Latin America: Mexico, the Caribbean, South America












General Overviews
Mexico
Central America
Caribbean
South America

Chicano/Latino Studies
Spanish History, and Culture/Spanish and Latin American Literature
Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema (for films by Latin American film makers or set in Latin America)
Ethnography & Folk Culture

General Overviews/Miscellaneous

Alonso's Dream
Alonso lives in the Highland of Chenalho, where his community is filled with conflict due to the standoff between the Zapatista National Liberation Army that is demanding equal rights for the indigenous people of Mexico, and the Mexican Army. The film focuses on the impact the revolution and paramilitary violence have had on the daily lives of Mayan peasants in Chiapas, Chenalho and Acteal, Mexico. Directed by Daniele Lacourse, Yvan Patry. 2000. 71 min. Video/C 7897

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Americas.
The people of South and Central America and the Caribbean reflect on their lives, their history and societies in this series. This look at contemporary Latin America examines issues confronting the entire region by focusing on individual communities. 60 min. ea.

The Garden of Forking Paths [Argentina] DVD X1177 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2808
Capital Sins [Brazil] DVD X1178 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2809
Continent on the Move [Mexico] DVD X1179 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2810
Mirrors of the Heart [Bolivia, Haiti, the Dominican Republic] DVD X1180 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2811
In Women's Hands [Chile] DVD X1181 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2812
Miracles Are Not Enough [Brazil, Nicaragua] DVD X1182 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2813
Builders of Images [Puerto Rico, Brazil, Nicaragua] DVD X1183[preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2814
Get Up, Stand Up [Colombia, Jamaica, Panama] DVD X1184 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2815
Fire in the Mind [El Salvador, Peru, Mexico, Cuba, Nicaragua] DVD X1185 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2816
The Americans: Latin American and Caribbean Presence in the U.S. [Southern California, Miami, New York City] DVD X1186 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2817

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

The Americas Before the Europeans, 300-1500
This tape examines the early civilizations in Central and South America, primarily the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas. It describes the art, architecture, and intellectual achievements of these people as well as their downfall to the Spanish Conquistadors. 1984. 26 min. Video/C 6402

The Americas in the Revolutionary Era.
Lectures by Marshall C. Eakin. 120 min. each tape.

Lecture 5. From Lexington and Concord to Yorktown -- Lecture 6. Radicalism of the American Revolution -- Lecture 7. Slave rebellion in St. Dominigue -- Lecture 8. Haitian Revolution. From Lexington and Concord to Yorktown: Covers the fighting during the American Revolution from Lexington and Concord to the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781, an extraordinary story of a small group of colonials challenging and defeating the most powerful empire in the world. Radicalism of the American Revolution: Discusses the "meaning" of the American Revolution. For some, it was a conservative effort by planters to sieze power and control the development of a society already divided between slaves and free men, white and non-whites, and the landed and landless. For others, it represented a radical break with a monarchical past and a move towards a republic and democratic politics. Slave rebellion in St. Dominigue: The Haitain revolution is the only successful slave rebellion in the Americas. This section and the next analyze the only case of slaves rising up, taking power, and creating an independent nation. Also looks at the French revolution and its influence on Saint Domingue, a classic example of the sugar and slave plantation complex in the Americas. Haitian Revolution: In 1791, thousands of slaves rose up in St. Domingue, in a war for their freedom. Amidst the violence, a group of black leaders emerged, the most famous the former slave Toussaint L'Ouverture. Over more than a decade the slaves defeated invading armies from France, England, and Spain, but the black leadership eventually turned against itself in a struggle for control of the revolution. Video/C MM284

Lecture 9. Seeds of the rebellion in Spanish America -- Lecture 10. Napoleon invades Spain and Portugal -- Lecture 11. Francisco de Miranda: the precursor -- Lecture 12: Simon Bolivar: the liberator. Seeds of the rebellion in Spanish America: Looks at a series of wars for independence in Spanish America. By 1750, the Spanish Empire in the Americas had been in place for two and a half centuries. In the mid-18th century, the Bourbon dynasty embarked on a series of reforms to revitalize the Spanish Empire which became the source of grievances by the Creoles and their motivation to break with Spain. Napoleon invades Spain and Portugal: The Napoleonic wars and in particular Napoleon's invasion of Spain, triggered a series of mostly failed wars for independence in Spanish America after 1808. The defeat of Napoleon and the return of Fernando VII in 1814 created another flashpoint that set off a second series of wars in Spanish America that were largely successful. Francisco de Miranda, the precursor: Looks at the dramatic life of Francisco de Miranda whose life and work foreshadowed the generation of revolutonary leaders in Latin America who would lead the wars for independence. He became the early mentor of the most famous of these liberators -- Simon Bolivar. Simon Boliver, the liberator: This segment looks closely at the life of the revolutionary figure, Simon Bolivar, from his birth in Venezuela in 1783 to his first forays into politics and war in 1810. Once in power, Bolivar was never able to provide the stability needed by the new republics. He eventually returned to Europe, committing his life to the liberation of his fellow Americans. Video/C MM285

Lecture 13. Liberating Northern South America. -- Lecture 14. San Martin and Argentine independence. -- Lecture 15. Bernardo O'Higgins and Chile. -- Lecture 16. Liberting Peru. Liberating Northern South America: With the imprisonment and eventual death of Miranda, Simon Boliver assumed the mantle of the leader of the South American independence movement. The liberation of Venezuela and the rest of northern South America, including Colombia, and Ecuador, proved to be a bloody and drawn out struggle that would last more than a decade. San Martin and Argentine independence: Jose de San Martin is the counterpart of Simon Bolivar in southern South America. This segment focuses on the process of independence in Argentina and Uruguay and the figure of San Martin and his leadership of the armies that liberated southern South America. Bernardo O'Higgins and Chile: Looks at the military hero Bernardo O'Higgins and his emergence as a leader in Chile after 1810. Follows the virtual civil war in Chile as Creoles vied for control and Spaniards attempted to crush the moves toward independence. Concludes with O'Higgins flight to Argentina, his relationship with Jose de San Martin, and the heroic march of their combined forces through the Andes to liberate Chile from the Spanish. Liberating Peru: The liberation of Peru, the great Spanish stronghold in South America, commencing in 1822 came from two directions: led by Simon Bolivar from the North and Jose de San Martin from the South. Bolivar led the final assult liberating Peru and upper Peru (Bolivia) with the assistance of his lieutenant, Jose Antonio de Sucre. Video/C MM286

Lecture 17. Mexico: race and class warfare. -- Lecture 18. Mexico: empire and chaos -- Lecture 19. Brazil: a royal revolution? -- Lecture 20. Failed movements in the Caribbean. Mexico: race and class warfare: The war for Mexican independence took place in two stages. This segments looks at the first stage, a race and class war in 1810. Two priests, Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Maria Morelos, led an uprising of poor people, largely Indians, and threatened to annihilate the upper-class whites, who closed ranks to defeat the insurgency and restore order. Mexico, empire and chaos: Events in Europe sparked the second war for independence in Mexico when the supporters of a liberal constitution triumphed in Spain in 1820. A so-called "conservative compromise" avoided bloodshed and brokered Mexican independence when the Spanish general, Agustin de Iturbide, came over to the side of independence in 1821. Crowned Emperor Agustin I, he was quickly deposed and Mexico slid into a half century of political chaos. Brazil: a royal revolution?: Escaping the Napoleonic Wars, the Braganza royal family of Portugal settled in Rio de Janeiro and ruled its vast empire from Brazil. King Joao VI elevated Brazil to the status of a kingdom, diffusing most desires for separation and independence. When Joao returned to Portugal in 1821, the crown prince Pedro, remained in Brazil, assumed the leadership of the movement to separate from Portugal, and declared Brazil's independence in 1822. Failed movements in the Caribbean: Some of the American colonies did not achieve independence in the age of revolutions. This segment looks at Cuba and Puerto Rico, two colonies in Spanish America that failed to achieve their independence. Also examines the troubled case of the Dominican Republic, a nation that had to fight several times, first against Spain and then Haiti, to achieve its independence. Video/C MM287

Lecture 21. The British West Indies and Canada -- Lecture 22. The strange case of Paraguay -- Lecture 23. Revolutions made and unmade -- Lecture 24. Aftermath of independence. British West Indies and Canada: Canada and the British possessions in the West Indies did not seek independence. Both regions experienced a gradual transition to independence that presents a fascinating comparison to both the British North America and Latin American experience. Strange case of Paraguay: When the first set of wars for independence broke out in the La Plata region in 1808, a strong man, Jose Gaspar de Francia, emerged as the authoritarian leader of independence and the new nation. Unlike the rest of Latin America, in the aftermath of independence, Paraguay turned inward and isolated itself from the outside world until the mid-19th century. Revolutions made and unmade: This segment looks at the "big picture," of the age of revolutions and the general processes across all of the Americas, comparing all the revolutions. In particular, focuses on how the differing colonial traditions (political, economic and cultural) shaped the revolutionary paths and the outcomes of the wars for independence. Aftermath of independence: Examines the larger vision of the Americas in the aftermath of the wars for independence, beginning with the key concepts of revolution and emphasizing the complex nature of the different wars for independence, as well as their common patterns. Concludes with a summary of the legacies of the wars and revolutions, in particular comparing the United States in roughly 1850 with Latin America. Video/C MM287

The Americas at War in World War II
Presents eleven films of Latin and South American countries' participation in World War II. Ten out of the eleven films are produced by the U.S. Office of Inter-American Affairs, which was created to foster and report on relations between the United States and Latin American countries. Contents: Brazil at war (1943, 10 min.) -- Brazil gets the news (1942, 10 min.) -- Good neighbor family (1943, 17 min.) -- Gracias Amigos (1944, 16 min.) -- Housing in Chile: one government's plan to provide better homes (1943, 18 min.) -- Lima family (1944, 18 min.) -- Lima (1944, 16 min.) -- Roads South (1943, 17 min.) -- The day is new (1942, 10 min.) -- Silent war: Colombia's fight against yellow fever (1945, 10 min.) -- Young Uruguay (1943, 17 min.) DVD 5902

Autocracy and Rebellion in Mesoamerica (Mesoamerican Cultural Code)
Interviews with: Enrique Arrieta, Tomie S. Montgomery, Sonia Cansino, Miguel Huezo (Farabundo Marti Front), Roberto Canas (Farabundo Marti Front), Colonel Carlos Herrarte (Salvadorean Armed Forces). Documentary film with dramatized segments describing the political behavior of Mesoamericans through a historical and cultural analysis of the cultural traits of autocracy and rebellion. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996. 42 min. Video/C 4676

Betraying Amnesia, Portraying Ourselves: Video Portraits by Latin American and Latino Artists
The diversity of films in this program present representations as broad as the cultural and historical circumstances that have shaped the many cultures within Latin American and US Latino/a communities. This particular group of video makers have politicized their work by visualizing these unique geographical characteristics and by forging links between self, history, and memory. The exploration and experimentations represent here constitute a politically charged and significant contribution to what we know as video portraiture. Contents: A pessoa é para o que nasce = You are what you are born for / Roberto Berliner -- Calle Chula / Veronica Majano -- Papapapa / Alex Rivera -- Magnetic balance / rMagaly Ponce -- Hombres muertos de amor y la jauria de mujeres = Dead men and the cage of women / German Bobe -- Carlos Nader / Carlos Nader. 1999. 77 min. DVD X5111

Birdsong and Coffee: A Wake Up Call
Explores the inextricable economic and environmental connections between farmers in Latin America, coffee drinkers in the U.S., and the fate of migratory songbirds throughout the Americas. Part 1 of the film examines the background and global intricacy of the "coffee crisis," an ongoing situation that has been described as a "humanitarian catastrophe." To illustrate, we meet coffee growers in the rainforest of southern Costa Rica, whose lives vividly exemplify the unjust effects of global market mechanisms that keep coffee growers' prices down even as the retail prices for coffee increase in the U.S. Part two examines a variety of simple but effective solutions to the coffee crisis and explains the rationale behind and the importance of fair trade coffee. Produced and directed by Anne Macksoud and John Ankele. 2007. 57 min. DVD X3265

Berkeley Media LLC catalog description

Bravo, Bread, & Circuses
Shows the importance of big stars and their fans in South America. Each star represents a facet of the South American character: A Colombian bullfighter embodies the "lordly Spaniard," while a black world champion boxer and the people of his village symbolize rebellion or the "Guerrilla." 1987? 60 min. Video/C MM716

The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World.
Written and presented by Carlos Fuentes. A reflection on the Old and New Worlds, the diverse cultures of Spanish speaking countries, and the themes, institutions, and symbols that have endured through time. Directed by Peter Newington. 60 min ea. 1991.

The Virgin and the Bull
In Part one Carlos Fuentes looks for his forebears in the mix of people that created Latin America: Spanish, Arab, Jewish, Indian, and African. He asks what is unique in their culture that is cause for celebration in the 500th anniversary year of Columbus. His quest takes him from the quayside at Vera Cruz back to Spain. 59 min. DVD X5716; vhs Video/C 2392: 1

The Conflict of the Gods
In his lifetime Carlos Fuentes has witnessed the rediscovery of ancient Aztec temples beneath the central square of modern Mexico City. He retraces the Indian world through their magnificent pyramids and sculptures. The return of their exiled god was forecast for the very year Cortés reached their shores. The savagery of the conquistador equaled that of the Indian, but he brought with him a new god, a god who sacrificed himself for men. 59 min. DVD X5716; vhs Video/C 2392: 2

The Age of Gold
The New World brought Spain enormous treasures: gold, silver, chocolate, tomatoes, the potato. Yet Spain's most powerful ruler, Philip II, lived in austere solitude in a cell-like study. He sought to protect the Catholic faith, while Cervantes questioned all values in Don Quixote. Velázquez painted masterpieces of psychological penetration that vaulted the Atlantic. 59 min. DVD X5716; vhs Video/C 2392: 3

The Price of Freedom
Every year a million Mexicans gather in their capital to celebrate El Grito, the cry for independence. Following its progress, Carlos Fuentes crosses the Andes in the steps of Bolívar and San Martín. The liberators succeeded in throwing off the Spanish yoke, but they found it harder to establish a just society. For the gaucho there was the consolation of the open spaces, the mountains, and the plains. And for those crowding into the new cities like Buenos Aires, there was tango, a sad thought that can be danced. 59 min. DVD X5716; vhs Video/C 2392: 4

Unfinished Business
Within the lifetime of those born now, half the population of the U.S. will be Spanish-speaking. Every year, half a million brave the border patrols to enter the U.S. illegally, "searching for the Gringo gold but also bringing the Latino gold." Hispanic immigrants contribute a wealth of traditions: diverse cultural creativity in art, music, and dance, respect for family ties--distinct hallmarks of the Spanish-speaking world. 59 min. DVD X5716; vhs Video/C 2392: 5

Carlos Fuentes.
From the series, World of Ideas with Bill Moyers. Fuentes and Moyers discuss the relationship of the United States with Mexico and with Latin America generally. Fuentes addresses the selective intervention of the U.S. in the affairs of Latin American countries which he believes stifles development in Latin America and damages the international relationship. 1989. 28 min. DVD X2288 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1577

Carlos Fuentes: The United States and Latin America: Center for Latin American Studies Lecture Series, UC Berkeley, September 29, 1988. [ONLINE AUDIORECORDING]

Berkeley Language Center-- Speech Archive SA 1673-1/2

Part I:
Listen to it (Requires Real Media player)

Part II:
Listen to it (Requires Real Media player)

Columbus and the Age of Discovery.
This 7-nation co-production chronciles Columbus's extraordinary journey and legacy. The series commemorating the quincentennial, this history relives Columbus's daring and dangerous voyages and their momentous repercussions - for both the New World and the Old. Dist.: Films Media Group. 991. 58 min. ea. Video/C 2240 - 2245

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Goodman, Walter. "Columbus and the Age of Discovery." (television program reviews) (Living Arts Pages) reviews) New York Times v141 (Fri, Oct 4, 1991):B1(N), C30(L), col 1, 16 col in
Leonard, John. "Columbus and the Age of Discovery." (television program reviews) New York v24, n39 (Oct 7, 1991):86.
Rabinowitz, Dorothy. "Columbus and the Age of Discovery." (television program reviews) Wall Street Journal (Mon, Oct 7, 1991):A14(W), A12(E), col 1, 22 col in.
Stahel, Thomas H. "Columbus and the Age of Discovery." (television program reviews) America v165, n20 (Dec 21, 1991):488.
Waters, Harry F. "Columbus and the Age of Discovery." (television program reviews) Newsweek v118, n15 (1991):73 (2 pages).

El Corazon Sangrante (The Bleeding Heart)
Several Mexican, Cuban, and Chicano visual artists and two performing artists are interviewed, and their work is discussed with particular reference to the image of the bleeding heart, which has been a significant symbol throughout centuries of Latin American culture. In Spanish and English, with subtitles in the opposite language. c1991. 45 min. Video/C 6411

Death Squadrons: The French School.
The story of the involvement of the French military in Operation Condor, established in 1975 by the autocratic governments of South America. This supranational criminal organization's mission was the extermination of political opponents both in their own countries and abroad. Presents a cautionary note about what happens when governments and the military are convinced that enemies are everywhere, and that any means necessary can be employed to fight them. 2003. 60 min. Video/C MM341

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Father Roy: Inside the School of Assassins.
Describes the protests of Father Roy to the military assistance and training that the United States provides to Latin American countries at the U.S. Army School of the Americas. All too often the graduates of the school have used their training in attacks against their own people. Human rights advocates such as Father Roy Bourgeois have worked to see the school closed. Narrated by Susan Sarandon. Dist.: Richter Productions. 1997. 55 min. DVD X7180; Video/C 5397

Frontierland
As this film demonstrates, mestizaje (Mestizo culture) is not so much a racial category as a state of mind, and it can be found even where nationalists and exoticists from both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border might least expect it: Not just in California and the Southwest but also in Mexico City, South Carolina, Vancouver and even in the homes of European collectors of pre-Columbian art. A film by Jesse Lerner y Ruben Ortiz-Torres. c1995. 77 min. Video/C 9207

The Great Civilizations of South and Central America
Presents a brief overview of the history of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca nations, civilizations of South and Central America that thrived thousands of years before European settlers arrived. 14 min. Video/C 6401

The Gringo in Mananaland: A Musical.
This film is a look at United States media representations of Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and Latin America. It postulates that since the turn of the century, popular media in the United States has promoted a stereotyped image of Latin America in order to justify the concept of U.S. dominance in the hemisphere. Includes a montage of U.S. produced films about Latin America, from silent films through 1995 television news, including corporate videos. Produced by DeeDee Halleck. 1995. 61 min. Video/C 4348

Hidden in Plain Sight
Feature-length documentary that looks at the nature of U.S. policy in Latin America through the prism of the School of the Americas, the controversial military school that trains Latin American soldiers in the U.S. The film presents different points of view on the School, U.S. policy, and American involvement in Latin America. Includes interviews with a variety of scholars, legislators, military personnel and activists as well as victims of the violence and repression in Latin America. Written and directed by John H. Smihula. c2003. 71 min. DVD 2020

Hour of the Furnaces (La hora de los hornos)
A documentary on the liberation struggle being waged throughout Latin America, using Argentina as a historical model. It combines new and old film footage to explain the history of Argentina and the wave of revolutionary fervor that swept many countries in Latin America. From the Spanish invaders to modern military concerns financed by foreign powers, this feature examines racism, social upheaval, native massacres and the precarious political situations that could change in the wake of revolutionary rebellion. This outstanding documentary launched the Third Cinema movement and put Latin American cinema on the international map. Contents: 1. Historia -- 2. El pais -- 3. La violencia cotidian -- 4. La ciudad puerto -- 5. La oligarquia -- 6. El sistema -- 7. La violencia politica -- 8. El neoracismo -- 9. La dependencia -- 10. La violencia cultural -- 11. Los modelos -- 12. La guerra ideologica -- 13. La opcion. A documentary on the liberation struggle being waged throughout Latin America, using Argentina as a historical model. Disc 2 contains the following special features: Synopsis, technical specifications, "making of" documentary, CV for Fernando Solanas, alternate ending, interview with Hernandez Arregui, chapter sequences. Directors, Fernando Ezequiel Solanas, Octavio Getino. Originally produced in 1966-1968. 90 min. DVD X2782; vhs Video/C MM517 (In Spanish without subtitles)

Latido Latino: Senas de Identidad
Discusses the influence of Latin American culture in the United States through interviews with more than 50 Latin American immigrants living in New York, including musicians, dancers, artists, and writers. Those interviewed share their personal and professional experiences of being of Latino descent in America. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2000. 120 min. Video/C 8045

Noam Chomsky: A Hemisphere of Our Own: U.S. Foreign Policy in Central America: Talk at UC Berkeley, May 14, 1984 [ONLINE AUDIORECORDING]

Berkeley Language Center-- Speech Archive SA 1521-1

1. Program (67:28) (Requires Real Media player)

2. Program and Questions (58:19) (Requires Real Media player)

Religion in Mesoamerica (Mesoamerican Cultural Code)
Contents: Pre-hispanic religion -- Conquest and colony -- Independence -- Religious syncretism -- The Cofradia -- Liberation theology. Interviews with: Pedro Portillo (artist), Diego Ignacio (Mayan priest), Jon Sobrino (theologian), Carlos Lara (anthropologist), Arturo Rivera (Archbishop, San Salvador). Interviews with: Pedro Portillo (artist), Diego Ignacio (Mayan priest), Jon Sobrino (theologian), Carlos Lara (anthropologist), Arturo Rivera (Archbishop, San Salvador). Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996. 55 min. Video/C 4677

Ruins: A Fake Documentary
Counterfeiting is a practice with broad implications, from the merest of fake objects to entire histories shaped as facsimile. Here filmmaker Lerner collates early colonial misconceptions of the Mexican populace, a jumble of ethnographic and political distortions. From there he charts the process that recontextualizes archeological objects as art. At the center of the film is master forger Brigido Lara, whose pre-columbian objects have been exhibited in major museums throughout the U.S. and Europe. A film by Jesse Lerner. 1999. 78 min. Video/C 9205

[Salgado, Sebastiao] The Spectre of Hope
Noted Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado and art critic John Berger pore over Salgado's photographic collection "Migrations," six years and 43 countries in the making (ranging across Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America). "Migrations" contains photographs of people pushed from their homes and traditions to cities and their margins -- slums and refugee camps. Here their intimate conversation, intercut wiht photographs from "Migrations," combines a discussion of Salgado's work with their critique of globalization, creating a wide-ranging investigation of the power of the image. 2000. 52 min. DVD X3425; Video/C 8738

Description from Icarus Films catalog

[Salgado, Sebastiao] Migrations, Humanity in Transition by Sebastiao Salgado: Followed by a Conversation with Orville Schell
Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado comments on his photographic collection "Migrations: photographs by Sebastiao Salgado," which range across Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. Salgado sees evidence of what he calls "a revolution in the way we live, produce, communicate and travel," often summarized by the catchword "globalization." His presentation is followed by a conversation with the author Orville Schell who continues the discussion on Salgado's work and visions of the social ramifications of globalization. "Produced in conjunction with the exhibition of Migrations: Photographs by Sebastiao Salgado at the University of California Berkeley Art Museum and the Pacific Film Archive, January 16-March 24, 2002." Held on February 11, 2002 at the University of California, Berkeley. 85 min. Video/C 8758

[Salgado, Sebastiao] Migrations, Humanity in Transition by Sebastiao Salgado: Follow-up Discussion to the Avenali Lecture
A panel discussion of the work and issues presented by the Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado in his ethnographic photographic collection "Migrations: photographs by Sebastiao Salgado," which presents a commentary on human migration and the social ramifications of globalization. "Produced in conjunction with the exhibition of Migrations: Photographs by Sebastiao Salgado at the University of California Berkeley Art Museum and the Pacific Film Archive, January 16-March 24, 2002." Held on February 13, 2002 at the University of California, Berkeley. 120 min. Video/C 8759

[Salgado, Sebastiao] Sebastiao Salgado
Presents a conversation with Sebastiao Salgado, an Uruguayan Paris-based photojournalist who has documented the lives of Latin American peasants, diamond mine workers in Brazil and famine in Africa. He is accompanied in this discussion with UCB professor Ken Light and photo critic and curator, Fred Ritchin. Recorded by Educational Technology Services, University of California, Berkeley on October 27, 2004. 93 min. Video/C MM406

School of the Americas: School of Assassins
Describes the military assistance and training that the United States provides to Latin American countries at the U.S. Army School of the Americas. All too often the graduates of the school have used their training in attacks against their own people. Human rights advocates would like to see the school closed. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1994. 19 min. DVD 4289

Sexuality in Mesoamerica: Machismo and Marianismo (Mesoamerican Cultural Code)
A study of the concept of sexuality in Mexico and Central America. Focus is on the cultural archetypes of machismo and marianismo, orientations which have defined social conduct and sexual orientation throughout Latin America. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996. 33 min. Video/C 4675

S.O.A.: Guns and Greed
Presents powerful statements from students, labor leaders, veterans and church people involved in protesting the training of Latin American soldiers at the Fort Benning School of the Americas (SOA). Footage of mass graves and bodies of victims of murders attributed to SOA graduates is included. c2000. 22 min. Video/C 9007

Richter Productions catalog description

South America: Continent of Contrasts. (Power of Place: World Regional Geography. 15-16)
Prog. 15. Andes and Amazon: Ecuador, valley of the volcanoes. A second chance for Amazonia?--Prog. 16. Accelerating growth: Sao Paulo, the outer ring. Chile, Pacific Rim player. A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Ecuador, Valley of the Volcanoes explores the monitoring and prediction of volcanic activity in Ecuador. A Second Chance for Amazonia examines sustainable development for the Amazon rain forest in northeast Brazil's Para State. Sao Paulo, the Outer Ring investigates the plight of urban homesteaders in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Chile, Pacific Rim Player examines the developing commerce and export economy of Santiago, Chile. 1995. 58 min. Video/C 4319

Available for online viewing (with Windows Media player)

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

Telenovelas: Love, TV and Power
This program examines the political and cultural impact of the Latin American telenovela--broadcast six days a week to more than 120 countries. Interviews with sociologists, media moguls and others examine its influence on Latin American power politics, along with generous clips from the programs "By These Streets," which closely parallels Venezuelan news events and the popular Brazilian romantic melodrama "Body and Soul." Dist.: Films Media Group. 2001. 59 min. DVD 1965

Terror and Counter-Terror: Can Democracy Survive? (Terrorism, Aims and Objectives)
This program looks at the economic, political, and military pressures on a government menaced by terrorism. The government is Peru's and the terrorists are among the most determined, ruthless, and enigmatic of Latin American insurgents, the Sendero Luminoso. The program show how Sendero, which uses both urban terror and rural guerrilla tactics, has brought Peru's shaky democracy to the point of collapse; and as Sendero has gained in strength, democratic values have been jettisoned as the country is caught in a vicious cycle of terror and counter-terror. Dist.: Films Media Group. c1995. 52 min. Video/C 8342

U.S. Foreign Policy in the Third World, Problems of Human Rights.
From the series, Conversations. #23: Thomas Farer, distinguished professor of law at Rutgers University and former president of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, discusses the work of the Commission in investigating human rights violations in Latin America and analyzes the Reagan administration's policies concerning human rights in third world countries and the factors that influence and change such policies from administration to administration. Interviewed by Harry Kreisler and Albert Fishlow, professor of economics at Yale University. 1983. 60 min. Video/C 641

Walt & El Grupo: The Untold Adventures
For ten weeks in 1941, Walt Disney, his wife, and sixteen colleagues from his studio visited nations in South America to gather story material for a series of films with South American themes. This documentary uses this framing device to explore inter-American relations as Nazi influence was growing in South America, provide a rare glimpse into the artists who were part of the magic of Disney's 'golden age,' and give an unprecedented look at the 39-year-old Walt Disney during one of the most challenging times of his entire life. Directed by Theodore Thomas. 2010. 107 min. DVD X5014

Women of Latin America (Mujeres de America Latina)
Series that looks at Latin America through its women with interviews and on-site visits. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1992. In Spanish.

Bolivia, la Coca, Alimento de los Pobres. This program examines the plight of women in the poverty ridden nation of Bolivia on varying social and economic levels. A congresswoman discusses her fight against cocaine production and use; a teacher struggles against government apathy toward education; a peasant woman reveals the harsh details of her existence. Progress made by women in the area of home business, art and music is examined, as well as the antiquated customs that keep women subservient. 72 min. Video/C 8651
Guatemala Silenciada. Probes the stratification of women in Guatemalan society. It examines the submissiveness of upper-class women; a new emerging middle class who are defying tradition and cultural expectations to fight for equal rights; and the indigenous population, who are segregated and discriminated against. It looks at sexual abuse and political terror and includes Guatemalan women refugees in Mexico who discuss the terror that drove them into exile. 72 min. Video/C 8652
Mexico: la Rebelion de las Lloronas. Looks at Mexican women who have fought for women's rights and equality. They are women looking for children kidnapped during political pogroms, journalists, writers and political activists. Machismo and the resulting sexism as well as some aspects of Catholicism are discussed as social factors contributing to the continued subjugation of Mexican women. 60 min. Video/C 8653
Nicaragua, del Rojo al Violeta. Follows the progress of women's rights and the fight for equal employment in Nicaragua. A former Sandinista fighter who lost a foot wants the government to give her a job; a woman displaced from her job by men returning from the war protests; another who's daughter was murdered by the Somozist Guard wants justice. Dozens tell their stories, as Violeta Chamorro defends her coalition government's policies toward women against criticism by feminists, who seek a wider role in political and social decision-making. 60 min. Video/C 8654
Peru, la Colera del Hambre. Examines the efforts of city women in today's Peru, a country scourged by unemployment, political violence and drug trafficking, as they prepare community meals, work at menial jobs to support families, run employment workshops, and provide counseling for abused women, pregnant teenagers and refugees fleeing war in the provinces. It also examines the importance of the coca leaf to the rural Puruvian economy. 60 min. Video/C 8655

World War II Films: Vol. 3.
Presents eighteen films, with eleven of them focusing on the participation of Latin American and South American countries in WWII. Ten films are produced by the U.S. Office of Inter-American Affairs, which was created to foster and report on relations between the United States and Latin American countries. Also includes films addressing issues in America such as housing and employment for veterans, the increase in venereal diseases and other health issues. Contents: A ceiling on your home (1945, 11 min.) -- Brazil at war (1943, 10 min.) -- Brazil gets the news (1942, 10 min.) --Despotism (1946, 11 min.) -- Doctor in industry, Pt. 1 (1946, 19 min.) -- Good neighbor family (1943, 17 min.) -- Gracias Amigos (1944, 16 min.) --Homes for veterans, Pt. 1-2 (1946, 28 min.) -- Housing in Chile: one government's plan to provide better homes (1943, 18 min.) -- Lima family (1944, 18 min.) -- Lima (1944, 16 min.) -- Problems of housing (1944, 10 min.) -- Roads South (1943, 17 min.) -- Army nurse (1945, 16 min.) -- Silent war: Colombia's fight against yellow fever (1945, 10 min.) --To the people of the United States (1944, 21 min.) -- Wastage of human resources (1947, 10 min.) -- Young Uruguay (1943, 17 min.) DVD 8712

To the top

Mexico

Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema(for films by Mexican film makers or set in Mexico)
Chicano/Latino Studies (for documentaries on US/Mexico border issues)

Adelina
Adelina, presidenta: This documentary looks at the challenges Adelina Rasgado Escobar faced during her three years in office as presidenta municipal of Asuncion Ixtaltepec, in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca (1999-2001) Contents: Encrucijada = Crossroads (2002, 4 min.) -- Adelina, presidenta = Adelina, president (2003, 30 min.) Directed by Julia Barco. 30 min. Video/C MM1285

Aguas Sagradas: Exploracion de Cenotes y Rios Subterraneos en el Mundo Maya (Sacred Waters: An Exploration by Subterranean Rivers and Caverns in the Mayan World).
An exploration by subterranean rivers and caverns; a fantastic and enigmatic trip where natural treasures and the vestiges of the ancient Mayas lie. In this program a group of speleologists dive down to incredible depths through the cenotes that were ritual centers of the ancient inhabitants and also unique sources of water in this dry and arid region, where one of the greatest cultures of ancient times flourished. In Spanish with English subtitles. [1994?]. 60 min. Video/C 5068

El aliento de Dios
Documentary on nuns in Mexico involved in social work, mostly with women and the poor and marginalized, which gives them a perspective often frowned upon by the Church hierarchy. Produced by Isabel Cristina Fregoso. 2008. 71 min. DVD X7027

The Ancient Americans.
Examines the emergence of human culture in Central and South America and illuminates the advanced cultural and technical states achieved by the Maya and Aztec civilizations with special emphasis on the mysterious Olmec culture and the war-filled history of the Aztec Empire. c1998. 33 min. Video/C 6417

And the March Continues! (Y sigue la marcha andando!)
A film by Guadalupe Olvera San Miguel. Combines documentary and narrative forms to present a history of the lesbian movement in Mexico from its orgins to the present. Interviews with Mexican lesbians and movement leaders present impressions of daily life in their country. Dist.: Frameline. 1997. 30 min. Video/C 7275

Animaquiladora: The Animation Sweatshop
Contents: Dia de la independencia -- L.A. cucaracha -- Signs of the times -- Mysterious apparitions on tortillas -- Latinos on TV -- Why cybraceros. Latino political satire as presented in a collection of short animated films satirizing U.S.-Mexican relations. Films by Lalo Lopez & Alex Rivera. 1997. 10 min. Video/C 9210

Art and Revolution--Mexico
Nowhere but in Mexico has history been painted as superbly; nowhere else have outspokenly polemical painters, like Rivera and Siqueiros, produced such great art. The art of revolution and the revolution of art seem, in this time and place, to have nurtured one another. For in Latin America, art and literature are the shared possessions of all social and educational levels. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1982. 51 min. DVD 2192

The Artistic Legacy of the Mexican Revolution
An overview of the Mexican Revolution and its impact on the culture of the Mexican American community. Several prominent Mexican-Americans discuss how the war drove thousands of poor Mexicans across the border into the U.S., and how their descendants are still struggling today for integration into American society. Segregation and exploitation of Mexican farm workers-- examples of ongoing racial prejudice-- are discussed, along with cultural contributions by Mexican-Americans in the areas of art, business, and education. The program provides excellent insight into the roots of anti-Mexican sentiment, as well as the often quarrelsome relationship between the U.S. and Mexico from a historical perspective. Originally produced in 1994 for the television program, Heritage. Dist.: Films Media Group. 30 min. DVD X5653

The Aztecs. (Ancient Civilizations.)
Explores the history and culture of the thousand-year-old pre-Columbian Aztec empire, from human sacrifices to their agricultural advances, its influence is still felt today. Commentary by scholars, maps, and contemporary accounts provide an overview of the events that shaped and destroyed the Aztec empire. Dist.: Films Media Group. c1999. 47 min. Video/C 6416

Black Bull (Toro negro)
Documentary on Fernando Pacheco Colli, "El Suicida", a young bullfighter who performs in the popular festivals of the small Mayan communities of the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Follows Pacheco Colli's life in and out of the bullring, exploring his human passions and conflicts as well as his heavy alcohol and drug use. A film by Pedro González-Rubio, Carlos Armella. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005? 89 min. DVD X3724

Border
An investigative documentary on the state of our southern border with Mexico. Dissatisfied with second-hand media coverage, Burgard and his camera team journeyed down to the U.S. Mexican border and, over a period of several months, interviewed Border Patrol agents, illegal immigrants, Minutemen, politicians, representatives of the ACLU and local ranchers to make a realistic assessment of just how porous our border had become. A film by Chris Burgard. 2005. 107 min. DVD X4718

Border War: The Battle Over Illegal Immigration
The human and drug trafficking across the border between the United States and Mexico has been called "the illegal immigration invasion." This film looks at the lives of five American individuals affected by the rise in illegal immigration. The story is told through the eyes of those involved firsthand, prompting viewers to think about this issue on a personal level. Directed by Kevin Knoblock. c2006. 95 min. DVD 6593

Borderline Cases: Environmental Matters at the United States-Mexico Border
A documentary describing the consequences of 25 years of environmental neglect by factories along the U.S./Mexico border focusing on the cities of Brownsville, Matamoros, Tijuana, San Diego, Ciudad Juarez and El Paso. It chronicles the 5 year bi-national effort to craft remedies to the border's deteriorating environmental conditions by a diverse mix of people of both countries from grass-roots activists to government, academic and industrial leaders. Produced, directed and edited by Lynn Corcoran. 1997. 65 min. DVD X6430; Video/C 4748

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

The Boxer. (Life; 6)
This film follows Luis Rodriguez, who lives in a remote peasant village in southern Mexico, who hopes to become a boxing champion in the United States. This film follows him as he travels north to the US-Mexican border, joining other migrants determined to outwit the U.S. border guards. Eventually he succeeds in crossing the border and finds work as an illegal alien. Directed by Felix Zurita. c2000. 24 min. Video/C 7766 (for other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events)

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Building an Altar
Examines the creation of an altar installation shown at the art Gallery SOMArts' Day of the Dead exhibition. The Day of the Dead is a holiday that originated in Mexico but is celebrated around the world in many cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to celebrate, pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. Produced, directed and edited by Gloria Galindo. 20 min. DVD X7003

La Caminata (The Journey)
Fed up with the mass migration of their community, the small Mexican town of Alberto creates a one-of-a-kind tourist attraction they call La Caminata, a simulated nighttime border crossing, complete with fake border patrol chasing balaclava-clad coyotes. The experience is a cross between adventure tourism and a way for participants, largely middle class Mexican tourists, to experience firsthand the hardships of the border crossing. La Caminata details the story of this unlikely attempt to save a small community, offering a powerful look at the effect of migration in home communities, and opening a view to the immigration debate on the other side. A film by Jamie Meltzer. Dist.: New Day Films. 2009. 15 min. DVD X3811

Canoa: Memoria de un Hecho Vergonzoso.
Depicts the lynching of five students who had gone camping in San Miguel Canoa in the state of Puebla Mexico, September 16, 1968. 1984. 93 min. Video/C 1376

Carlos Fuentes.
Fuentes reads from two of his novels, Christopher Unborn and the Death of Artemio Cruz. Filmed off-air at San Francisco State University on September 3, 1987. 75 min. Video/C 1212

Carlos Fuentes.
From the series, World of Ideas with Bill Moyers. Fuentes and Moyers discuss the relationship of the United States with Mexico and with Latin America generally. Fuentes addresses the selective intervention of the U.S. in the affairs of Latin American countries which he believes stifles development in Latin America and damages the international relationship. 1989. 28 min. DVD X2288 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 1577

La Casta Divina.
Depicts the impoverishment of the Yucatan region and its native inhabitants due to the exploitation and domination of the wealthy over a period of three centuries. With the rise to power of Gen. Salvador Alvarado in 1915, this situation improves; rural schools are built; public libraries are founded; a worker's code is established; agrarian reform is introduced, and other social programs are set up. 1987. 90 min. Video/C 999:1868

The Chinampas.
Describes the Chinampa, a traditional Mexican agricultural system, and traces its long history. Shows modern day threats to this system and discusses measures to save the Chinampa. Produced, directed and written by Anne Prutzman. 1990. 31 min. Video/C MM908

Ciudades del Mexico Antiguo. Palenque, El Explorador. Monte Alban, Uno Muerte.
An overview of the Mexican archaeological sites of Palenque and Monte Alban. In Spanish with English subtitles. 1992. 62 min. Video/C 5071

Ciudades del Mexico Antiguo. Tajin, Reencuentro...Tiempo despues las Piedras Nos Vuelven a Contar su Historia. Teotihuacan, El Caracol Alado.
An overview of the Mexican archaeological sites of Chichen Itza and Uxmal. In Spanish with English subtitles. 1992. 62 min. Video/C 5069

Ciudades del Mexico Antiguo. Uxmal, Piedras de lluvia. Chichen Itza, la Palabra del Chilam.
An overview of the Mexican archaeological sites of Tajin and Teotihuacan. In Spanish with English subtitles. 1992. 62 min. Video/C 5070

Covering Chiapas.
Amy Goodman, of New York's WBAI-FM radio, covers the February 1994 emergence of Zapatista rebels in the Mexican state of Chiapas. Dist. Cinema Guild. 29 min. 1994. Video/C 4077

Cronica de Familia.
Depicts the life of a fictional middle-class Mexican family, its faith in power and money as the basis of life, without considering how these values affect the lives and behavior of their children: their experimentation with drugs, premarital sex, and crime, occasionally leading to serious consequences and even death. Produccion y direccion de Diego Lopez. 1986. Video/C 999:1734

Crossing Borders: The Journey of Carlos Fuentes.
This portrait of Mexico's foremost novelist probes beneath the surface of his work to expose the roots of his fiction and its place in the world of literature. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1989. 58 min. Video/C 2864

Darkness into Light.
Narrated by Edward James Olmos. A series about Catholic spirituality in Mexico. 57 min ea.

Guadalupe, mother of all Mexico
. A documentary on the history of how the Virgin Mary and the icon "Our Lady of Guadalupe" became important parts of the culture of Mexico and on the current devotion of the Mexican people to them. 1997. 57 min. DVD X8636

Semana Santa, San Miguel
. A documentary of the activities that occur during Holy Week in San Miguel, Mexico. 1997. 57 min. DVD X8635

Following the spirit
. A documentary about the history of spirituality in Mexico, from ancient times to the present day. 1997. 57 min. DVD X8634

Death on a Friendly Border
The border that runs between Tijuana and San Diego is the most heavily militarized border between "friendly" countries anywhere in the world. Since the U.S. instituted the "Operation Gatekeeper" policy, an average of one person a day has died crossing the border. This documentary puts a human face on this tragedy, examining the hardships imposed by heat and thirst and abusive border guards. Includes interviews with a border guard, human rights activists and Mexicans who have attempted the crossing. A film by Rachel Antell. 2001. 26 min. Video/C 9261

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Democracia Indigena (Indigenous Democracy)
A documentary filmed in the municipality of Huehuetla in the Mexican state of Puebla -- the only municipality where Indians have taken power away from non-Indians and have governed themselves for nearly ten years. Directed by Pacho Lane, produced by Gerardo Avila Garcia. 1999. 36 min. Video/C 7463

Los demonios del Edén
Relates the story of Lydia Cacho, a courageous writer and feminist who is confronting powerful businessmen and politicians who protect a child pornography ring operating in Cancun and the United States. Cacho narrates her confrontation with those powerful forces after she was kidnapped and incarcerated for a couple of days. She reveals her motivations and emotions, and the paradoxes that emerge when she investigates and publishes her book entitled The demons of Eden. Includes footage of the some of the "demons," Succar Kuri, the senator Gamboa Patrón, the businessman Kamel Nacif and the Puebla's governor Mario Marin among others. Directed by Alejandra Islas. 70 min. 2007. DVD X7029

The Devil Gave Us Oil (Oil; 5)
Looks at the plight of heavily indebted Mexico,where the expectation of a continued rise in oil prices encouraged that government to borrow too heavily. 1986. 58 min. Video/C 1724

Diego Rivera: I Paint What I See.
Explores the life and work of Diego Rivera, including his stormy 25-year relationship with painter Frida Kahlo and the destruction of his notorious mural in Rockefeller Center; features location filming of his enormous colorful murals. Director, Mary Lance; producers, Mary Lance, Eric Breitbart. Dist.: Direct Cinema. 1990. 58 min. Video/C 1766

CINE Film & Video Awards 1990 (Golden Eagle).

Dirty Business: Food Exports to the United States.
Discusses the move of multinational agribusiness to Mexico and the problems they are creating due to environmental pollution and low wages for workers. Director, camera and editor: Jon Silver. 1990. 15 min. Video/C 1823

National Educational Film & Video Festival 1991 (Silver Apple)

Dos vatos Mexico
A unique collection of mystical fiction and ethnographic films inspired by the beauty and indigenous magic of Oaxaca, México Day of the Dead (aka. Day of the dead in Teotilán del Valle): This documentary witnesses the return of Zapotec spirits to the pueblo. The smell of marigolds in the graveyard beckons them to enjoy tamales, mescal, and other sensory favorites of their living life. Directed and produced by Ari Palos, Eren McGinnis and José Mendoza ; narrated by José Mendoza (12 min., English, 2001) Bola de oro: Música del Istmo: Capturing the unique musical heritage of the Isthmus of Oaxaca, Bola de Oro was produced with acclaimed Istmeño musician and guitar virtuoso José Hinojosa. Produced by Ari Palos, Eren McGinnis and José Minojosa (9 min., Spanish with English subtitles, 200?) Kit Kat: A drama in which Kit Kat races to save her father’s soul amidst the beauty and magic of Oaxaca. Directed by Ari Luis Palos, Eren Isabel McGinnis (14 min., Spanish with English subtitles, 2001) Guigu Bícunisa: Rio Los Perros (aka. Guigu Bícunisa: The Otter River): The Otter River: Produced in association with the Foro Ecologico de Juchitén, an environmental NGO, this mixed media ecological video was created by high school students and promotes the conservation of Juchitán’s sacred river. The documentary had its premiere during a unique riverbed screening with 4,000 Juchitecans. Produced and directed by the Foro Ecológico de Juchit@aacute;n, teacher Ari Palos in association with Dos Vatos Productions; screenwriter Jorge Antonia Garcia, animator Lenin DeGyvés Montero.(14 min., Spanish with English subtitles, 2004) c2010. 49 min. DVD X4272

Entrega de Agua Potable a Domicilio v. Mexico.
Film examines the problem of polluted water and the need to develop pure water for domestic use in rural Mexico. 198-?. 25 min. Video/C 3692

Escaping from History. (Human Race; 4)
Mexico City, the most polluted and fastest growing city on the planet, is a sobering foretaste of what may await us all. Looking at the effects of industrialization on Mexico, and the impact of its development on the rest of the world, this program finds reasons for optimism. But it's a tough equation: for the Third World to have more, the First World will have to get used to having less. c1994. 53 min. Video/C 7204

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

The Fence
In 2006, the U.S. government built the Southern U.S. Border Barrier, a fence that stretches only 700 miles of the 2000 plus miles comprising the U.S.-Mexican border to help contain the illegal immigration issue, at a cost of three years and three billion dollars. Kennedy investigates the impact of the fence and some of its unforeseen consequences. Through candid interviews with border guards, ranchers, environmentalists, she asked the question: Was it worth it? Directed by Rory Kennedy. 2009. 36 min. DVD X5757

The Five Suns: A Sacred History of Mexico.
An animated depiction of the religion of the Aztecs told with illustrations painted in the style of native Mexican people of the sixteenth century. A film by Patricia Amlin. 1996. 55 min. Video/C 6184

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

De Florida a Coahuila: la historia de los Mascogos
A documentary on the Mascogos, an African descent community in Northern Mexico which emigrated from the U.S.A. to escape slavery. Directed by Rafael Robellar. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 200-? 50 min. DVD X3721

Flowers for Guadalupe: The Presence of the Virgin of Guadalupe in Mexican Women's Lives
This film explores the importance of the Virgin of Guadalupe as a liberating symbol for Mexican women today. This unusual "contata" of women's voices representing urban, small-town, and rural communities, is intercut with scenes of daily women's work and celebration of the Virgin of Guadalupe in various contexts. Includes festivities organized by the Comite Guadalupano in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, N.Y. and follows an all-women's pilgrimage from Mexico's Queretaro state through several arduous but joyful days as it weaves its way through difficult terrain, harsh weather and congested streets to the Virgin's shrine in Mexico City. A film by Judith Gleason with the collaboration of the Colectivo Feminista de Xalapa and of Elisa Mereghetti. 57 min. c1995. DVD X91

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

FNAC Presenta lo Mejor de Caiga Quien Caiga.
A satirical treatment on contemporary politics in Mexico. Originally produced for the television program Caiga Quien Caiga. 60 min. In Spanish without titles. PAL format. 1998?. Video/C 5423

Folklórico: Music and Dance Traditions
Documentary on "folklórico," a term referring both to folkoric dance forms and performing groups, and its role as a symbol of Mexican heritage. The program highlights the Ballet Folklórico de San Antonio. Beginning with an overview of the historical background of folklórico in the southwestern United States the film examines its links with events and movements in Mexico, the achievements of individuals such as Berta Almaguer, who taught Mexican dance and music in San Antonio beginning in the 1930s, and the impetus provided by the Chicano movement in the U.S. in the late 1960s and 1970s, which encouraged expressions of ethnic identity and pride. Teresa Vélez, artistic director of the Ballet Folklórico de San Antonio, discusses questions of authenticity and stylization in choreography and costumes. The program closes with a montage of various dances performed by the Ballet Folklórico de San Antonio. 2004. 30 min. DVD X4964

Food for the Ancestors
Presents Mexican customs relating to the care and remembrance of the dead, a weeklong holiday called Days of the Dead as celebrated in the culturally rich state of Puebla. Focuses on folk arts related to the celebration, such as weaving, pottery, dance, and preparation of special foods. Features include mask dancing by children, the spectacular Dance of the Voladores performed on a 60 foot pole; the fantastic Cholula Pyramid, and artisians creating skeleton and skull artwork in pottery, fabrics and food. Dist.: PBS. c2006. 60 min. DVD 5633

Forgotten People
Reveals human rights abuses that go unchecked in psychiatric hospitals, orphanages and mental retardation facilities around the world with primary focus on Mexico, Armenia and the Soviet Union. A production of the which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project2000. 10 min. DVD 3267

The Forgotten Root (La Raiz olvidada)
Details the history of Mexico's often-overlooked African populations. Drawing on interviews and archival imagery, the film takes us from the slavery of the colonial era to today's Afro-Mexican communities in Guerrero, Oaxaco, Campeche, Morelos and Veracruz. It argues that Mexico's famous mestizaje includes the important contibutions of African groups, as well as Spaniards and Indians. Directed by Rafael Rebollar. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 1998. 49 min. DVD X4044; Video/C MM399

Free Trade Slaves
Film discusses free trade zones and the accompanying human problems that have arisen with human rights, exploitation of workers and environmental degradation. Filmed on location in Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Mexico and Morocco. In English and various languages with English voiceovers. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1999. 58 min. Video/C 5927

Frida Kahlo.
Presents the life and work of Mexican painter Frida Kahlo. 62 min. Video/C 1297

Frida Kahlo: A Ribbon Around a Bomb.
A documentary portrait of the life of Mexican painter Frida Kahlo, who lived from 1907 to 1954, and has become an international cult figure. Interweaves poetry, music, and interviews with Kahlo's students and friends to create a portrait of an artist whose life and work increasingly speaks to the sensibilities of today. Directed by Ken Mandel. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). c1991. 60 min. Video/C MM1244

El Futuro Viene Duro (The Children Are Taking the Future). 1996.
Interviews with children who are demonstrating with their parents against the government in Mexico City, concerning the effect that political unrest and violence in Mexico has had upon their lives. Produced by students enrolled in Ethnographic Film (Anthropology 138B) in Spring of 1966, at the University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Anthropology. 26 min. Video/C 4408

General John J. Pershing and His American Army
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson responded to the raid by Pancho Villa across the U.S. border by sending 6,000 troops under General John J. Pershing to Mexico to pursue Villa. At the same time, Villa was being sought by Carranza's army, as well. The U.S. expedition was eventually called off after failing to find Villa, and Villa successfully escaped from both armies. Includes archival footage and commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 28 min. DVD X233

The Geographic Dynamic of the Pacific Rim (Power of Place: World Regional Geography; 13-14)
Prog. 13. Global interaction: Singapore, gateway city. Australia, new links to Asia.--Prog. 14. Migration and conquest: Mexico, motive to migrate. Guatemala, continuing conquest.

A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Singapore, Gateway City looks at how Singapore exploits its location to play a key commercial role in Pacific Asia. Australia, New Links to Asia investigates Australia's European roots and recent Asian influences in economic development. Mexico, Motive to Migrate examines migration patterns both within and outside of Mexico. Guatemala, Continuing Conquest examines the "cycles of conquest" borne by Maya peoples in Guatemala. 1995. 58 min. Video/C 4318

Available for online viewing (with Windows Media player)

The Global Assembly Line.
Documentary, filmed in electronic and garment factories, examines working forces in United States and free-trade zones of developing countries particularly the Philippines and Mexico. Director, Lorraine Gray. Dist.: New Day Films. 1986. 58 min. Video/C 1580

Granito de arena
For more than 20 years, global economic forces have been dismantling public education in Mexico, but always in the constant shadow of popular resistance. This film is the story of that resistance -- of a grassroots, non-violent movement of public schoolteachers who took Mexico by surprise and who have endured brutal repression in their struggle to defend public education. DVD 1: In English (narration) & Spanish (interviews), with optional subtitles in English, English & Spanish, German or French. DVD 2: In Spanish with no subtitles; in Portuguese (narration) & Spanish (interviews), with Portuguese subtitles. Subject Headings Public schools -- Mexico. Written, produced, and directed by Jill Freidberg. 2005. 61 min. DVD 7433

Guadalupe, Mother of all Mexico
A documentary on the history of Our Lady of Guadalupe and how she became an important part of the culture of Mexico. Each December, millions of Mexicans take whatever means available, some walk for days, to pay homage to her. Countless miracles have been attributed to her. Pilgrims bring flowers, and gifts, while some enter the shrines on bended knees. They ask Mary's intercession, and protection for those who have died and those not yet born. They also call on her in times of crises and calamities. c2000. 60 min. DVD X8636

Hechos Sobre Los Rieles: Una Historia de los Ferrocarrileros Mexicanos.
History of the development of railroads in Mexico and interviews with Mexican railroad workers involved in the formation of unions. 1988. 40 min. Video/C 1374

Los herederos: un documental (The Inheritors)
Depicts the lives of children and their families who labor in the Mexican countryside. The film takes us into the agricultural fields, where children barely bigger than the buckets they carry, work long hours, in often hazardous conditions, picking tomatoes, peppers, or beans, for which they are paid by weight. Everyone-from the frailest elders to the smallest of toddlers-must work revealing how the cycle of poverty is passed on, from one generation to another. A film by Eugenio Polgovsky. c2008. 90 min. DVD X2318

Description from Icarus Films catalog

History of the Mayas
The history of the Mayas and their culture is shown through the remains at Copan, Palenque, Tikal, Yaxchilan, Bonampak, and Chichen Itza. Archaeologists working at these Mayan ruins sites discuss their discoveries concerning the structure of Mayan society and interviews with modern Mayans reveal the many ancient practices and customs still in practice today. Dist.: Films Media Group. c1998. 45 min. Video/C 7390

Huichols and Pesticides (Huicholes y plaguicidas)
Examines how Huichol Indians, displaced from their traditional homes and occupations by modern development, have become migrant farm workers exposed to pesticides commonly used in Mexican agriculture. Discusses the health consequences of this exposure and the Mexican government's environmental controls. A film by Patricia Díaz Romo. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 1995. 27 min. Video/C MM1272

The Hunt for Pancho Villa.
In 1916, legendary outlaw Pancho Villa led a column of Mexican guerrillas across the border into New Mexico,an action that brought Mexico and the United States to the brink of war. President Wilson sent General John Pershing and his calvary troops to hunt down Villa in Mexico, but they were never able to even catch sight of him. 1994. Director, Hector Galan. 56 min. Video/C 3884

CINE Film & Video Awards 1994 (Golden Eagle).

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

The Huichols: History, Culture, Art
The Huichols, who live in the western Sierra Madre of central Mexico, are best known for their peyote rituals, their shamanistic practices, and their colorful, intricate textiles. However, like many indigenous peoples, the Huichols have no written history. The continuation of their culture depends on the vitality of their oral traditions. Rosalio "Chilio" Rivera Sanches and Luis Gonzales Carrio, from the small village of Las Guayabas, are working to preserve the oral traditions and histories of their people. They share some of the history, culture, traditional tales, and art of the Huichols. Director, Ryan Noble. c1996. 27 min. Video/C MM796

Imagining New Worlds. (Human Geography, People Places and Change)
Examines contrasting ways of viewing the city of Cancun, Mexico and Mayan ruins as seen through the eyes of tourists, Mayan descendants, and business investors. 1996. 27 min. Video/C 4241

In The Pit (En el hoyo)
A powerful documentary about the personal struggles behind the construction of a massive elevated freeway over Mexico City. With lyricism and compassion, this reveals the medieval nightmare underneath an ambitious utopian dream. Mexico City's Periferico Beltway, more than ten miles of elevated reinforced concrete, supported by massive towers, has been planned to both soar above and link the city's densely gridlocked urban neighborhoods. But while the roadway is a spectacular miracle of modern architectural design, it comes with a human cost. Written and directed by Juan Carlos Rulfo. 2006. 84 min. DVD 8334

In Whose Interest?
Filmmaker David Kaplowitz leads an eyeopening journey, questioning the effects of U.S. foreign policy over the past 50 years. Revealing a pattern of intervention, the film focuses on U.S. intervention in Guatemala, Vietnam, East Timor, El Salvador and Palestine/Israel. Archival footage, photographs and media coverage are interwoven with personal eye-witness accounts and commentary from academics, religious leaders and politicians. 2002. 28 mins. Video/C 9833

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Incidents of Travel in Chichen Itza
This ethnographic film depicts how New Agers, the Mexican state, tourists and 1920s archaeologists all contend to "clear" the site of the Maya city of Chichen Itza in order to produce their own idealized and unobstructed visions of "Maya" while the local Maya themselves struggle to occupy the site as vendors and artisans. 1997. 90 min. Video/C 9033

Description from Documentary Educational Resources catalog

Indigenous Always: The Legend of la Malinche and the Conquest of Mexico
Examines the life and legacy of the 16th century Indian woman known as La Malinche, who by her role in the Spanish conquest of Mexico and in giving birth to Cortes's son is a symbol of both cultural destruction and creation. Written, produced, and narrated by Dan Banda. 2000. 57 min. DVD X102

Intimidad
Cecy and Camilo are a young Mexican couple with a daughter, Loida. They long for a home together. In order to earn money to realize this dream, Cecy and Camilo relocate from their hometown of Santa María to Reynosa, where they can find factory jobs. Loida stays behind in Santa María, putting an emotional strain on Cecy that eventually sends her back home to her daughter. In turn, Cecy and Camilo must now deal with the strains of their own separation. Directed, edited, shot and produced by David Redmon & Ashley Sabin. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2009. 70 min. DVD X3714

Juchitan Queer Paradise
Presents a portrait of Juchitan, a small Mexican city near the Guatemalan border where homosexuality is fully accepted. The film profiles three gay people: a teacher, a hairdresser and a shop owner. The society is also unique as the population of Zapotec Indians resist the homogeneous trends of globalization. While Indian languages are endangered everywhere else in the world, in Juchitan, the Zapotec language is spoken proudly at home, at municipal meetings, in poetry, song and theatre. A film by Patricio Henriquez. 2002. 64 min. video/C 9822

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

The JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance. (The Americas II, Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia, Argentina)
Presents on film examples of music and dance from the Americas documented by accompanying text written by area specialists. 1988. 57 min. Video/C 3541

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 6. Central and South America: Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela
Mexico -- Nicaragua -- Peru: Amazonian culture; Andean culture; Coastal Black and urban culture -- Venezuela. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. c1995. 55 min. Video/C 4502

The Last Zapatista
Visits the profound and enduring legacy of Emiliano Zapata in contemporary Mexico through the reminiscences of Emeterio Pantaleon, who road with Zapata during the Mexican Revolution of 1910 to 1920. Recent legislation to privatize traditional community lands is destroying the communal farming system that Zapata promoted and fought for, and all over Mexico campesinos are being forced to sell their lands. This film portrays their ongoing struggle for the land while also relating the now-legendary story of the folk hero Zapata. Writer, producer and director, Susan Lloyd. 1995. 30 min. DVD X7075; Video/C 9442

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

Leaving Home. (We Do the Work)
Examines the Mexico-U.S. Free Trade Agreement by looking at how workers on both sides of the border have been affected by the maquiladora program. Economists, free trade advocates, and Latino community leaders debate our free trade future. 199-?. 60 min. Video/C 2626

The Living Maya
A four part documentary chronicling the everyday life of a present-day Mayan family as it tries to cope with modern society. 1977.

The Living Maya: Part 1. In this first segment the North American anthropologist explains his personal and professional motives for working with Maya Indians in Yucatan, Mexico. Shows the expedition embarking, arriving in the Yucatan, and beginning work in a village. 59 min. Video/C 8486

The Living Maya: Part 2. In this second segment the North American anthropologists doing field work in Yucatan, Mexico, consider the family members individually and as a unit in the village as they seek to understand the Mayan view of the world and examine how this view has shaped their society. 59 min. Video/C 8487

The Living Maya: Part 3. In this third segment the anthropology team witnesses ancient ceremonies consecrating new corn fields. Contrasts the conflicts between ancient traditions and the attraction of modern urban life when two young boys from the village plead with their parents to let them go to the city. 59 min. Video/C 8488

The Living Maya: Part 4.This final segment witnesses the return to the village in Yucatan, Mexico of two young boys who found city life lonely. The parents, who initially opposed their going to the city and who were already in debt, are confused and angry. Traditional values have been turned up-side-down by this series of events. 59 min. Video/C 8489

The Lost Reels of Pancho Villa (Los rollos perdidos de Pancho Villa)
Intrigued by the legendary Mexican military leader Pancho Villa's little-known relationship with Hollywood, filmmaker and sleuth Gregorio Rocha goes on a search for lost footage that Villa commissioned from the American Mutual Film Company in 1914, allowing cameramen to follow him into war. The footage includes some of the first battle scenes captured in "moving pictures." Rocha documents his encounters as he scours the film vaults and back rooms of institutions across North America and Europe for the seven reels of film that immortalized Villa. His research unveils a legacy of fictional and documentary depictions of Villa dating from the silent film era, revealing a world unsure whether to venerate or to fear this imposing figure and the forces of popular revolution that he embodied. Written and directed by Gregorio Rocha. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2003. 49 min. Video/C MM1258

Made on Rails: A History of the Mexican Railroad Workers.
Issued under Spanish title, "Hechos sobre los rieles: una historia de los ferrocarrileros mexicanos". Spanish dialogue with English subtitles. A history of the development of railroads in Mexico and interviews with Mexican railroad workers involved in the formation of unions. Produced and directed by John Mraz. 1988. 40 min. Video/C 1374

Vanderwood, P.J. "Made on Rails: A History of the Mexican Railroad Workers." (review) Film & History v.19 no.2 (May, 1989) p.46. I

Marcos: Historia y Palabra (Marcos, Word and History)
An interview in which subcommander Marcos talks about his arrival in the forests of Chiapas, the union between the insurrectional army (EZLN) and the indigenous communities, the different stages of the rebellion and its principal actors, as well as the fall of the communist countries and the future and hopes for the children of Mexico. In Spanish with English subtitles. 90 min. 1996. Video/C 8705

Maquila: A Tale of Two Mexicos (Emerging Powers)
This documentary presents the pros and cons of the maquiladora (or maquila) an export manufacturing program established by the Mexican Government and looks at industrialization in Mexico after NAFTA, considering low wages, working conditions, environmental and cultural impact. A film by Saul Landau and Sonia Angulo. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2000. 55 min. DVD X2301; Video/C 7459

Maquilapolis (City of Factories)
Explores the environmental devastation and urban chaos of Tijuana's assembly factories and the female laborers who have organized themselves for social action. Carmen earns six dollars a day but she is not a victim. She is a dynamic young woman, busy making a life for herself and her children. In "Maquilapolis," Carmen and her friend Lourdes confront labor violations, environmental devastation and urban chaos, reaching beyond their daily struggle for survival to organize for change, taking on both the Mexican and U.S. governments and a major television manufacturer. The women also use video cameras to document their lives, their city and their hopes for the future. Produced and directed by Vicky Funari, Sergio De La Torre. 2006. 68 min. DVD 6606
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Awards
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults

Description from California Newsreel catalog

Balachandran Orihuela, Sharada; Hageman, Andrew Carl. "The Virtual Realities of US/Mexico Border Ecologies in Maquilapolis and Sleep Dealer." Environmental Communication, Jun2011, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p166-186, 21p UC users only
Fregoso, Rosa-Linda. "Maquilapolis: An Interview with Vicky Funari and Sergio de la Torre." Camera Obscura 25(2 74): 173-181 (2010) UC users only
Sorrensen, Cynthia. "Maquilapolis/Bolivia." Journal of Latin American Geography; 2009, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p225-229, 5p
Winn, Peter. "Maquilapolis: City of Factories." International Labor & Working-Class History, Fall2006, Issue 70, p169-161, 3p

A Massacre Foretold
Chronicles the historic events surrounding the 1997 massacre of 45 pacifist supporters of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation who were murdered while seeking refuge in a church. Also looks at the 1994 emergence of the Zapatistas, the Mexican army's attacks on rural peasant communities -- involving destruction of homes, forced displacement of entire communities, and "disappearances" and murders meant to terrorize the indigenous population -- and government "negotiations" with the Zapatistas. Directed & produced by Nick Higgins. 2007. 58 min. DVD 9295

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Webb, Helen. "A Massacre Foretold" Film & History , Fall2010, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p144-146, 3p UC users only

Megacities
A film in twelve chapters which tells the tales of people from Bombay, Mexico City, Moscow and New York, who are all struggling for daily survival, with ingenuity, intelligence and dignity. Focuses on the lives of Shankar, the Bioscope Man; Modesto, the chicken feet vendor; Baba Khan, the paint recycler; Nestor, the trash scavenger; street kids Oleg, Borya, Kolya and Misha; Cassandra, the performer; Larissa, the crane driver and Toni, the hustler. 1998. 90 min. Video/C 8920

Magnavoz
This documentary adds visuals from disparate sources to the words of Xavier Icaza, a Mexican writer from nearly a century ago. Strange, immediate and full of contradiction, the film manages to rivet for most of its time and leaves one feeling sad and less hopeful about the state (literal and symbolic) of present-day Mexico. Director, Jesse Lerner. 2006. 25 min. DVD X6955

Memorias de un Mexicano.
An extraordinary documentary of authentic footage covering key events and figures of the Mexican Revolution from 1904 to 1924 as described by the pioneer film maker, Salvador Toscano. Contains exclusive, authentic footage of transportation modes and warfare and other aspects of the Mexican Revolution. It also depicts the women's role in Mexico during this period. Film represents one of the first uses of film for journalistic purposes in Mexico. Original film compiled by Carmen Toscano in 1950 from footage taken by her father. 28-page guide written by Alex M. Saragoza. 45 min. 197-?. Video/C 2726

Mexico. (Emerging Powers; 3)
Examines the rise of Mexico's economy, and the series of crises which led to economic collapse. Includes interviews with members of Mexico's finance community and its micro-business association CAME. Profiles include Rafael Fernandez-McGregor, who hopes to restore a vital rail link between Mexico and the U.S. and executives from Pemex, one of the world's most powerful oil companies. 50 min. c1996. Video/C 4306

Mexico: Dead or Alive.
An examination of politics and human rights violations in modern Mexico through the experiences of Dr. Mario Rojas Alba, a physician and former member of the Mexican Congress for the opposition Revolutionary Democratic Party (PRD). Dr. Alba, now a political refugee in Canada, makes a return trip to Mexico where he acts as guide and witness to the conflict between the government and the people's demands for justice and reform, as he struggles with his own position as an exile from the country he loves. A film by Mary Ellen Davis. 1996. 56 min. Video/C 4718

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Mexico City: The Impossible City.
Defines Mexico City's globalization in terms of winners and losers, examining how, in the world's largest metropolis, immigration challenges are linked to poverty and population influx from surrounding rural areas. Contrasting the high-tech facilities and fashionable neighborhoods with its sprawling slums and struggling inhabitants, the program outlines the relationship between foreign investment and the worldwide need for cheap labor, which Mexico and its indigenous peoples readily supply. Glimpses into a tech-savvy youth culture and the persistent Zapatista movement reinforce the capital's nickname: City of Contrasts. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2005. 26 min. DVD 4305

Mexico For Sale.
A documentary dealing with the mexican perspective on free trade. Documents the opposition to the actual trade pact from significant voices within the PRI, Academia, Labor, and the PRD. 1992. 45 min. Video/C 2822

Mexico: High Price of Profit
The first segment examines the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and U.S. industry's search for cheap labor and manufacturing costs on health, the environment, labor and civil liberties in Mexico. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast August 25, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 1778

Mexico Series.
Records the history and political events in Mexico from the Mexican revolution to the 1988 presidential elections through interviews and the use of extensive archival materials. 1. Revolution, 1910-1940.--2. From Boom to Bust, 1940-1982.--3. End of An Era, 1982-1988. c1988. 96 min. DVD 2367; also VHS Video/C 1331:1-3

Mexico, The Frozen Revolution (Mexico, la revolucion congelada)
Using newsreel footage of Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata connects the betrayal of the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1917 with contemporary documentary scenes to present a comprehensive sociohistorical analysis of Mexico. The film discusses the economic problems Mexico has experienced as a result of the government's failure to live up to the promises of the revolution and exposes the PRI, the party that governed Mexico for almost 70 years, as corrupt. Directed by Raymundo Gleyzer. 1971. 65 min. DVD 9572

Mitos, Ritos y Costumbres Aztecas
A striking documentary about Aztec social customs and religion, art, history, traditions and rituals -- including human sacrifice. In Spanish. 1989. 56 min. Video/C 8670

Monuments of Ancient Mexico.
Shows the first Meso-American civilization of the Olmecs, through the rise and decline of other civilizations such as the Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs. c1990. 25 min. Video/C 2614

Mojados, Through the Night (Wetbacks, Through the Night)
Filmed over the course of ten days, this follows four men into the world of illegal border-crossing from Mexico to the United States. Guapo, Oso, Tigre, Viejo take the 120 mile cross-desert journey that has been traveled innumerable times by nameless immigrants who - like these four from Michoacan, Mexico - all had a simple dream for a better life. Fighting dehydration and exhaustion while evading the U.S. Border Patrol through sub-zero temperature darkness of night, filled with barbed wire, brutal storms and the ever-present confrontation with death, they endure unimaginable hardship that is the reality for tens of thousands of illegals who have made this similar journey. Written, produced and directed by Tommy Davis. 2004. 70 min. DVD 9209

La Muerte de Pancho Villa.
Portrays the life and events leading to the ambush and assassination of Francisco "Pancho" Villa, one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution and general of the Northern Division of the Army, on June 20, 1923. 19-?. 92 min. Video/C 1378

Mujeria: Primitive and Proud
An historical survey of Olmec women, including still photographs of Olmec antiquities, and the significant role of lesbianism among Olmec women then and now. Director & animator, Osa Hidalgo-de la Riva. 1992. 20 min. Video/C 7750

NAFTA: A 3-way Tie for Last.
Examines the "unheard voices" of the debate centering around the North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, U.S. and Mexico. Presents the concerns of Canadian, American and Mexican workers, native Americans, farmers and environmentalists who perceive NAFTA to be a "dangerous" trade policy. Dist.: Paper Tiger TV. 1993. 28 min. Video/C 3642

New Audiences for Mexican Music
The first part of the program describes Banda, a popular dance music that originated in Mexico over a century ago and is now sweeping Los Angeles. Banda features wind instruments and drums with modern electronic rhythms. The second part of the program which explains the history of mariachi music, shows performances by the group Campanas de America which mixes mariachi with country music. The third part of the program profiles Tejano music, popularized by the late singer Selena. Contents: La Musica Banda! -- Campanas de America -- Tejano 101. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1994. 30 min. Video/C 6139

The New Tijuana
A history of Tijuana, Mexico showing the development of the city from a very small village to a modern metropolis of more than 2,000,000 inhabitants. The documentary emphasizes the relatively recent social, economic and political changes in the city. c1990. 58 min. Video/C 8911

New World Border
Documents the rise in human rights abuses along the U.S./Mexico border since the implementation of border blockades (Operation Gatekeeper), which have been erected in populated areas throughout the border region during the last decade. Includes interviews with immigrant rights organizers, testimony from immigrants, analysis of "free trade" policies and current efforts to build a vibrant movement for immigrant rights. Produced and edited by Casey Peek. 2001. 28 min. Video/C 7931

Ninos de Esperanza = Children of Hope.
Film follows the development of a project by the San Diego branch of the Americas Foundation which assisted low income families in Tijuana to build a state-of-the-art elementary school with the assistance of local volunteers from the community. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1994. 30 min. Video/C 4191

North/South
Contents: [Pt. 1] Mexico: high price of profit -- [Pt. 2. Interview with Svetlana Slapsak and Zoran Mutic] -- [Pt. 3] Texas/USA: burder injustice. The first segment examines the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and U.S. industry's search for cheap labor and manufacturing costs on health, the environment, labor and civil liberties in Mexico. The second segment is an interview with two writers; Bosnian author, Zoran Mutic, and Serbian author Svetlana Slapsak, on their views of the ethnic turmoil in Sarajevo. the Third segment examines abuses by border agents against illegal aliens captured crossing the Mexican-American border into Texas. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs August 25, 1993. Video/C 6701

Now is the Hardest Time: Poverty and Public Policy in the Tehuantepec Isthmus, Mexico.
Explores the impact of government social policy on the lives of indigenous community members in the Tehuantepec Isthmus region of Oaxaca, Mexico. Looks at the changing dynamics of the communities, including men migrating in search of work, the loss of traditional knowledge, the impact of government policies that encourage dependency on cities, the increased use of pesticides and chemicals on crops and health policies in relation to women's reproductive rights. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2000. 10 min. DVD 3257

Oaxaca: Megamarch for Justice
Following years of government corruption and electoral fraud, and the violent eviction of thousands of teachers on strike who had occupied Oaxaca's city centre, a massive community-teacher movement got together and formed an alternative grassroots government. Teachers, students, housewives, Indigenous and rural communities and other sectors of the population have marched by the hundreds of thousands demanding the removal of state governor Ulises Ruiz Ortiz. Women have played a central role, occupying TV and radio stations. This documentary shows the ongoing struggle of a united people determined to win and the repression they face: disappearances, murders, including the murder of Indymedia journalist Brad Will, arbitrary detentions, torture and rape. Edited by Nina López; produced by the Global Women's Strike. 2007. 34 min. DVD X6993

Oaxacan Hoops
Shot in the mountains of the Sierra Norte in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico and the inner-city neighborhoods in Los Angeles, this documentary explores the long-standing cultural tradition of basketball among the Oaxacan community. It looks at how the sport has helped many Zapotec Indians living in Los Angeles build community, keep traditions alive and maintain a connection to their villages in Mexico. During the biggest basketball tournament outside of Mexico, the Oaxaca Cup, more than 40 teams compete, most representing a village back home. Produced at the Graduate School of Journalism, UC Berkeley, producer, director, editor, Olga R. Rodriguez. 2003. 20 min. DVD 7648 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 9727

La Ofrenda: The Days of the Dead.
In Mexico, on the first days of November, the dead come to visit. They are received and given offerings of their favorite food, flowers, and momentos of their presence on earth. La Ofrenda takes a non-traditional look at the celebration in Mexico and the United States. A film by Lourdes Portillo and Susana Munoz. c1989. 50 min. Video/C 1778

American Film & Video Festival 1990 (Blue Ribbon)

Masuoka, Susan N. "La Ofrenda." (movie reviews) Western Folklore v53, n1 (Jan, 1994):92 (4 pages).
Nutini, Hugo G. "La Ofrenda: The Days of the Dead." (video recording reviews) American Anthropologist v93, n3 (Sept, 1991):772 (2 pages).

On Wings of Faith (En Alas de la Fe).
A visit to two festivals held in the North Sierra of Puebla, Mexico; one to honor Saint Michael the Archangel in the town of San Miguel Tzinacapan; the other for Saint Francis of Assisi in Cuetzalan. Mexican and mesoamerican dancers celebrate their oral traditions, magical medicine, petition for favors and give thanks to their patron saints through the medium of dance. 1994. 28 min. Video/C 4420

One River, One Country: The U.S.-Mexico Border
Along the Rio Grande, a third country is emerging, neither Mexico nor the United States, but an uncomfortable combination of the two. Its inhabitants share family and economic ties, but feel isolated from the mainstream cultures of their two native lands. Program suggests how an aggressive "good-neighbor policy" of American trade with Mexico might alleviate some of the region's economic troubles. Originally presented as a segment in the television series: CBS reports. Produced and directed by Elena Mannes; written by Bill Moyers, Elena Mannes. 1986. 47 min. Video/C MM882

The Other Mexico: The Sub-commander Marcos is Back
Explores the growing popularity of the Zapatista movement and its leader known as "Subcomandante Marcos", who has given a voice to the nation's poor and indigenous people during the controversial 2006 Presidential election. With gripping footage of police violence and in-depth interviews, this video explores the growing political and socioeconomic crisis which will have far reaching effects for both Latin America and beyond. Written and directed by Francesca Nava. 2008. 50 min. DVD X459

The Other Side (El otro lado) (City Life; 14)
Examines the devastating impact of Mexican-United States migration. The families and communities left behind are disabled, and their languages and cultures are being destroyed. This program looks at villagers who strive to ensure that their children will no longer have to migrate to have a better life. Directed by Christopher Walker. 2002. 27 min. DVD X6436; Video/C 8942

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

The Other Side of Immigration
This documentary is based on over 700 interviews with men and women in the Mexican countryside. The film explores why so many people leave small Mexican towns to work in the United States and what happens to the families and communities they leave behind. The audience is encouraged to think about new and creative ways that the U.S. and Mexican governments can work together to solve the problem of undocumented immigration. Directed by Roy Germano. 2009. 55 min. DVD X5085

Awards
American Library Association Video Round Table: Notable Videos for Adults

Pancho Villa and Other Stories
An account of the Mexican revolution (1910-1920) and one of its most important yet enigmatic protagonists, Francisco "Pancho" Villa. This documentary is a seamless weaving of rare vintage photographs, with oral histories conducted between 1986-1994, from witnesses as well as participants, in addition to authentic motion picture footage shot by American and Mexican film crews on location. Produced and directed by Phillip Rodriguez. 1999. 40 min. Video/C 7589

Las Papas del Papa (The Pope's Potatoes)
In 1999 when Pope John Paul II visited Mexico, it was not only the visit of Mexico's most revered living religious figure, but also an opportunity for product placements and corporate tie-ins. In one case, promotional stickers of the Pope appeared in bags of potato chips. This short narrative follows the confusions of a young boy who searches for a shortcut to heaven, in the media saturated world of the Pope's 1999 visit to Mexico. Dirigido y escrito por Alex Rivera con Efrain Santa Cruz. Dist. Subcine. 2000. 8 min. Video/C 9212

Los Pastores (The Shepherd's Play)
A staged presentation of a Christmas morality play that has long been part of Hispanic folk traditions in the American Southwest. Originally written by Padre Florencio Ibanez of the Soledad Mission in 1803, it may be the first play written and performed in California. Performed in the Regents' Theater, the Valley Center for the Performing Arts, Holy Names College, December 4, 2002. 39 min. Video/C 9728

Performing the Border
Set in the Mexican border town Ciudad Juarez where U.S. industries assemble their electronic and digital equipment, this film examines the socioeconomic problems of the Mexican-American border region, focusing on hardships faced by women in newly urbanized areas. A film by Ursula Biemann. 1999. 43 min. DVD 5503; vhs Video/C 1079

Women Make Movies catalog description

A Place Called Chiapas: A Film
In 1994 the Zapatista National Liberation Army, made up of impoverished Maya Indians, took over five towns and 500 ranches in southern Mexico. Fighting for indigenous Mexicans to regain control over their lives and the land, the Zapatista Army, led by Subcommandante Marcos, started sending their message to the world via the Internet. The result was what the New York Times called "the world's first post-modern revolution." Here the filmmaker, who traveled to the jungle canyons of Southern Mexico to cover the uprising, effectively captures the human dimensions behind the war. A film by Nettie Wild. c1998. 93 min. DVD 5111; vhs Video/C 6127

Awards
International Documentary Association

Un poquito de tanta verdad
A Little Bit of So Much Truth captures the phenomenon that emerged when thens of thousands of teachers, housewives, indigenous communities, health workers, farmers, and students took over 14 radio stations and one television station in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, using them to organize, mobilize, and ultimately defend their grassroots struggle for social, cultural, and economic justice. Produced, written, and edited by Jill Irene Freidberg. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 93 min. DVD X3689

Presumed Guilty
In December 2005 Toño Zuniga was picked up off the street in Mexico City, Mexico, and sentenced to 20 years for a murder he knew nothing about. A friend of Toño's contacted two young lawyers, Roberto Hernández and Layda Negrete, who gained prominence in Mexico when they helped bring about the release of another innocent man from prison. Looking into Toño's case, Roberto and Layda managed to get a retrial--on camera--and enlisted the help of filmmaker Geoffrey Smith to chronicle the saga. Shot over three years with unprecedented access to the Mexican courts and prisons, this dramatic story is a searing indictment of a justice system that presumes guilt. Directed by Roberto Hernandez and Geoffrey Smith. Documentary originally shown on P.O.V. television program in 2009. 88 min. DVD X5209

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Balko, Radley. "Exposing Mexican Injustice." Reason, Feb2010, Vol. 41 Issue 9, p56-56 UC users only
Tanasse, Gisèle. "Presumed Guilty." Educational Media Reviews Online
Young, James. "Judge bars 'Guilty' doc from theaters." Daily Variety, 3/4/2011, Vol. 310 Issue 44, p15-15 UC users only

¿Que Viva Mexico!¿ (Da zdravstvuyet Meksika!)
Director Sergei Eisenstein's long-lost silent film shot by the great Eduard Tisse in 1931. Divided into segments; a wedding, a bullfight, a fiesta, a dramatized abortive uprising at the turn of the century. Russian with English subtitles. 1979. 85 min. Video/C 999:876

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Sergei Eisenstein Mexican Fantasy

La Quinceañera
Many important events in Ana Maria's life have been disappointing. Will her Quince Años (fifteenth birthday) be any different? Her mother and five siblings are determined that it will be: hoping and struggling to make her Quinceañera a special day, despite a lack of support from her father. Exploring issues of family, faith, and coming of age, La Quinceañera is a touching portrait of a Mexican family's love and devotion to each other. Directed by Adam Taub. 2007. 41 min. DVD 9576

The Ragged Revolution: The Romance and the Reality of the Mexican Revolution, 1910 to 1920.
Discusses the realities behind the romantic myths of the Mexican Revolution and shows how the social and economic conditions in Mexico at the turn of the century paved the way for the Revolution. Also discusses the U.S. role throughout this period and shows the influence of the Revolution on the work of the great Mexican muralists. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1987? 38 min. Video/C 3451

A Railroad to Utopia
Explores, using time-lapse and animation techniques as well as archival drawings and photographs, a utopian colony established in Topolobampo in Northern Mexico by American Socialist pioneers, Albert Kimsey Owen and others, in 1886. The writings of Clarissa Kneeland are incorporated in the film. Directed by Gregorio Rocha. Dist. Subcine. 1995. 30 min. Video/C 9218

Recuerdos
The documentary film Recuerdos is an outline of the past century, as seen through the life of Luis Frank, a Lithuanian emigrant. It tells the story of people who traveled the world in search of a place to belong, and people whose lives were marked by disruption. A film by Marcela Arteaga. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 86 min. Video/C MM1263

Recuerdos
The documentary film Recuerdos is an outline of the past century, as seen through the life of Luis Frank, a Lithuanian emigrant. It tells the story of people who traveled the world in search of a place to belong, and people whose lives were marked by disruption. A film by Marcela Arteaga. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2003. 86 min. DVD X6977; Video/C MM1263

Reed: Insurgent Mexico.
A dramatization of John Reed's accounts of the Mexican Revolution depicting the young journalist's adventures with Pancho Villa's army between 1913 and 1914. Originally produced as a motion picture in 1971. c1994. 104 min. Video/C 999:1195

Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

West, Dennis. "Reed: Insurgent Mexico." (video recording reviews)Cineaste v22, n1 (Wntr, 1996):53 (2 pages).
Wilson, Christopher P. "Plotting the Border: John Reed, Pancho Villa, and Insurgent Mexico." In: Cultures of United States Imperialism / Amy Kaplan and Donald E. Pease, editors. pp: 340-61. Durham: Duke University Press, 1993. (Main Stack E179.5.C96 1993; Moffitt E179.5.C96 1993)

Un retrato de Diego: la seduccion de la mirada
The painter Gabriel Figueroa had the idea, to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of artistic work of Diego Rivera, to make a short film. Manual Alvarez Bravo had made several unfinished short artistic films fifty years ago documenting Diego Rivera and his work. Now Gabriel Figueroa Flores and Diego López Rivera utilized these unique and unknown films to create a portrait of Diego while also deepening the ties that united all three great artists in a modern setting. Directed by Gabriel Figueroa Flores and Diego López. In Spanish without English subtitles. 2007. 80 min. DVD X5806

Return of the Maya.
Recounts the excavation of the ancient Mayan City, Edzna, by Mayan refugees from Guatamala currently living in Mexico. Includes an examination of the current social and economic conditions of these immigrants who are ancestors of the Mayas who originally built this ancient city. 1992. 29 min. Video/C 2566

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Rojo Amanecer.
A docudrama based on the terrible events of Oct. 2, 1968 when 300 students were massacred in the plaza of Tlatelolco during a time when being a student was worse than being a criminal. Dialogue in Spanish. c1990. 95 min. Video/C 3446

Rufino Tamayo: The Sources of His Art.
Commentary and poetry by Octavio Paz. Narrated by John Huston. Pictures the artist Rufino Tamayo at work, both painting and preparing a lithograph. Shows the development of Tamayo's style, using representative paintings from the early 1930's to the present day, and points out the pre-Columbian and contemporary Mexican sources and inspiration which have greatly influenced his painting. 198-?. 27 min. Video/C 1368

Sacred Games: Ritual Warfare in a Maya Village.
Presents how the Maya people see the world and how their symbolic world is renewed in the annual carnival celebrations. 1988. 59 min. Video/C 2426

The Sacred Land (Chul stes bil lum qui, nal).
Until the Zapastista uprising in 1994, most indigenous people in Chiapas existed by working on large "rancheros" for rich landowners. This film describes what life was like on these plantations through the stories of community members that go back four generations telling about slavery-like conditions. c2000. 19 min. Video/C MM855

Seeds of Progress.
Describes PIDER, a Mexican government program designed to alleviate rural poverty by promoting small-scale agriculture and local industry and involving campesinos in project decisions. c1983. 28 min. Video/C 3688

Señorita Extraviada: Missing Young Women
Documents a two year investigation of the layers of complicity that have allowed the unsolved mystery of the kidnapping, rape and murder of over 230 young women in the city of Juarez, Mexico. The perpetuators of these crimes have not been apprehended, even though these crimes have been occurring regularly since 1993. A film by Lourdes Portillo. 2001. 76 min. DVD X2693; vhs Video/C 9045

Awards
International Documentary Association
Sundance Film Festival - Special Jury Prize

Women Make Movies catalog description

Sergei Eisenstein Mexican Fantasy (Meksikanskaya fantasiya)(Russia, 1998)
Directed by Oleg Kovalov. Left unfinished by Eisenstein, the film (originally to be titled: Que viva Mexico and produced in 1938)) was highly structured, and was to consist of four "novellas" or "scenarios" plus a prologue and epilogue. The precise order and content of these episodes was constantly changing, but the overall film would trace the history of Mexico from precolonial times through Spanish conquest to contemporary times. Each episode has its own distinct style, is dedicated to a different Mexican artist, and also bases itself on some primal element (stone, water, iron, fire, air). The soundtrack in each case features a different Mexican folk song. A very rare film, this is not a re-working by another filmmaker, but the original film itself. 100 min. DVD X6482

¿Que Viva Mexico!¿

Shunka's Story
A Tzotzil Maya woman of Zinacantan, Chiapas, conveys her thoughts and feelings about her life. The narration consists of the voice-over comments (in English) of the woman herself (Shunka), thus keeping to a minimum the intrusion of the filmaker's cultural biases. 1983. 20 min. Video/C MM814

The Sixth Sun: Mayan Uprising in Chiapas.
An examination of the confrontation between Mayan Indians and large landowners and government forces in a 1994 uprising in Chiapas, Mexico. Raises questions about the destruction of entire peoples and cultures in the rush toward economic progress. Features interviews with Subcomandante Marcos and other leaders of the Zapatista movement. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996. 57 min. Video/C 5415

A Skirt Full of Butterflies.
A film by Ellen Osborne, Maureen Gosling. In this film we hear from five women whose stories are interlaced with scenes of work and the resplendent festivities, music, poetry and paintings of the region. They show how valuable economic independence, community, friendship, cultural pride and respect for 'women's work' are in giving a woman self-esteem and a sense of purpose in life. c1993. 15 min. Video/C 4275

Song of the Earth: Traditional Music from the Highlands of Chiapas (Son de la tierra)
Tzotil elders explain the significance of traditional music and the role of musicians in their communities and talk about the influence of western music and dress on youth and express their hopes that indigenous youth will maintain their traditions and culture. 2002. 17 min. Video/C MM851

Stepan Chemical: The Poisoning of a Mexican Community.
When the Chicago-based Stepan Chemical plant in Matamoros, Mexico dumped xylene, a toxic solvent linked to birth defects, into open canals near the homes of the people of Matamoros, the people of Matamoros, through their community leaders and with help from the U.S.-based Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras, fought to end this contamination and demanded a full accounting from Stepan Chemical and environmental agencies in the U.S. and Mexico, as part of their struggle for a clean environment. c1992. 18 min. Video/C 2615

Sweat of the Sun.
Visits various sites of ancient Inca and Aztec splendor and examines gold artifacts that escaped the pillaging of the Spanish conquerors. Discusses the significance of these objects and describes how they were used by Aztec and Inca priests in practical and ritual fashion. 1976. 52 min. Video/C 178

This Is What Free Trade Looks Like: the NAFTA Fraud in Mexico, The Failure of the WTO, and the Case for Global Revolt (Asi vive el libro comercio : el fraude del TLC en Mexico, el fracaso de la OMC, y el porque de la rebelion global)
Designed as a companion film to This is what democracy looks like, this is one of the first activist films to carefully explain how free trade operates. It does so from the perspective of the Mexican experience with ten years of NAFTA. Activists and scholars authoritatively condemn free trade as a solution to poverty and discuss the impacts on farmers, workers, youth, and immigrants. Shot in Cancun, Mexico on the occasion of the 5th WTO ministerial in September 2003, it contextualizes the growing international resistance to free trade policies. Written and directed by Amory Starr. Filmed in Cancun, Mexico on the occasion of the 5th WTO ministerial in September 2003. 60 min. DVD 6894

Tijuana, Nada Más
Presents the story of four homeless children in the busiest border city in the world: Tijuana. Jonathan and Jesus are two nino~s polleros who work for the Coyotes leading immigrants across the border until one day they decide to change their lives and become part of a "family"; Bladimir is an L.A. gangmember who has been recently deported and has to start over again; Enrique is a 14-year-old callejero (street child) who blows fireballs on the streets for a living and still believes in the promise of a better life in Tijuana. Tijuana, Nada M@aacute;s takes us into the world of these children who cross the porous U.S. border while certain boundaries in their own lives remain impassable; exclusion, poverty and an uncertain future are the highest fences for them. Even if they cross the border, will they get to the "other" side? Director, producer and writer, Yolanda Pividal. Dist.: Third World Newsreel. 2007. 27 min. DVD X6596

To Make the Balance.
A film by Laura Nader. Describes the unique community government system of Oaxaca, Mexico--an unwritten village legal system with few formalities. The system resolves conflict by minimizing the sense of injustice felt by the parties to a case. The law is a style of compromise, equality, de-escalation at all costs. Candid photography shows the presidente--a court official elected from the community at large and serving without pay for one year--handling and resolving five disputes. Originally issued as a motion picture in 1966. 1983. 33 min. DVD X609 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 4512

Trotsky y México: dos revoluciones del siglo XX
The documentary looks at the life of Trotsky and the Russian Revolution in relation to the Mexican Revolution. The first part of the film focuses on Trotsky's role in the Russian Revolution, and his actions that led to his exile. The second part shows the political and social situation in Mexico and its integration into the international scene when Trotsky arrived in 1937. Finally, the film looks at Trotsky's time in Mexico until his death. Directed by Adolfo García Videla. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 28 min. DVD X3690

U.S. Mexican War, 1846-1848.
This two-part documentary tells the story of the U.S. Mexican War in which Mexico lost almost half of its national territory to the United States.

In the first segment Mexico is suffering the aftermath of its 1820s war for independence from Spain while to the north the U.S. is expanding its territory. Tensions mount when Texas breaks free from Mexico in 1836 and is later annexed by the U.S. In 1846, U.S. and Mexican troops clash over a border dispute in Texas and war explodes. President Polk orders the U.S. Army and Navy to conquer the Mexican territories of New Mexico and California. When Mexico refuses to surrender, Polk turns his attention to Mexico City.

In the second segment former Mexican President General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna returns from exile to unite Mexico against the U.S. invasion. President Polk decides to open a second front against Mexico and strike deep into Mexico's heartland. Santa Anna is unable to turn back the invaders and a dramatic battle for Mexico City ends when the capital finally surrenders on September 14, 1847. A few months later, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ceding all of the states of the present American Southwest to the United States. Dist.: PBS. 1998. 120 min. each part. Video/C 5675 (part I); Video/C 5676 (part II)

Viaje al Centro de la Selva: Memorial Zapatista, Enero-Agosto 1994.
Documentary film of the formation and activities of the EZLN, a band of Mexican guerrilla insurrectionists called Zapatistas, who occupied the Chiapas region of Southeast Mexico in January, 1994. This film chronicles the first moments of the peasant uprising through the Convencion Nacional Democratica sponsored by the EZLN in August 6-9, 1994 and held in a freshly made clearing hewn out of the jungle and attended by over 6,000 delegates from all over Mexico. In Spanish. 1994. 91 min. Video/C 3862

Viento Negro.
Depicts the history of the arduous work, difficulties, and conflicts that beset a group of men in building a railroad across the Mexican desert of Altar in the state of Sonora, Mexico. 1988. 120 min. Video/C 999:1866

Voices of Latin America.
Presents an introduction to five Latin American writers including Garcilaso de la Vega, So Juana de la Cruz, Jose Marti, Jorge Luis Borges, and Elena Poniatowska. Filmed on location in Mexico and Peru with host David McCullough. 1991. 58 min. Video/C 2139

Voices of the Sierra Tarahumara
In the face of grave political and environmental danger, the Tarahumara Indians of northern Mexico are surviving the worst of human rights violations. The drug cartels of central Mexico have illegally taken over the Tarahumara aboriginal land, deforested without permission, planted massive quantities of marijuana and opium, and enslaved the people to cultivate the drug fields. Many Indians have been murdered, and survivors live in absolute terror. Written and directed by Robert Brewster, Felix Arthur Gehm. c2001. 51 min. DVD X3256

Berkeley Media LLC catalog description

Wanted: Dead or Alive: Pancho Villa and the American Invasion of Mexico
When Pancho Villa staged a nightime raid across the U.S. border he overnight became the villian in American media and public opinion. The mission to capture him "dead or alive" launched the Pershing Punitive Expedition. Includes archival footage and commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 27 min. DVD X233

Wars and Images
Contents: Gringo (29 min.) -- Greaser (30 min.) -- Amigo (28 min.) -- Illegal (29 min.).

Four documentaries exploring different aspects of the history of visual representations that the United States and Mexico have created about each other, focusing on wars in which both countries have been involved. Gringo: Shows the U.S.-Mexico war of 1846-48 as portrayed in drawings, lithographs, daguerreotypes and personal chronicles. Greaser: Presents the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920 as portrayed in newsreels and postcards. Amigo: Looks at the influence of U.S. interests in Mexican nationalistic and propaganda films during the "Good neighbor policy" and World War II. Illegal: Critical examination of the role played by independent video and mainstream media in the creation of a war zone on the Mexico-U.S. border. Produced and directed by Gregorio Carlos Rocha. Dist.: Subcine. 1999. Video/C 9216

Zapatista.
In 1996, three international filmmakers traveled to the deep Lacandon jungles of Mexico to seek out and interview the leaders of the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) and to examine the peasant uprisings which began in Chiapas, Mexico in 1994. It recounts through a cast of rebel leaders, celebrity narrators and political activists, how a few thousand Mayan peasants have transformed the political culture of Mexico forever. Dist.: Big Noise Films. 1998. 54 min. DVD 3576; also VHS Video/C 6468

We Are Equal: Zapatista Women Speak.
Zapatista women speak about what their lives were like before the uprising in 1994 and how their lives have changed since. A very upfront and critical look at gender relations within the Zapatista communities--how far women have come and how far they still need to go. c2005. 19 min. Video/C MM852

We Speak Against Injustice.
Follows the Zapatista caravan in March of 2002 that visited 11 cities on the way to Mexico City where indigenous groups presented the San Andres Accords to the Mexican Congress. The second half of the film documents the upsurge in paramilitary violence in Chiapas that began in August 2002, and the pressure that the state is putting on the Zapatista communities to leave their land so their resources can be exploited. 2002. 34 min. Video/C MM854

Weavers in Ahuiran: Michoacan, Mexico.
Documents the weaving techniques, social organization, and economic situation for women weavers in a weaving village in Michoacan, Mexico. Examines the changes in weaving style and materials, how they are taught by mothers to daughters and explores the changes caused by the long absences of the women's husbands, who leave for migrant farm work in the U.S. c1991. 53 min. Video/C MM685

Which Way Home
Shows the personal side of immigration through the eyes of children who face harrowing dangers with courage and resourcefulness as they endeavor to make it to the U.S. The film follows several unaccompanied child migrants as they journey through Mexico en route to the U.S. on a freight train they call "The Beast." Directed by Rebecca Cammisa. Includes three versions: 83 min. or 63 min. Spanish language with English subtitles or 83 min. Spanish only. 2009. 83 min. DVD X4417

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Women United (Mujeres unidas).
A look at indigenous women's collective work in the autonomous municipality of Chiapas, Mexico. Collectives have become a keystone for many Chiapaneco women involved in the movement for social and economic justice. It features a collective bakery, store and vegetable garden and interviews about how collectives have changed community life. Filmed by women from Morelia, Chiapas, Mexico, it is followed by brief comments by the editor about their plans to show the video in neighboring states. 2000. 16 min. Video/C MM856

WTO, A Threat to Humanity.
Presents an in-depth look at the history and current policies of the World Trade Organization. Among the issues discussed are NAFTA's impact on corn production in Mexico, the effects of genetically modified seeds on world agricultural systems, agricultural subsidies in developed countries and their negative impact on food production in developing countries, intellectual property and patents on indigenous plants and knowledge, privatization of natural resources and competition for cheap labor. 2003. 54 min. Video/C MM853

Xochimilco: Floating Gardens.
The people of the Valley of Mexico have long used artificial islands in their lake to meet agricultural needs and to escape urban congestion. Presents a visit to the canals and gardens of Xochimilco near Mexico City, one of the original breadbaskets of the Americas and once the agricultural hub of Tenochtitlan, a metropolis of 235,000 inhabitants. In the Aztec's Nahuatl language the name Xochimilco means "garden of flowers." 2004. 17 min. DVD 6678
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Central America

General/Misc. | Guatemala | Honduras | Nicuragua | Panama | El Salvador

Ancient Civilizations: The Americas

General/Misc.

Americas in Transition.
Focuses on American military intervention in Nicaragua, Guatemala, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Chile, and El Salvador. Discusses the roots of dictatorship, its effects on citizens, movements toward majority rule, and communist influences. 1982. 29 min. Video/C 542

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Asalto al sueño
Documentary on the thousands of people who leave their impoverished Central American countries to get into the USA. By crossing the Northern border of Guatemala into Mexico they're embarking on one of the most dangerous migration routes in the world. In a small border town in the farthest South of Mexico migrants try to jump on a freight train that shall carry them to the US-border. But hardly anybody manages to make the 5,000 km trip. Already on the outset of their journey they get mugged by youth gangs and fall prey to corrupt border officials. They fall exhausted from the train or get arrested in large-scale raids by the Mexican migration police and army, who jail them for days and deport them. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. A film by Uli Stelzner. c2006. 83 min. DVD X4040

Autocracy and Rebellion in Mesoamerica
Documentary film with dramatized segments describing the political behavior of Mesoamericans through a historical and cultural analysis of the cultural traits of autocracy and rebellion. Interviews with: Enrique Arrieta, Tomie S. Montgomery, Sonia Cansino, Miguel Huezo (Farabundo Marti Front), Roberto Canas (Farabundo Marti Front), Colonel Carlos Herrarte (Salvadorean Armed Forces) c1996. 42 min. Video/C 4676

Between Light and Shadow: Maya Women in Transition.
Interviews with Mayan women artists who work to preserve Mayan culture, improve the lives of the Mayan people and promote a Maya presence in their community. Includes Mayan folk art in the form of woven textiles and embroidery and contemporary paintings. 1997. 26 min. Video/C 5086

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

The Body Parts Business.
Follows Covenant House worker, Bruce Harris, as he visits Argentina and Central America to investigate the murder of homeless children and patients in mental health facilities as sources of body parts for the black market. 1994. 62 min. Video/C 4375

Central America: The Burden of Time.
From the series, Legacy. Isolated from the rest of the world,the Aztecs, Maya and Inca created sophisticated civilizations that in many ways paralleled ancient Mediterranean empires. Dist.: Ambrose Video. 1991. 57 min. Video/C 3021

Central Americans (Multicultural Peoples of North America).
One of a 15 part series which celebrates the heritage of fifteen different cultural groups by tracing the history of their emigration to North America, showing the unique traditions they brought with them, and who they are today. Each volume discusses when and why each group emigrated, where they settled, which occupations they engaged in, and who the important leaders are within each community. c1993. 30 min. Video/C 3291

Chac: The Rain God (1974)
Directed by Rolando Klein. Based on ritual and legends from the Popul Vuh and Mayan stories, the film focuses on a small Tzeltal village during a terrible drought. Desperate for relief, thirteen men set out on a quest to save their people by seeking a solitary diviner who lives in the mountains and knows the ways of the ancients. Hoping that he can summon Chac, the Rain God the men follow the diviner who takes them on a strange journey that challenges their beliefs and even their sanity. 95 min. Video 999:2957
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Crisis in Central America.
c1985. 60 min. ea.

Battle for El Salvador DVD 4007 (preservation copycopy); also VHS Video/C 777
Castro's Challenge DVD 4005 (preservation copy); also VHS Video/C 775
Revolution in Nicaragua DVD 4006 (preservation copy); also VHS Video/C 776
Yankee Years. DVD 4005 (preservation copy); also VHS Video/C 774

Daughters of Ixchel: Maya thread of Change
Guatemalan Maya women are highly skilled weavers. Their textiles, created using the backstrap loom, are known worldwide for their excellent workmanship and design. Their weaving skills have been passed down from mother to daughter since ancient times. Not only are the designs and colors of the Maya textiles attractive and unique, they also carry the history and traditions of their communities. This illuminating documentary explores the lives of Maya women today, portrays their ancient weaving processes, and examines the economic, political, and cultural forces that are profoundly affecting the women and their weaving. 1993. 29 min. Video/C MM542

In Whose Interest?
Filmmaker David Kaplowitz leads an eyeopening journey, questioning the effects of U.S. foreign policy over the past 50 years. Revealing a pattern of intervention, the film focuses on U.S. intervention in Guatemala, Vietnam, East Timor, El Salvador and Palestine/Israel. Archival footage, photographs and media coverage are interwoven with personal eye-witness accounts and commentary from academics, religious leaders and politicians. 2002. 28 mins. Video/C 9833

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 5. Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana.
Contents: Belize -- Brazil -- Chile -- Colombia -- Guatemala -- Guyana. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. c1995. 54 min. Video/C 4501

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways video anthology of music and dance of the Americas. Volume 6. Central and South America: Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela
Mexico -- Nicaragua -- Peru: Amazonian culture; Andean culture; Coastal Black and urban culture -- Venezuela. c1995. 55 min. Video/C 4502

Never Again?: Genocide Since the Holocaust
After the atrocities of World War II, the cry of conscience was "never again!" As this program demonstrates, that bitterly learned injunction went unheeded throughout much of the world. The chronicle of genocide continues with a look at Mao's purges in China, Cambodia under Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge, the Arab/Israeli conflict, border wars in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and killing in Central America. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2002. 57 min. Video/C 8744

Popol Vuh: The Creation Myth of the Maya.
An animated film which uses original images drawn by Quiche Maya Indians in the seventh century on funerary pottery to illustrate the Popol vuh, which is the sacred book of the Maya and includes their creation story and birth of the hero twins. Narration in English. 62 min. Video/C 2425 (English language version); DVD 8615; vhs Video/C 5620 (Spanish language version); Video/C 2802, 2803 (Tzeltal language version)

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

Guatemala

Bitter Memories (Amargos Recuerdos)
Filmed during the exhumation, in northern Huehuetenango, of Guatemalans massacred by the military in 1982, this videotape features interviews with survivors and family members of those killed, as well as Mayan ceremonies in honor of the dead. The exhumations were carried out in order to obtain information about the massacres and help in determining compensation for their victims. Dirigido y producido por Nefertiti Kelley Farías, Carlos Miguel Bazúa Morales. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). 2000. 30 min. Video/C MM1246

Eviction
In 2005, the Guatemalan government granted a mining license for the area surrounding Lake Izabal to the Guatemalan Nickel Company, a subsidiary of Canada's Syke Resources, itself a product of INCO. On june 8 and 9, 2007, police and soldiers evicted the indigenous inhabitants of various communities and destroyed their homes. This documentary includes film coverage of the reading of the eviction notice by the public prosecutor and the subsequent eviction and burning of homes. A video by Steven Schnoor. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 10 min. DVD X7041

Guatemala: In the Shadow of the Raid
The economic impact of an immigration raid at a meatpacking plant in Postville, Iowa not only has hurt the local economy, but the deported workers and their families in Guatemala. Originally broadcast on PBS (Frontline) on May 11, 2010. DVD X4434

Guatemala Silenciada.
Probes the stratification of women in Guatemalan society. It examines the submissiveness of upper-class women; a new emerging middle class who are defying tradition and cultural expectations to fight for equal rights; and the indigenous population, who are segregated and discriminated against. It looks at sexual abuse and political terror and includes Guatemalan women refugees in Mexico who discuss the terror that drove them into exile. 72 min. Video/C 8652

The Cost of Cotton.
Program focusing on Guatemala the second best producer of raw cotton in the world. Excessive use of pesticides and the possibility of introducing an integrated pest management technique are discussed. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1978. 28 min. Video/C 492

Danger: Children at Work. (Life, Part 31)
art of a series examining the issue of glabalization and its effect on ordinary people around the world. This segment looks at the production of fireworks by poor families and their children in Guatemala. Since the land is poor, many have turned from agriculture to producing fireworks at home. The practice has become the major source of income for 80% of local people, with no safety controls and frequent accidents. (For other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events) 27 min. Video/C 9841

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

The Darklight of Dawn.
A documentary on military oppression and the human rights situation in Guatamala. c1986. 28 min. Video/C 1552

Devils Don't Dream!
In 1944 Jacobo Arbenz led the successful revolt against the military dictatorship in Guatemala, thus ending the time of dictatorship which had held the country in its grip since colonial times. In 1950 Arbenz was elected President, a president who was not a member of any party, who didn't issue any manifestos. But he began to fulfill his election promises: farmers got their own land. Then in September 1954, Arbenz was betrayed by foreign powers and overthrown (by the CIA), was declared a traitor, and chased out of the country. A film by Andreas Hoessli. 1995. 90 min. DVD X3429; Video/C 6231

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Discovering Dominga.
Denese Becker, born Dominga Sic Ruiz, is a survivor of the 1982 Rio Negro massacre in Guatemala. Nine years old at the time of the massacre, during which both of her parents were killed, Denese was adopted by an American family and raised in Iowa. As an adult she begins to confront her memories and nightmares, returning to Guatemala almost twenty years after the massacre and ultimately becoming an advocate for the victims and survivors at great personal cost. Produced and directed by Patricia Flynn c2002. 57 min. Video/C 9743

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

Forging Peace in Guatemala
Presents portraits of three Mayan women and their efforts on behalf of peace as a result of the 36-year civil war in Guatemala. Adela is a widow struggling to support her refugee family, Justina travels the countryside explaining the human rights movement, and Francesca, a Mayan priestess, reaffirms the cultural identity of her people. c1997. 53 min. Video/C 8667

Free Trade Slaves
Film discusses free trade zones and the accompanying human problems that have arisen with human rights, exploitation of workers and environmental degradation. Filmed on location in Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Mexico and Morocco. In English and various languages with English voiceovers. c1999. 58 min. Video/C 5927

Goodbye Baby
The number of adoptions from Guatemala to the US has risen dramatically in recent years, as has the controversy. What is seen as an act of love by adoptive parents is viewed with suspicion inside Guatemala. The film examines the ramifications that money, private lawyers, media coverage and women's rights have on the intercountry adoption process. Director Patricia Goudvis. Dist.: New Day Films. c2005. 26 min. DVD 5451

Guatemala: The Human Price of Coffee (What in the World? People of the Developing Nations)
Owners of small coffee farms and members of the the coffee cooperative Manos Campesinas are interviewed in this documentary about coffee production in Guatemala. Thanks to the Fair Trade Market, a European organization that guarantees a price for the farmers and finds buyers, cooperative members are earning 40% more than independent small farmers who sell on the local market. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2004. 58 min. DVD X3850

Guatemalan Report (South Series)
Covers the October 1991 Congress of Indigenous American Peoples held in Guatemala. The meeting provided a forum for Native Americans to express their grievances and to protest the upcoming Columbus quinticentennial. c1991. 9 min. Video/C 3041

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Guatemala Silenciada.(Women of Latin America/Mujeres de America Latina)
Probes the stratification of women in Guatemalan society. It examines the submissiveness of upper-class women; a new emerging middle class who are defying tradition and cultural expectations to fight for equal rights; and the indigenous population, who are segregated and discriminated against. It looks at sexual abuse and political terror and includes Guatemalan women refugees in Mexico who discuss the terror that drove them into exile. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1995. 72 min. Video/C 8652

Hidden Scars.
Focuses on the story of Miguel, a Quiche Maya falsely accused of collaborating with Guatemalan guerillas, who was tortured and then dumped on a roadside near Guatemala City. He escaped through Mexico to the U.S., where he is seeking asylum. This film documents his shattering experience and explores its continuing effects on his life as he undergoes therapy with a psychologist who specializes in treating post-traumatic stress disorders. This documentary provides a broad overview of the scope of torture in Latin America and also outlines the shattering effects which torture can bring to a victim's life. Produced, written, and edited by Grace Barnes. 1994. 50 min. Video/C MM574

Killer's Paradise
Since 1999, more than two thousand women have been murdered in Guatemala, with the numbers escalating every year. Cases are routinely closed and the murdered women are dismissed as nobodies. With its history of almost four decades of civil war, Guatemala is a troubled society, but it can also be seen as a microcosm of the pervasive violence against women that exists in the world today. But there are traces of hope: a grassroots human rights movement is emerging. People are coming together for a common fight in the name of their daughters, wives, and sisters. Produced and directed by Giselle Portenier. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 83 min. DVD X3686

A Massacre Remembered.
Tells the story of Jesus Tecu Osorio, one of the few survivors of the Rio Negro Massacre that took place in Guatemala on March 13, 1982. After witnessing the massacre of more than one hundred children and nearly eighty women by members of the Guatemalan army and civil patrols, Jesus and seventeen other children were taken to work as servants in the houses of the patrollers who killed their families. Jesus lived in captivity for three years until freed by his only surviving sister. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2000. 4 min. DVD 3256

Mayan Voices: American Lives.
Mayan refugees from Guatemala, escaping political repression at home, have fled to the United States. In the last 10 years, 5,000-6,000 Mayas have settled in a small town of 3500 residents, Indiantown, Fla. Presents a picture of the adjustment problems to a new country and a different culture through interviews with the Indian refugees and other townspeople. c1994. 56 min. Video/C 3623

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The Railroad All-stars (Estrellas de la linea)
Valeria, Vilma, and Mercy are three members of a group of prostitutes living in Guatemala earning two dollars per service. They work at La Linea, by the railroad that runs across Guatemala City. The women dream of being treated with dignity and of the ending of the violence they endure. In order to draw attention to their everyday problems, they get together to form a football team, train for weeks and sign up for a local championship from which they are expelled for being prostitutes. This expulsion generates strong controversy in Guatemala, with support and rejection suddenly transforming their lives. Written and directed by Chema Rodríguez. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 90 min. DVD X3664

Return of the Maya.
Recounts the excavation of the ancient Mayan City, Edzna, by Mayan refugees from Guatamala currently living in Mexico. Includes an examination of the current social and economic conditions of these immigrants who are ancestors of the Mayas who originally built this ancient city. Dist.: Video Project. 1992. 29 min. Video/C 2566

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Rigoberta Menchu: Broken Silence
Focuses on 1992 Nobel Peace Prize winner, Rigoberta Menchu, as she discusses the lack of human rights for the indigenous people of Guatemala and her commitment to the struggle for a more egalitarian society. It is also a moving portrait of a self-taught woman who dreams of a Guatemalan Congress integrating indigenous and non-indigenous men and women. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1993. 25 min. Video/C 8673

A Right to Justice.
Follows the struggle of the indigenous Maya Achi people of Guatemala to learn the truth of the Rio Negro genocide that took place on March 13, 1982. Includes footage of the recent trial of a few of the perpetrators and details recent efforts to document the atrocities and to secure justice through the prosecution of those responsible. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2001. 10 min. DVD 3258

Testamento
Alfonso Bauer Paíz has fought for social justice in Guatemala for over 50 years. In search of dignity for his country, he fights corruption, military regimes, and unscrupulous multinational businesses. He is repeatedly persecuted and forced into exile, where he is protagonist and witness to Latin America's revolutions. At the age of 84, he is elected to Guatemala's congress where he continues his fight. A film by Uli Stelzner and Thomas Walther. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2003. 86 min. Video/C MM1264

They Shoot Children, Don't They?
Bruce Harris of Covenant House works to help the 5,000 street children in Guatemala City, Guatemala, who are daily subjected to violence and murder by the police. 199-?. 55 min. Video/C 4374

Tierre Madre, Terre Sacree.
Film examines the conditions of Mayan farmers in Guatemala, their fight for land rights and the persecutions they have suffered through 35 years of civil war. Emphasizes their spiritual relationship to the land and their struggles for political and social autonomy. 1996. 54 min. Video/C 4467

To the Roots: a Maya Reunion
This documentary, a model of non-intrusive and naturally eloquent ethnographic filmmaking, depicts the journey of two Itza Maya elders from their village in Peten in northern Guatemala to meet, for the first time, their Lacandon Maya relatives deep in the rainforest of Chiapas, Mexico. Dist.: Video Project. 1998. 28 min. Video/C 7604

Tu Eres Mi Otro Ojo = Stories Behind the Violation of Human Rights.
Produced by students enrolled in Ethnographic Film (Anthropology 138B) at the University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Anthropology.Accounts of human rights violations in Guatemala and El Salvador including graphic scenes of torture and murder, interspersed with commentary by human rights activists and a professor of human rights. 1995. 28 min. DVD 6704; vhs Video/C 3950

When the Mountains Tremble
P A documentary describing the struggle of the Indian peasantry in Guatemala against state and foreign oppression. Uses a variety of formats-- interviews, direct address, newsreels, re-enactments, video transmissions, and live footage shot at great hazard. Loosely centered on the experiences of the Nobel prize winner Rigoberta Menchu, a 23 year old Indian woman now living in exile. DVD includes special features: Filmmaker commentary from Pamela Yates, Newton Thomas Sigel, and Peter Kinoy; never-before-seen introduction by Susan Sarandon; epilogue featuring Rigoberta Menchu; filmmaker biographies. Directed by Pamela Yates, Thomas Sigel. 1983. 83 min. DVD 2880; also VHS Video/C 7537

Honduras

Dead Mums Don't Cry
This documentary follows Grace Kodindo, an obstetrician in Chad, as she tries to stop mothers from dying during pregnancy. Women in Chad have a 1 in 11 chance of dying in pregnancy or during childbirth. But a few countries have succeeded in saving mother's lives. The film then moves on to Honduras which has cut maternal mortality far faster than some wealthier neighbors. Directed by by Tristan Quinn. 2005. 50 min. DVD X1760

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Destination--Honduras.
A video journey through the country of Honduras and the experiences of Peace Corps members and the families with whom they work and live with particular emphasis on environmental issues. 1995. 20 min. Video/C 4733

Elvia: The Fight for Land and Liberty.
Chronicles the work of Elvia Alvarado, a Honduran woman peasant activist, in getting the peasants of Honduras to take over the land themselves and set up a land-reform program of their own. Directed and written by Laura Rodriguez, Rick Tejada-Flores. c1988. 27 min. Video/C 2195

Garifunas Holding Ground.
Looks at the struggle by the Afro-indigenous Garifuna in Honduras to protect their ancestral lands from environmental destruction as they fight to shut down an illegal highway that is destroying crops, old growth forest and water supplies. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2002. 11 min. DVD 3255

Witness to War: Dr. Charlie Clements.
Documents the career of Charlie Clements, an Air Force pilot whose Vietnamese War experiences convinced him that he had to build a new career as a physician, so that he could heal instead of kill. Focuses particularly on his work as a doctor in El Salvador during that country's conflict with Honduras in 1969. 1985. 30 min. Video/C 838

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Nicuragua

Alsino y el Condor (Alsino and the Condor)
Set in Nicaragua, this film depicts the clash between Central American governments and Sandinista rebels. It is the story of a boy's dream of flying above the madness of the world around him. 1986. 89 min. Video 999:1862

Asi Fue (So it went)
Documents the political issues and diverse views of the people of Nicaragua during the period surrounding the elections of 1984. Samples the campaigns of the seven contending political parties and isolates the recurring issues. 1986. 60 min. Video/C 9886

Bread and Dignity (Pan y Dignidad): Open Letter From Nicaragua. (As Women See It)
Combining historic newsreel footage with contemporary interviews, the film reviews Somoza's rule in Nicaragua and the events leading to the 1979 Sandinista revolution. A film by Mar?a Jos? Alvarez. 1989. 30 min. Video/C 4172

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Deadly Embrace: Nicaragua, The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
Discusses the role of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund in the destruction of the Nicaraguan economy. Explains how structural adjustment, the international debt crisis, and free trade are hurting the people and economies of Third World countries. 1996. 30 min. Video/C 3340

Girls to Mothers (De niña a madre)
In Nicaragua, three pregnant teenage girls and their families talk about their lives and expectations for motherhood. Cameras revisit them a year later to see how they have fared. Directed by Florence Jaugey. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2006. 71 min. DVD X3675
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Innovating Nicaragua.
Spanish dialogue with English subtitles. Describes, through interviews with the Nicaraguan people, how, since the Sandinista revolution in 1979, the Nicaraguan economy is being improved little by little by means of various economic and technological innovations, and what further improvements need to be made. 1986. 40 min. Video/C 1375

Iran-Contra Hearings.
Joint congressional hearings on the Iran-Contra Affair, July 9-23, 1987. Recorded off-air from KQEC program. See GLADIS long display for specific dates. 7 cassettes, time varies 1987. Video/C 1205

Nicaragua, Development Under Fire.
An overview of the economic situation in Nicaragua and an examination of how economic and social programs in Nicaragua are endangered by the Contra War and also by the political intricacies of international aid. Spanish with English subtitles. 1986. 26 min. Video/C 2166

Nicaragua Turning Away From Violence (What in the World? People of the Developing Nations)
Documents recent efforts to combat domestic violence in Nicaragua, where it is estimated that 29% of women have suffered rape or other physical abuse by men. In 1993, the first special commissary, staffed by women police and women psychologists, was established to specifically handle crimes against women. Now there are 24 across the country. Interviews Ruben Reyes Jiron, founder of Asociacion de Hombres Contra Violencia, a men's group that works with street gangs to reduce violence against women. Also interviews women who have been helped by Centro de Socho Atal, a Nicaraguan women's shelter. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2004. 26 min. DVD 5449

[North, Oliver] Oliver North: Friday, July 10, 1987 / ABC News.
Excerpts from the public testimony of Lt. Colonel Oliver North during hearings held July 7-14, 1987 before the two Congressional committees investigating the Iran-Contra Affair. After four days on national TV, explaining his part in the Iran-Contra affair, Colonel Oliver North has become a media hero to much of the country. Includes commentary by politicians and journalists. c1990. 23 min. Video/C 5765

[North, Oliver] Lt. Colonel Oliver North: Iran-Contra Hearings.
CNN Network highlights of Oliver North's seven days of testimony before the Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition. c1987. 120 min. Video/C 1034

Novela, Novela
A group of Nicaraguan feminists have fused human rights with popular culture to create Nicaragua's most popular telenovela (soap opera), Sexto Sentido. Novela, Novela examines how this ground-breaking series made it to broadcast, and how the creators, writers, actors and viewers grappled with controversial themes like domestic violence and homophobia in this impoverished country heavily influenced by the Catholic church. Dist.: Frameline. 2002. 30 min. Video/C 9880

Pictures from a Revolution.
No one captured more powerfully the suffering, sacrifice and finally celebration that accompanied the Sandinista victory than Susan Mieselas, the photojournalist who covered the Revolution for the New York Times and London Times. Now 10 years later Mieselas returns to Nicaragua with her co-directors to track down the people -- guerrilas, Socistas and bystanders -- pictured in her original photographs. They share their feelings about how their lives have changed in the years since the conflict and recall the circumstances surrounding those moments of their lives captured by Meiselas' camera. Special features: Susan Meiselas installs her photographs in the places where they were originally taken (2004); Susan Meiselas interview (2002, 14 min.); New York Film Festival press conference (1991, 14 min.); short film "Reframing history" (optional English subtitles, 2004, 12 min.). Produced, directed, & edited by Susan Meiselas, Richard P. Rogers, and Alfred Guzzetti. 1991. 93 min. DVD X2997; Video/C 7027

Revolution in Nicaragua (Crisis in Central America series)
DVD 4006 (preservation copy); also VHS Video/C 776

The Uprising.
Spanish with English subtitles. A story of one soldier's conflict between his need to serve in the national guard of the dictator Samoza and his father's support of the Sandinistas. Director, Peter Lilienthal. 1978. 96 min. Video/C 1131

Vacation Nicaragua.
English, some Spanish with English subtitles. Documentary about Nicaragua, its people and politics as seen through the eyes of a group of tourists from the United States. The relationship between the two nations is the subject of conversations between the touring Americans and the local people. 198-?. 77 min. Video/C 1139

Women in Nicaragua.
Interviews with Nicaraguan women in which they discuss their role in the Sandanista revolution and their continued support in the fight against the Contras. c1983. 28 min. Video/C 2164

To the top

Panama

Panama Deception.
Discusses the film "The Panama Deception" (Video/C 2556) which is critical of the coverage given by the media of the U.S. invasion of Panama in December, 1989. Through interviews with the director of the film, the U.N. ambassador to Panama and others, the issues of censorship of the American media for political purposes is explored. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 28, 1993. 91 min. Video/C 6689

Panama Deception.
Offers a view of the 1989 invasion of Panama that was not given by the American media. Presents evidence of mass burials of civilian casualties and internment of homeless civilians which was concealed by the U.S. military or went unreported. Also claims to reveal President Bush's "secret agenda" behind the invasion: to keep U.S. military bases in Panama after the year 2000 in defiance of canal treaties. (See als Video/C 6689) Directed by Barbara Trent. c1992. 91 min. DVD 9505; Video/C 2556

Academy Award 1992 (Best Documentary, Feature)

National Educational Film & Video Festival 1993 (Gold Apple).

Cineaste v20, n1 (Wntr, 1993):43 (2 pages)
ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

U.S. Invades Panama: Wednesday, December 20, 1989 (Nightline)
The United States invades Panama and vows to capture General Manuel Noriega. Ted Koppel and Chris Wallace lead the discussion regarding whether or not the United States can meet this goal. Includes interviews with journalists in Panama, White House spokespersons, Panamanian and Soviet diplomats, the U.S. Ambassador to Panama and the commander of U.S. military operations in Panama. 1990. 47 min. Video/C 5768

We Are Kunam (Am Tulemarbi)
This documentary presents the history of the Kuna Indians of Panama and their struggle for autonomy. At a yearly celebration of their independence day residents reenact the battles that won them their freedom. Present day village life is shown and their fight against the multinational corporations that are destroying their lands is also documented. 1997. 32 min. Video/C 6450

El Salvador

1932, Cicatriz de la Memoria (Scars of Memory)
In 1932 the army and "citizen militias" in El Salvador brutally crushed an uprising of peasants in western El Salvador, killing 10,000 people. Survivors share their harrowing memories, many for the first time. The trauma resonated through six decades of military rule, until the 1992 peace accords ended a brutal, 12-year civil war. This documentary is based on 200 interviews with survivors and on archival research in El Salvador, Great Britain and the United States. 53 min. Video/C MM141

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Battle for El Salvador(Crisis in Central America series)
DVD 4007 (preservation copycopy); also VHS Video/C 777

Dateline, San Salvador.
On May 1, 1986, 80,000 Salvadorians, in protest of their conditions, marched the streets of their capital demanding an end to the war. This video documents this historic march and explores the concerns of the people behind the banners. Spanish dialogue, English voiceover. c1986. 28 min. Video/C 1152

El Salvador, Another Vietnam.
Examines the conditions and events in El Salvador. Compares U.S. military aid, involvement and policy in El Salvador to that in Vietnam during the 60's. Produced/directed by Glenn Silber and Tete Vasconcellos. c1981. 60 min. DVD 7650 [preservation copy] vhs Video/C 316

Description from Icarus Films catalog

El Salvador: The Elections [Sound Recording]
Pacifica coverage of election week in El Salvador via satellite from Washington, March 24 to 30, 1982 Pacifica Radio Archives, [1982]. Sound/D 389

Enemies of War
This broadcast documentary examines the 12 year civil war in El Salvador between the right wing government, the military, and the leftist guerrillas (FMLN), the murders of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her daughter in 1989, the U.S. Congressional investigation the murders spurred, and the story of El Salvador's journey toward peace, ending in a peace accord in 1992. The participation of the United States government and the Catholic Church in the conflict is discussed. Directed by Esther Cassidy; co-director Rob Kuhns. Originally produced in 1999; premiered on PBS in January, 2001. 57 min. DVD X5515

Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights Investigations
Since 1984, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF) and other similar groups have helped families of human right victims to find, identify and bury the remnants of their loved ones and bring evidence to court. This documentary shows various aspects of the application of forensic sciences to human rights investigations. Using footage recorded by EAAF members in Argentina, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Haiti and East Timor during the past eighteen years, the documentary covers the entire process of investigation, including historical, archaeological, and laboratory methods, testimonies of relatives of the victims, and reburial ceremonies of the remains of their loved ones many years after they died. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2002. 40 min. DVD 3264

Guazapa: The Face of War in El Salvador.
Presents an American journalist's view of life in a combat zone in El Salvador, showing the relationship between combatants and civilians in a revolution. 1988. 37 min. Video/C 1554

Idealogical Terrorism
Four terrorist organizations committed to fighting authority are discussed: the Red Brigades in Italy, Baader-Meinhof/Red Army Faction in Germany, Death Squads in El Salvador, and the White Supremacists in the United States. Despite the similarity in terrorist tactics, these groups subscribe to different idealogical points of view. Directed by Robert D. Kline. 1996. 46 min. Video/C MM1087

In the Name of Democracy.
Documentary examining the nature of democracy in El Salvador today made in 1983. 1983. 31 min. Video/C 744

Available for online viewing (with Windows Media player)

An Interview with Sister Ita Ford [Sound recording]
David Helvarg interviews Sister Ita Ford, a Maryknoll Sister working in El Salvador during 1980. She was murdered there on 12/4/80. A few days before her death she talked about her work; the potential food scarcity in El Salvador, the refugees, liberation theology, and the polarization of El Salvadoreans. Pacifica Radio Archives, 1980. 19 min. Sound/D 309

Justice and the Generals
On December 2, 1980, three nuns (Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, and Dorothy Kazel) and one lay worker (Jean Donovan) were abducted, raped, and murdered by El Salvadoran National Guardsmen. This documentary covers the initial investigation, the trial of the Guardsmen, and later attempts to bring to justice the military leaders (Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova, director of the National Guard, and Jose Guillermo Garcia, head of the ministry of defense) who ordered the murders. 2002. 85 min. Video/C 9080

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Last Interview with Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero of El Salvador[Sound Recording]
Last interview with the outspoken critic of El Salvador's military government two days prior to his assassination. Romero condemns U.S. assistance to El Salvador, discusses security forces, the Christian Democratic Party, the worker-peasant coalition, and the church. Pacifica Radio Archives, [1986]. Sound/D 232

Maria's Story.
The story of Maria Serrano, a 39 year old mother who is a leader in the guerilla movement in El Salvador. Her passion for social justice dominates her life. Maria represents a growing number of Latin American women on the forefront of social change. Directed by Manona Wali and Pamela Cohen. 1990. 53 min. Video/C 2232

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Of Lives Uprooted
Examines the devastation that war brings to home, family, and community as seen through the eyes of children from El Salvador and Nicaragua as they create a portrait of their world through their artwork and comments. 1988. 10 min. Video/C MM909

Our Forgotten War.
Presenter, Judy Woodruff; narrator, Lary Lewman. An investigation of the struggle for democracy in El Salvador, questioning both the effectiveness and the morality of some $3 billion in U.S. aid to an unstable, undemocratic government that has one of the world's worst records for violating human rights. Includes scenes behind guerrilla lines and an exclusive interview with guerrilla leader Joaquin Villalobos. 1988. 58 min. Video/C MM718

Producing Just Garments
Documents the struggle of garment workers in Soyapongo, El Salvador to make a dignified living in a unionized workers collective that was once a sweatshop. Media Insurgente was a film collective that operated from 2005-07. Its mission was to capture important contemporary struggles for social justice. 24:15 min. DVD X2751

Truth or Consequences: El Salvador
The first segment of a new television series termed "human rights television." This inaugural program explains the methods and goals of the series designed to examine human rights abuses around the globe, with particular emphasis on videotaping of "video diaries" by common citizens in those countries. After a sampling of conflicts around the globe this issue examines human rights abuses in El Salvador. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 4, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6686

Tu Eres Mi Otro Ojo = Stories Behind the Violation of Human Rights.
Produced by students enrolled in Ethnographic Film (Anthropology 138B) at the University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Anthropology.Accounts of human rights violations in Guatemala and El Salvador including graphic scenes of torture and murder, interspersed with commentary by human rights activists and a professor of human rights. 1995. 28 min. DVD 6704; vhs Video/C 3950

Whatever Happened to El Salvador?
Presents an examination of the situation in El Salvador since the elections held March 28, 1982. 1986?. 52 min. Video/C 978

Caribbean

| General/Misc. | Cuba | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Puerto Rico | Trinidad and Tobago

Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema (for films by Cuban film makers or set in Cuba)

General Works and Overviews

Ache Moyuba Orisha: Sabre la Santeria Cubana.
An indepth examination of the Syncretism religion, an amalgum of Catholic symbolism and Yoruban African piety, as it is practiced in Cuba. In Spanish with English subtitles. 199-?. 42 min. Video/C 4286

Americas in Transition.
Focuses on American military intervention in Nicaragua, Guatemala, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Chile, and El Salvador. Discusses the roots of dictatorship, its effects on citizens, movements toward majority rule, and communist influences. 1982. 29 min. Video/C 542

And the Dish Ran Away with the Spoon (Developing Stories).
Using poetry, interviews, music, and clips from television shows, this film highlights the effects of American television broadcasts on local cultures in the Caribbean. The film looks at Cuba's attempts to produce locally-oriented broadcasting, and the response to this from the United States by introducing the anti-Castro station TV Marti. 1992. 50 min. Video/C 3870

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Art of Darkness.
The slaves of the Caribbean contributed not only to the wealth of their masters, but also to the cultural heritage of the British Empire. Documented through letters, paintings and poetry, the eighteenth century is shown to be both an age of high culture and of cruelty. Film shows how the art of the period romanticized the servitude of the plantation blacks as they were depicted as precious, exotic ornaments, even as they were being brutalized in real life. 1987. 52 min. Video/C 3963

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Caribbean Eye
1991. 26 min. each installment (unless otherwise noted)

Community Celebrations: Other Caribbean Festivals. This program takes a look at the various folk festivals (other than carnivals) throughout the Caribbean area which help create and sustain a sense of community in a region with a culturally diverse population: the Hindu festival of Phagwa in Trinidad and Guyana; the La Rose and La Marguerite flower festivals in St. Lucia; the Johnkunnoo of Jamaica, Belize and the Bahamas; Masquerade in Guyana and St. Kitts and the Hosein festivals of Trinidad and Jamaica. Video/C 9805
Survivors. Although the indigenous population of the Caribbean Area was decimated by the Europeans, many survived. This program looks at these survivors from Guyana, Trinidad, St. Vincent, Dominica and Belize, and examines the movements they are making towards exchange, cooperation, and united action. Video/C 9806
La Musique Antillaise. Examines the roots and current forms of "zouk" and "cadance," internationally known musical styles from Martinique and other parts of the French Caribbean region which have heavily influenced calypso and other folk music of the region. Video/C 9807
Pan Caribbean. Presents the history of the steel pan of Trinidad and Tobago, one of the only acoustic musical instruments invented in this century. The spread of this instrument in the popular culture of the other islands of the region has made it almost synonymous with the Caribbean. Video/C 9808
Dramatic Actions. Presents a survey of Caribbean drama from the entire region. Highlights include drama pre-history in folk festivals around the region, formal or classic theater styles, and popular theater used as a means of communication for social causes. Video/C 9809
Talk and More Talk. Much of Caribbean culture is oral if not aural. This program examines the rich oral tradition of the Caribbean region and features many of the area's best oral performers and "composers.". Video/C 9810
Independent Voices. Five Caribbean writers whose works are manifestos for Caribbean independence are featured in this program: C.L.R. James of Trinidad; Martin Carter of Guyana; V.S. Reid of Jamaica; Nicolas Guillen of Cuba, and Aime Cesaire of Martinique. Video/C 9811
Women in Action. Women have always been prime movers in the informal economy of the Caribbean region. This program looks at projects undertaken by women in St, Vincent, Dominica, Jamaica and Guyana. The program is co-hosted by Vincentian Earlene Horne--mother, farmer, and secretary of the St. Vincent Farmers Union-- and follows her through a typical busy day. 29 min. Video/C 9812
Caribbean Carnivals. This program shows the Trinidad Carnival and then visits carnivals in Dominica, Grenada, St. Vincent, St. Kitts, Antigua, St. Lucia, Barbados, Jamaica and Martinique, looking at their unique forms and examining their shared role which is essentially the liberation of the spirit. DVD 9813; also on VHS Video/C 9813
Visionaries. Looks at four visual artists who work on large-scale projects: intuitive sculptor and painter Philip Moore of Guyana, sculptor Alvin Marriott of Jamaica, and mas' artist of Carnival costumes Peter Minshall of Trinidad. The program is co-hosted by St. Lucian muralist, Dunstan St. Omer.Video/C 9814
The Games We Play. Like children everywhere, Caribbean children grow up singing and playing games which shape the attitudes and expectations of their roles in later life. This program looks at some of the games Caribbean children play, as well as adult games, such as draughts in Barbados, dominoes in Dominica, All Fours in Trinidad, Warri in Antigua, and cricket, played all over the Caribbean region. Video/C 9815
Soca. Traces the history and many forms of Soca music, a combination of soul and calypso music, which has had a major impact on the international markets beginning in the 1970s. Looks at the influence of Harry Belafonte, the Andrews Sisters and includes interviews with soca musicians and footage of modern soca artists in performance.Video/C 9816
Film Caribbean. Until recently, there has been very limited film production in the Caribbean except in Cuba. This program looks at some of the factors which influence regional production, reviews some of the best of what has been done, and what the future holds for Caribbean filmmaking. Includes excerpts from films. Video/C 9817

Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War
Examines the colorful characters and historic events surrounding the Spanish-American war and its relevance through the 20th century. Using reenactments, interviews with noted authors and popular historians, and more than a dozen popular songs from the period, this documentary looks at the influence of race, economics, new technologies and the news media on America's decision to go to war. Filmed in Cuba and the Philippines it tells the story of the war from all perspectives, not just the American side. Written and produced by Daniel A. Miller and Daniel B. Polin; directed by Daniel A. Miller. Dist.: PBS. 1999 117 min. Video/C 6553

Cycles.
Drawing on Caribbean folklore, this exuberant experimental drama uses animation and live action to discover a film language unique to African American women. The multilayered soundtrack combines a chorus of women's voices, with the music of Africa and the diaspora--including Miriam Makeba, acappella singers from Haiti, and trumpetiste Clora Bryant. Directed, and edited by Zeinabu Irene Davis. c1989. 17 min. Video/C 4901

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

El Derecho de Asilo.
In this inventive satire on Caribbean politics, the secretary to the president of a small Latin-American country, arrives at work one morning to find that his government has been replaced by a coup. He manages to escape and seeks asylum at the embassy of another Latin-American country, where he relieves the tedium by becoming a respected adviser to the dim-witted ambassador while engaging in an affair with the man's wife. In Spanish. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1983?. 57 min. Video/C 4369

Destiny of Empires: the Spanish-American War of 1898
Dist.: Films Media Group. 1998. 52 min. each installment

Remember the Maine: The Roots of the Spanish-American War Using archival footage, newspaper excerpts, and historical documents, this program traces the roots of the Spanish-American War to Spain's quest to preserve its flagging empire, American imperialism, and the genuine desire on the part of Cubans to shake off the yoke of Spanish domination. It closely examines the role of Cuba's poet/patriot Jose Marti, exposes Roosevelt's expansionist policies and the efforts of William Randolph Hearst that contributed to the decision to enter the war and reveals Spanish attempts to thwart open conflict. DVD 1969
The Spanish-American War: A Conflict in Progress. Using archival footage, newspaper excerpts, and historical documents, this program examines the conduct of the Spanish-American War from Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, to the defeatist attitude of Spanish commander Admiral Cervera to Cuban General Gomez and his decision to side with the Americans. Archival news footage of battles and photos and firsthand accounts of the war by William Randolph Hearst track the precise sequence of events leading to the Spanish defeat and the Treaty of Paris. DVD 1970

Hasta la Reina Isabel Baila el Danzon (Even Queen Isabel Dances the Danzon).
The Spain of the Catholic kings is still present in many places in Cuba, like Havana, where Marta Gonzalez lives. She is a card and palm reader turned spiritualist who believes that she is possessed by the spirit of Queen Isabel of Castile. 199-?. 20 min. Video/C 4211

I Is A Long-memoried Woman: Based on a Collection of Poems by Grace Nicols.
Based on a collection of poems by Guyanese British writer, Grace Nicols, this program chronicles the history of slavery thru the eyes of Caribbean women. Presented through a combination of monologue, dance and song. Directed by Frances-Anne Solomon. 199?. 50 min. DVD X6715; Video/C 3371

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Women Make Movies catalog description

Iron in the Soul (Portrait of the Caribbean; 1).
A look at the history and the legacy of slavery in the British Caribbean; excerpts from a Jamaican plantation overseer's diary present a graphic account of slaves' lives. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5161 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3193

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 4. The Caribbean
Presents examples of folk music and dance found in the Caribbean. Concludes with a montage of Carnival dances. Contents: Barbados -- Cuba -- Curacao & Bonaire -- Dominica -- Haiti -- Jamaica -- Martinique -- Puerto Rico -- St. Lucia -- Trinidad and Tobago -- Carnival Montage. c1995. 59 min. Video/C 4500

The JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance. (The Americas II, Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia, Argentina)
Presents on film examples of music and dance from the Americas documented by accompanying text written by area specialists. 1987?. 57 min. Video/C 3541

Kantik'i Maishi (Songs of Sorghum).
This documentary is about the sorghum harvest celebrations that take place in Curacao and Bonaire and the changes that have taken place over the last few centuries. In English and Papiamento with English subtitles. c1992. 58 min. Video/C 6185

Paradise Lost (Portrait of the Caribbean; 3).
The Spanish legacy in the Caribbean is examined with a look at life in the Dominican Republic. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5163 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3194

Plena, Canto y Trabajo: Plena is Work, Plena is Song.
Brings to life the cultural and political history of Puerto Rican plena, which is a musical blend of African and Spanish idioms. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1990?. 29 min. Video/C 2534

Portrait of the Caribbean.
A seven hour BBC series done 1992 that explores this region's past, present and future. The cultures and peoples of the Caribbean are increasingly influenced by the culture of North America. See GLADIS/MELVYL using long display format for more information. c1992. Video/C 3193 - 3195

Roots Daughters
A moving testament to a modern living myth that informs about the Rastafari culture, as experienced by Rastawomen. It chronicles the lives of 16 Rastawomen from Guyana, Jamaica and Canada, including the acclaimed reggae singer Judy Mowatt. The film traces the origins of Rastafari from Africa, the mysterious warrior Queen Nyahbinghi after whom Nyahbinghi secret society was named, and Queen Kitami and Queen Muhumusa, who pioneered the spread of Nyahbinghi. In addition the film profiles Jamaican freedom fighter Marcus Garvey and Reggae superstar Bob Marley and includes footage of H.I.M. Haile Selassie, the Ethiopian emperor and spiritual leader of Rastafari, in Geneva at the League of Nations. Writer, producer, director & narrator, Bianca Nyavingi Brynda. c1992. 98 min. Video/C MM364

Routes of Rhythm.
Presented by Harry Belafonte. Traces the origins of Latin music from Spain and Africa to the New World. Focuses on pop music developed in Cuba and examines how North Americans began to discover this island's musical treasures. Produced and directed by Eugene Rosow and Howard Dratch. c1989. 58 min. DVD 692; Video/C 2535

The Toured: The Other Side of Tourism in Barbados.
This provacative documentary portrays the experience of tourism from the point of view of those who are "toured", in this case on the Caribbean Island of Barbados. Bajians talk about the realities of making a living in a tourist economy and witnessing one's traditional culture change under the impact of foreign visitors. 1991. 39 min. Video/C 6186

Voices of the Orishas
This is an ethnographic documentary which demonstrates the survival and strength of the Yoruba cultural and religious heritage in the contemporary life of Caribbean African-Hispanics. The program was filmed in Havana among practicioners of Santeria, and documents a ritual ceremony that features dancing, singing, praying and drum beating, invoking the twenty-two Orishas, or deities of the Yoruba religion. 1993. 37 min. Video/C 5518

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

Cuba

Afrocubanismo!
A celebration and study of the influence of Afrocuban culture on contemporary North American music. The program traces the origins of Afro-cuban music from West Africa to Cuba and the subsequent development of this unique music and dance alongside religion. Interviews and performances by Munequitos de Matanzas and Chucho Valdes provide insight to the significance of Afro-Cuban music and dance forms from Rhumba to the sacred music of Santeria. 53 min. Video/C 6043

[Alvarez, Santiago] Films by Santiago Alvarez
Santiago Alvarez (1919-1998) was a Cuban filmmaker who wrote and directed many documentaries about Cuban and American culture. Among his most famous works was the short Now (1964), about racial discrimination and featuring singer/actress Lena Horne. LBJ (1968) and 79 Primaveras (1969) examined figures of the Vietnam War. Contents: Now (1965, 5 min., in English) -- Hanoi Martes 13 = Hanoi, Tuesday 13th (1967, 38 min., in Spanish) -- Hasta La Victoria siempre (1967, 19 min., in Spanish) -- L.B.J. (1968, 18 min., in English and Spanish) -- 79 primaveras = 70 Springs (1969, 25 min., in Spanish) -- El Sue?no del pongo (1970, 11 min., in Spanish) -- El Tigre salto y mato, pero morira... morira... (1973, 16 min., in Spanish) DVD X384

Ana Mendieta.
Chronicles the life and work of Cuban artist Ana Mendieta. Includes an interview with the artist by Tony Martinez. Also includes interviews with he family, friends and colleagues. A videotape by Kate Horsfield, Nereyda Garcia-Ferraz, and Branda Miller. c1987. 52 min. Video/C 4092

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

And the Dish Ran Away with the Spoon (Developing Stories).
Using poetry, interviews, music, and clips from television shows, this film highlights the effects of American television broadcasts on local cultures in the Caribbean. The film looks at Cuba's attempts to produce locally-oriented broadcasting, and the response to this from the United States by introducing the anti-Castro station TV Marti. 1992. 50 min. Video/C 3870

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Balseros
A gripping look at the daring escapes of seven Cubans and their families on homemade rafts in 1994 and their depressing U.S. destinations. The film presents Cuba in a negative but wistful light, a light that seems all the brighter when the battered Cubans begin their new lives as Americans. The little these people had in Cuba is eventually pined over when they must begin anew with nothing in the United States. 2002. 120 min. Video/C 9875

The Believers: Stories from Jewish Havana
With the coming of the Communist Revolution in 1959, many of Cuba's 15,000 Jews chose to leave. Most of the remaining religious people, known as "believers," tended to abandon their religious practice. Until recently, the once flourishing Jewish community was dwindling. In 1994, only about 1,300 Jews still lived in Cuba. This program presents interviews with Cuban Jews, chiefly attendees at Gran Sinogoga de la Comunidad Hebrea, Adath Israel, Shevet Achim and Centro Hebreo Sefaradi de Cuba. A video by Bonnie Burt. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). 1994. 16 min. Video/C MM1243

Black & White in Exile
An in-depth documentary chronicling 30 years of Caribbean exile in the United States, focusing on Cuban and Haitian immigration and its impact on the host communities. The four main groups probed are Cuban exiles, Haitian exiles, resident whites and African Americans. Issues of equity are explored in terms of the government treatment of each group, the economic opportunities available, the political empowerment achieved and the inter-racial/cross-cultural hostilities, cooperation and ultimately, coalitions that developed. Includes personal accounts of witnesses and participants tempered by objective insights of historians. Produced and directed by Ray Blanco. Produced and directed by Ray Blanco. Originally produced for PBS in 1997. 162 min. Video/C 7194

Buena Vista Social Club. (1999)
Director/writer, Wim Wenders. Featuring Ry Cooder, Ibrahim Ferrer, Ruben Gonzales, Eliades Ochoa, Omara Portuondo, Compay Segundo. In 1996, a group of legendary Cuban musicians were brought together by Ry Cooder to record a compact disc. This film shows some of their songs being recorded in the studio, concert footage from Amsterdam and New York City, and some of the musicians talking about their lives in Cuba and how they got started in music. 105 min. DVD 418; Video/C 6747

Awards

Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards - Best Feature Documentary
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards - Best Documentary/Non-Fiction Film
National Board of Review, USA - Best Documentary
National Society of Film Critics Awards, USA - Best Documentary
New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Non-Fiction Film

Butterflies on the Scaffold (Mariposas en el andamio)
A film by Margaret Gilpin and Luis Felipe Bernaza. A documentary examining the issues gays and transvestites face in the context of evolving attitudes towards homosexuality in Cuba. It is a highly unusual look at how a group of working class drag queens in a Havana suburb have become an integral part of their neighborhood. 1995. 74 min. Video/5461

Bye bye Havana
Cuba stands pummeled by an unworkable socialism and a voracious consumer appetite. "Patriotism or death" are simply no longer enough. Cubans want other choices, other points of view. This fast-paced stream of consciousness documentary presents a vibrant and intriguing portrayal of Cuban life with a unique flavor of irony. It juxtaposes modern commercialism -- adverts promising a better life through coffee, cars and cigarettes -- with the difficulties that the Cubans currently face. Features clips from anti-Communist American films of the 1950s interspersed with present day shots of Havana. Directed, written and produced by J. Michael Seyfert. c 2005. 58 min. DVD X3098

Cafe Con Leche
An introspective look at the lives of 17 young Cuban-Americans; the now adult children of the first wave of Cuban exiles that came to the United States. They comment on their experiences growing up bi-culturally; functionally American, spiritually Cuban, and on the challenges faced in the fusion of traditional old world values with modern American culture. 1997. 90 min. Video/C 6459

Castro and the Cuban Revolution.
A detailed account of the Cuban Revolution. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1990. 17 min. Video/C 2865

Chapucerias
This documentary presents a constructive criticism of what the filmmaker sees as a lack of a work ethic and pride in work in socialist Cuba. It presents a variety of situations in which sloppiness detracts from the Cuban quality of life and satirically comments on bad work habits. In Spanish. 1986. 11 min. Video/C 8863

Comandante
From 3 days filming in Cuba, Oliver Stone edited down interviews and conversations to provide a candid and direct portrait of Fidel Castro who touches on issues such as his rise to power, the present state of the country, the Cuban missile crisis, the Bay of Pigs, the U.S. embargo, and the equally iconic Che Guevara. Special features: Commentary from director Oliver Stone ; Comandante press conference at the Edinbugh Festival ; trailers. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2003. 95 min. DVD X961

Crossing Borders: a Cuban Returns
Tells the story of Dr. Magaly Lavendez, a professor at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, who was forced as a child to leave Cuba in 1962 and grew up in the U.S., but with a distinct Cuban identity. Here she returns in 1998 to her childhood neighborhood in Havana and reunites with relatives and old acquaintances in an attempt to resolve the lifelong crisis of her true cultural identity. [1998?] 49 min. Video/C 7870

Cuba, a Video Collection on the Emerging as Alternative. Posibilitando lo nuevo The new, making it possible (Cuba, una coleccion de videos de lo emergente como alternativa)
Filmed during 2001 and 2004, this is a unique collection of videos on business and social practices in Cuba. The films differ from other works on the Cuban economy in that they don't approach the subject from a dictatorship-democracy political perspective. Secondly, it is written from the perspective of those who experience these processes from within Cuba, and thirdly it approaches the macro and micro levels when treating the subjects. Based on a five-year research project directed by Dr. Maribel Aponte from the University of Puerto Rico in coordination with researchers and government officials in Cuba. DVD 9485

Cuba (Human Rights and Cuba)
First segment: Interview with U.S. Sec. of State Peter Tarnoff and Edgardo Valdes, a representative of the Cuban Government at the U.N., on the nature of the changing U.S.-Cuban relations, and its impact on human rights. Second segment: Filmmaker Jon Alpert reports from Cuba on the state of Cuba and Cuban-American relations from the vantage point of ordinary Cubans. Third segment: Interview with two Cuban-Americans, Frank Calzon of Freedom House and Sam Farber, writer for the Campaign for Peace & Democracy about their opposing positions on the U.S. embargo of Cuba. Broadcast May 17, 1995. Video/C 6723

Cuba and Cocaine.
Documents narcotics smuggling in and through Cuba; examines Cuban government officials' involvement in drug trade. Written, produced, and directed by Stephanie Tepper, William Cran. 1991. 58 min Video/C 2048

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Cuba and Fidel.
A documentary on Fidel Castro and Cuba. Shows some changes which have taken place since relations were severed with the United States and points out areas which have not changed. Castro, in interviews, expresses himself on Cuba's revolution, social systems, freedom, and relations with the United States. 1983. 24 min. Video/C 731

Cuba and U.S. Strategy.
Is it time to rethink U.S. strategy towards Cuba? Cuba is a relic, a communist outpost in the Western hemisphere which has outlasted eight American presidents. Castro has vowed, despite the fall of communism elsewhere, to maintain communism in Cuba and has named his brother as his successor. Eusebio Mujal-Leon of Georgetown University and John Hamilton, Dept. Asst. Sec. of State for Central America discuss how the U.S. can effectively advance our interests in relation to Cuba. Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, 1998. 26 min. Video/C 5822

Cuba at a Crossroads. Three part series. Produced, written and directed by Glenn Gebhard. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996.

A View from Havana and the Bay of Pigs. An American filmmaker visits Cuba and interviews Cubans concerning their experiences and perceptions of their country. 28 min. Video/C 6412
A View from Havana. An examination of the city and people of Havana, Cuba through interviews by an American filmmaker with residents of the city. 28 min. Video/C 6413
The Roots of the Revolution. An American filmmaker travels throughout Cuba examining the current social and economic realities experienced by the average citizen of Cuba. Includes reminiscences of Cubans about their personal experiences during the revolution. 35 min. Video/C 6414

Cuba: In the Shadow of Doubt.
Narrated by Raul Julia, an exclusive look at Cuba, its achievements and disappointments, as voiced by the people in the streets and Fidel Castro himself. Depicts the Cuban revolution in historical perspective. A film by Jim Burroughs, Suzanne Bauman, and Carol Polakoff. c1986. 60 min. Video/C 1467

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Cuba: Las Hijas de Fidel. (Mujeres de America Latina; 4).
One in a series that looks at Latin America through its women with interviews and on sight visits. This fourth program examines the lives of women in Cuba who come from from all walks of life including women active in dance, music, sports, and politics concerning their experiences of living in Castro's Cuba. Dist.: Films Media Group. In Spanish. c1995. 60 min. Video/C 4371

Cuba/South Africa After the Battle.
In 1975, the first Cuban soldiers went to Angola to help defend that newly independent government from invasion by South African troops. After nearly 14 years of bitter conflict, the Angolan War ended, Namibia was established as an independent state, and Cuban and South African troops have returned home. This documentary examines the politics of the war from both sides and features remarkable combat footage, archival material and interviews with Cuban and South African soldiers. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1990. 58 min. Video/C 5224

Cuba, the People.
A documentary on the life and times of the people of Cuba since Fidel Castro came into power as recorded by four students who visited the Island of Cuba. The students observed first-hand the countryside, towns, cities, government and the people from peasants to professionals. 1976. 60 min. Video/C 277

1. Looking at the other (1:32) -- 2. A Cuban hotel the Cuban way (29:45) -- 3. We are not going to throw in the towel: redimensioning at Hilatex (18:37) -- 4. Bermudas, Canada and Cuba in Alamar: a dismountable factory (19:12) -- 5. Perfectioning of enterprises at Conrado Pina (25:21) -- 6. Among Cuban dolls (19:55) -- 7. Coffee (15:40) -- 8. In Tarara tourism is conjugated with? (16:48)

Disc 2 looks at social policies that are preserved or disrupted, the economic conditions of the working class and the underground economy. Features five films of satirical jokes and songs that comment on the Cuban economic situtation. 9. Caring for infants (16:09) -- 10. Idyll at a Havana school (17:04) -- 11. Health: a hospitable visit (18:49) -- 12. Rectification or paying for errors (1:30) -- 13. Camels in Cuba (1:42) -- 14. It ain't easy (1:51) -- 15. Three sharks (2:18) -- 16. Pandas in Cuba (1:58) -- 17. Eliel and the ulterior economy (15:13) -- 18. Jineteando (4:15)

Disc 3 looks at new business forms and practices in the formal economy and the challenges confronting the self-employed in Cuba. 19. Self employment: Making bread [Tailor, Carpenter, Restaurant employees, Baker, Pedicab driver] (39:00) -- 20. A mixed hotel: with mergers between Parque Central and the Santiago Carnival (41:00)

Disc 4 looks at now forms and practices in the formal and informal economy with visits to a sugar cooperative and small city markets and stores. 21. Sugar in Aremisa (55:13) -- 22. Markets - but which one? (33:07) -- Special features: photomantages by Ines E. Aponte.

Cuba si
A controversial chronicle of the evolution of the Cuban Revolution, including two interviews with Fidel Castro. Divided into two parts, the first segment shows the filmmaker Chris Marker as a tourist-like figure who is traveling through Cuba experiencing everyday life; the second part presents an unedited look at Cuban president Fidel Castro, providing him with an opportunity to present an unbiased depiction of himself to the Western World. In a post-script Marker celebrates the defeat of the U.S.-backed invaders by Cuban forces at the Bay of Pigs. A film by Chris Marker. 1961. 52 min. DVD X269

Cuba Va: The Challenge of the Next Generation.
Considers Cuba's future from the perspective of Cuban youth. Young people born after the 1959 Revolution discuss the challenge of Cuba's economic crisis in the nineties. Socialists and dissidents debate the merits of socialism vs. captialism, the need for change, internal difficulties, and international politics. Documentary style interweaves interviews and spontaneous debates with rarely seen views of Cuban In Spanish and English with English subtitles. c 1993. 57 min. Video/C 3589

Articles and reviews of Cuba Va

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 1, Filmmaking
Contents: Newsreel 49 = Newsreel No. 49 (1960, 1 min, b&w) -- Por primera vez = For the first time / director, Octavio Cortázar (1967, 10 min, b&w) -- Dolly Back / director, Juan Carlos Tabio, starring Mirta Ibarra (1986, 10 min., col.).

Newsreel 49 heralds the beginning of Cuba's revolutionary cinema. Images of the icons of the major Hollywood studios give way to Cuban faces and places, concluding with a narration of the decree establishing the Cuban film Institute (ICAIC). For the First time documents the use of mobile cinemas which bring moving pictures to campesinos in the Cuban countryside. Dolly Back probes the limits of filmmaking through the film-within-a-film trope. DVD release of Cuban documentary films originally produced by ICAIC. DVD 2393

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 2, Protest
Contents: Now / director, Santiago Alvarez (1965, 6 min, b&w) -- LBJ / director, Santiago Alvarez (1968, 15 min, col.) -- Prayer for Marilyn Monroe / directors, Marisol Trujillo, Miriam Talavera, Pepin Rodriguez (1984, 9 min., b&w).

Now: A montage of images from U.S. broadcast news joined with the voice of Lena Horne, is used to create a hard-hitting critique of racism in the U.S. during the 1960s. The song "Now," was banned on many American radio stations. LBJ: Lyndon Baines Johnson is presented through a montage of film clips, photographs and a cartoon of Johnson. The film is divided into three sections which correspond to Johnson's initials, L is for Martin Luther King, B is for Bobby Kennedy and J is for John F. Kennedy. The filmmaker implicates Johnson in all three assassinations, portraying his presidency as the culmination of a history of socio-political corruption. DVD release of Cuban documentary films originally produced by ICAIC. DVD 2394

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 3, Cubania
Contents: The art of cigars = El arte del tabaco / director, Tomas Gutièrrez Alea (1974, 7 min., col.) -- Aesthetics / director, Enrique Colina (1985, 11 min., col.) -- King of the jungle / director Enrique Colina (1990, 11 min., col.).

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 4, Tributes
Contents: A Camilo = For Camilo / Luis F. Bernaza (1981, 7 min.) -- Che: una foto recorre el mundo = Che: a photo travels the world / Pedro Chaskel (1981, 12 min.) Contains two short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. For Camilo pays homage to revolutionary hero Camilo Cienfuegos. Each year on the anniversary of his death Cubans commemorate him by floating flowers in rivers and the sea. Che: a Photo Travels the World demonstrates the power of Che's iconic image and tells the story of the photographer who captured it on film. DVD X5283

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 5, Singers
Contents: Yo soy la cancion que canto = I am the song I sing (homage a Bola de Nieve) / Mayra Vilasis (1985, 27 min.) -- Omara / Fernando Perez (1983, 26 min.). Contains two short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. I am the song I sing pays tribute to legendary Cuban performer Bola de Nieve. Omara presents the life and career of Omara Portuondo through dramatic sequences interworven with interviews and performance footage. DVD X5284

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 6, Jazz
Contents: Buscandido a Chano Pozo = Looking for Chano Pozo / Rebecca Chavez (1987, 27 min.) -- Manos y el angel : tributo a Emiliano Salvador = Hands and the angel : a tribute to Emiliano Salvador / Esteban Insausti (2002, 27 min.) Contains two short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. Looking for Chano Pozo includes testimony from family, friends, and fellow musicians to piece together the life and premature death of jazz drummer Chano Pozo while highlighting his unique contribution to modern jazz rhythms. The hands and the angel shows one of the world's greatest jazz musicians, Emiliano Salvador, and his place in Cuban musical history. DVD X5285

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 7, 1900
Contents: Uma mirada amistosa = A Friendly gaze / dirección, Octavio Cort@aacute;zar ; guión Pablo Armando Fernández, Octavio Cortázar (28 min.) -- La Gloria City = City of La Gloria / guión y dirección, Sergio Núñez (20 min.). Contains two short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. A friendly gaze: In 1904, U.S. photographer Sumner Matteson traveled around Cuba on a bicycle. His photos provide a unique glimpse of Cuban people and landscapes more than a century ago. City of La Gloria: At the turn of the last century, the U.S.-based Cuban Land Company lured settlers to Cuba with promises of a tropical paradise. This documentary traces the creation of the City of La Gloria through photos and testimony of the colonizers' descendents. DVD X5286

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 8, Cubania II
Contents: Fabrica de tabaco = Making cigars / Sara Gomez (1962) -- Plaza vieja = Old plaza -- Ire a Santiago = I will go to Santiago -- Para construir una casa = To build a house / Nicolás Guillén Landrián. Contains four short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. Making cigars shows the process of crafting Cuba's internationally renowned cigars. Old plaza: Slices of life in this historic square are combined into a montage of Cuban reality during this early phase of the revolution. I will go to Santiago: A visit to the city of Santiago to probe the island's African heritage and the development of this important provincial capital. To build a house: Nicolás Guillén Landrián narrates the process through which revolutionary housing takes shape. DVD X5287

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 9, Nicolás Guillén Landrián
Contents: En un barrio viejo = In an old barrio -- Ociel del Toa = Ociel of the Tao River -- Coffea arabiga (1968, 18 min). Contains four short films from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. Making cigars shows the process of crafting Cuba's internationally Contains three short films by experimental filmmaker Nicolás Guillén Landrián from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. In an old barrio features a glimpse of an old Havana neighborhood proffered through the filmmaker's languid lens and ambient street sounds. Ociel of the Toa River: A poignant portrait of the young Ociel, an adolescent for whom the Revolution seems confusing and distant. Scenes of the Toa River region reveal island life in remote villages. Coffea Arábiga: One of Landrián's most celebrated works, combines fast-paced montage with innovative sound juxtapositions to narrate the history of coffee. The film featured the Beatles' song "Fool on the Hill" as Fidel Castro appeared on screen. That same year, Landrián was accused of plotting to assassinate Castro. DVD X5288; DVD X382 (copy 2)

Cuban Cinema Classics. Volume 10, Sara Gomez
Contents: Y tenemos sabor = And we have flavor (1967) -- Una Isla para Miguel = An Island for Miguel (1968, 20 min.) -- Isla del tesoro = Treasure Island (1969). Contains three films by Afro-Cuban filmmaker Sara Gomez from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. And We Have Flavor: Instrument makers and musicians tell the story of Cuban musical traditions through their experiences, illustrated with footage of live performances. An Island for Miguel: A documentary revealing the revolutionary project to reform Cuba's juvenile delinquents. Filmed on the Isla de Pinos, follows the case of Miguel, a Cuban juvenile delinquent, who is sent to a re-education camp. Treasure Island: Devoted to housing prisoners in pre-Revolutionary Cuba, this island becomes transformed into an important site for agricultural production. DVD X5289

Cuban Cinema Classics: Santiago Alvarez
Contents: Now (Realizacion, Santiago Alvarez; song, Lena Horne; b&w, 1965, 10 min.): Montage of U.S. news films and stills that captures the repressive reaction of some authorities to the civil rights movement accompanied by the song, Now, which was banned on many American radio stations. 79 primaveras (Realizacion, Santiago Alvarez; b&w, 1969, 21 min.): A biography of Ho Chi Minh of Vietnam interweaving still photos, newsreel footage and Ho's poetry. Depicts his life that spanned three revolutions, three continents and three wars, charting his progression from militant student to leader of Vietnam's revolutionary independence movement. Nace un nino en Texas en 1908 (b&w, si., 4 min.): A short biographical collage produced in Cuba of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson. Edad de oro (Jose Marti; col., 3 min.): A brief look at a Cuban children's story written by Jose Marti. Hanoi, martres 13, diciembre (Realizacion, Santiago Alvarez; b&w and col., 1967, 38 min.): Filmed in Hanoi on December 13, 1966, this documentary is a tribute to the courage of the Vietnamese people. It records the lives of the Vietnamese living in the capital and surrounding countryside at the height of U.S. bombing as they continued their lives despite the shower of bombs, death and destruction of their country. Ciclon (Realizacion, Santiago Alvarez, b&w, 14 min.): Documentary footage of rural Cubans enduring a devastating hurricane with scenes of the storm followed by rescue and restoration efforts after the storm. 1998. 90 min. Video/C 8154 Art of cigars: This early work of master filmmaker Tomas Gutierrez Alea, captures the beauty of making cigars. Images of hands selecting tobacco leaves and rolling cigars are interspersed with graphic designs from cigar boxes and labels. Aesthetics: Reveals the desire for expressing individuality through diverse conceptions of beauty in everyday Cuban life whether in the form of a hood ornament, a display window or a star-studded tooth. King of the Jungle: Filmed as Cuba was entering the economic crisis of the early 90s, observations are made along Havana's Prado Street through the eyes of the lion sculpture located there. DVD release of Cuban documentary films originally produced by ICAIC. DVD 2395

Classic Fidel Castro Newsreels
This compilation of newsreel footage opens with a young Fidel Castro as he assumes power of Cuba in January of 1959 and continues on through the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Rally for Castro: One million roar 'Si!' to Cuban executions (1/22/59) -- Castro 'resigns': mass demonstrations show his power secure (7/20/59) -- Havana rally: peasants mass to support Castro (7/27/59) -- Ike at U.N. proposes new world disarmament program (9/22/60) -- History at U.N: World leaders set New York a-whirl (9/26/60) -- Invasion scare: Castro masses troops, claims U.S. aggression (10/31/60) -- News highlights of 1960 (12/31/60) -- U.S. breaks relations with Cuba (1/5/61) -- Cuba invaded: foes of Castro open offensive (4/19/61) -- Reds celebrate May Day (5/5/61) -- The Cuban crisis (10/25/62) -- Missile bases: Castro balks at U.N. team (11/1/62) DVD 8283

Cuban Missile Crisis Tapes
From ABC News Nightline, with Ted Koppel, and commentary by Robert McNamara. An analysis of the debates and strategies discussed by Kennedy and his closest advisers during the Cuban tapes from the Kennedy Library. Originally broadcast on the television program Nightline, on October 24, 1996. 1996. 23 min. Video/C 5948

De Donde Son los Cantantes?
Examines the importance of popular music in the Cuban culture and the history of Cuban musical groups with particular emphasis on the Trio Matamoros. 199-?. 31 min. Video/C 4213

El Arte de Tabaco.
A close-up examination of laborers creating Cuban cigars intercut with artistic advertising labels and postures for those cigars. Silent with musical accompaniment. 199-?. 7 min. Video/C 4289

Estado del Tiempo (Changing Times).
Interviews with Cubans who are attempting to escape Cuba by raft and with those who have chosen to remain in Cuba despite difficult economic and social circumstances. Writer/director, Luis Felip Bernaza. 199-?. 35 min. Video/C 4212

La Fabri-K: The Cuban Hip-Hop Factory
This documentary follows the Cuban rap musicians of Doble-Filo and Obsesión, known collectively as "La Fabri-K" (The Factory) from their humble homes in Havana throughout their eye-opening concert tour of the United States. A film by Lisandro Perez-Rey. SF International Latino Film Festival Collection. 2004. 62 min. DVD X2188

Fidel (Fidel, The Untold Story)
A documentary produced in Cuba celebrating the life and political career of Fidel Castro through archival footage, interviews with Castro and commentary by family, associates, former guerrilla fighters, politicians and historians. Castro is seen swimming with bodyguards in the ocean, visiting his childhood home and school, joking with his friend Nelson Mandela, meeting with Elian Gonzalez, and celebrating his birthday with the Buena Vista Social Club. Director, Estela Bravo. 2003. 91 min. DVD 1884; vhs Video/C 8156 (75 minute version)

Fidel: 48 horas en Buenos Aires
Newsreel footage of a visit by Fidel Castro to Buenos Aires, Argentina in May, 2003, intercut with historical footage of other journeys to the country including meetings with presidente Nestor Kirchner and Che Guevara. In Spanish. PAL format. 2003. 46 min. Video/C MM233

Fidel Castro
Fidel Catro is profiled through interviews with relatives, fellow rebel leaders, Bay of Pigs veterans, human rights activists, journalists and enemies in Cuba and abroad. Contents: Boyhood -- Student leader -- Moncada -- Jungle fighters -- Rebel victory -- A man to be reckoned with -- Revolutionary reforms -- The Soviets and Cuba -- Bay of Pigs -- Cuban Missile Crisis -- In love with Castro -- Worldwide revolution/Che -- An economic disaster -- Angola, Nicaragua, Afghanistan -- The Mariel boatlift -- Human rights violations -- Soviet collapse -- Just one man. Originally broadcast in January 2005 on the PBS television program: The American Experience. Dist.: PBS. 120 min. DVD 3693

Following Fidel (Portrait of the Caribbean; 6)
Life in Cuba under the Communist regime of Fidel Castro offers contrasts in improved education but inadequate housing. However, some of the population prefer the present situation to the former dependence on America. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5166 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3195

Gay Cuba.
A look at homosexuality in Cuba, featuring interviews with lesbians and gays. A project of the Felix Varela Center of Cuba. Directed by Sonja de Vries. Dist.: Frameline. 1995. 57 min. Video/C 4418

Full-text of review in Bright Lights Journal by Gary Morris

Merrett, Jim. "Growing up Gay in Castro's Cuba: Exile Raul Ferrera-Balanquet Discovers Himself in his Videos." Advocate, n579 (June 18, 1991):68 (2 pages).

Great Day in Havana.
A vibrant celebration of artists and musicians in Havana, Cuba's capital. Musicians, painters, sculptors, writers, and filmmakers reveal and reflect on Cuba's precarious political climate, its African heritage, the ironies of tourism, and how to live with dignity in the face of the United States embargo. Directed & produced by Laurie Ann Schag & Casey Stoll. 2003. 73 min. DVD 6560

The Greening of Cuba.
Profiles Cuban farmers and scientists working to reinvent a sustainable agriculture, based on ecological principles and local knowledge rather than imported agricultural inputs. In their quest for self-sufficiency, Cubans combine time-tested traditional methods with cutting-edge biotechnology. In Spanish with English subtitles. A film by Jaime Kibben. c1996. 38 min. Video/C 6392

Guerrilla Wars, 1973 (People's Century)
Examines how highly motivated guerrillas have organized revolts that eventually defeated large well-equipped governments. Using interviews and archival footage this film examines the Cuban revolution, America's futile struggle in Vietnam and the Soviet Union's equally unsuccessful attempts to control Afghanistan. 1998. 60 min. Video/C 6441

Havana Nagila: The Jews in Cuba.
Through interviews with Cuban Jews and historical narrative, surveys the history of Jewish immigration to Cuba, their assimilation into Cuban culture and their current living conditions. Writer/director Laura Paull. c1995. 56 min. Video/C 3343

Goldman, Ilene S. "Documentaries about Jewish Renewal in Contemporary Cuba: Hope or Hype?" Latin American Research Review v32, n3 (Summer, 1997):258 (11 pages).

Havana -- The New Art of Making Ruins (Havanna -- Die Neue Kunst Ruinen zu Bauen)
In recent years, Havana has become famous all over the world for the morbid charm of its flaking facades. But these ruins are far less poetic for the people who inhabit them. Houses frequently collapse causing fatalities. This unique documentary tells the stories of the people who reside in these modern ruins, from a homeless man who lives in an abandoned theater, to an expropriated landowner who struggles against the decay of his parental home, to a writer who conceives a philosophy of the ruins to explain the gradual collapse of the city and its political system. A mixture of private history, memories, fears and hopes for the future, this documentary explores the quixotic relationship between man and architecture, man and ruins (commenting along the way on the ruin-tourism that has developed in Cuba). Spanning the entire history of Cuban architecture, from the colonial era up through the socialist revolution, this film captures the final moments of these historic buildings before they're renovated -- or simply collapse altogether. A film by Florian Borchmeyer and Matthias Hentschler. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2006. 52 min. DVD 7250

History Will Tell: Fidel Castro
Commandant Hubert Matos, closest strategist to Che Guevara and the Castro brothers, reexamines the history of the Cuban Revolution from the attack on the Moncada to the recent transfer of power to Fidel Castro's brother Raul. Fidel, afraid that Matos would "overshadow him," sentenced Matos to 20 years in prison for being "too revolutionary." A film by Yves Billon. Dist.: CinéFête. c2009. 54 min. DVD X5753

I Am Cuba (Ya Kuba)
Directed by Serge Urusevsky. Cast: Sergio Corrieri, Salvador Vud, José Gallardo, Raúl Garcia. A Cuban propaganda film first exhibited outside of Cuba and the Soviet Union in 1992. The film, an anthology of pre-revolutionary folk tales, is divided into four parts, each presenting fictional events which led to the success of the revolution under Fidel Castro. In the first film a poor, Havana girl loses herself in the decadent night life of the city and becomes a prostitute serving American tourists; in the second, an old farmer who is about to be evicted from his land by the United Fruit Company sets fire to his house and cane fields and collapses in despair; in the third, university students demonstrate and plot against the government, and are martyred; and in the last an ignorant campesino, driven from his home by Batista's forces, sees the light and follows it to a rebel camp where Fidel's troops welcome him. Special features on DVD X2592: Newly remastered for high definition from the original Russian 35mm fine grain interpositive ; video interview with director Martin Scorsese (26 min.) ; Cuban version of opening credits ; original Milestone trailer ; stills gallery. 1964. 141 min. DVD X2592; also DVD 5782; Video/C 999:1212

The Siberian Mammoth Documentary on the making of the film "I am Cuba." DVD X2593.

A Film about Mikhail Kalatozov Documentary on the making of the film "I am Cuba." DVD X2594.

West, Dennis. "I Am Cuba." (video recording reviews) Cineaste v22, n2 (Spring, 1996):52.
Denby, David. "I Am Cuba." (movie reviews) New York v28, n12 (March 20, 1995):60 (2 pages).
Klawans, Stuart."I Am Cuba." (movie reviews) Nation v260, n11 (March 20, 1995):394 (4 pages).
Holden, Stephen. "I Am Cuba." (movie reviews) New York Times v144 (Wed, March 8, 1995):C15(L), col 1, 17 col in.
Rafferty, Terrence. "I Am Cuba." (movie reviews) New Yorker v71, n4 (March 20, 1995):107.
Sterritt, David. "I Am Cuba." (movie reviews) Christian Science Monitor v87, n72 (Fri, March 10, 1995):13, col 1, 12 col in.
Thomajan, Dale. "Handheld Heaven, Agitprop Purgatory. "('I Am Cuba,' film by Mikhail Kalatazov) Film Comment v31, n2 (March-April, 1995):87 (2 pages).

Improper Conduct (Mauvaise Conduite).
This powerful documentary is simply a series of interviews with a fascinating array of Cuban intellectuals and homosexuals who have been persecuted under the Castro regime. The directors are themselves exiles, and they have created a convincing indictment of El Jefe, implicating also those who would turn a blind eye towards repression from the left. A film by Nestor Almendros, Orlando Jimenez Leal. 1984. 110 min. Video/C 3386

D'Lugo, Marvin. "From Exile to Ethnicity: Nestor Almendros and Orlando Jimemez-Leal's Improper Conduct." In: The Ethnic Eye: Latino Media Arts. Chon A. Noriega and Ana M. Lopez, editors. pp. 171-82. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press, c1996. (Main Stack PN1995.9.L37.E84 1996)

Inside Castro's Cuba.
With the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Cuba has been presented with its toughest test of strength since the revolution thirty-five years ago. People wonder how long Castro will maintain his leadership. The film discovers huge support for him because he brought Cubans a higher standard of living than that of any other country in the third world. Filming in Cuba for an entire year, the filmmaker gained rare access to Castro himself and to his personal archives resulting in an insightful view of the man and his people. 1994. 51 min. Video/C 5111

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Inventos: Hip Hop Cubano
Presents unique insights into the Hip-Hop scene in Cuba and the reality of contemporary Cuban politics. The film follows the innovators of this musical movement to their homes, the stage, and as they travel abroad for the first time. Inventos embodies the true spirit of Hip Hop, which is to create something powerful and useful out of what is seemingly impossible. Cuban Hip Hop demonstrates the creative and indestructible spirit of the island and its people despite the hardships of the U.S. embargo on Cuba. Special features: portfolio featuring: Barely audible, De la calle, Familia Cuba, Besin, VIP music video Ghana; Homegrown trailer; directors bio; Konscious TV interview; extra footage: live at Joe's Pub NYC, Live at Casa de Musica Cuba; slide show gallery by Peter Graham & Kahlil Jacobs-Fantauzzi; Inventos trailer. Directed by Eli Jacobs-Fantauzzi. 2005. 50 min. DVD 7637

Jose Marti & Cuba Libre (Destino de imperios: 1898 la guerra de Espana-Cuba-USA)
If a single individual may be said to have embodied the development of the Cuban secessionist movement, that person was surely Jose Marti. Set within the context of the turbulent relations between Cuba, Spain, and the USA, this program spotlights Marti, a striking orator, sagacious propagandist, and inspiring leader, and the movement that he founded, Cuba Libre. Although killed during a skirmish at Dos Rios in 1895, Marti lived on as the emblem of the undying desire of the Cuban exile population to free Cuba from foreign control. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2001. 54 min. DVD 3640

Jose Marti: un Hombre Sincero
A film biography of "the Apostle of Cuban Independence," the Cuban patriot, author, and journalist Jose Marti who was a tireless proponent of Cuba's freedom from Spanish rule. Combining documentary material with dramatizations, this program celebrates the selfless life of the freedom fighter, which was marked by imprisonment, exile and ironically, death in his first appearance on the battlefield. In Spanish. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1998. 63 min. Video/C 8672

Kordavision: The Man Who Shot Che Guevara.
Chronicles the life of Cuban photographer Korda (born Alberto Diaz Gutierrez), who created the famous "Guerillero heroico" image of revolutionary Ernesto Guevara and was Castro's official photographer for ten years; includes interviews and archive footage. Written and directed by Hector Cruz Sandoval. 2005. 87 min. DVD X138

[Landrián, Nicolás Guillen] Films by Nicolas Guillen Landrian
Nicolas Guillen Landrián was an experimental Cuban filmmaker and painter. He made a total of 13 documentaries, although they were heavily censored and prevented from being part of the Cuban Film Industry. In 1968, his documentary Coffea Arabiga featured the Beatles' song "Fool on the Hill" as Fidel Castro appeared on screen. That same year, Guillen was accused of plotting to assassinate Castro. The Cuban government interrogated him for six months in Villa Marista. From 1970 to 1989, he was repeatedly jailed and institutionalized.

Part 1: En un barrio viejo (1963, 9 min.) -- Un festival (1963, 10 min.) -- Los del baile (1965, 6 min.) -- Ociel del Tao (1965, 17 min.) -- Reportaje (1966, 9 min.) DVD X5288; DVD X382 (copy 2)

Part 2: Retornar a Baracoa (1966, 16 min.) -- Coffea Arabiga (1968, 18 min) -- Desde la Habana (1969, 18 min.) -- Taller de Linea y 18 (1971, 15 min.) -- Reportaje sobre el Puerto pesquero (1972, ca. 15 min.) -- Nosotros en el Cuyaguateje (1972, 10 min.) -- Para construer una casa (1972, 17 min.) DVD X383

[Landrián, Nicolás Guillen] Films by Nicolas Guillen Landrian, Part 2.
Contents: Retornar a Baracoa (1966, 16 min.) -- Coffea Arabiga (1968, 18 min) -- Desde la Habana (1969, 18 min.) -- Taller de Linea y 18 (1971, 15 min.) -- Reportaje sobre el Puerto pesquero (1972, ca. 15 min.) -- Nosotros en el Cuyaguateje (1972, 10 min.) -- Para construer una casa (1972, 17 min.) DVD X383

Last Days of the Revolution.
This documentary tells the story of the economic and political deterioration in Cuba. Shot primarily on location in Cuba, it allows the viewer to see firsthand the hardships of its people and looks closely at the effects of the U.S. embargo. Also detailed is the mass exodus from Cuba and the sudden shift in U.S. immigration policy. 1994. 60 min. Video/C 3893

LBJ
A bitter satire by the Cuban filmmaker Santiago Alvarez of President Lyndon Baines Johnson presented through a montage of film clips and photographs and a cartoon of Johnson. The film is divided into three sections which correspond to Johnson's initials. L is for Martin Luther King, B is for Bobby Kennedy and J is for John F. Kennedy. Alvarez implicates Johnson in all three assassinations, portraying his presidency as the culmination of a history of socio-political corruption. It also includes footage of Fidel Castro surveying the results of Cuba's victory. El Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematograficos; realizado por Norma Torrado ... [et al.] y Santiago Alvarez. In Spanish. 1968. 18 min. Video/C 8865

Libertad: The Dark Untold Story of Castro's Cuba
A dramatization "based on true stories and interviews with Cuban political refugees and rafters." After a failed attempt to flee Cuba, an artist is captured, tortured and imprisoned for years. When he is mysteriously released he makes a second attempt to flee with friends in a homemade raft but the group finds terror at sea and their search for freedom becomes a journey for survival. 2001. 110 min. Video/C 999:2955

Looking for a Space: Lesbians & Gay Men in Cuba.
A documentary film examining the treatment of lesbians and gay men during the early years of the Cuban Revolution and perspectives of current residents of Cuba on questions of political ideology and sexual identity. Dialogue in Spanish with English subtitles. Producer/director, Kelly Anderson. 1993. 38 min. DVD X3202; Video/C 3592

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

The Lost Son of Havana
At age 67, former major league baseball star Luis Tiant has come back to Cuba, the island he had left at age 20 for a trip he thought would last a month and became nearly a half a century. But is this still home? What is home for an exile who becomes a star in his new land, leaving former teammates to play for their government and country in isolation and poverty? What is home for a man who never had a sister or brother and whose parents are dead? Writer/director, Jonathan Hock. 2009. 105 min. DVD X3650

Luchando!: Cuba's Struggle to Survive.
Consists mostly of interviews with Cubans about their opinions on living in Cuba, its revolutionary process, and the effects of the blockade by the United States against Cuba. Many performing artist's are interviewed--a dissident theatre group in Havana, a more traditional African theatre group in Santiago, and also film star Jorge Perugorria. The central personality in the film is Abel Prieto, the president of UNEAC-the national artists' and writers union. The street interviews illustrate the passion of the people for their country despite the rationing of food and petrol, and the constant cuts in water and power supplies. c1994. 55 min. Video/C 4563

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Description from Documentary Educational Resources catalog

Memoirs of a Cuban family (Mémoires d'une famille cubaine
Looks back at the memories and experiences of a Cuban family. The parents are enthusiastic revolutionaries supporting Casto, but as the children grow up they become disillusioned and so immigrate to the U.S. and France. Backdrop features excerpts from Castro's speeches and Cuban propaganda slogans. A film by Yan Vega. 2007. 16 min. DVD X6991

Miami-Havana
This video discusses how the relationship between the United States and Cuba has affected Cuban families separated by the political conflict. It includes interviews of children from Cuban families and senior citizens. c1992. 52 min. Video/C 3392

Mirror Dance (La danza del espejo)
Tells the story of Margarita and Ramona de Saá. Born identical twins, the sisters grew up to become acclaimed ballerinas with the National Ballet of Cuba. Once inserparable, their relationship deteriorated as one sister left for America while the other embraced the Cuban Revolution. Mirror Dance is the story of two women forever linked by birth and dance but struggling to overcome a deep rift between sisters and nations alike. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Directed by Frances McElroy & María Teresa Rodríguez. 2005. 54 min. Video/C MM1277

Moments with Fidel (Momentos con Fidel)
Cuban director Rebeca Chavez uses archival film and audio material to create a collage of important moments in Castro's political and personal life, including his re-definition of Cuba's role after the collapse of the Communist Bloc. Director, Rebeca Chavez. Bonus films: My brother Fidel / director, Santiago Alverez (1977, 17 min.) -- The first delegate / director, Santiago Alverez (1975, 26 min.) -- Condemn me, it does not matter / director, Miguel Torres, 1982, 15 min.) 55 min. DVD 8909

Muerte al Invaso: Reportaje Especial sobre la Agresion Imperialista al Pueblo de Cuba
A Cuban news report on the Bay of Pigs invasion by CIA trained mercenaries. It presents footage of the aftermath of the attack including fallen planes, ammunition shells and captured soldiers, documenting the extent of U.S. involvement. It also includes footage of Fidel Castro surveying the results of Cuba's victory. In Spanish. 1961. 15 min. Video/C 8864

Nganga Kiyangala: Congo Religion in Cuba
An examination of the history and practices of Nganga, the Bantu based belief system of the slaves brought to Cuba from the Congo region of Africa. Nganga is one of the sects in Cuba which are more than Christian in belief, rituals, music and dance. Some of the differences between the Lucumi (Yoruba/Santeria) and Abakua beliefs are also discussed. In Spanish with English subtitles. 1991. 34 min. Video/C 6403

Nobody Listened (Nadie escuchaba)
The brutal methods employed by Castro's government to maintain a stronghold on the Cuban population are chronicled in this revelatory documentary. Hear testimony from former Castro comrades, Communist leaders and supporters of fallen dictator Batista. Includes a special update on the Cuban situation. Produced, written and directed by Jorge Ulla and Nestor Almendros. 1989. 117 min. DVD 2749

La Noche de San Lazaro (The Night of San Lazaro)
A film examining the observance of the Night of San Lazaro as an example of the revival of religious freedom in Cuba. For some he is a healer saint, for others an African divinity. As thousands of pilgrims live a night of frenzy and immoderation, the filmmakers neither interpret nor analyze this religious event, but simply observe and present its visuals of fervor and devotion. 1997. 35 min. Video/C 5416

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

El noticiero ICAIC Latinoamericanoa
Contents: Actualidades Cubana e internacionales (11 min.) -- El Companero President [Allende] vista a Cuba (19 min.) -- Actualidades Cubana e internacionales (20 min.) -- El pueblo Chileno aplastara al fascismo (10 min.) -- Ano 32 de la revoluccion (10 min.) -- 1989 ano 31 de la revoluccion (18 min.) -- Nos casamos y ... nos divorciamos (10 min.) -- Ano 32 de las revoluccion (3 min.) -- Reportaje a la vinegreta (6 min.) -- El Centralito Guarapera (9 min.).

Presents documentary films and newsreels by the ICAIC produced between the 1960's and 1989. Filmed by Cuba's formest documentary filmmaker Santiago Alvarez, they present such issues as the visit by President Salvador Allende to Cuba, entertainment such as musicians and street dancing, a segment on Ballet Nacional de Cuba and social issues such as marriage and divorce, Cuban industries and agriculture plus interviews with Cuban's of all walks of life.Una produccion del Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematograficos (I.C.A.I.C.); director, Santiago Alvarez. In Spanish. 1997. 35 min. Video/C 5416

Paraiso
A documentary following the members of the band Madera Limpia as they explore their hopes and lives. Presents a genuine feel for the life in Cuba: the heat, the music, the sea, the sexiness, living in a country short of basic supplies. Directed by Alina Teodorescu. SF International Latino Film Festival Collection. c2004. 92 min. Video/C MM1251

La Promesa.
Examines devotion in Cuba to San Lazaro (Babalu-Aye) at Rincon, where pilgrims perform acts of mortification as a "promise" to the deity for favors desired. Rincon is the site of a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to God in the name of San Lazaro (Saint Lazarus of Bethany). Local identification of the name Lazarus (Lazaro) with the beggar character from a parable in the New Testament and the similarity between that character and the image of the Yoruban deity Babalu-Aye, have blended to create a local deity. The shrine at Rincon is considered by followers of San Lazaro/Babalu-Aye to be the house of their deity, a situation which causes difficulty for the Roman Catholic community present there. Film shows documentary footage of some of the practices associated with this cult and reveals some of the social problems which seem to fuel the desperation of these acts. An independent production by Julio Ramos, et al. 1995. 26 min. Video/C 4342

Que Pasa, U.S.A?
A program from a bilingual comedy series developed by WPBT-TV to chronicle the adventures of a Cuban-American family in our fast-paced society. The conflicts between two cultures and how this family solves its problems of culture shock provide a serious view into adjustments required of Cuban-American immigrant families. English and Spanish. 1976. 28 min. Video/C 3752

El Rojo Para Los Labios: Red for the Lips.
Employing a mixture of video graphics, computer animation, and documentary footage, the director uses the metaphor of a disenchanted and lethargic woman to lament the loss of Cuba's revolutionary ideals and fervor. c1991. 13 min. Video/C 3058

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Shadow of the House: Photographer Abelardo Morell
Filmed over seven years, an intimate portrait of photographer Abelardo Morell, revealing the mystery and method of his artistic process. The narrative skips across time and space from his early childhood escape from Castro's regime to his status as a world-renowned photographer. The film explores his daily working life as an artist and his eventual return to Cuba after 40 years of living in exile. Directed by Allie Humenuk. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 74 min. DVD X4144

Si me comprendieras
A well-known Cuban film director embarks upon the search for a black woman dancer and singer to play the central dramatic role in his next film project- a musical comedy. Rather than opting for an experienced actress, he feels he needs the freshness and spontaneity of inexperience- someone young with an urge for success. He sets about searching the Cuban Film Institute's (ICAIC's) extras files and, with the enthusiastic support of friends and the aid of a small video camera, he scours the streets of Havana in search of his actress. A film by Rolando Díaz. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 1998. 87 min. Video/C MM1268

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

Split Decision
Chronicles the rise of Jesus "El Matador" Chavez through the professional boxing ranks to number one contender for the World Championship when the U.S. government enacted two tough immigration laws that ordered the immediate deportation of all non-U.S. citizens with a criminal conviction. Despite his clear rehabilitation Jesus with a prior conviction for armed robbery, was deported to Mexico. A compelling documentary that exposes the failings of current immigration policy and questions the implications of the prevailing "tough-on-crime" and one-size-fits all criminal justice system. 2000. 78 min. Video/C 7871

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Sworn to the Drum: A Tribute to Francisco Aguabella.
A film-portrait of the Afro-Cuban master drummer, Francisco Aguabella. Born in Cuba, he immigrated to the U.S. in 1957 where he made outstanding contributions to Latin popular music while maintaining his roots in traditional Afro-Cuban religious drumming. Film explores Aguabella's role both as a sacred drummer and a figure of historical influence in Latin Jazz, Pop and Fusion. Included are many interviews with musicians who have worked with him an have been influence by his music. Dist.: Flower Films. 35 min. Video/C 4067

Three Cubans
In 1963 and 1964 Robert Cohen became the first U.S. filmmaker authorized by both the U.S. State Dept. and Cuban Foreign Ministry to travel to Cuba where he filmed the daily lives of middle and lower economic class Cubans. Returning to the U.S. he interviewed an upper economic class exile who, his aged parents remaining in Cuba, requested anonymity. Contents: The first Cuban: the exile (26 min.) -- The second Cuban: the revolutionary / Jose Garcia Nicolas (16 min.) -- The third Cuban: the worker / Francisco Consuegra Salgado (16 min.). "This film documents the impact of Castro's revolution on the people of Cuba. All scenes are actual. All words those of the Cubans themselves."--Opening frame. Videocassette release of a motion picture originally produced in 1969. 58 min. Video/C 6130

TropiCola
A film essay about two families in Havana, one white and one Afro-Cuban, who try to survive the economic and political restructing of their country. The elderly of both families have experienced the revolution, whereas the young generation is not so much tied to the old ideals. One of the questions the film raises is whether "TropiCola," which is the Cuban alternative for Coca-Cola, has a right to exist alongside Coke? A mix of documentary and drama portrays life in post-colonial Cuba as Cubans survive with creativity and invention. Written and directed by Steve Fagin. 1997. 135 min. Video/C 6550

The Truth About Fidel Castro Revolution
During the time Errol Flynn and Victor Pahlen lived in Havana operating a movie theater the revolution broke out. Sensing the import of history in the making, they grabbed their cameras to capture what they could for posterity. After the revolution, this film was screened at the Moscow Film Festival where it was the first time the Russian people had ever seen the face of Fidel Castro. 1959 "Due to the nature of this production and the condition of the mastering elements available the picture and sound quality of this DVD will at times be below contemporary standards." Originally produced in 1959. 50 min. DVD 7839

Urban Design and Planning in Havana, Cuba
Examines the social, political and geographic influences on what today is the largest collection of colonial architecture in the Americas by offering a guide to Havana's urban design through three periods: colonial, from 1519 to 1898; neo-colonial, from 1899 to 1958; and Revolutionary, from 1959 to the present day. 2001. 39 min. Video/C 9837

Vecinos
This documentary examines the real and potential problems that can develop among neighbors. It is a light, though not unserious, look at the difficulties of living together in an urban environment which reflects problems of human interaction that occur irrespective of a socialist or capitalist economic system. Presenta El Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematografica; un documental de Enrique Colina. In Spanish. 1985. 15 min. Video/C 8862

El Viaje Mas Largo (The Longest Journey)
This documentary examines the history of Chinese immigration to Cuba, and the Chinese presence in Cuban everyday life as part of the national "Mestizaje." 1993. 24 min. Video/C MM142

Voices of the Orishas
This is an ethnographic documentary which demonstrates the survival and strength of the Yoruba cultural and religious heritage in the contemporary life of Caribbean African-Hispanics. The program was filmed in Havana among practicioners of Santeria, and documents a ritual ceremony that features dancing, singing, praying and drum beating, invoking the twenty-two Orishas, or deities of the Yoruba religion. 1993. 37 min. Video/C 5518

Waiting for Fidel
Filmmaker Michael Rubbo travels to Cuba with Joseph Smallwood, former Premier of Newfoundland, and Jeff Sterling, Canadian communications magnate as they await a promised interview with Fidel Castro. The men wind up in a strange limbo, waiting days on end to meet with Castro. As they visit schools, housing developments, and the infamous Bay of Pigs, their discussions center around socialism and their experiences in Cuba. Director, Michael Rubbo. 1974. 58 min. DVD 3100

Who the Hell is Juliette? (Quien diablos es Juliette?)
Cinematographer Carlos Macovich met Juliet Ortega, a young prostitute in Havana when he was shooting the film "The story of Yuliet Ortega & Fabiola Quiroz," starring model Fabiola Quiroz. When he realized that the two women had not seen their respective fathers for many years, he made this documentary about the women as they searched together for their fathers and a better future, which is also a reflection on the process of filmmaking. 2000. 91 min. DVD 938

Dominican Republic

Black Sugar.
Examines the mistreatment of Haitian laborers hired to cut sugar cane on plantations owned by the Dominican Republic State Sugar Council. Describes fraudulent recruitment promises, the practice of confiscating workers' official papers, extremely low wages, and the squalor, disease, and hunger of the work camps. 1989. 58 min. Video/C 1753

Dreams Ensnared: The Dominican Migration to New York.
This film discusses the mass immigration to the United States from the Dominican Republic due to the poor economic conditions there. Includes interviews with people, primariy women, who have emigrated and gives details on the hardships the travelers endure. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1994. 22 min. Video/C 4636

Expelled.
For decades people of Haitian descent have faced discrimination and racism in the Dominican Republic. This video documents the Dominican government's practice of illegal explusions of people of Haitian descent who live in the Dominican Republic. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2001. 11 min. DVD 3244

Paradise Lost (Portrait of the Caribbean; 3).
The Spanish legacy in the Caribbean is examined with a look at life in the Dominican Republic. c1992. 45 min. Video/C 3194

Grenada

Grenada: The Future Coming Toward Us.
Documentary on the Grenadian revolution, traces Grenada's early history, analyzes the impact of European colonialism and explains the evolution of modern Grenadian society. 1983. 60 min. Video/C 745

Haiti

The Agronomist
Tells the story of Haitian national hero, journalist, and freedom fighter Jean Dominique, whom Demme first met and filmed in 1986. As owner and operator of his nation's oldest and only free radio station, Dominique was frequently at odds with his country's various repressive governments and spent much of the 80's and early 90's in exile in New York, where Demme continued to interview him over the years. Dominique fought tirelessly against his country's overwhelming injustice, oppression, and poverty, but it was his shocking and still-unsolved assassination in April of 2000 that gave the director the impetus to assemble more than a decade's worth of material into a celebration of this dynamic man's life and legacy. Directed by Jonathan Demme. 2005. 91 min. DVD 4002

Aristide and the Endless Revolution
Jean-Bertrand Aristide, the former president of Haiti, was twice removed from office with the complicity of the international community. An investigation into the events that led to his most recent ouster, 'Aristide and the endless revolution' exposes the geopolitical intrigue, the economic alliances between the Haitian and U.S. elite, the armed criminals posing as freedom fighters and other factors that have consistently threatened this young democracy. A film by Nicolas Rossier. 2005. 60 min. DVD 5853; also vhs Video/C MM976

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Art of Haiti: The Primitive Painters
Explores Haiti's modern art movement, a fusion of Haiti's African roots, French Colonial past and present day coexistence of voodoo and Catholicism. Juxtaposes scenes of contemporary Haiti with paintings of such artists as Rigaud Renoit, Andre Pierre, and Hector Hippolite. c1983. 26 min. Video/C 6624 Assistance mortelle = Fatal assistance

Assistance mortelle (Fatal assistance)
Directed by former Haitian Minister of Culture Raoul Peck. After the massive earthquake that struck in January 2010, killing an estimated 250,000 and leaving 1.2 million homeless, a flood of aid and agencies arrived at Haiti's door. Some had an agenda to help, others had an agenda to protect their own assets and interests. Three years later, what state has this aid left the Haitian people in? Peck unveils the true face of international aid as a failure full of organizational ineptitude, broken promises and hidden agendas, painting a vivid picture that the "aid" of foreign powers is more realistically an occupation. 2013. 26 min. DVD X9316

Bitter Cane.
This exposé takes an in-depth look at the history and modern day realities of Haiti. Shows how the traditional system of semi-feudal agriculture is being replaced by foreign-owned modern plantations and an industrial sector where hundreds of factories are mushrooming around the capital, enticed by tax incentives and cheap labor. The exploitation of labor reinforces the class system and economic underdevelopment of the country. Includes interviews with peasants, landowners, merchants, and U.S. businessmen and touches on the consequences for U.S. workers and Haitian refugees. Director, Jacques Arcelin. Dist. Cinema Guild. c1983. 75 min. DVD X7182; Video/C 3450

Black & White in Exile
An indepth documentary chronicling 30 years of Caribbean exile in the United States, focusing on Cuban and Haitian immigration and its impact on the host communities. The four main groups probed are Cuban exiles, Haitian exiles, resident whites and African Americans. Issues of equity are explored in terms of the government treatment of each group, the economic opportunities available, the political empowerment achieved and the inter-racial/cross-cultural hostilities, cooperation and ultimately, coalitions that developed. Includes personal accounts of witnesses and participants tempered by objective insights of historians. Produced and directed by Ray Blanco. Originally produced for PBS in 1997. 162 min. Video/C 7194

Black Sugar.
Examines the mistreatment of Haitian laborers hired to cut sugar cane on plantations owned by the Dominican Republic State Sugar Council. Describes fraudulent recruitment promises, the practice of confiscating workers' official papers, extremely low wages, and the squalor, disease, and hunger of the work camps. 1989. 58 min. Video/C 1753

Brotherly Love. (Africans in America; 3)
During the first 50 years of the new nation, freedmen and fugitive slaves in Philadelphia push the country to live up to the promises made in its Constitution. But with the invention of the cotton gin, slavery expands into America's western frontier, and a revolution in Haiti inspires slave rebellions throughout the southern United States. 1998. 90 min. Video/C 5840

Buying the Spirits
This powerful documentary presents a sympathetic view of voodooism in Haiti delving into the hidden world of voodoo practitioners and offering unique insight into a frequently misunderstood religion. Haitians turn to secret voodoo societies for support and protection some to gain wealth and power. The stories offered here present an objective view of a religion that is important to so many and often maligned. A film by Saskia Reitmeijer & Bart Drolenga. 2003. 52 min. DVD X529; vhs Video/C MM147

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

The Coup Continues
Journalists and members of the Haiti Commission travel to Haiti to investigate human rights abuses which occurred during the military coup of Sept. 30, 1991 and to assess the impact of the U.S. military occupation on Haitians. 23 min. Video/C 4238

Désounen: Dialogue with Death.
Interviews with Haitians concerning the years of economic and political chaos in Haiti which have led to a mass exodus of Haitians trying to reach the mecca of the United States. Includes interviews with those who remained in Haiti and those who successfully immigrated who are now reluctant to return although they are the ones who have the necessary skills to rebuild their homeland's shattered economy. 1994. 50 min. Video/C 3873

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

The Disappearance of TiSoeur
In May, 1984 a woman named TiSoeur Norma disappeared from her home in Raboteau, in Northern Haiti. Her beating and disappearance sparked the first demonstrations against the Duvalier government in 29 years. This film chronicles the abuses of Jean Claude Duvalier, who continued his father's tradition of arrest and detention without warrant, torture and disappearance and the protest movements against his regime. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1997. 52 min. Video/C 6590

Divine Horsemen: the Living Gods of Haiti.
Maya Deren's film chronicles a journey into the world of the Voudoun religion of Haiti. A film by Maya Deren. Filmed in Haiti 1947-1951. he narration was adapted from the book by Maya Deren, Divine horsemen : the living gods of Haiti." 52 min. DVD 6393; vhs Video/C 1924

Maya Deren bibliography

Égalité for All: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian Revolution
The Haitian Revolution represents the only successful slave revolution in history; it created the world's first Black republic. At the forefront of the rebellion was General Toussaint Louverture, an ex-slave whose genius was admired by allies and enemies alike. Features excerpts from diaries, letters and public pronouncements; reenactments; interviews with Haitian and American historians. Directed by Noland Walker. Originally broadcast by PBS on Jan. 25, 2009. 60 min. DVD X2107

Expelled.
For decades people of Haitian descent have faced discrimination and racism in the Dominican Republic. This video documents the Dominican government's practice of illegal explusions of people of Haitian descent who live in the Dominican Republic. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 11 min. 2001. DVD 3244

Failing Haiti
Haiti is a nation caught in a tragic, downward spiral. Through the perspective of the Clinton and Bush administrations' handling of Haiti, one can see why the U.S. has difficulty in exporting democracy and building respect for human rights. From sources working in Haiti with the government, rebel insurgents, and convicted drug smugglers, the film follows the violent events leading to the departure of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Many participants in his ouster in February 2004 appear in the film. This is also a story of America's attempt to impose western democratic values on a society steeped in profoundly distinct traditions and culture. The film provides a brief history of Haiti, followed by events of 2004-2005, using news footage and stills. Produced, directed and filmed by Rod Paul. c2005. 58 min. DVD 5930

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights Investigations
Since 1984, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF) and other similar groups have helped families of human right victims to find, identify and bury the remnants of their loved ones and bring evidence to court. This documentary shows various aspects of the application of forensic sciences to human rights investigations. Using footage recorded by EAAF members in Argentina, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Haiti and East Timor during the past eighteen years, the documentary covers the entire process of investigation, including historical, archaeological, and laboratory methods, testimonies of relatives of the victims, and reburial ceremonies of the remains of their loved ones many years after they died. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2002. 40 min. DVD 3264

Frontiers: Haiti and the Dominican Republic: The Bridge Over the River Massacre
The river which forms the border between the thriving Dominican Republic and desperately poor Haiti is named the Massacre River. It is named for the terrible massacre of Haitians in 1937, ordered by the Dominican dictator Trujillo. This production documents the current struggle for economic survival amid the severe and increasing tensions along the border, as Haitians risk mistreatment when they cross into the Dominican Republic to work or sell. 2002. 26 min. DVD 5931

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Ghosts of Cité Soleil
In the slum of Cité Soleil (the UN-designated "most dangerous place on earth"), President Aristide's most loyal supporters were ruling as kings. The five major gang leaders were controlling heavily armed young men; the Chiméres. The Secret army of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. "Ghosts of Cité Soleil" is a film about Billy and Haitian 2pac. Two brothers. Gang Leaders of the Chiméres. A film by Asger Leth and Milos Loncarevic. 2007. 85 min. DVD 9129

Guantanamo Video Notes
After 14 months, the ban on journalists visiting the Haitian refugee camp at the U.S. military base at Guantanamo was finally lifted. This film presents interviews with Haitian refugees and U.S. military personnel and looks at conditions in the camp. c1995. 14 min. Video/C 4236

Guantanamo Notes II
Presents the plight of Haitian political refugees (men, women, and children) who were held at Camp Bulkeley, a U.S. Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Most of these refugees were diagnosed as HIV positive, and for that reason were not being allowed into the U.S. In addition, they did not receive adequate medical attention at the Camp for their condition. Donovan Cole, former U.S. soldier in Guantanamo, tells of the horrendous conditions and treatment the Haitians were forced to endure while at the Camp. The refugees were released in 1993 by order of Judge Sterling Johnson, Jr., of the U.S. District Court of Appeals after being detained for almost two years. 18 min. c1993. Video/C 4237

Haiti
First segment: What can be done to restore human rights and democracy to Haiti? Begins with an overview of the political situation in Haiti, followed by an interview with exiled Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide. Second segment: Presents highlights from David Korb's film, "This other Haiti," about grass roots democratic movements and concludes with music of the Haitian peasant democracy movement. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast June 4, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6712

Haiti (South series)
Following a brief history of Haiti from Columbus onward, this short documentary recounts the goals and accomplishments of Jean Bertrand Aristide's Lavalas government. c1991. 10 min. Video/C 3050

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Haiti, Dreams of Democracy.
Examines the hopes and expectations of the Haitian people for the political, economic,and social life of their country one year following the fall of dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1987?. 52 min. Video/C 2199

Haiti, Killing the Dream.
Presents an overview of the political history of the Haitian people and their current struggle for self-rule. Includes presidency of Jean-Bertrand Aristide and discussion of the situation of Haitian refugees in the United States. 1992. 60 min. Video/C 2523

Haiti: Where Did the Money Go?
Two years have passed since the 2010 earthquake and conditions for Haitians are still sub par. Standards for relief are not being met by NGO's. In the United States alone, half of all households gave a total of $1.4 billion to charities, yet almost two years later more than half a million people still live in squalid camps. Only a few have access to drinking water. Sanitation is woefully inadequate. Malnutrition and cholera are on the rise. Do you know how your donation was spent? What happened? Produced, written and directed by Michele Mitchell. 2011. 52 min. DVD X7285

Jean Claude Martineau On Images of Immigration: Haiti.
Haitian poet and historian Jean Claude Martineau comments upon the problem of Haitian emigration to the United States and its coverage by the American media. Dist.: Paper Tiger TV. 1993. 27 min. Video/C 3640

Krik? Krak!: Tales of a Nightmare
A look at the lives of President Francois 'Papa Doc' Duvalier and his son, Jean-Claude 'Baby Doc' Duvalier, who was his successor, and of their legacy of political repression and violence. Voodoo, poverty, religious devotion and violence are all intertwined in this original, compassionate picture of the eternal Haiti. Written, directed by Jac Avila and Vanyoska Gee 1988. 78 min. DVD X5676; Video/C 999:2106

Mickey Mouse Goes to Haiti: Walt Disney and the Science of Exploitation
Reports on the use of cheap labor by the Walt Disney Company in its clothing factories in Haiti. Advocates that Disney clean up contractors' factories, guarantee workers' rights, pay a living wage, and open their plants to independent human rights organizations to monitor conditions. 1996. 20 min. Video/C 9436

Mirrors of the Heart (Americas; 4).
The program focuses on identity, race and ethnicity in three Latin American countries - Bolivia, Dominican Republic and Haiti. c1993. 60 min. DVD X1180 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 2811

Out of Africa (Portrait of the Caribbean; 2).
A sense of Africa pervades the Caribbean, but in Haiti it feels like Africa itself. The history and culture of Haiti and Jamaica are compared. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5162 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3193

Rebel Music: The Bob Marley Story
The story of legendary reggae superstar Bob Marley, the musician, the poet and the prophet. Marley was a symbol of human rights who, through his music, decried the injustices of all people and fought for social equality with zealous determination. Includes previously unheard recordings, news footage of the time and live performances of many of his classic hits. Also features intimate glimpses of life with his family and the early years in "Trenchtown," and exculsive interviews with his wife Rita Marley, Lee "Scratch" Perry, Chris Blackwell and the original members of The Wailers. Special features: Bob Marley discography; previews; song and scene access. 2000. 89 min. DVD 867

This Other Haiti
Documents the emergence of a national movement of peasants, thousands of whom have ignored brutal harassment and have organized to regain control of their lives and to ignite their courage to demand change. Members of the organization show how they set the stage over two decades for the first free and fair elections in Haiti's history. And, perhaps most important, it concludes that despite repression these groups will reemerge and begin anew to bring about change for all of Haiti's people. Producer/director, David Korb. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1993. 58 min. Video/C 5218

The Quake
A powerful report on Haiti's tragedy, with never-before-seen footage of the moments after the earthquake. What can be done now -- and who will do it? Written and produced by Martin Smith and Marcela Gaviria. Originally aired on the television program Frontline, Mar. 30, 2010. 60 min. DVD X5401

Uprooted
Presents three stories of immigrants who left their homes in Bolivia, Haiti and the Philippines after global economic powers devastated their countries, only to face new challenges in the United States. These powerful stories raise critical questions about U.S. immigration policy in an era when corporations cross borders at will. 2001. 28 min. Video/C 8921

Voodoo and the Church in Haiti.
Presents the religion and rituals of Voodoo in Haiti, the inclusion of Christian images in Voodoo worship, and the long standing conflict between Christians, Catholics and Voodooists. 1998. 40 min. Video/C 6430

The Voodoo Dance (La Ronde des Vodu: En Hommage au Peuple Haitien)
Documents the significant role of Voodoo in Haitian culture from the perspectives of Voodoo priests, government officials, historians, and politicians. Dist.: Third World Newsreel. 1989. 56 min. Video/C 4808

Voyage of Dreams.
Documentary essay about the Haitian boat people who fled Haiti in search of better living conditions in the U.S. Includes scenes of the slums of Port-au-Prince, interviews with Haitian refugees in U.S. detention centers, archival footage of President Duvalier's speeches, and a dramatized asylum hearing before U.S. officials. Produced and directed by Collis Davis. Dist. Cinema Guild. c1983. 30 min. Video/C 4789

A Work-in-progress: Human Rights in Haiti
In a masterful blend of historical footage, interviews and artwork, this film presents the history of the Haitian people's struggle for their rights. After suffering under tyrants for decades, the Haitians finally elected Jean Bertrand Aristide who was overthrown by the military, but later returned. This film focuses on some of the victims of human rights violations and on the work of United Nations human rights observers who have been dispatched to Haiti to help establish a working democracy. They are instituting new methods such as town meetings, mediation training, and community policemen as they work to help the Haitians learn to protect and promote human rights. 1999. 56 min. Video/C 7542

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Jamaica

Before Reggae Hit the Town.
Discussion of the roots of reggae and ska in the music and dance of Jamaica's traditional African religion, with scenes of religious ceremonies and sacrifices; also contains scenes of Rastafarians and their music. Filmed and recorded in the parish of St. Ann, Jamaica. c1990. 22 min. Video/C 6187

Caribbean Crucible (Repercussions: A Celebration of African Influenced Music; 6)
From Jamaica and the Dominican Republic, this film traces the ties that bind the music of coastal Africa to the music of Europe and the Caribbean. Spirited performances move through a variety of Afro-European fusions to the tough and exhilirating sounds of urban Jamaican popular music, including reggae and deejay. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1984. 60 min. Video/C 7355

Get up, Stand Up. (Americas; 8)
This program focuses on the issue of sovereignty of Caribbean and Latin American nations, looks at Jamaica and Colombia. Examines political, economic and social problems in these countries and the effects of intervention by the United States in their affairs. 1993. 60 min. DVD X1184 [preservation copy]; Video/C 2815

H-2 Worker.
From WWI to the 1990s, 10,000 Caribbean men were chosen yearly by American sugar corporations to harvest sugar cane for six months in Florida under temporary "H-2" visas. This film exposes the brutal, systematic exploitation of these Jamaican guest workers by the Florida sugar cane industry. Today this documentary provides an invaluable resource to understanding the current debate over guest worker provisions of immigration legislation. While Florida’s sugar cane cutters have been replaced by mechanical harvesters, guest worker programs have expanded in agriculture, hotel, restaurant, forestry, and other industries. Contents: Farm Worker Program acceptance -- A ton of cane an hour -- "Hereditary urge" -- Not much sugar in cane -- From barracks to bus to field -- American labor doesn't want that job -- A matter of simple arithmetic -- My turn to get cut -- The probability is not there -- The Okeelanta strike -- See you next season. Special features: Update on the guest worker program (19 min.); Short: "More than luck" (1 min.); Trailer: "Life and debt" (2 min.); Audio commentary by director Stephanie Black [optional]; About Docurama [text feature]; Docurama trailers (9 min.). Produced and directed by Stephanie Black c1990. 67 min. DVD X6090; Video/C 2324

The Harder They Come.
Based on a true story, Jimmy Cliff portrays a superstar singer turned notorius criminal in Kinston, Jamaica. 1991. Video/C 999:814

Life and Debt
Jamaica became an independent country from Great Britain in 1962. It is the land of sea, sand and sun ... but it is also a prime example of the complexities of economic globalization on the world's developing countries. Effectively portrays the relationship between Jamaican poverty and the practices of international lending agencies while driving home the devasting consequences of globalization. Based on "A small place" by Jamaica Kincaid. Director, Stephanie Black. 2001. 86 min. DVD 1793

Chang, Jeff. "Life and Debt" Mother Jones, Nov/Dec2001, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p82 UC users only
Frank, Dana. "Life and Debt" Labor History; Nov2002, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p583-592, 10p UC users only
"Life and Debt" New Internationalist, May2003, Issue 356, p31, 1/8p, 1 UC users only
Pettifor, Ann. "Life and Debt" Sight & Sound, May2003, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p55-56, 2p UC users only
Shriar, Avrum J. "Life and Debt" Journal of Latin American Geography, 2005, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p131-133, 3p UC users only
Thorkelson, Nick. "Life and Debt" Dollars & Sense, May/Jun2002, Issue 241, p28, 2p UC users only

Out of Africa (Portrait of the Caribbean; 2).
A sense of Africa pervades the Caribbean, but in Haiti it feels like Africa itself. The history and culture of Haiti and Jamaica are compared. c1993. 45 min. Video/C 3193

Rockers
Offers a funny, complex picture of life among poor Jamaican Rastafarians, including cogent commentary about the music business. A raggae celebration woven into a comedy about Rastafarian drummer Wallace's efforts to crack open the Jamaican music establishment backed by the expansive rhythm of reggae. Performers: Leroy "Horseman" Wallace, Richard "Dirty Harry" Hall, Jacob Miller, Gregory Isaacs, Burning Spear, Kiddus I, Robbie Shakespeare, Leroy Smart, Big Youth, Dillinger. Originally released as a motion picture in 1977. 99 min. Video/C 6889

Roots, Rock, Reggae: Inside the Jamaican Music Scene.
Reggae music mostly originated from a few poor districts in Kingston, Jamaica. This film is a street-level tour of the Kingston music scene originally filmed in 1977, a flashpoint year for reggae and Jamaica. The importance of the African-derived music and culture of Rastafarians surfaces in drumming-and-chanting scenes in this film which features reggae performances, interviews and studio scenes with the originators of reggae music and rhythms. Performers: Jimmy Cliff; Bob Marley; Toots & The Maytals; Jacob Miller & Inner Circle; The Abysinnians; Lee "Scratch" Perry; Ras Michael & Sons of Negus; The Heptones; Jr. Murvin; Joe Higgs.30 min. DVD 982; also VHS Video/C 3261

Shades of Freedom (Portrait of the Caribbean; 7).
A Caribbean identity cannot be found by simply discovering the past. Host Stuart Hall visits Jamaica and Antigua in search of the new Caribbean identity. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5167 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3195

Stepping Razor Red X: The Peter Tosh Story.
Packed with rare concert footage, interviews, and narration by Peter Tosh himself from his personal taped diaries, this film traces the rise of the Reggae musician from the slums of Kingston to international superstardom, and probes the unanswered questions concerning his brutal murder. 1992. 103 min. Video/C 4209

Sweet Sugar Rage.
Examines the problems of working conditions, labor relations, and domestic complications faced by women working on Jamaican sugar plantations. Shows how the Sistren Theatre Collective studied the plight of one woman sugar worker, wrote a play based on her situation, and used their performance of this play for an audience of sugar workers as a basis for a problems. Directed by Honor Ford-Smith & Harclyde Walcott. Dist.: Third World Newsreel. 1985. 45 min. Video/C 3593

Together Against Violence
Bennetlands is a ghettocommunity in the heart of Kingston, Jamaica, which wasonce a peaceful place with a primary school, twochurches, and a health clinic. In the 1980s rivalgangs began a war over the main street, terrorizingthe neighborhood. When one of the gang leaders wasshot outside the health clinic, the community decidedto change things, and local leaders challenged thegangs to heal their differences and work together torestore a sense of community and peace in theneighborhood. Video/C 8932

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Women in Jamaica.
The political, economic, and social history of Jamaica and the lives of women now living there. Producer/director, Jill Fullerton-Smith. Dist.: Films Media Group. c1992. 58 min. Video/C 3030

Martinique

Aimé Cesaire: Un nègre fondamental
A biography of the life and work of the African-Martinican francophone poet, author and politician. He was "one of the founders of the négritude movement in Francophone literature". Special features: Contient des images d'archives et aussi : entretien entre François Fèvre et Pierre Aliker (23 min), programme court Magnum, collection Empreintes. In French without English subtitles. 2007. 52 min. DVD X4905

Aimé Cesaire: A Voice for History.

Description from California Newsreel catalog

The Vigilant Island. Part 1 of a 3 part series on the Martinique author, Aime Cesaire, introduces Cesaire, his wife Suzanne who founded in 1939 the seminal literary review, Tropiques, a journal which influenced Caribbean intellectuals and spawned the Negritude Literary Movement. After WWII, Cesaire served as mayor of Fort-de-France and Martinique's representative in the French National Assembly during the crucial years of decolonization. He discusses the difficulty of balancing the life of a poet with that of a practical politician for over 50 years. 1994. 54 min. DVD 9246; vhs Video/C 4555

Where the Edges of Conquest Meet. Part 2 or this 3 part series moves to Paris in the 1930s where Cesaire, Leopold Senghor, first president of Senegal, and the French Guyanese poet, Leon Damas developed the concept of Negritude, a world wide revindication of African values. After WWII the Negritude movement centered around a French publishing house, Presence Africaine, which attracted the support of progressive French intellectuals including PabloPicasso, Albert Camus and Jean Paul Sartre. 1994. 56 min. DVD 9246; vhs Video/C 4556

The Strength to Face Tomorrow.In Part 3 of this 3 part series Cesaire responds to the disappointments of the post-colonial world and expresses his hopes for the future. In the 1960s hisplays were among the first to warn of the dangers of neo-colonialism. French anthropoligist Edgar Morin,biographer Roger Toumson, novelist Maryse Conde and American writer Maya Angelou and others testify to Cesaire's central role as a "founding ancestor" for the current flowering of African Diaspora literature. 1994. 50 min. DVD 9246; vhs Video/C 4557

Frantz Fanon: Black Skin, White Mask
A film biography of Frantz Fanon, one of the most influential theorists of the anti-colonial movements of our century. Reveals not only the facts of his life but his long and tortuous inner journey. Includes interviews with family members and friends, documentary footage, readings from Fanon's work and moving dramatizations of crucial moments in his life. Film follows Fanon from his birth in Martinique in 1925, through medical school in France, to his work in Algeria where he joined the turbulent liberation struggle. Director, Isaac Julien ; written by Isaac Julien & Mark Nash c1995. 50 min. DVD 9531; vhs Video/C 4459

La Grande Illusion (Portrait of the Caribbean; 4).
The identity crisis faced by Martinique and the French Caribbean is examined - do they belong to the Caribbean or to the economy of Europe? c1992. 45 min. DVD 5164 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3194

Puerto Rico

Dialogando sobre independentismos
Presents the history of the movements and parties advocating Puerto Rican independence from 1890 to 1959. The program examines the groups, their leaders, ideas, influences, political strategies and beliefs as well as internal conflicts within the movements. In Spanish without English subtitles. c2006. DVD 9453

Juan Mari Bras: un puertorriqueño (in)documentado
Political leader and lawyer Juan Mari Bras of Puerto Rico narrates both his political and personal life. Historians, political leaders, relatives, and friends discuss his political career, projects, and influence on the local and international scene. 120 min. DVD 9466

Mi Puerto Rico.
Presents a personal journey through Puerto Rico's rich cultural traditions, revealing the remarkable stories of its revolutionaries, abolitionists, poets and politicians, whose struggle for national identity unfolds within the history of relations between Puerto Rico and the United States. Combines interviews, location sequences, poetry and literature and the collages of artist, Juan Sanchez, with rare archival film and photographs to treat viewers to a visual and musical feast. Narrator, Raquel Ortiz. Director, Sharon Simon. 1996. 90 min. Video/C 4645

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

La Operación
Discusses the issue of the sterilization of women as a form of birth control in Puerto Rico. Director, producer, Ana Maria Garcia. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1985? 40 min. DVD X1093; Video/C 5178

9 Artists of Puerto Rico (Nueve artistas de Puerto Rico)
A visit to the studios of Puerto Rico's most prominent contemporary artists including Lorenzo Homar, Julio Rosado del Valle, Olga Albizu, Rafael Villamil, Rafael Ferrer, Julio Micheli, Luis Hernandez Cruz, Edgardo Franceshi, and Jose Alicea. 1970. 16 min. Video/C 6472

The Rebellion of the Santos (La rebelion de los Santos)
Presents the carved wooden images of saints made in Puerto Rico in the 18th and 19th centuries. Text extracted from the book of the same title by Marta Traba. Filmed in the Museum of Santos, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 198-?. 15 min. Video/C 4773

San Juan: Ciudad de Todos.
A visual journey through the capital city of Puerto Rico, San Juan featuring its parks, avenues, schools, monuments, commercial buildings and picturesque places of the city including gothic and neo-classical architecture from the past and social representations of the Puerto Ricans through their music, songs, dance, paintings and sculptures. In Spanish. 2000. 35 min. Video/C 7817

Thieves and Liars (Ladrones y mentirosos) (Puerto Rico, 2006)
Directed by Ricardo Méndez Matta. Cast: Steven Bauer, Elpidia Carrillo, Lymari Nadal, Magda Rivera, Isidro Bobadilla, José Heredia, Daniel Lugo, Dennis Mario, Carlos Paniagua, Luz María Rondón. Follows the story of three different families affected by the giant underground illegal economy that emerged and continues to grow since Puerto Rico became the main port of entry for cocaine into the U.S. east coast. Together, the three stories represent the struggle of all Puerto Ricans to survive the ever-rising wave of corruption and crime that has infiltrated every level of Puerto Rican society. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 112 min. DVD X3687

Vieques ... un largometraje
Examines the struggle by the residents of Vieques Island, Puerto Rico to halt target practice by the United States Navy and Marine Corps which has been using the island as a military training, exercise and deployment base. 2000. 90 min. Video/C MM1132

Yo soy Boricua, pa'que tu lo sepas! (I'm Boricua, Just So You Know)
Explores the complex history between Puerto Rico and the United States. Both revealing and humorous, the themes of family, language, and racism are put into historical perspective as the filmmaker uncovers the side of Purtro Rico absent from the U.S. history books. Directed by Rosie Perez. 2006. 85 min. DVD 7634

Trinidad and Tobago

Chutney in Yuh Soca: A Multicultural Mix.
Chutney in Yuh Soca: a film showing the interaction of the East Indian and African populations of Trinidad and Tobago through the popular music "Chutney" which is an combination of Indian folk tunes with the tempo and spice of the Caribbean. The Gospel Truth: A Black family in Great Britain reaffirms their values and family cohesiveness through the singing of gospel music. Songs For Our Daughters: West Indian women in Britain discuss the way they pass their heritage and culture on to their mixed race daughters. 1996. 37 min. DVD X3209; vhs Video/C 5075

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

Kaiso for July 27th.
The July 27, 1990 coup attempt in Trinidad and Tobago engineered by the Black Muslim group Jammaat al Muslimeen, took the world by surprise. This film examines the tensions in Trinidadian society which may have led to that action. c1991. 23 min. Video/C 3053

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Mas Fever: Inside Trinidad Carnival.
Each year just before Lent, the people of Trinidad and Tobago pay homage to life in a spectacular display of West Indian culture and creativity. Preparations begin early in the season and reach a frantic pace on the eve of Carnival. Mas Fever goes behind the scenes for an insider's look at the people and events of this lavish festival. c1989. 55 min. Video/C 6183

Pantomime
This short play by Derek Walcott, Trinidad's foremost black writer, is a metaphorical exploration of relations between black and white in the post-colonial world. The plot concerns a retired white actor and his black factotum; presumably they will perform a pantomime version of Robinson Crusoe, but rules become reversed, much to the white man's bewilderment and discomfort. Originally produced as part of the Thames Television series The English programme in 1981. 26 min. DVD 9056

Pure Chutney
Explores the Trinidadian-Indian culture and the events and accidents of history that constitute the Indian diaspora. Documents the diversity of the Indian diasporic populations in Trinidad and their struggle for identity. A video by Sanjeev Chatterjee. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1998. 43 min. Video/C 6422

Worlds Apart (Portrait of the Caribbean; 5).
East Indians are the largest single population in Guyana and Trinidad. The influence of their strong cultural identity is examined. c1992. 45 min. DVD 5165 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3195

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South America

| General/Misc. | Amazon | Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia |
| Costa Rica | Ecador | French Guyana (Belize) | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Venezuela |

Latin American cinema videography

General and Miscellaneous

Candamo: La Ultima Selva sin Hombres
An incredible journey by three natives of Peru and Bolivia who had been living in the modern world but decided to return to the Amazon rainforests. This is the documentary of the four years they spent in the Madre de Dios River Valley and the Puno rainforests and the beautiful, strange and dreadful animals they encountered there. In Spanish. 1999. 165 min. Video/C 7613

El Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano
Part I traces the origins and development of the new cinema movement in the countries of Latin American from the early 1950s to the present and examines its political and social themes. In part II the political and cultural dimensions of the new cinema since the 1960s are explored in greater detail. Examines the new cinema's political concerns, its desire to give expression to the traditional cultures, national identities, and everyday experiences of Latin Americans, and the growing prominence of feminist cinema. Both parts include commentary by directors and others active in the new cinema movement and excerpts from numerous films. c1983. Video/C4231

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 5. Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, uyana.
Contents: Belize -- Brazil -- Chile -- Colombia -- Guatemala -- Guyana. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. 1995. 54 min. Video/C 4501

La Magia de lo Real.
Presents a literary biography of Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the Colombian novelist and Nobel prize winner, through conversations with the author, his friends, and his critics. Examines the course of Garcia Marquez's life, the source of his plots and characters, and the forces that have engendered his narrative style. Traces his so-called magical realism, a blending of the real and the fantastic, to the cultural diversity of the Caribbean. Explores the history of Colombia. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1982. 60 min. Video/C 949

Marquez: Tales Beyond Solitude.
In this interview the South American author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, speaks about his novels, his role in the Latin-American cinema and his recent foray into melodramatic soap opera. 1989. 59 min. Video/C 2946

Octavio Paz (Lannan Literary Videos; 7.)
Octavio Paz, the foremost poet of Latin America, reads Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., and is interviewed by Lewis MacAdams. Readings in Spanish with English subtitles. Dist.: Lanan Foundation. 1989. 60 min. Video/C 6097

Profit and Nothing But!: or, Impolite Thoughts on the Class Struggle
A pertinent, and impertinent, exploration of the profit motive and its consequences on the day to day lives of people in underdeveloped countries, with particular reference to Haiti. The documentary's stark images of lives of the poor provide a striking backdrop for examination of "triumphant capitalism." A Film by Raoul Peck. 2001. 52 min. Video/C 8410

Description from First Run Icarus catalog

A Quiet Revolution: Christian Base Communities of Latin America.
Documents the efforts of Christian base communities, small groups of poor and marginalized people in Latin America, which work to allievate hunger, disease, unemployment, and other critical problems through the application of biblical principles. Profiles successful community efforts in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. Producer/director, Audrey Laurine Glynn. 1987. 58 min. Video/C 4373

Reading by Eduardo Galeano & Sebastiao Salgado
Born in Uruguay, journalist, historian and activist, Eduardo Galeano lived in exile in Argentina and Spain for many years before returning to Uruguay. Sebastiao Salgado is a Paris based photojournalist who has documented the lives of Latin American peasants, diamond mine workers in Brazil and famine in Africa. Here both authors read from their works followed by an interview with Amy Goodman, host of Democracy Now! Dist.: Lannan Foundation. 2001. 138 min. Video/C 9093

Ritual Encounter: The "Danzaq" in Huacana
Scissors dancers act as the intermediaries between the people of the Peruvian Andes and the gods of the mountains. This ethnographic documentary shows the 'dansaq' or dancers impersonating the 'Alacran', the 'Halcon' and the 'Paqary' who dance during the Quechua Water Festivity that coincides with the Catholic festivity honoring Saint Isidore, the Farmer. Presents the festival that took place in the district of Huacana, in the Province of Sucre in Ayacucho in July 1997. During the festivity, the scissors dancers play a crucial role in renacting the symbolic universe of a culture that struggles to survive. [1998.] 40 min. Video/C 8400

Voices of Latin America.
Presents an introduction to five Latin American writers including Garcilaso de la Vega, So Juana de la Cruz, Jose Marti, Jorge Luis Borges, and Elena Poniatowska. Filmed on location in Mexico and Peru with host David McCullough. 1991. 58 min. Video/C 2139

The White Diamond
Filmmaker Werner Herzog follows enigmatic airship engineer Dr. Graham Dorrington as he embarks on a trip in the heart of Guyana to test his new helium-filled invention above the rainforest. 2005. 90 min. DVD 4592

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South America: The Amazon

Amazon Journal
Presents a chronicle of political events in the Brazilian Amazon, beginning with the assassination of Chico Mendes in 1988 and ending with the massacre of Yanomami Indians in 1993. Analyzes the complex interaction between semi-isolated indigenous societies and "outsiders." Includes exclusive sequences of the events surrounding the massacre of a village, the demarcation of Kayapo Territory, and the rock star Sting's frank assessment of his own involvement in rain forest politics. A film by Geoffrey O'Connor. 1995. 58 min. DVD X7100; Video/C 9561

Description from First Filmakers Library catalog

Amazonia, Voices From the Rain Forest.
Reviews the ecology of the rainforest, the indigenous indians attitudes towards the forest and their increasing concern for its protection as the fragile ecosystem is threatened with destruction by outside commercial developers. 1991. 69 min. Video/C 2564

At the Edge of Conquest: The Journey of Chief Wai-Wai
Looks at the situation of the Waiapi Indians, a small isolated tribe that came in contact with the outside world in the late 1970's. Today they are threatened by gold miners, by the Brazilian government's proposal to reduce their land by 10% and a plan to construct a highway through their territory. This film focuses on their charismatic leader, Chief Wai-Wai as he travels from his remote village to Brazil's capitol hoping to shape the destiny of his people. 1992. 28 min. Video/C 2564

Description from First Filmakers Library catalog

Burden of Dreams.
Directed by Les Blank. Documents German film director Werner Herzog's struggle to complete his film Fitzcarraldo in the face of plane crashes, torrential rains, attacks by armed, hostile Indians, and the loss of several sets of leading actors. 1982. 94 min. DVD 3803; vhs Video/C 1352

Clip 1 (requires Real Media player)
Clip 2 (requires Real Media player)

Carbon Hunters
As the U.S. Congress considers new legislation that would have them pay for making pollution, American companies are looking to the Brazilian Amazonian rain forest for an increasingly valuable commodity - carbon. Originally broadcast on PBS (Frontline) on May 11, 2010. DVD X4434

Decade of Destruction.
Chronicles the devastation of the Amazonia rainforest from 1980 to 1990 - perhaps this century's worst environmental disaster. 55 min. ea.

Episode 1. In the Ashes of the Forest. A Brazilian settler's two sons are murdered and another is kidnapped by Indians. While a government expedition searches for the child, the colonists' expansion continues to encroach on the Indians. Landless peasants are lured to the forest with promises of free land and big harvests. By the decade's end, the fate of the kidnapped boy is learned; an epidemic kills many of the Indians; the settler's farms have failed; and more than 15% of the rainforest has been destroyed. DVD X1324; Video/C 1837

Episode 2. Killing for Land. This program follows the land wars that have broken out as millions of poor farmers migrate to massive ranches carved out of the rainforest by rich speculators with the aid of tax exemptions and government loans. As squatters they begin to work the land until the absentee landlords hire gunmen to frighten them off. The squatters take up arms themselves, and the result is a lawless gun battle. DVD X1325; Video/C 1837

Episode 3. Mountains of Gold This episode focuses on Jova, who is famous among his colleagues for his illegal gold strikes, as he plays hide and seek with the security forces of Brazil's largest mining multi-national. Mining's long range impact on the rainforest is likely to be the center of future controversy in the Amazon. DVD X1326; Video/C 1837

Episode 4. The Killing of Chico Mendes. This episode focuses on Chico Mendes, leader of the rubber-tappers, who sacrificed his life in his fight to preserve the forest. Since his murder Mendes has become a symbol of the struggle between the rubber-tappers and the landowners. As a result of Chico's activism twelve "extraction reserves" with more than 5 million acres are being created in the most promising development to have come out of Amazonia in the 1980s. DVD X1327; Video/C 1837
Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

The Fires of the Amazon
More than a decade after his series "The Decade of Destruction", Adrian Cowell returns to Amazonia and finds that many friends and collegues of Chico Mendes are in power. There have been some notable gains for the rubber-tappers, including the establishment of the forest preserves, literacy for their children, and higher prices for their certified lumber. But year after year, the deforestation by fire continues. Less than 1/3 of Amazonia is protected in a park or preserve. Roads are being built, and agriculture is moving into southern Amazonia. Directed by Adrian Cowell. 44 min. 2002? Video/C MM500

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Heaven, Hell and El Dorado, Peru
From the heights of the Ecuadorian Andes to the end of the Amazon Basin the conquistadors came in search of the fabled gold-filled jungles of El Dorado. After the gold seekers left, the missionaries arrived and made a far greater impact on the Amazon Region. 1985. 29 min. Video/C 9994

Journey to a Thousand Rivers.
Overviews the 18 month explorations of Jacques Cousteau and teams of scientists who explored the Amazon River to discover how plants, animals, and men survive in the water-dominated ecosystem. 1990. 98 min. Video/C 2448

Meeting Ancestors.
Members of the Zo'e Indian tribe in the rainforests of Brazil discuss, in their own language, among other things, hunting spider monkeys, why they wear long blocks of wood in their lower lips, why they go naked most of the time, and how developers and gold miners are destroying the rainforest. They also see television for the first time. 22 min. 1993. Video/C 4282

Pemp.
Documents the recent history of the Gaviao tribe in the eastern Amazon. In the 60's, the Gaviao were widely considered so decimated by contact that their continued survival as a group was impossible. As the video shows, the group has not only survived, but has pioneered some approaches to living on the interface with Brazilian culture. Shows how these people have reclaimed their land and much of their tribal culture with the help of video technology. 1988. 27 min. Video/C 4422

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest.
Presentations from the workshop "Pharmacy from the Rain forest" held in Peru during October 1994.

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 1: ACEER Useful Plant Trail Guide. A tour of the Useful Plant Trail of the Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research situated in the Peruvian rain forest. On average, nearly 300 species of woody plants per hectare have been found to grow here. Shaman Don Antonio Montero hosts the tour and describes the properties of 45 trees and plants, not only those useful to the people of Amazonia but some that provide chemicals or products used in countries around the world. Sponsored by the American Botanical Council, Texas Pharmacy Foundation, and International Expeditions. 28 min. Video/C 7872

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 2: Plant Drugs, Healing Herbs and Phytomedicals. Keynote address from the workshop "Pharmacy from the Rain forest" held in Peru during October 1994. Dr. Varro E. Tyler gives the opening presentation at this first ever conference to bring traditional medicinal plant healers and Western pharmaceutical professionals together to explore the uses of medicinal plants from the tropical rain forests of Peru. 1994. 34 min. Video/C 7873

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 3: Pharmacology and Therapeutic Application of Plant Drugs. A presentation from the workshop "Pharmacy from the Rain forest" held in Peru during October 1994. Dr. Varro E. Tyler explores five significant categories of plant drugs including antineoplastic agents, antiprotozoal drugs, cardiovascular drugs, chemotherapeutic drugs and possible immunostimulants. These and other natural products have served as prototypes for synthetic and semi-synthetic medicinals. 1994. 81 min. Video/C 7873

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 4: Nutrition and the Amazon Food Pharmacy. This program focuses on foods that are derived from tropical sources and the multiple health benefits they provide. Dr. James Duke traces the origins of introduced and native tropical "food farmaceuticals" that can be and have been utilized in preventitive pharmacy as well as an adjunct to therapeutic drug pharmacology. 1994. 47 min. Video/c 7875

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 5: Tropical Medicine in the Rainforest Dr. Linnea Smith of La Clinica Yanamono located on the banks of the Amazon River 50 miles from Iquitos, shares her experiences in providing healthcare in the Amazon where Western medicine is usually unavailable. She gives insights into how the cultural and religious needs of the people bring a new dimension to treatment and preventitive care. Adapative approaches of a medical practice in the Amazon as well as the problems, advantages and revelations of bringing Western-style medical care to this remote region are discussed. 1994. 25 min. Video/C 7876

Pharmacy from the Rain Forest, Part 6: Ethnomedical Field Research in the Amazon. Provides insights into the current methodology of ethnomedical field research as related to the success of programs associated with the search for new medicines from phytopharmaceuticals. Presents the challenges of drug discovery strategies as related to research among the Jivaro Amerindians of the western Amazon and gives some examples of uses of medicinal plants including obstetrical use by Amazonian Jivaro women, as well as the use of plant alkaloids in treating wounds. 1994. 57 min. Video/C 7877

Runa, Guardians of the Forest (Sachata hulhuac runa)
Describes the Amazon rain forest area of Ecuador where the Runa people live, the deforestation of their country, and how it affects their lives. 28 min. c1989. Video/C MM904

Spirits of the Rainforest
Journey 3000 miles from the mouth of the Amazon to the world's largest and most pristine rainforest preserve, the Manu Biosphere Reserve in Peru. Encounter six-foot river otters, boat uncharted rivers, and experience the life and traditions of the Machiguenga Indians. Discovery Channel, 1993. 60 min. Video/C 8869

Waterfall of the Jaguars (Iauaretê)
Leaders of the Tariano Indians of the northwestern Amazon region of Brazil undertake a cultural revitaliation project after many decades of Christian missionization, revisiting their sacred places and reconstructing an old ceremonial house. A film by Vincent Carelli. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 48 min. DVD X3676
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South America: Argentina

Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema(for films by Argentinian film makers or set in Argentina)

10,000 kilometros de autopistas por 10 centavos.
Guillermo Laura. A commentary on the economic, political and social issues surrounding the construction of the Red Federal de Autopistas freeway of Argentina. 1999? 10 min. Video/C 6555

Afroargentinos.
Reveals the hidden history of black people in Argentina and their contributions to Argentine culture and society, from the slaves who fought in the revolutionary wars against Spain, to the contemporary struggles of black Argentines against racism and marginalization. The film provides a counternarrative to the national myth of Argentina's exclusively European heritage. c2002. 75 min. Video/C MM57

Argentina: A Work in Progress. (Millennium: The IMF in the New Century.)
By the end of the 1980s, Argentina was caught in a perilous vortex of hyperinflation. This program analyzes Argentina's remarkable recovery, in which the nation's leaders turned to the IMF for advice and a loan of $3.4 billion. Presents the measures taken to stabilize the economy, including establishing a currency board, deregulating and privatizing key industries, and reforming the labor market. Also includes discussion of the ripple effects of economic crises in Mexico, Brazil and Russia. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2001. 18 min. Video/C 7803

Argentina: Hope in Hard Times
This film follows the processions and protests, attends street-corner neighborhood assemblies, visits workers' cooperatives and urban gardens, and examines how Argentines are picking up the pieces of their devastated economy and creating new possibilities for the future. A spare narrative, informal interview settings, and candid street scenes allow the pervasive strength, humor, and resilience of the Argentine people to tell their story. 2004. 74 min. DVD 3992

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Argentina: trastienda de una eleccion: campana presidencial Octubre 1999
A look at the changes in political campaigns in Argentina since the early 1980's, focusing on the presidential election of 1999. The role of television advertising and the influence of United States political campaigns is examined through interviews, film clips and political advertisements. PAL format. In Spanish. 39 min. Video/C 7647

Argentinazo: comienza la revolucion.
Film shows demonstrations and riots during the 19th and 20th of December 2001, which lead to the resignation of Argentine president Fernando de la Rua. 2002. 19 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM235

Argentinisima.
Inspired by the lyrics of the folk musical group Atahuapa Yupanqui, an imaginary trip is begun, which alternates between fiction and history, to show the regional variety of the folk music of Argentina. Companion text: Trastienda de una eleccion. 2000. 1988. 95 min. Video/C 1388

Arte Religioso.
A documentary on Christian art and how it has influenced the culture of Argentina. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 23 min. Video/C MM527

Atahualpa Yupanqui (1908-1992): Destina del Canto ("pienso, luego, exilio").
Presents a biography of Argentine musician and poet Atahualpa Yupanqui. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? (26 min. Video/C MM523

Awakening From Sorrow: Buenos Aires 1997
This documentary highlights the activism of H.I.J.O.S.--a group made up of the sons and daughters of those killed or gone missing at the hands of the Argentine military between 1976 and 1983. Memories of the vanished generation, known as the Desaparecidos, have been kept alive by their surviving children (hijos), some of whom were merely days old when their parents disappeared. Until these young people began to organize and demand explanations from their government, the predominant coping strategy had been to pretend that the missing are still alive. The grief of young Argentines erupts into public action, and becomes a cornerstone for social movements from South America to Serbia. Directed and edited by John Knoop, Karina Epperlein 2009. 40 min. DVD X6795

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Las batallas de San Martin
Presents the major battles of the Argentine General Jose de San Martin, the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain. Contents: 1. El combate de San Lorenzo -- 2. El cruce de los Andes -- 3. Chacabuco, un paso clave -- 4. La sorpresa de Cancha Rayada -- 5. Maipu, derrota realista -- 6. Expedicion al Peru. 2007. 210 min. DVD 9961

The Body Parts Business
Follows Covenant House worker, Bruce Harris, as he visits Argentina and Central America to investigate the murder of homeless children and patients in mental health facilities as sources of body parts for the black market. 1994?. 62 min. Video/C 4375

[Borges, Luis]For works about Borges, SEE Literary and Theater History and Criticism

Buenos Aires, Rock IV. Festival B.A., Rock
Performances by: Spinta Jade, Raul Porchetto, Litto Nebia, Pedro y Pablo, Cantilo y Punch, Ruben Rada, Los Abuelos de la Nada, Leon Gieco, Piero con Prema, Alejandro Lerner, Orions, La Torre, and V-8. Documents performances at the 4th Festival of Buenos Aires, Rock. The filmmakers interview musicians about their music, and explore how it is received by their audiences. 1983. DVD 9462

Cartoneros
Follows the paper recycling process in Buenos Aires from the trash pickers who collect paper informally through middlemen in warehouses, to executives in large corporate mills. The process exploded into a multimillion dollar industry after Argentina's latest economic collapse. The film is both a record of an economic and social crisis and an invitation to audiences to rethink the value of trash. Written and directed by Ernesto Livon-Grosman. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. DVD X3684

Carnaval: Adios a la Carne.
Presents a documentary concerning a religious festival held by the people of Humahuaca, Argentina. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 27 min. Video/C MM526

El Charanguero.
A documentary tribute to the Argentinian Indian musician, Jaime Torres, the world's foremost performer on the charango (a stringed Andean instrument). Includes live performances of charango music and a ritual to Pachamama (Mother earth) by the indigenous people of the Quebrada in Northern Argentina along with dances and music, as well as dramatic concert footage. 1995. 56 min. Video/C 4341

El Crisis.
In 2001, Argentina was struck by a massive economic crisis. The turbulent period that followed saw five presidents come and go, millions of jobs lost, and a new labor movement emerge. This movie chronicles the faces and lives of a once flourishing nation now fallen from grace. Directed by Yamin Segal. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2004. 29 min. DVD X5941

Contra el poder ... un nuevo poder: asambleas populares
Film documents demonstrations by the working class organized by Ojo Obrero in various regions of Argentina in 2001 and 2002. 19 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM236

Cortázar
Author Julio Cortázar talks about his life, literary work and ideology through recorded interviews. There are also images based on his fiction and poetry. A film by Tristán Bauer. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. In Spanish with some French dialogue with Spanish subtitles. 1995. 80 min. Video/C MM1270

The Debt of Dictators
Exposes the irresponsible lending to brutal dictators by multinational financial institutions. Revealing the widespread impoverishment resulting from these debts, the film transports viewers to Argentina, South Africa, and the Philippines, where essential services have been sacrificed in order to repay these illegitimate loans. In each of the cases, the government pays more in servicing the foreign debts than it does on all essential social services combined. Makes a compelling case for the forgiveness of foreign loans accrued by some of history's worst dictators, debts that exacerbate the suffering of the victims of the dictators and the institutions that profited from their rule. Argentina (10 min.) -- South Africa (18 min.) -- The Philippines (17 min.). Written, directed and produced by Erling Borgen.c2005. 45 min. DVD 8252

Description from California Newsreel catalog

The Disappeared (Desaparecido
Relives the horrors of Argentina's Dirty War (1976-1983) through the experience of Horacio Pietragalla (aka Cesar Castillo), a young man raised by the maid of the officer who kidnapped him after the murder of his parents by the military. The film follows Horacio as he reconstructs the cause for which his real parents gave their lives, and, through this search, reclaims his true identity. The film personalizes the tragedy that ravaged the country for seven years and exposes polarized views on state-driven terrorism in groundbreaking interviews with top officials and military figures. Directed and produced by Peter Sanders. 2007. 96 min. DVD X900

Deuda
Deuda is a documentary explaining the origin of the Argentina debt and a story of a frantic pursuit: the search for those responsible for the televised cry of hunger of Barbara Flores, an eight-year-old Argentinean girl. This investigative documentary is both tragic and satirical. A film by Jorge Lanata, Andres G. Schaer. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2004. 88 min. Video/C MM1266

La Esperanza Incierta (Uncertain Hope) (South Series).
Looks at the current socio-political climates in four South American countries; Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile. c1991. 52 min. Video/C 3039

Description from Icarus Films catalog

El Eternauta
Comic strip artists of Argentina discuss their art while presenting samples of their comic stips with their commentary. 1993. 25 min. Video/C 6605

Evita: la tumba sin paz
An investigation into the kidnapping, intrigues and unexplained wounds on the cadaver of Eva Peron. In Spanish. 1997. 52 min. Video/C 9138

Following Antigone: Forensic Anthropology and Human Rights Investigations
Since 1984, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF) and other similar groups have helped families of human right victims to find, identify and bury the remnants of their loved ones and bring evidence to court. This documentary shows various aspects of the application of forensic sciences to human rights investigations. Using footage recorded by EAAF members in Argentina, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Haiti and East Timor during the past eighteen years, the documentary covers the entire process of investigation, including historical, archaeological, and laboratory methods, testimonies of relatives of the victims, and reburial ceremonies of the remains of their loved ones many years after they died. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2002. 40 min. DVD 3264

The Frustrated Colossus: From Peron to the Present
In 1945 Argentina was one of the ten richest countries in the world. Juan Peron was in power and promised that he would help Argentina fulfill its destiny, but only succeeded in dividing more than uniting the nation. By 1975 Argentina had been torn by five years of internal strife during which the youth of the country opposed the military government in power. 1985. 29 min. Video/C 9995

Grissinopoli: la nueva esperanza
Documentary on the takeover of the Grissinopoli factory in Argentina by women workers who reorganized it under employee ownership. 25 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM238

Hasta que se ponga el sol
Performances by: Arco Iris, Billy Bond y La Pesada, Color Humano, Claudio Gabis, Gabriela, Leon Gieco, Litto Nebbia con Domingo Cura, Orion's Beethoven, Pappo's Blues, Pescado Rabioso, Sui Generis, Vox Dei. Concert film of Buenos Aires Rock III (1972), featuring leading Argentine bands including Sui Generis, Arco Iris, Billy Bond y La Pasada and Color Humano. 80 min. DVD 9461

Habitacion disponible
Three immigrants living in Buenos Aires are in the midst of deep economic, political and social crisis in late 2001 and early 2002. They are constantly forced to rethink their movements and to think about who they were in their country of origin, where they are in this new land and what future their children have in this global village. Directed and written by Marcelo Burd, Diego Gachassin. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 80 min. DVD X3693

Historia Argentina del Siglo XX (History of Argentina in the 20th Century)
In Spanish with optional English subtitles. 2003.
La Guerra de Malvinas: una Aventura Militar (Islas Malvinas War)
Looks at the Falkland Islands War through the eyes of Argentine foot soldiers and the process of national reorganization in the Falklands after the war. 2003. 39 min. DVD 3392
El Proceso, 1976-1983 (The Process, 1976-1983) On the 24th of March, 1976, a coup detat finished the Argentine government of Isabel Peron. The Armed Forces assumed power and imposed a systematic plan of violation of human rights. This documentary takes a critical look at the events of almost eight years during the process of national reorganization. 54 min. DVD 3391

Horacio Quiroga
Presents a documentary on the life of Argentine author Horacio Quiroga. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 22 min. Video/C MM522

Hour of the Furnaces (La hora de los hornos)
Directors, Fernando Ezequiel Solanas, Octavio Getino. 1. Historia -- 2. El pais -- 3. La violencia cotidian -- 4. La ciudad puerto -- 5. La oligarquia -- 6. El sistema -- 7. La violencia politica -- 8. El neoracismo -- 9. La dependencia -- 10. La violencia cultural -- 11. Los modelos -- 12. La guerra ideologica -- 13. La opcion. A documentary on the liberation struggle being waged throughout Latin America, using Argentina as a historical model. Originally produced in 1966-1968. VHS format (PAL). In Spanish without subtitles. 90 min. Video/C MM517

Identity: The True Story of Juan Piras Perón
In 1909 emigrant Giovanni Piras left from Sardinia for Argentina. A few years later he vanished, but then his traces allegedly overlap with those of Juan Domingo Perón. There is in Argentina a significant minority of the population that believes that Juan Peron was born in the Sardinian region of Italy rather than being partially descended from Sardinian ancestors, as his official biography portrays him. This documenary expores the source of this controversy which for some has never been resolved. Written and directed by Chiara Bellini and Faustina Hanglin. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2008. 84 min. DVD X6971

Inundados de Santa Fe 2003
Looks at the floods of 2003 in the Argentine province of Santa Fe which have caused extensive damage to families and property and at protests by local people and organizations against the Argentine government's lack of response to the crisis. 2003. 25 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM237

It Happened in Hualfin (Ocurrido en Hualfin)
This trilogy of short films presents an emotionally moving examination of the generational cycle of poverty of indigenous workers in Catamarca, Argentina. Gleyzer's student thesis film. Directed and edited by Raymundo Gleyzer. 1966. 50 min. DVD 9572

Japan Across the Seas (Japon a traves de los mares)
This documentary looks at the ways in which the art andculture of Japan came to Argentina and the various fusions that have resulted through cross-cultural contact. The life histories of immigrant Japanese and their children are retold, including an interview with Maria Kodama, the Japanese-Argentine widow of writer Jorge Luis Borges. 1998. 52 min. Video/C MM175

Juan Peron.
This program covers the rise and fall and rise again of Juan Peron. c1990. 13 min. Video/C 2866

Julio Cortazar, Entrevista.
The Argentine author, Julio Cortazar, talks about his life and work in this surprising and intimate portrait of a writer who is obsessed with self-definition in a world of sinister evasion. c1988. 40 min. Video/C 4370

The JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance. (The Americas II, Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia, Argentina)
Presents on film examples of music and dance from the Americas documented by accompanying text written by area specialists. 1988. 57 min. Video/C 3541

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 6. Central and South America: Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela
Mexico -- Nicaragua -- Peru: Amazonian culture; Andean culture; Coastal Black and urban culture -- Venezuela. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. c1995. 55 min. Video/C 4502

Legado
In August 1889, the steamship Wesser docked in Argentina, carrying the country's first group of Jewish immigrants, who were fleeing the Tsarist regime in Russia. They bought agricultural land, built schools, synagogues, and became the "Jewish gauchos." The granddaughter of one of those immigrants describes the struggles of her ancestors in the new world. This documentary recounts the story of those pioneers, based on interviews with the oldest members of today's Jewish community. Directors, Vivian Imar, Marcelo Trotta. 2001. 71 min. DVD 9452

León Ferrari, Retrospective
A biographical introduction followed by a discussion of the work of the contemporary Argentine conceptual artist León Ferrari, whose work and politics have brought him into some controversy and notoriety. Directed by Pablo Padula. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 43 min. DVD X5930

Las Madres: The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo.
Mothers who believe their children were kidnapped by the Argentine government tell how they banded together in 1977 to demonstrate in the Plaza de Mayo to publicize their complaints and to seek assistance in finding their missing children and punishing the kidnappers. A film by Lourdes Portillo. 1986. 64 min DVD X2696; Video/C 2180

Awards
International Documentary Association

Women Make Movies catalog description

Malajunta.
Examines the 1976-1983 period in Argentina, when that nation was terrorized by one of the cruelest military dictatorships in Latin American history which resulted in the kidnapping and "disappearing" of over 30,000 people and the imprisonment and torture of more than 10,000 political prisoners. Film also documents the 1983 return to democracy, the subsequent trials and pardons of the military leaders, and their bitter legacy which continues to divide the country, blending archival footage with interviews with historians, writers, artists, lawyers and the children of "disappeared" persons. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1996. 58 min. Video/C 5179

Los Malditos Caminos (Cursed Roads).
Gives an account of the militant actions of three young political activists modeled by Peronism: Jose Luis Nell, a member of the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario Tacuara, Carlos Mugica, a young priest and Lucia Cullen, a student of social work. A film by Luis Barone. 85 min. DVD 3393

Marcelo Alvarez: In Search of Gardel
Originally an accountant, the meteoric rise of Argentinean tenor Marcelo Alvarez caught the world of classical music by surprise. This spring Alvarez accepted a most meaningful artistic challenge -- performing and recording the songs of Carlos Gardel, the legendary Tango crooner. Here Marcelo Alvarez chats with colleagues and friends and visits Gardel's old haunts in Buenos Aires, but most importantly he sings the songs that have made Tango one of the 20th century's most popular music forms. 2000. 55 min. Video/C 7626

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

May Justice Be Done
By any standard Argentina was a very rich country until the 1970s, with competitive industries, modern agriculture, and a prosperous middle class, but by 2001, 21 out of 36 million people were living below the poverty level. This documentary traces the roots of the crisis back to the irresponsible lending policies of the international lending financial institutions. Instead of renegotiating the external debt through official channels via the Central Bank, government officials arranged deals directly with seven banks. Eschewing the laws of the market they claimed to champion, government officials assigned interest rates for bond investment that were far higher than the true market value. The result was the destruction of local industry, as credit became inaccessible and the export market suffered from unfavorable terms of trade. The inevitable default came in 2001 as a quarter of the population was reeling from rampant unemployment and the neo-liberals' destruction of the social safety net. A film by Pascal de Rauglaudre. 2005 DVD 9189

Description from California Newsreel catalog

Me queda la palabra (I Still Have the Word)
Between 1976 and 1983 - under military rule - thousands of people, most of them dissidents and civilians unconnected with terrorism, were arrested and then vanished without a trace in Argentina. This documentary considers how the events in Argentina and the Holocaust are connected through the recollections of three surviving women of Nazi concentration camps and a man who was kidnapped during the military dictatorship in Argentina. Also includes an interview with historian Abraham Huberman. Written and directed by Bernardo Kononovich. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2004. 50 min. Video/C MM1257

Montoneros, una historia
Ana, an ex-Montonera, and others tell their personal and collective histories of experiences during the violent years in mid-20th century Argentina as participants in the Montonero movement, exploring questions that have not yet been fully answered. Special features: Documental: "Macedonio Fernandez" / direccion, Andres Di Tella; guion, Ricardo Piglia (In Spanish, col. with b&w sequences, 40 min.) 2006. 89 min. DVD 6822

Mosaico Criollo
A collection of traditional Argentine music and dance, including singing, piano, and guitar, from the 1920s. Directed by Edmo Cominetti. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 1929. DVD X4151

Muertes Indebidas
Develops the stories of three families whose husbands, sons, brothers and fathers went missing during the military dictatorship in Argentina from 1976 to 1983 who live with the torment of no mortal remains, no burial, and no ending grief. Realizador, produccion, Ruben Plataneo. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). In Spanish without English subtitles. 2005. 96 min. DVD X2187

Mujeres Argentinas los Cuartos Propios: Lola Mora
Presents a documentary on the life of Argentine sculptor Lola Mora. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 28 min. Video/C MM521

Nietos: identidad y memoria
Documentary film about the people whose family members were "disappeared" by the military during the "dirty war" in Argentina beginning in 1976. Concentrates mainly on younger people, many of whom lost parents and were placed in foster homes, and the subsequent struggle to reunite them with surviving family members. Directed by Benjamín Ávila. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Video/C MM1256

No tan nuestras (Not Really Ours)
This documentary describes the human odyssey of the Falklands War told from the perspective of an Argentine war veteran, Sergio Delgado. He narrates the story from the time of the call to arms, the tense wait for English troops, the armed confrontation, followed by his experience as a POW. Directed by Ramiro Longo. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 73 min. DVD X5927

Our Disappeared (Nuestros desaparecidos)
Through a casual internet search, director Juan Mandelbaum discovered that Patricia, a long-lost ex-girlfriend from Argentina, was among the thousands kidnapped, tortured, and "disappeared" by Argentina's military dictatorship of 1976-83. Juan embarked on a journey to find out what happened to Patricia and others he knew that disappeared, re-examining his own choices along the way. Using rare archival footage, the film evokes the longing for a revolution that would transform Argentina. As he shares dramatic stories told by parents, siblings, friends, and children of the disappeared, Juan grieves their tragic losses. Directed by Juan Mandelbaum. 2008. 99 min. DVD X3805

Paso a las luchadoras
Focuses on the lives of seven Argentine women who have taken up the fight for women's power by promoting the independent assembly of working women. 2003. 30 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM239

Patagonia 7000 A.C..
Documentary on the archeological site of Cueva de las Manos located in Patagonia, South America. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 23 min. Video/C MM525

Piqueteros carajo.
On June 26, 2002, protesters gathered at Pueyrredon Bridge in Buenos Aires, intending to block all entries into the capital in protest against the plans of the International Monetary Fund. This film follows the events which resulted in fierce repression by the Argentine government. 2002. 16 min. In Spanish. PAL format. Video/C MM240

Que sea rock
Performances by: Almafuerte, Arbol, Attaque 77, Babasonicos, Bersuit, Andres Calamaro, Catupecu Machu, Gustavo Cerati, Charly Garcia, Leon Gieco, Intoxicados, Fito Paez, Pappo, Las Pelotas, Los Piojos, Ratones Paranoicos, Gustavo Santaolalla, Le Vela Puerca. Shot at the Siempre Rock festivals, in the city of Cosquin, during the Pepsi Music festival at Obras Stadium and in Buenos Aires, Rosario, Cordoba, Santa Fe and Montevideo. This musical feature completes the trilogy including two classics of the genre "Hasta que se ponga el sol" (1972) y "Buenos Aires Rock" (1982). The film not only presents the most popular songs by Argentine rock music soloists and bands, but goes backstage and shows the artists' private world, how they write their music, where they live, how they became what they are and what their dreams are. 2006. DVD 9463

Raul, The Terrible
In December 2001, the government of Argentina devalued the currency and froze Argentinians savings - pushing the middle class into the even larger pool of unemployed working poor. Raul fights to change the world. A film by David Bradbury. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2006. 53 min. DVD X3683

Rebellion in Patagonia (La Patagonia Rebelde).
Film based on actual historical events involving the brutal military suppression of a series of strikes by rural workers in the southernmost province of Argentina in the early 1920's. 198-?. 64 min. Video/C 999:1744

Los Rubios
Using a combination of fiction and documentary, film director Albertina Carri traces her parents' disappearance in 1977 during the regime of the Argentine junta. Guion y dirrecion, Albertina Carri; productor, Barry Ellsworth. 2003. 89 min. DVD X6924 (Spanish with English subtitles); DVD 6821 (Spanish without English subtitles); vhs MM1197 (with English subtitles)

Sabemos Mirar We Can See (South Series).
Looks at how rock music has become an outlet for young Argentinean's frustrations. The 1976 military coup dramatically halted the political activities of Argentina's youth. 1991. 25 min. Video/C 3042

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Sasetru obrera.
Documentary on the worker takeover of the closed Sasestru factory in Argentina in 2003, organized by Polo Obrero. In Spanish. PAL format. 2003. 25 min. Video/C MM234

Seras, lo que has sido
In May of 2003, when Nestor Kirchner became president of Argentina, independent filmmaker Marcelo Lopez Masia began a major investigation into his presidency. Presented here, and developed over a number of years, is an overview of actions he took during his tenure as president. Soon after taking office Kirchner surprised the world by standing down powerful military and police officials. Stressing the need to increase accountability and transparency in government, Kirchner overturned amnesty laws for military officers accused of torture and assassinations during the 1976-1983 "dirty war" under military rule. Instituting economic reform on 15 December 2005, Kirchner announced the cancellation of Argentina's debt to the IMF and criticized the organization for its lack of collaboration with the Argentine recovery. In Spanish without English subtitles. 2007. 85 min. DVD 9486

Sol de noche: la historia de Olga y Luis
A documentary on the "Night of the blackouts, " a significant event in the history of the brutal Argentine military dictatorship. The film centers on Olga Aredez, who relates how her husband Luis was seized and murdered. She now circles in the main square of Ledesma every Thursday as an act of remembrance, and is joined on each anniversary of the blackouts by the other "Mothers of Ledesma." Directed by Pablo Milstein, Norberto Ludin. 75 min. Video/C MM1254

A Soldier's Duty.
Nations facing the threat of foreign military invasion or insurrection from within are often those where democracy is in its most fragile state. This program explores the situation in three countries where democracy has been at various times, under fire: Argentina, France and Israel. 1989. 57 min. Video/C 1894

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

Spoils of War (Botin de guerra)
Presents first-hand accounts from the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, who dared to challenge the ruthless dictatorship of Argentina from 1976 to 1983 and have sought to find their missing grandchildren. Children now reunited with their families, and some who still hope to be, contribute. 1999. 112 min. DVD 2481

A Story of Two River Banks
Examines the dispute between Argentina and Uruguay concerning the construction of pulp mills on the Uruguay River. As a diplomatic, economic, and public relations conflict between both parties, the dispute has affected tourism and transportation as well as the otherwise amicable relations between the two countries. This documentary features footage of the massive protest that blocked the international Libertador General San Martín Bridge (between Gualeguaychú and Fray Bentos) on 30 April 2005. The do Directed by Cristian Jure. 2006. 58 min. DVD X7002

The Take
Explores how Argentina's 2001 economic collapse, where a prosperous middle-class economy was destroyed during 10 years of IMF policies, impacted the lives of ordinary workers. Follows thirty unemployed auto-parts workers in Buenos Aires, who stage a protest against their bosses and economic globalization by occupying their closed factory and refusing to leave. Directed by Avi Lewis. 2004. 87 min. Video/C MM528

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Tango
Documentary on the art of the tango in Argentina. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 23 min. Video/C MM519

Tango Illusions
Three Argentinean generations face difficult times together. Tango remains their metaphor: the lyrics and the dance. Buenos Aires boils over, protesters flood the streets, presidents fall and drums roll as milongueros tango and porteño philosophers rhapsodize life. Directed by Joshua Dylan Mellars. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 23 min. DVD X3726

Tango, Our Dance (Tango, Baile Nuestro)
The sensuality and stylized rituals adored by the inhabitants of Buenos Aires are captured in the complex art form of the tango. Jorge Zanada, the director, spent years researching the unique role of the tango in the national landscape, exploring the machismo and passion that feed the dance. Dist.: FACETS. 1994. 70 min. Video/C 2266

A Tango Story (Si sos brujo: una historia de tango)
A moving documentary following the quest of Ignacio, a young Argentine musician who races to find legendary maestros from tango's golden age (now men in their eighties) in order to save the almost lost oral transmission of style before the secrets of the real tango are gone forever. Includes performances by tango maestros Leopoldo Federico, Jose Libertella, and Atilio Stampone. Director, Caroline Neal. 2005. 79 min. DVD X905

La tierra sin mal.
Documentary on the religious influence the Jesuits had on the Guarani Indians in the region of Misiones located in Northeast Argentina. VHS format (PAL) In Spanish without subtitles. 199-? 23 min. Video/C MM518

Timerman, the News from Argentina.
Looks at what freedom of the press means in Argentina as host Hodding Carter returns with Jacobo Timerman to that country where Timerman was imprisoned by the military regimes. 1984? 30 min. Video/C 2140

Two to Tango: Gay Argentina
Buenos Aires is in the heart of a country where 80% of the people are Catholic and the culture of machismo is still rife. Now the Argentine capital is leading the push in Latin America for gay rights. This film introduces Esteban Hubner and Leonardo Gorosito, who are are getting married in a civil ceremony. The introduction of such civil unions has met with opposition from the Church. 2005. 17 min. DVD 5932

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

The Yidishe Gauchos
Tells of Jews escaping persecution and pogroms in late nineteenth-century Eastern Europe to settle in the Pampas of Argentina. Includes oral histories, archival footage, and interviews with scholars. Written and directed by Mark Freeman. SF International Latino Film Festival Collection. 28 min. Video/C MM1248

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South America: Bolivia

The Aymara: A Case Study in Social Stratification
This documentary explores the economic and social stratification of heterogeneous Northern Bolivia. The inequities of a sharp class division between the Spanish-speaking mestizos and the Aymara Indians of Bolivia is examined. 1983. 29 min. DVD 7379 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C MM2

Bolivian Blues. Life, Part 27
In Bolivia, 10% of children are undernourished and average school attendance is less than 7 years. Entrenched vested interests hamper foreign investments and its landlocked geography limits access to export markets. But there are signs of change. This program explores the success of a new initiative "Dialogo 2000: si se puede" designed to coordinate the work of donor agencies and focus outside aid on achieving real poverty reduction. (For other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events) c2000. 24 min. Video/C 7787

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Can't Do It In Europe
A look at the unlikely tourist destination of Potosi, Bolivia, where wealthy travelers pay for the right to experience an authentic Third World silver mine. This film portrays the new phenomenon of 'reality tourism,' whereby bored American or European travelers seek out real-life experiences as exciting tourist "adventures." The film follows a group of such international tourists as they visit the mines in Potosi--the poorest city in the poorest nation in Latin America--where Bolivian miners work by hand, just as they did centuries ago, to extract silver from the earth. Produced by Anna Klara Ahren, Charlotta Copcutt, Anna Weitz. 2005. 46 min. DVD 8730

Description from First Run Icarus catalog

Courage of the People (El Corage de pueblo)
A dramatic reenactment of the historic 1967 massacre of "The Night of San Juan" when the Bolivian army launched a surprise nighttime attack upon striking tin miners and their families. 1971. 90 min. Video/C 8218

Death of Che Guevara (La Muerte del Che Guevara).
A dramatization of the capture and death of the guerillero who shook the world with his revolutionary ideas. Che's own diary is the background for scenes of guerilla life. Che and nine of his men are the only ones left, hunted by a force of specially trained rangers they cannot hope to evade. Italian motion picture filed in Boliva. In Spanish. 80 min. Video 999:1404

The Devil's Miner
The story of 14 year-old Basilio Vargas and his 12 year-old brother Bernardino as they work in the Bolivian silver mines of Cerro Rico (Potosi). Abandoning their Catholic beliefs, Cerro Rico miners believe that Satan, as represented by hundreds of statues constructed in the mines, determines whether they live or die there. A film by Kief Davidson and Richard Ladkani. 2005. 82 min. DVD 5345

Awards
American Library Association Video Round Table Notable Videos for Adults

El Dia que me quieras: un numero infinito de cosas
Investigating death and the power of photography, this film is a meditation on the last picture taken of Che Guevara, as he lay dead on a table, surrounded by his captors. The photograph, taken by Freddy Alborta in 1967, has been compared to Mantegna's Dead Christ and Rembrandt's The Anatomy Lesson of Professor Tulp. The film, a montage of Alborta's memories of that day, his photographs and rare newsreel footage of the event, is an attempt to deconstruct the myth of Guevera. 1997. 30 min. Video MM307

Description of the video from Icarus Films catalog

Ernesto Che Guevara: Una Trilogia Sobre el Comandante
Three films produced in Cuba using historical film footage, which celebrate the life and political philosophy of the Latin American guerrilla fighter, Ernesto Guevara. Che: guion y direccion, Miguel Torres (68 min.) -- Una foto recorre el mundo: direccion, Pedro Chaskel; guion, Pedro Chaskel y Fedora Robles (13 min.) -- Hasta la victoria siempre: guion y direccion, Santiago Alvarez (20 min.). In Spanish. 2000. 101 min. Video/C 8155

Los Diarios del Che.
Documentary based on the personal journals kept by Che Guevara during his years as a guerrillero. Readings from Che's journals are accompanied by images of the Bolivian countryside and of the people in the revolution. Interviews of eyewitnesses, including military officials involved in the fighting and in the search for and capture of Guevara, shed light on the turmoil of those times. In Spanish. 51 min. Video/C 4220

Ernesto Che Guevara: The Bolivian Diary.
Documentary based on Guevera's diary of his futile 11-month attempt to spark a revolution in Bolivia in 1967. 95 min. Video/C 4801

El Hacedor de Estrellas
A video poem dedicated to the "afiladores ambulantes de cuchillos" (intinerant knife sharpeners) of Bolivia. In Spanish. PAL format. 6 min. Video/C 5596

In the Shadow of the Incas
The history of ancient Andean Indian cultures in Peru and northern Bolivia is revealed by examining the archaeological evidence which remains at various sites. Sites visited include Macchu Picchu (Peru), Tiahuanaco (Bolivia), and Cerro Sechin (Peru). Dist.: Films Media Group. 1989. 43 min. Video/C 8682

The JVC Video Anthology of World Music and Dance. (The Americas II, Mexico, Cuba, Bolivia, Argentina)
Presents on film examples of music and dance from the Americas documented by accompanying text written by area specialists. 57 min. Video/C 3541

Moxos Mitico.
An anthropological documentary film examining the history, customs and environment of the Mojo Indians living in Moxos, Bolivia.1984. In Spanish. PAL format. 19 min. Video/C 5595

Looking for the Revolution (Why Democracy? Series)
A look at the administration of Evo Morales Ayma, an ex-coca leaf farmer and the first indigenous President of Bolivia. Focuses especially on his socialist reforms, including the nationalization of the Bolivian oil industry and agrarian reforms. Directed, filmed and produced by Rodrigo Vazquez. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2007. 53 min. DVD X372

Mined to Death
Depicts the lives and work of miners in Potosí, Bolivia, who extract silver, zinc, and lead from the same mountain their ancestors mined five centuries ago. Documents how the mine is central to life in Potosí and how tourism in the region promises to bring in additional revenue to compensate for the 'dying' mountain. Written, produced and directed by Regina Harrison. 2005. 41 min. DVD X3272

Berkeley Media LLC catalog description

Our Brand is Crisis
Follows James Carville, Jeremy Rosner and a team of political consultants as they launch a media-savvy campaign for Bolivian presidential candidate Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada. With unprecedented access to think sessions, media training and the making of smear campaigns, witness a shocking example of America 'spreading democracy' overseas and its earth-shattering aftermath. Directed, produced and written by Rachel Boynton. 2005. 87 min. DVD 6733

Para la comunidad, desde la comunidad
A documentary about the use of video technology and television by indigenous peoples in Bolivia to represent their culture and the reality of their lives to a national and international audience, and to further their aim of political self-determination. The efforts portrayed in the documentary were partially spurred by the opportunities for reform presented by the Asamblea Constituyente which began in Bolivia in 2006.Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. A film by Mark Kendall. 2007. 14 min. DVD X3730

Uprooted
Presents three stories of immigrants who left their homes in Bolivia, Haiti and the Philippines after global economic powers devastated their countries, only to face new challenges in the United States. These powerful stories raise critical questions about U.S. immigration policy in an era when corporations cross borders at will. 2001. 28 min. Video/C 8921

Sacrificio: Who Betrayed Che Guevara?
On the 9th of October 1967, Sgt. Teran stepped into the room where Che Guevara was kept and shot him, ending Guevara's dream of uniting Latin America through armed revolution. The person who has been held responsible for betraying Guevara was his former lieutenant, Ciro Bustros. In this documentary Bustros tells his version of the events, combined with interviews with historians, former CIA agents and Bolivian army officers, raising questions about the historical accuracy surrounding Guevara's assassination. 2001. 60 min. DVD 1419

Tyrants Will Rise From My Tomb, Bolivia
Examines the history, economy and politics of Bolivia, noting that the country has had 186 military governments in 150 years. Focuses on the personality of the country's founder, Simon Bolivar, and looks for reasons to explain Bolivia's ever present political ferment. 1986. 30 min. DVD X210 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 9935

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South America: Brazil

Amazon

Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema(for films by Brazilian film makers or set in Brazil)

Abolicao.
An examination of the history of slavery in Brazil and the current racial situation of Black Brazilians on the 100th anniversary of the abolition of slavery. Examines the contemporary political, economic, social and cultural issues faced by Black Brazilians through interviews with musicians, politicians, activists, people in government, ambassadors, social workers, sport stars, actors, street kids, farmers and others. 1988. 61 min. each installment. Dist: ArtMattan. Video/C 5781-5783

O Amor Natural (Gebaseerd op de erotiche poeeie van Carlos Drummond de Andrade)
The erotic poems of Carlos Drummond de Andrade, a household name in Brazil, remained unpublished during his lifetime, as he feared they would be deemed pornographic. In this celebration of Drummond's sensual vision, elderly residents of Rio de Janeiro read his poems and comment on their graphic imagery. 1996. 76 min. Video/C 9798

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Bahia, Africa in the Americas.
Elements of African culture are powerfully expressed in the food, art, dance, and most importantly, the Candomble (Umbanda) religion of the Afro-Brazilian majority of the state of Bahia. 1988. 58 min. Video/C 4360

Banking on Disaster.
A three part documentary filmed over a ten year period exposes the detrimental effects of deforestation interlinked with road building and colonization in Rondonia, Brazil. 1989. 78 min. Video/C 1559

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

Benedita da Silva
Documentary on Benedita da Silva, the first Black woman Senator in Brazil. As a resident of the Chapeu Mangueira slum in Rio de Janeiro, she ran for office and was elected federal representative in 1986 and ran again for re-election in 1990. This is her story along with her views on social conditions in Brazilian and on the Brazilian political process today. Directed by Eunice Gutman. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1990. 30 min. Video/C 4233

Black Music of Brazil.
Street tour of Brazil including visits to ghettos of Rio, Samba schools preparing for Carnival and the African-rooted Bahia region. Includes interview with superstar Gilberto Gil, probing the political impact of his music, and performancesand conversation with other Brazilian performers. Finally there's The Capoeira dancers, performers of a unique martial arts dance which originated in Angola. Film surveys many styles of music of the country including Samba, bossa nova and others. 1990. 50 min. DVD 537; also VHS Video/C 3260

Bossa Nova.
Music: Chega de saudade -- Wave -- Insensatez -- Corcovado -- Aguas de Marco -- Luiza -- Carota de Impanema. Antonio Carlos Jobim, Caetano Veloso, Chico Buarque, Nana Masconcelos, Paulinho da Viola, Gilberto Gil, Gerry Mulligan, Jon Pareles, Henry Mancini, Michel Legrand, Stan Getz, Chet Baker, Frank Sinatra, Sergio Mendex, Clare Fischer, Bernard Lavilliers. A history of the origins and development of the Brazilian bossa nova. Contains musical performances, as well as stories and reminiscences from leading figures of bossa nova and commentaries by musicians who trace its influence outside of Brazil. 52 min. 1993. Video/C 4340

Brasil: Sacredotistas, Sambistas y Mulatas. (Mujeres de America Latina; 2.)
One in a series that looks at Latin America through its women with interviews and on sight visits. This second program examines the lives of women in Brazil and the brutal life many must face as they struggle for survival for themselves and their children. In Portuguese. 1995. 60 min. Video/C 4372

Brazil
This episode focuses on Brazil's Waiapi peoples who fight to maintain control over their lands. Excepts from Jeffrey O'Connor's film "At the Edge of Conquest, " offers a dramatic and intimate account of the Waiapi tribe's controntation with the Brazilian government in an attempt to secure permanent boundaries and to halt illegal mining procedures on their territory. The film concludes with examples of other indigenous peoples around the world who are fighting for land rights. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 13, 1995. 27 min. Video/C 6718

Brazil. (Emerging Powers; 4)
Examines Brazil's changing economy. Brazil has the largest economy in Latin America, but a long history of inflation and corruption. Includes an interview with President Fernando Henrique Cardoso describing the steps his administration has taken to open up and privatize Brazil's market. Includes interviews with Rogerio Braga who is transforming Brazilian orange farming, with Jose Midlin who is a global power in autoparts and a visit to Sao Paulo's fast-growing stock exchange. 1996. 50 min. Video/C 4307

Brazil: An Inconvenient History
Few realize that Brazil was actually the largest participant in the slave trade in the New World. Forty percent of all slaves that survived the Atlantic crossing were destined for Brazil and at one time half of the population of Brazil were slaves. It was the last country to officially abolish slavery in 1888. This production charts Brazil's history of slavery using original texts, letters, accounts and decrees, with commentary by historians, anthropologists and others who recount the effect of centuries of slavery on Brazil today. 2000. 47 min. DVD X3198; Video/C 7658

Description from Filmakers Library ctalog

Brazil, Jewel of the Amazon.
Reporter Mariana van Zeller looks at the controversy of diamonds and their mining which are located on the reservation of the Cinta Larga in Brazil. Videodisc release of the PBS program, Frontline/World which aired January 24, 2006. 60 min. DVD 6784

Brazil: Winning Against AIDS
HIV and AIDS patients in Brazil get the same treatment as similar patients in the United States and Europe. Since Brazil started to manufacture its own HIV and AIDS drugs in 1997, the national program has halved the death rate from AIDS, prevented thousands of new patients from being hospitalized, and helped stabilize the epidemic. This program examines whether Brazil's program can be replicated in other countries. 2001. 30 min. Video/C 8944

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Brazilian Dreams: Visiting Points of Resistance
Explores cultures of opposition in Brazil as documented by two US travelers in 1988-1989. Woven together in a hybrid narration that combines travelogue, political reportage and personal reflection, the documentary features testimonies of Brazilian activists involved in a wide range of social movements: the modernist graffiti counterculture of cosmopolitan Sao Paulo, working-class feminists in the parishes of Sao Paulo's slums, the Black Consciousness movement of Bahia, a first-ever meeting of Indian tribes in the Amazon to protest dam construction on their lands, and the Amazonia rubbertappers' struggle to preserve their sustainable way of life in the rainforest. Produced and directed by Caitlin Manning and Chris Carlsson. c1991. 54 min. DVD 6889

Brazil's Land Revolution.
In Brazil, almost half of the agricultural land is owned by just one percent of the population. The government estimates that land reform would benefit some 4.5 million families -- both agricultural workers and city slum-dwellers. Political opposition has so far prevented meaningful progress. Now Brazil's president has announced plans to resettle more than 100,000 landless families this year and promises additional agrarian reform over the next two years. This film visits the Northeastern state of Bahia to report on an initiative, which encourges the landless to join together to buy up land, with low-interest government loans. Directed by Christopher Walker. 2005. 23 min. DVD 3966

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Bus 174 (Onibus 174)
Based on extensive research, stock footage, interviews and official documents, investigates the tragic series of events that followed a desperate bus hijacking in Rio de Janeiro in 2000 that turned deadly when a SWAT team took evasive action against a drug-addled hijacker. Directed by Jose Padilha & Felipe Lacerda. 2002. 120 min. DVD 4033

Cabra Marcado Para Morrer (A Man Listed to Die)
Directed by Eduardo Coutinho, 1984. The film examines the brutal suppression and murder of peasant actors in 1964 who were creating a radical docudrama contrasting the poverty of Brazil's rural poor with the imperialism of the state. The film was aborted by Brazil's coup d'etat in 1964. 119 min. Video/C 6069

Canudos Revisited.
Traces the history of the town of Canudos, Brazil, from its rise as the center of Antonio Conselheiro's millenialist preachings to the massacre during the "Insurrection" of 1897 to its modern incarnation as Nova Canudos, examining the social factors underlying the conflict and its description by Cunha in his Os sertoes. Directed by Robert M. Levine and John B. Gray. 1990. 23 min. Video/C 4376

Capoeira Bahia.
Dance master Bira Almeida and his students demonstrate various forms of the Capoeira, a unique martial arts dance developed in Brazil by African descendants 400 years ago. Includes historical segments of performances by Capoeira dancers plus instruction in basic movements of the dance. 1983. 70 min. DVD 1291 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 4332

Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business
Using archival footage, film fragments, interviews, and dramatic re-enactments, acclaimed director Helena Solberg goes behind-the-scenes to convey the true life story of the "Brazilian Bombshell," singer and actress Carmen Miranda. 1996. 90 min. DVD 2594; also on VHS Video/C 4786

Carnaval in Salvador Da Bahia.
An anthropological journey to Brazil to study Carnaval. 1983. DVD 7420; vhs Video/C 2297

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City Life.
Marta Suplicy is the new mayor of Sao Paulo, Brazil who is determined to make Sao Paulo a sustainable 21st century global city. This program follows her as she visits schools, hospitals, favelas, and a shelter for battered women, in her quest to improve the living conditions of the city. 2001. 30 min. Video/C 8929

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Conterraneos Velhos de Guerra
E a cronica dos lances enfrentados pelos nordestinos que vieram no final dos anos 50 para a construcao de Brasilia (pedi a um deles, semi-analfabetizado, que desenhasse o titulo do filme). E sobretudo a experiencia inenarravel do massacre que os operarios sofrerem dos bate-paus da famigerada Guarda Especial de Brasilia--nos acampamentos da empreiteria Pacheco Fernandes. 199-?. 158 min. Video/C 4953

A Continent Crucified, Brazil
Traces the role and influence of the Catholic Church in Brazil from its arrival with the Portuguese explorers to its present position of conflict with the government. Also shows the strong presence of African religions in Brazil and illustrates how they are integrated into Catholic ceremonies. 1985. 29 min. Video/C 9899

Cuando o Crisulo Danca? (When Blacks Dance?)
Interviews with Brazilians concerning their attitudes towards Black Brazilians and their experiences of racism and racist behavior in Brazil. Includes demonstrations against racism in Sao Goncalo, Brazil and the role of black dance as a protest against oppression. 199-?. 20 min. Video/C 4291

Doing the Right Thing.
Porto Alegre, the capital of Brazil's southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul, was once an ordinary, dirty, Brazilian port city. Through a direct democracy program known as the "participatory budget," transformation has taken place, including a fallen unemployment rate, an excellent public transportation system, and the dramatic improvement of poor neighborhoods. This program traces the experiences of two women, both born in poor slum areas, who have risen through this program as neighborhood leaders. 2001. 30 min. Video/C 8935

Bullfrog Films catalog description

La Esperanza Incierta (Uncertain Hope) (South Series).
Looks at the current socio-political climates in four South American countries; Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 3039

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Fados
Explore a musical genre that combines African and Brazilian origins into a fusion of cinema, song, dance, and instruments. The film first traces the history of the fado form, then moves into a veritable concert of fado all-stars (or fadistas) including Mariza, Camane, Caetano Veloso, and others -- staged and filmed on a succession of elaborate sets such as a recreation of a period Lisbon bar. Saura also works in tributes to such past fado performers as Amália Rodrigues and Chico Buarque.

Contents: Fado da saudade = In the patios, brothels and taverns (Carlos do Carmo) -- San Jon of Cape Verde (Grupo Kola San Jon do Mainho da Juventude) -- Variações em lá = Variations (Ricardo Rocha, Jaime Santos) -- Transparente = Mozambique (Mariza) -- Menina você que tem = Modinha and lundu (Toni Garrido) -- Sopra demais o vento = Minor fado of the City of Porto (Camané) -- O fado de Severa = Maria Severa, 19th century (Catarina Moura) ; Rua do capelão (Cuca Roseta) -- Marceneiro = Homage to Alfredo Marceneiro (NBC, SP, Wilson) ; Tricana (Alfredo Marceneiro) -- Um homem na cidade = Lisbon (Carlos do Carmo) -- Foi na travessa da palha = Homage to Lucília do Carmo (Lila Downs) ; Foi na travessa da palha (Lucília do Carmo) -- Vida vivida = Minor fado (Argentina Santos) -- Fado batido (Brigada Victor Jara dancers) -- Flor di nha esperança = Morna (Lura) -- Quadras = Fado alfacinha (Camané) -- Estranha forma de vida = Homage to Amália Rodrigues (Caetano Velosa) -- Fado tropical = Revolution (Chico Buarque) ; Grândola (José Afonso) -- Meu fado meu = Fado flamenco (Mariza and Miguel Poveda) -- House of fados (Vicente da Câmara ... [et al.]) -- Ó gente da minha terra (Mariza). DVD X2316

Favela Rising
Documents a man and a movement, a city divided and a favela (Brazilian squatter settlement) united. Haunted by the murders of his family and many of his friends, Anderson Sa is a former drug-trafficker who turns social revolutionary in Rio de Janeiro's most feared slum. Through hip-hop music, the rhythms of the street, and Afro-Brazilian dance he rallies his community to counteract the violent oppression enforced by teenage drug armies and sustained by corrupt police. At the dawn of liberation, just as collective mobility is overcoming all odds and Anderson's grassroots Afro Reggae movement is at the height of its success, a tragic accident threatens to silence the movement forever A film by Jeff Zimbalist and Matt Mochary. 2006. 80 min. DVD 6532

Awards
American Library Association Video Round Table: Notable Videos for Adults
International Documentary Association

Favelas.
Documentary film explores the squatter settlement slum areas, or favelas, of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Discusses the factors leading to their creation and their subculture. Interviews with social service workers and inhabitants of the favelas are interspersed with poetic narrative commentary on and photographic observation of life in the favelas. between 1986 and 1991. 50 min. Video/C4232

The Feast
Examines the first stages of alliance formation between two mutually hostile Yanomamo Indian villages in southern Venezuela and northern Brazil. Describes in detail the preparations for a feast involving the inhabitants of the villages and presents scenes of chanting, dancing, and trading at the feast. Producers, Timothy Asch, Napoleon Chagnon. 1970. 29 min. Video/C 7649

A Festa da Moca (The Girl's Party).
Showcases how the Nambiquara people in Brazil's far northwest are using video to revive waning cultural practices. Narration in English with Nambiquara dialogue and Portuguese credits. 1988. 18 min. Video/C 4288

Festive Land: Carnaval in Bahia
Examines one of the largest popular celebrations in the world, the week-long Carnaval that brings more than two million people to the streets of Salvador, the capital of Bahia, in northeastern Brazil. Showcasing the unique cultural richness of Bahia, the film captures this unique cultural energy through footage of musical performances, dances, religious manifestations, and street celebrations. Throughout, the meaning of the carnival is interpreted and explained by performers, noted Brazilian artists and academics. c2001. 48 min. DVD 5946

O Fio da Memoria.
"Realizado de 1988 a 1991, no Estado do Rio, a filme procura condensar, em personagens e situacoes do presente, a experiencia negra no Brasil, a partir de dois eixos--as criacoes do imaginario, sobrefudo na religiao e na musica, e a realidade do racismo, responsavel pela perda de identidade ethica e pelo marginalizacao de boa parte dos cerca de 60 milhoes de brasileiros de origem africana. Gabriel Joaquim dos Santos, trabalhador de salina e artista semianalfabeto que construiu em Sao Pedro do Aldeia a Casa da Flor, feita de restos de obras e fragmentos retirados do lixo--e o fio condutor do filme. Lingando temas e personagens, a vida de Gabriel, contada por ele mesmo, revela o esforco obsessivo de um homem para deixar marcas de sua existencia no mundo." In Portuguese without subtitles. 1991. 115 min. Video/C 4952

For Richer, for Poorer.(Life; 5)
Examines the gulf between Brazil's rich and poor by traveling to favela Coliseu in Sao Paulo and assessing what progress has been made in eradicating poverty in the two and a half years under President Lula da Silva. In his election speech, he promised to improve education, to improve health, to make land ownership fairer and - most importantly - to fight poverty. But Brazil's business community believes rapid growth is what is needed to improve the country's economy and combat social inequality. Despite the gulf between rich and poor, extreme poverty is being reduced. In line with its Millennium Development Goal pledges, Brazil has halved the percentage of people living in extreme poverty. Filmed & directed by Bruno Sorrentino. 2005. 25 min. DVD 8391

Bullfrog Films catalog description

The Forbidden Land
Examines the struggle between the progressive Catholic Church in Brazil which is attempting to defend the rights of the landless peasants, and the Vatican, which is attempting to silence prominent Brazilian priests and bishops . 1989. 58 min. Video/C MM683

Free-for-All in Sarare.
More than six thousand gold and mineral prospectors have invaded the reserve of the Nambiquara of Sarare, Brazil and loggers in the regions raid their mahogany-rich forests, stealing wood which is becoming extinct in Amazonia. Only pressure on the World Bank, with whom the Government of Mato Grosso is negotiating a loan, could bring prospecting to a close. But the pillage of the forest continues. 198-?. 27 min. Video/C 4421

Free Markets for Free Men (Commodities; 5)
Discusses how commodity exchanges and futures markets developed, the risks involved and market speculation. Shows as an example how deterioration of trade terms between commodity buyers and producers has deepened Brazil's debt, despite international accords such as the International Coffee Agreement, designed to regulate trade and protect producer nations. 1986. 54 min. Video/C 3498

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Geraldo Off-Line. (Life; 2)
Geraldo da Sousa worked his way out of a shanty-town in Brazil into a job in a Ford car factory. Then he was told he no longer had a job because of the financial meltdown in faraway South East Asia. Was that just an excuse or the harsh reality of the new globalized economy? In this film, with the help of investigative journalist Jon Alpert, Geraldo sets out to find out. (For other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events) c2000. 24 min. Video/C 7762

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Geraldo's Brazil. (Life; 4)
This film revisits Geraldo Da Souza, a worker at Ford in Sao Paolo, Brazil. In 1999, he was among 2000 workers laid off from his factory during the "international financial crisis." Life filmed him then in "Geraldo-off line," trying to work out the connection between the financial crises in Asia, Russia and Brazil and attempting to understand the personal impact of globalization. This film looks at the effects of globalization over the past five years in Brazil through Geraldo's eyes, examining how institutions like the IMF and the World Bank have been dealing with a government which had in mind not to pay its external debt. Directed by Patrice Barrat. 2005. 27 min. DVD 3962

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

A Guerra Dos Meninos.
Interviews with "street children", social workers, policemen, and the public about the murders of large numbers of abandoned children who are living in the streets of Brazil. Based on the book by Gilberto Dimenstein. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1991. 51 min. Video/C 4230

Hail Umbanda (Salve a Umbanda).
A documentary about Umbanda, Brazil's fastest-growing religion. Centers on the cult's pageantry and public festivals as well as its more esoteric, exotic, and rarely-seen ceremonies. Shot on location in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Fortazela, this film includes commentary by numerous authorities and practitioners, and it places Umbanda in the context of Brazil's turbulent history and its cultural and racial melting pot. 1988. 46 min Video/C 4361

The House of Life (Ile aiye).
Explores the ways in which Candomble, the African spirit cult of the Bahia region of Brazil, has influenced the daily life and culture of the people of Brazil in their music, art, religion, theater, food, dance and poetry. The rhythms of the sacred drums and bells, a dance of spiritual ecstasy, offerings and sacrifices, divination and the visitation of the Orishas (deities) through trance are all part of the color and life of Candomble. Includes ritual music recorded during ceremonies. A film by David Byrne. 1989. 51 min. DVD 3082

Iawo: Initiation in a Gege-Nago Temple.
Examines the Yoruba cult of Orisha, brought to the New World by black slaves, which survives to this day in areas such as Cuba and Brazil. By showing the initiation of a group of women into a temple (Iawo is the name for new priestesses), the film offers a deeper examination of the religion, its ideology and social meaning. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1978. 42 min. Video/C 5220

If I Go Totally Bananas: The Percussive Life of Cyro Baptista
Brazilian percussionist Cyro Baptista and his musician friend Romero Lubambo, discuss the personal role music plays for them in the celebration of their shared Brazilian culture. Baptista presents and plays a variety of percussion instruments. 2002. 14 min. Video/C 9220

In Cane for Life (A vida em cana)
An environmental law has ruled that by 2015 practically all cane harvesting must be mechanized. This video portrays the daily routine of the 800,000 people in Brazil who cut sugar cane for a living. Directed by Jorge Wolney Attala. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 69 min. Video/C MM1267

As ilhas Atlanticas e o Brasil
Presents the cultural heritage, current social customs and history of the Atlantic islands of Brazil with particular emphasis on the cultural influence of the slave trade. In Portuguese. 2000. 56 min. Video/C MM1043

International Ecocity Conference (4th: 2000: Curitiba, Brazil).
Features highlights from the April, 2000 conference in Curitiba, Brazil and includes many of the presentations as well as interviews with conference participants. International experts share their thoughts on the future of cities, people and the environment. Commentary: Jaime Lerner, Richard Register, Jeff Kenworthy, Dietmar Hahweg, Joan Bokaer, Paul Downton, Peter Berg, Mauricio Andres Ribeiro, Cleon Ricardo dos Santos. 2000. 42 min. Video/C 8404

Isle of Flowers (Ilha das Flores)
A humerous but ultimately bitter film from Brazil about values, the food chain, and the poverty that requires people to search for food in garbage. Director, Jorge Furtado. 1989. 13 min. DVD 6846 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 4678

It's All True
Welles' ambitious film project in Brazil for the United States' anti-Nazi "Good Neighbor Policy" was shelved by RKO. This documentary features the story of the film's making and unmaking and includes portions of "Story of Samba (Carnaval)", "My friend Bonito" and all of "Four men on a raft" which was the only part of the project completed. The story of Samba (Carnival) / writer, Robert Meltzer; cinematographer, Harry J. Wild -- My friend Bonito / director, Norman Foster; producer, Orson Welles; story, Robert Flaherty; cinematographer, Floyd Crosby -- Four men on a raft / director, Orson Welles; cinematographer, George Fanto; still photography, Chico Abuquerque. Shot 1942; released 1993. 86 min. DVD 9064; vhs Video/C 5180
Information about this film from the Internet Movie Database

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 5. Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana.
Contents: Belize -- Brazil -- Chile -- Colombia -- Guatemala -- Guyana. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. 1995. 54 min. Video/C 4501

Jane Moroita: Our Celebrations.
The filmaker, a member of the Waiapi tribe of Brazil, demonstrates the use of videotape to record and preserve the "image" of the Waiapi culture. Three tribal celebrations are shown with running commentary by the filmaker. 1995. 33 min. Video/C 4547

The Kayapo: Out of the Forest. (Disappearing World).
Documents the opposition of the Kayapo Indians of central Brazil to the construction of a hydroelectric dam at Altamira. Includes the demonstration by 600 Kayapo against the proposed dam and their success in stopping its construction. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 3436

Kings for a Day.
A portrait of Carnival in Rio, "the greatest show on earth." Profiles a 3000-strong Carnival team in feathers and sequins and follows two rivals from the shanties of a favela as well as a white entreprenuer from the boutiques of Ipanema from their pre-Carnival preparations through the festival and parade. 1987. 60 min. Video/C 9948

Kinocup
Follows the 2002 World Cup of soccer in Brazil from the point of view of the fans, with the irreverent commentary of announcer Godot Quincas. Produced and directed by Igor Cabral, Chico Serra. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2003. 22 min. Video/C MM1305
Kirstin Miller in Conversation with Jaime Lerner, Governor of Parana, Brazil
An interview with the innovative mayor who made Curitiba, Brazil one of the world's most ecological cities. Lerner, now Governor of the state of Parana, Brazil, talks to journalist Kirsin Miller about the past, present and future of healthy urban environments. "Taped on April 3, 2000 at the Fourth International Ecocity Conference, Curitiba, Brazil." 6 min. Video/C 8403

Labirinto Glauber o filme do Brasil (Laberinto Glauber, la película del Brasil)
Glauber Rocha is considered one of the most important directors in Brazilian cinema, and a pillar of the "cinema novo" movement in the 1960s. At a time when it was possible to change the word through cinema, Glauber was provocative, irreverent, and a noncomformist. This documentary attempts to explore Rocha's artistic sensiblities, as well as the contradictions between his films and his life. Includes interviews with Rocha. Written and directed by Silvio Tendler Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2001. 98 min. Video/C MM1276

The Land Burns (La tierro quema)
Exposes the inequities of land ownership in Brazil - where 2% of the population owns 80% of the usable land. Here Juan Amaro and his family struggle to survive in drought-plagued northeastern Brazil. The family eventually migrates to the city. Written, directed, edited and produced by Raymundo Gleyzer. 1964. 12 min. DVD 9572

Labirinto Glauber o filme do Brasil (Laberinto Glauber, la película del Brasil)
Glauber Rocha is considered one of the most important directors in Brazilian cinema, and a pillar of the "cinema novo" movement in the 1960s. At a time when it was possible to change the word through cinema, Glauber was provocative, irreverent, and a noncomformist. This documentary attempts to explore Rocha's artistic sensiblities, as well as the contradictions between his films and his life. Includes interviews with Rocha. Written and directed by Silvio Tendler Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2001. 98 min. Video/C MM1276

The Landless Workers Movement of Brazil
Composed primarily of footage from the documentary entitled "Raiz forte", this film explores the Landless Workers Movement (MST) in Brazil, and the obstacles the rural poor face in their lawful, peaceful struggle for land reform. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.:Witness Project. 2001. 11 min. DVD 3259

The Last of the Hiding Tribes.
A record filmed over 30 years, 1967-1998.

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Pt. 1, The Fate of the Kidnapper. In 1979 the Brazilian government gave Chico Prestes a plot of land in the state of Rondonia, in the Western Amazon, in an area regularly hunted by the unknown Uru Eu Wau Wau tribe. One day Chico returned from the forest to find two sons killed and the youngest taken by the Indians. The resulting 18-year quest to determine the fate of this son highlights the Amazon as a battleground between Indians and invading colonists. 50 min. Video/C 6627

Pt. 2, The Return From Extinction. This film tells the remarkable recent history of the hiding Panara tribe, who fled into the deepest part of the Amazon forest. Through extraordinary footage from the 1960's, this film shows Claudio Villas Boas and his team from Brazil's Indian Protection Service as they make the first attempts to contact the Panara before a planned development road exposes them to 'civilization.' In spite of Claudio's efforts after the road is built, the tribe is virtually wiped out by diseases so with the aid of his brother Orlando, Claudio manages to fly 79 survivors out to the Xingu National Park. Now, after 20 years, the Brazilian government has recognized the Panara's claim to their ancestral homeland, and they are going back home. 50 min. Video/C 6628

Pt. 3, Fragments of People. In 1983 four members of the Ava-Canoeiro tribe were contacted by a settler in the Serra de Mesa and taken into care by Brazil's Indian Agency. When the only woman of child-bearing age in this small remnant group gave birth to twins, the Indian Agency's Department for Unknown People began a search for another group of Ava-Canoeiro, rumored to be out in the scrubland, to provide potential mates for the two children so the tribe would not be doomed to extinction. 50 min. Video/C 6629

Life and Death in Rio.
Describes the social and economic conditions created by Brazil's industrialization and views first-hand the serious inequalities faced by millions of people forced to live in Rio's slums. 1985. 25 min. Video/C MM601

Life and Debt: Economics and the Murder of Street children in Rio de Janeiro. (Developing Stories).
This film shows how dire economic conditions in Brazil have led to the murder of 500 street children per year in Rio de Janeiro. A staggering debt, uncontrolled deforestation, and massive dislocation have all contributed to this scandalous murder spree. 1992. 48 min. Video/C 3868

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

O Mandarim
Directed by Julio Bressane. A feature film, telling the history of 20th-century Brazilian popular music through the life of the singer Mario Reis. In Portuguese w/o subtitles. 1995. 100 min. VIDEO/C 999:1671

Meeting Ancestors.
Members of the Zo'e Indian tribe in the rainforests of Brazil discuss, in their own language, among other things, hunting spider monkeys, why they wear long blocks of wood in their lower lips, why they go naked most of the time, and how developers and gold miners are destroying the rainforest. They also see television for the first time. 1993. 22 min. Video/C 4282

Memorias do Carcere
The Brazilian author, Graciliano Ramos, under suspicion of extreme left-wing views, was imprisoned on a penal isle near Rio de Janeiro from 1936-1937 during a period of political repression. Film is adapted from his vivid recollections of prison life. In Portuguese w/o subtitles. 199-?. 218 min. Video/C 999:1672

Mulheres Negras
Interviews with black women from Brazil concerning the social and political challenges with which they must deal. 1986. 25 min. Video/C 4239

Oswald: Un Homem de Profissao
A biographical tribute to the life of the Brazilian author, Oswald de Andrade. In Portuguese. 1990. 24 min. Video/C 4285

Noticias de uma guerra particular
Filmed during 1997 and 1998 in the "favelas" or slums of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This program documents the constant violence that exists between the police and drug dealers in Rio's slums, the social aspects of drug trafficking and how it plays a crucial part of the local economy. Disc. 1 Noticias de uma guerra particular -- Faixa comentada por Joao Moreira Salles, Katia Lund, Eduardo Coutinho e Carlos Alberto Mattos -- Santa Marta: duas semanas no morro [1987, 54 min]: documentario de Eduardo Coutinho -- Disc 2. Integra das entrevistas com general Nilton Cerqueira, capitao Rodrigo. Made in 1997 and 1998. 56 min. DVD 8470

Other Love.
A personal video reflection based on fragments from the book Agua Viva by the Brazilian author, Clarice Lispector. Honors thesis, University of California, Berkeley; directed by Elizabeth Zarek. Portuguese voice-overs with English subtitles. Directed by Elizabeth Zarek. 1997 5 min. Video/C 4725

Panorama do Cinema Brasileiro
n anthology and overview of the history of Brazilian cinema from its inception to recent releases. Includes filmclips from early films, documentaries and Brazil's most films successful and influential films. 1968. 134 min. Video/C 5176

Pemp.
Documents the recent history of the Gaviao tribe in the eastern Amazon. In the 60's, the Gaviao were widely considered so decimated by contact that their continued survival as a group was impossible. As the video shows, the group has not only survived, but has pioneered some approaches to living on the interface with Brazilian culture. Shows how these people have reclaimed their land and much of their tribal culture with the help of video technology. 1988. 27 min. Video/C 4422

The Poison People
Film investigates the Zuruaha tribe of the Brazilian Amazon and their responses when colonizers moved into their ancestral lands forcing them to abandon many of their cultural traditions. With the continued destruction of the rainforest, the people have been relocated to a small preserve and the remaining 138 villagers have become known as the poison people, because rather than witness the slow death of their tribe, the "bravest" commit suicide with the poison they manufacture for their hunting arrows. In Native dialects and Portuguese with English subtitles. 1991. 28 min. Video/C 6404

The Posse. (Life; 15)
This episode is the story of a group of friends who call themselves "The Posse" who live in Sao Paulo, in one of Brazil's urban slums. The Posse is centered around a rap group whose songs explain the inequalities of life in Brazil today. Its members include schoolkids, the unemployed, social activists and university students. (For other installments of series, see Global Issues and Events) c2000. 24 min. Video/C 7775

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Que Bom te Ver Viva
Interviews with women who survived torture and imprisonment for political offenses following the Brazilian military coup of 1968; interspersed with a fictional dramatization of the life of such a survivor. A film by Lucia Murat. 1989. 100 min. Video/C 4240

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

O prisioneiro da grade de ferro: (auto-retratos)
In 2002, the largest prison in Latin America, Complex Carandiru, was demolished. With a population of about 7,000 prisoners distributed in nine pavilions of five floors, this prison became known worldwide after the famous massacre of one hundred and eleven prisoners in 1992. A year after the seige at the Casa de Detencao do Carandiru, detainees learned to use videocameras and documented their daily life, capturing their internal rules, punishment, entertainment, weapons, death, drugs, booze, life conditions, food, sexual life, religion, creeds, families, hopes and dreams. 2005. 124 min. DVD 8335

A Quiet Revolution: Christian Base Communities of Latin America.
Documents the efforts of Christian base communities, small groups of poor and marginalized people in Latin America, which work to allievate hunger, disease, unemployment, and other critical problems through the application of biblical principles. Profiles successful community efforts in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. 1987. 58 min. Video/C 4373

Quilombo Country
Provides a portrait of rural communities in Brazil that were either founded by runaway slaves or began from abandoned plantations. This type of community is known as a "Quilombo", from an Angolan word that means "encampment." As many as 2,000 quilombos exist today. Written, directed, photographed, and edited by Leonard Abrams. 2006. 75 min. DVD 7851

Ao redor do Brasil: aspectos do interior e das fronteiras brasileiras
In 1917, director Major Luiz Thomaz Reis travels with his associate and cinematographer, Marshall Candido Mariano Rondon, through the Amazon River areas in the Central and Northern regions of Brazil. This film is a compilation of several shorter films, focusing on the local natives and their culture, as well as the jungle. Produced and directed by Thomaz Reis. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Originally produced as a motion picture in 1932. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 71 min. Video/C MM1271

Le rêve de São Paulo (Dream of São Paulo)
Sao Paulo attracts northeastern Brazilians as the Eldorado of all opportunities. In this documentary Jose leaves his parents to join his brothers to share in the city's great expectations. There, nothing is easy and he knows it. Sao Paulo is a dream: but how to resist a dream? Directors: Jean-Pierre Duret, Andrea Santana. 2004. 100 min. DVD X4751

Rio de Memorias (Light Memories of Rio).
Examines the history of photography in Brazil, dating from 1839, and simultaneously traces the history of the development of Rio de Janeiro as one of the world's major cities and a political and cultural center of Brazil. The film discusses the experiences of photographers of the period, showing the evolution of photography as an art and a trade with occasional dramatized scenes portraying developments in photographic equipment and techniques. Dist. Cinema Guild. 199-?. 33 min. Video/C 4367

Romances de terra et d'eau
This documentary is about landless farmers in northeastern Brazil who, with great dignity and tremendous humor, struggle for their economic survival, and to preserve the imaginative and regenerative power of their culture. For these farmers, descended from the native Indians, the "roca," the place where plants, vegetables and rice are grown, thereby assuring a family's future, could be paradise on earth if this land belonged to them. A place from which all their myths have spring and will spring, and which they struggle to maintain by poetry, music, clay creations and dance, so as to transmit this "way of life" to their children. Directors: Jean-Pierre Duret, Andrea Santana. 2001. 78 min. DVD X4751

Samba da Criacao do Mundo.
Each year the Rio de Janeiro 'samba schools' (neighborhood organizations devoted to celebrating Carnival) choose a narrative or theme to produce for the parade. This video shows one pageant based on the creation legend of the Nago, performed by the Beija-Flor Samba School. Includes music, singing and dancing, splendid costumes, and scenes from the parade interspersed with the same characters in natural settings. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1978. 57 min. Video/C 4229

Sanjoaninas na Terceira.
A visit to the celebration of the Festas Sanjoaninas held on the island of Terceira in the Azores. This festival of Portuguese songs, dances, storytelling and bullfights celebrates the religious and cultural heritage of the residents of the Azores. 1995. 58 min. Video/C 4381

Send a Bullet (Manda bala)
Brazil is known for its beautiful beaches and vibrant culture. However, in recent years, the country has developed more of a reputation for corrupt politicians, kidnapping, and plastic surgery. Artfully connects these seemingly disparate elements and conducts a dazzling, yet harrowing, examination of the tragic domino effect that has reshaped the face of the country and created an entire industry built on corruption. Illustrates how corruption and kidnapping represent two sides of the same violent crime. Directed by Jason Kohn. 2007. 85 min. DVD 9598

Sharing the Land
Discusses the costs of rapid industrial expansion in Brazil and the need for land reform. Brazil's "economic miracle" of the 1970's was supposed to "trickle down" to the poorest segments of the population but only the top 10% of the population benefitted from the economic policy, while the gap between rich and poor grew. The resulting huge debt has caused an even greater emphasis on the export of food, causing shortages and higher prices in Brazil. 1988. 20 min. Video/C 5937

Simonal: ninguém sabe o duro que dei
This documentary tells the story of Wilson Simonal, a very populr Brazilian singer in the 1960s and in the first two years of 1970 decade. In the mid-70s he was accused of helping the military government by denouncing fellow artists who were involved in political left-wing movements. Partly because of these accusations, his career started to fade away at that time. These accusations are still contested today. Directed by Micael Langer, Calvito Leal and Cláudio Manoel. 2009. 100 min. DVD X4772

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

The Spirit of Samba: Black Music of Brazil.
A tour of Brazil and its many forms of music. 1990. 30 min. Video/C 3260

The Spirit of TV.
Shows how the Waiapi, a small and recently contacted Tupi-speaking group in far northern Brazil, have used videos to document their own cultural practices, to discover the existence of other Tupi-speaking groups they had not known about, and to receive the experience of other indigenous groups that have confronted common problems such as land rights. In Tupi and Portuguese with English subtitles. 1990. 18 min. Video/C 4283

Street Sisters.
Examines the lives and attitudes of prostitutes in Belem, Brazil through interviews with women belonging to the 4,000 member organization GEMPAC: Prostitutes Group of Central Belem. In Portuguese with English subtitles. 199-?. 21 min. Video/C 4546

Strong Roots (Raiz Forte)
The Landless Movement, MST, started in 1985 in response to the unequal distribution of land in Brazil, where 46% of all agricultural land is controlled by 1% of the people. The MST has won 16 million hectares of land for 300,000 families. It has built thousands of food production cooperatives and schools. The MST struggle is grounded in Constitutional law, which decrees that land must fulfill a social function. Today, 100,000 families prepare to occupy land in order to feed themselves. They live in plastic tents, waiting for the chance to work their piece of Brazilian soil. 2003. 41 min. Video/C MM150

Sustainable Urban Living: A South American Case Study
Curitiba, Brazil is remarkable for urban planning innovations. This documentary, presented in 5 segments,looks at the management of city waste, the planning of urban parks, an integrated transportation system, a practical support scheme for low income workers and the establishment of a vibrant city mall 2003. 25 min. Video/C 9828

That's My Face(E minha cara)
African American filmmaker Thomas Allen Harris travels to Salvador da Bahia in search of his ancestral roots. He connects this time in Brazil with his childhood experiences living in Tanzania with his mother who went to Africa in search of a mythic motherland. 2001. 56 min. DVD 2223

This is Not Your Life (South Series).
Tells the story of a Brazilian woman, Noeli Cavalheiro, randomly chosen by the director to tell her story of growing up in Brazil. 1991. 15 min. Video/C 3050


Description from Icarus Films catalog

Video Cannibalism.
Shows the introduction of video technology to a small tribe of Brazilian natives, the Enauene-Naue Indians, and their use of the camera to create a motion picture of their own about native contact with gold prospectors. 1991. 18 min. Video/C 4287

Video in the Villages (Video nas Aldeias).
A presentation of "The Video In the Villages Project" among the Indians of Brazil showing how four different groups (Nambiquara, Gaviao, Ticuna and Kaiapo) are utilizing video in different ways as an empowering tool in their fight to preserve their lands and ways of life. 1989. 10 min. Video/C 4423

Voz ao vento: The Clandestine Waves of Brazil
Documentary examining the proliferation of "illegally broadcasting" community radio stations in Brazil and their social impact on the communities they serve. "In the state of Minas Gerais alone more than 5,000 community radios are broadcasting. Anything that's going on in the ghettos, street corners or favelas, It's going to be played on this station." Directed by Ignacio Agote. 2004. 48 min. DVD X7354

A voz da ponta: a Favela vai ao Forum
Presents community leaders from Rio De Janeiro slums participating in the third World Social Forum to discuss social issues. The community leaders are part of Congesco (Community Managers Council), a social movement comprised of 60 members from various slums throughout the city of Rio de Janeiro. The goal of Congesco is to promote and develop social activities from within their communities to improve their quality of life. This film shows the financial struggle of these community leaders to attend the event. A film by Daniela Broitman & Fernando Salis. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2003. 71 min. Video/C MM1262

[Waiapi] Caxiri or Manioc Beer.
Examines the role of caxiri, a native beer, in the social and cultural life of the Waiapi Indians of Brazil. An important part of Waiapi life, caxiri is imbibed daily by men, women and children. This documentary describes the preparation of caxiri, as well as its use in community festivals and celebrations. 1988. 39 min. Video/C 9940

Waiapi Body Painting and Ornaments.
Documents the methods and cultural significance of body painting and ornamentation used by the Waiapi Indians of Brazil, who use this medium to express their myths and reinforce their sense of Waiapi identity. 1988. 19 min. Video/C 9937

Waiapi Instrumental Music.
Examines a variety of wind instruments used by the Waiapi Indians of Brazil, the setting in which each is played, and the Waiapi's practice of dividing vocal and instrumental music based on sex. 1988. 58 min. Video/C 9936

Waiapi Body Slash and Burn Cultivation.
Shows how the Waiapi Indians of Brazil use slash and burn cultivation to clear the rain forest in order to grow food. Cultivation techniques and taboos are linked to gender and parenthood roles. 1987. 24 min. Video/C 9938

[Waiapi] Music, Dance and Festival Among the Waiapi Indians of Brazil.
Examines five Waiapi Indian festivals and shows the importance of manioc beer in the festivals, the variety of musical instruments and songs, and how Waiapi identity and societal order are reinforced by these communal celebrations. 1988. 39 min. Video/C 9939

We Gather As a Family (Eu Ja Fui Seu Irmao).
Indians from the Kokrenum and Kraho villages in the Para state of Brazil, come together to encourage their youth to celebrate and conserve their cultural heritage by experiencing an initiation ceremony. Among other things, the ceromony consists of singing, body-painting, and preparations for the long, trenuous relay race through the savanna carrying and passing huge logs shoulder-to-shoulder. 1993. 32 min. Video/C 4419

White Gold, Black Market (Commodities; 1:1)
A dramatization set during the 1630's which tells of the initial rise of sugar through the story of one Dutch merchant who takes over a Portuguese sugar plantation in Brazil. Obsessed with the development of a profitable sugar plantation, the Dutchman also becomes the master of African slaves. After 1654 the Dutch withdrew from Brazil and encouraged British planters in Barbades to grow sugar. Thus sugar, along with slavery, spread to the Caribbean. 1986. 26 min. Video/C 3493

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Wholes (South series)
A humorous and scathing satire of the social ills plaguing Sao Paulo, Brazil through the metaphor of potholes. 1991. 10 min. Video/C 3046

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Yanomami: Keepers of the Flame.
Follows an expedition of explorers as they make contact with the Yanomami Indians of Brazil who are considered to be the last Stone Age tribe in the Amazon. Considers the social and ecological consequences to the Yanomami people as outside developers continue to encroach upon their habitat. 1992. 58 min. Video/C 2565

Yanomami: A Multi-disciplinary Study.
Describes the field techniques and findings of teams from such disciplines as human genetics, anthropology, epidemiology, dentistry, linguistics, and medicine as they conduct a biological-anthropological study of the Yanoama Indians in the jungles of Venezuela and Brazil. Shows many details of Yanomamo life and culture and assesses the impact of acculturation on social and genetic patterns. 1970. 43 min. Video/C 9905

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South America: Chile

Spanish and Portuguese Language Cinema(for films by Chilean film makers or set in Chile)

11 de Septiember, 1973: El Ultimo Combate de Salvador Allende
Through archival footage and commentary by military and government officials presents the last 24 hours of the government of Allende and the first days after the coup d'etat in Chile. (Companion text: Kalfon, Pierre. Allende: Chile: 1970-1973, cronica Main Stack F3101.A4.K3) 1998 In Spanish. 1998. 57 min. PAL format. Video/C 7426

Actas de Marusia.
The chronicle of the repression exercised by an English company over a small Chilean town whose inhabitants are determined to win the minimal human rights due to them as workers and citizens. 1985. 90 min. Video/C 999:1861

Americas in Transition.
Focuses on American military intervention in Nicaragua, Guatemala, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Chile, and El Salvador. Discusses the roots of dictatorship, its effects on citizens, movements toward majority rule, and communist influences. 1982. 29 min. Video/C 542. Shelved at NRLF.

Battle of Cile: The Struggle of an Unarmed People (La Batalla de Chile: La Lucha de un Pueblo Sin Armas.
A documentary chronicling the overthrow of Chile's open and peaceful socialist revolution as exemplified by democratically-elected President Salvador Allende. The leftist government is demonstrated by the film as facing significant obstacles, culminating in the events of September 11, 1973, when General Augusto Pinochet's army led a bloody coup and imposed martial law throughout the country. 1975/76. 199-?. 96 min. each installment. Writer/director, Patricio Guzman.

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Chile, Obstinate Memory

Part 1: The Bourgeois Insurrection. The first film in a two-part documentary on the fate of Allende's Popular Unity government filmed throughout Chile from February to September 1973. Part one examines the escalation of rightist opposition following the left's victory in Congressional elections held in March, 1973. Finding that parliamentary democracy would not stop Allende's socialist policies, the right-wing shifted its tactics from the polls to the streets. The film follows months of activity as a variety of increasingly violent tactics are used by the right to weaken the government and provoke a crisis. DVD X2529; vhs Video/C 5418

Part 2: The Coup. The second film in a two-part documentary on the fate of Allende's Popular Unity government filmed throughout Chile from February to September 1973. Part two opens with the attempted military coup of June, 1973, which is put down by troops loyal to the government but everyone now realizes the final showdown is only a matter of time. The film shows a left divided over strategy, while the right methodically lays the groundwork for the military seizure of power. The film's dramatic concluding sequence documents the actual coup d'etat, including Allende's last radio messages to the people of Chile, footage of the military assault on the presidential palace, and that evening's televised presentation of the new military junta. DVD X2529; Video/C 5419

Part 3: The Struggle of an Unarmed People (La Fuerza del pueblo). Completed two years after the first two parts of "The Battle of Chile" in 1978, this film deals with the creation of thousands of local groups of "popular power" by ordinary workers and peasants to distribute food; occupy, guard, and run factories and farms; oppose black-market profiteering; and link together neighborhood social service organizations, first as a defense against strikes and lockouts by factory owners, tradesmen, and professional bodies opposed to the Allende government, and then increasingly as soviet-type bodies demanding more resolute action by the government against the right. 78 min. DVD X2529; Video/C 6257

Calle Santa Fe: un amor revolucionario
A documentary about a leftist activist coming back to Chile from exile. Old harrowing memories come back to mind along with fears of finding a submissive Chile that doesn't fit in with the ideals they struggled for, so it triggers mixed feelings and the sensation of a lost battle. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Directed by Carmen Castillo. 2007. 167 min. DVD X4028

Canto a lo poeta (Poet Song)
This documentary explores the roots and the social significance of the oral tradition known as Canto a lo Poeta as an expression of Chilean identity. Directed by María José Calderón. c2008. 70 min. DVD X4767

Chile: Defeat of a Dictator (Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict)
General Augusto Pinochet seized power in Chile in a 1973 military coup and banned political parties, closed newspapers, and spread fear throughout the country as disappearances, torture and imprisonment became common. In 1983, an economic crisis pushed many Chileans to oppose the dictator for the first time. Copper miners called for a nonviolent national protest day against Pinochet. Mainstream opposition parties re-ermerged after ten years and staged frequent non-violent demonstrations. They realized that the constitution Pinochet wrote in 1980 called for a plebicite--a chance for people to vote yes or no on another eight years of military rule. Pinochet had always assumed he would win but the opposition ran a bold, future-oriented "NO" campaign and in 1988 Pinochet was voted out. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2000. 34 min. Video/C 7377

Chile: Hasta Cuando?
Expose of Pinochet's regime of terror in Chile, including interviews with people who have been terrorized by the government. Describes how student protestors have been tortured and killed by government police. Directed by David Bradbury. 1985. 56 min DVD X7068; Video/C 1468

Ryan, Susan. "Chile: Hasta Cuando? An Interview with David Bradbury." Cineaste, vol. 16 no. 1-2. 1987-1988. pp: 76-77.

Chile, Obstinate Memory
The director returns to Chile and visits with Chileans who experienced the coup first-hand (some of whom are seen in The Battle of Chile from 25 years ago). Survivors reminisce as they watch that film, recognizing lost comrades and recalling their courage, gaiety and love of life. Those who were not killed during the coup itself were crowded into the National Stadium in Santiago, where many were tortured, disappeared, and never seen again. Survivors talk about the terror that characterized the Pinochet regime until the dictator was finally obliged to relinquish power. Directed by Patricio Guzman. 58 min. DVD X1280; also DVD X2529; vhs Video/C 5401

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Battle of Chile

Chile: Promise of Freedom [Sound Recording]
A documentary and audio reflection on the September 11, 1973 military coup against the democratically-elected government of Salvador Allende. It features the voices of historical participants who chronicle events surrounding the rise of the Allende-led Popular Unity Government, its violent overthrow by US-backed Chilean military forces and the coup's aftermath. Archival recordings include the attack on the presidential palace, Allende's speech before the UN, as well as remarks by Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger. 61 min. Sound/D 172

La Cueca Sola
"On September 11, 1973, a military coup in Chile brought Augusto Pinochet to power, and over the next 17 years, thousands of men were taken from their homes never to return. Since that time, Chilean women have danced the country's traditional courtship dance alone, and 'La Cueca Sola' has become a symbol of women's struggle against the dictatorship. After 30 years in exile, filmmaker Marilu Mallet returns to Santiago to meet with five Chilean women who suffered under the dictatorship and have emerged as heroes under democracy. Isabel Allende, Monique Hermosilla, Estela Ortiz, Carolina Toha and Moyenei Valdes all lost a father, a husband, or a friend, but have surmounted their grief to bravely speak out, each in their own way- from political action to vocal performance." c2003. 52 min. Video/C MM187

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Distantes [película]: Isla Chaullín
On the island Chaullín in Chile, there are no tourists. There is no potable water and no electricity either. This remote and rainy island has twenty families, mostly supported by fishing, and this intimate documentary follows the lives of these people. A film by Felipe Correa, Mauricio García, Sebastián Melo. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 56 min. DVD X3734

La Esperanza Incierta (Uncertain Hope) (South Series).
Looks at the current socio-political climates in four South American countries; Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 3039

Description from First/Run Icarus catalog

The Evolution of Chile: Prosperity for Some
In 25 years, Chile has gone from a Marxist state to a dictatorship to a democracy. The transition has strengthened Chile's economy, but not all Chilean citizens have shared in the prosperity. As divisions between rich and poor widen, critics question whether democratic capitalism is the right solution. Using Chile as a case study, this program examines how Chile and other Third World nations are riding the tidal wave of post-Cold War economic reforms. c1998. 29 min. Video/C 8679

Fernando Is Back (Fernando ha vuelto)
Documents the workings of Chile's Identification Unit, which is comprised of doctors and specialists in anthropology and forensics. The unit attempts to identify the bodies of all the disappeared persons in Chile. Focuses on the identification of Fernando Olivares, the details of his death, and his family's reaction to the identification of his remains. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). 1998. 31 min. Video/C MM1245

I Wonder What You Will Remember of September
Cecilia Cornejo reconstructs the 1973 Chilean coup from her own fading childhood memories and her parents' vivid recollections, juxataposing this with questions to her young daughter about the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorists attacks. The resulting montage thoughtfully explores how personal and collective histories intersect, as well as how trauma is lived, supposedly erased, and passed on from one generation to the next. Written, edited and directed by Cecilia Cornejo. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2004. 27 min. Video/C MM1283

Description from Women Make Movies

Journal Inacheve (Unfinished Diary)
Film focuses on personal experiences of an immigrant family from Chile and the problems and adjustments to an alien culture experienced by those who seek political asylum in the United States. 55 min. Video/C 2833

The Judge and the General
In 1998, judge Juan Guzman, a longtime Pinochet supporter, was assigned to prosecute the ex-Chilean dictator for human rights crimes. This engrossing documentary follows the twists and turns of this landmark case, one that influenced the application of human rights law around the world. Produced and directed by Elizabeth Farnsworth and Patricio Lanfranco 2008. 90 min. DVD X355

Description from Cinema Guild catalog

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 5. Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana.
Contents: Belize -- Brazil -- Chile -- Colombia -- Guatemala -- Guyana. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. 1982. 54 min. Video/C 4501

The Last Stand of Salvador Allende (September 11th, 1973.)
A remarkable document of the final hours of Salvador Allende, the first Marxist democratically elected leader of Chile. It reconstructs the day the country fell under the military government of General Pinochet and includes accounts by Allende's bodyguard, his secretary and his wife and daughter. Archival footage shows the destruction of the Moneda Palace and Allende's final address to his countrymen, exhorting them to dedicate themselves to freedom. Director, Patricio Henriquez. c1998. 58 min. Video/C 7947

Microchip Al Chip (South Series).
Examines the destruction of Chilean forests in order to sustain its paper exports to other nations, notably Japan. Disturbing statements from a Chilean forest manager and a Japanese economic minister build into an invective against the loss of an irreplaceable natural resource. 1991. 18 min. Video/C 3037

Description from Icarus Films catalog

My House is on Fire.
A film by Rodrigo Dorfman and Ariel Dorfman. Ariel Dorfman's acclaimed play, written in exile in Amsterdam twenty years ago, originally depicted the fear and confusion of two children growing up under the Chilean dictatorship. In this cinematic adaptation, the author and his son have relocated the setting to the American South. Pablo, age 9, and his six-year-old sister, Maria-Victoria, are children of illegal immigrants playing "waiting for the enemy." Seen through the eyes of the young children, this film creates the atmosphere of fear, anxiety, and unknowing that permeate the experience of being "illegal." 1997. 18 min. Video/C 5732

Description from Icarus Films catalog

[Neruda, Pablo]For works about Neruda, SEE Literary and Theater History and Criticism

Nostalgia for the Light
Ten thousand feet above sea level in the driest place on earth, the Atacama Desert, astronomers from all over the world gather to observe the stars. The sky is so translucent, it allows them to see right to the boundaries of the universe. The Atacama is also the place where the harsh heat of the sun keeps human remains intact: those of Pre-Columbian mummies; 19th century explorers and miners; and the remains of political prisoners, "disappeared" by the Chilean army after the military coup of September, 1973. So while astronomers examine the most distant and oldest galaxies, at the foot of the mountains, women, surviving relatives of the disappeared whose bodies were dumped here, search, even after twenty-five years, for the remains of their loved ones. Directed by Patricio Guzmán. Bonus films: Chile, una galzia de problemas = Chile, a galaxy of problems (32 min.) -- Oscar Saa, el técnico de las estrellas = Oscar Saa, technician of the stars (10 min.) -- José Maza, el viajero del cielo = José Maza, sky traveler (13 min.) -- María Teresa y la enana marrón = María Teresa & the brown dwarf (12 min.) -- Astrónomos de mi barrio = Astronomers from my neighborhood (14 min.) 2010. 90 min. DVD X6694

The Pinochet Case
Explores how a small group of people in Madrid laid the groundwork for the incredible feat of catching a dictator 25 years after his rise to power. Crucial to the legal case against Pinochet were the testimonies of victims of the crimes of the his regime. Hundreds of Chileans, relatives of the "disappeared," ex-prisoners who suffered torture and interrogation in secret prisons, traveled to Madrid to testify. The film movingly incorporates their stories and also follows the workings of the British legal system that ensued. Directed by Patricio Guzman. 2001. 110 min. DVD X3437; Video/C 8870

escription from Icarus Films catalog

Ragiñ Epu Mapu: Voices of the Elders and the Youth
Documentary on the Mapuche people of Chile told through archival photographs and the testimonies and experiences of the elders and Mapuche youth. Also looks at the challenges faced by Mapuche who migrate to city environments in Chile. Directed and edited by Ariel López. 2008. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 47 min. DVD X7384

Returnióng to Chile (Retornando a Chile)
Investigates the problems of identity and adjustments of youngsters who have recently returned to Chile after many years in exile with their parents. The children discuss their memories of the 1973 coup and their reactions to the widespread poverty and political repression in Chile today. Dist. Cinema Guild. 1988. 31 min. Video/C 4378

Salvador Allende
From his childhood in Valparaiso to his suicide following the Pinochet military coup on September 11, 1973, looks at the life and works of chilean president Salvador Allende. Using rare archival footage, family photos, interviews with Allende's friends, professional colleagues, his daughters and other relatives as well as UP militants, workers, journalists, his personal secretary and Edward Korry (former U.S. Ambassador to Chile), portrays the life, times and political formation of the Valparaiso-born doctor. The film focuses on the tumultuous three years following Allende's election, and the declaration of his socialist program, "la via chilena," which nationalized large-scale industries and began an agrarian reform program. Also reveals little-known, more intimate aspects of the man, with moving personal reminiscences of his sense of humor, his remarkable energy, personal charisma and popular political appeal. A film by Patricio Guzman. 2004. 100 min. DVD 6554

Description from First Run Icarus catalog

Threads of Hope
This powerful documentary tells the story of a group of Chilean women who banded together in silent protest and dared to defy a dictatorship. They are the sisters, mothers and wives of Pinochet's 'disappeared' and, armed with scraps of cloth, sewing needles and the overwhelming desire to find their loved ones, they set to work telling their stories by creating arpilleras: colourful handmade tapestries that chronicled the horror and injustice of Chile's reign of terror. Dist.: Films Media Group. c1996. 50 min. Video/C 8677

Two 911's in a Lifetime (Dos 911 en una vida)
Explores ideas and feelings of ex-political prisoners from Chile during Pinochet's regime who now live in the San Francisco Bay Area. They analyze the tragedies of the September 11, 1973 military coup in Chile and September 11, 2001 in New York, as well as the US government's involvement in each. Directed by Ariel Lpez. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 12 min. 2003. DVD X4145

Tyrants Will Rise From My Tomb, Chile
Filmed in 1987, this documentary probes why, after 50 years of democratic government, Chile now has a military dictatorship. Includes historical footage of an interview with former President Allende and a contemporary interview with the country's dictator, President Pinochet. 1986. 30 min. Video/C 9934

Unfinished Diary (Journal Inacheve)
Chilean emigre Marilu Mallet struggles to make a film about her experience of profound isolation. Her English speaking husband, a prominent filmmaker, criticizes her subjective approach to filmmaking. Interviews with Isabel Allende and other Chilean exiles reveal a deep bond in this film about language and gender, exile and immigration. 1982. 55 min. Video/C 2833

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South America: Colombia

A Better Mañana.
Describes how Belisario Betancur, the president of Colombia, is making an effort to fight the classic problems of South America including illiteracy, inequality, and foreign exploitation, as the camera tours the scenic countryside presenting a portrait of Colombia and its people. Visits a cockfight, a coffee plantation, mafia-owned elephants, and jungle commandos. 1987. 60 min. Video/ MM717

Chircales; Mas Alla de la Tragedia del Silencio.
Chircales / Fundacion Cine Documental; directors, Marta Rodriguez, Jorge Silva (1972, 42 min.) -- Mas alla de la tragedia del silencio / Esso Colombiana; Intercol y La Fundacion Patrimonio Filmico Colombiano; guion, montje, Joege Nieto, Luis Ospinao (1987, 25 min.)

Chircales: Considers the lives and work of poor brickmakers living in remote areas of Colombia, examining their day-to-day existence through one peasant family. Mas alla de la tragedia del silencio: A documentary made in commemoration of 50 years of filmmaking in Colombia presenting the work of two film pioneers, Hermanos Acevedo and Carlos Schroeder who produced feature films, documentaries and newsreels. 199? 67 min. Video/C 9332

Coffee: The Gold of the Future.
Documentary about the history and importance of coffee trade in Colombia. English, Spanish with English subtitles. 1991. 55 min. Video/C 3497

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways Video Anthology of Music and Dance of the Americas. Volume 5. Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana.
Contents: Belize -- Brazil -- Chile -- Colombia -- Guatemala -- Guyana. Accompanying guide includes descriptions, lyrics, and bibliographical references. 1995. 54 min. Video/C 4501

Lines of Blood.
A powerful investigation of the drug war which is raging in Colombia. For almost a decade, the United States, backed by other Western countries, has tried to smash the wealthy drug cartels with little success. Coca growing has increased while murder and terrorism have become commonplace as drug cartels protect their territory. The film criticizes the rigidity of U.S. policy which pursues the trafficers, while ignoring the domestic social problems that create the demand. Extradition of drug traders to stand trial in the U.S. has led to a blood bath against judges, politicians, and law enforcement agents in Colombia, while the poor people in inner cities of both countries are victimized. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 5042

Description from Filmakers Library catalog

La Magia de lo Real.
Presents a literary biography of Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the Colombian novelist and Nobel prize winner, through conversations with the author, his friends, and his critics. Examines the course of Garcia Marquez's life, the source of his plots and characters, and the forces that have engendered his narrative style. Traces his so-called magical realism, a blending of the real and the fantastic, to the cultural diversity of the Caribbean. Explores the history of Colombia. 1982. 60 min. Video/C 949

Maria Cano
A biographical docudrama about Maria Cano, the Columbian poet and labor leader of the 1920s. The film portrays the work of union leaders Raul Eduardo Mahecha, Tomas Uribe Marquez and Ignacio Torres Giraldo, Cano's longtime friend and lover, showing her touring the country to help organize the workers in their struggle for reforms. [1990?] 102 min. Video/C 9331

Never again (Nunca mas)
This documentary presents the stories of Afrocolombian peasants displaced from their land in the armed conflict between the Colombian Army, guerillas, and the right-wing paramilitary in the communities of Uraba, Antioquia and Choco, Colombia. An important part of their story is the political mobilization with which they are petitioning the Colombian government to ensure that their ordeal is never repeated. 2001. 56 min. Video/C MM398

Plan Colombia: Cashing-in On the Drug War Failure (Guerra anti-drogas o pro-petroleo?)
A 20-year "war on drugs" in Colombia has been paid for by American taxpayers. Still, more and more drugs and narco-dollars are entering the U.S. every year. Is it a failure by Washington? Or is it a smokescreen to secure Colombia's oil and natural resources? 2003. 57 min. DVD 7800

Resistencia: Hip-hop in Colombia.
A radical and thought-provoking exploration of how young Colombians feel about the crisis afflicting their country. The film follows a summer in the lives of some of Colombia's finest rappers, DJs and breakdancers. The film is a good introduction for anyone interested in Colombia's long-running civil war, as seen through the eyes of those directly affected by it. It also gives an intimate insight into life in the barrios of a very volatile country, and how traditional latino music is losing out to rap music. Its style is youthful and entertaining, but also angry and enlightening. Directed and produced by Tom Feiling. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2002. 51 min. DVD 5376

Shotguns & Accordions: Music of the Marijuana Growing Regions of Colombia.
Explores vallenato music, a rocking blues which evolved out of the marijuana-growing regions of Columbia. It is a hot, jumpy dance music which mixes accordians, electric bass, percussion and open-throated singing. Vallenato absorbed the local traditions from the vibrantly rhythmic, African-rooted cumbia music to the traditional flute music of various Indian peoples to become the soundtrack for the wide-open lifestyle of gambling and carousing fueled by drug profits. 1983. 30 min. DVD 984; also VHS Video/C 3262

La Sierra
Thousands of people were killed in gang related violence in Colombia over the last ten years. This film profiles three young people living in La Sierra, a Medellín barrio which is controlled by paramilitaries known as the Bloque Metro. It chronicles their lives and their involvement in the conflict, and records the despair and poverty they experience, and the hope that the changes that are made will bring peace and a better life for them and their families. Directed and produced by Scott Dalton. 2005. 84 min. DVD X968

Uprooted
"Uprooted" seeks to bring attention to a mounting calamity left out of the world's spotlight. The internal refugee crisis in Colombia is one of the worst in the world. Over 3.5 million people have been violently displaced since 1990. The majority of these people are Black Colombians from the Pacific coast, an area prized for its national resources and development opportunities. The film explores the plight of Noris Mosquera, one of the more than 1 million Afrocolombians uprooted from their land. Her son dreams of leaving the refugee center for a burgeoning soccer academy in the capital city of Bogotá, and Noris will do all she can to make his dream a reality. A film by Juan Mejia Botero. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 44 min. DVD X4049

War Takes
For over four years, three Colombian filmmakers turned their cameras on themselves, using personal stories to expose the tough reality in their violent, war-ravaged country. According to these filmmakers, Colombia has been functioning for many years in the gray area between legalism and lawlessness. Directors, Adelaida Trujillo, Patricia Castaño Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2003. 77 min. Video/C MM1261
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South America: Costa Rica

A Man, When He is a Man: El Hombre, Cuando es el Hombre.
Set in Costa Rica, illuminates the social climate and cultural traditions which nurture "machismo" and allow the domination of women to flourish in Latin America. A film by Valeria Sarmiento. Spanish with English subtitles. 1982. 66 min. Video/C 2102

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Ticket to Development.
Examines several projects taking place in the ever-increasing exchange of technical expertise among developing countries. Projects shown are in Costa Rica, Kenya and India. 1990. 26 min. Video/C MM790

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South America: Ecuador

Between Midnight and the Rooster's Crow
Multinationals are working to extract billions of dollars of oil reserves from beneath Ecuador's rainforest. This film documents the environmental and social impact the EnCana Corporation is having on Ecuador as they build a heavy crude pipeline from the Amazon, across the Andes, to the Pacific coast. Also looks at the relationship between EnCana and the government of Eduador. Directed, produced and written by Nadja Drost. 2005. 66 min. DVD 5255

Description from Icarus Films catalog

El comité: la toma del Penal García Moreno
Film examines the complexity of day-to-day life at the Penal García Moreno in Quito, Ecuador, a prison that has become a powerful symbol of "modernity." The film focuses on a riot, which took place on a visitation day on Dec. 8, 2004 during which 370 people were held hostage. Directed by Mateo Herrera. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 93 min. DVD X5935

A Continent Crucified, Ecuador
In Ecuador, the Catholic Church has always been divided between those who sided with the poor and others who backed whatever regime was in power. Pizzey traces the dilemma through the Catholic Church's annual explosion of guilt in Ecuador's Holy Week. But in the Andes' missionaries, Pizzey sees a new threat to the Church which may overshadow its entire future. 1985. 29 min. Video/C 9898

Crude
Tells the epic story of one of the largest and most controversial legal cases on the planet: the infamous $27 billion 'Amazon Chernobyl' lawsuit pitting 30,000 rainforest dwellers in Ecuador against the U.S. oil giant Chevron. Directed and produced by Joe Berlinger ; producer and 2nd unit director, Michael Bonfiglio ; produced by J.R. DeLeon, Richard Stratton. Bonus features: Deleted scenes ; Song of the Cofán ; 2009 Sundance Film Festival world premiere ; Sundance Channel "My Premiere" ; Ecuador premiere ; Press junket with Joe Berlinger and Trudie Styler ; Photo gallery ; Supporting organizations ; Theatrical trailer. 2009. 104 min. DVD X2713

Cultivating Communities: The Hope of the Quechua
This film chronicles the daily life of the people of Illagua Chico, a Quechuan community living more than 10,000 feet above sea level in the mountains of Ecuador. The film examines the community's leaders as they grapple with issues of agricultural and business development, social justice, women's rights and spiritual formation. A film by Brian Fuller. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2008. 24 min. DVD X3737

Ecuador: Divided Over Oil(What in the World? People of the Developing Nations)
The Ecuadoran government granted Burlington Oil a contract to explore and exploit oil in the Achuar Indian territory without consulting with the Achuar. The Achuar are opposed to the oil company's presence in their land. President Lucio Gutierrez is threatening to control the area militarily if the Achuar do not cooperate. The Achuar are attempting to evict the oil company by suing them for environmental damage to their land, which has contaminated drinking water, killed crops and game, and caused health problems among the Achuar. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2004. 26 min. DVD 5448

Flames in the Forest.
Since the 1950's, the Amazon Indians of eastern Ecuador have bitterly resisted the invasion of international oil companies which, with the encouragement of the Ecuadorian government, seek to use the resource-rich region for intensive oil production. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 5500

Galeano.
Uruguayan author and political analyst, Eduardo Galeano, comments upon the history and social conditions of the indigenous peoples of Latin America, with particular emphasis on the people of Ecuador. In Spanish. 1990. 26 min. Video/C 4284

Loja: ciudad ecologica y saludable
In the last decade the city of Loja, Ecuador has transformed itself into an "ecologically healthy" city. A surprising 95% of the population meets the goals of the recycling program. Loja now reuses all organic waste and over 50% of inorganic waste. In Spanish without subtitles. 2003. 17 min. Video/C MM1204

Movimiento Indigena Ccuatoriano: Luchas Locales, Resistencias Globales.
Presents interviews with leaders of indigenous protest movements in Ecuador in 2004. In Spanish. 50 min. Video/C MM914

A Quiet Revolution: Christian Base Communities of Latin America.
Documents the efforts of Christian base communities, small groups of poor and marginalized people in Latin America, which work to allievate hunger, disease, unemployment, and other critical problems through the application of biblical principles. Profiles successful community efforts in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. 1987. 58 min. Video/C 4373

Runa, Guardians of the Forest (Sachata hulhuac runa)
Describes the Amazon rain forest area of Ecuador where the Runa people live, the deforestation of their country, and how it affects their lives. 28 min. c1989. Video/C MM904

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

Street Witness
Follows the life of Hilario who lives on the streets of Quito, Ecuador. Through his eyes, we see how street children confront stigmatization and discrimination with humor and strong will. Includes interviews with the former Vice President of Ecuador, the police and street rappers who reveal varied interpretations of the "street children crisis." A film by Soraya Umewaka. 2006. 46 min. DVD X6990

Trinkets & Beads
Documents the lives of the Huaorani, a small tribe of Ecuadorian Indians who, after 20 years of pressure from foreign oil companies, agreed to allow oil-drilling on their land. Focuses on the introduction of massive environmental pollution and cultural change, and the tribe's subsequent efforts to regain control of their lives and lands. Director, Christopher Walker 1996. 53 min. DVD X3435; Video/C 6565

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Under Rich Earth
"The Intag valley of Ecuador is a lush and fertile paradise inhabited by strong-willed and resourceful family farmers. Three generations of families have carved out a hard but good life in this remote frontier. While they don't earn much cash for their work, they own rich land, which is the greatest security for their children and for future generations. Under Rich Earth is a feature length documentary that follows family farmers in the Intag valley who resist what they consider to be the invasion of their land by foreign prospectors. Victor, Rosario, Robinson, Marcia and Carlos are among hundreds of people who join together to stop outsiders from transforming their beloved valley into what a Canadian mining company says will inevitably become a 'world class' copper mine. Facing the prospect of losing their precious land and forests, the farmers are ready to give up their lives. But is their conviction matched by the tenacity of those who want to undermine them?" [IMDB] Directed and written by Malcolm Rogge. 2008. 92 min. DVD X4588

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South America: French Guiana (Belize)

Le Bouillon d'Awara (Awara Soup).
Introduces the viewer to one of the world's most multi-cultural communities, a global village in the backcountry of French Guiana. Mana is a town where 1500 people speak 13 different languages and live together in remarkable harmony. They include descendants of the indigenous Galibi Indians, of Bush negroes who escaped slavery, of mixed race Creoles, of East Indian contract rice laboreres, as well as more recent immigrants such as Hmong farmers from Vietnam, and refugees from Surinam. Film points to an era of increasingly porous borders where more and more of us are immigrants, part of an increasingly diverse, ever-changing cultural stew. Director, Cesar Paes. 1995. 71 min. Video/C 4559

Description from California Newsreel catalog

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South America: Paraguay

Destination: Paraguay
In this video trip to Paraguay, viewers gain insights into rural and urban life in Paraguay and Peace Corps activities there. 1995. 20 min. Video/C 5865

Paraguay, The Forgotten Dictatorship.
Analyzes the current power struggle within General Stroessner's own party, which is Latin America's oldest dictatorship, documents human rights abuse, and examines the development of opposition forces within Paraguay. 1988. 28 min. Video/C 4377

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912
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South America: Peru

Against the Grain: An Artist's Survival Guide to Peru
For every artist, the need to create and be heard is as basic as food and shelter. But what happens when you live in a country where the state clamps down on free thinkers, forcing artists to censure themselves? Four Peruvian visual artists defy this tyranny through their work inciting others to speak out. Directed and produced by Ann Kaneko. Dist.: New Day Films. 2008. 65 min. DVD X3807

Before We Knew Nothing: With the Ashaninka of Eastern Peru
A portrait of the life and culture of the Ashaninka (also called the Campa), who inhabit the Amazon rainforest of eastern Peru, as well as a profound reflection on the experience of living and filming among people who continue to resist acculturation. Filmmaker, Diane Kitchen, spent seven months living with the Ashaninka. Her camera reveals the activities of men and women, the lush tropical environment, and the emotional climate of daily life. 1989. 62 min. Video/C 4358

Caminos de Liberacion.
A documentary which examines the religious practices and works of a socially committed sector of the Catholic Church in Peru. Interviews with priests complement footage of their work as they struggle to serve their congregations within a context of poverty, violence and injustice. In Spanish. 198-?. 20 min. Video/C 4223

Carnival in Q'eros
Shows the remarkable carnival celebrations of a remote community of Quechusa Indians high in the Peruvian Andes. The Q'eros play flutes and sing to their alpacas in a ritual to promote the animals' fertility. The film shows how the music evolves from individual, to family, to ayllu, to community, a structure of spiritual activity distinct from the structure of kinship. The Q'eros sing and play separately from each other, producing a heterophonic sound without rhythmic beat, harmony, or counterpoint -- a "chaotic" sound texture that exemplifies a key connection between the culture of the Andes and that of the Amazon jungle. Directed by Juan Nunez del Prado and John Cohen. Dist.: Berkeley Media. 1991. 32 min. DVD 7844

Choropampa: The Price of Gold (El precio del oro)
On June 2, 2000, 151 kilograms of liquid mercury spilled from a truck hauling the mercury away from the Yanacocha goldmine in the Peruvian Andes. The spill covered a 25-mile long area, contaminating the small mountain villages Choropampa, San Juan, and Magdalena. The owners of the mine, a Peruvian company, the World Bank, and the Newmont Mining Corp. of Colorado, claim that the problem was quickly resolved, but hundreds of people still suffer the ill effects. This film details the legal battles of the people of Choropampa to get proper medical care and compensation for the damage done to the town and its economy and "exposes the global gold trade's nasty underbelly." c2002. 78 min. DVD 5227

Description from Icarus Films catalog

City in the Sand.
Tells of the establishment and development of Ville El Salvador, Peru. Focuses on the economic hardships, living conditions, and health problems, as well as on the progress being made. 1987. 30 min. Video/C 1671

Dancing with the Incas
Explores the lives of three Huayno musicians in a contemporary Peru torn between the military and the Shining Path guerrillas. The film examines the roots of Huayno music as well as its contemporary forms. Rather than focusing on a single community or ethnic group, the film investigates a broad cultural region and illustrates what happens to it as it confronts the commercial traditions and demands of the West. Camera, directed and produced by John Cohen. Dist.: Berkeley Media. 1991. 58 min. DVD 7845

Eduardo the Healer
Presents the life and philosophy of Eduardo Calderon, a Peruvian folk healer. Includes his methods of diagnosis and a curing ceremony. Director, Richard Cowan. 1978. 54 min. Video/C 7666

Encuentro de Hombrecitos.
Depicts the life of children in Lima, Peru who work in the streets as hawkers, grocery carriers or loaders. Some help their parents; others live in the streets. Few of them attend school. In Spanish. 198-?. 30 min. Video/C 4224

The Fall of Fujimori
Explores the volatile events that defined Alberto Fujimori's decade-long reign of Peru: his meteoric rise from the son of poor Japanese immigrants to the presidency; his fateful relationship with the shadowy and Machiavellian Vladimiro Montesinos; his self-coup that dissolved overnight both Congress and the Judiciary; and the bloody and dramatic Japanese Embassy hostage crisis. Produced and directed by Ellen Perry. 2006. 84 min. DVD X2973

Gregorio.
The film describes the experience of a Peruvian Indian family that moves to Lima in search of work. Following the death of the father, Gregorio is expected to help support the family. As time passes, he becomes caught up instead in the street life of Lima. The use of Lima street children rather than actors gives the film the quality of a documentary. Primarily in Spanish with English sub-titles. 198-?. 58 min. Video/C 4222

Heaven, Hell and El Dorado, Peru
From the heights of the Ecuadorian Andes to the end of the Amazon Basin the conquistadors came in search of the fabled gold-filled jungles of El Dorado. After the gold seekers left, the missionaries arrived and made a far greater impact on the Amazon Region. Produced and directed by Clive Fleury. 1985. 29 min. Video/C 9993

In the Shadow of the Incas
The history of ancient Andean Indian cultures in Peru and northern Bolivia is revealed by examining the archaeological evidence which remains at various sites. Sites visited include Macchu Picchu (Peru), Tiahuanaco (Bolivia), and Cerro Sechin (Peru). Dist.: Films Media Group. 1989. 43 min. Video/C 8682

Inca Cola
Documents how the Inca are the "invisible" city dwellers of modern Peru. Their ancestors created a self-sufficient agricultural society, but those skills have been lost in the migration to cities and hopeless poverty. Looks at their life in Lima and how some regard this as the center for a modern Inca revival. 1987. 30 min. DVD 6873 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 9947

The Incas.
Chronicles the Inca civilization and how it was built up into one of the best run civilizations ever. Also explores how current archaeologists are attempting to better understand the inner workings of the impressive civilization. 1988. 60 min. Video/C 275

The JVC/Smithsonian Folkways video anthology of music and dance of the Americas. Volume 6. Central and South America: Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela
Mexico -- Nicaragua -- Peru: Amazonian culture; Andean culture; Coastal Black and urban culture -- Venezuela. 1995. 55 min. Video/C 4502

Keep the River on Your Right: A Modern Cannibal Tale
In 1955, Tobias Schneebaum disappeared into the depths of the Peruvian Amazon. He had no guide, no map and the vague instruction to keep the river on his right. A year later he emerged from the jungle ... naked, covered in body paint, and a modern-day cannibal. Now, 45 years after his original visit, he is reunited with the very tribesmen he both loved and who gave him nightmares for nearly half a century. Also includes footage of Schneebaum giving lectures about art and tribal homosexuality among the Asmat, a tribe in Indonesian New Guinea. 2000. 94 min. DVD X3973; Video/C 9199

Description from Documentary Educational Resources catalog

Killka: Nuestra Vestimenta Hoy
Presents a fashion show of Andian clothing styles in an Indo-Pacific context held at the Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia in Peru. 1992. See also Video/C 9397 67 min. Video/C 9398

Lucanamarca
Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), a Maoist group established in the 1970s by philosophy professor Abimael GuzmáSong of the Cofn, had by 1980 launched in the Peruvian countryside a revolutionary insurrection, to which its militants attempted to recruit Quechuan peasants. When the movement's dictatorial style was rejected by most of the peasants, the guerrilla movement began a campaign of violence against the local populace throughout the Andean Region, including the April 1983 massacre of 69 people in the village of Santiago de Lucanamarca. Some 20 years later, this documentary shows the arrival of Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission to exhume the bodies of the victims in order to establish their identities and causes of death, an effort that reawakens old enmities among the still-divided villagers. Directed by Carlos Cárdenas and Héctor Gálvez. c2008. 69 min. DVD X2310

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Manu Reserva Nacional
An extensive exploration of the biosphere reserve of the Manu, an ecological paradise situated in the heart of the Peruvian Amazon Jungle and home to species of flora and fauna found nowhere else on Earth. Wildlife biologists and others travel the region emphasizing efforts to preserve the flaura and fauna of the environment. In Spanish. 1993. 107 min. Video/C 722

El Mar y los Dioses
An extensive journey to the coastal areas of Peru, on the shores and under the water to view the exotic beauty of Peru's coastal shores, colonies of marine mammals, birds and the undersea life. The filmmakers also explore the legends of early Peruvians concerning the sea and visit archaelogical sites along the Pacific Ocean beaches of Peru. In Spanish. 1997. 165 min. Video/C 7229

Miss Universe in Peru (Miss Universo en el Peru)
In 1982 the Miss Universe Pageant was held in Lima, Peru. This program contrasts the public spectacle of the Miss Universe Pageant, its sponsors' commercial promotions, and its presentation on Peruvian television with the economic and political realities of contemporary Peruvian women. A film by Grupo Chaski. 199-?. 40 min. Video/C MM1209; copy 2 Video/C 4221 (Spanish without English subtitles)

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Mountain Music of Peru
A portrait of the folk music, culture and lifestyle of the people of Qeros, high in the Peruvian mountains. The musical thread that runs through the Andes extends back past the ancient culture of the Incas, and it is strong enough to have successfully resisted both the Spanish conquest and the forces of modern Western culture. This musical journey travels from small towns and remote mountain villages to the capital city of Lima, showing how Peru's popular music connects even the most isolated people. Written, narrated, produced and directed by John Cohen. Dist.: Berkeley Media. 1984. 59 min. DVD 7843

The Music of the Devil, The Music of the Bear, The Music of the Condor
Film visits the heart of the Andes to capture the atmosphere of the annual music festivals, showing ceremonies of the Aymara Indians who dress as devils, bears and sacred spirits that come to life at carnival time. The mythology of the powerful Inca gods is explained, as well as their influence in the daily lives of the Aymara. 1989. 54 min. Video/C 4366

NÑakaj: Fabula Andeium
Interviews and dramatizations tell the Peruvian story of the ~Nakaj, night prowlers who intoxicate their victims with sparkling dust so that their "essential" fat can be stolen. In Quechua with English subtitles and credits. c1993. 20 min. Video/C MM682

Nuestra Vestimenta Hoy
A short promotional film of a program presenting current Andian clothing styles, produced to promote the event held at the Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia in Peru. Accompanying text in English and Spanish: Nuestra vestimenta hoy (out clothing today) / compiled by Karen Lizarraga. Includes bibliographies. 5 min. Video/C 9397

Pavements of Gold
Urban poverty is one of the largest problems facing the world in the 21st century. Looking at Lima, Peru, this program examines the enduring magnetism of big cities and asks whether the migrants who have moved here now feel that city life is the answer to their dreams. 2001. 30 min. Video/C 8934

Bullfrog Films catalog description

El Olvido (Oblivion)
Focuses on Peru's capital city of Lima, revealing its startling contrasts of wealth and poverty, and how many of its poorest citizens have survived decades of economic crisis, terrorism and government violence, denial of workers' rights, and political corruption. The moving interviews and reminiscences of these resilient and resourceful Peruvians are interwoven with scenes of contemporary political protests and archival footage of the rogues' gallery of the nation's presidents-- Fernando Belaúnde (1980-1985), Alan Garcia (1985-1990), Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000) --whose mismanaged or corrupt regimes have turned the majority of Peru's citizens into perennial victims of economic impoverishment and political abuse. Directed by Heddy Honigmann. 2008. 93 min. DVD X2311

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Peru: Between the Hammer & the Anvil: A Documentary
Relates the history of the Peruvian guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso, the Peruvian government's struggle against it, and the government's own violence against the population, and how that conflict effects the economic and social conditions of Peru today. A documentary by Audrey Brohy & Gerard Ungerman. 1996. 51 min. Video/C 4516

Quechua (Disappearing World.)
The Quechua Indians live in the Andes Mountains, in an isolated part of Peru. Unlike many tribes in remote areas, they desperately want a road to link them with the outside world and its benefits, especially the tourist trade. 1990. 51 min. DVD 7813 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3439

A Quiet Revolution: Christian Base Communities of Latin America.
Documents the efforts of Christian base communities, small groups of poor and marginalized people in Latin America, which work to allievate hunger, disease, unemployment, and other critical problems through the application of biblical principles. Profiles successful community efforts in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. 1987. 58 min. Video/C 4373

Sweat of the Sun.
Visits various sites of ancient Inca and Aztec splendor and examines gold artifacts that escaped the pillaging of the Spanish conquerors. Discusses the significance of these objects and describes how they were used by Aztec and Inca priests in practical and ritual fashion. 1976. 52 min. Video/C 178

Rio Blanco: The Story of the Farmer and the Mine
Filmmaker Michael Watts, joined by David McNulty and local journalist Nelson Penaherrera Castillo traveled to the mountains of northern Peru to document the local opposition to the Rio Blanco mine. This human rights documentary looks at the way local peoples in the developing world are often ignored and their rights trampled when lucrative minerals are found on their lands. 2008. 27 min. DVD X7033

Roots, Thorns: and Other Movements
This documentary, filmed among the Ashaninka people of Eastern Peru, explores the people's everyday life while contemplating their uncertainties and fears connected with both day-to-day living, and with Peru's current political turmoil. The focus of the film is the intimate relationship the people have with plants, animals, the land, the weather, and the jungle that surrounds them. c1993. 23 min. Video/C MM605

Soy andina (I am Andean)
Two New Yorkers journey to Peru to reconnect with roots and dance. Folk dancer Nelida Silva returns to her Andean birthplace to host the patron saint festival. Modern dancer Cynthia Paniagua embarks on her own journey after meeting Neli - determined to "quench a burning desire to know the real Peru, and unearth the mystery of the dances." Soy Andina is a story about crossing cultures and affirming identity in a globalized world. Produced and directed by Mitchell Teplitsky. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 70 min. DVD X4148

State of Fear: The Truth About Terrorism
The Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission's official report chronicles the atrocities of both sides during the twenty year war between Abimael Guzman's revolutionary "Shining path" Indian guerrilla movement and the establishment governments. The Commission presents an alternate lens through which citizens of Peru can evaluate the inequalities their Indian people sought to address and the inevitable ravages modern terrorism brings to everyone. A film by Paco de Onis, Peter Kinoy, Pamela Yates. Dist.: New Day Films. 2005. 94 min. DVD 6440

Tecnicas Noestructurales Vuelven al Peru
Resist techniques and the use of natural dyes in the production of textiles, a major component of the Andean textile tradition, disappeared upon the arrival of the Spanish and the imposition of European concepts of aesthetics. This documentary examines the return of nonstructural resist techniques in textile production in Peru in recent years. Presented at the Colour Congress, May 19-21, 2002 in Ames, Iowa. 13 min. Video/C 9244

Titicaca: Puma de Piedra
Situated in the Southern Andes, Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and the site of some of the oldest civilizations in South America. This documentary travels under the waters of Lake Titicaca and through the lake basin, visiting the prehistory, natural environment and peoples of the region. In Spanish. 1996. 154 min. Video/C 7232

Transnational Fiesta, 1992
The film documents the multicultural and transnational experiences of Quispes, a family of Peruvian Andean immigrants living in Washington D.C., who return to their hometown, Cabanaconde, to sponsor the annual patron saint fiesta. The North American members of this extended family, as well as other migrants from the community living in Washington, also participate in the Virgin of Carmen celebration, where the complexities of cultural production, religious syncretism, inter-ethnic marriages, migration, and racism all converge. The story follows the migrants back to their "new world" (Washington D.C.) where they constantly "discover" and reinvent their plural identities in their daily lives as nannies, janitors, college students, and other occupations, and in the special events sponsored by the 300 plus members of the Cabanaconde City Association. c1992. 60 min. Video/C 8324

Description from Berkeley Media LLC catalog

Textiles in the Southern Andes
famous throughout the world for their beauty and their technical expertise. Beginning with a brief review of a variety of pre-Columbian textiles, the program then documents numerous aspects of contemporary weaving traditions throughout the Peruvian Andes. c1993. 20 min. Video/C MM681

Tumbes Bosques y Manglares
In an area that appears to be desert are hidden forests of extraordinary beauty which shelter many unique species of plants, birds and mammals. This is an indepth exploration of the Tumbes Region, its plants and wildlife living in the dry forests, tropical forests and mangrove swamps bordering the Pacific Ocean in Northern Peru. 1997. 181 min. Video/C 7228

El Valle del Fuego
A documentary exploring the peoples and wildlife of the Canon del Colca, situated among volcanoes and snow capped mountains in the Arequipa Province of Peru. The film examines the unique costumes and traditions of the Colla Indians as well as the plants, birds and animals in one of the oldest inhabited areas of the highlands of Peru. In Spanish. 1994. 120 min. Video/C 7231

Women of El Planeta= Mujeres del Planeta. (As Women See It)
Women of the squatter settlement of El Planeta in Lima, Peru discuss their lives and problems. Depicts their efforts to make better lives for themselves and their families despite the hostility and indifference of the government and the upper class. 1982. 30 min. Video/C 4171

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Uruguay

Candombe: Afro-kultur e Uruguay.
Fernando Nunez, a black man, a musician, and a maker of drums, sees himself as the heir to "Candombe," an important social and cultural legacy from his slave forefathers in Uruguay. However, the official history and culture of Uruguay continues to marginalize expressions of black culture. Fernando Nunez and his friends from Barrio Sur, a back street quarter of Montevideo, fight to keep these important cultural roots alive in the consciousness of the Uruguayan people. 1994. 17 min. Video/C 5780

Eduardo Galeano. Vol. I(Lannan Literary Videos; 47)
Born in Montevideo, Uruguay author Eduardo Galeano is also a journalist, essayist, historical and political activist. Here he reads from his works Walking Words, the Book of Embraces, and his best known work Memory of fire followed by an interview with Michael Silverblatt.The reading took place on May 23, 1995 in Los Angeles. Lannan Foundation. 90 min. Video/C 9055

A Story of Two River Banks
Examines the dispute between Argentina and Uruguay concerning the construction of pulp mills on the Uruguay River. As a diplomatic, economic, and public relations conflict between both parties, the dispute has affected tourism and transportation as well as the otherwise amicable relations between the two countries. This documentary features footage of the massive protest that blocked the international Libertador General San Martín Bridge (between Gualeguaychú and Fray Bentos) on 30 April 2005. The do Directed by Cristian Jure. 2006. 58 min. DVD X7002

Eduardo Galeano: Readings and Conversations (Lannan Literary Videos; 75)
Uruguayan author and political activist Eduardo Galeano has written passionately about the effects of imperialist exploitation and the violence in Latin American society. Here Mr. Galeano reads from his trilogy, Memory of fire, followed by an interview with author Lawrence Weschler. Recorded on April 22, 1999. Dist.: Lannan Foundation. 84 min. Video/C 9056

La Esperanza Incierta (Uncertain Hope) (South Series).
Looks at the current socio-political climates in four South American countries; Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile. 1991. 52 min. Video/C 3039

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Galeano.
Uruguayan author and political analyst, Eduardo Galeano, comments upon the history and social conditions of the indigenous peoples of Latin America, with particular emphasis on the people of Ecuador. In Spanish. 1990. 26 min. Video/C 4284

La Reina del Barrio (The Queen of the Barrio).
During the 40 days of Carnival in Montevideo, Uruguay, groups called "murgas," of 18 t0 20 men perform in open-air stages throughout the barros of the city. Before the end of the Carnival, murgas from different barrios compete in a major theater. Their shows, which combine song, drama, and comedy, satirize the main events of the year and are critical of Uruguayan politics and culture. c2001. 32 min. Video/C MM695
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South America: Venezuela

500 Anos Descrubriendo a Venezuela.
Contents: Venezuela: 500 anos en el mapa (15 min.) -- Venezuela, Vale la pena probarla! (9 min.). The first film consists of a compilation of scenes from various motion pictures filmed in Venezuela. The second film follows filmmakers as they traverse rural and city areas of Venezuala to create a travelogue. 1998. Video/C 5837

Caracas, the informal city Caracas, The Informal City
Over the last decade, Caracas, the most violent megacity on the South-American continent, has drawn in millions of migrants. Now more than four out of its six million inhabitants live in self built constructions in the barrios where only the laws of the strong rule. This is the first documentary to tell the inside story of these new informal urban developments. Through Caracas, as a prototype, the film explores the exploding urbanization witnessed on the African, Asian and South-American continents -- and the great debate over globalization, architecture and the future of society. A film by Rob Schroder, with Alfredo Brillembourg and Hubert Klumpner. 49 min. Bonus features (55 min.): "Bonus footage on Caracus and the architects Alfredo Brillembourg and Hubert Klumpner." 2007. DVD 8932

Chavez, Venezuela and the New Latin America
Interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, head of the Venezuelan Armed Forces Jorge Garcia Carneiro, and other Venezuelans involved in the country's social programs. Chavez discusses the "Bolivarian revolution," the policies of his administration, the role of oil in the Venezuelan economy and relations with the United States. Garcia Carneiro discusses the failed coup against Chavez in 2002. Directed by Alex Keeble. c2004. 55 min. DVD 6881

FALN
A critical examination of the reasons for the guerrilla struggle of the Armed Forces of National Liberation in Venezuela, beginning with the 1958 overthrow of dictator Perez Jimenez, and the flawed attempts at social reform by Romula Betancourt's government, to the 1962 emergence of the national liberation movement, the FALN which, failing to gain the support of the nation's poor, largely dissipated by the end of the decade. Incorporating archival footage and original scenes, the film also draws parallels with American foreign policy in other countries, particularly Vietnam. A film by Peter Gessner and Robert Kramer. 1965. 30 min. DVD 4591

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Hugo Chavez
Details the rise of the Chavez government in Venezuela and the challenges it has faced in reforming the South American nation's economy and political culture. Incorporating incisive commentary from Venezuelan journalists, academics, and opposition leaders as well as in-depth interviews with Chavez himself; this case study in developing-world politics provides a penetrating look at a confrontational and transformative head of state. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2006. 54 min. DVD 8530

Journey with the Revolution
A journey into the heart of the Venezuelan revolution. Meet the midwives, nurses, doctors, housewives, teachers, and gay and disability activists who are transforming Venezuela. Visit health clinics, soup kitchens, land committees, education and micro-credit programmes. Directed by Finn Arden and Nina López. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2006. 61 min. DVD X3695

Juan Felix Sanchez
Juan Felix Sanchez is a Venezuelan folk artist who is a legend in his own time. This sensitive, poetic portrait explores the life and works of the artist who has lived for decades in a lush valley 12,000 feet up in the Andes. Captures his passion, purity and optimism, and shows some of his work in weaving, sculpture, and architecture. c198?. 30 min. Video/C MM566

Jump Over the Atlantic (Salto al Atlantico)
This film traces the similarities and cultural continuities between a small Afro-Venezuelan settlement in Barlovento (Estado Miranda, Venezuela) and the Belgian Congo in Africa, where people were captured as slaves in the nineteenth century. Showcases the everyday and traditional cultural practices that the two groups share: music, dance, and musical instruments, many words, food, dress, crafts, healing herbs and even hairstyles. A film by Maria Eugenia Esparragoza. 1990. 28 min. Video/C MM396

Listen to Venezuela
In the early 21st century takes the viewer into a contemporary revolution and extraordinary experiment in radical democracy and social justice in Venezuela, where ordinary people have rejected the neo-liberal capitalism that has been imposed the world over. In the west, democracy has been drained of any substantive connection with popular power and accountability. In Venezuela, the once marginalised majority have become political actors in a story they have reclaimed from the Venezuelan oligarchy, western business interests and political domination from Washington. A film by Mike Wayne and Deirdre O'Neill. 2009. 126 min. DVD X3027

Mosori Monika
A documentary about two contrasting cultures. Spanish Franciscan Missionaries went to Venezuela in 1945 to civilize the Warrau Indians, who live on the Orinoco River Delta in relative isolation. On the surface the relationship between the Indians and the missionaries is simple, however the life- style of the Warrau Indians has been permanently altered. Photography, editing, direction, Chick Strand ; produced by Colin Young. 1970. 20 min. Video/C MM1210

Parque Central (South Series).
A lilting, meandering visual homage to Venezuela's capitol city, Caracas. 1991. 11 min. Video/C 3052

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Posada Carriles: Terrorism Made in USA
A Cuban airliner with 73 passengers on board left Venezuela on October 6, 1976. Two explosions took it down over the ocean, near the Barbados coast. There were no survivors. As a result of this attack, the existence of a terrorist network was exposed to the public. A network that was financed and controlled by the CIA, and which had been operating clandestinely since the 1960's. It had an important center of operations in Venezuela, where Posada Carriles was a key figure. This documentary tells the story of terrorist Posada Carriles, since he started working for the CIA in the 1960's, until he was welcomed in Miami by the Bush government in 2007. Written and directed by Angel Palacios. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 90 min. DVD X3678

Premio Nobel de la Paz--?
Documents the events of November 2003 when 3.5 million Venezuelans signed a petition for a Recall Referendum of Venezuelan President Hugo Ch@aacute;vez. In Feb. 2004, the National Electoral Council questioned the validity of 1.3 million of those signatures, resulting in civilian protests. The protests spread throughout the country, and so did the government's response, resulting in at least 15 deaths, over 200 persons wounded, over 500 prisoners, and dozens of people tortured. After three months of further obstacles, the signatures that had initially failed to be recognized were ratified. This film documents these events. Produced and directed by Malena Roncayolo Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2005. 68 min. DVD X3680

The Revolution Will Not be Televised (Revolucion no sera televisada)
Intimate profile of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, charting the last seven months in the run up to the April 2002 coup attempt against him, and his dramatic return to power some 48 hours later. Filmed and directed by Kim Bartley, Donnacha O'Briain. 2002? 74 min. DVD 4555

Chomsky, Aviva. "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised." Labor: Studies in Working Class History of the Americas; Spring2005, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p149, 3p UC users only
Fletcher, Yaël Simpson; Persaud, Nalini "Scenes from the Revolution: A Dialogue on Film, Politics, and History." Radical History Review; Winter2005, Issue 91, p171-181, 11p UC users only
Gunson, Phil. "Director's Cut." Columbia Journalism Review; May/Jun2004, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p59-61, 3p UC users only
Hawkins, Eliza Tanner. "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised." Political Communication, Jan-Mar2005, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p138-140, 3p UC users only
Schiller, Naomi. "Framing the Revolution: Circulation and Meaning of The Revolution Will Not Be Televised." Mass Communication & Society, Oct-Dec2009, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p478-502, 25p UC users only

Socialism of the XXI Century
Through interviews with government officials, academics, and everyday Venezuelans, this documentary presents various viewpoints on the impact of president Hugo Chavez's imposition of socialism in Venezuela. Commentary interspersed with segments from speeches by Chavez. Produced, written and directed by Julian Rodriguez. 2008. 50 min. DVD X7001

South of the Border
Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more. Contents: Part 1. Media influence & perceptions on U.S. foreign policy? -- Part 2. Venezuela & Hugo Chavez -- Part 3. Bolivia & Evo Morales -- Part 4. Argentina & The Kirchners -- Part 5. Paraguay & Fernando Lugo -- Part 6. Brazil & Lula da Silva -- Part 7. Ecuador & Rafael Correa; Cuba & The Castros -- Part 8. U.S. Latin relations in The Age of Obama. Directed by Oliver Stone. 2009. 78 min. DVD X4912

Venezuela Petroleum Company
On a global scale Venezuela is a byword for petrol, but few know where the asphalt upon which we travel every day comes from. This is the story of the petrol community, of their dispossession, and the struggle for petrol by the Venezuelan people. Direction, Marc Villá ; production, Alejandro Medina. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2007. 79 min. DVD X3722

Victimas de la democracia (Victims of Democracy)
This documentary reflects on the history of the sixties, during the governments of Rómulo Betancourt, Raúl Leoni and Rafael Caldera. Amid concentration camps, disappearances, and all of the tactics of a dirty war, there was a resistance by the people of Venezuela. This documentary focuses on the state of Falcon. Directed by Stella Jacobs. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2007. 42 min. DVD X3740

With the Poor of the EarthD
This documentary graphically shows the contradiction between the 80 percent of Venezuelans who live in poverty and the vast potential wealth of that country. The ongoing revolutionary process is examined from its beginnings in the 1980s to first anniversary of the April 2002 coup against the democratically elected government of Hugo Chavez Frias. The role of the U.S. government and the media is also highlighted. Through interviews, music, and footage from across the country, the profound social and economic changes taking place in Venezuela come to life, with emphasis on the participation of Venezuela's millions of poor in the revolutionary process. Directed by Luis Acevedo Fals. 2003. 57 min. DVD X6894

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