle that ensues between the United States and Russia. Video/C 1626

Red Files: Secrets of the Russian Archives Revealed,
Red files exposes a fascinating view of history from the Soviet perspective. The 4 part series features interviews with key Soviet participants, never-before-seen film archives and declassified dossiers. 1999. 108 min. each tape.

Part 1-2: Part 1: To the West, they were traitors. To the Soviet Union, they were heroes. Now free to speak, Western and Soviet agents paint a fascinating portrait of espionage. Part 2: In the early 1950s Stalin launched a massive Soviet sports program to demonstrate to the world that communism was superior to capitalism. This program presents the bittersweet stories of premier Soviet athletes. Video/C 6658

Part 3-4: Part 3: This episode presents the story of the mastermind responsible for the entire Soviet space program: Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. Under his leadership, the Soviets achieved amazing triumphs in rocket science. Part 4: After World War II, the world longed for peace. But the Soviets and the West were preparing for a new kind of war--a propaganda war to control the hearts and minds of their own people. This program weaves observations with archival film to trace the 70-year history of the communist and capitalist propaganda machines. Video/C 6658

Red Flag, 1917.( The People's Century)
When Lenin's Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace in 1917, they did so in the name of a new ideology. Millions were drawn by its promise. In this film the people who were there--from members of the Red Guard to party activists to students--explain how Communism appealed to their deepest hopes and dreams. Through them, we hear how Communist leadership, under Vladimir Lenin and later, Joseph Stalin, compromised the proletarian ideal--and how hope eventually gave way to despair. 56 min. Video/C 5544

Reds. (1981)
The true story of the love affair of John Reed, American Communist, journalist and activist and Louise Bryant, writer and feminist. Woven into the story are America's great playwright, Eugene O'Neill, anarchist and feminist, Emma Goldman, Bolshevik leader, Gregory Zinoviev and other notable figures whose lives were shaken by the Russian Revolution. Performers: Warren Beatty, Diane Keaton, Edward Herrmann, Jerzy Kosinski, Jack Nicholson, Paul Sorvino, Maureen Stapleton. 195 min. Video/C 999:1627

Reign of Terror: An Interview with Shamil Basayev
Russian journalist Andrei Babitsky conducts an interview with the Chechen rebel leader some call Russia's Osama bin Laden. Basayev discusses his motivations for the Beslan school massacre, the takeover of the Dubrovka Theatre in Moscow, and other terrorist atrocities, as well as his expectations for the future, including his own fate. As documentation of the terrorist mind-set, this program has few equals. Originally broadcast on July 28, 2005 as a segment of Nightline. Dist.: Films Media Group. 24 min. DVD 6258

Revealing Russia Series.
The noted Russian filmmaker Marina Goldovskaia turns her camera on herself, her family, and her friends to examine the opportunities and challenges now facing people in the rapidly-changing Russian society.

The Shattered Mirror. The noted Russian filmmaker turns her camera on herself, her family, and her friends to examine the opportunities and challenges now facing people in the rapidly-changing Russian society. Includes scenes of tense street confrontations between opposing political forces. Video/C 2742

The Shattered Mirror Part II. Filmmaker Marina Goldovskaia continues her documentation of the changes in the lives of people living in Russia. In this film she takes the viewer into the inner life of Russian society during the October, 1993 armed confrontation in Moscow when the future of the Russian nation hung in the balance. Taking her camera into the strees, she filmed dramatic street demonstrations and the attempted seizure of a television station by rebel forces. Video/C 2743

The House on Arbat Street. A grand apartment building in Moscow was originally the home of rich and privileged families. After 1917, it was turned into a collective housing unit. Historical footage and reminiscences of former residents revel what life was like in this chapter of Soviet history. Video/C 2744

A Taste of Freedom. Covers six weeks in the lives of Sasha Politkovsky, a prominent TV journalist, and his family in 1990. Video/C 2745

Solovky Power. This film investigated the notorious Solovtski Labor Campus in the White Sear, which remain a painful symbol of Stalinism. The few survivors of the camp recall how they managed to preserve a vestige of hope and humanity throughout their grim ordeal. Video/C 2746

Revolution in Red.(World War I series)
Archival newsreel footage surveys the forces and factors leading to the Russian revolution and the role of Lenin and his diciplined Bolshevik Party. A CBS News production; producers, John Sharnik, Isaac Kleinerman; written by John Sharnik. Originally produced by CBS Television in 1964-1965. 25 min. each installment. 28 min. DVD 9216

Revue (Predstavlenie)
A narration-free compilation of documentary scenes from the Soviet way of life. Excerpts from newsreels, propaganda films, TV shows and feature films present an evocative portrait of Soviet life during the 1950s and the 1960s. The cumulative impact reveals a life of hardship, deprivation and seemingly absurd social rituals, but one always inspired by the vision, or illusion, of a communist future. Revue is both a nostalgic and instructive look back at a communist past that represents social engineering on a grand, and frightening, scale. A film by Sergei Loznitsa. 2008. 80 min. DVD X340

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Russia and America: Where Do We Go From Here?.
Handel Evans (San Jose State U.), Evgenyi Tretyakov (Ural State U.), Andre Bril (Dir., Quorus Group), Alexander Ponomaryov (Russian businessman), Elena Budanova (Artist, Russian businesswoman), Natalia Vetrova (Dept. of Soc. Services), Mark Brown (USAID), Nataliya Shcherbakova (Dir., Housing construction company), Nikolay Semikhatov (Dir., former Soviet factory), Wilbur Wright (IESC), Vladimir Gabanov (Russian physicist), Tamara Alaiba (Russian politician). Discusses Russia's difficult transition from state socialism to capitalist democracy. Compares the economics, housing, education, politics and crime of Ekaterinburg, Russia to that of its sister city, San Jose, California. Includes interviews with Russian businessmen, educators, entrepreneurs, government and social service administrators, Americans resident in Russia, and townspeople concerning their experiences and expectations since the fall of communism. 59 min. Video/C 4167

Russia In Transition
Dist. Cinema Guild. Produced, directed and edited by Sergei Loznitsa.

Fabrika. A stunning visually tour through the belly of an old Soviet industrial plant in the Urals filmed in 2004. While male workers toil over fiery blast furnaces, pour molten steel into giant casting ladles, and hammer metal spikes into colossal machines, their female counterparts operate the assembly lines, endlessly moving clay blocks from one conveyor belt to another. The film presents an unapologetic questioning of Russia's ability to emerge as a modern industrial nation in the 21st century. 2004. 30 min. DVD 5798

Portret. What first appear to be photographs of elderly Russian peasants and farmers, becomes an evocative meditation on old Russia and new, a snapshot of a disappearing way of life. As they stand in their work clothes, often with tools by their side, looking into the camera, this remarkable film with poetic rigor, captures a people, a world, that is quickly vanishing. 2002. 30 min. DVD 5799

Poselenie. This visually arresting documentary about a strange community in the Russian countryside, shows residents of a rural settlement seemingly involved in everyday farm work -- harvesting fields, chopping wood, working at a sawmill and maintaining the property. Yet, as the film evolves, the viewer comes to realize that the workers, are in fact, patients. Their daily chores serve only therapeutic purposes. Suffused with the sounds and rhythms of rural life, is the film a parable of post-Soviet society or simply a testament to the importance of nature in modern lives? 2001. 79 min. DVD 5800

Haltepunkt. In this haunting film, set inside an isolated train depot in rural Russia at nightime, everyone is asleep. Without narration and bathed in a ghostly light, the film has been described as a metaphor for what people in Russia are feeling today, a sense of "falling out of time." 2001. 24 min. DVD 5801

The Russian Revolution: All power to the Soviets!
Looks at the causes and social consequences of the Russian Revolution of 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. In the first revolution in February 1917 the Czar was deposed and replaced with the Provisional government, and in the second revolution in October the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 33 min. DVD X234

The Russian Revolution in Color
This two-part series explores the political and military upheaval that destroyed czarist Russia and created the Soviet Union. New footage from the battlefields and colorized archival footage are joined with expert commentary and powerful reenactments to depict Bolshevik seizure of power. Focus is on the perspective of sailors from the Kronstadt naval base who were at the vanguard of the revolution, but eventually became disillusioned and faced the wrath of the Bolsheviks. Contents: Freedom and hope. Hunger in Petrograd ; The Czar crushes demonstrations ; Revolution spreads to Kronstadt sailors ; The Czar abdicates ; Lenin returns from exile ; Bolsheviks and sailors seize power -- Fear and paranoia [Civil war]. Lenin survives assassination attempt ; 6,000 political opponents murdered ; The end of the Romanovs ; Red Army battles White Russians ; Millions die in bloody civil war ; Bolsheviks tighten grip on a society near collapse ; Kronstadt sailors fight Bolsheviks for their dream of 1917. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2005. 94 min. DVD X5650

Russia's Fracturing Federation ( Power of Place: World Regional Geography ; 7-8.).
Prog. 7. Facing ethnic and environmental diversity: Dagestan, Russia's southern challenge. Vologda, Russia's farming in flux.--Prog. 8. Central and remote economic development: Saint Petersburg, Russia's window on the West. Bratsk, the legacy of central planning.

A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Dagestan, Russia's Southern Challenge examines the question of independence in the ethnically mixed Republic of Dagestan. Vologda, Russia's Farming in Flux investigates the uncertainties of a harsh climate, poor infra-structure and the challenges of privatization on Russian farms. St. Petersburg, Russia's Window on the West examines the impact of the shift to a market economy on real estate values in the city. Bratsk, the Legacy of Central Planning investigates the difficulties of industrial production in Bratsk, Siberia. 58 min. Video/C 4315

Russia's War: Blood Upon the Snow
A 10 part documentary on the struggles of the Soviet people during World War II. 51 min. each installment. 1995.

The Darkness Descends. In this first segment Lenin dies and leaves behind a power stuggle for the leadership of the Soviet empire. He also leaves a testament--a fatal warning against Stalin's ambition. Nevertheless, Stalin rises to power and begins his war against the Soviet people: an assault on the peasantry, mysterious assassinations of political rivals, and on the eve of the war with Germany, his disastrous purge of the Red Army. Video/C 5695

The Hour Before Midnight. In this second segment Hitler becomes ever more aggressive. In Spain, fascism and communism face each other for the first time, while the purges in the Soviet Union reach a crescendo. In foreign affairs, Stalin plans the most astounding about-face of the century. Hitler and Stalin become allies, leading to the invasion and partition of Poland. Video/C 5695

The Goths Ride East. In this third segment the Germans invade the Soviet Union, leading to chaos and confusion as the Red Army falls back. Stalin, paralyzed by the shock, retreats to his dacha. Minsk, Kiev and Smolensk fall. Stalin returns from hiding and signs the infamous Order 270, branding captured Soviet officers as traitors and committing their wives to forced labor. With the first snows, the Wehrmacht arrives at the gates of Moscow. Video/C 5696

Between Life and Death. The Germans are at the gates of Moscow. The winter closes in and starvation claims thousands of lives in the besieged city of Leningrad. The Red Army counterattacks on the Moscow front. Video/C 5696

The Fight From Within. continues in the German occupied Soviet Union, where many oppressed Soviet citizens welcome Hitler, but their enthusiasm is short-lived as his plans are revealed. The Partisan resistance begins without Stalin's support. Then, as he begins to accept the Partisans, he provides them with supplies. Video/C 5697

The Cauldron Boils. The Wehrmacht thrusts south towards the oil fields of the Caucasus. On pain of death, Stalin specifically prohibits any retreat on the battlefield. The formation of the infamous Penal Battalions starts and the battle for Stalingrad begins. Video/C 5697

The Citadel. All eyes turn to Kursk during the Spring stalemate. Soviet war production, now moved out of the reach of German bombers, increases dramatically. The Germans prepare to meet the Red Army on the plains of Kursk. This is the greatest tank battle in the history of warfare. Video/C 5698

False Dawn. Covers 1944, the year of victories. After a 900 day siege, Leningrad is finally liberated. The Red Army pushes westward and begins to retake the territories occupied by the Germans for so long. Once again, Stalin has plans for the people who suffer under the occupation. Video/C 5698

The Fall of the Swastika. Germany is now on the brink of defeat. As the Red Army approaches Berlin, Hitler mobilizes both young and old to defend the doomed city. With the fall of Berlin and the death of his old enemy, Stalin turns once again to the control of his own people. Video/C 5699

The Cult of Personality.In this final episode Stalin is praised by his people for the victory he alone claims. As old age creeps up on him, Stalin's obsessive paranoia continues the persecution of his people. His plans for territorial expansion are blocked by the threat of the atomic bomb. The Cold War prevails as Stalin dies in 1953. Video/C 5699

Solzhenitsyn.
Cronkite interview of Solzhenitsyn in Paris shortly after he left the Soviet Union. 54 min. Video/C 28

Soviet Disunion: Ten Years Which Shook the World
This comprehensive ten-year history of contemporary Russia from 1984 to 1995 presents a dismal picture of a nation in disarray. Major topics include the election of Mikhail Gorbachev, dissolution of the gulag system, Boris Yeltsin's opposition to Gorbachev's initiatives, environmental legacies including the disaster at Chernobyl, the break-away of the Baltic states, Gorbachev's arrest and the rise of Yeltsin, creation of the stock exchange, an explosion of crime and the decay of the military. Through interviews with Gorbachev, other Russian officials, journalists and private citizens, this film reveals both the hope and disillusionment of a proud but troubled nation struggling with its identity. Interviews: Mikhail Gorbachev, Edvard Shevardnadze, Nikolai Ryzhkov, Oleg Kalougine. 57 min. Video/C 6138

Sowjetische Filmpropaganda zur Westexpansion der UdSSR 1939-1940 : ausgewahlte Berichte der Staatswochenschau "Sojuzkinoschurnal"
Presents Soviet documentary propaganda films produced to justify Soviet incorporation of East Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania during the early years of World War II. Contents: Tiel I. Zur Eingliederung Ost-polens (28 min.) -- Teil II. Zum sowjetisch-finnischen Winterkrieg und der Eingliederung Kareliens (11 min.) -- Teil III. Zur Eingliederung Estlands, Lettlands und Litauens (32 min.). 1996. 3 videocassettes (71 min.) Video/C 7849

Spirit of a People: A New Portrait of Russia
Chronicles recent changes in Russia through the daily lives of two Soviet families -- a Russian/Jewish family of six and a young Russian Orthodox filmmaker and his artist wife and child. Also includes interviews with scholars discussing everyday life and social conditions in Russia, both before and after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, from 1990 to the present day. c1994. 57 min. Video/C 6920

Stalin.
Part 1 covers Stalin's early years and rise to power ; part 2 the 30's and World War II ; part 3 the end of the war, the postwar years, and the tyrannical legacy he left to the Soviet people. 180 min. Video/C 1983

Stalin by Those Who Knew Him
Directed by Semyon Aranovich.

The Anna Akhmatova File (Lichnoe delo Anny Akhmatovoy) Examines a contradictory age in which a sensitive, lyrical and much loved poet, Anna Akhmatova, stands up to the brutal repression of Josef Stalin. Although her works were banned and weren't published for 17 years, her poem 'Requiem' became the underground anthem for the millions who suffered under Stalin. 2007. 65 min. DVD 8914

How I Worked Under Stalin, or, Songs of the Oligarch Combines the testimony of eyewitnesses with rare archival photographs and film in an examination of the strong men who ran the Soviet state for Stalin. From Zhdanov, Andreyev, Krushchev, Malenkov and Suslov to Molotov, the documentary follows the bloody trail to Stalin's successor. 1990. 67 min. DVD 8915

I Served in Stalin's Guard, an Experiment in Documentary Mythology(aka I was Stalin's Bodyguard) This controversial documentary created a storm in Russia by taking off the cloak from a violent, repressive era in Soviet history. The filmmaker found the last surviving personal bodyguard of Josef Stalin, who began working for him in the 1930s. Weaves together unprecendented, first-hand testimony with rare footage, including Stalin's home movies. 1989. 73 min. DVD 8916; vhs Video/C 3598

Strike.
Directed by V.I. Pudovkin. A 1912 strike of factory workers is brutally put down by the authorities. Videocassette release of the 1924 motion picture 80 min. Video/C 999:392

The Struggle for Russia.
Presents an in-depth look at Boris Yeltsin's presidency, exploring Russia's economic and social chaos and examining what went wrong with Yeltsin's 'shock therapy' economic reforms. The program looks at the battle between Yeltsin and his political opponents and documents how the resulting power vacuum was exploited by the ultranationalist leader, Vladimir Zhirinovsky. 120 min. Video/C 3891

Tajikistan
First segment: Report from the former Soviet Republic of Tajikistan, where the civil war has led to many deaths, summary executions, disappearances and ethnic strife. Second segment: Profiles Fr. Richardo Rezende and his work defending poor, landless peasants in the Brazilian Amazon. Third segment: Chronicles the global effort to define peacemaking and to examine the interplay of conflict resolution and human rights through an interview with professional mediator Adam Curle. Fourth segment takes a look at forced labor in Burma. The final segment presents excerpts from the film "Chelyabinsk: the most contaminated spot on the planet," with an interview with Slawomir Grunberg on the relationship between human rights and the environment. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast July 2, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6714

Ten Days That Shook the World.
Narrated by Orson Welles. Through the use of archival and newsreel footage supplemented by excerpts from Soviet feature films, shows how conditions in Russia during the reign of Nicholas II led to the Russian Revolution. Describes the Kerensky regime and tells how the Bolsheviks were able to gain control in October, 1917. 77 min. Video/C 2782

The 3 Rooms of Melancholia
Reveals the psychological devastation the Chechen conflict has inflicted on children. Focuses on three rooms: a military academy near St. Petersburg; Crozny, Chechnya where families struggle to survive in barely habitable buildings; and, the nearby republic of Ingushetia where refugee camps are set up. Using minimal dialogue and evocative music, the film depicts the emotional state of children affected by war. Directed by Pirjo Honkasalo. 2004. 104 min. DVD X2639

Description from Icarus Films Catalog

Felperin, Leslie. "Before and after Grozny." Sight & Sound, Sep2005, Vol. 15 Issue 9, p15-15 UC users only
Fujimura, Clementine. "The Three Rooms of Melancholia." Slavic Review: Interdisciplinary Quarterly of Russian, Eurasian, & East European Studies, Fall2006, Vol. 65 Issue 3, p564-565 UC users only
Koivunen, Anu; Soila, Tytti. "Melancholian 3 Huonetta/The 3 Rooms of Melancholia." In: The cinema of Scandinavia / edited by Tytti Soila. London : Wallflower Press, 2005. (Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.S2 C564 2005)
Menashe, Louis. "The 3 Rooms of Melancholia." Cineaste, Fall2005, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p80-80 UC users only

[Trotsky, Leon]Asaltar los cielos
Depicts one of the most controversial historical events of the 20th century: The assassination of Leon Trotsky, a communist who was instrumental in founding the Red Army and the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. His assassin, Ramon Mercader, one of Lenin's most loyal followers remained a mystery his entire life. Directed by Javier Rioyo, Jose-Luis Lopez Linares. 1996. 96 min. DVD X153

[Trotsky, Leon] Trotsky y México: dos revoluciones del siglo XX
The documentary looks at the life of Trotsky and the Russian Revolution in relation to the Mexican Revolution. The first part of the film focuses on Trotsky's role in the Russian Revolution, and his actions that led to his exile. The second part shows the political and social situation in Mexico and its integration into the international scene when Trotsky arrived in 1937. Finally, the film looks at Trotsky's time in Mexico until his death. Directed by Adolfo Garc´┐Ża Videla. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 28 min. DVD X3690

V.I. Lenin: History Will Not Forgive Us
Profiles the life of Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary, Bolshevik communist politician, principal leader of the October Revolution and the first head of the Soviet Union. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 33 min. DVD X234

The War Symphonies: Shostakovich Against Stalin.
A look at Stalin's purge on Russia and the musical response Dmitri Shostakovich made through his symphonies Four to Nine, which he called "tombstones." Filmed on location in St. Petersburg and Moscow. c1997. 82 min. Video/6340

The Week that Shook the World.
Chronicle of ABC News coverage of the coup in the Soviet Union in August, 1991. It starts with the first special report on August 19th, and runs through the reports of August 25th. Included is Diane Sawyer's interview with Boris Yeltsin while he was under siege at the Russian Parliament Building. 65 min. Video/C 3221

Women of Russia.
A 1961 photographic tour of the Soviet Union by Harvey and Alice Richards, focusing on the work, housing, education, childcare and medical facilities available to women in a socialist society. This film, the first of a 2 part presentation, covers the women of Moscow. 1962. 36 min. DVD 4244

Gypsies (Romanies, et al.)

The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: Immigrants Within Europe/European Cultural Outsiders

American Gypsy: A Stranger in Everybody's Land
America is home to one million Gypsies, or Rom, whose rich culture has long been mysterious to outsiders. A flamboyant Romani leader -- defying widely held stereotypes and his own people's code of secrecy -- invites the viewer into this world when it comes under treat. He leads us through the history of his people through civil rights courts, Las Vegas casinos and beyond. Written, produced and directed by Jasmine Dellal. 1999. 80 min. DVD X5722; Video/C 7455

Gypsy Caravan
In a dazzling display of the musical world of the Roma, five bands unite for a concert tour across North America and astound every audience they meet. Their musical styles range from flamenco to brass band, from Romanian violin to Raga and jazz. Performers: Taraf De Haidouks, Esma Redzepova, Fanfare Ciocarlia, Maharaja, Antonio de Pipa Flamenco Ensemble. Special features: Uncut performances by Esma Redzepova, Taraf de Haidouks, Fanfare Ciocarlia and Maharaja; photo gallery; extended interview with Johnny Depp; filmmaker biography. 2007. 111 min. DVD X159

Gypsies.
The Russian government has passed a law requiring gypsies to have an address so they are no longer allowed to wander across Russia. This documentary deals with the changes that are taking place as the gypsies become homeowners and with the younger generations of gypsies who are starting to be absorbed into the Russian culture, much to the dismay of the older generation. Directed by Natalia Homutova. c2000. 50 min. Video/C 7745

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)
Gypsies.
A cinema-verite style documentary film directed by Wladyslaw Slesicki that follows a traveling gypsy caravan as they wander across rural Poland. Original synchronous sound with no Commentary. Direction and script by Wadyslaw Slesicki. 1961. 30 min. Video/C MM1104

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Latcho Drom.
This film presents, in documentary format, a glimpse of contemporary Gypsy life as expressed in a variety of musical settings. Scenes and music from Gypsy cultures in India, Egypt, Turkey, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Spain. A film by Tony Gatlif. 103 min. Video/C 4068.
Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)
Dobreva, Nikolina. "Constructing the 'Celluloid Gypsy': Tony Gatlif and Emir Kusturica's 'Gypsy films' in the context of New Europe." Romani Studies, Dec2007, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p141-153, 13p UC users only
Imre, Aniko. "Roma Music and Transnational Homelessness." Third Text; May2008, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p325-336, 12p
Morier, Roger. "History's scapegoats." New Internationalist, Apr95 Issue 266, p23, 3p
Silverman, Carol. "Latcho Drom." Ethnomusicology. Spring 2000. Vol. 44, Iss. 2; p. 362 UC users only

Porraimos: Europe's Gypsies in the Holocaust
Chronicles the Roma (Gypsy) Holocaust--Porraimos, or "the devouring" which shows how the pseudo-science of eugenics was used to persecute not only Jews, but also Gypsies. Using interviews with Austrian, Czech and German Gypsy survivors, as well as photographs and films from the Reich Department of Racial Hygiene, this film reveals the oppression of the gypsies -- their registration and segregation, their sterilization, the medical experiments and eventual murder. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2002. 57 min. Video/C 9742

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Roma Rights(Life; 5)
The Roma have an exotic image: musicians, actors, artists, and sometimes beggars. Europeans called them 'Gypsies' because they thought they came from Egypt. But Romani people have lived in Europe for over a thousand years, and they originally came from India, not Egypt. Roma communities in Europe have been subjected to centuries of persecution and racism. They are one of the most excluded groups in the world. They are denied the chance to work, proper housing, healthcare and their children refused a decent education. A new initiative - the Decade of Roma Inclusion - was launched in 2005 in a concerted attempt to help break the desperate cycle of poverty in which so many Roma live. Directed by Di Tatham. 2005. 23 min. DVD 8385

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Suspino: A Cry for Roma
Examines the persecution and discrimination inflicted upon European Roma, or Gypsies as they are pejoratively called. Focuses on Romania, where Europe's largest concentration of Roma are considered "public enemies" -- and Italy, where the Roma are classified as nomads and forced to live in camps while being denied human rights available to refugees and foreign residents. 2003. 72 min. DVD 3224

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

We Have No War-Songs: Gypsies: the Professional Amateurs of Life.
Since their appearance in Europe first recorded in the 14th century, the Gypsies have always struggled for the freedom to live their own lives in their own way. They have been persecuted, tortured, expelled and killed, and yet remain unique as the only nation of people that have never written or sung war songs. Filmed at the seven day gathering of thousands of Gypsies from all over the World in Saintes Maires de-la Mer in the South of France, this film celebrates the unique nature of the Gypsy people and poses questions of tolerance and individuality in today's increasingly materialistic and nationalistic world. A documentary by Izzy Abrahami and Erga Netzc. 1995. 53 min. Video/C 6338

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

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