Science and Technology:
Physical Sciences

Contents - this page:
Physical Sciences: Astronomy/Cosmology/Space Technology | Chemistry | Earth Sciences, Oceanography, and the Environment | Mathematics | Physics

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Life Sciences: Botany | Disability (on separate page) | Health & Medical Sciences and Technology/Health Care Policy | Human Biology, Physiology & Genetics | Human and Animal Origins | Psychology (on separate page) | Zoology/Animal Ecology and Behavior

Contents - following page:
General and Miscellaneous Science and Technology
Applied Science  and Technology:
Aeronautic technologies (see also Space Technologies)| Electrical Engineering/Computer Science | Engineering

Physical Sciences:
Astronomy/Cosmology/Space Technology

Apollo 11
Just ten years after sending experimental monkeys into space, Neil Armstrong stepped from the ladder of the Apollo 11 spacecraft onto the face of the moon and became the first human being to walk on its surface. The event was one of the crowning achievements in human history. Filled with the rich stories of the people who made it possible, this chronicles the historic mission that brought man to the moon. See how an army of engineers and scientists worked to live up to JFK's extraordinary challenge, and meet the men who were chosen for the mission. Originally broadcast as a sement on the television series Modern Marvels in 2004. 44 min. DVD X747

Apollo on the Moon.
Presents approximately ten thousand still photographs of Apollo missions 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17, featuring astronaut training; spacecraft preparation; launch; mission and recovery; and onboard photographs shot by Includes motion picture highlights of each mission, including launch and docking sequences, out-the-window views from lunar orbit, etc. Video/D 1

The Asteroid and the Dinosaur(Nova ).
Examines a remarkable new theory on why dinosaurs disappeared from the earth. 57 min. Video/C 286

Six part series on the history of astrononomy. 60 min each. Features interviews with prominent astronomers. Video/C 2050-2056

Beyond the Milky Way (Nova ).
Reveals twentieth century landmark discoveries in astronomy, and traces the advances in technology which have brought into focus billions of galaxies outside of our own. Includes spectacular visual images, such as galaxies smashing into each other, mysterious black holes, and galaxies condensing out of clouds of primeval material. 57 min. Video/C 907

Film producer and director Paul Devlin follows his brother, Mark Devlin, Ph.D., to five continents, from the Arctic to the Antarctic, to launch a revolutionary new telescope on a NASA high-altitude balloon. They hope to look back in time to reveal a hidden universe of never-before-seen starburst galaxies. From catastrophic failure to transcendent triumph, their adventure exposes the surprising real life of scientists. Directed, edited and produced by Paul Devlin. 2008. 74 min. DVD X6093

The Case of the UFOs (Nova ).
Fascinating search for UFO's, using actual rare UFO footage, and interviews with people who claim to have had alien contact. 60 min. Video/C 1495

Cosmology Before Newton.
Sets out and explains the background to Newton's principles and looks at the developments in cosmological science during the seventeenth century. Also talks about the observational and mathematical work of Copernicus, Galileo, Tycho, Brahe and Kepler. 3/4" UMATIC. 22 min. Video/C 546

Carl Sagan discusses the cosmic relationship between man and the universe. 1989. 60 minutes each segment.

Cosmos, Part 1: The Shores of the Cosmic Ocean. Aboard the spaceship of imagination, through special effects, witness quasars, exploding galaxies, star clusters, super novas, and pulsars. Returning to the Solar System, enter an astonishing re-creation of the Alexandrian Library, seat of learning on Earth 2000 years ago. DVD 816 (Disc 1); Video/C 1428:1

Cosmos, Part 2: One Voice in the Cosmic Fugue. A cosmic calendar makes the 15 billion year history of the universe understandable and frames the origin of the Earth and the evolution of life. Presents evolutionary steps from microbe to humans and ventures to other worlds for imaginative speculations on what forms life might take elsewhere in the cosmos. DVD 816 (Disc 2); Video/C 1428:1

Cosmos, Part 3: The Harmony of Worlds. Historical re-creation of the life and time of Johannes Kepler -- the first modern astronomer, providing insights into how the moon and the planets move in their orbits and ultimately how to journey to them. DVD 816 (Disc 2); Video/C 1428:2

Cosmos, Part 4: Heaven and Hell. This segment descends through the hellish atmosphere of Venus to explore its broiling surface. Then takes a tour of the Solar System to see how other heavenly bodies have suffered from various cosmic catastrophies. DVD 816 (Disc 3); Video/C 1428:2

Cosmos, Part 5: Blues for a Red Planet. Takes viewers on a trip to Mars through the eyes of science fiction authors and then through photographs from two Viking spacecrafts that have sent thousands of pictures back to Earth since 1976. DVD 816 (Disc 3); Video/C 1428:3

Cosmos, Part 6: Travellers's Tales. The exhilaration of 17th century Dutch explorers is compared to an inside view of the excitement of Yoyager's expeditions to Jupiter and Mars. DVD 816 (Disc 4); Video/C 1428:3

Cosmos, Part 7: The Backbone of Night. Takes viewers back to ancient Greece when the answer to such basic questions as "What are the stars?" was first glimpsed. DVD 816 (Disc 4); Video/C 1428:4

Cosmos, Part 8: Travels in Space and Time. A voyage to see how star patterns change over millions of years is followed by a journey to the planets of other stars, and a look at the possibility of time travel-- which takes the viewer to Italy, where the youthful Einstein first wondered what it would be like to ride on a beam of light. DVD 816 (Disc 5); Video/C 1428:4

Cosmos, Part 9: The Lives of the Stars. Using computer animation, shows how stars are born, live and die and sometimes collapse to form black holes. Viewers then journey to the future to witness "the last perfect day on Earth," 5 billion years from now when the sun will engulf the earth. DVD 816 (Disc 5); Video/C 1428:5

Cosmos, Part 10: The Edge of Forever. Leads viewers on awesome trips -- to a time when galaxies were beginning to form, to India to explore the infinite cycles of Hindu cosmology, and to show how humans of this century discovered the expanding universe and its origin in the Big Bang. Concludes with a visit to 17 telescopes probing the furthest reaches of space in New Mexico. DVD 816 (Disc 6); Video/C 1428:5

Cosmos, Part 11: The Persistence of Memory. The brain is the focus of this fascinating portion as viewers wind through the maze of the human brain to witness the architecture of thoughts. Presents how genes, brains and books store the information necessary to human survival. DVD 816 (Disc 6); Video/C 1428:6

Cosmos, Part 12: Encyclopaedia Galactica. Are there alien intelligences? Can we communicate with them? The answers to these questions take the viewer to Egypt to decode ancient hieroglyphics, to the largest radio telescope on Earth and, in the spaceship of the imagination, to visit other civilizations in space. DVD 816 (Disc 7); Video/C 1428:6

Cosmos, Part 13: Who Speaks for Earth; A Dialogue Sagan-Turner. Retraces the 15 billion year journey from the Big Band to the present. The tragic story of the martyrdom of Hypatia, the woman scientist of ancient Alexandria, is told. Concludes with Dr. Sagan arguing that our responsibility to avoid nuclear war and ensure the survival of the human race is owned not just to ourselves, but also to the Cosmos from which we spring. DVD 816 (Disc 7); Video/C 1428:7

Countdown to the Invisible Universe (Nova ).
Describes a research satellite known as IRAS and how it provided scientists with more raw information about the universe than they had ever before encountered. The notable contribution of IRAS is its capacity to peer outside our own galaxy and investigate those lying millions of lightyears away. 57 min. Video/C 1355

The Crab Nebula.
Describes the current theories on the origin of the Crab nebula, first observed on Earth in the year 1054. Explores the characteristics of its radiation and the scientific supposition that its core contains a neutron star, or pulsar. 58 min. 3/4 in. Video/C 88

Death of a Star (Nova ).
On February 23, 1987, a young Canadian astronomer witnessed one of the most violent cosmic events since the creation of the universe - a superNova - the gargantuan explosion resulting when a star blows itself apart. 58 min. Video/C 1194

An Ecologist in Space: the Earth From 240 Miles Up.
Dr. Piers Sellers, an Earth scientist specializing in biosphere-atmosphere interaction, was an astronaut on the STS-112 Mission to the International Space Station in October 2002 and did three space walks, logging over 252 hours in space. Here he presents video and still photos of the Earth from space and reflects on his personal experiences as an astronaut and an earth scientist. University of California, Berkeley, December 7, 2003. 70 min Video/C MM19

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The Elegant Universe (Nova ).
Beginning with simple and clear explanations of major concepts of physics, including gravity, electromagnetism, and relativity, this documentary illuminates one of the most revolutionary theories in physics today. The string theory, or superstring theory, proposes that the fundamental ingredients of nature are inconceivably tiny strands of energy, whose different modes of vibration underlie everything that happens in the Universe. 180 min. DVD 2254

For all Mankind.
This program chronicles the journey of astronauts to the moon during the decade long Apollo program. Includes interviews with each of the Apollo astronauts, as well as historic film footage from both U.S. and Soviet manned launches and still photographs from the NASA archives. 79 min.

Galileo's Battle for the Heavens
A docudrama of Galileo Galilei's life, including his scientific achievements and his defense of his controversial theory that the earth revolves around the sun. Also includes his trial for heresy and how letters from his illegitimate daughter, Maria Celeste, a cloistered nun, have shed new light on Galileo's discoveries. Performers: Simon Callow, Laura Nardi, John Fraser, Alexa Jargo. c2002. 114 min. Video/C 9322

[Hawking, Stephen] Hitchcock Lectures, UC Berkeley.

The Origin of the Universe. April 3, 1988. 61 min. Video/C 1199

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Baby Universes, Children of Black Holes. April 5, 1988. The nature of black holes, baby universes and the cosmological constant of the universe. DVD X702; vhs Video/C 1200

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The Direction of Time. April 7, 1988. On the thermodynamic, psychological and cosmological properties of time. Video/C 1201

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[Hawking, Stephen] Physics/Astronomy Colloquium with Dr. Stephen Hawking, University of California, Berkeley Wednesday, March 23, 1988
A technical lecture by Dr. Stephen Hawking, sponsored by the Departments of Physics and Astronomy on quantum theory, which allows for the branching of baby universes and effective interactions that are not predictable like the non-renormalizable theory of quantum gravity. Video/C 1202

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[Hawking, Stephen] Hawking Seminar
Presented at the Physics/Astronomy colloquium with Dr. Stephen Hawking, University of California, Berkeley, March, 1988. A brief glimpse of eminent physicist Stephen Hawking addressing a seminar. Video/C 695; Storage Info: B 2 506 513

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[Hawking, Stephen] Strictly Speaking. (J. Robert Oppenheimer Lecture)
Introductions: Chancellor Robert J Birgeneau, Mark A. Richards, Marvin Cohen. Stephen Hawking, Professor of Physics and Mathematics at Cambridge University, discusses theories on the origin of the Universe. He explains how time can have a beginning and the progress made by cosmologists in an area that has traditionally belonged to theologists and philosophers. Presented at the University of California, Berkeley on March 13, 2007. 67 min. DVD 7972

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[Hawking, Stephen] Stephen Hawking and the Theory of Everything
Examines the legendary physicist's search for the secrets of the universe. Join Stephen Hawking and other renowned thinkers as they explore the revolutionary new ideas that have evolved since the publication of his blockbuster book. Besides interviews, this stimulating documentary uses computer graphics and simple, easy-to-understand demonstrations to explain complex concepts. Topics include black holes, string theory, supersymmetry, dimensions beyond our perception, and the mysterious M force; all potential keys to unlocking the elusive "theory of everything" that seems so tantalizingly close. Special features: Interviews with Hawking, John Schwarz, Lisa Randall, Michio Kaku and more. Episode 1 (ca. 45 min.) -- Episode 2 (ca. 45 min.) DVD X1458

Heaven and Earth: First Step. (Century: Events that Shaped the World; 2.)
"The Eagle has landed!" With those words, a collective dream of humankind came true. This program observes the first landing on the lunar surface from the perspective of the visionary technicians, scientists, and researchers who, in control rooms and laboratories, made it possible for Neil Armstrong to take his "one small step." Their exploits paved the way for eventual landings in the 21st century--on Mars. 41 min. Video/C 6343

In the Shadow of the Moon
Presents the story of NASA's Apollo program and the lunar landings by American astronauts made between 1968 and 1972. Features rare archival footage from original NASA film footage, much of it never before seen, with interviews with the surviving astronauts. Special features: An exclusive message from Ron Howard ; Scoring Apollo : a short feature with composer Philip Sheppard ; Filmmaker commentary featuring director David Sington, editor David Fairhead and archive producer, Chris Riley ; Deleted and extended scenes with over 60 minutes of stories from the astronauts and never-before-seen footage from the Apollo missions ; Theatrical trailer ; Trailer gallery. Directed by David Sington. 2007. 110 min. DVD X827

Is Anybody Out There?
Explores our quest for extraterrestrial life and our attempts to make contact. 58 min. Video/C 1361

Life Beyond Earth
Is humanity alone in the universe or do other intelligent beings, out among the stars, also speculate about their place in the cosmos? The story of the search for extraterrestrial life is told in this ground-breaking two-part film by Timothy Ferris who combines new discoveries about the origins of life with recent revelations about the nature of the sun's planets to seek possible answers. Part one investigates the origins of life on earth and traces the search for life on other worlds, while part two examines the strategies being employed to communicate with fellow travelers among the stars. 1999. 54 min. Video/C 6621

Marking Time.
Einstein's theory and its consequences. Space and time themselves are shown to be relative, depending on the motion of the observer. An imaginary space voyage demonstrates how 50 years and a vast distance to one person may be a few weeks and a much shorter distance to another. 28 min. Video/C 229

Mysteries of the Universe
Focuses on the revolutions in physics and astronomy and looks into scientists' century-long struggle to discover the fundamental laws of the natural world. Topics include telescopes, pulsars, the size of the universe, astrophysics, black holes, the structure of the atom and super colliders. 120 min. Video/C 5999

NASA Film Library.
31 tapes. approx 30 min. each. Video/C 2056-2086. (Consult the MELVYL catalog under series name for individual titles in this set)

The Origin of the Universe.
The Hitchcock lecture by Stephen Hawking on the origin of the universe on April 3, 1988 in Zellerbach Auditorium, U.C. Berkeley. 61 min. Video/C 1199

Our Mr. Sun(1955)
One entry in a series of animated films produced to make science accessible to the masses-- Examines how rays from the Sun affect the earth. First of four educational films produced by Bell Laboratories and directed by Frank Capra on the subjects of the sun, the human circulatory system, radioactivity and the weather. These films were used regularly in classrooms since they were well produced and Bell Laboratories would supply 16mm copies of the films to schools free of charge. Directed by Frank Capra and William T. Hurtz. DVD X5451
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Out of the Blue.
Travels around the world to investigate some of the most famous UFO events on record. Through exclusive interviews with high-ranking military and government personnel, this documentary supports the theory that some UFOs could be of extraterrestrial origin. Looks at claimed sightings in New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, England, the Soviet Union and other locals. c2002. 95 min. DVD 2199

The Powers of the Universe with Brian Swimme
Presents a "global-centric perspective" on how contemporary science could enable people to shift their views of the universe and themselves and potentially improve human relationships. c2004. 530 min. DVD 5424

Prospecting for Planets (Astronomers; 6).
Astrononers Bradford Smith, Richard Terrile and David Latham discuss efforts to discover other planetary systems in the universe. This program explores possible answers to the question--is anyone out there?. Video/C 2055

The Race to the Moon
Join the History Channel for the ultimate 35th birthday celebration of one of the most extraordinary events of the 20th century, the commemoration of the moonwalk and the early days of the space race. Disc 5. Failure is not an option -- Disc 6. Code name Project Orion ; Modern marvels: Apollo 13 ; Modern marvels: The space shuttle. System Details 232 min. DVD X744

The Satellite Sky (American Experience; 307).
Film and television clips from the 1950's tell the story of the beginning of space exploration. 58 min. Video/C 1875

Scientists at the Rim of Reality: The Theory of Everything
Over the past two decades scientists have been expanding the limits of their investigative methods by implementing new concepts such as symmetry and uncertainty, formulating theories that may provide insight into the most profound questions. Here the filmmaker visits the CERN laboratory on the border of France and Switzerland where the world's largest particle eccelerator is being built as part of a project designed to allow physicists to recreate the first moments of the universe, a second after the Big Bang. Contents: 1. The Higgs boson -- 2. The LEP accelerator -- 3. The LHC accelerator -- 4. The theory of everything. 2001. 43 min. Video/C 8219

Searching for Black Holes (Astronomers; 2).
Astronomers John Conway, Jessie Greenstein, and Tiziana Venturi discuss their observations of black holes which are so immense they are capable of swallowing up literally millions of stars. 60 min. Video/C 2051

Seven Days in Space: A Week Aboard Space Shuttle "Discovery".
Shows the experiences of five astronauts and their spaceship "Discovery" during a week in November of 1984 when the work-in-space potential of the Space Transportation System was first fully realized. 86 min. Video/C 1499

Spaceborne. 1977.
Documentary about man's journey to the moon. 3/4" UMATIC. (NRLF #: B 3 969 345) Video/C 674

Sputnik Mania
On Oct. 4, 1957, the USSR announced to an unsuspecting world that it had launched the first man-made object ever to successfully orbit earth. Americans were stunned and then terrified. Americans asked themselves what had happened to our academic and technological superiority; could the Soviets overtake us; could their satellites be used as weapons of mass destruction? Recalls the impact the satellite had on the American psyche, and how the shock catapulted the nation from complacency into action. [Disc 1]. Feature film (87 min.) -- [Disc 2]. Bonus. Alert today, alive tomorrow (16 min.) ; Yankee go home (36 min.) ; Communist society (30 min.) ; Laica (6 min.) ; Missiles, missiles, missiles (7 min.). Directed by David Hoffman. c2008. 87 min. DVD X1116

Stardust (Astronomers; 5).
This program reviews the efforts of Hans Bethe and other scientists in exploring the mysteries behind the birth and death of stars, including the superNova explosion of 1987. 60 min. Video/C 2054

Stephen Hawking's Universe 1997. 28 min. each installment.
Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 1: Seeing is Believing.Knowledge of the universe is built on the foundations laid down by thousands of years of scientific inquiry. This program explores mathematics and how it revolutionized our view of the universe. Recollect Ptolemy's theory of the motion of the planets, moon and sun; Newton's picture of the universe governed by gravity; Einstein's revolutionized theory of physics and Hubble's invention of the telescope that saw the expansion of the universe. DVD 531; VHS Video/C 5441

Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 2: The Big Bang. When and how did the universe begin? Scientists have developed two theories: the Big Bang and the Steady State theories. This program explores the search for evidence to support the Big Bang theory of the origin of the universe. It highlights the contributions and theories of Albert Einstein, Georges Lemaitre, Fred Hoyle, Arno Penzias, and Robert Wilson. DVD 531; VHS Video/C 5441

Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 3: Cosmic Alchemy. Examines what the universe is made of by utilizing particle accelerators to glimpse fragments of the explosive process believed to have generated stars and planets. This episode features the basics: "fire", "water," "air," and "gas," in addition to more complex findings of elements and matter from the creation of the Periodic Table to Einstein's famous theory of relativity. DVD 532; VHS Video/C 5442

Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 4: On the Dark Side. At night the stars are seen in the blackness of space. But is the space empty? In the 1950's an American scientist discovered that the stars in rotating spirical galaxies seem to be held together by an unseen force. Vera Rubin proposed the idea that the space between the stars was filled by invisible stuff she called dark matter. Scientists now believe that dark matter could make up an unbelievable 99% of the universe. The race is now on to find this mysterious stuff hoping to determine if the universe will expand forever or end as a frozen desert or contract under the force of gravity into a "Big Crunch." DVD 532; VHS Video/C 5442

Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 5: Black Holes and Beyond. Discusses Hawking's specialty, black holes. With the invention of radio astronomy over 50 years ago many astronomical discoveries came to light including ultraluminous quasars, wormholes, black holes and singularities. Such discoveries seem to allow for the possibility of instant travel over millions of miles of space or even time travel and have even led to SETI--the search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence--looking for stray alien communications. DVD 533; VHS Video/C 5443

Stephen Hawking's Universe, Program 6: An Answer to Everything. We now know that the universe had a beginning and how all the matter formed but there is still one outstanding question: how did the Big Bang begin? Stephen Hawking is joined by other leading scientists as they try to answer this question. Includes discussions of inflation theory, quantum mechanics, and string theory. DVD 533; VHS Video/C 5443

Starry Messenger (Ascent of Man)
Highlights man's early study of astronomy in the Mediterranean region and the Ptolemaic and Copernican systems. Also explores the conflict between theology and science, the heresy trial of Galileo and the nature of censorship. DVD 803; also on VHS Video/C 167

Strange Case of the Cosmic Rays (1955)
This animated film unveils the secrets of atoms, gamma and ultraviolet radiation, and other tiny but vital fragments of our universe. One of four educational films produced by Bell Laboratories and directed by Frank Capra on the subjects of the sun, the human circulatory system, radioactivity and the weather. These films were used regularly in classrooms since they were well produced and Bell Laboratories would supply 16mm copies of the films to schools free of charge. Directed by Frank Capra and William T. Hurtz. DVD X5451
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

The Sunspot Mystery: Sunspots Explained (Nova ).
Compares recent research on aurorae, solar constants, sunspot cycles, and tree ring analyses with historical scientific records to show how the Sun's changes affect Earth. 3/4" UMATIC (NRLF #: B 969 182) 32 min. Video/C 255

Tales from Other Worlds (Planet Earth; 4).
An explanation of the origins of the planet and solar system. Through the use of footage shot on location in space and special effects, viewers visit the great failed star of Jupiter, probe the raging volcano of Io, and peer through acid rain clouds to see the full surface of Venus. Also tells why the earth is unique in relation to other planets. DVD X6836; Video/C 5723

This series available for online viewing (Requires initial registration at site)[Requires Windows Media player]

Tomorrowland: Disney in Space and Beyond.
Through six television shows from Walt Disney's Tomorrowland series this compilation examines Disney's vision of space exploration and how it helped build strong public support for the government's space explorations. Contents: [Disc one] Man in space / produced and directed by Ward Kimball (1955) -- Man and the moon / directed by Ward Kimball (1955) -- Mars and beyond / directed by Ward Kimball (1957). -- [Disc two] Eyes in outer space -- Our friend the atom / directed by Hamilton Luske (1958) -- "EPCOT" -- Bonus material.

UFOs: 50 Years of Denial?
Examines the evidence of UFO sighting in the United States from reported encounters with aliens from outer space, flying saucer sightings, to a supposed government coverup. Includes discussion of the Roswell Incident and Area 51. 48 min. Video/C MM18

UFOs: The Secret Evidence
A collection of 44 films from around the world to support the existence of UFO's. Includes spellbinding statistics, photo and video shots of UFOs, secret government documents and an unprecedented collection of interviews with researchers, eyewitnesses, experiencers, and the best known, most credible UFO authorities. A film by Michael Hesemann. 200? 110 min. DVD 8956

Shows a mysterious and incredibly violent universe. Explores almost inconceivable extremes of size and time, from galaxies to subatomic particles and from cosmic events that occurred millions of years ago to microcosmic events of the present that endure only a billionth of a second. 28 min. Video/C 1494

Venus Unveiled.
Travel with the spacecraft Magellan as it reveals an in-depth view of the planet, Venus. Interviews various scientists and astronomers and discusses the surface and various properties of the planet. Also includes interviews with members of the Aetherius Society. Originally broadcast in 1995 on the television program Nova. 1995. 54 min. Video/C 5640

Produced by Graphic Films Corporation and Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Takes you on a billion mile journey to the giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn. Through the eyes of Voyagers 1 and 2 you will explore these planets, learning of the most significant and surprising discoveries of the Voyager missions. 28 min. Video/C 1493

Waves of the Future (Astronomers; 4).
Scientists Leonid Grishchuk, Kip Thorne and Stephen Hawking describe their work in exploring gravity waves, the mysterious ripples in the fabric of time and space. 60 min. Video/C 2053

Where is the Rest of the Universe? (Astronomers; 1) .
This program deals with the enormous amount of "dark matter" in the universe. Astronomers Vera Rubin and Tony Tyson describe their search for material invisible to us whose gravity affects the motion of stars and light reaching us from distant galaxies. 60 min. Video/C 2050

A Window to Creation (Astronomers; 3) .
This program follows American and Japanese astronomers as they examine what scientists have learned about the origins of humankind from the big bang. 60 min. Video/C 2052

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Physical Sciences:

Bohr's Model of the Atom
This program focuses on Niels Bohr, who worked with some of the best physicists of the 20th century to devise his atomic model. Students will gain an understanding of the historical developments in atomic theories up to Bohr, a brief outline of Bohr's life. Bohr's first and second postulates, and his influence on contemporary society. 2006. 26 min. DVD 7327

The Development of the Concept of the Chemical Bond (Hitchcock Lecture, 1983).
Professor Pauling talks about his research concerning the hydrogen bond and its importance in organic chemistry, the theory of hybrid bond orbitals and other topics in chemistry. In the second tape he addresses the molecular basis of life, and his studies of the nature of life. 3/4" UMATIC. Video/C 436 - 437.

Elements Organised, The Periodic Table.
Demonstrates and explains the principles behind Mendeleev's periodic table. Includes animated sequences. 3/4" UMATIC. (NRLF#: B 969 304) 24 min. Video/C 424

The Hidden Structure (Ascent of Man; 4 ).
Traces chemistry from its beginning in Oriental metallurgy and alchemy to Dalton's atomic theory and man's knowledge of the elements. Bronze craftsmen of China and the Samurai swordsmith of Japan are presented as early examples of the use of scientific principles. 52 min. DVD 803; also on VHS Video/C 165

Joel Hildebrand: A Century of Science.
Documents the life and important research of the distinguished educator and chemist Dr. J.H. Hildebrand, who was born before the turn of the century and worked at UC Berkeley until his death at age 101. In this interview recorded in 1981, Dr. Hildebrand expounds upon some of his most important experiments and discoveries, including his research on the color of iodine solutions, his Regular Solutions models, and his research on helium-oxygen mixtures that helped to eliminate Caisson disease. The interview was recorded at the University of California, Berkeley on Sept. 9, 1981. 30 min. Video/C 9952

Race to Catch a Buckyball. (NOVA)
Describes the research leading to the discovery of a new form of pure carbon, C60, which has the potential to revolutionize science. 60 min. Video/C 4849

Reflections by an Eminent Chemist.
Melvin Calvin. The Nobel Prize winner and professor of chemistry Melvin Calvin talks about his work on photosynthesis. The interview, conducted by George Pimentel and David Ridgway, was recorded at the University of California, Berkeley, May 6, 1981. 3/4" UMATIC. ( NRLF #: B 3 969 147) Video/C 371
Dr. Joel Hildebrand. Professor Hildebrand talks about his early work with iodine solutions, about intermolecular interaction and on solubility in general. The interview, conducted by George Pimentel and David Ridgway, was recorded at the University of California, Berkeley, September 9, 1981. Video/C 372
Dr. Glenn Seaborg. The Nobel Prize winner and university Professor Glenn Seaborg talks about the separation of isotopes, the transuranian elements and nuclear energy in general. The interview, conducted by George Pimentel and David Ridgway, was recorded at the University of California, Berkeley, May 21, 1981. Video/C 378 NRLF #: B 3 969 155

The World of Chemistry.
Twenty-six part general introduction to Chemistry. For complete listing of series parts, consult MELVYL: f se World of Chemistry and form video. 30 min. each. Video/C 3271

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Physical Sciences:
Earth Sciences, Oceanography, and the Environment

Environment and Natural Resources
Hurrican Katrina

After the Earthquake.
Examines the scale of energy involved in earthquakes and demonstrates practically the relationship between energy of the event and destruction. Provides introduction to many aspects of seismology. 3/4" UMATIC. (NRLF#: B 969 317) 23 min. Video/C 545

America's New Frontier.
Describes the U.S. Geological Survey's effort to map and explore the entire ocean floor within 200 miles of all American coastlines, using Gloria sidescan sonar. Graphic overlays and animation highlight the team's discoveries: submarine volcanoes, channel ways, and landslides. 1993. 28 min. Video/C MM704

Aguas Sagradas: Exploracion de Cenotes y Rios Subterraneos en el Mundo Maya (Sacred Waters: An Exploration by Subterranean Rivers and Caverns in the Mayan World).
An exploration by subterranean rivers and caverns; a fantastic and enigmatic trip where natural treasures and the vestiges of the ancient Mayas lie. In this program a group of speleologists dive down to incredible depths through the cenotes that were ritual centers of the ancient inhabitants and also unique sources of water in this dry and arid region, where one of the greatest cultures of ancient times flourished. In Spanish with English subtitles. [1994?]. 60 min. Video/C 5068

Anatomy of a Volcano. (Nova)
Looks at events leading up to the eruption of Mt. St. Helens and analyzes the actual explosion, frame-by-frame. Shows how instruments are helping scientists gain a better understanding of how to prevent a natural wonder from inflicting catastrophic damage. 1981. 57 min. Video/C 519

The Amazing Coral Reef
Provides a basic introduction to corals and their ecological system. Utilizing extensive underwaterfootage and narration, the program covers how coral reefs are formed, basic ecological concepts, and environmental dangers to the reefs. 20 min. Video/C 6048

At Risk: Volcano Hazards from Mount Hood, Oregon
Presents volcano hazards hot spots and the work being conducted through the Volcano Hazards Program, U.S. Geological Survey, in the area around Mt. Hood. Future events may pose significant risks to people living nearby and in river valleys downstream. Scientists have identified hazardous areas around the volcano providing a base of knowledge for the Mt. Hood community and other volcano communities to use in hazards planning decisions. 1999. 14 min. Video/C 8837

The Battle for the Arctic
Reveals the importance of an ice-free Northwest Passage, a shipping route between Asia and Europe 5,000 kilometers shorter than the Panama Canal route, and examines the competing claims over which nation controls these waters and the natural resources beneath the seabed. The film shows how the competing nations use ships, planes and submarines to explore and map the continental slope in order to prove their claims to the International Seabed Authority. Through contemporary and archival footage, plus interviews with military, scientific, and diplomatic representatives from the competing nations, the film discusses the legal framework of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the respective international claims, the methods used to update the navigation charts and map the unknown Arctic Seabed, and the commercial, environmental and defense considerations involved in the region's development. Directed and written by Julian Sher and Lynn Raineault. 2008. 49 min. DVD X2314

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Beneath the Sea
Until very recently the vast area under the world's ocean surfaces was virtually unknown and unreachable by humans. Now, with new technologies and research techniques the undersea world is starting to yield its secrets. In this program scientists using new technologies explore life in the deep ocean. Includes a profile of ocean explorer Robert Ballard. Originally presented as a segment on the television program Scientific American frontiers. 2000. 60 min. Video/C MM1007

The Blue Planet (Planet Earth ; 2).
The oceans may still be the last great unexplored frontier on earth. Major revelations about the sea include a scientist aboard the space shuttle exploring a new chapter in oceanography and startling findings about the El Nino current that has caused worldwide devastation. A dive takes the viewer to the site of sea floor spreading and visits the depths of the "middle ocean" to see new species for the first time. Video/C 5721

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The Blue Planet. Seas of Life
Contents: Disc one: Ocean world ; Frozen seas -- Disc two: Open ocean ; The Deep -- Disc three: Seasonal seas ; Coral seas -- Disc four: Tidal seas ; Coasts -- Disc five: All new bonus material. Special features: Disc 1-4: Eighty minutes of behind-the-scenes footage; interviews with producer Alastair Fothergill, cameraman Doug Allan and researcher Penny Allen; "Deep trouble" a compelling exploration of the impact of civilization on the oceans; photo galleries; fact files ; Disc 5: "Amazon abyss:" discover an amazing array of astonishing creatures living in the depths of the Amazon; "Dive to shark volcano:" venture to Cocos Island, an underwater volcano whose waters are a haven for sharks; "Between the tides:" explore the distinctive sights and sounds of an estuary in winter; "Antarctica:" survey the cold, desolate continent of Antarctica. Narrator, David Attenborough. Originally broadcast on BBC television in 1996. 392 min. DVD X1933

Buried Fossils, Living Prairie
Describes the natural history of the Badlands National Park, including the fossil mammals of the Oligocene Epoch and homesteader and Oglala Sioux history and culture. 1988. 18 min. Video/C 8849

The California Earthquake: January 17, 1994 (Nightline)
Televised news coverage of the damage caused by the Northridge earthquake and the human response to the disaster. Includes interviews with survivors, rescuers and Los Angeles Mayor, Richard Riordan. 33 min. Video/C 5775

Canary of the Ocean
Stretching for miles off the Florida Keys is the largest coral reef in the continental U.S. and one of the longest in the world. But America's primary reef is dying, and like the proverbial canary in a coal mine, its decline is a warning that something is very wrong in our oceans. Portrays the stunning beauty of America's fragile undersea kingdom, investigates the serious threats to its health, and profiles some of the concerned people working to preserve it for future generations. 1997. 56 min. Video/C 7904

Did a cataclysmic event plunge humankind into the period known as the early Dark Ages? Scientists have uncovered evidence from around the world that the early Dark Ages may have been triggered by an actual event, such as an asteroid, volcano, or comet, that occurred around 535 A.D. 2000. 110 min. Video/C MM252

China Quake
An international team of engineers, geologists and seismologists are brought into the Sichuan Province to uncover and decode clues about the 7.9 magnitude earthquake which destroyed 5 million buildings and took nearly 90,000 lives. The team also investigates and recommends engineering and building materials and design which would withstand future earthquake damage in this area. System Details 2010. 47 min. DVD X5531

Coral Reefs: Rainforests of the Sea
An excellent introduction to the science, ecology and importance of coral reefs, as well as an overview of the serious environmental problems confronting them. Utilizing underwater footage shot on reefs worldwide, the program describes how reefs are formed, where they can be found, their importance to tropical oceans and the human community and the major natural and human-caused threats they face. 20 min. Video/C 6047

Corridors of Time (Making of a Continent ).
Presents a visit to the Grand Canyon to show its natural beauty and to describe the tectonics and other forces in its geological history. Includes animated sequences. 58 min. Video/C 1275

[Cousteau, Jacques] The Jacques Cousteau Odyssey.
Originally broadcast on television in 1977 and 1978.
Volume 1, The Nile, part I-II Jacques and Philippe Cousteau embark on a 10-month expedition along the entire course of the world's largest river, capturing on film the Nile's astonishing natural beauties, dangers, primitive cultures and animal sanctuaries. Wild hippopotami, the mysteries of the deadly tsetse fly, the ancient Dinka and Shilluk African tribes and the Sudd--a swamp as large as England--are among the natural wonders encountered along the trek from Uganda to Khartoum to Egypt, before concluding at the manmade wonders of the Nile, the Jonglei Canal, and the Aswan High Dam. 116 min. DVD X2927

Volume 2, Calypso's search for Atlantis, part I-II In a journey back to the ancient world, Jacques Cousteau and crew travel to the islands near Greece to see whether there was a connection between the violent earthquakes that racked the region and the fall of the Minoan civilization that flourished on Crete during the Bronze Age. Could the Minoan civilization have been the basis for the Atlantis legend? 103 min. DVD X2928

Volume 3, Time Bomb at 50 Fathoms. Time bomb at 50 fathoms: Off Italy's southern coast, two ships collide, and the sunken one at sea bottom has a cargo of 900 drums of toxin. Before the metal barrels disintegrate and release their poisons, a team of experts forms to execute an exhaustive recovery plan to stave off catastrophe. Using the pioneering work of Jacques Cousteau's Comshelf experiments, which demonstrated that divers could live and work efficiently for a significant period of submersion, hundreds risk their lives in a race against a deadly toxic time bomb. DVD X2929
Volume 3, Mediterranean, Cradle or Coffin? Decades ago, Jacques cousteau found the water of Veyron near Marseilles teeming with marine life. Returning years later, he discovered the same sea floor to be a desert, virtually devoid of fish. Appalled at the ravages of pollution, Cousteau and crew seek scientific weapons to combat the horrors of urban wastes pouring into the Mediterranean. The explorers find that not only is pollution to blame, man's industrial might encroaches upon the sea's most vulnerable point, shallow coastal areas that serve as natural habitats. DVD X2929
Volume 4, Calypso's Search for the Britannic. For 70 years, the sudden sinking of the mighty British ship Britannic, larger than her sister ship Titanic, has been shrouded in mystery. Jacques Cousteau reveals the full story of November 21, 1916 when, on her 6th journey as a hospital ship, Britannic exploded and sank into the Aegean Sea. With recollections of a survivor, then a young nurse, Cousteau and crew uncover whether the vessel was mined or torpedoed, if it secretly carried British troops, and how a single mine or torpedo could sink a supposedly impregnable ship. DVD X2930
Volume 4, Diving for Roman Plunder More than a century before the birth of Christ, a storm sank a Roman galley laden with plundered Greek treasures. Join Captain Cousteau and the Calypso crew in retrieving art objects from 200 feet beneath the surface, including two rare bronze statues. But this is more than an art recovery mission: an archaeologist seeks evidence supporting a theory that the Greeks may have held the key to the Industrial Revolution and modern computer technology. DVD X2930
Volume 5, Blind Prophets of Easter Island. Since the Polynesian island's discovery in 1722, the lost, ancient civilization of Easter Island has left a baffling legacy of riddles. Jacques Cousteau and the Calypso crew undertake land and underwater explorations and interview leading experts. Among the questions they tackle: who created the ancient, once-revered giant stone figures? Why do volcanic rock drawings show trees and flowers when virtually none exist today? Why is there evidence of cannibalism in a once peaceful and flourishing society? DVD X2931
Volume 5, Clipperton, The Island Time Forgot Today, the only inhabitants of this environmentally inhospitable Pacific island are birds and crabs. Yet over 80 years ago, Clipperton hosted other visitors: a demented rapist and a terrified group of women and children. Cousteau returns to the island to recreate the deadly series of events: from the death of the brave French captain, to the courage of the widow who killed her torturer, and through the eyes of one of the survivors, then a child. DVD X2931
Volume 6, Lost relics of the Sea. Jacques Cousteau and the Calypso crew journey across two seas, the Mediterranean and the Caribbean, to recover the remains of great ships. Off northern Crete they find skulls, scattered bones and round pellets of grape-shot fired in a 300-year-old battle and at another site, 1st-century Roman jars. Their biggest wreck is uncovered at Martinique. In 1902, 30,000 people died when Mount Pele erupted and a harbor of ships disappeared into the depths. But at 150 feet, Cousteau's divers sight the Roraima, broken in two but intact. DVD X2932
Volume 6, The Warm-blooded Sea, Mammals of the Deep Marine mammals--dolphins, whales, seals--share a common, ancient heritage with man. Cousteau travels from the South Pacific to the Florida Keys, South Carolina, and Argentina to understand their evolution and unique behavior. In South Carolina's salt marshes, we observe dolphins herding fish into shallow water and onto dry land--the dolphins actually leave the water--before scooping up the fish and eating them. System Details DVD X2932

Civilization and Climate (Climate & Man ; 3).
Changing climate probably played the decisive role in drawing hominids out of the trees, up on their hind legs, and off in search of food whose supply had been dispersed by the replacement of rain forests by rasslands. Migrations were motivated by the search for food; during ice ages, when sea levels dropped, new areas became accessible and populations spread. Links between climatic changes and emerging civilizations have also been postulated; the collapse of civilizations confronted with climatic challenges to which they could not or would not adapt is clearly documented. 26 min. Video/C 2403

Climate out of Control?
Examines global warming, climatic changes and the greenhouse effect. 24 min. Video/C 2417

The Climate Puzzle (Planet Earth ; 3).
Scientists tell us that no human beings have ever experienced the earth's "normal climate." Civilization has flourished in a narrow window between vast ice ages. This film explores the question: When will the climate change and why? 58 min. DVD X6836; Video/C 5722

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Danger Ahead: Is There No Way Out? (Climate & Man ; 5).
This program suggests some less drastic solutions to the global warming : reducing CO2 emissions; using the sun and the wind as energy sources; using nuclear power; reducing energy usage; curbing or stopping the use of CFCs; preserving the rain forest. It may also be taken as a given that, while individuals may be able to adapt to climatic change, societies cannot. 26 min. Video/C 2406

The Day the Earth Shook (NOVA)
Earthquakes strike with little or no warning, unleashing phenomenally destructive power. But must they always cause disaster for the people and places in their paths? NOVA visits the epicenter of two major earthquakes to look for the answers, and compares the Northridge, California, earthquake of January 17, 1994, with the Kobe, Japan, earthquake of January 17, 1995. The two earthquakes were of the same magnitude, but casualties in Japan were ten times higher. 1996. 60 min. Video/C 5674

Dirt!: The Movie
Delves into the wonders of soil telling the story of Earth's most valuable and underappreciated source of fertility --from its miraculous beginning to its crippling degradation. Brings to life the environmental, economic, social and political impact that the soil has. It shares the stories of experts from all over the world who study and are able to harness the power of a respectful and mutually beneficial relationship with soil. Based on the book Dirt: The ecstatic skin of the earth by William Bryant Logan (Bioscience & Natural Resources S591 .L568 2007). Directed by Bill Benenson and Gene Rosow. 2010. 80 min. DVD X2938

Earth Revealed.
26 part series. 30 min. each.

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Part 1: Down to Earth (Video/C 2435)
Part 2: Earth Becoming Alive (Video/C 2435)
Part 3: Earth's Interior (Video/C 2436)
Part 4: The Sea Floor (Video/C 2436)
Part 5: Birth of a Theory [continental drift and sea floor spreading) (Video/C 2437)
Part 6: Plate Dynamics (Video/C 2437)
Part 7: Building Mountains (Video/C 2438)
Part 8: Earth's Structure (Video/C 2438)
Part 9: Earthquakes (Video/C 2439)
Part 10: Geologic Time (Video/C 2439)
Part 11: Evolution Through Time (Video/C 2440)
Part 12: The Materials of Earth (Video/C 2440)
Part 13: Volcanism (Video/C 2441)
Part 14: Intrusive Igneous Rocks (Video/C 2441)
Part 15: Weathering and Soils (Video/C 2442)
Part 16: Mass Wasting (Video/C 2442)
Part 17: Sedimentary Rocks: The Key to Past Environments (Video/C 2443)
Part 18: Metamorphic Rocks (Video/C 2443)
Part 19: Running Water I: Rivers, Erosion and Deposition (Video/C 2444)
Part 20: Running Water II: Landform Evolution (Video/C 2444)
Part 21: Groundwater (Video/C 2445)
Part 22: Wind, Dust and Deserts (Video/C 2445)
Part 23: Glaciers (Video/C 2446)
Part 24: Waves, Beaches and Coasts (Video/C 2446)
Part 25-26: Living with Earth, Parts I & II (Video/C 2447)

Earthquake Video (FEMA Video Network).
San Francisco Earthquake from "Ready for the worst" -- New Madrid earthquake area. (7 min.) -- Alaska earthquake from "Though the earth be moved" (3 min.) -- California earthquake from "Our active earth" (3:20 min.) -- Earthquake, California, 1971 (3 min.) -- Living with Quakes (4 min.) -- Japan quake '84 (5 min.). Video/C 1037

Everything's Cool
A film about the most dangerous chasm ever to emerge between scientific understanding and political action - Global Warming. The good news: America finally gets global warming; the chasm is closing and the debate is over. The bad news: the United States, the country that will determine the fate of the globe, must transform its fossil fuel based economy fast (like in a minute). Features scientists, journalists and activists including Step It Up's Bill McKibben, Pulitzer Prize winner Ross Gelbspan, the Weather Channel's Dr. Heidi Cullen and White House whistle-blower Rick Piltz. Directed by Daniel B. Gold and Judith Helfand. 2007. 89 min. DVD 9239

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Evidence For the Ice Age
Shows how geologists investigate the evidence for an Ice Age in North America. Studies geological features such as glacial moraine deposits, polished and striated rock, stray boulders and abandoned river channels and compares them with the effects of modern glaciers to illustrate how they were fashioned by sheets of ice in prehistoric times. 1988. 14 min. Video/C MM745

Explorations: Global Discoveries for Tomorrow's World
Demonstrates satellite technology used to monitor earthquakes in Israel; ocean engineer Jules Jaffe explains an underwater acoustic system studying hidden marine-life behaviors, such as the life of krill; Birch Aquarium explorers go diving in the Gulf of California; and Gerald Kooyman discusses the life of emperor penguins. Contents: Around the pier: Old Scripps building -- Earthquakes in the Holy Land -- Captain Louis Zimm aboard the research vessel Robert Gordon Sproul -- Images of life in the sea -- Water column: La Paz Reef Project -- E. W. Scripps Fellowship introducing marine biology student Melinda Duplessis -- Living among the penguins -- Ocean Adventures camp during a Birch Aquarium summer program -- Global environmental observations with Charles Kennel. 29 min. Video/C 5892

Faults? Beneath the Bay
This documentary illustrates a promising new approach to studying the geometry of earthquake faults. It shows how scientists are using sound waves to produce a detailed image of a horizontal surface nearly nine miles beneath San Francisco Bay. 1996. 12 min. Video/C MM842

The Fire Below Us: Remembering Mount St. Helens
Spectacular devastation footage combined with dramatic reenactments shows what it is like to live through the awesome fury of the May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. Features stories of survival, focusing on filmmaker Michael Lineau's personal story, from his rescue out of the blast zone through his journey to understand the lessons of Mount St. Helens. Includes warnings of other active volcanoes within the area. Special DVD features: Over 36 min. of additional footage not previously seen; interactive menus, maps, video tour of the Cascade volcanoes; including Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Lassen, Mt. Shasta, Crater Lake, Mt. Hood, Mt. Rainier, Glacier Peak and Mt. Baker; behind-the-scenes with the filmmaker; original trailer ; bonus eruption footage from May 18, 1980; return to Mount St. Helens music video. c1995. 103 min. DVD 1138; also on VHS 68 min. Video/C 8733

Fossils, Clues to the Past.
Dr. Donald C. Johanson discusses what a fossil is and some of the ways in which they are formed. He also discusses what fossils reveal and how scientists determine their age. 3/4" UMATIC. 23 min. Video/C 548

The Future of Energy Gases.
Using historical and contemporary film and video images, narrative explanations of scientific concepts, and animation, explains the origin and occurrence of oil and natural gas, the environmental benefits and consequences of burning natural gas, and economic implications of its use. 1995. 30 min. Video/C MM697

Geoologic Journey
This five-part documentary delves into the geological history that has shaped the Canadian landscape, offering a wide and compelling range of scientific, amateur enthusiast and narrative perspectives. Blending state-of-the-art science, a range of visual techniques and personal observation, the series documents the incredible and sometimes surprising geologic history of Canada, mirroring the mythic quality of the landscape, its dramatic scale and extraordinary contrasts. Contents: Disc 1. The Great Lakes ; The Rockies ; The Canadian Shield -- Disc 2. The Appalachians; The Atlantic Coast. Dist: National Film Board of Canada. 260 min. DVD X274

Global Warming (Climate & Man ; 5).
Shows the effect of rising temperatures on earth, with its foreseeably disastrous consequences. 26 min. Video/C 2405

Goddess of the Earth (Nova ).
James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis discuss the Gaia hypothesis--that living organisms create and sustain conditions advantageous to their survival. 58 min. Video/C 1028

The Great Global Warming Swindle
Challenges the current premise of global warming, suggesting that the chief cause of climate change is not human activity, but changes in radiation from the sun. Scientists in the film set forth scientific and historical proofs to support their arguments and claim that global warming advocates have created a mass hysteria that has no basis in reality. They also examine the censorship and intimidation experienced by dissenting scientists perpetrated by political and environmental activists who have an economic stake in the debate. The film also looks at the economic costs of a movement to discourage development in third world countries by those who claim industrializaton is a primary cause of global warming. Special features (79 min.) : Climate history; sea levels, CO2; Industrial society; IPCC; Political science; Al Gore and malaria ; Solar; What is to be done?; Our climate future; solar variations and clouds; some real science. Written & directed by Martin Durkin. 2007. 79 min. DVD 8773

The Great River (Making of a Continent ).
Shows the Mississippi river and geological events that led to the shaping of the North American continent.58 min. 58 min. Video/C 1274

The Greenhouse Effect (Climate & Man ; 1).
Analyzes the the sun's gradual brightening and the relationship between sunlight and CO2, explains why the atmosphere of Mars has too much and Venus too little CO2 to sustain life, theorizes about the disappearance of dinosaurs and dinosaur-friendly life and explains the relationship between climate change and continental drift. 26 min. Video/C 2401

The Hawaiian Volcanoes: A Force for Creation
Presents the unchained fury of Hawaii's volcanoes -- the fiery power that created the island, pushing upwards from the deep ocean. Witness the volcanoes Kilauea and Mauna Lao in eruption; go into the ocean to observe molten lava burning beneath the sea; watch as scientists take the temperature of the volcano at the edge of a lava flow. Also presents the saga of Pele through chants and dance honoring the fire deity who resides at Kilauea. Produced in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, 1989. 33 min. Video/C 8825

The Heat is On.
Discusses how global warming may affect our delicate ecosystem and how future generations will have to cope with a changed planet. 27 min. Video/C 2416

Hot-blooded Dinosaurs (Nova ).
Discusses recent discoveries that have shed light on the mystery of how dinosaurs lived. Argues that dinosaurs did not die out, but evolved into modern-day birds. 52 min. Video/C 90

How Old is Old?
Explains that man attempts to determine the age of his own species and inanimate things by looking back into his past. Shows how he has found answers in Israel, in Egypt, and in nuclear laboratories. 20 min. Video/C 113

In the Path of a Killer Volcano
This program waits with a group of geologists in the Philippines as they monitor the signs from Mount Pinatubo and try to determine exactly when it will erupt. Showing previously unaired footage, it follows the days immediately preceding the June 1991 eruption, the eruption itself, and the aftermath. The program examines the methods volcanologists use to make their predictions, their accuracy, and the repercussions when predictions are wrong. 60 min. Video/C 4005

Inside Hawaiian Volcanoes
Documents volcanic activity on the island of Hawaii, going beneath the beauty of surface eruptions to the deep underground where you will learn how Hawaiian volcanoes actually work. In addition to closeups of lava fountains and flows on both land and under the sea, provides history of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and cutaway views and transparent models of volcanoes to explain the most current interpretations of volcanic activity. Includes views of scientists at work plus early footage of pioneer volcanologist Thomas A. Jaggar, founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. 25 min. Video/C 8829

Inside Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina's path and power were known and its arrival was also known. Yet, somehow, when it slammed into the Louisiana coast with Category 4 winds and an equally strong storm surge, no one was prepared for the chaos it unleashed. Using comprehensive analysis of events, hours of government audio tapes, and personal interviews, sheds new light on the fateful decisions of those in charge and the struggles of those fighting to survive its impact. c2005. 92 min. DVD 5530

Journey to a Thousand Rivers.
Overviews the eighteen-month explorations of Jacques Cousteau and teams of scientists-adventurers who braved the uncompromising heights and recesses of Amazonia to discover how plants, animals, and men survive in the water-dominated ecosystem. 98 min. Video/C 2448

Journey to a Thousand Rivers.
Features exceptionally close and spectacular footage of the processes that occur during an eruption of Kilauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes. 30 min. Video/C 4188

The Katrina Experience. Disc 1, A Compilation of Short Films
An eye in the storm (USA, 2006, 20 min.) / directed by Neil Alexander -- Still standing (USA, 2006, 7 min.) / directed by Paola Mendoza -- New Orleans furlough (USA, 2006, 10 min.) / directed by Amir Bar-Lev -- After Katrina: rebuilding St. Bernard Parish (USA, 2006, 22 min.) / directed by Adam Finberg. Eye on the storm: A stunning video diary offering up first person accounts that go way beyond the television coverage, beginning from the day the hurricane barreled its way into the lives of New Orleans' residents through their struggles to make sense of the aftermath. Still standing: A filmmaker comforts her Columbian grandmother as they examine the wreckage of her home in Waveland, Mississippi after the hurricane. The vulnerability of the foreign and the elderly is poignantly revealed, as well as this grandmother's surprisingly indomitable spirit. New Orleans furlough: A member of the National Guard returns from Iraq and sees in New Orleans' devastation a new mission. But his personal demons make him as dysfunctional as our own government was in coping with the tragedy. After Katrina: rebuilding St. Bernard Parish: A sensitive elegy to a working-class community's destroyed neighborhood and its passionate commitment to rebuild. We are offered intimate views of the nitty-gritty challenges that confront its residents. 2006. DVD 6048

The Katrina Experience. Disc 2, Desert Bayou
During Hurricane Katrina, without their knowledge, nearly 600 African Americans were airlifted to the almost entirely white state of Utah. This film seeks to examine whether two cultures can come together in a time of utter chaos, or whether their differences will prove too great a challenge to overcome. In their own words, evacuees tell how they survived the storm of the century only to end up at a military installation in the deserts of Utah. 2006. 76 min. DVD 6049

The Katrina Experience. Disc 3, New Orleans Music in Exile
Like their neighbors, the legendary New Orleans music community was devastated by Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath. Music documentarian Robert Mugge creates an emotional portrait of horror, heartbreak, and hope as the musicians who lived through the disaster pick up the pieces and try to rebuild their lives. New Orleans artists comment on how broken levees, flood, looting, and black mold wreaked havoc on music and life in this colorful city. Directed by Robert Mugge. 2006. 112 min. DVD 6050

The Katrina Experience. Disc 4, Tim's Island
On August 29, 2005, when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast, sixteen people, seven dogs and eight cats took shelter in Tim's loft in an old dairy in New Orleans. When the levees broke, they found themselves surrounded by eight feet of water with a clear view of others stranded and access to news reports of the dire circumstances at the Superdome -- meanwhile, they had to find a way to survive. A wry study of group behavior under severe stress as Tim's houseguests cope with survival. 2006. 85 min. DVD 6051

Kilauea: Close Up of an Active Volcano
Features exceptionally close and spectacular footage of Kilauea Volcano in full eruption. It follows the current eruption from its start in 1983 to its destruction of the Wahaula Visitor Center in 1989, the town of Kalapana in 1990, Kamoamoa in 1992, and then more of the coastline in 1993. 30 min. Video/C 8827

[Kilauea] Winter 2002 eruption update: A Firsthand Account of the Current Eruption of Kilauea Volcano
During an eruption, anything can happen. You must be acutely aware of changes; changes in wind direction, changes in fountain height and shape, changes in heat. In your mind you keep asking: Can I still get out the way I came in? What do I do...if it breaks out behind me, if the wind shifts, if the forest ignites...?" Through the continuing eruptions of Kilauea, volcanologists present up-close and personal accounts of what it's really like to be in the center of volcanic activity as they go about their research. 64 min. Video/C 8826

Killer Hurricane: Anatomy of Katrina
Taking viewers inside the worst natural disaster in recent American history, this program reconstructs major events that unfolded prior to, during, and in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina's landfall. Beginning with the National Hurricane Center's efforts to track the storm, the video illustrates Katrina's merciless path across the Gulf Coast region in chilling detail. Compelling, on-the-scene accounts from survivors in the hardest-hit areas - and exclusive interviews with federal and state authorities, including FEMA officials - create a comprehensive picture of Katrina's tragic effects on infrastructure, economic conditions, and human lives. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2005. 44 min. DVD 8886

Land of the Sleeping Mountains (Making of a Continent ).
Presents a visit to the Great Basin to show its natural beauty and to describe the tectonics and other forces in its geological history. Includes animated sequences. 58 min. Video/C 1275

Lechuguilla Cave: The Hidden Giant
Join 20th century explorers as they descend 1,500 feet down into the realm of a newly discovered cave to spend 36 hours below the desert of southern New Mexico in Carlsbad Caverns National Park. 29 min. Video/C 8852

The Living Machine (Planet Earth ; 1).
Plate tectonics, one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century, is explored by world-renowned scientists. They explain current theories about the formation of the earth's continents, oceans and climate, and examine the earth's relationship to the sun and other planets. 58 min. Video/C 5720

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Living Planet: A Portrait of the Earth.
Host: David Attenborough. Contents: 1. Building of the earth -- 2. Frozen world -- 3. Northern forests -- 4. Jungle -- 5. Seas of grass -- ep. 6. Baking deserts -- 7. Sky above -- 8. Sweet fresh water -- 9. Margins of the land -- 10. Worlds apart -- 11. Open ocean -- 12. New Worlds. 12 videotapes, approx. 60 min each. Video/C 6050-6061

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Magnetic Storm
On March 13, 1989, the lights went out across Canada and the eastern seaboard of the United States. One of the most serious power grid failures in American history was caused by a magnetic storm. Here Nova explores the Earth's magnetic field which has been weaking dramatically over the last few decades, intriguing scientists across the globe. Travel from Hawaii's molten lava flows to the mountains of Oregon and into the far reaches of outer space for a charged look at Earth's magnetic history and potentially deadly future. 2003. 60 min. DVD 4990

Mapping the Weather (Blue Revolution ; 8).
Discusses ways to measure weather and efforts made to forecast it, along with examining economic and human effects. 26 min. Video/C 2421

Message in the Rocks. (NOVA)
Delves into the mystery of how our planet was formed and how it evolved into its present structure. Examines how clues to the earth's origins may be found in meteorites found in fossils in the Antarctic dating back 3.5 billion years and in masses of ancient bacteria found at Mt. St. Helens. 1981. 3/4" UMATIC. 57 min. Video/C 517

Modifying the Weather: The Case of the Man-made Desert (Climate & Man; 4).
Shows the effect of migration in the Sahel in changing regional climate; the tomorrow-be-damned policy of water usage in Arizona; and the drastic miscarriage of good intentions in Central Asia, where the efforts to irrigate the desert turned into the worst climatic disaster in the history of the Soviet Union. 26 min. Video/C 2404

Montserrat's Andesite Volcano
Documents the eruption of Montserrat's andesite volcano from its beginnings in 1995, telling not only the story of the eruption, but also looking to the major volcanic processes of andesite volcanoes. It describes the products and effects of such eruptions, introduces modern methods of monitoring an active volcano, and shows the human consequences of volcanic activity on a small island community. 52 min. Video/C 8873

Natural Disaster Films, 1905-1973.
Features film footage and newsreels detailing damage by earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, and hurricanes, mostly within the United States in the 20th century. 1936 Pittsburgh flood (Part II - Part 1 missing) (1936, 2:49, silent) -- Trip down Market Street before the fire (1906, 13:52, silent): A car ride down San Francisco's main street before the great earthquake destroyed it -- Cataclysm: volcano, tidal waves devastate Pacific Area (1960, 1:44): Tidal waves hitting Hawaii and California. -- Earthquake (1973, 26:45): Aftermath of 1971 San Fernando Valley earthquake. -- San Francisco earthquake aftermath / Edison Newsreels, 1906, 4:55) -- Flood relief: President inspects area and speeds aid (1955, 1:23): Aftermath of Hurricane Connie -- Man against the river (1937, 9:54): Refugees of flood of the Ohio River -- Mississippi River flood of 1927 (1936, 17:42, silent) -- News Magazine of the Screen (May 1952, 1:54): Nine states ravaged by flooding of the Missouri River -- Hurricane in two hemispheres (November 1956, 3:56): Hurricane Flossy hits Louisiana while Typhoons 9 & 12 hit Japan -- A mattress for the Mississippi (December 1956, 0:53): Mississippi River is reinforced from the river bottom right up to the levees -- Northeast devastated by floods! (August 1955, 2:22): Hurricane Connie -- Disaster: Floods ruin Ohio Valley (1937, 0:25, silent) -- Reno flood (1927, 2:35, silent) -- San Francisco after the fire, 1906 (1906, 23:25, silent) -- San Francisco earthquake aftermath: Riding down Market Street (1906, 3:17, silent) -- San Francisco aftermath (1906, 7:43, silent) -- San Francisco earthquake aftermath (1906, 1:39, silent) -- Shock troops of disaster: Story of the New England hurricane (1938, 10:53) -- Storm havoc: Hurricane kills 43, Damage 15 millions (August 1955, 1:31): Hurricane Connie hits the east coast from the Carolinas to New York -- Tornado (1950s, 14:26): The dos and dont's of what to do in case of a tornado. -- Scores die as twisters rip Midwest (April 1956, 0:55): Hudsonville Michigan is devastated, 14 states severely damaged. DVD 8768

Ocean Floor Legacy: A Critical Juncture
This comprehensive documentary examines the methods and tools used by marine geologists working on problems facing the San Francisco Bay Area. The scientists use sidescan-sonar to create detailed maps of the ocean bottom, which guide their choice of sites for more detailed studies using underwater cameras and bottom cores. 1993. 29 min. Video/C MM839

The Ocean Sink (Blue Revolution; 16).
Governments have been slow to protect their own environments wanting proof of damage before acting. This program visits sites around the world to show what happens when the sea is used as a dumping ground and how difficult are the problems of disposing of waste even when the problems are recognized. 29 min. Video/C 2484

Reveals what is known about the history of the planet, the human species and life itself through the discoveries of geologists, biochemists, paleoanthropologists and others. Topics include earth sciences-- volcanoes, earthquakes, age and origin of the Earth, formation of mountains-- and life sciences, such as the legacy of Charles Darwin, DNA and the origins of life. 120 min. Video/C 6002

Perilous Beauty: The Hidden Dangers of Mount Rainier
Uses computer animation, eruption footage, interviews with scientists and aerial and ground shots of Mt. Rainer to present the work of scientists who have been mapping the mudflow activity of Mount Rainier to see how future eruptions could impact communities in Western Washington. 1996. 29 min. Video/C 8838

Predictable Disaster (Nova ).
Focuses on recent scientific developments that have increased scientists' ability to predict earthquakes. 33 min. Video/C 257

Price of Paradise
On July 18, 1995 a volcano on the Caribbean Island of Montserrat became suddenly active. 1995. 50 min. each installment

Volcano & Hurricanes. This first segment of a documentary series covering the events, moves from the first rumblings of the volcano, on through the ash falls, evacuations, to a helicopter trip and shots of the eruption taken from the crater's edge. It also includes footage of the passing of Hurricanes Luis and Marilyn through the islands of Montserrat, Antigua and St. Martin. Video/C 8816

The Adventure; Spectacular Footage. This second segment of a documentary series covering the events, continues the journal of volcanic activity from October, 1995 through May 12, 1996. Contains spectacular eruption footage, pyroclastic flows, views from helicopter flights over the crater and an interview with Simon Roache, plus a look at media coverage of the eruption from England, the United States and the Caribbean. Video/C 8817

The Story Continues; Dramatic Footage. This third segment of a documentary series covering the events, looks at the many moods of the mountain during the eruption, but it also takes an intimate look at the island's people and their personal stories of the eruptions. Includes nightime shots of the volcano, a shelter segment, scientific monitoring and the worldwide media coverage. Video/C 8818

Disaster in Slow Motion; Buried Dreams. This forth segment of a documentary series covering the events, presents what is possibly the turning point in the eruptions. Beginning in May, 1997 with the first flows to the North side of the mountain, it chronicles the events that led up to June 25 when the Montserratians' dreams of a soon return to the south of their island, were buried along with 19 of their countrymen. It moves on through the days of explosions, ash and uncertainty, giving the viewer a first hand look at what it's like to live on a small island ... with a big volcano. Video/C 8819

The Negative; the Positive. This fifth segment of a documentary series covering the events is presented in two parts. "Part one (Negative) takes you on an intimate walk through the devastated areas of Dagenham, Plymouth, Kinsale, Trials, St. Patricks and Spanish Point. Before and after images contrast the tropical beauty of what was with the stark reality of today. Part 2 (Positive) takes you on a drive from Salem Village, on the edge of the unsafe zone, through the winding mountain roads into the beautiful North. Along the way you meet folks who have lived through these days of crisis. Their positive attitudes and resilient spirits create a montage of all that makes Montserrat a special place." Video/C 8820

Update. his sixth segment of a documentary series covering the events is presented in two parts filmed in 1998. Part one begins with "a field trip with volcanologist Dr. Steve Sparks. Next, you will journey into Spanish Point with some of its former residents and then visit Plymouth and its surroundings for a look at the changes that have taken place over the last few months. Part two presents stories of Operation Exodus, Hurricane Georges, the Caricom Village, the opening of the Golden Years home and the new hospital, and even the moving of the dump from Little Bay. It closes with a spectacular aerial view of the ever changing dome of the volcano." Video/C 8821

Volcano Days, 1995-1999. In this seventh and final segment of a documentary series covering the events, videographer David Lea has taken the best of over 200 hours of raw footage and edited it down to tell the full story, placing the viewer right in the middle of an unfolding disaster. It opens with a brief historical look at Montserrat, beginning with the Amerindians, the colonial days, and up through the year just before the eruption. Then follows a compilation from the previous six segments of the series filmed from 1995 through 1999 with the evacuations, excitement, explosions, the heartbreak and gradual recovery which still goes on. Video/C 8822

Through the works of biologist and philosopher Ernst Haeckel, the role of the sea as the "outer space" of his time is explored. Based almost entirely on 19th-century scientific illustrations, paintings, and photographs brought to life through innovative animation, Proteus explores the undersea world through a complex tapestry of biology, oceanography, scientific history, poetry and myth. Written and directed by David Lebrun. c2004. 59 min. DVD X139

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The Quake
A powerful report on Haiti's tragedy, with never-before-seen footage of the moments after the earthquake. What can be done now -- and who will do it? Written and produced by Martin Smith and Marcela Gaviria. Originally aired on the television program Frontline, Mar. 30, 2010. 60 min. DVD X5401

Quake of '89: A Video Chronicle
Presented by KRON-TV Channel 4, San Francisco. Shows actual footage from the October 17th, 1989 earthquake and recovery of affected counties as filmed by KRON-TV Channel 4, San Francisco. Includes "Quakeproofing your home and family. 60 min. DVD X1384 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1651

Reducing Volcanic Risk
Showcases how people can lower risk from volcanic activity by taking three steps: identify hazard areas; monitor volcanoes; develop an emergency plan. Stunning footage of volcano eruptions from around the world and emergency responses taken shows how these three steps have saved lives when they were used. People must be informed of the hazards they face; scientists and public officials must announce warnings clearly. Describes the critical elements of emergency plans that must be tested and practiced ahead of time and used without hesitation. c1997. 24 min. Video/C 8839

The Return of the Child: The Effects (Blue Revolution; 7).
Charts the birth and development of the weather system El Nino. Shows the ferocity of El Nino, relates it to the ocean waters and traces the roots of man's study of waves, ocean currents, and the interaction of sea and sky. 27 min. Video/C 2420

The Rich High Desert (Making of a Continent ).
Shows how the plains and the desert were formed more than 400 million years ago. Uses modern day natural occurrences such as rock slides, glacier movements, and rivers carving through the terrain to illustrate the point. 20 min. Video/C 1274

Rivers of Fire: An Eruption of Hawaii's Mauna Loa Volcano
Presents spectacular footage of the 21-day eruption of Mauna Loa Volcano which began March 25, 1984, and of the eruption of Kilauea Volcano six days later on the island of Hawaii. Rivers of Fire is the official National Park Service documentation of the 1984 eruption of Mauna Loa Volcano in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. c1985. 21 min. Video/C 8828

The Sea Around Us
A winning documentary that explores the mysteries and wonders of the ocean and its extraordinary inhabitants. Directed by Irwin Allen. Winner of the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. 1953. 61 min. DVD X5128

Seas Under Siege.
This program looks at some of the sources of ocean pollution: industrial effluents, by-products, and waste; stormwater run-off from land treated with herbicides; motor oil slicks, and of course, sewage and toxic waste. It is a loud cry of warning, with detailed documentation for proof, that the opportunities for remedial action are growing rapidly slimmer. 56 min. Video/C 2481

Scientists in Action: U.S.G.S. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, and Historic Eruptions, Kilauea and Manoa Loa from the Thomas A. Jaggar Museum, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
Display of videos of volcanic eruptions and phenomena from the Thomas A. Jaggar Museum. Shows scientists at work, plus historic eruptions of Kilauea and Mauna Loa. c1987. 15 min. Video/C 8830

Secrets in Stone
Chronicles the scientific discoveries in the early 1960s that led to broad acceptance of the theory of plate tectonics. Traces the history of the hypothesis of continental drift, its early dismissal by experts, and then the dramatic rise in acceptance after geomagnetic polarity reversals were shown to match magnetic anomalies on the sea floor. 199-? 33 min. Video/C MM878

The Shoreline Doesn't Stop Here Any More (Nature of Things)>
Looks at the eroding power of shorelines, how much of it is part of a natural process and how much is human-induced. Examines Folly Beach, South Carolina where the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers unsuccessfully attempted to dredge and move sand to a beach whose erosion was caused by jetties built just north of the site. 46 min. Video/C 3784

The Storm
In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina -- a category 5 hurricane -- hit the U.S. Gulf coast, devastating New Orleans and causing the largest displacement of people since the Great Depression. This film examines the first critical hours of local, state, and federal emergency response to the hurricane. 2005. 60 min. DVD 5159

Storm that Drowned a City
Featuring eyewitness testimony, takes an in-depth look at what made Hurricane Katrina so deadly and analyzes how, despite technically sophisticated flood and storm defenses, this event has resulted in unprecedented destruction for the Gulf Coast. In less than 12 hours on August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated the Louisiana coast, leading to more than a thousand deaths and transforming a city of over one million into an uninhabitable swamp. Combining a penetrating analysis of what went wrong with a dramatic, minute-by-minute unfolding of events told through eyewitness testimony, investigates such questions as: What made this storm so deadly? Will powerful hurricanes like Katrina strike more often? How accurately did scientists predict its impact, and why did the levees protecting New Orleans fail? Originally broadcast on Nova in 2005. 56 min. DVD 5531

Sun, Sunlight and Weather Patterns (Climate & Man ; 2).
Explains the origin of tropical storms, of tropical rain forests and polar desert; it shows the route and theeffect of the Gulf Stream and its role in the Little Ice Age of the 16th century; theorizes about the events that caused the Sahara to become desert; and examines the link between these events, changes in the sun's activity, and the cycles involving dust storms and volcanic eruption. 26 min. Video/C 2402

Tangail Tornado, 13th May, 1996.
A documentary examining the social and economic impact of a tornado that ripped through 80 villages of the Tangail district of Bangladesh in May, 1996. PAL format. In Bengali and English. 14 min. Video/C 6175

Tsunami: Wave of Destruction
This documentary examines the chain of events of December 26, 2004 that led to the devastating destruction in South Asia from an oceanic earthquake and tsunami and explores the impact of relief efforts in the region. It also looks at the science of tsunamis and examines other catastrophic natural disasters. ABC News, 2005. 124 min. DVD 4068

Understanding Volcanic Hazards
Focuses on seven types of volcanic hazards--ash falls, hot ash flows, mudflows, volcanic landslides, volcanic tsunamis, lava flows and volcanic gases. Features images of erupting volcanoes and graphically shows how volcanic activity can affect people, their property, and the land on which they live. 1995. 25 min. Video/C 8874

The Walls Came Tumbling Down: Earthquakes in the Holy Land
Combines aerial footage, computer simulations and ancient art to reveal the dramatic role earthquakes have played in the history of the Holy Land. Viewers are taken on a tour of the Holy Land to observe destroyed crusader fortifications in the North of Israel, abandoned sites near the Sea of Galilee, Jerusalem, Jericho, and Masada. 1991. 60 min. Video/C 9323

Wave That Shook the World
On December 26, 2004 a series of tidal waves killed thousands and devastated communities around the Indian Ocean. With around 100 tsunamis striking the world's coastlines each decade, Nova investigates what made the recent event so powerful and catastrophic. 2005. DVD 4475
Weathering and Soils; Mass Wasting (Earth Revealed ; 15-16).
Pt. 15 - Demonstrates how minerals and rocks change when subjected to the physical and chemical conditions that exist at Earth's surface.-- Pt. 16 - Examines the causes, types and effects of mass wasting. 60 min. Video/C 2442

When the Bay Area Quakes
Describes the structural dynamics of the earthquake that hit Loma Prieta, Calif., on Oct. 17, 1989 and the damages that resulted in Santa Cruz, San Francisco, and other areas. 1990. 20 min. Video/C MM602

Wrestling with Uncertainty
Every few years the U.S. Geological Survey assesses the nation's oil and gas resources. This documentary presents a broad overview of the most recent assessment and clearly illustrates and explains the methods and processes used to generate it. 1996. 29 min. Video/C MM705

Celebrates "the best of nature," in this visual tour of the animals and natural wonders of Yellowstone. 1987. 23 min. Video/C 8850

To the top

Physical Sciences:

Against All Odds
1989. 30 min. each installment

This series available for online viewing (Requires initial registration at site)[Requires Windows Media player]

What is Statistics? Presents an overview of the nature and impact of statistics using historical anecdotes and contemporary applications. Video/C 2910:1-2

Picturing Distributions. Deals with presenting and interpreting the distribution of single variables. Techniques taught include stemplots, frequency tables, and histograms. Picturing Distributions. Deals with presenting and interpreting the distribution of single variables. Techniques taught include stemplots, frequency tables, and histograms. Video/C 2910:1-2

Describing Distributions Deals with numerical measures of specific aspects of distribution, such as center (mean, median), spread (percentiles, boxplots, standard deviation), and resistance. Normal Distributions . Covers density curves as smoothed histograms (mean, median, percentiles for density curves) and normal distributions (locating the mean and standard deviation, the 68-95-99.7 rule). Video/C 2910:3-4

Normal Calculations. Covers standardization and calculation of normal relative frequencies from tables and assessment of normality by normal quantile plots. Time series Deals with distribution of a single variable, change over time, seasonal variation, inspecting time series for trends, and smoothing by averaging. Video/C 2910:5-6

Models for Growth. Deals with mathematical models for simple kinds of growth over time. Covers linear growth with review of the geometry of straight lines and an introduction to least squares, exponential growth, prediction, and extrapolation. Describing relationships. Describes scatterplots and their variations, smoothing scatterplots of response versus explanatory variable by median trace, linear relationships, and least squares regression lines. Video/C 2910:7-8

Correlation. Covers the properties and reaction between correlation and regression. Multidimensional Data Analysis. Discusses the impact of computer technology on statistics and graphics such as scatterplots. Video/C 2910:9-10

The Question of Causation. Describes the association between categorical variables displayed in a two-way table, Simpson's paradox, the varied relations among variables that underlie an observed association, and how evidence of causation is obtained. Experimental Design. Covers the advantages of planned data collection over anecdotal evidence or available data. Video/C 2910:11-12

Blocking and Sampling. Covers further principles of design, including two or more factors and blocking. Presents sample surveys, the danger of bias and random sampling. Samples and Surveys. Covers more elaborate sample designs, such as stratified and multistage designs. Also discusses the practical difficulties of sampling human populations and the idea of sampling distribution. Video/C 2910:13-14

What is Probability?. Defines the term and presents basic rules for assigning probability as well as an additional rule for disjointed events. Random Variables. Discusses the multiplication rule for independent events, discrete and continuous random variables. Video/C 2910:15-16

Binomial Distributions. Discusses the law of large numbers and presents additional rules for means and variances of random variables. Also covers binomial distributions for sample counts. The Sample Mean and Control Charts. Covers the sampling distribution of-x, the central limit theorem, -x control charts, and statistical process control. Video/C 2910:17-18

Confidence Intervals. Deals with the reasoning behind confidence intervals, z-intervals for the mean of a normal distribution, and the behavior of confidence intervals. Significance Tests. Deals with the reasoning behind significance tests, null and alternative hypotheses and P-values, and cautions on the limited information provided by tests. Video/C 2910:19-20

Inference for One Mean. Covers inference about the mean of a single distribution, with emphasis on paired samples. Also covers the t confidence interval and test. Comparing Two Means. Deals with two-sample t confidence intervals and tests for comparing means. Video/C 2910:21-22

Inference for Proportions. Covers confidence intervals and tests for a single proportion and for comparing proportions based on paired and independent samples. Inference for Two-way Tables. Covers the chi-square test for independence/equal distributions in two-way tables. Video/C 2910:23-24

Inference for Relationships. Discusses simple linear regression, emphasizing slope and prediction. Case Study. Illustrates the major aspects of statistical thinking, including planning data collection, analysis by graphs and informal inference, and additional data collection in response to partial success. Video/C 2910:25-26

Algorithms in Algebraic Number Theory.
H.W. Lenstra. formulates the basic problems of algorithmic algebraic number theory in rigorous terms, discussing advances and unsolved questions. He shows that the study of algorithms not only increases, understanding of algebraic number fields, but also stimulates curiosity about them. Lecture given at the 94th summer meeting of the American Mathematical Society, University of Maine, Orono, Maine, Aug. 8-10, 1991. 90 min. Video /C 2762

An Analogue of Huber's Formula for Riemann's Zeta Function. (MAA video series .)
AMS-MAA joint lecture series. Floyd L. Williams discusses the connection between Riemann's original zeta function and Weil's formula which is like the Selberg trace formula and Huber's formula. 36 min. Video/C 2855

Applications of PDE Methods by Gromov, Floer and Others to Symplectic Geometry.
AMS-MAA joint lecture series. Dusa McDuff examines some exciting new developments in the field of symplectic geometry which have recently evolved from the study of the calculus of variations and from the theory of elliptic partial differential operators. 90 min. Video/C 2768

Arithmetic Progressions: from Hilbert to Shelah ( AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: Ronald L. Graham. Graham explores connections between arithmetic progressions and combinatorics over the past century. AMS-MAA joint invited address, Phoenix, January 1989." 55 min. Video/C 1708

Ax [superscript] 2 + hxy + cy [superscript] 2 = n. (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Focusing on a pictorial approach to the theory of integral quadratic forms, John H. Conway combines an impressive command of theory with intuitive insight to produce illuminating insights into the examination of quadratic forms. Lecture delivered in Boulder, Colorado on August 10, 1989. 60 min. Video/C 2770

Beauty & Complexity of the Mandelbrot Set, with John H. Hubbard.
Hubbard explains iteration and how it is used to create pictures of Julia and Mandelbrot sets, as well as the electric fields which would surround electrically charged objects shaped like them. The program concludes with remarks about these sets and the field of genetics and their relations. 73 min. Video/C 2279

Breaking the Code.
A Dramatization of the life of Alan Turing, British mathematical genius and designer of the computer that broke the German Enigma code during World War II, whose admittance to homosexuality at a time when it was illegal presented problems for him, for his family, for his colleagues, and for the State's preoccupation with national security. Originally shown on the television program Mobil masterpiece theatre. Based on the play of the same title by Hugh Whitemore, and on the book, Alan Turing: The Enigma, by Andrew Hodges (QA29.T8 H63 1983 Main Stack, Astr/Math, Moffitt) Originally broadcast as an episode of the PBS television series, Mobil masterpiece Theatre. 90 min. Video/C 999:1822

The CMI Millennium Meeting Collection
[1]. The CMI Millennium Meeting / Francois Tisseyre (60 min.) -- [2]. The impotance of mathematics / Timothy Gowers (60 min.) -- [3]. The Millennium Prize problems / John Tate (48 min.) -- [4]. The Millennium Prize problems / Michael Atiyah (56 min.). Presents a portrait of the Clay Mathematics Institute, its culture and the people behind it, as well as of the spirit of the CMI Millennium Event. Excerpts from interviews explain the significance of the prize problems and the challenges they pose. The video of T. Gowers' Keynote Address is a lucid, dynamic presentation of the deep and important question of the relevance of mathematics to society, delivered by one of the best mathematicians of the modern age. The Problems were set forth by two of the greatest mathematicians of the 20th century, J. Tate and M. Atiyah. The set of two lectures by Tate and Atiyah together comprise a complete description of the Millennium Prize Problems, presented in an entertaining style. Directed by Francois Tisseyre. "Clay Mathematics Institute, Millennium Meeting, College de France, Paris, May 24, 2000." 224 min. Video/C MM1185

[Cantor, Georg] Georg Cantor: The Battle for Transfinite Set Theory (AMS-MAA joint lecture series).
Presenter: Joseph W. Dauben. Dauben traces the evolution of Cantorian set theory and Cantor's struggles for acceptance. AMS-MAA joint invited address, Atlanta, Georgia on January 9, 1988. 55 min. Video/C 1702

A Century of Representation Theory of Finite Groups (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
In this videotaped lecture, Charles W. Curtis presents an overview of the historical development of the representation theory of finite groups. 50 min. Video/C 2371

Chaos, Fractals and Dynamics: Computer Experiments in Mathematics, with Robert Devaney.
Dr. Devaney explains the mathematics of dynamic systems illustrating his discussion with computer generated graphic representations of fractals and Julia sets. 63 min. Video/C 2282

Characteristic Forms. (AMS-MAA joint lecture series.)
Starting with the notion of Stiefel-Whitney classes, Chern moves on to the case of a complex vector bundle and the definition of a characteristic form. These concepts lead to the definition of the celebrated Chern-Simons forms and a certain global conformalinvariant that has proven to be extremely useful in physics. Lecture given Jan. 18, 1991 in San Francisco, Calif. Video/C 7055

Classifying General Classes
(American Mathmatical Society, International Congress of Mathematicians [20th: 1986: Berkeley, Calif.]). Plenary Address by Saharon Shelah, Professor of Mathematics at Hebrew University, Israel. Recorded in August 1986 at Zellerbach Auditorium, UCB. Video/C 1691

Clouds Are Not Spheres: The Life and Work of a Maverick Mathematician
Both elegant and sublime, fractal geometry has taught mathematicians and scientists to see things differently while quantifying a new level of order in the natural world. In this program, Benoit Mandelbrot tells his life story as it relates to his spatial approach to problem solving and his scientific achievements. Supported by the insights of Nobel Laureate Ivar Giaever and others, the documentary unifies the disparate periods of Mandelbrot's life around the recurring concept of iteration. c2000. 53 min. Video/C 7812

Complexity Aspects of Numerical Analysis
(American Mathematical Society, International Congress of Mathematicians [20th: 1986: Berkeley, Calif.]) Plenary Address by Stephen Smale, Professor of Mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley. Recorded in August 1986 at Zellerbach Auditorium. Video/C 1692

Courant in Gottingen and New York. (MAA video classics; 4).
Reflections on the life's work of mathematician, Richard Courant, by colleagues and friends including detailed descriptions and discussions of his contributions to the field of mathematics. Video/C 2858

Crystals, in Equilibrium and Otherwise.
(AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Jean Taylor discusses crystalline minimal surfaces. She introduces the topic with computer-generated pictures of soap bubbles and crystals. Soap films are the physical system that gave rise to the mathematical subject of minimal surfaces; their surface energy is proportional to the surface area. Those portions of crystal surfaces or interfaces which minimize surface energy have given rise to the study of crystalline minimal surfaces. Lecture delivered in Boulder, Colorado on August 7, 1989. 45 min. Video/C 2763

[Doeblin, Wolfgang] Wolfgang Doeblin: A Mathematician Rediscovered
pt.1. Biography (55 min.) -- pt.2. Formula: Sur l'equation de Kolmogoroff (25 min.) Wolfgang Doeblin, one of the great probabilists of the 20th century, was already widely known in the 1950s for his fundamental contributions to the theory of Markov chains. His coupling method became a key tool in later developments at the interface of probability and statistical mechanics. But the full measure of his mathematical stature became apparent only in 2000 when the sealed envelope containing his construction of diffusion processes in terms of a time change of Brownian motion was finally opened, 60 years after it was sent to the Academy of Sciences in Paris. This film documents scientific and human aspects of this amazing discovery and throws new light on the startling circumstances of his death at the age of 25. 2007. 80 min. DVD 9881

Efficient Algorithms in Number Theory.
Presenter: Hendrik W. Lenstra. Introduced by Andrew M. Odlyzko.Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians held in Berkeley, California in August, 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1751

Episodes in the Origins of the Representation Theory of Lie Algebras (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: Thomas Hawkins. Traces the historical thread of nineteenth century mathematical ideas that led to the development of lie algebras. AMS-MAA joint invited address, New Orleans, Louisiana, January, 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1705

The European Mathematicians' Migration to America
(AMS-MAA joint lecture series). In this lecture, Lipman Bers tells the story of European mathematicians who migrated to the U.S. prior to and during World War II, which doubled the number of active mathematicians in the U.S. He gives insight on the science of mathematics and the culture of the mathematical community. Video/C 1693

Fermat's Last Theorem: The Theorem and Its Proof, An Exploration of Issues and Ideas
Presented by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute; Recorded at the Fermat Fest held July 18, 1993 at the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco, California.

Contents: Prelude to Fermat : math and music / Robert Osserman -- Fermat, the problem, and its history / Lenore Blum -- Elliptic curves / Karl Rubin -- The solution / Ken Ribet -- A personal history of Fermat's last theorem / John Conway -- Panel discussion / moderated by Will Hearst with Lenore Blum, John Conway, Lee Dembart, and Ken Ribet. 98 min. Video/C 4354

The Flowering of Applied Mathematics in America. (AMS-MAA joint lecture series).
Peter D. Lax provides an analysis of the development of applied mathematics in America from the perspective of one who has been involved in research in this field for 40 years. He elucidates certain themes in applied mathematics by reviewing such areas as fluid dynamics, mathematical physics and optimization. In addition he expounds upon science policy, education and the role of computation in mathematical research. Lecture delivered at the AMS centennial celebration held in Providence, Rhode Island, in August, 1988. 54 min. Video/C 2766

Funny Numbers: An Evening with Steve Martin in Conversation with Bob Osserman
Author and actor Steve Martin chatted with mathematician Robert Osserman of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) in Berkeley on December 15, 2002. They discussed literature and mathematics, why two banjos are like one slide rule, and whether we really know what pi is. Steve Martin read and enacted excerpts from his works, reminisced about his work for the Smothers Brothers, and discussed the authors who influenced him. Recorded live December 15, 2002 at Herbst Theatre, San Francisco. 81 min. Video/C MM404

Geometry of Four Dimensional Manifolds.
Presenter: Simon K. Donaldson. Introduced by I.M. James. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1714

Has Progress in Mathematics Slowed Down?
Presents some of the mathematical advances achieved in the years between 1925 and 1990. It expounds 22 subjects, classified into concepts, explosions and developments. Video/C 2288

I Want to Be a Mathematician: A Conversation with Paul Halmos
In this rare interview, master of mathematics Paul Halmos reveals his thoughts on mathematics, and how to teach it and write about it. Interviewers: Peter Renz; commenters: Robert Bekes, David Eisenbud, Jean J. Pedersen, Donald Sarason, Special features: Extra scenes: Who am I?; Mathematician, teacher, communicator; Work, preparation, and spontaneity; Paul Halmos at SCU. Recorded on August 4, 1999. 41 min. DVD X6672

Indeterminate Forms Revisited (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
In this lecture Lipman Boas discusses questions growing out of the theorem of lHopital of elementary calculus. 60 min. Video/C 1694

Introducing Mathematica.
Mathematica creator, Dr. Stephen Wolfram, demonstrates and explains how to use this award-winning software on a Macintosh IIx microcomputer. The presentation is in two parts: 1. introduction to Mathematica, and, 2. how to use Mathematica to solve mathematical problems. Dr. Wolfram concludes the presentation with a discussion of the programming capabilities of the language of Mathematica. 60 min. Video/C 2771

John Von Neumann: A Documentary. (MAA video classics ; 2).
Uses rare photographs and films to present a biography of the mathematician John Von Neumann. Includes personal recollections of friends and colleagues as well as detailed descriptions and discussions of his contributions in various fields of science. 60 min. Video/C 2857

Julia Robinson and Hilbert's Tenth Problem.
Julia Robinson was the first woman elected to the mathematical section of the National Academy of Sciences, and the first woman to become president of the American Mathematical Society. While tracing Robinson's contribution to the solution of Hilbert's tenth problem, the film illuminates how her work led to an unusual friendship between Russian and American colleagues at the height of the Cold War. Special features: Fibonacci and the golden mean / by Beau Janzen ; a production of the Palladian Group (1996) -- Constance Reid and Julia Robinson -- From Diophantus to David Hilbert -- Decidability -- Beyond Hilbert's tenth problem -- Turing machines (33 min.) 2008. 54 min. DVD 9744

The Last 75 Years: Giants of Applied Mathematics.
Presents the contributions of four major leaders in applied mathematics: Geoffrey Taylor, Theodore Karman, John von Neumann, & Norbert Wiener. Video/C 2290

Lecture about the Math Lab.
Lecturer: Jerrold E. Marsden. A historical overview of the development of the Math Lab at the University of California at Berkeley, the structure of the lab, computer resources and services provided to students, TA's and faculty in the lab. 48 min. Video/C 5040

Mathematical Problems of Liquid Crystals. (AMS progress in mathematics lecture series ).
Haim Brezis discusses some current mathematical conclusions based on the deformation energy of liquid crystals. These results not only provide an excellent example of how physical phenomena can provide new mathematical problems but also shows how mathematical analysis can point physicists in the direction of new understanding. Lecture delivered at the 92nd summer meeting of the American Mathematical Society held at the University of Colorado, Boulder from August 7-10, 1989. 33 min. Video/C 2769

Mathematics and Computation: Proliferation and Fragmentation.
Discusses some of the challenges facing future generations of mathematicians. Computer science, statistics, decision science, and operations research are examples of areas where mathematicians have been extremely successful in applying their knowledge to difficultand interesting problems. Often these mathematical specialties split off to become separate departments. These issues are explored in this program. Video/C 2289

Mathematics Under Hardship Conditions in the Third World.
AMS-MAA joint lecture series. Koblitz examines such questions as why mathematics research flourishes in Vietnam, while other countries contend with "brain drain" to the U.S. and Europe. He relates stories of problems that are faced and people that are resourceful. He suggests specific actions that can be taken to help keep mathematics alive and growing in the Third World. Lecture delivered in Orono, Maine, in August, 1991. 60 min. Video/C 2764

MathFilm Festival 2008: A Collection of Mathematical Videos
Presents a juried collection of innovative short math videos, winners of the international competition of the MathFilm Festival 2008. The festival is part of the "Year of Mathematics" initiative of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany). The films target a broad audience of students, teachers, and those with an interest in mathematics. Topics range from historic to modern, from geometry to graphics, from computing to visualization, and abstract mathematical world to real-world applications. Contents: Counting beyond infinity : up to epsilon zero / Oliver Deiser -- Möbius transformations revealed / Douglas N. Arnold, Jonathan Rogness -- Flatland: the movie / Dano Johnson, Jeffrey Travis -- Growing a hyperdodecahedron / Gian Marco Todesco -- Facelab / Stefan Zachow -- The digital heart / Arghyro Paouri -- Periodic timetable optimization / Pia Busch -- Numbers in motion / Roland Wehap, Robert Leitner -- Quantus / Beau Janzen -- Dice / Hitoshi Akayama -- Attack of the note sheep / Jessica Scott -- The shape of search / Ran Gal, Olga Sorkine -- The Borromean rings / Charles Gunn, John M. Sullivan -- Chebyshev's foot-stepping machine / Nikolai Andreev -- A semi-Lagrangian contouring method for fluid simulation / Berkeley Computer Animation and Modeling Group -- MESH : bubble excerpt / Beau Janzen, Konrad Polthier. 60 min. DVD X1334

Matrices I Have Met (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: Paul Halmos. Dr. Halmos discusses matrix approximation, unitary dilation of matrices, subnormal matrices, and square roots of matrices. AMS-MAA joint invited address, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1986." Video/C 1701

Modular Elliptic Curves and Fermat's Last Theorem
(AMS Selected Lectures in Mathematics). In this film Kenneth Ribet gives two lectures about his proof of the Taniyama Conjection, one of the crucial links to Fermat's last theorem. 140 min. Video/C 3335

Music of the Spheres (Ascent of Man).
Traces the evolution of mathematics and explores the relationship of numbers to musical harmony, early astronomy and perspective in painting. Follows the spread of Greek ideas through the Islamic Empire, Moorish Spain and Renaissance Europe. DVD 803; also on VHS Video/C 166

The Mysteries of Space. (AMS selected lectures in mathematics ).
In this film Michael Atiyah, one of the foremost mathematicians of the century, discusses some of the recent discoveries of deep connections between mathematics and quantum physics. He expounds upon the viewpoints of Euclid, Newton, Jones' work on knots in 3-space, Donaldson's work in 4-manifolds, and then discusses how Witten has built upon these developments. Lecture delivered in San Francisco, California in January, 1991. 64th Josiah Willard Gibbs Lecture. Video/C 2765

N is a Number: A Portrait of Paul Erdos, A Documentary Film
A documentary filmed in England, Hungary, Poland and the United States over a period of four years presenting mathematician Paul Erdos's mathematical quest in its personal and philosophical dimensions, and the tragic historical events that molded his life. 57 min. Video/C 4355

Natural Minimal Surfaces Via Theory and Computation.
Prof. David Hoffman presents the basic analysis and geometry necessary to understand the mathematical study of minimal surfaces and also discusses the computer technologies employed in recent discoveries of families of new examples. He will also present some of the recent applications to the study of block. 75 min. Video/C 2372

New Developments in the Theory of Geometric Partial Differential Equations.
Presenter: Richard M. Schoen.Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1695

Nonwellfounded Sets and their Applications.
Jon Barwise, Louisville, Kentucky - January 1990. 60 min. Video/C 2107

Not Knot: The Geometry Supercomputer Project.
This video is a guided tour into computer animated hyperbolic space. It proceeds from the world of knots to its complementary space, what's not a knot. It shows the geometry of the knot complement, the space around the knot and then the viewer sees what it is like to "fly through' the hyperbolic space. 20 min. Video/C 3383

Oscar Zariski and his Work (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: David Mumford. David Mumford surveys the life and work of Oscar Zariski citing in particular Zariski's work on the Riemann-Roch theorem to give a flavor of the field of mathematics as Zariski practiced it. 60 min. Video/C 1706

Problems for all Seasons.
Presents several unusual or strange mathematical problems. Video/C 2287

Problems of Harmonic Analysis Related to Oscillatory Integrals and Curvature.
Presenter: Elias M. Stein. Introduced by Ray A. Kunze. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1697

Quasiconformal Mappings.
Presenter: Frederick W. Gehring. Introduced by G.D. Mostow. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1712

Recent Progress in Arithmetic Algebraic Geometry.
Presenter: Gerd Faltings. Introduced by Kenneth A. Ribet. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1715

Representations of Reductive Lie Groups.
Introduced by Wilfried Schmid. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, Berkeley, California, in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1696

The Seventy-fifth Anniversary Celebration.
Presents the history of the founding of the Mathematical Association of America in 1915 in Columbus, Ohio. In the process the narrator sheds considerable historical light on this fascinating period of awakening and growth of mathematics in the United States. Video/C 2286

Soft and Hard Symplectic Geometry.
Presenter: Mikhael Gromov. Introduced by Jeff Cheeger. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1713

Some Applications of Group Representations.
Nolan Wallach. Video/C 2108

Some Major Research Departments of Mathematics (AMS-MAA joint lecture series).
Saunders Mac Lane provides a historical perspective on the development of mathematics research departments in this country. AMS-MAA joint invited address, Providence, Rhode Island, August 1988. 60 min. Video/C 1704

Statistics: Decisions Through Data
Five part introductory video statistics course, c60 min. each. Includes one teacher's guide (246 p.) and one student workbook (146 p.): GUIDE Video/C 5886-5890.

Basic Data Analysis Evaluating television ratings, tracking lightning strikes, and comparing salaries of men and women are introduced to describe how data can be measured and analyzed. The concepts of mean, median, outliers, and standard deviation are used to group numbers into meaningful categories. Data is plotted on stemplots, histograms, and boxplots to demonstrate how graphs reveal a statistical pattern and answer complicated questions. Contents: Unit 1. What is statistics?; Unit 2. Stemplots; Unit 3. Histograms and distributions; Unit 4. Measures of center; Unit 5. Boxplots; Unit 6. The standard deviation. Video/C 5886

Data Analysis for One Variable What steps must be followed to measure one variable, such as a batting average, the emissions of an engine or the growth of a child? Concepts of normal curves, normal calculations, and straight-line and exponential growth are introduced as tools to predict the effect of a single variable, or the growth of a variable over time. Contents: Unit 7. Normal curves; Unit 8. Normal calculations; Unit 9. Straight-line growth; Unit 10. Exponential growth. Video/C 5887

Data Analysis for Two Variables How do we compare the relationship between two things: Weight loss and metabolism, genetics and personality, or pollution and marine life? Here a new picture emerges, a scatterplot, that shows a graphic comparison of two variables. Fitting lines to data and correlation coefficients provide a numerical representation of how one variable affects another. Contents: Unit 11. Scatterplots; Unit 12. Fitting lines to data; Unit 13. Correlation; Unit 14. Save the bay. Video/C 5888

Planning Data Collection If an individual wanted to prove a relationship between two things, where would they begin? Does aspirin prevent heart attacks? Does smoking cause cancer? How can one discover how Americans feel about a particular issue? The concepts of population, sampling versus census, survey and sample design and sampling distribution are introduced to demonstrate the issues involved in designing an experiment. Contents: Unit 15. Designing experiments; Unit 16. The question of causation; Unit 17. Census and sampling; Unit 14. Sample surveys. Video/C 5889

Introduction to Inference Once a statistical experiment yields results, these results have to be qualified. Battery makers test a sample of their product to estimate how long each battery will last. Confidence intervals are introduced to determine how accurate that estimate is. Does coaching for the Scholastic Aptitude Test make a difference? Significance tests determine whether a correlation between variables is meaningful or just occurred by chance. Contents: Unit 19. Sampling distributions; Unit 20. Confidence intervals; Unit 21. Tests of significance. Video/C 5890

The Story of the Higher Dimensional Poincare Conjecture: What Actually Happened on the Beaches of Rio de Janeiro (AMS-MAA joint lecture series).
Presenter: Stephen Smale. Smale talks about Poincare conjecture and the controversy about his proof. Also provides personal experiences surrounding his work and its relationship to government policies. AMS-MAA joint invited address, Phoenix, Arizona, January 11, 1989.60 min. Video/C 1710

String Theory and Geometry.
Presenter: Edward. Introduced by Felix E. Browder. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1698

Teaching Us a Lesson (MAA Video Classics ; 1).
Lecturer George Polya leads an undergraduate class to discover the number of parts into which 3-space is divided by five arbitrary planes. He identifies the steps involved in plausible reasoning, and points out that they constitute a program for attacking any mathematical or scientific problem. 57 min. Video/C 2856

The Topological Constraints on Analysis (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: Raoul H. Bott.Bott shows how the maximal principle is "quantified" by Morse theory. He also addresses the Brouwer Fixed Point Theorem which he connects to the ideas of Lefschetz and to sheaf theory. 60 min. Video/C 1703

Transition to Chaos: The Orbit Diagram and the Mandelbrot Set, with Robert L. Devaney.
Dr. Devaney explores and explains two of the images that arise in the study of dynamical systems, the orbit diagram and the Mandelbrot Set. The main goal of the lecture is to describe the relationship between these two images, how they are generated as well as what they mean mathematically. 65 min. Video/C 2281

Transonic Flow and Mixed Equations (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Introduced by M. Salah Baouendi. Cathleen Morawetz discusses recent developments in the area of transonic flow and the associated differential equations. She gives a short review of mixed equations and discusses compressible flow. Morawetz addresses the phenomenon of shocks in transonic flow and describes computations made in the 1970s showing that these shocks could be smoothed by clever design. She also describes the DiPerna-Tartar-Murat method of compensated compactness. AMS-MAA joint invited address, Phoenix, Arizona, January 1989. Video/C 1707

Transition to Chaos: The Orbit Diagram and the Mandelbrot Set with Robert L. Devaney.
Dr. Devaney explores and explains two of the images that arise in the study of dynamical systems, the orbit diagram and the Mandelbrot Set. The main goal of the lecture is to describe the relationship between these two images, how they are generated as well as what they mean mathematically. 65 min. Video/C 2281

Underlying Concepts in the Proof of the Bieberbach Conjecture.
Presenter: Louis de Branges. Introduced by Max M. Schiffer. Presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Berkeley, California in August 1986. Video/C 1711

Viscosity Solutions of Partial Differential Equations (AMS Progress in Mathematics Lecture Series ).
Live recording of a lecture by Michael Crandall at which he presents an expository introduction to the theory of viscosity solutions of parital differential equations. Video/C 2493

Was Newton's Calculus Just a Dead End?: Maclaurin and the Scottish Connection.
Presents a brief history of calculus including a discussion of Maclaurin's role and contributions to the mainstream of mathematics. Video/C 2285

Workshop on Women in Mathematical Sciences Connected to Industry, February 23-25, 1996, Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, University of Minnesota.
Participants: Margaret H. Wright, Rosemary E. Chang, Diane Gibbons, Tammy Simon, Maria Celis, Kathryn Lenz, Isabel Beichl, Margaret Cheney.

Excerpts from the workshop in which women professionals in the field of mathematics and women graduate students in mathematics comment upon the difficulties and opportunities of choosing a career in mathematics. 21 min. Video/C 4356

Zoll Surfaces (AMS-MAA joint lecture series ).
Presenter: Victor Guillemin. Traces the idea of Zoll surfaces from its origin in the nineteenth century through the modern characterization using Riemann manifolds. Discusses recent developments in the spectral theory of Zoll manifolds. AMS-MAA joint invited address, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 1986. 60 min. Video/C 1709

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Physical Sciences:

UCB Physics Library video collections
Peace and Conflict studies videography (for works about the history and use of atomic weapons)

Bohr's Model of the Atom
This program focuses on Niels Bohr, who worked with some of the best physicists of the 20th century to devise his atomic model. Students will gain an understanding of the historical developments in atomic theories up to Bohr, a brief outline of Bohr's life. Bohr's first and second postulates, and his influence on contemporary society. 2006. 26 min. DVD 7327

A Brief History of Time
Family members, friends and fellow scientists talk about the life and work of British physicist Professor Stephen Hawking who at the age of twenty-one was diagnosed with the motor neuron disease A.L.S. (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), and given two years to live. Professor Hawking explains his theories on black holes, gravitational collapse, origins of the universe and his research which expanded and re-evaluated the science of cosmology. This program with its use of graphics and striking imagery is based on his successful book which made the complex concepts of physics fit ordinary language. Based on the book A brief history of time by Stephen Hawking. Director, Errol Morris. 1991. 80 min. DVD X4121 Video/C 2909

Scientist Banesh Hoffmann teaches about the special theory of relativity, calling upon such familiar examples as the twin paradox and other less well-known metaphors to illuminate the two postulates of the theory. A narrator reinforces the expert's explanation. 45 min. (NRLF#: B 969 305) Video/C 425

Einstein Revealed. (Nova)
Albert Einstein is known as the sprightly old sage with unruly hair. But now from the pages of his private notebooks and letters, a surprising new picture emerges; a portrait of the physicist as a passionate young man. Journey inside the mind of a genius, and with the aid of computer animation, visualize the thought experiments that only Einstein could imagine: meditations on light, time and space that would forever change the way we view the universe. 120 min. Video/C 4545

Einstein: The Story of the Man by his Friends.
A portrait of Albert Einstein as seen by his friends and colleagues. 3/4" UMATIC. 42 min. Video/C 8

Einstein's Big Idea.
A docudrama on how Einstein arrived at his 1905 discovery that the realms of matter and energy are linked. Reveals the roots of this breakthrough in the human stories of scientists Michael Faraday, Antoine Lavoisier and Lise Meitner, whose innovative thinking across four centures helped lead to E=mc?, and ultimately unleashed the power of the atom. Originally aired on PBS as a segment of the television program Nova. Based on book, E=mc? : a biography of the world's most famous equation, by David Bodanis (PHYS: QC73.8.C6 B63 2000; MOFF: QC73.8.C6 B63 2000). 2005. 111 min. DVD 5079

Feynman Lectures.
Originally presented as part of the Messenger lecture series at Cornell University in 1964.

The Law of Gravitation. Describes the history of the law of gravity, the method and character of its discovery, its range of application and its limitations. 56 min. DVD 7117 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 359

The Relation of Mathematics to Physics. How the logic of mathematics aids us in describing nature, as well as in using models to formulate laws. Emphasizes the contrasts between physical laws and mathematical theorems. 55 min. DVD 7118 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 360

The Great Conservation Principles. Videocassette release of the 1964 motion picture by BBC-TV, released in the U.S. in 1965 by Education Development Center. Describes what there is about a physical law that makes it a conservation law and discusses how we rely on conservation laws to extend understanding of a complicated phenomenon or to develop new laws. DVD 7120 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 361

Symmetry in Physical Law. Discusses the symmetries of physical phenomena, translations in space and time, rotations in space, the right and left handedness of fundamental interactions and of living things, the consequence of relative motion and interconnections of space and time. 57 min. DVD 7121 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 362

The Distinction of Past and Future. Discusses the principle of time irreversibility in relation to developments in classical and modern physics. 46 min. DVD 7119 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 363

Probability and Uncertainty: The Quantum Mechanical View of Nature. 56 min. DVD 7155[preservation copy]; Video/C 364

Seeking New Laws. Richard Feynman summarizes the state of knowledge of the physical world, points up some existing mysteries, discusses the methods used to seek new laws, using as examples the development of some present laws. 58 min. DVD 7156 [preservation copy]; Video/C 365

[Feynman, Richard] Six Easy Pieces [SOUND RECORDING]
Contents: Atoms in motion -- Basic physics -- The relation of physics to other sciences -- Conservation of energy -- The theory of gravitation -- Quantum behavior. Sound/D 67

Fusion, the Energy of Promise (Nova ).
Examines the theory of nuclear fusion and traces the course of international research seeking to develop the technology that will make controlled fusion reactions possible. 60 min. Video/C 228

[Hawking, Stephen] Hitchcock Lectures, UC Berkeley.

The Origin of the Universe. April 3, 1988. 61 min. Video/C 1199

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Baby Universes, Children of Black Holes. April 5, 1988. The nature of black holes, baby universes and the cosmological constant of the universe. Video/C 1200

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The Direction of Time. April 7, 1988. On the thermodynamic, psychological and cosmological properties of time. Video/C 1201

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[Hawking, Stephen] Physics/Astronomy Colloquium with Dr. Stephen Hawking, University of California, Berkeley Wednesday, March 23, 1988
A technical lecture by Dr. Stephen Hawking, sponsored by the Departments of Physics and Astronomy on quantum theory, which allows for the branching of baby universes and effective interactions that are not predictable like the non-renormalizable theory of quantum gravity. Video/C 1202

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[Hawking, Stephen] Hawking Seminar
Presented at the Physics/Astronomy colloquium with Dr. Stephen Hawking, University of California, Berkeley, March, 1988. A brief glimpse of eminent physicist Stephen Hawking addressing a seminar. DVD 9606; vhs Video/C 695; Storage Info: B 2 506 513

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[Hawking, Stephen] Strictly Speaking. (J. Robert Oppenheimer Lecture)
Introductions: Chancellor Robert J Birgeneau, Mark A. Richards, Marvin Cohen. Stephen Hawking, Professor of Physics and Mathematics at Cambridge University, discusses theories on the origin of the Universe. He explains how time can have a beginning and the progress made by cosmologists in an area that has traditionally belonged to theologists and philosophers. Presented at the University of California, Berkeley on March 13, 2007. 67 min. DVD 7972

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High Temperature Superconductivity Symposium: Wednesday, 18 March 1987, New York, Hilton Hotel.
Produced by the American Physical Society in conjunction with the Division of Condensed Matter Physics. 4 videocassettes, 447 min. Video/C 1021

How Well We Meant.
A documentary showing what happens when the creators of the atomic bomb meet four decades after their collaboration and how they view their personal contributions. 28 min. Video/C 772

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Majestic Clockwork (Ascent of Man ; 7).
Focuses on the contributions of Newton and Einstein in the evolution of physics by exploring the revolution that ensued when Einstein's theory of relativity upset Newton's description of the universe. DVD 804 ; also on VHS Video/C 168

The Master of Light: a Biography of Albert A. Michelson
With the aid of computer graphics, archival stills, and historic film footage, depicts the life of Albert A. Michelson, America's first Nobel Prize winner in physics. Describes his life as an artist and musician, as well as his career as a scientist who did pioneering research on light. Special features: Discussions with leading authors and physicits Joel R. Primack, Nancy Abrams and Saul Perlmutter about: An artist in science. The mystery, the excitement. Three types of experiments. Michelson-Morley experiment's impact on Einstein. Interferometer: dual nature of light. The accelerating universe. Resource guidge DVDROM includes: Michelson's Velocity of light hand written field notes. Experiments you can do to discover the speed of light. Links to information and museums featuring Michelson. Articles and links to current information about the expanding universe (33 min.) Dist.: The Video Project. 1982. 28 min. DVD X7213

The Mechanical Universe and Beyond.
52 part series on general principles and history of physics. 29 min each. Two segments per video. Video/C 1019:1/2 - 51/52 (for contents listing, consult OskiCat under series name [f se Mechanical Universe]) See also on laser disc. Video/D 79 - 104

Pleasure of Finding Things Out (Nova ).
Richard Feynman, Physicist, Nobel laureate and educator, discusses events in his life, from his earliest learning experiences to his present work in hadron theory. 3/4" UMATIC. 60 min. Video/C 503

Race for the Superconductor (Nova ).
Tells the history of the discovery of superconductivity and the international race to make superconductors at practical temperatures. Explains potential technological applications and examines the political and economic implications for the nations which win or lose the race. 53 min. Video/C 1459

A Scientist's Odyssey, with Victor F. Weisskopf
(Berkeley, Calif. : Institute of International Studies) (Conversations series). Series host: Harry Kreisler. A conversation on the history and development of atomic physics and its impact on international affairs with Victor F. Weisskopf, Institute Professor of Physicsm MIT. 60 min. Video/C 1322

Sir Isaac Newton: The Gravity of Genius
From his private bitterness to his extraordinary legacy, this biography of Sir Isaac Newton's life presents a detailed examination of Newtonian principles through interviews with scholars and scientists including Sir Michael Atiyah, who holds Newton's former position as president of the Royal Society. Originally presented as a segment on the television program, A&E Biography. 1996. 46 min. Video/C MM32

The Strange Case of the Cosmic Rays
Uses live action, animation, and documentary film excerpts to present a fun and easy to understand explanation of the mysteries of cosmic rays (elements of the atom, gamma and ultraviolet radiation and particle physics) including their character and behavior, pointing up the work of scientists in pure research in their constant search for more knowledge of matter and energy. 1957. 59 min. Video/C 7966

String Theory: Towards a Theory of Nothing
Michael Green discusses how string theory may provide the framework for a consistent quantum theory of gravity unified with the other physical forces. He reviews the underlying principles of the theory illustrating interconnections with other areas of theoretical physics, such as statistical mechanics on random surfaces. Recent developments, such as the string description of black holes and the search for a quantum description of space-time based on string theory are also described. Recorded at a Dept. of Physics Colloquium, University of California, Berkeley, Sept. 29, 1993. DVD 9743

Ultracold Atoms
Professor Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, Department of Physics, l'Ecole Normale Sup'erieure, Paris, France reviews the various physical mechanisms allowing one to cool atoms to very low temperatures, in microKelvin and even in the nanoKelvin ranges. He also discusses possible applications of such ultracold atoms. Recorded at a Dept. of Physics Colloquium, University of California, Berkeley, May 4, 1994. DVD 9742

Understanding Space and Time
1979. 28 min. each installment. Produced for the University of California and the British Open University. Featuring astronomer George Abell and others.

As Surely as Columbus Saw America. Newton's laws of motion and universal gravitation are shown to apply in the heavens and on earth. They lead to the discovery of a new planet, Neptune, which scientists locate mathematically and then by telescope. The courses of Voyager I and II through the solar system are graphically depicted: the ultimate application of Newtonian principles. Video/C 226 NRLF #: B 4 175 121

Conflict Brought to Light. Deals with Einstein's special theory of relativity and its impact on the development of modern physics. Einstein points out a conflict between the electromagnetic theories of Maxwell and the laws of Newton. From Maxwell's theory that the speed of light is an absolute constant to all observers, regardless of their motion in respect to one another, Einstein develops his special theory of relativity. Video/C 228

E = mc2. Deals with Einstein's theory of special relativity and its consequences. The equivalence of mass and energy summarized in his famous formula unlocked the secret of the power of the sun and stars. Video/C 230

Ground control to Mr. Galileo. Presents Renaissance Italy--Florence, Padua, Venice; discusses the pioneering work of Galileo and its importance for the development of modern physics. Our knowledge concerning motions of the planets and heavens, and the way things behave on earth are traced from antiquity. Video/C 225 NRLF #: B 4 175 120

An Isolated Fact. Deals with Einstein's general theory of relativity. The principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravity, a key aspect of this theory is explained and demonstrated from a skyscraper elevator shaft and by experimental robots in an imaginary space shuttle. Video/C 231 NRLF #: B 4 175 126

Marking Time. Deals with Einstein's theory and its consequences. Space and time themselves are shown to be relative, depending on the motion of the observer. An imaginary space voyage demonstrates how 50 years and a vast distance to one person may be a few weeks and a much shorter distance to another. Video/C 229

Measuring Shadows: The Universe Today. Presentation of a journey to far galaxies and back. Explains the structure of the universe and the research that led to the present understanding of it. Video/C 235 NRLF #: B 4 175 130

A Note of Uncertainty: The Universe Tomorrow Speculations concerning the expansion of the universe. Will it continue forever, or will it stop and someday contract upon itself? Offers some tentative answers based on the latest research. Video/C 236 NRLF #: B 4 175 131

Pushed to the Limit. Shows how the speed of light was measured in the mountains of southern California and proves at the Stanford Linear Accelerator the limitations of Newton's "universal" law. Video/C 227 NRLF #: B 4 175 122

The Royal Road Retraces the simple logic of Einstein to demonstrate that space and time are curved or warped by the distribution of matter in the universe, and that matter and energy move along this curvature of space/time. Four dimensional geometry is shown to be a cornerstone of the general theory of relativity. Video/C 232 NRLF #: B 4 175 127

Shades of Black. Presents the story of relativistic astrophysics and the search to understand the new discoveries of astronomy. Points out the role of the general theory of relativity in modern astronomy especially as basis for the theory of black holes of gravity. Video/C 234 NRLF #: B 4 175 129

Vanished Brilliance: The Universe Yesterday. To conclude, the journey through space and time returns to the beginning of the universe and tries to recall "the vanishing brilliance of the origin of the worlds." Video/C 237 NRLF #: B 4 175 132

What Time Is It?
Do we really know what time it is? CERN physicist Professor Brian Cox (and author of E=mc2) unlocks the secrets of time in this entertaining and informative program. His journey starts with the Sun, our historical dictator of time, but Brian discovers that the world doesn't always spin like clockwork -- in fact, it flutters, like an irregular heartbeat. In his search for a more reliable way to tell the time, he experiences the physical definition of a second with a cesium atomic clock, then jets across the Atlantic to discover that time can speed up or slow down depending on how near an object is to a strong gravitational field. Still looking for answers, he consults modern ideas like string theory and quantum mechanics that are pointing the way to future breakthroughs. Originally presented as a segment on the television program Horizon in 2008. 49 min. DVD X2742

World Within World (Ascent of Man ; 10).
Begins in an ancient Polish salt mine as it explores the world within the atom and traces the history of the men and ideas that have made 20th century physics one of the great achievements of human imagination. 52 min. DVD 805; also on VHS Video/C 171

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