ACS (American Chemical Society) Style – Quick Guide
This web guide is based on the second edition of The ACS
Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors (1997). For a
thorough discussion refer to The ACS Style Guide which is
at both the Chemistry and Engineering Libraries (Call number QD8.5.A25
1997 Reference Section).
References in the Body of a Paper
References in the body of a paper can be cited:
With numerical citations, references should be numbered
If a reference is repeated, do not give it another number; rather, use
the original reference number.
By number (italics)
The synthesis of the compound has been described previously (1).
The synthesis of the compound has been described previously.1
- By author name and date
The synthesis of the compound has been described previously (Johnson,
With author name citations, use both names if a reference has
(Jones and Smith, 2002). If there are more than two authors, use
the first name followed by “et al.” (Harris et al., 2001).
Arrange the references in your bibliography based on the method used
in-text citations. If numerical citations were used, then arrange
references at the end of the paper numerically. If author names
used, arrange alphabetically.
All references end with a period.
Do not leave blank lines between references.
Journal article titles and book chapter titles are not essential,
but they are considered desirable.
If a book as a whole is used, pagination is not necessary.
Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Book Title (italics), Edition (if
any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Page
Dill, K. A.; Bromberg, S. Molecular Driving Forces:
in Chemistry and Biology; Garland Science: New York,
Engel, R; Cohen, J. I. Synthesis of Carbon-Phosphorus Bonds: New
Methods of Exploration; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2004; pp
Zumdahl, S. S. Chemical Principles, 4th ed.; Houghton Mifflin:
Boston, MA, 2002; p 7.
with Editor(s), and Entire Book is Referenced
Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., Editor, C. C., Eds. Book Title
Series Information (if any, including series number); Publisher: Place
of Publication, Year.
Lin, Q., Pearson, R. A., Hedrick, J. C., Eds. Polymers for
and Nanoelectronics; ACS Symposium Series 874; American
Society: Washington, DC, 2004.
Zaikov, G. E., Jimenez, A., Eds. Quantitative Level of Chemical
Reactions; Nova Science Publishers: New York, 2003.
Chapters in a Book with Editor(s)
Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Chapter Title. In Book Title (italics);
Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., Eds.; Series Information (if any,
series number); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume
(if any), Page numbers.
Downs, G. M.; Barnard, J. M. Clustering Methods and Their Uses
Chemistry. In Reviews in Computational Chemistry; Wiley:
NJ, 2002; Vol. 18, p 11.
Lenhart, J. L.; Fischer, D. A.; Sambasivan, S.; Lin, E. K.; Soles,
M. A. Utilizing Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure to Probe
Issues in Photolithography. In Polymers for Microelectronics and
Lin, Q., Pearson, R. A., Hedrick, J. C., Eds.; ACS Symposium Series
American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2004; pp 98-117.
Article Title. Encyclopedia Name (italics), Edition number
[Online if online];
Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Page
Psychopharmacological Agents. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of
Technology, 4th ed.; Wiley: New York, 1996; Vol. 20, pp
and Stalagmites. AccessScience@McGraw-Hill
Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 9th ed.[Online];
McGraw-Hill: New York; Last Modified: February 26, 2001.
Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., Eds. Handbook Title (italics),
Edition number [Online if online]; Publisher: Place of
Year; Page numbers or other identifying information.
Budavari, S., O’Neil, M. J., Smith. A., Heckelman, P.
J. F., Eds. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs,
Biologicals, 13th ed.; Merck & Company: Whitehouse Station, NJ,
2001; entry 5066.
Lide, D. R., Ed. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th
ed. [Online]; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 83.
Author, A. A; Author, B. B; Author, C. C. Title of Article. Journal
Abbreviation (italics) [Online if online] Year (boldface),
(italics), Page numbers.
Borman, S. Protein Sequencing For The Masses. Chem. Eng.
[Online] 2004, 82, pp 22-23.
Slunt, K. M.; Giancarlo, L. C. Student-Centered Learning: A Comparison
of Two Different Methods of Instruction. J. Chem. Educ. 2004,
81, pp 985-988.
Takahaski, T. The Fate of Industrial Carbon Dioxide. Science
[Online] 2004, 305, 352-353.
There is no need to include the URL of journal sites. The
of journal abbreviations is published in CASSI, the Chemical
Abstracts Service Source Index. A copy is kept at the
Library circulation/reference desk. This is an online
source that has many of the journal abbreviations in CASSI.
Last name, First Name; Last Name, First Name. Article Title. Newspaper
Title (italics), Complete Date, Page numbers.
Jones, Margot. Panel Urges NASA to Save Hubble Space
York Times, July 16, 2004, p A1.
Author, A. A. (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed date), other
July 14, 2004).
The Combined Chemical Dictionary database, web version 2004 (1); CRC
Press: Boca Raton: FL (accessed July 16, 2004).