D.W. Griffith:
A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library












Books
Journal Articles
Videos

Articles on individual Films

Abraham Lincoln
America
The Avenging Conscience
Birth of a Nation
Broken Blossoms
Corner in Wheat
Drunkard's Reform
Enoch Arden
Female of the Species
The Girl and Her Trust
Hearts of the World
Intolerance
The Lonedale Operator
The Lonely Villa
The Mother and the Law
The Musketeers of Pig Alley
Orphans of the Storm
Ramona
The Squaw Man
True Heart Susie
Way Down East
The Wind

Books

Affron, Charles.
Lillian Gish : her legend, her life / Charles Affron. New York : Scribner, c2001.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN2287.G55 A68 2001
Contents via Google books

Agee, James.
"David Wark Griffith." In: Great film directors : a critical anthology / edited by Leo Braudy and Morris Dickstein New York : Oxford University Press, 1978
UCB Main Stack PN1998.A2.G74

Allen, Michael.
Family secrets : the feature films of D.W. Griffith / Michael Allen. London: British Film Institute, 1999.
Main Stack PN1998.3.G76 A45 1999

Altman, Rick.
"Dickens, Griffith, and Film Theory Today." In: Silent Film / edited, and with an introduction by Richard Abel. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1996. Rutgers Depth of Field Series. pp: 145-62.
Main PN1995.75.S55 1996
Also in: Classical Hollywood narrative : the paradigm wars / edited by Jane Gaines. Durham : Duke University Press, 1992.
Main Stack PN1995.C537 1992
MoffittPN1995.75.S55 1996 PAGES: 145-62.

Arvidson, Linda
When the Movies Were Young, by Mrs. D. W. Griffith (Linda Arvidson) New York, E. P. Dutton & Company [c1925].
UCB Main PN1994 .G75 1925

Aumont, J.
"Griffith: the frame, the figure." In: Early cinema: space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. p. 348-59. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Barry, Iris
D. W. Griffith, American Film Master. With an annotated list of films by Eileen Bowser. New York, Museum of Modern Art; distributed by Doubleday, Garden City, N.Y. [1965].
UCB Main PN1998.A3.G7 B3 1965
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7 B3 (1940 edition)

Bean, Jennifer M.
"D. W. Griffith, Families and the Origins of American Narrative Cinema." In: A family affair : cinema calls home / edited by Murray Pomerance. London ; New York : Wallflower, 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.F35 F36 2008

Bernardi, Daniel
"The voice of whiteness: D. W. Griffith's Biograph films (1908-1913)." In: The birth of whiteness : race and the emergence of U.S. cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. p. 103-28. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1996.
Main Stack PN1995.9.M56.B57 1996
Contents via Google books

Bitzer, G. W.
Billy Bitzer: His Story. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1973. pp: 102-129.
Main Stack TR849.B57.A3 1973

Brakhage, Stan.
The Brakhage Lectures: Georges Melies, David Wark Griffith, Carl Theodore Dreyer, Sergei Eisenstein. Chicago, The GoodLion [1972].
NRLF B 3 569 759

Brown, Karl.
Adventures with D. W. Griffith. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux [1973].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G72161

Brownlow, Kevin.
"D.W. Griffith." In: The Parade's Gone By. New York, Knopf, 1968. pp: 46-50.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.B7
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.B7 1968b

Carluccio, Giulia.
Verso il primo piano : attrazioni e racconto nel cinema americano, 1908-1909 : il caso Griffith-Biograph Bologna : CLUEB, [1999]
MAIN: PN1998.3.G76 C37 1999

Clarens, Carlos.
Crime Movies: From Griffith to The Godfather and Beyond New York, Farrar, Straus. 1st ed. New York: Norton, c1980.
UCB Main PN1995.9.G3 .C5 1980
UCB Moffitt PN1995.9.G3 .C5 1980

Cohen, Paula Marantz
"Griffith, Gish, and the Narrative of the Face." In: Silent film & the triumph of the American myth / Paula Marantz Cohen. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2001.
Full-text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.75 .M37 2001 AVAILABLE

Corrigan, Timothy.
"D.W. Griffith and the Birth of Classical Cinema from Literature." In: Film and Literature: An Introduction and Reader / Timothy Corrigan. pp: 19-25. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, c1999.
UCB Moffitt PN1995.3 .C68 1999

Croy, Homer
Star Maker; the Story of D. W. Griffith. Introd. by Mary Pickford. [1st ed.]. New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce [1959].
UCB Bancroft F867.M6G7.C7

Deleuze, Gilles
"Griffith and Eisenstein." In: The Movement-Image / translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. Minneapolis : University of Minnesota, c1986.
Full-text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1994 .D39313 1986b

"D.W. Griffith." In: Lifetimes : the Great War to the stock market crash : American history through biography and primary documents / edited by edited by Neil A. Hamilton. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, c2002.
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy033/2001054700.html
Main Stack E766.L48 2002

D.W. Griffith
Sous la direction de Patrick Brion. Paris: Equerre : Centre Georges Pompidou, c1982. Series title: Cinema/pluriel.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7331 1982

D.W. Griffith and the Biograph Company
By Cooper C. Graham ... [et al.]. Metuchen, N.J : Scarecrow Press, 1985. Series title: Filmmakers series ; no. 10.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G73351 1985

D.W. Griffith: Colloque International
Sous la direction de Jean Mottet. Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne: Editions L'Harmattan, c1984.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7337 1984
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 G7337 1984

D.W. Griffith father of film [videorecording]
An indepth look at the accomplishments of this outstanding U.S. filmmaker who transformed a carnival novelty into a new art form; presented here through silent film clips, newsreel clips and photographs, and interviews with his stars and colleagues. 154 min.
Media Resources Center DVD X623

"D.W. Griffith or genius American style." In: Great film directors : a critical anthology / edited by Leo Braudy and Morris Dickstein New York : Oxford University Press, 1978
UCB Main Stack PN1998.A2.G74

D.W. Griffith Papers, 1897-1954: A Guide to the Microfilm Edition
Produced by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, the University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, Microfilming Corporation of America, Sanford, North Carolina. Sanford, N.C : The Corporation, 1982.
UCB Main PN1998.A3A12 .D9 1982
UCB Ref/Bib PN1998.A3A12 .D9 1982

D.W. Griffith
Sous la direction de Patrick Brion. Paris: Equerre : Centre Georges Pompidou, c1982. Series title: Cinema/pluriel.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7331 1982

Elsaesser, Thomas and Barker, Adam
"The continuity system : Griffith and beyond." In: Early cinema : space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Everson, William K.
"Griffith in the Twenties." In: American silent film / William K. Everson. New York : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 E9
Moffitt PN1993.5.U6 E9 c.11

Fenin, George N. and William K. Everson.
"David W. Griffith and Thomas H. Ince, 1909-1913." In: The Western, From Silents to Cinerama, pp: Everson. New York, Orion Press [c1962].
UCB Bancroft F867.M6F39
UCB Moffitt PN1995.9.W4 .F4

"The films of David Wark Griffith."
In: Great film directors : a critical anthology / edited by Leo Braudy and Morris Dickstein New York : Oxford University Press, 1978
UCB Main Stack PN1998.A2.G74

Fleming, Alice Mulcahey
"D.W. Griffith." In: The moviemakers / Alice Fleming New York : St. Martin's Press, 1973
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.A2 .F538

Focus on D.W. Griffith.
Harry M. Geduld, editor. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, c1971. Series titles: A Spectrum book; Film focus. pp: 27-29, 39-42, 80-102, 116-118.
Main Stack PN1998.A3G7.G4

Friedberg, Anne
"'A properly adjusted window'; vision and sanity in D. W. Griffith's 1908-1909 biograph films." In: Early cinema : space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. p. 326-35. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Friedberg, Anne
"'A properly adjusted window' : vision and sanity in D.W. Griffith's 1908-1909 biograph films." In: Early cinema : space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Geduld, Harry M.
Focus on D. W. Griffith.
Edited by Harry M. Geduld. Englewood Cliffs,N.J., Prentice-Hall [1971]. Series title: Film focus. Series title: A Spectrum book.
UCB Main PN1998.A3G7 .G4

Gish, Lillian
Lillian Gish; The Movies, Mr. Griffith, and Me, by Lillian Gish with Ann Pinchot. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall [1969].
UCB Main PN2287.G55 A3
Pacific Film Archive PN2287.G55 A3 1969

Goodman, P.
"Griffith and the technical innovations." In: American movie critics : an anthology from the silents until now / edited by Phillip Lopate. New York : Library of America : Distributed to the trade by Penguin Putnam, c2006.
Main Stack PN1995.A448 2006
Moffitt PN1995.A448 2006
PFA PN1995.A72 2006

Greene, Doyle
"1909-1940. Reform and revolution: the Progressive Era and D.W. Griffith." In: The American worker on film : a critical history, 1909-1999 / Doyle Greene. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, c2010.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.L28 G74 2010

"Griffith and the technical innovations."
In: Great film directors : a critical anthology / edited by Leo Braudy and Morris Dickstein New York : Oxford University Press, 1978
UCB Main Stack PN1998.A2.G74

Griffith, D. W.
The Man Who Invented Hollywood; The Autobiography of D. W. Griffith. Edited and annotated by James Hart. Louisville, Ky., Touchstone Pub. Co. [1972].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 .A715 1972

Griffith, D. W. (David Wark)
The Man Who Invented Hollywood; The Autobiography of D. W. Griffith. Edited and annotated by James Hart. Louisville, Ky., Touchstone Pub. Co. [1972].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 .A715 1972

The Griffith project
Paolo Cherchi Usai, general editor; Eileen Bowser ... [et al.], contributors; Cynthia Rowell, assistant editor. London: British Film Institute, c1999.
"Le Giornate del Cinema Muto". "... a multi-year research project commissioned by the Pordenone Silent Film Festival ..."--V. 2, foreword. Includes bibliographical references and indexes. v.1. Films produced in 1907-1908 -- v.2. Films produced in January-June 1909 -- v.3. Films produced in July-December 1909
Main Stack PN1998.3.G76 G75 1999; v.1-3 (1999)

The Griffith project. Vol. 6, Films produced in 1912
General editing by Paolo Cherchai Usai. London : British Film Institute, 2002. 1 v. ; 24 cm.
Main Stack PN1998.3.G76 G76 2002

Gunning, Tom
D.W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film: The Early Years at Biograph / Tom Gunning. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, c1991.
UCB Main PN1998.3.G76 G8 1991
UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.G76 G8 1991

Gunning, Tom
"D.W. Griffith: historical figure, film director, and ideological shadow." In: Film and authorship / edited and with an introduction by Virginia Wright Wexman. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2003. Rutgers depth of field series.
Main Stack PN1995.9.A837.F55 2003

Gunning, Tom
"Weaving a narrative; style and economic background in Griffith's biograph films." In: Early cinema : space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. p. 336-47. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Hansen, Miriam
Babel and Babylon : spectatorship in American silent film / Miriam Hansen. 1st Harvard University Press pbk. ed. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1994, c1991.
MoffittPN1995.75.H36 1994
Main Stack PN1995.75.H36 1991 [earlier edition]

Henderson, Robert M.
D. W. Griffith: His Life and Work [by] Robert M. Henderson. New York, Oxford University Press, 1972.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7 H397
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 G748

Henderson, Robert M.
D. W. Griffith: The Years at Biograph [by] Robert M. Henderson. New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux [1970].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7 H4
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 .G75

Higashi, Sumiko
"The new woman and consumer culture: Cecil B. DeMille's sex comedies." In: The silent cinema reader / edited by Lee Grieveson and Peter Krämer. London ; New York : Routledge, 2004.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.75 .S547 2004

Iampolski, Michel
"Intertextuality and the evolution of cinematic language: Griffith and the poetic tradition." In: The memory of Tiresias: intertextuality and film / Mikhail Iampolski; translated by Harsha Ram. p. 83-121. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1998.
Main Stack PN1995.I1813 1998
Electronic location: http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4779n9q5 eScholarship. Restricted to UC campuses

Iampolski, Michel
"Repressing the source: D. W. Griffith and Browning." In: The memory of Tiresias: intertextuality and film / Mikhail Iampolski; translated by Harsha Ram. p. 51-82. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1998.
Main Stack PN1995.I1813 1998
Electronic location: http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft4779n9q5 eScholarship. Restricted to UC campuses

Jacobs, Lewis.
"The Decline of D.W. Griffith." In: The Rise of the American Film; a Critical History. With an essay: Experimental Cinema in America, 1921-1947. New York, Teachers College Press, 1968. Series title: Studies in Culture & Communication. pp: 171-188.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.J2 1968
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.J2 1939 (without essay)
Moffitt PN1993.5.U6.J2 1968

Jesionowski, Joyce E.
Thinking in Picture: Dramatic Structure in D.W. Griffith's Biograph Films /Joyce E. Jesionowski. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1987.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7551 1987
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 G755 1987

Kael, Pauline.
"A great folly."
In: Great film directors : a critical anthology / edited by Leo Braudy and Morris Dickstein New York : Oxford University Press, 1978
UCB Main Stack PN1998.A2.G74

Klune, Raymond
Recollections of Raymond Klune Oral History Transcript / interviewed by John Dorr, [1968 and 1969]. [Los Angeles]: Oral History Program, University of California, Los Angeles, c1969. iv, 166 leaves, bound ; 28 cm.
Work in motion pictures from 1920-13 years in the East withD.W. Griffith and with the Astoria Studio
UCB Bancroft BANC MSS 72/202 c

Koszarski, Richard.
Hollywood on the Hudson : film and television in New York from Griffith to Sarnoff / Richard Koszars New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2008.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U77 K67 2008
Pacific Film Archive PN1993.5.U77 K67 2008

LaFlaur, Mark:, Manheim, James M.; Miller, Renee .
"D.W. Griffith." In: Lifetimes : the Great War to the stock market crash : American history through biography and primary documents / edited by Neil A. Hamilton ; writers, Mark LaFlaur, James M. Manheim, Renee Miller. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, c2002.
Main Stack E766.L48 2002

Lang, Robert
American Film Melodrama: Griffith, Vidor, Minnelli / by Robert Lang. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1989.
UCB Main PN1995.9.M45 L361 1989
UCB Moffitt PN1995.9.M45 L36 1989

Lee, Raymond.
The Films of Mary Pickford. South Brunswick, A. S. Barnes [1971, c1970].
UCB Main PN2287.P5 L4 1971

May, Lary
"Apocalyptic cinema: D. W. Griffith and the aesthetics of reform." In: Movies and mass culture / edited and with an introduction by John Belton. p. 25-58. New Brunswick, NJ : Rutgers University Press, c1996. Rutgers depth of field series.
Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.M68 1996
MoffittPN1995.9.S6.M68 1996

May, Lary
"D.W. Griffith and the aesthetics of reform." In: Screening out the past : the birth of mass culture and the motion picture industry / Lary May... University of Chicago Press ed. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1983, c1980.
MoffittPN1995.9.S6.M345 1983
Main Stack PN1995.9.S6.M345 [another edition]
Bus & Econ PN1995.9.S6.M345 [another edition]
MoffittPN1995.9.S6.M345 [another edition]

Mayer, David.
Stagestruck filmmaker : D.W. Griffith & the American theatre / David Mayer. Iowa City : University of Iowa Press, c2009.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1998.3.G76 M39 2009

McHugh, Kathleen Anne
"Silent film, silent work: early cinema and the domestic melodramas of D. W. Griffith." In: American domesticity : from how-to manual to Hollywood melodrama / Kathleen Anne McHugh. p. 81-107. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.M38 1999

Mottet, Jean
"Toward a genealogy of the American landscape: notes on some landscapes in D.W. Griffith (1908-1912)." In: Landscape and film / edited by Martin Lefebvre. New York : Routledge, 2006. AFI film readers
Main Stack PN1995.67.A1.L36 2006
Table of Contents: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0659/2005033754-d.html

Mottet, Jean
"Toward a genealogy of the American landscape: notes on some landscapes in D.W. Griffith (1908-1912)." In: Landscape and film / edited by Martin Lefebvre. New York : Routledge, 2006.
PN1995.67.A1.L36 2006

Niver, Kemp R.
D. W. Griffith, His Biograph Films in Perspective / by Kemp R. Niver ; edited by Bebe Bergsten. [Los Angeles] : Niver, [1974].
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 G765 *c3 copies

O'Dell, Paul.
Griffith and the Rise of Hollywood, by Paul O'Dell, with the assistance of Anthony Slide. New York, A. S. Barnes [1971, c1970]. Series title: The International film guide series.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7 O3

Paine, Albert Bigelow, 1861-1937.
Life and Lillian Gish [by] Albert Bigelow Paine. New York, The Macmillan company, 1932.
UCB Bancroft F867.M6G5

Pearson, Roberta E.
Eloquent Gestures: The Transformation of Performance Style in the Griffith Biograph Films / Roberta E. Pearson. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992.
UCB Main PN1995.75 .P43 1992

Pearson, Roberta E.
Eloquent Gestures: The Transformation of Performance Style in the Griffith Biograph Films / Roberta E. Pearson. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992.
Available online (UC campuses only)

Pickford, Mary
Sunshine and Shadow. Foreword by Cecil B. de Mille. [1st ed.]. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1955.
UCB Main PN2287.P5 A3

Potamkin, H. A.
"Remarks on D.W. Griffith." In: American movie critics : an anthology from the silents until now / edited by Phillip Lopate. New York : Library of America : Distributed to the trade by Penguin Putnam, c2006.
Main Stack PN1995.A448 2006
Moffitt PN1995.A448 2006
PFA PN1995.A72 2006

Renov, Micahel.
"'D.W. Griffith & the Birth of Classical Cinema From Literature." In: Film and Literature: An Introduction and Reader / Timothy Corrigan. pp: 19-25. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, c1999.
UCB Moffitt PN1995.3 .C68 1999

Ross, Steven J.
Working-class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America / Steven J. Ross. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1998.
Main Stack PN1995.9.L28.R67 1998

Rothman, William
" D. W. Griffith and the birth of the movies." In: The "I" of the camera : essays in film criticism, history, and aesthetics / William Rothman. p. p. 11-17. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Cambridge studies in film.
Main Stack PN1995.R681 1988
MoffittPN1995.R68 1988

Sarris, Andrew.
"D.W. Griffith." In: "You ain't heard nothin' yet" : the American talking film, history & memory, 1927-1949 / Andrew Sarris. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Main Stack PN1995.7.S27 1998
MoffittPN1995.7.S27 1998

Schickel, Richard.
D.W. Griffith: An American Life / Richard Schickel. New York: Simon and Schuster, c1984.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7781 1984
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 G778 1984

Simmon, Scott.
The Films of D.W. Griffith / Scott Simmon. Cambridge [England]; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1993. Series title: Cambridge film classics.
UCB Main PN1998.3.G76 S56 1993
UCB Moffitt PN1998.3.G76 S56 1993

Sklar, Robert.
"D.W. Griffith and the forging of motion-picture art." In: Movie-made America : a social history of American movies / Robert Sklar. 1st ed. New York : Random House, [1975]
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.S53
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.U6.S531 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.S531

Slide, Anthony.
"D.W. Griffith." In: Early American cinema / by Anthony Slide. Rev. ed. Metuchen, N.J. ; London : Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1994.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.S55 1994

Slide, Anthony.
The Griffith Actresses. South Brunswick, A. S. Barnes [1973].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G781

Slide, Anthony.
The Kindergarten of the Movies: A History of the Fine Arts Company / by Anthony Slide. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1980. DD>UCB Moffitt PN1999.F5 .S58
NRLF B 3 567 150

Trotter, David
"The Space Beside: Lateral Exposition, Gender and Urban Narrative Space in D. W. Griffith's Biograph Films." In: Cities in transition : the moving image and the modern metropolis / edited by Andrew Webber and Emma Wilson. London : Wallflower, 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C513 C57 2008

Vardac, A. Nicholas.
"Realism and Romance: D.W. Griffith." In: Imitations of life : a reader on film and television melodrama / edited by Marcia Landy. Detroit : Wayne State University Press, c1991.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.M45 I45 1991

Vardac, A. Nicholas.
Stage to Screen; Theatrical Method From Garrick to Griffith. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1949.
UCB Main PN1993.5.A1 V3 1949

Wagenknecht, Edward
The Films of D. W. Griffith / by Edward Wagenknecht and Anthony Slide ; with a foreword by Lillian Gish. New York : Crown Publishers, [1975].
UCB Main PN1998.A3 G7851

Warniers, Randall Joseph.
The life and films of D.W. Griffith. [Berkeley], 1976.
Main (Gardner) Stacks (NRLF) 308t.1976.564

Williams, Linda.
"Melodrama Revised." In: Refiguring American Film Genres: History and Theory / Nick Browne, editor. pp: 42-88. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1998.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.R443 1998
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.R443 1998

Williams, Martin T.
Griffith, First Artist of the Movies / Martin Williams. New York : Oxford University Press, 1980.
UCB Main PN1998.A3 .G787
UCB Moffitt PN1998.A3 .G787

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Articles

Adams, Robert L.
"D.W. Griffith and the Use of Off-Screen Space." Cinema Journal 15:2 (1976: Spring)
UC users only

"Adventures with D. W. Griffith." Films in Review v. 24 (December 1973) p. 619-21

Alonzo, Juan.
"From Derison To Desire: The "Greaser" In Stephen Crane's Mexican Stories And D.W. Griffith's Early Westerns." Western American Literature, Winter2004, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p374-401, 26p

Altman, Rick, Merritt, Russell, Andrew, Dudley
"Essays on D.W. Griffith." (Special Issue). Quarterly Review of Film Studies, VI/1, Winter 81; p.1-121.
On D.W.G.'s development, some key films such as "Hearts of the World" and "Broken blossoms", and current research.

Agee, James
"David Wark Griffith." The Nation v. 167 (September 4 1948) p. 264-6
UC users only

Alonzo, Juan.
"From Derision to Desire: The 'Greaser' in Stephen Crane's Mexican Stories and D. W. Griffith's Early Westerns." Western American Literature. 38 (4): 374-401. 2004 Winter.

Amengual, Barthélemy
"D.W. Griffith selon Lillian Gish." Positif;nr.340 (June 1989); p.39-40
Recollections of L.G. and D.W.G. from their memoirs.

Armour, Robert A.
"Biograph and the Invention of Movie Reviews and Screenwriting." Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 12 no. 2. 1989. pp: 61-69.

Batman, Richard
"D. W. Griffith: The Lean Years." California Historical Society Quarterly 44:3 (1965:Sept.) 195
Traces David Walker Griffith's life during the 1940's, following his demise in the film industry.

"Billy Bitzer: A Reminiscence."
American Cinematographer v. 64 (Nov. '83) p. 41-6.

Boorman, John
"Entretien avec D.W. Griffith."Positif; nr.387 (May 1993); p.61 dd>John Boorman invents an interview with D.W. Griffith in which he comments on his influence and gives his opinions of contemporary cinema.

Bourget, Jean-Loup
"Griffith, Welles et le mélodrame." Positif; nr.265 (Mar 1983); p.15-17
Comparison of Griffith and Welles in their use of melodrama

Bowser, Eileen
"Griffith's Film Career Before "The Adventures of Dollie""Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 1
D.W.G.'s career, primarily as an actor, and the state of filmmaking during 1907-08.

Braverman, B.
"David Wark Griffith, creator of film form." Theatre Arts v. 29 (April 1945) p. 240-50

Brown, Karl
"The great D.W." Sight & Sound; SO: Vol.XLII nr.3 (Summer 1973); p.160-165
Describes his early work as assistant cameraman for Griffith.

Browne, Nick
"Griffith's Family Discourse: Griffith and Freud."Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 67

Bush, Gregory W.
"Like 'a Drop of Water in the Stream of Life': Moving Images of Mass Man from Griffith to Vidor." Journal of American Studies, vol. 25 no. 2. 1991 Aug. pp: 213-34.
In films like A Corner in Wheat (1909) and The Birth of the Nation (1915), D. W. Griffith showed that depicting collective crowd behavior interested large audiences and might encourage acceptance of the types of human uplift measures that Progressive social reformers advocated during these times; but his films revealed his own confusion about the place of democracy in the nation's urban settings. Subsequently, World War I and the popularity of interwar press sensationalism as well as greater use of advertising and more urbanization caused filmmakers to heed the newest ideas about crowd psychology. King Vidor's The Crowd (1928) similarly emphasized crowd behavior and noted the adverse and irremediable consequences for individuals of the nation's urbanization and emergence of its new mass society.

Cadbury, W.
"Theme, felt life, and the last-minute rescue in Griffith after Intolerance." Film Quarterly v. 28 no. 1 (Fall 1974) p. 39-49

Cadbury, W.
"Theme, felt life, and the last-minute rescue in Griffith after Intolerance." Film Quarterly v. 28 (Fall 1974) p. 39-49

Casty, Alan
" The Films of D.W. Griffith: A Style for the Times." Journal of Popular Film 1:2 (1972:Spring) 67
UC users only

Chisholm, Brad.
"Reading Intertitles." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 15 no. 3. 1987 Fall. pp: 137-142.

Cieutat, Michel
"Naissance dune iconographie: les courts-métrages de D.W. Griffith." Positif; nr.262 (Dec 1982); p.6-15
Analysis of 50 shorts (1908-13) by methodology, ethics, way of life shown, technology etc.

"Conversation with Lillian Gish." Sight and Sound 27:3 (1957/1958:Winter) p.128
UC users only

Corliss, Richard and Schickel, Richard
"Writing in Silence."Film Comment, XXI/4, July-Aug 85; p.70-75.
Describes the nature of scriptwriting and the work of several writers in the silent period. Discusses D.W. Griffith's relationship with novelist Robert W. Chambers and reprints a playlet by that author.

Curot, F..
"Griffith, Renoir et le traitement de l'espace filmique." Positif; nr.266 (Apr 1983); p.37-41
Comparison of the treatment of filmic space by Griffith and Renoir

Day-Mayer, Helen; Mayer, David.
"Griffith in the Twilight." Nineteenth Century Theatre & Film, Summer2008, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p48-51, 4p
UC users only
This account begins at the very end of D. W. Griffith's career when, retracing and fictionalising his early years as a touring actor, he sketched out a film entitled The Twilight Revellers - the name of his first touring company. Although his personal life had deteriorated beyond recovery, his creativity briefly flickered into life. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Delany, Samuel R.
"Joanna Russ and D. W. Griffith." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. 119 (3): 500-08. 2004 May.
The essay examines the intertextual connections and differences between the films of D.W. Griffith in the early 20th century and the science fiction works of author Joanna Russ.

"Dickens and Griffith of the movies." Literary Digest v. 73 (June 10 1922) p. 31-2

"D.W. Griffith."
Positif; nr.266 (Apr 1983); p.37-47

"D.W. Griffith. Obituary." Newsweek v. 32 (August 2 1948) p. 55

Dyer, Richard.
"A White Star." [Lillian Gish] Sight and Sound v3, n8 (August, 1993):22 (3 pages).
On the use of lighting techniques in Lillian Gish's films to emphasize the star qualities of the great icon of white femininity.

Eisenstein, Sergei M.
"Dickens, Griffith and the Film To-Day." Sight and Sound Issue: 19:4 (1950:June) p.169
UC users only

Feldman, Harry
"The D. W. Griffith Influence: His Innovations Permeate Today's World Of Film." Films in Review 1:5 (1950:July/Aug.) 11

Fishbein, L.
"The Demise of the cult of true womanhood in early American film, 1900-1930: two modes of subversion." Journal of Popular Film and Television v. 12 (Summer 1984) p. 66-72

Flitterman-Lewis, Sandy.
"The Blossom and the Bole: Narrative and Visual Spectacle in Early Film Melodrama." Cinema Journal, vol. 33 no. 3. 1994 Spring. pp: 3-15.
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"The writer discusses the representation of women in early film melodrama. She observes that efforts to trace the origins and defining features of early film melodrama often crystallize around two distinct lines of descent, namely the dramatic narrative of theatrical performance and the visual spectacle derived from the elaboration of cinematic elements. She elaborates that these reversible and intersecting categories of melodramatic definition find their most illustrative common ground in the image of woman. She discusses two films, Way Down East and Broken Blossoms, both characteristic film melodramas by D. W. Griffith featuring Lillian Gish, in which the spectacle of female suffering crystallizes in the melodramatic mainstays of violence, sexuality, and Victorian ideology, and binds the theatrical and cinematic into one compelling form. She concludes that the presence of the female image makes both the reversibility of the processes of narrative action and visual spectacle, and the cinema itself, hinge on sexual difference." [Art Index]

Fusco, Katherine
"Taking Naturalism to the Moving Picture Show: Frank Norris, D. W. Griffith, and Naturalist Editing." Adaptation: The Journal of Literature on Screen Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 155-178, 2010

Gaines, Jane.
"Revolutionary Theory/Prerevolutionary Melodrama." Discourse: Journal for Theoretical Studies in Media and Culture, vol. 17 no. 3. 1995 Spring. pp: 101-18.

Gartenberg, J.
"Griffith at MOMA."Films in Review, XXXII/2, Feb 81; p.91-104.
Describes the process of acquisition, problems of preservation and subsequent tributes to and exhibitions of the D.W. Griffith collection.

Goodman, Paul
"Film Chronicle: D. W. Griffith." Partisan Review 8:3 (1941:May/June) 237

Gottlieb, Sidney.
"Hitchcock on Griffith." Hitchcock Annual, 2005/2006, Vol. 14, p32-45, 14p
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Gunning, Tom
"The Movies, Mr. Griffith, and Us." American Film, IX/8, June 84; p.57,59,70,72.
Questions some of the assumptions in Richard Schickel's new biography 'D.W. Griffith: an American Life'.

Gunning, Tom
"Weaving a Narrative: Style and Economic Background in Griffith's Biograph Films" Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 11
An examination of the film industry in 1908-09, showing how Griffith's early style resulted from certain demands of film economics; focuses on parallel editing.

Hansen, Bernard.
"D. W. Griffith: Some Sources." Art Bulletin 54:4 (1972:Dec.) 493
UC users only

Harris Ross
"D. W. Griffith v. City Hall: Politics, Ethnicity, and Chicago Film Censorship." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society , Vol. 100, No. 1 (Spring, 2007), pp. 19-40
UC users only

Hood, James W.
"Tennyson, D. W. Griffith, and Victorian Pneumatography." VIJ: Victorians Institute Journal, vol. 25. 1997. pp: 59-76.

"How a Leading Screen Director Picks His Leading Women; D.W. Griffith Discloses His Interesting Formula, Throwing New Lights on the Screen Drama." Current Opinion Jan 1919. Vol. Vol. Lxvi, Iss. No. 1; P. 30 (1 Page)

Jay, Gregory S.
"'White Man's Book No Good': D. W. Griffith and the American Indian." Cinema Journal, 2000 Summer, 39:4, 3-26.
UC users only
"The seemingly sympathetic depiction of Native Americans in D. W. Griffith's short Biograph films still adheres to the logic of white supremacy eventually expressed in his film The Birth of a Nation. Most of Griffith's 30 or so Biograph short films with significant Indian content have plots and motifs designed to evoke feelings of outraged moral sentiment in audiences and thus seem to support the view that Griffith's Indian melodramas are sympathetic toward Native Americans. Viewed as narratives of white supremacy, however, these films compare with The Birth of a Nation as narratives of miscegenation, family romance, national reunification, and racial hierarchy. They offer rich material for analyzing the meaning of white images of Native Americans and suggest how such images function the construction of white America's national identity. The writer analyzes The Massacre (1912) and other films and shows how the plotting of white nationalism provides the general scenario underlying Griffith's depictions of Indians as well as blacks." [Art Index]

Johns, Timothy
"Birth of a Medium: Dickens, Griffith, and the Advent of Sentimental Cinema." Victorian Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Social, Political, and Cultural Studies, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 76-85, 2009 Autumn
UC users only

Johnson, W.
"Early Griffith [a wider view]." Film Quarterly v. 29 (Spring 1976) p. 2-13
UC users only

Jones, E.
"Films that Never Transcend the Realm of Art." Post Script, III/2, Winter 84; p.20-33.
On the relation of film to modernism with special reference to Griffith, Ejzenstejn and Dziga Vertov.

Keil, C.
"Transition Through Tension: Stylistic Diversity in the Late Griffith Biographs."Cinema Journal, XXVIII/3, Spring 89; p.22-40.
UC users only
Auteurist reassessment of Griffith's Biograph films from 1912 and 1913

Kirby, Jack Temple.
"D. W. Griffith's Racial Portraiture." Phylon 1978 39(2): 118-127.
UC users only
"In his more than 400 films, David Wark Griffith treated racial themes frequently. He used stereotypesconstantly: Jews were ingratiating and parsimonious,Italians and Hispanics passionate and often violent;American Indians noble savages; Orientals inscrutableand tradition-bound. Yet all of these ethnic types could be either good or bad, depending on the film. Griffith makes Indians heroes more often than villains, and sympathizes with the struggle against the encroaching whites. Ramona (1910) depicts white persecution ofthe mestiza Ramona and her Indian lover. Blacks, however, were either wicked or docile retainers; in Birth of a Nation (1915) Griffith enshrines these racialstereotypes in one of the greatest films ever made. In Intolerance, he chronicles many instances of that vice in history, but never racial prejudice as a form thereof. Griffith's racism, however, should not be singled out for condemnation; it was typical of the time, and many made films more viciously racist than did Griffith." [from ABC-CLIO America: History & Life]

Larson, R.
"A Retrospective Look at the Films of D.W. Griffith and Andy Warhol."Film Journal, I/3-4, Fall-Winter 72; p.80-91.
A transcript of R.L.'s commentary and the audience discussion which followed comparative screenings of the films during five evenings in the spring of 1971 at the New School for Social Research in New York.

"Last dissolve." [Obituary] Time v. 52 (August 2 1948) p. 72

Lennig, Arthur.
"The mother and the law.(movie stories)(Chronology)." Film History 17.4 (Oct 2005): 404(27).
UC users only
"Part of a special issue on unfashionable, overlooked, or underestimated aspects of film history. The writer examines D. W. Griffith's 1914 film The Mother and the Law. He notes that, in most film histories, this initial effort has been almost completely ignored, with critical discussion instead focusing on the much modified version known as the "modern" story in Griffith's film Intolerance. He reconstructs what is known of the history of The Mother and the Law, and considers the origins of what impelled Griffith to make and then to revise the film. He argues that in this sadly neglected masterpiece, viewers encounter not only Griffith the excited artist, honing his skills as a director and editor, but also Griffith the political progressive and humanist, bravely tackling the controversial social issues of the time." [Art Index]

Leyda, Jay.
"The Art and Death of D.W. Griffith." Sewanee Review 57 (1949) 350

Leyda, Jay
"Jay Leyda Discussing D.W. Griffith." (Speech).Film Culture, /78, Summer 94; p.39-43.
Transcript of scholar J.L.'s remarks on the various creative aspects of D.W. G.'s work, offered as an introduction to a 1987 Griffith film series.

Lindsey, D.
"Master of American cinema: D. W. Griffith." American History Illustrated v. 11 (December 1976) p. 18-29
Chronicles the film directing career of David Wark Griffith, 1906-31.

Louvish, Simon
"Burning crosses." (racial aspects of early movie making) Sight and Sound, Sept 2000 v10 i9 p12(2)
The racial aspects of movie director D.W. Griffith and the early motion picture industry are discussed.

Lynn, Kenneth S.
"The Torment of D. W. Griffith." The American Scholar, vol. 59 no. 2. 1990 Spring. pp: 255-264.
UCB users only
Probes the affective aspect of the personality of talented pioneer film director D. W. Griffith. Griffith's inner conflict stemmed from enormous ambivalence between his compulsive sexual desire for teenage women and his Victorian obsession with keeping them pure." [America: History and Life]

Mancini, Elaine
"Notes on Current Griffith Research."Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 117
Describes projects underway at New York University, the Museum of Modern Art and the Cineteca D.W. Griffith, and the Griffith week at the Third Annual Festival of Film Encounters at Salsomaggiore, Italy.

Mancini, Elaine.
"Theory and Practice: Hugo Munsterberg and the Early Films of D. W.Griffith." New Orleans Review, vol. 10 no. 2-3. 1983 Summer-Fall. pp: 154-160.

Masson, Alain; Griffith, D.W.
"Note sur le style verbal et filmique de Griffith." Positif; nr.262 (Dec 1982); p.16-23
On the writing and filmic style of D.W.G., followed by two of his essays: 1. 'Le cinéma et les buchers', 2. 'L'aven ir du film à 2 dollars".

Merritt, Russell R.
"Resuced From a Perilous Nest: D.W. Griffith's Escape from Theater into Film." Cinema Journal, 21:1 (1981): pp: 2-30.
UC users only
In the twelve years between 1895 and 1907 that he spent on the stage, Griffith wrotehis most nakedly autobiographical work. The plays, letters, and poems that survive come from a deeply troubled would-be artist ashamed of his rural poverty, haunted by his father, and afraid of women. His early experience in the theatre generally aggravatedthose troubles. His films enabled him to control, redirect, and sublimate his obsessions

Merritt, Russell
"Griffith Biographs for the 1990's." Griffithiana; Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.4-15
Discussion of the Griffith Biograph films and the different approaches Griffith scholars are taking in analysing these films. Italian and English text.

Merritt, Russell
"The Griffith-Gish Collaboration: A Tangled Affair."Griffithiana, XIV/40-42, Oct 91; p.101-103.
On the artistic collaboration between director D.W. Griffith and actress Lillian Gish (Italian trans. p.97-100).

"Movies lose their great pioneer." [Obiturary] Life v. 25 (August 2 1948) p. 31-3

Mullett, M.B.
"David W. Griffith, greatest moving picture producer in the world." American Magazine v. 91 (April 1921) p. 32-5

Myers, Carmel.
"Film Industry Recollections." Western States Jewish Historical Quarterly 1976 8(2): 126-135.
"An early movie star tells how she got started in films. Her father was Rabbi Isidore Myers (1856-1922). Rabbi Myers was asked by film director David Wark Griffith to be a consultant for his film Intolerance. As payment for his services, Rabbi Myers' daughter was allowed to try out for a movie part in Griffith's next film. She got a part and that started her careerin which she played leading roles opposite such male stars as Rudolph Valentino, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., John Gilbert, Lew Cody, and William Haines. She was also very active in Jewish community affairs in Los Angeles." [from ABC-CLIO America: History & Life]

Nash, Alanna
"D. W. Griffith: Birth and Death Of a Genius." Mankind 1976 5(6): 24-29.
"In recent years D. W. Griffith has been hailed as the greatest innovator in the history of film. Within five years after his start in 1908 he raised motion pictures from the cheapest form of entertainment to the status of art. He was an innovator in the use of such techniques as the flashback, close-up, and long shot. In 1915 he made The Birth of a Nation, the most influential and controversial film in history. With the coming of sound, Griffith's film career was ended; until his death in 1947 he was mainly unemployed and drinking." [America: History and Life]

Nash, Alanna
"King Vidor On D. W. Griffith's Influence." Films in Review 26:9 (1975:Nov.) 547

Nash, Alanna
"Raoul Walsh on D.W. Griffith." Films in Review 27:5 (1976:May) 284

Neilan, Marshall and Birchard, Robert
"Robert: Griffith - An Untold Chapter."American Cinematographer, LXVII/1, Jan 86; p.34-39.
A chapter of autobiography was found after director Marshall Neilan's death which describes working with D.W. Griffith as a fellow actor in the Barney Bernard stock company.

Noble, Peter
"A Note on an Idol." Sight and Sound 15:59 (1946:Autumn) p.81
UC users only

Olsson, Jan.
"Trading places: Griffith, Patten and agricultural modernity." Film History 17.1 (Jan 2005): 39.
UC users only
"Part of a special issue on local film. A Corner in Wheat, a film directed by D. W. Griffith combines cultural and representational traditions of agrarian life in complex, albeit unsettled ways. The historical matrix for the intertextual web employed by Griffith's film, encompassing the paintings of Jean-Francois Millet, the Populist movement, and the texts of Frank Norris, has impeded access to contemporaneous dimensions of the film and the obvious inspiration derived from headlines about wheat. The filmmakers preferred to cloak the narrative in a way that downplayed the topicality of cornering and bread issues by allegorizing them in terms of the past. Instead of offering economic analysis, Griffith provides a sentimental, ahistorical moral geography with scant use value and explanatory force in relation to the vicissitudes of 1909. The film's abstract mode of representation appears to be an involuntary by-product of his oblique take on the wheat mechanism and his detachment from politics." [Art Index]

Parshall, Gerald.
"The first prince of Babylon." (filmmaker D.W. Griffith)(The Prophets of Pop Culture) U.S. News & World Report v124, n21 (June 1, 1998):58 (3 pages).
UC users only
DW Griffith was a pioneer of the motion picture industry, and his 1915 picture, 'The Birth of a Nation,' is legendary. His vision did not come alive until he was 33 years old. His background and career are profiled.

Pearson, Roberta.
"Cultivated Folks and the Better Classes: Class Conflict and Representation in Early American Film." Journal of Popular Film and Television, vol. 15 no. 3. 1987 Fall. pp: 120-128.

Quart, Leonard; Auster, Al
"D. W. Griffith and the Warrior Ethos." Community Review v9 n1-2 p68-74 Fall-Spr 1988-89

Rogin, Michael.
"The Two Declarations of American Independence."Representations, vol. 55. 1996 Summer. pp: 13-30.

Special Issue on Griffith, including interviews with Mae Marsh and Margery Wilson (the latter by Anthony Slide), and an article by John Belton on True Heart Susie. The Silent Picture, 17, Spring 1973.
UC users only

Siegel, Daniel
"Griffith, Dickens, and the Politics of Composure." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 375-389, 711, Mar 2009
UC users only
"This essay interrogates Sergei Eisenstein's critique of D. W. Griffith's montage aesthetic, arguing that, in Griffith's Orphans of the Storm, historical perspective is constituted in opposition to (rather than as a result of) the forward surge of the film's montage. Griffith represents historical consciousness through the narrative figure of trembling, harking back to Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities, another text in which the movements of history are registered on the bodies of witnesses who struggle to keep their composure. Both Griffith and Dickens construct a social world driven to extremes by competing ideological forces and imagine historical subjects whose reactions to emergency - witnessing and trembling - hold them apart from it. Ultimately, these gestures of response suggest a tendency in melodramatic texts to construct a normative subjectivity that resists the antithetical underpinnings of melodrama itself." [MLA]

Slide, Anthony.
"Filming Lillian Gish."American Cinematographer v. 65 (June '84) p. 42-6.

Smith, Matthew Wilson
"American Valkyries: Richard Wagner, D. W. Griffith, and the Birth of Classical Cinema." Modernism/Modernity, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 221-242, 2008 Apr
UC users only

Steinman, Clayton M.
"Shadow In The Cave: D. W. Griffith And One Million B.C." Films in Review 27:1 (1976:Jan.) 33

Taylor, Clyde.
"The Re-Birth of the Aesthetic in Cinema." Wide Angle: A Film Quarterly of Theory, Criticism, and Practice, vol. 13 no. 3-4. 1991. pp: 12-30.

Tsivian, Yuri
"Homeless images: D.W. Griffith in the eye of Soviet filmmakers." Griffithiana; Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.50-75
The author provides examples of the influence of Griffith on Soviet filmmakers, esp. in terms of montage. English and Italian text.

Turim, Maureen.
"Griffith and the Victorian Sea." University of Hartford Studies in Literature: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism, vol. 22 no. 1. 1990. pp: 17-30.

Turconi, Davide, et al.
Special Issue: The Biography FilmsGriffithiana, III/5-6, Mar-July 80; p.3-129.
Dedicated to D.W. Griffith's Biograph films, covering developments in narrative and acting.

Tyler, Bruce M.
"Racist Art and Politics at the Turn of the Century." The Journal of Ethnic Studies, vol. 15 no. 4. 1988 Winter. pp: 85-103.

Viviani, Christian
"David Wark Griffith et ses acteurs." Positif; nr.265 (Mar 1983); p.9-14
D.W.G.'s particular relationship with his actors, and the influence they have had on later acting style

Walker, M.
"Melodrama and the American Cinema." Movie 29:30 (Summer 1982): pp: 2-38

"War, Shorn of Romance, Is Sounding Its Own Knell; So Declares D. W. Griffith, the First American Movie Man to be Admitted with Cameras into Front-Line Trenches." Current Opinion Apr 1918. Vol. VOL. LXIV, Iss. No.4; p. 0_004 (1 page)
UC users only

Wasko, Janet
"D. W. Griffith and the Banks: A Case Study in Film Financing." Journal of the University Film Association, Vol. 30, No. 1, TOPICS IN AMERICAN FILM HISTORY (Winter 1978), pp. 15-20
UC users only

White, Armond
"For shame!" (Directors Guild of America retires award for D. W. Griffith's 1915 film The birth of a nation) Film Comment v. 36 no. 2 (March/April 2000) p. 36
"The Directors Guild of America's end-of-year decision to erase D. W. Griffith's name from its Award for Career Achievement is indicative of Hollywood's hypocrisy. Griffith was undeniably a racist, but he was also the first great genius of filmmaking. Although his 1916 movie The Birth of a Nation is too close to the heart of American fear and prejudice for anyone to dispute its power or depravity, it is an important film to see in order to comprehend how far racist hysteria can go and to recognize the origin of Hollywood's still-parochial, white-owned, ethno-supremacist tendencies. By excluding Griffith from recognition of film art, the DGA naively fails to recognize that films are made within the realm of social and cultural influence. Its disavowal of Griffith is an attempt to whitewash Hollywood history and proclaim its own innocence." [Readers Guide Retrospective]

Woolley, Edward Mott
"The $100,000 Salary Man Of The Movies; The Story Of D. W. Griffith." Mcclure's Magazine Sep 1914. Vol. Volume Xliii, Iss. No. 5; P. 109 (8 Pages)

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Videos

D.W. Griffith
Two films which are biographical accounts of the life and work of the early motion picture producer and director, D.W. Griffith. Both films include extensive film clips from his motion pictures. The first film focuses on the films Griffith directed while working for the Biograph Company from 1908 through 1913 and includes an interview with actress Blanche Sweet. The second film reviews Griffith's work after he matured and includes an interview with Lillian Gish who comments upon her experiences acting in his films. Originally produced in 1975 for broadcast on the television program Camera Three. 56 min. Video/C 4604

D.W. Griffith. Father of Film
An in depth look at the accomplishments of this outstanding U.S. filmmaker who transformed a carnival novelty into a new art form; presented here through silent film clips, newsreel clips and photographs, and interviews with his stars and colleagues. PAL format. British Film Institute, 1993. 153 min. total Video/C MM439

Articles/Books About Individual Films

Birth of a Nation

Books
Journal Articles
Videos
Books

Aitken, Roy E.
The Birth of a Nation Story, by Roy E. Aitken as told to Al P. Nelson. Middleburg, Va.: Denlinger, c1965.
Main Stack PN1997.B551 1965

Armour, Robert A.
"History written in jagged lightning: realistic South vs. romantic South in The birth of a nation." In: The South and film / Warren French, editor Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, 1981
Main Stack PN1995.9.S66.S6
Moffitt PN1995.9.S66.S6

Barrett, Jenny
"The Birth of a nation: race, family, gender." In: Shooting the Civil War : cinema, history and American national identity / Jenny Barrett. London ; New York : I.B. Tauris ; New York, NY : Distributed by Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
Main (Gardner) Stacks E656 .B37 2009

The Birth of a Nation: D.W. Griffith, Director
Robert Lang, editor. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1994. Series title: Rutgers films in print; v. 21.
Main Stack PN1997.B553 B57 1994

The Birth of a Nation, by D.W. Griffith [microform].
Woodbridge, Conn.: Research Publications, 1979. 24 microfiches (1,991 frames) : all ill. ; 11 x 15 cm. (Note: This micro-fiche is filed among the documentary videotape collection)
Media Center MM 171

Black Films and Film-makers: A Comprehensive Anthology from Stereotype to Superhero
Compiled with an introduction by Lindsay... New York: Dodd, Mead, 1975. pp: 75-83.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B51

Bogle, Donald.
"Black beginnings : from Uncle Tom's cabin to The birth of a nation." In: Representing Blackness : issues in film and video / edited with an introduction by Valerie Smith. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c1997. Rutgers depth of field series.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.R47 1997
MoffittPN1995.9.N4.R47 1997

Bogle, Donald.
Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, and Bucks; an Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Continuum, 1994. pp: 10-18.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B6 1994 (1989 edition also available)
MoffittPN1995.9.N4.B6 1994 (1989 edition also available)
NRLF #: $D 17 850 (1974 edition)

Brownlow, Kevin.
"From Birth of a Nation to Intolerance" In: The Parade's Gone By. New York, Knopf, 1968. pp: 46-50.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.B7
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.B7 1968b

Butters, Gerald R.
"African-American Cinema and The Birth of a Nation." In: Black manhood on the silent screen / Gerald R. Butters, Jr. Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2002. Culture America.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.B88 2002

Butters, Gerald R.
"The Birth of a Nation and Kansas." In: Banned in Kansas : motion picture censorship, 1915-1966 Columbia : University of Missouri Press, c2007.
Full text available online [UCB users only]
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.63.K36 B87 2007

Carnes, Mark, et al.
"Birth of a Nation." In: Past imperfect : history according to the movies / general editor, Mark C. Carnes 1st ed. New York : H. Holt, 1995. Henry Holt reference book.
Main Stack PN1995.9.H5.P37 1995
MoffittPN1995.9.H5.P37 1995

Carter, Everett.
"Cultural History Written with Lightning: The Significance of 'The Birth of a Nation'" In: Hollywood as Historian: American Film in a Cultural Context. Peter C. Rollins, editor. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky, c1983. pp: 9-19.
Main Stack PN1995.9.H5.H64 1983
Moffitt PN1995.9.H5.H64 1983

Chadwick, Bruce.
"The Birth of a Nation - The Greatest Motion Picture Ever Made..." In: The reel Civil War : mythmaking in American film / Bruce Chadwick. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, c2001.
Main (Gardner) Stacks E656 .C48 2001
Moffitt E656 .C48 2001 c.2

Chadwick, Bruce.
"Birth: Titanic Box Office and Tattered Legacy." In: The reel Civil War : mythmaking in American film / Bruce Chadwick. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, c2001.
Main (Gardner) Stacks E656 .C48 2001
Moffitt E656 .C48 2001 c.2

Chalmers, David Mark.
"Birth of a Nation." In: Hooded Americanism : the history of the Ku Klux Klan / David M. Chalmers New York : F. Watts, c1981
Main Stack HS2330.K63.C5 1981
Also in:
Christensen, Terry.
Reel Politics: American Political Movies from Birth of a Nation to Platoon / Terry Christensen. Oxford, UK ; New York, NY, USA: Blackwell, 1987.
Main Stack PN1995.9.P6.C48 1987

Corkin, Stanley
"D. W. Griffith's The birth of a nation: positivist history as a compositional method." In: Realism and the birth of the modern United States: cinema, literature, and culture / Stanley Corkin. pp: 133-60. Athens : University of Georgia Press, c1996.
Main Stack PS374.R37.C67 1996
MoffittPS374.R37.C67 1996

Cripps, Thomas.
"The Year of The Birth of a Nation." In: Slow Fade to Black: the Negro in American Film, 1900-1942. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, c1993. pp: 41-69.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.C7 1993
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.N4 C7 1993
Moffitt PN1995.9.N4.C7 1993

Cuniberti, John
'The Birth of a Nation': A Formal Shot-by-Shot Analysis Together with Microfiche. [Woodbridge, Conn.]: Research Publications, 1979. Series title: Cinema editions on microfiche.
UCB NewsMicro PN1997.B553 .C8

Davidson, Phebe
"'History with Lightning': The Legacy of D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation." In: Memory and myth : the Civil War in fiction and film from Uncle Tom's cabin to Cold mountain / edited by David B. Sachsman, S. Kittrell Rushing, Roy Morris, Jr. West Lafayette, Ind. : Purdue University Press, c2007.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PS374.C53 M46 2007

Dyer, Richard.
"Into the Light: The Whiteness of the South in The Birth of a Nation." In: Dixie Debates: Perspectives on Southern Culture / edited by Richard H. King and Helen Taylor. pp: 165-76. New York: New York University Press, 1996.
Main Stack F215.2.D593 1996

Everson, William K.
"Griffith and The Birth of a Nation" In: American Silent Film. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978. Series title: History of the American film; 1. pp: 77-89.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.E9
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.E9

Fabe, Marilyn
"The beginnings of film narrative: D.W. Griffith's The birth of a nation." In: Closely watched films : an introduction to the art of narrative film technique / Marilyn Fabe. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2004.
Main Stack PN1995.9.E9.F17 2004
Moffitt PN1995.9.E9.F17 2004
PFA PN1995.9.E9.F17 2004
Table of contents http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0413/2004000202.html

Fleener-Marzec, Nickieann.
D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation: Controversy, Suppression, and the First Amendment As it Applies to Filmic Expression, 1915-1973 / Nickieann Fleener-Marzec. New York: Arno Press, 1980. Series title: Dissertations on film 1980.
UCB Law Lib KF4300 .F54 1980

Franklin, John Hope
"The Birth of a Nation : propaganda as history." In: Race and history : selected essays 1938-1988 / John Hope Franklin. Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, c1989.
Grad Svcs E175.5.F73.A25 1989Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack E175.5.F73.A25 1989
MoffittE175.5.F73.A25 1989
Also in: Hollywood's America : United States history through its films / edited with an introduction by Steven Mintz and Randy Roberts. St. James, N.Y. : Brandywine Press, 1993.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.H64 1993

Fiedler, Leslie A.
"The anti-Tom novel and the first great war: Thomas Dixon Jr. and D.W. Griffith." In: The inadvertent epic : from Uncle Tom's Cabin to Roots / Leslie A. Fiedler ; with an introd. by Barrie Hayne Toronto : Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1979 Massey lectures ; 17
Main Stack AC5.M33 v.17

Gaines, Jane.
"'The Birth of a Nation' and 'Within Our Gates': Two Tales of the American South." In: Dixie Debates: Perspectives on Southern Cultures, edited by Richard H. King and Helen Taylor. New York: New York University Press, 1996. pp: 177-92.
Main Stack F215.2.D593 1996

Gaines, Jane.
"Birthing Nations." In: Cinema and nation / edited by Mette Hjort and Scott MacKenzie. pp: 298-316 London ; New York: Routledge, 2000.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N33.C56 2000

Griffith, D.W.
"Letter: re: The birth of a nation." In: Sight and sound : a fiftieth anniversary selection / edited and with an introduction by David Wilson. London : Faber and Faber in association with BFI Pub., 1982.
Main Stack PN1995.S4936 1982

Gubar, Susan
"Spirit-Murder at the Movies: Blackface Lynchings." In: Racechanges : white skin, black face in American culture / Susan Gubar. New York : Oxford University Press, 1997.
Full text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks NX652.A37 G83 1997 AVAILABLE
Moffitt NX652.A37 G83 1997

Gunning, Sandra.
"Re-Membering Blackness After Reconstruction: Race, Rape, and Political Desire in the Work of Thomas Dixon, Jr." In: Race, rape, and lynching : the red record of American literature, 1890-1912 / Sandra Gunning. New York : Oxford University Press, 1996.
Full text available online (UCB users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PS173.N4 G86 1996

Jerome, Victor Jeremy.
The Negro in Hollywood Films. New York, Masses & mainstream, 1950. pp: 18-20.
Bancroft xHX15.Y3 v.33:3 (Yates collection, v. 33 no. 3). Non-circulating; may be used only in The Bancroft Library.

Jozajtis, Kris.
"'The Eyes of All People Are upon Us': American Civil Religion and the Birth of Hollywood." In: Representing religion in world cinema : filmmaking, mythmaking, culture making / edited by S. Brent Plate. Palgrave Macmillan ed. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. Religion/culture/critique ; 2
Main Stack PN1995.5.R47 2003

Leab, Daniel J.
From Sambo to Superspade: the Black Experience in Motion Pictures. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975. pp: 23-39.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.L41

Lindsay, Vachel.
The Art of the Moving Picture. New York: Macmillan, 1915. pp: 74-77.
NRLF #: $B 312 239
NRLF #: W 92 179 - Restricted Circ (Bancroft Library)

Louvish, Simon
"Burning crosses." (racial aspects of early movie making) Sight and Sound, Sept 2000 v10 i9 p12(2)
The racial aspects of movie director D.W. Griffith and the early motion picture industry are discussed.

Magill's Survey of Cinema: Silent Films.
Frank N. Magill, editor; associate editors, Patricia King Hanson, Stephen ... Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Salem Press, c1982. V1. pp: 216-222.
Hum/Area PN1997.8.M3 - Inquire at the Information Center reference desk about access.
Info Center PN1995.M34

The Man Who Invented Hollywood; the Autobiography of D. W. Griffith.
Edited and annotated by James Hart. Louisville, Ky.: Touchstone Pub. Co., 1972. pp: 88-97.
Main Stack PN1998.A3.A715 1972

Merritt, Russell.
"D. W. Griffith's 'The Birth of a Nation': Going after Little Sister." In: Close Viewings: An Anthology of New Film Criticism, edited by Peter Lehman. Tallahassee: Florida State University Press; Gainesville, FL : University Presses of Florida, c1990. pp: 215-37.
Main Stack PN1995.C543 1990

Merritt, Russell.
"Dixon, Griffith, and the Southern legend : a cultural analysis of The birth of the ation." In: Cinema examined : selections from Cinema journal / Richard Dyer MacCann, Jack C. Ellis. 1st ed. New York : Dutton, c1982.
Main Stack PN1995.C495 1982

Nesteby, James R.
Black Images in American Films, 1896-1954: the Interplay between Civil Rights and Film Culture. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, c1982. pp: 27-42.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.N4

Nissley, Tom.
"Legends and Phantom Histories: The Ghost Imagery of the Klan In: Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery. Conference (5th : 1995: Colorado Springs, Co.) The image of violence in literature, the media, and society ; selected papers [from the] 1995 conference. pp: 287-94. Pueblo, Co.: The Society, 1995.
Main Stack P96.V5.S66 1995 1995

Noble, Peter.
The Negro in Films. New York: Arno, 1970. Series title: The Literature of Cinema. pp: 33-43.
Main Stack PN1995.9.N4.N6 1970

Patton, Cindy.
"Censorship and the Problem Films." In: Cinematic identity : anatomy of a problem film Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press, c2007.
Full text available online [UCB users only]
MAIN: PN1995.9.S62 P38 2007)

Peterson, James Braxton
"Birth of a nation : representation, nationhood, and graphic revolution in the works of D.W. Griffith, DJ Spooky, and Aaron McGruder et al." In: Multicultural comics : from Zap to Blue Beetle / edited by Frederick Luis Aldama ; foreword by Derek Parker Royal. Austin : University of Texas Press, 2010.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN6714 .M85 2010

Pitcher, Conrad
"D. W. Griffith's Controversial Film, "The Birth of a Nation" D. W. Griffith's Controversial Film, "The Birth of a Nation"." OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 13, No. 3, The Progressive Era (Spring, 1999), pp. 50-55
UC users only

Regester, Charlene
"The cinematic representation of race in The birth of a nation : a Black horror film." Thomas Dixon, Jr. and the birth of modern America / edited by Michele K. Gillespie and Randal L. Hall. Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, c2006.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3507.I93 Z87 2006

Richardson, Riché.
""The Birth of a Nation'hood": Lessons from Thomas Dixon and D.W. Griffith to William Bradford Huie and The Klansman, O.J. Simpson's First Movie." Mississippi Quarterly, Winter2002/2003, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p3, 29p
UC users only
Explores the conceptualization of the motion picture 'Birth of a Nation' starring O.J. Simpson. Hypothesis from the novel 'The Klamsman' on white Southerners' anxieties about the Civil Rights Movement; Acceptance of a notion that Black men harbor irresistible and animal-like sexual urges; Recapitulation of the novel's itinerary related to black an white female rape; Forthright exploration of the implications of interracial rape for black women.

Rogin, Michael
"The sword became a flashing vision" : D.W. Griffith's The birth of a nation." In: The New American studies : essays from Representations / edited by Philip Fisher. Berkeley : University of California Press, c1991.
Main Stack E169.1.N542 1991

Silva, Fred.
Focus on The Birth of a Nation. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall [1971]. Series titles: Film Focus; A Spectrum book.
Main Stack PN1997 .B5671 1971

Silverman, Joan L.
"The birth of a nation: prohibition propaganda." In: The South and film / Warren French, editor Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, 1981
Main Stack PN1995.9.S66.S6
MoffittPN1995.9.S66.S6

Simmon, Scott.
The Films of D.W. Griffith. Cambridge [England]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Series title: Cambridge film classics. pp: 46-61.
Main Stack PN1998.3.G76.S56 1993
MoffittPN1998.3.G76.S56 1993

Staiger, Janet
"The birth of a nation: reconsidering its reception." In: Interpreting films: studies in the historical reception of American cinema / Janet Staiger. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1992.
Main Stack PN1995.S6735 1992
MoffittPN1995.S6735 1992p. 139-53.

Stokes, Mason Boyd
"Becoming visible: I'm white, therefore I'm anxious." In: The color of sex: whiteness, heterosexuality, and the fictions of white supremacy / Mason Stokes. p. 158-77. Durham : Duke University Press, 2001. New Americanists.
Main Stack PS173.W46.S76 2001

Stokes, Melvyn.
D. W. Griffith's The birth of a nation : a history of "the most controversial motion picture of all time" / Melvyn Stokes. New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Gardner) Stacks PN1997.B55 S76 2007
Moffitt PN1997.B55 S76 2007

Thomas Dixon, Jr. and the birth of modern America
Edited by Michele K. Gillespie and Randal L. Hall. Baton Rouge : Louisiana State University Press, c2006.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PS3507.I93 Z87 2006
Contents: Thomas Dixon : American Proteus / W. Fitzhugh Brundage -- "My books are hard reading for a Negro" : Tom Dixon and his African American critics, 1905-1939 / John David Smith -- Gender and race in Dixon's religious ideology / Cynthia Lynn Lyerly -- "Ours is a century of light" : Dixon's strange consistency / David Stricklin -- Thomas Dixon and the literary production of whiteness / Scott Romine -- Thomas Dixon and race melodrama / Jane M. Gaines -- The cinematic representation of race in The birth of a nation : a Black horror film / Charlene Regester -- Do movies have rights? / Louis Menand -- Epilogue : the enduring worlds of Thomas Dixon / William A. Link.

Tratner, Michael.
"Constructing public institutions and private sexuality : The birth of a nation and Intolerance." In: Crowd scenes : movies and mass politics / Michael Tratner. New York : Fordham University Press, 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C67 T73 2008
Wagenknecht, Edward.
The Movies in the Age of Innocence. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1962. pp: 87-97.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.W2
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.W2
Bancroft F867.M6W3. Non-circulating; may be used only in The Bancroft Library.

Williams, Linda
"Anti-Tom and The birth of a nation." In: Playing the race card : melodramas of black and white from Uncle Tom to O.J. Simpson / Linda Williams. pp: 96-135. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c2001.
Grad Svcs E185.625.W523 2001
Main Stack E185.625.W523 2001

Williams, Linda
"The American melodramatic mode."In: Playing the race card: melodramas of black and white from Uncle Tom to O.J. Simpson / Linda Williams. pp: 10-44. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c2001.
Grad Svcs E185.625.W523 2001
Main Stack E185.625.W523 2001

Williams, Linda
"Race, melodrama and The birth of a nation (1915)." In: The silent cinema reader / edited by Lee Grieveson and Peter Krämer. London ; New York : Routledge, 2004.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.75 .S547 2004

Winchell, Mark Royden
"Ride to the rescue : D.W. Griffith's The birth of a nation (1915)." In: God, man, and Hollywood : politically incorrect cinema from "The birth of a nation" to "The Passion of the Christ" / Mark Royden Winchell. Wilmington, Del. : ISI Books, c2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.S6 W53 2008

Wood, Amy Louise
"With the roar of thunder : The birth of a nation." In: Lynching and spectacle : witnessing racial violence in America, 1890-1940 / Amy Louise Wood. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c2009.
Main (Gardner) Stacks HV6457 .W66 2009

Wood, Gerald.
"From The Clansman and Birth of a Nation to Gone with the Wind: The Loss of American Innocence." In: Recasting: Gone with the Wind in American Culture. Darden Asbury Pyron, editor. Miami: University Presses of Florida, c1983. pp.: 123-136.
Main Stack PS3525.I972.G687 1983
Moffitt PS3525.I972.G687 1983

To the top

Birth of a Nation: Journal Articles

Alonzo, Juan
"From Derision to Desire: The 'Greaser' in Stephen Crane's Mexican Stories and D. W. Griffith's Early Westerns." Western American Literature, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 374-401, 2004 Winter

Ambrosius, Lloyd E.
"Woodrow Wilson and The Birth of a Nation: American Democracy and International Relations." Diplomacy & Statecraft. Dec 2007. Vol. 18, Iss. 4; p. 689

Armour, Robert A.
"History Written in Jagged Lightning: Realistic South vs. Romantic South in The Birth of a Nation." The Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South, vol. 19 no. 3-4. 1981 Spring-Summer. pp: 14-21.
"Discusses filmmaker D. W. Griffith's motives behind his film The Birth of a Nation (1915). Griffith sincerely wanted to make a film depicting the truth about the Civil War as seen by the Southerner. However, his idealized view of the South, a view founded in his Southern background, came into conflict with the documentary potential of the film, thus creating a highly controversial film." [America: History and Life]

"Arrival Of a New Stage In the Art of the Movies." Current Opinion Apr 1915. Vol. Vol. Lviii., Iss. No. 4; P. 251 (1 Page)
UC users only

Belton, John
"The Birth of the Nation." Sight & Sound; Vol.XLV nr.2 (Spring 1976); p.85-86
Account of the events leading up to the US Appeals Court declaring the copyright renewal invalid.

Benbow, Mark E.
"Birth of a Quotation: Woodrow Wilson and "Like Writing History with Lightning."" Journal of the Gilded Age & Progressive Era, Oct2010, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p509-533, 25p
UC users only

Brock, Paul
"Birth of an ugly notion: honor for a racist film draws renewed protests." (National Briefs.) Crisis, v100, n2 (Feb, 1993):28 (1 page).

Butters, Gerald R.
"'The Birth of a Nation' and the Kansas Board of Review Of Motion Pictures: A Censorship Struggle." Kansas History 1991 14(1): 2-14 13p.

Carter, Everett.
"Cultural History Written with Lightning: The Significance of 'The Birth of a Nation'." American Quarterly, 12:3 (1960:Fall) 347

Charney, Mark J.
"'Picturizing' History: The Assassination of Lincoln in D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation." South Carolina Review. 22(2):58-62. 1990 Spring.

Cinema Journal. v12.n1. Autumn 1972. p. 26-45
Consideration of the film in terms of its racism and the myth of the old South.

Clarke, Steve
"U.K. violence regs put video 'Birth' on hold." (video release of 'Birth of a Nation') Variety, v355, n4 (May 23, 1994):27 (2 pages).

Couvares, Francis G.
"The good censor: race, sex, and censorship in the early cinema. Yale Journal of Criticism, 1994, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p233-251, 19p
UC users only

Cripps, Thomas
"The Absent Presence in American Civil War Films." (role of black characters). Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, v14, n4 (Oct, 1994):367 (10 pages.
Considers the roles given to blacks in films about the US Civil War, noting the visual representation in films incl. "The Birth of a Nation", "Gone with the Wind" and "Glory".

Cripps, Thomas R.
"The Unformed Image: The Negro in the Movies Before "Birth Of a Nation."" Maryland Historian 1971 2(1): 13-26.
"Characterization of Negroes in films prior to "Birth of a Nation" was varied. Often, Negroes were portrayed sympathetically due to the need for audiences in urban areas and to the urban location of most filming. The turning point was the concomitant development of David Wark Griffith's dominant style and the migration of the film industry to California - away from the polyethnic North. In the sterile atmosphere of Hollywood, Negroes were utilized only as comic relief. The Southern mystique prevented use of Negroes as heroes; the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) prevented their use as villains." [America: History and Life]

Cripps, Thomas R.
"The Reaction of the Negro to the Motion Picture The Birth of a Nation." The Historian 25 (1963:May)
UC users only

Critical Studies in Mass Communication, v10. n2. June 1993 p.179-197
Three essays which consider the force of the continuing impact of race in cultural production in the US. They take as their starting point 'The Birth of a Nation', whose racism is a real and on-going context for present filmmakers.

Dean, Peter
"'Birth' too racist for U.K. video." (The Birth of a Nation video) Billboard, v106, n19 (May 7, 1994):93 (2 pages).

DeCroix, Rick.
"The Birth of a Nation." (video recording reviews) Journal of Popular Film and Television, v22, n2 (Summer, 1994):93 (2 pages).

Diawara, Manthia
"Black Spectatorship: Problems of Identification and Resistance."Screen, XXIX/4, Autumn 88; p.66-76.
A black male view of certain scenes in a number of films, esp. 'chase' sequences in "The Birth of a Nation" and "The Color Purple".

Dirks, Tom.
"Birth of a Nation." (from: Filmsite web site)

"Dramatized Race Prejudice." The Independent ... Devoted to the Consideration of Politics, Social and Economic Tendencies, History, Literature, and the Arts Apr 5, 1915. Vol. 82, Iss. 3461; p. 21 (1 page)
UC users only

Dunn, David
"The Birth of a Nation: D.W. Griffith, Director." Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television v15, n1 (March, 1995):155 (2 pages).

Dyer, Richard
"Into the Light: The Whiteness of the South in The Birth of a Nation." In: Dixie debates: perspectives on Southern cultures / edited by Richard H. King and Helen Taylor. pp: 165-76. New York: New York University Press, 1996.
Main Stack F215.2.D593 1996

Dyer, Richard
"A White Star." (Gish as symbol of true white womanhood.) Sight and Sound, v3, n8 (August, 1993):22 (3 pages).
On the use of lighting techniques in Lillian Gish's films to emphasize the star qualities of the great icon of white femininity.

Epp, Michael H.
"Raising Minstrelsy: Humour, Satire and the Stereotype in The Birth of a Nation and Bamboozled." Canadian Review of American Studies, 2003, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p17, 19p
UC users only
Everson, William K.
"The Argonauts of California." Films in Review, XXXII/7, Sept-Aug 81; p.430-432.
Discusses production background of the film in relation to Griffith and "Birth of a Nation".

Film Culture. n36. Spring/Summer 1965.
Entire issue devoted to films of D.W. Griffith.

Fleener, Nickie
"Answering Film with Film: The Hampton Epilogue, A Positive Alternative to the Negative Black Stereotypes Presented in 'The Birth of a Nation'" Journal of Popular Film and Television, 7:4 (1980) 400
Discusses the alternatives to the 1915 release, The Birth of a Nation which presented negative racial stereotyping, focusing on the two films, The Birth of a Race and its epilogue The New Era, both filmed at the Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, in 1915, including who decided to make the epilogue, who produced it, its thematic content, and the public's reaction.

Franklin, John Hope.
"Birth Of A Nation: Propaganda as History." Massachusetts Review 1979 20(3): 417-434.
UC users only
D. W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation, a film about Reconstruction, was written in 1913 by Thomas Dixon, Jr. (1864-1946), an American Baptist minister, lawyer, novelist, and playwright. On 3 March 1915, the movie opened to the public at the Liberty Theater in New York. Dixon's motives were to make a case for the whites in the South, and to transform every spectator into a good Democrat. He was never interested in the truth in history, but rather in "selling a promotion piece. In this he was highly successful; therefore, there are inaccuracies in the film. The film is shown today as a period piece, ostensibly as part of the history of film-making. Based on Dixon's autobiography, presidential papers of Woodrow Wilson, and newspapers.

Gallagher, Brian.
"Racist Ideology And Black Abnormality In The Birth Of A Nation."Phylon 1982 43(1): 68-76.
"The black characters portrayed in the film The Birth of A Nation are denied normal characteristics. They are defined and limited by their "inevitable and inherent excesses." The ineffectuality of blacks is a constant theme of the movie. Both racism and technical virtuosity have made it one of the country's most controversial films." [from ABC-CLIO America: History & Life]

Geary, Brian
"Celluloid Power: Social Film Criticism from 'The Birth of a Nation to Judgement at Nuremberg.'" Library Journal, v118, n1 (Jan, 1993):118 (1 page).

Gerster, Carole J.
"Narrative Form Transformed from The Clansman to The Birth of a Nation." West Virginia-University Philological Papers, 1999, 45, 10-19.

Gill, David
Griffithiana, n60/61 October 1997 p.16-29
Discusses the restoration process of Birth of a Nation.

Gill, David
""The birth of a nation". Orphan or pariah?" Griffithiana, Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.16-31
On the debate and technical difficulties encountered when restoring Griffith's "The birth of a nation". Italian and English text.

Gray, Herman
"The endless slide of difference: critical television studies, television and the question of race." Critical Studies in Mass Communication, v10, n2 (June, 1993):190 (8 pages).

Green, J. Ronald.
"Micheaux v. Griffith." Griffithiana; Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.32-49
Recalls the rage felt by the black community in the US towards their depiction in "The birth of a nation", and how Micheaux's "Within our gates" was created in response to the values of Griffith's film. Text in English and Italian.

Griffith, D. W. and Stern, Seymour
"Birth of a Nation." (A reply to Peter Noble.) Sight and Sound 16:61 (1947:Spring) 32

Guerrero, Ed
"The black man on our screens and the empty space in representation." Callaloo; Spring95, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p395, 6p
UC users only

Hammond, Michael.
"A Soul Stirring Appeal To Every Briton": The Reception Of The Birth Of A Nation In Britain (1915-1916)." Film History [Australia] 1999 11(3): 353-370.
UC users only
"Analyzes the marketing strategies and the attitudes of the British public in the showing of the controversial film The Birth of a Nation during 1915-16. Featuring inventive camera work and powerful images, the film, directed by David W. Griffith, was overtly racist. It presented a romanticized Southern version of the Civil War and Reconstruction, depicted blacks as ignorant and brutal, and warned of the dire perils of miscegenation. Advertising for the film in Great Britain, however, focused on its military aspects, providing a view of war generally unavailable to the British public as battlefront films of World War I were rare. Even the idealization of the Ku Klux Klan was made palatable by comparisons to an Anglo-Celtic "rebirth" to follow the Great War. By 1918 the British moviegoing public tired of Civil War films." [America: History and Life]

Henderson, Brian
"Celluloid Power: Social Film Criticism from 'The Birth of a Nation' to 'Judgment at Nuremberg.'" Film Quarterly, v47, n1 (Fall, 1993):69 (1 pages).

Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television. v14.n4.October 1994 p.367
Considers the roles given to blacks in films about the American Civil War, noting the visual representations in films including 'The Birth of a Nation', 'Gone With the Wind', and 'Glory'.

Hoberman, J.
"Lightning, camera, action: as The Birth of a Nation turns 90, its racism is out of bounds, but its more enduring impact can be seen just by turning on the television.(FILM)." The American Prospect 16.6 (June 2005): 65(3).
UC users only

Inscoe, John C.
"The Clansman on Stage and Screen: North Carolina Reacts." North Carolina Historical Review, vol. 64 no. 2. 1987 Apr. pp: 139-161.
Compares the public response in North Carolina to The Clansman (1905), a play by Thomas Dixon, Jr., with the response to D. W. Griffith's film version, The Birth of a Nation (1915). Dixon, a native North Carolinian, promoted a theory of racial inferiority and retrogression in which blacks were devolving to a "bestial state"; his solution was total segregation. In North Carolina, The Clansman tapped racial undercurrents. An all-white cast stereotypically portrayed blacks as either simple-minded or a threat to society. Dixon was pleased by the enthusiastic response and, a decade later, expected a similar reaction to the film version; he was disappointed. By 1915, a shift in racial attitudes had occurred. With the threat of a world war, viewers of the film were touched more by the antiwar subtext than by the racial question.

Johnson, William
"Message movies: do they deliver?" (influence of movies on social behavior) Film Comment, v31, n3 (May-June, 1995):39 (6 pages).
UC users only

Jozajtis, Kris
"American Civil Religion, The Lost Cause, and D. W. Griffith: The Birth of a Nation Revisited." Scope: An Online Journal of Film Studies, 2002 Dec

Jump Cut. n28. April 1983. p.66-67
Use of racism in film.

Kirby, Jack Temple.
"D. W. Griffith's Racial Portraiture." Phylon 1978 39(2): 118-127.
UC users only
"In his more than 400 films, David Wark Griffith treated racial themes frequently. He used stereotypes constantly: Jews were ingratiating and parsimonious, Italians and Hispanics passionate and often violent; American Indians noble savages; Orientals inscrutable and tradition-bound. Yet all of these ethnic types could be either good or bad, depending on the film. Griffith makes Indians heroes more often than villains, and sympathizes with the struggle against the encroaching whites. Ramona (1910) depicts white persecution of the mestiza Ramona and her Indian lover. Blacks, however, were either wicked or docile retainers; in Birth of a Nation (1915) Griffith enshrines these racial stereotypes in one of the greatest films ever made. In Intolerance, he chronicles many instances of that vice in history, but never racial prejudice as a form thereof. Griffith's racism, however, should not be singled out for condemnation; it was typical of the time, and many made films more viciously racist than did Griffith." [from ABC-CLIO America: History & Life]

Koshy, Susan
"American Nationhood as Eugenic Romance." Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies; Spring2001, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p50, 29p
UC users only
Critiques D.W. Griffith's treatment of miscegenation in his 'Broken Blossoms' and 'The Birth of a Nation' motion pictures. Transformation of representation of miscegenation; Griffith's liberal idealism; Ambiguities of liberalism of 'Broken Blossoms'; Interpretation of contradictory and conflicted reconstruction of interracial desire; Argument for cultural separatism.

Lanchbery, John
"Recreating the music for "The birth of a nation"." Griffithiana; Vol.XVI nr.60-61 (Oct 1997); p.30-31
John Lanchbery on composing and orchestrating the music for the restored version of "The birth of a nation". Italian and English text.

Leenhouts, Anneke.
"'The Leopard's Spots:' Thomas Dixon's Dystopia Of Radical Reconstruction." European Contributions to American Studies; 2004 51: 34-42, 9p.
UC users only

Lennig, Arthur.
"Myth and fact: the reception of The Birth of a Nation." Film History 16.2 (April 2004): 117.
UC users only
"Part of a special issue on the making and exhibition of films. The reception of D. W. Griffith's 1914 film The Birth of a Nation is examined. The film opened in Los Angeles, New York, and Boston in 1915 to protests from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. This association repeatedly sought to halt it because of its unfavorable depiction of negroes, and the graphic and highly dramatic terms in which it dealt with certain issues that had by then passed into history and were best forgotten in the name of racial harmony. Despite these protests, it was almost universally praised by film reviewers, editorial writers, historians, clergymen, politicians, union leaders, socialists, and the general public. However, while it was certainly a remarkable work, it is doubtful that it would have received such extreme fame without the immense publicity created by the efforts to ban it." [Art Index]

Louvish, Simon
"Burning crosses." Sight & Sound v. ns10 no. 9 (September 2000) p. 12-13
UC users only
"A Variety article from 1916 demonstrates that D. W. Griffith was forced to re-shoot scenes of his film Intolerance because of their anti-Semitic content. Griffith was obviously still ruthlessly prepared to enrage another minority in order to once again cause the type of ruckus that had resulted in great profits for his film The Birth of a Nation. However, the whole point of Intolerance was, for Griffith, to make the most powerful appeal he could against the stifling of thought and speech. He felt that the individual artist should be allowed total freedom and that such freedom was the font from which innovation and creativity flowed. The things of importance to the artist thus took precedence over any responsibility to truths that did not fit his thesis, and Griffith was prepared to use the art of cinema to degrade, instead of uplift, humanity. The problem with this was that Griffith, despite his prejudices, was still a great filmmaker, and his works are among the few films that can inflame the emotions as easily today as they could when they were originally made." [Art Index]

Mackaye, M.
"Birth of a nation." Scribner's Magazine v. 102 (November 1937) p. 40-6+

Magowan, Kim
"Coming Between The "Black Beast" and The White Virgin: The Pressures Of Liminality In Thomas Dixon." Studies In American Fiction Spring 1999 V27 I1 P77
This article discusses the view of miscegenation portrayed in the works of Thomas Dixon, Jr. Dixon's influence on politicians of his time, his work as the basis for D. W. Griffith's film 'The Birth of a Nation,' and subsequent critical attention to Dixon are explored.

Mangun, Kimberley.
""As citizens of Portland we must protest": Beatrice Morrow Cannady and the African American response to D. W. Griffith's "Masterpiece"." Oregon Historical Quarterly 107.3 (Fall 2006): 372.
UC users only

Martin, Jeffrey B.
"Film out of theatre: D. W. Griffith, Birth of a Nation and the melodrama The Clansman." Literature/Film Quarterly 1990 (18:2) 87-95.
UC users only
Finds much of Griffith's supposed innovation in "The birth of a nation" in its source novel, Thomas Dixon's 'The clansman'.

McEwan, Paul.
"Lawyers, Bibliographies, and the Klan: Griffith's resources in the censorship battle over The Birth of a Nation in Ohio." Film History; 2008, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p357-366, 10p
UC users only

Merritt, Russell.
"Dixon, Griffith, and the Southern Legend." Cinema Journal, Fall72, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p26-45, 20p;

Miller, James A.
"The Case of Early Black Cinema." Critical Studies in Mass Communication, v10, n2 (June, 1993):181 (4 pages).

"NAACP v. "The Birth of a Nation"" Crisis 72:2 (1965:Feb.) 96

Niderost, Eric.
"The birth of a nation.(an epic about the Civil War)." American History 40.4 (Oct 2005): 60(10).
"The making of the film, 'The Birth of a Nation', an epic about the Civil War and the subsequent agonies of reconstruction after the war, took from the novel, 'The Clansman', written by Thomas Dixon is described. The difficulties faced, by the director of the film D.W. Griffith during the production of the film and the way Griffith crossed all the hurdles, kept in the way to stop the release of the film by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) are also mentioned." [Expanded Academic Index]

Oliver, Lawrence J.
" James Weldon Johnson's New York Age Essays on The Birth of a Nation and the 'Southern Oligarchy'." South Central Review: The Journal of the South Central Modern Language Association, vol. 10 no. 4. 1993 Winter. pp: 1-17.

Osterweil, Ara
"Reconstructing Shirley: Pedophilia and Interracial Romance in Hollywood's Age of Innocence." Camera Obscura; Sep2009, Vol. 24 Issue 72, preceding p1-39, 41p
UC users only

Parker, Diane
"In search of truth: deconstructing authenticity in cinematic arts." Textual Studies in Canada Fall 2002 p69(8)
UC users only

Parshall, Gerald
"The first prince of Babylon." (filmmaker D.W. Griffith)(The Prophets of Pop Culture) U.S. News & World Report, v124, n21 (June 1, 1998):58 (3 pages).

Patton, C.
"White Racism/Black Signs: Censorship and Images of Races Relations."Journal of Communication, XLV/2, Spring 95; p.65-77.
UC users only
Examines US censorship of films on the grounds of sacrilege and racial representation, beginning in 1915 with censorship of "The Birth of a Nation" and ending in 1952 when the US Supreme Court ruled that these were unconstitutional grounds for censorship. Considers two causes celébre, "Pinky and "Il miracolo" (from "L'amore").

Phillips, Mike.
"White Lies." Sight and Sound. v3.n8 August 1993 p.22-24.
About the use of lighting techniques in Lillian Gish's films to emphasise the star qualities of the great icon of white feminity. Includes views on 'The Birth of a Nation'.
Reaction to the resurrection of "The Birth of a Nation" as a result of its imminent release on Connoisseur Video; explores its racist content, intentions and the context of its production and re-release.

Pinsky, M.I.
"Racism, History and Mass Media." Jump Cut, /28, Apr 83; p.66-67.
UC users only
Traces the presentation of racial conflict through the films "The birth of a nation", "Gone with the Wind" and "Red November, Black November".

Richardson, Riche.
"'The Birth of Nation'hood': Lessons from Thomas Dixon and D. W. Griffith to William Bradford Huie and The Klansman, O. J. Simpson's First Movie." Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures. 56 (1): 3-31. 2002-2003 Winter.
UC users only

Robinson, Cedric J.
"In the Year 1915: D. W. Griffith and the Whitening of America." Social Identities, 1997, 3, 2, June, 161-192
UC users only
"D. W. Griffith's film, Birth of a Nation (1915), colluded with a host of powerful economic interests & political initiatives in the US, & coincided with dramatic changes in the US population & film production. Providing a racial catechism that included a mythical national history of white sameness, Griffith appropriated narratives from co-ideologists Woodrow Wilson & Thomas Dixon, Jr., to designate black desire authoritatively as the recurring menace to Western civilization & a Christian Aryan nation. By employing the epic genre, Griffith ensured that his imagined moral order would acquire a compelling authority, particularly for his immigrant audience. Griffith succeeded in his effort to pose national redemption in racial terms, & established cinematic protocols & racial icons that still survive. 63 References. Adapted from the source document." [Sociological Abstracts]

Rogin, Michael
"The sword became a flashing vision" : D.W. Griffith's The birth of a nation." Representations, No. 9, Special Issue: American Culture Between the Civil War and World War I. (Winter, 1985), pp. 150-195.
UC users only
"D. W. Griffith indicated that in The Birth of a Nation (1915), his film on the Ku Klux Klan, he had a single purpose: "to create a feeling of abhorrence in white people, especially white women, against colored men." The author provides a psychohistory of Griffith and his films by examining the origins of the filmmaker's racism, his attitudes toward women, and his relationship to his father as well as noting the influence of his friends, Thomas Dixon and Woodrow Wilson." [America: History and Life]

Rogin, Michael.
"The Two Declarations of American Independence." Representations, vol. 55. 1996 Summer. pp: 13-30.

Ruiz-Velasco, Chris
"Order out of Chaos: Whiteness, White Supremacy, and Thomas Dixon, Jr." College Literature, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Fall, 2007), pp. 148-165
UC users only

Rylance, David.
"Breech Birth: The Receptions to D. W. Griffith's 'The Birth of a Nation'." Australasian Journal of American Studies; 2005 24(2): 1-20, 20p edu/journals/cinema_journal/v050/50.1.stokes.pdf">UC users only

Salter, Richard C.
"The Birth of a Nation as American Myth." Journal of Religion and Film, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. [no pagination], Fall 2004.

Segrest, Mab
"Rebirths of a U.S. Nation: Race and Gendering of the Nation State." Mississippi Quarterly; Winter2003/2004, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p27-40, 14p
Considers the contradictory relation of the South to "the nation" in the process of colonizing, nation-building, civil war and rebirth in transnational feminist terms. Focus on the end of Reconstruction, using D.W. Grffith's 1915 film classic "The Birth of a Nation"; Reading of the late essays of Martin Luther King Jr. against Alice Walker's post-civil rights novel "Meridian."

Shrock, J.
"Desperate deeds, desperate men: Gender, race, and rape in silent feature films, 1915-1927." Journal of Men's Studies; 1997, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p69-89, 21p
UC users only

Sight and Sound Supplement. n14. March 1948. p.4, 5
Some credits and item on the film and its controversial content within an index on blacks in films 1905-1948.

Silverman, Joan L.
"'The Birth of a Nation': Prohibition Propaganda." The Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South, vol. 19 no. 3-4. 1981 Spring-Summer. pp: 23-30.
"The Birth of a Nation (1915) was, as much as anything else, prohibition propaganda. D. W. Griffith, the filmmaker who made the film was a prohibitionist well versed in producing temperance films. Picturing the Negro as a drunkard when liquor was available, it was necessary to pass a prohibition amendment to keep liquor from the black." [America: History and Life]

Simcovitch, Maxim
"The Impact Of Griffith's "Birth Of A Nation" On The Modern Ku Klux Klan." Journal of Popular Film, 1:1 (1972:Winter) 45
Evidence to support the view that 'The birth of a nation' was used by the Ku Klux Klan to aid its growth.

Smith, Matthew Wilson
"American Valkyries: Richard Wagner, D. W. Griffith, and the Birth of Classical Cinema." Modernism/Modernity, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 221-242, Apr 2008
UC users only
" Focusing on the period from 1910 to 1915, this article argues that Richard Wagner's work was crucial to the development of American cinema. Critics and artists not only advocated Wagner's composition techniques for film accompaniment, but also turned Wagner into an emblem for far broader reforms. These reforms included a greater integration of music and film, a conception of film as a high art, and a conception of film as a medium for national purification and bourgeoisification. These reforms, and their connection to Wagner, helped set the stage for the use of 'The Ride of the Valkyries' in D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915)." [MLA]

Staiger, Janet
"The Teleological Text: Causality and Design in 'The Birth of a Nation'." 1978 Griffith Seminar.
UC users only
Steiner, L.
"Race And Cultural Production - Responses To The Birth Of A Nation." Critical Studies in Mass Communication 10: (2) 179-180 Jun 1993

Stern, Seymour
"The Griffith Controversy." Sight and Sound 17:65 (1948:Spring) p.49
UC users only

Stern, Seymour; Griffith, D. W.
"Birth of a Nation." Sight and Sound 16:61 (1947:Spring) p.32
UC users only

Stern, Seymour
"D.W. Griffith - An Appreciation." Sight and Sound 17:67 (1948:Autumn) p.109 Go to Journal Issue
UC users only

Stern, S., Fleming, W.L., Merritt, Russell
"In Defence of the KKK." Monthly Film Bulletin, XLVI/544, May 79; p.112.
Four texts seeking to explain D.W.G. and his attitude to slavery and the Ku Klux Klan in "The birth of a nation".

Stokes, Melvyn.
"Crises in History and the Response to Them as Illustrated in The Birth of a Nation and Gone with the Wind."La Licorne, vol. 36. 1996. pp: 67-77.

Stokes, Melvyn.
"The Endless Re-Birth of The Birth of a Nation?" Interdisciplinary Journal for Germanic Linguistics & Semiotic Analysis. 5(2):199-212. 2000 Fall.

Stokes, Melvyn.
"Race, Politics, and Censorship: D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation in France, 1916-1923." Cinema Journal, 50, Number 1, Fall 2010, pp. 19-38 (Article)
UC users only

Strebel, E.G.
"The Voortrekkers: A Cinematographic Reflection of rising Afrikaner Nationalism."Film & History IX/2, May 79; p.25-32.
Compares "The Voortrekkers" to "The Birth of a Nation" in its foreshadowing of deep-rooted national ills.

Taylor, Charles
"The Re-birth of the Aesthetic in Cinema." Wide Angle, XIII/3-4, July-Oct 91; p.12-30.
Re-examination of the racial controversy surrounding "The birth of a nation", and D.W. Griffith's intent in his portrayal of the black characters.

Taylor, Clyde.
"The Re-Birth of the Aesthetic in Cinema."Wide Angle, vol. 13 no. 3-4. 1991. pp: 12-30.

Tyler, Bruce M.
"Racist Art and Politics at the Turn of the Century." The Journal of Ethnic Studies, vol. 15 no. 4. 1988 Winter. pp: 85-103.
"Describes D. W. Griffith's film, The Birth of a Nation (1915), and the works of Thomas Dixon, Jr., on which the film was based, as an exorcism ritual of a racist society. Acceptance of Griffith's thesis of the black threat to civilization permitted American society to lynch blacks, to purge them from the civil service, and to revive the Ku Klux Klan." [America: History and Life]

White, Mimi
"The Birth of a Nation: History as Pretext."Enclitic, V/2, Fall-Sprinng 81-82; p.17-24.
UC users only
Discusses the relationship between the familial and national stories in "The Birth of a Nation".

Wallace, Michele Faith
"The Good Lynching and The Birth of a Nation: Discourses and Aesthetics of Jim Crow." Cinema Journal - 43, Number 1, Fall 2003, pp. 85-104 - Article UC users only
"The Birth of a Nation (1915) is a landmark in the development of the feature film and in the history of American racial discourse in the Jim Crow period. This article proposes that the corrective for our current perspective on The Birth of a Nation is that we more thoroughly study how the techniques of feature film inscribe and underwrite dominant racial ideologies." [Project Muse]

Watson, Will.
"D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation": A History of 'The Most Controversial Film of All Time'." Southern Quarterly, Fall2009, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p172-176, 5p
UC users only

Wilson Smith, Matthew
"American Valkyries: Richard Wagner, D.W. Griffith, and the Birth of Classical Cinema." Modernism/Modernity; Apr2008, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p221-242, 22p
"The article discusses the contributions of German composer Richard Wagner and filmmaker D. W. Griffith on U.S. classical cinema, particularly their works "Ride of the Valkyries" and "The Birth of a Nation." Griffith's film was seen by many not only as a depiction of a nation reborn but also the birth of a new aesthetic form, which is the motion picture masterpiece. Meanwhile, "Ride of the Valkyries" shows Wagner's conception of the total work of art in his composition and orchestration as well as his idea that open score should comprise a single, unending melody." [Ebsco]

Wohlforth, R.
"In and Out of 'The Birth of a Nation'." (Article).Films in Review, XXIX/8, Oct 78; p.465-70.
Accounts of the sound effects provided by the author for an exhibition of 'The Birth of a nation' at his father's theatre, and of attempt by representatives of the NAACP to demonstrate against the film.

Yacowar, M.
"The Birth of a Nation: D.W. Griffith, Director." Choice, v31, n11-12 (July-August, 1994):1731 (1 pages).

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Videos in the Media Resources Center

Supplments to The Birth of a Nation (DVD)
"The making of a birth of a nation"
Produced by David Shepard (1992, 24 min.); New York vs. "The birth of a nation," documenting the battles over the 1922 re-release, including protests by the NAACP, transcripts of meetings, legal documents, newspaper articles and a montage of scenes ordered cut by the New York Censor Board ; excerpts from a "Birth of a nation" souvenir book (1915) DVD 1541

Abraham Lincoln

Charney, Mark-J.
"'Picturizing' History: The Assassination of Lincoln in D. W. Griffith's The Birth of a Nation." South Carolina Review, 1990 Spring, 22:2, 58-62.

Lennig, Arthur
"There is a tragedy going on here which I will tell you later': D.W. Griffith and Abraham Lincoln." Film History: An International Journal Volume 22, Number 1, 2010
UC users only

Petric, Vlada
"Two Lincoln Assassinations by D.W. Griffith."Quarterly Review of Film Studies, III/3, Summer 78; p.345-369.
Analyses the pictorial composition and editing structure of the Lincoln assassination sequences in "The birth of a nation" and "Abraham Lincoln". Incl. frame enlargements and shot lists.

America

"The Battle of Bunker Hill Is Fought Again in D.W. Griffith's Film Spectacle "Americia"." Current Opinion Apr 1, 1924. p. 452
UC users only

Murray, Lawrence L.
"History at the Movies during the Sesquicentennial: D. W. Griffith's 'America.'" Historian 41:3 (1979:May) 450
UC users only

The Avenging Conscience

Petric, Vlada
"'The Avenging Conscience': An Early Dream Film." Film Criticism, 6:2 (1982): pp: 5-27
UC users only

Broken Blossoms

Altman, Rick, Merritt, Russell, Andrew, Dudley
"Essays on D.W. Griffith." (Special Issue). Quarterly Review of Film Studies, VI/1, Winter 81; p.1-121.
On D.W.G.'s development, some key films such as "Hearts of the World" and "Broken blossoms", and current research.

Andrew, Dudley
""Broken Blossoms": The Art and Eros of a Perverse Text." Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 81

Costa de Beauregard, Raphaëlle.
"Screening the gothic genre in Broken Blossoms (1919) by D. W. Griffith." Anglophonia (15) 2004, 227-32. (2004)

DeCrox, Rick.
"Broken Blossoms." (video recording reviews) Journal of Popular Film and Television v22, n2 (Summer, 1994):94 (2 pages).

"Donald Crisp and Lillian Gish in Broken Blossoms."Theatre Arts 29:4 (1945:Apr) 244

Dong, L.
"Cinematic representation of the yellow peril: D.W. Griffith's Broken blossoms." In: Color, hair, and bone : race in the twenty-first century / edited by Linden Lewis and Glyne Griffith with Elizabeth Crespo-Kebler. Lewisburg [Pa.] : Bucknell University Press ; Associated University Presses : Cranbury, NJ, c2008.
Anthropology HT1505.C5 2008

Flitterman-Lewis, Sandy.
"The Blossom and the Bole: Narrative and Visual Spectacle in Early Film Melodrama." Cinema Journal, vol. 33 no. 3. 1994 Spring. pp: 3-15.

Griffithiana, n48/49 October 1993 p.4-19.
Two articles about the late Lillian Gish: Article about her whole career and about her work for Broken Blossoms.

Kepley, Vance, Jr.
"Griffith's 'Broken Blossoms' and the Problem of Historical Specificity."Quarterly Review of Film Studies, III/1, Winter 78; p.37-47.
Discusses socio-economic factors relating to "Broken blossoms", incl. the literary source and Griffith's distribution and exhibition techniques.

Koshy, Susan.
"American Nationhood as Eugenic Romance." Differences: a Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies. 12:50-78. 2001 Spring.
UC users only

LeSage, J.
"Broken Blossoms: Artful Racism, Artful Rape." Jump Cut, 26 (Dec. 1981): 51-5
also in: Home is where the heart is : studies in melodrama and the woman's film / edited by Christine Gledhill. London : British Film Institute, 1987.
Main Stack PN1995.9.M4.H6
MoffittPN1995.9.M4.H6

Leonard, Garry.
"Tears of Joy: Hollywood Melodrama, Ecstasy, and Restoring Meta-Narratives of Transcendence in Modernity." University of Toronto Quarterly, Spring2010, Vol. 79 Issue 2, p819-837, 19p
UC users only
There is critical consensus that modernity is characterized by a lack of meta-narratives, by de-sacralization, by the sequestration of people from the meaning contained in their life experiences, and by a crisis in valuation. This paper argues that Hollywood melodrama compensates for these aspects of modern life by locating the sacred within the secular. Part of the compensatory function served by this genre is effected through the emotional impact that melodramas have on audiences, which can be usefully contextualized in relation to religious ecstasy. A comparative analysis of the two films Broken Blossoms (1919) and American Beauty (1999) reveals how the evocation of ecstasy through film can reinstate meta-narratives, present an alternative means of valuation to capitalism, and manifest an opposite logic to that of investment that of sacrifice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Quarterly Review of Film Studies, (review) v6.n1 Winter 1981 p. 81-90
Analysis of the racial and sexual politics in D.W. Griffith's "Broken blossoms

Marchetti, Gina
"The rape fantasy: The Cheat and Broken Blossoms." In: Romance and the "Yellow Peril": Race, Sex, and Discursive Strategies in Hollywood Fiction / Gina Marchetti. p. 10-45. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1993.
UCB AsianAmer PN1995.9.A8 M37 *c2 copies
UCB Main PN1995.9.A78 M37 1993
UCB Moffitt PN1995.9.A78 M37 1993

Merritt, Russell
"In and around Broken Blossom." Griffithiana XVI/48-49, Oct 1993; p.12-19.
Examines the critical reputation of "Broken blossoms" in terms of its narrative, its relationship to class structures and contemporary anti-Asian stereotypes, and Griffith's unorthodox marketing and exhibition strategies (Incl. Italian translation on alternate pages.)

Millar, Daniel.
"Structure of oppositions in two films of D. W. Griffith: 'Broken Blossoms' and 'True Heart Susie'" Durham University Journal 1977 (38) 263-9.

Peucker, Brigitte
"Monstrous births: the hybrid text." In: Peucker, Brigitte. Incorporating images: film and the rival arts / Brigitte Peucker. p. 55-103. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1995. (Series: Princeton paperbacks)
Main Stack PN1995.25.P48 1995

Quarterly Review of Film Studies, v3.n1 Winter 1978 p. 37-47
Analysis of conditions tempering original audience reaction.

Watts, Carol.
"Adapting Affect: The Melodramatic Economy of Broken Blossoms." Film Studies: An International Review. 3: 31-46. 2002 Spring.

A Corner in Wheat

Bowser, Eileen
"The Reconstitution of "A Corner in Wheat" Cinema Journal Issue: 15:2 (1976:Spring) p.42
UC users only

DeCroix, Rick.
"A Corner in Wheat and Selected D.W. Griffith Biograph Shorts, 1909-1913." (video recording reviews)Journal of Popular Film and Television v22, n2 (Summer, 1994):91 (2 pages).

Färber, Helmut
A corner in wheat von D.W. Griffith, 1909 : eine Kritik Munchen ; Paris : H. Farber, 1992.
MAIN: PN1997.C75 F37 1992

Färber, Helmut
"D.W. Griffith's A corner in wheat." Griffithiana; Vol.XX nr.59 (May 1997); p.4-87
Incl. a shot-by-shot description of the Biograph short with a critique which discusses its construction, pictorial form, editing, gestures, classes, language, logic, ending and uniqueness in film history. Also, appendices on versions, number of prints, advertising, trade paper coverage, the contemporary political situation, its ban in Germany, its adaptation from Frank Norris and its comparison to the work of painter Jean-François Millet, technical aspects and a production calendar. (In Italian and English.) [FIAF]

Fusco, Katherine.
"Taking Naturalism to the Moving Picture Show: Frank Norris, D. W. Griffith, and Naturalist Editing." Adaptation, Jul2010, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p155-178, 24p
UC users only

Olsson, Jan.
"Trading places: Griffith, Patten and agricultural modernity." Film History 17.1 (Jan 2005): 39.
UC users only
"Part of a special issue on local film. A Corner in Wheat, a film directed by D. W. Griffith combines cultural and representational traditions of agrarian life in complex, albeit unsettled ways. The historical matrix for the intertextual web employed by Griffith's film, encompassing the paintings of Jean-Francois Millet, the Populist movement, and the texts of Frank Norris, has impeded access to contemporaneous dimensions of the film and the obvious inspiration derived from headlines about wheat. The filmmakers preferred to cloak the narrative in a way that downplayed the topicality of cornering and bread issues by allegorizing them in terms of the past. Instead of offering economic analysis, Griffith provides a sentimental, ahistorical moral geography with scant use value and explanatory force in relation to the vicissitudes of 1909. The film's abstract mode of representation appears to be an involuntary by-product of his oblique take on the wheat mechanism and his detachment from politics." [Art Index]

Ulman , Erik
"A Corner In Wheat: An Analysis." Senses of Cinema

Drunkard's Reform

Grieveson, Lee
"'A kind of recreative school for the whole family': making cinema respectable, 1907-09." Screen; Vol.XLII nr.1 (Spring 2001); p.64-76
Explores the question, how did the film industry make cinema respectable? Looks at efforts to differentiate cinema from saloons and at texts which reform masculinity and celebrate domesticity, focusing on "The drunkard's reformation" (1909).

Enoch Arden

Deutelbaum, Marshall
"D. W. Griffith and the Possibilities of "Enoch Arden"."Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 27
Outlines the themes and circular structures of "After many years" (1908)m "Lines of white on a sullen sea" (1909), "The Unchanging Sea" (1910), and "Enoch Arden" (1911).

The Female of the Species

Simmon, Scott.
" 'The Female of the Species': D. W. Griffith: Father of the Woman's Film." Film Quarterly, vol. 46 no. 2. 1992-1993 Winter. pp: 8-20.
UC users only

The Girl and Her Trust

Koszarski, Richard.
"The Girl and Her Trust: film into fiction." Film History, 2008, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p198-201, 4p
UC users only

Hearts of the World

Altman, Rick, Merritt, Russell, Andrew, Dudley
"Essays on D.W. Griffith." (Special Issue). Quarterly Review of Film Studies, VI/1, Winter 81; p.1-121.
On D.W.G.'s development, some key films such as "Hearts of the World" and "Broken Blossoms", and current research.

Latham, James.
"Griffith Over There: Hearts of the World." In: American cinema of the 1910s : themes and variations / edited by Charlie Keil and Ben Singer. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2009.
Full-text available online (UC Berkeley users only)
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 A85733 2009

Manvell, Roger
"Revaluations: Hearts of the World." Sight and Sound 19:3 (1950:May) p.130
UC users only

Merritt, Russell R.
"Griffith Directs the Great War: The Making of "Hearts of the World"." Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 45

Shrock, J.
"Desperate deeds, desperate men: Gender, race, and rape in silent feature films, 1915-1927." Journal of Men's Studies; 1997, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p69-89, 21p
UC users only

Welsh, James M.
"The Great War and the War Film as Genre: Hearts of the World and What Price Glory?" In: Hollywood's World War I: Motion Picture Images / edited by Peter C. Rollins and John E. OConnor. pp: 27-38. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, [1997]
Moffitt D522.23.H65 1997

Intolerance

Brownlow, Kevin.
"From Birth of a Nation to Intolerance" In: The Parade's Gone By. New York, Knopf, 1968. pp: 46-50.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.B7
MoffittPN1993.5.U6.B7 1968b

Drew, William M.
D.W.Griffith's Intolerance: Its Genesis and Its Vision / by William M. Drew. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, c1986.
UCB Main PN1997.I5173 D741 1986
UCB Moffitt PN1997.I5173 D74 1986

Everson, William K.
"Intolerance." In: American silent film / William K. Everson. New York : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 E9
Moffitt PN1993.5.U6 E9 c.11

"The Greatest Achievement of the Superman of the Movies." Current Opinion Nov 1916. Vol. VOL. LXI, Iss. No. 5; p. 321 (1 page)
UC users only

Hansen, Miriam.
"D.W. Giffith's Intolerance." In: Classical Hollywood narrative : the paradigm wars / edited by Jane Gaines. Durham : Duke University Press, 1992.
Main Stack PN1995.C537 1992

Hansen, Miriam.
"Giffith's Real Intolerance."Film Comment v25, n5 (Sept-Oct, 1989):28 (2 pages).
"The Museum of Modern Art has put together a restored version of D. W. Griffith's Intolerance (1916) that will be shown at this year's New York Film Festival. In reconstructing the film, archivists relied on a variety of sources, including the two "standard" versions that have circulated since 1922. One of the sequences added to the restored print--the episode of Mary Magdelene in the Judean story--helps make the film's ambivalent response to the crisis of femininity more explicit. Intolerance betrays a profound anxiety about the advent of the liberated woman, but its sympathetic portrayal of the Magdelene suggests that Griffith also identified with the plight of women." [Readers Guide Retrospective]

Hansen, Miriam.
"The Hieroglyph and the Whore: D. W. Griffith's Intolerance." South Atlantic Quarterly, vol. 88 no. 2. 1989 Spring. pp: 361-392.
"In his 1916 movie, Intolerance, D. W. Griffith tried to demonstrate his belief in cinema as a universal visual language that could restore the unity lost at Babel. The attempt was undermined by his reliance on allusion to written texts. The technique of intercutting and juxtaposing different stories breaks the flow. In the various narratives the characters of whores revive Victorian attitudes toward prostitution, in defiance of the reformers who had condemned his film Birth of a Nation as racist, and who he accused of trying to destroy the new universal language with censorship. His reversal of roles, so that fallen women rescue virtuous young men, may be traceable to a sexual desire for his older sister." [America: History and Life] From the author's forthcoming book Babel and Babylon: Spectatorship in American Film

Huff, Theodore.
Intolerance; The Film by David Wark Griffith, Shot-by-shot Analysis. New York, Museum of Modern Art [c1966].
UCB Main PN1997 .I5171

Kepley, Vance, Jr.
"Intolerance and the Soviets; a Historical Investigation." Wide Angle, III/1, 79; p.22-27.
Challenges the extent of Griffith's influence upon Soviet filmmakers of the 1920's.
also in: Inside the film factory : new approaches to Russian and Soviet cinema / edited by Richard Taylor and Ian Christie. London ; New York, NY : Routledge, 1991. Soviet cinema.
Main Stack PN1993.5.R9.I57 1991
MoffittPN1993.5.R9.I57 1991

Klein, Scott W.
"Modernist Babylons: Utopian Aesthetics and Urban Spectacle in D. W. Griffith and Wyndham Lewis." Modernist Cultures, 2010, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p9-29, 21p; DOI: 10.3366/mod.2010.0003
UC users only

Leondopoulos, Jordan.
"Lost in a Climate of Opinion: 'Intolerance' Revisited." Literature-Film Quarterly v18, n2 (April, 1990):70 (6 pages).
UC users only
Defends Griffith's "Intolerance" against accusations of incoherence, linking it with then-contemporary modernist experiments in literature.

Leondopoulos, Jordan
Still the Moving World: Intolerance, Modernism, and Heart of Darkness / Jordan Leondopoulos. New York: P. Lang, c1991. Series title: Literature and the visual arts ; vol. 7.
UCB Main PN1997.I5173 L46 1991

LoBrutto, V.
"Parallel storytelling: Intolerance." In: Becoming film literate : the art and craft of motion pictures Westport, Conn. : Praeger, c2005.
MAIN: PN1994 .L595 2005
MOFF: PN1994 .L595 2005
PFA : PN1994 .L595

Louvish, Simon
"Burning crosses." Sight & Sound; Vol.X nr.9 (Sept 2000); p.12-13
On the racism of D.W. Griffith who originally shot the crucifixion of Christ in "Intolerance" showing Jews crucifying Christ rather than the released version which shows Roman soldiers nailing Christ to the cross.

Martin, Floyd W.
"Griffith's "Intolerance": A Note on Additional Visual Sources." Art Journal 43:3 (1983:Fall) 231
UC users only

Merritt, Russell
"D.W. Griffith's Intolerance: Reconstructing an Unattainable Text."Film History, IV/4, 90; p.337-375.
UC users only
"The recent restoration of D. W. Griffith's Intolerance (1916) by the New York Museum of Modern Art is an effort to recreate this film as it existed on the opening night, 5 September 1916. The author critiques this new version based on his own reading of the available primary materials, including some sources not utilized in the restoration. The author questions the notion that the original negative was disassembled during 1919-20 to such a degree that Griffith was unable to fully restore it for future use. While no single edition of this film may be seen as definitive, the version presented by Griffith in 1926 may be seen as the one with which he himself was most satisfied." [America: History and Life]

Merritt, Russell
"On first looking into Griffith's Babylon: a reading of a publicity still." Wide Angle; Vol.III nr.1 (1979); p.12-21
Examination of the still of the Babylon set from "Intolerance" in a new context

Pratt, G.C.
"Oneness of all ages." {D. W. Griffith's Intolerance 1914-1916}. Image (Rochester, N.Y.) v. 25 (September/December 1982) p. 26-8

Pym, John
"Intolerance." Monthly Film Bulletin; Vol.XLVI nr.544 (May 1979); p.106-107

Rogin, Michael.
"The Great Mother Domesticated: Sexual Difference and Sexual Indifference in D. W. Griffith's "Intolerance"."Critical Inquiry 15:3 (1989:Spring) 510
UC users only
"D. W. Griffith's movie Intolerance (1916) is located in: anxieties about the new women in the progressive US; the displacement of meaning from point of production to arenas of leisure & consumption; & the creation of safe, urban entertainment to overcome the opposition between beleaguered domestic home & dangerous metropolitan street. The movie counterposes public sexual pleasures to female-dominated state repression, but Griffith's expressionist images & montage editing overwhelm the male-subject-rescuing synthesis of family & city to which he aspired." [Sociological Abstracts]

Rogin, Michael.
"The Great Mother Domesticated: Sexual Difference and Sexual Indifference in D. W. Griffith's Intolerance." In: Discovering Difference: Contemporary Essays in American Culture. / edited by Christoph K. Lohmann. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c1993. pp.: 148-88.
UCB Main PS25.D56 1993
MoffittPS25.D56 1993

Tratner, Michael.
"Constructing public institutions and private sexuality : The birth of a nation and Intolerance." In: Crowd scenes : movies and mass politics / Michael Tratner. New York : Fordham University Press, 2008.
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1995.9.C67 T73 2008

Tucker, Jean E.
"Voices from the Silents." Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress 1980 37(3-4): 387-412.
"Discusses the production in 1916 of David Wark Griffith's silent film Intolerance by using interviews with five people associated with the film: the actresses Lillian Gish, Anita Loos, and Miriam Cooper, actor and film researcher Joseph Henabery, and cameraman Karl Brown. Brief biographical sketches of these individuals are included along with their views of Griffith and the film Intolerance. The length and complexity of Intolerance made it a financial failure, but time has shown it to be a film classic for artistic and technical merit." [America: History and Life]

Judith of Bethulia

Rothman, William
"Judith of Bethulia." In: The "I" of the camera : essays in film criticism, history, and aesthetics / William Rothman. p. p. 18-30. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Cambridge studies in film.
Main Stack PN1995.R681 1988
MoffittPN1995.R68 1988

The Lonedale Operator

Bellour, Raymond
"To alternate/to narrate." In: Early cinema : space-frame-narrative / edited by Thomas Elsaesser with Adam Barker. p. 360-74. London : BFI Publishing, 1990.
Grad Svcs PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990 Non-circulating; may be used only in Graduate Services.
Main Stack PN1993.5.A1.E3 1990
MoffittPN1993.5.A1.E3 1990

Bergstrom, Janet
"Alternation, segmentation, hypnosis: interview with Raymond Bellour." Camera Obscura; nr.3-4 (Summer 1979); p.70-103
French critic R.B. discusses his method of textual analysis and theories about alternation and segmentation, with examples from "The Lonedale operator" and "The Westerner".

Gunning, Tom.
"Systematizing the electric message: narrative form, gender, and modernity in The Lonedale operator." In: American cinema's transitional era : audiences, institutions, practices / edited by Charlie Keil and Shelley Stamp. Berkeley : University of California Press, c2004.
Main Stack PN1993.5.U6.A858 2004

The Lonely Villa

Altman, Rick
"The Lonley Villa and Griffith's Paradigmatic Style." Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:2 (1981: Spring)
Describes D.W.G.'s techniques in the film and evaluates their function within his narrative, cinematic and social context. (Continuation of Griffith special issue, VI/1).

Gunning, T.
"Heard over the phone: The Lonely villa and the de Lorde tradition of the terrors of technology." Screen v. 32 (Summer 1991) p. 184-96

The Mother and the Law

Lennig, Arthur
"The Mother and the Law." Film History; 2005, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p404-430, 27p
UC users only

The Musketeers of Pig Alley

Cieutat, Michel
"Naissance du 'thriller': 'The musketeers of Pig Alley' de D.W. Griffith." Positif; nr.171-172 (July-Aug 1975); p.7-12
Analysis of "The musketeers of Pig Alley" which is thought to be the first gangster film ever made.

Decroix, Rick.
"The Musketeers of Pig Alley and Selected D.W. Griffith Biograph Shorts, 1912-1913." (video recording reviews) Journal of Popular Film and Television v22, n2 (Summer, 1994):92 (2 pages).

Kepley, Vance, Jr.
"The Musketeers of Pig Alley and the Well-made Sausage." Literature/Film Quarterly, VI/3, Summer 78; p.274-284. illus.
Examines the film, incl. its deep-focus photography, as an example of Griffith's well-crafted later Biograph films.

Orphans of the Storm

Drew, William M.
"D.W. Griffith's "Orphans of the Storm": A Reevaluation." Literature/Film Quarterly v18, n2 (April, 1990):76 (11 pages)
UC users only

Zambrano, A. L.
"The styles of Dickens and Griffith: 'A Tale of Two Cities' and 'Orphans of the Storm'." Language and Style: An International Journal 1974 (7) 53-61.

Pippa Passes

Guiliano, Edward; Keenan, Richard C.
"Browning without Words: D. W. Griffith and the Filming of "Pippa Passes"." Browning Institute Studies, Vol. 4, (1976), pp. 125-159
UC users only

Hilenski, F.A.
"D.W. Griffith's film version of Browning's 'Pippa passes': Some problems in early literature to film adaptation." Literature/Film Quarterly; Vol.IV nr.1 (Winter 1975-76); p.76-82
UC users only
Compares Robert Browning's and D.W.G.'s versions of 'Pippa passes' and discusses the limitations of film in this period, with special reference to early film critic Rollin Summers.

Ramona

Kirby, Jack Temple.
"D. W. Griffith's Racial Portraiture." Phylon 1978 39(2): 118-127.
In his more than 400 films, David Wark Griffith treated racial themes frequently. He used stereotypes constantly: Jews were ingratiating and parsimonious, Italians and Hispanics passionate and often violent; American Indians noble savages; Orientals inscrutable and tradition-bound. Yet all of these ethnic types could be either good or bad, depending on the film. Griffith makes Indians heroes more often than villains, and sympathizes with the struggle against the encroaching whites. Ramona (1910) depicts white persecution of the mestiza Ramona and her Indian lover. Blacks, however, were either wicked or docile retainers; in Birth of a Nation (1915) Griffith enshrines these racial stereotypes in one of the greatest films ever made. In Intolerance, he chronicles many instances of that vice in history, but never racial prejudice as a form thereof. Griffith's racism, however, should not be singled out for condemnation; it was typical of the time, and many made films more viciously racist than did Griffith.

Noriega, Chon A.
"Birth of the Southwest: social protest, tourism, and D. W. Griffith's Ramona." In: The birth of whiteness : race and the emergence of U.S. cinema / edited by Daniel Bernardi. p. 203-26. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1996.
Main Stack PN1995.9.M56.B57 1996

Squaw Man

Hearne, Joanna
""The cross-heart people": race and inheritance in the silent Western." Journal of Popular Film and Television, Wntr 2003 v30 i4 p181(16)
UC users only
"The author examines the visualization of Indianness in the context of cross-racial romance and in relation to the emergence of the Western genre in early silent film. Popular attitudes toward Indian assimilation and United States policy are traced through the cinematic versions of The Squaw Man and other "Indian dramas" from 1908 to 1916." [Expanded Academic Index]

True Heart Susie

Millar, Daniel.
"Structure of oppositions in two films of D. W. Griffith: 'Broken Blossoms' and 'True Heart Susie'" Durham University Journal 1977 (38) 263-9.
Both of these films establish an art-nature dichotomy, but the attitude of Blossoms is a mirror-reversal to that of Susie.

Naremore, James
"True Heart Susie" and the Art of Lillian Gish."Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 91

Rothman, William
"True heart Griffith." In: The "I" of the camera : essays in film criticism, history, and aesthetics / William Rothman. p. 31-47. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Cambridge studies in film.
Main Stack PN1995.R681 1988
MoffittPN1995.R68 1988

Way Down East

American Film, v10.n1. October 1984 p.18-19,93
Article on the retoration of the film by the Museum of Modern Art.

Brown, Geoff
"Way down east." Monthly Film Bulletin; Vol.XLVI nr.544 (May 1979); p.108-109

Fischer, Lucy
"Silent melodrama: Way down east: melodrama, metaphor, and the maternal body." In: Cinematernity: film, motherhood, genre / Lucy Fischer. p. 56-72. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1996.
Main Stack PN1995.9.W6.F565 1996

Flitterman-Lewis, Sandy.
"The Blossom and the Bole: Narrative and Visual Spectacle in Early Film Melodrama." Cinema Journal, vol. 33 no. 3. 1994 Spring. pp: 3-15.
"The writer discusses the representation of women in early film melodrama. She observes that efforts to trace the origins and defining features of early film melodrama often crystallize around two distinct lines of descent, namely the dramatic narrative of theatrical performance and the visual spectacle derived from the elaboration of cinematic elements. She elaborates that these reversible and intersecting categories of melodramatic definition find their most illustrative common ground in the image of woman. She discusses two films, Way Down East and Broken Blossoms, both characteristic film melodramas by D. W. Griffith featuring Lillian Gish, in which the spectacle of female suffering crystallizes in the melodramatic mainstays of violence, sexuality, and Victorian ideology, and binds the theatrical and cinematic into one compelling form. She concludes that the presence of the female image makes both the reversibility of the processes of narrative action and visual spectacle, and the cinema itself, hinge on sexual difference." [Art Index]

Kauffmann, Stanley
"D. W. Griffith's "Way Down East"Horizon 14:2 (1972:Spring) 50
Discusses the filming of D. W. Griffith's Way Down East, with special attention to the acting techniques of Lillian Gish and on-location work in sub-zero weather

Kozloff, Sarah R.
"Where Wessex Meets New England: Griffith's Way Down East and Hardy's Tess of the d'Urbervilles." Literature/ Film Quarterly, vol. 13 no. 1. 1985. pp: 35-41.
UC users only
Explores the influence of 'Tess of the d'Urbervilles' on "Way down East".

Lennig, Arthur
"The Birth of "Way Down East"."Quarterly Review of Film Studies 6:1 (1981:Winter) 105

Thomas, Gordon
"Griffith's Great American Pastoral: Location and Meaning in Way Down East." Bright Lights Film Journal, February 2009 | Issue 63

Vineberg, S.
"The Restored Way down East." Film Quarterly v. 39 (Spring 1986) p. 54-7

Wexman, Virginia Wright.
"Suffering and Suffrage: Birth, the Female Body, and Women's Choices in D. W. Griffith's Way Down East." The Velvet Light Trap, vol. 29. 1992 Spring. pp: 53-65.
UC users only

Williams, Linda
"Melodrama Revisited." In: Refiguring American film genres : history and theory / Nick Browne, editor. Berkeley : University of California Press, c1998. Location Call No. Status
Graduate Services PN1993.5.U6 R443 1998
Main (Gardner) Stacks PN1993.5.U6 R443 1998
Moffitt PN1993.5.U6 R443 1998

The Wind

DeCroix, Rick.
"The Wind." (video recording reviews) Journal of Popular Film and Television v22, n2 (Summer, 1994):95 (2 pages).

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