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Vernacular Architecture and Landscape Architecture Resource Guide

This is a brief and selective guide to materials available in the Environmental Design Library, and includes basic research tools, historical sources, and strategies for finding materials in the UC Berkeley Libraries. The Anthropology Library, East Asian Library, Ethnic Studies Library, South/Southeast Asia Library, Center for Chinese Studies Library, and Doe and Moffitt Libraries also have relevant materials.

Only selected general materials are listed here; in fact, specific sources are generally excluded from this guide. Terms related to a particular building material (e.g. straw, adobe), a stylistic term (e.g. Shaker, Safavid), or cultural descriptor (e.g. nomads, Haida) will lead to additional worthwhile material, even when the main focus is not architecture per se, and should be searched as well.

Vernacular architecture and landscape architecture, often called the "ordinary" or "traditional" built environment, is a subject which crosses many disciplines: architecture, landscape architecture, historic preservation, building science, cultural anthropology, urban geography, archaeology, material culture, history, folklore, gender studies and human geography among them. As a result, information about vernacular architecture can be found in a variety of libraries and resources on campus.

Revised and updated May 2010 by Stephanie Walls, Reference Intern. Compiled by Claire Dannenbaum, Reference Intern, and Elizabeth Byrne.

recommended = recommended


Books in this section are examples of materials that provide guidance on the methods, principles and procedures of studying vernacular architecture. They discuss ways to analyze vernacular architecture and the built environment including cultural and sociological aspects and influences. For a broader scope, see the Methodology section of the Environmental Design Library Guide: History of Architecture.

Analyzing activity areas, an ethnoarchaeological study of the use of space / Susan Kent. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984.
Anthropology CC79.E85.K46 1984

Approaches to the study of traditional dwellings and settlements / Desmond Clark [et al.]. Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California at Berkeley, 1989. Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series, v. 4.
EnvDesign NA7100 .T74 v.4 Periodical stacks

Changing methodologies in the field of traditional-environment research / William Bechhoefer [et al.]. Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California, Berkeley, 1994. Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series; v. 61.
EnvDesign, Moffitt NA7100 .T74 v.61 Periodical stacks

Close-up, how to read the American city / Grady Clay. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. A Phoenix book P863.
EnvDesign HT153.C5851 1980

Everyday America: cultural landscape studies after J.B. Jackson / edited by Chris Wilson and Paul Groth. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
EnvDesign GF91.U6 E94 2003
Electronic version:

Everyday architecture of the Mid-Atlantic, looking at buildings and landscapes / Gabrielle M. Lanier and Bernard L. Herman. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. Creating the North American landscape.
EnvDesign NA717.L36 1997

Eyewitnessing : the uses of images as historical evidence / Peter Burke. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001. Picturing history series.
EnvDesign H61.H83 2001

Gender, class, and shelter / edited by Elizabeth Collins Cromley and Carter L. Hudgins. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995. Perspectives in vernacular architecture ; 5.
EnvDesign NA705 .P472 v.5 1995

The grand domestic revolution: a history of feminist designs for American homes, neighborhoods, and cities / by Dolores Hayden. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1981
EnvDesign HQ1426 .H33 1981

Houses and homes, exploring their history / Barbara J. Howe [et al.]. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1987. Nearby history series; 2.
EnvDesign E180.H681 1987 Reference

In small things forgotten : an archaeology of early American life / James Deetz ; illustrated by Amy Elizabeth Grey. Rev. and expanded ed. New York: Anchor Books/Doubleday, 1996.
EnvDesign, Anthropology and Moffitt F6 .D43 1996

Instructions for recording historical resources (PDF), California Office of Historic Preservation. Sacramento: Office of Historic Preservation, 1995.
EnvDesign NA107.2.C35 1995

Interpretation of historic sites / William T. Alderson, Shirley Payne Low. Nashville : American Association for State and Local History, 1976.
EnvDesign E159.A361

The Interpretation of ordinary landscapes, geographical essays / by D. W. Meinig, editor; J. B. Jackson [et al.] New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.
EnvDesign, Moffitt GF90.I57

"Interpretation of vernacular architecture, a critical review" / by Roderick J. Lawrence in Vernacular Architecture, vol. 14, 1983, p. 19-28.
EnvDesign NA1.A1V4, vol. 14, Periodical stacks

recommended Invitation to vernacular architecture: a guide to the study of ordinary buildings and landscapes / Thomas Carter [et al.] Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2005. Vernacular architecture studies series. Table of contents.
EnvDesign NA705.C38 2005

Key thinkers on space and place / edited by Phil Hubbard, Rob Kitchin and Gill Valentine. London; Thousand Oaks: Sage publications, 2004.
Anthropology, Main (Gardner) Stacks, Moffit GF95 .K49 2004

Learning from things: method and theory of material culture studies / edited by W. David Kingery. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996.
Anthropology GN406 .L43 1996

Material culture: a research guide / edited by Thomas J. Schlereth. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1985.
EnvDesign, Anthropology, Moffit, Main E161.M351 1985

Measured drawing for architects / Robert Chitham. London: Architectural Press, 1980.
EnvDesign NA2700.C48

Methodological analysis of traditional environments / Anne Hublin [et al.]. Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California at Berkeley, 1989. Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series; v. 2.
EnvDesign NA7100 .T74 v.2 Periodical stacks

Methods of traditional environment research / Eeva Aarrevaara [et al.]. Berkeley, CA: Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California, Berkeley, 1994. Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series; v. 62.
EnvDesign NA7100 .T74 v.62 Periodical stacks

Methods of traditional environment research: ideology, philosophy and representation / Rachel Fletcher [et al.]. Berkeley, Calif: Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California, Berkeley, 1994. Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series; v. 65.
EnvDesign NA7100 .T74 v.65 Periodical stacks

Nearby history, exploring the past around you / David E. Kyvig and Myron A. Marty. 2nd ed. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2000. American Association for State and Local History book series.
EnvDesign E180.5.N98 2000

Public places, exploring their history / Gerald A. Danzer. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, published in cooperation with the American Association for State and Local History, 1997. American Association for State and Local History book series.
EnvDesign E180.D36 1997

Reading architectural plans: for residential and commercial construction / Ernest R. Weidhaas. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002.
EnvDesign NA7115 .W44 2002 Reference

Right before your eyes, penetrating the urban environment / Grady Clay. Washington, D.C.: American Planning Association; Chicago, Ill.: Planners Press, 1987.
EnvDesign HT153 .C58571 1987

Town architecture, Blacksburg: understanding a Virginia town / Donna Dunay; Blacksburg, VA: Town of Blacksburg, the College of Architecture and Urban Studies, and the Extnesion Division, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1986.
EnvDesign HT 167.5.V8. D85 1986

Understanding architectural drawings: a guide for non-architects / John J. Cullinane. Washington, D.C.: Preservation Press, National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1993.
EnvDesign f T353.C95 1993 Reference ; Moffitt f T353.C95 1993

Understanding ordinary landscapes / edited by Paul Groth and Todd W. Bressi. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
EnvDesign GF90 .U53 1997


Subject Headings

Use these selected Library of Congress subject headings as broad examples of subjects or keywords that can be used to find books in the Library catalogs and to find articles in periodical indexes. Using specific terms about the type of construction material (e.g., bamboo, clay) or the geographic location (e.g., Iran, Philippines) and combining subject headings can help refine your search for more exact results. Make note of additional subject and keywords in resources you find helpful.

Also consult the Browser’s Guide to Architecture for tips on how to browse the library’s physical collection in the stacks.

It is also useful to frame your search around related subjects , for example, terms related to a particular building material (e.g. straw, adobe, fabric), style (e.g. Shaker, Safavid), or cultural descriptor (e.g. nomads, Haida, squatters).

Adobe houses
Appropriate technology
Architecture, domestic
Architecture, primitive
Architecture--(place name)
Bamboo construction
Building, adobe--(place name)
Dwellings--(place name)
Dwellings--Design and construction
Dwellings--social aspects
Earth construction--(place name)
Earth houses
Ethnic architecture--(place name)
Farm buildings
House construction--(place name)
House construction--climatic factors
Human ecology--(place name)
Human geography--(place name)
Human settlements
Industrial archaeology
Material culture
Organic architecture
(Place name)--buildings, structures, etc.
Roadside architecture
Self-help housing
Space (architecture)
Squatter settlements
Vernacular architecture--(place name)
Vernacular architecture--(condition)
Vernacular architecture--conservation and restoration


Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Because vernacular architecture encompasses such a broad and diverse domain of varied disciplines, places and time periods, consider beginning topical research with dictionaries and encyclopedias. They provide overviews of styles, cultures or places and often list pertinent scholars or provide extensive bibliographies on specific topics. Also, look here for common versus preferred names for keyword search terms to enhance your searches in the library's catalog and journal databases. These selected resources are listed under two categories: vernacular architecture and the built environment, and geography and cultures.

For more information beyond these resources, try also searching under the name of specific building types, countries, locations or cultures in general dictionaries and encyclopedias of architecture: Architecture Reference Sources, Dictionaries or Architecture Reference Sources, Encyclopedias or Anthropology Library Encyclopedias and Dictionaries.

Vernacular Architecture & the Built Environment

American vernacular design, 1870-1940 / Herbert Gottfried, Jan Jennings. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1988.
EnvDesign NA710 .G681 1988

The anatomy of a house: a picture dictionary of architectural and design elements / Fayal Greene. NY: Doubleday, 1991. Clear, concise identification of the parts and elements of American houses.
EnvDesign NA2840.G74 1991

Dictionary of Islamic architecture / Andrew Petersen. London ; New York: Routledge, 1996.
EnvDesign NA380 .P43 1996 Reference

Encyclopedia of urban America: the cities and suburbs / Neil Larry Shumsky, editor. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1998.
EnvDesign HT123 .E5 1998 Reference v.1-2 (1998)

Encyclopedia of vernacular architecture of the world / edited by Paul Oliver. Cambridge, U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
EnvDesign NA208 .E53 1997 Reference v.1-3 (1997)

Glossary of urban form / edited by Peter J. Larkham and Andrew N. Jones. [Birmingham]: Urban Morphology Research Group, School of Geography, University of Birmingham, [1991].
EnvDesign HT371 .G58 1991 Reference

Grove dictionary of art online (now Oxford Art Online) UC Only [Basingstoke, U.K.]: Macmillan Publishers Ltd.; New York: Grove's Dictionaries, Inc., 1999. Also available in print as The dictionary of art, editor, Jane Turner. New York: Grove, 1996, 34 vols. (Vol. 34 is index.) Excellent coverage of vernacular architecture.
EnvDesign N31.D5 1996 Reference

The visual dictionary of American domestic architecture / Rachel Carley; illustrations by Ray Skibinski and Ed Lam. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1994.
EnvDesign NA7205 .27 1994 Reference + circulating copy


Geography & Cultures

Companion encyclopedia of anthropology / edited by Tim Ingold. London; New York: Routledge, 1994. Routledge reference. Introductory essays on topics such as "spatial organization," and "the built environment," with bibliographies.
Anthropology GN25.C65 1994 Reference

The dictionary of human geography / edited by Derek Gregory [et al.]. Chichester, U.K. ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.
Anthropology Reference GF4 .D52 2009

Encyclopedia of cultural anthropology / editors, David Levinson, Melvin Ember. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1996. Organized by topic with excellent coverage of architecture, environmental anthropology, ethno-archaeology, environmental behavior, and bibliographies.
Anthropology, DoeInfoCenter GN307.E52 1996

Encyclopedia of world cultures / David Levinson, editor in chief. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1991-96. 10 vols. (Vol. 10 is index to set, which is organized by cultures; includes section on settlements and bibliography for each culture.)
Anthropology, DoeInfoCenter, Moffit GN550.E53 1991 Ref/Ency

Worldmark encyclopedia of cultures and daily life / Timothy L. Gall, editor. Detroit: Gale, 1998. 4 vols. Organized by culture; includes excellent background information and bibliographies.
Anthropology, DoeInfoCenter GN333.W67 1998 Ref/Ency


Bibliographies & Guides to Literature

This is a selective list of collective bibliographies. For more, check library catalogs under keywords: vernacular architecture bibliography or subject: Vernacular architecture--bibliography or try a combination of other subject headings from the list in this guide. For bibliographies on the vernacular architecture of a specific place, check library catalogs under subject: Vernacular architecture--(name of place)--bibliography. For a broader scope of resources on a particular topic, try general architectural bibliographies and guides.

For the most extensive "one-stop" bibliographical resource try:

Vernacular Architecture Forum Bibliography [online]. This is a searchable database of all the publications listed in each Vernacular Architecture Forum Newsletter. This running bibliography covers all aspects of vernacular architecture and includes publications dating back to 1979. Recent unbound issues can be found on current periodical shelves; bound volumes in periodical stacks:
Vernacular Architecture Newsletter (VAN), vol. 1 (fall 1979)-
EnvDesign Periodical stacks, NA208.V52

Guides to Anthropology

Cultural anthropology: a guide to reference and information sources / JoAnn Jacoby and Josephine Z. Kibbee. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2007.
Anthropology; DoeInfoCenter GN42.A12.K53 2007 Reference

Introduction to library research in anthropology / John M. Weeks. 2nd ed. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998. Westview guides to library research.
Anthropology; DoeInfoCenter GN42.A12.W44 1998 Reference


International or Multiple Countries

Architecture of the Arabian house / by Aghil M. Barbar. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, 1979. Architecture series--bibliography; A-85.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.85

Bibliography on traditional architecture in Africa / compiled and edited by Mod Mekkawi. Washington: Mekkawi, 1978.
EnvDesign NA1580.A12 M4 Reference

Bibliography on vernacular architecture / edited by Robert de Zouche Hall [for the Vernacular Architecture Group] Newton Abbot, David and Charles, 1972.
EnvDesign NA7328.A12.H341 1972 Reference

Encyclopedia of vernacular architecture of the world / edited by Paul Oliver. Cambridge, U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Includes bibliographies for each region or culture.
EnvDesign NA208.E53 1997 Reference v.1-3

Indigenous architecture worldwide: a guide to information sources / Lawrence Wodehouse. Detroit: Gale Research, 1980.
EnvDesign NA208.A12 .W6 Reference

Literature on building and housing in the tropics / Amsterdam: Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen. 1962.
EnvDesign fNA2540.A12.K6

North African architecture / Norman Cigar. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, 1978. Architecture series--bibliography; A-28.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.28 Index

Primitive architecture: a selected bibliography / Anthony G. White. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, [1985] Architecture series--bibliography; A 1363.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.1363 Index

Vernacular architecture: a bibliography / Mary Vance. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, [1983] Architecture series--bibliography; A-1030.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.1030 Index


American Vernacular Architecture

American common houses: a selected bibliography of vernacular architecture / John A. Jakle, Douglas K. Meyer, Robert W. Bastian. Monticello, Ill.: Vance bibliographies, 1981. Architecture series--bibliography; A-574.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.574 Index

American folk architecture: a selected bibliography / Howard Wight Marshall. [Washington, D.C.]: American Folklife Center, Library of Congress, 1981.
EnvDesign NA705.A12 .M46

Architectural pattern books: an annotated survey of recent scholarship, 1975-1988 / Carole Cable. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, [1989].
EnvDesign NA200.A12 A7 no.2248 Index

Vernacular architecture in America: a selective bibliography / John A. Cuthbert, Barry Ward, Maggie Keeler. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1985.
EnvDesign NA705.A12 C87 1985 Reference

Vernacular houses in the U.S.A. / Lamia Doumato. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies, [1987]. Architecture series--bibliography; A-1739.
EnvDesign NA200.A12.A7 no.1739 Index


Surveys & General Information

Below are selected examples of additional materials useful for the study of vernacular architecture, divided into 3 subcategories. These surveys provide more specific overviews and information than dictionaries or encyclopedias, or the books listed in the Methodology section above.

General Surveys

Architecture without architects: a short introduction to non-pedigreed architecture / Bernard Rudofsky. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987.
EnvDesign NA208 .R81 1987

Atlas of vernacular architecture of the world / Marcel Vellinga, Paul Oliver and Alexander Bridge. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2007.
EnvDesign NA208.V45 2007 Reference

Buildings without architects : a global guide to everyday architecture / John May, New York : Rizzoli, ©2010.
EnvDesign NA2542 .M38 2010

Dwellings, settlements, and tradition, cross-cultural perspectives / edited by Jean-Paul Bourdier, Nezar AlSayyad. Lanham: University Press of America; Berkeley: International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments, 1989.
EnvDesign, Anthropology GN413.D84 1989

Dwellings: the vernacular house world wide / Paul Oliver. London; New York: Phaidon, 2003.
EnvDesign NA7125.O44 2003

Exploring everyday landscapes / edited by Annmarie Adams and Sally McMurry. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.
EnvDesign NA705 .P472 v.7

Farm: the vernacular tradition of working buildings / David Larkin ; principal photography by Paul Rocheleau. New York: Monacelli Press, 1995.
EnvDesign NA8201 .L37 1995

recommended House form and culture / Amos Rapoport. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall [1969].
EnvDesign, Anthropology; Earth Science/Map Collection GN414.A1 R33

Material culture / Henry Glassie; Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
EnvDesign, Anthropology, Main GN406.G53 1999

On Adam's house in Paradise: the idea of the primitive hut in architectural history / Joseph Rykwert. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1981.
EnvDesign NA25.N45 .P31 1981

People, power, places / edited by Sally McMurry and Annmarie Adams. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tenessee Press, 2000.
EnvDesign NA705 .P472 v.8

Shelter and society / edited by Paul Oliver. London, Barrie & Rockliff the Cresset P., 1969.
EnvDesign GT171 .O4

6000 years of housing / Norbert Schoenauer. Rev. & expanded ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000.
EnvDesign NA7125.S383 2000 Reference

Traditional buildings: a global survey of structural forms and cultural functions / Allen G. Noble. London; New York: I. B. Tauris; New York: In the USA and Canada distr by Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. International library of human geography; 11
EnvDesign NA208.N63 2007

Traditions in architecture: Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania / Dora P. Crouch, June G. Johnson. New York: Oxford University, 2001.
EnvDesign NA208 .C76 2001

Vernacular architecture / Henry Glassie; photographs, drawings, and design by the author. Philadelphia: Material Culture; Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000. Material culture (Indiana University, Bloomington).
EnvDesign NA208.G59 2000

Vernacular architecture: an illustrated handbook / R.W. Brunskill. London: Faber, 2000.
EnvDesign NA7328 .B83 2000

Vernacular architecture and regional design: cultural process and environmental response / Kingston Wm. Heath. Amsterdam ; Boston ; London: Architectural Press, 2009.
EnvDesign NA208.H43 2009


Traditional Building Techniques and Materials

Alternative building sourcebook: for traditional, natural and sustainable building products and services / edited by Steve Chappell. Brownfield, Me.: Fox Maple Press, 1998.
EnvDesign TH455 .A584 1998

Alternative construction: contemporary natural building methods / edited by Lynne Elizabeth, Cassandra Adams. Imprint Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley, 2005.
EnvDesign TH146 .A48 2005

Appropriate building materials / by Roland Stulz. St. Gall, Switzerland: SKAT, 1981. SKAT publication ; no. 12.
EnvDesign TA403.S8 1981

Appropriate technology sourcebook: a guide to practical books for village and small community technology / by Ken Darrow, Mike Saxenian. Rev. and enl. ed. Stanford, Calif., USA: Appropriate Technology Project, Volunteers in Asia, 1986.
EnvDesign T49.5 .D37 1986 Reference
For items in bibliography see Appropriate technology microfiche library. MICROFICHE.10628

Building with earth: design and technology of a sustainable architecture / Gernot Minke. Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser, 2009.
EnvDesign TH1421 .M556 2009

Climate responsive design: a study of buildings in moderate and hot humid climates / Richard Hyde. London ; New York: E & FN Spon, 2000.
EnvDesign NA2541 .H93 2000

Natural energy and vernacular architecture: principles and examples with reference to hot arid climates / Hassan Fathy ; edited by Walter Shearer and Abd-el-rahman Ahmed Sultan. Chicago: Published for the United Nations University by the University of Chicago Press, 1986.
EnvDesign NA7117.A74 F31 1986

Shelter / Bolinas, CA, Shelter Publications; distributed in the U.S. by Random House, New York, 1973.
EnvDesign f NA7110.S531 1973

Shelter II / editor, Lloyd Kahn. Bolinas, CA: Shelter Publications: [New York: distributed in the U.S. by Random House, 1978.
EnvDesign TH4812.S53

Spectacular vernacular: the adobe tradition / text by Jean-Louis Bourgeois ; photographs by Carollee Pelos ; historical essay by Basil Davidson. Imprint New York, NY: Aperture Foundation, 1996.
EnvDesign NA2542.A73 B69 1996

Spectacular vernacular: a new appreciation of traditional desert architecture / text by Jean-Louis Bourgeois ; photographs by Carollee Pelos. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1983.
EnvDesign NA2542.A73 B68 1983

A way of seeing: discovering the art of building in Spring City, Utah / edited by Thomas Carter and Julie Osborne. Salt Lake City, UT: Graduate School of Architecture, University of Utah, 1994. Western Regional Architecture Program; no.2. Has an excellent bibliography.
EnvDesign NA735.S66 W29 1994


Surveys by Geographic Region

For additional resources, be sure to search the library catalogs using the subject headings listed above or the name of specific places or cultures.


African architecture: evolution and transformation / Nnamdi Elleh. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
EnvDesign NA1580.E44 1997

African cities and towns before the European conquest / by Richard W. Hull New York: Norton, 1976.
EnvDesign HT148.S8 .H85 1976

African traditional architecture: an historical and geographical perspective / Susan Denyer ; line drawings by Susan Denyer. New York: Africana Pub. Co., 1978.
EnvDesign, Anthropology GN645.D444 1978

African nomadic architecture: space, place, and gender / Labelle Prussin. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press: National Museum of African Art, 1995.
EnvDesign, Anthropology NA7461.A1 P78 1995

Architectures of Nigeria: architectures of the Hausa and Yoruba peoples and of the many people between tradition and modernization / Kevin Carroll. London: published for the Society of African Missions by Ethnographica Ltd. in association with Lester Crook Academic Publishing, 1992.
EnvDesign NA7467.6.N5 C37 1992

Drawn from African dwellings / Jean-Paul Bourdier and Trinh T. Minh-ha. Bloomington, Ind: Indiana University Press, 1996.
EnvDesign NA1598 .B68 1996

From Cameroon to Paris: Mousgoum architecture in & out of Africa / Steven Nelson.Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
EnvDesign NA7467.6.C3 N45 2007

Traditional African environments: the science, the history, the thought processes / Oluwatoyin Huntar. Yaba, Lagos: Touche (Nigeria) Ltd., 1992.
EnvDesign NA1580 .H86 1992



American vernacular buildings and interiors, 1870-1960 / Herbert Gottfried and Jan Jennings.New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 2009.
EnvDesign NA710 .G68 2009

America's architectural roots: ethnic groups that built America / edited by Dell Upton. New York: Preservation Press, 1986.
EnvDesign, Anthropology NA705 .A4931 1986

American home life, 1880-1930: a social history of spaces and services / edited by Jessica H. Foy and Thomas J. Schlereth. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.
EnvDesign E168 .A513 1992

Back of the big house: the architecture of plantation slavery / John Michael Vlach. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.
EnvDesign E443 .V58 1993

Baltimore's alley houses: homes for working people since the 1780s / Mary Ellen Hayward. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
EnvDesign NA7238.B3 H39 2008

Caribbean traditional architecture: the traditional architecture of Philipsburg, St. Martin (N.A.) / Joan D. van Andel. Leiden, Nederland: Caraibische Afd., Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 1985.
EnvDesign NA7288.P45 A51 1985

Casa de hacienda: architecture in the Colombian countryside / edited by Benjamin Villegas ; texts, German Tellez ; photography, Antonio Castaneda ; Bogota: Villegas Editores, 1997.
EnvDesign NA7304 .T45 1997

Gas, food, and lodging / John Baeder. 1st ed. New York: Abbeville Press, 1982.
EnvDesign E169 .B25

Images of an American land: vernacular architecture in the Western United States / edited by Thomas Carter. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.
EnvDesign NA725 .I42 1997

Landscape in sight: looking at America / John Brinckerhoff Jackson; edited by Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.
EnvDesign, Moffit GF91.U6 J317 1997

Main Street to Miracle Mile: American roadside architecture / Chester H. Liebs. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.
EnvDesign NA6212 .L54 1985

The Making of the American landscape / edited by Michael P. Conzen.Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.
EnvDesign, Moffit GF501 .M35 1990

Metropolitan corridor: railroads and the American scene / John R.Stilgoe.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
EnvDesign HE2751 S68 1983

The patina of place: the cultural weathering of a New England industrial landscape / Kingston Wm. Heath. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2001.
EnvDesign HD7304.N35 H4 2001

Real places, an unconventional guide to America's generic landscape / Grady Clay. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
EnvDesign, Moffit E169.04.C57 1994

A river and its city: the nature of landscape in New Orleans / Ari Kelman. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
EnvDesign HT243.U62 L685 2003

Theaters of conversion: religious architecture and Indian artisans in colonial Mexico / Samuel Y. Edgerton ; with photographs by Jorge Pérez de Lara ; drawings by Mark Van Stone, James E. Ivey, and the author. Imprint Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2001.
EnvDesign; Moffit N7914.A1 E34 2001

The traditional architecture of Mexico / Mariana Yampolsky ; text by Chloe Sayer. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1993.
EnvDesign NA750 .Y36 1993



For additional research tips and books, see the guide for History of Asian Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urbanism.

Asia's old dwellings: tradition, resilience, and change / edited by Ronald G. Knapp. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
EnvDesign NA7415.A85 2003

The Chinese house: craft, symbol, and the folk tradition / Ronald G. Knapp. Hong Kong ; New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Anthropology GT365 .K63 1990

Chinese houses: the architectural heritage of a nation / Ronald G. Knapp ; foreword by Jonathan Spence ; photography by A. Chester Ong. Imprint Singapore: Tuttle Pub., 2005.
EnvDesign NA7448 .K583 2005

Form & space in Japanese architecture / Norman F. Carver, Jr. 2nd ed. Kalamazoo, Mich.: Documan Press, 1993.
EnvDesign NA1553.C37 1993

House in East and Southeast Asia: anthropological and architectural aspects / editors K.G. Izikowitz, P. Sorensen. London: Curzon Press, 1982. Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies monograph series; no. 30.
EnvDesign GN635.S58 G68 1982

The living house: an anthropology of architecture in South-East Asia / Roxana Waterson. Singapore ; New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
EnvDesign GT359 .W38 1990
Moffitt GT359. W38 1997 Reserved

The native architecture of Saudi Arabia : architecture and identity / Ellahi M Ishteeaque; Fahad A Al-Said ; Riyadh : Riyadh Municipality , c2008.
EnvDesign NA7419.S2 I84 2008

The past in the present: architecture in Indonesia / edited by Peter J. M. Nas. Rotterdam: NAi, 2006.
EnvDesign NA1526.P37 2006

Technology, tradition and survival: aspects of material culture in the Middle East and central Asia / editors, Richard Tapper, Keith McLachlan.London ; Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003.
Anthropology DS36.85 .T433 2003

Traditional Arab settlements: climatic influences and urban forms / El-Sayed Amer. Liverpool, England: Dept. of Civic Design, University of Liverpool, 1998.
EnvDesign NA1465 .A6 1988

Traditional architecture in Iran / Mehdi Khansari, Minouch Yavari. Bruxelles: P. Mardaga, [1986].
EnvDesign NA1480 .K471 1986

Traditional domestic architecture of the Arab region / Friedrich Ragette. Fellbach: Edition Axel Menges, 2003.
EnvDesign NA7461.A1 R3 2003

Traditional buildings of India / Ilay Cooper, Barry Dawson. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1998.
EnvDesign GT351 .C66 1998

Vietnam: traditional folk houses. / Vietnam: Ministry of Culture-Information ; Showa Women's University, 2000.
EnvDesign NA7434.V5.V54 2000z



Holz Haus: rurale Bauform, Maisons de bois: habitations rurales, Wood houses: form in rural architecture / Werner Blaser. Basel; New York: Wepf, 1980.
EnvDesign NA4110.B55

Mediterranean vernacular: a vanishing architectural tradition / V.I. Atroshenko & Milton Grundy. New York: Rizzoli, 1991.
EnvDesign NA1458 .A87 1991

Mittel Europa: rediscovering the style and design of Central Europe / Suzanne Slesin, Stafford Cliff, Daniel. New York: C. Potter, 1994.
EnvDesign NA954.S64 1994

Modern architecture and the Mediterranean: vernacular dialogues and contested identities / edited by Jean-François Lejeune and Michelangelo Sabatino. Imprint London ; New York: Routledge, 2010.
EnvDesign NA682.M63 M62 2010

Traditional buildings of Britain: an introduction to vernacular architecture / R.W. Brunskill. London: Gollancz in association with P. Crawley, 1992.
EnvDesign NA7328 .B834 1992

Venetian vernacular architecture: traditional housing in the Venetian lagoon / Richard J. Goy. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
EnvDesign NA7594 .G61 1988

Wooden houses / introd. by Christian Norberg-Schulz ; text and drawings by Makoto Suzuki ; photographs by Yukio Futagawa. New York: Abrams, 1979.
EnvDesign NA7325.F87

Vernacular modernism: heimat, globalization, and the built environment / edited by Maiken Umbach and Bernd Hüppauf. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2005.
EnvDesign NA208 .V52 2005



Periodical or journal articles are excellent sources for detailed and specific information about vernacular architecture and current issues of scholarly concern. Below is a very selective list of journals that have extensive materials on vernacular architecture. Be sure to use the periodical indexes below to identify a more comprehensive listing.

American Antiquity. Menasha, Wis., U.S.A.: Society for American Archaeology
Online: via JSTOR UC Only, v.1 1935- latest 3 years not available online
Print: Anthropology E51.A42, v.1 1935-

AV monografias (aka A & V). Madrid, Espana: Arquitectura Viva. EnvDesign NA7385.A2 Periodical stacks, v.1 1986-, selected volumes.

Environmental design (Rome, Italy) [Continues: AARP: Art and archaeology research papers] Rome: Carucci Editore Roma.
EnvDesign NX1.A12 Periodical stacks, v.1, 1972-

Home cultures (Oxford, Berg) v. 1, n. 1, 2004-
Online: via Wilson Art Full Text UC Only, v. 1, 2004-
Print: EnvDesign NA2543.S6.H634 Periodical stacks, Vol. 2, 2005-

Society for Industrial Archaeology, International organization that promotes the study and preservation of landscapes, structures, and equipment of significance in the history of technology, engineering and industry. They publish the SIA Newsletter (EnvDesign T21.A1S6.N4 periodical stacks, 1972-), IA (EnvDesign T21.A1.I12 periodical stacks, 1975-1997 and online), and Industrial Archaeology (Anthropology HD2321.A1 J6, 1964-1988, Online: via Ebsco UC Only, 2003- ).

Association for Industrial Archaeology, This is the British version of the Society for Industrial Archaeology. They publish theIndustrial archaeology review through the Oxford University Press.
Online: via Academic Search Complete UC Only, May 2003 to present (with a 12 Month delay)
Print: Main T37 .I5, 1976-
At NRLF: v.1:1, v.2, v.5, v.6:1-2

International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments (IASTE) IASTE is a nonprofit organization concerned with the comparative and cross-cultural understanding of traditional habitat as an expression of informal cultural conventions. IASTE's purpose is to serve as an umbrella association for all scholars studying vernacular, indigenous, popular and traditional environments. They publish Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review (EnvDesign NA7100 .T73, Periodical stacks, 1989-) and Traditional dwellings and settlements working paper series (EnvDesign NA7100.T74 Periodical stacks, 1989-).

Journal of material culture. London; Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 1996.

Landscape. Santa Fe, N.M. [etc.]
EnvDesign G1.L3 Periodical stacks 1(1951)-32(1994); Cumulative index: 1(1951)-15(1966)

Material culture. [Continues: Pioneer America] [Akron, Ohio]: Pioneer America Society.
Doe Main Stack E179.5.P46, vol. 1, 1969-1989, Irregular
Online: Selected full text available via Wilson Web Art Full Text UC Only, v. 37, no. 1(2005)-

Material history review = Revue d'histoire de la culture materielle. [Continues: Material history bulletin]. Ottawa: National Museum of Science and Technology = Musee national des sciences et de la technologie.
Doe Main Stack TJ15.M3, v. 1, 1976-1995, Irregular, some volumes at NRLF

Place: Forum of Design for the Public Realm. [Cambridge, Mass.: Published by the MIT Press for the College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley and the School of Architecture and Planning, MIT]
Online: v.1(1983)- ; via eScholarship, UC Only
Print: EnvDesign NA1 .P54 v.1, periodical stacks, 1983-

Social & cultural geography. [Basingstoke, Hants ; Philadelphia, PA: Routledge Taylor & Francis Ltd.]
Online: via UC eLinks UC Only, v. 1, 2000-

Vernacular Architecture Group is an international group whose focus is primarily on the British Isles. It publishes Vernacular Architecture (EnvDesign NA1.A1 V4, periodical stacks, 1970-). Recent unbound issues on current periodical shelves. Online: Selected articles available at

Vernacular Architecture Forum This scholarly group formed in 1979 to encourage the study and preservation of North American vernacular architecture. It sponsors conferences and workshops, Vernacular architecture newsletter, VAN (published through the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation of the George Washington University, EnvDesign NA208 .V52, 1979- , Buildings & landscapes(EnvDesign NA705 .P472, 2007- , Online: via Project Muse UC Only) and Perspectives in vernacular architecture (EnvDesign NA705 .P472, 1982- , Online: via Wilson Art Full Text UC Only).

Winterthur portfolio. Chicago [etc.] University of Chicago Press [etc.]
Online: v. 1- 36, 1964- ; via Univ. of Chicago Press UC Only
Print: Doe Main Stack N9.W52, vols. 1, 1964-. Unbound issues in Art History-Classics.
At NRLF: v. 1-11, 13-19


Journal Indexes & Abstracts

To locate more resources and conduct a more complete search, search these journal indexes, abstracts and databases. For additional, general architectural periodical indexes see Architecture Periodical Indexes. Most of the electronic indexes below are available remotely to UC users only.

recommended America: History and Life. UC Only Contains bibliographic citations and abstracts for articles and dissertations on the history and culture of the U.S. and Canada from prehistory to the present. A good source for social and cultural histories of architecture and building types, including vernacular.
Online: 1964-
Print: DoeInfoCenter E3 .A43, 1954-

American house designs: an index to popular and trade periodicals, 1850-1915 / compiled by Margaret Culbertson. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.
EnvDesign NA7207 .C85 1994 Reference desk

Anthropological Index Online. Index to current periodicals in the Museum of Mankind Library (incorporating the former Royal Anthropological Institute library).
Online: 1970- .

Anthropology Plus. UC Only Citations to articles and essays in the fields of cultural, physical, and social anthropology; includes good coverage of vernacular architecture worldwide. 1984-

Architectural Publications Index. Catalog of the British Architectural Library and their index to architectural journals. Use thesaurus, Architectural Keywords (EnvDesign Index, NA8 .A731), to identify terms. Print volumes, with varied titles, date back to 1946.
EnvDesign NA8.A73 Index

Art Full Text and Art Index Retrospective. UC Only Indexes journal articles in art, design, and architecture, landscape, urban design, and planning.
Online: 1929-
Print: Main stacks N18 A72 Index, 1929-1995.

recommended Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals. via CSA. UC Only The primary article index for architecture, Avery indexes more than 1,000 scholarly and professional journals in the subjects of architecture, landscape architecture and urban design.
Online: 1868-
Print: NRLF NA8 C64 1973 Index, 1868-1995.

BHA, Bibliography of the history of art. Most comprehensive art history bibliography available. Includes abstracted articles from 2,500 international periodicals, books, conference proceedings, collected essays, exhibition and art dealer's catalogs and dissertations. Covers the art of Europe and the Americas from late antiquity to the modern period in a wide range of media, including architecture and industrial design, painting, sculpture, drawings, prints, decorative and applied arts, and popular and folk art from 1973-2010. Strong indexing in art historiography, archaeological and antiquarian literature, area and cultural studies, critical theory.
Print: Main N1 .B5, 1991-1999.

Geography. UCB Only Covers the international literature in physical and human geography from over 2000 journals, monographs, books, conference proceedings reports, and theses. Coverage begins with 1/90. Print equivalents: Geographical Abstracts: Human & Physical; International Development Abstracts.

Historical Abstracts. UC Only Citations to dissertations, articles, book reviews from 2,000 journals on the history of the world from 1450 to the present (excluding the US and Canada) with abstracts in English. In addition to including the key historical journals from virtually every major country, Historical Abstracts includes a targeted selection of hundreds of journals in the social sciences and humanities. Good coverage of dwellings and vernacular architecture. 1954-

JSTOR. UC Only Full-text online package of more than 800 academic journals from humanities and social sciences, including Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.

National Geographic Cumulative Index. Indexes National Geographic magazines by broad subject areas. 1888-
EnvDesign G1 N3 Index and supplements
See also: Handy key to your "National geographics" Subject and picture locator. 12th ed, 1915-75. East Aurora, NY
EnvDesign G1.N315 Index (Doe Info Center has 1985 ed)

Periodicals Index Online. UC Only (formerly Periodicals Contents Index). Electronic index to the contents of hundreds of periodicals in the humanities and social sciences, from their first issues (1770) to 1993. The scope is international. Search by author or title keyword and limit by language and limit to journals in subject categories, including Architecture, Anthropology/Ethnology; Ancient Civilizations, Area Studies; Geography, or History. Some articles available full text.

Reader's Guide Retrospective. Indexes articles in all subjects from 170 or so American general and popular periodicals. Good source for book reviews and finding journals and articles on popular architecture.
Online: 1962-1983
Print: Doe Reference AJ3.R4, 1900/04-1997, 1999--


Other Resources

Maps provide clues to ordinary buildings and sites and their changes over time. Be sure to consult the Earth Sciences and Maps Library ( for USGS maps, street maps, historical atlases, and fire insurance maps. See also the listing of Electronic Atlases and Maps, and the Sanborn Maps section below.

Archival materials. See the Online Archive of California; the Environmental Design Archives; and Electronic Archival Sources.

Images. See the ENVI guide to Image Sources for the Built Environment, and Electronic Image Sources.

Great Buildings Online. A website that indexes the CD-ROM. Search by architectural style, building type, construction method, etc. Includes some images.
CD-ROM: The Great buildings collection [interactive multimedia] / by Kevin Matthews. Eugene, Ore.: Artifice, Inc., 2000.
EnvDesign NA203 .M38 2000 compu/d
SHL: On CD-ROM workstation hard drive; CD + User's Guide reserve

San Francisco Maps, courtesy of San Francisco Genealogy. Guide and links to historic, street and other maps.

(Digital) Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, UCB Only provides maps of cities and towns of California from the 1880s to 1950s. The maps are large-scale plans containing data used originally to estimate the potential risk for urban structures, and include an outline of each building, the size, shape and construction materials, heights, and function of structures, and location of windows and doors. The maps also give street names, street and sidewalk widths, property boundaries, building use, and house and block numbers. They are an excellent source on the history, growth, and development of American cities, towns, and neighborhoods. Earlier and later maps are available on microfilm in the Earth Sciences and Maps Library.
Description of Sanborn Maps:
Searchable index of the microfilm:
Sanborn fire insurance maps: California, 1884-1950. Teaneck, N.J., Chadwyck-Healey, 1985.
Eart/Map MICROFILM 31073 Reel 1-72
Sanborn fire insurance maps, California, 1950-1970. Alexandria, Va., Chadwyck-Healy, 1990.
Eart/Map MICROFILM 31073 Reels 73-76

Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps, San Francisco, California, 1899/1900, courtesy of San Francisco Genealogy. The black and white maps presented here are from six volumes that covered San Francisco in 1899 and 1900. To locate a specific location, consult the various indexes to locate the correct Map Sheet. Then select the appropriate link.