The Free Speech Movement and Its Legacy:
After the FSM: Student Movements and Student Protest 1965--











The "Filthy Speech" Episode

"Notwithstanding its superficial triviality, the so-called "filthy speech" episode of March 1965 put the faculty-student alliance of December 8 [i.e. 1964] to a severe and rather unhappy test. The crisis was brought on by the prominent and provocative display of the work FUCK on a sign carried on campus by a nonstudent and his subsequent arrest by campus police folled by a series of "Obscenity Rallies" and several more arrests (including those of prominent FSMer Arthur Goldberg, who was soon expelled). These events precipitated the first rally on Sproul Steps that was called and organized specifically by faculty. The rally had as its primary purpose the efforts of liberal faculty to distance themselves from some FSMers' defense of the provocative, "obscene" contents of Spider, a new countercultural campus literary magazine, and of the right to freely shout or display "four letter" obscenities within the "time, place, and matter" rules, an issue that had never been seriously discussed by any of the contending parties in the fall.

[from Zelnik, Reginald. "On the side of the Angels.: The Berkeley Faculty and the FSM." In: The Free Speech Movement: Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960's. Edited by Robert Cohen and Reginald Zelnik. pp. 320-21. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002]

Staff of SPIDER Magazine, FSM Executive Committee (?), UCB Faculty, and Others discuss Academic Sentate Meeting, further infringements on students rights to distribute political literature (i.e. SPIDER Magazine) (March 18, 1965?)

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

NOTE: Some portions edited for continuity and to eliminate crowd noise.

Part 1
Part 2

FSM Executive Committee Meeting, March 20-21, 1965

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

Discussions regarding legal defense funds and other support for students arrested on obscenity charges, January 1965; discussions of nature and future role of FSM and FSM leadership; future strategies for the movement, and future of student activism on campus.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5

Student Rally concerning the Banning of Spider Magazine

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

Speakers include Jim Fricket(?) of Spider staff, Professor Morrish Hirsch (Mathematics), Elija Turner (Oakland C.O.R.E.)

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Debate related to student arrests for campus obscenity, Spider Magazine, and the FSM (1965): Professor Thomas Parkinson, Bob Kaufman, Professor Reginald Zelnick, Mario Savio

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

Max Heirich's The Beginning: Berkeley 1964 for an account of student obscenity arrests

Listen to it: Parkinson and Kaufman (40:12)

Listen to it: Zelnick and Savio (51:35)

Student Rally, April 23, 1965 concerning student suspensions/campus obscenity issue

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

Speakers include Mario Savio, Brad Cleaveland, Jackie Goldberg, Art Goldberg, Professor Thomas Parkinson, Nicholas Zvegintzov, and others.

Part 1: Savio, Cleaveland, J. Goldberg, Charles Flynn (student speaking against obscenity), Nicholas Zvegintzov (suspended student) (33:45)

Part 2: Art Goldberg, Richard Romanoff, Thomas Parkinson, Mario Savio, and others (33:45)

Part 3: Savio, Civil Rights singers (29:42)

Part 4: Savio, Brad Cleaveland, other speakers(29:41)

Mario Savio: May 21, 1965 address to Vietnam War Teach-In

© Pacifica Radio, 1965. All rights reserved.

Transcripts of the Savio's address to Teach-in (via FSM web site)

Contents: 1. Introduction by Professor John Searle (4 min.) 2. Talk by Mario Savio (28 min.) Produced by KPFA, Berkeley, 28 June 1965

Note:First several minutes of program are poorly recorded.

Listen to it

News broadcasts related to UCB Student Protests and Strikes Concerning Military and Military Industry Recruiting on Campus (1966?)

Source recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman

Listen to it

Discussion of the future of UC Berekeley student movements (September 16, 1966)

Recording courtesy of Lynne Hollander and Michael Rossman.
Note: Question and answer portion in part 4 is poorly recorded

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Student Strike 1966

A recording of the meeting held in Pauley Ballroom on the campus of UC Berkeley following a sit-in and arrests of students for blocking the Navy recruiting table outside the student store. The Strike Committee along with the audience decided to initiate a formal, all-out strike. This recording is a portion of the 6 hour deliberations related to this action.

"Just as in 1964 the Free Speech Movement was incited by the power structure's attempt to crack down on the Civil Rights Movement, the present conflict stems from the continuing attempt to crush the anti-war movement in this country. The right of dissent is imperative to the continuance of opposition to American suppression of self-determination in Vietnam, and it is a fundamental right upon which any democratic enterprise must be based." (Vietnam Day Committee statement in support of strike)

Part 1 speakers include Joel Gire (?), Karen Lieberman and Ira Ruskin (re campus administration's refusal to negotiate with groups supporting the strike) Mario Savio, Al Jacobs and Karl Davidson (Students for a Democratic Society), David Harris (student body president, Stanford University), and others.

Part 2 speakers include Professor Robert Moore (Mathematics), Professor Bernard Diamond (Law; Psychiatry), and student speakers.

Part 1
Part 2

Report on University Governance

Mario Savio, Bettina Aptheker, and Reese Erlich discuss the report of a student-faculty commission on University governance. Moderated by Elsa Knight Thompson. 31 January 1968.

Listen to it (85 min.)

© Pacifica Radio, 1968. All rights reserved.
(Pacifica Archives # E2BB1634)

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