Oscar Micheaux:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library

This is a static page that is no longer maintained

Web Sites

Listing of Micheaux websites
Annotated Micheauch Bibliography (by Sarah Weiss)

On the Trail of Oscar Micheaux, the Early Years of a Pioneer Filmmaker

Oscar Micheaux Society (Duke University)

Geechee Girls Productions Oscar Micheaux Web site

Information on Micheaux from the Internet Movie Database

Midnight Ramble: The Negro in Early Hollwood

Black Folks Make Movies website

Books and Articles

Albright, A.
"Micheaux, Vaudeville, and Black Cast Films." Black Film Review, v7 n4 (1993) 6-9+

Allmendinger, Blake.
"The Plow and the Pen: The Pioneering Adventures of Oscar Micheaux." American Literature: A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography. 75 (3): 545-69. 2003 Sept

Bernstein, Matthew.
"Oscar Micheaux and Leo Frank: Cinematic Justice across the Color Line." Film Quarterly. 57 (4): 8-21. 2004 Summer.
UC users only

Bogle, Donald; White, Armond
"A separate cinema." Film Comment; Vol.XXI nr.5 (Sept-Oct 1985); p.29-46
Discusses the history of black cinema in the USA, incl. the films produced by Oscar Micheaux as well as more contemporary films. Many posters reproduced in colour.

Bogle, Donald
""B" . . . for black." Film Comment v 21 Sept/Oct 1985. p. 31-4

Bowser, P.
"The Micheaux Legacy." Black Film Review,v7 n4 (1993) 10-14

Bowser, Pearl; Spence, Louise.
"Identity and betrayal: the symbol of the unconquered and Oscar Micheaux's "Biographical legend"" In: The Birth of Whiteness: Race and the Emergence of U.S. Cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. p. 57-80. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1996.
UCB Main PN1995.9.M56 B57 1996

Bowser, Pearl; Spence, Louise.
"Oscar Micheaux's Body and Soul and the Burden of Representation." Cinema Journal, 2000 Spring, 39:3, 3-29.
UC users only
"The writers discuss Oscar Micheaux's silent drama Body and Soul (1925) and some of the critical discourses of the period. Micheaux's silent films deflated the pretensions of the growing black middle class in 1920s America by supplying images of victimization and poverty too reminiscent of racist depictions that were supposedly defining characteristics of the race and the essence of the African-American condition. Body and Soul challenged the authority of the minister, an important figure in the community, by raising the topic of Rev. Isaiah T. Jenkins's sexual exploits in a female-dominated congregation. The writers link the film to the politics of identity and the search for racial unity at a time when the class structure within the African-American community was becoming more stratified, showing how the film spoke to different audiences and groups in various ways." [Art Index]

Bowser, Pearl
Writing himself into history: Oscar Micheaux, his silent films, and his audiences / Pearl Bowser, Louise Spence. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c2000.
UCB Main PN1998.3.M494 B69 2000

Bronski, Michael.
"The Return of the Repressed: Leo Frank Through the Eyes of Oscar Micheaux." Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, Summer2005, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p26-49, 24p
UC users only
"This article examines how pioneer African American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux, in his 1935 film "Murder in Harlem," radically altered the traditional understanding of the 1913 murder of 13 year-old factory worker Mary Phagan and the ensuant trial, conviction, and lynching of factory owner Leo Frank. Not only have the crime and trial remained central to narratives of U.S. social injustice and mob rule, but they have served as a primary marker for antisemitic sentiment and action in American culture. Because Micheaux was the most important African American filmmaker working during this time, and because he was deeply knowledgeable about the interests and expectations of a national African American audience, "Murder in Harlem" gives a unique snapshot of how some in the African American community understood the social and political implications of Phagan murder/ Frank lynching." [Ebsco]

Butters, Gerald R.
"Portrayals of Black Masculinity in Oscar Micheaux's The Homesteader." Literature-Film Quarterly, 2000, 28:1, 54-59.
UC users only
The author examines works of black filmmakers of the silent film era. Topics inculde portrayals of blacks, narrative style, and the motion picture industry. Examines the dramatically complex ways Micheaux dealt with the portraits of African American men, highlighting the autobiographical film "The homesteader".

Butters, Gerald R.
"From Homestead to Lynch Mob: Portrayals of Black Masculinity in Oscar Micheaux's Within Our Gates." Journal for Multimedia History vol. 3 2000
UC users only

Butters, Gerald R.
"Oscar Micheaux: From Homestead to Lynch Mob." In: Black manhood on the silent screen / Gerald R. Butters, Jr. Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2002. Culture America.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B88 2002

Butters, Gerald R.
"Within Our Gates." In: Black manhood on the silent screen / Gerald R. Butters, Jr. Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2002. Culture America.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B88 2002

Ciraulo, Dina.
"Narrative Style in Oscar Micheaux's Within Our Gates." Wide-Angle 1998 Oct, 20:4, 75-91.
UC users only
"Part of a special issue on interiority in films. Oscar Micheaux's 1919 silent feature film Within Our Gates bends the rules of classical Hollywood form. The film's narrative does not flow forward in a linear way, and it mixes such different genre styles as the melodrama, the gangster film, and the Hollywood romance. Micheaux has opened up a codified form to create a space for a new kind of narrative, one that relies heavily on the interiority of the main characters. He challenges dominant accounts of history and race relations by using an unusual filmic approach to single shots and to larger narrative construction. The writer briefly outlines the key qualities of the single shot in the film and then analyzes the film's narrative form in greater detail." [Art Abstracts]

Cremins, Brian
"Oscar Micheaux, Charles Chesnutt, and the "Historical Novel"." (Critical Essay) Journal of American & Comparative Cultures, Spring-Summer 2002 p155(6)
UC users only

Cripps, Thomas.
"The Birth of a Race Company: An Early Stride Toward a Black Cinema." Journal of Negro History, Vol. 59, No. 1. (Jan., 1974), pp. 28-37.
UC users only

Cripps, Thomas.
"The Films of Spencer Williams." Black American Literature Forum, Vol. 12, No. 4. (Winter, 1978), pp. 128-134.
UC users only

Cripps, Thomas.
"Oscar Micheaux: The Story Continues." In Black American Cinema. Edited by Manthia Diawara. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993

Cripps, Thomas.
""Race movies" as voices of the black bourgeoisie: The scar of shame." In: Representing Blackness : issues in film and video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. p. 47-59. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1997. Rutgers depth of field series.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997

Flory, Dan
"Race, Rationality, and Melodrama: Aesthetic Response and the Case of Oscar Micheaux." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Fall 2005. Vol. 63, Iss. 4; p. 327
UC users only

Fontenot, Chester J., Jr
"Oscar Micheaux, black novelist and film maker." In Vision and refuge: essays on the literature of the Great Plains / edited by Virginia Faulkner with Frederick C. Luebke. pp. 109-25 Lincoln: Published by the University of Nebraska Press for the Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska, c1982.
Main Stack PS124.V5 NRLF #: B 3 473 639

Gaines, Jane.
"The Birth of a Nation and Within Our Gates: Two Tales of the American South." In Dixie Debates: Perpsectives on Southern Culture. Edited by Richard King, Richard and Helen Taylor. New York: New York UP, 1996. pp. 177-92
Main Stack F215.2 .D593 1996

Gaines, Jane M.
Fire and desire: mixed-race movies in the silent era / Jane M. Gaines. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, c2001.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.G35 2001

Gaines, Jane.
"Fire and Desire: Race, Melodrama, and Oscar Micheaux." In Black American Cinema. Edited by Manthia Diawara. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993

Also in: Melodrama: stage, picture, screen / edited by Jacky Bratton, Jim Cook, Christine Gledhill. p. 231-45. London: British Film Institute, 1994.
Main Stack PN1912.M45 1994

Also in: Melodrama : stage, picture, screen / edited by Jacky Bratton, Jim Cook, Christine Gledhill. London : British Film Institute, 1994.
Main Stack PN1912.M45 1994

Gaines, Jane.
"The scar of shame: skin color and caste in black silent melodrama In: Representing Blackness : issues in film and video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. p. 61-81. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1997. Rutgers depth of field series.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997

Gates, Henry Louis.
"Oscar Micheaux." In: The African-American century: how Black Americans have shaped our country / Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Cornel West. New York: Free Press, c2000.
Morrison Rm E185.96.G38 2000

Gehr, Richard.
"One-man Show."(African American film producer and director Oscar Micheaux; includes related article on the preservation of his films) American Film v16, n5 (May, 1991):34 (6 pages).
"Oscar Micheaux was the original auteur of African-American film. Between 1918 and 1948, he wrote, produced, directed, edited, publicized, and distributed as many as 48 silent and sound underground films for the African-Americans who patronized ghetto theaters. The films' themes of interracial love, wrongful accusation, and racial prejudice were obsessively repeated and echoed events in Micheaux's life. Most of Micheaux's films offer plenty of singing and dancing, and he also translated standard Western, gangster, and melodrama fare into a black context. His work was condemned by both black and white critics for its lack of craftsmanship and competence, but it foreshadowed subsequent avant-garde technique. Micheaux's love-hate relationship with his race is expressed in all his work. For every film that focused on the vices of drugs, alcohol, and gambling, there was another celebrating black achievement." [Art Abstracts]

Gerstner, David A.
"'Other and Different Scenes': Oscar Micheaux's Bodies and the Cinematic Cut." Wide Angle - Volume 21, Number 4, October 1999, pp. 6-19 - Article
UC users only

Gillman, Susan.
"Micheaux's Chesnutt." (early American filmmaker Oscar Micheaux, post-Reconstruction novelist Charles Chesnutt) PMLA v114, n5 (Oct, 1999):1080
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The artistic and philosophic similarities between early 20th-century filmmaker Oscar Micheaux and post-Reconstruction novelist Charles Chesnutt, focusing on Micheaux's films adapted from Chesnutt's novels and other work by Micheaux that developed Chesnutt's themes. Topics include race relations in the US, US role as a global power, and the character of the old South.

Green, J. Ronald.
Micheaux v. Griffith. Griffithiana; Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.32-49
Recalls the rage felt by the black community in the US towards their depiction in "The birth of a nation", and how Micheaux's "Within our gates" was created in response to the values of Griffith's film. Text in English and Italian.

Green, J. Ronald.
"The Micheaux Style." Black Film Review, v7 n4 (1993), 32-34

Green, Ronald J.; Neal Jr., Horace
"Oscar Micheaux and Racial Slur: A Response to "The Rediscovery of Oscar Micheaux". Journal of Film & Video; Fall88, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p66-71, 6p
UC users only
The article presents a response to the article "The Rediscovery of Oscar Micheaux," by Richard Grupenhoff published in the "Journal of Film and Video." According to the authors, Grupenhoff's writing serves as a good acknowledgment to Micheaux as an African American filmmaker who has received a lifetime achievement award from the Directors Guild of America. However, the authors claim that one interpretative paragraph in Grupenhoff's write up regarding film critics, particularly black, needs serious qualification. In contrast to Grupenhoff's saying, they assert that Micheaux was criticized throughout his career by the black press such as the Young Communist League and the National Negro Congress.

Green, Ronald J.
"Oscar Micheaux's Interrogation of Caricature as Entertainment." Film Quarterly vol. 51 no. 3 pp: 16-31 (1998 Spring)
UC users only
"One of the most serious objections to the work of Oscar Micheaux relates to his use of negative racial caricatures, but Micheaux's historical situation has seldom been taken into consideration by those leveling that charge. Micheaux is the most prolific African-American filmmaker ever, producing seven novels and about 40 African-American films, all for black audiences, from 1913 to 1948. He developed his early work during some of the worst setbacks for African-Americans and at a time when black people were played by whites in blackface, as was the case in D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation. Caricature was seen by Micheaux as a prime obstacle to African-American advancement, and its abolition was an early rhetorical objective necessary to his goal. In working toward this end, Micheaux presented caricature for the purpose of criticizing it, the purest example of which was his minstrel caricature in TheDarktown Revue." [from ArtAbstracts]

Green, J. Ronald
"Sophistication under Construction: Oscar Micheaux's Infamous Sound Films." Framework: The Journal of Cinema & Media, Spring2010, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p151-163, 13p
UC users only

Green, J. Ronald
Straight Lick: The Cinema of Oscar Micheaux / J. Ronald Green. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, c2000.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main Stack PN1998.3.M494.G74 2000

Green, J. Ronald.
"'Twoness' in the Style of Oscar Micheaux." In Black American Cinema. Edited by Manthia Diawara. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B45 1993
Partial contents via Google books

Green, J. Ronald.
"'Twoness' in the Style of Oscar Micheaux." In: Auteurs and authorship : a film reader / edited by Barry Keith Grant. Malden, MA ; Oxford : Blackwell Pub., 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.A837 A98 2008

Green, J. Ronald.
With a crooked stick : the films of Oscar Micheaux. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2004.
MAIN: PN1998.3.M494 G76 2004;

Grupenhoff, R.
"The rediscovery of Oscar Micheaux, black film pioneer." Journal of Film and Video; Vol.XL nr.1 (Winter 1988); p.40-48
Notes on the career and ambitions of black director O.M. who worked mainly in the silent and early sound period.

Green, J. Ronald; Neal, H., Jr.
"Oscar Micheaux and racial slur: a response to 'The rediscovery of Oscar Micheaux." Journal of Film and Video; Vol.XL nr.4 (Fall 1988); p.66-71
Disagrees with certain points of R. Grupenhoff's article in XL/1, Winter 88.

Grindon, Leger.
"Body and Soul: The Structure of Meaning in the Boxing Film Genre." Cinema Journal. 35 (4): 54-69. 1996 Summer.

Gustafsson, Tommy.
"The Visual Re-creation of Black People in a "White" Country: Oscar Micheaux and Swedish Film Culture in the 1920s." Cinema Journal, Summer2008, Vol. 47 Issue 4, p30-49, 20p
UC users only

Heller, Scott.
"A Pioneering Black Film Maker." Chronicle of Higher Education v41, n25 (March 3, 1995):A6 (4 pages).

Holmstrom, David.
"Race Movies' Recast Black Past; Before Black Filmmakers Spike Lee and John Singleton, There was Oscar Micheaux." Christian Science Monitor v84, n90 (Fri, April 3, 1992):12, col 2 in.

Hebert, Janis
"Oscar Micheaux: A Black Pioneer." South Dakota Review, vol. 11 no. 4, 1973; pp 62-69

Heller, Scott.
"A pioneering black film maker." Chronicle of Higher Education v41, n25 (March 3, 1995):A6 (4 pages).
Film critics and scholars are trying to place Oscar Micheaux, a black filmmaker of the 1920s, as an important figure in the annals of film history.Micheaux produced various types of films such as melodramas, gangster movies and musicals and most of them had racial solidarity and assimilationas their themes. Micheaux's importance in the cultural life of blacks haslong been neglected, but by the early 1990s scholars have started researchon his life and work and so far three books have been published on the filmmaker.

Hoberman, J.
Bad Movies. Film Comment 16:4 (1980:July/Aug.) 7
"The Surrealists loved bad movies, seeing them as subversive attacks on the tyranny of narrative form. What would they have made of Edward D. Wood's horrifyingly inept cine-poems - or of Oscar Micheaux's melodramas, with black actors in whiteface?"

hooks, bell.
"Micheaux: Celebrating Blackness." (Oscar Micheaux) (Black Film Issue) Black American Literature Forum v25, n2 (Summer, 1991):351 (10 pages).
UC users only

Johnson, Michael K.
"'Stranger in a Strange Land': An African American Response to the Frontier Tradition in Oscar Micheaux's The Conquest: The Story of a Negro Pioneer." Western American Literature, 1998 Fall, 33:3, 229-52.
"The first half of Oscar Micheaux's 1913 The Conquest: The Story of a Negro Pioneer is an autobiographical account of an African-American man who goes West where his "black manhood can be reconstituted, where the hard-working African American man can be free from the racism that restricts his ability to succeed," but the second half illustrates the difficulties inherent in trying to blend the frontier myth with the realities of black America." [America History and Life]

Johnson, Michael K."Try to Refrain from that Desire": Self-Control and Violent Passion in Oscar Micheaux's African American Western." African American Review. Fall 2004. Vol. 38, Iss. 3; p. 361 (17 pages)
UC users only

Jones, G. William (George William)
Black Cinema Treasures: Lost and Found / G. William Jones; foreword by Ossie Davis. Denton: University of North Texas Press, c1991.
UCB Main PN1995.9.N4 J66 1991
UCB Moffitt PN1995.9.N4 J66 1991

Kaplan, Amy.
"The birth of an empire." (Spanish American War on film)PMLA v114, n5 (Oct, 1999):1068 (12 pages).
Issues concerning the portrayal of the Spanish-American War on film are examined, focusing on how the portrayals suggest themes related America's role in global politics. Films discussed include D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation" and Oscar Micheaux's "Within Our Gates.".

Koszarski, Richard; others
"Auteurism revisited." Film History; Vol.VII nr.4 (Winter 1995); p.355-476
Seven articles exploring various aspects of the auteur theory: Andrew Sarris recalls the problems he faced from adopting this stance; plus appraisals of directors Albert Lewin, Romaine Fielding, Oscar Micheaux, Edward D. Wood Jr., Joseph Lerner and producer Irving Thalberg. Ed. by R.K.

Lupack, Barbara Tepa
Literary adaptations in Black American cinema : from Micheaux to Toni Morrison / Barbara Tepa Lupack. Rochester, N.Y. : University of Rochester Press, 2002.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.L87 2002

McGilligan, Patrick.
Oscar Micheaux, the great and only : the life of America's first Black filmmaker New York : HarperCollins, c2007.
MOFF: PN1998.3.M494 M34 2007

McGilligan, Patrick.
"Me and Oscar Micheaux-An Interview with LeRoy Collins." Film Quarterly. 57 (4): 2-7. 2004 Summer.
UC users only

Moos, Dan.
"Reclaiming the Frontier: Oscar Micheaux as Black Turnerian." African American Review. 36 (3): 357-81. 2002
UC users only

Munby, Jonathan
"Three: "Other" Gangsters" Race, Politics, and the Gangster Film: The Underworld Films of Oscar Micheaux and Ralph Cooper." In: Mob culture : hidden histories of the American gangster film / edited by Lee Grieveson, Esther Sonnet, and Peter Stanfield. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2005.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.G3 M63 2005

Musser, Charles
"Troubled relations : Robeson, Eugene O'Neill, and Oscar Micheaux." In: Paul Robeson : artist and citizen / edited and with an introduction by Jeffrey C. Stewart. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press : Paul Robeson Cultural Center, c1998.
Main Stack E185.97.R63.P37 1998
Moffitt E185.97.R63.P37 1998

Musser, Charles
"To Redream the Dreams of White Playwrights: Reappropriation and Resistance in Oscar Micheaux's Body and Soul." The Yale Journal of Criticism 12.2 (1999) 321-356
UC Berkeley users only
This article explores structure and technique of Oscar Micheaux's motion picture 'Body and Soul.'

Musser, Charles
"Turning the tables." Film Comment v 36 no5 Sept/Oct 2000. p. 67-9
UC users only
"Prolific black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux (1884-1951) was a unique and compelling figure. His 1925 film Body and Soul articulates a sustained racial politics through its evocation and critique of several plays by white authors about "the Negro soul," including All God's Chillun Got Wings, by Eugene O'Neill. Micheaux was one of America's top producers of silent race films between two world wars. His films were intended for black audiences in a racially segregated society. With around 37 movies credited to him, he occupies the position as the most prolific African-American moviemaker to date. Although only three of his 22 silent movies survive, these identify him as one of the most original and important filmmakers of the silent period." [Art Index]

Oscar Micheaux & his circle: African-American filmmaking and race cinema of the silent era
Pearl Bowser, Jane Gaines, and Charles Musser, editors and curators. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c2001.
UCB Main PN1998.3.M494 O83 2001

Peterson, Bernard L.
"The Films of Oscar Micheaux: America's First Fabulous Black Filmmaker." Crisis 86:4-761 (1979:Apr.) 136

Peterson, Bernard L.
"A Filmography of Oscar Micheaux: America's Legendary Black Filmmaker." In Celluloid Power: Social film Criticism from 'The Birth of a Nation' to 'Judgment at Nuremberg." Edited by David Platt, pp. 113-141. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992.
Main Stack PN1995.9.P6.C44 1992

Peterson, Bernard L.
"The Films of Oscar Micheaux: America's First Fabulous Black Filmmaker." Crisis 1979 86(4): 136-141.
"Between 1918 and 1948, Oscar Micheaux wrote, produced, and directed more than 40 feature films. He was born in Metropolis, Illinois on January 2, 1884. He wrote melodramatic novels and formed his own film company. He toured the nation with scripts, persuading theater managers to give him an advance against future bookings. He thus had capital and show dates before production. Given the limitations of finances, studio connections, inadequacy of equipment, distribution, and racial climate, Micheaux's initiative, aggressiveness, and success helped open doors for future black actors, screenwriters, and directors." [America History and Life]

Quinn, Laura
"Writing Himself Into History: Oscar Micheaux, His Silent Films, and His Audiences." Film Criticism. Spring 2003. Vol. 27, Iss. 3; p. 53 (8 pages)
UC users only
Review of book by Pearl Bowser and Louise Spence

Regester, Charlene.
"Headline To Headlights: Oscar Micheaux's Exploitation Of The Rhinelander Case." Western Journal of Black Studies 1998 22(3):195-204.
UC users only
"Oscar Micheaux, an African-American writer and filmmaker who has emerged as one of the prolific African-American filmmakers in cinema history, promoted and linked several of his films to the court case known as the Rhinelander case. Kip Rhinelander was a wealthy white millionaire who married an African-American woman, Alice Jones, in the mid-1920's. The trial overturned the forced annulment and validated the marriage, despite the racial and sexual politics that dominated the discourse of this period. The author explores sensationalizing of the Rhinelander case by the African-American press and Micheaux's strategic exploitation of the media attention, linking it with his films, employing marketing and promotional strategies to generate appeal for his works among African-American cinema audiences." [America History and Life]

Regester, Charlene.
"Lynched, Assaulted, and Intimidated: Oscar Micheaux's Most Controversial Films." Popular Culture Review, Feb. 1994, vol 5, no. 2

Regester, Charlene.
"The Misreading and Rereading of African American Filmmaker Oscar Micheaux: A Critical Review Of Micheaux Scholarship." Film History 1995 7(4): 426-449.
UC users only
Reviews critical commentary between 1932 and 1994 about the films of Oscar Micheaux, the African-American film writer, director, producer, and distributor who was active from the 1920's to 1948, emphasizing changing assessments of Micheaux's directorial talents, his status as a film entrepreneur, and his representation of blacks

Regester, Charlene.
"Oscar Micheaux the entrepreneur: financing "The House Behind the Cedars." (film) Journal of Film and Video v49, n1-2 (Spring-Summer, 1997):17 (11 pages).
"Afro-American Oscar Micheaux was regarded as an excellent writer and a virtuoso entrepreneur in film making. Despite his racial status, his films became part of the film history during 1920s-30s. One of his thriving films was 'The House Behind the Cedars,' which was based on a novel written by Charles W. Chesnutt. The film was produced in spite of various criticisms. It showed the perseverance of the writer and the filmmaker in depicting the life of Afro-Americans during their time. Micheaux's works gave valuable insights on utilizing available resources and achieving success despite obstacles." [Expanded Academic Index]

Regester, Charlene.
"Oscar Micheaux's Multifaceted Portrayals of African-American Males (the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly)." In Me Jane: Masculinity, Movies, and Women. Edited by Pat Kirkham and Janet Thumin. 1st ed. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995.
Main Stack PN1995.9.M46.M35 1995
Moffitt PN1995.9.M46.M35 1995

Regester, Charlene B.
"Oscar Micheaux on the Cutting Edge: Films Rejected by the New York State Motion Picture Commission." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 17 no. 2. 1995 Apr. pp: 61-72.

Regester, Charlene B.
"Black Films, White Censors: Oscar Micheaux Confronts Censorship in New York, Virginia, and Chicago." In: Movie Censorship and American Culture / edited by Francis G. Couvares. pp: 159-86 Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, c1996.
Main Stack PN1995.62.M68 1996
Moffitt PN1995.62.M68 1996

Salley, Columbus.
"Oscar Micheaux." In: The Black 100 : a ranking of the most influential African-Americans, past and present / Columbus Salley. Rev. a... Secaucus, N.J. : Carol Pub. Group, c1999.
Doe Refe E185.96.S225 1999 Biographies

A Separate cinema (3 article special section) Film Comment v 21 Sept/Oct 1985. p. 29-46
A special section explores "race films," the alternative cinema created for blacks that flourished until the late 1940s. The section consists of a history of the phenomenon and its major figures, such as director Oscar Micheaux, and an analysis of the problems of black artists in today's "integrated" film industry. Several posters for race films are pictured.

Smith, J. Douglas.
"Patrolling The Boundaries Of Race: Motion Picture Censorship And Jim Crow In Virginia, 1922-1932." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 2001 21(3): 273-291
UC users only
"In 1922, the Virginia General Assembly authorized the creation of a Board of Censors and charged it with reviewing all films submitted for public viewing. While the guidelines given the board did not explicitly address racial issues, Virginia's censors prohibited film portrayals of intimate or friendly interracial contact, negative representations of whites, and threats to the social order, including anything showing the potential for interracial violence. Virginia wanted to preserve the illusion of racial amity, but the only way to do that and preserve "racial integrity" was to whitewash race relations. The motion pictures of black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux, including Birthright (1924), A Son of Satan (1924), The House Behind the Cedars (1924), and Veiled Aristocrats (1932), directly addressed the daily reality of black experience. His nuanced images of blacks were perceived to be a threat to white supremacy in Virginia and, for that reason, his films were heavily censored if not banned outright." [America History and Life]

Stewart, Jacqueline Najuma.
""We Were Never Immigrants": Oscar Micheaux and the Reconstruction of Black American Identity." In: Migrating to the movies : cinema and Black urban modernity. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2005.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
MAIN: PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005
MOFF: PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005
PFA : PN1995.9.N4 S74 2005

Taylor, Clyde
"Oscar Micheaux and the Harlem Renaissance." In: Temples for tomorrow : looking back at the Harlem Renaissance / edited by Genevieve Fabre and Michel Feith. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c2001.
Main Stack PS153.N5.T45 2001
Bancroft PS153.N5.T45 2001

Thompson, Clifford.
"Body and Soul." (Review) Cineaste v23, n4 (Fall, 1998):24 (2 pages).

Thompson, Clifford
"We Hardly Knew Ye: Four Early Films of Paul Robeson" Cineaste vol. 23 no. 4 pp: 24-25 (1998)

Tucker, Sherrie.
"Beyond the Brass Ceiling: Dolly Jones Trumpets Modernity in Oscar Micheaux's Swing!" Jazz Perspectives, Apr2009, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p3-34, 32p
UC users only

Young, Joseph A.
" Black Novelist as White Racist: The Myth of Black Inferiority in the Novels of Oscar Micheaux." )Contributions in Afro-American & African Studies Series No: 123.) Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1989.

Written Works by Micheaux

The Case of Mrs. Wingate, by Oscar Micheaux. New York, Book Supply Company [1945].
NRLF PS3525.I18 C3
NRLF $B 399 394

The Case of Mrs. Wingate / By Oscar Micheaux. 6th ed. New York: Book Supply Co., c1945.
NRLF PS3525.I1875C3 1945 off campus

The Conquest;. Lincoln, Nebr., The Woodruff Press, 1913.
UCB Bancroft E185.97.M62 M6 1913 *c2 copies

The Conquest; The Story of a Negro Pioneer, by the Pioneer. Lincoln, Neb., Woodruff Press, 1913. Miami, Fla., Mnemosyne Pub. Co. [1969].
UCB Main E185.97.M564 A3 1969

The Forged Note; A Romance of the Darker Races, by Oscar Micheaux...illustrated by C.W. Heller. Lincoln, Neb., Western book supply company, 1915.
UCB Bancroft PS3525.I1875 F6 1915

The Homesteader; A Novel. Illustrated by W. M. Farrow. College Park, Md., McGrath Pub. Co. [1969, c1917].
NRLF B 3 470 444 .
NRLF PS3525.I18 H6 Library
NRLF PS3525.I1875H6 1917a off campus

The Masquerade: An Historical Novel / by Oscar Micheaux. New York: Book Supply Co., c1947.
NRLF PS3525.I18 M37 Library
NRLF PS3525.I1875M3 off campus

The Masquerade: An Historical Novel / by Oscar Micheaux. 2nd ed. New York, Book supply company c1947.
NRLF B 3 470 438 Request item at UCB Bancroft Library
NRLF W 92 818 Request item at UCB Bancroft Library

The Story of Dorothy Stanfield, Based on a Great Insurance Swindle, and a Woman. A novel by Oscar Micheaux . New York, Book Supply Company, 1946.
UCB Bancroft PS3525.I1875 S7 1946
NRLF PS3525.I1875S7 off campus

The Wind from Nowhere / by Oscar Micheaux. 1st ed. New York: Book Supply Company, 1941.
NRLF PS3525.I18 W5 off campus

The Wind from Nowhere. [4th ed.]. New York, Book Supply Co., 1943, c1941.
NRLF W 41 041 Request item at UCB Bancroft Library.

Young, Joseph A.
Black novelist as white racist: the myth of Black inferiority in the novels of Oscar Micheaux / Joseph A. Young. New York: Greenwood Press 1989. Series title: Contributions in Afro-American and African studies no. 123.
UCB Main PS3525.I1875 Z97 1989
UCB Moffitt PS3525.I1875 Z97 1989

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