Drugs, Alchohol, and Addiction in the Movies:
A Bibliography of Books and Articles in the UC Berkeley Libraries












Basic, Margaret M.
"Reading the alcoholic film: analysis of The Country Girl." The Sociological Quarterly 33.n2 (Summer 1992): 211(17).
UC users only
"This article offers an interpretive, interactional reading of the film The Country Girl (1954). It argues that such texts serve as empirical materials for cultural studies. The beliefs and themes about alcoholism which the film represents are discussed, and it is shown how these are a product of the era in which they were created. Bateson's theory of the double bind is applied to the dyadic and triadic interactions that make up the film's text. Unraveling the double bind in the alcoholic relationship better reveals how this particular form of social relationship destructively perpetuates itself through time. Films like The Country Girl reflect society back to itself, and in so doing contribute to the popular culture's understanding of alcoholism." [Expanded Academic Index]

Blackman, Shane J.
"Drugs as Cultural Commodities: An Analysis of Drugs in Film, Advertising, and Popular Music." In: Chilling out : the cultural politics of substance consumption, youth and drug policy / Shane Blackman Maidenhead : Open University Press, 2004.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks HV4999.Y68 B52 2004

Cape, G.S.
"Addiction, stigma and movies." Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Volume 107, Issue 3, pages 163169, March 2003
UC users only

Christenson, Peter G.
Substance use in popular prime-time television [Washington, D.C.] : The Office, [2000]
http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS19217

Clough, Patricia T.
"The Making of the Alcoholic Hero: Social Problems and Subject Identities." Semiotica: Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies/Revue de l'Association Internationale de Semiotique, vol. 93, no. 1-2, pp. 187-94, 1993.

Cornes, Judy
Alcohol in the movies, 1898-1962 : a critical history / Judy Cornes. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., c2006.
Main PN1995.9.A45 C67 2006
Table of contents http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0615/2006018555.html

Demetrakopoulos, Stephanie.
"John Ford's Irish drinking ethos and its influence on stereotypes of American male drunks." The Midwest Quarterly 32.n2 (Wntr 1991): 224(11).

Denzin, Norman K.
Hollywood shot by shot : alcoholism in American cinema New York : A. de Gruyter, c1991.
MAIN: PN1995.9.A45 D46 1991
MOFF: PN1995.9.A45 D46 1991;

Everett, Sherry A., Rae L. Schnuth, and Joanne L. Tribble.
"Tobacco and alcohol use in top-grossing American films." Journal of Community Health 23.n4 (August 1998): 317(8).
"This study assessed the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in top-grossing American films from 1985 to 1995. The top ten money-making films for 1985 to 1995 were viewed to identify the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use overall and by lead characters. While the use of tobacco and alcohol was stable across the study period, use of these substances was common. Most films (98%) had references that supported tobacco use and 96% had references that supported alcohol use. Discouraging the use of these substances was uncommon. Only one third of films had any references that discouraged the use of tobacco or alcohol (38% and 37%, respectively). At least one lead character used tobacco or alcohol in 46% and 79% of the films, respectively. The hazards of smoking and drinking are not reflected in the behaviors of film characters who are potential role models for youth facing the decision to smoke or drink." [Expanded Academic Index]

Gerbner, George
"Drugs in television, movies, and music videos." In: Media, sex, violence, and drugs in the global village / edited by Yahya R. Kamalipour and Kuldip R. Rampal. Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, c2001.
Main Stack HM1206.M43 2001

Glantz, Stanton
"Hollywood must stop glamorizing smoking in movies." In: Does advertising promote substance abuse? / Lori Newman, book editor. Detroit : Greenhaven Press : Thomson/Gale, c2005.
Bus & Econ HV5135.D54 2005

Good, Howard
The drunken journalist : the biography of a film stereotype Lanham, Md. : Scarecrow Press, 2000.
MAIN: PN1995.9.J6 G57 2000;

Grady, Dennis R.
"From Reefer Madness to Freddy's Dead: The Portrayal of Marijuana Use in Motion Pictures." In: Beyond the stars III / edited by Paul Loukides and Linda K. Fuller. Bowling Green, Ohio : Bowling Green University Popular Press, c1990-
Main Stack PN1995.9.C36.B49 1990
Moffitt PN1995.9.C36.B49 1990

Hall, Stefan.
"Fade in, Fade out Addiction, Recovery in American Film." Phi Kappa Phi Forum, Summer2010, Vol. 90 Issue 2, p20-21, 2p, 3 Color
UC users only

Herd, Denise.
"Ideology, Melodrama, and the Changing Role of Alcohol Problems in American Films." Contemporary Drug Problems, Summer 1986
UC users only

Hersey, Curt.
"Script(ing) treatment: representations of recovery from addiction in Hollywood film." Contemporary Drug Problems 32.3 (Fall 2005): 467(27).
UC users only
"American films and television programs increasingly feature characters recovering from addiction. These representations are based on previous depictions and help create a cultural understanding of addicts. This study analyzes the depiction of addicts and addiction in three Hollywood films whose narratives are largely situated within a treatment center: Clean and Sober (1988), When a Man Loves a Woman (1994), and 28 Days (2000). It concludes that the films depict a stock experience of treatment that is surprisingly univocal, as well as unrealistic when compared with the availability and realities of real-life programs. In addition, the films limit their representations of successful recovery to white, upper-class individuals and offer only one conceptual framework for addiction." [Expanded Academic Index]

High anxieties: cultural studies in addiction
Janet Farrell Brodie and Marc Redfield, editors. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2002.
MAIN: HV4998 .H54 2002
MOFF: HV4998 .H54 2002

Hirschman, Elizabeth C.
"A cinematic depiction of drug addiction: a semiotic account." Semiotica, 1995, Vol. 104 Issue 1/2, p119-164, 46p; (AN BFLI970829250214028)
UC users only

Hirschman, Elizabeth C.; McGriff, Joyce A.
"Recovering Addicts' Responses to the Cinematic Portrayal of Drug and Alcohol Addiction." # Elizabeth C. Hirschman, Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring, 1995), pp. 95-107
UC users only

James, Nick.
"Intoxication: alcohol and drugs in the movies." Sight and Sound 7.n2 (Feb 1997): 26(2).
Classic and contemporary motion pictures depicting stories about drugs and alcohol abuse and misuse use the subject as a vehicle with which to revolve the theme or the characters in various ways. Roger Corman's 'The Trip,' Allan Dwan's 'A Star is Born,' Shirley Clark's 'The Connection,' Robert Hamer's 'Pink String and Sealing Wax,' and Fassbinder's 'Veronika Voss' have clearly depicted the real-life travails of drug and alcohol abuse. Stanley Kwan's 'Rouge' and Gus Van Sant's 'Drugstore Cowboy' puts substance abuse under a romantic guise while Chaplin's 'The Cure' plays it lightly.

Jones, Sandra.
"Alcohol Portrayals in Movies: Now We Know They're There, What Next?" Addiction Volume 103, Issue 12, Date: December 2008, Pages: 1934-1935
UC users only

Kanner, Melinda
"Drinking Themselves to Life: Or, The Body in the Bottle: Filmic Negotiations in the Construction of the Alcoholic Female Body." In: Reading the social body / edited by Catherine B. Burroughs & Jeffrey David Ehrenreich. Iowa City : University of Iowa Press, c1993.
Main Stack GT495.R43 1993

Kanner, Melinda
"That's Why the Lady Is a Drunk: Women, Alcoholism, and Popular Culture." In: Sexual politics and popular cultureEdited by Diane Raymond. Bowling Green, Ohio : Bowling Green State University Popular Press, c1990.
ED-P: HQ1233 .S49 1990
MAIN: HQ1233 .S49 1990

McIntosh, William D., Doris G. Bazzini, Stephen M. Smith, and Penny S. Mills.
"Alcohol in the movies: characteristics of drinkers and nondrinkers in films from 1940 to 1989." Journal of Applied Social Psychology 29.6 (June 1999): 1191(9).
UC users only
"We examined depictions of alcohol use in 100 popular films spanning 5 decades. Drinkers were depicted as more attractive, more romantically/sexually active, more aggressive, and having a higher socioeconomic status than nondrinkers. No systematic changes were found across decades that might reflect the growing knowledge base regarding the adverse effects of alcohol use. We compared the depiction of alcohol use in movies to real-world demographics and found that alcohol use in movies is somewhat glamorized." [Expanded Academic Index]

Room, Robin
"Alcoholism and Alcoholics Anonymous in U.S. Films, 1945-1962: The Party Ends for the "Wet Generations"."

Room, Robin
"The Movies and the Wettening of America: the media as amplifiers of cultural change." Addiction Volume 83 Page 11 - January 1988
UC Berkeley users only

Schaefer, Eric
""The Monster That Caters to Thrill-Hungry Youth."." In: "Bold! Daring! Shocking! True!" : a history of exploitation films, 1919-1959
MAIN: PN1995.9.S284 S33 1999
PFA : PN1995.9.S284 S33 1999

Shapiro, Harry.
Shooting stars : drugs, Hollywood and the movies London : Serpent's Tail, 2003.
MAIN: PN1995.9.D78 S53 2003
PFA : PN1995.9.D78 S53 2003;

Shapiro, Harry.
"From Chaplin to Charlie--cocaine, Hollywood and the movies." Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy Volume 9, Number 2 / May, 2002 Pages: 133 - 141
UC Berkeley users only
Throughout the history of cinema, the use of drugs such as opiates and marijuana has been consistently condemned or has passed through distinct phases from opprobrium to celebration. But because of both its image and functionality within the film industry, the framing of cocaine use has been more ambivalent and fluctuating. The period prior to World War II saw cocaine use portrayed both in comic situations and in so-called exploitation films which more closely mirrored sensational press coverage where cocaine was viewed as the 'gateway' drug to opiates. Cocaine largely disappeared from the recreational drugs scene until the late 1960s. Since then, films as diverse as Easy Rider (1969), Annie Hall (1977), Scarface (1983) and Clean and Sober (1988) have framed cocaine use and dealing variously as comic, heroic, glamorous, as well as damaging. This contrasts with crack cocaine in the context of black cinema in the 1980s and 1990s where settings of violence and death predominate. With the cocaine cartels as the focus, Traffic (2000) questions for the first time in a Hollywood movie, the efficacy of the 'war on drugs' while the cocaine trafficking film Blow (2001) returns to a more traditional Hollywood view of vice punished.

Smoke: a global history of smoking
Edited by Sander L. Gilman and Zhou Xun. London : Reaktion Books, 2004.
Main Stack GT3020.S56 2004
Moffitt GT3020.S56 2004

Starks, Michael.
Cocaine fiends and Reefer madness : an illustrated history of drugs in the movies New York : Cornwall Books, c1982.
MOFF: PN1995.9.D78 S8 1982

Stevenson, Jack.
Addicted : an illustrated guide to drug cinema; Addicted : the myth and menace of drugs in film [London?] : Creation, 2000.
Main Stack PN1995.9.D78.S814 2000
Pt. 1. Historical overview -- pt. 2. Focus on genres -- pt. 3. Focus on non-English language films -- pt. 4. Focus on English language films.

Swanson, Jeremy
"Hollywood high.(drugs, motion pictures)." Utne Reader 106 (July-August 2001): p26(2).
Issues are presented concerning the portrayal of drugs such as marijuana, psychedelics and cocaine in motion pictures. The awards and acclaim given to films featuring drugs or drug trafficking are discussed.

Thompson, Frank.
"Movies on drugs: feed your head with the mind-bending cinema of narcotics. (films portraying drug use)." American Film 15.n14 (Nov 1990): 54(5).
"The theme of drugs has been a recurring one in cinema for decades. Except for the occasional film that spoofs drug use, most films depict drugs as both a crime and a torture from which one must escape. Many films that focus on drug use reveal more about the eras in which they were produced than may have been intended. Several films about drugs that are available on home video are briefly reviewed: Psych-Out and I Love You, Alice B. Toklas! (1968), Easy Rider (1969), Ciao! Manhattan (1972), Up in Smoke (1978), Less Than Zero (1987), Clean and Sober (1988), and Drugstore Cowboy (1989)." [Art Index]

Trocki, Karen F., and Andrew Thompson.
"Alcohol and sexual encounters in recent American cinema." Contemporary Drug Problems 20.n1 (Spring 1993): 65-85.
UC users only

Viano, Maurizio
"An Intoxicated Screen: Reflections on Film and Drugs." In: High anxieties : cultural studies in addiction / Janet Farrell Brodie and Marc Redfield, editors. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2002.
Main (Gardner) Stacks HV4998 .H54 2002
Moffitt HV4998 .H54 2002

Wedding, Danny
"Alcoholism in the western genre: the portrayal of alcohol and alcoholism in the western genre." (Critical Essay). Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education 46.2 (Winter 2000): p3(9). (3402 words)
UC users only




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