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General and Miscellaneous
The Americas
Middle East
Prehistoric Europe
Classical Europe

Ancient Greece and Rome in the Movies

General and Miscellaneous

Archeology, Unearthing Our Past
An overview of archeological exploration throughout the world and the role it has played in discovering the pre-history of mankind. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Produced and written by Adam Sternberg. Supplementary feature accompanying: Adventures of Young Indiana Jones. 20 min. DVD X233

The Americas

The Americas Before the Europeans, 300-1500
This tape examines the early civilizations in Central and South America, primarily the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas. It describes the art, architecture, and intellectual achievements of these people as well as their downfall to the Spanish Conquistadors. 1984. 26 min. Video/C 6402

America's Stone Age Explorers: Where Did the First Americans Come From?
Archaeological experts and others challenge the theory that the first Americans arrived in America around 13,500 years ago and suggest possibilites that they could have arrived even sooner. This television program asks the question "who were America's first settlers?" While the discovery of spear points in Clovis, New Mexico in the 1930's led scientists to conclude that the earliest settlers crossed the land bridge from Siberia to Alaska at the end of the last ice age, new findings challenge this theory. This documentary presents an engaging debate between several scientists and archeologists concerning new findings which suggest the settlers may have been in America much earlier, and that they may have come from Europe, rather than Asia. Visits the sites of promising, yet controversial findings in Pennsylvania, Texas, Chile, and France in order to reconsider long-held beliefs about America's first inhabitants. Originally produced on PBS Television as a segment of the television program Nova. c2005. 52 min. DVD 6137

The Ancient Americans.
Examines the emergence of human culture in Central and South America and illuminates the advanced cultural and technical states achieved by the Maya and Aztec civilizations with special emphasis on the mysterious Olmec culture and the war-filled history of the Aztec Empire. c1998. 33 min. Video/C 6417

Archaeology: Questioning the Past.
Reviews the preparation that students need before they go out on an archaeolgical dig. Includes two sequences of digging--one at an ancient Indian site in northern California and the other at an Anasazi Pueblo site near Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado. Illustrates the full range of archaeological inquiry. c1987. 27 min. Video/C MM641

The Aztecs. (Ancient Civilizations.)
Explores the history and culture of the thousand-year-old pre-Columbian Aztec empire, from human sacrifices to their agricultural advances, its influence is still felt today. Commentary by scholars, maps, and contemporary accounts provide an overview of the events that shaped and destroyed the Aztec empire. c1999. 47 min. Video/C 6416

Central America: The Burden of Time. (Legacy.)
The sophisticated civilizations of the Aztecs, the Maya, and the Inca, their near obliteration by the Conquistadores, the parts that survive today, and their influence on our lives today. 1991. 57 min. Video/C 3021

The Chaco Legacy.
Examines the inhabitants of Chaco Canyon in New Mexico and their high level of technical development achieved over 900 years ago. Shows their extensive water control system, the large network of roads they constructed and several mammoth structures they built. Includes a history of the different excavation projects. Originally broadcast as a segment of the Odyssey series in 1980. Dist.: Documentary Educational Resources. 59 min. DVD X6662; Video/C 274

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Encyclopedie de la Mythologie Maya Yucateque: Les Labyrinthes Sonores.
Contents: Tome 4, 6-7. H-wan tul. Le Way kot. Les arouches: La Harana ou danse des bouviers (6 min.); Carnaval Maya (8 min.); Sevillane pour un cochon defunt (22 min); Une conversation avec Juan Kob (11 min.). -- Tome 8:1. Chak, pluie et ses chevaux, Pt. 1: Pourquoi chanter la pluie? (20 min.); Variations sur un theme de pluie (32 min.); Le Bolon ixim, divination Maya (15 min.) -- Tome 8:2. Chak, pluie et ses chevaux, Pt. 2: Chanter et danser la pluie qui tombe (88 min.); Chevaux de pluie (46 min.); Boisson de l'arbre secret (4 min.); L'art du faiseur (20 min.); Une visite (8 min.). In French, Maya, and Spanish (without subtitles). 1997. PAL format. Video/C 5516 [NRLF - In storage]

The Excavations at La Venta.
Reviews the large scale excavations of the Olmec site of La Venta begun in 1955. Includes a study of the results of the earlier investigations in 1942 and 1943, with representative examples of primitive sculptures, carvings, and constructions found at the excavation site. 1963. 29 min. Video/C MM789 [NRLF - In storage]

The Five Suns: A Sacred History of Mexico.
An animated depiction of the religion of the Aztecs told with illustrations painted in the style of native Mexican people of the sixteenth century. Narrator, Luis Valdez; music, Mazatl Galindo with Todd Boekelheide. 1996. 55 min. Video/C 6184

The Great Civilizations of South and Central America
Presents a brief overview of the history of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca nations, civilizations of South and Central America that thrived thousands of years before European settlers arrived. c1998. 14 min. Video/C 6401

History of the Mayas
The history of the Mayas and their culture is shown through the remains at Copan, Palenque, Tikal, Yaxchilan, Bonampak, and Chichen Itza. Archaeologists working at these Mayan ruins sites discuss their discoveries concerning the structure of Mayan society and interviews with modern Mayans reveal the many ancient practices and customs still in practice today. c1998. 45 min. Video/C 7390

Imagining New Worlds. (Human Geography, People Places and Change)
Examines contrasting ways of viewing the city of Cancun, Mexico and Mayan ruins as seen through the eyes of tourists, Mayan descendants, and business investors. 1996. 27 min. Video/C 4241

In the Shadow of the Incas
The history of ancient Andean Indian cultures in Peru and northern Bolivia is revealed by examining the archaeological evidence which remains at various sites. Sites visited include Macchu Picchu (Peru), Tiahuanaco (Bolivia), and Cerro Sechin (Peru). 1989. 43 min. Video/C 8682

The Inca Cola.
Recounts the once mighty and wealthy empire of the Inca and relates how it was destroyed. Shows that present-day Incas live a style of life similar to their ancestors, but in poverty and squalor rather than prosperity and splendor. c1987. 30 min. Video/C 9946

The Incas.
Chronicles the Inca civilization and how it was built up into one of the best run civilizations ever. Also explores how current archaeologists are attempting to better understand the inner workings of the impressive civilization. Originally released by BBC and broadcast by PBS in 1980 as an episode of Odyssey ; a co-production of British Broadcasting Corporation and Public Broadcasting Associates. Dist.: Documentary Educational Resources. c1980. 60 min. DVD X6654; Video/C 275

The Lost World of the Maya.
From the series, Nova ; follows Eric Thompson, an authority on Mayan civilization, as he embarks on a pilgrimage through Central America. Describes ruins existing in such ancient cities as Tikal, Palenque, Yaxchilan, and Quirigna, and re-creates the Maya's daily life. Concludes with a description of the theories that have been used to explain why Mayan civilization fell. 1972. 36 min. DVD 7158 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 250

Maya Lords of the Jungle.
Visits ancient sites on the Yucatan Peninsula where new findings are forcing a reappraisal of the past of the Mayans. Researchers display and interpret their findings, setting aside the errors of the past, and quietly working a revolution in pre-Columbian archaeology. Originally broadast in 1981 as an episode of the television program Odyssey. Dist.: Documentary Educational Resources. 60 min. DVD X6656; Video/C 303

The Maya Pompeii
Explores the historic village of Joya de Ceren and examines its relationship to the ancient Maya world and other major Maya sites throughout Central America. On-location footage and 3D computer animation are combined to recreate the ancient village and the resplendent classical city of Tikal. The film recounts ancient Maya achievements in agriculture, architecture, astronomy, and art. It also documents the lives of the Maya today, highlighting ancient ceremonies still practiced in Central America. 1995. 46 min. Video/C MM806 [NRLF - In storage]

Mayan: A History of the Mayas
The history of the Mayas and their culture is shown through the remains at Copan, Palenque, Tikal, Yaxchilan, Bonampak, and Chichen Itza. Archaeologists working at these Mayan ruins sites discuss their discoveries concerning the structure of Mayan society and interviews with modern Mayans reveal the many ancient practices and customs still in practice today. 1998. 45 min. Video/C 7390

Mitos, Ritos y Costumbres Aztecas
A striking documentary about Aztec social customs and religion, art, history, traditions and rituals -- including human sacrifice. In Spanish. 1989. 56 min. Video/C 8670

Monuments of Ancient Mexico.
Shows the first Meso-American civilization of the Olmecs, through the rise and decline of other civilizations such as the Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs. c1990. 25 min. Video/C 2614

The Mystery of Chaco Canyon.
This film examines the deep enigmas presented by the massive prehistoric remains found in Chaco Canyon in New Mexico. The film reveals that between 850 and 1150 AD, the Chacoan people constructed massive ceremonial buildings in a complex celestial pattern throughout a vast desert region. Aerial and time lapse footage and computer modeling show how the Chacoan culture designed, oriented and located these buildings in relationship to the sun and moon. Pueblo Indians, descendants of the Chacoan people, also speak of the significnce of Chaco to the Pueblo world today. Narrator: Robert Redford. 1999. 56 min. DVD 9778; Video/C 6630

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Mystery of the First Americans
In 1996, near Kennewick, Washington, two college students stumbled across a human skull and forensic anthropologists not only identified it as Caucasian, but also discovered it is almost 10,000 years old. The discovery of the Kennewick Man, along with several other startling finds in recent years, has embroiled scientists in a bitter conflict with Native American groups who want the scientific study of early Americans halted. Originally produced as a segment on the PBS program Nova. 2000. 60 min. Video/C 7437

Myths and the Moundbuilders.
The huge earthworks and mounds scattered through the eastern half of the United States prompted people in the 19th century to speculate that a lost civilization had preceded the Indians then living among the mounds. Though we've know for some time that the ancestors of those Indians actually built the mounds, archaeologists are still exploring their contents for a better understanding of their builders. Originally broadast in 1981 as an episode of the television program Odyssey. Dist.: Documentary Educational Resources. 60 min. DVD X6658; Video/C 346

Paul Freeman Rock Art Collection. I, International Sites
Presents major areas where rock art and petroglyphs may be found throughout the world, taken over a span of 29 years highlighting places where indigenous peoples have left traces of their lifeways and thought, and the often extraordinary beauty of these places. These visual records also have historic value presenting the work of pioneers in rock art studies and discoveries that were made. Videodisc release of films originally created between 1975-2004. Disc 1: Algeria (1990, 73 min.) -- 2. Mexico (1993, 67 min.) -- 3. Israel (1994, 98 min.) -- 4. Baja California (1975, 1982, 1999, 58 min.) -- 5. West Africa (2002, 57 min.) -- 6. Morocco (1996, 136 min.) -- 7. Brazil (1998, 121 min.) -- 8. Australia (2000, 90 min.) -- 9. Mexico (1997, 58 min.) -- 10. India (1985, 16 min.) -- 11. Republic of Georgia (1997, 62 min.) -- 12. Canada (1992, 38 min.) -- 13. Finland (1998, 44 min.) -- 14. Mexico (1999, 2004, 44 min.) -- 15. India (2004, 81 min.). DVD 3520 [NRLF - In storage]

Paul Freeman Rock Art Collection. IV: Other Western States Sites
Disc 1: Southern Nevada and Arizona area, 1984, 1991 (35 min.) -- Disc 2. Central Nevada area, 1993-2000 (73 min.) -- Disc 3. Northwest Nevada area, 1993-2005 (41 min.) Presents major areas where rock art and petroglyphs may be found in America's Western states taken over a span of 24 years highlighting places where indigenous people have left traces of their lifeways and thought, and the often extraordinary beauty of these places. These visual records also have historic value presenting the work of pioneers in rock art studies, the discoveries that were made and return visits to old sites that were deteriorating and efforts at conservation that were being undertaken. DVD 4344 [NRLF - In storage]

Popol Vuh: The Creation Myth of the Maya.
An animated film which uses original images drawn by Quiche Maya Indians in the seventh century on funerary pottery to illustrate the Popol vuh, which is the sacred book of the Maya and includes their creation story and birth of the hero twins. Narration in English. 29 min. DVD 8615; vhs Video/C 2425 (English language version); Video/C 5620 (Spanish language version); Video/C 2803 (Tzeltal language version)

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Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog
Religion in Mesoamerica.
Contents: Pre-hispanic religion -- Conquest and colony -- Independence -- Religious syncretism -- The Cofradia -- Liberation theology. Interviews with: Pedro Portillo (artist), Diego Ignacio (Mayan priest), Jon Sobrino (theologian), Carlos Lara (anthropologist), Arturo Rivera (Archbishop, San Salvador). Interviews with: Pedro Portillo (artist), Diego Ignacio (Mayan priest), Jon Sobrino (theologian), Carlos Lara (anthropologist), Arturo Rivera (Archbishop, San Salvador). 1996. 55 min. Video/C 4677

Return of the Maya.
Recounts the excavation of the ancient Mayan City, Edzna, by Mayan refugees from Guatamala currently living in Mexico. Includes an examination of the current social and economic conditions of these immigrants who are ancestors of the Mayas who originally built this ancient city. 1992. 29 min. Video/C 2566

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Rock Paintings of Baja California.
Examines the rock paintings at a recently discovered site in a remote area of Baja California. Provides a brief introduction to prehistoric rock paintings in various parts of the world and compares the style of the Baja paintings to those found elsewhere. Explains their age, how they were painted, and their significance to the Indians who painted them. Videorecording is a copy of the 1976 revised version of the motion picture issued in 1969 under same title. Directed by Flora Clar Mock. 17 min. DVD X5121 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C MM807 [NRLF - In storage]

Sacred Waters: An Exploration by Subterranean Rivers and Caverns in the Mayan World..
An exploration by subterranean rivers and caverns; a fantastic and enigmatic trip where natural treasures and the vestiges of the ancient Mayas lie. In this program a group of speleologists dive down to incredible depths through the cenotes that were ritual centers of the ancient inhabitants and also unique sources of water in this dry and arid region, where one of the greatest cultures of ancient times flourished. In Spanish with English subtitles. 1994? 60 min. Video/C 5068

The Sun Dagger
Describes the discovery of a celestial calendar in the Chaco Canyon in New Mexico which was constructed more than 1,000 years ago by the Anasazi Indians. Describes the complex workings of the calendar and the culture of the Indians who built it. c1982. 59 min. Video/C 518

Surviving Columbus: The Story of the Pueblo People
Using stories from Pueblo elders, interviews with Pueblo scholars and leaders, archival photographs, and historical accounts, this program explores the Pueblo Indians' 450-year struggle to preserve their culture, land, and religion despite European contact. 1992. 113 min. Video/C 3882

Sweat of the Sun.
Visits various sites of ancient Inca and Aztec splendor and examines gold artifacts that escaped the pillaging of the Spanish conquerors. Discusses the significance of these objects and describes how they were used by Aztec and Inca priests in practical and ritual fashion. 1976. 52 min. Video/C 178

The Wall of Celebrations (El muro de las celebraciones)
Blending political and art history, this program charts the evolution of Mexican muralism through the masterpieces that decorate landmarks in and around Mexico City and in the United States. After studying the artwork of the pre-Columbian era, the colonial period, and 19th-century artists, the focus shifts to the 20th century, in which social unrest and muralism flourished side by side. The works of Orozco, Rivera, and Sequeiros are examined in depth along with the key role played by Jose Vasconcelos, minister of education during the Obregon regime. 1998. 57 min. Video/C 8671

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Ancient China
From the creation legend of Panku to the demise of the Han Dynasty, this program traces Chinese history and explores the roots of Chinese culture. It visits the Great Wall of China, the Imperial Palace and the Beijing Opera, whose works are an elaborate retelling of traditional folktales. The influences of Buddhism, Taoism and ancestor worship in China are also examined along with footage of the Buddhist caves and the Terra Cotta Army. 1999. 47 min. Video/C 8858

China: The Mandate of Heaven. (Legacy)
Despite decades of Communist rule, China continues to be influenced by Confucianism, reverence for ancestors and harmony - ideas virtually unchanged since the Bronze Age. 1991. 57 min. Video/C 3019

The First Emperor of China.
Computer-interactive laser disc. Offers close-up views of the magnificent burial complex of Qin Shi Huang Di, the third century BC ruler who unified China and built the Great Wall. An aerial flyby tour of the wall, original footage of the excavation's first days, a museum tour, and other 2,000 still-frame images of the 7,000 life-size terracotta warriors and horses that stand guard over the tomb are only a few of the features of this disc. c1991. Video/D 22

India: The Empire of the Spirit. (Legacy.)
Ancient India is with us today in the living tradition of the Hindu religion, the basis of Indian culture. India has kept true to its ancient tradition of non-violence and spiritual search, even as it became part of the modern world. 1991. 57 min Video/C 3018

Old Treasures From New China.
Portrays China's evolution from primitive society through the Yuan dynasty (about the 13th century). It relates China's technological and artistic achievements and its contributions to world civilization through photographed selections of artworks in the archaeological exhibition from the People's Republic of China that toured the U.S. in 1975. 55 min. Video/C 63

Paradise on Earth. Ancient Spirits, China and Japan. (Nature Perfected, the Story of the Garden; 1-2).
In Paradise on earth the search for the perfect garden takes the viewer from a mountain corn patch in Mexico to the emperor's private park in Tokyo. Film explores Japan's Shinto shrines, the water lilies that inspired Monet in France, the regal avenues of Versailles and the majesty of nature's perfect garden, Yosemite. Ancient spirits, China and Japan examines the gardens of China which has the oldest garden tradition in the world. In a tour of exquisite gardens, the viewer learns the role of water and rocks in the Chinese sanctuary and how Chinese methods are splendidly adapted to the Japanese landscape.c1995. 55 min. Video/C 4118

Rise of the Dragon. (The Genius that was China)
This program provides an overview of the political and cultural history of China from 1000-1500, highlighting its ancient technological and scientific innovations. It examines why ancient China was so far ahead of the western world and why it lost it's lead to the western world. 1990. 58 min. Video/C 2131

600 Millennia: China's History Unearthed.
Documents a 1974 touring exhibition of Chinese antiquities and archaeological finds of the People's Republic of China. 2 parts, 89 min. Video/C 44

Tsubaki Grand Shrine: A Shrine for all Seasons.
This documentary focuses on a year in the life of one of Japan's oldest and greatest Shinto shrines, the Tsubaki Grand Shrine (the first shrine in the ancient province of Ise). Various rituals, ceremonies, and celebrations are held at the shrine throughout the year. c1990. 40 min. Video/C 1878

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Middle East

Ancient Egypt.
Shows examples of ancient Egyptian art and architecture while briefly outlining Egypt's history. Traces the development of Egyptology and includes interviews with Egyptologists and archaeologists currently working in Egypt. 1971. 52 min. Video/C 5

Egypt: The Habit of Civilization. (Legacy.)
Pharonic Egypt, dating from 3100 BC, was the longest lasting of the ancient civilizations and created the state institutions on which nations are still built - bureaucratic government, organized religion and international trade. 1991. 57 min. Video/C 3020

The Greatest Pharaohs.
Four part series to examine the lives of the Pharaohs of ancient Egypt using expert interviews, computer re-creations, extensive location footage and the latest archaeological and scientific evidence.

Part I: Narmer & Hor-Aha: the first pharaohs -- Abydos: City of the dead -- Saqqara and the Pyramid of Djoser -- Bringer of beauty -- Kings of the Giza Pyramids. This segment covering 3000 B.C. through 2500 B.C. tells of the master pyramid builder, Imhotep, and the Kings Narmer, Snefru, Hor-Aha and Khafre (Cheops) and others. Includes the building of the Giant Pyramid, the Great Sphinx and other architectural wonders. 54 min. Video/C 4833

Part 2: Twilight for the Fourth Dynasty -- The boy king -- Rebirth -- Man of power -- The new kingdom -- Queen Pharaohs -- Revenge. Covers 2500 B.C. through 1500 B.C. tells of the Kings Menkaure (Mycerinus), Userkaf, Pepe I and II, Mentuhotep I, Senusret III, Ahmose I, Tuthmosis I, II and II, and Hatshepsut, the first Queen of Egypt. Also includes the wonders of the ancient cities of Karnak, Luxor and Thebes. 42 min. Video/C 4834

Part 3: The heretic -- The horizon of the sun -- Image of the God of life -- Return to ancient Thebes -- Dawn of the 19th Dynasty. Covers 1500 B.C. through 1280 B.C. tells of the Kings Amenhotep, Akhenaton and his Queen, Nefertiti, King Tutankhamen, Ay, Horemheb, Ramses I and II, and King Seti I. 48 min. Video/C 4835

Part 4: The Great ancestor -- The legend of Kadesh -- The sea peoples -- The Pharaohs from Greece -- Til death do us part. Covers 1280 B.C. through 30 B.C. tells of the reigns of Kings Merneptah, Ramses II, and III, Queen Nefertari, Alexander the Great, and the remarkable life and loves of Cleopatra, and her consorts, Julius Caesar and Marc Antony. 48 min. Video/C 4836

Heritage: Civilization and the Jews
(For information on episodes 4-9 of this series, SEE MRC's Jewish Studies videography)

Episode 1, A People is Born (3500 B.C. to 6th Century B. C.). Focuses on Jewish and Near East-ern life and culture from prehistory down to the sixth century B.C. Discusses the Exodus, the birth of Israel, and the Babylonian exile. 63 min. DVD 5075; Video/C 701:1 pt. 1

Episode 2, Power of the Word (6th century B.C. to 2nd Century B.C.). Explores Jewish culture and civilization from the sixth to the second century B.C. Chronicles the emergence of a Jewish identity based on ideas, not territory, and the intellectual interaction between the Jewish world and classical Greece and Rome. 60 min. DVD 5075; Video/C 701:2 Pt. 2

Episode 3, The Shaping of Traditions (1st to 9th Centuries). Explores Jewish culture and civilization from the first to the ninth centuries. Explores the rise of Christianity and Islam and the development of new trends within the Jewish world. Discusses the shift of Jewish life from the Near East to the European continent. 60 min. DVD 5075; Video/C 701:3 Pt. 3

Howard Carter and the Tomb of Tutankhamun
Documentary on the Egyptologist Howard Carter's search for and discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Produced and written by Adam Sternberg. Supplementary feature accompanying: Adventures of Young Indiana Jones. 23 min. DVD X233

Iraq: The Cradle of Civilization. (Legacy.)
The beginnings of civilization in the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and the long tradition of absolute rulers, many of whose policies have brought disaster on what was once the first "Garden of Eden." 1991. 57 min. Video/C 3017

Pharoah's Rule: Egypt, The Exodus and the Myth of Osiris. (Transformations of Myth Through Time;4)
In this segment Mr. Campbell discusses the mythologies of ancient Egypt. 1989. 60 min. Video/C 1629

Host, David Macaulay with Sarah Bulle Colorful animation and live-action sequences tell the story of the planning and construction of the pyramid of Giza. Based on the author's book of the same title . c1988. 60 min. Video/C 2142

The Treasures of Tutankhamun.
This program describes the genesis of the exhibition, Treasures of Tutankhamen, which will be seen in six major American cities, including Chicago. The discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen by Howard Carter is portrayed and many of the treasures from the tomb which are included in the exhibition are photographed. 29 min. Video/C B 3 969 168 NRLF

Tutankhamun, The Last Pharaoh
Tells the story of Howard Carter's search for and discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of Kings. Despite the fame and wealth achieved after the discovery, Carter and his team were dogged by tragedy, believed by many to be the manifestation of the Curse of Tutankhamun. 1995. 52 min. Video/C 9524

The Western Tradition.
Programs 1-2: Program 1. Introduction to the course; including the edifice sequence from "Why man creates" by Saul Bass. Begins historical overview at the end of the age of the giant reptiles and covers the origins of religion. (27:00) Program 2. Covers the area known as the fertile cresent, and the Egyptian civilization. Explores the role of the gods and the pharoh in the society. (27:35) Video/C 1500

Program 3. The oasis between the rivers was Mesopotamia, a land of fantastic gods and ruthless pragmatism. Discusses Mesopotamia as the source of the origins of western laws, trade and money. (27:00) Program 4. As the ancient empires of Assyria, Babylonia and Persia collapsed, cities grew around the Mediterranean and civilization spread through war and the distribution of booty. (27:37) Video/C 1501

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Prehistoric Europe

Cave of Forgotten Dreams
This breathtaking documentary follows an exclusive expedition into the nearly inaccessible Chauvet Cave in France, home to the most ancient visual art known to have been created by man. An unforgettable cinematic experience that provides an unique glimpse of pristine artwork dating back to human hands over 30,000 years ago, almost twice as old as any previous discovery. Directed by Werner Herzog. 2010. 90 min. DVD X6779

Lascaux the Prehistory of Art.
This program goes inside the Lascaux cave complex to examine the richest and most beautiful collection of Paleolithic cave drawings in France. Who were the artisans who rendered those arresting images, and how exactly did they do it? Different theories are presented as the cameras capture a site that never ceases to amaze and intrigue. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2002. 60 min. DVD 6090

Set in Stone
Describes the popular tourist destination the prehistoric monument, Stonehenge, and the problems and resentment encountered by the English Heritage group in protecting it from the public. c1994. 24 min. Video/C MM891

A Tale of Two Rivers
Shows the significance to the study of human development of the valleys of the Dordogne and then Vezere rivers in France. Includes scenes of modern life in the Dordogne and then explores the area's importance in the study of history. Discusses the significance of various archeological sites and examines the concern of present-day inhabitants for preserving their Languedocian customs and language. The narration is edited from interviews with archeologists, historians, and art historians. 1974. 40 min. Video/C MM824

Touch Stone: The Rock Art of Coa Valley
Documentary about Paleolithic figures discovered along ten miles of the Coa riverbeds in Portugal. These animal and human figures represent some of the earliest known attempts by humankind to record and express ideas. 2004. 30 min. DVD 5586

Classical Europe

Classical Greek Theater
Philosophy (for Classical Greek Philosophy and Philosophers)

The Ancient Mariners
Reconstructs, through the work of marine archaeologists in the Aegean, ships of antiquity, featuring details of their design and fabrication. Shows that ancient ships are treasure troves of information, including the documentation of trade routes, products, and even social conditions. Includes animated sequences and special sound effects, along with maps and photographs. Originally broadast in 1981 as an episode of the television program Odyssey. Dist.: Documentary Educational Resources. 59 min. DVD X6659

Aqueducts: Man Made Rivers of Life
They are arguably the most important public works projects in history. Without aqueducts, many of the world's great cities and civilizations would never have existed. For thousands of years, we have shaped the world and forged history by controlling the flow of water. From the continent-spanning constructions of Ancient Rome to the lifeline that quenches Los Angeles's thirst, this documentary takes a probing look at the history and technology of aqueducts. 1997. 50 min. Video/C MM936

Art of the Western World
Traces the origins of humanism and much of Western art to ancient Greece. Discusses Kouroi and Korai figures and the architecture of the Parthenon. Identifies Roman art as inherently political art that concentrated on technical sophistication and detail. Traces the decline of humanistic values in the late antique period where classical themes and forms were adapted to serve Christian purposes. Features art experts John Boardman and Richard Brilliant. c1989. 60 min. Video/C 1675

The Athenian Trireme
Film documents the construction of a full-size replica of an Athenian trireme ship of the 5th century B.C. Shows how the ancient Greeks used their naval supremacy to protect their home bases while colonizing the furthest reaches of the Mediterranean and maintaining intimate contact with Athens itself. c1993. 55 min. Video/C 3508

Crete & Mycenae (Museum Without Walls)
Presents photographs showing the archaeological findings at Knossos and elsewhere on Crete, as well as Mycenae on the Greek mainland, in order to compare the cultural history of the Minoan civilization with that of Mycenae.c1970. 54 min. Video/C 1016

Athens Subway (Modern Marvels.; Athens subway)
Part public works project, part archeological excavation, the modernization of Athens' subway was a monstrous undertaking. Project engineers and archaeologists discuss the difficult balance between progress and preservation and how engineers had to resort to ingenious methods of building and tunneling so as not to harm Athens' ancient treasures. 2004. 50 min. Video/C MM935

Classical Greek Philosophy (Great Ideas of Philosophy)
This program addresses core topics in ancient philosophy such as freedom and fate, permanence and change, happiness, the nature of the cosmos, and the immortality of the soul. Concepts are presented as articulated by key figures including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, and the Milesian and Eleatic philosophers -- in combination with quotations drawn from Plato's Republic, Aristotle's Physics, and other influential sources -- make this program an excellent tool for building a solid understanding of Western philosophy. Dist: Films Media Group. c2004. 50 min. DVD 2908

Colosseum: A Gladiator's Story
Combining compelling narrative with state-of-the-art computer graphics and high-quality drama reconstruction, this production throws new light on the way Roman gladiators really fought and trained and reveals that many of them were the superstars of their age. BBC/Discovery Channel. 2005. 50 min. DVD 7130

Details of Roman life
Robert Erskine conducts viewers through rooms in the British Museum, explaining particular artifacts and discussing daily Roman life. Cicero's letters describe, and coins portray, Caesar, Pompey, Brutus, Marc Antony, Cleopatra, and Augustus; the appearance of art in the service of the state is defined by Virgil and illustrated by artifacts. The progression of emperors is recounted up to Vespasian. The next 150 years show the heyday of trade in the Roman Empire and reveal the variety and extent of the world of Roman objects. c1991. 26 min. Video/C 4352

Diving for Roman Plunder (The Jacques Cousteau Odyssey, vol 4)
More than a century before the birth of Christ, a storm sank a Roman galley laden with plundered Greek treasures. Join Captain Cousteau and the Calypso crew in retrieving art objects from 200 feet beneath the surface, including two rare bronze statues. But this is more than an art recovery mission: an archaeologist seeks evidence supporting a theory that the Greeks may have held the key to the Industrial Revolution and modern computer technology. Originally broadcast on television in 1980 and 1982. DVD X2930

Europe: the Barbarian West. (Legacy ).
Civilization arose in Asia, but it was the West, evolving from Greece and Rome, which created the first world culture not only through its own genius but by borrowing from the legacies of the original five old world civilizations. c1991. 57 min. Video/C 3022

From Darkness to Light: The Mystery Religions of Ancient Greece. (Transformations of Myth Through Time; 5. ).
In this segment Mr. Campbell begins discussing the mythologies which shaped western civilization. 1989. 60 min. Video/C 1630

The Greek Temple. (Museum Without Walls)
Deals with the construction of the Greek temple, focusing on the evolution of the structure and decoration of temples in Magna Grecia through the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles. Includes scenes of temples at Delphi, Paestum, Agrigento, Sounion, and the Acropolis. c1986. 54 min. Video/C 1012

The Greeks (52 min. each installment)

The Greek Beginning. An introduction to Greece and the Greeks, covering the period from the Mycenaean Age in 1300 B.C. to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. It sets out the principal historical landmarks and presents some of the work of the most important Greek writers, philosophers, historians and politicians of the period. Burstall's conversations with Greek scholar Kenneth Dover are interspersed with photographs of ancient Greek sculpture, artifacts and ruins of ancient buildings. Video/C 5597

The Classical Age. Surveys the accomplishments of the Greek classical age from 500 B.C. to the death of Alexander in 323 B.C., including the achievements of Pericles, Thucydides, and Plato; the shape of Greek societies; the nature of Athenian democracy; and the buildings, bronze and marble sculpture, painted pottery, and other writings; and the consequences of the rivalry between Syracuse and Athens. Includes commentary by Greek scholar Kenneth Dover. Video/C 5598

Heroes and Men. Examines the world of the Greek gods and heroes depicted by classical Greek poetry and tragic dramas with concentration on the works of Homer and Aeschylus. Viewer's are taken on a tour of the sites of Athens, Mycenae (where Agamemnon ruled), Olympia (birthplace of the Olympic Games and sanctuary of Zeus), Delphi (sacred to Apollo), and the great theater at Epidauros. Includes commentary by Greek scholar Kenneth Dover. Video/C 5599

The Minds of Men. A detailed look at the life and teachings of Socrates and his pupil Plato, and at the world of the two founding fathers of history --Herodotus, the first Greek historian, and Thucydides, the first to write a thorough and fair account of his own times. Their work exemplifies the vital curiosity of the Greeks about the nature of man, and his place in the world around him. Includes commentary by Greek scholar, Kenneth Dover. Video/C 5600

The Greeks. (An Outline History of Europe)
Surveys Greek history and culture from the early Aegean civilizations to the conquests of Alexander. 1976. 3/4 in 29 min Video/C 574

The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization.
The story of ancient Greece's Golden Age from the Fourth and Fifth Centuries B.C. is told through the lives of its prominent figures, including Cleisthenes, Themistocles, Pericles, Aspasia and Socrates. The Greek empire laid the foundations for modern science, politics, warfare and philosophy and produced some of the most breathtaking art and architecture the world has ever seen. This film recounts the rise, glory, demise and legacy of the empire that once stretched across the Mediterranean from Asia to Spain. 1999. 2 tapes; 165 min. Video/C 6886

The Heritage of Rome.
The Heritage of Rome examines the legacy of the Roman garden. Ancient Egyptian gardens inspired Roman emperors to mold opulent gardens with fountains and mosaic walks. Rome's glorious tradition thrives today in regal English estates and in the park built at San Simeon by William Randolph Hearst. c1995. 30 min. Video/C 4119

Imperial Rome and Ostia
This program examines the technology behind the architecture that characterizes imperial Rome and its transshipment centers, Ostia and Portus. Maps, city models, footage of historic sites and expert commentary reveal the feats of engineering that led to the construction of aqueducts, harbors, multistory tenement blocks, the Baths of Caracalla, the Pantheon and other marvels. 2001. 60 min. Video/C 9085

In Search of the Trojan War
pt. 1. The age of heroes -- pt. 2. The legend under siege -- pt. 3. The singer of tales -- pt. 4. The women of Troy -- pt. 5. Empire of the Hittites -- pt. 6. The fall of Troy. Historian Michael Wood goes off in search of some of the answers to questions that have baffled archaeologists for generations. His search takes him to Greece, Turkey, Ireland, and Berlin as he tries, with the aid of modern investigative and journalistic techniques, to discover whether the Trojan War really happened. Starting with the achievements of the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann, who began the modern search for Troy with spectacular digs in Turkey and Greece, the series continues with visits to the sites of famous excavations by Wilhelm Dorpfeld and Sir Arthur Evans, who thought they had found the real Troy. Wood then investigates the validity and accuracy of the Homeric legend with surprising results. The Turkish Conquests, the importance of women in war strategy, and other related topics are discussed later in the series as new evidence to support this romantic legend is discovered. 50 min. each installment. DVD X1648 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1053

Intimate Details of Roman Life.
Robert Erskine conducts viewers through rooms in the British Museum, explaining particular artifacts and discussing daily Roman life. Cicero's letters describe, and coins portray, Caesar, Pompey, Brutus, Marc Antony, Cleopatra, and Augustus; the appearance of art in the service of the state is defined by Virgil and illustrated by artifacts. The progression of emperors is recounted up to Vespasian. The next 150 years show the heyday of trade in the Roman Empire and reveal the variety and extent of the world of Roman objects.c1991. 26 min. Video/C 4352

It Started With the Greeks. (Day the Universe Changed; 1)
Explains how the questioning, rational attitude of the ancient Greeks has continued through the centuries in the West and has led to constantly changing knowledge and discovery, thus creating conflict between these changes and inherently conservative institutions. Also discusses the thesis of the series that particularly important developments in the history of Western thought have produced corresponding changes in who we are. 1986.52 min. Video/C 997:1

Lost relics of the Sea. (The Jacques Cousteau Odyssey, vol. 6)
Jacques Cousteau and the Calypso crew journey across two seas, the Mediterranean and the Caribbean, to recover the remains of great ships. Off northern Crete they find skulls, scattered bones and round pellets of grape-shot fired in a 300-year-old battle and at another site, 1st-century Roman jars. Their biggest wreck is uncovered at Martinique. In 1902, 30,000 people died when Mount Pele erupted and a harbor of ships disappeared into the depths. But at 150 feet, Cousteau's divers sight the Roraima, broken in two but intact. Originally broadcast on television in 1980 and 1982. DVD X2932

Nature Perfected, The Story of the Garden: The Heritage of Rome.
The Heritage of Rome examines the legacy of the Roman garden. Ancient Egyptian gardens inspired Roman emperors to mold opulent gardens with fountains and mosaic walks. Rome's glorious tradition thrives today in regal English estates and in the park built at San Simeon by William Randolph Hearst. 1995. 30 min. Video/C 4119

Origin of the Drama & Theater.
Contents: 1. The origin of the drama (13 min.) -- 2. The origin of the theater (15 min.) Discusses the origins of western drama, history of Greek drama, and history of comedies and tragedies. Covers the art and architecture of the ancient world theater, the origins and developments of the classic theaters from Greek time to amphitheaters of Roman times. 1991. 28 min. Video/C 4813 Pt.1-2

Pompeii: Daily Life of the Ancient Romans
A walk through the streets of Pompeii, into villas and shops, baths and gardens, temples, basilicas, the stadium and the market place, demonstrates and explains the history of Pompeii and its relationship to Rome; the customs, life-style, living standards, the moral and religious values of Pompeians; and the cataclysm that buried the city and suffocated its entire population. c1989. 45 min. Video/C 4351

Roman Comedy, Part 1
Scenes from Plautus' Amphitryon and Shakespeare's A Comedy of Errors are compared to show how Roman comedy inspired Shakespeare and later playwrights. c1987. 22 min Video/C 4166

Pompeii: The Last Day
On August 24 AD79, the city of Pompeii came to a devastating end as the mighty Mount Vesuvius erupted, showering inhabitants with ash, smoke, and rock. Some escaped, but those who remained were entombed forever as they fell. Combining expert investigations, and lavish special effects reconstruction, this program follows a cast of key characters, including lovers, soldiers, slaves, and families to create a vivid and compelling account of the last day of Pompeii. It draws heavily on the eye-witness account of Pliny The Younger as well as historical research and recent discoveries in volcanology. BBC/Discovery Channel. Originally produced in 2003. 50 min. DVD 7130

Roman City
The glories of Ancient Rome are explored in Roman City, based on David Macaulay's acclaimed book. This animated and live-action film recounts the construction and conflicts in Verbonia, a fictional city in Gaul. A well-planned town with all modern conveniences, it is threatened by conflict between conquerors and conquered. Macaulay examines how the Roman Empire linked Western Europe, the Middle East and North Africa into a commercial and political unit based on their cities. He visits Pompeii, Herculaneum, Ostia, Nimes, Orange, and Rome, to view actual Roman architecture and engineering greatness. Based on the book City by David Macaulay; produced and directed by Larry Klein 1994. 60 min. DVD 7152

The Roman Empire in the First Century
Presents an indepth chronicle of the emergence of the powerful Roman Empire from a chaotic period of violent coups, assassinations, overarching ambition, civil war and clashes between the classes as well as the sexes. Through the experiences and writings of those who lived it, tells the story of the emperors, slaves, poets and peasants who built the most cosmopolitan society the world has ever seen, as they shaped the Roman Empire in the First Century. c2001. 219 min. Video/C 9431

The Romans (An Outline History of Europe)
Presents the origins, growth, and collapse of the Roman Empire, using animated maps, artwork and live footage. 1976. 3/4 in 24 min Video/C 573

The Skin of our Teeth (Civilisation)
This series (Civilisation) follows Western culture and civilization from ancient Greece & Rome to the present day; hosted by Kenneth Clark. 650 min. total. This installment defines civilization and gives a synoptic view of the thousand years between the fall of Rome and the rise of the great Gothic period. Compares and contrasts high and primitive arts as embodied in the head of Apollo Belvedere and an African tribal mask. c1970. Video/C 4983

The True Story of the Roman Arena
Drawing on first-hand Roman accounts and modern research, this program traces the Roman origins of the use of violence as mass entertainment through the rise of the Roman arena and the Games associated with it. 1994. 50 min. Video/C 4350

The Western Tradition
Lectures heard on PBS covering the origins of Western civilization. Traces the development in politics, economics, industry, agriculture, art, and philosophy in daily life from Egypt through current day.

Programs 5-6. Program 5 explores the growth of philosophy and democracy in Greece, which laid the foundations for our present systems. (28:00) Program 6 explores the foundation of Greek philosophy, as seen in the works of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. (27:37) Video/C 1502

Programs 7-8. Program 7 covers Greek culture, the common element which held the city states conquered by Alexander the Great together in an empire. (28:00) Program 8 covers the time of large impersonal states that allowed the growth of personal and artistic independence. The Hellenistic Age spread Greek culture throughout the eastern Mediterranean world. (27:37) Video/C 1503

Programs 9-10. Program 9 begins in the 5th century and covers 200 years of Roman history. Explores the rise of the army and the spread of Roman influences throughout the surrounding lands. (28:00) Program 10 covers the rise of dictatorships in Rome beginning in 1 B.C. Discusses the roles of Caeser, Pompeii, and Marius and their attitudes toward the Roman Empire. (27:32) Video/C 1504

Programs 11-12. Program 9 discusses the role of early Christianity in the 1st century, as a result of a shift of attitudes, especially in philosophy and religion. It explores the three influences of Christianity : 1) cultural contact, 2) Jewish sources and influences, 3) changes in contemporary cultures from the first four centuries. (26:00) Program 12 discusses Paul of Tarsis, and the spread of Christianity. Focuses on Jewish components in the area and various influences. (27:38) Video/C 1505

Programs 13-14. Program 13 covers the four centuries that saw the decline of the Roman empire. These various factors included hydrotropy, disease, and various social and economic situations. (29:00) Program 14 discusses the fall of Rome, including political problems, a decline in military power, and economic and social factors that led to the eventual invasion and capture by the Goths in 410. (27:49) Video/C 1506

Programs 15-16. Program 15 discusses the Byzantine Empire, and its' capital Constantinople. Covers the influence of Roman tradition, and how it served as a bridge for various cultures including Greco-Roman, oriental, and Christian influences. (27:00) Program 16 explores the role of Constantinople as a center of trade. Covers the effect of theological disputes that were a major influence for the fall of the Byzantine Empire. (27:48) Video/C 1507

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