Task Force for Library Collections and Services in Support of Art History, the Visual Arts, and Classics

Final Report
April 15, 1998


I. Trends and Programmatic Needs for Art History and Classics Collections at UCB
II. New Technology and Digitization in the Visual Arts
III. Development Activities
IV. Scope of a 20,000 SF Facility
Members of Task Force


The Task Force for Library Collections and Services in Support of Art History, the Visual Arts, and Classics is pleased to provide the following report in response to the charge issued by Deputy University Librarian Sue Rosenblatt (see: arthistory.html). The recommendations made represent the opinions, desires, and needs of numerous people on campus, from faculty and graduate students to the heads and staff of affinity units. It is anticipated that the integration of various collections and streamlining of services would, in the long run, provide a cost savings for campus departments as well as The Library.

Most importantly, the following recommendations allow for a vast improvement both in facilities and services available to patrons interested in visual arts and classical studies at Berkeley. The current Art History/Classics Graduate Service is inadequate as it does not provide the proper amount of space or contain the comprehensive collections necessary to support academic research and teaching. When the original Main stacks were adjacent to AH/C, the spaces were functional because they complemented one another. Now that the stacks have been relocated, this is no longer the case. If implemented, these recommendations will result in the world-class libraries that Berkeley deserves.

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I. Trends and Programmatic Needs for Art History and Classics Collections at UCB

  • Art History Studies

    The field of art history is multicultural embracing all human aesthetic production worldwide from the earliest scratchings on cave walls to the most recent artistic developments in an ever-expanding present. It includes not only the traditional media of painting, sculpture, architecture, urbanism, and landscape design, but also the modern media of photography, film, video, and performance, as well as the so-called minor arts, such as ritual implements, manuscripts, books, prints, drawings, furniture, tapestries, ceramics, and much more. It has become highly multi-disciplinary utilizing many of the materials and methods of studies in gender, psychology, language, literature, history, philosophy, religion, anthropology, economics, law, and material culture. There are also growing links to scientific fields such as cognitive science and optics. Conversely, scholars outside of the field of art history, centered at Berkeley primarily in departments within the Humanities and Social Sciences, are increasingly turning to visual objects in both research and teaching as primary historical documents that help deepen and broaden their interpretations of patterns of human behavior, social interaction, thought, and literary output.

    The Department of History of Art is currently ranked third (National Research Council. Report on the Quality of Ph.D. Education in the U.S.: Arts and Humanities, 1995) nationally, following N.Y.U. and Columbia. In the foreseeable future, the department expects to continue to maintain its strengths in Western art, including European art from classical antiquity to the present and American art from the colonial period to the present, as well as in Asian art, including Japanese, Chinese, Indian, and Southeast Asian art. A request for a faculty appointment in the area of indigenous, colonial, and post-colonial art of the Americas has been submitted. While it seems likely that traditional departmental boundaries within the Humanities and Social Sciences will remain more or less as they are now, it is clear that research and teaching will become ever more interdisciplinary and concerned with visual culture.

    Looking at the top ten ranked art history programs, UCB is the only institution that does not provide a separate library facility dedicated to the visual arts. N.Y.U, Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia, all claim world-class fine arts libraries. Perhaps as an expression of the growing importance of the visual arts, many institutions have spent millions of dollars on new art libraries, for example, the Fine Arts Library at Harvard recently moved to a new building designed by the renowned architecture firm Gwathmey Siegel and Associates. The widely acclaimed Wexner Center for the Visual Arts and Fine Arts Library in Columbus, Ohio, was designed by architect Peter Eisenman. Yale is in the process of building a new Arts Library designed by Polshek & Partners and scheduled to open in 2001, and the Marquand Art Library at Princeton will soon be proposing a new building expansion. Within the UC system, UCSB, UCLA, and UCSD have separate visual arts libraries either housed in a branch or within the Main Library. Stanford also has a separate, non-circulating art and architecture library.

    Graduate students and faculty in the History of Art depend upon the library resources in a variety of ways. Because of the wide-ranging interests represented within the department, proximity to a large, consolidated collection of art historical texts is highly desirable. Art historians are dependent upon books and periodicals not only for printed information, but also for the images reproduced in the volumes. Thus, unlike scholars in many other disciplines, art historians need to consult large numbers of volumes, even when working with a single text. Images may be scattered throughout the collection, many often in large, fragile, or rare volumes, which should not be removed from the library. The ability to refer to, review, study, and write near multiple volumes simultaneously is essential to the scholar's work. Since students, both undergraduate and graduate, as well as faculty and scholars from other disciplines, also need to use visual materials remotely, some portion of the visual arts collection must be circulating. All of these needs are best met by a partially circulating collection housed in a space in which a quiet study area with large tables is provided for students and faculty to read, study, write, and prepare for teaching responsibilities.

  • Visual Arts Library

    Collection resources (all formats) relating to the visual arts at UC Berkeley have historically been distributed throughout the campus, in the Doe Library, Moffitt Library, Bancroft Library, branch libraries, and departmental-funded reading rooms and slide libraries, as well as the University museums. Within the Doe Library complex, visual arts resources are housed in various service points: the Main Stacks, Periodicals, Information Center, Art History/Classics Graduate Service, as well as off-site in the Northern Regional Library Facility (NRLF). The size, scope, and complexity of these various collections makes it unfeasible to integrate them into one facility given the space limitations prescribed in the current charge. However, it would be possible to integrate many of these collections and house them in a new library facility called the "Visual Arts Library" (VAL) within the basement level (10,000 sf) of the Doe Core.

    Primary Clientele

    The primary user base of the resources in the Visual Arts Library would include faculty, graduates and undergraduates within many different disciplines including, but not limited to, art history, classical studies, visual culture, literature, studio art, dramatic arts, film studies, history, cultural studies, archaeology, museum studies, material culture, area studies, and philosophy. Additionally, the VAL would complement large branch libraries such as Environmental Design, Anthropology, and Music.

    Scope of Collections and Services

    Access to the visual arts collections will be greatly improved as a result of their integration into one space. The collection would be primarily comprised of materials that fall into the AM (Museums), N (Fine Arts), PN (Film and Dramatic Arts) and TR (Photography) classes within the Library of Congress classification scheme, although many other classes would be represented since the field has become so interdisciplinary. For example, the current art history graduate service collection (308G) includes monographs and reference works falling into most LC classes, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, N, P, Q, T and Z. Beyond the collections housed in the Doe Library, the Dramatic Arts Library is interested in relocating to the VAL. Currently housed in the Dwinelle Annex, this collection numbers approximately 6,000 volumes (PN class) of uncataloged books. Volumes that would be unique to the VAL would be added (figure unknown) and additional titles might be transferred from the Doe stacks.

    Programmatic data for space and staffing needs for the VAL can be found below. It should be noted that the library architect was unable to provide a conceptual plan for this report. However, after a brief review of the data provided, he is confident that the collections and services proposed for the VAL will fit into 10,000 sf, with room for growth. When a final space plan is formulated, it will be of utmost importance that the shelving be arranged in such a way as to provide a secluded space for graduate student and faculty reading and study tables, away from public service activities.

    The VAL would expand and streamline the public services that are currently available to them in many different locations. Specialized research and reference service for the visual arts would be available and would supplement or possibly replace that offered at the Information Center. Bibliographic instruction sessions would be offered and aligned with courses and specific assignments. General courses describing the use of specialized resources in the visual arts, such as indexes, on-line databases, the Internet, etc. would also become regular offerings to arts and humanities scholars. A reserve collection would be maintained for both undergraduate and graduate courses within the Department of History of Art.

    Conservation and Preservation

    The books published in the visual arts tend to be expensive with fragile bindings often bound in oversized formats. The conditions of shelving, using, and exhibiting both books and periodicals are of critical importance to their survival. Folio shelving for oversized materials is not adequate at present, especially in 308G, where many double and triple folios are stacked together and are almost impossible to retrieve without damaging volumes. Numerous books have been damaged due to a lack of careful handling and shelving over the past years. By integrating collections together into one space, it will make regular conservation review of the collections easier. Many of the treasures that have undergone decades of neglect and mistreatment will be appropriately preserved.

    Security and Mutilation

    Theft and mutilation of important and, in many instances, rare volumes has proven to be a serious problem in the present Doe stacks. Hundreds of volumes (both monographs and periodicals) have been declared "missing" or lost in recent years. The "N" (Fine Arts) and "TR" (Photography) classes, presently located in secluded, non-supervised stack areas, have sustained an unusual amount of vandalism. Numerous examples of books that have had plates removed either still exist, are waiting to be found, or have been withdrawn. A separate facility would provide an opportunity to create a secure, controlled space with stack areas designed to minimize vandalism.

    Space and Staffing Needs-Visual Arts Library


    The book collection would be both circulating and non-circulating (inter-filed), and shelved on compact shelving with an aisle to stack ratio of 1:5 to accommodate growth. The bound periodicals would occupy compact shelving and be non-circulating.

    • 308G & J (1,527 lf)
    • Main Stacks (8,028 lf) (Includes AM, N, TR ranges only, monographs and serial volumes, regular and folio)
    • Reserves (100 lf)-AH/C and Moffitt
    • Current Periodicals (200 displayed titles from AH/C and Periodicals Room)
    • Reference Collection (114 lf) (Includes 308, Ref Stack, HAS Ref Room)
    • Microforms ( 2 10-drawer microfiche cabinets)
    • NRLF (17,485 vols.-it is estimated that half of these volumes might be reintegrated into this collection)
    • Film Studies and Dramatic Arts (Dramatic Arts Library in Dwinelle as well as a portion of the PN's in the Doe stacks to be determined)

    Public Services:

    • Circulation Desk and Security Gate (1)
    • Paging for Classics Library
    • Reference Desk (1)
    • Reading Tables (6 ft.)
    • Public Online Terminals (6)
    • CD-ROM Workstation (2)
    • Copy Machines (2)

    Staff Areas:

    • Head Librarian (1.0 FTE, existing)
    • Operations Manager (1.0 FTE, existing)
    • Library Assistant (1.0 FTE, existing
    • General Student Assistance (3.0 FTE, 1.0 increase)

  • Classical Studies

    As the 20th century approaches its end, classical studies may be described as a form of area studies that encompasses (1) the time period from the Bronze Age (2nd half of 2nd millennium B.C.E.) to the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century C.E.), (2) the geographical confines of the entire Mediterranean Basin, and (3) a linguistic field that concentrates on ancient Greek and Latin. The field of classical studies has always featured and may be expected to feature increasingly extensions toward and interactions with fields outside the stated temporal, geographic, and linguistic boundaries: for instance, temporal extension toward the Western European Middle Ages, Renaissance, Enlightenment, and modern periods and toward the Byzantine and Modern Greek world because of significant transformations, adaptations, and receptions of classical culture; geographical extension into parts of Asia distant from the Mediterranean and into parts of Northern Europe because of imperial conquest or border interactions during the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial periods; and linguistic extension toward other ancient languages of the region and toward the Romance languages.

    Classical studies at Berkeley, ranked second in the nation next to Harvard, (National Research Council. Report on Quality of Ph.D. Education in the U.S.: Arts and Humanities, 1995) involves scholars who specialize in philosophy, history, linguistics, archaeology, art history, religion, and literature and cultural studies. The traditional subdisciplines of paleography, textual criticism, and epigraphy are well represented, but so are literary theory, anthropological approaches, gender studies, and the like. With such diversity, it is a constant challenge to define and redefine the core of information, texts, ideas, and methods that the faculty wishes to transmit to the next generation of scholars. In general, the longstanding approach at Berkeley has been to provide a program that enables the graduate student to pursue any specialty or method s/he chooses with a foundation of strength in the languages and familiarity with core texts and ideas. In particular, all graduate students are required to read a broad range of Greek and Latin texts in substantial quantity, both in order to acquire the facility and confidence that will permit them to deal with any relevant text in their future research and teaching and in order to become familiar with the range of styles, forms, ideas, and kinds of evidence that is to be met with and handled in their scholarly careers. This means that, in addition to particular assigned work for classes, graduate students are constantly engaged in individual efforts to read ancient works in the original, a task that necessitates frequent and convenient access to a core collection of texts, commentaries, reference works, and secondary bibliography. Convenient reference is also essential to faculty and approximately twenty GSIs per year in preparing for the teaching of undergraduate classes in Classics, Greek, and Latin.

    The research work of most classicists is thus distinct from that of some other scholars in several ways. First, this is a discipline with a long tradition of publication, and there is not much obsolescence in the scholarship of the past. Depending on the topic, a scholar may find that authoritative information or significant hypotheses are found in publications (including periodicals) 70 or 120 or 170 years or more old. Second, the basic textual data is often fragmentary or of doubtful transmission and so subject to various interpretations. As a result, one often does not simply look up a passage in one book, but needs rather to investigate what several editors, commentators, or dictionary entries have to offer. Third, much of the consultation of materials is brief and very particular. The teaching of classics graduate seminars also routinely involves the shared consultation and citation of books (texts, reference works, facsimiles of manuscripts, archaeological publications, volumes of plates).

  • Classics Library

    As a result of this pattern of learning and research, it is recommended that the current classics collections in the AH/C Graduate Service (308D & E) remain and expand into the 308 suite in order to provide graduate students and faculty with direct access to the materials. Expansion would provide a fifty-percent space gain for collections. Collections for epigraphy, paleography, and papyrology as well as the Aleshire Collection could be added to the existing collections. Complete programmatic data for space and staffing can be found on the next page. An expanded configuration would make the Classics Library competitive, if not equal, to the most outstanding classics libraries in the world, such as the Ashmolean Museum Library, the Bodleian Library's classics reading rooms, and the classics seminars in the Widener Library at Harvard. Similar facilities exist at Yale, Michigan, and Princeton. The collection would continue to include core research-level monographs and periodicals, a current periodical collection, and graduate reserves.

    Administrative configuration and access

    The expanded Classics Library would be tied administratively to the VAL, and VAL staff would oversee all shelving and collection maintenance. The patrons of this collection are mostly graduate students, faculty, and visiting scholars. The Task Force considered two possible models for access. (A) Patrons would enjoy greatly expanded hours of access and excellent security for the collection if the area (including the 308 corridor) were made accessible by a card key system that would be restricted to History of Art, Classics, and AHMA faculty and graduate students. Other users (undergraduates, non-UC, and scholars in other disciplines) are likely to have a relatively infrequent need to access these collections, so a paging system would be developed to accommodate such requests, and all paged material would be used in the VAL. At least two factors make such limited access problematic. First, the ADA-compliant elevator may have to be open to the public and not keyed off; second, Art History may need to use 308F if no other seminar room is made available for its undergraduate classes. The security problems introduced by these factors would necessitate adoption of model (B), requiring a VAL student employee at the access point for ideally 75 hours per week.

    Space and Staffing Needs-Classics Library


    This would continue to be a non-circulating collection, with the exception of a two-hour check out period for books and reserves. Under a card key system, a self-check out would be instituted.

    • Existing collections remain in 308D & E
    • Aleshire Collection (1,000 vols.-Dwinelle)
    • Current unbound periodicals (58 titles in 308D, additional 10-15 to be brought from Main Periodicals Room
    • Reserves (50 lf)

    Volumes Transferred from Doe Stacks:

    • Epigraphy (100 vols.)
    • Paleography (500 regular vols., 100 ff/fff)
    • Papyrology (400 vols.)
    • Bound Journal Volumes (to be determined)
    • NRLF (to be determined)

    Public Services:

    • Access to this collection would be available during library open hours to History of Art and Classics faculty and graduate students if a card key system can be installed, otherwise a service point would have to be established.
    • Reference
    • Library Public PCs (2)
    • CD-ROM workstation (1)

    Administrative/Technical Services:

    • Shelving
    • Reserve Processing
    • Monographic and Bound Serial Processing
    • Student Library Employee (75 Hours/Week) (only if card key system not feasible)

  • 308 Suite

    With the transfer of Art History's collections to the new Visual Arts Library, the space made available in 308G and 308J can best be configured to satisfy three needs of the two academic units involved. Art History needs an appropriately equipped space in which public lectures can be held, Classics needs a space to consolidate materials in epigraphy, numismatics, Greek and Latin palaeography, and papyrology, and the recently acquired Aleshire collection needs to be integrated.

    A recent bequest from AHMA graduate Sara Aleshire has provided an initial collection of 1,000 important volumes in Greek epigraphy and related fields and an endowment that will soon generate substantial annual income. The collection has acquired temporary space for the next few years in two academic offices in Dwinelle Hall. AHMA and Classics are eager to see this collection become an integral part of a larger facility adjacent to the core Classics collection.

    It is proposed that Rooms 308G and 308J together be given the name "Aleshire Center Collections." 308G would house most of the 2000+-volume collection that would include the Aleshire bequest volumes and select current holdings in epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, and palaeography, and there would be at most one large table for consultation of unwieldy volumes in 308G. 308J would become a combined study room and seminar/lecture area. If necessary, the west wall of 308J might have a bank of additional shelving (for instance, the palaeography folios might be brought together there). The western half of 308J would contain study tables to be shared by patrons of the Aleshire Center and by graduate students and faculty in AHMA, History of Art, and Classics. The eastern half of the room would be flexibly configured to accommodate both seminars and lectures, and the room would be equipped for slide projection (blackout shades, dimmable lights, motorized screen large enough for double projection, a soundproof projection booth with locked storage for equipment). This room could be reserved for lectures and occasional seminars by any of the three units. There are several advantages to bringing the Aleshire Center into this space. The Collection itself becomes more useful by proximity to other research materials. The books, which will become a part of the Classics Library, will require full cataloguing along with routine care and conservation. The Center's income could be used to fund initial costs such as cataloguing, and modifying the rooms and furnishings, including the special audiovisual needs. Additionally, the Center's income would be used annually to purchase new books in Greek epigraphy and closely related fields (such as Greek religion, Greek history, Greek law), supplementing the Library's acquisitions budget.

    308F, currently houses the library staff offices, which would be moved to the Visual Arts Library. History of Art would use this for a second seminar room to replace the seminar room it lost in the recent reconstruction of the second floor (classroom wing) of Moffitt. If another seminar room could be identified, this space could be transformed into a student lounge, or computer center for graduate students in Classics and History of Art.

    The other rooms would remain unchanged: 308A History of Art Slide Collection; 308B History of Art Seminar Room; 308C Classics Seminar Room; 308D & E Classics Collections.

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    II. New Technology and Digitization in the Visual Arts

    Digitized images with corresponding texts can be used in academic settings for reference and research, as well as for experiments in design, studio art, and virtual reality. Electronic reserves, paper assignments, visual study aids, and tutorials could be produced from these digitized resources. Images scanned at appropriate resolutions could be used directly in classroom instruction. Through a Web interface, it is possible to deliver images remotely for viewing by large classes on a particular campus. For example, a set of core, canonic images on the Web could be used in all UC art survey classes or linked to class Web pages constructed by faculty. This also has obvious potential for use in distance education classes in practically any field where artistic illustrations can enhance the effectiveness of pedagogy.

    After centuries of having access to resources in printed form, the fine arts disciplines are now seeing their important indexes and reference tools becoming available electronically. For example the Art Index, Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals, and MLA are now available through the MELVYL System. The Getty databases and authority files (BHA, RILA, RAA, ULAN, AAT) available via the Web or in electronic subscription form are major resources for visual arts research. The University of California is also rich in its own art resources (in 1985 it was estimated that UC had holdings of 17.5 million pictorial items). There are nine large art slide collections housed in UC with holdings of over two million slides. Several of these collections are actively engaged in digital projects. The UCSD Library's collection is conducting digital reserve viewing and they will soon migrate their catalog to the library's online public catalog. Many departmental collections are linking images to their on-line textual catalogs. The California Digital Library is beginning to examine the digital possibilities for the arts and humanities within the UC System.

    Nationally, there are several developing initiatives in the arts dealing with the licensing of digitized material. AMICO (Art Museum Image Consortium) is exploring educational access to reproductions of material held in museums and its associated documentation. The MESL (Museum Educational Site Licensing) Project is examining issues of intellectual property rights and the use of digital surrogates in teaching. The Museum Digital Licensing Collective (MDLC) has been formed to provide assistance for digitizing museum material and licensing it for use by educational institutions and the public. The access to major museum holdings provided by future licensing through the California Digital Library could open up many opportunities for using digital visual resources in teaching and research at UC. Some of these licensed resources could also be integrated with locally produced digital art archives. The potential for pedagogical innovation and resource sharing is limitless.

    The Department of History of Art will be interested in future digital projects on national and local levels. In the future, when technology and copyright issues are resolved, there will be an attempt to digitize images from their extensive photographic and slide collections housed in Moffitt and Doe libraries. In the meantime, study photographs, currently mounted on study and display panels in the Moffitt Library, are used regularly by art history students for study and review purposes in art history courses. The Task Force recommends that the current visual display remain in the Moffitt library. It is unlikely that digitization will make these display panels obsolete in the near future, and for certain purposes, digital imaging can never replace the posted photographs, especially when the goal is to view several images side by side or an ensemble of images forming, for example, a large-scale fresco cycle. Furthermore, the resolution of a high quality photograph cannot yet be matched by the digital display technology currently available.

    Classicists are also eager to use emerging digital resources. These will in time improve their research and teaching and expand access to many types of information. However, due to licensing costs and software issues, digital resources, such as the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae, are still very far from being reliable accessible tools. Textual databases of Greek and Latin authors have important uses, but do not substitute for ready access to core collections of texts and commentaries. While materials of various kinds will increasingly become digitized in the future there is little likelihood that the enormous body of historical scholarship in classical studies will be a priority in the field. In fact, there are more books and journals being published in printed form in classical fields now than at any time in history.

    When significant collections of digital images become available, it will be critical to be poised with state-of-the-art facilities. The Classics and Visual Arts Libraries should have data connections on every study table, as well as sufficient room and data for additional computer workstations in the future. Library staff look forward to working with the California Digital Library on appropriate projects in the future.

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    III. Development Activities

    The library architect has estimated costs for the Visual Arts Library at $75.00 per sf, which would bring the cost of a 10,000sf space to $750,000. This cost includes shelving, furniture, data, and electrical. It is recommended that the Library Development and the College of Letters & Science Development Offices work together to find either one donor for a library naming opportunity, or have a campaign that would attract several donations, that would present multiple naming opportunities, e.g., tables and chairs similar to the Business Library. The floor-through of the Doe Core has been currently estimated to cost $20 million dollars. If the campus elects to fund this project, the library architect would have to provide more detailed plans in order to predict necessary fundraising goals for a 2-floor facility discussed below.

    The Classics Library will be able to assist with funding the changes to 308J using the Aleshire Collection endowment. Other Departmental improvements would include renovating 308F for a seminar room including blackout shades, a double-projection pull-down screen, recessed, dimmable lighting, and a large table. The overall upgrading of interiors, e.g., new chairs, mini-blinds, painting of walls, addition of data, etc. should be included as a part of this fundraising campaign.

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    IV. Scope of a 20,000 SF Facility

    Should funding become available for a Doe Core floor-through, which would restore four floors, it would be desirable to expand the scope of the collections. However, after consultation with the library architect, it has been determined that the amount of assignable square feet available on the upper two levels would be approximately 14,000 or less, as a result of infrastructure necessary to build out the floors according to current building codes. The fourth floor could result in less than 7,000 assignable square feet if an opening is left to allow the natural light from the rooftop skylight to penetrate to the third floor. Realistically, the two floors would probably result in 12,000 asf.

    As a result of this finding, it might be difficult to expand dramatically the program of the 10,000sf facility described in this report. If there is room to add resources beyond those identified for the VAL, it is recommended that a rare book room (with proper environmental controls) be placed on the upper floor for visual arts and classics books currently located in 308, Doe stacks, and the Bancroft Library. Large reading tables would fill out any additional space. These tables could be reserved for History of Art graduate students who require quiet reading areas, with natural light.

    The Task Force consulted with numerous visual-arts related units and found that there is a great deal of interest in merging into one large visual arts facility. Therefore, it might be desirable to devote an additional floor or floors to this facility. For future planning purposes, the following units are interested in becoming a part of the Visual Arts Library.

  • Multimedia Resource Center

    Electronic media such as film, video, television, and evolving digital technologies have clearly become one of the most significant forces shaping the culture of the twentieth century. As cultural artifacts and powerful forms of information delivery, these media have become both the focus of study in a wide variety of disciplines and an important resource for classroom teaching and learning. Perhaps most exciting is the fact that evolving computer technologies have made it possible for students to be more than passive consumers in the cultural storehouse of images and ideas--they can now acquire text, visuals, and sound from a hugely expanding universe of print and electronic sources and seamlessly incorporate these into multimedia research projects which can be shared with the Berkeley campus and beyond across digital networks.

    If the Media Resources Center (MRC) were able to occupy 25,000 sf, it could bring together media collections; access facilities; multimedia development and film editing facilities; and technologically enhanced classrooms in a coordinated cluster of services and facilities. The facility would also have the considerable benefit of bringing together in one place a wealth of campus expertise and knowledge concerning the moving image in its various forms and formats. It would provide a meeting and work place for faculty and students in the broad range of disciplines concerned with film, video, and other electronic media.

    It is also important to note that there is an undergraduate major in Film Studies with about 80 majors. Recently approved at the graduate level is a designated emphasis in Film Studies which graduate students from almost any department can add to their Ph.D. degrees by fulfilling certain requirements. Finally, there is also a new Ph.D. degree offered in Rhetoric and Film Studies. There are no FTE specifically in Film Studies, but about 35 faculty from a wide variety of departments teach courses in, or related to, Film Studies, and there are from 15 to 20 courses offered a semester. Film Studies is becoming a substantial program, one that will become increasingly important for art history faculty and students, and one that is truly interdisciplinary.

    Space and Staffing Needs

    Current Media Resources Center, Moffitt Library (3,000 sf)

    • 50-75 carrel viewing facilities/individual computer access
    • Service desk/catalog area
    • Collection storage (compact shelving)
    • Berkeley Speech Archives:
      The Berkeley Language Center/Language Lab has historically housed and administered this unique collection of notable speeches and lectures given at UCB. The collection of approximately 2500 analog tapes and cassettes is currently housed rather obscurely in the basement of Dwinelle. It is proposed that the collection be relocated in the MRC, and fully cataloged by the library.
    • Equipment staging facilities
    • Staff offices (2 FTE & 8-10 part-time SLEs)

    Projected Space and Staffing Needs:
    • Shared Group Viewing/Exhibition Facilities (including multi- format projection)
    • 5-10 small group viewing rooms (10-15 individuals) -- 4000-7,500 sf
    • 2-3 mid-size classroom (seating 50-60) -- 5000 - 11,000 sf

    • Multimedia Development Suites and Consultants -- 600-1,200 sf:
    • 1-2 small rooms suites
    • 1-2 consultant offices

    • Film Editing Suites -- 600-1,200 sf:
    • 1-2 small rooms

    • Film Studies Lounge/Reading Room -- 1,500 sf:
      This would be an informal meeting space in which students and faculty engaged in the broad range of film study could meet formally or informally. The lounge could also serve as an informal study area, a place to peruse popular film journals or other materials related to the field.

  • Pacific Film Archives Library and Film Studies Center (3,500 sf)

    During the PFAs forthcoming seismic renovation, it is proposed that various collections and services offered by PFAs regionally-unique library, be consolidated and relocated in the Multimedia Resources Center during this renovation. There are currently very strong relationships between the PFA library, Doe Library, and Moffitt Media Resources Center services and collection. Location of the PFA library operations within the Multimedia Resources Center would have a number of significant benefits in terms of consolidating and strengthening these various collections and services. Longer-term disposition of the PFA Library would be reviewed once the seismic renovation is completed.

    • Reference desk/public service area
    • Collections
    • Staff offices
    • PFA curatorial staff offices

  • Documents Collections, College of Environmental Design (5,000 - 10,000 sf)

    Founded in the early 1950s, the Documents Collection of the College of Environmental Design is a major research collection of drawings by prominent Bay Area architects and landscape architects. Located in Wurster Hall, this archive must be relocated either temporarily or permanently during the seismic retrofit project scheduled to begin in 1999. It would be mutually beneficial to include such a significant design archives in a research facility devoted to the visual arts, which would greatly enhance the value of all the collections as well as promote research access for scholarship within and outside the UC system.

  • Conceptual Art Study Center, Berkeley Art Museum

    This is a small collection of books and archives relating to conceptual art that could be placed into the Rare Book Room. It is currently uncatalogued and not easily accessible. This collection could also be temporarily housed in the 10,000 sf Visual Arts Library, while the museum is closed during seismic renovations.

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    Members of Task Force for library collections and services in support of Art History, the Visual Arts, and Classics:

    Kathryn Wayne, Visual Arts Librarian, Joint Chair
    Loren Partridge, Professor, Dept. Of History of Art, Joint Chair
    Don Mastronarde, Professor, Classics Department
    Melissa Trafton, Graduate Student, History of Art
    Sarah C. Stroup, Graduate Student, Classics
    Ivan Arguelles, Classics Librarian


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