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Encyclopedias

Begin with Oxford Art Online (you can access this through the Environmental Design Library website to Electronic Resources to Electronic Resources Types A-Z to Encyclopedias and Almanacs (under “O”)).

Work through this exercise using the keywords you’ve selected for your paper topic or the example terms provided in this exercise.

Once in Oxford Art Online, search for your topic (example: “tholos tomb” if you don’t have a topic yet) selecting all sources:

Search Oxford Art Online

Example:
1. Enter “tholos tomb” or your search term into the search field
2. Select the “search” button

The results page for “tholos tomb” lists nearly 100 entries and images. If you have received too many results for your search term, you may refine your search (using the menu on the left side), but be sure to skim for related terms.

3. Click the “Tholos tomb” Subject Entry link from Grove Art Online for a broad introduction to the topic.

Tholos Tomb search results

Some clues are revealed in the Grove Art Online entry. Apparently, this type of tomb is alternately referred to as the “Tholos [beehive] tomb.” Note alternate names or spellings as possible additional keywords. The remaining text should be reviewed for additional, relevant information. Be sure to check the bibliography at the end of the article for additional sources on your subject.

Grove Art Online Tholos Tomb article

Further reading gives examples of tholos tombs (such as the Treasury of Altreus or the Treasury of Minyas), which you can collect as additional keywords to search. The location, Greece, is also given—more specifically, Mycenae—where a “magnificent series of nine” are located. “Mycenae” may also be used as a search term depending on the level of specificity of the research.

Another point of reference could be Oxford Reference Online – Art and Architecture.

1. Using Oxford Reference, enter “tholos tomb” or your search term into the search field
2. Select the “search whole database” option (if you receive too many results, you may want to use the “search this subject” option)
3. Click “go” button

Search Oxford Reference Online

While some of the results from the previous search are repeated, you will want to look for new entries. For instance, there is an entry for “tholos” from The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. Select that entry.

Oxford Reference search results

In the entry for “Tholos” from The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology, a new term comes up. “…sometimes applied more loosely to certain passage graves in Atlantic Europe…” Since “passage graves” is a potential synonym, although rarely used as indicated in the entry, add it to your list of keywords.

Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology entry for tholos

Using encyclopedias has allowed us to collect many useful keywords:

Tholos tomb
Tholoi
Beehive tomb
Treasury of Altreus
Treasury of Minyas
Greece
Mycenae
Passage graves
Early Minoan

If you are using RefWorks...

If you are using Zotero...

Exercise Parts 1 & 2
Focusing on your topic, use your course-assigned reading, the Arch 170 Book Truck, the Arch 170 Research Guide, and/or Encyclopedias and Almanacs from Electronic Resources Types A-Z to complete parts 1 and 2:

1. List at least 6 key terms or subject words from your topic [note place, time-period, style, architect]
2. List synonyms and alternative spellings for the keywords

Exercise Part 3
Review the RefWorks or Zotero example (depending on the citation management program you have chosen). Now, focusing on your topic, refer to Oxford Art Online or other online encyclopedias, and repeat the steps for several entries until you feel confident using a citation manager. Remember to record your citations either by storing them in a text document or by saving them in your Zotero or RefWorks account. You can eliminate unwanted citations later.

Next >>

 

Table of Contents - Intro - Assignment - Citation Managers - Starting Research - Encyclopedias - Books - Subject - Articles - Images - Bibliographies - Conclusion

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