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Zoological Record: Quick Guide

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About Zoological Record

Zoological Record includes over 3.5 million citations dating from 1864 to the present, with more than 75,000 records added each year. Over 5,000 international scientific journals are indexed, as well as books, newsletters, and conference papers. Areas of coverage include all aspects of animal biology: biodiversity, taxonomy, paleontology, wildlife management, systematics, ecology, behavior, evolution and conservation. Records are indexed by author, subject, geographic area and taxa.

Zoological Record includes sources not found in BIOSIS and should be consulted for all comprehensive searches of the zoological literature. Geographic searching is particularly comprehensive.

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Use the drop-down search menus and operators (AND, OR, NOT) to customize your search. Search by topic, author, journal title, author affiliation, subject terms, and other fields.


Enter your search words, joined by search operators (AND, OR, NOT, SAME). Be sure to search for British and American spellings, use truncation (*) for plurals, and include synonyms. Use the Topic field to search within document titles, abstracts, and subject terms; choose Title from the drop-down search menu to restrict your search to document titles only.


There are two ways to search for authors; the Author Index and Author Search.

To use the Author Index, click the search aid icon search aid to choose from a list of authors, editors, and corporate authors. This is the best way to find all forms of an author's name for the most comprehensive search.

  1. To find all articles by Edward Osborne Wilson, Jr., click search aid, enter Wilson E in the search box, and click Move To.
  2. Click the Add buttons to add Wilson E, Wilson E O, Wilson Edward, Wilson Edward O, and Wilson E O Jr to your search. Click OK.
  3. Click Search to complete the search.

To use the Author Search, choose Author from the drop-down search menu and enter an author's last name and first initial, followed by an asterisk (*) wildcard. You may also enter last names without initials.

Source Publication

Enter a full or partial title with an asterisk (*) wildcard. Use the Source Index search aid search aid to choose from a list of source titles.

Address (Frequently missing before 1997)

Many records include the address of the primary author. Abbreviations and spellings vary, so use truncation (*) to find variants. For example, Univ* matches University, Universidad, and Univ. Use the SAME operator to search for two or more words in the same address.

Subject Descriptors

Enter search words to search thesaurus terms, geographical and systematic terms, Taxa Notes, and other indexing terms.

Finding Thesaurus Terms

Choose Subject Descriptors from the pull-down search menu and click on the Thesaurus search aid search aid to find and use Zoological Record's subject terms. In the Zoological Record Thesaurus, enter your search term and click Find.

Screenshot of the Zoo Record thesaurus

Click on the H to open the hierarchy, then click "Jump to Item" Jump to Item to see the hierarchy of thesaurus terms indexed under the broad heading "Evolution."

Screenshot of the Zoo Record thesaurus hierarchy.

Combining Searches

Use the Search History link to combine the results of your previous searches, using AND or OR, and to save your search history and set up automated search alerts. (To combine searches using NOT, use Advanced Search.)

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Truncation and Phrase Searching

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Refining Search Results

After performing your search, use the Refine Results menu on the Results page to filter your result set (up to 100,000 records) by organisms, document types, subject areas, year, or other criteria.

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Analyzing Search Results

Use the Analyze Results analyze results link on the right side of the Results page to produce a report ranking your search results by author, source title, year, address, or other criteria.

Advanced Search

Advanced Search enables you to create complex search queries using field tags, search operators, and wildcards. It also allows you to combine previous searches using the NOT operator. Remember to include a number sign (#) before each search number.

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Finding Full Text

Use the UC-eLinks button to:

UC-eLinks works best with post-1978 Zoological Record citations; to locate the full text of pre-1978 citations, search for the full publication title in Melvyl or ask at the Bioscience Library Reference Desk.

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Printing, Saving, Emailing and Exporting

Use the check boxes beside each record on the Results page to select records for output. Then scroll to the bottom of the page to choose from the following output options:

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Customizing Zoological Record

Register with ISI Web of Knowledge to save your search history and set up automated search alerts and citation alerts, which can be delivered by email or as an RSS feed. See Keeping Up to Date in the Biological Sciences for more information.

Getting Help

Click the Help link on any Zoological Record page to get context-specific help, along with search tips and examples (opens in a new window or tab).


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