Arabs in Film and Television:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

This is a static page that is no longer maintained.

Articles about Disney's "Aladdin"

Aguayo, Michelle.
"Representations of Muslim Bodies in The Kingdom: Deconstructing Discourses in Hollywood." Global Media Journal: Canadian Edition, 2009, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p41-56, 16p

Ahmed, Akbar S.
"Hello, Hollywood: your images affect Muslims everywhere." (The West and Islam) New Perspectives Quarterly, Spring 2002 v19 i2 p73-75
"Many American motion pictures since the 1980s have portrayed Muslims as psychopathic terrorists and Islam as morally subversive. This trend could be addressed when these stereotypes are carefully suppressed, when Muslim characters become heroes or main characters, and when violence and sex are no longer glorified." [Expanded Academic Index]

Akram, Susan M.
"The aftermath of September 11, 2001: The targeting of Arabs and Muslims in America." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) (Spring-Summer 2002): 61(58).
UC users only

Blauvelt, Christian
""Don't Tell Anyone Your Real Name Or You'll Never Work Again"." Entertainment Weekly, 10/14/2011, Issue 1176/1177, p38-42, 4p
UC users only

Burris, Gregory
"Sultans of the Silver Screen: The Turk in Reactionary Cinema." Journal of Popular Film and Television v. 35 no. 4 (Winter 2008) p. 164-72
UC users only

Curtiss, Richard H., Delinda C. Hanley.
"Dr. Jack Shaheen Discusses Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People." (Interview) Richard H. Curtiss, Delinda C. Hanley. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs July 2001 v20 i5 p103 (1858 words)
UC users only

Deep, Kim
"Deconstructing Hollywood: negative stereotyping in film." (media section) Women in Action, Dec 2002 i3 p57(3)
UC users only

Dodd, Philip.
"Homelands." (Arab culture in European cinema) (Interview) Sight and Sound Feb 1992 v1 n10 p18(4)

Edwards, Brian T.
"Yankee pashas and buried women: containing abundance in 1950's Hollywood Orientalism." Film & History Vol XXXI nr 2 (2001); p 13-24
Discusses how Hollywood's representation of oriental excess was actually an expression of the political and social concerns of the Cold War period.
UC users only

Eisele, John C.
"The Wild East: Deconstructing the Language of Genre in the Hollywood Eastern." Cinema Journal - 41, Number 4, Summer 2002
"The writer argues for the existence of a genre of films dealing with the Middle East, which he terms the eastern. Within the first two decades of cinema, a film tradition developed that can be called the Eastern film genre. In this period, films about the Middle East developed an inventory of narrative devices and character types, such as abduction and enslavement, identity twists, and the depiction of the East as a place of both terror and redemption for sins. Subgenres of the Eastern such as Arabian Nights, Foreign Legion, and sheik movies vary in the degree of identification allowed the character of the Arab other, reflecting the political-historical context of their development, but they share a number of narrative tropes that serve as unifying attributes of the category as a whole. The writer goes on to summarize the main points of similarity and difference that underlie the Eastern film genre, which in turn reflect both the static and the dynamic and changing character of the relationship of the West to the East." [Art Index]

Elliott, Deni
"Terrorists we like and terrorists we don't like." In: Images that injure : pictorial stereotypes in the media / edited by Paul Martin Lester and Susan Dente Ross ; foreword by Everette E. Dennis. Edition 2nd ed. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, c2003.
Main Stack P96.S74.I45 2003

Ezroura, Mohamed.
"The Images of 'Other' in American Cinema: The Meaning of Poking Fun at Others in Ishtar." Indian Journal of American Studies. 25 (2): 55-62. 1995 Summer.

Fahdel, Abbas
"An Orient of myth and mystery." (Strangers on the Screen) UNESCO Courier Oct 1989 p24(6) (1671 words)
UC users only

Francaviglia, Richard
"Crusaders and Saracens: Orientalism in Historically Themed Motion Pictures about the Middle East." In: Lights, camera, history : portraying the past in film / edited by Richard Francaviglia and Jerry Rodnitzky ; with an introduction by Peter C. Rollins ; contributions by Robert Rosenstone ... [et al.]. 1st ed. College Station : Published for the University of Texas at Arlington by Texas A&M University Press, c2007.
Main Stack PN1995.2.L54 2007

Fuller, Linda.
"Hollywood Holding Us Hostage: Or, Why Are Terrorists in the Movies Middle Easterners?" In: The U.S. media and the Middle East : image and perception. Edited by Yahya R. Kamalipour ; foreword by George Gerbner. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1995.
MAIN: DS63.2.U5 U18 1995

Georgakas, Dan (ed.)
"The Arab Image in American Film and Television." Cineaste, vol. 17 no. 1. 1989. pp: 1-24.

Galford, Hugh S.
"Portraits of Prejudice. (Arab-American Activism).(Brief Article)." Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 20.9 (Dec 2001): 88(1).
UC users only

Goodstein, Laurie
"Hollywood now plays cowboys and Arabs; with Arab-Americans cast mostly as Muslim extremists, anti-defamation groups are beginning to speak out." The New York Times Nov 1, 1998 v148 s2 pAR17(L) col 1 (36 col in) I have a suggestion for an article that I strongly recommend for inclusion in "the Arabs in Film and Television: A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library":

Halse, Rolf
"The Muslim-American Neighbour as Terrorist: The Representation of a Muslim Family in 24", Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture, 2011, Volume 11.4.

Hanania, Ray.
"One of the bad guys?" Newsweek. New York: Nov 2, 1998. Vol. 132, Iss. 18; pg. 14, 1 pgs

Hollywood and the war against terror. (The West and Islam) New Perspectives Quarterly, Spring 2002 v19 i2 p69-72
"Jack Valenti, president and CEO of the Motion Picture Association of America, believes the motion picture industry should strongly support the Bush administration's war on terror while distinguishing between fanatics and the majority of lawful Muslims. He regards American movies are the most entertaining in the world, and that is the reason for their cultural dominance." [Expanded Academic Index]

Holsinger, Jennifer Leila.
"Media Stereotypes and the Arab." In: Residential patterns of Arab Americans : race, ethnicity and spatial assimilation / Jennifer Leila Holsinger. El Paso : LFB Scholarly Pub., 2009.
Full-text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks E184.A65 H65 2009

Jabara, Abdeen; others
"The Arab image in American film and television." Cineaste Vol XVII nr 1 (1989); p Suppl.1-4
In eight articles, presents historical and analytical portrayals of Arabs and Arab-Americans in films; criticizes the frequent stereotyping of Arab characters and actors. Also incl. interviews with F. Murray Abraham and Omar Sharif.

Jackson, Nancy Beth
"Arabs and Arab Americans : ancient Middle East conflicts hit home." In: Images that injure : pictorial stereotypes in the media / edited by Paul Martin Lester and Susan Dente Ross ; foreword by Everette E. Dennis. Edition 2nd ed. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, c2003.
Main Stack P96.S74.I45 2003

Jones, Arthur
"Stereotyping and double standards in 'Hollywood Islam'." National Catholic Reporter. Nov 20, 1998. Vol. 35, Iss. 5; p. 17 (1 page)
UC users only
George Irani, an international relations scholar and an Arab Christian, offers his thoughts on whether the new movie "The Siege" is anti-Arab and anti-Muslim.

Khatib, Lina (Lina H.)
Filming the modern Middle East : politics in the cinemas of Hollywood and the Arab world London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; New York : Distributed in the United States by Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
PFA : PN1993.5.A66 K38 2006
MAIN: PN1993.5.A65 K38 2006

Kozlovic, Anton Karl.
"Islam, Muslims and Arabs in the Popular Hollywood Cinema." Comparative Islamic Studies, Dec2007, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p213-246, 34p
UC users only

Lant, Antonia
"The Curse of the Pharaoh, or How Cinema Contracted Egyptomania." October, Vol. 59. (Winter, 1992), pp. 86-112.
UC users only

Loshitzky, Yosefa.
Identity politics on the Israeli screen / Yosefa Loshitzky. 1st ed. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2001.
Main Stack PN1993.5.I86.L37 2001

Loshitzky, Yosefa.
"Orientalist Representations: Palestinians and Arabs in Some Postcolonial Film and Literature." In: Cultural encounters : representing 'otherness' / edited by Elizabeth Hallam and Brian V. Street. pp: 51-71. London ; New York : Routledge, 2000. Sussex studies in culture and communication.
Anthropology GN495.6.C83 2000

Majaj, Lisa Suhair.
"Reel Bad Arabs." Cineaste: America's Leading Magazine on the Art and Politics of the Cinema. 28 (4): 38-39. 2003 Fall.

Mandel, Daniel
"Muslims on the silver screen." Middle East Quarterly Spring 2001 v8 i2 p19(12)
UC users only
"Many Muslim and Arab groups maintain Hollywood motion pictures stereotype them as international terrorists, drug dealers, and other negative roles. Analysis of several recent films show Arabs and Muslims are rarely given sympathetic leading roles but there is no government orchestration of these portrayals." [Expanded Academic Index]

Marrison, James.
"Arabs not the first: to be blown away by the movies." Afterimage March-April 2004 v31 i5 p14(1) (1644 words)
UC users only
"Arab terrorists have now replaced "Commies" as Hollywood's bad guy of choice. In the 1950s, under the shadow of Communist expansion, films gave the American public an instantly recognizable villain in the shape of the "Red." According to Dr. J. G. Shaheen, the world's foremost authority on media images of Arabs and Muslims, American cinema has been demonizing Arabs and Muslims more than any other people since long before the events of 9/11. Shaheen argues that the only image of the Arab world that the majority of Americans encounter is the Hollywood version, and this is almost without exception simplistic and negative." [Art Index]

Michalek, Laurence.
"The Arab in American Cinema: A Century of Otherness." Cineaste: America's Leading Magazine on the Art and Politics of the Cinema. 17 (1): 3-9. 1989.
UC users only
"This document addresses the negative image of Arabs among the U.S. public. While formal education has created many of the misconceptions about Arabs that abound in the west, many of the misconceptions come from the informal education of popular culture. The western image of the Arab is possibly more interesting than the reality of Arab culture. The American stereotype of Arabs is important for two reasons: (1) it interferes with the understanding of a vitally important area of the world and its people, and (2) the Arab stereotype, while it teaches us little about the Arabs, teaches us a good deal about ourselves and the mechanisms of prejudice. The book examines in sequence different areas of popular culture about Arabs: jokes, cartoons, popular songs, and especially cinema. A chart based on two reference catalogs produced by the American Film Institute in listing every movie form the 1920s and the 1960s, showing the frequency of themes in movies about Arabs, shows three main things: (1) the Arab world has changed, but the Arab stereotype has not; (2) Hollywood's Middle East has become a more sinister place; and (3) there has been a change toward more explicitly anti-Arab movie genres. The document asserts that explanations for the negative stereotypes include the prejudice against Arabs that is part of European folk heritage, the lack of knowledge about Arabs in the United States that reinforces the image of Arabs as "other," and the lack of a significant Arab population in the United States to counter the stereotype."

Michalek, Laurence.
"Cruel and Unusual: Negative Images of Arabs in American Popular Culture." American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee Issue Paper No. 15.

Muravchik, Joshua
"Terrorism at the Multiplex." Commentary Jan 1999 v107 i1 p57(1) (2743 words)
UC users only
"The 1998 film 'The Siege' depicted Arab-Americans in an unfavorable light and as a terrorist group. The resulting controversy is ironic as director Edward Zwick tried to make sure that no particular religious or ethnic groups of people were offended before the film even entered production. Terrorism is more common among Muslims and Arabs, partly because of the length of time the practice has taken place in Arab countries." [Expanded Academic Index]

Nadel Alan
"A whole new (Disney) world order : Aladdin, atomic power, and the Muslim Middle East." In: Visions of the East : orientalism in film / edited by Matthew Bernstein and Gaylyn Studlar. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1997.
Main Stack PN1995.9.E95.V57 1997

Pais, Arthur
"Arabs angry from 'The Sheik' to 'Santa Barbara'; with Arabs currently much in the news, Hollywood's depictions are called onesided and unfair." Variety Dec 31, 1990 v341 n12 p5(1)

Pomerance, Murray
"Baghdad Bad." Film International ; Oct2009, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p27-49, 23p
UC users only

Quinn, Michael
"Where have you gone, Omar Sharif?" (stereotypical depiction of Arabs as terrorists in motion pictures) (Brief Article) Time August 8, 1994 v144 n6 p19(1) (412 words)

Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People[Video'
Throughout its history Hollywood has portrayed Arabs as buffoons or bandits. This documentary seeks to rectify this sterotyping by comparing it to other forms of racist imagery in motion pictures and mass media by suggesting alternative narratives that treat the Arabs as human beings, not demons. Based on the book of the same title by Jack Shaheen (MAIN: PN1995.9.A68 S54 2001; PFA : PN1995.9.A68 S54 2001). Directed by Sut Jhally. 2006. 50 min. DVD 6553

Rosen, Miriam. Batlouni, Barbara Shahin.
"[Arabs in Film] Bibliography and Filmography." Cineaste: America's Leading Magazine on the Art and Politics of the Cinema. 17 (1): 21-23. 1989.

Semmerling, Tim Jon
"Evil" Arabs in American popular film : orientalist fear Austin : University of Texas Press, 2006.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
MAIN: PN1995.9.A68 S46 2006

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Arab Americans." In: The Columbia Companion to American History on Film: How the Movies Have Portrayed the American Past. Edited by Peter C. Rollins. New York : Columbia University Press, c2003.
Media Center PN1995.9.U64.C65 2003
Doe Refe PN1995.9.U64.C65 2003 Non-circulating.
Moffitt PN1995.9.U64.C65 2003

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Disney Has Done It Again: Father of The Bride II Is Arab-Bashing Redux." The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Washington: Mar 1996. Vol. XIV, Iss. 7; p. 44

Shaheen, Jack G.
Guilty : Hollywood's verdict on Arabs after 9/11 / Jack G. Shaheen. Northampton, Mass. : Olive Branch Press, 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.A68 S52 2008
Moffitt PN1995.9.A68 S52 2008

Shaheen, Jack G.
"The Hollywood Arab (1984-1986)" Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 14 no. 4. 1987 Winter. pp: 148-157.
UC users only

Shaheen, Jack G.
"The Hollywood Hate Machine: "The Gladiator"; How in the World Did Bad Arabs Happen to This Roman on His Way to the Forum?" The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Sep 2000. Vol. XIX, Iss. 7; p. 106
UC users only

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Hollywood's Muslim Arabs." Muslim World 2000 90(1-2): 22-42.
UC users only
"This article examines the stereotypes and biases used in the portrayal of Muslim Arabs in American motion pictures and television programs. Depicting Muslim Arabs as violent religious radicals can unfairly affect policymaking, encourage hate crimes, and promote divisiveness by exaggerating ethnic differences." [Expanded Academic Index]

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Hollywood's reel Arab women." Media Development, 2007, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p27-29, 3p
UC users only

Shaheen, Jack G.
"In its new "family film," Disney clobbers Arabs--again!" (Special Report) Jack G. Shaheen. Washington Report on Middle East Affairs May 2004 v23 i4 p66(2) (1113 words)
UC users only

Shaheen, Jack G.
Reel bad Arabs : how Hollywood vilifies a people New York : Olive Branch, 2001.
Main Stack PN1995.9.A68.S54 2001

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Reel bad Arabs : how Hollywood vilifies a people." The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, July 2003 v588 p171(23)
Author's Abstract: COPYRIGHT 2003 Sage Publications, Inc. "Live images on big screen and television go beyond a thousand words in perpetuating stereotypes and cliches. This article surveys more than a century of Hollywood's projection of negative images of the Arabs and Muslims. Based on the study of more than 900 films, it shows how moviegoers are led to believe that all Arabs are Muslims and all Muslims are Arabs. The moviemakers' distorted lenses have shown Arabs as heartless, brutal, uncivilized, religious fanatics through common depictions of Arabs kidnapping or raping a fair maiden; expressing hatred against the Jews and Christians; and demonstrating a love for wealth and power. The article compares the stereotype of the hook-nosed Arab with a similar depiction of Jews in Nazi propaganda materials. Only five percent of Arab film roles depict normal, human characters." [Expanded Academic Index]

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Still the Bad Guys." The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (1982-1989). Aug 12, 1985.Vol.IV, Iss. 5; pg. 6

Shaheen, Jack G.
The TV Arab / Jack G. Shaheen. Bowling Green, Ohio : Bowling Green State University Popular Press, c1984.
Main Stack PN1992.8.A7.S41 1984

Shaheen, Jack G.
"Unkindest Cut." Index on Censorship. Jul 2003. Vol. 32, Iss. 3; pg. 76
UC users only
Shaheen asserts that most American minorities can expect fair cinematic representation from Hollywood--but not Arab-Americans and Muslims. He examines how films dehumanize and demonize Arabs and Muslims.

Simon, Scott J.
"Arabs in Hollywood: An Undeserved Image." Latent Image: A Student Journal of Film Criticism (Northeastern University) Spring 1996

Shohat, Ella
"Gender in Hollywood's Orient." Middle East Report, No. 162, Lebanon's War. (Jan. - Feb., 1990), pp. 40-42.
UC users only

Simon, Scott J.
"Arabs in Hollywood: An Undeserved Image." Latent Image: A Student Journal of Film Criticsm (Emerson College), Spring 1996

Steinberg, Shirley.
"French Fries, Fezzes, and Minstrels: The Hollywoodization of Islam." Cultural Studies/Critical Methodologies 2, no. 2 (2002): 205-210

"Stereotypes of Near Easterners/Arabs." Wikipedia

Yin, Tung
"Through a Screen Darkly: Hollywood as a Measure of Discrimination Against Arabs And Muslims." Duke Forum for Law & Social Change (DFLSC), Aug2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p103-123, 21p
UC users only

Visions of the East : orientalism in film
Edited by Matthew Bernstein and Gaylyn Studlar. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1997.
Main Stack PN1995.9.E95.V57 1997
Contents via Google Books

Wall, James M.
"Stereotypes in and out." The Christian Century. Chicago: Oct 15, 1997. Vol. 114, Iss. 28; pg. 899, 1 pgs
Attitudes toward gays, Arab-Americans and Latinos are shaped by Hollywood image-makers, but Hollywood has the potential audience clearly in mind. The stock figures in movies reveal who does and does not have leverage in Hollywood.

Wingfield, Marvin and Karaman, Bushra
"Arab Stereotypes and American Educators." March 1995

Wilkins, Karin Gwinn
Home/land/security : what we learn about Arab communities from action-adventure films / Karin Gwinn Lanham, MD : Lexington Books, c2009.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.A68 W55 2009

The Little Drummer Girl

Bragg, Melvyn.
"The Little Drummer Girl: An Interview with John le Carré." In: Conversations with John le Carré / edited by Matthew J. Bruccoli and Judith S. Baughman. Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2004.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PR6062.E33 Z466 2004

Briley, Ron.
"The Little Drummer Girl and John le Carré: The Search for Terrorism's Root Causes." Popular Culture Review, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 93-105, Summer 2003

Briley, Ron.
"The Search for Terrorism's Root Causes: John Le Carre and the Little Drummer Girl." Conference Papers -- American Political Science Association, 2002 Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, p1-24, 24p

Kael, Pauline.
"Current Cinema: New Yorker, 11/12/84, Vol. 60 Issue 30, p179-186, 7p

O'Brien, Lee.
"The Little Drummer Girl." Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Winter, 1984), pp. 110-113
UC users only

Richelson, J.T.
"The Mossad Imagined: The Israeli Secret Service in Film and Fiction." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, Volume 20, Issue 1 March 2007 , pages 136 - 166
UC users only

Shaheen, J.G.
"Screen Images of Palestinians in the 1980s." In: Beyond the stars: Vol. 1: stock characters in American popular film. / edited by Paul Loukides and Linda K. Fuller. Bowling Green, Ohio : Bowling Green University Popular Press, c1990-
Main PN1995.9.C36 B49 1990
Moffitt PN1995.9.C36 B49 1990

Silver, Brenda R.
"Woman as Agent: The Case of Le Carré's Little Drummer Girl" Contemporary Literature, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 14-40, Spring 1987
UC users only

van Teeffelen, Toine.
"'You're Some Sort of Supercommando, Aren't You?': The Gendering of Israel's Image in Bestsellers." Thamyris: Mythmaking from Past to Present, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 311-34, Autumn 1996
Partial contents via Google books


Cohen, David S.
"Script to Screen: Towelhead." Script (10922016), Jul/Aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p38-43, 6p UC users only

Lucia, Cynthia.
"Sexual Politics and Awakenings in Towelhead." Cineaste, Fall2008, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p14-19, 6p
UC users only

Richstatter, Katje
"Sex and Satire." Tikkun; Nov/Dec2008, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p74-75, 2p
UC users only

Roberts, Rex.
"Towelhead." Film Journal International, Sep2008, Vol. 111 Issue 9, p55-56
UC users only

Copyright (C) 1996 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved.
Document maintained on server: by
Gary Handman, Head, Media Resources Center.
Last update 01/04/12 [gh]

MRC web graphics by Mary Scott, Graphics Office, The Teaching Library