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Journal Articles and Chapters in Books, 1930s-1960s

1930s-1940s
1939
1942
1944
1945
1947
1948
1949

1950s
1950
1952
1954
1955
1957
1958
1959

1960s
1960
1963
1966
1967
1968
1969

1970s-1990s

1930s-1940s

1939

  • "Inception and aims of the David Livingstone Memorial Museum, Livingstone, Northern Rhodesia."
    Museums' Journal, 1939, 39(1):13-17.

  • with H.B.S. Cooke.
    "New fossil elephant remains from the Victoria Falls, Northern Rhodesia, and a preliminary note on the geology and archaeology of the deposit."
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 1939, 27(3):287-319.

  • "Stone Age sites in Northern Rhodesia and the possibilities of future research."
    Occasional Papers of the Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, old series no. 1
    Livingstone: Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 1939.

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1942

  • "Further excavations (1939) at the Mumbwa Caves, Northern Rhodesia."
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 1942, 29:122-201.

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1944

  • "Use of the bored stone in Abyssinia."
    Man. 1944, 44(25):31-32.

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1945

  • "Kenya Fauresmith factory and home site at Gondar, northern Abyssinia."
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 1945, 31(1):19-27.

  • "Short notes on Stone Age sites at Yavello, southern Abyssinia."
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 1945, 31(1):29-37.

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1947

  • "Museum as a publice service."
    Journal of the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute. 1947, 4:40-41.

  • "Notes on primitive copper production in Central Africa."
    Copper Development Association Bulletin. January 1947.

  • "Plans for the new Rhodes-Livingstone Museum."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1947, 4(1):14-18.

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1948

  • "Notes on prehistoric sites in the Rhodesias."
    East Africa and Rhodesia yearbook. 1948.

1949

  • "In search of Bushmen."
    Sphere. 1949, 1948.

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1950s

1950

  • "David Livingstone Memorial at Chitambo's."
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1950, 1(1):24-33.

  • with Oakley, Wells, and McClelland.
    "New studies on Rhodesia Man."
    Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 1950, 77(1):7-32.

  • "Newly discovered Nachikufu Culture of Northern Rhodesia and the possible origin of certain elements of the South African Smithfield Culture."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1950, 5(19):2-15.

  • "Note on the pre-Bantu inhabitants of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland."
    South African Journal of Science. 1950, 47(3):80-85.

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1951

  • "Bushmen hunters of the Barotse forests."
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1951 1(3):56-65.

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1952

  • "Origin and spelling of the name 'Zambezi.' "
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1952, 1(6):69-71.

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1953

  • "Dancing masks amongst a negroid people in Somaliland."
    Man. 1953, 53(72):49-51.

  • "Note on Bantu iron-smelting."
    Mufulira Magazine. 1953, 2(3):10-12.

  • "Relics of Cecil John Rhodes in the Rhodes-Livingstone Museum."
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1953, 2(2):49-55.

  • "Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, Northern Rhodesia."
    Times Colonial Review. 1953, Rhodesian number.

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1954

  • "Discoveries at Kalambo Falls, Northern Rhodesia."
    Illustrated London News. May 29, 1954.

  • "Display of ethnological material in museums with particular reference to that in the Rhodes-Livingstone Museum."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1954, 5(14):353-358.

  • "Early Upper Pleistocene site at Kalambo Falls on the Northern Rhodesia/Tanganyika border."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1954, 9(34):51-56.

  • "Early man in Northern Rhodesia."
    Northern Rhodesian Journal. 1954, 2(4):49-59.

  • "History and development of the Rhodes-Livingstone Museum."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1954, 5(15):383-388.

  • "Life and letters of Livingstone (Rhodes-Livingstone Museum)."
    Rhodesian Annual. 1954, 1954:62-63.

  • "Note on experiments in photographing prehistoric rock paintings by ultraviolet light."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1954, 5(16):417-421.

  • "Preservation of Palaeolithic sites in the Rhodesias."
    Archaeological Newsletter. 1954, 5(7):126-127.

  • "Provisional correlation of prehistoric cultures north and south of the Sahara."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1954, 9(33):3-17.

  • "Quaternary sequence in the Middle Zambezi Valley."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1954, 9(36):115-130.

  • "Upper Sangoan Industries from northern Nyasaland and the Luangwa Valley; a case of
    environmental differentiation?"
    South African Journal of Science. 1954, 50(8):201-208.

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1955

  • "Broken Hill Man."
    Broken Hill School Magazine. 1955, 1955.

  • with M. J. Toerien.
    "Human skeletal and cultural material from a deep cave at Chipongwe, Northern Rhodesia."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1955, 10(40):107-116.

  • "Museums and education."
    Presidental address for the South African Museums' Association.
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1995, 6(1):15-22.

  • "Northern Rhodesia Excursion Handbook for the Third Pan-African Congress on Prehistory."
    Lusaka: Government Printer, 1955.

  • "Note on a wooden implement from the level of peat I at Florisbad, Orange Free State."
    Researches of the National Museum. 1955, 1(6):135-141.

  • "Solitary traveler (Livingstone and the Centenary Exhibition)."
    Rhodesian Annual. 1955, 1955:73-75.

  • "Stone Age cultures of Central Africa, part 1."
    Archaeological Newsletter. 1955, 5(11):211-214.

  • "Stone Age cultures of Central Africa, part 2."
    Archaeological Newsletter. 1955, 5(12):235-238.

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1956

  • "David Livingstone Centenary Exhibition and a site museum at the Victoria Falls."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1956, 6(8):198-205.

  • "Prehistory in Nyasaland."
    Nyasaland Journal. 1956, 9(1):92-119.

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1957

  • "Digging up Rhodesian history."
    Rhodesian Annual. 1957, 1957:50-53.

  • "Fact and fancy in archaeology."
    Bulawayo Chronicle. Dec. 23, 1957.

  • "Historical introduction to the tribes of Northern Rhodesia."
    Northern Rhodesia Police Magazine. 1957, 5(2):7-9.

  • "Importance of distribution maps in the study of prehistoric cultures and the compilation of an Atlas
    of Prehistory for southern Africa."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1957, 6(12):314-320.

  • "Pre-European copper working in south central Africa."
    Roan Antelope Magazine. 1957, 6(5):12-16.

  • "Rowing."
    Hillcrest High School Magazine. 1957, 2:22-23.

  • "Uncovering the past."
    Mufulira Magazine. 1957, 6(3):22-27.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Mufulira Magazine as "The fascinating search for the past." 6(4):8-11.

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1958

  • "Certain industries of notched and strangulated scrapers in Rhodesia; their time range and
    possible use."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1958, 13(50):56.

  • "Chifubwa Stream Rockshelter, Solwezi, Northern Rhodesia."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1958, 13(50):21-24.

  • "Digging up history."
    Address to Rotary International, Victoria Falls.
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1958, 3(5):403-412.

  • "Early man in Africa."
    Scientific American. 1958, 199(1):76-83.

  • "Natural fracture of pebbles from the Batoka Gorge, Northern Rhodesia and its bearing on the
    Kafuan."
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, London. 1958, 24:64-77.

  • "Schematic art."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1958, 13(50):72-75.

  • "Some Stone Age wood-working tools in southern Africa."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1958, 13(52):144-151.

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1959

  • "Further explanations at Broken Hill, Northern Rhodesia."
    Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 1959, 89(2):201-232.

  • (correspondence) "Miscellaneous notes on Broken Hill, Mapungubwe and Middle Stone Age stratigraphy."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1959, 14(55):116.

  • "Reflections on the significance of prehistoric cultural influences in South West Africa."
    South African Museums' Association Bulletin. 1959, 7(2):37-45.

  • "Equatorial influences in the prehistoric cultures of southern Africa."
    In: Trabalhos de Anthropologia e Etnologia. Festschrift for Mendes Correa.
    Sociedade Portuguesa de anthropologia e etnologia. 1959, Vol. XVII, pp. 257-265.

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1960s

1960

  • "A note on early river craft and flishing practices in southeast Africa."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1960, 15(59):77-79.

  • "Human Ecology in Pleistocene and later times in Africa south of the Sahara."
    Current Anthropology. 1960, 1(4):307-324.

  • "Research at Kariba."
    South African Journal of Science. 1960, 56(3):75.

  • "Zimbabwe Ruins."
    Outlook. 1960, 11(4):10-14.

  • "The Stone Age Culture of Africa."
    In: Encylopaedia Americana. 1960.
    Revision published 1966.

  • "The archaeology of the Horn of Africa."
    In: Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1960.
    Revision published 1964. Later revised in 1971.

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1961

  • "Bone harpoons."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1961, 16(64):151.

  • "Fractured chert specimens from the Lower Pleistocene Bethlehem Beds, Israel."
    Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology. 1961, 5(4):71-90.

  • "Sites yielding hominid remains in Bed I, Olduvai Gorge."
    Nature. 1961, 189(4763):903-904.

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1962

  • "Beyond South Africa - chapter in The contribution of C. van Riet Lowe to prehistory in southern Africa."
    Southern African Archaeological Bulletin. 1962, Supplement to 17(65):68-77.

  • "L'Abbe H. Breuil."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1962, 17(65):21-22.

  • "The problem of the pebble cultures."
    Atti del VI Congresso Internazionale dello Scinze Preistoriche e Protostorie. 1962, 1:265-271.

  • "The spread of food-production in sub-Saharan Africa."
    Journal of African History. 1962, 3(2):211-228.
    • Reprinted in:
      • A Reader on Anthropology, 2nd ed. Edited by Peter B. Hammond. 1975, pp. 284-296.

  • "Vegetation patterns, climate and sands in northeastern Angola."
    Actes du IVe Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude de Quaternaire. Museé royal de l'Afrique centrale.
    Sciences Humaines. 1962, 40:151-165.

  • "The Kalambo Falls prehistoric site: An interim report."
    Actes du IVe Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude de Quaternaire. Museé royal de l'Afrique centrale.
    Sciences Humaines. 1962, 40:195-201.

  • "Carbon 14 chronology in Africa south of the Sahara."
    Actes du IVe Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude de Quaternaire. Museé royal de l'Afrique centrale.
    Sciences Humaines. 1962, 40:303-313.

  • "Pleistocene climates and cultures in northeastern Angola."
    Nature. 1962, 196(4855):639-642.

  • "Africa south of the Sahara."
    In: Course Towards Urban Life. Edited by Braidwood and Willey.
    Chicago, IL: Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology, no. 32. 1962, pp 1-33.

  • "Archaeology in sub-Saharan Africa- its contribution and its future."
    In: Proceedings of the Federal Science Congress.
    Salisbury: Rhodesia Scientific Association. 1962, pp. 415-520.

  • "Equatorial Africa, Area 12 and East Africa, Area 14."
    In: Council for Old World Archaeology Surveys and Bibliographies, no. II to 1961.
    1962.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Council for Old World Archaeology, Surveys and Bibliographies, No. II, 1961-1965. 1965.

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1963

  • "Ecology and culture in African Pleistocene."
    South African Journal of Science. 1963, 59(7):353-366.

  • "The Fifth Pan-African Congress on Prehistory, Tenerife."
    Antiquity. 1963, 148:303-306.

  • "The evolution of culture in Africa."
    The American Naturalist. 1963, 97(892):1-28.

  • A Stone Age site in the Erongo Mountains, South West Africa."
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 1963, 28:1-17.

  • with Gervas Clay.
    "Chronology of David Livingstone."
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1963, 5(3):261-267.
    • Reprinted in:
      • David Livingstone 1873-1973. Edited by B.W. Lloyd. 1973.

  • "Foreword."
    In: The Rock Art of Southwest Africa. Edited by A.R. Wilcox.
    London: Nelson. 1963.

  • "Distribution and livelihood patterns of late Middle Pleistocene hunter-gatherers of Sub-Saharan Africa."
    In: African Ecology and Human Evolution. Edited by Howell and Bourliere.
    Chicago, IL: Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology, no. 36. 1963, pp. 458-533.

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1964

  • "Stone vessels from Northern Rhodesia."
    Man. 1964, 2:161-183.

  • "The Prehistoric origins of African culture."
    Journal of African History. 1964, 2:161-183.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Peoples and Cultures of Africa. Edited by Elliott P. Skinner. 1973, pp. 34-58.

  • "The influence of environment in inducing culture change at the Kalambo Falls prehistoric site."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1964, 19(76):93-101.

  • "Prehistoric culture and Pleistocene vegetation at the Kalambo Falls, Northern Rhodesia."
    Nature. 1964, 201(4923):971-975.

  • "Prehistoric Man at the Falls: The Native Tribes"
    In: Handbook to the Victoria Falls, Revised Chapters for the 2nd edition. Edited by B.M. Fagain.
    Northern Rhodesia National Monuments Commission. 1964.

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1965

  • "Changing trends and developing values in African prehistory."
    African Affairs. 1965, Special Number pp. 76-95.

  • The distribution of prehistoric culture in Angola."
    Actes de Ve Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude du Quaternaire. Museo arqueologico de Tenerife. 1965, 5:225-309.

  • "The Atlas of African Prehistory: A report of progress."
    Actes de Ve Congres Panafricain de Prehistoire et de l'Etude du Quaternaire. Museo arqueologico de Tenerife. 1965, 5:311-328.

  • "The later Pleistocene cultures of Africa."
    Science. 1965, 160(3698):833-847.

  • "Charcoals, sands and channel decorated pottery from Northern Rhodesia."
    American Anthropologist. 1965, 67(2):354-371.

  • "Culture and ecology in prehistoric Africa."
    In: Ecology and Economic Development in Tropical Africa. Edited by David Brokensha.
    Berkeley, CA: Institute of International Studies. 1965.

  • "Prehistory."
    In: The African World, A Survey of Social Research. Edited by Lystad.
    London: Praeger. 1965, pp. 1-39.

  • "The Sangoan culture of Equatoria: the implications of its stone equipment."
    In: Miscellanea en homenaje al Abate Henri Breuil, Vol. 1. Edited by E. Ripoll Perello.
    1965, pp. 309-325.

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1966

  • "Acheulian occupation sites in the Middle East and Africa: A study in cultural variability."
    American Anthropologist. 1966, 68(2):202-229.

  • "Archaeology in Malawi."
    Society of Malawi Journal. 1966, 19(2):15-26.

  • "Report on the 1965 Symposium "Systematic Investigation of the African later Tertiary and Quaternary" held at Burg Warteenstein by the Wenner-Gren Foundation."
    Current Anthropology. 1966, 7(2):253-256.

  • with E.A. Stephens and S.C. Coryndon.
    "Pleistocene fossiliferous lake beds of the Malawi (Nyasa) Rift: A preliminary report."
    American Anthropologist. 1966, 68(2):46-49, 67-87.

  • with G.H. Cole, G. Ll. Issac and M.R. Kleindienst.
    "Precison and definition in African archaeology."
    South African Archaeological Bulletin. 1966, 21, 83 (3):114-121.

  • "Notes on Pine Spring (48 SW 101) and other sites from southern Wyoming."
    In: Prehistoric Occupation Pattersn in Southwest Wyoming. Edited by Floyd W. Sharrock.
    University of Utah Anthropology Papers, no. 77. 1966, pp. 211-215. Appendix II.

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1967

  • "The Middle Acheulian occupation site at Latamne, northern Syria."
    Annales Archeologiques de Syrie. 1967, Special number pp. 31-74.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Quaternaria. 9:1-68.

  • "Further excavation (1965) at the middle Acheulian occupation site at Latamne, northern Syria: General results, definitions and interpretations."
    Annales Archeologiques de Syrie. 1967, Special number pp. 75-120.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Quaternaria. 1969, 10:1-71.

  • "Notes on archaeological work carried out during 1966 in northern Malawi."
    Society of Malawi Journal. 1967, 20(2):12-16.

  • "Report of the Archaeology Committee of the African Studies Association for the year 1966/7."
    African Studies Bulletin. 1967, 33-38.

  • "The Portuguese settlement at Feira."
    Northern Rhodesia Journal. 1967, 3:275-292.

  • "The position of research in African archaeology: future developments and needs."
    African Studies Bulletin. 1967, 10-17.

  • "Archaeological Studies."
    In: Africa in the Wider World. Edited by D. Brokensha and M. Crowder.
    New York, NY: Pergamon Press. 1967, pp. 70-84.

  • "The problem of Neolithic culture in sub-Saharan Africa."
    In: Background to Evolution in Africa. Edited by Bishop and Clark.
    Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1967, pp. 601-627.

  • "A record of early agriculture and metallurgy in Africa from archaeological sources."
    In: Reconstructing African Culture History. Edited by W.C. Gabel and N.R. Bennet.
    Boston, MA: Boston University Press. 1967, 3-24.

  • "Zambia."
    In: Catalogue of Fossil Hominids. Edited by K.P. Oakley and B.G. Campbell.
    London: British Museum of Natural History. 1967, pp. 122-125.

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1968

  • "The Prehistoric Origins of African Culture."
    Journal of African History. 1968, 5(2):161-182.
    • Reprinted in:
      • Readings in Anthropology, 2nd ed. Edited by Morton H. Fried. New York, NY: Corwell Co. 467-490.
      • Bobbs-Merrill Company.

  • with D.R. Brothwell, R. Powers and K.P. Oakley.
    "Rhodesian Man: Notes on a new femur fragment."
    Man. 1968, 3(1):106-111.

  • "Old World Prehistoric Societies."
    In: International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. 7.
    New York, NY: Macmillan and Free Press. 1968, pp. 9-15.

  • "Studies of hunter-gatherers as an aid to the interpretation of prehistoric societies."
    In: Man the Hunter. Edited by R.B. Lee and I. DeVore.
    Chicago. 1968, pp. 276-280.

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1969

  • "Digging for History."
    Society of Malawi Journal. 1969, 22(1):52-64.

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