Western & Northern Europe: History and Politics












General

Individual Countries
France
Germany / Austria
Greece/Cyprus
Italy
Scandinavia
Spain/Portugal
United Kingdom/Ireland

Immigrants within Western Europe/Scandinavia
Gypsies (Romanies, et al.)

Eastern Europe
Peace and Conflict in the 20th Century
French cinema in the Media Resources Center
German cinema in the Media Resources Center
Italian cinema in the Media Resources Center
The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: Immigrants Within Europe

General

Albert Kahn's Archive of the Planet
A peace-loving man with a decidedly global perspective, Albert Kahn spent most of his life and wealth trying to expand Western understanding of other cultures -- largely through film and photography. Originally released in 2007 as a series for BBC television. Dist.: Films Media Group.

Paula Amad. "Cinema's 'Sanctuary': From Pre-Documentary to Documentary Film in Albert Kahn's "Archives de la Planète" (1908-1931)." Film History Vol. 13, No. 2, Non-Fiction Film (2001), pp. 138-159 UC users only

A Vision of the World
This program delves into Kahn's origins and formative years and the launch of his Archive of the Planet project. Topics include Kahn's Jewish ancestry and Alsacian upbringing; his early success in finance; his admiration of Japanese art and customs; the development of autochrome photography by the Lumière brothers; Marguerite Mespoulet's colorful documentation of Ireland's vanishing Celtic traditions; and Kahn's expedition to Cornwall and London with August Leon. 50 min. DVD X5707

Men of the World
In 1908, Albert Kahn and his chauffeur embarked on a global trek to observe and absorb other cultures -- an early "prototype' of the many photographic missions Kahn would fund over the years. this program illustrates that formative round-the-world trip as well as the 1913 journey undertaken by photographer Stéphane Passet to China, Mongolia and India. Viewers will encounter startling images of early 20th century Manhattan, San Francisco, Tokyo and Beijing, as well as views of nascent Rio de Janeiro and burgeoning Buenos Aires. Scenes from Tsarist Siberia, the Mongolian steppes, a Varanasi teeming with worshippers, and a camel-and-elephant caravan on the Khyber Pass reaffirm the spectacular value of Kahn's grand project. 52 min. DVD X5708

Europe on the Brink
Poverty, emigration, declining birth rates, and ethnic divisions weakened many European countries as the 20th century began. From France to the Balkans, leaders prescribed nationalism and military buildup as the only solutions. This program studies the continent's march to war as depicted in the photographic record commissioned by French banker Albert Kahn. Early color images and film footage explore a range of themes -- including contrasts between urbanization and rural life in France, Germany and Scandinavia, the decline of the Ottoman Empire and its impact in Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece and Macedonia; and the grittiness of everyday life in Europe. kahn's pacifism is also a topic. 51 min. DVD X5709

The Soldiers' Story
As World War I engulfed his country, Albert Kahn struck a deal with the French army: his team of photographers would capture images and footage that helped the war effort in exchange for direct access to militarized zones. A century later, this program presents the results -- revealing the life and environment of the French soldier as recorded in Kahn's Archive of the Planet. The visual details of trench warfare and all its misery are combined with pictures from towns, hospitals , and barracks a few miles from the front -- evoking the humanity of the ordinary fighting man as well as the appalling devastation wrought by the era's instruments of death. 52 min. DVD X5710

The Civilians' Story: Albert Kahn's Archive of the Planet
In addition to documenting the Great War, Albert Kahn's team of photographers recorded the impact of the conflict on French civilian ife. This program explores both the propaganda value and the genuine emotional power in images of the war-torn French populace. French and Belgian refugees, ruined churches, and farms tended by women and the elderly are a few of the subjects rendered in exquisite and moving detail. Soissons smolders after a German retreat; Reims and its shattered cathedral hover on the edge of total destruction; and the Alsace region, Kahn's birthplace, regains its French identity. 52 min. DVD X5711

Europe After the Fire
Versailles, 1919: French banker Albert Kahn and his camera team are among the few photographers allowed inside the Hall of Mirrors for the treaty signing -- an example of Kahn's uncanny talent for documenting change. This program focuses on Kahn's pictorial record of the war's aftermath and the challenges of securing a true peace across Europe. Zeppelin-borne aerial footage conveys the scope of the destruction, while grave-digging and burial scenes evoke the staggering number of combatants killed. Other events and subjects include the influx of foreign workers that filled France's labor void; the French occupation of the Rhineland; German breadlines and Paris dance-halls; and war monuments in London and Verdun. 52 min. DVD X5712

Middle East, The Birth of Nations
No sooner had Europe declared an end to its Great War than the seeds of new conflict were sewn -- in the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire. With typical global awareness, photography archivist Albert Khan chose to document the historic changes occurring in the colonial Middle East. This program traces his team's expeditions into Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine as Western powers redrew the map of the region. The French takeover of Syria, the Balfour Declaration, and Turkey’s war with Greece come to life in Kahn’s street-level films and autochromes-- which also serve as reminders that Jerusalem, like many other Middle East locations, suffered greatly during World War I. 52 min. DVD X5713

Far East, Expeditions to Empires
From 1914 through much of the 1920's, Albert Kahn's photographic team was hard at work in Asia, amassing culturally and historically vital images. This program recounts journeys through Indochina and greater Asia in which the Kahn team opened up a world most Europeans had never dreamed of. Viewers discover Vietnam through its beggars, Tet celebrants and elegantly dressed Mandarin administrators; Cambodia, through its dancers and the imposing Angkor City complex; Japan, through rapidly Westernizing homes, dress and hairstyles; and India, through pictures of the maharajahs and other authorities rendered powerless by British rule. 51 min. DVD X5714

The End of a World
As they built an unsurpassed visual archive of world culture, Albert Kahn and his photographers turned their attention to widely divergent locations. This program follows the maritime odyssey of Lucien Le Saint, circa 1922, as he captured on film the daily lives of Newfoundland cod fisherman, as well as expeditions into northwestern Africa. Images from Morocco and Tunisia focus on occupying French soldiers, the prostitutes they patronized, and larger changes in those societies, while pictures taken in Dahomey (now Benin) shed light on the symbiotic relationship between Catholocism and the Vodun religion. Viewers also learn about the Colonial Exhibition of 1931, Kahn's financial collapse, and the fate of his archive after his death in 1940. 51 min. DVD X5714

The Anti-Americans: A Hate/Love Relationship
Why does Europe hate us? It's a question that comes to mind for many Americans when they see polls proclaiming that one out of two Europeans sees America as playing a negative role in the world. A whimsical, yet serious look at the estrangement between Europeans and Americans, this documentary travels to Ireland, France, Poland and Great Britain to examine the thesis that each country responds to American culture and society in a unique way. Originally broadcast as a segment of the PBS series America at a Crossroads. c2007. 60 min. DVD X981

Age of Hope, 1900 (People's Century).
The dawn of the twentieth century was forged in hope and optimism. Here interviewees from Europe, Asia and the United States (boasting an average age of 102), recount the part they played in the century's early history. Whether fighting on the barricades of the failed Russian Revolution of 1905 or campaigning for votes for women; recalling the Paris Exposition of 1900, or President McKinley's assassination or witnessing the sinking of the Titanic, all remember the changes they lived through and the clash of forces and ideas before World War I. 1998. 56 min. Video/C 5555

The Archduke's Last Journey: End of an Era
A biography of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the aristocracy that surrounded him and the events leading up to his assassination by Gavrilo Princip which tripped World War I. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Produced and written by Sharon Wood. Supplementary feature accompanying: Adventures of Young Indiana Jones. 21 min. DVD X233

The Atlantic Charter: The End of Colonialism
Examines the Atlantic Charter, a joint declaration by Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill, that gave hope to nationalists living in embattled Europe and in colonial possessions around the world. Includes research asserting that the Charter accelerated Hitler's plans for the "final solution" and influenced Japan's decision to bomb Pearl Harbor. Includes commentary by Elliott Roosevelt, Douglas Brinkley and historians Arthur Schlesinger Jr., Richard Rathbone, Chandrika Kaul, Theodore Wilson, and Tobias Jersak. 2002. 57 min. DVD 2030

The Best Intentions: the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles
Six months after WWI the Paris Peace Conference was convened to begin the daunting task of rebuilding Europe and making a lasting peace settlement with Germany. Only a few years later their plans for peace unraveled. Was it their fault or was it inevitable? Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 33 min. DVD X235

Blue Danube?
The Danube, the world's most international river connecting 18 countries, is at the heart of a very modern dilemma -- how to create prosperity through trade and development without destroying the environment? This program examines the consequences when more than one country shares what a river has to offer, investigating how the Danube has become a new battleground in the conflict between the European Union's transport and agriculture lobbies, and environmentalists fighting to preserve the river's unique ecology. Originally broadcast on the television program Lifeonline in 2004. 27 min. DVD 3970

Description from Bullfrog Films catalog

Boomtime, 1948. (People's Century, 1997.)
After World War II, the USA enjoyed unparalleled prosperity while Europe and much of the rest of the world suffered from devastation, lack of food and other necessities, and unemployment. The American Marshall Plan assisted Europe greatly in its recovery from the war and helped Europeans learn the 'American way' of doing things. Europeans began changing their economy by themselves and became consumers as well as producers. This prosperity lasted until 1973, when the certainty of cheap oil and a world dominated by the West was over. It was the beginning of the end of the greatest boom of the century. 56 min. Video/C 6444

Civilisation.
13 part series with Sir Kenneth Clark. For individual installments, consult the GLADIS catalog under series name.

The Cold War. 1998. 47 min. each installment.

Comrades, 1917-1945. Though ideological enemies, the Soviet Union and the United States are allies against Hitler during WWII. At the end of the war, Europe is divided, and the one-time allies now confront each other knowing that the United States has the atomic bomb. Video/C 5735

Iron Curtain, 1945-1947. The Soviet Union dominates Eastern Europe. Churchill warns of the consequences. Stalin insists that the governments of the Soviet Union's client states be pro-communist. Impoverished after the war, Great Britain opts out as a world power. The United States assumes the mantle of world leadership. Video/C 5735

Marshall Plan, 1947-1952. The United States adopts the Truman doctrine, pledging to defend freedom worldwide. Secretary of State George Marshall plans to bolster economic recovery in Europe. Seeing this as a threat, Stalin forbids his satellites to participate. The world effectively divides. Video/C 5735

Berlin, 1948-1949 In Berlin, the American, British and French sectors form a Western enclave in the Soviet zone of divided Germany. In June 1948, the Soviets blockade the city, but the Western allies successfully airlift in supplies. In August 1949, Soviet scientists explode an atomic bomb, establishing nuclear parity between the two superpowers. Video/C 5736

Reds, 1947-1953. Following Stalin's domination of Eastern Europe and the loss of China, American democracy falls victim to anti-communist hysteria, but survives it. Eisenhower is elected President. In the Soviet Union, Stalin reinforces the climate of terror on which his rule is based. When he dies in 1953, the Soviet people mourn the end of an era. Video/C 5736

Korea, 1949-1953. In June 1950, North Korea invades the South, with Stalin's blessing. The United States, backed by the United Nations, defends South Korea, and then is confronted by communist China. In mid-1951, the war grinds to a bloody stalemate but eventually an armistice is signed. Aggression has been contained. Video/C 5736

After Stalin, 1953-1956. Thaw is conceivable with Stalin's death. Khrushchev outmaneuvers Malenkov for power and visits the West. Germans, Poles and Hungarians attempt to rise against Soviet rule. In 1956, an uprising in Hungary is ruthlessly crushed by Soviet tanks. The United States, pledged to contain rather than overthrow communism, does nothing. Video/C 5737

Sputnik, 1949-1961. In the mid-50s, the Soviet Union seems to be forging ahead. In October 1957, the first Soviet satellite Sputnik orbits the earth--to the dismay and fear of the United States, frustrated by its own ineffectual space program. In 1961, the Soviets launch Yuri Gargarin into space. America will have to meet the challenge. Video/C 5737

The Wall, 1958-1963. The fate of Germany remains unresolved. West Germany has been admitted to NATO. Within East Germany, Berlin is divided between East and West by an open border. Thousands seize the chance to flee the communist system. To keep their people in, the East Germans, with Soviet backing, build The Wall. Video/C 5737

Cuba, 1959-1962. Khruschev decides, with Castro's agreement, to install short-range and medium-range missiles in Cuba, only 90 miles from the U.S. The United States detects the missile sites and blockades the island. The superpowers confront each other; but rather than embark on nuclear war, they each step back. Video/C 5738

Vietnam, 1954-1968. Vietnam has been divided since the end of French colonial rule. The North is run by communists, the South by anti-communists. Ignoring warnings against involvement in a nationalist struggle, the United States commits its armed forces. American protests against the war mount as the U.S. begins to realize this is not a war it can win. Video/C 5738

MAD, 1960-1972. Throughout the 60s, the U.S. and the Soviet Union are locked in a nuclear stand-off; each realizes that bombing the enemy could provoke retaliation and self-destruction. Nuclear strategy evolves into Mutual Assured Destruction, or MAD, in which both sides are guaranteed certain annihilation in the event of nuclear war. Video/C 5738

Make Love Not War, The Sixties. Western economies grow and prosper, fueled partly by armaments production. Rejecting their parents' affluence and the Cold War, many of the young protest and rebel. There is racial violence in U.S. inner cities while rock music comes to express the mood of a disenchanted generation. Video/C 5739

Red Spring, The Sixties.In the Soviet bloc, communist rule stifles ambition and achievement. Soviet defense expenditure cripples economic growth. The young lust for totems of America's youth culture--blue jeans and rock-n-roll. In Czechoslovakia, Dubcek attempts limited reform, but in 1968, Soviet force crushes the Prague Spring. Video/C 5739

China, 1949-1972. Chinese communists win the longest civil war in 20th century history. Mao's land reforms are popular but in 1958, he embarks on a series of catastrophic changes. China maintains an increasingly uneasy relationship with the Soviet Union. In 1960 the Sino-Soviet split paves the way for President Nixon's historic visit to Beijing. Video/C 5739

Detente, 1969-1975. North Vietnam launches a new offensive against the South. The U.S. steps up its bombing campaign but seeks peace through diplomacy. Nixon and Brezhnev sign the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT). The U.S. finally withdraws from Vietnam. Detente culminates in the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. Video/C 5740

Good Guys, Bad Guys, 1967-1978 The superpowers use surrogates to wage ideological and often physical conflict. In 1967 and 1973, American backed-Israel triumphs over Soviet-backed Egypt and Syria. In Africa, the Soviets exploit nationalist, anti-colonial struggles. The U.S. supports South Africa in its battle against communism. Video/C 5740

Backyard, 1954-1990. The U.S. has always regarded Latin America as its own backyard. Fearing the spread of communism, it seeks to destabilize leftist governments. In 1973, the CIA helps overthrow the Chilean President Salvador Allende; in the 1980s, it supports right-wing extremists in Nicaragua and El Salvador. Video/C 5740

Freeze, 1977-1981. Concern for human rights in the East grows; detente ebbs. The Soviets arm Eastern Europe. The U.S. threatens to site missiles in Western Europe. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan ends detente. Promising tougher measures against Moscow, Reagan defeats Carter for the presidency. In Poland, martial law is imposed. Video/C 5741

Soldiers of God, 1975-1988. Afghanistan is a war that costs the lives of almost 15,000 Soviet conscripts and an estimated one million Afghans. The U.S. supplies billions of dollars of weapons to unlikely allies--Islamic fundamentalists. The result is a Vietnam-style conflict which takes its toll on the Soviets and hastens the end of the Cold War. Video/C 5741

Spies, 1944-1994. Early CIA attempts to penetrate the Iron Curtain are thwarted. The U.S. reacts with increasingly sophisticated technological intelligence--the U-2 spy-plane, satellite reconnaissance and electronic eavesdropping. Yet human spies remain important. Sometimes betrayers, sometimes betrayed, many spies pay with their lives. Video/C 5741

Star Wars, 1980-1988. Reagan boosts U.S. defense spending and proposes the Strategic Defense Initiative, an anti-missile system in space. New premier Gorbachev knows the Soviets can't match the U.S., and wants to liberalize and reconstruct the Russian economy. After summits in Geneva, Reykjavik and Washington, the leaders agree to drastic arms cuts. Video/C 5742

The Wall Comes Down, 1989. Incredibly quickly, the Soviet bloc is breaking up, virtually without bloodshed. First Poland, then Hungary, then East Germany slip away from communist control. Gorbachev makes no effort to hold them back with force. Amid scenes of jubilation, the hated Berlin Wall comes down. Video/C 5742

Cold War. ConclusionsThe U.S. proves the stronger, the Soviet Union implodes. Germany is reunified. Shorn of its empire and communist domination, Russia faces its future with its economy in chaos. The balance of terror that has kept the peace for more than 40 years vanishes. The Cold War has ended without the use of nuclear weapons. Video/C 5742

Crusades
Chronicles the origins and history of the Crusades. Series host: Terry Jones; History Channel host: Roger Mudd. 1995. 50 min. each.

Crusades, Vol. 1: Pilgrims in arms. In this segment historians and theologians discuss the roots of the First Crusade as a political exercise, initiated by Pope Urban II to solidify his political power in the East. 50 min. Video/C 8300

Crusades, Vol. 2: Jerusalem. This segment follows the trail of the "holy slaughter" from the Bosphorus to the Holy City. Moving through Syrian towns such as Edessa and Antioch, Jones provides insights into the hardships experienced by the Crusaders and the atrocities they committed. His comments are coupled with written eyewitness accounts of the Crusades and expert commentary from historians. 50 min. Video/C 8301

Crusades, Vol. 3: Jihad. This segment follows the Muslim's recapture of Jerusalem and the Second Crusade. Jerusalem's Arab leader, Nur ed-Din declares a Jihad, or holy war, against the invaders. A final battle commanded by his successor, the legendary Saladin, would determine the ultimate fate of this Crusade. 50 min. Video/C 8302

Crusades, Vol. 4: Destruction. This fourth segment presents the Third Crusade, which added the names of Richard "the Lionheart" and Philip of France to the roster of holy warriors and examines the reality behind the legends of their noble deeds. The Fourth and final crusade, launched as a commercial operation, sacked and looted Constantinople, the Christian city that originally inspired the holy movement. 50 min. Video/C 8303

The Dialogue on Europe: The Challenge of Institutional Reform
A short history of the European Union with emphasis on the changes which must occur if a number of Eastern European countries which have applied for membership are accepted. 2000. 11 min. Video/C 8298

Domestic Terrorism.
This program looks at what makes educated -- sometimes highly educated men and women take up arms in an ideological bid to overthrow their democratic governments; and it shows why some fail, while others are more successful in attaining their goals. It also shows why highly motivated and intelligent terrorists are so difficult for police to catch, and underscores the inevitable temptations for government to bend or break the law in order to bring the culprits to justice. Looks at terrorist activities in Italy, Northern Ireland and Spain. Dist: Films Media Group. 52 min. Video/C 8343

The End of Empires
A documentary examining the end of European imperialism and colonial rule in Asia and Africa. Looking back at the splendor of the European empires in their heyday, explains how independence movements gathered strength to eventually overthrow the colonial powers, and describes the severe political and economic difficulties that often accompanied independence. Appearing are the last Governor of Ghana, the son of an Algerian independence activist, the daughter of a Ghanese opposition leader under Knurmah, and an Indian who experienced the joys of independence. 1996. 49 min. Video/C MM353

Europe: Confronting New Challenges, [Pt.1 & 2](Power of Place: World Regional Geography; 3-4, 5-6)
Prog. 3. Supranationalism and devolution: Strasbourg, Europe's new capital? Slovakia, new sovereignty--Prog. 4. East looks West: Berlin, united we stand. Poland, diffusion of democracy. Prog. 5. Transforming industrial coreland: Liverpool, a new dawn. Randstad, preserving the green heart.--Prog. 6. Challenges on the periphery: Iceland, edge of the habitable world. Andalusia, life on the periphery.

A telecourse designed to build understanding of geography by examining eleven regions of the world and their interconnections. Each program contains case studies which characterize an individual region. Supranationalism and Devolution examines the co-existence of French and German cultures in Strasbourg and economic and social adjustments in the recently created Slovakia and Czech Republics. East Looks West investigates Berlin's transition from a weakened and divided city to one of emerging importance and investigates the diffusion of democratic ideas throughout Poland. Transforming Industrial Coreland analyzes Liverpool's once-thriving industrial economy, now fallen to a marginal present-day role and examines Randstad-Holland as an integral part of the current European core. Challenges on the Periphery investigates Iceland which exists on the cultural and physical periphery of Europe and the gradual decline of the once-central but now peripheral Andalucia Region of Spain and its hopes for the future. 58 min. per tape. Video/C 4313 (pts 3-4); Video/C 4314 (pts 5-6)

Europe, The Mighty Continent. 52 min. each installment. 1988.

Hey-day Fever. Examines European state of affairs at the turn of the 20th century. Discusses Europe's worldwide economic leadership, its achievements in the arts, science and technology, and its skillful political leadership, all of which contributed to its international preeminence. 52 min. DVD X2798 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4883

The Day of Empires Has Arrived. Deals with the forces of unrest that threatened the empires in the early the theories of Marx and Engels in Europe, the oppression in the Colonies, and revolutionaries in Russia. Also shows the Fauvists of Paris and Berlin characterized through their art, the century's chaotic first decade. 52 min. DVD X2799 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4884

A World to Win. Examines the forces of unrest which disrupted European stability at the beginning of 20th century, including colonial nationalism, industrialization, socialism, trade unionism, and various reform movements. Analyzes the causes and effects of the 1905 revolution in Russia. Video/C 4885

The Drums Begin to Roll. Analyzes the European events and conditions that set the stage for the First World War. Discusses the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War which convinced Asians, Africans, and Indians that Europe was not invincible and inspired confidence in Germany which was already mobilizing its forces. DVD X2801 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4886

This Generation Has No Future. Examines the chronology of events of the First World Warn Europe, including the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's withdrawal from the war, America's entry into the war, and Germany's defeat. Discusses the devastating effects of modern warfare techniques. DVD X2802 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4887

Are We Making a Good Peace? Analyzes the considerations that affected the formulation of the Treaty of Versailles. Discusses the civil war and counterrevolution in Russia. DVD X2803 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4888

The Hope of Mankind. Discusses the aftermath of World War I, including the creation of the League of Nations, the problems of the Weimar Republic, the establishment of dictatorships in Poland, Yugoslavia, and Hungary, and Mussolini's rise to power in Italy. DVD X2804 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4889

Form! Riflemen, Form! Analyzes conditions in Europe that made Hitler's and Mussolini's rise to power possible. Discusses Stalin's five-year plans in the Soviet Union, the civil war in Spain, and the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939. DVD X2805 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4890

With Hardship Their Garment. Analyzes the events of World War II in Europe, focusing on the unprecedented destruction of civilian populations. Discusses the Nazi extermination camps and their brutality against Jewish and Slavic peoples. DVD X2806 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4891

Human Rights, Fundamental Freedom, Portrayal of postwar Europe. Poland was occupied by Russia. So fell Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, the rest of the Balkans, half of Germany and half of Vienna. East Europe exchanged the tyranny of Hitler for the tyranny of Stalin. Britain cast out the conservatives and rang in the Labour Party. Winston Churchill and de Gaulle were rejected. The great European empires crumbled. DVD 2807 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4892

How are the Mighty Fallen. Discusses the post-World War II establishment of the Iron Curtain and the beginning of Cold War tensions which reached a climax with the 1948-49 Russian blockade of West Berlin. DVD 2808 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4893

A Certain Amount of Violence. Analyzes major historical developments in Europe in the mid-1950's. Discusses the Soviet suppression of the Polish and Hungarian revolts, British and French involvement in the Suez, and the formation of the European Economic Community. DVD 2809 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4894

A European Idea. Analyzes recent developments in Europe such as the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the weakening of the European Economic Community by the Middle East War and subsequent oil crisis, and the evolution of détente in relations between East and West. Discusses prospects for Europe's future. DVD 2810 [preservation copy]; Video/C 4895

European Social Fund: EU Investing in People
Eleven videos on European Social Fund themes. 2009. 83 min. DVD X1762

Europe's 9/11
Explores the phenomenon of homegrown Islamic terrorism in Europe through the lens of the bombings in Madrid, Spain and the connections between those bombers and Al Qaeda cell activities in Milan, Italy and the Van Gogh murder in the Netherlands. Looks at the situation of the 20 million Muslim immigrants from North Africa and the Middle East and their children in Europe, particularly in Britain, Holland, Italy, Spain. Discusses the appeal of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorist activities among Muslim youth who feel marginalized in European society and examines how European governments are working on identifying and locating potential terrorists in their own countries. Originally broadcast as a segment of the PBS series America at a Crossroads. c2007. 60 min. DVD X986

Ever Again
Examines the resurgence of violent anti-Semitism in Europe and its connection to international terrorism currently threatening the entire world. Exposes the dangerous Islamic extremism and culture of death being preached from mosques of Europe's major cities and the new neo Nazism spreading from Germany across the continent. It documents the anti-Semitic roots of recent terrorist attacks in Madrid and London which left hundreds dead and thousands wounded. It examines the shift from the traditional anti-Semitism of the right to the new anti-Semitism of the extreme left. Directed by Richard Trank. 2005. 74 min. DVD X4792

The Exiles.
Interviews: Bruno Bettelheim, Billy Wilder, Fritz Lang, Rod Steiger, Alfred Eisenstaedt, Robert Motherwell, Edward Teller, Hans Bethe, Erich Leinsdorf, Hanna Holborn Gray, Lotte Lenya, Dolly Haas, Sabine Thomson, Franco Modigliani, Nuria Schoenberg Nono, Helen Wolff, Wolfgang Roth, James Redfield, Hans Sahl, Hans Jonas, Ralph Lerner, Ernest Dichter, Adolph Lowe, Leo Lowenthal, Hans Speier, Henry Ehrmann, Peter Selz, Mario Salvadori, Golo Mann (son of Thomas Mann), Albert Hirschman, Hajo Holborn, Felicia Deyrup, Christian Zimmer, Hannah Arendt, Walter Gropius, Jacques Lipchitz.

Personal narratives of refugees from National Socialism are interspersed with historical film clips and reinactments. Examines the influence of these refugee scholars and artists on the U.S. since 1933. 1993. 117 min. Video/C 4616

Donohue, Westerly A. "The Exiles." Film & History. 2007. Vol. 37, Iss. 1; pg. 77, 2 pgsUC users only

Fascism: The Legacy of Hate
As the ultra-right edges closer to real power in Europe, a dismayed European Union fears a dark renaissance in politics. This disturbing program, supported by footage including a skinhead hate party and anti-immigrant violence, traces the virulent resurgence of xenophobia in Europe. 2000. 38 min. Video/C 7529

The Future of the European Union
In 1999 the fifteen EU member states made the decision to embark on enlargement of its membership to include a number of Central and Eastern European countries. At the 2001 Laeken Council, the EU member states decided on the formation of a Convention on the Future of Europe. Current policy area priorities and the new European identity are discussed. 2002. 12 min. PAL format. Video/C 9506

George Steiner: Vienna 1900
A lecture by George Steiner, illustrated by archival photos and film, on Vienna from 1900, the site of an intellectual flowering in music, language, philosophy, politics, economics, architecture and other arts. Reviews the reasons for this flowering, in the more liberal policies of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which allowed Jews access to education and the professions. In this Vienna, the seeds of anti-Semitism were also sown, which influenced Adolf Hitler and led to the Holocaust. 1985. 47 min. Video/C 8427

Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century. 58 min. each. 1996.

Explosion. The World War of 1914 to 1918, the Great War, was the first of the major catastrophes of the 20th century. This episode, the first of eight, examines the causes of World War I. The program affords coverage of the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the turbulent political climate throughout Europe as factors which led to the outbreak of war. Video/C 5256

Stalemate.This program examines the military operations of 1914, with emphasis on the Western Front. Almost from the outset, World War I became a stalemate with a line of trenches stretching from the Swiss Alps to the English Channel. This episode, the second of eight, explores why the war devolved into one of trench warfare. Video/C 5256

Total War. This episode of the Great War, the third of eight, examines the evolution of World War I from a conflict fought across the landscape of Europe to a global war. Coverage is afforded events in Great Britain and Turkey. The use of terror in modern war and the evolution of "total war" -- especially regarding aerial and chemical weapons -- is explored in this program. Video/C 5257

Slaughter. This episode, the fourth of eight, examines the military operations of the Western Front through the eyes of the soldiers who manned the trenches and fought the battles. Through study of the battles of Verdun, the Somme and Passchendaele, a social portrait of the common soldier is developed and analyzed. Video/C 5257

Mutiny. This episode of the Great War, the fifth of an eight part series, examines the toll that the war was taking on the soldiers and civilians by 1917. Unrest on the homefront and mutiny on the Western Front posed vexing problems for political leaders and military planners. On the Eastern Front, resentment toward the war effort would turn into rebellion and then revolution. Video/C 5258

Collapse. Episode six of the Great War examines the critical year of 1918. After the mutiny within the French Army and revolution in Russia, the Germans were still firmly entrenched on the Western Front. The arrival of the United States forces in Europe would determine the outcome of the war. This program probes the issue of American involvement as the deciding factor in Germany's defeat. Video/C 5258

Hatred and Hunger. Episode seven of the Great War examines the end of World War I with emphasis on unresolved issues from the Balkans to the Middle East. World War I brought the collapse of four empires, the death of nine million soldiers and the ruin of much of Europe. The struggle to rebuild lives, countries and governments would set the stage for an even greater catastrophe a generation later. Video/C 5259

War Without End. The final episode of the Great War explores the aftermath of World War I and the failed peace. For the "lost generation," the war would be without end as they struggled with broken hopes, broken families and broken lives. In Germany, the sense of betrayal and dishonor prompted some Germans to seek revenge. The man who rose up to lead them was Adolph Hitler. Video/C 5259

The History of the European Monetary Union
Presents the history of the European Monetary Union, the unification timetable up to 2002, the convergence criteria, and the coins and banknotes themselves; provides background on the euro member states and the European Central Bank; examines the impact of the euro on world trade, the job market, and tourism; analyzes the euro's role in international monetary transactions; compares the euro to the dollar; and discusses the hopes and fears of the new citizens of "Euroland". 1999. 60 min. Video/C 7286

Human Remains
A haunting documentary which illustrates the banality of evil by creating intimate portraits of five of this century's most reviled dictators, presenting "intimate and mundane details" from the private lives of Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Francisco Franco and Mao Tse-tung. There is no mention of their public lives but the horrors for which these men were responsible hovers over the film inviting the viewer to confront the nature of evil. A film by Jay Rosenblatt, 1998. 30 min. DVD X4496; Video/C 7393

Inside the European Union
Dist.: Films Media Group. 2007. 26 min. each installment

No Colors: Racism and Prejudice in Modern Europe. Program looks at racism and xenophobia brought to the surface by the massive influx of foreign workers and job-seekers into Western Europe. Describes the search for equitable solutions by moderate European Union leaders and citizens. Examines Islamophobia, religious fundamentalism, the radicalization of young Muslim men, and racism in football or soccer. DVD 9162

Parliament Under Pressure. Defining "European" is one of the main challenges facing the European Union Parliament. This program outlines the history of the governing body and assesses the actions it has taken to shape and organize the EU. Shedding light on electoral and procedural methods adopted by the Parliament, the film documents political fanfare and maneuvering accompanying the eastward expansion of the union with the entry of Bulgaria and Romania. The program also shows how these developments influence the path to comprehensive immigration laws --and how foreign workers, illegal immigrants, and asylum seekers are affected. Several members of the EU Parliament are interviewed. DVD 9163

Help Wanted: Dynamics of the EU Labor Market. With a low birth rate and an aging workforce, the European Union needs immigrants--but how temporary or permanent their status should be is a matter of debate. This film examines existing and proposed guest worker programs, in addition to other EU measures, designed to address the results of globalization and shifting demographics. Focusing not only on the EU's tremendous economic advances but also on regions afflicted by poverty, the film looks at immigrant education, ambition, and self-employment, while sifting through issues such as worker job security and the growth of sex industries. DVD 9164

Human Trafficking: A Crisis for the EU and the World. Europe's wealth represents a golden opportunity for those who smuggle cheap, easily exploited workers across international borders. But how does the loathsome mechanism of human trafficking actually occur, and what are EU authorities doing to fight it? This program investigates by recording the experiences of human trafficking victims and evaluating the work of the EU government in the battle against 21st-century slavery. Corruption, prostitution, victim protection and repatriation, and the creation of FRONTEX--the agency responsible for European border patrol--are all highlighted, while members of the European Parliament and other officials discuss what must be done to improve anti-smuggling efforts. DVD 9165

Identities: Culture and Nationality in Europe Today. What prevents minority communities from joining the European mainstream? Is there an appropriate balance between assimilation and preserving one's cultural heritage? This program wrestles with questions of identity --racial, cultural, and sexual--resulting from the startling new diversity of European society. Depicting daily life in immigrant communities on the Continent and in Great Britain, the film features observations from African, Asian, and Middle Eastern transplants. Each offers his or her personal take on learning a new language, eating unfamiliar foods, adapting to foreign attitudes toward women and gays, and other dilemmas. In addition, European MP Wolf Klinz puts forward his belief that immigrants should be required to learn the language of their adopted country. DVD 9166

Stop the Flow: Analyzing the Causes of EU Immigration. Can Western aid to the developing world help to stem the tide of foreign workers into the EU? This program reports on European initiatives intended to improve conditions in Africa and the Middle East and thus reduce the number of job-seekers entering the European Union. With a spotlight on human rights, fair trade, the global war on poverty, the role of the private sector, and the frustrations of young unemployed foreigners, the program uses Morocco as a specific case study and also outlines the significance of the Middle East peace process. DVD 9167

Into the European Mirror.
Commentary by Julian Samuel on the conflicts which result from the segmentation of large geographic areas into artificial arbitrary models of post-colonial nation states. 1994. 56 min. Video/C 5279

Karl Marx and Marxism.
The impact of Marx on the 20th century has been all-pervasive and world-wide. This program looks at the man, at the roots of his philosophy, at the causes and explanations of his philosophical development, and at its most direct outcome: the failed Soviet Union. c1993. 52 min. Video/C 6169

Killing Fields, 1914. (The People's Century)
In August 1914, the people of Europe were swept into the first of the wars that would make this century the bloodiest ever. Seventy million soldiers from more than twenty countries marched off to do their duty. In this film soldiers from all sides give a personal account of the trenches and the tactics--and the terrible nature and scale of the slaughter that shattered the old world order. In the end, four empires collapsed and nine million gave their lives. Some became pacificts while others sought retribution and many found themselves fighting another war only two decades later. 56 min. Video/C 5543

Kissinger in Retrospect.
Reporters Martin Agronsky and Stanley Karnow trace the life and career of Henry Kissinger, presenting a critical examination of Kissinger's role in U.S. foreign policy during the Nixon and Ford Administrations. 90 min. Video/C 215

Lost Peace, 1919.( The People's Century)
After the First World War a whole generation was traumatized by the horror of war and vowed that war would be a thing of the past. This film revists the popular hopes and experiences in the years following World War I--and the looming threat of a new nationalism. Despite Woodrow Wilson's promise of a "people's peace", defeated nations were resentful and unreconciled. As fascism and militarism spread, worldwide pacifist movements fought an increasingly unsuccessful rearguard action to preserve the dream of peace. 56 min. Video/C 5547

Master Race, 1933. (The People's Century)
With a unique blend of nationalism, militarism, and racial theory, Adolf Hitler taught the German people to believe that they were the "master race". Stirred by the Fuhrer's rousing rhetoric during mass rallies, millions were swept along with the promise of national socialism. In this film Germans talk candidly about the initial allure of Nazism and German Jews recall their persecution and internment in concentration camps as Hitler's master race pursued its destiny--and descended to the greatest depths of barbarism. 56 min. Video/C 5548

The Middle Ages
This program traces the evolution of Europe during the Middle Ages from a group of loosely tied kingdoms to a prosperous community of nations. Topics include the role of the Church, development of the feudal system, the rise of the nobility, the Crusades, formation of the German Hanseatic League, the effects of the plague, the growth of trade guilds, the discovery of printing, the urbanization of the peasantry, and the rise of science. Dist.: Films Media Group. 1997. 25 min. DVD 9765

Paris 1919: Inside the Peace Talks That Changed the World
At the end of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson took his dream of a League of Nations to Paris to seek "peace everlasting," joining over 30 international delegations who descended upon the city for the most ambitious peace talks in history. Helmed by the Big Four (the United States, France, Great Britain and Italy), the Paris Peace Conference ultimately and ironically sowed the seeds of resentment that led to World War II. Written and directed by Paul Cowan. Originally produced in 2008 and broadcast on television in 2009. 94 min. DVD X3001

Problems Confronting the NATO Alliance (Conversations; 17).
With Eyvind Schibbye, Alfonso Boecker & Bernard Bot Video/C 635

Optimum
Explores the legacy of three 19th century visionaries interested in making humans more efficient and productive. Jeremy Bentham, espoused the philosophy of utilitarianism; Charles Babbage, created the design for the analytical engine, a precursor to the modern computer; Francis Galton devoted his life to the study of genetics to identify and eliminate "undesirable" tendecies, the idea behind the eugenics movement. c2000. 53 min. Video/C 8878

Description from First Run/Icarus catalog

Porraimos: Europe's Gypsies in the Holocaust
Chronicles the Roma (Gypsy) Holocaust--Porraimos, or "the devouring" which shows how the pseudo-science of eugenics was used to persecute not only Jews, but also Gypsies. Using interviews with Austrian, Czech and German Gypsy survivors, as well as photographs and films from the Reich Department of Racial Hygiene, this film reveals the oppression of the gypsies -- their registration and segregation, their sterilization, the medical experiments and eventual murder. 2002. 57 min. Video/C 9742

Powder Keg: Europe, 1900 to 1914
An investigation into the causes and political and social consequences of World War I. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Produced and written by Sharon Wood. Supplementary feature accompanying: Adventures of Young Indiana Jones. 26 min. DVD X233

The Psychology of Neo-Nazism: Another Journey by Train to Auschwitz
Follows four young neo-Nazis as they travel across Europe discussing their beliefs, their love of Hitler and their disbelief in the Holocaust. When they are invited by a Holocaust survivor to visit Auschwitz, they argue for seven uncut minutes about the Holocaust and then finally walk away, while the camera visits the crematorium. 1993. 52 min. Video/C 7528

The Raft of the Medusa: Five Voices on Colonies, Nations and Histories
A critical examination of the Eurocentric view of the world as "the world can be narrated from many different positions and each vision is important." 1993. 99 min. Video/C 5280

Ties & Tensions: EU-US Relations in the Next Century
Describes the continuing process of European union and how globalization of trade and communications will change life on both sides of the Atlantic. The impact of the Eurodollar on international trade is discussed along with case studies of Boeing (Seattle), Airbus Industrie, Intel (Ireland) and Mercedes-Benz (Alabama) to demonstrate the nature of European-American rivalry and partnerships in both the economic and political spheres. Includes interviews with a variety of legislators, economists, business leaders and workers.1996. 27 min. Video/C 5561

Ultimate Power: Evil Rising. (Century: Events that Shaped the World.)
How did Adolf Hitler--an Austrian of little means and meager prospects--rise to absolute power in post-World War I Germany? Did the nation's economic and political situation make it inevitable? This program traces Hitler's amazing ascent from corporal in the Great War through his foray into politics, his imprisonment after the bungled Beer Hall Putsch, his bid for the presidency against Paul von Hindenburg, and his subsequent installment as Chancellor. In English and German with English subtitles. 42 min. Video/C 6344

Vienna
At the conclusion of the conference, this is a review of issues and people that took center stage at the first World Human Rights Conference in Vienna. Includes interviews with UN officials, government delegates, NGO representatives and activists and John Shattuck, U.S. Asst. Sec. of State for Human Rights. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast June 23, 1993. 27 min. Video/C 6697

War and Peace in the Nuclear Age
[Each segment is 60 min.] For a more detailed description of each segment check on the MELVYL or GLADIS online catalogs using the long display format.
Dawn. Video/C 1281.
The Weapon of Choice. Video/C 1282
A Bigger Bang for the Buck. Video/C 1283
Europe Goes Nuclear. Video/C 1284
At the Brink. Video/C 1285
War and Peace in the Nuclear Age. Video/C 1286
One Step Forward. Video/C 1287
Have and Have-nots. Video/C 1288
Carter's New World. Video/C 1289
Europe in the 1970s and 1980s. Video/C 1290
Missile Experimental. Video/C 1291
Reagan's Shield. Video/C 1292
Visions of War and Peace. Video/C 1293

The Western Tradition.
A lecture series heard on PBS covering the origins of Western civilization. Program 49: The end of World War II saw the creation of the United Nations, and the attempt to establish a balance of power between the greater and weaker powers. Explores the events that saw the formation of NATO, Warsaw, and the Marshall plan. Studies the shifts in power. Program 50: Discusses the non-industrial countries, and the dissolution of the European colonial empire. Covers the influence of the Western nations on these countries, and the problems that affect them. 54 min. Video/C 1524

The World at War.
52 min. each installment. SEE Peace and Conflict Studies

Post-War Hopes, Cold War Fears (A Walk Through the 20th Century with Bill Moyers).
Describes life in America after World War II, a time of rash optimism and neuroses. While the dollar was strong and everyday life improved, the 1950's also saw the lowering of the Iron Curtain, the loss of China to Communism, the Korean War and the Red Scare. Video/C 806

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Individual Countries

France

French History & Culture
French cinema

C'etait de Gaulle, 1958-1969 C'etait de Gaulle, 1958-1969
Looks at the life and political career of French President Charles de Gaulle from 1958-1969. Contents: Le temps des épreuves / de René-Jean Bouyer -- Le temps des défis / de René-Jean Bouyer. In French without English subtitles. 2008. 107 min. DVD X1761

Le cinéma de mai 68: une histoire. Volume 1
Features sixteen short documentary films about the student and workers' movements in France which culminated in protests and riots in May 1968. Contents: Disc 1. Le premier mai à Saint-Nazaire / un film de Marcel Trillat et Hubert Knapp (20 min., 1967). -- Berlin 68-Rudi Dutschke / un film de l'ARC, sous la direction de Michel Andrieu et Jacques Kébadian (41 min., 1968). -- La glu / un film de Edouard Hayem (19 min., 1968). -- Cléon / Alain Laguarda (27 min., 1968). -- Nantes Sud Aviation / un film de l'ARC ; Pierre-William Glenn et Michel Andrieu (30 min., 1968) -- Disc 2. Ce n'est qu'un début / un film de l'ARC ; réalisé par Michel Andrieu (10 min., 1968). -- Le joli mois de mai / un film de l'ARC (33 min., 1968). -- CA13, Comité d'action du treizième / un film de l'ARC (40 min., 1968). -- Mikono / un film de l'ARC ; réalisé par Jean-Michel Humeau (11 min, 1968). -- Le Droit à la parole / un film de l'ARC ; sous la direction de Michel Andrieu et Jacques Kébadian (52 min., 1968). -- Avec les cheminots du dépôt SNCF de Paris Sud-Ouest / un film de Fernand Moskowicz (10 min., 1968/2008) -- Disc 3. Oser lutter, oser vaincre / Groupe ligne rouge (Jean-Pierre Thorn, 88 min., 1968). -- Citroön-Nanterre / un film de Guy Devart et Edouard Hayem (63 min., 1968). -- La Reprise du travail aux usines Wonder / Pierre Bonneau et Jacques Willemont (9 min., 1968) -- Disc 4. écoute Joseph nous sommes tous solidaires / un film de Jean Lefaux (56 min., 1968). -- Les Deux marseillaises / un film de André S. Labarthe et Jean-Louis Comolli (120 min., 1968). -- L'atelier de recherche cinématographie en mai 68 / par Sébastien Layerle (article published in "Le cinéma militant reprend le travail" CinémAction no 110, 2004) n French with optional French subtitles. DVD X752

La Commune (Paris 1871) (198-?)
La Commune was the name given to the revolutionary government established by the people of Paris in 1871. This presents an in-depth account of the major characters of the Commune of 1871 whose members followed either Louis August Blanqui or the philosopher Pierre Joseph Proudhon. The film travels back to 1871 and is not only a lesson in history but presents a demonstration of how history is shaped, and re-shaped, by the tellers of the tale. In this particular case activities of the Commune are broadcast by a journalist for Versailles Television who presents the official view while a Commune television station is set up to present the perspectives of the Paris rebels. A film by Peter Watkins, 2000. 345 min. DVD X5780; Video/C 9477

Description from First Run/Icarus catalog

Rapfogel, Jared. "Cautionary Tales and Alternate Histories: The Films of Peter Watkins." Cineaste, Spring2007, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p20-25, 6p
UC users only
Wayne, Michael. "The Tragedy of History: Peter Watkins's La Commune." Third Text, Spring2002, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p57-69, 13p
UC users only

The Days of Our Years.
A documentary written from the perspective of France that covers major world events of the first 50 years of the 20th century. Highlights include rare footage of 1900's Paris, attempts at air, sea and polar exploration, rare footage of artists including Renoir, Picasso, Shaw, Rodin, Sartre, Matisse and Colette. Includes the Paris Expositions of 1900 and 1937, films of World War I and World War II, the women's suffrage movement, and major figures in the world of art, sports, religion and government. Producers/directors, Denise Tual, Roland Tual. 1951. 81 min. Video/C 3563

Death in the Seine (1988)
From April, 1795 to September, 1801, three hundred and six bodies were taken from the River Seine in Paris where they were cared for by two mortuary attendants who methodically noted down the particulars of each corpse. With information later provided by witnesses, it became possible to speculate upon the lives and manner of death of the decedents - a subject all the more intriguing since all of those taken from the Seine had witnessed the French Revolution. Directed by Peter Greenaway. c1994. 44 min. Video/C 7937

Le dos au mur: six semaines de greve avec les travailleurs de l'Alsthom St. Ouen
Documentary footage of the strike and occupation of the factory Alsthom de Saint-Ouen; followed by Tangui Perron interview with Jean-Pierre Thorn, filmmaker and militant (16 min.) and two other featurettes. The industrial, sociological, and political context of France in the late 1970s is explored. A film by Jean-Pierre Thorn. In French without subtitles. 1980. 125 min. DVD X916

Drowning by Bullets.
On the evening of October 17, 1961 about 30,000 Algerians, ostensibly French citizens, descended upon the boulevards of central Paris to protest an 8:30 curfew. The curfew was in response to repeated terrorist attacks by Algerian nationalists in Paris and other French cities. They were met by a police force determined to break up the demonstration. Demonstrators were beaten, shot, even drowned in the Seine. This film exposes the massacre, and the cover-up. Directed and produced by Philip Brooks and Alan Hayling 1982. 52 min. DVD X3431; Video/C MM922

Description from Icarus Films catalog

The Eye of Vichy (L'Oeil de Vichy)
A compilation of long forgotten film footage and newsreels, produced by the Nazis and French collaborators during World War II. From the small town of Vichy in Central France, Field Marshall Petain's puppet government worked with their Nazi overlords in creating pro-Nazi propaganda. They skillfully produced a strange alternative history of the war years in order to turn public emotion against the Allies and the Jews. 1993. 110 min. DVD 9916; vhs Video/C 6983

Fireflies (Lucioles)
Children of immigrants fight for an independent outlook that acknowledges their complex origins and multifaceted identities. Presents the stories of four women who immigrated to France (some as children) and their struggles with personal identity. A film by Kila Dékacée. 2004. 33 min. DVD X2192

French Financial Policy Under Socialism
Interview conducted at the University of California, Berkeley on May 12, 1982. Gerard de Margerie, high-ranking financial planner under Presidents Giscard dEstaing and Francois Mitterand, explains the economic policy of the Mitterand government and the problems which it addresses. Interviewed by Harry Kreisler and U.C. Berkeley professors John Zysman (political science) and John Letiche (economics). U-Matic Format [3/4"] 59 min. Video/C 624 [Stored at NRLF: B 3 969 327]

France Under Socialism
Taped at the University of California, Berkeley on February 17, 1983. French Minister of Budget Laurent Fabius discusses the political and economic problems confronting France during the first two years of the Socialist experiment under President Mitterand. 1983. 27 min. Video/C 644 [Stored at NRLF: B 3 969 275]

La Grande Illusion (1992)
The identity crisis faced by Martinique and the French Caribbean is examined - do they belong to the Caribbean or to the economy of Europe? 45 min. Video/C 3194

La Guerre d'Algerie (Histoire par la radio et l'image) (1996)
A historic overview on CD-ROM of the 1954-1962 revolution in Algeria in which more than 2 million French soldiers participated. Taken from the archives of the Institut national de l'audiovisuel (INA) and Radio publique francaise from 1946 through 1962. Includes commentary and analysis by Benjamin Stora and Anne Tristan, plus biographies, bibliographies and chronologies. Format: CD-ROM. COMPUTER DISC 342

I am France: The Myth of Charles de Gaulle
At the outbreak of WWI, the Ottoman Empire allied itself with Germany and Austria, a decision that would lead to the final destruction of the Empire and the creation of the modern Middle East, a catastrophy in the sense of re-drawn boundaries which fuel conflicts to this day. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 30 min. DVD X234

Images de la Revolution Francaise (1990)
Contains images of the events of the French Revolution from the collections of Bibliotheque Nationale. Includes the revolution as themes in art and culture, archives and documents, commemorations and celebrations, 19th century polemeics, and a discussion of France at the end of the 18th century. Accompanying booklet issued in tete-beche format with separate title page for French and English. Video Disc 27

Léon Blum: For All Mankind
This documentary tells the story of Léon Blum, who began as a literary critic and became active in politics as a result of the Dreyfuss Affair. In 1925, he became the first Socialist Premier of France and the first Jewish leader of the country, presiding over the Popular Front coalition government. In 1940, his socialist views and Jewish heritage placed him in jeopardy, and the Vichy government deported him to Buchenwald. After World War II, Blum was welcomed home by the French people and was re-elected prime minister in 1946. A film by Jean Bodon. 2010. 58 min. DVD X4661

Marshal Petain's Fall From Grace
Examines and life of Philippe Pétain who had saved France on the battlefields of Verdun during WWI but was tried for treason in Paris, 1945. When his country turned to him during WWII, he failed spectacularly as prime minster accepting an amnesty with Hitler. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 31 min. DVD X234

Napoleon (2000)
For nearly two decades Napoleon strode the world stage like a colossus -- loved and despised, venerated and feared. From his birth on the rugged island of Corsica to his final exile on the island of St. Helena, this documentary bears witness to a man riddled with contradictions that are the essence of his glory and his undoing. Contents: Pt. 1. To destiny -- pt. 2. Mastering luck -- pt. 3. Summit of greatness -- pt. 4. The end. 240 min. DVD 1127

Noirs: l'identité au coeur de la question noire
Looks at various historical episodes that have bound France to the black community. A film by Arnaud Ngatcha. In French without English subtitles. 2006. 70 min. DVD X4906

Paris 1900.
A chronicle of Parisian life from 1900 to 1914, using newsreels, early silent film, and other memorabilia. Sports, recreation, and the arts are emphasized. The end of those halcyon days is suggested by newsreels showing the rise of labor unions, socialism, and new technology. 76 min. Video/C 1978

Paris au temps de Zola, 1851-1878
Zola, the greatest of the French naturalist writers, gave us detailed and convincing portraits of Paris and Parisian life in his time. This program uses rare film footage from Zola's lifetime to document the Paris of the Second Empire that Zola knew. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2006. 26 min. DVD 6114

Paris: The Crazy Years
In the period between the first and second world wars, prostitution was legal in Paris and brothels flourished. Petty thieves, drug dealers and street walkers packed the all-night bars of Montmartre where cheap sex and cheap booze drew the tourists. The art students' ball took over the streets in a public orgy of alcohol and sex. Bonus content: In-depth interviews with key historians and writers; Audio commentary track by filmakers Ted Remerowski and Marrin Canell. c2006. 45 min. DVD 5391

Paris: Une Capitale des Arts. (1995)
Captures Paris at the turn of the century, the end of a major cultural epoch, with archival film by the renowned Lumiere brothers. Shows the World's Fair, Opera Comique, Rodin's Gates of Hell, the work of the Impressionists and Picasso. 14 min. Video/C 7912

Paris Was a Woman.
Through a combination of still photos, archival film footage, and interview commentary this film documents the creative community of French, English and American women, many of whom were lesbians, who gravitated to the Left Bank in Paris during the early part of the 20th century. Originally produced as motion picture in 1995. In Directed by Greta Schiller. 1995. 75 min. DVD X3039; Video/C 6126

La Prise de Pouvoir par Louis XIV.
Directed by Roberto Rossellini. The taking of power by Louis XIV. French dialogue with English subtitles. 102 min. Video/C 999:343

La république Marseille
A collection of seven documentaries created by Denis Gheerbrant between 2008 and 2009 which present seven worlds that make up a city and give it the aspect of a republic: the world of dockers, activist workers, women in the garden projects or the inhabitants of an enormous ghetto. In all its nooks and crannies, all kinds are encountered: An ex-junkie, a boxer, or young women on the brink of life, and the Republic, a main street in the middle of the city. Contents: DVD 1. La totalité du monde (14 min.) -- Les quais (46 min.) -- L'Harmonie (53 min.) -- Les femmes de la cité Saint-Louis (53 min.) -- DVD 2. Le Centre des Rosiers (64 min.) -- Marseille dans ses replis (45 min.) -- La République (85 min.) In French without English subtitles. 360 min. DVD X4908

U.S.-French Relations
Taped April 8, 1983 at the University of California, Berkeley. The French Ambassador to the United States discusses important economic and security issues that France and the U.S. confront as they continue to redefine their common interests as Western allies. Interviewed by John Zysman and Stephen Cohen, professors at UC Berkeley. 1983. 30 min. Video/C 648 [Stored at NRLF: B 3 969 333]

Vent de sable: Le Sahara des essais nucléaires
On Frebruary 13, 1961 in the Algerian Sahara, fifty miles from the town of Reggane, France exploded its first atomic bomb during the war of independence. Former conscripts, soldiers, civilians and ordinary workers who have stayed at nuclear sites in the Sahara explain the human and environmental impact which still affects the lives of Algerian and French families today. A film by Larbi Benchiha. In French without English subtitles. 2008. 58 min. DVD X4904

La Vie Quotidienne à la Cour de Versailles aux XVIIème et XVIIìme Siecles (1981)
The story of France and French culture as reflected in the story of Versailles, from its construction by Louis XIV, its decline under Louis XV and its abandonment by Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette during the French Revolution. Uses period art and actors to bring to life the personalities and ideas of La Bruyere, Madame de Sevigné, le duc de St. Simon and Madame d'Oberkirch. 60 min. Video/C 1158

La Vie Quotidienne des Parisiens au Temps du Roi Soleil (1972)
A multi-angled profile of Parisians and their Paris in the 17th century. Counterpointing the faces and habits of Parisians then and now, the program emphasizes how many things have remained the same through change. Includes views of both the magnificent and ordinary buildings of Louis XIV's long reign which continue in use. 60 min. Video/C 1162

The Western Tradition: The death of the old regime; The French Revolution (1989)
Program 39: The death of the old regime (28:00). The French government begins to collapse as European compare the American model to their own systems. Program 40: The French Revolution (24:00). Mob power pushes the French Revolution out of control until Napoleon establishes a new dictatorship, hierarchy and empire. 52 min. Video/C 1519

Women in Politics, 2 (1989)
Film profiles three women politicians: Simone Veil, a French politician and survivor of Auschwitz (40 min.); Tatyana Zaslavskaya, A Russian politician in Gorbachov's parliament (40 min.); and Eugenia Charles, Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Dominica (40 min.). Each discusses how she attained her current political position, the politics in her country and how she is viewed as a woman head of state. In English or subtitled in English. 120 min. Video/C 3375

Germany: East and West / Austria

Peace and Conflict Studies: World War I & II
German History & Culture/Literature
German cinema

100 Deutsche Jahre (Germany: A Hundred Years)
Thirty nine segments of a television program covering various aspects of life in Germany in the 20th century. Contents: Mobilmachungen: Deutschen und das auto -- Wasserzeichen: Deutschen und das Meer -- Flugnummern: Deutschen in der Luft -- Licht-Spiele: Deutschen und das Kino -- Liedgut: Deutschen und ihre Schlager -- Flimmerkisten: Deutschen und das Fernsehen -- Fluchtpunkte: Deutsche in den USA und Israel -- Abgrenzungen: Auslander in Deutschland -- Frontlinien: Deutschen und der Krieg -- Weibsbilder: Frauen in Deutschland -- Mannsbilder: Manner in Deutschland -- Offentliche Erregungen: Deutschen und der sex -- Beziehungskisten: Deutschen und ihre familie -- Kinderstuben: Deutschen und ihr Nachwuchs -- Zapfenstreich: Deutschen und ihre Soldaten -- Un-Heil: Deutschen, die Medien und der Fuhrer -- Auschwitz: Das Deutsche Verbrechen -- Grosse Bruder: Deutschen und die Supermachte -- Volkes Stimme: Demokratie in Deutschland -- Zwei Zimmer, Kuche, Bad: Wohnen in Deutschland. ModeMaschen: Deutschen und ihre Kleidung -- Mahlzeit: Deutschen und ihre Kuche -- Umgangsformen : Deutschen und der gute Ton -- Lehrjahre: Deutshcen und die Schule -- Aufbruche, Ausbruche: Jugendkulturen in Deutschland -- Geordnete Verhaltnisse: Deutschen und die Staatsgewalt -- Zukunftstraume: Deutschen und der Fortschritt -- Gottvertrauen: Deutschen und ihr Glaube -- Hauptsache Nebensache: Deutschen unde die Freizeit -- Zweite Heimat: Deutschen im Verein -- Siegertypen: Deutschen und der Sport -- Friedliche Eroberungen: Deutsche Urlaubstraume --Bilderwelten: Deutschen und ihre Erinnerungen -- Herrschafts Zeiten: Adel in Deutschland -- Schichtwechsel: Industriearbeiter in Deutschland -- Nervensachen: Deutschen unterLeistungsdruck -- Krankheitsbilder: Deutschen und die Gesundheit -- Natur-Gefuhle: Deutschen und der Wald -- Bodenhaftung: Deutschen und die Landwirtschaft. 1999. In German. 12 videocassettes: 29 min. each. Video/C 8066

After the Fall (Nach dem fall)
A haunting documentary about one of the most powerful icons of the 20th century, the Berlin Wall. The program examines the effects of the Wall on the Berlin citizens who lived in its shadow for 28 years. Contemporary witnesses included an American historian, a church minister in Berlin and a Bavarian demolition expert. The common tenor of all their statements is that the Wall and its traces were eradicated too quickly and too radically with the intention of forgetting the past. 1999. 86 min. Video/C 9429

Berlin, Metropolis of Vice
In the period between the first and second world wars, Berlin transformed itself into the Babylon of the world. Degenerate cabarets, bars, and clubs catering to every sexual daydream sprung up like mushrooms. Censorship was all but non-existent as corruption comingled with culture and political liberties. Bonus content: In-depth interviews with key historians and writers; Audio commentary track on Berlin by filmakers Ted Remerowski and Marrin Canell. c2006. 45 min. DVD 5391

Berlin unter den Alliierten, 1945-1949: Hoffnungen und Entauschungen
Produced by German filmmakers and presented from a German point of view, this documentary uses archival films to illustrate the history of Berlin from the end of World War II through the division of Germany into East and West in 1949. During reconstruction the city is divided into four sectors, administered respectively by the four victorious Allies. In 1948, Berlin is split by the rivalry between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union who impose a blockade on the three Western sectors. The Western Allies counter by supplying the city by air-- The Berlin Airlift. In English and German with English subtitles. Originally produced in 1990. 90 min. Video/C 8719

Berlin's Hidden History
Berlin, the capital of reunified Germany is a city with a glittering present and a dark past. A historian leads the viewer through the new Berlin, revealing the many traces of history in a city that served as Frederick the Great's, Bismarck's, and Hitler's capital before it became the front line of the Cold War and the place where the Berlin Wall was built and destroyed. Learn that there is more than meets the eye at the Brandenberg Gate, Potsdammer Platz, Nazi buildings, Jewish cemeteries, Check Point Charlie, and many other places steeped in history. Special features: Two extended interviews: Johannes Helmrath "Berlin's early history" ; Peter Pulzer "The Jewish presence in Berlin". 53 min. DVD 1469

Brandenburg Bricks; Brandenburg Heathland, Brandenburg Sand
Contents: Brandenburg Bricks (1988, b&w, 30 min.) -- Brandenburg Heathland, Brandenburg Sand (1990, b&w, 60 min.) The first part of this documentary shows the brickmakers of Zehdenick, a small town in Brandenburg, and their grim living and working conditions. Made less than 2 years before the fall of the Berlin Wall, it was banned by the East German authorities and only allowed to be shown after cuts were made. The second part of the documentary was made in the same town after the wall came down. It begins with a retrospective to the earlier film, namely the conversation with the brickmakers which had to be cut from 'Brandenburg Bricks'. The inhabitants feel that their future is uncertain. The political parties fighting for their attention in the coming election of March 1990 are utterly incomprehensible to them. 90 min. Video/C 8372

Changing Berlin: Changing Europe.(Human Geography, People Places and Change; 9)
Many of the issues that Germany and eastern Europe now confront are seen in microcosm in Berlin. Film examines the history of the city of Berlin, including the social, economic and political changes which have resulted since the fall of the Berlin Wall. 27 min. Video/C 4249

Children of Golzow.
Begun in August 1961, this longest running documentary in the history of film chronicles the lives of nine children growing up in the German Democratic Republic. It follows their lives for almost four decades beginning in the rural town of Golzow providing a social panorama of life in the GDR. Central themes in the documentary are the relationships between generations, trust and responsibility, daily work, as well as existential questions about war and peace. c1999. 2 tapes. 256 min. Video/C 7149

The Double Headed Eagle: Hitler's Rise to Power, 1918-1933
Charts the stealthy rise of the Nazi Party in the wake of World War I, as witnessed from the perspective of a neutral bystander. Rather than offering a contemporary interpretation of history, the film allows the disturbing saga to unfold on its own terms using footage from newsreels, home movies and extracts from musicals and documentaries from 1918-1933 to illustrate the end of the Weimar and the rise of Adolf Hitler and national socialism in Germany. 1973. 86 min. Video/C 7668

Communicating through the Internet; Dual citizenship
Presents 2 segments from a German television news magazine. Part 1 takes a look at how the Internet is affecting Germans and the uses they make of it forwork and pleasure. Part 2 examines proposed changes to take effect in 2000 in the citizenship laws of Germany, which would expand dual citizenship. 1998. 27 min. Video/C 8082

Countdown
A chronicle of the divided Germany's final days, this documentary shot over a ten-day period leading to the union of the East and the West on July 1, 1990, observes what is changing and what remains unchanged and unaffected by the unification process. Sharply observant of the historical transformations taking place the film visits pockets of Berlin ignored by others: Monuments such as the Reichstag, the "death strip," and Jewish cemeteries, workers in a tavern, souvenir vendors, East German gays demonstrating for the first time and Turkish and Rumanian immigrants who remain on the periphery. An Ulrike Ottinger film. 1991. 27 min. Video/C 9352

Die Deutschen
An overview of German history, focusing on the lives of major historical figures from Otto the Great in the 10th century to Wilhelm II and Philipp Scheidemann in 1918. Contents: 1. Otto und das Reich -- 2. Heinrich und der Papst -- 3. Barbarossa und der Löwe -- 4. Luther und die Nation -- 5. Wallenstein und der Krieg -- 6. Preussens Friedrich und die Kaiserin -- 7. Napoleon und die Deutschen -- 8. Robert Blum und die Revolution -- 9. Bismarck und das Deutsche Reich -- 10. Wilhelm und die Welt. In German without English subtitles. Originally broadcast as a television miniseries on Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF) in 2008. 10 videodiscs (ca. 775 min.) DVD X1846

The Deutsches Museum; Leipzig's "New" Main Railway Station
Presents 2 segments from a German television news magazine. Part 1 takes a look at the Deutsches Museum, a science and technology museum in Munich. Part 2 visits Leipzig, site of one of the world's largest and most beautifully restored railroad stations. 1997. 27 min. Video/C 8097

Deutschland 09: 13 kurze Filme zur Lage der Nation
A compilation of thirteen short films-- including documentary, drama and satire-- by contemporary German filmmakers. Each film provides a snapshot of the political and social climate in post-reunification Germany. Contents Erster Tag / Angela Schanelec (5 min.) -- Joshua / Dani Levy (12 min.) -- Der Name Murat Kurnaz / Fatih Akim (8 min.) -- Die Unvollendete / Nicolette Krebitz (11 min.) -- Schieflage / Sylke Enders (13 min.) -- Der Weg, den wir nicht zusammen gehen / Dominik Graf & Martin Gressmann (10 min.) -- Fraktur / Hans Steinbichler (12 min.) -- Eine Demokratische Gesprächsrunde zu festgelegten Zeiten / Isabelle Stever (11 min.) -- Gefährder / Hans Weingartner (12 min.) -- Feierlich reist / Tom Tykwer (9 min.) -- Ramses / Romuald Karmakar (12 min.) -- Krankes Haus / Wolfgang Becker (15 min.) -- Séance / Christoph Hochhäusler (9 min.). 152 min. DVD X4748
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

East Germany Opens Its Borders: Thursday, November 9, 1989 / ABC News.
The fight for freedom and democracy pays off for millions of East Germans, as the border between East and West Germany is finally opened. On this historic day when The Berlin Wall falls, Ted Koppel interviews journalists from East Germany, the Soviet Union and others concerning the ramifications of this historic event. 38 min. Video/C 5767

Environmentally Friendly Construction in Cities
Presents 2 segments from a German television news magazine. Part 1 looks at several examples of organic architecture in German cities. Part 2 visits Dresden and one of the most famous late baroque buildings, the Zwinger Semper Gallery. 1997. 27 min. Video/C 8096

The Fall of Berlin
Uses firsthand footage to track the events that led to the conclusion of the war in Europe and the fall of Berlin on May 2, 1945. As the Americans create a bridgehead on the River Elbe, the Luftwaffe makes a last desperate attempt to counter the fury of the Allies bombing of Berlin. While Hitler visits the Eastern Front, the Hitler Youth builds barricades around the doomed city. But all is lost, as far as the Third Reich is concerned. The Russian Army launches an attack along the Oder River, only 40 miles from Berlin. The German surrender becomes inevitable, and the city is divided up among the victors. Directed by Yuri Raizman and Elizaveta Svilova. c2005. 75 min. DVD 8118

The Fall of Communism.
Surveys events that occurred in 1989 and 1990 in the nations of eastern Europe and within some republics of the Soviet Union using news stories broadcast by ABC. Describes each country's efforts to revitalize its economy and democratize its institutions and then examines the impact of these changes. Highlights include the tearing down of the Berlin Wall, independence movements in Poland, Lithuania and Russia. 80 min. Video/C 3220

The Fall of the Wall: The Path to German Reunification.
Covers the dramatic events of Fall 1989 in East Germany: breakdown, upheaval and a new start. Peaceful demonstrations, calls for freedom and democracy, the collapse of the SED regime, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the first free elections. The two separate German states ceased to exist and the Iron Curtain came down, ending the war which had pitted this country against itself and forcing a reconsideration of the preexisting conceptions of the "enemy" and a reconstruction of the word "ally." Contents: Part 1. The critical days of October 1989: the 40th anniversary of the GDR and the consequences (Die entscheidenden Tage im Oktober 1989). -- Part 2. The critical days of November and December, 1989: from the fall of the Berlin Wall to the conclusion of the 1989 Monday demonstrations (Die entscheidenden Tage in November und Dezember 1989.) Originally produced in Germany in 1994. 2 tapes. 180 min. Video/C 7148

The Five New Federal States 1995
These five films illustrate the changes that took place in the five new Federal German states between 1990-1995. It looks at developments in industry and the economies, examines what has been done in the field of environmental protection and how tourism is being expanded by means of the new motorway network. Contents: Brandenburg -- Mecklenburg-Vorpommern -- Sachsen -- Sachsen-Anhalt -- Thuringen. c1996. 86 min. Video/C 8108

Flüstern & Schreien: ein Rock-report
Features concert clips and interviews with band members from Chicoree, Die Zollner, Feeling B, This Pop Generation, and more, as it shows how the young adults of East Germany used legendary punk and glam bands to protest the direction their country was heading. A film by Dieter Schumann, Michael Lösche, Jochen Wisotski. 1988. 116 min. DVD X2631

From Weimar to Bonn (De Weimar a Bonn).
A Documentary using archival films to cover the thirty year history of the Federal Republic of Germany. 30 min. Video/C 4619

Geburt Einer Demokratie: Wir Uber Uns Eine Authentische Zeitdokumentation aus Sicht Der DDR- erlebt und Kommentiert Vom Anfang Bis Zum Neubeginn.
60 min. PAL format. Video/C 2013

The Germans
A television series (in four parts), produced by British television presenting German attitudes towards current social and political events in Germany through interviews with German citizens, politicians and notable figures. Contents: Part 1: The Germans- who are they? (58 min.) -- Part 2: The Germans- democrats all? (58 min.) -- Part 3: The Germans- the powerhouse. (58 min.) -- Part 4: The Germans- the next generation (58 min.). 1998. 224 min. total running time. Video/C 8098

The Germans: Portrait of a New Nation
Five years after unification, Germany is emerging as Europe's most powerful country. This film depicts the challenges it is facing through interviews with individuals and families from both former East and West Germany, as well as with public officials and experts, including an extensive interview with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl. 1995. 58 min. Video/C 7527

Germany, Between East and West
With Kurt Biedenkopf & Frederick Tubach (Conversations; 7). Video/C 625

Germany - Far Right: Seven Months as a "Republikaner"
This film deals with a new right-extremist party in Germany "Die Republikaner," which represents the neo-fascists new strategy in Europe. They propagate legalistic, seemingly democratic ideologies but politically speaking are more dangerous than the small violent groups, because of increasing public support. This documentary is based on the undercover activities of journalist Michael Schomers who spent seven months as a member of the group. Schomer presents a view of the political everyday life of the party, which is based on the fascist elitist theory of the in-equality of humans. In English and German with English voiceovers. c1992. 55 min. Video/C 8725

Germany: From Partition to Unity (Allemagne : von der Teilung zur Einheit)
Contents: Part l. Divided world -- divided Germany (26 min.) -- Part 2. The process of unification (26 min.). Documents the history of Germany from 1945 to 1990 through commentary and historical film footage, showing that the Germans on both sides of the wall never lost sight of their claim to national unity. 1991. 52 min. DVD X3814 [preservation copy] Part I; DVD X3814 part II [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 7720

Gli Squadristi del 2000
A documentary on the resurgence of fascism and racist violence in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria. Leaders of extreme left political groups such as Arnolf Priem, Heinz Reisz, Michael Kuhnen in Germany and Gerd Honsik, Gottfried Kussel in Austria are interviewed and seen making speeches at meetings. Recounts with film footage various racist and skinhead assaults on Turks, disabled children and Jewish cemeteries in Germany in the past few years. PAL standard 24 min. In Italian and German, with Italian voiceovers, subtitles and captions. PAL. Video/C 2709

The Hapsburgs 1992. 53 min. each installment.

The Dream of an Empire. Although Rudolph von Hapsburg was crowned in 1273, the Hapsburg dynasty did not firmly establish itself until Frederick III passed the crown to his son, Maximilian I, in 1493. This program traces the roots of the struggle, showing how the Hapsburg dynasty eventually established itself, both in Austria and Spain, shaping the course of European history for the next six centuries. Video/C 5930

Cross and Crescent. The internal and external forces set in motion during the 16th and 17th centuries changed Europe forever. This program examines the political, religious, and class conflicts that led to the Thirty Years War. It shows how the Turkish forces advanced to the gates of Vienna and were defeated, establishing the boundaries of modern Europe. Video/C 5931

New Mission. The death of Charles VI in 1740 without a male heir led to a dynastic crisis and conflict between the Hapsburgs and the Hollenzollerns. Frederick the Great's rule embodied the Enlightenment as he granted equality to all citizens and established public education. But Maria Theresa's claim to the throne was not widely accepted. The ensuing Seven Years War was a pivotal struggle that firmly established Maria Theresa on the throne, where she ruled for forty years, followed by her son, Joseph II. Video/C 5932

Peoples' Prison, Peoples' Shelter. This final segment examines the liberal forces at work in the 19th century, the conservative policies of the Hapsburg rulers, and the inevitable results of this conflict. It shows how demands for greater freedom, combined with Metternich's resignation, eventually resulted in greater oppression. In examining the revolution of 1848, the program shows the resulting policy of security over liberty and preservation rather than renewal. Video/C 5933

Helke Sander (Edition der Filmemacher)
DVD X6587

DVD #1. BeFreier und Befreite 1 (1991/92) (90 min.) ; BeFreier und Befreite 2 = Liberators take liberties, pt. 1-2 (1991/92) (102 min.) BeFreier und Befreite: Documents the 1945 mass rape of German women and girls by the advancing Soviet army.

DVD #2. Der subjektive Faktor = The subjective factor (1981) (138 min.) ; Brecht die Macht der Manipulateure = Break the power of the manipulators (1967/68) (49 min.) Der subjektive Faktor: This story handles the movement to end discrimination against women - and its context, through a semi-autobiographical account of the years between 1967 and 1970 that the director Helke Sander spent in West Berlin. Brecht die Macht der Manipulateure: The film was produced for Finnish television in 67/68. It not only documents but also reflects on the campaign of the German new left against the German publishing house Springer which still publishes the most powerful German right-wing tabloid Bild (think of the Murdoch Press) and which in the heated sixties and seventies tried to instigate public opinion against the student movement.

DVD #3. Der Beginn aller Schrecken ist Liebe = Trouble with love = Love is the beginning of all terror (1983) (112 min.) ; Die allseitig reduzierte Persönlichkeit, redupers = Allround reduced personality, redupers (1977) (95 min.) Der Beginn aller Schrecken ist Liebe: The unfortunate Traugott suddenly finds himself caught between his former lover Freya (director, Helke Sander) and his new love Irmtraut, both women are good friends-- or were. Die allseitig reduzierte Persönlichkeit, redupers: A free-lance photojournalist struggles to realize herself as an artist and as a woman straddling multiple worlds- work, womanhood, motherhood, East, West, capitalism and socialism.

DVD #4. Mitten im Malestream = In the midst of the malestream (2005) (92 min.) ; Hannelore Mabry, ein porträt = Hannelore Mabry, a portrait (2005) (32 min.) ; Muttertier, Muttermensch = Mother beast, mother human (1998) (63 min.) Mitten im Malestream: Sander uses a wide range of old documentary material, often recorded by filmmakers, journalists or media avant-gardists on early electronic equipment to present a documentary touching on the core question of the women's movement in Germany: the politics of motherhood, men's perception of themselves as fathers, the legalization of abortion, women's silent "child-bearing strike', and the political struggle between the women's movement and the Christian churches. A discussion on these issues held in Berlin, Fall 2004, was used as a framework for the film. Hannelore Mabry, ein porträt: Film clips of interviews, both old and new, of women's rights activist, sociologist, actress and critic of the church, Hannelore Mabry. Muttertier, Muttermensch: Does being a woman automatically make one a mother? What does it mean to be born female? This television documentary addresses the views of today's women concerning the maternal role.

DVD #5. Dorf = Village (2001) (90 min.) ; Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste Nr. 1 = From the reports of security guards & patrol services Nr. 1 (1984) (11 min.) ; Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste Nr. 5 = From the reports of security guards & patrol services Nr. 5 (1986) (10 min.) ; Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste Nr. 8 = From the reports of security guards & patrol services Nr. 8 (1986) (6 min.) ; Subjektitüde = Subjectitude (1966) (4 min., 20 sec.) ; Silvo = Silvo (1967) (11 min.) ; Völlerei?-Füttern! = Gluttony?-Feeling! (1986) (13 min.) ; Eine Prämie für Irene = Bonus for Irene (1971) (50 min.). Dorf: This documentary examines the German village of Kortenbeck, exploring the impact of history and the social atmosphere, as well as the changes taking place due to globalization. Nr. 1. Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste: Based on a true event, a young mother with her two small children climb onto an arm of a building crane. The mother threatens to jump unless affordable housing is found for her by the evening. Nr. 5. Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste: A man prevents a rape of a woman, then rapes the victim himself. A third party comes to the aid of the woman. Another woman observes these events from a distance and calls the police who end up arresting the wrong man. Based on a true event. Nr. 8. Aus Berichten der Wach- und Patrouillendienste: A customer in a china shop repeatedly demands a simple piece of information from the store clerk. Based on a true event. Subjektitüde: This short is shot from the differing persectives of three people waiting for the bus. Sander's first film. Silvo: Documentary showing the daily routine of Sander's seven year old son, Silvo. Völlerei? Füttern!: Part of the episodic film, Seven women, seven sins, this is a different take on the Adam and Eve story. Eve does eat the apple and her curiosity makes her human. Her generous gesture of offering people things turns into a compulsion to feed others. Prämie für Irene: The domestic and working life of Irene, a single mother with two children, is depicted in a somewhat comic strip style.

Here We Come
In Dessau, Leipzig, Dresden and Berlin in the 1980s: Simo, Beatschmidt, Magic Mayer ... breakdance was their home and Hip Hop their lives. They were not supposed to dance in the former GDR ... but they did. They met on the streets, trailored their own jogging suits and painted their shirts with graffiti, imitating the moves from movies, they trained in front of the mirror and on the streets. At first isolated by society, breakdance evolved into an important youth culture symbol in the former East Germany. Contents: "Du Weisst alles uber die DDR? Win Film uber eine Generation, Die Bisher Nicht Gefragt Wurde!" -- Container. Special features (Disc 1): Preview and premiere trailers ; musikvideo FMK & DJ Nas'D "Damals". Disc 2 (Bonus material, 250 min.): 1. Beat street -- 2. Technik -- 3. Music on -- 4. Radebeul und Ostradio -- 5. Sharp GF 777 -- 6. Malen und Sprayan -- 7. Spruhdosen basteln -- 8. Skodadosen -- 9. Trickfilmarbeiten -- 10. Klamotten salbermachen -- 11. Skateboard -- 12. Die Anfange -- 13. Die Auftritte -- 14. Das Archiv -- 15. Die Gruppe -- 16. Verschiedene Wege -- 17. Kerstin & Piere -- 18. Begriffe in de DDR -- Letzter Teil -- 20. Vorstellung -- 21. Trailer 1 "Kuhlschrank" -- 22. Trailer 2 "Karl-Marx-Stadt" -- 23. Trailer 3 "Bjorn" -- 24. Trailer 4 "Kamel aus Holz" -- 25. Here we go -- 26. Wir hatten ja nichts. Kamera, Bjorn Knechtel ; schnitt, Sven Kulik ; idee, Nico + Bjorn. Musik: ElectricB., Electric Beat Crew, DJ Gambler, Beatclub 99, PDM, Downtown Lyrics, S.B.-Jay, 3-M-Men, Pop Projekt, Rockhaus, Opossum & B-Side the Norm, Barry Kunzel, FMK & DJ Nas'D. Documentary accompanied by a sound disc with sixteen songs from the soundtrack. Originally produced by the Filmakademie Baden-Wurttemberg in 2006. 90 min. DVD 8993

The History of the Federal Republic of Germany
Presents a chronological overview of the history of the Federal Republic of Germany between the years 1945 to 1991. Contents: Part 1. 1945-1955 (30 min.) -- Part 2. 1956-1968 (30 min.) -- Part 3. 1969-1988 (30 min.) -- Part 4. 1989-1991 (30 min.). 1989-1993. Four videos: 121 min. total running time. Video/C 8100

How to live in the German Federal Republic. Leben BRD (How to live in the FRG)
A film by Harun Farocki. Farocki's amazing dissection of modern life in Germany--in a country he calls "a training camp in which techniques for living are practiced by the professionally living." Composed entirely of 32 short scenes taken from instructional and training classes, these films, sometimes hilarious, and at times ominous, show rehearsals of real life situations acted out in practice sessions for dealing with life in modern day Germany. 1989. 83 min. Video/C 6635

Karl: The Last Habsburg Emperor
Follows the life of Charles I of Austria, the last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the last monarch of the Habsburg dynasty. He reigned as Charles I as Emperor of Austria and Charles IV as King of Hungary from 1916 until 1918, when under pressure he "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate. A deeply religious man, he felt a keen responsibility for his countrymen. He died in 1922, was beatified by the Catholic Church and has become commonly known as Blessed Charles. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, academics and historians. Supplementary short issued with: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 2007. 30 min. DVD X234

Krieg und Frieden & Der Kandidat
Disc 1. Krieg und Frienden = War and peace / directors, Stefan Aust, Alexander Kluge, Volker Schlondorff (118 min.), 1982 -- Auf der Suche nach einer praktisch-realistischen Haltung (12 min.), 1983 -- So tuckisch sind Friedensschlusse (1 min.), 2006. -- Disc 2. Der Kandidat = The Candidate / directors, Stefan Aust, Alexander Kluge, Alexander von Eschwege, Volker Schlondorff (124 min), 1980 -- Große Reiche mu? man leiten wie man kleine Fischlein brat (15 min.), 1993 -- Sturm uber Agypten (1 min.), 2006. Two documentary films and four shorts created by the noted German producer and director Alexander Kluge. Krieg unde Frieden (War and peace): This documentary and fiction film was a cooperative writing effort by five different German writers and/or directors, one of the most noted being the 1972 Nobel prize winner Heinrich Boll. Boll was specifically responsible for three fictive episodes at the end of the film that promote an anti-nuclear, pro-peace message ("Space Talk," "Atom Bunker," and "Kill Your Sister"). Documentary footage of Chancellors Helmut Kohl and Helmut Schmidt in action, along with various European and American leaders highlight the urgent issues of the day. Der Kandidat (The Candidate): This political documentary puts together clips from newsreels, archives, and television to review the controversial career of Franz Josef Strauss who was running for Chancellor of West Germany at the time this documentary was made. Strauss founded the Christian Socialist Union and had a long political history as a parliamentarian (1949), Special Minister (1952), and by 1955 was Minister of Defense. His career began to unravel when a series of scandals hit the presses that involved him in kickbacks and abuses of power. Strauss was forced to resign his post as Defense Minister in the early 1960s. Films were originally produced 1993-2006. DVD 8170

Lest We Forget
A powerful "gut-wrenching" overview of World War II as seen through the eyes of an American soldier, from the Allied invasion to Berlin. Immediately after the surrender of all the German Forces, General Eisenhower ordered a documentary produced honoring the outstanding and stunning accomplishments of the American foot soldier. Once produced, however, he ordered all known copies destroyed, due to the"negative tones" of the finished film. This film was made from the only surviving copy. 1945. 48 min. Video/C 8683

Locked Up Time (Verriegelte zeit)
Film recounts the personal experiences of prisoners who were incarcerated in East German jails which were closed after the fall of the Berlin Wall. A film by von Sibylle Schonemann. 1991. 90 min. Video/C 2571

Losers and Winners
A look at the dismantling of the Kaiserstuhl coke factory in Germany's Ruhr Valley. Despite being only eight years old, the factory was shut down and sold to a Chinese investor when importing coke became less expensive than producing it. The film shows the Chinese workers sent over to take the plant apart for later reconstruction in China, and looks at the conflict of cultures between themselves and the German shutdown managers during the ensuing eighteen months. Directed by Ulrike Franke, Michael Loeken. 2006. 96 min. DVD X1981

Description from Icarus Films Catalog

Die Macht der Gefuhle & Serpentine Gallery Program (1961-2005)
One Feature film, a compilation of 6 German television programs and five short films created by the noted German producer and director Alexander Kluge. Disc 1. Das todliche Dreieck (1 min.), 2006 -- Die Macht der Gefuhle = The Power of Emotion (112 min.), 1983 -- Feuerloscher E. A. Winterstein = E. A. Winterstein, Fire Extinguisher (11 min.), 1968 -- Disc 2. La Paloma (1 min.), 2006 -- Serpentine Gallery Program (100 min.), 1995-2005 : Minutenfilme = Minute Films ; Der flexible Unternehmer = The Flexible Entrepreneur ; Die Liebe stort der kalte Tod = Cold Death Interrupts Love ; Wer immer hofft, stirbt singend = He Who Hopes dies Singing ; Eine Frau wie ein Vulkan = A Woman Like a Volcano ; Der Offizier als Philosoph = The Officer as a Philosopher -- Rennen = Racing (9 min.), 1961 -- Protokoll einer Revolution = Transcription of a Revolution (12 min.), 1963. Die Macht der Gefuhle (The Power of Emotion) explains that emotion isn't to be confused with sentimentality. In this intellectual perspective of what emotion is and does, director Alexander Kluge has divided the topic into 12 parts with titles such as "The Change," "Act Five" or "The Shot" and then proceeded to formulate a film treatise that does not exclude political figures or activities in West Germany in the early 1980s. Serpentine Gallery Program: A treasure trove of German television programs. 246 min. DVD 8171

Mein kopf gehort mir
A documentary interviewing muslim women living in Austria and Turkey who choose to wear muslim head coverage as a personal decision rather than as a characteristic behavior forced on them by a backward society. The film also examines larger issues and questions surrounding the identity of muslim women, women's rights and their place in Muslim society. 2001. In German. PAL format. 70 min. Video/C 8959

Memories of Berlin: The Twilight of Weimar Culture
Captures the cultural efflorescence in Berlin during the brief span of 15 years following the First World War, when, despite economic upheaval, the city attracted the greatest artistic and scientific talents of the century. Contains a rich flow of memories through commentary intercut with the brilliant drawings of George Grosz and old movie scenes including Berlin, symphony of a great city. 1976. 72 min. Video/C 7718

Metropole Berlin
A documentary showing both the old and new Berlin highlighting its architecture and people with visits to street cafes, stylish restaurants and traditional pubs. 2001. In German. PAL format. 45 min. Video/C 8958

My Private War.
An invaluable historical record of the journey of six German soldiers who took their amateur movie-cameras to the Russian Front in 1942 and who survived to tell their personal accounts of what went on during that campaign. This remarkably well-preserved footage offers a soldier's-eye view of the day-to-day workings of the Nazi war machine. The narrative voices are those of the soldiers who fifty years later, recall the pressures that coerced them into military service and the emotional repercussions they have experienced in the decades that followed. 1991. 90 min. Video/C 7025

My Second Life: East German Women in a Changed World.
When the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989, excitement and joy were shared by an entire people. In East Germany the transition into a free market economy, however, proved to be diffuclut. When jobs suddenly became sparse, women were the ones who were pushed off the market and of the more than 4 million women who were employed in East Germany before the wall fell, only 59% are still employed today. Some now call women the great losers of the East German revolution. Yet, interviews with these very women show a wide spectrum of responses to the changes in their lives. They talk about gains as well as losses. 53 min. Video/C 4290

The Nation Returns.
This program looks at Germany re-unified: while there was an East/West, communist/capitalist split, Germany could forget nationalism but since reunification it is now back with a vengeance. The liberals don't like the Germany they have and the neo-Nazis love a Germany that doesn't exist. 50 min. Video/C 4643

Post-Wall Germany 1990.
Contents: 1. An unknown country -- 2. The Elbe River -- 3. The people of East Germany -- 4. The first all German elections. American journalist Ron Williams explores East Germany through American eyes and presents an intimate portrait of the country and an analysis of the future-role a united Germany can play in western society. 4 tapes, 60 min. each Video/C 2379

Revolution DDR: Das Ende eines Staates
A documentary (in German) showing original footage shot during the downfall of the East German regime and of the Berlin wall for DEFA Filmstudios. Examines conditions in East Germany which eventually caused the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification of Germany. Among them, a faltering planned economy, travel limitations, environmental degredation caused by outdated industries, limitiations on religious freedom, and demonstrations and revolutions in Eastern Europe against communism. In German. PAL format tape. 1990. 60 min. Video/C 8371

Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
Computer-generated imagery, re-enactments, archival footage, and expert commentary provide political and historical context for the construction of the Berlin Wall, helping to illustrate how construction progressed over time -- and how it was suddenly demolished by civilians in 1989. Includes first hand accounts from the people who tried to escape this “Wall of Death” by any means possible, including tunnels, hot air balloons, wind surfing boats, bi-planes and a cable railway. Includes additional interviews with the security officials who designed the wall and Stasi men who protected it, border guards, politicians, historians and journalists. Directed by Oliver Halmburger. 2009. 94 min. DVD X3017

Rockin' the Wall
When the Berlin Wall went up in 1960, it became the worldwide symbol of communist oppression. While the Wall kept people in, it could not keep Western influences like rock music out. Through Voice of America and Radio Free Europe, rock music penetrated the Iron Curtain with messages of freedom and rebellion. This film presents the history of the Berlin Wall through the experiences of well-known rock musicians and those who lived behind the wall. Among the rock musicians featured are Robby Krieger (The Doors), Mark Stein and Vinny Martell (Vanilla Fudge), Rudy Sarzo (Quiet Riot), David Paich (Toto), Jimmy Haslip (Yellowjackets), and the group Mother's Finest who played in East Berlin just weeks before the Wall fell. People who lived behind the Iron Curtain in several countries describe what their lives were like and how rock music provided them an important lifeline and inspiration, giving them hope and exposing the short-comings of the communist system. The film includes historical footage of the famous speeches at the Berlin Wall by Presidents Ronald Reagan and John Kennedy, as well as interviews with former government officials and with European rocker Leslie Mandoki who recalls being visited by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to discuss the power of music. Based on the book Seven events that made America, America by Larry Schweikart. Directed by Marc Leif. Dist.: The Video Project. 83 min. 2010. DVD X7215

The Role of the Free Democratic Party in German Politics.
With Gerhard Baum & Hildegard Hamm-Bruecher (Conversations; 44). Video/C 1317

Schaut auf diese stadt (Look at This City.)
The history of West Berlin from the end of the Second World War to the days following the building of the Wall on August 13, 1961, from the perspective of the leaders of the German Democratic Republic. From a communist perspective the Eastern section of Berlin was portrayed as a city of peace, while the West was portrayed as the source of constant disruptions. West Berlin could only be resisted by forcefully isolating it by the creation of the wall which would secure the possibility of peace in Europe. First released as a motion picture in East Germany in 1962. 80 min. Video/C 7186

Something to Do with the Wall
A documentary, filmed at the Berlin Wall. Beginning in 1986, the 25th anniversary of the Wall's completion and culminating in 1989, when it was dismantled as a political and physical structure. Includes interviews with Berliners from both sides of the Wall. Also looks at the attitude adjustments by the filmmakers who had been subjected to the Cold War lore of their childhoods in the classrooms of 1950s America. Written and directed by Marilyn Levine and Ross McElwee. 1990. 88 min. DVD X895

That Was the GDR (Das war die DDR: eine Geschichte des anderen Deutschland).
A seven part documentary of the history of Communist East Germany told from the people's own point of view. 1993.

Part 1: I was a Citizen of the GDR (Ich war Bürger der DDR) Former GDR citizens tell of their personal feelings, experiences and attitudes toward the GDR as well as both material difficulties and the dominance of the State. They reflect on historical events such as the uprising on the 17th of June, 1953, the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall and the suppression of the Prague Spring in 1968, while also conveying a sense of the hope that was pinned on Gorbachev's Perestroika. Directors, Gitta Nickel, Wolfgang Schwarze 90 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7085

Part 2: From Zone to State (Von der Zone zum Staat) Germany was a trophy in the struggle between the new powers after two world wars. This segment considers the events leading up to the construction of the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961 -- the final division between the two German states. Here the focus is not only on major political events but also on the spirit of the times as reflected in images from film, photographs, posters, caricatures, pop-songs and speeches. Director, Donat Schober. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7086

Part 3: From Plan to Penury (Vom Plan zur Pleite) In the beginning was the plan. The motto for economy and development in the GDR meant also the departure from personal property. This film follows the development of the GDR's planned economy from its beginning to its failure. It spans from success reports from the economic front, to standing in line for goods, to severe damage to the environment arising from extreme depletion of natural resources. Director, Günther Scholz. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7086

Part 4: For the Welfare of the People (In Fürsorge für das Volk) This segment centers on the Honecker era when the program for social policy of the Socialist Unity Party called for the "unity of economic and social policy." Thus the Party leadership celebrated the achievemnt of the tight social service network extending from day-care to retirement home. But the further individuals are removed from the processes of production, the more useless they become from an economic perspective. How much social security did the State really provide? Directors, Gitta Nickel, Uwe Belz, Wolfgang Schwarze. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7087

Part 5: Mind and Might (Geist und Macht) This segment examines the struggles and repressions of art and culture in East Germany. The history of literature and art in the GDR is repeatedly interrupted by State repression. The film examines how this situation revealed contradictions between intellect and power in the GDR -- between the State's proclamations and reality -- spanning from Becher to Biermann. Directors, Christian Klemke, Lothar Kompatzki. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7087

Part 6: Shield and Sword (Schild und Schwert) The Ministry for State Security (MfS) was from its founding in 1950 the central instrument of domination, for defense against external and internal enemies. The Stasi, the political secret police, conducted surveillance and investigated punishable activity. A gigantic European surveillance apparatus ultimately appears -- spies and informants with German thoroughness, millions of victims and mountains of files in the "Gauck Archives." Directors, Anne Worst, Arnold Seul. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7088

Part 7: We Are the People (Wir Sind das Volk) "We are the people" was the chant of 70,000 protesters in the streets of Leipzig. This final segment covers the end of the GDR. It begins as the GDR enjoys its greatest success, recognition by the Federal Republic of Germany -- the hope for two German States and a peaceful coexistence. From this point on the GDR walked a tightrope between detente and diverging from the West, until its eventual downfall. Director, Martina Körbler. 45 min. DVD X1860; Video/C 7088

Weiss, Scott. "That Was the GDR." Film & History, Spring2011, Vol. 41 Issue 1, p139-141, 3p UC users only

A Trip Through 1930's Germany
Contains films mainly made by amateurs -- though some professional work is included -- showing what the people, landscapes and culture of Germany was like during the 1930s, before the Second World War changed it all forever. For those familiar with Germany, you will be astounded at how the efforts of those to rebuild from the ruins were successful in putting much back 'the way it was'. Shows what it was like to live under the Diktatur, but, at the same time, portrays the country in an innocent and entertaining a way. Especially rare and insightful look at those areas no longer part of the country after 1945. 180 min. DVD X6479

20th Anniversary of the Berlin Wall: August 12, 1981 (Nightline)
A look at the Berlin Wall from differing perspectives. The West claims it was built to keep unhappy East Germans from escaping. The East Germans claim it was built to protect them from West German invasion. 24 min. Video/C 5770

Unter Deutschen: Eindrucke aus einem fremden Land
In this documentary the filmmaker explores the question of German identity after unification through traveling and talking to countless people, viewing numerous people think of themselves, of their country, and of the future. PAL format tape. In German. 1995. 89 min. Video/C 7606

The Wall.
A film from the painter and documentary filmmaker Jurgen Bottcher. His topic: the Berlin Wall, its last days and its highly anticipated destruction. Against an acoustic backdrop of construction equipment, Bottcher composed the film by projecting historical places in Berlin, historic motion pictures, wooden crosses for the victims of the wall, colorful graffiti, the rushing masses and relentless media and other scenes on the broken-down wall. c1999. 96 min. Video/C 7147

The Wall: A World Divided
Chronicles the history of the Berlin Wall, from its construction in 1961 to the opening in 1989. Examines the lives of ordinary citizens caught in the politics of the Cold War, the extraordinary efforts of East Berliners to cross to the West, and the birth of the freedom movement in East Germany's Protestant Church. Contents: Introduction -- "No one has any intention to build a wall" -- A matter of life and death -- Daily life in the GDR -- Spark of revolution -- Showdown in Leipzig -- The fall of the wall. Produced and directed by Eric Stange. Originally broadcast on PBS on June 28, 2010. 60 min. DVD X4850

Walter Kempowski: Chronicler Exhibition "40 + 10" (KuBus 22)
Presents 2 segments from a German television news magazine. Part 1 is an interview with Walter Kempowski, one of the most widely read contemporary German authors of today. Part 2 visits Germany's Museum for Contemporary History in Bonn which is presenting an exhibition on 50 years of history of the Federal Republic of Germany: 40 years of separate history and 10 years of joint history. 1998. 22 min. Video/C 8081

Was heisst'n hier multikulturell?
In the summer of 1994, a youth project was organised by BMW corporation and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Friedenspadagogik, which sent young people out with video cameras in Munich's Haidhausen district to collect spontaneous reactions to a number of questions dealing with tolerance towards people of different ethnic backgrounds who are rubbing shoulders here with the local population. In German; PAL format tape. 1994. 30 min. Video/C 8072

Weimar: A Modern Day Renaissance City
In 1999, Weimar is the cultural capital of Europe. This alone would be reason enough for a profile of the city. But in addition, this year also marks the 250th birthday of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The film shows the history and present of this city in Thuringia. Numerous interviews portray a lively impression of Weimar's past and present and look ahead to the future. 59 min. Video/C 7050

The Weimar Republic, 1918-1933
A documentary using archival films to cover the history of Germany from 1918 through 1933. Program summary: Emergence of democracy -- "November criminals" -- Civil unrest -- Treaty of Versailles -- Treaty of Rapallo -- French invasion of the Ruhr -- Hyper-inflation -- Gustave Stresemann and the "golden years of the Weimar Republic" -- Outpouring of cultural and intellectual ideas -- Depression -- Rise of the Nazi Party -- Failure of democracy. c2002. 28 min. Video/C 9787

Die Weimarer Klassik: Das Land der Griechen mit der Seele suchend.
The film seeks to introduce the literary history of Weimar, the city of Goethe and Schiller, through the medium of two contemporary young people, one a German student working as a guide, and a Brasilian student visitor, who wanders among the historic sites of this city. Excerpts from Goethe's 'Faust' and Schiller's 'Wallenstein' are shown as well. In German. 1995. 30 min. Video/C 8073

When the Guests Stayed On...
This film documents the lives of several Turkish families in the Bavarian town of Forchheim who originally came here in the 1960s as 'guest workers'. Instead of going back to Turkey, they settled in Germany, raised their children there, and are now watching their children raise families of their own. c1997. 37 min. Video/C 8071

When the Wall Came Tumbling Down: 50 Hours That Changed the World.
Using never-before-seen footage, this compelling film shows what really happened November 9th-11th, 1989 during the fall of the Berlin Wall. General Secretary Gorbachev, President Bush, Chancellor Kohl, General Secretary Krenz, NBC news correspondent Tom Brokaw, and others describe first-hand what occurred behind the scenes. Commentary by Mikhail Gorbachev, George Bush, Helmut Kohl,Egon Krenz, James A. Baker, Tom Brokaw. 1999. 89 min. Video/C 7146

Wie werde ich Demokrat?
After World War II Allied powers in Germany decided to lead back the "Outlaw nation" into the community of the civilized nations. From 1945 to 1952 the British/American "Welt im Film" series produced propaganda and documentary films for the purpose of re-education of the German population. This 3 disc set features twelve of these re-education films addressing the psychology, politics, culture and everyday life of post-War Germans from an Allied viewpoint. Disc 1. Wie werde ich demokrat = Comment devenir democrate? = How do I become a democrat? / writer and director, Dieter Reifarth [Film chapters]: Der Wahltag in Berlin = Election day in Berlin ; Die Schlange: Portrait eines Zeitgenossen = Portrait of a contemporary serpent ; Wahrungs-Reform = Currency reform ; In Bonn und Auf Dem Petersberg: Regierungsbildung Vollzogen Bestazungsstatut Statt Militarregierung = In Bonn and at Petersberg: the government has been formed -- Outtakes [from Wie Werde ich Demokrat?] (121 min.) -- Disc 2. Die Todesmuhlen = The death mills (aka, Mills of death, Di Tit Milen) / director, Hanus Burger (3 versions in English, German and Yiddish) -- The Town / director, Josef von Sternberg -- Deutschland erwache = Germany awakes (aka Germany awake) / producer, U.S. Signal Corps (100 min.) -- Disc 3. Das Gerucht = The rumor / director, Ernst Niederreither -- Marschieren, marschieren = Marching, marching / director, Gehard Born -- Werftarbeiter = Throwing worker / director, Wolf Hart -- Weiss-Gelb-Schwarz = White-yellow-black / director, Hans Curlis -- Es liegt an Dir = It is because of you / director, Wolfgang Kiepenheuer -- Eine Kleinstadt hilft sich selbst = A town helps itself / director, Wolfgang Becker (73 min.). DVD 7176

Young People in Germany
Presents 2 segments from a German television news magazine. Part 1 presents interviews with young adults in Germany concerning their present attitudes and hopes for the future. Part 2 visits the controversial "spelling reform" designed to make the German language simpler and more logical. 1999. 27 min. Video/C 8077

Greece/Cyprus

Ancient and Classical Civilizations
Greek cinema

My Cyprus: The country, the Conflict, the Missing
American journalist Varnavas Zagaris visits his ancestral village in Cyprus interviewing numerous Cypriots, while presenting a historical overview of the ongoing conflict between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities initiated in 1974 by the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. He also examines the current tensions and periodic violent clashes in the UN-controlled buffer zone. 1995. 52 min. Video/C 9309

Italy

Ancient Civilizations: Rome
Italian cinema
Peace and Conflict Studies: World War I & II

La cosa
The Italian Communist Party (PCI) planned to change its name and identity and renew itself into a new 'thing'. This is a selection of talks which took place in various sections of the party throughout Italy before the congress. In Italian without English subtitles. 1990. 59 min. DVD 9566

Domestic Terrorism. (Terrorism, Aims and Objectives)
This program looks at what makes educated -- sometimes highly educated men and women take up arms in an ideological bid to overthrow their democratic governments; and it shows why some fail, while others are more successful in attaining their goals. It also shows why highly motivated and intelligent terrorists are so difficult for police to catch, and underscores the inevitable temptations for government to bend or break the law in order to bring the culprits to justice. Looks at terrorist activities in Italy, Northern Ireland and Spain. c1995. 52 min. Video/C 8343

Il fare politica: cronache della Toscana rossa
Follows one Italian Communist Party (PCI) group in the area of Tuscany from 1982-2004. In Italian with optional French and English subtitles. Diretto de Hugues Le Paige. 2007. 86 min. DVD 9566

Il linguaggio del tempo: conversazione con Vittorio Foa
Vittorio Fao, one of the founding fathers of the republic and historical Italian Left reflects on changes in the language that reflect changes in the 20th century culture of the country. This historical and philosophical reflection moves the viewer back to the Italian and European wars, reconstruction, civil strife, and the advent of mass communication, radio, TV, and the Internet. In Italian without English subtitles. 2004. 18 min. DVD 9747

Monti Moments: Men's Memories in the Heart of Rome
Provides an intimate portrait of social change in Monti, a rapidly gentrifying neighborhood in Rome. Told through engaging informal conversations with local inhabitants, the film speaks to important issues at the heart of contemporary social science -- issues of history, memory, and voice -- as well as to the effects of rapid socioeconomic change in urban neighborhoods. Filmed and produced by Michael Herzfeld. 2006. 39 min. DVD X3274

Berkeley Media LLC catalog description

Palio
A documentary on the customs of the people of Siena, Italy centering on the celebration of the Palio di Siena, an 18th-century political horse race still held between 17 city districts. 38 min. Video/C 6008

La primavera del 2002: l'Italia protesta, l'Italia si ferma
Follows the activities and demonstrations by members of the Italian labor union CGIL, as they mobilize Italians to protest the changes in labor laws promoted by prime minister Silvio Berlusconi in 2002. Text accompanying videocassette: Diciottesimo parallelo : la ripresa del conflitto sociale in Italia / a cura di Gabriele Polo. 2002. In Italian. PAL format. 53 min. Video/C MM83

The Venice Gondola Pageant
Presents the Regata Storica, a great water pageant in Venice, Italy, featuring standing oarsmen in period costume re-enacting the pirate raid. The races and parades of crafts in addition to concerts and exhibitions add to a grand spectacle. 1986. 30 min. Video/C 8629

Videocracy
A documentary film which examines the high-glitz, lowbrow, celebrity-obsessed culture promulgated by Sergio Berlusconi's monopolistic media empire. The film analyzes the power of television broadcasting in Italy and how it affects the behavior and choices of the Italian population. Director, Erik Gandini. 2010. 85 min. DVD X4648

Spain and Portugal

General History
Spanish Civil War (separate page)
Portugal

Spanish History & Culture
Spanish cinema

General History

Acts of Faith: Jewish Civilization in Spain
Many Latinos in the American Southwest wear amulets and perform certain practices different from their fellow Latino Catholics--and are discovering only now, to their amazement, that they are descended from Jews who chose conversion rather than death at the time of the great expulsion from Spain in 1492. This film looks at remnants of what was once the great Jewish civilization in Spain: the artifacts, which were Christianized or destroyed; and the people, many of whom continued to practice elements of the religion and folklore of Judaism and for most of whom the memory of Jewishness has been extinguished. 1995. 50 min. Video/C 6562

The Barcelona Blueprint
Once the industrial heart of the region of Catalonia in Spain, Barcelona was becoming a failed European city when a visionary local government decided to radically redevelop the city in the run for the 1992 Olympics. It is now considered a model 21st century city, combining historic buildings with modern architecture. This program takes a tour of Barcelona's seafront and listens to a studio debate on the issues facing cities and those who live in them. This debate was part of the Special Session of the UN General Assembly held in New York in 2001. Video/C 8937

Barcelona in 48 Hours
A film composed of a collection of black and white still photographs, taken over a period of 48 hours in Barcelona. The film is both an impressionistic portrait of a contemporary dance artist and a meditation on movement of the body, through dancing and traveling. The raw material of hundreds and hundreds of photographs was edited to create a story and dream-like movement. Performed by David Zambrano and Mat Woorter, with appearances by Dietmar Diesner, Pepe Ferrer, Simone Forti, Jennifer Monson, Alex Rendon, Judith Sanchez. A film by Anja Hitzenberger and Edward Ratliff. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. c2002. 27 min. Video/C MM1255

Basque Ball
This thought-provoking documentary explores the unique language and long-held traditions of the mythical land of the Basques, and details the regions intricate and painful political reality. A Julio Medem film. c2003. 107 min. DVD X6253

The Defeat of the Spanish Armada Twelve Summer Days, 1588
Presents by means of fictional British television news coverage from 1588 the events of the Spanish Armada's voyage through the English Channel. 42 min. Video/C 3997

Desconcierto
Examines the social and political turmoil in Spain surrounding the Spanish legislative elections on March 14 and the terrorist bombings of March 11, 2004. 2004. 33 min. DVD X7034

Domestic Terrorism. (Terrorism, Aims and Objectives)
This program looks at what makes educated -- sometimes highly educated men and women take up arms in an ideological bid to overthrow their democratic governments; and it shows why some fail, while others are more successful in attaining their goals. It also shows why highly motivated and intelligent terrorists are so difficult for police to catch, and underscores the inevitable temptations for government to bend or break the law in order to bring the culprits to justice. Looks at terrorist activities in Italy, Northern Ireland and Spain. c1995. 52 min. Video/C 8343

España en libertad (Spain in Freedom)
The coronation of Juan Carlos I marked the third restoration of Spanish Bourbon rule. This program tracks the mixed fortunes of post-Franco Spain as it transitioned into a parliamentary monarchy and moved forward into the 21st century. News footage of policy makers and events addresses free elections, economic restructuring, membership in the E.U., educational reforms, and social security as well as the failed 23-F coup, high unemployment, labor strikes, and terrorism. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2005. 61 min. DVD 6259

Ethnic Terrorism.
Examines three major contemporary organizations which represent ethically-based opposition to state authority. The IRA and The Basques (ETA) represent two examples of European terrorism, while the PLO represents a distinct Middle Eastern phenomenon. Follow the factors which generate terrorism, the techniques used, and the "justification" of these deadly acts, the type of state response and the political, social, psychological and economic consequences of violence. 1996. Dist. Ambrose Video 46 min. Video/C MM1085

Euskadi
The first definitive film treatment of the Basque-Spanish conflict. Traces the history of the Basque independence movement from the Spanish civil war to after the socialist victory in the 1982 Spanish national elections. Archival footage and interviews with some of the main protagonists of this conflict present events of the last fifty years such as the 1937 bombing of Guernica, the systematic police repression of Basques under the Franco regime, and the killing of Prime Minister Carrero Blanco by the ETA (Euskadi ta Askatasuna - the Basque Country and Her Liberty). A film by Arthur MacCaig. 1984. 97 min. Video/C MM1082

Description from First Run Icarus catalog

Expulsion and Memory: Descendants of the Hidden Jews
This documentary traces the descendants of Spanish Jews who were forced to either flee or convert to Catholicism after Queen Isabella's edict of 1492. Many of these Jews had to practice their religion in secret, passing their furtively-recalled customs down through the generations. Exploring the history and culture of these 'conversos,' the film celebrates an enduring spiritual legacy which has survived centuries of persecution. 1996. 51 min. Video/C 6640

Federico Garcia Lorca: the Spirit of Lorca.
Filmed on location in Spain, this vintage program profiles the immortalized poet/dramatist Federico Lorca, capturing the potent essence of Spanish culture in the process. Extracts from his poems, plays, and letters demonstrate his burning passion for the arts, while the details of his life and violent death, as told by his biography Ian Gibson, contemporaries Rafael Alberti and Luis Rosales, and others, presents a thoughtful perspective on Spain's revered literary icon. 1986. 75 min. Video/C 6899

Hasta la Reina Isabel Baila el Danzon (Even Queen Isabel Dances the Danzon)
The Spain of the Catholic kings is still present in many places in Cuba, like Havana, where Marta Gonzalez lives. She is a card and palm reader turned spiritualist who believes that she is possessed by the spirit of Queen Isabel of Castile. In Spanish with English subtitles. 20 min. Video/C 4211

Mercaderes y cambistas
Presents a history of the great fairs held in Medina del Campo, Spain, through documentary engravings, paintings, photographs and pictures from the beginning of the 20th century and their contributions to the commerce, culture and art of the society. VHS format (PAL). In Spanish. 12 min. Video/C 8512

The Moroccan Labyrinth (Laberinto Marroqui)
In 1898 Spain focused its colonial aims on northern Morocco, establishing a Spanish Protectorate in 1912. From 1920 to 1926, Spanish military attempts to conquer the territory were resisted by the guerrilla forces of Rif leader Abd el-Krim. The film reveals how this colonial conflict served as the prologue to the Spanish Civil War, with losses in the African war undermining the monarchy and politically emboldening the "African militarists," including generals such as Francisco Franco, who in 1936 launched a revolt against the Spanish Republic. Ironically, in order to escape famine and poverty, thousands of Moroccans enlisted in the Spanish Falangist movement and found themselves fighting for their former enemies in Spain against Republican forces. Directed by Julio Sánchez Veiga. 2007. 90 min. DVD X2321

Description from Icarus Films catalog

La pelota vasca: La piel contra la piedra (Euskal pelota : larrua harriaren kontra)
Documentary about the Basque nationalist movement in Spain, with 69 interviews interspersed with documentary footage and film excerpts. In Spanish. 2003. 117 min. DVD X77

Spain: the Moorish Influence.
Encompasses Spain's epic story of conquest and reconquest by the Moors. Describes the shifting social and political realities of the Islamic and Christian kingdoms and the influence of Moorish civilization which helped lead to the European Renaissance. 28 min. Video/C 4602

States of Terror: Counter-terrorism in the Basque Country (Etats de terreur: Guerre Sle au Pays Basque)
Separatist movement. Following an attempted right-wing coup in 1981, Spanish government officials secretly formed the GAL, an organization whose purpose was to attack ETA using similar methods of violence and terror. After a pivotal meeting with President Francois Mitterrand, Spain received the support it needed when France agreed to assist the GAL in their operations. Concentrating on the French Basque country --a sanctuary for many of ETA's members-- GAL actions were directed by Spanish government officials, deploying hired mercenaries to carry out bombings, kidnappings and assassinations with the compliance and assistance of the French police. Through interviews with government officials, judicial officials and prosecutors, journalists, and the families of victims - and incorporating rare archival footage --the director conducts a methodical investigation into the Anti-Terrorist Liberation Group (GAL). Directed by Arthur Mac Caig. 59 min. 2000. Video/C MM1084

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Toward a Livable City
This program looks at the development of Barcelona, a city dating to pre-Christian times, which grew slowly until the advent of the Industrial Revolution. Shows how the results of research can be applied to improve the allocation of scarce resources in housing, transportation, fuel consumption, air quality control, and waste disposal. c1991. 28 min. Video/C 8332

Spanish Civil War

See Peace and Conflict Studies

Portuguese History and Life

& etc.
"& etc" is a small publishing company created in Portugal in 1973 that focuses on producing relatively unknown authors. Founder Victor Silva Tavares, Rui Caeiro and other staff reminisce here about events throughout the three decades of working in the publishing company. Directed by Cláudia Clemente. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. 2007. 25 min. DVD X6972

Acto dos Feitos da Guine
A dialogue between "History" (Jose Gomes) and "The Guerrilla" (Virgilio Massinge) interlaced with live footage taken in Portugal and Guinea-Bissau, when this country was a colony of Portugal, the former Portuguese Guinea. In Portuguese. PAL format. 81 min. Video/C MM1079

As armas e o povo
Coverage of demonstrations and addresses by politicians during the April, 1974 revolution in Portugal. Features interviews with people in the streets during the revolution. In Portuguese. PAL format. 77 min. Video/C MM1078

Aventuras do Espirito
Episodio 1: Com perfume e com veneno / Alamo Oliveira -- Episodio 2: O principe dos regressos / Eduardo Bettencourt Pinto -- Episodio 3: Marinheiro com residencia fixa / Urbano Bettencourt. Three part documentary on the life and work of three Azorean writers, Alamo de Oliveira, Eduardo Bettencourt Pinto and Urbano Bettencourt. Includes biographical sketches, commentary by the authors and their contemporaries, with dramatic readings from their works. Originally presented as segments on a television series. In Portuguese. 2005. DVD 6549

Azores - Museum Itenary
A visit to eight regional museums throughout the Azores highlighting the historical, artistic and ethnographic heritage or the region. 1997. 60 min. Video/C MM1044

Azores, 9 Islands: An Intimate Journey (Acores, 9 ilhas: uma viagem intima)
Recounts travels through the 9 islands of the Azores by a television reporter about 20 years ago with emphasis on the pristine beauty of the islands. 2007. 56 min. DVD 9672

Barcelos
Overview of the cultural heritage, monuments, history, folk art and handicrafts of the municipality of Barcelos, Portugal. 2002. 18 min. Video/C MM1042;

Os Caminhos da liberdade
Presents historical footage of the demonstrations during the April, 1974 revolution in Portugal. In Portuguese. PAL format. 53 min. Video/C MM1077

Carnaval 2000: Dancas e Bailinhos da Ilha Terceira (Selecc~ao)
Presents three musical and dance presentations from Carnaval 2000 held on Terceira Island in the Azores. Danca de pandeiro: "O colch~ao das maravilhas" (47 min.) -- Bailinho: "Os Santos populares" (33 min.) -- Bailinho: "Baile das velhas" (35 min.) In Portuguese. 115 min. 2000. Video/C MM1045

Historias de Portugal
In Portuguese without subtitles

A Proposito de Agostinho da Silva: Conversas Vadias Commentary by notable figures in Portugese society about the influence of the philosopher, essayist and writer Agostinho da Silva on the 100th anniversary of his birth. The final segment features a documentary on his life. In Portuguese. Vol. 1. Maria Elisa, Adelino Gomes, Joaquim Letria ; [entrevistas] Caetano Veloso ; Gilberto Gil (134 min.) -- Vol. 2. Isabel Barreno, Baptista-Bastos, Alice Cruz ; [entrevistas] Lagoa Henriques, Mario Soares (138 min.) -- Vol. 3. Caceres Monteiro, Fernando Alves, Vasco Ramalho ; [entrevistas] Manoel de Oliveira, Roberto Pinho (138 min.) -- Vol. 4. Herman Jose, Miguel Esteves Cardoso, Manuel Antonio Pina, Joaquim Vieira ; [entrevistas] Pedro Agostinho (134 min.) -- Vol. 5. Documentario "Agostinho da Silva: um pensamento vivo / produc~ao, Jorge Neves ; realizac~ao, Jo~ao Rodrigo Mattos (95 min.) DVD 6154 [NRLF - In storage]

Os Descobrimentos Portugueses Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. The first two segments look at the maritime history and explorations of Portugal. The third segment examines the voyages of Fern~ao Mendes Pinto. Episodio 1: O Voo dos Ac,ores -- Episodio 2: Recordando Tordesilhas -- Episodio 3: Fernao, Mentes? Nao! 90 min. DVD 6155 [NRLF - In storage]

A Crise de 1383-1385 Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. This segment of the series looks at the causes of the economic crisis in Portugal between 1383 and 1385. Episodio 1: A rainha que o povo rejeitou -- Episodio 2: Aljubarrota -- Episodio 3: A inclita Gerac~ao. 90 min. DVD 6156 [NRLF - In storage]

Portugal RestauradoThree segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. This segment of the series looks at political and military unrest in Portugal in the 17th century. Episodio 1: A Restaurac~ao -- Episodio 2: O fogo e a fogaca -- Episodio 3: Olivenca. DVD 6157 [NRLF - In storage]

Dramas MedievaisThree segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments look at medieval Portugese drama and literature in the 14th century.Episodio 1: Paix~ao e morte de Jacques de Molay -- Episodio 2: Por que morreau Ines de Castro -- Episodio 3: Sempre Noiva. DVD 6162 [NRLF - In storage]

Macau, a Perola do Oriente Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments look at the establishment of the island of Macau as a Portuguese colony in the 16th century. DVD 6163 [NRLF - In storage]

A Fundac~ao Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments deal with the early history of the founding of major population centers in the country. DVD 6164 [NRLF - In storage]

De cabral ao Ipiranga. Episodio 1: Historia concisa do Brazil -- Episodio 2: A maior cidade; da ilha de S. Vicente -- Episodio 3: O grito do Ipiranga. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments look at the colonial history of Portugal in Brazil. 80 min. DVD 6168 [NRLF - In storage]

Passado proximo.Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments look at the history of the television series with a visit to the Galeria dos Presidentes in the Palacio de Belem in Lisbon in the final segment. 80 min. DVD 6169 [NRLF - In storage]

Madeira das que nos povoamos a primeira. Episodio 1: Madeira: passado e futuro -- Episodio 2: As moradias do Capit~ao -- Episodio 3: A Praia dos Milagres. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments look at the history of the Portuguese in the Madeira Islands. 80 min. DVD 6170 [NRLF - In storage]

Historia da cultura. Episodio 1: Coimbra tem mais encanto -- Episodio 2: Cultura e tradic~ao -- Episodio 3: Fern~ao Mendes, Traficante e Apostolo. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments examine the culture history of Portugal through the collections of the Universidade de Coimbra and the Museu Machado de Castro. The final segment looks at the cultural contributions of Fern~ao Mendes Pinto. 80 min. DVD 6174 [NRLF - In storage]

Memorias recentes. Episodio 1: Tres historias convergentes -- Episodio 2: Visita a um Museu -- Episodio 3: Religi~ao do Futebol. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments examine a variety of events including the travels of Pedro Alvares Cabral to Brazil, visits to the museums of Museu Jose Malhao and the Caldas da Rainha. The final segment looks at soccer and the two sports organizations Sport Lisboa e Benifaca and Futebol Clube do Porto. 80 min. DVD 6175 [NRLF - In storage]

Triptico Acoriano. Episodio 1: Historia das Ilhas -- Episodio 2: Sete historias de uma vez -- Episodio 3: P~ao quente em Santa Maria. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments examine the history of the Azores and the island of Santa Maria. 80 min. DVD 6176 [NRLF - In storage]

Tempos modernos. Episodio 1: A separac~ao do Brasil -- Episodio 2: O Lanceiro da Rainha -- Episodio 3: Casa de Braganca. Originally presented as segments on the television series Historias de Portugal. Three segments from a documentary television program focused on the history of Portugal. These segments examine the 19th century relations between Brazil and Portugal, the 1846-1847 civil war, and the role of Marshal Luis Paulino and Ze do Telhado. DVD 6220 [NRLF - In storage]

Into the Rising Sun.
1999. 52 min. each installment.

The Barrier of Fear. In 1415, Cape Bojador along the northwest coast of Africa marked the point at which the known world ended and superstition began. Voyages of exploration spearheaded by Portugal's Prince Henry the Navigator conquered that fear of the unknown-- launching the colonial era and establishing a slave trade that decimated the African continent. Video/C 6558

Beyond the Cape of Storms. With West Africa mapped, Portugese explorers continued down the coast, seeking the turning point of an eastbound trading route to India. Epic voyages revealed myriad cultures, thousands of miles of harsh terrain, and eventually, the southernmost tip of the continent. Dubbed the Cape of Storms by explorer Bartolomeu Dias, the king of Portugal renamed it the Cape of Good Hope. Video/C 6559

The Passage to India. Da Gama completes a two-year, 27,000-mile round trip to India, returning with a handful of spices and establishing a Portuguese presence along the East African coast and Indian subcontinent. A single eyewitness account by Alvaro Velho survives to detail the arduous voyage and da Gama's determination, while present-day footage reveals the lasting implications of the journey on new lands. Video/C 6560

A Liar's Tale With the sea route to India established, young merchant adventurer Mendes Pinto pushes on throughout Asia in the 16th century. Witnessing world events from the Red Sea to Japan, he helps position Portugal as a major economic player in the East. While Pinto's accounts mingle the facts with the fantastical, his journey provides insight into the West's activities in the East. Video/C 6561

Rembrancas de Natal
Professor Jose Hermano Saraiva presents fond memories of Chrismas as celebrated in Portugal. In Portuguese. 90 min. DVD 6228 [NRLF - In storage]

O semente e a seiva vindima de fogo o fruto e o sonho Cristovao de Aguiar: aventuras do espirito
A documentary on the life and work of the Azorean writer, Cristovao de Aguiar. Includes a biographical sketch, commentary by the author and his contemporaries, with dramatic readings from his works. In Portuguese. 2002. DVD 6584 [NRLF - In storage]

Toadas do mar e da terra: uma viagem ao universo do escritor Dias de Melo
A documentary on the life and work of the Azorean writer, Dias De Melo. Includes a biographical sketch, commentary by the author and his contemporaries with dramatic readings from his works. In Portuguese. 2003. DVD 6580 [NRLF - In storage]

Vem ai o retrateiro Emanuel Felx, a viagem possivel
A documentary on the life and work of the Azorean writer, Emanuel Felix. Includes a biographical sketch, commentary by the author and his contemporaries, with dramatic readings from his works. In Portuguese. 1999. DVD 6581 [NRLF - In storage]

United Kingdom

Films produced by the British Documentary Movement, 1930-1950.
UK/Irish cinema
Documentaries and primary source media about Britain in World War I and II

The Blitz: London's Longest Night
After two years of research and based on eyewitness testimony, tells the story of WWII's most concentrated aerial attack on London in 1941 and how the city nearly perished under the German barrage. Approximately 43,000 people died and over 1 million houses were destroyed during the blitz. 2006. 90 min. DVD 5157

British Transport Films Collection

On and Off the Rails
In 1948, the British Transportation Commission set up its own in-house film production unit led for 25 years by Edgar Anstey -- a founding father of the British documentary movement. it became one of the largest industrial film units in Britain. In this selection of films the documentary aficionado will recognise the development of traits and innovations in British non-fiction filmmaking. Disc 1: Blue Pullman (1960, 25 min.) / director, Nick Nicholls -- Elizabethan Express / Tony Thompson (1954, 20 min.) -- Train time / John Shearman (1952, 28 min.) -- Rail 150 / Ronald Craigen (1975, 14 min.) -- The diesel train driver / (1959, 7 min.) -- On track for the eighties / John Legard (1980, 15 min.) -- Cybernetica / Peter Sims (1972, 20 min.) -- Disc 2: Under the river / R.K. Neilson Baxter (1959, 27 min.) -- Snowdrift at Bleath Gill / Kenneth Fairbairn (1955, 10 min.) -- This year: London / John Krish, Jack Holmes (1951, 25 min.) -- This is York / J. B. Holmes (1953, 20 min.) -- The great highway / R, K. Nelson Baxter (1966, 20 min.) -- A Day of One's Own / Kenneth Fairbairn (1956, 20 min.) -- John Betjeman goes by train / Malcolm Freegard (1962, 10 min.). DVD 6211

Running a Railway
In 1948, the British Transportation Commission set up its own in-house film production unit led for 25 years by Edgar Anstey -- a founding father of the British documentary movement. it became one of the largest industrial film units in Britain. In this selection of films the documentary aficionado will recognise the development of traits and innovations in British non-fiction filmmaking. Disc 1: Operation London Bridge / directors, Norman Prouting, David C. Lochner (1975, 18 min.) -- Wires over the border / David C. Lochner (1974, 18 min.) -- Groundwork for progress / Bill Mason (1959- 30 min.) -- Making tracks / Tony Thompson (1956, 17 min.) -- E for Experiment / Donald Washbourne (1975, 20 min.) -- Modelling for the future (1962, 8 min.) -- Britannia: a bridge / David C. Lochner (1973, 19 min.) -- Disc 2: Terminus / John Schlesinger (1961, 20 min.) -- Fully fitted freight / Ralph Keene (1957, 21 min.) -- Farmer moving South (a Winter journey) / John Taylor (1952, 17 min.) -- I am a litter basket / James Ritchie (1959, 7 min.) -- The Third Sam / Kenneth Fairbairn (1962, 10 min.) -- People like us (1962, 9 min.) -- Future on rail / Edgar Anstey (1957, 10 min.) DVD 6213

See Britain by Train
In 1948, the British Transportation Commission set up its own in-house film production unit led for 25 years by Edgar Anstey -- a founding father of the British documentary movement. it became one of the largest industrial film units in Britain. In this selection of films the documentary aficionado will recognise the development of traits and innovations in British non-fiction filmmaking. Disc 1: West Country journey / director, Syd Sharples (1953, 26 min.) -- A letter for Wales / Tony Thompson (1960, 25 min.) -- Cyclists special (1955, 16 min.) -- Holiday / John Taylor (1957, 18 min.) -- The heart is Highland / John Taylor (1952, 20 min.) -- Any man's kingdom / Tony Thompson (1956, 20 min.) -- Disc 2: Glasgow belongs to me / Edward McConnell (1966, 17 min.) -- The England of Elizabeth / John Taylor (1957, 27 min.) -- Capital visit / Syd Sharples (1955, 20 min.) -- The heart of England / Michael Clarke (1954, 20 min.) -- East Anglian holiday / Michael Clarke (1954, 20 min.) -- The coasts of Clyde / James Ritchie (1959, 20 min.). DVD 6212

[Churchill, Winston]His Memoirs and his Speeches [Sound Recording]
Recordings of the author reading from his memoirs and releases of broadcast recordings of his speeches delivered between 1918 and 1945. Sound/C 1230

[Churchill, Winston]His Memoirs and his Speeches [1918 to 1945] [Sound Recording]
Pt. 1: Armistice 1918--Follies of the Victors, 1919-30--Lurking dangers--Crimes of war--Crimes against humanity--Crimes against peace--Adolf Hitler--Locust years--"St. George and the dragon"-- Locust years (cont.)--Air parity lost.--Pt. 2: Air parity (cont.) --Causes of war--Loaded pause--Mr. Eden's resignation--Collective security--Munich Winter--Broadcast to USA--Soviet enigma--War--1st months of war--Pt. 3: Liberation is sure--Navy is here--Before the storm--A sterner way--Narvik--Frustration in Norway--Fall of the (Brit.) government--The National Coalition--Commons: Prime minister's speech--Be ye men of valour.--Pt. 4: Battle of France & March to the sea--King Leopold capitulates--Deliverance of Dunkirk--A colossal military disaster--Deliverance of Dunkirk (cont.)--News is very bad-- Back to France--The finest hour. Pt. 5: Home defense--French agony--Admiral Darlan & French fleet-- Unknown warriors--At bay--Commons: the first year--Crux of the whole war--Battle of Britain--Commons: Secret session--Desert victory--Pt. 6: Westward look, the land is bright--Until victory is won--birth throes of a sublime resolve--4th climacteric--Do your worst and we will do our best--Atlantic Charter--Meeting Roosevelt--Commons: We are still masters of our fate--These are great days--Resolution of the people is unconquerable.--Pt. 7: War with Japan--White House Christmas tree--Preparation, liberation, assault--Prime min. for two years--End of the beginning--To the U.S. Congress--Before the autumn leaves fall--Call for a three power talk--Pt. 8: Anglo-American unity--Commons: Rebuilding--Fruits of 1944--Thanksgiving day--Unconditional surrender--This is your victory. Sound/C 125

Culloden.
Re-creates the 1746 Battle of Culloden between the rebellious highland Scottish forces of Bonnie Prince Charles and the regular British Army sent to Scotland to put down the rebellion. Based on an historical study by John Prabble. Directed by Peter Watkins. 1967. 76 min. DVD 6040; vhs Video/C 3971

The Death of Princess Diana
Peter Jennings covers the events surrounding the automobile accident, death and burial services for the Princess Diana of Wales with the commentary from royal biographers Sarah Bradford and Andrew Morton. Includes eulogies at the service by Prime Minister Tony Blair and Diana's brother the Earl of Spencer. From a broadcast of the program ABC News special report, August 31, 1997. DVD 9429

Demanding the Vote: the Pankhursts and British Suffrage
Looks at the life and work of Emmeline Pankhurst and her two daughters, activists and leaders of the British suffragette movement. Although widely criticised for her militant tactics, Emmeline Pankhurst's leadership is recognised as a crucial element in achieving women's suffrage in Britain. Includes archival film footage and commentary by authors and academics. Produced by Adam Sternberg; written by Lisa Clark and Adam Sternberg. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 30 min. DVD X233

Easter Rising: The Poets' Rebellion
On Easter Day in Dublin, 1916 a small band of Irish revolutionaries rebelled against British rule. Although the rebellion was immediately crushed by British forces the rebels became heroes and others joined their cause setting Ireland on the rocky road to independence. Includes archival footage and commentary by authors, academics and historians. Produced and written by Karena O'Riordan. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 26 min. DVD X233

History of Britain: I and II
Volume I is a six part series exploring the history of Britain up to the 17th century; Volume II is a five part series exploring the history of Britain from Elizabeth I. 2001.

History of Britain I: 3500 B.C - 1603 A.D. Volume 1.Contents: Beginnings (50 min.) -- Conquest (50 min.). Beginnings (Pt.1): Introduces the world of the prehistoric Britons, beginning in Skara Brae, 5,000 years ago, in a world of the embryonic village. Succeeding generations remained largely indigenous, trading with but not dominated by the Celts. Conquest (Pt.2): After the victory of William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest, Britain ceased to look north and turned its face south, becoming part of an Anglo-Norman empire that in time, overshadowed even the kings of France. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8479

History of Britain I: 3500 B.C - 1603 A.D. Volume 2. Contents: Dynasty (50 min.) -- Nations (50 min.). Dynasty (Pt.3): The great Norman dynasty tears itself apart as cousins fight over who should be king. Out of their bloody struggle emerges a new dynasty as well as three of the most famous kings: Henry II, Richard I and John. At the heart of this medieval history lies the relationship between church and state, most notably represented by Thomas Becket and Henry II. Nations (Pt.4): In the 13th century, the people of Britain found their voice: proud and nationalistic, developed as a response to the subjugation in the campaigns of Edward I to extend his authority over Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. Out of this attempted hegemony arose the first written expression of nationalism. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8480

History of Britain I: 3500 B.C - 1603 A.D. Volume 3. Contents: King Death (50 min.) -- Burning convictions (50 min.). King death (Pt.5): A great social transformation arises out of the Black Death that decimated the British population. Councilors and courtiers run the kings government and work with a parliament of members of the rising gentry class. The end of feudalism and the advent of the printing press lay the groundwork for the Reformation and later, the Industrial Revolution. Burning convictions (Pt.6.): Seeking a divorce, Henry VIII breaks away from the Pope and declares himself the head of the church in England. This is ultimately the story of three women, Anne Boleyn, Mary I and Elizabeth who along with Thomases Cranmer and Cromwell, bribed, tortured and cajoled a nation largely at peace with its Catholic soul into accepting Protestantism. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8481

History of Britain II: the Wars of the British, 1603-1776. Volume 4. Contents: The body of the queen (60 min.) -- The British wars (60 min.). Body of the Queen (Pt.7): Elizabeth I led a Protestant nation to greatness in a hostile Catholic world, all the while deflecting intense pressure to marry and conceive an heir. Her success stands in marked contrast to the fate of her cousin, Mary Queen of Scots. British wars (Pt.8): When Charles I ascended to the throne in 1625, he brought with him a firm belief in the divine right of kings putting him at odds with the parliament. Their struggle soon expanded to every corner of the British Isles, eventually reshaping England as a republic divided by religion, politics and ideology. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8482

History of Britain II: the Wars of the British, 1603-1776. Volume 5. Contents: Revolutions (60 min.) -- Britannia Incorporated (60 min.). Revolutions (Pt.9): England emerged from 50 years of civil wars a kingless republic led by Oliver Cromwell who closed parliament and led troops against Ireland and Scotland. After Cromwell died, Charles II was restored to the throne. His nearly 30 year rule was peaceful, unlike his brother and successor James II. Britannia Incorporated (Pt.10): England in the 1690s saw a new era under William II, while in Scotland the Jacobites still supported the deposed King James II. Yet half a century later the two nations would be forging a future together based on profit and commerce, not God. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8483

History of Britain II: the Wars of the British, 1603-1776. Volume 6, The Wrong Empire. The Wrong Empire (Pt.11): By the 18th century with political stability and commercial prosperity at home, Britain turned its sights outward. It's a story of exploration and daring -- but also of exploitation and conflict -- where a nation that considered itself the freest in the world ended up by subjugating most of it. 60 min. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 8484

History of Britain III: Volume 7, Forces of Nature/Victoria and Her Sisters. Forces of nature (Pt. 12): Led by the radical intellectuals of the "Romantic generation," Britain experienced a flowering of political discourse in the 18th century, based on an appreciation of nature and the common man. But while similar forces led to revolution in France, England avoided that bloody fate. Victoria and her sisters (Pt. 13): In 1837, the 18 year-old Queen Victoria ascended to the throne in the midst of a radical transformation driven by technology and industrialization. The young queen proved adept at managing these powerful forces, and her example paved the way for a generation of women to assume prominent roles in every area of British society. 60 min. each installment. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 9328

History of Britain III: Volume 8, The Two Winstons Forces of nature (Pt. 12): This final episode of the series The two Winstons (Pt. 14) looks at two of the most influential 20th century Britons -- George Orwell and Winston Churchill. Though political opposites, they shared many convictions and gifts, and Schama's compelling analysis of their lives and legacies illuminates fundamental questions surrounding the role of history in society. 60 min. DVD X436; vhs Video/C 9329

I Can Hear It Now[Sound recording]
Program notes by the authors on each slipcase of v. 2-3. [v.1] 1933-1945: a chronicle of the war and the years of crisis, told in the authentic sounds and voices of the men who made this history.--v. 2. 1945-1949: a continuing chronicle of the years following the close of World War II up to the present time, told in the authentic sounds and voices of the men who made this history.--v.3. 1919-1932: voices and events, read and re-enacted, of a glamorous era.--v.4. Winston Churchill. E.R.Murrow, narrator. Sound/C 804

The Industrial Revolution
1992. 20 min. each installment

Part I: Working Lives: Concentrates on the crucial century of radical change in Great Britain between 1750 and 1850, when large numbers of people began to work for the first time in factories rather than on the land, and when agriculture had to adapt to provide for an expanding population. Video/C 8729

Part II: Evolving Transportation Systems: Pre-industrial Great Britain managed with toll roads, but industrialization required low-cost, efficient transportation systems. This program examines developments in road building and the revolutionary impact of canals, and charts the rise and subsequent decline of canals as a good example of social and technological change. Video/C 8730

Part III: The Railway Age: Examines the enormous impact of the introduction of railways in Britain, covering the technological revolution, the commercial and human reactions that culminated in Railway Mania, and the economic and social results. Video/C 8731

Part IV: Harnessing Steam: This program looks at the role of water power in 19th century Great Britain, examining Newcomen's and Watt's machines and the interdependence of steam, coal, and iron. It also looks at the increasing demand for coal and examines the growth of electric energy. Video/C 8732

London
A "documentary" portrait of the capital which can variously be described as an "essay" or a "journal." Images of London in 1992 are accompanied by an unnamed fictional narrator and Keiller's imaginary protagonist Robinson. The latter is attempting to research the city's artistic past and support alternative paths that the city's history might have taken. The film is made up of three "expeditions" and other mini-journeys on foot into a London that few tourists will ever see. The paths taken are inspired by literary-historical concerns but contemporary political events intrude. The two reflect on how political decisions might impact upon the city's future. Written, directed and photographed by Patrick Keiller. See also: Robinson in Space. 1994. 82 min. DVD 9394

Mayer, Robert. "Not Adaptation but "Drifting": Patrick Keiller, Daniel Defoe, and the Relationship between Film and Literature." Eighteenth Century Fiction; Jul2004, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p803-827, 25p UC users only
Sinclair, Iain. "London necropolis of fretful ghosts." Sight & Sound; Jun94, Vol. 4 Issue 6, p12-15, 4pUC users only
Ward, James. "Not Adaptation but "Drifting": Patrick Keiller, Daniel Defoe, and the Relationship between Film and Literature." Substance: A Review of Theory & Literary Criticism; 2008, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p78-93, 16p UC users only

London, The Making of a City.
Dist.: Films Media Group. 1976. 20 min. each installment

Early Victorian London
Looks at the population explosion in London during the Victorian reign, its expansion and how, while being the largest city in the world, the living conditions for the poor became worse and worse; some headway was made introducing decent low-income housing and washhouses with running water. Originally broadcast in 1976 as a segment of: London:, the making of a city. DVD X1198

Late Victorian London: The Hub of the World, 1850-1897
Describes London from 1850-1897, as railways began to carve up London, the great expropriations of land began, suburbia was born, and sewers were constructed. By 1900, the outlines of modern London had been fixed, the population had reached 6.5 million, and living conditions for the poor continued to worsen while the more fortunate enjoyed the good life. DVD X5704

The Lords.
In this program the House of Lords--half of Britain's bicameral government--is explained and its history presented. Its contemporary role, frequently questioned by the British public, is examined and evaluated, and its members scrutinized and found variously, irrelevant, tradition-bound, but on the whole a valuable counterbalance to the House of Commons. c1993. 52 min. Video/C 6167

The Lost World of Mitchell & Kenyon
Over a century ago, filmmakers Sagar Mitchell and James Kenyon roamed England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales filming the everyday lives of people at work and at play. Their films begin with the bustling streets at home in Britain and the controversial war abroad and move on to show the British workers at leisure and enjoying sports. Presents the first ever crime reconstruction film and finally the success of Mitchell and Kenyon in the U.S. and the ultimate demise of their partnership. 176 min. DVD 3603

Mason, John. "The Lost World of Mitchell & Kenyon." History Today. London: May 2005. Vol. 55, Iss. 5; p. 77 (2 pages) UC users only
Mayhall, Laura E. Nym. "The Lost World of Mitchell & Kenyon: Edwardian Britain on Film." Victorian Studies. Bloomington: Spring 2006. Vol. 48, Iss. 3; p. 560 (3 pages) UC users only
Sargeant, Amy. "The Lost World of Mitchell & Kenyon." Journal of British Cinema & Television, 2005, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p356-357, 2pUC users only

The 1900 House: An Extraordinary Living Experiment
Just how good were the good old days? Travel back in time with the Bowler family, smitten by the idea of experiencing the Victorian lifestyle right down to corsets, chamber pots and cutthroat razors, as they turn back the calendar to spring of 1900. Their eye-opening experiences of the grueling demands of a bygone era help them to understand another era with an exceptional clarity and a unique perspective. Originally produced by BBC for the television program Wall to Wall in 1999. 2000. Video/C 7174

Of Time and the City: A Love Song and a Eulogy (UK, 2008)
Directed by Terence Davies. Terence Davies lifts viewers up into the world of fantasy and collective emotion as he presents popular and classical music, voices, radio clips, and a powerful poignant voiceover of his birthplace Liverpool. Includes themes such as Catholicism, homosexuality, violence, death, loss, the glory of cinema, outsiderness, and childhood. 74 min. DVD X1604
Credits and other information from the Internet Movie Database

Order! Order!: Britain's Parliament at Work
A guided tour of the Parliament which has served as the model for legislatures all over the world. Demonstrates step by step how a government proposal becomes the law of the land, it explains how Members of Parliament perform their function as "watchdogs of the people", and why they never address one another by name. c1994. 60 min. Video/C 6168

Robinson in Space
A sequel to Patrick Keiller's London, Robinson, the enigmatic, unseen hero returns with his travelling companion and researcher. Robinson is commissioned to investigate the unspecified "problem of England." The narrator describes his seven excursions, with the unseen Robinson, around the country. He goes to the country's familiar historic landmarks and grand estates, but also to the suburban malls, industrial parks, landfills, factories, and phone booths choking the landscape. 1997. 78 min. DVD 9395

Burke, Andrew. "Nation, Landscape, and Nostalgia in Patrick Keiller's Robinson in Space." Historical Materialism, 2006, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p3-29, 27p UC users only
Mayer, Robert. "Not Adaptation but "Drifting": Patrick Keiller, Daniel Defoe, and the Relationship between Film and Literature." Eighteenth Century Fiction; Jul2004, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p803-827, 25p UC users only
Ward, James. "Not Adaptation but "Drifting": Patrick Keiller, Daniel Defoe, and the Relationship between Film and Literature." Substance: A Review of Theory & Literary Criticism; 2008, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p78-93, 16p UC users only

Roundabout: People - Places - Events. Volume 1
In the 1960s the British Government produced a monthy cinemagazine primarily for distribution in South and South East Asia. Essentially designed to promote British values abroad, the cinemagazine featured light treatments of topical stories that not only reflected life in Britain in the 1960s, but portrayed how the British wished to be perceived. Contents: Issue 20 (Jan., 1964): Sydney Harbour -- Engineering Training College, Bhopal -- Gearless motor Scooter -- Hendon Police College -- Glyndebourne Opera. Issue 27 (Aug., 1964): Singapore happy homes -- Delhi flower show -- English steel works -- Blue pullman train -- Lightning fighter jet. Issue 36 (May, 1965): Princess Elizabeth Blind School, Malaysia -- Save the Children Fund -- Margot Fonteyn & ballet school -- Return of Burmese regalia -- Lord Mayor's show. Issue 42 (Nov., 1965): Hong Kong children -- Oriental print typeface manufacture -- Batik artist -- Leyland Motors -- Britax safety belts. Issue 43 (Dec., 1965): Rebuilding Sabah, Indonesia -- Islamabad -- Cumbernauld -- Overseas visual aids centre -- Kingston College of Art -- Welsh ribbon and tinsel factory. Issue 55 (Dec., 1966): BAC1-11 at Bangkok Airport -- Deep sea divers suit factory -- Expo '67 Montreal -- Overseas journalists at Wimbledon -- Beryl Grey Ballet School. DVD X1228

Sean O'Casey vs. Ireland
Examines the life and work of Irish playright Sean O'Casey and his controversial political views presented in his plays. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, historians and academics. Produced and written by Karena O'Riordan. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 26 min. DVD X233

Shadows of Progress: Documentary Film in Post-war Britain, 1951-1977
A collection of post-war documentaries commissioned by private industry, government departments, commercial sponsors and independent charities. DVD X6272

Disc 1, The Island
David (1951, 36 min., b&w) / production company, World Wide Pictures ; producer, James Carr ; writer/director, Paul Dickson -- To be a woman (1951, 18 min., b&w) / production company, Outlook Films ; director/producer/script, Jill Craigie-- The island (1952, 25 min., b&w) / production company, Data Film Productions ; writer, John Ingram ; director, Peter Pickering -- The elephant will never forget (1953, 11 min., b&w) / production company, British Transport Films ; producer, Edgar Anstey ; director/script, John Krish -- Sunday by the sea (1953, 14 min., b&w) / production company, Harlequin Productions ; producer, Leon Clore ; writer/director, Anthony Simmons -- Henry (1955, 5 min., b&w) / production company, Basic Films ; director, Lindsay Anderson -- Foot and mouth (1955, 19 min., b&w) / production company, Basic Films ; producer, Leon Clore ; writer/director, Lindsay Anderson -- Birthright (1958, 24 min., b&w) / production companies, Samaritan Films, Basic Films ; producer, Leon Clore ; script/director, Sarah Erulkar -- They took us to the sea (1961, 25 min., b&w) / production company, Graphic Films ; producers, James Archibald, Leon Clore ; script/director, John Krish -- Faces of Harlow (1964, 29 min., col.) / production company, Derrick Knight and Partners ; script/director, Derrick Knight.

Disc 2, Return to Life
Thursday's children (1954, b&w, 21 min.) / production companies, World Wide Pictures, Morse Films ; directors/scriptwriters, LIndsay Anderson, Guy Brenton ; commentator, Richard Burton -- People apart (1957, b&w, 36 min.) / production company, Morse Films ; director/script, Guy Brenton -- There was a door (1957, b&w, 27 min.) / production companies, Greenpark Productions, Film Producers Guild ; director, Derek Williams ; commentator, Vernon Greeves -- Return to life (1960, b&w, 29 min.) / production company, Basic Films ; producer, Leon Clore ; script/director, John Krish -- Four people : a ballad film (1962, b&w, 44 min.) / production company, Morse Films ; director, Guy Brenton -- A time to heal (1963, b&w, 36 min.) / production company, Derrick Knight and Partners ; script/director, Derrick Knight -- Time out of mind (1968, col., 33 min.) / production companies, Verity Films, Film Producers Guild ; director, Eric Marquis ; commentator, David Stafford-Clark.

Disc 3, Today in Britain
Today in Britain (1964, col., 25 min.) / production company, World Wide Pictures ; producer, James Carr ; animators, Reg Lodge, Daphne Smith ; director, Peter Hopkinson -- Portrait of Queenie (1964, b&w, 44 min.) / production company, Eyeline Films ; producer, Harold Orton ; script, Michael Orrom, James Stevens ; director, Michael Orrom ; cast: Queenie Watts; Slim Watts, Mike McKenzie, Beverely Mills, Shirley Harris -- I think they call him John (1964, b&w, 26 min.) / production company, Samaritan Films ; producer, Jack Carruthers ; writer/director, John Krish ; spoken by Victor Spinetti, Bessie Love -- Education for the future (1967, b&w, 20 min.) / production company, Derrick Knight & Partners ; director, Derrick Knight -- Tomorrow's Merseysiders (1974, col., 24 min.) / production companies, Unit 7 Productions, Film Producers Guild ; director, Eric Marquis ; commentator, John Gregson -- Time of terror (1975, col., 19 min.) / producer/director, Eric Marquis ; commentator, Shaw Taylor -- The Shetland experience (1977, col., 27 min.) / production company, Balfour Films ; producer, Douglas Gordon ; writer/director, Derek WIlliams -- Extra: Perspectives on documentary filmmaking (2010).

Shoulder to Shoulder.
Originally a television series in 1974. Based on letters, diaries, newspaper accounts, speeches, and court and prison records, this series commemorates the campaign for woman's suffrage in Great Britain from the 1800's to 1918. Series created by Midge Mackenzie, Verity Lambert, Georgia Brown 6 parts - 68 min ea. Video/C 1272

The Village.
Records everyday life in the village of Dunquin in County Kerry, Ireland during the summer of 1967. Shows the society of the village before extensive acculturation by tourists. In Gaelic with English subtitles. Accompanying study guide [Video/C 6284 GUIDE] includes bibliography. 70 min. DVD 9384 [preservation copy]; Video/C 6284

Winston S. Churchill; His Memoirs and His Speeches [1918 to 1945] [Sound Recording]
"An appraisal, by Arthur Bryant" (58 p. ports. (part col.) inserted in slipcase. Pt. 1: Armistice 1918--Follies of the Victors, 1919-30--Lurking dangers--Crimes of war--Crimes against humanity--Crimes against peace--Adolf Hitler--Locust years--"St. George and the dragon"-- Locust years (cont.)--Air parity lost.--Pt. 2: Air parity (cont.) --Causes of war--Loaded pause--Mr. Eden's resignation--Collective security--Munich Winter--Broadcast to USA--Soviet enigma--War--1st months of war--Pt. 3: Liberation is sure--Navy is here--Before the storm--A sterner way--Narvik--Frustration in Norway--Fall of the (Brit.) government--The National Coalition--Commons: Prime minister's speech--Be ye men of valour.--Pt. 4: Battle of France & March to the sea--King Leopold capitulates--Deliverance of Dunkirk--A colossal military disaster--Deliverance of Dunkirk (cont.)--News is very bad-- Back to France--The finest hour. Pt. 5: Home defense--French agony--Admiral Darlan & French fleet-- Unknown warriors--At bay--Commons: the first year--Crux of the whole war--Battle of Britain--Commons: Secret session--Desert victory--Pt. 6: Westward look, the land is bright--Until victory is won--birth throes of a sublime resolve--4th climacteric--Do your worst and we will do our best--Atlantic Charter--Meeting Roosevelt--Commons: We are still masters of our fate--These are great days--Resolution of the people is unconquerable.--Pt. 7: War with Japan--White House Christmas tree--Preparation, liberation, assault--Prime min. for two years--End of the beginning--To the U.S. Congress--Before the autumn leaves fall--Call for a three power talk--Pt. 8: Anglo-American unity--Commons: Rebuilding--Fruits of 1944--Thanksgiving day--Unconditional surrender--This is your victory. Sound/C 125

Winston S. Churchill; His Memoirs and His Speeches [Sound Recording]
Recordings of the author reading from his memoirs and releases of broadcast recordings of his speeches delivered between 1918 and 1945. Sound/C 1230

Winston Churchill: the Lion's Roar
Brilliant, arrogant and energetic, Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill led the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, encouraging the country with his brilliant oratory and pugnacious manner never to surrender their freedoms when the nation's very existence was threatened. Features archival film footage with commentary by authors, historians and academics. Produced and written by Sharon Wood. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. 34 min. DVD X233

Ireland

Behind the Mask: The IRA and Sinn Fein.
Tells the inside story of the Irish Republican Army and its political wing Sinn Fein and America's involvement in the "armed struggle" against Great Britain. While America's Irish community has helped supply weapons and money, political maneuvering in Washington has had significant influence on both sides. Film concludes with consideration of the possibility of a settlement to this century's oldest conflict. Originally broadcast as a segment of the PBS television program: Frontline. 1997. 60 min. Video/C 5392

Culture Makes Communities.
Six projects from the North of England are featured here demonstrating how arts projects can lead to a significant energising of communities, either directly, or indirectly through their impact on individuals. 2000. 20 min. Video/C 7279

Domestic Terrorism. (Terrorism, Aims and Objectives)
This program looks at what makes educated -- sometimes highly educated men and women take up arms in an ideological bid to overthrow their democratic governments; and it shows why some fail, while others are more successful in attaining their goals. It also shows why highly motivated and intelligent terrorists are so difficult for police to catch, and underscores the inevitable temptations for government to bend or break the law in order to bring the culprits to justice. Looks at terrorist activities in Italy, Northern Ireland and Spain. c1995. 52 min. Video/C 8343

Four Days in July
In this made-for-television drama set in the Ulster province of Ireland, two families are depicted in their every day life for four days, from July 11th to July 13. The year is not specified. One family is Catholic, the other is Protestant. Their ways are quite different, but both wives are pregnant, and both have their baby on the same day, July 12th. Written and directed by Mike Leigh. 1984. 99 min. DVD 6994

Guerre et Paix en Irlande.
The film retraces the conflict in Northern Ireland through film footage of events and comments of citizens representing the various factions that have resulted in the struggles through the years from 1968 until the present. 1998. 90 min. Video/C 6311

In the Name of Liberation.(Age of Terror)
This program analyzes terrorism used in the name of national liberation through studies of covert wars for independence in British Palestine, British Malaya, French Algeria, apartheid South Africa, and Northern Ireland. Bruce Hoffman, co-author of Countering the New Terrorism, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu offer their insights, while a former Irgun commander, former Malayan Communist Party leader, former FLN commander, the Milk Bar Cafe bomber, two retired French military officers, a former ANC bomber and IRA member and the Brighton Bomber, reflect on the parts they played in terror and counter-terror actions. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2003. 49 min. DVD 2007

Irish Ways.
An examination of the Irish Republican Army and the conflict in Northern Ireland. 52 min. Video/C 3212

ABC-CLIO Video Rating Guide for Libraries

A Million Bricks.
Tells the story of Springfield Park, a housing estate built in the early Sixties in West Belfast, made up of both Catholic and Protestant families who lived together in harmony until "The Troubles" erupted in the early Seventies when the neighborhood was caught in a three-way crossfire between nationalist and loyalist forces and the occupying British Army. Today, on the site of what was once Belfast's last religiously mixed community, Protestants and Catholics are separated by the peace line, a wall of a million bricks. c1999. 59 min. Video/C 6906

Mirror, Mirror.
This program focuses on the Loyalists of Northern Ireland: Protestant, anti-Catholic, anti-European, anti-Irish, monarchist, they clearly belong to a nation-state, the United Kingdom, but feel abandoned by the British people, who no longer share their traditional values. 50 min. Video/C 4644

Mise Éire
Presents the history of Ireland from the 1896 through 1918, using contemporary newsreel footage and still photos. It features the momentous events surrounding Easter Week 1916, and additional footage of Dublin during the Rising and of the main protagonists, including Tom Clarke, James Connolly, Éamon de Valera and Patrick Pearse. An tine bheo : Veterans revisit the scenes of battle and recall the events of the 1916 Rising. Includes additional material: An tine bheo (1966) (43 min.) / director, Louis Marcus ; music, Séan Ó Riada -- Amharc Éireann (1959, 1960) (4 min.) / director, Colm Ó Laoghaire. DVD X3188

Northern Ireland (Human Rights in Northern Ireland)
Examines the human rights conditions in Northern Ireland through interviews with both Catholic and Protestant citizens on issues of employment, housing and the vote. Includes an interview with Bernadette Devlin and Peter Westmacott of the British parliament. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 9, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6704

Northern Ireland (Human Rights in Northern Ireland)
Examines the human rights conditions in Northern Ireland through interviews with both Catholic and Protestant citizens on issues of employment, housing and the vote. Includes an interview with Bernadette Devlin and Peter Westmacott of the British parliament. Segment from the television program Rights & wrongs broadcast April 9, 1994. 27 min. Video/C 6704

Out of Ireland: The Story of Irish Emigration to America.
Examines the history of the seven million Irish who emigrated to America in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries including the causes of the exodus and the immigrant experience in the United States. Uses photographs, archival footage, manuscript material and interviews with Irish immigrants to describe their experiences and the profound influence they have had on American culture. 1995. 111 min. Video/C 3881

Policing the Police: Northern Ireland's Marching Season.
For many people in the Protestant community of Northern Ireland the marching season is something to be celebrated, for many people in the Catholic community its something to be dreaded. Catholic demonstrators and protestors are subject to physical and verbal abuse by the police and their freedom of movement is severely limited. Originally produced in 1997. A production of the Witness Project which uses video technology to investigate human rights abuses. Dist.: Witness Project. 2000. 8 min. DVD 3241

Rocky Road to Dublin
Portrait of Ireland in the 1960s, a society characterized by a stultifying educational system, a repressive and morally reactionary clergy, and a myopic cultural nationalism. Amidst scenes of everyday Irish life, the film blends interviews with writers Sean O'Faolain and Conor Cruise O'Brien, theater producer Jim Fitzgerald, film director John Huston, Father Michael Cleary, and others. A film by Peter Lennon. 1967. 69 min. Video/C MM1141

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Saoirse?
Depicts the Irish struggle for independence, 1919-1922, as recorded by the newsfilm cameras and newspapers of the time. Contains stills and newsreel footage of the major political figures of the day, including Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Cathal Brugha, Richard Mulcahy, Tomás MacCurtáin, Terence McSwiney, Sir James Craig, King George V, David Lloyd George, Lord Birkenhead, and Winston Churchill. George Morrison, director. Special feature: Amharc Êireann ( A view of Ireland newsreel), 2 min., 1961. 1961. 92 min. DVD X3188

Understanding Northern Ireland: The Historical Evidence.
Program analyzes the origins and development of the violent troubles in Northern Ireland tracing the polarization of a historically troubled region. It shows the effects of the demand for reforms by Catholics and the Protestant backlash...and the explosion into religious and political conflict. 60 min. Video/C 3622

Scandinavia

Scandinavian cinema

The Lost Vikings
Why did Greenland's Vikings disappear? The colony of Vikings in Greenland left no clues to their sudden and mysterious disappearance. Or did they? On a desolate coast of Greenland, an international team of archaeologists, forensic anthropologists, entomologists and botanists set out to investigate clues in a complex chain of events that may have led to the demise of a Viking colony. 2000. 60 min. Video/C MM253

Immigrants/Outsiders Within Western Europe and Scandinavia

The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: Immigrants Within Europe

Auslander Raus!: Schlingensiefs Container
An insightful, funny chronicle and reflection on one of the biggest public pranks and acts of art terrorism ever committed steming from German director Christoph Schlingensief's reaction to the success of Austria's extreme right-wing Freedom Party (FPO) in the 2000 election. Realising public xenophobia and the new hate politics, he installed a public concentration camp right in the middle of Vienna's tourist area with surveillance cameras streaming the asylum seekers' lives onto the internet, with the least popular deported each night of the week. In German without subtitles. 2000. 90 min. DVD 7731

Bloody Cartoons(Why Democracy? Series)
Filmed across the Middle East, Bloody cartoons looks at how and why 12 drawings in a Danish newspaper drew a small country into a confrontation with Muslims all over the world...The director films in Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Qatar, France, Turkey and Denmark, talking to some of the people who played key roles during the "cartoon crisis." Critics of the cartoons claim that they were racist and Islamophobic. Investigates such questions as: How tolerant should we be, of the intolerant? And what limits should there be if any, to freedom of speech in a democracy? Goes beyond the controversy to investigate the roots of the crisis and in the process examines the need for freedom of speech in democratic societies. Directed by Karsten Kjaer.Dist. Cinema Guild. 2007. 53 min. DVD X377

The Challenge of Diversity: The Federal Experience
This film describes how five countries (India, Canada, Switzerland, Belgium and Spain) deal with their diverse ethnic and linguistic characteristics through their federal systems. 2004. 41 min. DVD 8952

En el cuarto de Vanda
Directed by Pedro Costa. A documentary film about Vanda, a heroin user in Lisbon, and the people around her who live in the ancient ghetto occupied by addicts, hustlers and poor immigrant families. All the buildings in Vanda's district are being demolished, which produces a perpetually grating cacophony throughout the film. Accompanying book: Un mirlo dorado, un ramo de flores y una cuchara de Plata: conversación con Pedro Costa, collage de Andy Rector, documentos (In Spanish, 2008). 2000. 170 min. DVD X2487

Drowning by Bullets.
On the evening of October 17, 1961 about 30,000 Algerians, ostensibly French citizens, descended upon the boulevards of central Paris to protest an 8:30 curfew. The curfew was in response to repeated terrorist attacks by Algerian nationalists in Paris and other French cities. They were met by a police force determined to break up the demonstration. Demonstrators were beaten, shot, even drowned in the Seine. This film exposes the massacre, and the cover-up. Directed and produced by Philip Brooks and Alan Hayling 1982. 52 min. DVD X3431; Video/C MM922

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Europlex
Investigates the daily, sometimes illicit migration, across borders between Morocco and Spain- a rare intersection of the first and third worlds. Paying off officials to look the other way, workers smuggle contraband across the border, sometimes crossing up to 11 times a day. In a now common scenario, Moroccan woman work in North Africa to produce goods destined for the European market, even as domestics commute into a Spanish enclave in Moroccan territory. A videotape by Ursula Biemann and Angela Sanders. c2003. 20 min. Video/C MM1036

Description from Women Make Movies catalog

Farewell, GDR (South series)
In the 1980s young people from Mozambique immigrated to Germany only to experience discrimination. Upon their return to Mozambique they often found themselves outsiders in their own homeland. This film surveys their dilemma as they face groups antagonistic towards returning Mozambicans and economic hardships which caused them to immigrate to Germany in the first place. Directed by Licinio Azevedo. 1991. 25 min. DVD X3938; Video/C 3035

Description from Icarus Films catalog

Fireflies (Lucioles)
Children of immigrants fight for an independent outlook that acknowledges their complex origins and multifaceted identities. Presents the stories of four women who immigrated to France (some as children) and their struggles with personal identity. A film by Kila Dékacée. 2004. 33 min. DVD X2192

Fortress Europe.
Dist.: Films Media Group. 2001. 59 min. each installment

Death on the Border Shows the plight of illegal immigrants to European Union countries, who are often assisted by human smugglers and thwarted by technology to secure the borders. European bureaucrats, in the absence of an overarching E.U. policy feel compelled to keep as many immigrants out of Europe as possible, to please their increasingly anti-immigrant electorates. Discusses immigration policy in European Union countries and other countries hoping to join the Union. DVD 6067

It's a Pack of Lies; Escape to the E.U.? Drawing on case studies, archival footage, and interviews, this documentary examines controversial changes in immigration policy in the European Union since the Geneva Refugee Convention of 1951 and their effects on present-day refugees and asylum-seekers. Five decades after the Convention, the European immigration system is on the verge of collapse as a flood of people fleeing persecution and violence threatens to engulf the E.U. DVD 6068

Out They Go; One-way ticket to Ghana
Peter Ekwiri, a Ugandan, is only one of many people whose applications for asylum in the E.U. have been denied. And like many other blacks from Africa considered "undesirable" by European governments such as Sweden and Germany, he was forcibly deported, but not to his home country. This program uses Ekwiri's case as a springboard to reveal a corrupt system in which E.U. police and immigration authorities clandestinely pay Ghana to act as a transfer point, in reality a dumping ground, for black deportees. And life in Ghana usually means years of imprisonment and an obscure death. The program also investigates other similar cases while exploring the statistical implications of European racial bias against black Africans. DVD 6069

Fascism: The Legacy of Hate
As the ultra-right edges closer to real power in Europe, a dismayed European Union fears a dark renaissance in politics. This disturbing program, supported by footage including a skinhead hate party and anti-immigrant violence, traces the virulent resurgence of xenophobia in Europe. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2000. 38 min. Video/C 7529

Frankfurt: The Euro-city
Studies the effects of diversity in Frankfurt, an emerging high-tech focal point and the city with the largest foreign and immigrant population in continental Europe. This program studies the effects of that diversity, considering right-wing extremism, the nation's anti-discrimination policies, and the city's sex industry. Dist.: Films Media Group. c2004. 26 min. DVD 4304

Gli squadristi del 2000.
A documentary on the resurgence of fascism and racist violence in Europe, particularly in Germany and Austria. Leaders of extreme left political groups such as Arnolf Priem, Heinz Reisz, Michael Kuhnen in Germany and Gerd Honsik, Gottfried Kussel in Austria are interviewed and seen making speeches at meetings. Recounts with film footage various racist and skinhead assaults on Turks, disabled children and Jewish cemeteries in Germany in the past few years. 1993. 24 min. Video/C 2709

Good News: Von Kolporteuren, toten Hunden und anderen(Austria, 1990)
Ulrich Seidl's documentary debut looks at the lives of young men from India and Egypt, from Pakistan and Turkey --Mohammedans from the third world who sell newspapers on the roads of Vienna: a view into the world of the newspaper salesmen and the world of newspaper readers in Austrian living rooms. In German without subtitles. 1990. 126 min. DVD 7739

Help Wanted: Dynamics of the EU Labor Market.(Crossroads, inside the European Union ; 3)
With a low birth rate and an aging workforce, the European Union needs immigrants--but how temporary or permanent their status should be is a matter of debate. This film examines existing and proposed guest worker programs, in addition to other EU measures, designed to address the results of globalization and shifting demographics. Focusing not only on the EU's tremendous economic advances but also on regions afflicted by poverty, the film looks at immigrant education, ambition, and self-employment, while sifting through issues such as worker job security and the growth of sex industries. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2007. 26 min. DVD 9164

Juventud en Marcha
Directed by Pedro Costa. A fusion of documentary and dramatic essay chronicling the relocation of the mostly Cape Verdean immigrant inhabitants of a Lisbon slum to a newly constructed district on the outskirts of the city. Accompanying book: Un mirlo dorado, un ramo de flores y una cuchara de Plata: conversación con Pedro Costa, collage de Andy Rector, documentos (In Spanish, 2008). 2006. 154 min. DVD X2487

Mein kopf gehort mir
A documentary interviewing muslim women living in Austria and Turkey who choose to wear muslim head coverage as a personal decision rather than as a characteristic behavior forced on them by a backward society. The film also examines larger issues and questions surrounding the identity of muslim women, women's rights and their place in Muslim society. 2001. In German. PAL format. 70 min. Video/C 8959

Mémoires d'immigrés
In this three-part documentary on Maghrebian immigration to France, the filmmaker weaves together North African narratives from three different times. Firstly the men, who arrived in France first and alone. Then the women who were allowed to follow their men a few years later. Finally the children, most of them born in France. A film by Yamina Benguigui. In French with French intertitles (no English subtitles) c2004. 173 min. DVD 5378

Harrow, Kenneth W. "Mémoires d'immigrés: Bougnoul for What?" In: Postcolonial theory and Francophone literary studies Gainesville, FL : University Press of Florida, c2005. (MAIN: PQ3897 .P67 2005)
Ingram, Mark; Martin, Florence. "Voices Unveiled. M?moires d'immigr?s. L'Héritage maghrébin." In: Moving pictures, migrating identities Rueschmann, Eva, ed. Jackson : University Press of Mississippi, c2003. (MAIN: PN1995.9.E44 R84 2003; ETHN: PN1995.9.E44 R84 2003)

No Colors: Racism and Prejudice in Modern Europe (Crossroads, inside the European Union ; 1)
Program looks at racism and xenophobia brought to the surface by the massive influx of foreign workers and job-seekers into Western Europe. Describes the search for equitable solutions by moderate European Union leaders and citizens. Examines Islamophobia, religious fundamentalism, the radicalization of young Muslim men, and racism in football or soccer. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2007. 26 min. DVD 9162

The Other Europe
A critical analysis of the immigration debate in Europe, focusing especially on Spain, Germany and England. Argues that illegal immigrant labor is an integral part of Western economies, and that governmental immigration policies are shaped more by political pandering than financial analysis. Director, Poul-Erik Heilbuth. Originally produced as a documentary film for Danish television in 2006. 58 min. DVD 8483

Description from California Newsreel catalog

The People Next Door
Chinese, Arabs, Jews, Algerians, Tunisians, Africans, and French live together in the Belleville neighborhood of Paris. Traditionally a melting pot of all races, this piece examines the nuances of racism, spoken and not, in a community that exists by circumstances, not choice. A Film by Patrick Zachmann. 10 min. Video/C 7550

Sahara Chronicle: A Collection of Videos on Mobility and the Politics of Containment in the Sahara
Twelve short videos documenting the present sub-Saharan exodus towards Europe. Taking a close look at the modalities and logistics of the migration system in the Sahara, the project examines the politics of mobility, visibility and containment. The material is gathered during three fieldtrips to major gates and nodes of the trans-Saharan network in Morocco, Mauritania and Niger where migratory intensity is bundled. Contains interviews with immigrants with no voice-over narrative. A film by Ursula Biemann. Dist.: Video Databank. 2007. 76 min. DVD X1259

Sir Alfred of Charles de Gaulle Airport
Sir Alfred of Charles de Gaulle Airport: A documentary regarding the case of Mehran Karemi Nasseri, an Iranian apparently caught helpless in an 18-year long immigration dilemma. Following a series of earlier attempts at emigration, Mehran, also known as Sir Alfred, lives inside Charles de Gaulle Airport from 1988 to 2006 after ending up in the airports' "Zone d'attente", the waiting area for travelers without papers. Filmed in 2001, while Sir Alfred's situation was still nebulous but in the media spotlight, the initially-supportive filmmaker is soon faced with questions regarding the realities of Sir Alfred's situation and begins to wonder if the story has been completely told. Films by Hamid Rahmanian & Melissa Hibbard. Shahrbanoo: In this documentary the filmmakers capture the encounter of an American woman with a strictly-conservative Iranian family. Wife and husband team Melissa and Hamid, after arriving at her mother-in-law's house, are befriended by Shahrbanoo, housekeeper to the filmmaker's family, and who invites Melissa to a family gathering. Living in one of the poorest neighborhoods of Tehran, Shahrbanoo introduces Melissa to an intense cultural exchange about subjects ranging from women's place in society to American foreign policy. The film depicts a range of marked differences that nonetheless are accompanied by a deeper layer of commonalities allowing connections across cultural gulfs. 87 min. DVD X3654

Stop the Flow: Analyzing the Causes of EU Immigration.(Crossroads, inside the European Union ; 5)
Can Western aid to the developing world help to stem the tide of foreign workers into the EU? This program reports on European initiatives intended to improve conditions in Africa and the Middle East and thus reduce the number of job-seekers entering the European Union. With a spotlight on human rights, fair trade, the global war on poverty, the role of the private sector, and the frustrations of young unemployed foreigners, the program uses Morocco as a specific case study and also outlines the significance of the Middle East peace process. Dist.: Films Media Group. 2007. 26 min. DVD 9167

Strangers in the Neighborhood
Set within the world of pigeon racing, Patrick Bisschops' insightful documentary presents a microcosm of the racial tensions currently plaguing The Netherlands. Turkish immigrants have been flocking to the working-class Transvaal neighborhood of The Hague in recent years, breeding resentment amongst the area's Dutch residents, especially the native pigeon enthusiasts. Not only have the immigrants appropriated their hobby and encroached upon the local bird store, but they've also brought their own variety of pigeons, called "tumblers" because they turn in the air. Producer, Nellie Kamer. 2005. 58 min. DVD X5587

They Call Me Muslim.
Muslim headgear, the Hijab. One in France has chosen to wear the Hijab in defiance of French Law. The other skirts the law in Iran, by wearing it as little as possible. A documentary written, produced and edited by Diana Ferrero. 2006. 27 min. DVD 7902

Women Make Movies catalog description

Underground Orchestra.
An extensive look at the lives and music of a diverse group of international refugees who have fled political repression and who now play on the sidewalks and in the Metro of Paris. Among those interviewed are a pianist from Argentina, a violinist from Sarajevo, a harpist from Venezuela, and singers from Mali and Vietnam. 1997. 111 min. Video/C 9797

Description from Icarus Films catalog

When the Guests Stayed On...
This film documents the lives of several Turkish families in the Bavarian town of Forchheim who originally came here in the 1960s as 'guest workers'. Instead of going back to Turkey, they settled in Germany, raised their children there, and are now watching their children raise families of their own. In German with English voiceovers. 1997. 37 min. Video/C 8071

Young, Muslim, and French
Europe's Muslim population has doubled in the last decade, with the largest numbers settling in France. This Wide Angle documentary reveals the hopes, frustrations, and political aspirations of French-born Muslims and explores their potential to alter the landscape of France's national identity. Focusing on the recent decision to ban the wearing of traditional Muslim headscarves in public schools, the program shows how the controversy has played out in Dammarie-les-Lys, a racially diverse, working-class community on the outskirts of Paris. The result is an eye-opening depiction of Islamic Europe's increasingly vocal demand for integration on its own terms. In addition, Professor Fawaz Gerges discusses secularism in France with anchor Mishal Husain. Dist.: Films Media Group. 60 min. DVD 6720

Gypsies (Romanies, et al.)

The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: Immigrants Within Europe/European Cultural Outsiders

American Gypsy: A Stranger in Everybody's Land
America is home to one million Gypsies, or Rom, whose rich culture has long been mysterious to outsiders. A flamboyant Romani leader -- defying widely held stereotypes and his own people's code of secrecy -- invites the viewer into this world when it comes under treat. He leads us through the history of his people through civil rights courts, Las Vegas casinos and beyond. Written, produced and directed by Jasmine Dellal. 1999. 80 min. DVD X5722; Video/C 7455

Gypsies.
The Russian government has passed a law requiring gypsies to have an address so they are no longer allowed to wander across Russia. This documentary deals with the changes that are taking place as the gypsies become homeowners and with the younger generations of gypsies who are starting to be absorbed into the Russian culture, much to the dismay of the older generation. Directed by Natalia Homutova. c2000. 50 min. Video/C 7745

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)
Gypsies.
A cinema-verite style documentary film directed by Wladyslaw Slesicki that follows a traveling gypsy caravan as they wander across rural Poland. Original synchronous sound with no Commentary. Direction and script by Wadyslaw Slesicki. 1961. 30 min. Video/C MM1104

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Gypsy Caravan
In a dazzling display of the musical world of the Roma, five bands unite for a concert tour across North America and astound every audience they meet. Their musical styles range from flamenco to brass band, from Romanian violin to Raga and jazz. Performers: Taraf De Haidouks, Esma Redzepova, Fanfare Ciocarlia, Maharaja, Antonio de Pipa Flamenco Ensemble. Special features: Uncut performances by Esma Redzepova, Taraf de Haidouks, Fanfare Ciocarlia and Maharaja; photo gallery; extended interview with Johnny Depp; filmmaker biography. 2007. 111 min. DVD X159

Latcho Drom.
This film presents, in documentary format, a glimpse of contemporary Gypsy life as expressed in a variety of musical settings. Scenes and music from Gypsy cultures in India, Egypt, Turkey, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Spain. A film by Tony Gatlif. 1993. 103 min. DVD X4122; vhs Video/C 4068

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)
Dobreva, Nikolina. "Constructing the 'Celluloid Gypsy': Tony Gatlif and Emir Kusturica's 'Gypsy films' in the context of New Europe." Romani Studies, Dec2007, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p141-153, 13p UC users only
Imre, Aniko. "Roma Music and Transnational Homelessness." Third Text; May2008, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p325-336, 12p
Morier, Roger. "History's scapegoats." New Internationalist, Apr95 Issue 266, p23, 3p
Silverman, Carol. "Latcho Drom." Ethnomusicology. Spring 2000. Vol. 44, Iss. 2; p. 362 UC users only

Porraimos: Europe's Gypsies in the Holocaust
Chronicles the Roma (Gypsy) Holocaust--Porraimos, or "the devouring" which shows how the pseudo-science of eugenics was used to persecute not only Jews, but also Gypsies. Using interviews with Austrian, Czech and German Gypsy survivors, as well as photographs and films from the Reich Department of Racial Hygiene, this film reveals the oppression of the gypsies -- their registration and segregation, their sterilization, the medical experiments and eventual murder. Dist. Cinema Guild. 2002. 57 min. Video/C 9742

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Roma Rights(Life; 5)
The Roma have an exotic image: musicians, actors, artists, and sometimes beggars. Europeans called them 'Gypsies' because they thought they came from Egypt. But Romani people have lived in Europe for over a thousand years, and they originally came from India, not Egypt. Roma communities in Europe have been subjected to centuries of persecution and racism. They are one of the most excluded groups in the world. They are denied the chance to work, proper housing, healthcare and their children refused a decent education. A new initiative - the Decade of Roma Inclusion - was launched in 2005 in a concerted attempt to help break the desperate cycle of poverty in which so many Roma live. Directed by Di Tatham. 2005. 23 min. DVD 8385

Bullfrog Films catalog description

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

Suspino: A Cry for Roma
Examines the persecution and discrimination inflicted upon European Roma, or Gypsies as they are pejoratively called. Focuses on Romania, where Europe's largest concentration of Roma are considered "public enemies" -- and Italy, where the Roma are classified as nomads and forced to live in camps while being denied human rights available to refugees and foreign residents. 2003. 72 min. DVD 3224

Description of the video from Bullfrog Films catalog

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

We Have No War-Songs: Gypsies: the Professional Amateurs of Life.
Since their appearance in Europe first recorded in the 14th century, the Gypsies have always struggled for the freedom to live their own lives in their own way. They have been persecuted, tortured, expelled and killed, and yet remain unique as the only nation of people that have never written or sung war songs. Filmed at the seven day gathering of thousands of Gypsies from all over the World in Saintes Maires de-la Mer in the South of France, this film celebrates the unique nature of the Gypsy people and poses questions of tolerance and individuality in today's increasingly materialistic and nationalistic world. A documentary by Izzy Abrahami and Erga Netzc. 1995. 53 min. Video/C 6338

Bori, Erzsébet. "Caravans Without Wheels (Documentary Films on the Roma)." The Hungarian Quarterly (179/2005)

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